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2011 National Household Survey: Data tables

Tabulation: Shelter Cost Groups (11), Household Total Income Groups in 2010 (11), Shelter-cost-to-income Ratio (9), Housing Tenure Including Presence of Mortgage and Subsidized Housing (7) and Household Type (17) for Owner and Tenant Households in Non-farm, Non-reserve Private Dwellings of Canada, Provinces, Territories, Census Metropolitan Areas and Census Agglomerations, 2011 National Household Survey

Data table

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This table details shelter cost groups , household total income groups in 2010 , shelter-cost-to-income ratio , housing tenure including presence of mortgage and subsidized housing and household type for owner and tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings in CanadaFootnote 4
Global non-response rate (GNR)Footnote 5 = 26.1 %
Housing tenure including presence of mortgage and subsidized housing (7) Shelter cost groups (11)
Total - Shelter cost groupsFootnote 6 Less than $400 $400 to $599 $600 to $799 $800 to $999 $1,000 to $1,199 $1,200 to $1,499 $1,500 to $1,999 $2,000 or more Average shelter costs Median shelter costs
Total - Housing tenure including presence of mortgage and subsidized housingFootnote 7 13,073,790 1,679,830 2,269,880 1,955,580 1,569,720 1,232,545 1,511,430 1,630,120 1,224,695 1,050 871
Owner 9,013,410 1,280,385 1,567,665 971,160 759,565 759,970 1,117,845 1,410,585 1,146,230 1,141 978
With mortgage 5,286,070 23,560 113,485 318,370 542,245 681,205 1,075,840 1,390,905 1,140,460 1,585 1,466
Without mortgage 3,727,340 1,256,825 1,454,175 652,790 217,325 78,760 42,010 19,680 5,770 511 472
Renter 4,060,385 399,445 702,220 984,420 810,150 472,575 393,585 219,530 78,465 848 784
Subsidized housing 557,435 204,565 161,960 86,860 51,140 24,570 16,100 8,590 3,640 552 469
Not subsidized housing 3,502,950 194,885 540,255 897,555 759,010 448,000 377,480 210,935 74,825 895 822


Symbol ..

not available for a specific reference period


Symbol ...

not applicable


Symbol x

suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act


Symbol F

too unreliable to be published



Footnote 1

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household.

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, Old Age Security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition.

Median income of households - The median income of a specified group of households is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the households are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of households are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income.

Average income of households - Average income of households refers to the weighted mean total income of households in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of households (for example, two person households) by the number of households in that specific group, whether or not they reported income.

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Footnote 2

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio - Percentage of a household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent (for tenants) or the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees (for owners) and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100.

The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year.

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 3

Household type - Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. Family household refers to a household that contains at least one census family, that is, a married couple with or without children, or a couple living common law with or without children, or a lone parent living with one or more children (lone-parent family). One-family household refers to a single census family (with or without other persons) that occupies a private dwelling. Multiple-family household refers to a household in which two or more census families (with or without additional persons) occupy the same private dwelling. Family households may also be divided based on the presence of persons not in a census family.
Non-family household refers to either one person living alone in a private dwelling or to a group of two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.

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Footnote 4

Excludes National Household Survey data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements.

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Footnote 5

For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS) estimates, the global non-response rate (GNR) is used as an indicator of data quality. This indicator combines complete non-response (household) and partial non-response (question) into a single rate. The value of the GNR is presented to users. A smaller GNR indicates a lower risk of non-response bias and as a result, lower risk of inaccuracy. The threshold used for estimates' suppression is a GNR of 50% or more. For more information, please refer to the National Household Survey User Guide, 2011.

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Footnote 6

Shelter cost groups - Refers to the average monthly total of all shelter expenses paid by households.
For owner households, shelter cost includes, where applicable, the mortgage payment, the costs of electricity, heat, water and other municipal services, property taxes and condominium fees. For tenant households, shelter cost includes, where applicable, the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat, water and other municipal services.

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Footnote 7

Tenure - Refers to whether the household owns or rents their private dwelling.

Presence of mortgage - Refers to whether the owner households reported mortgage or loan payments for their dwelling.

Subsidized housing - Refers to whether the dwelling is subsidized.

Subsidized housing includes rent geared to income, social housing, public housing, government-assisted housing, non-profit housing, rent supplements and housing allowances.

Return to footnote 7 referrer

Source: Statistics Canada, 2011 National Household Survey, Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-014-X2011031.

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