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2011 National Household Survey: Data tables

Tabulation: Selected Demographic, Educational, Labour Force and Income Characteristics (75), First Official Language Spoken (4), Immigrant Status and Period of Immigration (10), Age Groups (8D) and Sex (3) for the Population of Canada, Provinces, Territories, Census Metropolitan Areas and Census Agglomerations, 2011 National Household Survey

Data table

Select data categories for this table

This table details selected demographic, educational, labour force and income characteristics , first official language spoken , immigrant status and period of immigration , age groups and sex for the population in CanadaFootnote 1
Global non-response rate (GNR)Footnote 2 = 26.1 %
Selected demographic, educational, labour force and income characteristics (75) First official language spoken (4)
Total population in private households by first official language spokenFootnote 3 English French English and French
Total population by mother tongueFootnote 4 32,852,325 24,545,120 7,419,190 347,755
English 18,850,400 18,845,775 4,630 0
French 6,967,455 35,730 6,931,730 0
Non-official language 6,551,515 5,274,660 406,240 330,365
English and French 57,820 28,905 14,200 14,715
English and non-official language 353,530 353,005 525 0
French and non-official language 65,315 4,320 60,995 0
English, French and non-official language 6,280 2,720 880 2,680
Total population by knowledge of official languagesFootnote 5 32,852,325 24,545,120 7,419,190 347,760
English only 22,415,260 22,415,260 0 0
French only 4,108,885 0 4,108,885 0
English and French 5,772,255 2,116,790 3,307,880 347,585
Neither English nor French 555,920 13,070 2,415 175
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workFootnote 6 19,133,305 14,493,695 4,298,375 199,955
English 14,622,905 14,015,200 479,775 84,205
French 3,831,535 148,680 3,610,070 70,640
Non-official language 251,015 146,935 8,910 7,560
Aboriginal 23,825 18,020 2,980 2,210
Non-Aboriginal 227,190 128,920 5,935 5,345
English and French 317,135 93,990 191,010 31,865
English and non-official language 94,100 84,520 685 1,720
French and non-official language 5,180 415 3,845 630
English, French and non-official language 11,440 3,945 4,075 3,340
Total population aged 15 years and over in private households by other language used regularly at workFootnote 7 19,133,305 14,493,695 4,298,375 199,955
None 16,891,300 13,584,570 3,075,330 113,565
English 1,148,980 177,400 920,220 40,515
French 645,080 347,780 269,805 26,925
Non-official language 411,735 366,200 21,170 12,675
Aboriginal 34,770 32,010 1,885 850
Non-Aboriginal 376,965 334,190 19,285 11,825
English and French 1,925 690 315 885
English and non-official language 15,125 3,195 8,890 2,805
French and non-official language 19,020 13,815 2,585 2,550
English, French and non-official language 145 35 55 40
Total population aged 15 years and over by labour force statusFootnote 8 27,259,525 20,277,305 6,252,555 289,910
In the labour force 17,990,085 13,616,095 4,053,025 191,655
Employed 16,595,030 12,540,490 3,772,880 170,260
Unemployed 1,395,045 1,075,605 280,145 21,395
Not in the labour force 9,269,445 6,661,215 2,199,530 98,250
Participation rate 66.0 67.1 64.8 66.1
Employment rate 60.9 61.8 60.3 58.7
Unemployment rate 7.8 7.9 6.9 11.2
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2011Footnote 9 17,990,085 13,616,095 4,053,025 191,655
Occupation - not applicableFootnote 10 402,465 303,410 82,260 9,400
All occupationsFootnote 11 17,587,615 13,312,680 3,970,770 182,255
0 Management occupations 1,963,605 1,544,830 390,940 18,190
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 2,902,045 2,200,085 661,860 30,250
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 1,237,770 948,205 264,645 21,850
3 Health occupations 1,107,200 824,935 268,495 11,215
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 2,064,675 1,555,755 482,375 20,505
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 503,410 381,795 114,950 5,280
6 Sales and service occupations 4,068,170 3,063,270 909,805 49,440
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 2,537,775 1,911,315 591,885 17,160
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 397,925 317,070 74,390 1,090
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 805,035 565,415 211,415 7,270
Total population aged 15 years and over by highest certificate, diploma or degreeFootnote 12 27,259,525 20,277,310 6,252,555 289,905
No certificate, diploma or degree 5,485,400 3,761,290 1,420,045 50,075
High school diploma or equivalentFootnote 13 6,968,935 5,471,355 1,347,370 55,800
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeFootnote 14 14,805,190 11,044,660 3,485,140 184,035
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaFootnote 15 2,950,685 1,865,215 1,048,370 22,270
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 4,970,020 3,834,325 1,071,820 39,785
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelFootnote 16 1,200,130 885,310 283,655 17,090
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 5,684,355 4,459,810 1,081,300 104,890
Bachelor's degree 3,634,425 2,857,655 696,725 55,430
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelFootnote 17 2,049,935 1,602,160 384,575 49,465
Total population aged 15 years and over by employment income statistics in 2010Footnote 18 27,259,525 20,277,310 6,252,555 289,905
With employment income 18,820,315 14,241,265 4,250,910 190,755
Median employment income $Footnote 19 31,603 32,410 30,262 24,980
Average employment income $Footnote 20 41,795 43,264 37,740 34,642
With wages and salaries 17,442,670 13,167,550 3,977,310 176,380
Median wages and salaries $Footnote 21 33,094 34,119 31,304 25,970
Average wages and salaries $Footnote 22 42,445 44,107 37,789 34,514
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by work activity in 2010 17,990,080 13,616,095 4,053,025 191,655
Worked full year, full timeFootnote 23 9,602,415 7,327,085 2,131,935 90,930
All othersFootnote 24 8,387,665 6,289,010 1,921,090 100,725


Symbol ..

not available for a specific reference period


Symbol ...

not applicable


Symbol x

suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act


Symbol F

too unreliable to be published



Footnote 1

Excludes National Household Survey data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements.

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Footnote 2

For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS) estimates, the global non-response rate (GNR) is used as an indicator of data quality. This indicator combines complete non-response (household) and partial non-response (question) into a single rate. The value of the GNR is presented to users. A smaller GNR indicates a lower risk of non-response bias and as a result, lower risk of inaccuracy. The threshold used for estimates' suppression is a GNR of 50% or more. For more information, please refer to the National Household Survey User Guide, 2011.

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Footnote 3

Those classified in the category 'Neither English nor French' appear only in the 'Total' category in this table.

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Footnote 4

Refers to the first language learned at home in childhood and still understood by the individual on May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 5

Refers to the ability to conduct a conversation in English only, in French only, in both English and French, or in neither English nor French.

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Footnote 6

Population by language used most often at work.

Refers to the language used most often at work, as reported on May 10, 2011 by the individuals aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2010.

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Footnote 7

Refers to the other language used regularly at work, as reported on May 10, 2011 by the individuals aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2010.

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Footnote 8

Refers to whether a person was employed, unemployed or not in the labour force during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011.

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In the past, this variable was called Labour force activity.

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Footnote 9

Refers to the kind of work performed by persons during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, as determined by their kind of work and the description of the main activities in their job. The 2011 National Household Survey occupation data are produced according to the NOC 2011.

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Footnote 10

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 11

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

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Footnote 12

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom.

For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 13

'High school diploma or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 14

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes 'apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas,' 'college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas' and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

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Footnote 15

'Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma' includes Registered Apprenticeship certificates (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) and other trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

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Footnote 16

Comparisons with other data sources suggest that the category 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' was over-reported in the NHS. This category likely includes some responses that are actually college certificates or diplomas, bachelor's degrees or other types of education (e.g., university transfer programs, bachelor's programs completed in other countries, incomplete bachelor's programs, non-university professional designations). We recommend users interpret the results for the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' category with caution.

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Footnote 17

'University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor level' includes the categories 'University certificate or diploma above bachelor level,' 'Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry,' 'Master's degree' and 'Earned doctorate.'

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Footnote 18

Earnings or employment income - Refers to total income received by persons aged 15 years and over during calendar year 2010 as wages and salaries, net income from a non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice, and/or net farm self-employment income.

Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included.

Net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc.

Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded.

Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the unrounded number of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54) with income in that group.

Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54) by the number of individuals with income in that group.

The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics for earnings.

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Footnote 19

For population with employment income.

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Footnote 20

For population with employment income.

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Footnote 21

For population with wages and salaries.

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Footnote 22

For population with wages and salaries.

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Footnote 23

Worked 49 to 52 weeks mostly full time (30 hours or more per week).

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Footnote 24

Includes persons who never worked, persons who worked prior to 2010 only, persons who worked in 2011 only and persons who worked mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week) or in 48 weeks or less in 2010.

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Source: Statistics Canada, 2011 National Household Survey, Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-010-X2011045.

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