Dictionary, Census of Population, 2021
Institutional resident

Release date: November 17, 2021


An institutional resident is a person who lives in an institutional collective dwelling, such as a hospital, nursing home or prison, including a resident under care or custody (e.g., patient or inmate) and an employee resident and any family members living with them.

Statistical unit(s)


Reported in

2021,Footnote 1 2016,Footnote 1 2011,Footnote 1 2006,Footnote 1 2001, 1996, 1991, 1986, 1981, 1976 and 1971.

Reported for

Total population

Question number(s)

Not applicable


Not applicable


When institutional residents are excluded, the population may also be referred to as the non-institutional population. The non-institutional population was the applicable population for most topics based on sample data from the censuses from 1981 to 2006. Most sample data from the 1971 and 1976 censuses drew from the total population, including institutional residents.

Starting in 2011, only short-form data were collected for the population living in collective dwellings. Therefore, any tabulations containing sample data will not include these persons. The population in private households is the applicable population for all topics based on sample data from the 2011 National Household Survey and the 2016 and 2021 census long-form questionnaires.

Institutional collective dwellings are hospitals, nursing homes, facilities that are a mix of a nursing home and a residence for seniors, residential care facilities (such as group homes for persons with disabilities or addictions), shelters, and correctional and custodial facilities.


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