Census Profile, 2021 Census of Population
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Topic:
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Age
Age characteristics
Commuting
Select all: Commuting
Commuting destination
Commuting duration
Main mode of commuting
Place of work status
Time leaving for work
Education
Select all: Education
Highest certificate, diploma or degree
Location of study compared with province or territory of residence
Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2021
Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificate
Ethnocultural and religious diversity
Select all: Ethnocultural and religious diversity
Ethnic or cultural origin
Religion
Visible minority
Families, households, and marital status
Select all: Families, households, and marital status
Family characteristics
Household type
Marital status
Housing
Household characteristics
Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
Select all: Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
Admission category and applicant type
Age at immigration
Citizenship
Generation status
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Pre-admission experience
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Income
Select all: Income
Income of economic families in 2020
Income of households in 2020
Income of individuals in 2019
Income of individuals in 2020
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Indigenous peoples
Select all: Indigenous peoples
Indigenous ancestry
Indigenous population
Instruction in the minority official language
Select all: Instruction in the minority official language
Children eligible for instruction in the minority official language
Eligibility and instruction in the minority official language for school-aged children
Labour
Select all: Labour
Class of worker including job permanency
Industry - Sectors - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2017
Labour force status
Occupation - Broad category - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2021
Work activity during the reference year
Language
Select all: Language
All languages spoken at home
First official language spoken
Knowledge of languages
Knowledge of official languages
Language spoken most often at home
Mother tongue
Other language spoken regularly at home
Language of work
Select all: Language of work
All languages used at work
Language used most often at work
Other language(s) used regularly at work
Mobility and migration
Select all: Mobility and migration
Mobility status 1 year ago
Mobility status 5 years ago
Population and dwelling counts
Population and dwellings
Type of dwelling
Household and dwelling characteristics
GenderMore information:


Statistic:
Characteristic WhitehorseMore information:
Yukon
[Census agglomeration]
Counts
Total Men+ Women+
Population and dwellings
Population, 20211 31,913 ... ...
Population, 20161 28,225 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2016 to 2021 13.1 ... ...
Total private dwellings2 14,121 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residents3 13,186 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 3.8 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 8,465.21 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups of the population - 100% data 31,910 15,825 16,090
0 to 14 years 5,510 2,865 2,645
0 to 4 years 1,755 880 875
5 to 9 years 1,940 1,025 905
10 to 14 years 1,815 960 860
15 to 64 years 21,900 10,660 11,230
15 to 19 years 1,670 895 775
20 to 24 years 1,790 905 890
25 to 29 years 2,250 1,100 1,150
30 to 34 years 2,795 1,365 1,425
35 to 39 years 2,840 1,370 1,475
40 to 44 years 2,285 1,095 1,190
45 to 49 years 2,140 980 1,155
50 to 54 years 1,885 925 960
55 to 59 years 2,085 980 1,100
60 to 64 years 2,150 1,050 1,105
65 years and over 4,505 2,295 2,210
65 to 69 years 1,745 890 860
70 to 74 years 1,310 675 635
75 to 79 years 750 395 355
80 to 84 years 385 195 190
85 years and over 310 140 175
85 to 89 years 210 90 120
90 to 94 years 80 40 40
95 to 99 years 20 10 10
100 years and over 5 0 5
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 17.3 18.1 16.4
15 to 64 years 68.6 67.4 69.8
65 years and over 14.1 14.5 13.7
85 years and over 1.0 0.9 1.1
Average age of the population 39.2 38.9 39.6
Median age of the population 38.4 38.0 38.8
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% data 13,185 ... ...
Single-detached house 7,110 ... ...
Semi-detached house 1,060 ... ...
Row house 1,155 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 650 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 1,830 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 55 ... ...
Other single-attached house 90 ... ...
Movable dwelling4 1,230 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% data 13,190 ... ...
1 person 3,940 ... ...
2 persons 4,485 ... ...
3 persons 2,015 ... ...
4 persons 1,775 ... ...
5 or more persons 965 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 31,420 15,540 15,880
Average household size 2.4 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the total population aged 15 years and over - 100% data 26,405 12,955 13,450
Married or living common-law 14,755 7,345 7,415
Married 10,270 5,125 5,145
Living common-law 4,485 2,220 2,270
Living common law - Never married 3,565 1,755 1,815
Living common law - Separated 115 65 50
Living common law - Divorced 745 380 365
Living common law - Widowed 65 20 40
Not married and not living common-law 11,645 5,610 6,035
Not married and not living common law - Never married 8,210 4,260 3,955
Not married and not living common law - Separated 585 255 330
Not married and not living common law - Divorced 1,910 855 1,060
Not married and not living common law - Widowed 935 245 695
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% data5 8,725 ... ...
2 persons 4,695 ... ...
3 persons 1,795 ... ...
4 persons 1,600 ... ...
5 or more persons 630 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.8 ... ...
Average number of children in census families with children6 1.7 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% data 8,725 ... ...
Total couple families 7,195 ... ...
Married couples 4,950 ... ...
With children6 2,620 ... ...
Without children 2,330 ... ...
Common-law couples 2,245 ... ...
With children6 815 ... ...
Without children 1,425 ... ...
Total one-parent families 1,530 ... ...
in which the parent is a woman+ 1,115 ... ...
in which the parent is a man+ 415 ... ...
Total - Persons in private households - 100% data 31,420 15,540 15,880
Total - Persons in census families 24,500 12,130 12,370
Married spouses or common-law partners 14,385 7,150 7,240
Parents in one-parent families 1,530 420 1,115
Children6 8,580 4,560 4,015
In a two-parent family 6,230 3,305 2,920
In a one-parent family 2,355 1,260 1,100
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 6,920 3,410 3,510
Living alone 3,940 1,845 2,095
Living with other relatives7 795 355 440
Living with non-relatives only 2,185 1,210 975
Household type
Total - Household type - 100% data 13,185 ... ...
One-census-family households without additional persons 7,475 ... ...
Couple-family households 6,300 ... ...
With children6 3,035 ... ...
Without children 3,265 ... ...
One-parent-family households 1,175 ... ...
Multigenerational households8 285 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households9 110 ... ...
One-census-family households with additional persons9 595 ... ...
Two-or-more-person non-census-family households 780 ... ...
One-person households 3,940 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2020
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data10 25,920 12,675 13,245
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 25,145 12,235 12,910
Median total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 58,400 60,400 56,800
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 25,160 12,245 12,915
Median after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 52,000 53,200 50,800
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 23,580 11,440 12,140
Median market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 55,600 58,800 52,400
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 20,830 10,185 10,640
Median employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 56,000 58,800 54,000
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 21,175 9,905 11,265
Median government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 4,920 4,040 5,560
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 2,065 1,015 1,055
Median employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 5,880 5,600 6,000
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 5,435 2,625 2,810
Median COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 8,000 8,000 8,000
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data11 25,920 12,675 13,250
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 25,150 12,245 12,900
Average total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 67,100 71,400 63,050
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 25,160 12,255 12,900
Average after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 57,000 59,550 54,550
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 23,555 11,450 12,105
Average market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 63,900 69,200 58,850
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 20,830 10,180 10,645
Average employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 60,750 65,100 56,600
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 21,290 9,875 11,415
Average government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 8,590 8,250 8,880
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 2,135 1,015 1,115
Average employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 7,150 6,400 7,840
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 5,280 2,490 2,785
Average COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 8,010 7,980 8,030
Total - Employment income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data12 25,925 12,675 13,250
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 11,055 5,530 5,530
Median employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 80,000 84,000 76,000
Average employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 83,700 89,400 78,100
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 7,660 3,590 4,070
Median employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 28,400 30,200 26,000
Average employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 37,560 39,160 36,160
Composition of total income in 2020 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data17 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)18 89.2 90.6 87.6
Employment income (%)19 75.0 76.0 74.0
Government transfers (%)20 10.8 9.3 12.5
Employment insurance benefits (%) 0.9 0.7 1.1
COVID-19 - Government income support and benefits (%) 2.9 2.5 3.3
COVID-19 - Emergency and recovery benefits (%) 2.5 2.3 2.8
Total - Total income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data21 25,925 12,675 13,250
Without total income 775 440 335
With total income 25,150 12,230 12,915
Under $10,000 (including loss) 1,480 735 750
$10,000 to $19,999 1,790 875 910
$20,000 to $29,999 2,710 1,240 1,470
$30,000 to $39,999 2,525 1,140 1,385
$40,000 to $49,999 2,320 1,110 1,215
$50,000 to $59,999 2,070 970 1,095
$60,000 to $69,999 2,045 945 1,105
$70,000 to $79,999 2,095 920 1,175
$80,000 to $89,999 1,845 840 1,005
$90,000 to $99,999 1,685 835 850
$100,000 and over 4,585 2,630 1,955
$100,000 to $149,999 3,430 1,880 1,555
$150,000 and over 1,150 750 400
Total - After-tax income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data22 25,925 12,675 13,250
Without after-tax income 760 430 335
With after-tax income 25,160 12,245 12,910
Under $10,000 (including loss) 1,560 780 785
$10,000 to $19,999 1,860 900 965
$20,000 to $29,999 3,035 1,390 1,645
$30,000 to $39,999 2,940 1,380 1,565
$40,000 to $49,999 2,670 1,275 1,395
$50,000 to $59,999 2,540 1,215 1,325
$60,000 to $69,999 2,675 1,155 1,520
$70,000 to $79,999 2,400 1,120 1,285
$80,000 to $89,999 1,840 940 895
$90,000 to $99,999 1,205 625 580
$100,000 and over 2,430 1,475 960
$100,000 to $124,999 1,460 860 605
$125,000 and over 965 615 350
Total - Employment income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data19 25,925 12,675 13,250
Without employment income 5,095 2,490 2,605
With employment income 20,830 10,190 10,645
Under $5,000 (including loss) 2,040 965 1,075
$5,000 to $9,999 1,095 450 645
$10,000 to $19,999 1,750 810 940
$20,000 to $29,999 1,475 675 800
$30,000 to $39,999 1,610 800 805
$40,000 to $49,999 1,550 765 790
$50,000 to $59,999 1,470 705 765
$60,000 to $69,999 1,640 735 905
$70,000 to $79,999 1,710 740 965
$80,000 to $89,999 1,500 705 790
$90,000 to $99,999 1,425 720 705
$100,000 and over 3,570 2,115 1,455
$100,000 to $124,999 2,000 1,090 910
$125,000 and over 1,570 1,020 550
Income of individuals in 2019
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data23 25,920 12,675 13,245
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 24,810 12,060 12,750
Median total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 55,200 57,600 53,200
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 24,825 12,065 12,760
Median after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 49,200 51,200 48,000
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 23,405 11,360 12,045
Median market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 53,200 56,800 50,400
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 20,955 10,240 10,710
Median employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 53,200 56,400 50,800
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 19,280 8,955 10,330
Median government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 1,430 576 2,560
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 -100% data 2,025 1,000 1,030
Median employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 6,800 6,080 7,750
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data24 25,920 12,675 13,250
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 24,890 12,100 12,795
Average total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 64,600 68,600 60,900
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 24,900 12,100 12,805
Average after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 54,600 57,300 52,100
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 23,555 11,495 12,060
Average market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 63,000 67,500 58,700
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 21,070 10,340 10,730
Average employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 58,950 63,000 55,100
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 19,425 8,990 10,435
Average government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 6,430 5,995 6,800
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 2,020 880 1,140
Average employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 7,910 6,320 9,140
Total - Employment income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data25 25,925 12,675 13,250
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 10,975 5,480 5,500
Median employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 75,000 79,500 71,500
Average employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 78,600 84,000 73,200
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 7,430 3,510 3,920
Median employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 30,800 33,200 28,800
Average employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 40,000 41,960 38,200
Composition of total income in 2019 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%) 92.2 93.6 90.8
Employment income (%) 77.2 78.4 75.8
Government transfers (%) 7.8 6.5 9.1
Employment insurance benefits (%) 1.0 0.7 1.3
Income of households in 2020
Total - Income statistics for private households - 100% data26 13,190 ... ...
Median total income of household in 2020 ($) 109,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 96,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 100% data 3,940 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 56,800 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 50,800 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 100% data 9,245 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 140,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 121,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for private households - 25% sample data27 13,190 ... ...
Average total income of household in 2020 ($) 128,000 ... ...
Average after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 108,800 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 25% sample data 3,950 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 67,500 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 57,750 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 25% sample data 9,235 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 153,800 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 130,600 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data21 13,190 ... ...
Under $5,000 100 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 45 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 65 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 190 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 390 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 310 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 285 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 310 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 330 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 310 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 640 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 730 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 760 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 750 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 735 ... ...
$100,000 and over 7,225 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 1,645 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,285 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 2,135 ... ...
$200,000 and over 2,165 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data22 13,190 ... ...
Under $5,000 110 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 45 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 65 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 190 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 405 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 350 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 305 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 385 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 355 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 360 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 820 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 930 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 935 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 875 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 830 ... ...
$100,000 and over 6,220 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 1,705 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,470 ... ...
$150,000 and over 3,045 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2020
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 100% data28 8,650 ... ...
Median total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 137,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 119,000 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.9 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 100% data 3,490 ... ...
Median total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 127,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 109,000 ... ...
Average family size of couple-only economic families 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 100% data 3,445 ... ...
Median total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 172,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 147,000 ... ...
Average family size of couple-with-children economic families 4.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 1,435 ... ...
Median total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 87,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 79,000 ... ...
Average family size of one-parent economic families 2.7 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% data29 6,125 3,055 3,070
Median total income in 2020 ($)30 51,200 48,800 54,400
Median after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 46,400 44,000 49,200
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 25% sample data31 8,665 ... ...
Average total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 151,600 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 128,400 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 25% sample data 3,495 ... ...
Average total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 143,800 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 120,600 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 25% sample data 3,470 ... ...
Average total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 183,600 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 154,600 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 1,380 ... ...
Average total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 95,400 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 84,500 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample data32 5,970 2,940 3,030
Average total income in 2020 ($)30 62,450 60,950 63,900
Average after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 53,750 52,050 55,400
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Total - LIM low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households - 100% data33 31,425 15,540 15,880
0 to 17 years 6,530 3,410 3,115
0 to 5 years 2,150 1,095 1,055
18 to 64 years 20,640 9,965 10,675
65 years and over 4,245 2,160 2,090
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 1,930 995 935
0 to 17 years 430 235 195
0 to 5 years 160 75 85
18 to 64 years 1,030 525 500
65 years and over 475 240 235
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 6.1 6.4 5.9
0 to 17 years (%) 6.6 6.9 6.3
0 to 5 years (%) 7.5 6.8 8.2
18 to 64 years (%) 5.0 5.3 4.7
65 years and over (%) 11.1 10.9 11.3
Total - LICO low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households to whom the low-income concept is applicable - 100% data33 0 0 0
0 to 17 years 0 0 0
0 to 5 years 0 0 0
18 to 64 years 0 0 0
65 years and over 0 0 0
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 0 0 0
0 to 17 years 0 0 0
0 to 5 years 0 0 0
18 to 64 years 0 0 0
65 years and over 0 0 0
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) x x x
0 to 17 years (%) x x x
0 to 5 years (%) x x x
18 to 64 years (%) x x x
65 years and over (%) x x x
Total - Adjusted after-tax economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% data34The letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice. 31,425 15,540 15,880
In bottom half of the distribution 9,870 4,890 4,980
In bottom decile 1,985 1,045 945
In second decile 1,780 865 915
In third decile 1,910 950 965
In fourth decile 1,890 915 975
In fifth decile 2,310 1,115 1,190
In top half of the distribution 21,550 10,645 10,900
In sixth decile 2,665 1,290 1,380
In seventh decile 3,190 1,530 1,660
In eighth decile 4,255 2,085 2,170
In ninth decile 5,365 2,680 2,685
In top decile 6,070 3,065 3,005
Total - Inequality measures for the population in private households - 100% data35 31,420 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household total income 0.293 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household market income 0.360 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household after-tax income 0.265 ... ...
P90/P10 ratio on adjusted household after-tax income 3.5 ... ...
Knowledge of official languages
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data36 31,525 15,605 15,920
English only 26,325 13,185 13,140
French only 75 30 45
English and French 4,990 2,325 2,665
Neither English nor French 135 65 70
First official language spoken
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data37 31,525 15,605 15,920
English 29,725 14,705 15,025
French 1,525 765 755
English and French 145 70 75
Neither English nor French 130 65 65
Mother tongue
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data38 31,525 15,605 15,920
Single responses 30,395 15,055 15,340
Official languages 26,410 13,180 13,225
English 24,915 12,425 12,495
French 1,490 755 735
Non-official languages 3,990 1,880 2,115
Indigenous languages39 110 40 70
Algonquian languages 10 5 5
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 5 0 5
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 5 0 5
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0 0 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 5 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 0 0
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 5 0 0
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 5 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 90 35 55
Northern Athabaskan languages 80 30 50
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 20 5 10
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 10 5 0
Kaska (Nahani) 10 5 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 45 15 30
Northern Tutchone 15 5 15
Southern Tutchone 10 5 10
Tutchone, n.o.s. 15 5 10
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 10 0 5
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 10 0 10
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 10 0 5
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 5 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 3,880 1,840 2,045
Afro-Asiatic languages 85 55 30
Berber languages 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 0 0 0
Hausa 0 0 0
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 35 20 10
Bilen 0 0 0
Oromo 5 0 0
Somali 25 20 5
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 55 25 20
Amharic 15 5 5
Arabic 30 15 15
Aramaic languages 0 0 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 5 5 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 65 30 35
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 65 30 35
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 1,175 515 660
Bikol 0 0 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 20 10 10
Cebuano 80 30 50
Fijian 10 5 5
Hiligaynon 70 30 40
Ilocano 40 15 25
Indonesian 10 5 5
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 20 10 10
Pangasinan 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 910 410 505
Waray-Waray 10 5 10
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Creole languages 15 5 10
Haitian Creole 0 0 0
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 0 0 0
Morisyen 0 0 0
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 5 0 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5
Dravidian languages 105 65 45
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 75 40 30
Tamil 15 15 5
Telugu 10 5 0
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 1,795 930 865
Albanian 10 5 5
Armenian 0 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 215 100 110
Baltic languages 5 0 5
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 5 5 5
Slavic languages 205 100 110
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 0 0 0
Czech 45 25 20
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 35 15 20
Russian 60 25 30
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 20 10 10
Bosnian 5 0 5
Croatian 15 10 5
Serbian 5 0 5
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Slovak 15 5 5
Slovene (Slovenian) 5 0 5
Ukrainian 30 15 15
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 10 5 5
Irish 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0
Welsh 5 5 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 660 325 335
Frisian 0 0 0
High German languages 530 260 265
German 445 220 230
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 85 45 40
Yiddish 0 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 95 40 50
Afrikaans 5 5 5
Dutch 85 40 45
Low German, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 5 0 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0
Scandinavian languages 30 15 15
Danish 10 5 5
Icelandic 5 0 0
Norwegian 10 5 5
Swedish 15 5 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Greek 5 5 0
Indo-Iranian languages 615 355 265
Indo-Aryan languages 595 335 260
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 35 15 20
Gujarati 40 25 15
Hindi 65 35 30
Kacchi 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 5 5 0
Nepali 0 0 0
Oriya languages 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 390 230 165
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0
Urdu 60 30 30
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iranian languages 25 15 10
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 0 0 0
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 5 5 0
Persian languages 20 10 10
Dari 0 0 0
Iranian Persian 15 10 5
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 0 0 5
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 275 135 140
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 30 15 10
Portuguese 25 10 15
Romanian 10 5 0
Spanish 220 100 115
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 135 45 90
Korean 60 20 45
Mongolian 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 40 20 20
Akan (Twi) 5 5 0
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0
Éwé 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0
Lingala 0 0 0
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Shona 5 5 5
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 5 0 0
Swahili 5 5 5
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0
Yoruba 10 0 5
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5
Nilo-Saharan languages 10 5 0
Dinka 5 5 0
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
African, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Sign languages 10 10 0
American Sign Language 10 10 0
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages 315 120 200
Chinese languages 315 120 200
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 125 50 75
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 5 5 5
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0
Yue (Cantonese) 175 65 110
Chinese, n.o.s. 5 0 5
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0
Burmese 0 0 0
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 20 5 20
Lao 0 0 0
Thai 20 5 20
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 5 0 5
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 5 0 0
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Uralic languages 55 25 30
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 15 5 10
Hungarian 35 20 15
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Multiple responses 1,125 545 575
English and French 380 200 180
English and non-official language(s) 630 295 335
French and non-official language(s) 20 15 5
English, French and non-official language(s) 30 15 15
Multiple non-official languages 75 30 45
All languages spoken at home
Total - All languages spoken at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data40 31,525 15,605 15,920
English 25,670 12,835 12,835
French 660 315 340
Non-official language 860 440 420
Indigenous39 5 5 5
Non-Indigenous 850 435 415
English and French 1,090 540 550
English and non-official language(s) 3,000 1,360 1,640
French and non-official language(s) 15 5 10
English, French and non-official language(s) 155 75 85
Multiple non-official languages 70 35 40
Language spoken most often at home
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data41 31,525 15,605 15,920
Single responses 30,760 15,250 15,510
Official languages 28,700 14,235 14,465
English 27,800 13,795 14,000
French 905 440 460
Non-official languages 2,060 1,015 1,045
Indigenous languages39 10 5 5
Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 0 0 0
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0 0 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 0 0 0
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 5 5 5
Northern Athabaskan languages 5 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 5 5 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 5 0 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 5 0 5
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 2,050 1,005 1,040
Afro-Asiatic languages 35 20 20
Berber languages 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 0 0 0
Hausa 0 0 0
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 15 10 5
Bilen 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 10 10 5
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 20 10 10
Amharic 5 5 5
Arabic 15 5 10
Aramaic languages 0 0 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 0 0 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 30 10 15
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 30 10 15
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 770 360 405
Bikol 0 0 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 10 5 5
Cebuano 50 25 30
Fijian 5 5 5
Hiligaynon 50 25 25
Ilocano 20 10 15
Indonesian 5 5 5
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 615 295 320
Waray-Waray 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Creole languages 0 0 0
Haitian Creole 0 0 0
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 0 0 0
Morisyen 0 0 0
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Dravidian languages 85 50 35
Kannada 5 5 5
Malayalam 65 35 25
Tamil 15 10 10
Telugu 5 5 5
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 770 405 360
Albanian 0 0 0
Armenian 0 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 50 30 25
Baltic languages 0 0 0
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Slavic languages 50 30 25
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 0 0 0
Czech 10 5 0
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 5 0 0
Russian 30 15 15
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 5 0 5
Bosnian 0 0 0
Croatian 0 0 0
Serbian 5 0 5
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Slovak 0 0 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0
Ukrainian 5 5 0
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 0 0 0
Irish 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0
Welsh 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 130 65 65
Frisian 0 0 0
High German languages 115 60 55
German 75 35 35
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 45 20 25
Yiddish 0 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 10 5 5
Afrikaans 5 0 0
Dutch 5 5 5
Low German, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 0 0 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0
Scandinavian languages 0 0 0
Danish 0 0 0
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 0 0 0
Swedish 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Greek 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages 485 265 220
Indo-Aryan languages 475 255 215
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 35 15 20
Gujarati 30 15 15
Hindi 35 20 20
Kacchi 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0
Nepali 0 0 0
Oriya languages 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 330 185 145
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0
Urdu 40 25 20
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iranian languages 10 5 5
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 0 0 0
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 0 0 0
Persian languages 10 5 5
Dari 0 0 0
Iranian Persian 10 5 5
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 0 0 0
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 100 45 55
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 5 5 5
Portuguese 0 0 0
Romanian 0 0 0
Spanish 90 45 50
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 75 30 45
Korean 25 5 15
Mongolian 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 5 0 5
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0
Éwé 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0
Lingala 0 0 0
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Shona 0 0 0
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0
Swahili 0 0 0
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages 10 5 0
Dinka 5 5 0
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
African, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Sign languages 15 5 0
American Sign Language 5 5 0
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages 210 90 120
Chinese languages 210 90 120
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 75 35 40
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0
Yue (Cantonese) 130 55 75
Chinese, n.o.s. 5 5 5
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0
Burmese 0 0 0
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 5 5 0
Lao 0 0 0
Thai 5 5 0
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 5 0 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 5 0 0
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Uralic languages 5 5 5
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 0 0 0
Hungarian 5 5 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Multiple responses 765 355 410
English and French 205 105 100
English and non-official language(s) 530 235 285
French and non-official language(s) 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language(s) 10 0 10
Multiple non-official languages 25 10 15
Other language spoken regularly at home
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data42 31,520 15,605 15,915
None 27,805 13,875 13,930
English 1,150 550 600
French 705 345 360
Non-official language 1,390 620 770
Indigenous39 120 45 70
Non-Indigenous 1,270 575 700
English and French 15 5 5
English and non-official language(s) 215 105 105
French and non-official language(s) 85 40 45
English, French and non-official language(s) 5 5 0
Multiple non-official languages 165 70 100
Knowledge of languagesThe letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice.
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample data43 31,420 15,540 15,880
Official languages 31,310 15,490 15,820
English 31,225 15,460 15,770
French 5,030 2,265 2,765
Non-official languages 6,070 2,815 3,255
Indigenous languages39 240 110 125
Algonquian languages 20 0 20
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 20 0 20
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 20 0 20
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0 0 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 10 0 10
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 15 0 10
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 0 0 0
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 175 75 100
Northern Athabaskan languages 145 50 95
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 20 0 20
Slavey-Hare languages 10 0 10
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 10 10 0
Kaska (Nahani) 10 10 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 105 40 60
Northern Tutchone 25 10 20
Southern Tutchone 65 25 40
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 25 15 10
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 45 35 10
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 10 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 35 30 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 5,845 2,710 3,140
Afro-Asiatic languages 70 40 30
Berber languages 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 0 0 0
Hausa 0 0 0
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 20 10 10
Bilen 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 20 10 10
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 55 30 25
Amharic 10 0 10
Arabic 20 15 10
Aramaic languages 0 0 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 10 0 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 10 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 65 20 45
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 65 20 45
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 1,585 705 885
Bikol 15 0 10
Bisaya, n.o.s. 35 20 15
Cebuano 195 85 110
Fijian 30 25 10
Hiligaynon 110 40 75
Ilocano 80 40 40
Indonesian 25 10 15
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 15 0 10
Pangasinan 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,455 645 810
Waray-Waray 25 0 20
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 20 0 10
Creole languages 25 10 15
Haitian Creole 0 0 0
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 0 0 0
Morisyen 0 0 0
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 10 0 10
Creole languages, n.i.e. 15 0 10
Dravidian languages 190 85 110
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 140 55 85
Tamil 45 15 20
Telugu 40 20 15
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 3,190 1,590 1,595
Albanian 0 0 0
Armenian 0 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 265 130 135
Baltic languages 0 0 0
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Slavic languages 265 130 135
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 0 0 0
Czech 65 35 25
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 45 30 15
Russian 80 45 35
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 20 10 10
Bosnian 0 0 0
Croatian 20 10 10
Serbian 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Slovak 35 0 25
Slovene (Slovenian) 15 10 0
Ukrainian 65 25 35
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 20 10 10
Irish 15 10 0
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0
Welsh 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 1,105 535 560
Frisian 0 0 0
High German languages 890 445 455
German 860 435 420
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 75 20 50
Yiddish 0 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 155 85 70
Afrikaans 0 0 0
Dutch 145 80 65
Low German, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 10 0 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0
Scandinavian languages 110 45 60
Danish 30 15 15
Icelandic 10 10 0
Norwegian 40 10 25
Swedish 50 25 25
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10
Greek 30 25 0
Indo-Iranian languages 780 455 325
Indo-Aryan languages 755 440 320
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 0 0 0
Gujarati 65 45 20
Hindi 435 255 180
Kacchi 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0
Nepali 15 0 0
Oriya languages 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 455 240 220
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 10 10 0
Urdu 135 100 40
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iranian languages 25 20 0
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 10 10 0
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 0 0 0
Persian languages 15 10 0
Dari 0 0 0
Iranian Persian 0 0 0
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 10 0 0
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 1,105 480 625
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 55 30 25
Portuguese 20 15 10
Romanian 20 10 15
Spanish 1,030 435 590
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 175 95 90
Korean 75 10 60
Mongolian 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 115 65 50
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 15 10 15
Éwé 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 10 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0
Lingala 0 0 0
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Shona 20 10 10
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0
Swahili 10 0 0
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 55 30 25
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
African, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Sign languages 55 15 40
American Sign Language 50 10 40
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages 410 175 235
Chinese languages 410 175 235
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 245 110 135
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 15 10 0
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0
Yue (Cantonese) 235 85 150
Chinese, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0
Burmese 0 0 0
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 20 0 15
Lao 0 0 0
Thai 20 0 15
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 25 20 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 25 20 0
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Uralic languages 70 30 40
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 15 0 15
Hungarian 50 20 30
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous population
Total - Indigenous identity for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 31,425 15,540 15,880
Indigenous identity45 5,110 2,370 2,740
Single Indigenous responses46 4,875 2,255 2,615
First Nations (North American Indian) 3,625 1,670 1,955
Métis 1,030 485 540
Inuk (Inuit) 220 105 115
Multiple Indigenous responses47 145 80 65
Indigenous responses not included elsewhere48 90 35 55
Non-Indigenous identity 26,305 13,170 13,140
Total - Registered or Treaty Indian status for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 31,425 15,540 15,880
Registered or Treaty Indian49 2,995 1,375 1,620
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 28,425 14,170 14,255
Household characteristics
Total - Private households by tenure - 25% sample data50 13,185 ... ...
Owner 8,950 ... ...
Renter 4,230 ... ...
Dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band 10 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by condominium status - 25% sample data51 13,185 ... ...
Condominium 1,985 ... ...
Not condominium 11,200 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of bedrooms - 25% sample data52 13,185 ... ...
No bedrooms 185 ... ...
1 bedroom 1,975 ... ...
2 bedrooms 3,480 ... ...
3 bedrooms 4,635 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 2,905 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of rooms - 25% sample data53 13,185 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 4,635 ... ...
5 rooms 2,175 ... ...
6 rooms 2,040 ... ...
7 rooms 1,535 ... ...
8 or more rooms 2,800 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 5.7 ... ...
Total - Private households by number of persons per room - 25% sample data54 13,185 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 12,885 ... ...
More than one person per room 300 ... ...
Total - Private households by housing suitability - 25% sample data55 13,185 ... ...
Suitable 12,500 ... ...
Not suitable 690 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by period of construction - 25% sample data56 13,185 ... ...
1960 or before 985 ... ...
1961 to 1980 3,750 ... ...
1981 to 1990 1,555 ... ...
1991 to 2000 2,085 ... ...
2001 to 2005 745 ... ...
2006 to 2010 1,155 ... ...
2011 to 2015 1,350 ... ...
2016 to 202157 1,570 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by dwelling condition - 25% sample data58 13,185 ... ...
Only regular maintenance and minor repairs needed 11,900 ... ...
Major repairs needed 1,285 ... ...
Total - Private households by number of household maintainers - 25% sample data59 13,185 ... ...
One-maintainer household 6,420 ... ...
Two-maintainer household 5,965 ... ...
Three-or-more-maintainer household 805 ... ...
Total - Private households by age of primary household maintainers - 25% sample data60 13,185 ... ...
15 to 24 years 310 ... ...
25 to 34 years 2,290 ... ...
35 to 44 years 2,695 ... ...
45 to 54 years 2,385 ... ...
55 to 64 years 2,660 ... ...
65 to 74 years 1,965 ... ...
75 to 84 years 670 ... ...
85 years and over 215 ... ...
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratio - 25% sample data61 13,120 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of income on shelter costs 10,895 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs 2,220 ... ...
30% to less than 100% 2,080 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by housing indicators - 25% sample data62 13,185 ... ...
Total - Households 'spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' or 'not suitable' or 'major repairs needed' 3,830 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs only 1,910 ... ...
Not suitable only 570 ... ...
Major repairs needed only 990 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' 60 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'major repairs needed' 245 ... ...
'Not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 50 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 10 ... ...
Acceptable housing 9,355 ... ...
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero and shelter-cost-to-income ratio less than 100%, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data63 12,975 ... ...
In core need 1,365 ... ...
Not in core need 11,605 ... ...
Total - Owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 8,910 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgage64 64.2 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 11.8 ... ...
% in core housing need63 5.2 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 1,700 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 1,696 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)66 500,000 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)66 530,000 ... ...
Total - Tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 4,230 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housing67 20.4 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 27.6 ... ...
% in core housing need63 22.0 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 1,340 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 1,428 ... ...
Total - Households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band in non-farm private dwellings - 25% sample data 0 ... ...
% of households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band spending more than 30% on shelter costs61 ... ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 x ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 x ... ...
Indigenous ancestry
Total - Indigenous ancestry for the population in private households - 25% sample data68 31,420 15,540 15,880
Indigenous ancestry (only)69 2,295 1,090 1,210
Single Indigenous ancestry (only)70 2,135 1,025 1,115
First Nations (North American Indian) single ancestry 1,910 910 1,000
Métis single ancestry 120 65 55
Inuit single ancestry 105 50 55
Multiple Indigenous ancestries (only)71 165 65 95
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis ancestry only 110 35 75
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit ancestry only 50 30 20
Métis and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries72 3,185 1,505 1,685
Single Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries73 3,115 1,450 1,660
First Nations (North American Indian) and non-Indigenous ancestry only 2,275 1,065 1,210
Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 735 335 395
Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 105 55 50
Multiple Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries74 75 50 25
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 55 35 15
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 25 15 10
Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 0 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous ancestry only75 25,940 12,950 12,985
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample data76 31,420 15,540 15,880
Canadian citizens77 28,720 14,165 14,555
Canadian citizens aged under 18 6,380 3,355 3,025
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 22,345 10,815 11,530
Not Canadian citizens78 2,700 1,375 1,325
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample data79 31,420 15,540 15,880
Non-immigrants80 25,940 12,945 12,990
Immigrants81 4,630 2,150 2,480
Before 1980 890 430 465
1980 to 1990 290 125 160
1991 to 2000 565 220 345
2001 to 2010 950 455 495
2011 to 202182 1,935 920 1,010
2011 to 2015 900 410 490
2016 to 2021 1,035 515 520
Non-permanent residents83 855 445 410
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data84 4,630 2,150 2,480
Under 5 years 390 190 195
5 to 14 years 715 350 370
15 to 24 years 900 415 490
25 to 44 years 2,250 1,015 1,235
45 years and over 375 185 190
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data85 4,630 2,150 2,480
Americas 610 295 320
Brazil 0 0 0
Colombia 15 0 15
El Salvador 0 0 0
Guyana 0 0 0
Haiti 0 0 0
Jamaica 40 10 25
Mexico 60 25 30
Peru 0 0 0
Trinidad and Tobago 10 0 0
United States of America 395 210 190
Other places of birth in Americas 90 35 50
Europe 1,545 745 805
Bosnia and Herzegovina 0 0 0
Croatia 20 15 0
France 145 70 75
Germany 375 170 205
Greece 10 10 0
Hungary 25 15 10
Italy 0 0 0
Netherlands 80 40 40
Poland 20 15 0
Portugal 10 10 0
Romania 25 10 10
Russian Federation 35 20 10
Serbia86 0 0 0
Ukraine 20 10 10
United Kingdom87 460 195 270
Other places of birth in Europe 325 165 155
Africa 170 100 70
Algeria 0 0 0
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 0 0 0
Egypt 0 0 0
Eritrea 10 0 0
Ethiopia 15 0 10
Morocco 10 10 0
Nigeria 30 20 0
Somalia 10 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 85 50 40
Asia 2,205 975 1,235
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Iran88 0 0 0
Iraq 0 0 0
Lebanon 0 0 0
Syria89 0 0 0
Turkey 15 10 0
China90 175 65 115
Hong Kong91 25 0 20
Korea, South92 65 15 50
Taiwan 15 10 10
Philippines 1,325 580 745
Viet Nam 40 0 35
Bangladesh 0 0 0
India 335 185 155
Pakistan 55 40 20
Sri Lanka 15 10 0
Other places of birth in Asia 115 50 70
Oceania and other places of birth93 95 40 50
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data94 1,035 515 525
Americas 115 55 60
Brazil 0 0 0
Colombia 0 0 0
Haiti 0 0 0
Jamaica 15 0 10
Mexico 30 15 20
United States of America 30 15 15
Venezuela95 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 30 15 15
Europe 235 125 110
France 35 15 15
Germany 70 25 45
Ireland96 10 10 0
Italy 0 0 0
Russian Federation 0 0 0
Ukraine 0 0 0
United Kingdom87 45 25 20
Other places of birth in Europe 75 45 30
Africa 65 40 25
Algeria 0 0 0
Burundi 0 0 0
Cameroon 0 0 0
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 0 0 0
Côte d'Ivoire 0 0 0
Egypt 0 0 0
Eritrea 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Morocco 0 0 0
Nigeria 15 15 0
Somalia 0 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0
Sudan97 0 0 0
Tunisia 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 20 10 0
Asia 590 275 315
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Bangladesh 0 0 0
China90 30 10 20
Hong Kong91 0 0 0
India 240 140 100
Iran88 0 0 0
Iraq 0 0 0
Israel 0 0 0
Japan 40 15 20
Jordan 0 0 0
Korea, South92 25 10 15
Lebanon 0 0 0
Nepal 0 0 0
Pakistan 25 15 10
Philippines 215 90 125
Saudi Arabia 0 0 0
Sri Lanka 0 0 0
Syria89 0 0 0
Turkey 0 0 0
United Arab Emirates 0 0 0
Viet Nam 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 15 0 10
Oceania and other93 35 15 20
Australia 25 10 20
Other places of birth98 10 10 0
Generation status
Total - Generation status for the population in private households - 25% sample data99 31,420 15,540 15,880
First generation100 5,755 2,710 3,045
Second generation101 5,365 2,620 2,740
Third generation or more102 20,305 10,210 10,095
Admission category and applicant type
Total - Admission category and applicant type for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data103 3,740 1,720 2,015
Economic immigrants104 2,615 1,255 1,360
Principal applicants105 1,360 670 695
Secondary applicants106 1,250 585 665
Immigrants sponsored by family107 970 390 580
Refugees108 130 65 55
Other immigrants109 30 15 15
Pre-admission experience
Total - Pre-admission experience for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data110 3,740 1,720 2,015
Asylum claim before admission111 70 35 40
Work permits only before admission112 1,065 495 570
Study permits only before admission113 65 25 45
Work and study permits before admission114 340 145 195
Other permits before admission115 10 0 0
No pre-admission experience116 2,185 1,015 1,165
Visible minority
Total - Visible minority for the population in private households - 25% sample data117 31,425 15,540 15,880
Total visible minority population118 4,720 2,200 2,525
South Asian 980 530 450
Chinese 565 260 305
Black 525 265 265
Filipino 1,830 785 1,045
Arab 15 15 10
Latin American 220 100 120
Southeast Asian 155 60 90
West Asian 20 10 10
Korean 90 20 65
Japanese 165 85 80
Visible minority, n.i.e.119 15 0 15
Multiple visible minorities 140 70 65
Not a visible minority120 26,695 13,345 13,355
Ethnic or cultural origin
Total - Ethnic or cultural origin for the population in private households - 25% sample data121 31,420 15,540 15,880
Canadian 3,890 1,985 1,905
English 7,815 3,720 4,095
Irish 6,190 3,070 3,115
Scottish 6,900 3,445 3,455
French, n.o.s.122 3,470 1,625 1,840
German 4,415 2,245 2,170
Chinese 760 355 405
Italian 550 275 275
Indian (India) 660 340 325
Ukrainian 1,655 795 860
Dutch 1,545 730 815
Polish 785 360 425
Québécois 125 65 60
British Isles, n.o.s.123 1,140 540 595
Filipino 1,655 700 955
French Canadian 495 250 245
Caucasian (White), n.o.s.124 725 375 350
First Nations (North American Indian), n.o.s.125 2,210 1,060 1,150
Métis 1,015 475 545
European, n.o.s.126 840 440 405
Russian 530 230 300
Norwegian 1,215 605 610
Welsh 960 450 515
Portuguese 85 55 30
American 560 295 265
Spanish 360 190 175
Swedish 740 375 370
Hungarian 325 160 165
Acadian 180 75 110
Pakistani 85 65 15
African, n.o.s.127 65 25 35
Jewish 185 85 100
Punjabi 135 80 60
Vietnamese 90 35 60
Arab, n.o.s.128 35 20 10
Greek 45 30 15
Jamaican 70 25 50
Asian, n.o.s.129 185 90 100
Cree, n.o.s.130 315 125 190
Korean 100 25 75
Romanian 125 45 80
Lebanese 45 20 25
Iranian 15 15 0
Christian, n.i.e.131 40 0 40
Danish 375 185 190
North American Indigenous, n.o.s.132 250 130 120
Sikh 115 50 65
Austrian 270 155 115
Belgian 255 145 110
Haitian 10 0 0
Hindu 45 25 20
Mexican 125 75 45
Mennonite 170 90 85
Swiss 330 165 170
Finnish 310 155 155
Sri Lankan 20 20 0
Croatian 125 55 70
Japanese 220 105 120
South Asian, n.o.s.133 20 10 10
Mi'kmaq, n.o.s.134 45 20 25
Northern European, n.o.s.135 205 90 115
Muslim 0 0 0
Egyptian 0 0 0
Latin, Central or South American, n.o.s.136 20 0 15
Tamil 10 0 10
Icelandic 235 110 120
Colombian 25 0 25
Moroccan 0 0 0
Czech 160 95 65
Syrian 0 0 0
Guyanese 15 10 0
Afghan 0 0 0
Black, n.o.s.137 55 20 35
Serbian 20 10 10
Ojibway 65 20 45
Newfoundlander 115 50 60
Hong Konger 0 0 0
Ontarian 80 45 40
Persian 0 0 0
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 15 10 10
Turkish 15 10 0
Inuit, n.o.s.138 160 90 70
Bangladeshi 0 0 0
Algerian 20 10 10
Brazilian 0 0 0
Nigerian 45 20 25
Armenian 15 0 10
Slovak 95 25 70
Eastern European, n.o.s.139 85 35 45
Somali 20 10 10
Taiwanese 25 10 15
Iraqi 15 10 0
Salvadorean 0 0 0
African Caribbean 10 0 10
East or Southeast Asian, n.o.s.140 0 0 0
West or Central Asian or Middle Eastern, n.o.s.141 20 0 15
Caribbean, n.o.s.142 0 0 0
Algonquin 70 35 35
West Indian, n.o.s.143 30 10 15
Lithuanian 100 40 55
South African 0 0 0
Australian 70 15 55
Palestinian 0 0 0
Chilean 65 30 40
Congolese 0 0 0
Nova Scotian 55 30 20
Ethiopian 0 0 0
Hispanic, n.o.s.144 25 15 10
Peruvian 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 0
Cambodian (Khmer) 0 0 0
Berber 0 0 0
Albanian 0 0 0
Maltese 30 10 15
Macedonian 20 15 10
Slovenian 30 15 10
Western European, n.o.s.145 35 20 20
New Brunswicker 25 10 15
Gujarati 25 15 10
Eritrean 0 0 0
African Canadian 0 0 0
Israeli 0 0 0
Mohawk 60 45 15
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s.146 30 25 10
Bulgarian 15 10 0
Albertan 20 0 10
Ghanaian 65 20 45
Barbadian 0 0