Census Profile, 2021 Census of Population
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Topic:
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Age
Age characteristics
Commuting
Select all: Commuting
Commuting destination
Commuting duration
Main mode of commuting
Place of work status
Time leaving for work
Education
Select all: Education
Highest certificate, diploma or degree
Location of study compared with province or territory of residence
Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2021
Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificate
Ethnocultural and religious diversity
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Ethnic or cultural origin
Religion
Visible minority
Families, households, and marital status
Select all: Families, households, and marital status
Family characteristics
Household type
Marital status
Housing
Household characteristics
Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
Select all: Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
Admission category and applicant type
Age at immigration
Citizenship
Generation status
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Pre-admission experience
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Income
Select all: Income
Income of economic families in 2020
Income of households in 2020
Income of individuals in 2019
Income of individuals in 2020
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Indigenous peoples
Select all: Indigenous peoples
Indigenous ancestry
Indigenous population
Instruction in the minority official language
Select all: Instruction in the minority official language
Children eligible for instruction in the minority official language
Eligibility and instruction in the minority official language for school-aged children
Labour
Select all: Labour
Class of worker including job permanency
Industry - Sectors - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2017
Labour force status
Occupation - Broad category - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2021
Work activity during the reference year
Language
Select all: Language
All languages spoken at home
First official language spoken
Knowledge of languages
Knowledge of official languages
Language spoken most often at home
Mother tongue
Other language spoken regularly at home
Language of work
Select all: Language of work
All languages used at work
Language used most often at work
Other language(s) used regularly at work
Mobility and migration
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Mobility status 1 year ago
Mobility status 5 years ago
Population and dwelling counts
Population and dwellings
Type of dwelling
Household and dwelling characteristics
GenderMore information:


Statistic:
Characteristic West NovaMore information:
Nova Scotia
[Federal electoral district (2013 Representation Order)]
Counts
Total Men+ Women+
Population and dwellings
Population, 20211 83,571 ... ...
Population, 20161 82,026 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2016 to 2021 1.9 ... ...
Total private dwellings2 43,584 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residents3 37,775 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 9.4 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 8,869.18 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups of the population - 100% data 83,575 40,835 42,735
0 to 14 years 11,340 5,800 5,540
0 to 4 years 3,310 1,700 1,605
5 to 9 years 3,895 2,000 1,890
10 to 14 years 4,130 2,095 2,040
15 to 64 years 49,675 24,520 25,145
15 to 19 years 3,920 2,050 1,870
20 to 24 years 3,610 1,905 1,705
25 to 29 years 3,810 1,930 1,875
30 to 34 years 4,145 2,045 2,100
35 to 39 years 4,360 2,130 2,230
40 to 44 years 4,265 2,020 2,235
45 to 49 years 4,825 2,360 2,460
50 to 54 years 5,600 2,685 2,920
55 to 59 years 7,495 3,670 3,820
60 to 64 years 7,650 3,720 3,930
65 years and over 22,560 10,510 12,050
65 to 69 years 6,800 3,300 3,500
70 to 74 years 6,245 3,020 3,225
75 to 79 years 4,230 2,020 2,205
80 to 84 years 2,750 1,240 1,510
85 years and over 2,540 935 1,605
85 to 89 years 1,580 670 915
90 to 94 years 705 220 485
95 to 99 years 215 40 175
100 years and over 40 10 30
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 13.6 14.2 13.0
15 to 64 years 59.4 60.0 58.8
65 years and over 27.0 25.7 28.2
85 years and over 3.0 2.3 3.8
Average age of the population 47.3 46.3 48.2
Median age of the population 51.6 50.4 52.4
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% data 37,775 ... ...
Single-detached house 31,010 ... ...
Semi-detached house 1,575 ... ...
Row house 825 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 585 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 2,900 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 10 ... ...
Other single-attached house 55 ... ...
Movable dwelling4 825 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% data 37,775 ... ...
1 person 11,830 ... ...
2 persons 15,730 ... ...
3 persons 4,980 ... ...
4 persons 3,440 ... ...
5 or more persons 1,790 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 81,945 40,105 41,840
Average household size 2.2 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the total population aged 15 years and over - 100% data 72,230 35,040 37,195
Married or living common-law 43,260 21,640 21,620
Married 34,380 17,215 17,170
Living common-law 8,880 4,430 4,455
Living common law - Never married 5,635 2,825 2,815
Living common law - Separated 610 330 285
Living common law - Divorced 2,300 1,155 1,150
Living common law - Widowed 330 125 205
Not married and not living common-law 28,975 13,395 15,575
Not married and not living common law - Never married 16,285 9,030 7,255
Not married and not living common law - Separated 2,195 1,010 1,185
Not married and not living common law - Divorced 5,030 2,175 2,860
Not married and not living common law - Widowed 5,460 1,180 4,280
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% data5 25,145 ... ...
2 persons 16,010 ... ...
3 persons 4,690 ... ...
4 persons 3,075 ... ...
5 or more persons 1,375 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.6 ... ...
Average number of children in census families with children6 1.7 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% data 25,150 ... ...
Total couple families 21,305 ... ...
Married couples 16,865 ... ...
With children6 5,915 ... ...
Without children 10,950 ... ...
Common-law couples 4,440 ... ...
With children6 1,745 ... ...
Without children 2,690 ... ...
Total one-parent families 3,845 ... ...
in which the parent is a woman+ 2,935 ... ...
in which the parent is a man+ 910 ... ...
Total - Persons in private households - 100% data 81,945 40,105 41,845
Total - Persons in census families 65,860 32,630 33,225
Married spouses or common-law partners 42,600 21,275 21,330
Parents in one-parent families 3,845 910 2,935
Children6 19,410 10,450 8,965
In a two-parent family 13,540 7,235 6,305
In a one-parent family 5,875 3,215 2,660
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 16,085 7,475 8,610
Living alone 11,830 5,360 6,465
Living with other relatives7 1,445 575 870
Living with non-relatives only 2,805 1,535 1,275
Household type
Total - Household type - 100% data 37,775 ... ...
One-census-family households without additional persons 23,035 ... ...
Couple-family households 19,965 ... ...
With children6 7,140 ... ...
Without children 12,825 ... ...
One-parent-family households 3,065 ... ...
Multigenerational households8 610 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households9 125 ... ...
One-census-family households with additional persons9 945 ... ...
Two-or-more-person non-census-family households 1,230 ... ...
One-person households 11,830 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2020
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data10 70,625 34,315 36,310
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 68,515 33,355 35,160
Median total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 33,200 38,400 29,200
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 68,550 33,370 35,180
Median after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 30,200 34,400 27,200
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 56,945 28,565 28,380
Median market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 27,200 33,200 21,600
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 43,755 22,675 21,070
Median employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 28,200 33,200 23,800
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 58,070 27,125 30,945
Median government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 13,200 13,700 12,800
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 11,245 6,205 5,045
Median employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 6,280 6,850 5,560
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 16,075 7,780 8,295
Median COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 8,000 8,000 8,000
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data11 70,685 34,350 36,335
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 68,580 33,400 35,180
Average total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 40,360 46,120 34,920
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 68,620 33,420 35,200
Average after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 34,360 38,360 30,560
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 56,965 28,725 28,235
Average market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 35,360 41,480 29,160
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 43,860 22,815 21,045
Average employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 35,520 40,160 30,520
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 57,755 26,830 30,925
Average government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 13,060 13,000 13,120
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 11,335 6,280 5,060
Average employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 7,570 8,290 6,670
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 16,075 7,730 8,340
Average COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 8,930 8,810 9,040
Total - Employment income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data12 70,690 34,355 36,330
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 18,410 10,065 8,345
Median employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 50,000 54,400 45,600
Average employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 55,250 58,800 50,960
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 19,655 9,775 9,875
Median employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 16,600 20,400 13,700
Average employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 23,040 27,680 18,440
Composition of total income in 2020 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data17 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)18 72.8 77.4 67.0
Employment income (%)19 56.3 59.5 52.3
Government transfers (%)20 27.3 22.6 33.0
Employment insurance benefits (%) 3.1 3.4 2.8
COVID-19 - Government income support and benefits (%) 6.2 5.2 7.5
COVID-19 - Emergency and recovery benefits (%) 5.2 4.4 6.1
Total - Total income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data21 70,625 34,310 36,310
Without total income 2,110 955 1,150
With total income 68,515 33,355 35,160
Under $10,000 (including loss) 5,875 2,430 3,450
$10,000 to $19,999 10,765 4,195 6,570
$20,000 to $29,999 14,165 6,130 8,035
$30,000 to $39,999 10,205 4,605 5,605
$40,000 to $49,999 8,450 4,105 4,350
$50,000 to $59,999 5,770 3,270 2,495
$60,000 to $69,999 3,885 2,480 1,400
$70,000 to $79,999 3,155 2,045 1,110
$80,000 to $89,999 2,100 1,275 825
$90,000 to $99,999 1,335 815 520
$100,000 and over 2,800 2,000 800
$100,000 to $149,999 2,125 1,485 635
$150,000 and over 680 515 160
Total - After-tax income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data22 70,625 34,310 36,310
Without after-tax income 2,075 945 1,125
With after-tax income 68,550 33,370 35,185
Under $10,000 (including loss) 6,210 2,520 3,695
$10,000 to $19,999 11,290 4,440 6,855
$20,000 to $29,999 16,415 7,225 9,190
$30,000 to $39,999 12,225 5,755 6,475
$40,000 to $49,999 8,805 4,780 4,020
$50,000 to $59,999 5,585 3,480 2,105
$60,000 to $69,999 3,545 2,190 1,350
$70,000 to $79,999 1,915 1,150 770
$80,000 to $89,999 995 660 330
$90,000 to $99,999 550 405 145
$100,000 and over 1,010 765 240
$100,000 to $124,999 575 440 135
$125,000 and over 435 325 110
Total - Employment income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data19 70,625 34,310 36,310
Without employment income 26,870 11,635 15,235
With employment income 43,750 22,680 21,075
Under $5,000 (including loss) 7,000 3,260 3,740
$5,000 to $9,999 3,915 1,705 2,205
$10,000 to $19,999 6,260 2,825 3,435
$20,000 to $29,999 5,630 2,655 2,975
$30,000 to $39,999 5,120 2,610 2,510
$40,000 to $49,999 4,230 2,205 2,025
$50,000 to $59,999 3,115 1,960 1,160
$60,000 to $69,999 2,450 1,585 865
$70,000 to $79,999 2,035 1,320 720
$80,000 to $89,999 1,400 815 585
$90,000 to $99,999 865 485 385
$100,000 and over 1,725 1,255 475
$100,000 to $124,999 965 640 325
$125,000 and over 760 615 145
Income of individuals in 2019
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data23 70,625 34,315 36,310
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 67,425 32,790 34,640
Median total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 30,600 37,600 26,000
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 67,535 32,805 34,730
Median after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 28,200 33,200 24,400
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 57,015 28,600 28,415
Median market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 27,800 34,400 22,600
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 44,515 23,015 21,500
Median employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 28,800 34,800 24,000
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 53,535 24,615 28,925
Median government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 10,100 10,500 9,700
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 -100% data 10,720 6,175 4,550
Median employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 6,900 8,300 5,280
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data24 70,685 34,350 36,335
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 67,530 32,855 34,675
Average total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 38,960 45,760 32,480
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 67,630 32,875 34,755
Average after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 33,040 38,000 28,400
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 57,000 28,815 28,190
Average market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 36,400 43,200 29,440
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 44,930 23,365 21,565
Average employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 36,360 41,760 30,560
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 53,605 24,565 29,045
Average government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 10,360 10,540 10,200
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 10,910 6,250 4,660
Average employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 7,680 8,520 6,560
Total - Employment income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data25 70,690 34,355 36,330
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 18,350 10,020 8,325
Median employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 46,000 52,000 42,000
Average employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 52,350 56,500 47,360
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 18,845 9,445 9,400
Median employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 20,400 25,000 16,800
Average employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 28,160 34,440 21,820
Composition of total income in 2019 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%) 78.8 82.8 73.6
Employment income (%) 62.2 65.0 58.5
Government transfers (%) 21.1 17.2 26.3
Employment insurance benefits (%) 3.2 3.5 2.7
Income of households in 2020
Total - Income statistics for private households - 100% data26 37,775 ... ...
Median total income of household in 2020 ($) 60,800 ... ...
Median after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 54,800 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 100% data 11,830 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 30,800 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 28,600 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 100% data 25,940 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 77,500 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 68,500 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for private households - 25% sample data27 37,775 ... ...
Average total income of household in 2020 ($) 73,300 ... ...
Average after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 62,400 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 25% sample data 11,790 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 39,000 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 32,920 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 25% sample data 25,980 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 88,900 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 75,800 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data21 37,775 ... ...
Under $5,000 325 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 250 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 935 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 760 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,900 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,705 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,040 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,180 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,030 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,930 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,510 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,170 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,775 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,390 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,110 ... ...
$100,000 and over 8,755 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 3,610 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,180 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 1,980 ... ...
$200,000 and over 995 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data22 37,775 ... ...
Under $5,000 355 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 250 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 950 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 840 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 3,110 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,020 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,370 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,550 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,310 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,185 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,215 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,580 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 3,070 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,400 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 1,915 ... ...
$100,000 and over 5,655 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 2,965 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,475 ... ...
$150,000 and over 1,210 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2020
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 100% data28 24,995 ... ...
Median total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 77,500 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 68,500 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.7 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 100% data 12,930 ... ...
Median total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 69,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 61,600 ... ...
Average family size of couple-only economic families 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 100% data 7,780 ... ...
Median total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 106,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 92,000 ... ...
Average family size of couple-with-children economic families 3.9 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 3,600 ... ...
Median total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 53,200 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 49,600 ... ...
Average family size of one-parent economic families 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% data29 14,640 6,895 7,740
Median total income in 2020 ($)30 30,400 33,200 28,400
Median after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 28,200 29,800 27,000
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 25% sample data31 24,985 ... ...
Average total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 88,400 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 75,300 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 25% sample data 12,845 ... ...
Average total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 79,300 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 67,800 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 25% sample data 7,880 ... ...
Average total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 115,200 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 96,500 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 3,575 ... ...
Average total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 60,350 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 54,250 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample data32 14,610 6,945 7,665
Average total income in 2020 ($)30 38,320 43,040 34,040
Average after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 32,520 35,000 30,280
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Total - LIM low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households - 100% data33 81,940 40,100 41,840
0 to 17 years 13,640 6,985 6,660
0 to 5 years 4,085 2,110 1,975
18 to 64 years 46,870 23,015 23,855
65 years and over 21,435 10,110 11,330
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 15,720 7,160 8,555
0 to 17 years 2,825 1,445 1,385
0 to 5 years 940 460 485
18 to 64 years 7,120 3,290 3,825
65 years and over 5,775 2,425 3,350
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 19.2 17.9 20.5
0 to 17 years (%) 20.7 20.7 20.8
0 to 5 years (%) 23.1 21.7 24.5
18 to 64 years (%) 15.2 14.3 16.0
65 years and over (%) 26.9 24.0 29.6
Total - LICO low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households to whom the low-income concept is applicable - 100% data33 81,610 39,945 41,670
0 to 17 years 13,535 6,925 6,610
0 to 5 years 4,050 2,090 1,960
18 to 64 years 46,670 22,925 23,750
65 years and over 21,405 10,095 11,310
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 2,990 1,520 1,470
0 to 17 years 430 220 205
0 to 5 years 145 75 70
18 to 64 years 2,315 1,185 1,130
65 years and over 245 110 130
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 3.7 3.8 3.5
0 to 17 years (%) 3.2 3.2 3.1
0 to 5 years (%) 3.7 3.6 3.7
18 to 64 years (%) 5.0 5.2 4.8
65 years and over (%) 1.1 1.1 1.2
Total - Adjusted after-tax economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% data34The letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice. 81,940 40,100 41,840
In bottom half of the distribution 57,075 27,370 29,705
In bottom decile 12,850 5,925 6,930
In second decile 13,670 6,395 7,275
In third decile 11,895 5,765 6,130
In fourth decile 10,000 4,950 5,055
In fifth decile 8,660 4,340 4,325
In top half of the distribution 24,870 12,735 12,135
In sixth decile 7,785 3,995 3,795
In seventh decile 6,270 3,190 3,080
In eighth decile 5,085 2,585 2,495
In ninth decile 3,630 1,865 1,760
In top decile 2,095 1,095 1,000
Total - Inequality measures for the population in private households - 100% data35 81,945 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household total income 0.304 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household market income 0.468 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household after-tax income 0.264 ... ...
P90/P10 ratio on adjusted household after-tax income 3.3 ... ...
Knowledge of official languages
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data36 82,350 40,310 42,040
English only 65,590 32,445 33,145
French only 175 80 90
English and French 16,430 7,685 8,750
Neither English nor French 155 100 55
First official language spoken
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data37 82,350 40,310 42,040
English 72,415 35,370 37,045
French 9,550 4,735 4,810
English and French 250 115 130
Neither English nor French 145 95 50
Mother tongue
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data38 82,350 40,310 42,040
Single responses 80,720 39,565 41,155
Official languages 79,035 38,765 40,275
English 69,480 34,030 35,455
French 9,555 4,735 4,820
Non-official languages 1,690 800 885
Indigenous languages39 15 10 10
Algonquian languages 5 5 5
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 0 0 0
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0 0 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 5 5 5
Mi'kmaq 5 5 5
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 0 0 0
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 10 5 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 10 5 5
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 1,675 800 875
Afro-Asiatic languages 85 50 35
Berber languages 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 0 0 0
Hausa 0 0 0
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 0 0 0
Bilen 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 85 50 35
Amharic 0 0 0
Arabic 80 50 30
Aramaic languages 0 0 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 5 0 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 45 15 30
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 45 15 30
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 120 40 85
Bikol 0 0 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Cebuano 0 0 0
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0
Ilocano 0 0 0
Indonesian 5 0 5
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 105 35 75
Waray-Waray 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Creole languages 5 0 0
Haitian Creole 0 0 0
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 0 0 0
Morisyen 0 0 0
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Dravidian languages 65 30 40
Kannada 5 0 0
Malayalam 55 25 30
Tamil 0 0 0
Telugu 0 0 0
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 1,060 530 525
Albanian 10 5 5
Armenian 0 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 135 65 70
Baltic languages 5 5 5
Latvian 5 5 0
Lithuanian 5 0 5
Slavic languages 125 55 65
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 10 5 10
Czech 10 5 5
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 35 20 20
Russian 35 15 15
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 15 10 10
Bosnian 0 0 0
Croatian 15 10 10
Serbian 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Slovak 5 5 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0
Ukrainian 10 5 5
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 5 5 5
Irish 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0
Welsh 5 5 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 545 255 290
Frisian 0 0 0
High German languages 345 165 180
German 320 155 160
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 15 5 10
Yiddish 0 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 165 70 90
Afrikaans 15 5 10
Dutch 120 55 65
Low German, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Low Saxon 5 5 5
Plautdietsch 25 10 15
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0
Scandinavian languages 30 15 20
Danish 15 10 10
Icelandic 5 0 5
Norwegian 5 0 0
Swedish 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Greek 10 5 5
Indo-Iranian languages 165 105 60
Indo-Aryan languages 155 105 50
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 5 0 5
Gujarati 20 15 5
Hindi 20 10 10
Kacchi 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0
Nepali 0 0 0
Oriya languages 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 95 70 25
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 5 0 5
Urdu 10 5 5
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iranian languages 5 5 5
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 0 0 0
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 0 0 0
Persian languages 5 5 5
Dari 0 0 0
Iranian Persian 5 0 5
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 0 0 0
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 190 105 95
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 20 10 10
Portuguese 25 10 15
Romanian 10 5 5
Spanish 140 75 65
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 20 5 20
Korean 80 35 40
Mongolian 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 25 10 10
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0
Éwé 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0
Lingala 0 0 0
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Shona 0 0 0
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0
Swahili 5 0 5
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0
Yoruba 5 0 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
African, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Sign languages 15 10 5
American Sign Language 10 5 5
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0
Sino-Tibetan languages 100 40 60
Chinese languages 100 40 60
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 50 15 35
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0
Yue (Cantonese) 45 20 25
Chinese, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0
Burmese 0 0 0
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 20 5 15
Lao 0 0 0
Thai 20 0 15
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 0 0 0
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Uralic languages 40 15 25
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 15 10 10
Hungarian 25 10 15
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Multiple responses 1,630 745 880
English and French 1,350 630 720
English and non-official language(s) 220 95 125
French and non-official language(s) 15 5 10
English, French and non-official language(s) 10 0 10
Multiple non-official languages 35 15 20
All languages spoken at home
Total - All languages spoken at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data40 82,350 40,310 42,040
English 72,050 35,370 36,685
French 5,375 2,595 2,780
Non-official language 420 225 200
Indigenous39 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous 420 225 200
English and French 3,280 1,570 1,715
English and non-official language(s) 1,070 480 590
French and non-official language(s) 10 5 5
English, French and non-official language(s) 115 60 60
Multiple non-official languages 30 15 10
Language spoken most often at home
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data41 82,350 40,310 42,040
Single responses 81,530 39,925 41,600
Official languages 80,800 39,550 41,250
English 74,365 36,430 37,935
French 6,435 3,120 3,320
Non-official languages 730 375 350
Indigenous languages39 5 0 5
Algonquian languages 5 0 5
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 0 0 0
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0 0 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 5 0 0
Mi'kmaq 5 0 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 0 0 0
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 725 375 345
Afro-Asiatic languages 65 35 25
Berber languages 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 0 0 0
Hausa 0 0 0
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 0 0 0
Bilen 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 65 35 25
Amharic 0 0 0
Arabic 60 30 30
Aramaic languages 0 0 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 0 0 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 35 15 20
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 35 15 20
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 35 15 20
Bikol 0 0 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Cebuano 0 0 0
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0
Ilocano 0 0 0
Indonesian 0 0 0
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 35 10 20
Waray-Waray 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Creole languages 0 0 0
Haitian Creole 0 0 0
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 0 0 0
Morisyen 0 0 0
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Dravidian languages 55 20 30
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 45 15 30
Tamil 5 5 0
Telugu 0 0 0
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 375 210 170
Albanian 0 0 0
Armenian 0 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 30 15 15
Baltic languages 0 0 0
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Slavic languages 30 15 15
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 0 5 5
Czech 5 0 5
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 5 5 5
Russian 5 5 5
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 5 0 5
Bosnian 0 0 0
Croatian 5 0 5
Serbian 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Slovak 0 0 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0
Ukrainian 0 0 0
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 0 0 0
Irish 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0
Welsh 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 145 60 80
Frisian 0 0 0
High German languages 105 45 60
German 95 45 50
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 10 5 5
Yiddish 0 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 30 15 20
Afrikaans 10 5 5
Dutch 0 0 0
Low German, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 20 10 10
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0
Scandinavian languages 5 0 0
Danish 0 0 0
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 0 0 0
Swedish 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Greek 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages 105 70 35
Indo-Aryan languages 95 70 30
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 5 0 0
Gujarati 20 10 5
Hindi 10 5 5
Kacchi 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0
Nepali 0 0 0
Oriya languages 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 70 50 20
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0
Urdu 0 0 0
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iranian languages 0 0 0
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 0 0 0
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 0 0 0
Persian languages 0 0 0
Dari 0 0 0
Iranian Persian 0 0 0
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 0 0 0
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 95 65 35
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 0 5 0
Portuguese 10 5 0
Romanian 0 0 0
Spanish 85 60 30
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 5 0 5
Korean 55 30 30
Mongolian 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 5 0 5
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0
Éwé 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0
Lingala 0 0 0
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Shona 0 0 0
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0
Swahili 0 0 5
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
African, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Sign languages 25 15 10
American Sign Language 20 10 5
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 15 5 0
Sino-Tibetan languages 55 25 25
Chinese languages 55 25 25
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 25 15 15
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0
Yue (Cantonese) 35 15 15
Chinese, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0
Burmese 0 0 0
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 5 5 5
Lao 0 0 0
Thai 5 5 5
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 0 0 0
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Uralic languages 5 0 0
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 0 0 0
Hungarian 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Multiple responses 820 385 435
English and French 610 290 320
English and non-official language(s) 180 90 95
French and non-official language(s) 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language(s) 10 5 10
Multiple non-official languages 20 5 10
Other language spoken regularly at home
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data42 82,350 40,310 42,040
None 78,615 38,550 40,065
English 1,300 630 670
French 1,645 780 870
Non-official language 605 260 345
Indigenous39 30 10 15
Non-Indigenous 580 250 330
English and French 5 5 5
English and non-official language(s) 45 30 15
French and non-official language(s) 65 30 35
English, French and non-official language(s) 0 0 0
Multiple non-official languages 65 35 30
Knowledge of languagesThe letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice.
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample data43 81,990 40,150 41,840
Official languages 81,865 40,060 41,800
English 81,670 39,985 41,685
French 16,570 7,820 8,745
Non-official languages 2,810 1,310 1,500
Indigenous languages39 115 30 90
Algonquian languages 95 20 80
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 0 0 0
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0 0 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 70 10 60
Mi'kmaq 70 10 60
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 0 0 0
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 15 0 10
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 15 0 10
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 2,705 1,285 1,415
Afro-Asiatic languages 100 75 25
Berber languages 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 0 0 0
Hausa 0 0 0
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 0 0 0
Bilen 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 100 75 25
Amharic 10 10 0
Arabic 75 60 20
Aramaic languages 0 0 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 15 10 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 25 0 15
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 25 0 15
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 170 65 100
Bikol 0 0 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Cebuano 20 0 15
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0
Ilocano 0 0 0
Indonesian 0 0 0
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 10 0 10
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 150 65 85
Waray-Waray 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Creole languages 30 25 0
Haitian Creole 0 0 0
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 0 0 0
Morisyen 0 0 0
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 10 10 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Dravidian languages 135 80 60
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 105 55 50
Tamil 40 30 0
Telugu 0 0 0
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 1,900 915 990
Albanian 0 0 0
Armenian 0 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 215 125 90
Baltic languages 10 10 0
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Slavic languages 205 120 90
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 0 0 0
Czech 0 0 0
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 40 30 10
Russian 105 55 50
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 35 20 10
Bosnian 0 0 0
Croatian 25 10 10
Serbian 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Slovak 0 0 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0
Ukrainian 30 15 20
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 70 35 40
Irish 15 10 10
Scottish Gaelic 15 0 10
Welsh 30 20 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 835 385 450
Frisian 0 0 0
High German languages 640 310 330
German 610 300 315
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 35 15 20
Yiddish 0 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 250 115 135
Afrikaans 30 10 15
Dutch 170 75 95
Low German, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 30 15 20
Vlaams (Flemish) 15 0 15
Scandinavian languages 25 10 15
Danish 15 10 0
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 0 0 0
Swedish 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Greek 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages 270 180 95
Indo-Aryan languages 265 180 85
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 0 0 0
Gujarati 0 0 0
Hindi 120 70 50
Kacchi 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0
Nepali 0 0 0
Oriya languages 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 150 105 45
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0
Urdu 65 35 30
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iranian languages 40 25 25
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 0 0 0
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 0 0 0
Persian languages 10 0 10
Dari 0 0 0
Iranian Persian 0 0 0
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 0 0 0
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 625 255 370
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 120 55 65
Portuguese 55 30 25
Romanian 15 0 15
Spanish 460 185 275
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 50 20 30
Korean 90 40 50
Mongolian 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 20 10 10
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0
Éwé 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0
Lingala 0 0 0
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Shona 0 0 0
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0
Swahili 10 10 0
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
African, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Sign languages 140 70 65
American Sign Language 95 35 60
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 50 40 10
Sino-Tibetan languages 95 40 60
Chinese languages 95 40 60
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 60 25 40
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0
Yue (Cantonese) 55 30 25
Chinese, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0
Burmese 0 0 0
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 20 0 15
Lao 0 0 0
Thai 20 0 15
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 10 0 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 10 0 0
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Uralic languages 45 15 30
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 15 0 10
Hungarian 25 15 20
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous population
Total - Indigenous identity for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 81,985 40,150 41,840
Indigenous identity45 8,560 4,310 4,255
Single Indigenous responses46 8,310 4,205 4,105
First Nations (North American Indian) 1,980 930 1,055
Métis 6,235 3,265 2,965
Inuk (Inuit) 95 15 80
Multiple Indigenous responses47 125 55 65
Indigenous responses not included elsewhere48 130 45 85
Non-Indigenous identity 73,425 35,840 37,585
Total - Registered or Treaty Indian status for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 81,985 40,150 41,840
Registered or Treaty Indian49 1,060 440 610
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 80,935 39,705 41,225
Household characteristics
Total - Private households by tenure - 25% sample data50 37,775 ... ...
Owner 28,680 ... ...
Renter 8,970 ... ...
Dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band 120 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by condominium status - 25% sample data51 37,775 ... ...
Condominium 595 ... ...
Not condominium 37,170 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of bedrooms - 25% sample data52 37,775 ... ...
No bedrooms 75 ... ...
1 bedroom 3,445 ... ...
2 bedrooms 10,035 ... ...
3 bedrooms 14,985 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 9,230 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of rooms - 25% sample data53 37,775 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 6,660 ... ...
5 rooms 6,065 ... ...
6 rooms 6,685 ... ...
7 rooms 5,985 ... ...
8 or more rooms 12,365 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 6.7 ... ...
Total - Private households by number of persons per room - 25% sample data54 37,775 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 37,645 ... ...
More than one person per room 125 ... ...
Total - Private households by housing suitability - 25% sample data55 37,775 ... ...
Suitable 37,020 ... ...
Not suitable 750 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by period of construction - 25% sample data56 37,775 ... ...
1960 or before 13,940 ... ...
1961 to 1980 9,935 ... ...
1981 to 1990 5,305 ... ...
1991 to 2000 3,940 ... ...
2001 to 2005 1,375 ... ...
2006 to 2010 1,230 ... ...
2011 to 2015 1,035 ... ...
2016 to 202157 1,000 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by dwelling condition - 25% sample data58 37,775 ... ...
Only regular maintenance and minor repairs needed 33,755 ... ...
Major repairs needed 4,020 ... ...
Total - Private households by number of household maintainers - 25% sample data59 37,775 ... ...
One-maintainer household 21,025 ... ...
Two-maintainer household 15,890 ... ...
Three-or-more-maintainer household 855 ... ...
Total - Private households by age of primary household maintainers - 25% sample data60 37,775 ... ...
15 to 24 years 845 ... ...
25 to 34 years 3,715 ... ...
35 to 44 years 4,815 ... ...
45 to 54 years 5,800 ... ...
55 to 64 years 8,600 ... ...
65 to 74 years 7,930 ... ...
75 to 84 years 4,640 ... ...
85 years and over 1,430 ... ...
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratio - 25% sample data61 37,315 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of income on shelter costs 32,375 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs 4,940 ... ...
30% to less than 100% 4,545 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by housing indicators - 25% sample data62 37,770 ... ...
Total - Households 'spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' or 'not suitable' or 'major repairs needed' 8,900 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs only 4,265 ... ...
Not suitable only 565 ... ...
Major repairs needed only 3,275 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' 50 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'major repairs needed' 605 ... ...
'Not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 120 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 15 ... ...
Acceptable housing 28,870 ... ...
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero and shelter-cost-to-income ratio less than 100%, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data63 36,915 ... ...
In core need 3,200 ... ...
Not in core need 33,720 ... ...
Total - Owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 28,380 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgage64 48.4 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 8.4 ... ...
% in core housing need63 5.9 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 632 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 806 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)66 200,000 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)66 222,000 ... ...
Total - Tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 8,960 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housing67 17.0 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 28.4 ... ...
% in core housing need63 17.6 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 750 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 792 ... ...
Total - Households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band in non-farm private dwellings - 25% sample data 120 ... ...
% of households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band spending more than 30% on shelter costs61 0.0 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 200 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 216 ... ...
Indigenous ancestry
Total - Indigenous ancestry for the population in private households - 25% sample data68 81,985 40,145 41,840
Indigenous ancestry (only)69 2,120 990 1,125
Single Indigenous ancestry (only)70 2,085 975 1,110
First Nations (North American Indian) single ancestry 910 395 510
Métis single ancestry 1,105 555 550
Inuit single ancestry 75 20 55
Multiple Indigenous ancestries (only)71 35 20 20
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis ancestry only 30 20 10
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
Métis and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries72 6,855 3,430 3,430
Single Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries73 6,650 3,330 3,325
First Nations (North American Indian) and non-Indigenous ancestry only 3,135 1,505 1,630
Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 3,435 1,770 1,665
Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 80 50 25
Multiple Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries74 205 95 110
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 190 90 100
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 15 10 10
Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 0 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous ancestry only75 73,010 35,725 37,280
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample data76 81,990 40,145 41,840
Canadian citizens77 80,450 39,345 41,110
Canadian citizens aged under 18 13,500 6,940 6,560
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 66,955 32,405 34,550
Not Canadian citizens78 1,535 805 725
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample data79 81,990 40,145 41,840
Non-immigrants80 77,900 38,080 39,815
Immigrants81 3,685 1,780 1,905
Before 1980 1,580 760 820
1980 to 1990 445 200 245
1991 to 2000 370 185 185
2001 to 2010 600 305 295
2011 to 202182 685 335 355
2011 to 2015 255 110 145
2016 to 2021 435 225 210
Non-permanent residents83 400 285 120
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data84 3,685 1,780 1,905
Under 5 years 430 195 235
5 to 14 years 735 410 330
15 to 24 years 650 335 320
25 to 44 years 1,375 585 790
45 years and over 485 260 230
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data85 3,685 1,780 1,905
Americas 1,110 505 605
Brazil 15 0 10
Colombia 0 0 0
El Salvador 0 0 0
Guyana 15 10 0
Haiti 0 0 0
Jamaica 30 20 10
Mexico 10 0 10
Peru 0 0 0
Trinidad and Tobago 20 10 10
United States of America 850 385 465
Other places of birth in Americas 160 70 85
Europe 1,870 945 925
Bosnia and Herzegovina 0 0 0
Croatia 10 0 10
France 50 30 20
Germany 325 150 180
Greece 0 0 0
Hungary 25 10 20
Italy 10 0 0
Netherlands 155 85 70
Poland 20 15 0
Portugal 10 0 10
Romania 15 0 10
Russian Federation 15 0 10
Serbia86 0 0 0
Ukraine 20 10 10
United Kingdom87 1,030 535 495
Other places of birth in Europe 175 90 90
Africa 110 35 75
Algeria 0 0 0
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 0 0 0
Egypt 0 0 0
Eritrea 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Morocco 0 0 0
Nigeria 0 0 0
Somalia 0 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 40 10 30
Other places of birth in Africa 60 20 40
Asia 545 265 280
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Iran88 0 0 0
Iraq 0 0 0
Lebanon 25 20 0
Syria89 0 0 0
Turkey 0 0 0
China90 60 20 40
Hong Kong91 15 10 10
Korea, South92 40 15 25
Taiwan 0 0 0
Philippines 140 65 70
Viet Nam 0 0 0
Bangladesh 0 0 0
India 125 75 50
Pakistan 25 20 10
Sri Lanka 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 80 15 65
Oceania and other places of birth93 50 20 25
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data94 430 225 210
Americas 80 45 40
Brazil 0 0 0
Colombia 0 0 0
Haiti 0 0 0
Jamaica 0 0 0
Mexico 0 0 0
United States of America 65 30 35
Venezuela95 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 10 0 0
Europe 50 30 25
France 0 0 0
Germany 15 0 10
Ireland96 0 0 0
Italy 0 0 0
Russian Federation 0 0 0
Ukraine 0 0 0
United Kingdom87 25 20 0
Other places of birth in Europe 0 0 0
Africa 20 0 20
Algeria 0 0 0
Burundi 0 0 0
Cameroon 0 0 0
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 0 0 0
Côte d'Ivoire 0 0 0
Egypt 0 0 0
Eritrea 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Morocco 0 0 0
Nigeria 0 0 0
Somalia 0 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0
Sudan97 0 0 0
Tunisia 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 0 0 0
Asia 270 145 120
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Bangladesh 0 0 0
China90 10 0 10
Hong Kong91 0 0 0
India 70 40 30
Iran88 0 0 0
Iraq 0 0 0
Israel 0 0 0
Japan 0 0 0
Jordan 0 0 0
Korea, South92 35 15 15
Lebanon 0 0 0
Nepal 0 0 0
Pakistan 15 10 10
Philippines 85 40 45
Saudi Arabia 0 0 0
Sri Lanka 0 0 0
Syria89 0 0 0
Turkey 0 0 0
United Arab Emirates 0 0 0
Viet Nam 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 0 0 0
Oceania and other93 0 0 0
Australia 0 0 0
Other places of birth98 0 0 0
Generation status
Total - Generation status for the population in private households - 25% sample data99 81,985 40,150 41,840
First generation100 4,730 2,360 2,375
Second generation101 5,520 2,810 2,705
Third generation or more102 71,735 34,980 36,760
Admission category and applicant type
Total - Admission category and applicant type for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data103 2,105 1,020 1,090
Economic immigrants104 1,180 610 570
Principal applicants105 540 335 205
Secondary applicants106 640 275 365
Immigrants sponsored by family107 800 325 475
Refugees108 100 70 30
Other immigrants109 25 15 10
Pre-admission experience
Total - Pre-admission experience for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data110 2,105 1,020 1,090
Asylum claim before admission111 45 25 15
Work permits only before admission112 330 195 140
Study permits only before admission113 90 70 20
Work and study permits before admission114 95 30 55
Other permits before admission115 15 0 10
No pre-admission experience116 1,535 695 840
Visible minority
Total - Visible minority for the population in private households - 25% sample data117 81,985 40,150 41,840
Total visible minority population118 2,830 1,495 1,335
South Asian 450 290 155
Chinese 125 50 75
Black 1,435 740 690
Filipino 230 95 135
Arab 90 70 20
Latin American 50 10 45
Southeast Asian 105 50 55
West Asian 35 20 15
Korean 95 50 45
Japanese 55 25 35
Visible minority, n.i.e.119 40 25 10
Multiple visible minorities 135 80 55
Not a visible minority120 79,155 38,655 40,500
Ethnic or cultural origin
Total - Ethnic or cultural origin for the population in private households - 25% sample data121 81,990 40,150 41,840
Canadian 15,125 7,445 7,675
English 18,965 9,020 9,945
Irish 12,640 5,750 6,890
Scottish 14,245 7,000 7,240
French, n.o.s.122 12,280 6,035 6,245
German 7,580 3,660 3,925
Chinese 165 65 100
Italian 870 440 430
Indian (India) 380 260 120
Ukrainian 660 285 375
Dutch 2,905 1,435 1,470
Polish 610 305 305
Québécois 220 130 90
British Isles, n.o.s.123 3,025 1,490 1,530
Filipino 215 100 120
French Canadian 750 350 405
Caucasian (White), n.o.s.124 6,140 3,010 3,125
First Nations (North American Indian), n.o.s.125 1,220 615 605
Métis 4,760 2,435 2,325
European, n.o.s.126 3,685 1,820 1,860
Russian 270 105 165
Norwegian 555 310 245
Welsh 1,275 635 640
Portuguese 195 70 125
American 730 360 370
Spanish 220 120 105
Swedish 280 110 170
Hungarian 200 115 90
Acadian 11,755 5,595 6,160
Pakistani 65 40 30
African, n.o.s.127 405 190 215
Jewish 185 85 100
Punjabi 10 0 10
Vietnamese 30 15 15
Arab, n.o.s.128 35 20 20
Greek 70 25 45
Jamaican 170 110 60
Asian, n.o.s.129 50 30 20
Cree, n.o.s.130 85 35 50
Korean 105 55 50
Romanian 75 25 55
Lebanese 270 145 125
Iranian 10 0 0
Christian, n.i.e.131 175 95 80
Danish 230 140 90
North American Indigenous, n.o.s.132 880 405 475
Sikh 20 10 10
Austrian 190 95 100
Belgian 135 50 85
Haitian 20 0 15
Hindu 0 0 0
Mexican 50 10 40
Mennonite 60 40 20
Swiss 225 100 125
Finnish 120 35 85
Sri Lankan 0 0 0
Croatian 60 25 30
Japanese 60 25 35
South Asian, n.o.s.133 15 0 10
Mi'kmaq, n.o.s.134 1,740 810 925
Northern European, n.o.s.135 300 150 150
Muslim 0 0 0
Egyptian 25 25 0
Latin, Central or South American, n.o.s.136 30 15 15
Tamil 0 0 0
Icelandic 65 45 20
Colombian 10 0 10
Moroccan 0 0 0
Czech 60 15 45
Syrian 50 30 25
Guyanese 20 15 0
Afghan 0 0 0
Black, n.o.s.137 395 175 220
Serbian 0 0 0
Ojibway 50 35 20
Newfoundlander 390 195 200
Hong Konger 0 0 0
Ontarian 165 75 90
Persian 0 0 0
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 40 25 15
Turkish 10 10 0
Inuit, n.o.s.138 175 75 100
Bangladeshi 0 0 0
Algerian 0 0 0
Brazilian 35 25 15
Nigerian 10 0 0
Armenian 30 10 20
Slovak 20 15 0
Eastern European, n.o.s.139 135 70 70
Somali 0 0 0
Taiwanese 0 0 0
Iraqi 0 0 0
Salvadorean 0 0 0
African Caribbean 30 10 25
East or Southeast Asian, n.o.s.140 35 10 20
West or Central Asian or Middle Eastern, n.o.s.141 0 0 0
Caribbean, n.o.s.142 15 0 15
Algonquin 25 10 10
West Indian, n.o.s.143 0 0 0
Lithuanian 60 45 20
South African 30 20 10
Australian 15 15 0
Palestinian 0 0 0
Chilean 0 0 0
Congolese 0 0 0
Nova Scotian 2,585 1,335 1,250
Ethiopian 0 0 0
Hispanic, n.o.s.144 0 0 0
Peruvian