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2011 National Household Survey: Data tables

Tabulation: Housing Tenure Including Presence of Mortgage and Subsidized Housing (7), Shelter-cost-to-income Ratio (5A) and Household Type (9) for Owner and Tenant Households in Non-farm, Non-reserve Private Dwellings of Canada, Provinces, Territories, Census Divisions and Census Subdivisions, 2011 National Household Survey

Data table

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This table details housing tenure including presence of mortgage and subsidized housing , shelter-cost-to-income ratio and household type for owner and tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings in CanadaFootnote 2
Global non-response rate (GNR)Footnote 3 = 26.1 %
Housing tenure including presence of mortgage and subsidized housing (7) Shelter-cost-to-income ratio (5A)
Total - Shelter-cost-to-income ratioFootnote 4 Spending less than 30% of household total income on shelter costs Spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costs Spending 30% to less than 100% of household total income on shelter costs Not applicable (private households with a household total income less than or equal to zero)
Total - Housing tenure including presence of mortgage and subsidized housingFootnote 5 13,073,790 9,763,275 3,285,980 2,699,045 24,540
Owner 9,013,405 7,340,775 1,663,125 1,371,570 9,515
With mortgage 5,286,070 3,895,470 1,384,285 1,163,320 6,310
Without mortgage 3,727,335 3,445,305 278,840 208,255 3,200
Renter 4,060,385 2,422,500 1,622,855 1,327,475 15,025
Subsidized housing 557,435 351,105 205,095 177,545 1,230
Not subsidized housing 3,502,950 2,071,395 1,417,760 1,149,930 13,800


Symbol ..

not available for a specific reference period


Symbol ...

not applicable


Symbol x

suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act


Symbol F

too unreliable to be published



Footnote 1

Household type - Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. Family household refers to a household that contains at least one census family, that is, a married couple with or without children, or a couple living common law with or without children, or a lone parent living with one or more children (lone-parent family). One-family household refers to a single census family (with or without other persons) that occupies a private dwelling. Multiple-family household refers to a household in which two or more census families (with or without additional persons) occupy the same private dwelling. Family households may also be divided based on the presence of persons not in a census family.

Non-family household refers to either one person living alone in a private dwelling or to a group of two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.

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Footnote 2

Excludes National Household Survey data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements.

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Footnote 3

For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS) estimates, the global non-response rate (GNR) is used as an indicator of data quality. This indicator combines complete non-response (household) and partial non-response (question) into a single rate. The value of the GNR is presented to users. A smaller GNR indicates a lower risk of non-response bias and as a result, lower risk of inaccuracy. The threshold used for estimates' suppression is a GNR of 50% or more. For more information, please refer to the National Household Survey User Guide, 2011.

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Footnote 4

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio - Percentage of a household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent (for tenants) or the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees (for owners) and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100.

The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year.

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 5

Tenure - Refers to whether the household owns or rents their private dwelling.

Presence of mortgage - Refers to whether the owner households reported mortgage or loan payments for their dwelling.

Subsidized housing - Refers to whether the dwelling is subsidized.

Subsidized housing includes rent geared to income, social housing, public housing, government-assisted housing, non-profit housing, rent supplements and housing allowances.

Return to footnote 5 referrer

Source: Statistics Canada, 2011 National Household Survey, Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-014-X2011046.

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