Census Profile, 2021 Census of Population
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Topic:
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Age
Age characteristics
Commuting
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Commuting destination
Commuting duration
Main mode of commuting
Place of work status
Time leaving for work
Education
Select all: Education
Highest certificate, diploma or degree
Location of study compared with province or territory of residence
Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2021
Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificate
Ethnocultural and religious diversity
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Ethnic or cultural origin
Religion
Visible minority
Families, households, and marital status
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Family characteristics
Household type
Marital status
Housing
Household characteristics
Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
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Admission category and applicant type
Age at immigration
Citizenship
Generation status
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Pre-admission experience
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Income
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Income of economic families in 2020
Income of households in 2020
Income of individuals in 2019
Income of individuals in 2020
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Indigenous peoples
Select all: Indigenous peoples
Indigenous ancestry
Indigenous population
Instruction in the minority official language
Select all: Instruction in the minority official language
Children eligible for instruction in the minority official language
Eligibility and instruction in the minority official language for school-aged children
Labour
Select all: Labour
Class of worker including job permanency
Industry - Sectors - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2017
Labour force status
Occupation - Broad category - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2021
Work activity during the reference year
Language
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All languages spoken at home
First official language spoken
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Other language spoken regularly at home
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Language used most often at work
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Mobility and migration
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Population and dwelling counts
Population and dwellings
Type of dwelling
Household and dwelling characteristics
GenderMore information:


Statistic:
Characteristic Wolfville, Town (T)More information:
Nova Scotia
[Census subdivision]
Counts
Total Men+ Women+
Population and dwellings
Population, 20211 5,057 ... ...
Population, 20161 4,195 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2016 to 2021 20.5 ... ...
Total private dwellings2 2,856 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residents3 2,441 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 783.3 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 6.46 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups of the population - 100% data 5,060 2,325 2,725
0 to 14 years 415 215 205
0 to 4 years 115 50 60
5 to 9 years 150 75 75
10 to 14 years 155 90 70
15 to 64 years 3,310 1,595 1,720
15 to 19 years 335 155 175
20 to 24 years 910 440 475
25 to 29 years 370 200 170
30 to 34 years 235 120 115
35 to 39 years 190 95 90
40 to 44 years 220 100 120
45 to 49 years 185 90 100
50 to 54 years 240 115 125
55 to 59 years 320 140 180
60 to 64 years 315 145 165
65 years and over 1,330 520 810
65 to 69 years 325 130 195
70 to 74 years 345 150 190
75 to 79 years 245 100 145
80 to 84 years 205 80 125
85 years and over 210 50 160
85 to 89 years 115 35 85
90 to 94 years 60 15 45
95 to 99 years 25 5 20
100 years and over 10 0 10
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 8.2 9.2 7.5
15 to 64 years 65.4 68.6 63.1
65 years and over 26.3 22.4 29.7
85 years and over 4.2 2.2 5.9
Average age of the population 44.4 42.0 46.5
Median age of the population 41.6 36.0 46.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% data 2,440 ... ...
Single-detached house 855 ... ...
Semi-detached house 105 ... ...
Row house 110 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 105 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 1,260 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 5 ... ...
Other single-attached house 5 ... ...
Movable dwelling4 5 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% data 2,440 ... ...
1 person 975 ... ...
2 persons 925 ... ...
3 persons 265 ... ...
4 persons 190 ... ...
5 or more persons 85 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 4,850 2,265 2,590
Average household size 2.0 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the total population aged 15 years and over - 100% data 4,640 2,115 2,525
Married or living common-law 2,050 1,015 1,035
Married 1,590 790 800
Living common-law 455 225 235
Living common law - Never married 360 180 180
Living common law - Separated 15 5 5
Living common law - Divorced 75 35 40
Living common law - Widowed 10 5 5
Not married and not living common-law 2,595 1,100 1,495
Not married and not living common law - Never married 1,845 905 945
Not married and not living common law - Separated 100 45 55
Not married and not living common law - Divorced 305 90 215
Not married and not living common law - Widowed 340 55 285
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% data5 1,160 ... ...
2 persons 765 ... ...
3 persons 190 ... ...
4 persons 145 ... ...
5 or more persons 50 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.6 ... ...
Average number of children in census families with children6 1.6 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% data 1,160 ... ...
Total couple families 1,000 ... ...
Married couples 775 ... ...
With children6 290 ... ...
Without children 480 ... ...
Common-law couples 230 ... ...
With children6 45 ... ...
Without children 180 ... ...
Total one-parent families 155 ... ...
in which the parent is a woman+ 140 ... ...
in which the parent is a man+ 20 ... ...
Total - Persons in private households - 100% data 4,855 2,265 2,590
Total - Persons in census families 2,965 1,445 1,520
Married spouses or common-law partners 2,005 995 1,010
Parents in one-parent families 160 20 135
Children6 805 430 375
In a two-parent family 585 310 280
In a one-parent family 220 125 95
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 1,885 820 1,065
Living alone 970 355 615
Living with other relatives7 75 25 45
Living with non-relatives only 840 435 410
Household type
Total - Household type - 100% data 2,440 ... ...
One-census-family households without additional persons 1,085 ... ...
Couple-family households 945 ... ...
With children6 320 ... ...
Without children 625 ... ...
One-parent-family households 140 ... ...
Multigenerational households8 15 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households9 10 ... ...
One-census-family households with additional persons9 40 ... ...
Two-or-more-person non-census-family households 325 ... ...
One-person households 970 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2020
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data10 4,440 2,050 2,395
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 4,325 1,990 2,335
Median total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 31,200 34,400 28,800
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 4,325 1,990 2,335
Median after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 28,600 31,000 27,000
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 3,950 1,835 2,115
Median market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 24,000 28,200 20,800
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 2,885 1,425 1,460
Median employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 18,000 20,800 15,700
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 3,665 1,620 2,040
Median government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 10,000 9,200 10,700
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 350 165 185
Median employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 5,360 5,360 5,400
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 1,405 670 735
Median COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 7,500 7,500 8,000
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data11 4,430 2,040 2,390
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 4,300 1,980 2,325
Average total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 43,760 50,320 38,160
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 4,300 1,980 2,325
Average after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 36,760 41,480 32,720
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 3,905 1,830 2,075
Average market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 38,240 45,160 32,160
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 2,825 1,415 1,410
Average employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 34,520 39,240 29,840
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 3,695 1,660 2,040
Average government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 10,490 10,230 10,690
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 370 185 185
Average employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 6,000 6,160 5,840
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 1,350 665 680
Average COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 8,020 8,120 7,920
Total - Employment income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data12 4,430 2,040 2,390
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 945 550 395
Median employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 54,400 53,600 56,400
Average employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 69,200 73,600 63,200
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 1,525 670 855
Median employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 10,600 11,700 10,100
Average employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 17,760 17,560 17,920
Composition of total income in 2020 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data17 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)18 79.4 83.0 75.4
Employment income (%)19 51.9 55.8 47.6
Government transfers (%)20 20.6 17.0 24.6
Employment insurance benefits (%) 1.2 1.1 1.2
COVID-19 - Government income support and benefits (%) 6.5 6.0 7.1
COVID-19 - Emergency and recovery benefits (%) 5.8 5.4 6.1
Total - Total income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data21 4,440 2,050 2,390
Without total income 115 60 55
With total income 4,325 1,990 2,335
Under $10,000 (including loss) 450 175 265
$10,000 to $19,999 735 315 420
$20,000 to $29,999 915 385 525
$30,000 to $39,999 545 255 295
$40,000 to $49,999 390 190 195
$50,000 to $59,999 295 125 165
$60,000 to $69,999 195 90 110
$70,000 to $79,999 180 85 100
$80,000 to $89,999 160 95 70
$90,000 to $99,999 95 50 40
$100,000 and over 370 230 140
$100,000 to $149,999 245 150 95
$150,000 and over 125 80 50
Total - After-tax income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data22 4,440 2,050 2,390
Without after-tax income 115 60 55
With after-tax income 4,325 1,990 2,335
Under $10,000 (including loss) 485 195 295
$10,000 to $19,999 760 320 440
$20,000 to $29,999 1,020 435 580
$30,000 to $39,999 620 290 325
$40,000 to $49,999 430 200 230
$50,000 to $59,999 290 135 155
$60,000 to $69,999 230 115 115
$70,000 to $79,999 155 90 65
$80,000 to $89,999 90 45 45
$90,000 to $99,999 65 45 20
$100,000 and over 195 120 75
$100,000 to $124,999 110 70 35
$125,000 and over 90 50 35
Total - Employment income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data19 4,440 2,050 2,390
Without employment income 1,555 625 935
With employment income 2,890 1,425 1,460
Under $5,000 (including loss) 585 265 315
$5,000 to $9,999 420 185 230
$10,000 to $19,999 520 250 270
$20,000 to $29,999 310 145 170
$30,000 to $39,999 225 125 105
$40,000 to $49,999 170 95 75
$50,000 to $59,999 105 55 55
$60,000 to $69,999 85 40 45
$70,000 to $79,999 100 55 45
$80,000 to $89,999 80 40 40
$90,000 to $99,999 50 30 25
$100,000 and over 235 150 90
$100,000 to $124,999 95 55 35
$125,000 and over 145 90 50
Income of individuals in 2019
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data23 4,440 2,050 2,395
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 4,215 1,935 2,285
Median total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 27,200 31,200 25,000
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 4,225 1,935 2,285
Median after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 25,400 28,200 23,600
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 3,935 1,825 2,110
Median market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 23,800 28,600 21,000
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 2,965 1,460 1,510
Median employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 17,400 19,800 15,700
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 3,160 1,360 1,800
Median government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 5,120 2,640 6,400
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 -100% data 275 120 150
Median employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 4,800 4,600 4,960
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data24 4,430 2,040 2,390
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 4,180 1,900 2,280
Average total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 41,800 48,920 35,920
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 4,185 1,905 2,280
Average after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 34,760 40,040 30,360
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 3,900 1,805 2,100
Average market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 38,280 45,680 31,920
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 2,925 1,435 1,495
Average employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 33,360 38,600 28,360
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 3,185 1,355 1,825
Average government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 7,980 7,680 8,200
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 295 140 155
Average employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 6,240 6,100 6,400
Total - Employment income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data25 4,430 2,040 2,390
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 935 550 385
Median employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 47,200 47,600 47,200
Average employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 65,800 70,000 59,800
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 1,450 625 830
Median employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 11,200 11,800 10,900
Average employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 19,180 19,300 19,080
Composition of total income in 2019 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%) 85.4 88.8 81.6
Employment income (%) 55.9 59.5 51.8
Government transfers (%) 14.6 11.2 18.3
Employment insurance benefits (%) 1.1 0.9 1.2
Income of households in 2020
Total - Income statistics for private households - 100% data26 2,440 ... ...
Median total income of household in 2020 ($) 58,400 ... ...
Median after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 52,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 100% data 970 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 32,800 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 30,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 100% data 1,470 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 83,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 74,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for private households - 25% sample data27 2,445 ... ...
Average total income of household in 2020 ($) 77,100 ... ...
Average after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 64,700 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 25% sample data 990 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 41,500 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 35,600 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 25% sample data 1,450 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 101,400 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 84,700 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data21 2,440 ... ...
Under $5,000 55 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 35 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 75 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 65 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 170 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 150 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 125 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 140 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 115 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 125 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 195 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 175 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 145 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 130 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 100 ... ...
$100,000 and over 640 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 200 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 135 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 145 ... ...
$200,000 and over 150 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data22 2,440 ... ...
Under $5,000 55 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 35 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 80 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 70 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 190 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 165 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 150 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 155 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 130 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 145 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 220 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 205 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 160 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 120 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 100 ... ...
$100,000 and over 465 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 195 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 95 ... ...
$150,000 and over 180 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2020
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 100% data28 1,175 ... ...
Median total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 92,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 78,000 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 100% data 645 ... ...
Median total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 87,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 75,500 ... ...
Average family size of couple-only economic families 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 100% data 340 ... ...
Median total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 132,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 110,000 ... ...
Average family size of couple-with-children economic families 3.8 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 155 ... ...
Median total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 57,200 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 54,000 ... ...
Average family size of one-parent economic families 2.4 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% data29 1,815 790 1,020
Median total income in 2020 ($)30 25,600 25,800 25,600
Median after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 25,000 24,800 25,200
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 25% sample data31 1,155 ... ...
Average total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 110,400 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 90,600 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 25% sample data 620 ... ...
Average total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 98,400 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 81,200 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 25% sample data 380 ... ...
Average total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 142,500 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 115,600 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 120 ... ...
Average total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 68,000 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 61,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample data32 1,815 780 1,035
Average total income in 2020 ($)30 33,680 34,600 33,000
Average after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 29,560 30,000 29,200
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Total - LIM low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households - 100% data33 4,850 2,260 2,590
0 to 17 years 515 270 245
0 to 5 years 135 60 75
18 to 64 years 3,110 1,495 1,615
65 years and over 1,230 505 725
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 980 395 580
0 to 17 years 80 45 40
0 to 5 years 30 10 15
18 to 64 years 725 300 425
65 years and over 170 50 120
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 20.2 17.5 22.5
0 to 17 years (%) 16.0 17.0 15.0
0 to 5 years (%) 20.0 20.0 18.0
18 to 64 years (%) 23.3 20.2 26.2
65 years and over (%) 13.9 10.0 16.8
Total - LICO low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households to whom the low-income concept is applicable - 100% data33 4,855 2,265 2,590
0 to 17 years 515 265 250
0 to 5 years 135 60 75
18 to 64 years 3,115 1,490 1,620
65 years and over 1,225 500 725
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 550 255 295
0 to 17 years 35 20 10
0 to 5 years 5 0 5
18 to 64 years 495 230 270
65 years and over 20 5 15
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 11.3 11.2 11.5
0 to 17 years (%) 6.0 7.0 5.0
0 to 5 years (%) x x x
18 to 64 years (%) 16.0 15.3 16.8
65 years and over (%) 1.6 1.2 2.0
Total - Adjusted after-tax economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% data34The letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice. 4,850 2,260 2,590
In bottom half of the distribution 3,125 1,435 1,690
In bottom decile 1,135 520 615
In second decile 710 310 400
In third decile 540 250 290
In fourth decile 365 185 185
In fifth decile 375 170 205
In top half of the distribution 1,725 830 900
In sixth decile 355 170 190
In seventh decile 305 145 160
In eighth decile 350 170 180
In ninth decile 330 155 175
In top decile 390 190 200
Total - Inequality measures for the population in private households - 100% data35 4,855 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household total income 0.379 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household market income 0.487 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household after-tax income 0.331 ... ...
P90/P10 ratio on adjusted household after-tax income 4.4 ... ...
Knowledge of official languages
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data36 4,960 2,310 2,645
English only 4,215 1,990 2,230
French only 0 0 0
English and French 730 320 405
Neither English nor French 15 5 10
First official language spoken
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data37 4,960 2,310 2,645
English 4,850 2,260 2,595
French 85 45 40
English and French 10 0 5
Neither English nor French 10 0 10
Mother tongue
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data38 4,960 2,310 2,645
Single responses 4,830 2,250 2,580
Official languages 4,360 2,025 2,340
English 4,275 1,975 2,305
French 80 45 40
Non-official languages 470 230 240
Indigenous languages39 0 0 0
Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 0 0 0
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0 0 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 0 0 0
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 470 230 240
Afro-Asiatic languages 25 20 10
Berber languages 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 0 0 0
Hausa 0 0 0
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 0 0 0
Bilen 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 25 20 10
Amharic 0 0 0
Arabic 20 15 10
Aramaic languages 0 0 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 0 0 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 5 5 0
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 5 5 0
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 15 5 10
Bikol 0 0 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Cebuano 0 0 0
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0
Ilocano 0 0 0
Indonesian 0 0 0
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 10 0 5
Waray-Waray 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Creole languages 0 0 5
Haitian Creole 0 0 0
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 0 0 0
Morisyen 5 0 5
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Dravidian languages 15 15 5
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 5 5 0
Tamil 10 5 0
Telugu 0 0 0
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 270 130 135
Albanian 5 5 0
Armenian 0 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 45 20 25
Baltic languages 0 0 0
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Slavic languages 45 15 20
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 0 0 0
Czech 5 0 5
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 15 5 10
Russian 10 5 5
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 5 5 5
Bosnian 0 0 0
Croatian 5 5 5
Serbian 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Slovak 0 0 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0
Ukrainian 5 5 0
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 0 0 0
Irish 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0
Welsh 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 85 35 50
Frisian 0 0 0
High German languages 50 15 30
German 45 15 30
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 5 5 0
Yiddish 0 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 35 15 15
Afrikaans 0 0 0
Dutch 30 15 15
Low German, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 0 0 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0
Scandinavian languages 0 0 0
Danish 0 0 0
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 0 0 0
Swedish 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Greek 5 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages 80 55 30
Indo-Aryan languages 75 50 25
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 0 0 0
Gujarati 5 0 0
Hindi 15 5 5
Kacchi 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0
Nepali 5 0 0
Oriya languages 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 25 20 0
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 30 15 10
Urdu 5 0 5
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iranian languages 5 0 5
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 0 0 0
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 0 0 0
Persian languages 5 0 5
Dari 0 0 0
Iranian Persian 0 0 0
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 5 0 0
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 45 25 25
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 5 0 0
Portuguese 5 5 0
Romanian 0 0 0
Spanish 35 20 15
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 5 0 5
Korean 15 10 5
Mongolian 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 10 5 0
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0
Éwé 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0
Lingala 0 0 0
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Shona 5 0 0
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0
Swahili 0 0 0
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
African, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Sign languages 0 0 0
American Sign Language 0 0 0
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages 90 40 55
Chinese languages 90 40 55
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 75 30 40
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0
Yue (Cantonese) 10 5 5
Chinese, n.o.s. 5 0 5
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0
Burmese 0 0 0
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 0 0 0
Lao 0 0 0
Thai 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 5 5 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 5 5 0
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Uralic languages 5 5 5
Estonian 5 0 5
Finnish 0 0 0
Hungarian 5 5 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Multiple responses 130 65 70
English and French 35 15 25
English and non-official language(s) 75 35 35
French and non-official language(s) 5 0 5
English, French and non-official language(s) 5 5 0
Multiple non-official languages 15 10 5
All languages spoken at home
Total - All languages spoken at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data40 4,960 2,310 2,645
English 4,405 2,050 2,355
French 15 5 10
Non-official language 100 40 60
Indigenous39 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous 100 40 60
English and French 75 35 40
English and non-official language(s) 340 170 175
French and non-official language(s) 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language(s) 15 10 10
Multiple non-official languages 5 0 5
Language spoken most often at home
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data41 4,960 2,310 2,645
Single responses 4,875 2,265 2,610
Official languages 4,660 2,170 2,495
English 4,635 2,160 2,475
French 30 10 15
Non-official languages 210 100 115
Indigenous languages39 0 0 0
Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 0 0 0
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0 0 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 0 0 0
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 210 100 115
Afro-Asiatic languages 15 5 5
Berber languages 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 0 0 0
Hausa 0 0 0
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 0 0 0
Bilen 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 15 5 5
Amharic 0 0 0
Arabic 15 5 5
Aramaic languages 0 0 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 0 0 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 0 0 0
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 5 0 5
Bikol 0 0 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Cebuano 0 0 0
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0
Ilocano 0 0 0
Indonesian 0 0 0
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 5 0 5
Waray-Waray 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Creole languages 0 0 0
Haitian Creole 0 0 0
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 0 0 0
Morisyen 0 0 0
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Dravidian languages 10 10 5
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 0 0 0
Tamil 5 5 5
Telugu 0 0 0
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 110 45 60
Albanian 0 0 0
Armenian 0 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 20 10 15
Baltic languages 0 0 0
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Slavic languages 20 10 15
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 0 0 0
Czech 0 0 0
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 5 0 5
Russian 10 5 5
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 5 0 0
Bosnian 0 0 0
Croatian 5 0 0
Serbian 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Slovak 0 0 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0
Ukrainian 0 0 0
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 0 0 0
Irish 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0
Welsh 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 25 5 15
Frisian 0 0 0
High German languages 15 0 15
German 15 0 15
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 0 0 0
Yiddish 0 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 10 5 5
Afrikaans 0 0 0
Dutch 10 5 5
Low German, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 0 0 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0
Scandinavian languages 0 0 0
Danish 0 0 0
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 0 0 0
Swedish 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Greek 0 5 0
Indo-Iranian languages 35 20 15
Indo-Aryan languages 35 20 15
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 0 0 0
Gujarati 0 0 0
Hindi 5 0 5
Kacchi 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0
Nepali 0 0 0
Oriya languages 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 10 10 0
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 10 5 0
Urdu 0 0 0
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iranian languages 0 0 0
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 0 0 0
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 0 0 0
Persian languages 0 0 0
Dari 0 0 0
Iranian Persian 0 0 0
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 0 0 0
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 20 10 15
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 0 0 0
Portuguese 0 0 0
Romanian 0 0 0
Spanish 20 10 15
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 0 0 0
Korean 10 5 5
Mongolian 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 0 0 0
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0
Éwé 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0
Lingala 0 0 0
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Shona 0 0 0
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0
Swahili 0 0 0
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
African, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Sign languages 0 0 0
American Sign Language 0 0 0
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages 55 20 30
Chinese languages 55 20 30
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 45 20 25
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0
Yue (Cantonese) 5 0 5
Chinese, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0
Burmese 0 0 0
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 0 0 0
Lao 0 0 0
Thai 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 0 0 0
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Uralic languages 0 0 0
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 0 0 0
Hungarian 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Multiple responses 85 45 40
English and French 5 5 0
English and non-official language(s) 75 40 35
French and non-official language(s) 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language(s) 5 0 5
Multiple non-official languages 0 0 0
Other language spoken regularly at home
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data42 4,960 2,310 2,645
None 4,585 2,130 2,455
English 105 50 50
French 60 30 30
Non-official language 165 75 95
Indigenous39 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous 170 75 95
English and French 0 0 0
English and non-official language(s) 15 5 5
French and non-official language(s) 15 5 5
English, French and non-official language(s) 0 0 0
Multiple non-official languages 15 10 5
Knowledge of languagesThe letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice.
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample data43 4,850 2,280 2,570
Official languages 4,830 2,270 2,560
English 4,830 2,270 2,560
French 775 320 455
Non-official languages 730 375 355
Indigenous languages39 0 0 0
Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 0 0 0
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0 0 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 0 0 0
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 730 375 355
Afro-Asiatic languages 40 25 15
Berber languages 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 0 0 0
Hausa 0 0 0
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 0 0 0
Bilen 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 40 25 15
Amharic 0 0 0
Arabic 40 25 15
Aramaic languages 0 0 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 0 0 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 0 0 0
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 25 10 15
Bikol 0 0 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Cebuano 0 0 0
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0
Ilocano 0 0 0
Indonesian 0 0 0
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 10 0 10
Waray-Waray 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Creole languages 0 0 0
Haitian Creole 0 0 0
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 0 0 0
Morisyen 0 0 0
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Dravidian languages 25 20 10
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 0 0 0
Tamil 25 20 10
Telugu 0 0 0
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 495 250 245
Albanian 0 0 0
Armenian 0 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 95 35 60
Baltic languages 0 0 0
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Slavic languages 90 35 55
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 0 0 0
Czech 0 0 0
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 20 10 10
Russian 35 20 15
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 25 0 20
Bosnian 0 0 0
Croatian 25 0 20
Serbian 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Slovak 0 0 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0
Ukrainian 15 10 10
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 0 0 0
Irish 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0
Welsh 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 130 55 75
Frisian 0 0 0
High German languages 85 30 55
German 85 25 55
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 0 0 0
Yiddish 0 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 30 20 10
Afrikaans 0 0 0
Dutch 20 15 10
Low German, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 0 0 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0
Scandinavian languages 15 0 10
Danish 10 0 0
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 10 0 10
Swedish 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Greek 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages 130 90 40
Indo-Aryan languages 120 85 35
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 0 0 0
Gujarati 0 0 0
Hindi 85 60 20
Kacchi 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0
Nepali 0 0 0
Oriya languages 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 65 55 10
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0
Urdu 0 0 0
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iranian languages 10 0 0
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 0 0 0
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 0 0 0
Persian languages 10 0 0
Dari 0 0 0
Iranian Persian 10 0 0
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 0 0 0
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 135 65 80
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 45 10 30
Portuguese 0 0 0
Romanian 0 0 0
Spanish 105 50 55
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 15 0 15
Korean 25 20 10
Mongolian 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 25 15 10
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0
Éwé 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0
Lingala 0 0 0
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Shona 10 0 0
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0
Swahili 15 15 0
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
African, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Sign languages 20 0 20
American Sign Language 20 0 20
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages 90 50 40
Chinese languages 90 50 40
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 70 40 30
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0
Yue (Cantonese) 20 10 10
Chinese, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0
Burmese 0 0 0
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 0 0 0
Lao 0 0 0
Thai 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 0 0 0
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Uralic languages 10 10 0
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 0 0 0
Hungarian 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous population
Total - Indigenous identity for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 4,850 2,280 2,570
Indigenous identity45 210 100 120
Single Indigenous responses46 200 85 110
First Nations (North American Indian) 130 55 75
Métis 60 25 30
Inuk (Inuit) 10 0 0
Multiple Indigenous responses47 0 0 0
Indigenous responses not included elsewhere48 10 10 0
Non-Indigenous identity 4,640 2,180 2,455
Total - Registered or Treaty Indian status for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 4,850 2,280 2,570
Registered or Treaty Indian49 60 10 45
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 4,795 2,265 2,530
Household characteristics
Total - Private households by tenure - 25% sample data50 2,440 ... ...
Owner 940 ... ...
Renter 1,500 ... ...
Dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band 0 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by condominium status - 25% sample data51 2,440 ... ...
Condominium 125 ... ...
Not condominium 2,315 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of bedrooms - 25% sample data52 2,440 ... ...
No bedrooms 25 ... ...
1 bedroom 545 ... ...
2 bedrooms 840 ... ...
3 bedrooms 555 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 480 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of rooms - 25% sample data53 2,440 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 995 ... ...
5 rooms 405 ... ...
6 rooms 300 ... ...
7 rooms 245 ... ...
8 or more rooms 495 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 5.5 ... ...
Total - Private households by number of persons per room - 25% sample data54 2,440 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 2,420 ... ...
More than one person per room 20 ... ...
Total - Private households by housing suitability - 25% sample data55 2,440 ... ...
Suitable 2,355 ... ...
Not suitable 85 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by period of construction - 25% sample data56 2,440 ... ...
1960 or before 555 ... ...
1961 to 1980 565 ... ...
1981 to 1990 310 ... ...
1991 to 2000 290 ... ...
2001 to 2005 170 ... ...
2006 to 2010 175 ... ...
2011 to 2015 175 ... ...
2016 to 202157 195 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by dwelling condition - 25% sample data58 2,440 ... ...
Only regular maintenance and minor repairs needed 2,280 ... ...
Major repairs needed 160 ... ...
Total - Private households by number of household maintainers - 25% sample data59 2,440 ... ...
One-maintainer household 1,345 ... ...
Two-maintainer household 965 ... ...
Three-or-more-maintainer household 130 ... ...
Total - Private households by age of primary household maintainers - 25% sample data60 2,440 ... ...
15 to 24 years 400 ... ...
25 to 34 years 340 ... ...
35 to 44 years 220 ... ...
45 to 54 years 255 ... ...
55 to 64 years 350 ... ...
65 to 74 years 455 ... ...
75 to 84 years 310 ... ...
85 years and over 105 ... ...
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratio - 25% sample data61 2,435 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of income on shelter costs 1,735 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs 705 ... ...
30% to less than 100% 615 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by housing indicators - 25% sample data62 2,440 ... ...
Total - Households 'spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' or 'not suitable' or 'major repairs needed' 915 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs only 670 ... ...
Not suitable only 80 ... ...
Major repairs needed only 125 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' 0 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'major repairs needed' 30 ... ...
'Not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 0 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 0 ... ...
Acceptable housing 1,525 ... ...
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero and shelter-cost-to-income ratio less than 100%, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data63 2,345 ... ...
In core need 185 ... ...
Not in core need 2,160 ... ...
Total - Owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 940 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgage64 52.1 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 11.8 ... ...
% in core housing need63 2.2 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 1,110 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 1,292 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)66 400,000 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)66 422,000 ... ...
Total - Tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 1,495 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housing67 9.4 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 40.1 ... ...
% in core housing need63 11.6 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 900 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 997 ... ...
Total - Households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band in non-farm private dwellings - 25% sample data 0 ... ...
% of households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band spending more than 30% on shelter costs61 ... ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 ... ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 ... ... ...
Indigenous ancestry
Total - Indigenous ancestry for the population in private households - 25% sample data68 4,855 2,280 2,575
Indigenous ancestry (only)69 60 25 40
Single Indigenous ancestry (only)70 60 25 40
First Nations (North American Indian) single ancestry 50 20 30
Métis single ancestry 0 0 0
Inuit single ancestry 0 0 0
Multiple Indigenous ancestries (only)71 0 0 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis ancestry only 0 0 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
Métis and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries72 165 65 95
Single Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries73 155 65 95
First Nations (North American Indian) and non-Indigenous ancestry only 130 60 75
Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 20 0 15
Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 0 0
Multiple Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries74 0 0 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 0 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 0 0
Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 0 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous ancestry only75 4,630 2,190 2,440
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample data76 4,855 2,285 2,570
Canadian citizens77 4,335 1,995 2,345
Canadian citizens aged under 18 460 250 210
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 3,875 1,745 2,130
Not Canadian citizens78 515 290 225
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample data79 4,855 2,285 2,570
Non-immigrants80 3,935 1,830 2,105
Immigrants81 535 215 320
Before 1980 230 100 125
1980 to 1990 55 15 40
1991 to 2000 55 30 30
2001 to 2010 70 15 55
2011 to 202182 130 60 70
2011 to 2015 40 25 20
2016 to 2021 80 30 45
Non-permanent residents83 380 235 150
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data84 535 215 320
Under 5 years 65 20 45
5 to 14 years 115 45 65
15 to 24 years 90 40 45
25 to 44 years 225 90 135
45 years and over 45 15 25
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data85 535 215 320
Americas 95 35 60
Brazil 0 0 0
Colombia 0 0 0
El Salvador 0 0 0
Guyana 0 0 0
Haiti 0 0 0
Jamaica 0 0 0
Mexico 0 0 0
Peru 0 0 0
Trinidad and Tobago 0 0 0
United States of America 80 30 50
Other places of birth in Americas 0 0 0
Europe 300 130 175
Bosnia and Herzegovina 0 0 0
Croatia 0 0 0
France 0 0 0
Germany 55 15 40
Greece 0 0 0
Hungary 0 0 0
Italy 0 0 0
Netherlands 15 10 0
Poland 15 0 10
Portugal 0 0 0
Romania 0 0 0
Russian Federation 0 0 0
Serbia86 0 0 0
Ukraine 10 10 0
United Kingdom87 150 65 80
Other places of birth in Europe 25 10 15
Africa 30 20 10
Algeria 0 0 0
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 0 0 0
Egypt 0 0 0
Eritrea 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Morocco 0 0 0
Nigeria 0 0 0
Somalia 0 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 15 15 0
Other places of birth in Africa 10 0 0
Asia 105 35 70
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Iran88 0 0 0
Iraq 0 0 0
Lebanon 0 0 0
Syria89 0 0 0
Turkey 0 0 0
China90 35 15 15
Hong Kong91 0 0 0
Korea, South92 0 0 0
Taiwan 0 0 0
Philippines 0 0 0
Viet Nam 0 0 0
Bangladesh 0 0 0
India 10 0 10
Pakistan 0 0 0
Sri Lanka 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 30 10 20
Oceania and other places of birth93 10 0 10
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data94 80 30 50
Americas 10 0 0
Brazil 0 0 0
Colombia 0 0 0
Haiti 0 0 0
Jamaica 0 0 0
Mexico 0 0 0
United States of America 10 0 0
Venezuela95 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 0 0 0
Europe 25 10 15
France 0 0 0
Germany 0 0 0
Ireland96 0 0 0
Italy 0 0 0
Russian Federation 0 0 0
Ukraine 0 0 0
United Kingdom87 10 0 0
Other places of birth in Europe 0 0 0
Africa 0 0 0
Algeria 0 0 0
Burundi 0 0 0
Cameroon 0 0 0
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 0 0 0
Côte d'Ivoire 0 0 0
Egypt 0 0 0
Eritrea 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Morocco 0 0 0
Nigeria 0 0 0
Somalia 0 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0
Sudan97 0 0 0
Tunisia 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 0 0 0
Asia 45 20 30
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Bangladesh 0 0 0
China90 0 0 0
Hong Kong91 0 0 0
India 0 0 0
Iran88 0 0 0
Iraq 0 0 0
Israel 0 0 0
Japan 0 0 0
Jordan 0 0 0
Korea, South92 0 0 0
Lebanon 0 0 0
Nepal 0 0 0
Pakistan 0 0 0
Philippines 0 0 0
Saudi Arabia 0 0 0
Sri Lanka 0 0 0
Syria89 0 0 0
Turkey 0 0 0
United Arab Emirates 0 0 0
Viet Nam 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 25 0 20
Oceania and other93 0 0 0
Australia 0 0 0
Other places of birth98 0 0 0
Generation status
Total - Generation status for the population in private households - 25% sample data99 4,850 2,280 2,570
First generation100 1,065 540 525
Second generation101 585 245 345
Third generation or more102 3,200 1,500 1,700
Admission category and applicant type
Total - Admission category and applicant type for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data103 310 115 195
Economic immigrants104 125 50 70
Principal applicants105 45 30 15
Secondary applicants106 80 25 60
Immigrants sponsored by family107 105 35 70
Refugees108 60 25 40
Other immigrants109 0 0 0
Pre-admission experience
Total - Pre-admission experience for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data110 310 115 195
Asylum claim before admission111 0 0 0
Work permits only before admission112 70 35 40
Study permits only before admission113 25 15 10
Work and study permits before admission114 20 0 20
Other permits before admission115 0 0 0
No pre-admission experience116 180 65 115
Visible minority
Total - Visible minority for the population in private households - 25% sample data117 4,850 2,280 2,570
Total visible minority population118 615 340 280
South Asian 155 100 50
Chinese 105 55 50
Black 180 100 80
Filipino 0 0 0
Arab 40 30 10
Latin American 20 10 15
Southeast Asian 35 10 30
West Asian 20 15 0
Korean 0 0 0
Japanese 15 0 15
Visible minority, n.i.e.119 0 0 0
Multiple visible minorities 10 10 0
Not a visible minority120 4,235 1,945 2,295
Ethnic or cultural origin
Total - Ethnic or cultural origin for the population in private households - 25% sample data121 4,855 2,280 2,570
Canadian 720 415 310
English 1,245 525 720
Irish 1,040 455 580
Scottish 1,240 545 695
French, n.o.s.122 480 215 265
German 595 245 355
Chinese 120 60 55
Italian 135 55 80
Indian (India) 75 40 40
Ukrainian 50 15 35
Dutch 200 80 115
Polish 65 25 45
Québécois 10 0 0
British Isles, n.o.s.123 410 205 205
Filipino 20 10 15
French Canadian 10 0 10
Caucasian (White), n.o.s.124 180 120 55
First Nations (North American Indian), n.o.s.125 45 0 35
Métis 30 10 25
European, n.o.s.126 235 95 140
Russian 25 10 15
Norwegian 55 25 25
Welsh 130 70 65
Portuguese 0 0 0
American 95 45 45
Spanish 15 0 15
Swedish 80 30 50
Hungarian 15 0 10
Acadian 185 105 80
Pakistani 0 0 0
African, n.o.s.127 55 40 15
Jewish 40 20 20
Punjabi 25 25 0
Vietnamese 0 0 0
Arab, n.o.s.128 0 0 0
Greek 20 10 10
Jamaican 20 10 10
Asian, n.o.s.129 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s.130 30 15 15
Korean 0 0 0
Romanian 0 0 0
Lebanese 40 20 20
Iranian 15 0 10
Christian, n.i.e.131 0 0 0
Danish 30 10 25
North American Indigenous, n.o.s.132 15 10 10
Sikh 0 0 0
Austrian 30 20 15
Belgian 20 0 15
Haitian 0 0 0
Hindu 0 0 0
Mexican 0 0 0
Mennonite 20 0 15
Swiss 15 0 10
Finnish 0 0 0
Sri Lankan 20 10 10
Croatian 15 0 10
Japanese 15 0 15
South Asian, n.o.s.133 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq, n.o.s.134 35 25 0
Northern European, n.o.s.135 25 15 10
Muslim 0 0 0
Egyptian 0 0 0
Latin, Central or South American, n.o.s.136 15 10 0
Tamil 0 0 0
Icelandic 0 0 0
Colombian 0 0 0
Moroccan 0 0 0
Czech 0 0 0
Syrian 0 0 0
Guyanese 0 0 0
Afghan 0 0 0
Black, n.o.s.137 30 0 25
Serbian 0 0 0
Ojibway 15 0 15
Newfoundlander 20 0 15
Hong Konger 0 0 0
Ontarian 10 10 0
Persian 0 0 0
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 0 0 0
Turkish 0 0 0
Inuit, n.o.s.138 0 0 0
Bangladeshi 0 0 0
Algerian 0 0 0
Brazilian 0 0 0
Nigerian 0 0 0
Armenian 0 0 0
Slovak 0 0 0
Eastern European, n.o.s.139