Census Profile, 2021 Census of Population
Profile table

Add a geography

Add a geography

You can add up to five (5) geographies to the table. For comparison of more than five geographies, please refer to the comprehensive download files.

Add or remove data

Add or remove data

Topic:
Select all topics
Age
Age characteristics
Commuting
Select all: Commuting
Commuting destination
Commuting duration
Main mode of commuting
Place of work status
Time leaving for work
Education
Select all: Education
Highest certificate, diploma or degree
Location of study compared with province or territory of residence
Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2021
Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificate
Ethnocultural and religious diversity
Select all: Ethnocultural and religious diversity
Ethnic or cultural origin
Religion
Visible minority
Families, households, and marital status
Select all: Families, households, and marital status
Family characteristics
Household type
Marital status
Housing
Household characteristics
Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
Select all: Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
Admission category and applicant type
Age at immigration
Citizenship
Generation status
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Pre-admission experience
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Income
Select all: Income
Income of economic families in 2020
Income of households in 2020
Income of individuals in 2019
Income of individuals in 2020
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Indigenous peoples
Select all: Indigenous peoples
Indigenous ancestry
Indigenous population
Instruction in the minority official language
Select all: Instruction in the minority official language
Children eligible for instruction in the minority official language
Eligibility and instruction in the minority official language for school-aged children
Labour
Select all: Labour
Class of worker including job permanency
Industry - Sectors - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2017
Labour force status
Occupation - Broad category - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2021
Work activity during the reference year
Language
Select all: Language
All languages spoken at home
First official language spoken
Knowledge of languages
Knowledge of official languages
Language spoken most often at home
Mother tongue
Other language spoken regularly at home
Language of work
Select all: Language of work
All languages used at work
Language used most often at work
Other language(s) used regularly at work
Mobility and migration
Select all: Mobility and migration
Mobility status 1 year ago
Mobility status 5 years ago
Population and dwelling counts
Population and dwellings
Type of dwelling
Household and dwelling characteristics
GenderMore information:


Statistic:
Characteristic Winnipeg SouthMore information:
Manitoba
[Federal electoral district (2013 Representation Order)]
Counts
Total Men+ Women+
Population and dwellings
Population, 20211 113,370 ... ...
Population, 20161 99,678 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2016 to 2021 13.7 ... ...
Total private dwellings2 42,035 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residents3 40,449 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 1,119.5 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 101.27 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups of the population - 100% data 113,370 56,485 56,885
0 to 14 years 19,845 10,255 9,590
0 to 4 years 5,915 3,020 2,890
5 to 9 years 6,775 3,530 3,245
10 to 14 years 7,150 3,700 3,450
15 to 64 years 77,305 38,780 38,525
15 to 19 years 7,360 3,775 3,575
20 to 24 years 10,995 6,045 4,950
25 to 29 years 8,660 4,680 3,980
30 to 34 years 7,535 3,715 3,825
35 to 39 years 7,920 3,790 4,130
40 to 44 years 7,490 3,500 3,990
45 to 49 years 7,435 3,635 3,800
50 to 54 years 6,870 3,380 3,495
55 to 59 years 6,785 3,280 3,500
60 to 64 years 6,255 2,985 3,275
65 years and over 16,220 7,450 8,770
65 to 69 years 5,460 2,570 2,885
70 to 74 years 4,495 2,145 2,355
75 to 79 years 2,885 1,370 1,520
80 to 84 years 1,715 775 940
85 years and over 1,665 590 1,075
85 to 89 years 1,020 395 620
90 to 94 years 445 165 280
95 to 99 years 170 25 140
100 years and over 35 5 30
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 17.5 18.2 16.9
15 to 64 years 68.2 68.7 67.7
65 years and over 14.3 13.2 15.4
85 years and over 1.5 1.0 1.9
Average age of the population 38.2 37.2 39.3
Median age of the population 36.4 34.8 38.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% data 40,450 ... ...
Single-detached house 26,025 ... ...
Semi-detached house 1,730 ... ...
Row house 2,550 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 45 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 6,795 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 2,960 ... ...
Other single-attached house 5 ... ...
Movable dwelling4 340 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% data 40,445 ... ...
1 person 7,750 ... ...
2 persons 13,195 ... ...
3 persons 7,435 ... ...
4 persons 7,420 ... ...
5 or more persons 4,650 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 112,120 55,980 56,145
Average household size 2.8 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the total population aged 15 years and over - 100% data 93,525 46,235 47,295
Married or living common-law 55,070 27,425 27,650
Married 49,265 24,520 24,745
Living common-law 5,810 2,905 2,900
Living common law - Never married 4,260 2,135 2,125
Living common law - Separated 180 105 75
Living common law - Divorced 1,235 610 630
Living common law - Widowed 125 55 70
Not married and not living common-law 38,460 18,805 19,650
Not married and not living common law - Never married 29,520 16,245 13,270
Not married and not living common law - Separated 1,535 595 940
Not married and not living common law - Divorced 3,685 1,255 2,430
Not married and not living common law - Widowed 3,720 710 3,010
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% data5 30,755 ... ...
2 persons 13,445 ... ...
3 persons 7,080 ... ...
4 persons 7,170 ... ...
5 or more persons 3,055 ... ...
Average size of census families 3.0 ... ...
Average number of children in census families with children6 1.8 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% data 30,755 ... ...
Total couple families 26,755 ... ...
Married couples 23,855 ... ...
With children6 14,700 ... ...
Without children 9,155 ... ...
Common-law couples 2,905 ... ...
With children6 975 ... ...
Without children 1,930 ... ...
Total one-parent families 4,000 ... ...
in which the parent is a woman+ 3,150 ... ...
in which the parent is a man+ 850 ... ...
Total - Persons in private households - 100% data 112,125 55,980 56,145
Total - Persons in census families 93,200 46,430 46,770
Married spouses or common-law partners 53,515 26,735 26,780
Parents in one-parent families 3,995 845 3,150
Children6 35,685 18,850 16,840
In a two-parent family 29,395 15,440 13,950
In a one-parent family 6,295 3,410 2,890
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 18,925 9,545 9,375
Living alone 7,750 3,210 4,540
Living with other relatives7 3,650 1,665 1,980
Living with non-relatives only 7,520 4,670 2,850
Household type
Total - Household type - 100% data 40,450 ... ...
One-census-family households without additional persons 26,690 ... ...
Couple-family households 23,535 ... ...
With children6 13,870 ... ...
Without children 9,665 ... ...
One-parent-family households 3,155 ... ...
Multigenerational households8 1,180 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households9 285 ... ...
One-census-family households with additional persons9 1,615 ... ...
Two-or-more-person non-census-family households 2,930 ... ...
One-person households 7,750 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2020
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data10 92,300 45,740 46,560
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 88,645 43,930 44,705
Median total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 39,600 44,400 36,400
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 88,655 43,940 44,715
Median after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 35,200 38,800 32,400
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 80,265 40,225 40,040
Median market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 34,000 41,200 28,600
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 66,215 34,210 32,010
Median employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 34,800 40,800 30,000
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 80,345 39,475 40,870
Median government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 5,800 3,360 7,850
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 8,070 3,545 4,525
Median employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 5,040 5,000 5,120
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 23,325 11,310 12,015
Median COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 8,000 8,000 8,000
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data11 92,450 45,810 46,640
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 88,870 44,110 44,755
Average total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 53,800 62,200 45,520
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 88,870 44,110 44,755
Average after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 43,400 48,920 37,920
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 80,465 40,510 39,960
Average market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 50,760 60,450 40,920
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 66,375 34,420 31,960
Average employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 50,960 59,650 41,600
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 80,620 39,820 40,800
Average government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 8,630 7,390 9,850
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 8,045 3,555 4,490
Average employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 6,175 5,400 6,790
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 23,415 11,590 11,825
Average COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 8,660 8,480 8,830
Total - Employment income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data12 92,455 45,810 46,645
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 31,275 17,625 13,650
Median employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 65,500 70,500 60,000
Average employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 81,600 92,200 67,900
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 27,445 12,890 14,550
Median employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 15,100 15,700 14,700
Average employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 25,680 28,160 23,460
Composition of total income in 2020 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data17 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)18 85.4 89.2 80.2
Employment income (%)19 70.8 74.8 65.2
Government transfers (%)20 14.6 10.7 19.7
Employment insurance benefits (%) 1.0 0.7 1.5
COVID-19 - Government income support and benefits (%) 5.1 4.2 6.4
COVID-19 - Emergency and recovery benefits (%) 4.2 3.6 5.1
Total - Total income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data21 92,305 45,740 46,565
Without total income 3,660 1,805 1,855
With total income 88,640 43,935 44,710
Under $10,000 (including loss) 11,460 5,635 5,825
$10,000 to $19,999 9,835 4,275 5,555
$20,000 to $29,999 12,745 5,650 7,100
$30,000 to $39,999 10,720 4,595 6,130
$40,000 to $49,999 9,115 4,085 5,030
$50,000 to $59,999 7,260 3,475 3,790
$60,000 to $69,999 5,955 3,175 2,780
$70,000 to $79,999 4,755 2,635 2,125
$80,000 to $89,999 3,775 2,110 1,665
$90,000 to $99,999 3,375 1,880 1,495
$100,000 and over 9,650 6,425 3,220
$100,000 to $149,999 6,620 4,165 2,455
$150,000 and over 3,035 2,265 770
Total - After-tax income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data22 92,305 45,740 46,565
Without after-tax income 3,645 1,800 1,850
With after-tax income 88,655 43,940 44,715
Under $10,000 (including loss) 11,915 5,755 6,160
$10,000 to $19,999 10,620 4,625 6,000
$20,000 to $29,999 14,900 6,600 8,305
$30,000 to $39,999 12,665 5,525 7,135
$40,000 to $49,999 10,480 5,050 5,430
$50,000 to $59,999 8,075 4,270 3,805
$60,000 to $69,999 5,925 3,290 2,640
$70,000 to $79,999 4,870 2,700 2,170
$80,000 to $89,999 3,055 1,805 1,250
$90,000 to $99,999 1,895 1,215 675
$100,000 and over 4,240 3,100 1,140
$100,000 to $124,999 2,220 1,570 645
$125,000 and over 2,025 1,525 500
Total - Employment income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data19 92,305 45,740 46,565
Without employment income 26,085 11,530 14,555
With employment income 66,215 34,210 32,005
Under $5,000 (including loss) 9,235 4,420 4,820
$5,000 to $9,999 6,080 2,735 3,345
$10,000 to $19,999 8,665 4,155 4,505
$20,000 to $29,999 6,305 3,000 3,305
$30,000 to $39,999 5,510 2,595 2,915
$40,000 to $49,999 5,305 2,485 2,820
$50,000 to $59,999 4,630 2,365 2,265
$60,000 to $69,999 3,955 2,195 1,760
$70,000 to $79,999 3,355 1,865 1,490
$80,000 to $89,999 2,850 1,605 1,245
$90,000 to $99,999 2,775 1,545 1,225
$100,000 and over 7,550 5,235 2,315
$100,000 to $124,999 3,670 2,335 1,340
$125,000 and over 3,880 2,905 975
Income of individuals in 2019
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data23 92,300 45,740 46,560
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 84,690 41,825 42,870
Median total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 38,000 44,000 34,000
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 84,715 41,825 42,890
Median after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 33,600 38,000 30,400
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 77,860 38,960 38,895
Median market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 35,600 42,000 30,400
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 65,030 33,505 31,525
Median employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 36,000 41,200 31,600
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 72,745 35,890 36,855
Median government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 1,360 850 3,080
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 -100% data 5,060 2,140 2,910
Median employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 5,840 5,760 5,880
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data24 92,450 45,810 46,640
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 84,825 42,005 42,820
Average total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 50,320 57,350 43,400
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 84,840 42,010 42,825
Average after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 40,520 45,400 35,720
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 77,980 39,225 38,760
Average market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 49,480 57,300 41,560
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 65,025 33,580 31,455
Average employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 49,120 55,750 42,040
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 72,715 36,005 36,710
Average government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 5,615 4,476 6,730
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 5,065 2,215 2,850
Average employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 7,610 6,820 8,220
Total - Employment income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data25 92,455 45,810 46,645
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 30,990 17,420 13,565
Median employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 61,200 67,000 55,200
Average employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 72,400 79,700 63,150
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 24,720 11,580 13,140
Median employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 19,200 19,200 19,200
Average employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 30,520 33,200 28,160
Composition of total income in 2019 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%) 90.4 93.4 86.6
Employment income (%) 74.8 77.8 71.2
Government transfers (%) 9.6 6.7 13.3
Employment insurance benefits (%) 0.9 0.6 1.3
Income of households in 2020
Total - Income statistics for private households - 100% data26 40,450 ... ...
Median total income of household in 2020 ($) 95,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 81,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 100% data 7,750 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 49,200 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 42,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 100% data 32,695 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 109,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 93,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for private households - 25% sample data27 40,520 ... ...
Average total income of household in 2020 ($) 118,000 ... ...
Average after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 95,200 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 25% sample data 7,795 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 57,950 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 47,080 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 25% sample data 32,720 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 132,200 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 106,600 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data21 40,450 ... ...
Under $5,000 925 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 355 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 415 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 530 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 840 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,000 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 920 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,050 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,220 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,335 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 2,605 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 2,605 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,685 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,530 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,450 ... ...
$100,000 and over 18,980 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 5,115 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,895 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 5,240 ... ...
$200,000 and over 4,735 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data22 40,450 ... ...
Under $5,000 985 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 365 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 425 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 570 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 940 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,125 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,145 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,390 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,495 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,605 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,255 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,285 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 3,275 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,960 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,710 ... ...
$100,000 and over 14,910 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 5,340 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,805 ... ...
$150,000 and over 5,765 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2020
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 100% data28 30,630 ... ...
Median total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 111,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 94,000 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.2 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 100% data 10,030 ... ...
Median total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 97,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 82,000 ... ...
Average family size of couple-only economic families 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 100% data 15,680 ... ...
Median total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 137,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 114,000 ... ...
Average family size of couple-with-children economic families 4.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 3,675 ... ...
Median total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 74,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 66,000 ... ...
Average family size of one-parent economic families 2.7 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% data29 15,275 7,880 7,395
Median total income in 2020 ($)30 32,400 28,600 36,000
Median after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 30,000 27,200 32,800
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 25% sample data31 30,690 ... ...
Average total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 135,000 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 108,200 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 25% sample data 10,040 ... ...
Average total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 129,400 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 101,900 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 25% sample data 15,590 ... ...
Average total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 154,200 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 123,400 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 3,740 ... ...
Average total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 85,400 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 72,600 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample data32 15,205 7,710 7,495
Average total income in 2020 ($)30 41,920 39,600 44,280
Average after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 35,160 33,240 37,160
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Total - LIM low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households - 100% data33 112,125 55,975 56,150
0 to 17 years 24,015 12,385 11,630
0 to 5 years 7,205 3,705 3,500
18 to 64 years 72,730 36,380 36,345
65 years and over 15,380 7,210 8,165
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 14,890 7,395 7,495
0 to 17 years 4,205 2,195 2,010
0 to 5 years 1,435 745 690
18 to 64 years 9,575 4,800 4,780
65 years and over 1,110 405 705
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 13.3 13.2 13.3
0 to 17 years (%) 17.5 17.7 17.3
0 to 5 years (%) 19.9 20.1 19.8
18 to 64 years (%) 13.2 13.2 13.2
65 years and over (%) 7.2 5.6 8.6
Total - LICO low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households to whom the low-income concept is applicable - 100% data33 112,125 55,980 56,145
0 to 17 years 24,015 12,385 11,630
0 to 5 years 7,210 3,705 3,500
18 to 64 years 72,725 36,380 36,350
65 years and over 15,380 7,215 8,170
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 11,480 6,180 5,300
0 to 17 years 2,440 1,290 1,155
0 to 5 years 825 430 400
18 to 64 years 8,630 4,720 3,905
65 years and over 415 165 250
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 10.2 11.0 9.4
0 to 17 years (%) 10.2 10.4 9.9
0 to 5 years (%) 11.4 11.6 11.3
18 to 64 years (%) 11.9 13.0 10.7
65 years and over (%) 2.7 2.3 3.0
Total - Adjusted after-tax economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% data34The letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice. 112,125 55,975 56,150
In bottom half of the distribution 55,620 27,670 27,950
In bottom decile 15,145 7,960 7,185
In second decile 9,710 4,710 5,000
In third decile 10,110 4,920 5,190
In fourth decile 10,355 5,045 5,305
In fifth decile 10,300 5,040 5,265
In top half of the distribution 56,500 28,305 28,195
In sixth decile 11,125 5,440 5,685
In seventh decile 11,380 5,715 5,665
In eighth decile 12,005 6,085 5,920
In ninth decile 11,585 5,785 5,795
In top decile 10,415 5,285 5,130
Total - Inequality measures for the population in private households - 100% data35 112,125 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household total income 0.353 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household market income 0.440 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household after-tax income 0.308 ... ...
P90/P10 ratio on adjusted household after-tax income 4.1 ... ...
Knowledge of official languages
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data36 112,360 56,055 56,300
English only 96,785 49,040 47,745
French only 145 75 75
English and French 12,470 5,640 6,835
Neither English nor French 2,950 1,300 1,650
First official language spoken
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data37 112,360 56,055 56,300
English 104,970 52,745 52,225
French 3,815 1,720 2,095
English and French 720 335 380
Neither English nor French 2,850 1,255 1,595
Mother tongue
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data38 112,360 56,055 56,300
Single responses 105,560 52,680 52,885
Official languages 66,660 33,215 33,445
English 62,840 31,480 31,360
French 3,815 1,735 2,085
Non-official languages 38,905 19,465 19,435
Indigenous languages39 150 70 80
Algonquian languages 125 60 65
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 55 30 20
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 55 30 20
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 30 20 15
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 5 5 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 15 10 10
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 75 35 45
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 35 10 20
Ojibway languages 40 20 20
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 5 0 5
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 5 0 5
Ojibway, n.o.s. 40 20 15
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 15 5 10
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 15 5 10
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 5
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 38,755 19,395 19,360
Afro-Asiatic languages 2,615 1,335 1,275
Berber languages 15 10 10
Kabyle 20 10 5
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 20 10 10
Hausa 20 10 10
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 55 25 30
Cushitic languages 75 35 45
Bilen 0 0 0
Oromo 35 20 20
Somali 35 15 20
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 2,450 1,255 1,190
Amharic 205 100 100
Arabic 1,950 1,010 935
Aramaic languages 5 5 5
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 5 5 5
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Harari 5 5 5
Hebrew 95 55 45
Maltese 5 0 0
Tigrigna 185 85 100
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 755 365 390
Khmer (Cambodian) 25 10 10
Vietnamese 735 355 375
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 2,060 880 1,185
Bikol 15 10 5
Bisaya, n.o.s. 20 5 15
Cebuano 25 15 15
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 35 15 15
Ilocano 55 25 30
Indonesian 75 40 35
Kankanaey 5 5 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10 5 5
Pangasinan 10 5 10
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,790 750 1,035
Waray-Waray 15 0 10
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5
Creole languages 80 35 45
Haitian Creole 10 0 5
Jamaican English Creole 5 5 0
Krio 30 10 20
Morisyen 15 15 10
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 15 5 5
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Dravidian languages 490 260 235
Kannada 30 15 15
Malayalam 170 90 80
Tamil 190 95 95
Telugu 95 50 40
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 19,220 9,840 9,380
Albanian 65 30 35
Armenian 15 5 10
Balto-Slavic languages 2,760 1,310 1,450
Baltic languages 10 5 5
Latvian 5 0 5
Lithuanian 10 5 5
Slavic languages 2,745 1,310 1,440
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 20 10 10
Czech 55 30 25
Macedonian 30 15 15
Polish 380 170 205
Russian 1,415 705 710
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 310 160 145
Bosnian 155 75 80
Croatian 70 40 35
Serbian 80 45 35
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 5 0 0
Slovak 30 15 20
Slovene (Slovenian) 20 5 10
Ukrainian 495 205 295
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 5 5 0
Irish 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0
Welsh 5 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 1,410 655 755
Frisian 0 0 0
High German languages 955 455 500
German 940 450 500
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 5 5 0
Yiddish 10 5 5
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 415 180 240
Afrikaans 45 20 20
Dutch 90 45 50
Low German, n.o.s. 25 5 15
Low Saxon 10 5 5
Plautdietsch 225 95 130
Vlaams (Flemish) 20 5 10
Scandinavian languages 35 15 20
Danish 15 10 5
Icelandic 10 5 5
Norwegian 5 5 0
Swedish 5 0 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Greek 125 60 60
Indo-Iranian languages 12,305 6,540 5,765
Indo-Aryan languages 11,100 5,945 5,155
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 1,110 705 410
Gujarati 1,560 840 725
Hindi 1,045 535 510
Kacchi 10 0 5
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 5 0 5
Marathi 55 30 25
Nepali 190 95 95
Oriya languages 5 5 5
Odia 5 5 5
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 4,575 2,410 2,165
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 20 15 5
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 540 255 280
Urdu 1,980 1,050 925
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5
Iranian languages 1,205 590 610
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 425 205 220
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 40 25 20
Persian languages 735 360 375
Dari 135 65 70
Iranian Persian 555 275 280
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 40 20 25
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 2,540 1,235 1,305
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 440 220 225
Portuguese 700 350 350
Romanian 90 45 45
Spanish 1,305 620 685
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 55 20 35
Korean 1,200 585 615
Mongolian 10 5 0
Niger-Congo languages 1,170 555 615
Akan (Twi) 40 20 25
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 10 10 5
Éwé 10 5 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0
Ga 10 5 5
Ganda 15 5 10
Gikuyu 15 5 10
Igbo 110 55 55
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 40 15 25
Lingala 5 0 0
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 10 5 10
Ndebele 5 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 10 5 5
Shona 50 20 30
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 5 0 5
Swahili 140 65 75
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0
Yoruba 590 290 300
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 100 50 55
Nilo-Saharan languages 30 15 10
Dinka 10 5 5
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5
African, n.o.s. 5 0 5
Sign languages 35 20 15
American Sign Language 35 20 15
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages 10,715 5,320 5,395
Chinese languages 10,705 5,315 5,385
Hakka 20 5 10
Mandarin 7,845 3,930 3,910
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 70 30 35
Wu (Shanghainese) 65 25 35
Yue (Cantonese) 2,615 1,265 1,350
Chinese, n.o.s. 85 45 35
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5
Tibeto-Burman languages 5 0 5
Burmese 0 0 0
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 5 0 5
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5
Tai-Kadai languages 65 25 35
Lao 35 15 25
Thai 25 15 10
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 115 65 50
Azerbaijani 10 10 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 70 40 30
Uyghur 5 5 5
Uzbek 15 10 10
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5
Uralic languages 130 65 70
Estonian 5 0 0
Finnish 15 10 10
Hungarian 110 55 55
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Multiple responses 6,795 3,380 3,415
English and French 780 370 415
English and non-official language(s) 5,305 2,660 2,645
French and non-official language(s) 95 40 55
English, French and non-official language(s) 140 80 65
Multiple non-official languages 470 225 245
All languages spoken at home
Total - All languages spoken at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data40 112,360 56,055 56,300
English 66,520 33,320 33,200
French 935 445 495
Non-official language 12,470 6,210 6,255
Indigenous39 45 15 25
Non-Indigenous 12,425 6,195 6,230
English and French 2,470 1,075 1,390
English and non-official language(s) 27,755 13,945 13,810
French and non-official language(s) 70 35 35
English, French and non-official language(s) 855 390 465
Multiple non-official languages 1,290 640 650
Language spoken most often at home
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data41 112,360 56,055 56,300
Single responses 105,115 52,495 52,620
Official languages 79,110 39,400 39,710
English 77,595 38,700 38,895
French 1,515 700 815
Non-official languages 26,000 13,095 12,910
Indigenous languages39 55 20 35
Algonquian languages 55 25 30
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 10 5 5
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 10 5 5
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 10 5 5
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 45 15 25
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 20 5 5
Ojibway languages 25 10 20
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 25 10 20
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 5 0 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 5 0 5
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 25,950 13,070 12,880
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,600 820 780
Berber languages 10 5 5
Kabyle 10 5 5
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 0 0 0
Hausa 0 0 0
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 25 15 15
Cushitic languages 25 10 15
Bilen 0 0 0
Oromo 15 5 5
Somali 15 5 10
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 1,530 790 745
Amharic 80 40 40
Arabic 1,275 660 615
Aramaic languages 5 5 5
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 5 5 5
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Harari 5 5 5
Hebrew 65 35 25
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 100 45 60
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 515 255 255
Khmer (Cambodian) 5 0 0
Vietnamese 505 250 255
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 1,075 500 575
Bikol 0 0 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 5 5 5
Cebuano 15 5 5
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 15 15 10
Ilocano 20 10 15
Indonesian 35 20 15
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0
Pangasinan 10 5 5
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 960 440 515
Waray-Waray 5 5 5
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Creole languages 40 15 20
Haitian Creole 10 0 5
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 15 5 10
Morisyen 5 5 5
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 5 0 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Dravidian languages 295 145 150
Kannada 20 15 5
Malayalam 85 40 45
Tamil 125 65 65
Telugu 65 25 35
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 12,135 6,225 5,910
Albanian 30 15 20
Armenian 10 5 5
Balto-Slavic languages 1,420 715 705
Baltic languages 0 0 0
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Slavic languages 1,420 715 705
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 10 5 5
Czech 15 5 10
Macedonian 20 15 5
Polish 125 55 65
Russian 1,005 505 495
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 130 65 65
Bosnian 75 35 40
Croatian 15 10 10
Serbian 40 25 15
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Slovak 5 0 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0
Ukrainian 110 55 55
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 0 0 0
Irish 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0
Welsh 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 100 45 55
Frisian 0 0 0
High German languages 60 30 35
German 60 25 35
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 0 0 0
Yiddish 0 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 35 15 20
Afrikaans 25 15 15
Dutch 0 0 5
Low German, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 5 0 5
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0
Scandinavian languages 5 0 0
Danish 0 0 0
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 0 0 0
Swedish 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Greek 40 20 25
Indo-Iranian languages 9,240 4,820 4,425
Indo-Aryan languages 8,380 4,405 3,970
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 740 435 300
Gujarati 1,185 635 555
Hindi 705 350 355
Kacchi 5 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 30 15 15
Nepali 125 60 65
Oriya languages 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 3,815 2,000 1,815
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 10 5 5
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 375 180 195
Urdu 1,375 715 650
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5
Iranian languages 860 415 450
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 370 170 200
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 20 15 10
Persian languages 475 230 240
Dari 75 35 35
Iranian Persian 370 190 185
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 25 10 15
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 1,285 600 680
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 95 40 60
Portuguese 365 180 185
Romanian 40 20 25
Spanish 780 365 420
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 20 5 10
Korean 980 485 500
Mongolian 5 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 475 210 270
Akan (Twi) 15 10 5
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0
Éwé 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 45 20 25
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 10 0 10
Lingala 0 0 0
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 5 0 0
Shona 5 0 5
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0
Swahili 45 20 25
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0
Yoruba 315 140 180
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5
Nilo-Saharan languages 15 5 10
Dinka 0 0 0
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5
African, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Sign languages 55 30 25
American Sign Language 55 30 30
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5
Sino-Tibetan languages 8,630 4,315 4,315
Chinese languages 8,630 4,310 4,315
Hakka 5 5 0
Mandarin 6,565 3,305 3,255
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 30 15 15
Wu (Shanghainese) 40 20 20
Yue (Cantonese) 1,925 935 985
Chinese, n.o.s. 60 35 30
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0
Burmese 0 0 0
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 25 10 15
Lao 20 10 10
Thai 5 5 5
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 55 35 20
Azerbaijani 5 5 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 30 15 15
Uyghur 5 5 5
Uzbek 5 5 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5
Uralic languages 35 20 15
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 0 0 0
Hungarian 35 20 15
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Multiple responses 7,245 3,565 3,680
English and French 510 220 290
English and non-official language(s) 6,440 3,200 3,235
French and non-official language(s) 35 20 10
English, French and non-official language(s) 90 50 45
Multiple non-official languages 165 75 90
Other language spoken regularly at home
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data42 112,360 56,055 56,300
None 85,650 42,835 42,820
English 10,675 5,375 5,300
French 1,650 730 925
Non-official language 10,410 5,070 5,335
Indigenous39 205 85 120
Non-Indigenous 10,200 4,985 5,220
English and French 115 40 75
English and non-official language(s) 2,130 1,120 1,015
French and non-official language(s) 365 160 205
English, French and non-official language(s) 45 25 20
Multiple non-official languages 1,315 705 615
Knowledge of languagesThe letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice.
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample data43 112,250 56,025 56,220
Official languages 109,340 54,765 54,580
English 109,175 54,680 54,490
French 12,840 5,735 7,100
Non-official languages 49,960 25,065 24,895
Indigenous languages39 375 130 245
Algonquian languages 340 110 225
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 140 40 95
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 140 40 95
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 80 30 55
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 45 15 35
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 210 70 145
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 90 25 65
Ojibway languages 120 45 80
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 10 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 15 0 15
Ojibway, n.o.s. 100 35 60
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 25 10 15
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 25 10 15
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 49,595 24,940 24,655
Afro-Asiatic languages 4,075 2,150 1,925
Berber languages 85 35 40
Kabyle 80 35 40
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 95 55 40
Hausa 90 55 35
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 140 70 65
Cushitic languages 120 50 70
Bilen 0 0 0
Oromo 50 25 25
Somali 70 20 45
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 3,820 2,025 1,805
Amharic 325 160 170
Arabic 2,715 1,430 1,285
Aramaic languages 0 0 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 670 380 290
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 300 145 155
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 995 445 550
Khmer (Cambodian) 55 25 30
Vietnamese 940 415 525
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 2,755 1,270 1,485
Bikol 0 0 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 45 25 20
Cebuano 50 25 30
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 50 20 30
Ilocano 160 75 85
Indonesian 85 55 25
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 55 25 30
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 20 15 0
Pangasinan 35 0 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,580 1,180 1,400
Waray-Waray 15 0 10
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 60 20 40
Creole languages 240 100 135
Haitian Creole 0 0 0
Jamaican English Creole 20 0 15
Krio 90 45 45
Morisyen 40 10 20
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 40 20 20
Creole languages, n.i.e. 45 15 30
Dravidian languages 700 360 340
Kannada 95 45 50
Malayalam 190 90 100
Tamil 360 180 180
Telugu 160 100 70
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 24,700 12,755 11,950
Albanian 75 35 40
Armenian 10 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 3,325 1,685 1,640
Baltic languages 15 0 10
Latvian 10 0 10
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Slavic languages 3,325 1,685 1,640
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 25 10 10
Czech 70 35 35
Macedonian 25 20 10
Polish 490 235 250
Russian 1,800 925 880
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 395 210 185
Bosnian 215 110 105
Croatian 150 80 70
Serbian 165 105 65
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Slovak 45 20 25
Slovene (Slovenian) 35 10 20
Ukrainian 860 410 455
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0
Celtic languages 0 0 0
Irish 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0
Welsh 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 1,820 825 995
Frisian 15 0 10
High German languages 1,315 610 705
German 1,295 605 690
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 0 0 0
Yiddish 20 0 20
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 575 255 320
Afrikaans 80 30 45
Dutch 190 80 110
Low German, n.o.s. 35 10 25
Low Saxon 10 0 10
Plautdietsch 255 125 125
Vlaams (Flemish) 25 10 15
Scandinavian languages 60 35 25
Danish 20 10 10
Icelandic 20 10 10
Norwegian 20 10 10
Swedish 15 10 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Greek 155 75 80
Indo-Iranian languages 15,755 8,485 7,265
Indo-Aryan languages 14,330 7,780 6,550
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 1,495 940 555
Gujarati 1,725 1,005 720
Hindi 6,320 3,395 2,930
Kacchi 0 0 0
Kashmiri 10 10 0
Konkani 20 10 15
Marathi 115 55 60
Nepali 180 85 95
Oriya languages 15 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 15 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 6,860 3,735 3,125
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 40 30 20
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 830 415 420
Urdu 2,970 1,590 1,380
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 80 35 40
Iranian languages 1,485 735 750
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 605 285 325
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 90 45 45
Persian languages 860 440 425
Dari 195 85 105
Iranian Persian 640 330 310
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 50 25 25
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10
Italic (Romance) languages 3,970 1,840 2,125
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 790 360 430
Portuguese 765 385 380
Romanian 80 40 35
Spanish 2,555 1,170 1,390
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 290 155 135
Korean 1,500 745 750
Mongolian 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 3,595 1,750 1,840
Akan (Twi) 115 60 60
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 70 40 25
Éwé 10 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0
Ga 20 10 10
Ganda 35 25 15
Gikuyu 50 20 30
Igbo 490 280 215
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 95 45 55
Lingala 70 15 50
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 15 10 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 30 15 15
Shona 105 55 50
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 10 0 10
Swahili 505 190 310
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0
Yoruba 1,940 965 980
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 360 165 195
Nilo-Saharan languages 60 20 40
Dinka 0 0 0
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 45 15 25
African, n.o.s. 10 0 10
Sign languages 95 30 70
American Sign Language 95 30 70
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages 12,200 6,015 6,185
Chinese languages 12,195 6,015 6,180
Hakka 30 15 15
Mandarin 10,050 4,985 5,060
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 155 60 95
Wu (Shanghainese) 50 30 20
Yue (Cantonese) 3,505 1,645 1,860
Chinese, n.o.s. 65 30 35
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 10 0 0
Burmese 0 0 0
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10
Tai-Kadai languages 90 45 45
Lao 65 35 25
Thai 35 10 25
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 250 130 125
Azerbaijani 45 25 20
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 215 105 110
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10
Uralic languages 190 90 100
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 40 20 20
Hungarian 155 75 75
Other languages, n.i.e. 60 25 40
Indigenous population
Total - Indigenous identity for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 112,245 56,025 56,220
Indigenous identity45 7,430 3,565 3,870
Single Indigenous responses46 7,255 3,495 3,765
First Nations (North American Indian) 2,465 1,140 1,330
Métis 4,690 2,310 2,380
Inuk (Inuit) 95 45 50
Multiple Indigenous responses47 130 50 85
Indigenous responses not included elsewhere48 50 20 25
Non-Indigenous identity 104,820 52,460 52,355
Total - Registered or Treaty Indian status for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 112,245 56,025 56,220
Registered or Treaty Indian49 2,250 1,030 1,220
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 110,000 54,995 55,005
Household characteristics
Total - Private households by tenure - 25% sample data50 40,520 ... ...
Owner 29,720 ... ...
Renter 10,795 ... ...
Dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band 0 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by condominium status - 25% sample data51 40,520 ... ...
Condominium 6,165 ... ...
Not condominium 34,350 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of bedrooms - 25% sample data52 40,520 ... ...
No bedrooms 110 ... ...
1 bedroom 3,165 ... ...
2 bedrooms 9,095 ... ...
3 bedrooms 15,015 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 13,135 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of rooms - 25% sample data53 40,520 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 10,885 ... ...
5 rooms 6,445 ... ...
6 rooms 5,965 ... ...
7 rooms 5,300 ... ...
8 or more rooms 11,920 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 6.2 ... ...
Total - Private households by number of persons per room - 25% sample data54 40,520 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 38,830 ... ...
More than one person per room 1,685 ... ...
Total - Private households by housing suitability - 25% sample data55 40,520 ... ...
Suitable 37,485 ... ...
Not suitable 3,030 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by period of construction - 25% sample data56 40,520 ... ...
1960 or before 1,225 ... ...
1961 to 1980 11,030 ... ...
1981 to 1990 7,890 ... ...
1991 to 2000 4,595 ... ...
2001 to 2005 2,660 ... ...
2006 to 2010 2,835 ... ...
2011 to 2015 5,080 ... ...
2016 to 202157 5,200 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by dwelling condition - 25% sample data58 40,520 ... ...
Only regular maintenance and minor repairs needed 39,180 ... ...
Major repairs needed 1,340 ... ...
Total - Private households by number of household maintainers - 25% sample data59 40,520 ... ...
One-maintainer household 17,250 ... ...
Two-maintainer household 20,700 ... ...
Three-or-more-maintainer household 2,565 ... ...
Total - Private households by age of primary household maintainers - 25% sample data60 40,520 ... ...
15 to 24 years 2,155 ... ...
25 to 34 years 6,090 ... ...
35 to 44 years 7,875 ... ...
45 to 54 years 7,750 ... ...
55 to 64 years 7,440 ... ...
65 to 74 years 5,655 ... ...
75 to 84 years 2,810 ... ...
85 years and over 735 ... ...
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratio - 25% sample data61 40,370 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of income on shelter costs 31,830 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs 8,540 ... ...
30% to less than 100% 6,780 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by housing indicators - 25% sample data62 40,520 ... ...
Total - Households 'spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' or 'not suitable' or 'major repairs needed' 11,825 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs only 7,570 ... ...
Not suitable only 2,240 ... ...
Major repairs needed only 965 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' 680 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'major repairs needed' 260 ... ...
'Not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 80 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 30 ... ...
Acceptable housing 28,690 ... ...
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero and shelter-cost-to-income ratio less than 100%, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data63 38,605 ... ...
In core need 3,140 ... ...
Not in core need 35,465 ... ...
Total - Owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 29,710 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgage64 64.6 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 13.6 ... ...
% in core housing need63 4.6 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 1,470 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 1,528 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)66 400,000 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)66 434,000 ... ...
Total - Tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 10,800 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housing67 12.0 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 42.2 ... ...
% in core housing need63 18.7 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 1,340 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 1,360 ... ...
Total - Households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band in non-farm private dwellings - 25% sample data 0 ... ...
% of households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band spending more than 30% on shelter costs61 ... ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 ... ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 ... ... ...
Indigenous ancestry
Total - Indigenous ancestry for the population in private households - 25% sample data68 112,250 56,030 56,225
Indigenous ancestry (only)69 2,370 1,140 1,225
Single Indigenous ancestry (only)70 2,280 1,100 1,180
First Nations (North American Indian) single ancestry 1,555 705 850
Métis single ancestry 675 365 310
Inuit single ancestry 55 30 25
Multiple Indigenous ancestries (only)71 85 40 45
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis ancestry only 75 35 45
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
Métis and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries72 5,485 2,655 2,830
Single Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries73 5,220 2,515 2,705
First Nations (North American Indian) and non-Indigenous ancestry only 1,845 925 920
Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 3,335 1,580 1,755
Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 45 15 25
Multiple Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries74 260 140 125
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 240 125 120
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 15 0 10
Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 0 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous ancestry only75 104,400 52,235 52,160
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample data76 112,250 56,025 56,225
Canadian citizens77 87,415 42,935 44,475
Canadian citizens aged under 18 19,855 10,075 9,780
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 67,555 32,865 34,690
Not Canadian citizens78 24,840 13,085 11,745
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample data79 112,250 56,025 56,225
Non-immigrants80 66,120 32,465 33,655
Immigrants81 36,090 17,750 18,340
Before 1980 3,685 1,830 1,855
1980 to 1990 2,230 1,080 1,150
1991 to 2000 3,095 1,470 1,625
2001 to 2010 8,665 4,255 4,410
2011 to 202182 18,410 9,105 9,300
2011 to 2015 7,905 3,885 4,025
2016 to 2021 10,500 5,225 5,280
Non-permanent residents83 10,040 5,810 4,225
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data84 36,090 17,750 18,340
Under 5 years 3,305 1,695 1,605
5 to 14 years 6,725 3,570 3,150
15 to 24 years 5,700 2,655 3,040
25 to 44 years 16,895 8,060 8,835
45 years and over 3,470 1,765 1,705
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data85 36,090 17,750 18,340
Americas 3,010 1,440 1,570
Brazil 305 170 140
Colombia 105 45 60
El Salvador 145 75 65
Guyana 265 110 155
Haiti 0 0 0
Jamaica 210 105 100
Mexico 180 90 95
Peru 80 45 35
Trinidad and Tobago 410 200 215
United States of America 685 320 365
Other places of birth in Americas 605 275 335
Europe 4,465 2,265 2,195
Bosnia and Herzegovina 165 90 70
Croatia 40 25 15
France 90 70 15
Germany 335 160 180
Greece 100 55 40
Hungary 60 25 30
Italy 375 195 180
Netherlands 100 40 60
Poland 330 150 175
Portugal 130 70 60
Romania 55 30 25
Russian Federation 420 195 230
Serbia86 75 45 30
Ukraine 580 280 295
United Kingdom87 965 450 510
Other places of birth in Europe 650 380 275
Africa 5,555 2,640 2,915
Algeria 70 30 35
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 115 45 70
Egypt 705 345 365
Eritrea 140 60 80
Ethiopia 300 155 145
Morocco 45 10 30
Nigeria 2,865 1,395 1,470
Somalia 60 15 40
South Africa, Republic of 145 65 80
Other places of birth in Africa 1,120 515 605
Asia 22,985 11,365 11,620
Afghanistan 175 90 90
Iran88 395 210 180
Iraq 615 285 330
Lebanon 45 30 20
Syria89 330 195 135
Turkey 110 50 65
China90 5,645 2,660 2,985
Hong Kong91 465 255 210
Korea, South92 980 505 475
Taiwan 120 50 75
Philippines 2,595 1,205 1,390
Viet Nam 605 260 345
Bangladesh 710 365 345
India 6,085 3,150 2,935
Pakistan 1,755 880 870
Sri Lanka 690 305 385
Other places of birth in Asia 1,665 890 775
Oceania and other places of birth93 80 40 40
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data94 10,500 5,225 5,275
Americas 750 415 335
Brazil 285 160 120
Colombia 60 35 30
Haiti 0 0 0
Jamaica 40 30 15
Mexico 60 35 30
United States of America 160 100 60
Venezuela95 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 125 60 70
Europe 570 305 260
France 0 0 0
Germany 0 0 0
Ireland96 25 10 10
Italy 20 10 10
Russian Federation 85 35 55
Ukraine 165 75 90
United Kingdom87 70 50 25
Other places of birth in Europe 160 105 60
Africa 1,955 905 1,045
Algeria 30 10 20
Burundi 25 10 15
Cameroon 0 0 0
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 35 15 20
Côte d'Ivoire 25 10 15
Egypt 130 55 70
Eritrea 10 0 10
Ethiopia 55 25 35
Morocco 10 0 10
Nigeria 1,390 690 695
Somalia 40 10 30
South Africa, Republic of 15 0 15
Sudan97 0 0 0
Tunisia 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 175 80 100
Asia 7,215 3,575 3,635
Afghanistan 15 0 15
Bangladesh 280 135 150
China90 2,300 1,090 1,205
Hong Kong91 60 30 25
India 2,130 1,130 1,005
Iran88 85 45 40
Iraq 345 155 190
Israel 55 30 30
Japan 10 0 10
Jordan 65 30 30
Korea, South92 265 125 135
Lebanon 0 0 0
Nepal 10 0 10
Pakistan 480 240 235
Philippines 240 110 125
Saudi Arabia 45 15 30
Sri Lanka 140 55 85
Syria89 225 125 105
Turkey 60 25 30
United Arab Emirates 60 35 25
Viet Nam 105 45 60
Other places of birth in Asia 240 145 95
Oceania and other93 20 15 0
Australia 20 15 0
Other places of birth98 0 0 0
Generation status
Total - Generation status for the population in private households - 25% sample data99 112,245 56,025 56,220
First generation100 46,965 23,970 22,995
Second generation101 19,170 9,585 9,585
Third generation or more102 46,110 22,470 23,640
Admission category and applicant type
Total - Admission category and applicant type for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data103 32,405 15,915 16,485
Economic immigrants104 23,670 12,235 11,435
Principal applicants105 9,305 5,945 3,365
Secondary applicants106 14,365 6,295 8,075
Immigrants sponsored by family107 5,580 2,070 3,505
Refugees108 3,050 1,575 1,475
Other immigrants109 100 35 70
Pre-admission experience
Total - Pre-admission experience for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data110 32,405 15,915 16,485
Asylum claim before admission111 420 220 205
Work permits only before admission112 1,965 950 1,015
Study permits only before admission113 1,120 620 500
Work and study permits before admission114 3,320 1,920 1,400
Other permits before admission115 100 50 45
No pre-admission experience116 25,480 12,165 13,315
Visible minority
Total - Visible minority for the population in private households - 25% sample data117 112,245 56,025 56,220
Total visible minority population118 51,395 26,300 25,100
South Asian 16,365 8,935 7,425
Chinese 12,945 6,405 6,540
Black 8,645 4,340 4,310
Filipino 3,795 1,800 2,000
Arab 2,370 1,215 1,160
Latin American 1,240 600 640
Southeast Asian 1,320 665 660
West Asian 1,150 585 565
Korean 1,475 750 730
Japanese 245 110 135
Visible minority, n.i.e.119 690 330 365
Multiple visible minorities 1,155 575 580
Not a visible minority120 60,850 29,725 31,120
Ethnic or cultural origin
Total - Ethnic or cultural origin for the population in private households - 25% sample data121 112,250 56,025 56,225
Canadian 7,715 3,895 3,820
English 15,295 7,455 7,840
Irish 10,310 4,965 5,345
Scottish 13,605 6,580 7,025
French, n.o.s.122 9,750 4,635 5,115
German 10,725 5,230 5,495
Chinese 12,260 6,120 6,135
Italian 2,795 1,375 1,420
Indian (India) 7,525 3,980 3,545
Ukrainian 10,530 5,115 5,415
Dutch 2,945 1,440 1,500
Polish 5,330 2,590 2,740
Québécois 125 65 60
British Isles, n.o.s.123 2,165 1,125 1,040
Filipino 3,850 1,830 2,015
French Canadian 1,455 625 830
Caucasian (White), n.o.s.124 1,340 710 625
First Nations (North American Indian), n.o.s.125 1,570 705 865
Métis 4,340 2,115 2,225
European, n.o.s.126 1,020 545 480
Russian 2,760 1,285 1,475
Norwegian 1,360 605 755
Welsh 1,205 530 680
Portuguese 825 430 400
American 610 255 360
Spanish 1,140 510 630
Swedish 1,455 620 835
Hungarian 765 360 405
Acadian 195 95 95
Pakistani 2,215 1,140 1,075
African, n.o.s.127 1,585 755 830
Jewish 1,225 610 615
Punjabi 2,240 1,275 965
Vietnamese 1,045 485 555
Arab, n.o.s.128 1,025 570 460
Greek 430 215 215
Jamaican 485 265 220
Asian, n.o.s.129 1,470 740 730
Cree, n.o.s.130 1,000 480 520
Korean 1,355 675 685
Romanian 400 220 185
Lebanese 150 90 60
Iranian 530 290 235
Christian, n.i.e.131 415 200 215
Danish 645 360 285
North American Indigenous, n.o.s.132 340 190 150
Sikh 1,430 755 675
Austrian 845 430 420
Belgian 1,955 995 965
Haitian 15 0 10
Hindu 1,105 560 545
Mexican 285 140 140
Mennonite 2,280 1,150 1,125
Swiss 440 220 215
Finnish 405 225 180
Sri Lankan 630 300 330
Croatian 200 120 80
Japanese 345 150 195
South Asian, n.o.s.133 495 280 215
Mi'kmaq, n.o.s.134 75 55 20
Northern European, n.o.s.135 325 165 160
Muslim 425 215 210
Egyptian 810 405 405
Latin, Central or South American, n.o.s.136 235 120 115
Tamil 125 60 65
Icelandic 2,060 945 1,115
Colombian 175 80 95
Moroccan 50 15 35
Czech 420 210 205
Syrian 290 135 150
Guyanese 245 90 155
Afghan 310 145 165
Black, n.o.s.137 235 125 110
Serbian 150 80 70
Ojibway 615 295 320
Newfoundlander 50 25 25
Hong Konger 550 250 300
Ontarian 55 35 20
Persian 125 80 55
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 520 295 225
Turkish 210 115 100
Inuit, n.o.s.138 130 65 65
Bangladeshi 1,105 695 405
Algerian 70 40 25
Brazilian 340 155 185
Nigerian 1,800 930 870
Armenian 30 15 10
Slovak 215 95 115
Eastern European, n.o.s.139 175 85 100
Somali 90 30 55
Taiwanese 140 45 100
Iraqi 250 110 145
Salvadorean 105 50 55
African Caribbean 140 45 95
East or Southeast Asian, n.o.s.140 315 160 160
West or Central Asian or Middle Eastern, n.o.s.141 230 120 105
Caribbean, n.o.s.142 190 100 90
Algonquin 40 25 10
West Indian, n.o.s.143 215 100 115
Lithuanian 85 60 20
South African 115 55 55
Australian 85 40 45
Palestinian 90 45 45
Chilean 140 65 75
Congolese 145 70 70
Nova Scotian 15 10 0
Ethiopian 230 145 85
Hispanic, n.o.s.144