Census Profile, 2021 Census of Population
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Topic:
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Age
Age characteristics
Commuting
Select all: Commuting
Commuting destination
Commuting duration
Main mode of commuting
Place of work status
Time leaving for work
Education
Select all: Education
Highest certificate, diploma or degree
Location of study compared with province or territory of residence
Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2021
Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificate
Ethnocultural and religious diversity
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Ethnic or cultural origin
Religion
Visible minority
Families, households, and marital status
Select all: Families, households, and marital status
Family characteristics
Household type
Marital status
Housing
Household characteristics
Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
Select all: Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
Admission category and applicant type
Age at immigration
Citizenship
Generation status
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Pre-admission experience
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Income
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Income of economic families in 2020
Income of households in 2020
Income of individuals in 2019
Income of individuals in 2020
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Indigenous peoples
Select all: Indigenous peoples
Indigenous ancestry
Indigenous population
Instruction in the minority official language
Select all: Instruction in the minority official language
Children eligible for instruction in the minority official language
Eligibility and instruction in the minority official language for school-aged children
Labour
Select all: Labour
Class of worker including job permanency
Industry - Sectors - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2017
Labour force status
Occupation - Broad category - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2021
Work activity during the reference year
Language
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All languages spoken at home
First official language spoken
Knowledge of languages
Knowledge of official languages
Language spoken most often at home
Mother tongue
Other language spoken regularly at home
Language of work
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All languages used at work
Language used most often at work
Other language(s) used regularly at work
Mobility and migration
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Mobility status 1 year ago
Mobility status 5 years ago
Population and dwelling counts
Population and dwellings
Type of dwelling
Household and dwelling characteristics
GenderMore information:


Statistic:
Characteristic New Tecumseth, Town (T)More information:
Ontario
[Census subdivision]
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Counts Counts
Total Total
Population and dwellings
Population, 20211 43,948 36,991,981
Population, 20161 34,242 35,151,728
Population percentage change, 2016 to 2021 28.3 5.2
Total private dwellings2 16,249 16,284,235
Private dwellings occupied by usual residents3 15,854 14,978,941
Population density per square kilometre 160.5 4.2
Land area in square kilometres 273.87 8,788,702.80
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups of the population - 100% data 43,945 36,991,980
0 to 14 years 8,395 6,012,795
0 to 4 years 3,020 1,831,195
5 to 9 years 2,765 2,054,900
10 to 14 years 2,605 2,126,705
15 to 64 years 27,670 23,957,760
15 to 19 years 2,315 2,012,975
20 to 24 years 2,115 2,202,255
25 to 29 years 2,450 2,421,510
30 to 34 years 3,420 2,518,835
35 to 39 years 3,525 2,511,345
40 to 44 years 2,780 2,399,405
45 to 49 years 2,625 2,304,170
50 to 54 years 2,700 2,368,350
55 to 59 years 3,040 2,647,330
60 to 64 years 2,715 2,571,580
65 years and over 7,880 7,021,430
65 to 69 years 2,195 2,210,970
70 to 74 years 2,110 1,847,585
75 to 79 years 1,550 1,260,930
80 to 84 years 1,080 840,545
85 years and over 950 861,395
85 to 89 years 630 525,445
90 to 94 years 245 258,035
95 to 99 years 60 68,380
100 years and over 15 9,535
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 19.1 16.3
15 to 64 years 63.0 64.8
65 years and over 17.9 19.0
85 years and over 2.2 2.3
Average age of the population 40.6 41.9
Median age of the population 39.6 41.6
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% data 15,855 14,978,940
Single-detached house 11,225 7,872,310
Semi-detached house 1,110 746,560
Row house 1,445 980,110
Apartment or flat in a duplex 520 821,490
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 1,385 2,738,020
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 75 1,596,155
Other single-attached house 35 34,880
Movable dwelling4 60 189,420
Total - Private households by household size - 100% data 15,850 14,978,940
1 person 3,145 4,396,015
2 persons 5,260 5,124,800
3 persons 2,805 2,194,825
4 persons 2,840 2,002,455
5 or more persons 1,810 1,260,850
Number of persons in private households 43,460 36,328,475
Average household size 2.7 2.4
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the total population aged 15 years and over - 100% data 35,555 30,979,185
Married or living common-law 22,310 17,626,005
Married 18,465 13,725,625
Living common-law 3,845 3,900,375
Living common law - Never married 2,615 2,967,665
Living common law - Separated 250 123,830
Living common law - Divorced 845 721,715
Living common law - Widowed 135 87,165
Not married and not living common-law 13,245 13,353,180
Not married and not living common law - Never married 8,385 9,025,865
Not married and not living common law - Separated 1,055 741,135
Not married and not living common law - Divorced 1,855 1,921,880
Not married and not living common law - Widowed 1,950 1,664,295
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% data5 12,835 10,262,925
2 persons 5,965 5,306,105
3 persons 2,885 2,147,825
4 persons 2,850 1,953,035
5 or more persons 1,135 855,960
Average size of census families 3.0 2.9
Average number of children in census families with children6 1.8 1.8
Total number of census families in private households - 100% data 12,835 10,262,925
Total couple families 10,965 8,576,585
Married couples 9,040 6,627,310
With children6 5,165 3,481,775
Without children 3,880 3,145,535
Common-law couples 1,920 1,949,275
With children6 900 808,645
Without children 1,025 1,140,630
Total one-parent families 1,870 1,686,340
in which the parent is a woman+ 1,445 1,302,670
in which the parent is a man+ 425 383,670
Total - Persons in private households - 100% data 43,460 36,328,475
Total - Persons in census families 38,030 29,478,475
Married spouses or common-law partners 21,930 17,153,165
Parents in one-parent families 1,870 1,686,340
Children6 14,225 10,638,965
In a two-parent family 11,215 8,024,590
In a one-parent family 3,015 2,614,375
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 5,430 6,850,005
Living alone 3,140 4,396,015
Living with other relatives7 1,125 927,345
Living with non-relatives only 1,165 1,526,645
Household type
Total - Household type - 100% data 15,855 14,978,945
One-census-family households without additional persons 10,755 8,932,695
Couple-family households 9,470 7,627,195
With children6 5,250 3,789,795
Without children 4,225 3,837,400
One-parent-family households 1,285 1,305,500
Multigenerational households8 750 441,745
Multiple-census-family households9 135 94,235
One-census-family households with additional persons9 610 450,415
Two-or-more-person non-census-family households 455 663,835
One-person households 3,140 4,396,015
Income of individuals in 2020
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data10 35,075 30,336,135
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 33,940 29,241,810
Median total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 45,600 41,200
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 33,985 29,256,180
Median after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 40,800 36,800
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 30,825 26,045,500
Median market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 39,600 35,200
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 25,440 21,127,615
Median employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 42,000 37,200
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 30,695 25,401,740
Median government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 8,900 9,800
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 3,680 3,185,840
Median employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 6,000 5,720
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 10,180 8,373,550
Median COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 8,000 8,000
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data11 35,095 30,335,920
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 34,020 29,242,935
Average total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 53,550 54,450
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 34,030 29,257,325
Average after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 45,080 44,920
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 30,860 26,047,020
Average market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 48,520 50,240
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 25,440 21,127,690
Average employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 49,200 50,280
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 30,605 25,397,565
Average government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 10,600 11,170
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 3,570 3,179,395
Average employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 6,970 7,050
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 10,170 8,346,145
Average COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 8,350 8,920
Total - Employment income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data12 35,095 30,335,920
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 13,015 9,912,810
Median employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 66,500 63,600
Average employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 71,700 77,200
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 9,340 8,426,645
Median employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 19,200 18,400
Average employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 28,240 29,160
Composition of total income in 2020 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data17 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)18 82.2 82.2
Employment income (%)19 68.6 66.8
Government transfers (%)20 17.8 17.8
Employment insurance benefits (%) 1.4 1.4
COVID-19 - Government income support and benefits (%) 5.3 5.4
COVID-19 - Emergency and recovery benefits (%) 4.7 4.7
Total - Total income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data21 35,080 30,336,130
Without total income 1,135 1,094,320
With total income 33,945 29,241,815
Under $10,000 (including loss) 2,360 2,434,730
$10,000 to $19,999 3,700 3,448,185
$20,000 to $29,999 4,670 4,635,650
$30,000 to $39,999 4,085 3,723,680
$40,000 to $49,999 3,775 3,290,715
$50,000 to $59,999 3,450 2,677,465
$60,000 to $69,999 2,790 2,073,335
$70,000 to $79,999 2,320 1,592,465
$80,000 to $89,999 1,770 1,239,395
$90,000 to $99,999 1,365 965,950
$100,000 and over 3,650 3,160,245
$100,000 to $149,999 2,800 2,102,630
$150,000 and over 850 1,057,615
Total - After-tax income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data22 35,080 30,336,130
Without after-tax income 1,095 1,079,955
With after-tax income 33,980 29,256,180
Under $10,000 (including loss) 2,540 2,561,695
$10,000 to $19,999 3,875 3,608,250
$20,000 to $29,999 5,350 5,294,505
$30,000 to $39,999 4,845 4,442,970
$40,000 to $49,999 4,730 3,798,710
$50,000 to $59,999 3,765 2,833,120
$60,000 to $69,999 2,970 2,020,895
$70,000 to $79,999 2,090 1,428,520
$80,000 to $89,999 1,520 1,027,015
$90,000 to $99,999 885 643,700
$100,000 and over 1,405 1,596,790
$100,000 to $124,999 805 792,455
$125,000 and over 600 804,335
Total - Employment income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data19 35,080 30,336,130
Without employment income 9,635 9,208,520
With employment income 25,440 21,127,615
Under $5,000 (including loss) 3,255 2,951,135
$5,000 to $9,999 1,905 1,739,570
$10,000 to $19,999 2,815 2,498,120
$20,000 to $29,999 2,140 1,960,665
$30,000 to $39,999 2,180 1,903,100
$40,000 to $49,999 2,260 1,859,845
$50,000 to $59,999 2,145 1,640,805
$60,000 to $69,999 1,830 1,367,510
$70,000 to $79,999 1,640 1,099,625
$80,000 to $89,999 1,335 929,490
$90,000 to $99,999 1,110 760,035
$100,000 and over 2,835 2,417,710
$100,000 to $124,999 1,630 1,129,445
$125,000 and over 1,205 1,288,265
Income of individuals in 2019
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data23 35,075 30,336,135
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 33,430 28,598,395
Median total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 44,400 39,200
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 33,440 28,617,610
Median after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 39,600 35,200
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 30,590 25,708,470
Median market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 41,600 36,800
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 25,495 21,241,445
Median employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 43,600 38,000
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 28,970 23,196,815
Median government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 3,040 4,240
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 -100% data 2,915 2,428,800
Median employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 6,080 5,720
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data24 35,095 30,335,920
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 33,500 28,599,665
Average total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 51,750 52,350
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 33,515 28,618,280
Average after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 43,280 42,920
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 30,595 25,709,140
Average market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 49,600 51,040
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 25,490 21,242,575
Average employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 50,120 50,560
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 28,885 23,191,860
Average government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 7,490 7,950
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 2,970 2,430,165
Average employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 7,880 7,560
Total - Employment income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data25 35,095 30,335,920
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 12,920 9,831,805
Median employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 63,200 60,000
Average employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 69,600 73,200
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 8,780 7,934,985
Median employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 26,200 24,200
Average employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 33,920 35,200
Composition of total income in 2019 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data 100.0 100.0
Market income (%) 87.6 87.6
Employment income (%) 73.6 71.8
Government transfers (%) 12.5 12.3
Employment insurance benefits (%) 1.4 1.2
Income of households in 2020
Total - Income statistics for private households - 100% data26 15,850 14,978,940
Median total income of household in 2020 ($) 104,000 84,000
Median after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 90,000 73,000
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 100% data 3,140 4,396,015
Median total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 49,600 41,600
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 43,600 37,200
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 100% data 12,710 10,582,930
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 118,000 105,000
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 102,000 91,000
Total - Income statistics for private households - 25% sample data27 15,850 14,978,940
Average total income of household in 2020 ($) 114,900 106,300
Average after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 96,800 87,700
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 25% sample data 3,160 4,394,500
Average total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 59,150 53,350
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 49,680 44,360
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 25% sample data 12,695 10,584,445
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 128,800 128,200
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 108,500 105,700
Total - Household total income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data21 15,850 14,978,940
Under $5,000 60 165,175
$5,000 to $9,999 30 91,750
$10,000 to $14,999 85 178,475
$15,000 to $19,999 150 274,140
$20,000 to $24,999 260 637,695
$25,000 to $29,999 365 505,875
$30,000 to $34,999 290 488,735
$35,000 to $39,999 375 560,950
$40,000 to $44,999 435 572,650
$45,000 to $49,999 430 559,155
$50,000 to $59,999 945 1,093,185
$60,000 to $69,999 990 1,044,715
$70,000 to $79,999 1,000 986,460
$80,000 to $89,999 1,005 921,205
$90,000 to $99,999 1,035 844,835
$100,000 and over 8,400 6,053,945
$100,000 to $124,999 2,460 1,753,485
$125,000 to $149,999 2,075 1,283,445
$150,000 to $199,999 2,220 1,545,935
$200,000 and over 1,645 1,471,075
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data22 15,850 14,978,940
Under $5,000 80 186,735
$5,000 to $9,999 35 95,195
$10,000 to $14,999 90 183,430
$15,000 to $19,999 155 289,545
$20,000 to $24,999 285 681,900
$25,000 to $29,999 425 589,110
$30,000 to $34,999 345 582,275
$35,000 to $39,999 445 666,675
$40,000 to $44,999 540 676,995
$45,000 to $49,999 505 655,100
$50,000 to $59,999 1,180 1,285,425
$60,000 to $69,999 1,235 1,223,830
$70,000 to $79,999 1,290 1,137,840
$80,000 to $89,999 1,305 1,039,375
$90,000 to $99,999 1,270 911,515
$100,000 and over 6,670 4,773,995
$100,000 to $124,999 2,740 1,757,035
$125,000 to $149,999 1,705 1,152,855
$150,000 and over 2,225 1,864,100
Income of economic families in 2020
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 100% data28 12,420 10,117,305
Median total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 117,000 105,000
Median after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 101,000 91,000
Average family size of economic families 3.2 3.0
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 100% data 4,305 3,929,500
Median total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 101,000 91,000
Median after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 87,000 79,000
Average family size of couple-only economic families 2.0 2.0
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 100% data 6,110 4,311,315
Median total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 137,000 136,000
Median after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 117,000 116,000
Average family size of couple-with-children economic families 4.1 4.1
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 1,615 1,547,920
Median total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 84,000 70,000
Median after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 75,000 64,000
Average family size of one-parent economic families 2.8 2.7
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% data29 4,310 5,922,660
Median total income in 2020 ($)30 46,000 38,400
Median after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 40,800 34,800
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 25% sample data31 12,425 10,113,100
Average total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 127,700 128,600
Average after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 107,500 105,600
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 25% sample data 4,290 3,926,040
Average total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 111,200 112,500
Average after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 92,400 92,000
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 25% sample data 6,085 4,318,755
Average total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 148,200 160,600
Average after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 124,700 130,600
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 1,655 1,539,580
Average total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 91,600 82,300
Average after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 80,200 71,800
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample data32 4,275 5,916,895
Average total income in 2020 ($)30 54,900 49,440
Average after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 46,400 41,560
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Total - LIM low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households - 100% data33 43,460 36,328,475
0 to 17 years 9,825 7,196,545
0 to 5 years 3,590 2,225,085
18 to 64 years 26,140 22,545,065
65 years and over 7,500 6,586,865
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 2,430 4,016,065
0 to 17 years 680 854,565
0 to 5 years 275 282,315
18 to 64 years 1,265 2,175,755
65 years and over 490 985,745
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 5.6 11.1
0 to 17 years (%) 6.9 11.9
0 to 5 years (%) 7.7 12.7
18 to 64 years (%) 4.8 9.7
65 years and over (%) 6.5 15.0
Total - LICO low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households to whom the low-income concept is applicable - 100% data33 43,460 35,837,970
0 to 17 years 9,825 7,043,545
0 to 5 years 3,585 2,175,935
18 to 64 years 26,135 22,262,940
65 years and over 7,495 6,531,490
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 755 1,863,335
0 to 17 years 150 319,545
0 to 5 years 65 99,435
18 to 64 years 535 1,344,640
65 years and over 70 199,155
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 1.7 5.2
0 to 17 years (%) 1.5 4.5
0 to 5 years (%) 1.8 4.6
18 to 64 years (%) 2.1 6.0
65 years and over (%) 0.9 3.1
Total - Adjusted after-tax economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% data34The letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice. 43,460 36,328,475
In bottom half of the distribution 18,175 18,164,550
In bottom decile 2,185 3,632,735
In second decile 3,190 3,632,975
In third decile 3,750 3,632,895
In fourth decile 4,190 3,632,745
In fifth decile 4,865 3,633,205
In top half of the distribution 25,285 18,163,925
In sixth decile 5,155 3,632,910
In seventh decile 5,340 3,632,765
In eighth decile 5,835 3,632,555
In ninth decile 5,290 3,632,930
In top decile 3,660 3,632,765
Total - Inequality measures for the population in private households - 100% data35 43,460 36,328,475
Gini index on adjusted household total income 0.272 0.347
Gini index on adjusted household market income 0.370 0.462
Gini index on adjusted household after-tax income 0.239 0.302
P90/P10 ratio on adjusted household after-tax income 3.0 3.8
Knowledge of official languages
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data36 43,620 36,620,955
English only 41,175 25,261,655
French only 10 4,087,895
English and French 2,030 6,581,680
Neither English nor French 400 689,725
First official language spoken
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data37 43,620 36,620,955
English 42,755 27,643,140
French 410 7,828,545
English and French 75 476,175
Neither English nor French 385 673,100
Mother tongue
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data38 43,620 36,620,955
Single responses 42,245 35,145,265
Official languages 35,355 27,296,445
English 34,905 20,107,200
French 450 7,189,245
Non-official languages 6,890 7,848,820
Indigenous languages39 0 148,895
Algonquian languages 0 97,125
Blackfoot 0 2,520
Cree-Innu languages 0 67,665
Atikamekw 0 5,500
Cree languages 0 53,070
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 155
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 580
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 3,460
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0 2,475
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 5,025
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 2,850
Cree, n.o.s. 0 38,535
Innu (Montagnais) 0 8,465
Naskapi 0 625
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 5,155
Mi'kmaq 0 4,910
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 245
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 21,775
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 865
Oji-Cree 0 9,310
Ojibway languages 0 11,605
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 470
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 65
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 1,880
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0 9,185
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 10
Athabaskan languages 0 12,885
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 12,785
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 625
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 120
Dene, n.o.s. 0 8,060
Gwich'in 0 175
Slavey-Hare languages 0 1,505
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 400
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 270
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 840
Tahltan languages 0 150
Kaska (Nahani) 0 65
Tahltan 0 80
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 1,390
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 35
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 465
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 25
Tutchone languages 0 120
Northern Tutchone 0 70
Southern Tutchone 0 25
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 25
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 120
Tlingit 0 50
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 45
Haida 0 45
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 0 33,790
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 560
Inuinnaqtun 0 335
Inuvialuktun 0 225
Inuktitut 0 33,200
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 30
Iroquoian languages 0 355
Cayuga 0 35
Mohawk 0 275
Oneida 0 45
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 10
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 30
Michif 0 485
Salish languages 0 1,095
Halkomelem 0 185
Lillooet 0 100
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 180
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 265
Squamish 0 25
Straits 0 95
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 185
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 55
Siouan languages 0 1,040
Assiniboine 0 70
Dakota 0 560
Stoney 0 365
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 45
Tsimshian languages 0 1,035
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 590
Nisga'a 0 325
Tsimshian 0 120
Wakashan languages 0 770
Haisla 0 85
Heiltsuk 0 300
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 150
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 220
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 20
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 60
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 180
Non-Indigenous languages 6,890 7,699,925
Afro-Asiatic languages 575 698,355
Berber languages 0 27,490
Kabyle 0 24,760
Tamazight 0 2,340
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 395
Chadic languages 0 1,985
Hausa 0 1,315
Mina 0 675
Coptic 0 1,015
Cushitic languages 5 49,410
Bilen 0 2,020
Oromo 0 5,905
Somali 5 40,730
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 755
Semitic languages 570 618,450
Amharic 10 25,685
Arabic 170 508,410
Aramaic languages 360 27,690
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 315 17,220
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 40 8,860
Aramaic, n.o.s. 5 1,600
Harari 0 1,220
Hebrew 15 19,495
Maltese 20 4,425
Tigrigna 0 31,075
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 450
Austro-Asiatic languages 205 192,985
Khmer (Cambodian) 35 19,525
Vietnamese 175 173,000
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 460
Austronesian languages 240 565,375
Bikol 0 2,115
Bisaya, n.o.s. 0 8,215
Cebuano 10 18,945
Fijian 0 605
Hiligaynon 5 9,690
Ilocano 10 33,520
Indonesian 0 11,910
Kankanaey 0 1,100
Kinaray-a 0 670
Malagasy languages 0 2,085
Merina 0 1,245
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 835
Malay 0 1,330
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 5,615
Pangasinan 0 2,050
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 210 461,150
Waray-Waray 0 1,625
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 4,740
Creole languages 5 78,235
Haitian Creole 0 52,435
Jamaican English Creole 0 600
Krio 0 795
Morisyen 0 6,125
Sango 0 580
Creole, n.o.s. 5 15,550
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 2,135
Dravidian languages 385 244,165
Kannada 0 6,240
Malayalam 25 54,050
Tamil 340 152,850
Telugu 15 30,045
Tulu 0 615
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 370
Georgian 0 2,180
Hmong-Mien languages 0 565
Indo-European languages 4,895 4,124,860
Albanian 30 29,265
Armenian 25 33,720
Balto-Slavic languages 870 648,810
Baltic languages 15 10,560
Latvian 5 4,430
Lithuanian 10 6,130
Slavic languages 850 638,250
Belarusian 0 720
Bulgarian 10 19,035
Czech 15 20,025
Macedonian 30 14,795
Polish 365 160,170
Russian 260 197,905
Rusyn 0 500
Serbo-Croatian 65 116,735
Bosnian 0 13,820
Croatian 45 43,500
Serbian 20 57,425
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 5 1,995
Slovak 25 15,255
Slovene (Slovenian) 10 7,965
Ukrainian 80 84,705
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 440
Celtic languages 5 2,150
Irish 0 665
Scottish Gaelic 0 425
Welsh 0 825
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 230
Germanic languages 465 463,400
Frisian 0 1,570
High German languages 290 301,570
German 290 272,865
Pennsylvania German 0 9,065
Swiss German 5 7,575
Yiddish 0 12,060
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 140 138,655
Afrikaans 5 12,270
Dutch 125 80,315
Low German, n.o.s. 0 8,670
Low Saxon 0 1,270
Plautdietsch 0 33,200
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 2,935
Scandinavian languages 35 20,275
Danish 25 9,945
Icelandic 0 905
Norwegian 0 3,535
Swedish 10 5,890
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 1,330
Greek 65 93,335
Indo-Iranian languages 990 1,659,505
Indo-Aryan languages 795 1,358,645
Assamese 0 545
Bengali 15 87,580
Gujarati 95 138,985
Hindi 70 152,825
Kacchi 0 6,930
Kashmiri 0 745
Konkani 0 3,425
Marathi 5 14,145
Nepali 5 23,425
Oriya languages 0 1,775
Odia 0 1,125
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 645
Punjabi (Panjabi) 430 666,585
Rohingya 0 545
Sindhi 0 3,985
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 15 18,000
Urdu 160 235,290
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 0 3,865
Iranian languages 200 300,555
Baluchi 0 555
Kurdish 25 16,485
Parsi 0 555
Pashto 10 19,520
Persian languages 155 262,625
Dari 80 57,220
Iranian Persian 50 179,425
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 30 25,975
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 815
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 305
Italic (Romance) languages 2,445 1,194,290
Catalan 0 905
Italian 1,010 319,505
Portuguese 520 240,680
Romanian 80 93,160
Spanish 840 538,870
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 1,165
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 385
Japanese 30 43,850
Korean 90 170,400
Mongolian 0 1,850
Niger-Congo languages 75 108,295
Akan (Twi) 40 13,120
Bamanankan 0 1,855
Edo 5 1,685
Éwé 0 1,955
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 3,520
Ga 0 815
Ganda 0 1,890
Gikuyu 0 760
Igbo 5 5,175
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 7,380
Lingala 0 4,260
Luba-Kasai 0 520
Mòoré 0 515
Mwani 0 695
Ndebele 0 920
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 8,660
Shona 0 3,605
Soninke 0 505
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 520
Swahili 0 16,000
Wojenaka 0 1,030
Wolof 0 4,890
Yoruba 10 15,015
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 5 13,000
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 6,920
Dinka 0 1,865
Nuer 0 1,090
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 3,395
African, n.o.s. 0 575
Sign languages 5 6,955
American Sign Language 5 4,965
Quebec Sign Language 0 990
Sign languages, n.i.e. 0 1,005
Sino-Tibetan languages 150 1,309,825
Chinese languages 150 1,292,640
Hakka 0 9,765
Mandarin 90 679,255
Min Dong 0 1,310
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 27,805
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 8,880
Yue (Cantonese) 55 553,380
Chinese, n.o.s. 0 11,610
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 630
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 16,600
Burmese 0 3,305
Kuki-Chin languages 0 870
Karenic languages 0 4,520
S'gaw Karen 0 3,900
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 615
Tibetan 0 7,025
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 890
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 585
Tai-Kadai languages 25 22,350
Lao 15 11,485
Thai 5 10,455
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 410
Turkic languages 85 53,520
Azerbaijani 5 4,490
Kazakh 0 540
Turkish 80 44,190
Uyghur 0 1,355
Uzbek 0 1,805
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 1,150
Uralic languages 115 68,180
Estonian 5 4,485
Finnish 25 12,200
Hungarian 80 51,500
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 1,060
Multiple responses 1,380 1,475,690
English and French 125 291,325
English and non-official language(s) 1,125 921,480
French and non-official language(s) 5 117,910
English, French and non-official language(s) 25 52,880
Multiple non-official languages 100 92,095
All languages spoken at home
Total - All languages spoken at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data40 43,620 36,620,955
English 36,585 20,920,835
French 35 6,456,960
Non-official language 1,440 2,402,180
Indigenous39 0 50,460
Non-Indigenous 1,440 2,351,720
English and French 310 953,760
English and non-official language(s) 4,975 4,835,815
French and non-official language(s) 10 395,320
English, French and non-official language(s) 115 455,760
Multiple non-official languages 150 200,320
Language spoken most often at home
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data41 43,620 36,620,955
Single responses 42,640 35,057,615
Official languages 39,555 30,421,050
English 39,480 23,376,200
French 80 7,044,855
Non-official languages 3,080 4,636,560
Indigenous languages39 0 85,835
Algonquian languages 0 50,135
Blackfoot 0 980
Cree-Innu languages 0 38,255
Atikamekw 0 4,345
Cree languages 0 26,700
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 50
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 560
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 2,545
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0 665
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 1,455
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 830
Cree, n.o.s. 0 20,585
Innu (Montagnais) 0 6,710
Naskapi 0 505
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 2,650
Mi'kmaq 0 2,595
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 55
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 8,250
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 230
Oji-Cree 0 4,540
Ojibway languages 0 3,480
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 145
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 25
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 390
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0 2,925
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 7,260
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 7,230
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 220
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 30
Dene, n.o.s. 0 5,255
Gwich'in 0 35
Slavey-Hare languages 0 705
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 200
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 115
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 395
Tahltan languages 0 10
Kaska (Nahani) 0 5
Tahltan 0 5
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 755
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 165
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 5
Southern Tutchone 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 40
Tlingit 0 10
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 15
Haida 0 10
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 0 27,295
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 145
Inuinnaqtun 0 95
Inuvialuktun 0 50
Inuktitut 0 27,140
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 10
Iroquoian languages 0 100
Cayuga 0 15
Mohawk 0 65
Oneida 0 15
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 5
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 5
Michif 0 150
Salish languages 0 260
Halkomelem 0 50
Lillooet 0 35
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 35
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 85
Squamish 0 5
Straits 0 30
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 15
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 5
Siouan languages 0 240
Assiniboine 0 10
Dakota 0 120
Stoney 0 90
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 15
Tsimshian languages 0 220
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 120
Nisga'a 0 85
Tsimshian 0 10
Wakashan languages 0 70
Haisla 0 10
Heiltsuk 0 5
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 20
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 25
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 5
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 15
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 85
Non-Indigenous languages 3,080 4,550,725
Afro-Asiatic languages 355 395,840
Berber languages 0 11,295
Kabyle 0 10,180
Tamazight 0 840
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 280
Chadic languages 0 835
Hausa 0 635
Mina 0 200
Coptic 0 545
Cushitic languages 0 30,375
Bilen 0 1,645
Oromo 0 3,890
Somali 0 24,410
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 425
Semitic languages 355 352,790
Amharic 0 14,030
Arabic 95 285,915
Aramaic languages 255 20,740
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 225 12,935
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 25 6,585
Aramaic, n.o.s. 5 1,220
Harari 0 680
Hebrew 0 8,515
Maltese 5 795
Tigrigna 0 21,860
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 250
Austro-Asiatic languages 135 127,730
Khmer (Cambodian) 20 10,650
Vietnamese 115 116,785
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 300
Austronesian languages 90 326,245
Bikol 0 760
Bisaya, n.o.s. 0 4,125
Cebuano 0 10,195
Fijian 0 200
Hiligaynon 0 5,015
Ilocano 5 18,350
Indonesian 0 4,150
Kankanaey 0 585
Kinaray-a 0 320
Malagasy languages 0 725
Merina 0 330
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 390
Malay 0 280
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 3,030
Pangasinan 0 680
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 80 275,045
Waray-Waray 0 680
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 2,100
Creole languages 5 35,195
Haitian Creole 0 22,610
Jamaican English Creole 0 300
Krio 0 360
Morisyen 0 3,640
Sango 0 295
Creole, n.o.s. 0 7,120
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 870
Dravidian languages 270 169,705
Kannada 0 3,060
Malayalam 25 35,390
Tamil 230 112,335
Telugu 10 18,470
Tulu 0 240
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 205
Georgian 0 1,335
Hmong-Mien languages 0 215
Indo-European languages 1,925 2,264,155
Albanian 10 14,110
Armenian 5 21,970
Balto-Slavic languages 380 303,480
Baltic languages 5 2,495
Latvian 0 880
Lithuanian 0 1,615
Slavic languages 375 300,985
Belarusian 0 215
Bulgarian 5 10,315
Czech 0 5,680
Macedonian 10 6,105
Polish 130 65,140
Russian 180 125,780
Rusyn 0 290
Serbo-Croatian 10 53,150
Bosnian 0 6,480
Croatian 10 14,925
Serbian 0 31,110
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0 640
Slovak 5 5,015
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 1,375
Ukrainian 30 27,825
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 95
Celtic languages 0 555
Irish 0 310
Scottish Gaelic 0 105
Welsh 0 100
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 40
Germanic languages 35 140,450
Frisian 0 270
High German languages 25 103,780
German 25 86,820
Pennsylvania German 0 7,270
Swiss German 0 1,750
Yiddish 0 7,950
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 10 33,710
Afrikaans 0 6,095
Dutch 10 8,100
Low German, n.o.s. 0 4,965
Low Saxon 0 490
Plautdietsch 0 13,845
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 220
Scandinavian languages 5 1,940
Danish 0 615
Icelandic 0 175
Norwegian 0 260
Swedish 0 890
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 740
Greek 20 38,300
Indo-Iranian languages 700 1,167,370
Indo-Aryan languages 570 962,820
Assamese 0 215
Bengali 10 56,750
Gujarati 80 92,005
Hindi 45 91,930
Kacchi 0 3,055
Kashmiri 0 270
Konkani 0 880
Marathi 0 7,460
Nepali 0 16,835
Oriya languages 0 795
Odia 0 525
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 270
Punjabi (Panjabi) 320 520,390
Rohingya 0 410
Sindhi 0 2,110
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 10 9,665
Urdu 100 158,040
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 0 2,015
Iranian languages 125 204,420
Baluchi 0 330
Kurdish 20 10,380
Parsi 0 280
Pashto 10 13,215
Persian languages 95 179,745
Dari 45 36,190
Iranian Persian 30 125,840
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 25 17,715
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 475
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 125
Italic (Romance) languages 785 577,735
Catalan 0 370
Italian 190 92,755
Portuguese 155 118,730
Romanian 20 48,090
Spanish 415 317,365
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 425
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 190
Japanese 25 20,055
Korean 70 125,525
Mongolian 0 1,050
Niger-Congo languages 30 38,600
Akan (Twi) 25 6,000
Bamanankan 0 560
Edo 0 365
Éwé 0 470
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 1,315
Ga 5 260
Ganda 0 555
Gikuyu 0 105
Igbo 0 1,530
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 2,720
Lingala 0 1,520
Luba-Kasai 0 90
Mòoré 0 70
Mwani 0 160
Ndebele 0 295
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 3,780
Shona 0 1,035
Soninke 0 235
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 130
Swahili 0 7,055
Wojenaka 0 290
Wolof 0 1,945
Yoruba 0 5,395
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 2,720
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 3,155
Dinka 0 900
Nuer 0 645
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 1,465
African, n.o.s. 0 140
Sign languages 15 12,160
American Sign Language 15 8,175
Quebec Sign Language 0 1,475
Sign languages, n.i.e. 0 2,520
Sino-Tibetan languages 90 967,965
Chinese languages 90 955,685
Hakka 0 3,625
Mandarin 55 530,945
Min Dong 0 775
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 13,945
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 5,750
Yue (Cantonese) 40 393,430
Chinese, n.o.s. 0 6,985
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 225
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 11,990
Burmese 0 2,075
Kuki-Chin languages 0 660
Karenic languages 0 3,400
S'gaw Karen 0 2,960
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 440
Tibetan 0 5,395
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 465
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 290
Tai-Kadai languages 5 10,120
Lao 5 5,955
Thai 0 3,955
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 210
Turkic languages 45 32,490
Azerbaijani 0 2,200
Kazakh 0 105
Turkish 45 27,970
Uyghur 0 850
Uzbek 0 950
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 410
Uralic languages 25 18,790
Estonian 0 615
Finnish 0 1,880
Hungarian 25 16,295
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 390
Multiple responses 980 1,563,345
English and French 45 230,955
English and non-official language(s) 900 1,123,355
French and non-official language(s) 5 125,525
English, French and non-official language(s) 10 56,805
Multiple non-official languages 25 26,705
Other language spoken regularly at home
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data42 43,620 36,620,955
None 38,905 31,053,450
English 1,360 1,956,965
French 245 571,040
Non-official language 2,620 2,248,130
Indigenous39 10 63,565
Non-Indigenous 2,615 2,184,565
English and French 20 86,185
English and non-official language(s) 175 323,845
French and non-official language(s) 65 134,565
English, French and non-official language(s) 0 11,870
Multiple non-official languages 225 234,905
Knowledge of languagesThe letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice.
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample data43 43,465 36,328,480
Official languages 43,040 35,644,660
English 43,040 31,628,570
French 1,935 10,563,235
Non-official languages 9,725 10,724,700
Indigenous languages39 0 243,155
Algonquian languages 0 163,815
Blackfoot 0 6,680
Cree-Innu languages 0 105,850
Atikamekw 0 6,815
Cree languages 0 87,875
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 420
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 895
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 4,880
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0 4,675
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 12,005
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 5,110
Cree, n.o.s. 0 61,000
Innu (Montagnais) 0 10,745
Naskapi 0 1,035
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 10,035
Mi'kmaq 0 9,245
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 820
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 42,865
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 1,950
Oji-Cree 0 15,305
Ojibway languages 0 26,160
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 2,035
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 215
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 3,625
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0 20,720
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 165
Athabaskan languages 0 20,390
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 20,135
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 1,550
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 270
Dene, n.o.s. 0 11,560
Gwich'in 0 295
Slavey-Hare languages 0 2,330
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 775
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 415
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 1,210
Tahltan languages 0 480
Kaska (Nahani) 0 245
Tahltan 0 235
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 2,140
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 135
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 870
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 175
Tutchone languages 0 320
Northern Tutchone 0 135
Southern Tutchone 0 140
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 50
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 290
Tlingit 0 150
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 110
Haida 0 245
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 0 42,795
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 1,140
Inuinnaqtun 0 795
Inuvialuktun 0 350
Inuktitut 0 41,680
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 70
Iroquoian languages 0 2,055
Cayuga 0 230
Mohawk 0 1,605
Oneida 0 210
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 65
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 215
Michif 0 1,905
Salish languages 0 5,305
Halkomelem 0 1,415
Lillooet 0 600
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 510
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 1,090
Squamish 0 350
Straits 0 325
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 705
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 360
Siouan languages 0 2,965
Assiniboine 0 370
Dakota 0 1,530
Stoney 0 925
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 325
Tsimshian languages 0 2,665
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 1,135
Nisga'a 0 1,110
Tsimshian 0 465
Wakashan languages 0 2,205
Haisla 0 295
Heiltsuk 0 335
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 820
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 700
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 55
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 645
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 855
Non-Indigenous languages 9,720 10,485,595
Afro-Asiatic languages 930 1,100,035
Berber languages 0 42,835
Kabyle 0 37,415
Tamazight 0 4,735
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 1,330
Chadic languages 0 7,090
Hausa 0 5,080
Mina 0 2,010
Coptic 0 3,690
Cushitic languages 0 71,930
Bilen 0 2,745
Oromo 0 9,635
Somali 0 59,005
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 1,400
Semitic languages 925 1,015,485
Amharic 30 48,305
Arabic 550 838,045
Aramaic languages 495 39,655
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 385 23,865
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 80 13,285
Aramaic, n.o.s. 30 3,195
Harari 0 2,000
Hebrew 45 83,205
Maltese 25 6,535
Tigrigna 0 45,970
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 1,760
Austro-Asiatic languages 360 260,030
Khmer (Cambodian) 60 28,390
Vietnamese 315 232,800
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 910
Austronesian languages 330 793,275
Bikol 0 4,260
Bisaya, n.o.s. 0 10,990
Cebuano 20 33,045
Fijian 0 1,765
Hiligaynon 15 16,385
Ilocano 15 61,680
Indonesian 0 19,815
Kankanaey 0 1,950
Kinaray-a 0 860
Malagasy languages 0 3,885
Merina 0 2,355
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 1,565
Malay 10 10,770
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 10,555
Pangasinan 0 4,455
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 325 737,565
Waray-Waray 0 4,520
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 20,140
Creole languages 105 184,840
Haitian Creole 0 134,895
Jamaican English Creole 15 4,875
Krio 0 1,955
Morisyen 0 15,345
Sango 0 1,535
Creole, n.o.s. 55 31,220
Creole languages, n.i.e. 45 9,585
Dravidian languages 445 359,485
Kannada 0 18,420
Malayalam 35 77,910
Tamil 415 237,890
Telugu 0 54,685
Tulu 0 1,765
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 970
Georgian 0 3,015
Hmong-Mien languages 0 720
Indo-European languages 6,955 5,849,775
Albanian 30 38,345
Armenian 70 44,500
Balto-Slavic languages 1,045 820,305
Baltic languages 30 13,890
Latvian 15 6,020
Lithuanian 15 7,895
Slavic languages 1,030 809,985
Belarusian 0 2,825
Bulgarian 15 24,210
Czech 20 28,625
Macedonian 35 23,015
Polish 470 204,460
Russian 340 309,235
Rusyn 0 680
Serbo-Croatian 90 155,775
Bosnian 0 25,380
Croatian 70 73,845
Serbian 25 83,735
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0 3,085
Slovak 30 20,905
Slovene (Slovenian) 25 10,650
Ukrainian 110 131,655
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 770
Celtic languages 25 10,485
Irish 10 5,360
Scottish Gaelic 0 2,170
Welsh 0 2,170
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 910
Germanic languages 595 658,705
Frisian 0 2,835
High German languages 400 453,995
German 400 419,195
Pennsylvania German 0 10,565
Swiss German 0 10,465
Yiddish 0 20,155
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 150 191,840
Afrikaans 20 29,670
Dutch 120 107,985
Low German, n.o.s. 0 10,555
Low Saxon 0 1,310
Plautdietsch 0 41,165
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 3,985
Scandinavian languages 80 37,500
Danish 60 14,700
Icelandic 0 1,475
Norwegian 10 8,860
Swedish 20 14,620
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 1,275
Greek 160 145,060
Indo-Iranian languages 1,370 2,263,825
Indo-Aryan languages 1,090 1,918,570
Assamese 0 1,155
Bengali 0 120,605
Gujarati 110 209,415
Hindi 395 761,425
Kacchi 0 15,085
Kashmiri 0 1,830
Konkani 10 8,950
Marathi 0 35,230
Nepali 0 30,660
Oriya languages 0 3,235
Odia 0 1,710
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 1,550
Punjabi (Panjabi) 640 942,170
Rohingya 0 765
Sindhi 0 8,385
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 25 33,050
Urdu 315 414,870
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 0 11,320
Iranian languages 330 370,520
Baluchi 0 985
Kurdish 55 24,035
Parsi 0 1,000
Pashto 50 31,695
Persian languages 260 326,285
Dari 185 78,220
Iranian Persian 75 222,160
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 10 30,345
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 1,830
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 2,135
Italic (Romance) languages 3,815 2,054,885
Catalan 0 2,855
Italian 1,660 547,655
Portuguese 940 336,865
Romanian 135 116,520
Spanish 1,280 1,171,450
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 4,890
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 1,965
Japanese 40 98,070
Korean 115 203,885
Mongolian 0 2,545
Niger-Congo languages 240 267,520
Akan (Twi) 100 26,240
Bamanankan 0 4,950
Edo 15 4,945
Éwé 0 4,645
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 7,840
Ga 0 3,255
Ganda 0 4,650
Gikuyu 0 1,850
Igbo 0 18,365
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 13,515
Lingala 0 25,720
Luba-Kasai 0 2,695
Mòoré 0 2,085
Mwani 0 1,080
Ndebele 0 2,425
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 14,825
Shona 0 7,280
Soninke 0 1,010
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 1,305
Swahili 15 57,295
Wojenaka 0 2,820
Wolof 0 12,940
Yoruba 70 50,935
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 25 43,625
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 11,090
Dinka 0 2,815
Nuer 0 1,490
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 6,815
African, n.o.s. 0 2,760
Sign languages 70 49,535
American Sign Language 55 37,620
Quebec Sign Language 0 6,195
Sign languages, n.i.e. 15 7,450
Sino-Tibetan languages 250 1,550,930
Chinese languages 250 1,528,860
Hakka 0 14,830
Mandarin 160 987,300
Min Dong 0 1,825
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 51,755
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 13,660
Yue (Cantonese) 100 724,925
Chinese, n.o.s. 0 11,720
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 1,185
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 22,300
Burmese 0 5,935
Kuki-Chin languages 0 1,140
Karenic languages 0 5,705
S'gaw Karen 0 5,030
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 845
Tibetan 0 9,160
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 1,940
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 1,220
Tai-Kadai languages 40 33,705
Lao 35 17,630
Thai 0 18,575
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 800
Turkic languages 100 91,375
Azerbaijani 15 9,875
Kazakh 0 1,415
Turkish 90 78,500
Uyghur 0 1,660
Uzbek 0 3,290
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 2,150
Uralic languages 75 85,055
Estonian 0 5,315
Finnish 20 15,325
Hungarian 50 64,625
Other languages, n.i.e. 25 5,545
Indigenous population
Total - Indigenous identity for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 43,465 36,328,480
Indigenous identity45 730 1,807,250
Single Indigenous responses46 680 1,743,165
First Nations (North American Indian) 425 1,048,405
Métis 235 624,220
Inuk (Inuit) 0 70,540
Multiple Indigenous responses47 20 28,855
Indigenous responses not included elsewhere48 25 35,225
Non-Indigenous identity 42,735 34,521,230
Total - Registered or Treaty Indian status for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 43,465 36,328,480
Registered or Treaty Indian49 215 831,720
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 43,245 35,496,755
Household characteristics
Total - Private households by tenure - 25% sample data50 15,850 14,978,940
Owner 13,300 9,955,975
Renter 2,555 4,953,840
Dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band 0 69,130
Total - Occupied private dwellings by condominium status - 25% sample data51 15,850 14,978,940
Condominium 2,335 2,248,280
Not condominium 13,520 12,730,660
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of bedrooms - 25% sample data52 15,850 14,978,940
No bedrooms 45 132,060
1 bedroom 855 2,124,485
2 bedrooms 2,710 3,829,965
3 bedrooms 7,010 4,982,900
4 or more bedrooms 5,240 3,909,525
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of rooms - 25% sample data53 15,850 14,978,940
1 to 4 rooms 2,190 4,662,125
5 rooms 2,210 2,323,910
6 rooms 2,950 2,037,185
7 rooms 2,870 1,796,855
8 or more rooms 5,625 4,158,855
Average number of rooms per dwelling 6.9 6.1
Total - Private households by number of persons per room - 25% sample data54 15,850 14,978,940
One person or fewer per room 15,610 14,625,230
More than one person per room 245 353,715
Total - Private households by housing suitability - 25% sample data55 15,850 14,978,940
Suitable 15,270 14,173,290
Not suitable 585 805,650
Total - Occupied private dwellings by period of construction - 25% sample data56 15,850 14,978,940
1960 or before 1,745 3,027,045
1961 to 1980 3,340 4,171,840
1981 to 1990 1,855 1,982,515
1991 to 2000 2,120 1,805,985
2001 to 2005 945 959,860
2006 to 2010 1,200 1,034,925
2011 to 2015 1,830 967,540
2016 to 202157 2,830 1,029,220
Total - Occupied private dwellings by dwelling condition - 25% sample data58 15,850 14,978,940
Only regular maintenance and minor repairs needed 15,265 14,059,395
Major repairs needed 590 919,545
Total - Private households by number of household maintainers - 25% sample data59 15,850 14,978,940
One-maintainer household 6,455 7,659,700
Two-maintainer household 8,575 6,631,755
Three-or-more-maintainer household 825 687,485
Total - Private households by age of primary household maintainers - 25% sample data60 15,850 14,978,940
15 to 24 years 130 424,695
25 to 34 years 2,100 2,077,895
35 to 44 years 3,070 2,600,000
45 to 54 years 2,960 2,646,945
55 to 64 years 3,175 3,046,560
65 to 74 years 2,290 2,432,140
75 to 84 years 1,575 1,292,805
85 years and over 545 457,900
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratio - 25% sample data61 15,750 14,687,350
Spending less than 30% of income on shelter costs 12,185 11,612,640
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs 3,565 3,074,715
30% to less than 100% 3,325 2,742,920
Total - Occupied private dwellings by housing indicators - 25% sample data62 15,855 14,978,940
Total - Households 'spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' or 'not suitable' or 'major repairs needed' 4,390 4,379,420
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs only 3,245 2,728,995
Not suitable only 415 595,110
Major repairs needed only 395 645,465
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' 140 135,770
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'major repairs needed' 165 199,355
'Not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 15 64,095
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 15 10,630
Acceptable housing 11,465 10,599,520
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero and shelter-cost-to-income ratio less than 100%, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data63 15,505 14,355,555
In core need 1,795 1,451,025
Not in core need 13,715 12,904,530
Total - Owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 13,220 9,807,720
% of owner households with a mortgage64 66.0 60.0
% of owner households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 19.7 14.8
% in core housing need63 8.2 5.3
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 1,740 1,240
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 1,786 1,498
Median value of dwellings ($)66 750,000 472,000
Average value of dwellings ($)66 803,000 618,500
Total - Tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 2,550 4,936,850
% of tenant households in subsidized housing67 6.5 11.7
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 37.9 33.2
% in core housing need63 29.4 20.0
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 1,410 1,070
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 1,500 1,209
Total - Households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band in non-farm private dwellings - 25% sample data 0 69,130
% of households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band spending more than 30% on shelter costs61 ... 5.9
Median monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 ... 284
Average monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 ... 327
Indigenous ancestry
Total - Indigenous ancestry for the population in private households - 25% sample data68 43,460 36,328,475
Indigenous ancestry (only)69 255 985,200
Single Indigenous ancestry (only)70 230 963,705
First Nations (North American Indian) single ancestry 200 763,230
Métis single ancestry 35 146,010
Inuit single ancestry 0 54,475
Multiple Indigenous ancestries (only)71 20 21,490
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis ancestry only 20 17,665
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit ancestry only 0 2,430
Métis and Inuit ancestry only 0 1,070
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit ancestry only 0 320
Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries72 895 1,219,285
Single Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries73 890 1,183,350
First Nations (North American Indian) and non-Indigenous ancestry only 630 801,630
Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 240 362,130
Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 19,595
Multiple Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries74 10 35,930
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 31,815
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 2,785
Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 1,005
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 330
Non-Indigenous ancestry only75 42,310 34,124,000
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample data76 43,460 36,328,475
Canadian citizens77 41,605 33,143,225
Canadian citizens aged under 18 9,640 6,784,875
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 31,965 26,358,355
Not Canadian citizens78 1,850 3,185,250
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample data79 43,460 36,328,475
Non-immigrants80 34,825 27,042,120
Immigrants81 8,400 8,361,505
Before 1980 2,495 1,540,610
1980 to 1990 1,270 924,320
1991 to 2000 1,570 1,511,475
2001 to 2010 1,710 1,930,525
2011 to 202182 1,350 2,454,570
2011 to 2015 725 1,126,330
2016 to 2021 625 1,328,240
Non-permanent residents83 240 924,850
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data84 8,400 8,361,505
Under 5 years 935 748,265
5 to 14 years 1,875 1,438,440
15 to 24 years 2,120 1,594,290
25 to 44 years 2,995 3,783,335
45 years and over 470 797,180
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data85 8,400 8,361,505
Americas 1,685 1,203,180
Brazil 60 48,450
Colombia 55 80,570
El Salvador 55 49,450
Guyana 175 85,530
Haiti 0 99,945
Jamaica 430 145,360
Mexico 30 90,585
Peru 75 31,420
Trinidad and Tobago 110 65,035
United States of America 205 256,090
Other places of birth in Americas 495 250,760
Europe 3,500 1,967,620
Bosnia and Herzegovina 10 35,925
Croatia 30 36,675
France 35 121,525
Germany 190 126,470
Greece 60 54,715
Hungary 25 31,050
Italy 555 204,065
Netherlands 80 75,830
Poland 310 135,030
Portugal 365 128,795
Romania 130 86,770
Russian Federation 120 81,840
Serbia86 20 31,925
Ukraine 95 81,135
United Kingdom87 1,105 464,135
Other places of birth in Europe 375 271,725
Africa 305 821,735
Algeria 0 79,660
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 0 33,110
Egypt 20 73,710
Eritrea 0 31,385
Ethiopia 30 41,715
Morocco 0 81,775
Nigeria 95 81,290
Somalia 0 32,500
South Africa, Republic of 25 51,590
Other places of birth in Africa 125 314,995
Asia 2,895 4,307,000
Afghanistan 155 62,450
Iran88 85 182,940
Iraq 480 84,130
Lebanon 35 95,725
Syria89 85 97,590
Turkey 60 35,270
China90 95 715,835
Hong Kong91 40 213,855
Korea, South92 95 138,355
Taiwan 10 65,365
Philippines 285 719,580
Viet Nam 225 182,095
Bangladesh 0 70,090
India 520 898,050
Pakistan 165 234,105
Sri Lanka 250 136,240
Other places of birth in Asia 310 375,340
Oceania and other places of birth93 15 61,965
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data94 625 1,328,240
Americas 115 154,490
Brazil 15 19,895
Colombia 10 11,455
Haiti 0 10,550
Jamaica 20 15,155
Mexico 10 17,150
United States of America 20 39,875
Venezuela95 0 7,060
Other places of birth in Americas 30 33,350
Europe 105 134,425
France 0 27,175
Germany 0 5,365
Ireland96 10 6,355
Italy 0 4,240
Russian Federation 0 10,905
Ukraine 0 14,515
United Kingdom87 20 22,755
Other places of birth in Europe 60 43,120
Africa 20 206,965
Algeria 0 15,745
Burundi 0 4,935
Cameroon 0 11,795
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 0 8,915
Côte d'Ivoire 0 7,915
Egypt 0 12,120
Eritrea 0 16,330
Ethiopia 0 9,385
Morocco 0 12,835
Nigeria 0 40,360
Somalia 0 6,315
South Africa, Republic of 0 8,510
Sudan97 0 4,690
Tunisia 0 8,155
Other places of birth in Africa 10 38,960
Asia 385 823,205
Afghanistan 30 12,730
Bangladesh 0 13,185
China90 0 118,035
Hong Kong91 0 6,495
India 80 246,995
Iran88 0 25,650
Iraq 60 17,715
Israel 0 4,850
Japan 0 4,445
Jordan 0 4,635
Korea, South92 0 20,985
Lebanon 0 9,980
Nepal 0 4,890
Pakistan 25 36,255
Philippines 50 151,490
Saudi Arabia 0 9,560
Sri Lanka 10 8,480
Syria89 60 63,130
Turkey 10 10,150
United Arab Emirates 0 8,405
Viet Nam 10 14,725
Other places of birth in Asia 20 30,410
Oceania and other93 0 9,160
Australia 0 6,535
Other places of birth98 0 2,625
Generation status
Total - Generation status for the population in private households - 25% sample data99 43,465 36,328,480
First generation100 8,945 9,606,595
Second generation101 11,075 6,393,310
Third generation or more102 23,440 20,328,565
Admission category and applicant type
Total - Admission category and applicant type for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data103 5,905 6,820,895
Economic immigrants104 2,000 3,673,705
Principal applicants105 850 1,556,675
Secondary applicants106 1,150 2,117,030
Immigrants sponsored by family107 2,250 2,016,010
Refugees108 1,490 1,039,275
Other immigrants109 165 91,900
Pre-admission experience
Total - Pre-admission experience for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data110 5,905 6,820,895
Asylum claim before admission111 550 416,105
Work permits only before admission112 535 705,405
Study permits only before admission113 90 183,250
Work and study permits before admission114 190 377,130
Other permits before admission115 45 39,540
No pre-admission experience116 4,490 5,099,470
Visible minority
Total - Visible minority for the population in private households - 25% sample data117 43,465 36,328,480
Total visible minority population118 7,865 9,639,205
South Asian 1,935 2,571,400
Chinese 265 1,715,770
Black 1,660 1,547,870
Filipino 450 957,355
Arab 595 694,015
Latin American 985 580,235
Southeast Asian 520 390,340
West Asian 495 360,495
Korean 165 218,140
Japanese 65 98,890
Visible minority, n.i.e.119 380 172,885
Multiple visible minorities 350 331,805
Not a visible minority120 35,595 26,689,275
Ethnic or cultural origin
Total - Ethnic or cultural origin for the population in private households - 25% sample data121 43,460 36,328,475
Canadian 6,825 5,677,205
English 9,975 5,322,830
Irish 8,620 4,413,120
Scottish 7,355 4,392,200
French, n.o.s.122 2,260 3,985,945
German 3,295 2,955,695
Chinese 400 1,713,870
Italian 6,130 1,546,390
Indian (India) 1,000 1,347,715
Ukrainian 1,130 1,258,635
Dutch 1,680 988,585
Polish 1,650 982,820
Québécois 20 981,635
British Isles, n.o.s.123 1,925 938,950
Filipino 435 925,490
French Canadian 495 906,315
Caucasian (White), n.o.s.124 610 691,260
First Nations (North American Indian), n.o.s.125 315 632,340
Métis 305 560,335
European, n.o.s.126 550 551,910
Russian 470 548,140
Norwegian 155 466,500
Welsh 740 455,720
Portuguese 1,725 448,305
American 430 353,495
Spanish 435 342,040
Swedish 185 334,505
Hungarian 360 320,150
Acadian 150 305,170
Pakistani 215 303,260
African, n.o.s.127 280 301,955
Jewish 230 282,015
Punjabi 220 279,950
Vietnamese 345 275,530
Arab, n.o.s.128 50 263,710
Greek 380 262,140
Jamaican 650 249,070
Asian, n.o.s.129 135 226,220
Cree, n.o.s.130 25 219,855
Korean 170 217,650
Romanian 235 215,885
Lebanese 105 210,605
Iranian 80 200,465
Christian, n.i.e.131 270 200,340
Danish 180 196,945
North American Indigenous, n.o.s.132 225 194,840
Sikh 170 194,640
Austrian 275 189,535
Belgian 175 182,175
Haitian 25 178,990
Hindu 70 166,160
Mexican 100 155,495
Mennonite 10 155,095
Swiss 70 145,570
Finnish 120 144,055
Sri Lankan 255 132,410
Croatian 175 130,820
Japanese 125 129,425
South Asian, n.o.s.133 95 120,125
Mi'kmaq, n.o.s.134 90 111,605
Northern European, n.o.s.135 115 110,735
Muslim 75 105,620
Egyptian 35 105,245
Latin, Central or South American, n.o.s.136 215 104,765
Tamil 260 102,170
Icelandic 80 101,990
Colombian 115 100,555
Moroccan 20 99,980
Czech 135 98,925
Syrian 175 98,250
Guyanese 315 97,210
Afghan 250 96,810
Black, n.o.s.137 165 94,585
Serbian 25 93,360
Ojibway 120 92,220
Newfoundlander 205 91,670
Hong Konger 0 81,680
Ontarian 210 80,555
Persian 30 80,340
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 290 77,405
Turkish 120 76,745
Inuit, n.o.s.138 25 76,675
Bangladeshi 0 75,425
Algerian 0 73,770
Brazilian 165 71,755
Nigerian 95 69,540
Armenian 60 68,850
Slovak 130 68,210
Eastern European, n.o.s.139 55 66,780
Somali 0 65,555
Taiwanese 10 64,020
Iraqi 385 59,300
Salvadorean 75 59,280
African Caribbean 180 59,050
East or Southeast Asian, n.o.s.140 40 58,870
West or Central Asian or Middle Eastern, n.o.s.141 65 58,840
Caribbean, n.o.s.142 145 57,195
Algonquin 25 56,070
West Indian, n.o.s.143 115 52,085
Lithuanian 75 52,040
South African 100 49,840
Australian 65 46,765
Palestinian 0 45,905
Chilean 125 45,685
Congolese 0 45,260
Nova Scotian 65 44,720
Ethiopian 35 42,545
Hispanic, n.o.s.144 45 42,405
Peruvian 130 42,295
Yoruba 70 42,075
Cambodian (Khmer) 75 41,950
Berber 0 41,700
Albanian 30 41,620
Maltese 210 40,670
Macedonian 150 39,440
Slovenian 120 38,595
Western European, n.o.s.145 50 38,520
New Brunswicker 15 37,670
Gujarati 15 36,970
Eritrean 0 36,290
African Canadian 40 35,395
Israeli 55 35,345
Mohawk 20 33,330
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s.146 30 33,135
Bulgarian 30 33,085
Albertan 0 32,575
Ghanaian 45 31,720
Barbadian 40 31,440
African American 50 31,430
Yugoslavian, n.o.s.147 45 30,565
Tunisian 0 30,465
Slavic, n.o.s.148 25 30,220
Cuban 90 30,065
Bosnian 0 28,490
Venezuelan 0 28,395
Innu/Montagnais, n.o.s.149 0 28,225
Latvian 60 28,140
Bengali 0 26,675
Cameroonian 0 26,535
Guatemalan 70 26,460
Indonesian 10 26,330
Laotian 65 25,875
Ilocano 0 25,575
Northern Irish 95 25,200
Celtic, n.o.s.150 0 24,420
British Columbian 0 24,325
Ecuadorian 145 24,255
Franco Ontarian 0 24,110
Argentinian 140 23,500
Estonian 30 23,455
Kurdish 0 23,130
Fijian 0 23,020
Jatt 30 22,785
North American, n.o.s.151 15 22,785
Coptic 0 22,570
Thai 0 22,275
Dominican 15 22,125
Nepali 0 21,975
Kabyle 0 20,565
Assyrian 170 19,685
Igbo 0 19,305
Byelorussian 25 18,850
Dene, n.o.s.152 0 18,745
Blackfoot, n.o.s.153 0 18,545
Abenaki 0 18,420
Moldovan 0 18,190
Iroquois (Haudenosaunee), n.o.s.154 0 17,955
New Zealander 0 17,755
Sudanese 0 17,485
Breton 0 17,465
Pennsylvania Dutch 0 17,315
Malaysian 0 17,050
Plains Cree 0 16,570
North African, n.o.s.155 0 16,315
Huron (Wendat) 0 15,910
Saskatchewanian 0 15,780
Buddhist 0 15,660
Gaspesian 0 15,650
Norman 0 15,340
Southern or East African, n.o.s.156 10 15,055
Ivorian 0 15,010
Saulteaux 0 14,265
Anishinaabe, n.o.s.157 0 14,260
Burundian 0 14,110
Tigrinya 0 13,910
Nicaraguan 0 13,840
Mauritian 0 13,755
Kenyan 20 13,565
Oji-Cree 0 13,525
Vincentian 30 13,245
Jordanian 0 13,225
Manitoban 0 13,095
Cape Bretoner 10 13,065
Rwandan 0 12,890
Grenadian 20 12,890
Malayali 0 12,490
Chaldean 95 12,115
Sinhalese 0 12,080
Mayan 0 11,710
Honduran 0 10,920
Cherokee 0 10,825
Qalipu Mi'kmaq 15 10,750
Indo-Caribbean 25 10,490
Flemish 25 10,275
United Empire Loyalist 15 10,015
Senegalese 0 9,955
Azerbaijani 0 9,915
Sicilian 45 9,835
Pashtun 0 9,825
Malay 0 9,795
Goan 0 9,700
Bantu, n.o.s.158 0 9,455
Tibetan 0 9,350
Zimbabwean 0 9,165
Burmese 0 9,150
Mongolian 0 9,090
Azorean 90 8,970
Atikamekw 0 8,400
Bamileke 0 8,315
Indo-Guyanese 0 8,310
Ugandan 0 8,285
Oromo 0 8,255
Tanzanian 0 8,140
Yemeni 0 8,115
Central African 0 8,080
Libyan 0 7,945
Basque 0 7,745
Uruguayan 65 7,660
Akan, n.o.s.159 0 7,640
Central or West African, n.o.s.160 20 7,635
Igorot 0 7,535
Fulani 0 7,480
Woodland Cree 0 7,415
Guinean 0 7,390
St. Lucian 0 7,285
Prince Edward Islander 10 7,225
Maliseet 0 7,220
Beninese 0 6,810
Telugu 0 6,670
Roma 0 6,545
Costa Rican 0 6,500
African Nova Scotian 15 6,480
Malagasy 0 6,255
Kashmiri 0 6,165
Singaporean 0 6,060
Karen 0 6,050
Edo 0 5,985
Tajik 0 5,980
Amhara 0 5,945
Paraguayan 0 5,925
Religion
Total - Religion for the population in private households - 25% sample data161 43,465 36,328,480
Buddhist 375 356,975
Christian 26,810 19,373,325
Christian, n.o.s.162 3,795 2,760,760
Anabaptist 10 144,145
Anglican 2,035 1,134,315
Baptist 535 436,940
Catholic 14,110 10,880,360
Christian Orthodox 615 623,010
Jehovah's Witness 205 137,255
Latter Day Saints 20 87,725
Lutheran 260 328,045
Methodist and Wesleyan (Holiness) 120 100,655
Pentecostal and other Charismatic 670 399,025
Presbyterian 970 301,400
Reformed 100 79,870
United Church 2,415 1,214,185
Other Christian and Christian-related traditions 950 745,650
Hindu 770 828,195
Jewish 205 335,295
Muslim 1,010 1,775,715
Sikh 535 771,790
Traditional (North American Indigenous) spirituality 0 80,685
Other religions and spiritual traditions 225 229,015
No religion and secular perspectives 13,535 12,577,475
Mobility status 1 year ago
Total - Mobility status 1 year ago - 25% sample data163 42,930 35,986,480
Non-movers 38,495 31,600,930
Movers 4,440 4,385,555
Non-migrants 1,530 2,572,400
Migrants 2,910 1,813,155
Internal migrants 2,840 1,519,200
Intraprovincial migrants 2,770 1,250,235
Interprovincial migrants 70 268,965
External migrants 65 293,955
Mobility status 5 years ago
Total - Mobility status 5 years ago - 25% sample data164 40,485 34,504,330
Non-movers 22,380 21,061,090
Movers 18,105 13,443,240
Non-migrants 3,485 5,773,890
Migrants 14,620 7,669,355
Internal migrants 14,075 5,976,960
Intraprovincial migrants 13,755 5,055,615
Interprovincial migrants 320 921,345
External migrants 545 1,692,390
Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificate
Total - Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificate for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data165 35,095 30,335,920
No high school diploma or equivalency certificate 6,480 5,474,175
With high school diploma or equivalency certificate166 28,615 24,861,745
Total - Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificate for the population aged 25 to 64 years in private households - 25% sample data165 23,155 19,568,265
No high school diploma or equivalency certificate 2,985 2,271,360
With high school diploma or equivalency certificate166 20,165 17,296,905
Highest certificate, diploma or degree
Total - Highest certificate, diploma or degree for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data165 35,095 30,335,915
No certificate, diploma or degree 5,785 4,899,580
High (secondary) school diploma or equivalency certificate167 11,655 8,097,295
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 17,650 17,339,045
Postsecondary certificate or diploma below bachelor level 11,430 9,252,800
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma 2,490 2,641,555
Non-apprenticeship trades certificate or diploma168 975 1,458,160
Apprenticeship certificate169 1,515 1,183,395
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma170 8,300 5,714,490
University certificate or diploma below bachelor level 640 896,755
Bachelor's degree or higher 6,225 8,086,245
Bachelor's degree 4,705 5,295,360
University certificate or diploma above bachelor level 435 556,510
Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry 80 214,105
Master's degree 935 1,740,605
Earned doctorate171 70 279,660
Total - Highest certificate, diploma or degree for the population aged 25 to 64 years in private households - 25% sample data165 23,150 19,568,260
No certificate, diploma or degree 2,530 1,931,855
High (secondary) school diploma or equivalency certificate167 7,210 4,501,365
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 13,410 13,135,045
Postsecondary certificate or diploma below bachelor level 8,645 6,703,100
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma 1,795 1,886,510
Non-apprenticeship trades certificate or diploma168 695 1,050,285
Apprenticeship certificate169 1,100 836,220
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma170 6,415 4,193,505
University certificate or diploma below bachelor level 435 623,090
Bachelor's degree or higher 4,765 6,431,940
Bachelor's degree 3,650 4,177,455
University certificate or diploma above bachelor level 290 430,875
Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry 50 167,730
Master's degree 730 1,446,435
Earned doctorate171 45 209,445
Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2021
Total - Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2021 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data172 35,095 30,335,920
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree173 17,445 12,996,870
Education 1,220 1,113,015
13. Education 1,220 1,113,015
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 660 631,255
10. Communications technologies/technicians and support services 130 74,785
50. Visual and performing arts 535 556,470
Humanities 795 926,560
16. Indigenous and foreign languages, literatures, and linguistics 75 106,345
23. English language and literature/letters 230 184,600
24. Liberal arts and sciences, general studies and humanities 185 316,050
30A Interdisciplinary humanities174 15 18,935
38. Philosophy and religious studies 50 57,745
39. Theology and religious vocations 70 77,510
54. History 140 108,935
55. French language and literature/lettersCAN 30 56,440
Social and behavioural sciences and law 2,330 2,016,125
05. Area, ethnic, cultural, gender, and group studies 30 29,430
09. Communication, journalism and related programs 220 233,400
19. Family and consumer sciences/human sciences 620 344,150
22. Legal professions and studies 405 325,785
30B Interdisciplinary social and behavioural sciences175 45 49,855
42. Psychology 380 327,965
45. Social sciences 625 705,540
Business, management and public administration 3,505 3,758,250
30.16 Accounting and computer science 20 5,335
44. Public administration and social service professions 305 272,240
52. Business, management, marketing and related support services 3,185 3,480,675
Physical and life sciences and technologies 485 719,715
26. Biological and biomedical sciences 160 297,055
30.01 Biological and physical sciences 180 155,955
30C Other interdisciplinary physical and life sciences176 10 35,380
40. Physical sciences 105 196,620
41. Science technologies/technicians 30 34,710
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 590 804,230
11. Computer and information sciences and support services 460 643,145
25. Library science 25 43,085
27. Mathematics and statistics 110 99,360
30D Interdisciplinary mathematics, computer and information sciences177 0 18,640
Architecture, engineering, and related trades 4,190 3,506,120
04. Architecture and related services 130 135,020
14. Engineering 655 900,475
15. Engineering/engineering-related technologies/technicians 940 726,155
30.12 Historic preservation and conservation 0 580
46. Construction trades 1,025 703,905
47. Mechanic and repair technologies/technicians 970 659,480
48. Precision production 470 380,505
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 425 407,545
01. Agricultural and veterinary sciences/services/operations and related fields178 315 262,580
03. Natural resources and conservation 105 144,960
Health and related fields 2,200 2,444,500
30.37 Design for human health 0 40
31. Parks, recreation, leisure, fitness, and kinesiology 260 180,785
51. Health professions and related programs178 1,935 2,194,395
60. Health professions residency/fellowship programs 10 5,255
61. Medical residency/fellowship programs 0 64,030
Personal, protective and transportation services 1,245 1,006,425
12. Culinary, entertainment, and personal services 575 548,520
28. Military science, leadership and operational art 0 3,965
29. Military technologies and applied sciences 0 6,900
43. Security and protective services 425 227,835
49. Transportation and materials moving 245 219,205
Other179 0 5,305
Total - Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2021 for the population aged 25 to 64 years in private households - 25% sample data172 23,155 19,568,260
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree173 9,740 6,433,215
Education 785 742,175
13. Education 785 742,175
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 515 490,455
10. Communications technologies/technicians and support services 70 54,645
50. Visual and performing arts 445 435,815
Humanities 580 649,695
16. Indigenous and foreign languages, literatures, and linguistics 45 79,235
23. English language and literature/letters 170 134,815
24. Liberal arts and sciences, general studies and humanities 155 216,725
30A Interdisciplinary humanities174 10 12,910
38. Philosophy and religious studies 35 41,640
39. Theology and religious vocations 55 48,920
54. History 85 78,415
55. French language and literature/lettersCAN 20 37,045
Social and behavioural sciences and law 1,855 1,588,720
05. Area, ethnic, cultural, gender, and group studies 25 23,895
09. Communication, journalism and related programs 185 196,475
19. Family and consumer sciences/human sciences 490 270,970
22. Legal professions and studies 325 261,265
30B Interdisciplinary social and behavioural sciences175 45 37,830
42. Psychology 300 249,205
45. Social sciences 480 549,090
Business, management and public administration 2,725 2,941,315
30.16 Accounting and computer science 15 3,995
44. Public administration and social service professions 250 213,140
52. Business, management, marketing and related support services 2,460 2,724,175
Physical and life sciences and technologies 360 513,555
26. Biological and biomedical sciences 120 227,460
30.01 Biological and physical sciences 120 108,350
30C Other interdisciplinary physical and life sciences176 0 14,270
40. Physical sciences 85 140,510
41. Science technologies/technicians 30 22,960
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 485 667,305
11. Computer and information sciences and support services 390 554,185
25. Library science 15 27,610
27. Mathematics and statistics 85 70,940
30D Interdisciplinary mathematics, computer and information sciences177 0 14,565
Architecture, engineering, and related trades 3,175 2,611,205
04. Architecture and related services 110 105,845
14. Engineering 480 724,235
15. Engineering/engineering-related technologies/technicians 710 536,600
30.12 Historic preservation and conservation 0 510
46. Construction trades 765 510,105
47. Mechanic and repair technologies/technicians 765 467,225
48. Precision production 350 266,690
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 310 314,120
01. Agricultural and veterinary sciences/services/operations and related fields178 230 199,335
03. Natural resources and conservation 80 114,780
Health and related fields 1,615 1,839,975
30.37 Design for human health 0 30
31. Parks, recreation, leisure, fitness, and kinesiology 190 139,280
51. Health professions and related programs178 1,415 1,648,120
60. Health professions residency/fellowship programs 0 4,430
61. Medical residency/fellowship programs 0 48,115
Personal, protective and transportation services 1,000 772,450
12. Culinary, entertainment, and personal services 450 414,520
28. Military science, leadership and operational art 0 2,955
29. Military technologies and applied sciences 0 3,850
43. Security and protective services 365 183,025
49. Transportation and materials moving 180 168,105
Other179 0 4,075
Location of study compared with province or territory of residence
Total - Location of study compared with province or territory of residence for the population aged 25 to 64 years in private households - 25% sample data180 23,155 19,568,260
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 9,740 6,433,215
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree181 13,410 13,135,040
Location of study inside Canada 11,855 10,490,520
Same as province or territory of residence 11,340 9,251,025
Different than province or territory of residence 515 1,239,495
Location of study outside Canada182 1,555 2,644,520
Americas 390 483,810
United States of America 220 279,005
Mexico 25 36,400
Cuba 10 8,345
Haiti 0 10,620
Jamaica 30 12,780
Brazil 20 40,050
Colombia 15 31,165
Peru 15 7,780
Venezuela95 10 12,655
Other locations of study in Americas 50 45,000
Europe 470 543,725
Belgium 0 7,795
France 10 97,770
Germany 0 22,450
Netherlands 15 10,825
Switzerland 0 8,470
Hungary 0 5,160
Moldova183 15 9,055
Poland 65 25,215
Romania 45 32,250
Russian Federation 70 36,095
Ukraine 35 36,405
Ireland96 15 16,040
United Kingdom87 110 151,900
Bosnia and Herzegovina 0 6,030
Italy 20 8,895
Serbia86 0 8,745
Other locations of study in Europe 55 60,615
Africa 60 216,815
Nigeria 25 33,280
Algeria 0 33,230
Morocco 0 23,640
Tunisia 0 12,655
Egypt 0 30,255
South Africa, Republic of 15 19,060
Other locations of study in Africa 20 64,700
Asia 615 1,352,215
Iran88 0 66,630
Iraq 55 16,515
Israel 0 11,355
Lebanon 10 19,565
Syria89 0 16,405
Turkey 10 11,855
China90 45 201,100
Taiwan 0 14,520
Hong Kong91 0 18,325
Japan 10 18,605
Korea, South92 25 53,575
Philippines 130 305,795
Viet Nam 10 12,500
Bangladesh 0 25,000
Sri Lanka 30 15,085
India 170 405,850
Pakistan 55 75,155
Other locations of study in Asia 55 64,385
Oceania 25 47,960
Australia 15 38,525
New Zealand 0 7,785
Other locations of study in Oceania 0 1,655
Labour force status
Total - Population aged 15 years and over by labour force status - 25% sample data184 35,095 30,335,915
In the labour force 23,255 19,310,345
Employed 21,025 17,321,695
Unemployed 2,230 1,988,645
Not in the labour force 11,840 11,025,575
Participation rate 66.3 63.7
Employment rate 59.9 57.1
Unemployment rate 9.6 10.3
Work activity during the reference year
Total - Population aged 15 years and over by work activity during the reference year - 25% sample data185 35,095 30,335,920
Did not work186 11,850 11,140,775
Worked 23,240 19,195,145
Worked full year full time187 13,365 10,215,385
Worked part year and/or part time188 9,875 8,979,760
Average weeks worked in reference year 42.4 41.0
Class of worker including job permanency
Total - Labour force aged 15 years and over by class of worker including job permanency - 25% sample data189 23,255 19,310,340
Class of worker - not applicable190 380 486,865
All classes of workers191 22,870 18,823,480
Employee 19,650 16,103,455
Permanent position 17,195 13,431,685
Temporary position 2,460 2,671,765
Fixed term (1 year or more) 770 867,740
Casual, seasonal or short-term position (less than 1 year) 1,690 1,804,030
Self-employed192 3,220 2,720,025
Occupation - Broad category - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2021
Total - Labour force aged 15 years and over by occupation - Broad category - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2021 - 25% sample data193 23,255 19,310,340
Occupation - not applicable190 380 486,865
All occupations191 22,870 18,823,480
0 Legislative and senior management occupations 220 254,760
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 3,695 3,303,180
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 1,435 1,587,980
3 Health occupations 1,220 1,504,100
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 2,315 2,322,345
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 520 596,785
6 Sales and service occupations 5,090 4,616,050
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 5,695 3,239,500
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 585 541,235
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 2,095 857,540
Industry - Sectors - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2017
Total - Labour force aged 15 years and over by industry - Sectors - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2017 - 25% sample data194 23,255 19,310,340
Industry - not applicable190 380 486,865
All industries191 22,870 18,823,480
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 350 434,800
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 20 239,030
22 Utilities 130 147,750
23 Construction 3,180 1,469,085
31-33 Manufacturing 3,765 1,540,490
41 Wholesale trade 885 610,295
44-45 Retail trade 2,485 2,149,640
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 1,395 981,030
51 Information and cultural industries 300 400,460
52 Finance and insurance 630 815,225
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 435 343,940
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 1,190 1,571,160
55 Management of companies and enterprises 85 45,455
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 1,130 792,600
61 Educational services 1,520 1,413,320
62 Health care and social assistance 1,940 2,446,370
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 355 350,710
72 Accommodation and food services 1,100 1,085,270
81 Other services (except public administration) 960 797,935
91 Public administration 1,015 1,188,915
All languages used at work
Total - All languages used at work for the population in private households aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2020 - 25% sample data195 24,705 20,630,520
English 24,020 14,942,170
French 20 3,164,890
Non-official language 70 169,205
Indigenous39 0 6,935
Non-Indigenous 70 162,265
English and French 215 1,682,510
English and non-official language(s) 360 570,220
French and non-official language(s) 0 20,935
English, French and non-official language(s) 20 69,340
Multiple non-official languages 0 11,265
Language used most often at work
Total - Language used most often at work for the population aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2020, in private households, 2021 Census - 25% sample data196 24,705 20,630,520
Single responses 24,580 20,176,640
Official languages 24,410 19,866,180
English 24,365 15,879,850
French 45 3,986,330
Non-official languages 165 310,455
Indigenous languages39 0 19,435
Algonquian languages 0 11,600
Blackfoot 0 60
Cree-Innu languages 0 9,115
Atikamekw 0 1,015
Cree languages 0 5,985
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 110
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 765
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0 80
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 190
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 140
Cree, n.o.s. 0 4,695
Innu (Montagnais) 0 1,955
Naskapi 0 155
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 835
Mi'kmaq 0 825
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 10
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 1,585
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 20
Oji-Cree 0 875
Ojibway languages 0 695
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 40
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 40
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0 610
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 895
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 890
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 20
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 535
Gwich'in 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 155
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 35
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 25
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 100
Tahltan languages 0 10
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 130
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 30
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0
Tlingit 0 10
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0
Haida 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 0 6,630
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 20
Inuinnaqtun 0 15
Inuvialuktun 0 10
Inuktitut 0 6,605
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 30
Mohawk 0 30
Oneida 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 10
Michif 0 25
Salish languages 0 125
Halkomelem 0 35
Lillooet 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 30
Squamish 0 10
Straits 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 20
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 15
Siouan languages 0 30
Assiniboine 0 0
Dakota 0 10
Stoney 0 15
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 40
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 20
Nisga'a 0 10
Tsimshian 0 15
Wakashan languages 0 40
Haisla 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 10
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 15
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 15
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 10
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 10
Non-Indigenous languages 165 291,025
Afro-Asiatic languages 20 9,265
Berber languages 0 45
Kabyle 0 30
Tamazight 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0
Chadic languages 0 10
Coptic 0 0
Cushitic languages 0 415
Bilen 0 10
Oromo 0 40
Somali 0 365
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0
Semitic languages 20 8,785
Amharic 0 215
Arabic 0 7,190
Aramaic languages 15 460
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 10 330
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 90
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0 40
Hebrew 0 585
Tigrigna 0 325
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 20
Austro-Asiatic languages 15 9,770
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 495
Vietnamese 15 9,260
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 15
Austronesian languages 0 4,760
Bikol 0 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 0 45
Cebuano 0 95
Hiligaynon 0 15
Ilocano 0 165
Indonesian 0 170
Kankanaey 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0
Malay 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 15
Pangasinan 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 0 4,205
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 50
Creole languages 0 390
Haitian Creole 0 375
Jamaican English Creole 0 0
Morisyen 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 10
Dravidian languages 0 3,010
Kannada 0 10
Malayalam 0 250
Tamil 0 2,685
Telugu 0 70
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0
Georgian 0 80
Indo-European languages 115 112,395
Albanian 0 315
Armenian 0 530
Balto-Slavic languages 35 10,085
Baltic languages 0 95
Latvian 0 50
Lithuanian 0 45
Slavic languages 35 9,995
Bulgarian 0 145
Czech 0 105
Macedonian 0 75
Polish 10 2,265
Russian 20 5,240
Serbo-Croatian 0 835
Bosnian 0 120
Croatian