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2011 National Household Survey: Data tables
Tabulation: Selected Demographic, Educational, Labour Force and Income Characteristics (75), First Official Language Spoken (4), Immigrant Status and Period of Immigration (10), Age Groups (8D) and Sex (3) for the Population of Canada, Provinces, Territories, Census Divisions and Census Subdivisions, 2011 National Household Survey
|Selected demographic, educational, labour force and income characteristics (75)||First official language spoken (4)|
|Total population in private households by first official language spokenFootnote 3||English||French||English and French|
|Total population by mother tongueFootnote 4||32,852,325||24,545,120||7,419,190||347,760|
|English and French||57,820||28,905||14,200||14,715|
|English and non-official language||353,530||353,010||520||0|
|French and non-official language||65,320||4,325||60,995||0|
|English, French and non-official language||6,280||2,720||880||2,680|
|Total population by knowledge of official languagesFootnote 5||32,852,325||24,545,120||7,419,190||347,760|
|English and French||5,772,255||2,116,790||3,307,880||347,580|
|Neither English nor French||555,925||13,070||2,420||175|
|Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workFootnote 6||19,133,310||14,493,695||4,298,380||199,955|
|English and French||317,140||93,990||191,005||31,865|
|English and non-official language||94,100||84,515||685||1,715|
|French and non-official language||5,175||420||3,850||625|
|English, French and non-official language||11,440||3,940||4,075||3,345|
|Total population aged 15 years and over in private households by other language used regularly at workFootnote 7||19,133,310||14,493,690||4,298,375||199,955|
|English and French||1,925||695||315||885|
|English and non-official language||15,125||3,195||8,890||2,805|
|French and non-official language||19,015||13,820||2,590||2,545|
|English, French and non-official language||145||35||55||40|
|Total population aged 15 years and over by labour force statusFootnote 8||27,259,520||20,277,305||6,252,555||289,910|
|In the labour force||17,990,080||13,616,095||4,053,025||191,655|
|Not in the labour force||9,269,445||6,661,215||2,199,530||98,255|
|Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2011Footnote 9||17,990,080||13,616,090||4,053,025||191,650|
|Occupation - not applicableFootnote 10||402,465||303,410||82,255||9,405|
|All occupationsFootnote 11||17,587,615||13,312,685||3,970,770||182,250|
|0 Management occupations||1,963,600||1,544,830||390,940||18,185|
|1 Business, finance and administration occupations||2,902,045||2,200,090||661,860||30,250|
|2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations||1,237,770||948,205||264,645||21,855|
|3 Health occupations||1,107,195||824,930||268,500||11,210|
|4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services||2,064,680||1,555,755||482,380||20,505|
|5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport||503,415||381,795||114,950||5,280|
|6 Sales and service occupations||4,068,170||3,063,270||909,800||49,440|
|7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations||2,537,775||1,911,320||591,885||17,160|
|8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations||397,925||317,070||74,390||1,095|
|9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities||805,040||565,420||211,415||7,270|
|Total population aged 15 years and over by highest certificate, diploma or degreeFootnote 12||27,259,525||20,277,310||6,252,555||289,910|
|No certificate, diploma or degree||5,485,395||3,761,290||1,420,045||50,080|
|High school diploma or equivalentFootnote 13||6,968,935||5,471,355||1,347,370||55,800|
|Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeFootnote 14||14,805,195||11,044,660||3,485,140||184,030|
|Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaFootnote 15||2,950,685||1,865,215||1,048,370||22,270|
|College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma||4,970,020||3,834,325||1,071,815||39,780|
|University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelFootnote 16||1,200,125||885,310||283,650||17,085|
|University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above||5,684,360||4,459,810||1,081,300||104,890|
|University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelFootnote 17||2,049,930||1,602,155||384,575||49,465|
|Total population aged 15 years and over by employment income statistics in 2010Footnote 18||27,259,525||20,277,310||6,252,555||289,905|
|With employment income||18,820,315||14,241,270||4,250,915||190,755|
|Median employment income $Footnote 19||31,603||32,410||30,262||24,980|
|Average employment income $Footnote 20||41,795||43,264||37,740||34,642|
|With wages and salaries||17,442,675||13,167,550||3,977,315||176,380|
|Median wages and salaries $Footnote 21||33,094||34,119||31,304||25,970|
|Average wages and salaries $Footnote 22||42,445||44,107||37,789||34,514|
|Total labour force aged 15 years and over by work activity in 2010||17,990,080||13,616,095||4,053,025||191,655|
|Worked full year, full timeFootnote 23||9,602,415||7,327,085||2,131,935||90,930|
|All othersFootnote 24||8,387,665||6,289,010||1,921,090||100,725|
- Symbol ..
not available for a specific reference period
- Symbol ...
- Symbol x
suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act
- Symbol F
too unreliable to be published
- Footnote 1
Excludes National Household Survey data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements.
- Footnote 2
For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS) estimates, the global non-response rate (GNR) is used as an indicator of data quality. This indicator combines complete non-response (household) and partial non-response (question) into a single rate. The value of the GNR is presented to users. A smaller GNR indicates a lower risk of non-response bias and as a result, lower risk of inaccuracy. The threshold used for estimates' suppression is a GNR of 50% or more. For more information, please refer to the National Household Survey User Guide, 2011.
- Footnote 3
Those classified in the category 'Neither English nor French' appear only in the 'Total' category in this table.
- Footnote 4
Refers to the first language learned at home in childhood and still understood by the individual on May 10, 2011.
- Footnote 5
Refers to the ability to conduct a conversation in English only, in French only, in both English and French, or in neither English nor French.
- Footnote 6
Population by language used most often at work.
Refers to the language used most often at work, as reported on May 10, 2011 by the individuals aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2010.
- Footnote 7
Refers to the other language used regularly at work, as reported on May 10, 2011 by the individuals aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2010.
- Footnote 8
Refers to whether a person was employed, unemployed or not in the labour force during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011.
In the past, this variable was called Labour force activity.
- Footnote 9
Refers to the kind of work performed by persons during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, as determined by their kind of work and the description of the main activities in their job. The 2011 National Household Survey occupation data are produced according to the NOC 2011.
- Footnote 10
Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.
- Footnote 11
Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.
- Footnote 12
'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom.
For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.
- Footnote 13
'High school diploma or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.
- Footnote 14
'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes 'apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas,' 'college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas' and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.
- Footnote 15
'Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma' includes Registered Apprenticeship certificates (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) and other trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.
- Footnote 16
Comparisons with other data sources suggest that the category 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' was over-reported in the NHS. This category likely includes some responses that are actually college certificates or diplomas, bachelor's degrees or other types of education (e.g., university transfer programs, bachelor's programs completed in other countries, incomplete bachelor's programs, non-university professional designations). We recommend users interpret the results for the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' category with caution.
- Footnote 17
'University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor level' includes the categories 'University certificate or diploma above bachelor level,' 'Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry,' 'Master's degree' and 'Earned doctorate.'
- Footnote 18
Earnings or employment income - Refers to total income received by persons aged 15 years and over during calendar year 2010 as wages and salaries, net income from a non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice, and/or net farm self-employment income.
Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included.
Net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc.
Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded.
Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the unrounded number of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54) with income in that group.
Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54) by the number of individuals with income in that group.
The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics for earnings.
- Footnote 19
For population with employment income.
- Footnote 20
For population with employment income.
- Footnote 21
For population with wages and salaries.
- Footnote 22
For population with wages and salaries.
- Footnote 23
Worked 49 to 52 weeks mostly full time (30 hours or more per week).
- Footnote 24
Includes persons who never worked, persons who worked prior to 2010 only, persons who worked in 2011 only and persons who worked mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week) or in 48 weeks or less in 2010.
Source: Statistics Canada, 2011 National Household Survey, Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-010-X2011046.