Census Profile, 2021 Census of Population
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Topic:
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Age
Age characteristics
Commuting
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Commuting destination
Commuting duration
Main mode of commuting
Place of work status
Time leaving for work
Education
Select all: Education
Highest certificate, diploma or degree
Location of study compared with province or territory of residence
Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2021
Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificate
Ethnocultural and religious diversity
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Ethnic or cultural origin
Religion
Visible minority
Families, households, and marital status
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Family characteristics
Household type
Marital status
Housing
Household characteristics
Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
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Admission category and applicant type
Age at immigration
Citizenship
Generation status
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Pre-admission experience
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Income
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Income of economic families in 2020
Income of households in 2020
Income of individuals in 2019
Income of individuals in 2020
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Indigenous peoples
Select all: Indigenous peoples
Indigenous ancestry
Indigenous population
Instruction in the minority official language
Select all: Instruction in the minority official language
Children eligible for instruction in the minority official language
Eligibility and instruction in the minority official language for school-aged children
Labour
Select all: Labour
Class of worker including job permanency
Industry - Sectors - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2017
Labour force status
Occupation - Broad category - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2021
Work activity during the reference year
Language
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All languages spoken at home
First official language spoken
Knowledge of languages
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Language spoken most often at home
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Other language spoken regularly at home
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Language used most often at work
Other language(s) used regularly at work
Mobility and migration
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Population and dwelling counts
Population and dwellings
Type of dwelling
Household and dwelling characteristics
GenderMore information:


Statistic:
Characteristic New Tecumseth, Town (T)More information:
Ontario
[Census subdivision]
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OntarioMore information:

[Province]
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Counts Counts
Total Total
Population and dwellings
Population, 20211 43,948 14,223,942
Population, 20161 34,242 13,448,494
Population percentage change, 2016 to 2021 28.3 5.8
Total private dwellings2 16,249 5,929,250
Private dwellings occupied by usual residents3 15,854 5,491,201
Population density per square kilometre 160.5 15.9
Land area in square kilometres 273.87 892,411.76
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups of the population - 100% data 43,945 14,223,945
0 to 14 years 8,395 2,251,795
0 to 4 years 3,020 683,515
5 to 9 years 2,765 764,430
10 to 14 years 2,605 803,850
15 to 64 years 27,670 9,334,440
15 to 19 years 2,315 801,455
20 to 24 years 2,115 895,600
25 to 29 years 2,450 975,400
30 to 34 years 3,420 981,210
35 to 39 years 3,525 948,030
40 to 44 years 2,780 890,160
45 to 49 years 2,625 894,580
50 to 54 years 2,700 941,270
55 to 59 years 3,040 1,040,160
60 to 64 years 2,715 966,575
65 years and over 7,880 2,637,710
65 to 69 years 2,195 813,215
70 to 74 years 2,110 691,280
75 to 79 years 1,550 469,485
80 to 84 years 1,080 325,110
85 years and over 950 338,620
85 to 89 years 630 205,480
90 to 94 years 245 101,430
95 to 99 years 60 28,000
100 years and over 15 3,705
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 19.1 15.8
15 to 64 years 63.0 65.6
65 years and over 17.9 18.5
85 years and over 2.2 2.4
Average age of the population 40.6 41.8
Median age of the population 39.6 41.6
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% data 15,855 5,491,200
Single-detached house 11,225 2,942,990
Semi-detached house 1,110 303,260
Row house 1,445 505,265
Apartment or flat in a duplex 520 181,030
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 1,385 548,785
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 75 984,665
Other single-attached house 35 10,220
Movable dwelling4 60 14,985
Total - Private households by household size - 100% data 15,850 5,491,205
1 person 3,145 1,452,540
2 persons 5,260 1,798,040
3 persons 2,805 872,480
4 persons 2,840 825,445
5 or more persons 1,810 542,700
Number of persons in private households 43,460 14,031,750
Average household size 2.7 2.6
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the total population aged 15 years and over - 100% data 35,555 11,972,145
Married or living common-law 22,310 6,769,725
Married 18,465 5,738,390
Living common-law 3,845 1,031,340
Living common law - Never married 2,615 727,825
Living common law - Separated 250 55,440
Living common law - Divorced 845 220,445
Living common law - Widowed 135 27,625
Not married and not living common-law 13,245 5,202,420
Not married and not living common law - Never married 8,385 3,515,215
Not married and not living common law - Separated 1,055 333,775
Not married and not living common law - Divorced 1,855 695,630
Not married and not living common law - Widowed 1,950 657,800
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% data5 12,835 3,969,670
2 persons 5,965 1,936,595
3 persons 2,885 877,660
4 persons 2,850 811,380
5 or more persons 1,135 344,035
Average size of census families 3.0 2.9
Average number of children in census families with children6 1.8 1.8
Total number of census families in private households - 100% data 12,835 3,969,670
Total couple families 10,965 3,291,560
Married couples 9,040 2,776,165
With children6 5,165 1,571,480
Without children 3,880 1,204,680
Common-law couples 1,920 515,395
With children6 900 189,835
Without children 1,025 325,560
Total one-parent families 1,870 678,110
in which the parent is a woman+ 1,445 538,450
in which the parent is a man+ 425 139,660
Total - Persons in private households - 100% data 43,460 14,031,750
Total - Persons in census families 38,030 11,601,460
Married spouses or common-law partners 21,930 6,583,120
Parents in one-parent families 1,870 678,110
Children6 14,225 4,340,235
In a two-parent family 11,215 3,281,460
In a one-parent family 3,015 1,058,775
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 5,430 2,430,295
Living alone 3,140 1,452,540
Living with other relatives7 1,125 388,780
Living with non-relatives only 1,165 588,970
Household type
Total - Household type - 100% data 15,855 5,491,200
One-census-family households without additional persons 10,755 3,347,195
Couple-family households 9,470 2,841,660
With children6 5,250 1,517,365
Without children 4,225 1,324,295
One-parent-family households 1,285 505,535
Multigenerational households8 750 221,120
Multiple-census-family households9 135 45,215
One-census-family households with additional persons9 610 184,430
Two-or-more-person non-census-family households 455 240,700
One-person households 3,140 1,452,540
Income of individuals in 2020
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data10 35,075 11,782,845
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 33,940 11,294,815
Median total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 45,600 41,200
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 33,985 11,300,805
Median after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 40,800 37,200
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 30,825 10,010,415
Median market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 39,600 36,000
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 25,440 8,153,180
Median employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 42,000 38,000
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 30,695 10,239,835
Median government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 8,900 8,900
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 3,680 1,054,225
Median employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 6,000 5,600
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 10,180 3,327,770
Median COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 8,000 8,000
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data11 35,095 11,782,820
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 34,020 11,296,770
Average total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 53,550 56,350
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 34,030 11,302,690
Average after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 45,080 46,280
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 30,860 10,011,345
Average market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 48,520 52,700
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 25,440 8,153,185
Average employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 49,200 52,600
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 30,605 10,242,610
Average government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 10,600 10,640
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 3,570 1,052,985
Average employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 6,970 6,640
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 10,170 3,321,155
Average COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 8,350 9,300
Total - Employment income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data12 35,095 11,782,825
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 13,015 3,865,695
Median employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 66,500 67,000
Average employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 71,700 82,400
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 9,340 3,112,160
Median employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 19,200 17,400
Average employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 28,240 28,520
Composition of total income in 2020 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data17 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)18 82.2 82.8
Employment income (%)19 68.6 67.4
Government transfers (%)20 17.8 17.1
Employment insurance benefits (%) 1.4 1.1
COVID-19 - Government income support and benefits (%) 5.3 5.5
COVID-19 - Emergency and recovery benefits (%) 4.7 4.9
Total - Total income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data21 35,080 11,782,845
Without total income 1,135 488,030
With total income 33,945 11,294,815
Under $10,000 (including loss) 2,360 977,950
$10,000 to $19,999 3,700 1,383,475
$20,000 to $29,999 4,670 1,752,040
$30,000 to $39,999 4,085 1,388,215
$40,000 to $49,999 3,775 1,190,885
$50,000 to $59,999 3,450 985,270
$60,000 to $69,999 2,790 782,980
$70,000 to $79,999 2,320 612,620
$80,000 to $89,999 1,770 477,445
$90,000 to $99,999 1,365 385,830
$100,000 and over 3,650 1,358,115
$100,000 to $149,999 2,800 897,615
$150,000 and over 850 460,495
Total - After-tax income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data22 35,080 11,782,845
Without after-tax income 1,095 482,035
With after-tax income 33,980 11,300,805
Under $10,000 (including loss) 2,540 1,025,995
$10,000 to $19,999 3,875 1,442,850
$20,000 to $29,999 5,350 1,967,040
$30,000 to $39,999 4,845 1,621,120
$40,000 to $49,999 4,730 1,384,490
$50,000 to $59,999 3,765 1,068,365
$60,000 to $69,999 2,970 782,135
$70,000 to $79,999 2,090 572,210
$80,000 to $89,999 1,520 457,650
$90,000 to $99,999 885 280,640
$100,000 and over 1,405 698,310
$100,000 to $124,999 805 344,450
$125,000 and over 600 353,860
Total - Employment income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data19 35,080 11,782,845
Without employment income 9,635 3,629,670
With employment income 25,440 8,153,175
Under $5,000 (including loss) 3,255 1,218,885
$5,000 to $9,999 1,905 688,670
$10,000 to $19,999 2,815 928,840
$20,000 to $29,999 2,140 696,570
$30,000 to $39,999 2,180 677,110
$40,000 to $49,999 2,260 672,005
$50,000 to $59,999 2,145 611,665
$60,000 to $69,999 1,830 519,955
$70,000 to $79,999 1,640 419,875
$80,000 to $89,999 1,335 352,235
$90,000 to $99,999 1,110 316,750
$100,000 and over 2,835 1,050,620
$100,000 to $124,999 1,630 489,720
$125,000 and over 1,205 560,895
Income of individuals in 2019
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data23 35,075 11,782,845
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 33,430 11,051,405
Median total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 44,400 39,200
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 33,440 11,055,345
Median after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 39,600 35,600
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 30,590 9,877,245
Median market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 41,600 37,600
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 25,495 8,159,090
Median employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 43,600 38,800
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 28,970 9,643,335
Median government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 3,040 2,200
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 -100% data 2,915 723,990
Median employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 6,080 5,640
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data24 35,095 11,782,820
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 33,500 11,053,285
Average total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 51,750 53,800
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 33,515 11,057,080
Average after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 43,280 44,080
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 30,595 9,878,270
Average market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 49,600 53,250
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 25,490 8,160,870
Average employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 50,120 52,700
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 28,885 9,644,415
Average government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 7,490 7,150
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 2,970 725,250
Average employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 7,880 7,340
Total - Employment income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data25 35,095 11,782,825
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 12,920 3,830,200
Median employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 63,200 62,800
Average employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 69,600 77,800
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 8,780 2,925,680
Median employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 26,200 23,600
Average employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 33,920 34,640
Composition of total income in 2019 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data 100.0 100.0
Market income (%) 87.6 88.4
Employment income (%) 73.6 72.4
Government transfers (%) 12.5 11.6
Employment insurance benefits (%) 1.4 0.9
Income of households in 2020
Total - Income statistics for private households - 100% data26 15,850 5,491,205
Median total income of household in 2020 ($) 104,000 91,000
Median after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 90,000 79,500
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 100% data 3,140 1,452,540
Median total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 49,600 43,600
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 43,600 39,200
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 100% data 12,710 4,038,660
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 118,000 111,000
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 102,000 97,000
Total - Income statistics for private households - 25% sample data27 15,850 5,491,200
Average total income of household in 2020 ($) 114,900 116,000
Average after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 96,800 95,300
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 25% sample data 3,160 1,451,915
Average total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 59,150 57,200
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 49,680 47,320
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 25% sample data 12,695 4,039,285
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 128,800 137,000
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 108,500 112,500
Total - Household total income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data21 15,850 5,491,200
Under $5,000 60 61,515
$5,000 to $9,999 30 30,860
$10,000 to $14,999 85 63,360
$15,000 to $19,999 150 96,980
$20,000 to $24,999 260 186,250
$25,000 to $29,999 365 168,345
$30,000 to $34,999 290 158,810
$35,000 to $39,999 375 175,890
$40,000 to $44,999 435 182,900
$45,000 to $49,999 430 182,945
$50,000 to $59,999 945 370,350
$60,000 to $69,999 990 364,585
$70,000 to $79,999 1,000 350,520
$80,000 to $89,999 1,005 332,395
$90,000 to $99,999 1,035 310,400
$100,000 and over 8,400 2,455,095
$100,000 to $124,999 2,460 662,625
$125,000 to $149,999 2,075 500,495
$150,000 to $199,999 2,220 630,420
$200,000 and over 1,645 661,550
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data22 15,850 5,491,200
Under $5,000 80 69,645
$5,000 to $9,999 35 32,100
$10,000 to $14,999 90 65,025
$15,000 to $19,999 155 101,865
$20,000 to $24,999 285 197,995
$25,000 to $29,999 425 190,225
$30,000 to $34,999 345 183,505
$35,000 to $39,999 445 204,300
$40,000 to $44,999 540 215,785
$45,000 to $49,999 505 217,105
$50,000 to $59,999 1,180 440,280
$60,000 to $69,999 1,235 430,860
$70,000 to $79,999 1,290 409,865
$80,000 to $89,999 1,305 385,295
$90,000 to $99,999 1,270 343,595
$100,000 and over 6,670 2,003,770
$100,000 to $124,999 2,740 685,485
$125,000 to $149,999 1,705 472,130
$150,000 and over 2,225 846,155
Income of economic families in 2020
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 100% data28 12,420 3,875,790
Median total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 117,000 111,000
Median after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 101,000 96,000
Average family size of economic families 3.2 3.1
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 100% data 4,305 1,361,615
Median total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 101,000 95,000
Median after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 87,000 83,000
Average family size of couple-only economic families 2.0 2.0
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 100% data 6,110 1,770,030
Median total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 137,000 141,000
Median after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 117,000 121,000
Average family size of couple-with-children economic families 4.1 4.1
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 1,615 610,815
Median total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 84,000 73,000
Median after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 75,000 67,500
Average family size of one-parent economic families 2.8 2.7
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% data29 4,310 2,041,505
Median total income in 2020 ($)30 46,000 38,800
Median after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 40,800 35,600
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 25% sample data31 12,425 3,873,665
Average total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 127,700 137,200
Average after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 107,500 112,200
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 25% sample data 4,290 1,359,275
Average total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 111,200 119,500
Average after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 92,400 97,000
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 25% sample data 6,085 1,773,005
Average total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 148,200 168,800
Average after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 124,700 136,600
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 1,655 607,780
Average total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 91,600 87,100
Average after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 80,200 76,100
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample data32 4,275 2,039,230
Average total income in 2020 ($)30 54,900 51,800
Average after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 46,400 43,440
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Total - LIM low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households - 100% data33 43,460 14,031,755
0 to 17 years 9,825 2,726,265
0 to 5 years 3,590 831,185
18 to 64 years 26,140 8,795,220
65 years and over 7,500 2,510,270
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 2,430 1,420,525
0 to 17 years 680 314,150
0 to 5 years 275 102,930
18 to 64 years 1,265 803,215
65 years and over 490 303,160
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 5.6 10.1
0 to 17 years (%) 6.9 11.5
0 to 5 years (%) 7.7 12.4
18 to 64 years (%) 4.8 9.1
65 years and over (%) 6.5 12.1
Total - LICO low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households to whom the low-income concept is applicable - 100% data33 43,460 13,977,120
0 to 17 years 9,825 2,709,120
0 to 5 years 3,585 825,865
18 to 64 years 26,135 8,763,785
65 years and over 7,495 2,504,220
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 755 738,795
0 to 17 years 150 126,035
0 to 5 years 65 39,415
18 to 64 years 535 541,410
65 years and over 70 71,350
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 1.7 5.3
0 to 17 years (%) 1.5 4.7
0 to 5 years (%) 1.8 4.8
18 to 64 years (%) 2.1 6.2
65 years and over (%) 0.9 2.9
Total - Adjusted after-tax economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% data34The letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice. 43,460 14,031,755
In bottom half of the distribution 18,175 6,516,085
In bottom decile 2,185 1,318,120
In second decile 3,190 1,283,940
In third decile 3,750 1,292,030
In fourth decile 4,190 1,296,710
In fifth decile 4,865 1,325,280
In top half of the distribution 25,285 7,515,670
In sixth decile 5,155 1,365,960
In seventh decile 5,340 1,415,070
In eighth decile 5,835 1,482,300
In ninth decile 5,290 1,581,535
In top decile 3,660 1,670,800
Total - Inequality measures for the population in private households - 100% data35 43,460 14,031,755
Gini index on adjusted household total income 0.272 0.357
Gini index on adjusted household market income 0.370 0.470
Gini index on adjusted household after-tax income 0.239 0.308
P90/P10 ratio on adjusted household after-tax income 3.0 3.9
Knowledge of official languages
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data36 43,620 14,099,790
English only 41,175 12,196,575
French only 10 39,310
English and French 2,030 1,519,365
Neither English nor French 400 344,545
First official language spoken
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data37 43,620 14,099,790
English 42,755 13,179,535
French 410 484,425
English and French 75 98,270
Neither English nor French 385 337,560
Mother tongue
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data38 43,620 14,099,790
Single responses 42,245 13,430,605
Official languages 35,355 9,642,770
English 34,905 9,179,655
French 450 463,120
Non-official languages 6,890 3,787,835
Indigenous languages39 0 14,475
Algonquian languages 0 13,545
Blackfoot 0 5
Cree-Innu languages 0 2,815
Atikamekw 0 10
Cree languages 0 2,800
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 125
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 60
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0 550
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 35
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 50
Cree, n.o.s. 0 1,975
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0
Naskapi 0 15
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 70
Mi'kmaq 0 60
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 10
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 10,645
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 35
Oji-Cree 0 4,240
Ojibway languages 0 6,365
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 280
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 65
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 25
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0 6,000
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 5
Athabaskan languages 0 30
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 30
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 15
Gwich'in 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 10
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 5
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 5
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0
Tahltan 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0
Tlingit 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0
Haida 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 0 510
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 10
Inuinnaqtun 0 5
Inuvialuktun 0 5
Inuktitut 0 505
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 5
Iroquoian languages 0 270
Cayuga 0 35
Mohawk 0 190
Oneida 0 40
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 5
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0
Michif 0 20
Salish languages 0 10
Halkomelem 0 0
Lillooet 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0
Squamish 0 0
Straits 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0
Siouan languages 0 10
Assiniboine 0 0
Dakota 0 5
Stoney 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 5
Tsimshian languages 0 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 5
Nisga'a 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0
Haisla 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 5
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 65
Non-Indigenous languages 6,890 3,773,365
Afro-Asiatic languages 575 310,765
Berber languages 0 855
Kabyle 0 580
Tamazight 0 215
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 60
Chadic languages 0 635
Hausa 0 560
Mina 0 70
Coptic 0 535
Cushitic languages 5 27,575
Bilen 0 930
Oromo 0 1,540
Somali 5 24,700
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 405
Semitic languages 570 281,160
Amharic 10 12,490
Arabic 170 214,230
Aramaic languages 360 24,105
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 315 15,665
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 40 7,480
Aramaic, n.o.s. 5 960
Harari 0 970
Hebrew 15 11,630
Maltese 20 4,120
Tigrigna 0 13,360
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 255
Austro-Asiatic languages 205 84,300
Khmer (Cambodian) 35 7,065
Vietnamese 175 77,085
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 140
Austronesian languages 240 208,395
Bikol 0 685
Bisaya, n.o.s. 0 2,735
Cebuano 10 5,900
Fijian 0 40
Hiligaynon 5 3,775
Ilocano 10 14,680
Indonesian 0 5,440
Kankanaey 0 375
Kinaray-a 0 275
Malagasy languages 0 125
Merina 0 30
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 95
Malay 0 540
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 1,910
Pangasinan 0 750
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 210 168,845
Waray-Waray 0 590
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 1,710
Creole languages 5 11,690
Haitian Creole 0 5,160
Jamaican English Creole 0 435
Krio 0 290
Morisyen 0 1,990
Sango 0 45
Creole, n.o.s. 5 2,690
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 1,080
Dravidian languages 385 185,145
Kannada 0 4,335
Malayalam 25 32,805
Tamil 340 126,640
Telugu 15 20,715
Tulu 0 415
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 235
Georgian 0 1,650
Hmong-Mien languages 0 480
Indo-European languages 4,895 2,119,610
Albanian 30 20,720
Armenian 25 14,680
Balto-Slavic languages 870 377,895
Baltic languages 15 7,425
Latvian 5 3,050
Lithuanian 10 4,370
Slavic languages 850 370,475
Belarusian 0 440
Bulgarian 10 8,565
Czech 15 9,060
Macedonian 30 13,620
Polish 365 106,275
Russian 260 104,310
Rusyn 0 225
Serbo-Croatian 65 77,145
Bosnian 0 7,140
Croatian 45 28,385
Serbian 20 40,465
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 5 1,160
Slovak 25 8,675
Slovene (Slovenian) 10 5,520
Ukrainian 80 36,340
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 285
Celtic languages 5 795
Irish 0 225
Scottish Gaelic 0 170
Welsh 0 320
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 80
Germanic languages 465 167,265
Frisian 0 970
High German languages 290 102,915
German 290 89,075
Pennsylvania German 0 8,895
Swiss German 5 2,390
Yiddish 0 2,555
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 140 56,725
Afrikaans 5 2,865
Dutch 125 41,240
Low German, n.o.s. 0 1,930
Low Saxon 0 440
Plautdietsch 0 8,610
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 1,630
Scandinavian languages 35 6,440
Danish 25 3,370
Icelandic 0 175
Norwegian 0 800
Swedish 10 2,090
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 225
Greek 65 47,970
Indo-Iranian languages 990 884,995
Indo-Aryan languages 795 715,085
Assamese 0 325
Bengali 15 54,990
Gujarati 95 95,785
Hindi 70 87,035
Kacchi 0 3,880
Kashmiri 0 460
Konkani 0 2,595
Marathi 5 9,460
Nepali 5 12,430
Oriya languages 0 1,325
Odia 0 830
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 490
Punjabi (Panjabi) 430 260,075
Rohingya 0 290
Sindhi 0 2,670
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 15 11,040
Urdu 160 170,955
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 0 1,760
Iranian languages 200 169,765
Baluchi 0 335
Kurdish 25 9,120
Parsi 0 330
Pashto 10 12,780
Persian languages 155 146,700
Dari 80 34,340
Iranian Persian 50 97,135
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 30 15,230
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 495
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 145
Italic (Romance) languages 2,445 605,070
Catalan 0 285
Italian 1,010 194,125
Portuguese 520 153,750
Romanian 80 38,955
Spanish 840 217,245
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 710
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 205
Japanese 30 12,880
Korean 90 75,220
Mongolian 0 535
Niger-Congo languages 75 42,470
Akan (Twi) 40 9,325
Bamanankan 0 185
Edo 5 1,165
Éwé 0 485
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 480
Ga 0 510
Ganda 0 1,195
Gikuyu 0 460
Igbo 5 2,385
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 1,920
Lingala 0 825
Luba-Kasai 0 135
Mòoré 0 60
Mwani 0 345
Ndebele 0 335
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 2,705
Shona 0 1,580
Soninke 0 195
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 230
Swahili 0 6,445
Wojenaka 0 60
Wolof 0 460
Yoruba 10 7,335
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 5 3,655
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 1,935
Dinka 0 325
Nuer 0 320
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 1,125
African, n.o.s. 0 165
Sign languages 5 2,775
American Sign Language 5 2,360
Quebec Sign Language 0 35
Sign languages, n.i.e. 0 385
Sino-Tibetan languages 150 632,250
Chinese languages 150 621,980
Hakka 0 6,215
Mandarin 90 327,470
Min Dong 0 1,015
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 10,290
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 4,190
Yue (Cantonese) 55 267,425
Chinese, n.o.s. 0 5,080
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 300
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 10,000
Burmese 0 1,540
Kuki-Chin languages 0 440
Karenic languages 0 1,765
S'gaw Karen 0 1,530
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 235
Tibetan 0 5,785
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 460
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 275
Tai-Kadai languages 25 8,265
Lao 15 4,570
Thai 5 3,535
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 165
Turkic languages 85 32,270
Azerbaijani 5 2,870
Kazakh 0 255
Turkish 80 26,740
Uyghur 0 720
Uzbek 0 1,080
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 610
Uralic languages 115 42,270
Estonian 5 3,450
Finnish 25 7,650
Hungarian 80 31,170
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 460
Multiple responses 1,380 669,185
English and French 125 96,260
English and non-official language(s) 1,125 494,610
French and non-official language(s) 5 15,710
English, French and non-official language(s) 25 16,770
Multiple non-official languages 100 45,835
All languages spoken at home
Total - All languages spoken at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data40 43,620 14,099,790
English 36,585 9,630,975
French 35 188,560
Non-official language 1,440 1,124,950
Indigenous39 0 2,630
Non-Indigenous 1,440 1,122,315
English and French 310 274,675
English and non-official language(s) 4,975 2,647,980
French and non-official language(s) 10 14,065
English, French and non-official language(s) 115 117,430
Multiple non-official languages 150 101,145
Language spoken most often at home
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data41 43,620 14,099,790
Single responses 42,640 13,384,695
Official languages 39,555 11,165,425
English 39,480 10,910,560
French 80 254,870
Non-official languages 3,080 2,219,265
Indigenous languages39 0 5,710
Algonquian languages 0 5,430
Blackfoot 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 0 1,230
Atikamekw 0 0
Cree languages 0 1,220
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 30
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 15
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0 135
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 5
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 15
Cree, n.o.s. 0 1,015
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0
Naskapi 0 5
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 20
Mi'kmaq 0 20
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 4,185
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 5
Oji-Cree 0 1,985
Ojibway languages 0 2,195
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 95
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 25
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0 2,070
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 15
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 15
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0
Gwich'in 0 5
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0
Tahltan 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 5
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 10
Tlingit 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0
Haida 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 0 150
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0
Inuktitut 0 150
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 75
Cayuga 0 10
Mohawk 0 50
Oneida 0 15
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0
Michif 0 15
Salish languages 0 5
Halkomelem 0 0
Lillooet 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0
Squamish 0 0
Straits 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0
Siouan languages 0 5
Assiniboine 0 0
Dakota 0 0
Stoney 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0
Haisla 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 5
Non-Indigenous languages 3,080 2,213,555
Afro-Asiatic languages 355 181,660
Berber languages 0 365
Kabyle 0 220
Tamazight 0 100
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 45
Chadic languages 0 355
Hausa 0 325
Mina 0 30
Coptic 0 255
Cushitic languages 0 16,105
Bilen 0 800
Oromo 0 840
Somali 0 14,230
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 230
Semitic languages 355 164,590
Amharic 0 6,405
Arabic 95 124,865
Aramaic languages 255 18,120
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 225 11,870
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 25 5,550
Aramaic, n.o.s. 5 705
Harari 0 515
Hebrew 0 4,925
Maltese 5 770
Tigrigna 0 8,870
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 120
Austro-Asiatic languages 135 55,990
Khmer (Cambodian) 20 3,855
Vietnamese 115 52,080
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 55
Austronesian languages 90 115,225
Bikol 0 255
Bisaya, n.o.s. 0 1,355
Cebuano 0 3,140
Fijian 0 20
Hiligaynon 0 1,960
Ilocano 5 8,105
Indonesian 0 1,990
Kankanaey 0 210
Kinaray-a 0 110
Malagasy languages 0 45
Merina 0 15
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 35
Malay 0 130
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 990
Pangasinan 0 250
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 80 95,635
Waray-Waray 0 230
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 785
Creole languages 5 6,165
Haitian Creole 0 2,640
Jamaican English Creole 0 195
Krio 0 140
Morisyen 0 1,425
Sango 0 30
Creole, n.o.s. 0 1,325
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 420
Dravidian languages 270 129,245
Kannada 0 2,165
Malayalam 25 20,855
Tamil 230 93,165
Telugu 10 12,805
Tulu 0 145
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 110
Georgian 0 1,040
Hmong-Mien languages 0 185
Indo-European languages 1,925 1,136,460
Albanian 10 9,880
Armenian 5 8,590
Balto-Slavic languages 380 181,290
Baltic languages 5 1,640
Latvian 0 535
Lithuanian 0 1,105
Slavic languages 375 179,650
Belarusian 0 145
Bulgarian 5 4,100
Czech 0 2,555
Macedonian 10 5,535
Polish 130 45,800
Russian 180 66,045
Rusyn 0 120
Serbo-Croatian 10 35,980
Bosnian 0 3,450
Croatian 10 9,990
Serbian 0 22,145
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0 400
Slovak 5 3,070
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 1,000
Ukrainian 30 15,235
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 65
Celtic languages 0 140
Irish 0 65
Scottish Gaelic 0 25
Welsh 0 45
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 15
Germanic languages 35 40,600
Frisian 0 85
High German languages 25 28,670
German 25 20,680
Pennsylvania German 0 7,180
Swiss German 0 560
Yiddish 0 250
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 10 11,190
Afrikaans 0 1,175
Dutch 10 4,055
Low German, n.o.s. 0 1,265
Low Saxon 0 185
Plautdietsch 0 4,415
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 95
Scandinavian languages 5 620
Danish 0 210
Icelandic 0 30
Norwegian 0 70
Swedish 0 310
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 40
Greek 20 19,065
Indo-Iranian languages 700 601,605
Indo-Aryan languages 570 487,535
Assamese 0 145
Bengali 10 34,830
Gujarati 80 63,145
Hindi 45 52,420
Kacchi 0 1,655
Kashmiri 0 145
Konkani 0 640
Marathi 0 4,975
Nepali 0 8,910
Oriya languages 0 655
Odia 0 420
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 230
Punjabi (Panjabi) 320 198,670
Rohingya 0 220
Sindhi 0 1,390
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 10 5,795
Urdu 100 113,020
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 0 930
Iranian languages 125 114,005
Baluchi 0 195
Kurdish 20 5,560
Parsi 0 170
Pashto 10 8,670
Persian languages 95 99,095
Dari 45 21,150
Iranian Persian 30 67,320
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 25 10,625
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 310
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 65
Italic (Romance) languages 785 275,210
Catalan 0 105
Italian 190 58,670
Portuguese 155 74,745
Romanian 20 17,755
Spanish 415 123,690
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 240
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 90
Japanese 25 5,875
Korean 70 53,585
Mongolian 0 290
Niger-Congo languages 30 16,065
Akan (Twi) 25 4,370
Bamanankan 0 80
Edo 0 270
Éwé 0 120
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 220
Ga 5 170
Ganda 0 345
Gikuyu 0 70
Igbo 0 660
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 775
Lingala 0 330
Luba-Kasai 0 35
Mòoré 0 10
Mwani 0 80
Ndebele 0 115
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 1,375
Shona 0 450
Soninke 0 105
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 55
Swahili 0 2,775
Wojenaka 0 35
Wolof 0 165
Yoruba 0 2,640
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 835
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 820
Dinka 0 125
Nuer 0 185
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 460
African, n.o.s. 0 45
Sign languages 15 5,010
American Sign Language 15 3,920
Quebec Sign Language 0 50
Sign languages, n.i.e. 0 1,035
Sino-Tibetan languages 90 469,325
Chinese languages 90 461,870
Hakka 0 2,540
Mandarin 55 253,860
Min Dong 0 650
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 4,890
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 2,765
Yue (Cantonese) 40 193,955
Chinese, n.o.s. 0 3,090
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 110
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 7,310
Burmese 0 960
Kuki-Chin languages 0 305
Karenic languages 0 1,275
S'gaw Karen 0 1,105
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 170
Tibetan 0 4,540
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 225
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 145
Tai-Kadai languages 5 3,995
Lao 5 2,395
Thai 0 1,520
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 85
Turkic languages 45 19,965
Azerbaijani 0 1,445
Kazakh 0 40
Turkish 45 17,160
Uyghur 0 490
Uzbek 0 580
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 250
Uralic languages 25 12,465
Estonian 0 485
Finnish 0 1,140
Hungarian 25 10,835
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 195
Multiple responses 980 715,095
English and French 45 59,725
English and non-official language(s) 900 624,265
French and non-official language(s) 5 6,475
English, French and non-official language(s) 10 12,185
Multiple non-official languages 25 12,445
Other language spoken regularly at home
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data42 43,620 14,099,790
None 38,905 11,528,735
English 1,360 903,960
French 245 189,420
Non-official language 2,620 1,136,770
Indigenous39 10 9,310
Non-Indigenous 2,615 1,127,465
English and French 20 16,580
English and non-official language(s) 175 140,865
French and non-official language(s) 65 52,565
English, French and non-official language(s) 0 2,920
Multiple non-official languages 225 127,975
Knowledge of languagesThe letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice.
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample data43 43,465 14,031,755
Official languages 43,040 13,688,615
English 43,040 13,650,230
French 1,935 1,550,545
Non-official languages 9,725 5,058,180
Indigenous languages39 0 29,850
Algonquian languages 0 26,775
Blackfoot 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 0 5,205
Atikamekw 0 15
Cree languages 0 5,155
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 335
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 10
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 200
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0 1,165
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 135
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 95
Cree, n.o.s. 0 3,340
Innu (Montagnais) 0 20
Naskapi 0 20
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 295
Mi'kmaq 0 250
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 35
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 21,560
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 135
Oji-Cree 0 6,260
Ojibway languages 0 15,530
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 1,295
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 210
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 115
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0 14,155
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 95
Athabaskan languages 0 115
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 105
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 50
Gwich'in 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 15
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 15
Tahltan languages 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0
Tahltan 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 25
Tlingit 0 10
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0
Haida 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 0 1,000
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 25
Inuinnaqtun 0 25
Inuvialuktun 0 0
Inuktitut 0 970
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 15
Iroquoian languages 0 1,625
Cayuga 0 210
Mohawk 0 1,220
Oneida 0 210
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 35
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0
Michif 0 135
Salish languages 0 65
Halkomelem 0 0
Lillooet 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 25
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 10
Squamish 0 0
Straits 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 20
Siouan languages 0 65
Assiniboine 0 20
Dakota 0 15
Stoney 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 30
Tsimshian languages 0 25
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 10
Nisga'a 0 20
Tsimshian 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 20
Haisla 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 70
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 245
Non-Indigenous languages 9,720 5,029,345
Afro-Asiatic languages 930 481,620
Berber languages 0 1,570
Kabyle 0 950
Tamazight 0 475
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 215
Chadic languages 0 2,210
Hausa 0 2,005
Mina 0 200
Coptic 0 2,130
Cushitic languages 0 41,520
Bilen 0 1,335
Oromo 0 2,950
Somali 0 36,825
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 815
Semitic languages 925 443,215
Amharic 30 22,815
Arabic 550 342,860
Aramaic languages 495 33,950
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 385 21,640
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 80 11,170
Aramaic, n.o.s. 30 1,685
Harari 0 1,610
Hebrew 45 47,380
Maltese 25 6,055
Tigrigna 0 19,755
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 685
Austro-Asiatic languages 360 115,355
Khmer (Cambodian) 60 10,085
Vietnamese 315 105,800
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 275
Austronesian languages 330 292,100
Bikol 0 1,345
Bisaya, n.o.s. 0 3,410
Cebuano 20 11,100
Fijian 0 210
Hiligaynon 15 6,435
Ilocano 15 26,205
Indonesian 0 8,175
Kankanaey 0 620
Kinaray-a 0 310
Malagasy languages 0 270
Merina 0 35
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 235
Malay 10 4,370
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 3,390
Pangasinan 0 1,610
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 325 271,450
Waray-Waray 0 1,810
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 6,850
Creole languages 105 36,585
Haitian Creole 0 14,220
Jamaican English Creole 15 3,385
Krio 0 650
Morisyen 0 5,645
Sango 0 270
Creole, n.o.s. 55 10,235
Creole languages, n.i.e. 45 4,065
Dravidian languages 445 272,060
Kannada 0 12,930
Malayalam 35 48,025
Tamil 415 192,890
Telugu 0 38,190
Tulu 0 1,225
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 685
Georgian 0 2,170
Hmong-Mien languages 0 555
Indo-European languages 6,955 2,941,400
Albanian 30 26,725
Armenian 70 19,610
Balto-Slavic languages 1,045 470,080
Baltic languages 30 9,715
Latvian 15 4,215
Lithuanian 15 5,520
Slavic languages 1,030 462,520
Belarusian 0 1,630
Bulgarian 15 11,310
Czech 20 13,130
Macedonian 35 21,070
Polish 470 134,980
Russian 340 155,340
Rusyn 0 295
Serbo-Croatian 90 102,885
Bosnian 0 13,895
Croatian 70 48,075
Serbian 25 58,045
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0 1,850
Slovak 30 11,725
Slovene (Slovenian) 25 7,235
Ukrainian 110 58,355
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 500
Celtic languages 25 4,115
Irish 10 2,345
Scottish Gaelic 0 715
Welsh 0 810
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 285
Germanic languages 595 257,270
Frisian 0 1,750
High German languages 400 175,485
German 400 158,120
Pennsylvania German 0 10,370
Swiss German 0 3,485
Yiddish 0 6,100
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 150 78,435
Afrikaans 20 9,255
Dutch 120 55,040
Low German, n.o.s. 0 2,185
Low Saxon 0 595
Plautdietsch 0 10,245
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 2,040
Scandinavian languages 80 12,565
Danish 60 5,175
Icelandic 0 390
Norwegian 10 2,385
Swedish 20 5,340
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 480
Greek 160 76,320
Indo-Iranian languages 1,370 1,244,895
Indo-Aryan languages 1,090 1,049,480
Assamese 0 725
Bengali 0 76,980
Gujarati 110 143,240
Hindi 395 436,125
Kacchi 0 8,140
Kashmiri 0 1,085
Konkani 10 6,745
Marathi 0 24,775
Nepali 0 17,110
Oriya languages 0 2,545
Odia 0 1,430
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 1,130
Punjabi (Panjabi) 640 397,865
Rohingya 0 370
Sindhi 0 5,595
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 25 21,630
Urdu 315 295,175
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 0 5,965
Iranian languages 330 210,370
Baluchi 0 520
Kurdish 55 13,870
Parsi 0 525
Pashto 50 20,790
Persian languages 260 183,830
Dari 185 47,640
Iranian Persian 75 122,305
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 10 16,615
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 1,040
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 1,300
Italic (Romance) languages 3,815 922,975
Catalan 0 770
Italian 1,660 312,800
Portuguese 940 208,575
Romanian 135 48,315
Spanish 1,280 401,205
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 2,355
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 910
Japanese 40 30,705
Korean 115 90,475
Mongolian 0 745
Niger-Congo languages 240 106,850
Akan (Twi) 100 17,570
Bamanankan 0 760
Edo 15 3,210
Éwé 0 1,195
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 1,010
Ga 0 1,870
Ganda 0 2,760
Gikuyu 0 1,080
Igbo 0 8,115
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 4,020
Lingala 0 7,315
Luba-Kasai 0 1,050
Mòoré 0 235
Mwani 0 520
Ndebele 0 855
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 4,895
Shona 0 3,040
Soninke 0 290
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 630
Swahili 15 24,360
Wojenaka 0 260
Wolof 0 1,495
Yoruba 70 24,375
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 25 12,825
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 3,210
Dinka 0 470
Nuer 0 585
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 2,155
African, n.o.s. 0 835
Sign languages 70 18,990
American Sign Language 55 16,685
Quebec Sign Language 0 380
Sign languages, n.i.e. 15 2,600
Sino-Tibetan languages 250 747,160
Chinese languages 250 734,190
Hakka 0 8,760
Mandarin 160 467,415
Min Dong 0 1,450
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 18,020
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 6,720
Yue (Cantonese) 100 352,135
Chinese, n.o.s. 0 5,200
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 515
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 13,135
Burmese 0 2,570
Kuki-Chin languages 0 600
Karenic languages 0 2,255
S'gaw Karen 0 1,970
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 385
Tibetan 0 7,475
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 980
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 565
Tai-Kadai languages 40 12,655
Lao 35 7,370
Thai 0 6,200
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 335
Turkic languages 100 52,195
Azerbaijani 15 5,910
Kazakh 0 710
Turkish 90 44,815
Uyghur 0 825
Uzbek 0 2,095
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 1,075
Uralic languages 75 52,025
Estonian 0 4,010
Finnish 20 9,455
Hungarian 50 38,690
Other languages, n.i.e. 25 2,145
Indigenous population
Total - Indigenous identity for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 43,465 14,031,750
Indigenous identity45 730 406,585
Single Indigenous responses46 680 389,955
First Nations (North American Indian) 425 251,030
Métis 235 134,615
Inuk (Inuit) 0 4,310
Multiple Indigenous responses47 20 7,115
Indigenous responses not included elsewhere48 25 9,515
Non-Indigenous identity 42,735 13,625,165
Total - Registered or Treaty Indian status for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 43,465 14,031,750
Registered or Treaty Indian49 215 172,535
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 43,245 13,859,215
Household characteristics
Total - Private households by tenure - 25% sample data50 15,850 5,491,200
Owner 13,300 3,755,720
Renter 2,555 1,724,970
Dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band 0 10,510
Total - Occupied private dwellings by condominium status - 25% sample data51 15,850 5,491,200
Condominium 2,335 822,780
Not condominium 13,520 4,668,425
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of bedrooms - 25% sample data52 15,850 5,491,200
No bedrooms 45 48,740
1 bedroom 855 769,570
2 bedrooms 2,710 1,205,540
3 bedrooms 7,010 1,918,935
4 or more bedrooms 5,240 1,548,420
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of rooms - 25% sample data53 15,850 5,491,200
1 to 4 rooms 2,190 1,579,320
5 rooms 2,210 775,580
6 rooms 2,950 791,100
7 rooms 2,870 708,205
8 or more rooms 5,625 1,636,990
Average number of rooms per dwelling 6.9 6.2
Total - Private households by number of persons per room - 25% sample data54 15,850 5,491,200
One person or fewer per room 15,610 5,328,575
More than one person per room 245 162,625
Total - Private households by housing suitability - 25% sample data55 15,850 5,491,200
Suitable 15,270 5,122,185
Not suitable 585 369,015
Total - Occupied private dwellings by period of construction - 25% sample data56 15,850 5,491,200
1960 or before 1,745 1,247,430
1961 to 1980 3,340 1,456,110
1981 to 1990 1,855 711,940
1991 to 2000 2,120 644,080
2001 to 2005 945 385,045
2006 to 2010 1,200 348,760
2011 to 2015 1,830 328,735
2016 to 202157 2,830 369,095
Total - Occupied private dwellings by dwelling condition - 25% sample data58 15,850 5,491,200
Only regular maintenance and minor repairs needed 15,265 5,177,155
Major repairs needed 590 314,050
Total - Private households by number of household maintainers - 25% sample data59 15,850 5,491,200
One-maintainer household 6,455 2,677,880
Two-maintainer household 8,575 2,506,110
Three-or-more-maintainer household 825 307,210
Total - Private households by age of primary household maintainers - 25% sample data60 15,850 5,491,200
15 to 24 years 130 126,385
25 to 34 years 2,100 727,305
35 to 44 years 3,070 930,410
45 to 54 years 2,960 1,013,210
55 to 64 years 3,175 1,149,345
65 to 74 years 2,290 876,960
75 to 84 years 1,575 481,250
85 years and over 545 186,330
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratio - 25% sample data61 15,750 5,415,420
Spending less than 30% of income on shelter costs 12,185 4,103,320
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs 3,565 1,312,095
30% to less than 100% 3,325 1,169,040
Total - Occupied private dwellings by housing indicators - 25% sample data62 15,855 5,491,205
Total - Households 'spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' or 'not suitable' or 'major repairs needed' 4,390 1,802,285
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs only 3,245 1,150,405
Not suitable only 415 262,900
Major repairs needed only 395 201,870
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' 140 74,930
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'major repairs needed' 165 80,990
'Not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 15 25,420
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 15 5,765
Acceptable housing 11,465 3,688,915
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero and shelter-cost-to-income ratio less than 100%, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data63 15,505 5,272,360
In core need 1,795 639,805
Not in core need 13,715 4,632,550
Total - Owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 13,220 3,718,255
% of owner households with a mortgage64 66.0 59.7
% of owner households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 19.7 17.7
% in core housing need63 8.2 6.4
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 1,740 1,440
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 1,786 1,700
Median value of dwellings ($)66 750,000 700,000
Average value of dwellings ($)66 803,000 807,000
Total - Tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 2,550 1,722,000
% of tenant households in subsidized housing67 6.5 13.7
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 37.9 38.4
% in core housing need63 29.4 24.9
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 1,410 1,300
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 1,500 1,408
Total - Households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band in non-farm private dwellings - 25% sample data 0 10,510
% of households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band spending more than 30% on shelter costs61 ... 8.7
Median monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 ... 324
Average monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 ... 380
Indigenous ancestry
Total - Indigenous ancestry for the population in private households - 25% sample data68 43,460 14,031,755
Indigenous ancestry (only)69 255 169,090
Single Indigenous ancestry (only)70 230 166,095
First Nations (North American Indian) single ancestry 200 136,445
Métis single ancestry 35 27,835
Inuit single ancestry 0 1,810
Multiple Indigenous ancestries (only)71 20 3,000
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis ancestry only 20 2,660
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit ancestry only 0 175
Métis and Inuit ancestry only 0 115
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit ancestry only 0 50
Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries72 895 351,395
Single Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries73 890 342,985
First Nations (North American Indian) and non-Indigenous ancestry only 630 246,415
Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 240 93,245
Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 3,325
Multiple Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries74 10 8,405
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 7,595
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 535
Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 215
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 60
Non-Indigenous ancestry only75 42,310 13,511,270
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample data76 43,460 14,031,755
Canadian citizens77 41,605 12,633,260
Canadian citizens aged under 18 9,640 2,554,125
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 31,965 10,079,140
Not Canadian citizens78 1,850 1,398,490
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample data79 43,460 14,031,755
Non-immigrants80 34,825 9,437,320
Immigrants81 8,400 4,206,585
Before 1980 2,495 860,305
1980 to 1990 1,270 506,195
1991 to 2000 1,570 852,765
2001 to 2010 1,710 941,630
2011 to 202182 1,350 1,045,695
2011 to 2015 725 461,010
2016 to 2021 625 584,680
Non-permanent residents83 240 387,850
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data84 8,400 4,206,585
Under 5 years 935 375,395
5 to 14 years 1,875 734,680
15 to 24 years 2,120 840,165
25 to 44 years 2,995 1,851,675
45 years and over 470 404,670
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data85 8,400 4,206,585
Americas 1,685 629,550
Brazil 60 23,125
Colombia 55 32,520
El Salvador 55 21,780
Guyana 175 77,635
Haiti 0 11,375
Jamaica 430 122,770
Mexico 30 33,380
Peru 75 11,455
Trinidad and Tobago 110 52,750
United States of America 205 111,390
Other places of birth in Americas 495 131,370
Europe 3,500 1,049,725
Bosnia and Herzegovina 10 21,150
Croatia 30 24,270
France 35 15,240
Germany 190 54,275
Greece 60 31,650
Hungary 25 18,530
Italy 555 135,640
Netherlands 80 39,490
Poland 310 88,785
Portugal 365 95,490
Romania 130 40,475
Russian Federation 120 44,165
Serbia86 20 22,295
Ukraine 95 43,070
United Kingdom87 1,105 239,485
Other places of birth in Europe 375 135,725
Africa 305 287,920
Algeria 0 4,355
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 0 10,220
Egypt 20 39,345
Eritrea 0 14,200
Ethiopia 30 19,415
Morocco 0 8,105
Nigeria 95 37,420
Somalia 0 20,335
South Africa, Republic of 25 21,540
Other places of birth in Africa 125 112,985
Asia 2,895 2,225,590
Afghanistan 155 38,580
Iran88 85 103,795
Iraq 480 63,255
Lebanon 35 38,170
Syria89 85 45,685
Turkey 60 20,795
China90 95 355,955
Hong Kong91 40 108,480
Korea, South92 95 62,750
Taiwan 10 18,105
Philippines 285 268,580
Viet Nam 225 86,315
Bangladesh 0 46,260
India 520 495,750
Pakistan 165 165,530
Sri Lanka 250 112,730
Other places of birth in Asia 310 194,855
Oceania and other places of birth93 15 13,810
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data94 625 584,680
Americas 115 68,450
Brazil 15 8,725
Colombia 10 4,260
Haiti 0 1,550
Jamaica 20 9,970
Mexico 10 5,810
United States of America 20 17,945
Venezuela95 0 3,400
Other places of birth in Americas 30 16,795
Europe 105 47,295
France 0 3,225
Germany 0 1,685
Ireland96 10 2,225
Italy 0 1,770
Russian Federation 0 5,150
Ukraine 0 6,035
United Kingdom87 20 8,000
Other places of birth in Europe 60 19,200
Africa 20 64,910
Algeria 0 1,130
Burundi 0 1,790
Cameroon 0 1,585
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 0 2,275
Côte d'Ivoire 0 1,085
Egypt 0 6,370
Eritrea 0 7,145
Ethiopia 0 3,480
Morocco 0 1,890
Nigeria 0 16,570
Somalia 0 3,345
South Africa, Republic of 0 2,915
Sudan97 0 2,095
Tunisia 0 820
Other places of birth in Africa 10 12,405
Asia 385 401,940
Afghanistan 30 7,225
Bangladesh 0 7,710
China90 0 54,645
Hong Kong91 0 2,620
India 80 139,660
Iran88 0 13,215
Iraq 60 12,940
Israel 0 2,270
Japan 0 1,460
Jordan 0 2,610
Korea, South92 0 6,935
Lebanon 0 4,365
Nepal 0 2,445
Pakistan 25 23,970
Philippines 50 45,235
Saudi Arabia 0 6,110
Sri Lanka 10 5,895
Syria89 60 30,180
Turkey 10 7,060
United Arab Emirates 0 5,310
Viet Nam 10 6,020
Other places of birth in Asia 20 14,075
Oceania and other93 0 2,090
Australia 0 1,620
Other places of birth98 0 470
Generation status
Total - Generation status for the population in private households - 25% sample data99 43,465 14,031,755
First generation100 8,945 4,725,795
Second generation101 11,075 3,180,170
Third generation or more102 23,440 6,125,785
Admission category and applicant type
Total - Admission category and applicant type for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data103 5,905 3,346,285
Economic immigrants104 2,000 1,669,195
Principal applicants105 850 697,905
Secondary applicants106 1,150 971,295
Immigrants sponsored by family107 2,250 1,037,680
Refugees108 1,490 587,735
Other immigrants109 165 51,675
Pre-admission experience
Total - Pre-admission experience for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data110 5,905 3,346,285
Asylum claim before admission111 550 262,835
Work permits only before admission112 535 289,330
Study permits only before admission113 90 79,320
Work and study permits before admission114 190 179,715
Other permits before admission115 45 19,030
No pre-admission experience116 4,490 2,516,055
Visible minority
Total - Visible minority for the population in private households - 25% sample data117 43,465 14,031,750
Total visible minority population118 7,865 4,817,360
South Asian 1,935 1,515,295
Chinese 265 820,245
Black 1,660 768,740
Filipino 450 363,650
Arab 595 284,215
Latin American 985 249,190
Southeast Asian 520 167,845
West Asian 495 212,185
Korean 165 99,425
Japanese 65 31,420
Visible minority, n.i.e.119 380 124,120
Multiple visible minorities 350 181,025
Not a visible minority120 35,595 9,214,395
Ethnic or cultural origin
Total - Ethnic or cultural origin for the population in private households - 25% sample data121 43,460 14,031,755
Canadian 6,825 1,621,655
English 9,975 2,347,685
Irish 8,620 1,999,985
Scottish 7,355 1,937,010
French, n.o.s.122 2,260 1,039,385
German 3,295 1,058,075
Chinese 400 821,835
Italian 6,130 905,105
Indian (India) 1,000 764,435
Ukrainian 1,130 342,260
Dutch 1,680 478,860
Polish 1,650 461,090
Québécois 20 28,035
British Isles, n.o.s.123 1,925 462,995
Filipino 435 355,680
French Canadian 495 199,845
Caucasian (White), n.o.s.124 610 221,315
First Nations (North American Indian), n.o.s.125 315 160,660
Métis 305 131,780
European, n.o.s.126 550 182,785
Russian 470 187,460
Norwegian 155 62,840
Welsh 740 188,980
Portuguese 1,725 300,600
American 430 129,750
Spanish 435 143,840
Swedish 185 68,260
Hungarian 360 149,040
Acadian 150 34,125
Pakistani 215 212,650
African, n.o.s.127 280 149,265
Jewish 230 155,180
Punjabi 220 119,085
Vietnamese 345 122,735
Arab, n.o.s.128 50 110,250
Greek 380 143,065
Jamaican 650 201,945
Asian, n.o.s.129 135 110,750
Cree, n.o.s.130 25 20,025
Korean 170 100,025
Romanian 235 86,435
Lebanese 105 80,345
Iranian 80 109,410
Christian, n.i.e.131 270 73,665
Danish 180 52,170
North American Indigenous, n.o.s.132 225 61,790
Sikh 170 77,805
Austrian 275 63,920
Belgian 175 56,860
Haitian 25 17,930
Hindu 70 106,970
Mexican 100 54,725
Mennonite 10 38,095
Swiss 70 56,510
Finnish 120 76,275
Sri Lankan 255 105,765
Croatian 175 79,240
Japanese 125 42,250
South Asian, n.o.s.133 95 83,435
Mi'kmaq, n.o.s.134 90 21,650
Northern European, n.o.s.135 115 31,395
Muslim 75 62,780
Egyptian 35 54,210
Latin, Central or South American, n.o.s.136 215 48,595
Tamil 260 86,580
Icelandic 80 13,915
Colombian 115 39,420
Moroccan 20 12,300
Czech 135 39,400
Syrian 175 42,525
Guyanese 315 85,455
Afghan 250 61,255
Black, n.o.s.137 165 59,655
Serbian 25 64,415
Ojibway 120 52,770
Newfoundlander 205 29,950
Hong Konger 0 41,120
Ontarian 210 64,245
Persian 30 46,445
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 290 59,110
Turkish 120 43,555
Inuit, n.o.s.138 25 6,160
Bangladeshi 0 47,195
Algerian 0 4,970
Brazilian 165 33,905
Nigerian 95 36,750
Armenian 60 30,860
Slovak 130 37,165
Eastern European, n.o.s.139 55 32,880
Somali 0 41,640
Taiwanese 10 17,960
Iraqi 385 42,980
Salvadorean 75 24,740
African Caribbean 180 43,475
East or Southeast Asian, n.o.s.140 40 32,785
West or Central Asian or Middle Eastern, n.o.s.141 65 38,000
Caribbean, n.o.s.142 145 39,165
Algonquin 25 20,910
West Indian, n.o.s.143 115 42,575
Lithuanian 75 29,870
South African 100 21,965
Australian 65 14,775
Palestinian 0 30,365
Chilean 125 14,370
Congolese 0 12,815
Nova Scotian 65 10,195
Ethiopian 35 20,625
Hispanic, n.o.s.144 45 22,825
Peruvian 130 15,260
Yoruba 70 19,350
Cambodian (Khmer) 75 15,155
Berber 0 3,055
Albanian 30 29,575
Maltese 210 33,825
Macedonian 150 35,925
Slovenian 120 25,085
Western European, n.o.s.145 50 13,170
New Brunswicker 15 5,865
Gujarati 15 25,995
Eritrean 0 17,165
African Canadian 40 20,025
Israeli 55 20,570
Mohawk 20 20,595
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s.146 30 12,115
Bulgarian 30 15,900
Albertan 0 1,185
Ghanaian 45 20,935
Barbadian 40 21,205
African American 50 16,380
Yugoslavian, n.o.s.147 45 16,400
Tunisian 0 2,430
Slavic, n.o.s.148 25 15,800
Cuban 90 14,785
Bosnian 0 16,065
Venezuelan 0 12,885
Innu/Montagnais, n.o.s.149 0 1,010
Latvian 60 16,070
Bengali 0 16,665
Cameroonian 0 4,295
Guatemalan 70 10,175
Indonesian 10 10,645
Laotian 65 10,870
Ilocano 0 10,560
Northern Irish 95 14,875
Celtic, n.o.s.150 0 10,135
British Columbian 0 1,020
Ecuadorian 145 18,835
Franco Ontarian 0 18,755
Argentinian 140 11,950
Estonian 30 14,025
Kurdish 0 13,495
Fijian 0 2,345
Jatt 30 9,195
North American, n.o.s.151 15 8,040
Coptic 0 14,845
Thai 0 7,850
Dominican 15 8,585
Nepali 0 11,585
Kabyle 0 570
Assyrian 170 17,080
Igbo 0 8,595
Byelorussian 25 9,730
Dene, n.o.s.152 0 285
Blackfoot, n.o.s.153 0 3,445
Abenaki 0 1,300
Moldovan 0 4,295
Iroquois (Haudenosaunee), n.o.s.154 0 5,550
New Zealander 0 4,865
Sudanese 0 9,200
Breton 0 650
Pennsylvania Dutch 0 12,085
Malaysian 0 7,360
Plains Cree 0 365
North African, n.o.s.155 0 3,660
Huron (Wendat) 0 2,070
Saskatchewanian 0 1,755
Buddhist 0 8,440
Gaspesian 0 700
Norman 0 2,250
Southern or East African, n.o.s.156 10 9,250
Ivorian 0 2,270
Saulteaux 0 735
Anishinaabe, n.o.s.157 0 6,980
Burundian 0 4,105
Tigrinya 0 5,290
Nicaraguan 0 6,575
Mauritian 0 5,050
Kenyan 20 6,970
Oji-Cree 0 7,300
Vincentian 30 9,080
Jordanian 0 9,040
Manitoban 0 1,505
Cape Bretoner 10 3,040
Rwandan 0 3,450
Grenadian 20 10,250
Malayali 0 8,100
Chaldean 95 10,280
Sinhalese 0 8,060
Mayan 0 4,085
Honduran 0 3,735
Cherokee 0 3,555
Qalipu Mi'kmaq 15 1,350
Indo-Caribbean 25 8,830
Flemish 25 3,565
United Empire Loyalist 15 6,730
Senegalese 0 1,155
Azerbaijani 0 6,235
Sicilian 45 5,840
Pashtun 0 6,385
Malay 0 3,910
Goan 0 7,930
Bantu, n.o.s.158 0 3,150
Tibetan 0 7,380
Zimbabwean 0 3,780
Burmese 0 4,290
Mongolian 0 3,585
Azorean 90 6,085
Atikamekw 0 85
Bamileke 0 1,100
Indo-Guyanese 0 7,605
Ugandan 0 4,685
Oromo 0 3,015
Tanzanian 0 4,865
Yemeni 0 5,300
Central African 0 1,630
Libyan 0 4,200
Basque 0 1,515
Uruguayan 65 4,720
Akan, n.o.s.159 0 4,055
Central or West African, n.o.s.160 20 3,605
Igorot 0 2,245
Fulani 0 1,165
Woodland Cree 0 275
Guinean 0 1,120
St. Lucian 0 5,850
Prince Edward Islander 10 1,900
Maliseet 0 615
Beninese 0 1,325
Telugu 0 4,755
Roma 0 3,470
Costa Rican 0 2,735
African Nova Scotian 15 1,650
Malagasy 0 555
Kashmiri 0 3,905
Singaporean 0 2,320
Karen 0 2,365
Edo 0 3,515
Tajik 0 4,150
Amhara 0 3,135
Paraguayan 0 855
Religion
Total - Religion for the population in private households - 25% sample data161 43,465 14,031,750
Buddhist 375 164,215
Christian 26,810 7,315,810
Christian, n.o.s.162 3,795 1,070,190
Anabaptist 10 57,795
Anglican 2,035 525,425
Baptist 535 165,400
Catholic 14,110 3,654,825
Christian Orthodox 615 329,850
Jehovah's Witness 205 48,290
Latter Day Saints 20 16,420
Lutheran 260 114,810
Methodist and Wesleyan (Holiness) 120 35,320
Pentecostal and other Charismatic 670 174,605
Presbyterian 970 202,275
Reformed 100 47,400
United Church 2,415 570,830
Other Christian and Christian-related traditions 950 302,375
Hindu 770 573,700
Jewish 205 196,100
Muslim 1,010 942,990
Sikh 535 300,435
Traditional (North American Indigenous) spirituality 0 15,985
Other religions and spiritual traditions 225 88,845
No religion and secular perspectives 13,535 4,433,675
Mobility status 1 year ago
Total - Mobility status 1 year ago - 25% sample data163 42,930 13,904,805
Non-movers 38,495 12,295,685
Movers 4,440 1,609,120
Non-migrants 1,530 914,170
Migrants 2,910 694,950
Internal migrants 2,840 570,275
Intraprovincial migrants 2,770 516,425
Interprovincial migrants 70 53,850
External migrants 65 124,670
Mobility status 5 years ago
Total - Mobility status 5 years ago - 25% sample data164 40,485 13,349,180
Non-movers 22,380 8,361,770
Movers 18,105 4,987,410
Non-migrants 3,485 2,087,055
Migrants 14,620 2,900,355
Internal migrants 14,075 2,167,365
Intraprovincial migrants 13,755 1,938,720
Interprovincial migrants 320 228,640
External migrants 545 732,990
Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificate
Total - Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificate for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data165 35,095 11,782,825
No high school diploma or equivalency certificate 6,480 1,969,920
With high school diploma or equivalency certificate166 28,615 9,812,905
Total - Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificate for the population aged 25 to 64 years in private households - 25% sample data165 23,155 7,584,645
No high school diploma or equivalency certificate 2,985 757,455
With high school diploma or equivalency certificate166 20,165 6,827,190
Highest certificate, diploma or degree
Total - Highest certificate, diploma or degree for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data165 35,095 11,782,820
No certificate, diploma or degree 5,785 1,799,890
High (secondary) school diploma or equivalency certificate167 11,655 3,204,170
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 17,650 6,778,765
Postsecondary certificate or diploma below bachelor level 11,430 3,250,175
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma 2,490 592,485
Non-apprenticeship trades certificate or diploma168 975 287,155
Apprenticeship certificate169 1,515 305,330
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma170 8,300 2,389,205
University certificate or diploma below bachelor level 640 268,480
Bachelor's degree or higher 6,225 3,528,600
Bachelor's degree 4,705 2,307,685
University certificate or diploma above bachelor level 435 224,820
Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry 80 90,530
Master's degree 935 786,440
Earned doctorate171 70 119,125
Total - Highest certificate, diploma or degree for the population aged 25 to 64 years in private households - 25% sample data165 23,150 7,584,645
No certificate, diploma or degree 2,530 667,665
High (secondary) school diploma or equivalency certificate167 7,210 1,770,810
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 13,410 5,146,170
Postsecondary certificate or diploma below bachelor level 8,645 2,356,375
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma 1,795 384,770
Non-apprenticeship trades certificate or diploma168 695 184,665
Apprenticeship certificate169 1,100 200,110
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma170 6,415 1,787,580
University certificate or diploma below bachelor level 435 184,030
Bachelor's degree or higher 4,765 2,789,795
Bachelor's degree 3,650 1,798,010
University certificate or diploma above bachelor level 290 173,205
Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry 50 71,055
Master's degree 730 658,060
Earned doctorate171 45 89,470
Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2021
Total - Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2021 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data172 35,095 11,782,820
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree173 17,445 5,004,055
Education 1,220 358,255
13. Education 1,220 358,255
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 660 258,480
10. Communications technologies/technicians and support services 130 26,160
50. Visual and performing arts 535 232,325
Humanities 795 388,160
16. Indigenous and foreign languages, literatures, and linguistics 75 40,335
23. English language and literature/letters 230 99,000
24. Liberal arts and sciences, general studies and humanities 185 112,250
30A Interdisciplinary humanities174 15 10,520
38. Philosophy and religious studies 50 26,705
39. Theology and religious vocations 70 28,715
54. History 140 54,415
55. French language and literature/lettersCAN 30 16,220
Social and behavioural sciences and law 2,330 928,970
05. Area, ethnic, cultural, gender, and group studies 30 12,940
09. Communication, journalism and related programs 220 106,350
19. Family and consumer sciences/human sciences 620 154,370
22. Legal professions and studies 405 144,535
30B Interdisciplinary social and behavioural sciences175 45 24,040
42. Psychology 380 142,265
45. Social sciences 625 344,465
Business, management and public administration 3,505 1,472,490
30.16 Accounting and computer science 20 2,340
44. Public administration and social service professions 305 123,510
52. Business, management, marketing and related support services 3,185 1,346,635
Physical and life sciences and technologies 485 303,310
26. Biological and biomedical sciences 160 133,895
30.01 Biological and physical sciences 180 69,195
30C Other interdisciplinary physical and life sciences176 10 6,440
40. Physical sciences 105 80,200
41. Science technologies/technicians 30 13,585
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 590 367,845
11. Computer and information sciences and support services 460 284,925
25. Library science 25 16,090
27. Mathematics and statistics 110 56,120
30D Interdisciplinary mathematics, computer and information sciences177 0 10,705
Architecture, engineering, and related trades 4,190 1,274,815
04. Architecture and related services 130 61,850
14. Engineering 655 414,085
15. Engineering/engineering-related technologies/technicians 940 278,410
30.12 Historic preservation and conservation 0 185
46. Construction trades 1,025 197,795
47. Mechanic and repair technologies/technicians 970 208,980
48. Precision production 470 113,510
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 425 132,765
01. Agricultural and veterinary sciences/services/operations and related fields178 315 86,885
03. Natural resources and conservation 105 45,885
Health and related fields 2,200 939,610
30.37 Design for human health 0 25
31. Parks, recreation, leisure, fitness, and kinesiology 260 84,485
51. Health professions and related programs178 1,935 828,240
60. Health professions residency/fellowship programs 10 2,335
61. Medical residency/fellowship programs 0 24,520
Personal, protective and transportation services 1,245 351,505
12. Culinary, entertainment, and personal services 575 181,985
28. Military science, leadership and operational art 0 2,135
29. Military technologies and applied sciences 0 2,200
43. Security and protective services 425 110,890
49. Transportation and materials moving 245 54,295
Other179 0 2,555
Total - Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2021 for the population aged 25 to 64 years in private households - 25% sample data172 23,155 7,584,650
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree173 9,740 2,438,475
Education 785 242,725
13. Education 785 242,725
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 515 199,945
10. Communications technologies/technicians and support services 70 18,425
50. Visual and performing arts 445 181,520
Humanities 580 279,505
16. Indigenous and foreign languages, literatures, and linguistics 45 29,620
23. English language and literature/letters 170 71,745
24. Liberal arts and sciences, general studies and humanities 155 83,455
30A Interdisciplinary humanities174 10 7,195
38. Philosophy and religious studies 35 19,380
39. Theology and religious vocations 55 18,420
54. History 85 39,275
55. French language and literature/lettersCAN 20 10,415
Social and behavioural sciences and law 1,855 729,685
05. Area, ethnic, cultural, gender, and group studies 25 10,515
09. Communication, journalism and related programs 185 88,895
19. Family and consumer sciences/human sciences 490 119,090
22. Legal professions and studies 325 117,900
30B Interdisciplinary social and behavioural sciences175 45 18,585
42. Psychology 300 107,035
45. Social sciences 480 267,660
Business, management and public administration 2,725 1,161,875
30.16 Accounting and computer science 15 1,785
44. Public administration and social service professions 250 98,675
52. Business, management, marketing and related support services 2,460 1,061,420
Physical and life sciences and technologies 360 220,805
26. Biological and biomedical sciences 120 100,550
30.01 Biological and physical sciences 120 50,505
30C Other interdisciplinary physical and life sciences176 0 5,100
40. Physical sciences 85 55,565
41. Science technologies/technicians 30 9,090
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 485 304,045
11. Computer and information sciences and support services 390 244,700
25. Library science 15 9,860
27. Mathematics and statistics 85 40,875
30D Interdisciplinary mathematics, computer and information sciences177 0 8,610
Architecture, engineering, and related trades 3,175 932,505
04. Architecture and related services 110 48,030
14. Engineering 480 326,190
15. Engineering/engineering-related technologies/technicians 710 202,375
30.12 Historic preservation and conservation 0 165
46. Construction trades 765 137,150
47. Mechanic and repair technologies/technicians 765 143,480
48. Precision production 350 75,115
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 310 100,525
01. Agricultural and veterinary sciences/services/operations and related fields178 230 64,365
03. Natural resources and conservation 80 36,155
Health and related fields 1,615 703,890
30.37 Design for human health 0 30
31. Parks, recreation, leisure, fitness, and kinesiology 190 64,360
51. Health professions and related programs178 1,415 619,520
60. Health professions residency/fellowship programs 0 1,960
61. Medical residency/fellowship programs 0 18,030
Personal, protective and transportation services 1,000 268,815
12. Culinary, entertainment, and personal services 450 136,310
28. Military science, leadership and operational art 0 1,600
29. Military technologies and applied sciences 0 1,180
43. Security and protective services 365 89,470
49. Transportation and materials moving 180 40,255
Other179 0 1,860
Location of study compared with province or territory of residence
Total - Location of study compared with province or territory of residence for the population aged 25 to 64 years in private households - 25% sample data180 23,155 7,584,650
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 9,740 2,438,475
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree181 13,410 5,146,175
Location of study inside Canada 11,855 3,921,795
Same as province or territory of residence 11,340 3,634,290
Different than province or territory of residence 515 287,505
Location of study outside Canada182 1,555 1,224,380
Americas 390 229,280
United States of America 220 140,770
Mexico 25 11,625
Cuba 10 3,715
Haiti 0 1,250
Jamaica 30 9,200
Brazil 20 17,755
Colombia 15 12,705
Peru 15 2,750
Venezuela95 10 5,530
Other locations of study in Americas 50 23,985
Europe 470 224,050
Belgium 0 1,650
France 10 11,580
Germany 0 7,115
Netherlands 15 4,345
Switzerland 0 2,525
Hungary 0 2,960
Moldova183 15 2,080
Poland 65 16,450
Romania 45 14,985
Russian Federation 70 19,185
Ukraine 35 18,225
Ireland96 15 6,925
United Kingdom87 110 72,655
Bosnia and Herzegovina 0 3,415
Italy 20 3,895
Serbia86 0 5,750
Other locations of study in Europe 55 30,300
Africa 60 65,145
Nigeria 25 15,165
Algeria 0 1,550
Morocco 0 2,180
Tunisia 0 805
Egypt 0 17,195
South Africa, Republic of 15 6,770
Other locations of study in Africa 20 21,480
Asia 615 686,295
Iran88 0 35,535
Iraq 55 12,270
Israel 0 6,675
Lebanon 10 7,235
Syria89 0 7,515
Turkey 10 7,585
China90 45 92,585
Taiwan 0 3,535
Hong Kong91 0 8,875
Japan 10 6,310
Korea, South92 25 21,145
Philippines 130 109,885
Viet Nam 10 5,120
Bangladesh 0 16,250
Sri Lanka 30 11,075
India 170 245,655
Pakistan 55 53,750
Other locations of study in Asia 55 35,295
Oceania 25 19,605
Australia 15 16,965
New Zealand 0 2,445
Other locations of study in Oceania 0 200
Labour force status
Total - Population aged 15 years and over by labour force status - 25% sample data184 35,095 11,782,820
In the labour force 23,255 7,399,200
Employed 21,025 6,492,895
Unemployed 2,230 906,310
Not in the labour force 11,840 4,383,620
Participation rate 66.3 62.8
Employment rate 59.9 55.1
Unemployment rate 9.6 12.2
Work activity during the reference year
Total - Population aged 15 years and over by work activity during the reference year - 25% sample data185 35,095 11,782,820
Did not work186 11,850 4,469,170
Worked 23,240 7,313,650
Worked full year full time187 13,365 3,982,300
Worked part year and/or part time188 9,875 3,331,350
Average weeks worked in reference year 42.4 41.1
Class of worker including job permanency
Total - Labour force aged 15 years and over by class of worker including job permanency - 25% sample data189 23,255 7,399,205
Class of worker - not applicable190 380 212,505
All classes of workers191 22,870 7,186,695
Employee 19,650 6,109,070
Permanent position 17,195 5,166,275
Temporary position 2,460 942,795
Fixed term (1 year or more) 770 324,250
Casual, seasonal or short-term position (less than 1 year) 1,690 618,540
Self-employed192 3,220 1,077,625
Occupation - Broad category - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2021
Total - Labour force aged 15 years and over by occupation - Broad category - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2021 - 25% sample data193 23,255 7,399,205
Occupation - not applicable190 380 212,505
All occupations191 22,870 7,186,695
0 Legislative and senior management occupations 220 95,240
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 3,695 1,328,155
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 1,435 685,390
3 Health occupations 1,220 543,565
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 2,315 871,260
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 520 232,200
6 Sales and service occupations 5,090 1,735,930
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 5,695 1,175,410
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 585 148,055
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 2,095 371,490
Industry - Sectors - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2017
Total - Labour force aged 15 years and over by industry - Sectors - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2017 - 25% sample data194 23,255 7,399,205
Industry - not applicable190 380 212,505
All industries191 22,870 7,186,695
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 350 104,895
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 20 34,360
22 Utilities 130 55,230
23 Construction 3,180 538,340
31-33 Manufacturing 3,765 655,935
41 Wholesale trade 885 244,910
44-45 Retail trade 2,485 798,090
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 1,395 379,485
51 Information and cultural industries 300 169,120
52 Finance and insurance 630 399,030
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 435 152,050
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 1,190 681,235
55 Management of companies and enterprises 85 26,240
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 1,130 324,285
61 Educational services 1,520 531,260
62 Health care and social assistance 1,940 859,910
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 355 130,490
72 Accommodation and food services 1,100 390,675
81 Other services (except public administration) 960 283,115
91 Public administration 1,015 428,030
All languages used at work
Total - All languages used at work for the population in private households aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2020 - 25% sample data195 24,705 7,885,710
English 24,020 7,181,805
French 20 52,565
Non-official language 70 74,365
Indigenous39 0 305
Non-Indigenous 70 74,060
English and French 215 285,005
English and non-official language(s) 360 275,330
French and non-official language(s) 0 355
English, French and non-official language(s) 20 10,820
Multiple non-official languages 0 5,475
Language used most often at work
Total - Language used most often at work for the population aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2020, in private households, 2021 Census - 25% sample data196 24,705 7,885,710
Single responses 24,580 7,783,760
Official languages 24,410 7,649,065
English 24,365 7,555,160
French 45 93,910
Non-official languages 165 134,690
Indigenous languages39 0 1,240
Algonquian languages 0 1,185
Blackfoot 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 0 155
Atikamekw 0 0
Cree languages 0 155
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 145
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0
Naskapi 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 1,030
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 465
Ojibway languages 0 560
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 25
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0 535
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0
Tlingit 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0
Haida 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 0 30
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0
Inuktitut 0 30
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 20
Mohawk 0 20
Oneida 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0
Michif 0 0
Salish languages 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0
Lillooet 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0
Squamish 0 0
Straits 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0
Dakota 0 0
Stoney 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0
Haisla 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 165 133,450
Afro-Asiatic languages 20 4,830
Berber languages 0 0
Kabyle 0 0
Tamazight 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0
Chadic languages 0 0
Coptic 0 0
Cushitic languages 0 210
Bilen 0 0
Oromo 0 10
Somali 0 190
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0
Semitic languages 20 4,615
Amharic 0 60
Arabic 0 3,735
Aramaic languages 15 410
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 10 320
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 85
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0 0
Hebrew 0 315
Tigrigna 0 90
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 15
Austro-Asiatic languages 15 3,365
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 140
Vietnamese 15 3,225
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0
Austronesian languages 0 1,530
Bikol 0 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 0 0
Cebuano 0 55
Hiligaynon 0 0
Ilocano 0 40
Indonesian 0 65
Kankanaey 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0
Malay 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 10
Pangasinan 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 0 1,330
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 25
Creole languages 0 50
Haitian Creole 0 35
Jamaican English Creole 0 0
Morisyen 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0
Dravidian languages 0 2,660
Kannada 0 0
Malayalam 0 160
Tamil 0 2,440
Telugu 0 55
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0
Georgian 0 70
Indo-European languages 115 50,205
Albanian 0 270
Armenian 0 195
Balto-Slavic languages 35 6,865
Baltic languages 0 65
Latvian 0 30
Lithuanian 0 40
Slavic languages 35 6,790
Bulgarian 0 60
Czech 0 40
Macedonian 0 75
Polish 10 1,765
Russian 20 3,295
Serbo-Croatian 0 605
Bosnian 0 85
Croatian 0 135
Serbian 0 395
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0 0
Slovak 0 20
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0
Ukrainian 0 910
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 15
Celtic languages 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0
Germanic languages 0 7,320
Frisian 0 0
High German languages 0 5,945
German 0 3,210
Pennsylvania German 0 2,555
Swiss German 0 135
Yiddish 0 50
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 0 1,275
Afrikaans 0 25
Dutch 0 680
Low German, n.o.s. 0 55
Low Saxon 0 0
Plautdietsch 0