Dictionary, Census of Population, 2021

Release date: November 17, 2021


Gender refers to an individual's personal and social identity as a man, woman or non‑binary person (a person who is not exclusively a man or a woman).

Gender includes the following concepts:

A person's gender may differ from their sex at birth, and from what is indicated on their current identification or legal documents such as their birth certificate, passport or driver's licence. A person's gender may change over time.

Some people may not identify with a specific gender.

Statistical unit(s)


Reported in


Reported for

Total population

Question number(s)

Direct variable: Question 3


Male; Female; Please specify this person's gender


Beginning in 2021, the variable "gender" is expected to be used by default in most social statistics programs at Statistics Canada.

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