Census Profile, 2021 Census of Population
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Topic:
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Age
Age characteristics
Commuting
Select all: Commuting
Commuting destination
Commuting duration
Main mode of commuting
Place of work status
Time leaving for work
Education
Select all: Education
Highest certificate, diploma or degree
Location of study compared with province or territory of residence
Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2021
Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificate
Ethnocultural and religious diversity
Select all: Ethnocultural and religious diversity
Ethnic or cultural origin
Religion
Visible minority
Families, households, and marital status
Select all: Families, households, and marital status
Family characteristics
Household type
Marital status
Housing
Household characteristics
Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
Select all: Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
Admission category and applicant type
Age at immigration
Citizenship
Generation status
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Pre-admission experience
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Income
Select all: Income
Income of economic families in 2020
Income of households in 2020
Income of individuals in 2019
Income of individuals in 2020
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Indigenous peoples
Select all: Indigenous peoples
Indigenous ancestry
Indigenous population
Instruction in the minority official language
Select all: Instruction in the minority official language
Children eligible for instruction in the minority official language
Eligibility and instruction in the minority official language for school-aged children
Labour
Select all: Labour
Class of worker including job permanency
Industry - Sectors - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2017
Labour force status
Occupation - Broad category - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2021
Work activity during the reference year
Language
Select all: Language
All languages spoken at home
First official language spoken
Knowledge of languages
Knowledge of official languages
Language spoken most often at home
Mother tongue
Other language spoken regularly at home
Language of work
Select all: Language of work
All languages used at work
Language used most often at work
Other language(s) used regularly at work
Mobility and migration
Select all: Mobility and migration
Mobility status 1 year ago
Mobility status 5 years ago
Population and dwelling counts
Population and dwellings
Type of dwelling
Household and dwelling characteristics
GenderMore information:


Statistic:
Characteristic YellowknifeMore information:
Northwest Territories
[Population centre]
Counts
Total Men+ Women+
Population and dwellings
Population, 20211 19,673 ... ...
Population, 20161 19,141r ... ...
Population percentage change, 2016 to 2021 2.8 ... ...
Total private dwellings2 7,773 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residents3 7,327 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 1,086.3 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 18.11 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups of the population - 100% data 19,670 9,795 9,880
0 to 14 years 3,995 2,020 1,975
0 to 4 years 1,320 665 650
5 to 9 years 1,370 695 675
10 to 14 years 1,305 660 645
15 to 64 years 14,125 7,000 7,125
15 to 19 years 1,155 565 590
20 to 24 years 1,285 685 595
25 to 29 years 1,565 795 770
30 to 34 years 1,795 855 945
35 to 39 years 1,675 805 870
40 to 44 years 1,595 750 845
45 to 49 years 1,355 680 685
50 to 54 years 1,280 640 640
55 to 59 years 1,345 665 675
60 to 64 years 1,070 560 510
65 years and over 1,550 765 780
65 to 69 years 710 365 345
70 to 74 years 415 230 190
75 to 79 years 230 105 125
80 to 84 years 95 40 50
85 years and over 100 35 65
85 to 89 years 30 15 15
90 to 94 years 65 25 50
95 to 99 years 5 0 5
100 years and over 0 0 0
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 20.3 20.6 20.0
15 to 64 years 71.8 71.5 72.1
65 years and over 7.9 7.8 7.9
85 years and over 0.5 0.4 0.7
Average age of the population 35.5 35.4 35.7
Median age of the population 35.2 34.8 35.2
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% data 7,325 ... ...
Single-detached house 3,230 ... ...
Semi-detached house 195 ... ...
Row house 885 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 305 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 1,935 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 295 ... ...
Other single-attached house 15 ... ...
Movable dwelling4 465 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% data 7,330 ... ...
1 person 1,760 ... ...
2 persons 2,245 ... ...
3 persons 1,325 ... ...
4 persons 1,265 ... ...
5 or more persons 735 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 19,345 9,615 9,735
Average household size 2.6 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the total population aged 15 years and over - 100% data 15,675 7,770 7,905
Married or living common-law 8,855 4,420 4,435
Married 6,320 3,175 3,140
Living common-law 2,535 1,240 1,290
Living common law - Never married 2,060 1,000 1,060
Living common law - Separated 75 40 35
Living common law - Divorced 380 195 185
Living common law - Widowed 25 10 15
Not married and not living common-law 6,825 3,355 3,465
Not married and not living common law - Never married 5,275 2,780 2,495
Not married and not living common law - Separated 360 155 205
Not married and not living common law - Divorced 785 315 465
Not married and not living common law - Widowed 400 95 300
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% data5 5,275 ... ...
2 persons 2,410 ... ...
3 persons 1,195 ... ...
4 persons 1,170 ... ...
5 or more persons 500 ... ...
Average size of census families 3.0 ... ...
Average number of children in census families with children6 1.8 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% data 5,275 ... ...
Total couple families 4,285 ... ...
Married couples 3,015 ... ...
With children6 1,885 ... ...
Without children 1,125 ... ...
Common-law couples 1,270 ... ...
With children6 575 ... ...
Without children 690 ... ...
Total one-parent families 995 ... ...
in which the parent is a woman+ 750 ... ...
in which the parent is a man+ 240 ... ...
Total - Persons in private households - 100% data 19,345 9,615 9,735
Total - Persons in census families 15,775 7,715 8,060
Married spouses or common-law partners 8,565 4,240 4,320
Parents in one-parent families 995 240 750
Children6 6,215 3,230 2,985
In a two-parent family 4,620 2,420 2,195
In a one-parent family 1,600 810 790
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 3,570 1,900 1,670
Living alone 1,760 870 885
Living with other relatives7 490 225 260
Living with non-relatives only 1,325 800 525
Household type
Total - Household type - 100% data 7,330 ... ...
One-census-family households without additional persons 4,455 ... ...
Couple-family households 3,715 ... ...
With children6 2,200 ... ...
Without children 1,520 ... ...
One-parent-family households 735 ... ...
Multigenerational households8 205 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households9 55 ... ...
One-census-family households with additional persons9 365 ... ...
Two-or-more-person non-census-family households 485 ... ...
One-person households 1,760 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2020
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data10 15,355 7,595 7,765
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 15,260 7,550 7,705
Median total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 71,500 76,500 67,000
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 15,260 7,550 7,710
Median after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 62,000 65,500 58,800
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 13,960 6,970 6,990
Median market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 73,000 79,000 68,000
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 13,090 6,595 6,500
Median employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 73,000 78,500 69,000
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 15,215 7,525 7,685
Median government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 1,510 1,220 2,100
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 1,175 540 635
Median employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 6,280 5,600 6,500
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 3,430 1,675 1,755
Median COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 8,000 8,000 8,000
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data11 15,375 7,610 7,760
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 15,270 7,550 7,720
Average total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 79,200 84,600 73,800
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 15,270 7,550 7,720
Average after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 65,600 69,200 62,050
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 13,945 6,910 7,035
Average market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 79,400 86,300 72,700
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 13,100 6,555 6,545
Average employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 77,900 83,600 72,300
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 15,225 7,530 7,705
Average government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 6,650 5,670 7,610
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 1,170 480 685
Average employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 7,360 5,940 8,360
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 3,560 1,790 1,770
Average COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 8,720 8,650 8,800
Total - Employment income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data12 15,370 7,610 7,765
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 7,855 4,075 3,785
Median employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 99,000 102,000 94,000
Average employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 101,900 105,400 98,200
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 3,835 1,830 2,010
Median employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 29,000 34,800 27,200
Average employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 43,200 47,680 39,120
Composition of total income in 2020 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data17 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)18 91.6 93.4 89.8
Employment income (%)19 84.4 85.8 83.0
Government transfers (%)20 8.4 6.7 10.3
Employment insurance benefits (%) 0.7 0.5 1.0
COVID-19 - Government income support and benefits (%) 2.8 2.6 3.2
COVID-19 - Emergency and recovery benefits (%) 2.6 2.4 2.7
Total - Total income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data21 15,360 7,595 7,760
Without total income 100 45 55
With total income 15,255 7,550 7,705
Under $10,000 (including loss) 1,395 675 725
$10,000 to $19,999 840 380 455
$20,000 to $29,999 1,170 565 610
$30,000 to $39,999 1,085 460 625
$40,000 to $49,999 1,055 490 565
$50,000 to $59,999 990 440 550
$60,000 to $69,999 910 435 475
$70,000 to $79,999 1,005 485 520
$80,000 to $89,999 910 400 510
$90,000 to $99,999 925 465 460
$100,000 and over 4,975 2,760 2,220
$100,000 to $149,999 3,570 1,860 1,710
$150,000 and over 1,410 900 510
Total - After-tax income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data22 15,360 7,595 7,760
Without after-tax income 100 45 50
With after-tax income 15,260 7,550 7,705
Under $10,000 (including loss) 1,430 685 745
$10,000 to $19,999 870 405 465
$20,000 to $29,999 1,270 605 670
$30,000 to $39,999 1,300 570 735
$40,000 to $49,999 1,225 570 655
$50,000 to $59,999 1,290 630 655
$60,000 to $69,999 1,245 575 665
$70,000 to $79,999 1,205 560 640
$80,000 to $89,999 1,180 565 615
$90,000 to $99,999 1,155 615 535
$100,000 and over 3,095 1,775 1,320
$100,000 to $124,999 1,905 1,015 895
$125,000 and over 1,195 765 425
Total - Employment income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data19 15,360 7,595 7,760
Without employment income 2,260 1,005 1,260
With employment income 13,095 6,590 6,500
Under $5,000 (including loss) 940 445 495
$5,000 to $9,999 650 305 345
$10,000 to $19,999 890 400 495
$20,000 to $29,999 815 350 460
$30,000 to $39,999 750 405 345
$40,000 to $49,999 700 345 360
$50,000 to $59,999 780 390 395
$60,000 to $69,999 775 370 405
$70,000 to $79,999 770 335 440
$80,000 to $89,999 850 380 475
$90,000 to $99,999 815 420 395
$100,000 and over 4,355 2,455 1,895
$100,000 to $124,999 2,025 1,055 975
$125,000 and over 2,325 1,400 920
Income of individuals in 2019
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data23 15,355 7,595 7,765
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 14,660 7,255 7,405
Median total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 70,000 76,500 64,000
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 14,660 7,255 7,405
Median after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 60,800 65,000 56,400
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 13,830 6,905 6,925
Median market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 70,000 77,500 63,600
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 13,055 6,560 6,495
Median employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 70,500 77,000 64,500
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 13,300 6,495 6,795
Median government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 1,000 1,000 1,150
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 -100% data 1,080 465 620
Median employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 7,100 6,240 8,000
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data24 15,375 7,610 7,760
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 14,675 7,245 7,430
Average total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 77,900 84,900 71,100
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 14,675 7,245 7,430
Average after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 64,400 69,100 59,900
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 13,820 6,850 6,970
Average market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 78,200 86,200 70,300
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 13,065 6,530 6,535
Average employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 75,900 82,600 69,200
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 13,335 6,470 6,865
Average government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 4,764 3,832 5,635
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 1,060 440 620
Average employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 9,280 7,880 10,240
Total - Employment income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data25 15,370 7,610 7,765
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 7,785 4,000 3,785
Median employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 94,000 100,000 89,000
Average employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 96,000 101,600 90,100
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 3,705 1,800 1,905
Median employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 34,800 40,400 28,600
Average employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 49,560 55,100 44,360
Composition of total income in 2019 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%) 94.4 96.0 92.6
Employment income (%) 86.8 87.8 85.6
Government transfers (%) 5.6 4.0 7.3
Employment insurance benefits (%) 0.9 0.6 1.2
Income of households in 2020
Total - Income statistics for private households - 100% data26 7,330 ... ...
Median total income of household in 2020 ($) 146,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 125,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 100% data 1,760 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 88,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 75,500 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 100% data 5,570 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 174,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 148,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for private households - 25% sample data27 7,335 ... ...
Average total income of household in 2020 ($) 164,800 ... ...
Average after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 136,600 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 25% sample data 1,755 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 92,400 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 75,700 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 25% sample data 5,575 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 187,600 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 155,600 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data21 7,330 ... ...
Under $5,000 30 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 20 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 25 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 30 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 65 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 95 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 110 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 95 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 120 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 105 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 245 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 240 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 280 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 295 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 300 ... ...
$100,000 and over 5,270 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 895 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 805 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 1,305 ... ...
$200,000 and over 2,260 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data22 7,330 ... ...
Under $5,000 35 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 25 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 25 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 35 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 70 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 105 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 120 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 110 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 130 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 120 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 310 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 345 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 340 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 420 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 440 ... ...
$100,000 and over 4,685 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 1,030 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 865 ... ...
$150,000 and over 2,790 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2020
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 100% data28 5,180 ... ...
Median total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 172,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 146,000 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 100% data 1,635 ... ...
Median total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 166,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 139,000 ... ...
Average family size of couple-only economic families 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 100% data 2,485 ... ...
Median total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 208,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 174,000 ... ...
Average family size of couple-with-children economic families 4.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 890 ... ...
Median total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 97,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 87,000 ... ...
Average family size of one-parent economic families 2.8 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% data29 3,085 1,670 1,410
Median total income in 2020 ($)30 73,000 70,500 76,000
Median after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 62,800 60,800 64,500
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 25% sample data31 5,185 ... ...
Average total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 185,200 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 153,200 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 25% sample data 1,605 ... ...
Average total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 182,200 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 149,600 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 25% sample data 2,520 ... ...
Average total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 215,400 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 177,600 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 860 ... ...
Average total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 106,400 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 91,600 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample data32 3,075 1,635 1,445
Average total income in 2020 ($)30 81,000 81,100 80,900
Average after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 67,300 67,100 67,500
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Total - LIM low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households - 100% data33 19,350 9,615 9,730
0 to 17 years 4,680 2,375 2,300
0 to 5 years 1,635 825 810
18 to 64 years 13,240 6,510 6,730
65 years and over 1,425 730 695
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 830 405 425
0 to 17 years 300 160 145
0 to 5 years 120 60 55
18 to 64 years 460 210 245
65 years and over 75 35 40
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 4.3 4.2 4.4
0 to 17 years (%) 6.4 6.6 6.2
0 to 5 years (%) 7.2 7.4 7.0
18 to 64 years (%) 3.5 3.3 3.6
65 years and over (%) 5.2 4.8 5.6
Total - LICO low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households to whom the low-income concept is applicable - 100% data33 0 0 0
0 to 17 years 0 0 0
0 to 5 years 0 0 0
18 to 64 years 0 0 0
65 years and over 0 0 0
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 0 0 0
0 to 17 years 0 0 0
0 to 5 years 0 0 0
18 to 64 years 0 0 0
65 years and over 0 0 0
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) x x x
0 to 17 years (%) x x x
0 to 5 years (%) x x x
18 to 64 years (%) x x x
65 years and over (%) x x x
Total - Adjusted after-tax economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% data34The letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice. 19,350 9,615 9,730
In bottom half of the distribution 4,340 2,155 2,185
In bottom decile 850 445 405
In second decile 885 405 480
In third decile 825 395 430
In fourth decile 845 430 420
In fifth decile 935 485 455
In top half of the distribution 15,005 7,460 7,545
In sixth decile 1,190 580 610
In seventh decile 1,565 775 790
In eighth decile 2,045 1,000 1,050
In ninth decile 3,555 1,780 1,775
In top decile 6,645 3,330 3,320
Total - Inequality measures for the population in private households - 100% data35 19,345 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household total income 0.292 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household market income 0.344 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household after-tax income 0.263 ... ...
P90/P10 ratio on adjusted household after-tax income 3.7 ... ...
Knowledge of official languages
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data36 19,420 9,665 9,755
English only 16,005 8,115 7,890
French only 85 40 45
English and French 3,225 1,465 1,765
Neither English nor French 105 45 60
First official language spoken
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data37 19,420 9,665 9,755
English 18,375 9,140 9,235
French 840 430 410
English and French 105 55 55
Neither English nor French 95 35 55
Mother tongue
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data38 19,420 9,665 9,755
Single responses 18,645 9,300 9,340
Official languages 15,655 7,935 7,725
English 14,835 7,505 7,330
French 820 430 395
Non-official languages 2,990 1,370 1,615
Indigenous languages39 430 130 300
Algonquian languages 20 10 10
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 10 0 5
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 10 0 5
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 5 0 5
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 5 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 5 0 0
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 5 5
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 10 5 5
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 5 5 5
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 315 100 215
Northern Athabaskan languages 315 100 215
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 65 25 35
Gwich'in 5 0 5
Slavey-Hare languages 85 20 65
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 15 0 15
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 50 15 40
Slavey, n.o.s. 15 5 15
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 155 50 105
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 95 25 70
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 30 5 25
Inuinnaqtun 15 5 10
Inuvialuktun 15 0 10
Inuktitut 70 15 50
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 2,560 1,245 1,320
Afro-Asiatic languages 240 150 95
Berber languages 10 10 0
Kabyle 0 0 0
Tamazight 10 5 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 0 0 0
Hausa 0 0 0
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 50 25 20
Bilen 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 50 25 20
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 180 115 70
Amharic 20 15 5
Arabic 115 75 45
Aramaic languages 0 0 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 5 5 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 50 25 20
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 145 65 80
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 140 60 80
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 820 340 480
Bikol 5 5 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 15 0 10
Cebuano 55 15 40
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 10 5 10
Ilocano 60 25 35
Indonesian 0 0 0
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10 0 5
Pangasinan 5 0 5
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 645 280 365
Waray-Waray 5 0 5
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5
Creole languages 15 10 10
Haitian Creole 0 0 0
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 5 0 0
Morisyen 5 0 0
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 10 5 5
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Dravidian languages 85 50 40
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 45 25 20
Tamil 15 10 10
Telugu 25 10 10
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 800 425 375
Albanian 5 0 0
Armenian 35 15 20
Balto-Slavic languages 105 50 55
Baltic languages 0 0 0
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Slavic languages 105 50 55
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 10 10 0
Czech 5 0 0
Macedonian 10 5 0
Polish 15 5 10
Russian 25 10 15
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 15 10 5
Bosnian 5 5 0
Croatian 5 5 0
Serbian 10 5 5
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Slovak 15 5 10
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0
Ukrainian 5 0 5
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 5 5 0
Irish 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0
Welsh 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 160 85 75
Frisian 0 0 0
High German languages 80 45 35
German 80 45 35
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 0 0 0
Yiddish 0 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 70 30 40
Afrikaans 20 10 15
Dutch 35 20 20
Low German, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 10 5 5
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0
Scandinavian languages 10 5 5
Danish 5 0 0
Icelandic 0 0 5
Norwegian 0 0 0
Swedish 5 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Greek 10 5 0
Indo-Iranian languages 360 205 155
Indo-Aryan languages 345 195 145
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 55 25 30
Gujarati 25 15 10
Hindi 40 25 15
Kacchi 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0
Nepali 15 5 5
Oriya languages 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 135 85 45
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 5 0 5
Urdu 60 30 30
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0
Iranian languages 15 5 10
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 0 0 0
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 0 0 0
Persian languages 15 5 10
Dari 0 0 0
Iranian Persian 10 0 5
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 10 0 5
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 125 60 70
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 25 15 5
Portuguese 5 0 5
Romanian 10 5 5
Spanish 85 35 55
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 50 20 35
Korean 30 10 20
Mongolian 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 115 60 60
Akan (Twi) 5 5 0
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0
Éwé 5 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0
Ganda 10 5 5
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0
Lingala 0 0 0
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 10 5 10
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Shona 40 15 25
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 5 0 0
Swahili 10 5 0
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0
Yoruba 5 5 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10
Nilo-Saharan languages 5 5 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0
African, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Sign languages 5 5 0
American Sign Language 5 5 0
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages 205 100 105
Chinese languages 205 100 105
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 80 45 40
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 5 0 5
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0
Yue (Cantonese) 110 55 60
Chinese, n.o.s. 5 0 5
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0
Burmese 0 0 0
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 5 0 0
Lao 0 0 0
Thai 5 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 10 0 5
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 5 5 5
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Uralic languages 20 10 10
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 10 0 5
Hungarian 15 10 5
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Multiple responses 775 360 415
English and French 195 95 95
English and non-official language(s) 505 230 275
French and non-official language(s) 20 10 10
English, French and non-official language(s) 15 10 5
Multiple non-official languages 40 15 25
All languages spoken at home
Total - All languages spoken at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data40 19,420 9,665 9,755
English 15,410 7,770 7,640
French 360 180 180
Non-official language 665 325 335
Indigenous39 40 15 30
Non-Indigenous 625 315 305
English and French 650 315 335
English and non-official language(s) 2,145 980 1,160
French and non-official language(s) 10 5 5
English, French and non-official language(s) 110 60 55
Multiple non-official languages 75 30 40
Language spoken most often at home
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data41 19,420 9,665 9,755
Single responses 18,775 9,365 9,405
Official languages 17,325 8,660 8,670
English 16,840 8,420 8,415
French 490 235 250
Non-official languages 1,450 710 740
Indigenous languages39 70 25 45
Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 0 0 0
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0 0 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 0 0 0
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 60 20 35
Northern Athabaskan languages 60 20 35
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 10 5 10
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 20 10 15
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 20 5 15
Slavey, n.o.s. 5 0 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 25 5 20
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 5 0 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 5 0 5
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 1,380 690 690
Afro-Asiatic languages 170 105 65
Berber languages 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 0 0 0
Hausa 0 0 0
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 40 25 15
Bilen 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 40 25 15
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 130 75 55
Amharic 10 5 10
Arabic 75 45 30
Aramaic languages 0 0 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 0 0 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 50 35 15
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 100 45 55
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 100 45 55
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 470 215 255
Bikol 0 0 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Cebuano 30 10 20
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 5 5 5
Ilocano 35 20 15
Indonesian 0 0 0
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 390 180 210
Waray-Waray 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Creole languages 5 5 5
Haitian Creole 0 0 0
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 0 0 0
Morisyen 0 0 0
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Dravidian languages 55 30 30
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 25 15 15
Tamil 5 5 5
Telugu 20 10 5
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 360 190 175
Albanian 0 0 0
Armenian 15 10 10
Balto-Slavic languages 35 20 20
Baltic languages 0 0 0
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Slavic languages 35 20 20
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 5 0 5
Czech 0 0 0
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 10 0 5
Russian 15 5 10
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0
Bosnian 0 0 0
Croatian 0 0 0
Serbian 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Slovak 10 5 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0
Ukrainian 0 0 0
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 0 0 0
Irish 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0
Welsh 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 30 15 15
Frisian 0 0 0
High German languages 10 5 5
German 10 5 5
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 0 0 0
Yiddish 0 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 20 5 10
Afrikaans 10 5 5
Dutch 0 0 0
Low German, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 0 0 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0
Scandinavian languages 0 0 0
Danish 0 0 0
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 0 0 0
Swedish 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Greek 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages 245 140 105
Indo-Aryan languages 225 135 95
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 45 20 25
Gujarati 15 10 10
Hindi 20 10 10
Kacchi 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0
Nepali 5 0 5
Oriya languages 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 120 85 40
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0
Urdu 25 10 15
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iranian languages 15 5 10
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 0 0 0
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 0 0 0
Persian languages 10 5 10
Dari 0 0 0
Iranian Persian 10 5 5
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 5 0 0
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 40 15 25
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 0 0 0
Portuguese 0 0 0
Romanian 0 0 0
Spanish 35 15 25
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 35 15 20
Korean 15 5 10
Mongolian 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 25 10 20
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0
Éwé 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0
Lingala 0 0 0
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Shona 10 5 10
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0
Swahili 0 0 0
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
African, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Sign languages 10 5 0
American Sign Language 5 5 0
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages 120 60 60
Chinese languages 120 60 60
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 55 30 25
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0
Yue (Cantonese) 60 25 30
Chinese, n.o.s. 5 0 5
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0
Burmese 0 0 0
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 0 0 0
Lao 0 0 0
Thai 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 5 5 5
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 5 5 5
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Uralic languages 0 0 0
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 0 0 0
Hungarian 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Multiple responses 645 295 350
English and French 145 70 80
English and non-official language(s) 475 220 255
French and non-official language(s) 5 5 0
English, French and non-official language(s) 10 5 5
Multiple non-official languages 10 0 10
Other language spoken regularly at home
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data42 19,420 9,665 9,755
None 16,975 8,530 8,440
English 715 340 375
French 405 200 205
Non-official language 1,035 445 590
Indigenous39 195 65 130
Non-Indigenous 840 380 460
English and French 20 10 10
English and non-official language(s) 115 60 50
French and non-official language(s) 65 35 30
English, French and non-official language(s) 5 0 0
Multiple non-official languages 95 45 50
Knowledge of languagesThe letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice.
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample data43 19,405 9,640 9,760
Official languages 19,295 9,610 9,685
English 19,145 9,540 9,600
French 3,380 1,570 1,810
Non-official languages 4,390 2,015 2,375
Indigenous languages39 610 195 415
Algonquian languages 40 10 30
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 25 10 25
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 25 10 25
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0 0 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 15 0 15
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 10 0
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 25 0 20
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 30 10 20
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 15 10 10
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 430 140 290
Northern Athabaskan languages 430 140 290
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 95 40 60
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 105 30 80
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 25 0 20
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 65 20 40
Slavey, n.o.s. 25 0 20
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 250 85 170
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 140 40 95
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 25 0 25
Inuinnaqtun 20 0 20
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 110 40 70
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 3,780 1,820 1,965
Afro-Asiatic languages 455 280 180
Berber languages 45 30 10
Kabyle 0 0 0
Tamazight 45 30 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 0 0 0
Hausa 0 0 0
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 65 55 15
Bilen 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 65 55 15
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 375 210 160
Amharic 40 25 15
Arabic 245 155 85
Aramaic languages 0 0 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 10 0 10
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 95 45 50
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 225 95 125
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 220 95 125
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 1,040 445 595
Bikol 0 0 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 10 0 10
Cebuano 75 25 50
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0
Ilocano 110 55 55
Indonesian 10 0 10
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 25 15 10
Pangasinan 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,015 430 580
Waray-Waray 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 15 0 10
Creole languages 60 30 25
Haitian Creole 0 0 0
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 25 10 10
Morisyen 10 0 10
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 10 10 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Dravidian languages 110 50 60
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 80 40 35
Tamil 65 30 30
Telugu 0 0 0
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 1,420 690 725
Albanian 0 0 0
Armenian 45 25 15
Balto-Slavic languages 185 85 100
Baltic languages 0 0 0
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Slavic languages 175 85 100
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 20 10 10
Czech 0 0 0
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 15 10 10
Russian 90 40 45
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 15 15 0
Bosnian 10 0 0
Croatian 0 0 0
Serbian 15 10 0
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Slovak 20 0 20
Slovene (Slovenian) 10 0 0
Ukrainian 10 0 10
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 0 0 0
Irish 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0
Welsh 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 340 170 175
Frisian 0 0 0
High German languages 195 105 90
German 195 105 90
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 0 0 0
Yiddish 0 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 145 55 90
Afrikaans 75 30 45
Dutch 70 20 45
Low German, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 0 0 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0
Scandinavian languages 30 20 10
Danish 0 0 0
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 0 0 0
Swedish 20 10 10
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Greek 10 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages 450 235 215
Indo-Aryan languages 425 220 205
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 125 55 75
Gujarati 0 0 0
Hindi 175 85 85
Kacchi 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0
Nepali 0 0 0
Oriya languages 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 140 70 70
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 10 10 0
Urdu 95 50 40
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iranian languages 30 15 15
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 0 0 0
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 0 0 0
Persian languages 25 10 15
Dari 0 0 0
Iranian Persian 25 10 15
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 0 0 0
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 490 230 255
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 70 25 45
Portuguese 25 0 20
Romanian 0 0 0
Spanish 410 200 215
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 85 30 55
Korean 45 15 35
Mongolian 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 190 95 90
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0
Éwé 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0
Ganda 25 10 10
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 10 10 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0
Lingala 0 0 0
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 25 10 15
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Shona 80 30 50
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0
Swahili 0 0 0
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 50 25 25
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
African, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Sign languages 25 10 10
American Sign Language 25 10 10
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages 230 120 110
Chinese languages 230 120 110
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 130 75 50
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 10 0
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0
Yue (Cantonese) 135 65 70
Chinese, n.o.s. 0 10 0
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0
Burmese 0 0 0
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 0 0 0
Lao 0 0 0
Thai 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 15 10 10
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 15 10 10
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Uralic languages 30 25 0
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 10 0 0
Hungarian 25 25 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0
Indigenous population
Total - Indigenous identity for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 19,405 9,645 9,760
Indigenous identity45 4,715 2,165 2,555
Single Indigenous responses46 4,545 2,070 2,475
First Nations (North American Indian) 2,825 1,205 1,625
Métis 1,035 540 495
Inuk (Inuit) 680 325 355
Multiple Indigenous responses47 135 75 65
Indigenous responses not included elsewhere48 35 25 20
Non-Indigenous identity 14,690 7,485 7,210
Total - Registered or Treaty Indian status for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 19,405 9,645 9,760
Registered or Treaty Indian49 2,790 1,205 1,585
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 16,620 8,435 8,180
Household characteristics
Total - Private households by tenure - 25% sample data50 7,335 ... ...
Owner 4,135 ... ...
Renter 3,205 ... ...
Dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band 0 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by condominium status - 25% sample data51 7,335 ... ...
Condominium 1,335 ... ...
Not condominium 6,000 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of bedrooms - 25% sample data52 7,335 ... ...
No bedrooms 80 ... ...
1 bedroom 1,025 ... ...
2 bedrooms 1,655 ... ...
3 bedrooms 3,180 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 1,390 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of rooms - 25% sample data53 7,335 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 2,490 ... ...
5 rooms 1,635 ... ...
6 rooms 1,130 ... ...
7 rooms 795 ... ...
8 or more rooms 1,295 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 5.5 ... ...
Total - Private households by number of persons per room - 25% sample data54 7,335 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 7,035 ... ...
More than one person per room 300 ... ...
Total - Private households by housing suitability - 25% sample data55 7,335 ... ...
Suitable 6,720 ... ...
Not suitable 615 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by period of construction - 25% sample data56 7,335 ... ...
1960 or before 265 ... ...
1961 to 1980 2,030 ... ...
1981 to 1990 1,815 ... ...
1991 to 2000 1,415 ... ...
2001 to 2005 590 ... ...
2006 to 2010 315 ... ...
2011 to 2015 530 ... ...
2016 to 202157 370 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by dwelling condition - 25% sample data58 7,335 ... ...
Only regular maintenance and minor repairs needed 6,545 ... ...
Major repairs needed 790 ... ...
Total - Private households by number of household maintainers - 25% sample data59 7,335 ... ...
One-maintainer household 3,235 ... ...
Two-maintainer household 3,550 ... ...
Three-or-more-maintainer household 550 ... ...
Total - Private households by age of primary household maintainers - 25% sample data60 7,335 ... ...
15 to 24 years 275 ... ...
25 to 34 years 1,490 ... ...
35 to 44 years 1,730 ... ...
45 to 54 years 1,505 ... ...
55 to 64 years 1,415 ... ...
65 to 74 years 715 ... ...
75 to 84 years 200 ... ...
85 years and over 10 ... ...
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratio - 25% sample data61 7,335 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of income on shelter costs 6,170 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs 1,165 ... ...
30% to less than 100% 1,050 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by housing indicators - 25% sample data62 7,335 ... ...
Total - Households 'spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' or 'not suitable' or 'major repairs needed' 2,300 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs only 950 ... ...
Not suitable only 475 ... ...
Major repairs needed only 615 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' 80 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'major repairs needed' 115 ... ...
'Not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 45 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 15 ... ...
Acceptable housing 5,040 ... ...
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero and shelter-cost-to-income ratio less than 100%, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data63 7,215 ... ...
In core need 750 ... ...
Not in core need 6,470 ... ...
Total - Owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 4,130 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgage64 73.6 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 9.8 ... ...
% in core housing need63 4.4 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 2,360 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 2,362 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)66 448,000 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)66 491,200 ... ...
Total - Tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 3,205 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housing67 21.7 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 23.7 ... ...
% in core housing need63 18.4 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 1,820 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 1,808 ... ...
Total - Households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band in non-farm private dwellings - 25% sample data 0 ... ...
% of households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band spending more than 30% on shelter costs61 ... ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 ... ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 ... ... ...
Indigenous ancestry
Total - Indigenous ancestry for the population in private households - 25% sample data68 19,405 9,645 9,765
Indigenous ancestry (only)69 2,860 1,265 1,595
Single Indigenous ancestry (only)70 2,700 1,190 1,510
First Nations (North American Indian) single ancestry 2,105 900 1,205
Métis single ancestry 250 155 95
Inuit single ancestry 340 135 210
Multiple Indigenous ancestries (only)71 165 75 85
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis ancestry only 65 25 35
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit ancestry only 75 45 30
Métis and Inuit ancestry only 25 0 20
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries72 1,970 935 1,035
Single Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries73 1,800 830 970
First Nations (North American Indian) and non-Indigenous ancestry only 1,185 540 650
Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 410 195 210
Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 205 95 110
Multiple Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries74 175 105 70
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 65 35 35
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 75 50 25
Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 25 20 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous ancestry only75 14,570 7,445 7,130
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample data76 19,405 9,645 9,760
Canadian citizens77 17,920 8,890 9,035
Canadian citizens aged under 18 4,545 2,270 2,280
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 13,375 6,620 6,755
Not Canadian citizens78 1,485 750 730
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample data79 19,405 9,645 9,760
Non-immigrants80 15,900 7,900 8,005
Immigrants81 3,160 1,580 1,580
Before 1980 400 215 185
1980 to 1990 240 125 120
1991 to 2000 490 235 260
2001 to 2010 790 365 425
2011 to 202182 1,235 640 600
2011 to 2015 640 345 295
2016 to 2021 595 295 305
Non-permanent residents83 345 165 175
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data84 3,160 1,575 1,580
Under 5 years 265 165 95
5 to 14 years 490 315 175
15 to 24 years 725 345 385
25 to 44 years 1,390 645 745
45 years and over 285 105 180
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data85 3,160 1,575 1,580
Americas 240 100 140
Brazil 0 0 0
Colombia 0 0 0
El Salvador 15 0 10
Guyana 0 0 0
Haiti 0 0 0
Jamaica 25 15 15
Mexico 15 0 15
Peru 0 0 0
Trinidad and Tobago 0 0 0
United States of America 110 50 65
Other places of birth in Americas 45 25 20
Europe 535 300 235
Bosnia and Herzegovina 10 0 0
Croatia 0 0 0
France 25 10 15
Germany 95 50 45
Greece 0 0 0
Hungary 15 15 0
Italy 25 15 10
Netherlands 30 15 15
Poland 0 0 0
Portugal 0 0 0
Romania 25 15 10
Russian Federation 10 10 0
Serbia86 0 0 0
Ukraine 0 0 0
United Kingdom87 190 105 80
Other places of birth in Europe 90 50 40
Africa 630 360 270
Algeria 30 20 10
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 0 0 0
Egypt 0 0 0
Eritrea 50 30 20
Ethiopia 40 20 15
Morocco 30 15 20
Nigeria 20 10 10
Somalia 65 55 10
South Africa, Republic of 70 45 25
Other places of birth in Africa 315 170 145
Asia 1,725 805 920
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Iran88 15 0 10
Iraq 0 0 0
Lebanon 0 0 0
Syria89 35 30 0
Turkey 0 0 0
China90 75 35 40
Hong Kong91 40 25 10
Korea, South92 35 0 25
Taiwan 10 0 0
Philippines 935 420 520
Viet Nam 145 50 95
Bangladesh 65 30 35
India 180 115 70
Pakistan 50 25 20
Sri Lanka 10 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 125 50 75
Oceania and other places of birth93 40 15 25
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data94 595 295 305
Americas 15 10 0
Brazil 0 0 0
Colombia 0 0 0
Haiti 0 0 0
Jamaica 0 0 0
Mexico 0 0 0
United States of America 0 0 0
Venezuela95 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 10 10 0
Europe 75 45 30
France 25 10 15
Germany 0 0 0
Ireland96 10 0 0
Italy 0 0 0
Russian Federation 0 0 0
Ukraine 0 0 0
United Kingdom87 10 10 0
Other places of birth in Europe 35 25 10
Africa 145 60 90
Algeria 0 0 0
Burundi 0 0 0
Cameroon 0 0 0
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 0 0 0
Côte d'Ivoire 0 0 0
Egypt 0 0 0
Eritrea 20 0 20
Ethiopia 20 0 15
Morocco 0 0 0
Nigeria 0 0 0
Somalia 20 15 0
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0
Sudan97 30 10 25
Tunisia 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 35 20 20
Asia 360 180 175
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Bangladesh 15 0 10
China90 15 10 0
Hong Kong91 0 0 0
India 65 40 20
Iran88 0 0 0
Iraq 0 0 0
Israel 0 0 0
Japan 0 0 0
Jordan 0 0 0
Korea, South92 0 0 0
Lebanon 0 0 0
Nepal 0 0 0
Pakistan 10 0 0
Philippines 200 85 120
Saudi Arabia 0 0 0
Sri Lanka 0 0 0
Syria89 0 0 0
Turkey 0 0 0
United Arab Emirates 0 0 0
Viet Nam 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 10 0 10
Oceania and other93 0 0 0
Australia 0 0 0
Other places of birth98 0 0 0
Generation status
Total - Generation status for the population in private households - 25% sample data99 19,405 9,640 9,760
First generation100 3,665 1,835 1,830
Second generation101 2,760 1,335 1,430
Third generation or more102 12,985 6,475 6,510
Admission category and applicant type
Total - Admission category and applicant type for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data103 2,760 1,365 1,400
Economic immigrants104 1,410 730 680
Principal applicants105 660 345 315
Secondary applicants106 750 380 370
Immigrants sponsored by family107 920 350 565
Refugees108 410 270 140
Other immigrants109 25 10 10
Pre-admission experience
Total - Pre-admission experience for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data110 2,760 1,365 1,400
Asylum claim before admission111 110 65 40
Work permits only before admission112 555 190 370
Study permits only before admission113 95 65 30
Work and study permits before admission114 180 105 75
Other permits before admission115 0 0 0
No pre-admission experience116 1,820 930 895
Visible minority
Total - Visible minority for the population in private households - 25% sample data117 19,405 9,645 9,760
Total visible minority population118 3,885 1,885 1,995
South Asian 575 290 285
Chinese 255 145 110
Black 875 460 415
Filipino 1,340 620 720
Arab 190 110 80
Latin American 90 30 65
Southeast Asian 245 95 150
West Asian 25 15 15
Korean 45 10 30
Japanese 85 40 45
Visible minority, n.i.e.119 30 15 15
Multiple visible minorities 125 55 70
Not a visible minority120 15,525 7,755 7,765
Ethnic or cultural origin
Total - Ethnic or cultural origin for the population in private households - 25% sample data121 19,405 9,645 9,760
Canadian 2,310 1,145 1,170
English 3,860 1,980 1,880
Irish 3,250 1,660 1,590
Scottish 3,425 1,635 1,790
French, n.o.s.122 1,995 1,075 915
German 1,740 895 840
Chinese 280 150 130
Italian 325 165 160
Indian (India) 315 155 160
Ukrainian 595 325 270
Dutch 620 345 275
Polish 395 170 220
Québécois 90 55 40
British Isles, n.o.s.123 655 340 315
Filipino 1,240 570 675
French Canadian 230 90 140
Caucasian (White), n.o.s.124 605 290 310
First Nations (North American Indian), n.o.s.125 700 325 380
Métis 845 440 400
European, n.o.s.126 380 175 200
Russian 155 70 80
Norwegian 420 235 185
Welsh 325 165 155
Portuguese 30 15 15
American 175 105 75
Spanish 125 60 65
Swedish 225 105 120
Hungarian 160 105 55
Acadian 155 85 75
Pakistani 60 35 25
African, n.o.s.127 285 140 145
Jewish 75 45 30
Punjabi 50 20 30
Vietnamese 210 90 120
Arab, n.o.s.128 80 50 25
Greek 45 15 30
Jamaican 35 15 25
Asian, n.o.s.129 130 60 70
Cree, n.o.s.130 385 180 210
Korean 45 15 35
Romanian 105 45 60
Lebanese 40 25 10
Iranian 15 10 10
Christian, n.i.e.131 70 30 35
Danish 200 95 100
North American Indigenous, n.o.s.132 345 140 205
Sikh 10 10 0
Austrian 115 55 60
Belgian 85 35 45
Haitian 25 10 15
Hindu 0 0 0
Mexican 25 10 10
Mennonite 80 40 40
Swiss 85 60 25
Finnish 65 50 15
Sri Lankan 0 0 0
Croatian 15 15 0
Japanese 110 45 60
South Asian, n.o.s.133 45 25 20
Mi'kmaq, n.o.s.134 150 75 80
Northern European, n.o.s.135 165 85 80
Muslim 30 10 15
Egyptian 35 10 25
Latin, Central or South American, n.o.s.136 10 0 0
Tamil 0 0 0
Icelandic 65 40 25
Colombian 0 0 0
Moroccan 65 45 20
Czech 40 15 20
Syrian 10 0 0
Guyanese 0 0 0
Afghan 0 0 0
Black, n.o.s.137 40 25 20
Serbian 15 15 0
Ojibway 40 20 20
Newfoundlander 160 100 60
Hong Konger 25 10 15
Ontarian 90 55 35
Persian 15 0 10
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 0 0 0
Turkish 0 0 0
Inuit, n.o.s.138 555 265 290
Bangladeshi 70 25 40
Algerian 35 20 15
Brazilian 0 0 0
Nigerian 30 10 20
Armenian 45 25 15
Slovak 50 15 30
Eastern European, n.o.s.139 50 20 25
Somali 55 40 15
Taiwanese 0 0 0
Iraqi 0 0 0
Salvadorean 30 20 20
African Caribbean 30 15 15
East or Southeast Asian, n.o.s.140 40 15 20
West or Central Asian or Middle Eastern, n.o.s.141 0 0 0
Caribbean, n.o.s.142 35 15 20
Algonquin 20 10 10
West Indian, n.o.s.143 0 0 0
Lithuanian 10 0 0
South African 60 35 30
Australian 50 20 30
Palestinian 0 0 0
Chilean 0 0 0
Congolese 55 35 20
Nova Scotian 35 15 20
Ethiopian 50 35 10
Hispanic, n.o.s.144 0 0 0
Peruvian 20 10 15
Yoruba 0 0 0
Cambodian (Khmer) 0 0 0
Berber 0 0 0
Albanian 0 0 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Macedonian 0 0 0
Slovenian 0 0 0
Western European, n.o.s.145 30 15 15