Dictionary, Census of Population, 2021
Time arriving at work

Release date: November 17, 2021


Time arriving at work refers to the time of day at which a person usually arrives at their place of work.

Statistical unit(s)


Reported in

2021 and 2016 (25% sample); 2011Footnote 1 (30% sample).

Reported for

Population aged 15 years and over, in private households, with a job or absent from their job or business during the week of Sunday, May 2 to Saturday, May 8, 2021, and who reported having a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address.

Previously, in other census cycles, early enumeration was conducted in remote, isolated parts of the provinces and territories in the months leading up to the May enumeration. Because of COVID-19, there was no early enumeration for the 2021 Census. Collection procedures—especially in collective dwellings and remote, northern, First Nations, Inuit and Métis communities—were redesigned to ensure the census was conducted in the best possible way, using a safe and secure approach.

Question number(s)

Derived variable: Questions 53a) and 53b)


Not applicable


Two variables have been derived: PWARRIVE and PWARRIVENUM.

PWARRIVE was created using a standard format, e.g., 815 for 8:15 a.m. and 1315 for 1:15 p.m.

The variable PWARRIVENUM is formatted to display the time in number of minutes past midnight. For example, midnight would be 0 and subsequent arrival times would have values displayed in the following format: 60 for 1:00 a.m. and 495 for 8:15 a.m. This variable enables the calculation of averages and medians.


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