Dictionary, Census of Population, 2021
Canada workers benefit (CWB)

Release date: November 17, 2021Updated on: July 13, 2022


This category refers to the refundable tax credits received under the Canada workers benefit (CWB) program for the reference period. These benefits vary by provinces and territories and are intended to provide tax relief for eligible low‑income individuals and families who are in the workforce. It also includes the CWB disability supplement for qualified individuals.

For the 2021 Census, the reference period for income data is the calendar year 2020, unless otherwise specified.

Statistical unit(s)


Reported in

2021 (100% data).

Reported for

Population aged 15 years and over in private households

Question number(s)

Variable derived based on administrative tax and benefit records received from the Canada Revenue Agency.


Positive dollar value or nil


See 'Remarks' under total income.

This variable is a component of other government transfers. See also income sources.

For more information, please refer to Appendix 2.4 Components of income in 2020.

For additional information about data collection method, coverage, reference period, concepts, data quality and intercensal comparability of the income data, refer to the Income Reference Guide, Census of Population, 2021.

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