Dictionary, Census of Population, 2021
Location of study compared with province or territory of residence

Release date: November 17, 2021Updated on: September 21, 2022


In the Census of Population, 'Location of study' refers to the province, territory or country of the institution from which a person obtained their highest certificate, diploma or degree.

Location of study refers to the location of the institution granting the certificate, diploma or degree, not the location of the person at the time they obtained the qualification or were attending the institution. The geographic location is specified according to boundaries current at the time the data are collected, not the boundaries at the time of study.

This is a summary variable that indicates whether the 'Location of study' of the person's highest certificate, diploma or degree was the same province or territory where the person lived at the time of the 2021 Census of Population, a different Canadian province or territory, or outside Canada. This variable is derived from 'Location of study' and 'Province or territory of current residence.' It only applies to individuals who had completed a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

'Location of study outside Canada' may be further sub‑classified using the Standard Classification of Countries and Areas of Interest (SCCAI). When using the SCCAI for this sub‑classification, the class 'Canada' is not used.

This variable is reported for persons aged 15 years and over in private households.

Statistical unit(s)


Reported in

2021 and 2016 (25% sample); 2011Footnote 1 (30% sample).

Reported for

Population aged 15 years and over in private households

Question number(s)

Derived variable: Question 36 and province or territory of residence



Not applicable


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