Census Profile, 2021 Census of Population
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Topic:
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Age
Age characteristics
Commuting
Select all: Commuting
Commuting destination
Commuting duration
Main mode of commuting
Place of work status
Time leaving for work
Education
Select all: Education
Highest certificate, diploma or degree
Location of study compared with province or territory of residence
Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2021
Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificate
Ethnocultural and religious diversity
Select all: Ethnocultural and religious diversity
Ethnic or cultural origin
Religion
Visible minority
Families, households, and marital status
Select all: Families, households, and marital status
Family characteristics
Household type
Marital status
Housing
Household characteristics
Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
Select all: Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
Admission category and applicant type
Age at immigration
Citizenship
Generation status
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Pre-admission experience
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Income
Select all: Income
Income of economic families in 2020
Income of households in 2020
Income of individuals in 2019
Income of individuals in 2020
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Indigenous peoples
Select all: Indigenous peoples
Indigenous ancestry
Indigenous population
Instruction in the minority official language
Select all: Instruction in the minority official language
Children eligible for instruction in the minority official language
Eligibility and instruction in the minority official language for school-aged children
Labour
Select all: Labour
Class of worker including job permanency
Industry - Sectors - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2017
Labour force status
Occupation - Broad category - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2021
Work activity during the reference year
Language
Select all: Language
All languages spoken at home
First official language spoken
Knowledge of languages
Knowledge of official languages
Language spoken most often at home
Mother tongue
Other language spoken regularly at home
Language of work
Select all: Language of work
All languages used at work
Language used most often at work
Other language(s) used regularly at work
Mobility and migration
Select all: Mobility and migration
Mobility status 1 year ago
Mobility status 5 years ago
Population and dwelling counts
Population and dwellings
Type of dwelling
Household and dwelling characteristics
GenderMore information:


Statistic:
Characteristic WhitehorseMore information:
Yukon
[Population centre]
Counts
Total Men+ Women+
Population and dwellings
Population, 20211 24,513 ... ...
Population, 20161 21,770r ... ...
Population percentage change, 2016 to 2021 12.6 ... ...
Total private dwellings2 10,424 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residents3 9,971 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 681.5 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 35.97 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups of the population - 100% data 24,515 12,000 12,510
0 to 14 years 4,290 2,225 2,065
0 to 4 years 1,370 690 680
5 to 9 years 1,475 780 690
10 to 14 years 1,445 760 690
15 to 64 years 16,985 8,210 8,775
15 to 19 years 1,325 700 625
20 to 24 years 1,515 760 750
25 to 29 years 1,845 915 930
30 to 34 years 2,295 1,115 1,180
35 to 39 years 2,200 1,060 1,145
40 to 44 years 1,790 850 945
45 to 49 years 1,610 720 890
50 to 54 years 1,430 685 745
55 to 59 years 1,485 715 775
60 to 64 years 1,485 690 795
65 years and over 3,240 1,565 1,675
65 to 69 years 1,180 570 610
70 to 74 years 910 435 475
75 to 79 years 590 305 290
80 to 84 years 305 145 160
85 years and over 255 105 150
85 to 89 years 170 70 100
90 to 94 years 70 35 40
95 to 99 years 15 5 5
100 years and over 5 0 5
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 17.5 18.5 16.5
15 to 64 years 69.3 68.4 70.1
65 years and over 13.2 13.0 13.4
85 years and over 1.0 0.9 1.2
Average age of the population 38.4 37.7 39.1
Median age of the population 37.2 36.4 38.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% data 9,970 ... ...
Single-detached house 4,435 ... ...
Semi-detached house 1,005 ... ...
Row house 1,065 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 620 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 1,780 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 60 ... ...
Other single-attached house 45 ... ...
Movable dwelling4 970 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% data 9,970 ... ...
1 person 2,970 ... ...
2 persons 3,250 ... ...
3 persons 1,605 ... ...
4 persons 1,370 ... ...
5 or more persons 770 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 24,080 11,750 12,335
Average household size 2.4 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the total population aged 15 years and over - 100% data 20,225 9,770 10,450
Married or living common-law 10,915 5,430 5,485
Married 7,565 3,780 3,790
Living common-law 3,350 1,650 1,700
Living common law - Never married 2,690 1,325 1,365
Living common law - Separated 80 50 35
Living common law - Divorced 525 260 260
Living common law - Widowed 50 15 35
Not married and not living common-law 9,305 4,345 4,960
Not married and not living common law - Never married 6,620 3,375 3,240
Not married and not living common law - Separated 470 195 275
Not married and not living common law - Divorced 1,485 610 875
Not married and not living common law - Widowed 735 170 565
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% data5 6,580 ... ...
2 persons 3,445 ... ...
3 persons 1,425 ... ...
4 persons 1,220 ... ...
5 or more persons 490 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.8 ... ...
Average number of children in census families with children6 1.7 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% data 6,575 ... ...
Total couple families 5,295 ... ...
Married couples 3,620 ... ...
With children6 2,020 ... ...
Without children 1,605 ... ...
Common-law couples 1,675 ... ...
With children6 620 ... ...
Without children 1,055 ... ...
Total one-parent families 1,280 ... ...
in which the parent is a woman+ 950 ... ...
in which the parent is a man+ 335 ... ...
Total - Persons in private households - 100% data 24,080 11,750 12,335
Total - Persons in census families 18,615 9,155 9,460
Married spouses or common-law partners 10,585 5,255 5,335
Parents in one-parent families 1,285 335 950
Children6 6,750 3,570 3,175
In a two-parent family 4,770 2,525 2,245
In a one-parent family 1,975 1,050 930
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 5,460 2,590 2,870
Living alone 2,970 1,290 1,685
Living with other relatives7 640 275 365
Living with non-relatives only 1,850 1,030 820
Household type
Total - Household type - 100% data 9,970 ... ...
One-census-family households without additional persons 5,535 ... ...
Couple-family households 4,550 ... ...
With children6 2,295 ... ...
Without children 2,250 ... ...
One-parent-family households 985 ... ...
Multigenerational households8 235 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households9 95 ... ...
One-census-family households with additional persons9 495 ... ...
Two-or-more-person non-census-family households 645 ... ...
One-person households 2,970 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2020
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data10 19,795 9,525 10,275
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 19,170 9,165 10,005
Median total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 58,400 60,000 56,800
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 19,180 9,170 10,005
Median after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 52,000 53,200 50,800
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 17,960 8,585 9,375
Median market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 55,600 58,800 52,400
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 15,980 7,720 8,260
Median employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 56,400 58,800 54,000
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 16,205 7,455 8,750
Median government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 4,720 3,400 5,600
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 1,595 770 825
Median employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 5,760 5,400 6,000
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 4,250 2,015 2,230
Median COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 8,000 8,000 8,000
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data11 19,765 9,535 10,235
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 19,150 9,200 9,955
Average total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 65,900 69,700 62,400
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 19,155 9,205 9,955
Average after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 56,400 58,750 54,200
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 17,915 8,600 9,310
Average market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 62,700 67,600 58,150
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 15,940 7,695 8,245
Average employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 60,700 65,200 56,500
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 16,310 7,525 8,780
Average government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 8,520 7,920 9,030
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 1,670 795 875
Average employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 7,020 6,120 7,840
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 4,180 1,950 2,225
Average COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 8,030 7,990 8,070
Total - Employment income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data12 19,765 9,530 10,235
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 8,695 4,315 4,380
Median employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 78,500 83,000 75,500
Average employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 82,100 87,200 77,000
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 5,785 2,680 3,105
Median employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 28,600 31,200 25,600
Average employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 37,920 39,960 36,120
Composition of total income in 2020 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data17 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)18 89.0 90.6 87.2
Employment income (%)19 76.6 78.2 75.0
Government transfers (%)20 11.0 9.3 12.8
Employment insurance benefits (%) 0.9 0.8 1.1
COVID-19 - Government income support and benefits (%) 3.1 2.7 3.4
COVID-19 - Emergency and recovery benefits (%) 2.7 2.4 2.9
Total - Total income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data21 19,800 9,520 10,275
Without total income 630 360 270
With total income 19,175 9,165 10,005
Under $10,000 (including loss) 1,080 530 550
$10,000 to $19,999 1,305 620 685
$20,000 to $29,999 2,075 925 1,145
$30,000 to $39,999 1,985 880 1,110
$40,000 to $49,999 1,810 855 950
$50,000 to $59,999 1,610 755 855
$60,000 to $69,999 1,610 715 900
$70,000 to $79,999 1,630 700 930
$80,000 to $89,999 1,420 630 790
$90,000 to $99,999 1,290 640 645
$100,000 and over 3,360 1,915 1,450
$100,000 to $149,999 2,600 1,410 1,190
$150,000 and over 760 500 255
Total - After-tax income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data22 19,800 9,520 10,275
Without after-tax income 620 350 270
With after-tax income 19,175 9,175 10,005
Under $10,000 (including loss) 1,130 560 570
$10,000 to $19,999 1,365 645 715
$20,000 to $29,999 2,305 1,030 1,280
$30,000 to $39,999 2,345 1,075 1,275
$40,000 to $49,999 2,055 990 1,070
$50,000 to $59,999 1,975 920 1,055
$60,000 to $69,999 2,100 885 1,215
$70,000 to $79,999 1,845 845 1,005
$80,000 to $89,999 1,420 725 690
$90,000 to $99,999 925 485 445
$100,000 and over 1,710 1,025 685
$100,000 to $124,999 1,080 620 455
$125,000 and over 630 400 230
Total - Employment income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data19 19,800 9,520 10,275
Without employment income 3,820 1,800 2,020
With employment income 15,980 7,720 8,255
Under $5,000 (including loss) 1,470 665 810
$5,000 to $9,999 800 320 480
$10,000 to $19,999 1,325 605 725
$20,000 to $29,999 1,160 535 630
$30,000 to $39,999 1,285 630 660
$40,000 to $49,999 1,230 600 625
$50,000 to $59,999 1,155 555 595
$60,000 to $69,999 1,270 565 710
$70,000 to $79,999 1,345 575 770
$80,000 to $89,999 1,180 550 625
$90,000 to $99,999 1,110 560 550
$100,000 and over 2,650 1,565 1,080
$100,000 to $124,999 1,550 860 695
$125,000 and over 1,095 705 390
Income of individuals in 2019
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data23 19,795 9,525 10,275
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 18,915 9,040 9,875
Median total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 54,800 57,200 52,800
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 18,920 9,035 9,885
Median after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 49,200 50,400 47,600
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 17,850 8,535 9,315
Median market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 52,800 56,400 50,000
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 16,095 7,775 8,320
Median employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 53,200 56,400 50,400
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 14,725 6,710 8,015
Median government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 1,290 484 2,580
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 -100% data 1,530 745 785
Median employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 6,600 5,880 7,650
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data24 19,765 9,535 10,235
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 18,925 9,075 9,850
Average total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 63,450 66,900 60,300
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 18,935 9,075 9,860
Average after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 53,900 56,300 51,750
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 17,920 8,620 9,300
Average market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 61,850 66,000 57,950
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 16,100 7,790 8,315
Average employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 58,650 63,150 54,400
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 14,875 6,855 8,020
Average government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 6,265 5,600 6,840
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 1,585 685 900
Average employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 8,010 6,360 9,260
Total - Employment income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data25 19,765 9,530 10,235
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 8,620 4,255 4,360
Median employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 74,000 78,500 70,500
Average employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 77,500 82,900 72,200
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 5,610 2,615 2,995
Median employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 31,000 34,400 26,800
Average employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 40,080 43,000 37,520
Composition of total income in 2019 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%) 92.2 93.6 90.8
Employment income (%) 78.6 81.0 76.2
Government transfers (%) 7.8 6.3 9.2
Employment insurance benefits (%) 1.1 0.7 1.4
Income of households in 2020
Total - Income statistics for private households - 100% data26 9,970 ... ...
Median total income of household in 2020 ($) 110,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 96,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 100% data 2,970 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 58,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 52,400 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 100% data 7,000 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 139,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 121,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for private households - 25% sample data27 9,975 ... ...
Average total income of household in 2020 ($) 126,500 ... ...
Average after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 108,300 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 25% sample data 2,965 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 68,800 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 58,800 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 25% sample data 7,010 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 151,000 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 129,200 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data21 9,970 ... ...
Under $5,000 70 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 25 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 40 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 125 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 315 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 230 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 185 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 235 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 250 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 220 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 465 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 575 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 595 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 580 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 550 ... ...
$100,000 and over 5,495 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 1,285 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 965 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 1,650 ... ...
$200,000 and over 1,600 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data22 9,970 ... ...
Under $5,000 75 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 25 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 45 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 125 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 320 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 255 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 210 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 300 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 260 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 265 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 620 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 725 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 715 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 660 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 635 ... ...
$100,000 and over 4,735 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 1,320 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,130 ... ...
$150,000 and over 2,290 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2020
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 100% data28 6,510 ... ...
Median total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 136,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 118,000 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 100% data 2,445 ... ...
Median total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 128,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 111,000 ... ...
Average family size of couple-only economic families 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 100% data 2,635 ... ...
Median total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 170,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 146,000 ... ...
Average family size of couple-with-children economic families 4.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 1,195 ... ...
Median total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 87,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 79,000 ... ...
Average family size of one-parent economic families 2.7 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% data29 4,820 2,320 2,500
Median total income in 2020 ($)30 51,600 49,200 54,400
Median after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 46,400 44,400 48,800
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 25% sample data31 6,515 ... ...
Average total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 148,600 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 127,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 25% sample data 2,430 ... ...
Average total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 142,800 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 120,600 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 25% sample data 2,670 ... ...
Average total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 179,600 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 152,600 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 1,150 ... ...
Average total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 94,600 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 84,800 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample data32 4,710 2,220 2,485
Average total income in 2020 ($)30 62,450 62,500 62,450
Average after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 53,800 53,250 54,250
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Total - LIM low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households - 100% data33 24,085 11,750 12,330
0 to 17 years 5,085 2,640 2,445
0 to 5 years 1,660 840 820
18 to 64 years 15,975 7,660 8,320
65 years and over 3,025 1,450 1,570
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 1,405 700 705
0 to 17 years 330 175 150
0 to 5 years 115 50 65
18 to 64 years 730 365 365
65 years and over 355 165 190
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 5.9 6.0 5.7
0 to 17 years (%) 6.4 6.7 6.1
0 to 5 years (%) 6.9 6.2 7.6
18 to 64 years (%) 4.6 4.7 4.4
65 years and over (%) 11.7 11.3 12.0
Total - LICO low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households to whom the low-income concept is applicable - 100% data33 0 0 0
0 to 17 years 0 0 0
0 to 5 years 0 0 0
18 to 64 years 0 0 0
65 years and over 0 0 0
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 0 0 0
0 to 17 years 0 0 0
0 to 5 years 0 0 0
18 to 64 years 0 0 0
65 years and over 0 0 0
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) x x x
0 to 17 years (%) x x x
0 to 5 years (%) x x x
18 to 64 years (%) x x x
65 years and over (%) x x x
Total - Adjusted after-tax economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% data34The letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice. 24,080 11,750 12,330
In bottom half of the distribution 7,590 3,695 3,895
In bottom decile 1,480 755 725
In second decile 1,380 660 725
In third decile 1,485 720 765
In fourth decile 1,445 690 750
In fifth decile 1,805 870 935
In top half of the distribution 16,490 8,055 8,435
In sixth decile 2,120 1,010 1,115
In seventh decile 2,535 1,200 1,335
In eighth decile 3,250 1,565 1,685
In ninth decile 4,130 2,035 2,095
In top decile 4,455 2,250 2,210
Total - Inequality measures for the population in private households - 100% data35 24,080 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household total income 0.282 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household market income 0.351 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household after-tax income 0.256 ... ...
P90/P10 ratio on adjusted household after-tax income 3.4 ... ...
Knowledge of official languages
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data36 24,165 11,805 12,365
English only 20,150 9,935 10,215
French only 60 25 30
English and French 3,835 1,780 2,055
Neither English nor French 125 60 65
First official language spoken
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data37 24,165 11,805 12,365
English 22,870 11,145 11,720
French 1,080 555 530
English and French 105 45 55
Neither English nor French 115 55 55
Mother tongue
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data38 24,165 11,805 12,365
Single responses 23,235 11,345 11,890
Official languages 19,830 9,750 10,080
English 18,785 9,210 9,575
French 1,045 540 510
Non-official languages 3,405 1,600 1,810
Indigenous languages39 95 35 65
Algonquian languages 5 5 5
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 5 0 5
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 5 0 5
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0 0 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 5 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 0 0
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 5 0 0
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 5 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 70 30 45
Northern Athabaskan languages 65 25 40
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 15 5 15
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 10 5 0
Kaska (Nahani) 10 5 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 35 15 20
Northern Tutchone 20 5 15
Southern Tutchone 10 5 5
Tutchone, n.o.s. 15 5 5
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 10 5 5
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 10 0 10
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 10 0 5
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 5 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 3,315 1,565 1,745
Afro-Asiatic languages 75 50 25
Berber languages 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 0 0 0
Hausa 0 0 0
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 25 20 10
Bilen 0 0 0
Oromo 5 0 0
Somali 25 20 5
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 50 25 20
Amharic 15 5 5
Arabic 25 15 15
Aramaic languages 0 0 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 5 5 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 65 30 35
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 65 30 35
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 1,140 505 635
Bikol 0 0 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 15 10 10
Cebuano 75 30 45
Fijian 10 5 5
Hiligaynon 65 30 40
Ilocano 40 15 25
Indonesian 5 0 5
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 20 10 10
Pangasinan 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 885 400 485
Waray-Waray 10 5 10
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Creole languages 15 5 10
Haitian Creole 0 0 0
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 0 0 0
Morisyen 0 0 0
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5
Dravidian languages 95 55 40
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 70 40 30
Tamil 15 15 5
Telugu 10 5 0
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 1,330 690 640
Albanian 10 5 5
Armenian 0 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 160 70 90
Baltic languages 0 0 0
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Slavic languages 160 70 85
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 0 0 0
Czech 25 15 10
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 25 5 15
Russian 50 20 25
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 20 5 10
Bosnian 5 0 5
Croatian 10 5 5
Serbian 5 0 5
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Slovak 15 5 5
Slovene (Slovenian) 5 0 5
Ukrainian 25 15 10
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 5 5 5
Irish 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0
Welsh 5 0 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 320 150 170
Frisian 0 0 0
High German languages 250 115 135
German 220 100 115
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 30 15 15
Yiddish 0 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 55 25 30
Afrikaans 5 0 5
Dutch 50 20 30
Low German, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 5 5 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0
Scandinavian languages 20 10 10
Danish 5 0 5
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 5 0 0
Swedish 10 10 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Greek 5 5 0
Indo-Iranian languages 580 335 250
Indo-Aryan languages 555 315 245
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 30 10 20
Gujarati 40 25 15
Hindi 55 30 25
Kacchi 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 5 5 0
Nepali 0 0 0
Oriya languages 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 365 215 155
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0
Urdu 60 30 30
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iranian languages 20 15 5
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 0 0 0
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 5 5 0
Persian languages 15 10 5
Dari 0 0 0
Iranian Persian 15 10 5
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 5 0 5
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 245 120 125
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 20 15 10
Portuguese 20 10 15
Romanian 5 5 5
Spanish 195 100 100
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 120 40 75
Korean 60 20 40
Mongolian 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 35 20 20
Akan (Twi) 5 5 0
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0
Éwé 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0
Lingala 0 0 0
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Shona 5 5 5
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0
Swahili 0 0 5
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0
Yoruba 10 0 5
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5
Nilo-Saharan languages 10 5 0
Dinka 5 5 0
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
African, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Sign languages 5 5 0
American Sign Language 5 5 0
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages 295 110 185
Chinese languages 295 110 185
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 115 45 65
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 5 5 5
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0
Yue (Cantonese) 170 60 110
Chinese, n.o.s. 5 0 5
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0
Burmese 0 0 0
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 15 5 15
Lao 0 0 0
Thai 15 5 15
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 5 0 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 5 0 0
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Uralic languages 45 20 25
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 10 0 5
Hungarian 35 15 15
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Multiple responses 925 455 475
English and French 295 155 145
English and non-official language(s) 530 255 275
French and non-official language(s) 10 10 5
English, French and non-official language(s) 20 10 10
Multiple non-official languages 65 25 40
All languages spoken at home
Total - All languages spoken at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data40 24,165 11,805 12,365
English 19,295 9,495 9,800
French 460 220 235
Non-official language 755 390 365
Indigenous39 5 0 5
Non-Indigenous 750 390 365
English and French 840 410 430
English and non-official language(s) 2,610 1,185 1,420
French and non-official language(s) 10 5 5
English, French and non-official language(s) 130 55 70
Multiple non-official languages 65 30 40
Language spoken most often at home
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data41 24,165 11,805 12,365
Single responses 23,505 11,500 12,005
Official languages 21,650 10,585 11,060
English 21,025 10,280 10,745
French 620 305 320
Non-official languages 1,855 910 940
Indigenous languages39 5 0 5
Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 0 0 0
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0 0 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 0 0 0
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 5 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 5 0 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 5 0 5
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 1,850 910 935
Afro-Asiatic languages 35 20 15
Berber languages 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 0 0 0
Hausa 0 0 0
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 10 10 5
Bilen 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 15 10 5
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 20 10 10
Amharic 5 5 5
Arabic 15 5 5
Aramaic languages 0 0 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 0 0 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 30 10 15
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 30 10 15
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 750 360 395
Bikol 0 0 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 10 5 5
Cebuano 50 25 30
Fijian 5 5 5
Hiligaynon 50 25 25
Ilocano 25 10 10
Indonesian 0 0 0
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 600 285 315
Waray-Waray 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Creole languages 0 0 0
Haitian Creole 0 0 0
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 0 0 0
Morisyen 0 0 0
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Dravidian languages 80 50 35
Kannada 5 5 5
Malayalam 55 35 25
Tamil 15 10 10
Telugu 5 5 5
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 625 335 290
Albanian 0 0 0
Armenian 0 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 40 20 20
Baltic languages 0 0 0
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Slavic languages 40 20 20
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 0 0 0
Czech 5 5 0
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 0 0 0
Russian 30 15 15
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 5 0 5
Bosnian 0 0 0
Croatian 0 0 0
Serbian 5 0 5
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Slovak 0 0 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0
Ukrainian 5 5 0
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 0 0 0
Irish 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0
Welsh 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 30 10 15
Frisian 0 0 0
High German languages 25 10 10
German 15 5 5
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 10 5 5
Yiddish 0 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 5 5 5
Afrikaans 5 0 0
Dutch 0 0 0
Low German, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 0 0 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0
Scandinavian languages 0 0 0
Danish 0 0 0
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 0 0 0
Swedish 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Greek 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages 455 250 210
Indo-Aryan languages 445 245 200
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 25 10 15
Gujarati 30 15 10
Hindi 30 15 10
Kacchi 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0
Nepali 0 0 0
Oriya languages 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 315 180 140
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0
Urdu 40 25 20
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iranian languages 10 5 5
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 0 0 0
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 0 0 0
Persian languages 10 5 5
Dari 0 0 0
Iranian Persian 10 5 5
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 0 0 0
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 90 40 50
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 5 0 5
Portuguese 0 0 0
Romanian 0 0 0
Spanish 85 40 50
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 70 30 35
Korean 25 5 15
Mongolian 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 5 0 5
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0
Éwé 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0
Lingala 0 0 0
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Shona 0 0 0
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0
Swahili 0 0 0
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages 10 5 0
Dinka 5 5 0
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
African, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Sign languages 10 5 0
American Sign Language 5 5 0
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages 200 85 115
Chinese languages 200 85 115
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 65 30 30
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0
Yue (Cantonese) 125 50 75
Chinese, n.o.s. 5 5 5
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0
Burmese 0 0 0
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 5 5 0
Lao 0 0 0
Thai 5 5 0
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 5 0 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 5 0 0
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Uralic languages 5 5 0
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 0 0 0
Hungarian 5 5 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Multiple responses 660 305 355
English and French 150 75 80
English and non-official language(s) 480 220 260
French and non-official language(s) 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language(s) 10 0 5
Multiple non-official languages 25 10 15
Other language spoken regularly at home
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data42 24,165 11,805 12,360
None 21,030 10,345 10,685
English 1,000 470 525
French 575 285 295
Non-official language 1,140 505 635
Indigenous39 95 40 55
Non-Indigenous 1,045 470 575
English and French 10 5 5
English and non-official language(s) 195 95 95
French and non-official language(s) 70 30 40
English, French and non-official language(s) 5 0 0
Multiple non-official languages 145 60 80
Knowledge of languagesThe letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice.
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample data43 24,070 11,740 12,330
Official languages 23,970 11,700 12,270
English 23,905 11,680 12,230
French 3,820 1,725 2,095
Non-official languages 5,000 2,335 2,670
Indigenous languages39 170 80 95
Algonquian languages 20 0 20
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 20 0 20
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 20 0 20
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0 0 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 10 0 10
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 10 0 10
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 0 0 0
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 115 50 65
Northern Athabaskan languages 95 35 60
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 10 0 10
Slavey-Hare languages 10 0 10
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 10 10 0
Kaska (Nahani) 10 10 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 60 25 35
Northern Tutchone 25 10 20
Southern Tutchone 35 15 15
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 15 10 10
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 35 30 10
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 35 30 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 4,830 2,255 2,580
Afro-Asiatic languages 65 35 30
Berber languages 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 0 0 0
Hausa 0 0 0
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 20 10 10
Bilen 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 20 10 10
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 45 25 20
Amharic 10 0 10
Arabic 20 15 10
Aramaic languages 0 0 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 0 0 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 10 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 60 20 40
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 60 20 40
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 1,540 690 850
Bikol 15 0 10
Bisaya, n.o.s. 35 20 15
Cebuano 195 85 110
Fijian 30 25 10
Hiligaynon 110 40 75
Ilocano 80 40 40
Indonesian 25 10 15
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 15 0 10
Pangasinan 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,405 630 775
Waray-Waray 25 0 20
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 20 0 10
Creole languages 25 10 15
Haitian Creole 0 0 0
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 0 0 0
Morisyen 0 0 0
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 10 0 10
Creole languages, n.i.e. 15 0 10
Dravidian languages 185 75 105
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 135 55 80
Tamil 30 15 20
Telugu 40 20 15
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 2,345 1,205 1,140
Albanian 0 0 0
Armenian 0 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 195 90 110
Baltic languages 0 0 0
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Slavic languages 195 90 110
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 0 0 0
Czech 30 10 15
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 30 15 10
Russian 75 45 30
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 20 10 10
Bosnian 0 0 0
Croatian 20 10 10
Serbian 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Slovak 35 0 25
Slovene (Slovenian) 15 10 0
Ukrainian 55 25 30
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 20 10 10
Irish 15 10 0
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0
Welsh 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 650 325 320
Frisian 0 0 0
High German languages 525 280 245
German 510 275 235
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 25 0 20
Yiddish 0 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 90 45 45
Afrikaans 0 0 0
Dutch 85 45 40
Low German, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 0 0 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0
Scandinavian languages 65 30 40
Danish 10 10 0
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 20 10 10
Swedish 45 20 25
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Greek 30 25 0
Indo-Iranian languages 725 420 305
Indo-Aryan languages 705 410 300
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 0 0 0
Gujarati 60 40 15
Hindi 390 230 150
Kacchi 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0
Nepali 15 0 0
Oriya languages 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 420 215 200
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 10 10 0
Urdu 135 100 40
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iranian languages 20 15 0
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 10 10 0
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 0 0 0
Persian languages 10 0 0
Dari 0 0 0
Iranian Persian 0 0 0
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 0 0 0
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 800 365 435
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 40 25 15
Portuguese 15 0 10
Romanian 20 10 15
Spanish 745 335 410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 155 85 75
Korean 75 10 60
Mongolian 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 115 65 50
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 15 10 15
Éwé 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 10 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0
Lingala 0 0 0
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Shona 20 10 10
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0
Swahili 0 0 0
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 55 30 25
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
African, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Sign languages 30 10 25
American Sign Language 30 10 25
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages 380 160 225
Chinese languages 380 160 225
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 230 110 120
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 15 10 0
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0
Yue (Cantonese) 210 65 145
Chinese, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0
Burmese 0 0 0
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 15 0 10
Lao 0 0 0
Thai 15 0 10
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 25 20 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 25 20 0
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Uralic languages 45 20 25
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 0 0 0
Hungarian 35 20 15
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous population
Total - Indigenous identity for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 24,070 11,740 12,330
Indigenous identity45 3,920 1,795 2,125
Single Indigenous responses46 3,795 1,710 2,085
First Nations (North American Indian) 2,840 1,260 1,580
Métis 780 365 410
Inuk (Inuit) 175 85 95
Multiple Indigenous responses47 80 55 20
Indigenous responses not included elsewhere48 50 25 25
Non-Indigenous identity 20,150 9,945 10,205
Total - Registered or Treaty Indian status for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 24,070 11,740 12,330
Registered or Treaty Indian49 2,315 1,025 1,295
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 21,760 10,720 11,035
Household characteristics
Total - Private households by tenure - 25% sample data50 9,970 ... ...
Owner 6,565 ... ...
Renter 3,405 ... ...
Dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band 0 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by condominium status - 25% sample data51 9,970 ... ...
Condominium 1,885 ... ...
Not condominium 8,085 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of bedrooms - 25% sample data52 9,970 ... ...
No bedrooms 105 ... ...
1 bedroom 1,305 ... ...
2 bedrooms 2,730 ... ...
3 bedrooms 3,515 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 2,320 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of rooms - 25% sample data53 9,970 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 3,495 ... ...
5 rooms 1,595 ... ...
6 rooms 1,590 ... ...
7 rooms 1,235 ... ...
8 or more rooms 2,050 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 5.7 ... ...
Total - Private households by number of persons per room - 25% sample data54 9,970 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 9,725 ... ...
More than one person per room 245 ... ...
Total - Private households by housing suitability - 25% sample data55 9,970 ... ...
Suitable 9,405 ... ...
Not suitable 565 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by period of construction - 25% sample data56 9,970 ... ...
1960 or before 850 ... ...
1961 to 1980 3,160 ... ...
1981 to 1990 1,045 ... ...
1991 to 2000 1,485 ... ...
2001 to 2005 580 ... ...
2006 to 2010 835 ... ...
2011 to 2015 915 ... ...
2016 to 202157 1,100 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by dwelling condition - 25% sample data58 9,970 ... ...
Only regular maintenance and minor repairs needed 9,045 ... ...
Major repairs needed 930 ... ...
Total - Private households by number of household maintainers - 25% sample data59 9,970 ... ...
One-maintainer household 4,850 ... ...
Two-maintainer household 4,435 ... ...
Three-or-more-maintainer household 685 ... ...
Total - Private households by age of primary household maintainers - 25% sample data60 9,970 ... ...
15 to 24 years 265 ... ...
25 to 34 years 1,830 ... ...
35 to 44 years 2,115 ... ...
45 to 54 years 1,800 ... ...
55 to 64 years 1,915 ... ...
65 to 74 years 1,340 ... ...
75 to 84 years 530 ... ...
85 years and over 185 ... ...
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratio - 25% sample data61 9,965 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of income on shelter costs 8,160 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs 1,805 ... ...
30% to less than 100% 1,695 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by housing indicators - 25% sample data62 9,970 ... ...
Total - Households 'spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' or 'not suitable' or 'major repairs needed' 3,025 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs only 1,560 ... ...
Not suitable only 475 ... ...
Major repairs needed only 720 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' 60 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'major repairs needed' 175 ... ...
'Not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 30 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 0 ... ...
Acceptable housing 6,950 ... ...
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero and shelter-cost-to-income ratio less than 100%, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data63 9,860 ... ...
In core need 1,095 ... ...
Not in core need 8,760 ... ...
Total - Owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 6,570 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgage64 69.3 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 12.3 ... ...
% in core housing need63 5.2 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 1,820 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 1,762 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)66 500,000 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)66 498,000 ... ...
Total - Tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 3,405 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housing67 22.3 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 29.3 ... ...
% in core housing need63 22.7 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 1,400 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 1,484 ... ...
Total - Households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band in non-farm private dwellings - 25% sample data 0 ... ...
% of households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band spending more than 30% on shelter costs61 ... ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 ... ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 ... ... ...
Indigenous ancestry
Total - Indigenous ancestry for the population in private households - 25% sample data68 24,075 11,740 12,330
Indigenous ancestry (only)69 1,705 775 930
Single Indigenous ancestry (only)70 1,610 730 875
First Nations (North American Indian) single ancestry 1,440 645 790
Métis single ancestry 80 40 40
Inuit single ancestry 90 45 45
Multiple Indigenous ancestries (only)71 100 40 55
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis ancestry only 75 35 45
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit ancestry only 20 10 15
Métis and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries72 2,470 1,160 1,310
Single Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries73 2,405 1,120 1,290
First Nations (North American Indian) and non-Indigenous ancestry only 1,750 820 930
Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 580 265 315
Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 80 40 40
Multiple Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries74 60 40 20
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 35 25 10
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 25 15 10
Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 0 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous ancestry only75 19,895 9,805 10,090
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample data76 24,075 11,740 12,330
Canadian citizens77 21,675 10,505 11,170
Canadian citizens aged under 18 4,890 2,515 2,375
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 16,790 7,990 8,800
Not Canadian citizens78 2,395 1,240 1,160
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample data79 24,075 11,740 12,330
Non-immigrants80 19,415 9,545 9,875
Immigrants81 3,875 1,785 2,095
Before 1980 640 315 325
1980 to 1990 245 95 155
1991 to 2000 440 165 275
2001 to 2010 840 400 435
2011 to 202182 1,720 815 900
2011 to 2015 805 360 440
2016 to 2021 910 455 455
Non-permanent residents83 775 415 365
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data84 3,880 1,785 2,095
Under 5 years 315 165 145
5 to 14 years 605 295 310
15 to 24 years 770 365 410
25 to 44 years 1,870 815 1,055
45 years and over 320 150 175
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data85 3,880 1,785 2,095
Americas 470 215 260
Brazil 0 0 0
Colombia 0 0 0
El Salvador 0 0 0
Guyana 0 0 0
Haiti 0 0 0
Jamaica 35 10 25
Mexico 60 25 30
Peru 0 0 0
Trinidad and Tobago 10 0 0
United States of America 290 145 145
Other places of birth in Americas 70 20 45
Europe 1,055 505 550
Bosnia and Herzegovina 0 0 0
Croatia 10 10 0
France 80 35 40
Germany 200 95 105
Greece 10 10 0
Hungary 15 10 10
Italy 0 0 0
Netherlands 60 30 30
Poland 20 10 0
Portugal 10 10 0
Romania 25 10 10
Russian Federation 30 20 10
Serbia86 0 0 0
Ukraine 15 10 0
United Kingdom87 355 140 210
Other places of birth in Europe 240 120 120
Africa 155 90 70
Algeria 0 0 0
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 0 0 0
Egypt 0 0 0
Eritrea 10 0 0
Ethiopia 15 0 10
Morocco 10 10 0
Nigeria 25 15 0
Somalia 10 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 80 45 40
Asia 2,110 935 1,175
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Iran88 0 0 0
Iraq 0 0 0
Lebanon 0 0 0
Syria89 0 0 0
Turkey 15 10 0
China90 170 65 110
Hong Kong91 25 0 20
Korea, South92 60 15 50
Taiwan 10 10 0
Philippines 1,285 565 715
Viet Nam 35 0 30
Bangladesh 0 0 0
India 310 165 150
Pakistan 55 40 20
Sri Lanka 15 10 0
Other places of birth in Asia 105 50 55
Oceania and other places of birth93 85 40 45
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data94 910 455 460
Americas 115 55 60
Brazil 0 0 0
Colombia 0 0 0
Haiti 0 0 0
Jamaica 15 0 10
Mexico 30 15 20
United States of America 30 15 15
Venezuela95 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 30 15 15
Europe 140 85 55
France 15 10 0
Germany 30 10 15
Ireland96 10 10 0
Italy 0 0 0
Russian Federation 0 0 0
Ukraine 0 0 0
United Kingdom87 35 20 15
Other places of birth in Europe 55 35 20
Africa 55 35 25
Algeria 0 0 0
Burundi 0 0 0
Cameroon 0 0 0
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 0 0 0
Côte d'Ivoire 0 0 0
Egypt 0 0 0
Eritrea 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Morocco 0 0 0
Nigeria 10 10 0
Somalia 0 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0
Sudan97 0 0 0
Tunisia 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 20 10 0
Asia 565 265 305
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Bangladesh 0 0 0
China90 30 10 20
Hong Kong91 0 0 0
India 215 125 90
Iran88 0 0 0
Iraq 0 0 0
Israel 0 0 0
Japan 40 15 20
Jordan 0 0 0
Korea, South92 25 10 15
Lebanon 0 0 0
Nepal 0 0 0
Pakistan 25 15 10
Philippines 215 90 125
Saudi Arabia 0 0 0
Sri Lanka 0 0 0
Syria89 0 0 0
Turkey 0 0 0
United Arab Emirates 0 0 0
Viet Nam 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 15 0 10
Oceania and other93 35 15 20
Australia 25 10 20
Other places of birth98 10 10 0
Generation status
Total - Generation status for the population in private households - 25% sample data99 24,070 11,740 12,330
First generation100 4,885 2,305 2,580
Second generation101 4,085 1,970 2,115
Third generation or more102 15,100 7,470 7,635
Admission category and applicant type
Total - Admission category and applicant type for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data103 3,235 1,470 1,765
Economic immigrants104 2,285 1,080 1,200
Principal applicants105 1,170 545 625
Secondary applicants106 1,115 540 575
Immigrants sponsored by family107 815 325 490
Refugees108 115 55 55
Other immigrants109 25 0 15
Pre-admission experience
Total - Pre-admission experience for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data110 3,235 1,470 1,765
Asylum claim before admission111 70 35 40
Work permits only before admission112 890 400 485
Study permits only before admission113 60 20 45
Work and study permits before admission114 315 135 180
Other permits before admission115 0 0 0
No pre-admission experience116 1,900 875 1,025
Visible minority
Total - Visible minority for the population in private households - 25% sample data117 24,070 11,740 12,330
Total visible minority population118 4,415 2,050 2,370
South Asian 915 495 425
Chinese 525 230 300
Black 480 240 240
Filipino 1,755 765 990
Arab 20 10 10
Latin American 190 95 95
Southeast Asian 135 55 80
West Asian 20 10 10
Korean 80 15 65
Japanese 165 80 80
Visible minority, n.i.e.119 15 0 15
Multiple visible minorities 115 55 60
Not a visible minority120 19,655 9,690 9,960
Ethnic or cultural origin
Total - Ethnic or cultural origin for the population in private households - 25% sample data121 24,070 11,740 12,330
Canadian 2,905 1,425 1,475
English 5,830 2,810 3,020
Irish 4,575 2,230 2,340
Scottish 5,030 2,545 2,485
French, n.o.s.122 2,620 1,240 1,380
German 3,265 1,655 1,615
Chinese 670 295 380
Italian 440 215 225
Indian (India) 610 305 300
Ukrainian 1,190 585 610
Dutch 1,110 525 585
Polish 595 275 320
Québécois 65 35 20
British Isles, n.o.s.123 855 410 455
Filipino 1,570 670 905
French Canadian 415 195 220
Caucasian (White), n.o.s.124 590 305 290
First Nations (North American Indian), n.o.s.125 1,635 765 870
Métis 780 365 415
European, n.o.s.126 600 315 285
Russian 410 185 230
Norwegian 945 450 495
Welsh 700 325 380
Portuguese 85 55 30
American 380 200 185
Spanish 320 165 155
Swedish 565 300 265
Hungarian 260 135 120
Acadian 165 55 110
Pakistani 85 65 15
African, n.o.s.127 65 25 35
Jewish 120 55 70
Punjabi 135 80 60
Vietnamese 80 30 55
Arab, n.o.s.128 35 20 10
Greek 40 25 15
Jamaican 70 25 50
Asian, n.o.s.129 180 90 95
Cree, n.o.s.130 275 110 165
Korean 100 25 75
Romanian 115 40 75
Lebanese 45 20 25
Iranian 10 10 0
Christian, n.i.e.131 15 0 15
Danish 285 140 145
North American Indigenous, n.o.s.132 220 115 100
Sikh 115 50 65
Austrian 190 105 85
Belgian 155 70 80
Haitian 10 0 0
Hindu 45 25 20
Mexican 125 75 45
Mennonite 95 55 40
Swiss 240 130 115
Finnish 225 125 100
Sri Lankan 20 20 0
Croatian 60 20 35
Japanese 210 100 110
South Asian, n.o.s.133 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq, n.o.s.134 35 15 20
Northern European, n.o.s.135 125 55 75
Muslim 0 0 0
Egyptian 0 0 0
Latin, Central or South American, n.o.s.136 10 0 10
Tamil 10 0 10
Icelandic 195 95 100
Colombian 10 0 10
Moroccan 0 0 0
Czech 95 60 40
Syrian 0 0 0
Guyanese 15 10 0
Afghan 0 0 0
Black, n.o.s.137 55 20 35
Serbian 15 10 0
Ojibway 45 15 35
Newfoundlander 85 45 40
Hong Konger 0 0 0
Ontarian 55 30 30
Persian 0 0 0
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 0 0 0
Turkish 15 10 0
Inuit, n.o.s.138 120 70 55
Bangladeshi 0 0 0
Algerian 0 0 0
Brazilian 0 0 0
Nigerian 35 15 20
Armenian 15 0 10
Slovak 75 15 60
Eastern European, n.o.s.139 75 30 45
Somali 20 10 10
Taiwanese 25 10 15
Iraqi 10 0 0
Salvadorean 0 0 0
African Caribbean 10 0 10
East or Southeast Asian, n.o.s.140 0 0 0
West or Central Asian or Middle Eastern, n.o.s.141 20 0 15
Caribbean, n.o.s.142 0 0 0
Algonquin 50 30 25
West Indian, n.o.s.143 30 10 15
Lithuanian 75 25 50
South African 0 0 0
Australian 45 10 35
Palestinian 0 0 0
Chilean 65 30 40
Congolese 0 0 0
Nova Scotian 40 25 20
Ethiopian 0 0 0
Hispanic, n.o.s.144 0 0 0
Peruvian 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 0
Cambodian (Khmer) 0 0 0
Berber 0 0 0
Albanian 0 0 0
Maltese 15 10 10
Macedonian 20 10 10
Slovenian 20 10 10
Western European, n.o.s.145 35 20 20