Dictionary, Census of Population, 2021
Canada Pension Plan (CPP) and Québec Pension Plan (QPP) benefits

Release date: November 17, 2021Updated on: July 13, 2022


Benefits received during the reference period from the Canada Pension Plan or Québec Pension Plan in the form of retirement pensions, survivors' benefits and disability benefits. It does not include lump-sum death benefits.

For the 2021 Census, the reference period for income data is the calendar year 2020, unless otherwise specified.

Statistical unit(s)


Reported in

2021 and 2016 (100% data); 2011Footnote 1 (30% sample); 2006, 2001, 1996, 1991, 1986 and 1981 (20% sample). For availability prior to 1981, refer to Appendix 2.1.

Reported for

Population 15 years and over in private households

Question number(s)

Variable derived based on administrative tax and benefit records received from the Canada Revenue Agency.


Positive dollar value or nil


See 'Remarks' under total income.

See also income sources and the detailed definitions for each of the components: Canada Pension Plan (CPP) and Québec Pension Plan (QPP) - Retirement benefits, Canada Pension Plan (CPP) and Québec Pension Plan (QPP) - Disability benefits and Canada Pension Plan (CPP) and Québec Pension Plan (QPP) - Survivor benefits.

For more information, please refer to Appendix 2.4 Components of income in 2020.

For additional information about data collection method, coverage, reference period, concepts, data quality and intercensal comparability of the income data, refer to the Income Reference Guide, Census of Population, 2021.


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