Census Profile, 2021 Census of Population
Profile table

Add a geography

Add a geography

You can add up to five (5) geographies to the table. For comparison of more than five geographies, please refer to the comprehensive download files.

Add or remove data

Add or remove data

Topic:
Select all topics
Age
Age characteristics
Commuting
Select all: Commuting
Commuting destination
Commuting duration
Main mode of commuting
Place of work status
Time leaving for work
Education
Select all: Education
Highest certificate, diploma or degree
Location of study compared with province or territory of residence
Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2021
Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificate
Ethnocultural and religious diversity
Select all: Ethnocultural and religious diversity
Ethnic or cultural origin
Religion
Visible minority
Families, households, and marital status
Select all: Families, households, and marital status
Family characteristics
Household type
Marital status
Housing
Household characteristics
Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
Select all: Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
Admission category and applicant type
Age at immigration
Citizenship
Generation status
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Pre-admission experience
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Income
Select all: Income
Income of economic families in 2020
Income of households in 2020
Income of individuals in 2019
Income of individuals in 2020
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Indigenous peoples
Select all: Indigenous peoples
Indigenous ancestry
Indigenous population
Instruction in the minority official language
Select all: Instruction in the minority official language
Children eligible for instruction in the minority official language
Eligibility and instruction in the minority official language for school-aged children
Labour
Select all: Labour
Class of worker including job permanency
Industry - Sectors - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2017
Labour force status
Occupation - Broad category - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2021
Work activity during the reference year
Language
Select all: Language
All languages spoken at home
First official language spoken
Knowledge of languages
Knowledge of official languages
Language spoken most often at home
Mother tongue
Other language spoken regularly at home
Language of work
Select all: Language of work
All languages used at work
Language used most often at work
Other language(s) used regularly at work
Mobility and migration
Select all: Mobility and migration
Mobility status 1 year ago
Mobility status 5 years ago
Population and dwelling counts
Population and dwellings
Type of dwelling
Household and dwelling characteristics
GenderMore information:


Statistic:
Characteristic WinnipegMore information:
Manitoba
[Population centre]
Counts
Total Men+ Women+
Population and dwellings
Population, 20211 758,515 ... ...
Population, 20161 712,858r ... ...
Population percentage change, 2016 to 2021 6.4 ... ...
Total private dwellings2 318,706 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residents3 303,646 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 2,124.7 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 356.99 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups of the population - 100% data 758,510 373,645 384,865
0 to 14 years 125,925 64,675 61,250
0 to 4 years 40,245 20,465 19,780
5 to 9 years 42,715 22,065 20,650
10 to 14 years 42,960 22,145 20,820
15 to 64 years 503,250 252,390 250,860
15 to 19 years 42,940 22,270 20,665
20 to 24 years 56,770 29,990 26,780
25 to 29 years 55,410 28,350 27,055
30 to 34 years 55,370 27,540 27,830
35 to 39 years 54,390 26,890 27,505
40 to 44 years 50,675 24,805 25,870
45 to 49 years 47,215 23,435 23,775
50 to 54 years 45,145 22,285 22,865
55 to 59 years 48,910 24,090 24,820
60 to 64 years 46,420 22,725 23,695
65 years and over 129,335 56,585 72,755
65 to 69 years 40,235 18,985 21,250
70 to 74 years 33,760 15,385 18,375
75 to 79 years 22,355 9,950 12,410
80 to 84 years 15,360 6,350 9,015
85 years and over 17,615 5,910 11,705
85 to 89 years 10,315 3,840 6,475
90 to 94 years 5,450 1,655 3,800
95 to 99 years 1,590 370 1,220
100 years and over 260 45 210
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.6 17.3 15.9
15 to 64 years 66.3 67.5 65.2
65 years and over 17.1 15.1 18.9
85 years and over 2.3 1.6 3.0
Average age of the population 40.3 39.1 41.5
Median age of the population 38.8 37.6 40.4
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% data 303,645 ... ...
Single-detached house 175,660 ... ...
Semi-detached house 11,945 ... ...
Row house 11,720 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 5,535 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 56,540 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 41,230 ... ...
Other single-attached house 290 ... ...
Movable dwelling4 725 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% data 303,650 ... ...
1 person 91,160 ... ...
2 persons 97,400 ... ...
3 persons 45,935 ... ...
4 persons 41,595 ... ...
5 or more persons 27,560 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 745,445 368,060 377,385
Average household size 2.5 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the total population aged 15 years and over - 100% data 632,585 308,970 323,615
Married or living common-law 341,250 170,330 170,920
Married 284,775 142,135 142,640
Living common-law 56,475 28,200 28,280
Living common law - Never married 42,580 21,320 21,260
Living common law - Separated 2,165 1,135 1,030
Living common law - Divorced 10,625 5,265 5,360
Living common law - Widowed 1,100 480 625
Not married and not living common-law 291,335 138,645 152,695
Not married and not living common law - Never married 205,150 111,105 94,045
Not married and not living common law - Separated 14,530 6,195 8,340
Not married and not living common law - Divorced 37,230 14,350 22,875
Not married and not living common law - Widowed 34,425 6,990 27,435
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% data5 201,775 ... ...
2 persons 98,805 ... ...
3 persons 44,335 ... ...
4 persons 40,195 ... ...
5 or more persons 18,440 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.9 ... ...
Average number of children in census families with children6 1.8 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% data 201,780 ... ...
Total couple families 165,845 ... ...
Married couples 137,615 ... ...
With children6 78,820 ... ...
Without children 58,790 ... ...
Common-law couples 28,235 ... ...
With children6 10,050 ... ...
Without children 18,185 ... ...
Total one-parent families 35,930 ... ...
in which the parent is a woman+ 28,230 ... ...
in which the parent is a man+ 7,700 ... ...
Total - Persons in private households - 100% data 745,445 368,060 377,385
Total - Persons in census families 590,910 292,480 298,430
Married spouses or common-law partners 331,700 165,655 166,040
Parents in one-parent families 35,930 7,705 28,225
Children6 223,285 119,125 104,155
In a two-parent family 166,240 88,065 78,175
In a one-parent family 57,050 31,060 25,985
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 154,535 75,580 78,955
Living alone 91,160 41,485 49,675
Living with other relatives7 26,375 11,965 14,410
Living with non-relatives only 37,005 22,125 14,875
Household type
Total - Household type - 100% data 303,650 ... ...
One-census-family households without additional persons 174,575 ... ...
Couple-family households 146,870 ... ...
With children6 78,005 ... ...
Without children 68,860 ... ...
One-parent-family households 27,705 ... ...
Multigenerational households8 8,135 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households9 1,765 ... ...
One-census-family households with additional persons9 10,860 ... ...
Two-or-more-person non-census-family households 17,150 ... ...
One-person households 91,155 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2020
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data10 619,760 303,545 316,215
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 598,265 292,645 305,615
Median total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 40,000 44,000 36,800
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 598,455 292,750 305,705
Median after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 35,200 38,000 33,200
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 533,755 265,215 268,540
Median market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 34,400 40,400 29,200
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 437,300 224,825 212,475
Median employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 36,400 41,200 31,800
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 550,370 266,015 284,355
Median government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 7,600 5,120 9,400
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 67,355 31,680 35,675
Median employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 5,200 5,200 5,200
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 162,030 78,620 83,415
Median COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 8,000 8,000 8,000
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data11 619,830 303,600 316,230
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 598,775 293,010 305,765
Average total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 50,520 57,150 44,200
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 598,930 293,090 305,835
Average after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 41,480 45,760 37,320
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 534,220 265,975 268,250
Average market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 46,480 54,450 38,600
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 437,365 225,310 212,050
Average employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 46,760 53,450 39,680
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 551,315 266,770 284,550
Average government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 9,840 8,480 11,110
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 66,865 31,655 35,215
Average employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 6,125 5,805 6,420
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 161,295 78,605 82,690
Average COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 8,730 8,540 8,900
Total - Employment income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data12 619,835 303,600 316,230
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 216,040 120,425 95,620
Median employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 58,000 62,000 53,200
Average employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 69,400 76,000 61,050
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 172,225 80,340 91,885
Median employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 17,600 19,000 16,400
Average employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 26,360 29,480 23,660
Composition of total income in 2020 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data17 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)18 82.0 86.4 76.6
Employment income (%)19 67.6 72.0 62.3
Government transfers (%)20 17.9 13.5 23.4
Employment insurance benefits (%) 1.4 1.1 1.7
COVID-19 - Government income support and benefits (%) 5.7 4.8 6.9
COVID-19 - Emergency and recovery benefits (%) 4.7 4.0 5.5
Total - Total income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data21 619,760 303,545 316,215
Without total income 21,495 10,895 10,600
With total income 598,260 292,650 305,615
Under $10,000 (including loss) 56,850 27,355 29,500
$10,000 to $19,999 65,465 28,325 37,145
$20,000 to $29,999 94,845 40,815 54,030
$30,000 to $39,999 82,450 36,320 46,135
$40,000 to $49,999 73,940 34,260 39,680
$50,000 to $59,999 57,650 28,195 29,450
$60,000 to $69,999 43,655 23,580 20,075
$70,000 to $79,999 32,085 18,215 13,870
$80,000 to $89,999 24,155 13,795 10,360
$90,000 to $99,999 18,865 10,380 8,485
$100,000 and over 48,295 31,415 16,880
$100,000 to $149,999 33,535 20,780 12,755
$150,000 and over 14,765 10,635 4,130
Total - After-tax income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data22 619,760 303,545 316,215
Without after-tax income 21,305 10,790 10,510
With after-tax income 598,460 292,750 305,705
Under $10,000 (including loss) 59,330 28,015 31,315
$10,000 to $19,999 71,155 31,095 40,060
$20,000 to $29,999 113,410 49,410 63,995
$30,000 to $39,999 101,065 46,140 54,930
$40,000 to $49,999 82,515 39,965 42,550
$50,000 to $59,999 58,545 31,470 27,075
$60,000 to $69,999 39,175 22,070 17,105
$70,000 to $79,999 27,590 15,250 12,340
$80,000 to $89,999 15,755 9,035 6,715
$90,000 to $99,999 9,300 5,785 3,515
$100,000 and over 20,625 14,515 6,110
$100,000 to $124,999 10,385 7,095 3,290
$125,000 and over 10,240 7,415 2,820
Total - Employment income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data19 619,760 303,545 316,215
Without employment income 182,460 78,720 103,740
With employment income 437,300 224,825 212,475
Under $5,000 (including loss) 53,435 25,045 28,395
$5,000 to $9,999 35,490 15,900 19,590
$10,000 to $19,999 54,020 25,005 29,020
$20,000 to $29,999 46,345 21,680 24,660
$30,000 to $39,999 45,685 22,220 23,470
$40,000 to $49,999 44,295 21,760 22,530
$50,000 to $59,999 35,950 19,040 16,910
$60,000 to $69,999 29,240 16,810 12,430
$70,000 to $79,999 22,645 13,395 9,250
$80,000 to $89,999 18,600 10,695 7,900
$90,000 to $99,999 15,210 8,420 6,790
$100,000 and over 36,385 24,850 11,530
$100,000 to $124,999 18,455 11,715 6,740
$125,000 and over 17,930 13,140 4,790
Income of individuals in 2019
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data23 619,760 303,545 316,215
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 579,230 282,455 296,775
Median total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 38,000 42,800 34,000
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 579,430 282,480 296,950
Median after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 33,600 36,800 30,600
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 525,090 260,325 264,765
Median market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 35,600 41,200 30,600
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 437,170 223,880 213,290
Median employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 36,800 41,600 32,800
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 504,715 243,070 261,645
Median government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 2,020 1,120 4,840
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 -100% data 42,875 19,910 22,965
Median employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 5,640 5,600 5,680
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data24 619,830 303,600 316,230
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 579,515 282,850 296,665
Average total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 48,120 55,050 41,560
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 579,705 282,860 296,845
Average after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 39,240 43,880 34,840
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 524,970 260,840 264,130
Average market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 46,720 54,650 38,920
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 436,745 224,120 212,625
Average employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 46,680 53,250 39,760
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 504,740 243,375 261,355
Average government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 6,680 5,395 7,870
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 42,995 20,255 22,740
Average employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 7,140 6,540 7,660
Total - Employment income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data25 619,835 303,600 316,230
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 214,470 119,450 95,020
Median employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 54,400 58,800 49,600
Average employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 65,000 71,500 56,800
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 160,845 74,820 86,030
Median employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 23,000 24,800 21,400
Average employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 31,720 35,680 28,320
Composition of total income in 2019 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%) 88.0 91.6 83.4
Employment income (%) 73.0 76.6 68.6
Government transfers (%) 12.1 8.4 16.7
Employment insurance benefits (%) 1.1 0.9 1.4
Income of households in 2020
Total - Income statistics for private households - 100% data26 303,645 ... ...
Median total income of household in 2020 ($) 80,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 69,500 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 100% data 91,155 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 42,400 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 37,200 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 100% data 212,485 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 101,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 87,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for private households - 25% sample data27 303,690 ... ...
Average total income of household in 2020 ($) 99,600 ... ...
Average after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 81,800 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 25% sample data 91,295 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 51,450 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 42,480 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 25% sample data 212,390 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 120,300 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 98,700 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data21 303,645 ... ...
Under $5,000 3,870 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 2,595 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 4,840 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 4,490 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 11,185 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 11,125 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 10,230 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 11,220 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 12,115 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 11,925 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 23,495 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 22,535 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 21,335 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 19,560 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 18,380 ... ...
$100,000 and over 114,745 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 36,910 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 25,895 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 29,325 ... ...
$200,000 and over 22,615 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data22 303,645 ... ...
Under $5,000 4,200 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 2,665 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 4,945 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 5,005 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 12,490 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 13,285 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 12,705 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 14,230 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 14,585 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 14,280 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 28,040 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 26,445 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 24,890 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 21,960 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 19,125 ... ...
$100,000 and over 84,795 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 35,205 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 21,475 ... ...
$150,000 and over 28,110 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2020
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 100% data28 201,020 ... ...
Median total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 102,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 87,000 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 100% data 70,485 ... ...
Median total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 92,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 78,000 ... ...
Average family size of couple-only economic families 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 100% data 89,080 ... ...
Median total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 127,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 107,000 ... ...
Average family size of couple-with-children economic families 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 32,970 ... ...
Median total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 67,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 60,800 ... ...
Average family size of one-parent economic families 2.8 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% data29 128,160 63,610 64,545
Median total income in 2020 ($)30 37,200 37,600 37,200
Median after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 33,600 33,600 33,600
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 25% sample data31 200,965 ... ...
Average total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 121,200 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 99,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 25% sample data 70,250 ... ...
Average total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 113,600 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 91,300 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 25% sample data 89,375 ... ...
Average total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 145,800 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 118,500 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 32,805 ... ...
Average total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 76,600 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 66,900 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample data32 128,170 63,380 64,790
Average total income in 2020 ($)30 46,000 47,040 45,040
Average after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 38,480 38,800 38,160
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Total - LIM low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households - 100% data33 745,445 368,060 377,380
0 to 17 years 150,640 77,375 73,270
0 to 5 years 48,645 24,850 23,800
18 to 64 years 474,125 236,660 237,465
65 years and over 120,680 54,030 66,650
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 95,675 45,135 50,540
0 to 17 years 26,400 13,555 12,850
0 to 5 years 9,645 4,885 4,760
18 to 64 years 54,405 26,195 28,215
65 years and over 14,870 5,390 9,480
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 12.8 12.3 13.4
0 to 17 years (%) 17.5 17.5 17.5
0 to 5 years (%) 19.8 19.7 20.0
18 to 64 years (%) 11.5 11.1 11.9
65 years and over (%) 12.3 10.0 14.2
Total - LICO low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households to whom the low-income concept is applicable - 100% data33 745,445 368,060 377,385
0 to 17 years 150,640 77,370 73,270
0 to 5 years 48,650 24,850 23,795
18 to 64 years 474,125 236,660 237,465
65 years and over 120,675 54,030 66,645
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 61,955 31,810 30,140
0 to 17 years 14,280 7,460 6,825
0 to 5 years 5,155 2,635 2,515
18 to 64 years 42,820 22,415 20,405
65 years and over 4,850 1,940 2,905
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 8.3 8.6 8.0
0 to 17 years (%) 9.5 9.6 9.3
0 to 5 years (%) 10.6 10.6 10.6
18 to 64 years (%) 9.0 9.5 8.6
65 years and over (%) 4.0 3.6 4.4
Total - Adjusted after-tax economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% data34The letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice. 745,445 368,060 377,380
In bottom half of the distribution 412,130 200,090 212,045
In bottom decile 89,000 44,080 44,920
In second decile 81,085 37,820 43,265
In third decile 82,035 39,730 42,305
In fourth decile 80,715 39,425 41,290
In fifth decile 79,300 39,035 40,265
In top half of the distribution 333,310 167,975 165,340
In sixth decile 78,130 39,065 39,065
In seventh decile 74,525 37,440 37,085
In eighth decile 70,615 35,540 35,075
In ninth decile 60,890 30,775 30,120
In top decile 49,145 25,155 23,990
Total - Inequality measures for the population in private households - 100% data35 745,445 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household total income 0.334 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household market income 0.444 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household after-tax income 0.291 ... ...
P90/P10 ratio on adjusted household after-tax income 3.6 ... ...
Knowledge of official languages
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data36 751,090 370,280 380,810
English only 665,455 332,050 333,405
French only 1,255 575 675
English and French 71,915 32,235 39,680
Neither English nor French 12,470 5,420 7,050
First official language spoken
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data37 751,090 370,280 380,810
English 714,935 353,910 361,025
French 20,700 9,510 11,195
English and French 3,460 1,680 1,780
Neither English nor French 11,995 5,180 6,815
Mother tongue
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data38 751,090 370,280 380,810
Single responses 711,430 350,975 360,450
Official languages 512,130 254,405 257,730
English 491,710 245,065 246,645
French 20,415 9,335 11,085
Non-official languages 199,300 96,575 102,720
Indigenous languages39 3,095 1,240 1,855
Algonquian languages 2,865 1,145 1,720
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 1,025 405 625
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 1,025 405 625
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 20 0 15
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 355 130 225
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 40 20 20
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 25 5 20
Cree, n.o.s. 595 245 350
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 5 5 0
Mi'kmaq 5 5 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 1,830 735 1,090
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 635 260 375
Ojibway languages 1,190 475 715
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 55 35 25
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 240 85 160
Ojibway, n.o.s. 890 360 535
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 65 25 35
Northern Athabaskan languages 60 25 35
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 60 25 35
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 95 35 60
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 85 35 55
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 40 20 20
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 35 15 20
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 35 15 20
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 196,205 95,335 100,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 12,655 6,540 6,110
Berber languages 80 45 35
Kabyle 60 40 30
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5
Chadic languages 75 55 20
Hausa 65 45 15
Mina 10 5 5
Coptic 85 40 45
Cushitic languages 1,675 825 850
Bilen 180 95 80
Oromo 315 170 140
Somali 1,175 550 620
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5
Semitic languages 10,740 5,575 5,165
Amharic 1,685 790 900
Arabic 5,845 3,140 2,705
Aramaic languages 5 5 5
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 5 5 5
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Harari 5 5 5
Hebrew 505 280 230
Maltese 15 5 10
Tigrigna 2,655 1,350 1,305
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10
Austro-Asiatic languages 4,765 2,255 2,505
Khmer (Cambodian) 240 120 125
Vietnamese 4,500 2,130 2,375
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 20 10 10
Austronesian languages 49,155 22,605 26,555
Bikol 145 75 70
Bisaya, n.o.s. 365 150 215
Cebuano 775 350 420
Fijian 5 5 5
Hiligaynon 395 170 225
Ilocano 1,320 595 730
Indonesian 135 55 80
Kankanaey 10 5 5
Kinaray-a 30 10 15
Malagasy languages 5 0 5
Merina 5 0 5
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 10 0 5
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 900 435 465
Pangasinan 175 85 95
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 44,690 20,575 24,115
Waray-Waray 65 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 130 60 70
Creole languages 410 185 225
Haitian Creole 60 30 25
Jamaican English Creole 20 15 10
Krio 145 60 85
Morisyen 40 25 20
Sango 30 10 15
Creole, n.o.s. 75 35 45
Creole languages, n.i.e. 35 10 25
Dravidian languages 1,695 950 745
Kannada 105 55 45
Malayalam 870 500 365
Tamil 450 230 215
Telugu 260 145 110
Tulu 10 5 5
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5
Georgian 10 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 98,260 48,660 49,600
Albanian 305 155 150
Armenian 55 25 30
Balto-Slavic languages 19,150 8,580 10,575
Baltic languages 85 35 45
Latvian 20 10 15
Lithuanian 60 30 25
Slavic languages 19,070 8,545 10,525
Belarusian 40 15 30
Bulgarian 130 70 60
Czech 360 175 185
Macedonian 130 60 70
Polish 4,245 1,875 2,370
Russian 5,655 2,705 2,955
Rusyn 10 0 5
Serbo-Croatian 2,030 960 1,070
Bosnian 580 285 295
Croatian 780 350 435
Serbian 635 315 320
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 35 10 20
Slovak 245 95 145
Slovene (Slovenian) 195 75 120
Ukrainian 6,025 2,510 3,520
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 5
Celtic languages 45 25 20
Irish 5 5 5
Scottish Gaelic 15 5 10
Welsh 15 10 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5
Germanic languages 12,495 5,525 6,970
Frisian 15 10 10
High German languages 9,285 4,115 5,165
German 9,065 4,005 5,060
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 45 20 25
Yiddish 170 85 85
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 2,855 1,230 1,625
Afrikaans 160 70 85
Dutch 1,030 485 545
Low German, n.o.s. 205 60 140
Low Saxon 45 25 25
Plautdietsch 1,345 570 780
Vlaams (Flemish) 70 20 45
Scandinavian languages 325 160 170
Danish 115 65 55
Icelandic 75 20 50
Norwegian 50 30 25
Swedish 85 50 40
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10
Greek 1,070 525 545
Indo-Iranian languages 47,345 25,155 22,185
Indo-Aryan languages 44,220 23,570 20,645
Assamese 5 0 5
Bengali 1,995 1,235 765
Gujarati 3,175 1,705 1,465
Hindi 3,050 1,615 1,440
Kacchi 20 5 10
Kashmiri 10 5 5
Konkani 30 10 15
Marathi 145 80 70
Nepali 695 355 345
Oriya languages 10 10 5
Odia 10 5 5
Oriya, n.o.s. 5 5 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 30,695 16,245 14,450
Rohingya 35 15 15
Sindhi 45 30 20
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 755 370 390
Urdu 3,520 1,880 1,645
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 30 20 15
Iranian languages 3,115 1,580 1,540
Baluchi 10 5 0
Kurdish 835 415 415
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 230 110 120
Persian languages 2,040 1,040 995
Dari 580 280 295
Iranian Persian 1,280 660 615
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 180 95 85
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5
Italic (Romance) languages 17,795 8,670 9,120
Catalan 10 5 5
Italian 2,870 1,365 1,500
Portuguese 6,470 3,140 3,330
Romanian 450 220 230
Spanish 7,975 3,935 4,040
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 455 155 305
Korean 3,040 1,425 1,620
Mongolian 15 5 10
Niger-Congo languages 4,420 2,185 2,235
Akan (Twi) 175 95 80
Bamanankan 45 25 20
Edo 55 30 25
Éwé 30 15 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 65 35 30
Ga 20 10 15
Ganda 45 20 30
Gikuyu 25 10 15
Igbo 405 215 190
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 255 125 135
Lingala 65 30 40
Luba-Kasai 20 5 10
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 30 15 15
Ndebele 20 10 10
Rundi (Kirundi) 185 85 95
Shona 120 45 75
Soninke 5 5 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 10 0 5
Swahili 910 435 475
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 90 45 40
Yoruba 1,425 720 705
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 435 220 220
Nilo-Saharan languages 365 195 165
Dinka 170 95 70
Nuer 25 15 15
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 140 80 65
African, n.o.s. 25 10 15
Sign languages 265 140 120
American Sign Language 250 130 120
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 20 15 5
Sino-Tibetan languages 18,480 8,985 9,495
Chinese languages 17,950 8,705 9,245
Hakka 50 20 30
Mandarin 11,175 5,515 5,665
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 255 115 140
Wu (Shanghainese) 75 35 45
Yue (Cantonese) 6,180 2,915 3,270
Chinese, n.o.s. 190 100 90
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5
Tibeto-Burman languages 510 265 245
Burmese 65 40 25
Kuki-Chin languages 45 20 20
Karenic languages 390 205 185
S'gaw Karen 355 185 165
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 35 20 20
Tibetan 10 0 5
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10
Tai-Kadai languages 910 415 500
Lao 695 345 355
Thai 215 70 140
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5
Turkic languages 395 220 175
Azerbaijani 40 25 15
Kazakh 5 0 5
Turkish 270 150 120
Uyghur 10 5 5
Uzbek 40 20 10
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 35 15 15
Uralic languages 845 370 470
Estonian 20 10 10
Finnish 115 45 70
Hungarian 710 320 395
Other languages, n.i.e. 60 35 25
Multiple responses 39,665 19,300 20,360
English and French 4,600 2,210 2,390
English and non-official language(s) 30,855 15,070 15,785
French and non-official language(s) 815 405 405
English, French and non-official language(s) 605 280 320
Multiple non-official languages 2,790 1,335 1,450
All languages spoken at home
Total - All languages spoken at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data40 751,090 370,280 380,810
English 518,425 257,420 261,000
French 5,245 2,390 2,855
Non-official language 56,695 27,925 28,775
Indigenous39 485 205 285
Non-Indigenous 56,210 27,725 28,490
English and French 13,295 5,940 7,355
English and non-official language(s) 146,670 71,515 75,155
French and non-official language(s) 775 370 410
English, French and non-official language(s) 4,460 2,075 2,380
Multiple non-official languages 5,530 2,650 2,880
Language spoken most often at home
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data41 751,090 370,280 380,810
Single responses 711,860 351,305 360,555
Official languages 588,515 290,220 298,290
English 580,245 286,505 293,745
French 8,265 3,720 4,545
Non-official languages 123,350 61,085 62,265
Indigenous languages39 830 350 480
Algonquian languages 790 330 460
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 220 80 145
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 220 80 145
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 55 20 35
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 5 0 5
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 165 60 100
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 565 255 315
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 255 120 140
Ojibway languages 315 135 180
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 10 5 5
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 50 20 30
Ojibway, n.o.s. 250 105 145
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 10 10 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 10 10 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 5 10 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 20 10 10
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 20 10 10
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 5 5 5
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 122,520 60,735 61,785
Afro-Asiatic languages 8,250 4,150 4,100
Berber languages 55 25 25
Kabyle 45 25 15
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 10 5 0
Hausa 10 5 0
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 40 15 25
Cushitic languages 1,105 525 585
Bilen 140 75 65
Oromo 155 75 75
Somali 810 365 440
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 7,035 3,570 3,465
Amharic 920 425 500
Arabic 3,905 2,005 1,900
Aramaic languages 5 5 5
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 5 5 5
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 5 0 0
Harari 5 5 5
Hebrew 360 200 165
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 1,825 940 895
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 3,445 1,655 1,785
Khmer (Cambodian) 115 55 60
Vietnamese 3,315 1,590 1,720
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 20 10 5
Austronesian languages 31,880 15,080 16,795
Bikol 55 25 30
Bisaya, n.o.s. 200 90 105
Cebuano 415 195 220
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 220 100 115
Ilocano 645 310 335
Indonesian 55 25 25
Kankanaey 5 0 0
Kinaray-a 15 5 5
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 550 270 275
Pangasinan 70 35 35
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 29,590 13,980 15,610
Waray-Waray 15 10 5
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 50 25 25
Creole languages 195 70 125
Haitian Creole 45 15 30
Jamaican English Creole 10 5 5
Krio 65 20 45
Morisyen 15 10 10
Sango 20 10 10
Creole, n.o.s. 25 5 15
Creole languages, n.i.e. 10 5 10
Dravidian languages 1,050 585 465
Kannada 40 20 15
Malayalam 565 325 235
Tamil 275 145 130
Telugu 155 80 70
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 10 5
Georgian 5 5 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 57,585 29,350 28,235
Albanian 175 90 80
Armenian 30 15 15
Balto-Slavic languages 8,150 3,910 4,240
Baltic languages 10 5 5
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 10 5 5
Slavic languages 8,135 3,905 4,235
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 65 35 30
Czech 90 40 50
Macedonian 80 40 35
Polish 1,515 680 835
Russian 3,870 1,900 1,965
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 885 415 470
Bosnian 280 135 145
Croatian 265 110 150
Serbian 340 160 175
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 10 0 5
Slovak 40 20 25
Slovene (Slovenian) 25 10 15
Ukrainian 1,565 765 800
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 10 0 10
Irish 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 5 0 5
Welsh 5 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 1,170 515 650
Frisian 0 0 0
High German languages 895 395 505
German 885 380 500
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 5 5 0
Yiddish 5 5 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 245 115 135
Afrikaans 50 25 25
Dutch 60 25 30
Low German, n.o.s. 10 5 5
Low Saxon 5 0 0
Plautdietsch 125 55 70
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0
Scandinavian languages 25 5 15
Danish 5 0 5
Icelandic 10 5 5
Norwegian 5 0 0
Swedish 10 0 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Greek 435 205 235
Indo-Iranian languages 38,850 20,495 18,360
Indo-Aryan languages 36,640 19,410 17,235
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 1,245 720 530
Gujarati 2,390 1,270 1,125
Hindi 2,120 1,095 1,025
Kacchi 5 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 10 10 5
Marathi 75 35 40
Nepali 520 250 265
Oriya languages 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 27,225 14,460 12,765
Rohingya 25 15 15
Sindhi 30 15 15
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 485 240 245
Urdu 2,475 1,285 1,190
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 30 15 10
Iranian languages 2,200 1,080 1,120
Baluchi 5 0 0
Kurdish 660 320 340
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 155 70 80
Persian languages 1,380 690 695
Dari 380 180 200
Iranian Persian 885 450 435
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 115 60 55
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0
Italic (Romance) languages 8,770 4,125 4,650
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 755 310 445
Portuguese 3,415 1,615 1,800
Romanian 165 85 85
Spanish 4,425 2,115 2,310
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 185 75 105
Korean 2,360 1,140 1,230
Mongolian 5 0 5
Niger-Congo languages 1,960 940 1,015
Akan (Twi) 95 55 40
Bamanankan 15 5 10
Edo 5 5 5
Éwé 10 5 5
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 50 25 25
Ga 0 0 0
Ganda 5 5 5
Gikuyu 5 0 5
Igbo 150 80 70
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 125 65 65
Lingala 40 15 25
Luba-Kasai 10 5 5
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 5 5 0
Ndebele 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 105 55 50
Shona 10 5 10
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0
Swahili 515 245 270
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 70 40 30
Yoruba 615 275 335
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 105 55 50
Nilo-Saharan languages 160 80 75
Dinka 75 45 30
Nuer 20 10 5
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 55 25 35
African, n.o.s. 5 0 5
Sign languages 425 240 185
American Sign Language 370 200 170
Quebec Sign Language 5 5 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 50 30 15
Sino-Tibetan languages 14,095 6,925 7,170
Chinese languages 13,675 6,700 6,975
Hakka 10 5 5
Mandarin 9,005 4,495 4,515
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 125 60 70
Wu (Shanghainese) 50 25 25
Yue (Cantonese) 4,355 2,060 2,305
Chinese, n.o.s. 125 65 60
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 415 220 190
Burmese 45 30 15
Kuki-Chin languages 30 10 15
Karenic languages 335 180 160
S'gaw Karen 310 165 145
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 30 15 10
Tibetan 5 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5
Tai-Kadai languages 525 245 280
Lao 415 200 215
Thai 105 50 60
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 185 100 85
Azerbaijani 10 5 5
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 125 65 55
Uyghur 5 5 5
Uzbek 20 10 5
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10
Uralic languages 205 85 110
Estonian 0 5 0
Finnish 20 10 10
Hungarian 180 80 105
Other languages, n.i.e. 20 10 5
Multiple responses 39,230 18,975 20,255
English and French 2,625 1,220 1,410
English and non-official language(s) 34,945 16,955 17,990
French and non-official language(s) 375 180 195
English, French and non-official language(s) 485 255 235
Multiple non-official languages 795 365 435
Other language spoken regularly at home
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data42 751,095 370,280 380,810
None 612,725 303,360 309,370
English 54,065 26,700 27,365
French 9,315 4,175 5,140
Non-official language 56,685 26,860 29,830
Indigenous39 2,260 895 1,365
Non-Indigenous 54,425 25,965 28,465
English and French 640 285 350
English and non-official language(s) 9,680 4,955 4,730
French and non-official language(s) 1,915 855 1,060
English, French and non-official language(s) 145 80 65
Multiple non-official languages 5,915 3,015 2,900
Knowledge of languagesThe letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice.
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample data43 745,525 368,195 377,330
Official languages 733,140 362,835 370,305
English 731,905 362,305 369,600
French 72,845 32,605 40,240
Non-official languages 262,910 127,400 135,510
Indigenous languages39 5,165 2,080 3,085
Algonquian languages 4,825 1,935 2,890
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 1,755 690 1,070
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 1,755 690 1,070
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 45 0 40
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 610 195 415
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 105 55 50
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 70 30 40
Cree, n.o.s. 945 405 535
Innu (Montagnais) 10 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 35 10 20
Mi'kmaq 35 10 20
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 3,180 1,300 1,875
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 15 0 10
Oji-Cree 985 435 555
Ojibway languages 2,240 895 1,345
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 150 55 100
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 370 145 225
Ojibway, n.o.s. 1,750 710 1,035
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 80 30 50
Northern Athabaskan languages 70 20 50
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 70 20 50
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 115 55 60
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 115 55 60
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 85 35 45
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 65 15 40
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 65 15 40
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 10 10 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 20 0 15
Non-Indigenous languages 257,870 125,380 132,495
Afro-Asiatic languages 20,355 10,315 10,045
Berber languages 175 90 80
Kabyle 120 55 70
Tamazight 40 25 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0
Chadic languages 310 205 100
Hausa 290 195 90
Mina 20 0 0
Coptic 170 85 80
Cushitic languages 2,230 1,075 1,155
Bilen 240 105 135
Oromo 380 190 190
Somali 1,585 775 815
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 50 25 25
Semitic languages 18,320 9,270 9,050
Amharic 3,355 1,545 1,810
Arabic 9,350 4,900 4,450
Aramaic languages 0 0 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 3,655 1,855 1,795
Maltese 15 0 15
Tigrigna 4,075 2,030 2,050
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 135 65 65
Austro-Asiatic languages 6,340 2,970 3,370
Khmer (Cambodian) 345 155 195
Vietnamese 5,975 2,800 3,170
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 45 30 15
Austronesian languages 65,535 30,360 35,175
Bikol 210 125 85
Bisaya, n.o.s. 585 255 330
Cebuano 1,360 655 705
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 685 330 355
Ilocano 3,000 1,395 1,605
Indonesian 225 110 115
Kankanaey 20 10 15
Kinaray-a 15 0 10
Malagasy languages 10 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 10 0 0
Malay 225 105 120
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 1,630 815 815
Pangasinan 320 110 210
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 64,380 29,750 34,625
Waray-Waray 155 80 75
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 845 415 425
Creole languages 1,205 585 625
Haitian Creole 195 90 105
Jamaican English Creole 90 45 45
Krio 385 195 190
Morisyen 105 40 60
Sango 50 20 25
Creole, n.o.s. 225 105 120
Creole languages, n.i.e. 170 85 85
Dravidian languages 2,505 1,325 1,180
Kannada 290 150 130
Malayalam 1,085 545 545
Tamil 980 545 430
Telugu 510 270 240
Tulu 35 20 15
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0
Georgian 20 10 10
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 126,290 62,990 63,305
Albanian 455 200 255
Armenian 90 40 45
Balto-Slavic languages 23,540 10,760 12,780
Baltic languages 125 40 85
Latvian 65 20 45
Lithuanian 60 20 40
Slavic languages 23,475 10,735 12,745
Belarusian 70 15 55
Bulgarian 200 90 110
Czech 435 195 240
Macedonian 165 85 75
Polish 5,645 2,585 3,050
Russian 8,740 4,195 4,545
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 2,550 1,260 1,295
Bosnian 845 420 425
Croatian 1,305 630 675
Serbian 1,080 560 520
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 40 20 20
Slovak 290 115 180
Slovene (Slovenian) 290 120 175
Ukrainian 8,935 3,855 5,090
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15
Celtic languages 160 105 55
Irish 90 60 30
Scottish Gaelic 30 25 0
Welsh 35 20 20
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0
Germanic languages 16,620 7,700 8,920
Frisian 55 30 30
High German languages 13,240 6,110 7,125
German 12,815 5,955 6,865
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 40 25 10
Yiddish 405 150 260
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 3,660 1,715 1,940
Afrikaans 380 200 180
Dutch 1,380 670 710
Low German, n.o.s. 235 110 120
Low Saxon 50 25 25
Plautdietsch 1,635 720 910
Vlaams (Flemish) 50 25 25
Scandinavian languages 585 305 285
Danish 160 90 70
Icelandic 135 70 70
Norwegian 150 75 70
Swedish 165 80 80
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 25 20 10
Greek 1,460 740 715
Indo-Iranian languages 59,155 31,810 27,345
Indo-Aryan languages 55,495 29,915 25,580
Assamese 20 15 10
Bengali 2,655 1,595 1,065
Gujarati 4,205 2,390 1,815
Hindi 23,380 12,390 10,980
Kacchi 30 25 0
Kashmiri 10 10 0
Konkani 115 70 45
Marathi 340 195 150
Nepali 765 375 390
Oriya languages 25 20 10
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 20 20 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 39,315 21,165 18,150
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 85 65 25
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 1,160 595 570
Urdu 6,200 3,350 2,850
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 195 105 90
Iranian languages 3,960 2,035 1,920
Baluchi 25 20 0
Kurdish 1,165 570 600
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 440 220 225
Persian languages 2,500 1,315 1,185
Dari 855 405 450
Iranian Persian 1,500 820 675
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 225 120 105
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15
Italic (Romance) languages 27,950 13,215 14,735
Catalan 35 20 15
Italian 4,670 2,185 2,490
Portuguese 8,060 3,970 4,085
Romanian 550 290 270
Spanish 15,730 7,340 8,385
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 70 35 35
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 30 20 10
Japanese 1,285 665 625
Korean 3,885 1,850 2,035
Mongolian 25 10 20
Niger-Congo languages 12,495 6,340 6,160
Akan (Twi) 325 190 140
Bamanankan 170 75 95
Edo 205 120 85
Éwé 55 30 25
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 145 95 50
Ga 50 20 20
Ganda 150 75 75
Gikuyu 85 30 55
Igbo 1,365 765 605
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 450 230 225
Lingala 490 235 260
Luba-Kasai 65 30 35
Mòoré 10 0 10
Mwani 45 25 20
Ndebele 55 20 35
Rundi (Kirundi) 395 195 205
Shona 295 155 140
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 30 10 15
Swahili 2,750 1,370 1,380
Wojenaka 70 40 35
Wolof 320 185 135
Yoruba 5,305 2,665 2,635
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 1,535 750 785
Nilo-Saharan languages 530 260 260
Dinka 255 145 110
Nuer 30 10 10
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 245 105 140
African, n.o.s. 70 35 35
Sign languages 1,675 600 1,075
American Sign Language 1,555 530 1,025
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 140 80 60
Sino-Tibetan languages 21,585 10,335 11,250
Chinese languages 20,995 10,055 10,940
Hakka 70 25 40
Mandarin 15,140 7,325 7,815
Min Dong 15 0 15
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 425 195 230
Wu (Shanghainese) 80 45 35
Yue (Cantonese) 8,115 3,745 4,365
Chinese, n.o.s. 160 75 90
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 25 0 20
Tibeto-Burman languages 600 285 315
Burmese 135 75 60
Kuki-Chin languages 45 10 30
Karenic languages 415 195 210
S'gaw Karen 385 190 200
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 30 20 15
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 40 15 25
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10
Tai-Kadai languages 1,430 615 815
Lao 1,110 510 595
Thai 515 185 330
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0
Turkic languages 695 405 295
Azerbaijani 115 75 35
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 610 340 275
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 10 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 40 30 15
Uralic languages 1,145 510 635
Estonian 35 10 25
Finnish 155 70 80
Hungarian 950 425 525
Other languages, n.i.e. 235 110 125
Indigenous population
Total - Indigenous identity for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 745,525 368,195 377,330
Indigenous identity45 91,610 43,900 47,710
Single Indigenous responses46 89,250 42,810 46,440
First Nations (North American Indian) 40,340 18,925 21,415
Métis 48,455 23,665 24,790
Inuk (Inuit) 450 220 235
Multiple Indigenous responses47 1,625 740 880
Indigenous responses not included elsewhere48 740 355 390
Non-Indigenous identity 653,915 324,295 329,625
Total - Registered or Treaty Indian status for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 745,525 368,195 377,330
Registered or Treaty Indian49 36,715 17,110 19,600
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 708,815 351,080 357,730
Household characteristics
Total - Private households by tenure - 25% sample data50 303,690 ... ...
Owner 192,550 ... ...
Renter 111,135 ... ...
Dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band 0 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by condominium status - 25% sample data51 303,690 ... ...
Condominium 30,530 ... ...
Not condominium 273,160 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of bedrooms - 25% sample data52 303,690 ... ...
No bedrooms 4,010 ... ...
1 bedroom 50,980 ... ...
2 bedrooms 80,200 ... ...
3 bedrooms 102,490 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 66,010 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of rooms - 25% sample data53 303,690 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 106,600 ... ...
5 rooms 49,640 ... ...
6 rooms 44,540 ... ...
7 rooms 35,130 ... ...
8 or more rooms 67,775 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 5.7 ... ...
Total - Private households by number of persons per room - 25% sample data54 303,690 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 291,995 ... ...
More than one person per room 11,690 ... ...
Total - Private households by housing suitability - 25% sample data55 303,690 ... ...
Suitable 279,515 ... ...
Not suitable 24,175 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by period of construction - 25% sample data56 303,690 ... ...
1960 or before 94,295 ... ...
1961 to 1980 92,855 ... ...
1981 to 1990 37,285 ... ...
1991 to 2000 19,525 ... ...
2001 to 2005 9,980 ... ...
2006 to 2010 12,375 ... ...
2011 to 2015 15,655 ... ...
2016 to 202157 21,720 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by dwelling condition - 25% sample data58 303,690 ... ...
Only regular maintenance and minor repairs needed 284,080 ... ...
Major repairs needed 19,605 ... ...
Total - Private households by number of household maintainers - 25% sample data59 303,690 ... ...
One-maintainer household 155,715 ... ...
Two-maintainer household 132,320 ... ...
Three-or-more-maintainer household 15,650 ... ...
Total - Private households by age of primary household maintainers - 25% sample data60 303,690 ... ...
15 to 24 years 11,635 ... ...
25 to 34 years 46,550 ... ...
35 to 44 years 56,405 ... ...
45 to 54 years 52,540 ... ...
55 to 64 years 57,175 ... ...
65 to 74 years 45,575 ... ...
75 to 84 years 24,300 ... ...
85 years and over 9,505 ... ...
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratio - 25% sample data61 303,015 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of income on shelter costs 242,180 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs 60,835 ... ...
30% to less than 100% 53,585 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by housing indicators - 25% sample data62 303,690 ... ...
Total - Households 'spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' or 'not suitable' or 'major repairs needed' 94,830 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs only 52,790 ... ...
Not suitable only 18,675 ... ...
Major repairs needed only 13,835 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' 3,760 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'major repairs needed' 4,035 ... ...
'Not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 1,495 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 240 ... ...
Acceptable housing 208,855 ... ...
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero and shelter-cost-to-income ratio less than 100%, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data63 295,765 ... ...
In core need 34,545 ... ...
Not in core need 261,220 ... ...
Total - Owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 192,550 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgage64 63.8 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 10.9 ... ...
% in core housing need63 4.7 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 1,240 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 1,330 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)66 348,000 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)66 367,200 ... ...
Total - Tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 111,135 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housing67 15.8 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 36.0 ... ...
% in core housing need63 24.2 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 1,100 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 1,139 ... ...
Total - Households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band in non-farm private dwellings - 25% sample data 0 ... ...
% of households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band spending more than 30% on shelter costs61 ... ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 ... ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 ... ... ...
Indigenous ancestry
Total - Indigenous ancestry for the population in private households - 25% sample data68 745,530 368,195 377,335
Indigenous ancestry (only)69 42,570 20,080 22,490
Single Indigenous ancestry (only)70 41,170 19,445 21,730
First Nations (North American Indian) single ancestry 29,570 13,815 15,755
Métis single ancestry 11,380 5,510 5,870
Inuit single ancestry 220 115 110
Multiple Indigenous ancestries (only)71 1,395 635 765
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis ancestry only 1,350 605 745
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit ancestry only 15 10 10
Métis and Inuit ancestry only 25 15 10
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries72 51,260 24,955 26,305
Single Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries73 48,965 23,990 24,970
First Nations (North American Indian) and non-Indigenous ancestry only 18,830 9,185 9,645
Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 29,860 14,685 15,175
Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 275 125 145
Multiple Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries74 2,295 965 1,330
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 2,215 925 1,285
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 50 20 30
Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 35 20 15
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous ancestry only75 651,695 323,160 328,535
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample data76 745,530 368,195 377,335
Canadian citizens77 643,280 315,540 327,735
Canadian citizens aged under 18 134,360 68,750 65,610
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 508,915 246,785 262,125
Not Canadian citizens78 102,250 52,650 49,600
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample data79 745,530 368,195 377,335
Non-immigrants80 513,425 253,375 260,045
Immigrants81 202,035 97,945 104,090
Before 1980 29,535 13,735 15,805
1980 to 1990 17,475 8,725 8,750
1991 to 2000 17,175 7,850 9,325
2001 to 2010 48,420 23,600 24,820
2011 to 202182 89,430 44,035 45,395
2011 to 2015 43,435 21,155 22,280
2016 to 2021 45,995 22,880 23,120
Non-permanent residents83 30,070 16,880 13,185
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data84 202,035 97,940 104,095
Under 5 years 19,290 9,925 9,370
5 to 14 years 37,280 19,300 17,980
15 to 24 years 36,075 16,950 19,125
25 to 44 years 92,240 43,555 48,685
45 years and over 17,150 8,220 8,930
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data85 202,035 97,940 104,095
Americas 17,885 8,525 9,365
Brazil 1,565 775 785
Colombia 795 410 380
El Salvador 1,455 760 700
Guyana 1,130 485 640
Haiti 150 75 80
Jamaica 1,820 865 950
Mexico 935 460 480
Peru 205 95 110
Trinidad and Tobago 1,525 760 760
United States of America 3,905 1,740 2,165
Other places of birth in Americas 4,405 2,110 2,300
Europe 33,985 16,485 17,500
Bosnia and Herzegovina 835 445 385
Croatia 675 300 375
France 650 370 285
Germany 3,075 1,440 1,635
Greece 705 390 315
Hungary 495 230 260
Italy 2,290 1,120 1,170
Netherlands 1,050 555 495
Poland 3,665 1,640 2,025
Portugal 3,520 1,670 1,845
Romania 520 270 245
Russian Federation 1,960 840 1,115
Serbia86 370 180 185
Ukraine 4,010 1,915 2,100
United Kingdom87 6,515 3,230 3,285
Other places of birth in Europe 3,655 1,875 1,775
Africa 23,470 11,700 11,775
Algeria 340 145 200
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 1,325 695 635
Egypt 1,175 605 575
Eritrea 2,590 1,340 1,255
Ethiopia 2,445 1,125 1,315
Morocco 440 220 220
Nigeria 7,445 3,860 3,590
Somalia 785 320 465
South Africa, Republic of 670 345 330
Other places of birth in Africa 6,255 3,045 3,205
Asia 126,165 60,960 65,205
Afghanistan 795 365 425
Iran88 1,030 585 445
Iraq 1,220 600 620
Lebanon 285 160 125
Syria89 1,670 905 765
Turkey 245 140 110
China90 8,900 4,140 4,765
Hong Kong91 1,170 605 570
Korea, South92 2,660 1,310 1,350
Taiwan 265 100 170
Philippines 62,150 28,950 33,195
Viet Nam 4,365 2,020 2,340
Bangladesh 1,245 635 610
India 27,680 14,300 13,380
Pakistan 3,750 1,920 1,825
Sri Lanka 1,060 495 560
Other places of birth in Asia 7,675 3,735 3,945
Oceania and other places of birth93 525 270 250
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data94 45,995 22,875 23,120
Americas 3,505 1,810 1,700
Brazil 1,265 650 620
Colombia 275 140 135
Haiti 50 30 20
Jamaica 335 190 140
Mexico 215 130 90
United States of America 595 325 265
Venezuela95 30 10 20
Other places of birth in Americas 750 340 405
Europe 2,820 1,430 1,385
France 130 80 50
Germany 35 15 25
Ireland96 80 50 30
Italy 130 60 65
Russian Federation 425 190 230
Ukraine 940 450 495
United Kingdom87 260 160 95
Other places of birth in Europe 820 430 390
Africa 9,410 4,700 4,705
Algeria 250 85 160
Burundi 90 60 35
Cameroon 80 30 50
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 395 205 185
Côte d'Ivoire 75 20 50
Egypt 255 125 130
Eritrea 1,230 640 585
Ethiopia 540 215 325
Morocco 210 110 100
Nigeria 4,350 2,275 2,075
Somalia 300 135 165
South Africa, Republic of 130 75 55
Sudan97 340 155 185
Tunisia 95 70 30
Other places of birth in Africa 1,075 500 580
Asia 30,175 14,885 15,295
Afghanistan 135 55 75
Bangladesh 570 265 305
China90 3,350 1,560 1,790
Hong Kong91 185 85 100
India 11,050 5,660 5,390
Iran88 255 140 115
Iraq 645 305 340
Israel 475 235 235
Japan 75 25 55
Jordan 145 60 85
Korea, South92 750 385 370
Lebanon 140 85 55
Nepal 85 45 40
Pakistan 1,090 575 515
Philippines 7,945 3,740 4,205
Saudi Arabia 115 55 55
Sri Lanka 175 80 95
Syria89 1,380 750 625
Turkey 120 55 60
United Arab Emirates 165 90 75
Viet Nam 525 220 305
Other places of birth in Asia 795 395 395
Oceania and other93 80 45 35
Australia 60 30 30
Other places of birth98 15 15 0
Generation status
Total - Generation status for the population in private households - 25% sample data99 745,525 368,195 377,330
First generation100 237,435 117,540 119,900
Second generation101 133,645 66,465 67,180
Third generation or more102 374,445 184,195 190,255
Admission category and applicant type
Total - Admission category and applicant type for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data103 172,500 84,210 88,295
Economic immigrants104 114,020 57,420 56,600
Principal applicants105 46,290 26,110 20,185
Secondary applicants106 67,730 31,310 36,415
Immigrants sponsored by family107 36,070 15,410 20,660
Refugees108 21,920 11,190 10,730
Other immigrants109 495 195 305
Pre-admission experience
Total - Pre-admission experience for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data110 172,500 84,210 88,295
Asylum claim before admission111 1,915 1,065 845
Work permits only before admission112 9,460 4,570 4,885
Study permits only before admission113 3,090 1,585 1,505
Work and study permits before admission114 9,785 5,505 4,280
Other permits before admission115 685 335 350
No pre-admission experience116 147,575 71,150 76,425
Visible minority
Total - Visible minority for the population in private households - 25% sample data117 745,525 368,195 377,330
Total visible minority population118 254,355 127,755 126,600
South Asian 62,680 33,750 28,930
Chinese 22,825 11,170 11,655
Black 40,120 20,435 19,690
Filipino 83,490 40,110 43,385
Arab 7,035 3,670 3,365
Latin American 8,925 4,475 4,445
Southeast Asian 10,335 4,970 5,370
West Asian 3,285 1,715 1,570
Korean 3,840 1,860 1,980
Japanese 1,545 730 815
Visible minority, n.i.e.119 2,820 1,295 1,530
Multiple visible minorities 7,460 3,585 3,875
Not a visible minority120 491,175 240,445 250,730
Ethnic or cultural origin
Total - Ethnic or cultural origin for the population in private households - 25% sample data121 745,530 368,195 377,335
Canadian 52,300 26,770 25,525
English 109,005 53,360 55,650
Irish 78,945 37,510 41,440
Scottish 100,675 48,670 52,010
French, n.o.s.122 66,765 31,885 34,870
German 86,860 42,325 44,530
Chinese 26,430 12,870 13,555
Italian 17,415 8,650 8,765
Indian (India) 33,720 17,880 15,845
Ukrainian 93,250 45,070 48,180
Dutch 20,925 10,215 10,705
Polish 46,950 22,310 24,640
Québécois 760 365 395
British Isles, n.o.s.123 16,805 8,425 8,385
Filipino 80,295 38,500 41,795
French Canadian 7,565 3,455 4,110
Caucasian (White), n.o.s.124 8,225 4,205 4,020
First Nations (North American Indian), n.o.s.125 21,100 10,155 10,945
Métis 44,865 21,765 23,105
European, n.o.s.126 7,860 4,050 3,810
Russian 21,665 10,220 11,445
Norwegian 9,770 4,470 5,300
Welsh 9,655 4,645 5,020
Portuguese 10,715 5,430 5,285
American 4,345 2,090 2,255
Spanish 8,480 4,040 4,440
Swedish 11,735 5,435 6,300
Hungarian 6,330 3,250 3,085
Acadian 875 385 490
Pakistani 4,600 2,385 2,210
African, n.o.s.127 7,195 3,720 3,480
Jewish 10,275 5,045 5,225
Punjabi 12,675 6,920 5,755
Vietnamese 6,840 3,250 3,585
Arab, n.o.s.128 2,925 1,610 1,310
Greek 3,090 1,610 1,475
Jamaican 3,580 1,860 1,715
Asian, n.o.s.129 8,365 4,140 4,225
Cree, n.o.s.130 9,500 4,340 5,155
Korean 3,730 1,770 1,960
Romanian 3,450 1,635 1,810
Lebanese 1,105 585 515
Iranian 1,325 760 565
Christian, n.i.e.131 2,075 1,095 980
Danish 4,265 2,040 2,230
North American Indigenous, n.o.s.132 8,220 3,970 4,255
Sikh 8,410 4,510 3,905
Austrian 6,785 3,155 3,625
Belgian 9,360 4,550 4,810
Haitian 300 170 130
Hindu 3,500 1,890 1,610
Mexican 1,795 885 915
Mennonite 15,370 7,620 7,745
Swiss 2,525 1,165 1,360
Finnish 2,550 1,235 1,310
Sri Lankan 1,050 545 505
Croatian 2,430 1,210 1,220
Japanese 2,240 1,075 1,165
South Asian, n.o.s.133 1,545 825 725
Mi'kmaq, n.o.s.134 620 280 335
Northern European, n.o.s.135 2,345 1,055 1,290
Muslim 1,660 875 785
Egyptian 1,390 720 665
Latin, Central or South American, n.o.s.136 1,865 850 1,010
Tamil 305 180 125
Icelandic 16,165 7,925 8,235
Colombian 985 490 500
Moroccan 485 220 265
Czech 2,685 1,330 1,355
Syrian 1,270 650 615
Guyanese 1,265 620 645
Afghan 1,195 595 595
Black, n.o.s.137 1,880 990 890
Serbian 1,130 560 570
Ojibway 8,255 3,840 4,410
Newfoundlander 365 180 185
Hong Konger 990 500 485
Ontarian 305 140 160
Persian 500 255 245
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 2,080 985 1,090
Turkish 775 455 320
Inuit, n.o.s.138 625 310 320
Bangladeshi 1,830 1,115 720
Algerian 285 145 140
Brazilian 1,830 880 950
Nigerian 4,730 2,430 2,295
Armenian 315 145 165
Slovak 1,225 570 650
Eastern European, n.o.s.139 1,990 950 1,040
Somali 1,355 655 700
Taiwanese 385 130 255
Iraqi 680 315 370
Salvadorean 1,615 850 765
African Caribbean 685 280 410
East or Southeast Asian, n.o.s.140 1,770 900 865
West or Central Asian or Middle Eastern, n.o.s.141 595 320 275
Caribbean, n.o.s.142 1,110 485 625
Algonquin 245 135 110
West Indian, n.o.s.143 1,040 500 540
Lithuanian 895 455 440
South African 595 310 285
Australian 585 270 310
Palestinian 525 280 245
Chilean 1,380 690 690
Congolese 1,305 655 650
Nova Scotian 215 110 105
Ethiopian 2,470 1,175 1,300
Hispanic, n.o.s.144 905 510 390
Peruvian 290 145 140
Yoruba 4,320 2,260 2,060
Cambodian (Khmer) 740 355 385
Berber 235 115 120
Albanian 440 185 255
Maltese 255 90 165
Macedonian 240 125 115
Slovenian 840 395 440
Western European, n.o.s.145 465 205 255
New Brunswicker