Dictionary, Census of Population, 2021
Earner or employment income recipient

Release date: November 17, 2021Updated on: July 13, 2022


Person with employment income during the reference period. Employment income can be in the form of wages, salaries and commissions or net self-employment income.

For the 2021 Census, the reference period for income data is the calendar year 2020, unless otherwise specified.

Statistical unit(s)


Reported in

2021 and 2016 (100% data); 2011Footnote 1 (30% sample); 2006, 2001, 1996, 1991, 1986 and 1981 (20% sample). For availability prior to 1981, refer to Appendix 2.1.

Reported for

Population 15 years and over

Census families in private households

Economic families in private households

Private households

Question number(s)

Variable derived based on administrative tax and benefit records received from the Canada Revenue Agency.


Not applicable


See also employment income, wages, salaries and commissions and net self-employment income.

For additional information about data collection method, coverage, reference period, concepts, data quality and intercensal comparability of the income data, refer to the Income Reference Guide, Census of Population, 2021.


Report a problem on this page

Is something not working? Is there information outdated? Can't find what you're looking for?

Please contact us and let us know how we can help you.

Privacy notice

Date modified: