2021 Census of Population key indicators by geography: Canada

2021 Census of Population key indicators:: Canada
Topic Indicator 2021 value
Age Proportion (%) of persons aged 65 years and over 19.0
Age % change of persons aged 65 years and over (2016 to 2021) 18.3
Age Proportion (%) of persons aged less than 15 years 16.3
Age Proportion (%) of persons aged 15 to 64 years 64.8
Age Average age 41.9
Families, households, and marital status Proportion (%) of households that are one-person households, 2021 29.3
Families, households, and marital status Proportion (%) of households that are multigenerational households, 2021 2.9
Families, households, and marital status Number of census families, 2021 10,262,925
Families, households, and marital status Proportion of census families that are one-parent families, 2021 16.4
Housing Homeownership rate (%)Note 1 66.5
Housing Households spending 30% or more on shelter costs (%)Note 2 20.9
Housing Owner households spending 30% or more on shelter costs (%)Note 3 14.8
Housing Renter households spending 30% or more on shelter costs (%)Note 4 33.2
Housing Households in unsuitable housing (%)Note 1 5.4
Housing Households living in dwellings in need of major repair (%)Note 1 6.1
Housing Households in core housing need (%)Note 5 10.1
Housing Owner households in core housing need (%)Note 6 5.3
Housing Renter households in core housing need (%)Note 7 20.0
Income Median after-tax income of households in 2020 ($) 73,000
Income % change in median after-tax income of households (2015 to 2020) 9.8
Income Proportion (%) of persons 15 and over with employment income in 2020 69.6
Income Median employment income in 2020 of persons 15 and over ($) 37,200
Income Proportion (%) of persons 15 and over with government transfers in 2020 83.7
Income Median government transfers in 2020 of persons 15 and over ($) 9,800
Income Proportion (%) of total income from government transfers in 2020 17.8
Income Proportion (%) of persons 15 and over with COVID-19 related benefits in 2020 68.4
Income Gini index of household after-tax income in 2020Note 8 0.302
Income Change in Gini index of household after-tax income (2015 to 2020)Note 8 - 0.040
Income Proportion (%) of population in low income in 2020 11.1
Income Difference in the proportion of the population in low income (2015 to 2020) - 3.3
Indigenous peoples Indigenous population, 2021 1,807,250
Indigenous peoples 2016 to 2021 Indigenous population change (%) 9.4
Indigenous peoples Average age of the Indigenous population 33.6
Language English-French bilingualism rate (%) 18.0
Language Population with more than one language spoken at home (%) 18.7
Language Population with English as first official language spoken (%) 75.5
Language Population with French as first official language spoken (%) 21.4
Language Population with an Indigenous mother tongue (all mentions) 188,900
Language Population with a non-official language as mother tongue (all mentions) 9,033,185
Population and dwelling counts Population, 2021 36,991,981
Population and dwelling counts 2016 to 2021 population change (%) 5.2
Population and dwelling counts Population density per square kilometre 4.2
Population and dwelling counts Total private dwellings 16,284,235
Population and dwelling counts Population share (%) 100.0
Population and dwelling counts Rural areas (%) 17.8
Population and dwelling counts Population centres (%) 82.2
Type of dwelling % of occupied private dwellings that are single-detached houses 52.6
Type of dwelling % of occupied private dwellings in buildings with five or more storeys 10.7

Alternative table view: Compare Canada, provinces and territories for a single indicator

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