Dictionary, Census of Population, 2021
When last worked for pay or in self-employment

Release date: November 17, 2021


Refers to the year in which the person last worked for pay or in self-employment, even if only for a few days.

Statistical unit(s)


Reported in

2021 and 2016 (25% sample); 2011Footnote 1 (30% sample); 2006, 2001, 1996, 1991, 1986 and 1981 (20% sample). For availability prior to 1981, please refer to Appendix 2.1.

Reported for

Population aged 15 years and over in private households

Question number(s)

Direct variable: Question 43


In 2021; In 2020; Before 2020; Never


This variable is used to derive the respondent's labour force status.

See Figure 2.9 for the components of the population and the Labour force status variable.


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