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2011 National Household Survey: Data tables

Tabulation: Mother Tongue (10), First Official Language Spoken (5), Employment Income Statistics in 2010 (7), Immigrant status and period of immigration (9), Highest Certificate, Diploma or Degree (10), Age Groups (8B) and Sex (3) for the Population Aged 15 Years and Over Who Worked Since 2010, in Private Households of Canada, Provinces, Territories, Census Metropolitan Areas and Census Agglomerations, 2011 National Household Survey

Data table

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This table details mother tongue , first official language spoken , employment income statistics in 2010 , immigrant status and period of immigration , highest certificate, diploma or degree , age groups and sex for the population aged 15 years and over who worked since 2010, in private households in CanadaFootnote 3
Global non-response rate (GNR)Footnote 4 = 26.1 %
Mother tongue (10) Employment income statistics in 2010 (7)
Total - Employment income statistics in 2010Footnote 5 With employment income Median employment incomeFootnote 6 Average employment incomeFootnote 7 With wages and salaries Median wages and salariesFootnote 8 Average wages and salariesFootnote 9
Total - Mother tongueFootnote 10 19,133,310 17,832,495 33,542 43,565 16,626,040 34,819 43,994
English 11,077,645 10,362,475 34,993 45,835 9,679,600 36,149 46,327
French 4,059,820 3,825,775 32,319 39,695 3,595,500 33,167 39,599
Non-official language 3,741,020 3,413,195 31,113 41,329 3,133,065 32,818 42,155
Aboriginal 77,690 67,215 24,206 32,050 66,260 24,399 32,189
Non-Aboriginal 3,663,330 3,345,980 31,282 41,516 3,066,800 32,999 42,371
English and French 27,875 25,515 27,572 36,278 23,980 29,029 36,643
English and non-official language 190,840 173,230 31,423 40,079 163,855 32,531 40,497
French and non-official language 33,330 29,915 26,340 34,682 27,805 27,986 35,180
English, French and non-official language 2,765 2,400 24,103 30,735 2,230 24,182 30,479


Symbol ..

not available for a specific reference period


Symbol ...

not applicable


Symbol x

suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act


Symbol F

too unreliable to be published



Footnote 1

Immigrant status refers to whether the respondent is a non-immigrant, an immigrant or a non-permanent resident.

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained his or her landed immigrant/permanent resident status.

Non-permanent residents are not included elsewhere in this table.

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Footnote 2

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom.

For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 3

Excludes National Household Survey data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements.

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Footnote 4

For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS) estimates, the global non-response rate (GNR) is used as an indicator of data quality. This indicator combines complete non-response (household) and partial non-response (question) into a single rate. The value of the GNR is presented to users. A smaller GNR indicates a lower risk of non-response bias and as a result, lower risk of inaccuracy. The threshold used for estimates' suppression is a GNR of 50% or more. For more information, please refer to the National Household Survey User Guide, 2011.

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Footnote 5

Earnings or employment income - Refers to total income received by persons aged 15 years and over during calendar year 2010 as wages and salaries, net income from a non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice, and/or net farm self-employment income.

Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included.

Net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc.

Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded.

Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the unrounded number of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54) with income in that group.

Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54) by the number of individuals with income in that group.

The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics for earnings.

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Footnote 6

For population with employment income.

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Footnote 7

For population with employment income.

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Footnote 8

For population with wages and salaries.

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Footnote 9

For population with wages and salaries.

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Footnote 10

Refers to the first language learned at home in childhood and still understood by the individual on May 10, 2011.

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Source: Statistics Canada, 2011 National Household Survey, Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-010-X2011039.

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