Census Profile, 2021 Census of Population
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Topic:
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Age
Age characteristics
Commuting
Select all: Commuting
Commuting destination
Commuting duration
Main mode of commuting
Place of work status
Time leaving for work
Education
Select all: Education
Highest certificate, diploma or degree
Location of study compared with province or territory of residence
Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2021
Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificate
Ethnocultural and religious diversity
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Ethnic or cultural origin
Religion
Visible minority
Families, households, and marital status
Select all: Families, households, and marital status
Family characteristics
Household type
Marital status
Housing
Household characteristics
Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
Select all: Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
Admission category and applicant type
Age at immigration
Citizenship
Generation status
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Pre-admission experience
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Income
Select all: Income
Income of economic families in 2020
Income of households in 2020
Income of individuals in 2019
Income of individuals in 2020
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Indigenous peoples
Select all: Indigenous peoples
Indigenous ancestry
Indigenous population
Instruction in the minority official language
Select all: Instruction in the minority official language
Children eligible for instruction in the minority official language
Eligibility and instruction in the minority official language for school-aged children
Labour
Select all: Labour
Class of worker including job permanency
Industry - Sectors - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2017
Labour force status
Occupation - Broad category - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2021
Work activity during the reference year
Language
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All languages spoken at home
First official language spoken
Knowledge of languages
Knowledge of official languages
Language spoken most often at home
Mother tongue
Other language spoken regularly at home
Language of work
Select all: Language of work
All languages used at work
Language used most often at work
Other language(s) used regularly at work
Mobility and migration
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Mobility status 1 year ago
Mobility status 5 years ago
Population and dwelling counts
Population and dwellings
Type of dwelling
Household and dwelling characteristics
GenderMore information:


Statistic:
Characteristic West Coast--Northern Peninsula--LabradorMore information:
Newfoundland and Labrador
[Economic region]
Counts
Total Men+ Women+
Population and dwellings
Population, 20211 101,037 ... ...
Population, 20161 105,205 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2016 to 2021 - 4.0 ... ...
Total private dwellings2 52,927 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residents3 44,101 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 0.3 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 289,001.43 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups of the population - 100% data 101,035 49,885 51,150
0 to 14 years 13,855 7,175 6,680
0 to 4 years 3,795 1,950 1,850
5 to 9 years 4,750 2,430 2,320
10 to 14 years 5,305 2,795 2,510
15 to 64 years 62,855 31,060 31,805
15 to 19 years 5,170 2,650 2,525
20 to 24 years 4,845 2,520 2,325
25 to 29 years 4,670 2,380 2,295
30 to 34 years 5,270 2,585 2,685
35 to 39 years 5,485 2,610 2,875
40 to 44 years 5,820 2,815 3,010
45 to 49 years 6,645 3,205 3,440
50 to 54 years 7,800 3,835 3,965
55 to 59 years 8,575 4,245 4,335
60 to 64 years 8,570 4,225 4,355
65 years and over 24,320 11,655 12,665
65 to 69 years 8,105 3,970 4,135
70 to 74 years 6,935 3,425 3,510
75 to 79 years 4,495 2,135 2,360
80 to 84 years 2,680 1,240 1,440
85 years and over 2,105 885 1,225
85 to 89 years 1,455 675 780
90 to 94 years 540 185 355
95 to 99 years 100 20 75
100 years and over 15 0 15
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 13.7 14.4 13.1
15 to 64 years 62.2 62.3 62.2
65 years and over 24.1 23.4 24.8
85 years and over 2.1 1.8 2.4
Average age of the population 45.8 45.1 46.4
Median age of the population 49.2 48.4 49.6
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% data 44,100 ... ...
Single-detached house 34,025 ... ...
Semi-detached house 2,365 ... ...
Row house 2,050 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 2,380 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 2,315 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 230 ... ...
Other single-attached house 125 ... ...
Movable dwelling4 605 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% data 44,100 ... ...
1 person 12,430 ... ...
2 persons 17,995 ... ...
3 persons 6,980 ... ...
4 persons 4,680 ... ...
5 or more persons 2,015 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 99,090 48,860 50,230
Average household size 2.3 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the total population aged 15 years and over - 100% data 87,180 42,715 44,470
Married or living common-law 52,400 26,185 26,215
Married 41,665 20,840 20,825
Living common-law 10,730 5,345 5,385
Living common law - Never married 8,245 4,055 4,190
Living common law - Separated 310 175 140
Living common law - Divorced 1,855 975 880
Living common law - Widowed 315 135 180
Not married and not living common-law 34,785 16,530 18,250
Not married and not living common law - Never married 22,120 12,085 10,040
Not married and not living common law - Separated 1,825 845 985
Not married and not living common law - Divorced 4,710 2,135 2,570
Not married and not living common law - Widowed 6,130 1,465 4,660
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% data5 31,005 ... ...
2 persons 18,725 ... ...
3 persons 6,720 ... ...
4 persons 4,255 ... ...
5 or more persons 1,305 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.6 ... ...
Average number of children in census families with children6 1.6 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% data 31,010 ... ...
Total couple families 25,775 ... ...
Married couples 20,410 ... ...
With children6 7,920 ... ...
Without children 12,490 ... ...
Common-law couples 5,365 ... ...
With children6 2,430 ... ...
Without children 2,935 ... ...
Total one-parent families 5,230 ... ...
in which the parent is a woman+ 4,025 ... ...
in which the parent is a man+ 1,200 ... ...
Total - Persons in private households - 100% data 99,090 48,860 50,230
Total - Persons in census families 81,545 40,490 41,055
Married spouses or common-law partners 51,550 25,740 25,815
Parents in one-parent families 5,230 1,200 4,030
Children6 24,760 13,550 11,210
In a two-parent family 16,985 9,275 7,705
In a one-parent family 7,780 4,270 3,510
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 17,545 8,370 9,170
Living alone 12,430 5,820 6,610
Living with other relatives7 2,360 1,060 1,305
Living with non-relatives only 2,750 1,495 1,260
Household type
Total - Household type - 100% data 44,100 ... ...
One-census-family households without additional persons 27,930 ... ...
Couple-family households 23,835 ... ...
With children6 9,515 ... ...
Without children 14,320 ... ...
One-parent-family households 4,100 ... ...
Multigenerational households8 1,015 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households9 130 ... ...
One-census-family households with additional persons9 1,215 ... ...
Two-or-more-person non-census-family households 1,380 ... ...
One-person households 12,430 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2020
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data10 85,245 41,695 43,550
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 82,515 40,375 42,135
Median total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 36,400 42,000 32,000
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 82,535 40,390 42,150
Median after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 32,800 37,200 29,200
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 66,640 33,905 32,740
Median market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 29,600 34,800 24,800
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 55,030 28,250 26,785
Median employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 31,000 36,400 26,600
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 68,635 31,815 36,820
Median government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 14,800 16,200 13,600
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 21,130 11,595 9,530
Median employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 10,700 12,400 8,700
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 20,680 10,040 10,645
Median COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 8,000 8,000 8,000
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data11 85,230 41,685 43,545
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 82,610 40,355 42,250
Average total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 47,200 55,000 39,800
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 82,640 40,365 42,270
Average after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 39,600 45,080 34,400
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 66,800 33,915 32,880
Average market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 43,440 51,120 35,520
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 55,035 28,165 26,870
Average employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 44,520 52,250 36,400
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 68,910 31,840 37,070
Average government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 14,500 15,260 13,840
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 21,000 11,545 9,455
Average employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 11,240 12,260 10,000
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 20,475 9,895 10,585
Average COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 8,330 8,150 8,500
Total - Employment income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data12 85,235 41,685 43,550
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 22,300 11,005 11,295
Median employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 62,400 74,500 52,800
Average employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 72,800 85,700 60,350
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 25,105 13,185 11,915
Median employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 16,800 21,000 14,100
Average employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 28,120 34,480 21,080
Composition of total income in 2020 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data17 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)18 74.4 78.0 69.4
Employment income (%)19 62.8 66.2 58.2
Government transfers (%)20 25.7 21.9 30.6
Employment insurance benefits (%) 6.1 6.4 5.6
COVID-19 - Government income support and benefits (%) 5.2 4.2 6.5
COVID-19 - Emergency and recovery benefits (%) 4.4 3.6 5.4
Total - Total income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data21 85,250 41,695 43,555
Without total income 2,735 1,315 1,420
With total income 82,510 40,380 42,135
Under $10,000 (including loss) 6,505 2,540 3,965
$10,000 to $19,999 11,585 4,450 7,130
$20,000 to $29,999 14,960 6,420 8,540
$30,000 to $39,999 12,195 5,655 6,535
$40,000 to $49,999 10,045 5,025 5,020
$50,000 to $59,999 6,950 3,605 3,345
$60,000 to $69,999 4,635 2,595 2,045
$70,000 to $79,999 3,365 2,020 1,340
$80,000 to $89,999 2,650 1,555 1,100
$90,000 to $99,999 2,190 1,185 1,010
$100,000 and over 7,435 5,345 2,095
$100,000 to $149,999 5,165 3,465 1,695
$150,000 and over 2,270 1,875 395
Total - After-tax income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data22 85,250 41,695 43,555
Without after-tax income 2,710 1,305 1,405
With after-tax income 82,540 40,390 42,150
Under $10,000 (including loss) 6,785 2,605 4,175
$10,000 to $19,999 12,105 4,655 7,450
$20,000 to $29,999 17,980 7,870 10,110
$30,000 to $39,999 14,035 6,910 7,125
$40,000 to $49,999 10,545 5,380 5,165
$50,000 to $59,999 6,485 3,615 2,870
$60,000 to $69,999 4,215 2,485 1,725
$70,000 to $79,999 3,175 1,720 1,460
$80,000 to $89,999 2,085 1,285 795
$90,000 to $99,999 1,510 995 520
$100,000 and over 3,615 2,860 760
$100,000 to $124,999 2,325 1,830 495
$125,000 and over 1,295 1,030 265
Total - Employment income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data19 85,250 41,695 43,555
Without employment income 30,210 13,445 16,765
With employment income 55,035 28,245 26,785
Under $5,000 (including loss) 8,225 3,905 4,315
$5,000 to $9,999 4,870 2,105 2,765
$10,000 to $19,999 7,990 3,650 4,340
$20,000 to $29,999 5,885 2,830 3,055
$30,000 to $39,999 5,015 2,395 2,620
$40,000 to $49,999 4,500 2,155 2,350
$50,000 to $59,999 3,505 1,695 1,810
$60,000 to $69,999 2,695 1,470 1,220
$70,000 to $79,999 2,310 1,345 960
$80,000 to $89,999 1,950 1,100 845
$90,000 to $99,999 1,790 955 840
$100,000 and over 6,300 4,635 1,665
$100,000 to $124,999 2,710 1,725 985
$125,000 and over 3,590 2,910 685
Income of individuals in 2019
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data23 85,245 41,695 43,550
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 81,295 39,760 41,535
Median total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 34,800 42,000 29,000
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 81,370 39,765 41,605
Median after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 31,400 37,200 26,800
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 66,625 33,820 32,805
Median market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 30,800 37,600 25,200
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 55,995 28,665 27,330
Median employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 32,000 40,000 26,400
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 63,645 29,240 34,405
Median government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 12,500 14,100 11,100
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 -100% data 21,185 11,705 9,485
Median employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 11,200 12,600 9,700
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data24 85,230 41,685 43,545
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 81,360 39,755 41,605
Average total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 45,960 54,800 37,480
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 81,435 39,755 41,685
Average after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 38,160 44,360 32,280
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 66,645 33,770 32,875
Average market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 44,360 53,200 35,280
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 55,895 28,445 27,445
Average employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 45,440 54,450 36,040
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 63,950 29,415 34,535
Average government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 12,230 12,980 11,580
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 20,935 11,445 9,490
Average employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 11,530 12,400 10,490
Total - Employment income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data25 85,235 41,685 43,550
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 22,145 10,925 11,220
Median employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 60,000 71,500 50,800
Average employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 69,700 82,200 57,400
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 23,700 12,510 11,190
Median employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 20,600 26,800 16,400
Average employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 33,880 42,520 24,260
Composition of total income in 2019 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%) 79.0 82.4 74.4
Employment income (%) 68.0 71.2 63.4
Government transfers (%) 20.9 17.5 25.7
Employment insurance benefits (%) 6.5 6.5 6.4
Income of households in 2020
Total - Income statistics for private households - 100% data26 44,105 ... ...
Median total income of household in 2020 ($) 71,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 62,800 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 100% data 12,430 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 31,800 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 29,400 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 100% data 31,670 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 89,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 77,500 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for private households - 25% sample data27 44,100 ... ...
Average total income of household in 2020 ($) 88,400 ... ...
Average after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 74,200 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 25% sample data 12,420 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 44,120 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 37,600 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 25% sample data 31,685 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 105,800 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 88,600 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data21 44,105 ... ...
Under $5,000 225 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 405 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 810 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 880 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,880 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,760 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,320 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,330 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,970 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,780 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,435 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,030 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,880 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,675 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,280 ... ...
$100,000 and over 14,455 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,460 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,175 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 3,895 ... ...
$200,000 and over 2,920 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data22 44,105 ... ...
Under $5,000 240 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 415 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 830 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 905 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 3,065 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,080 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,515 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,620 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,260 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,075 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,105 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,615 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 3,380 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,800 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,440 ... ...
$100,000 and over 10,760 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,370 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,860 ... ...
$150,000 and over 3,530 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2020
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 100% data28 30,705 ... ...
Median total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 89,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 77,500 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.7 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 100% data 14,435 ... ...
Median total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 76,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 67,000 ... ...
Average family size of couple-only economic families 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 100% data 10,580 ... ...
Median total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 130,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 110,000 ... ...
Average family size of couple-with-children economic families 3.8 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 4,780 ... ...
Median total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 57,200 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 53,600 ... ...
Average family size of one-parent economic families 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% data29 15,180 7,315 7,870
Median total income in 2020 ($)30 32,000 35,600 29,000
Median after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 29,400 32,400 27,600
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 25% sample data31 30,700 ... ...
Average total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 105,600 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 88,300 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 25% sample data 14,505 ... ...
Average total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 91,100 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 76,300 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 25% sample data 10,575 ... ...
Average total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 144,000 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 118,400 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 4,750 ... ...
Average total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 65,400 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 58,400 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample data32 15,250 7,115 8,135
Average total income in 2020 ($)30 43,240 48,440 38,680
Average after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 36,920 40,480 33,800
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Total - LIM low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households - 100% data33 99,090 48,860 50,225
0 to 17 years 16,925 8,760 8,170
0 to 5 years 4,715 2,430 2,285
18 to 64 years 59,025 28,910 30,115
65 years and over 23,140 11,190 11,945
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 15,895 7,150 8,740
0 to 17 years 2,820 1,460 1,360
0 to 5 years 825 415 405
18 to 64 years 6,750 3,045 3,705
65 years and over 6,315 2,645 3,670
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 16.0 14.6 17.4
0 to 17 years (%) 16.7 16.7 16.7
0 to 5 years (%) 17.4 17.0 17.8
18 to 64 years (%) 11.4 10.5 12.3
65 years and over (%) 27.3 23.6 30.7
Total - LICO low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households to whom the low-income concept is applicable - 100% data33 97,020 47,880 49,140
0 to 17 years 16,155 8,405 7,750
0 to 5 years 4,455 2,320 2,140
18 to 64 years 57,825 28,340 29,490
65 years and over 23,045 11,140 11,905
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 3,015 1,455 1,560
0 to 17 years 435 230 210
0 to 5 years 130 65 65
18 to 64 years 2,335 1,145 1,190
65 years and over 240 80 155
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 3.1 3.0 3.2
0 to 17 years (%) 2.7 2.7 2.7
0 to 5 years (%) 2.9 2.8 3.0
18 to 64 years (%) 4.0 4.0 4.0
65 years and over (%) 1.0 0.8 1.3
Total - Adjusted after-tax economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% data34The letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice. 99,090 48,860 50,230
In bottom half of the distribution 56,935 27,150 29,785
In bottom decile 12,315 5,550 6,765
In second decile 13,520 6,270 7,250
In third decile 11,135 5,455 5,680
In fourth decile 10,455 5,125 5,325
In fifth decile 9,515 4,750 4,765
In top half of the distribution 42,150 21,710 20,445
In sixth decile 9,560 4,840 4,720
In seventh decile 8,875 4,455 4,415
In eighth decile 8,610 4,395 4,215
In ninth decile 8,280 4,350 3,930
In top decile 6,830 3,670 3,165
Total - Inequality measures for the population in private households - 100% data35 99,090 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household total income 0.329 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household market income 0.498 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household after-tax income 0.286 ... ...
P90/P10 ratio on adjusted household after-tax income 3.8 ... ...
Knowledge of official languages
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data36 99,685 49,210 50,480
English only 94,875 47,055 47,820
French only 55 25 30
English and French 4,655 2,080 2,565
Neither English nor French 110 40 65
First official language spoken
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data37 99,685 49,210 50,480
English 98,760 48,705 50,055
French 745 415 325
English and French 85 50 35
Neither English nor French 95 40 60
Mother tongue
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data38 99,685 49,210 50,480
Single responses 98,890 48,840 50,050
Official languages 95,570 47,225 48,340
English 94,740 46,785 47,955
French 830 445 390
Non-official languages 3,320 1,610 1,710
Indigenous languages39 1,785 835 945
Algonquian languages 1,565 740 825
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 1,565 740 825
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 0 0 0
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0 0 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Innu (Montagnais) 1,560 740 825
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 0 0 0
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 220 100 120
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 220 100 120
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 1,530 775 760
Afro-Asiatic languages 85 50 35
Berber languages 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 0 0 0
Hausa 0 0 0
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 0 0 0
Bilen 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 85 50 35
Amharic 0 0 0
Arabic 85 50 35
Aramaic languages 0 0 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 0 0 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 35 20 15
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 35 20 15
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 555 245 310
Bikol 5 0 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Cebuano 25 10 15
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0
Ilocano 15 0 15
Indonesian 0 0 0
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 500 230 270
Waray-Waray 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5
Creole languages 10 5 5
Haitian Creole 0 0 0
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 0 0 0
Morisyen 5 0 0
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 5 0 5
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Dravidian languages 35 20 15
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 15 5 5
Tamil 15 10 5
Telugu 10 5 5
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 650 360 290
Albanian 0 0 0
Armenian 0 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 60 20 35
Baltic languages 0 0 0
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Slavic languages 60 20 35
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 10 5 10
Czech 0 0 0
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 15 10 5
Russian 15 10 5
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 10 5 10
Bosnian 0 0 0
Croatian 5 0 5
Serbian 10 5 5
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Slovak 0 0 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0
Ukrainian 0 0 0
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 0 0 0
Irish 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0
Welsh 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 125 80 45
Frisian 0 0 0
High German languages 70 45 25
German 60 40 20
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 10 5 0
Yiddish 0 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 40 20 15
Afrikaans 20 10 5
Dutch 25 10 10
Low German, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 0 0 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0
Scandinavian languages 15 10 5
Danish 0 0 0
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 10 5 0
Swedish 5 5 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Greek 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages 355 200 155
Indo-Aryan languages 335 185 150
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 40 20 20
Gujarati 10 10 5
Hindi 50 25 25
Kacchi 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 5 5 0
Nepali 15 5 5
Oriya languages 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 135 75 60
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 35 20 15
Urdu 40 25 15
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iranian languages 25 15 5
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 0 0 0
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 0 0 0
Persian languages 10 10 0
Dari 0 0 0
Iranian Persian 10 5 0
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 0 0 0
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 105 55 55
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 5 5 5
Portuguese 25 20 5
Romanian 5 0 0
Spanish 70 30 45
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 5 5 0
Korean 15 5 5
Mongolian 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 30 20 15
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0
Éwé 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0
Lingala 0 0 0
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Shona 5 0 0
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0
Swahili 0 0 0
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0
Yoruba 15 10 5
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
African, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Sign languages 15 10 5
American Sign Language 10 5 5
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages 60 25 35
Chinese languages 60 25 35
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 30 10 20
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0
Yue (Cantonese) 30 15 10
Chinese, n.o.s. 0 5 0
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0
Burmese 0 0 0
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 10 0 10
Lao 0 0 0
Thai 10 0 10
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 5 0 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 5 0 0
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Uralic languages 15 5 5
Estonian 5 0 0
Finnish 5 5 0
Hungarian 5 0 5
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Multiple responses 795 370 425
English and French 245 105 140
English and non-official language(s) 520 250 275
French and non-official language(s) 5 0 5
English, French and non-official language(s) 10 5 5
Multiple non-official languages 15 5 10
All languages spoken at home
Total - All languages spoken at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data40 99,685 49,210 50,480
English 94,985 46,985 48,000
French 230 115 110
Non-official language 1,175 570 600
Indigenous39 830 400 435
Non-Indigenous 350 175 170
English and French 655 300 355
English and non-official language(s) 2,490 1,150 1,345
French and non-official language(s) 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language(s) 90 55 40
Multiple non-official languages 60 35 25
Language spoken most often at home
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data41 99,685 49,210 50,480
Single responses 98,985 48,890 50,090
Official languages 96,810 47,810 49,000
English 96,505 47,655 48,845
French 310 155 155
Non-official languages 2,175 1,080 1,095
Indigenous languages39 1,350 670 675
Algonquian languages 1,300 650 655
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 1,300 650 655
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 0 0 0
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0 0 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Innu (Montagnais) 1,300 650 655
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 0 0 0
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 45 20 25
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 45 20 25
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 825 415 420
Afro-Asiatic languages 40 20 20
Berber languages 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 0 0 0
Hausa 0 0 0
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 0 0 0
Bilen 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 40 20 20
Amharic 0 0 0
Arabic 40 20 20
Aramaic languages 0 0 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 0 0 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 30 15 15
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 30 15 15
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 315 145 165
Bikol 0 0 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Cebuano 0 0 0
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0
Ilocano 5 0 5
Indonesian 0 0 0
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 295 140 160
Waray-Waray 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5
Creole languages 10 5 0
Haitian Creole 0 0 0
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 0 0 0
Morisyen 0 0 0
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 5 0 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Dravidian languages 15 10 10
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 5 0 0
Tamil 5 5 5
Telugu 5 5 5
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 345 175 165
Albanian 0 0 0
Armenian 0 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 20 10 10
Baltic languages 0 0 0
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Slavic languages 20 10 10
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 10 5 5
Czech 0 0 0
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 0 0 0
Russian 10 5 5
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0
Bosnian 0 0 0
Croatian 0 0 0
Serbian 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Slovak 0 0 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0
Ukrainian 0 0 0
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 0 0 0
Irish 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0
Welsh 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 20 10 5
Frisian 0 0 0
High German languages 5 0 0
German 0 0 0
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 0 0 0
Yiddish 0 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 10 10 5
Afrikaans 10 10 5
Dutch 0 0 0
Low German, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 0 0 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0
Scandinavian languages 0 0 0
Danish 0 0 0
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 0 0 0
Swedish 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Greek 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages 255 140 120
Indo-Aryan languages 240 125 115
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 35 10 20
Gujarati 10 10 5
Hindi 30 20 15
Kacchi 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0
Nepali 10 5 5
Oriya languages 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 110 60 55
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 25 10 10
Urdu 25 15 5
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iranian languages 20 15 5
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 0 0 0
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 0 0 0
Persian languages 10 5 0
Dari 0 0 0
Iranian Persian 10 5 0
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 0 0 0
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 40 15 25
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 0 0 0
Portuguese 0 0 0
Romanian 5 0 0
Spanish 35 15 20
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 0 0 0
Korean 5 5 5
Mongolian 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 10 5 0
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0
Éwé 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0
Lingala 0 0 0
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Shona 0 0 0
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0
Swahili 0 0 0
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0
Yoruba 10 5 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages 5 5 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0
African, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Sign languages 20 15 10
American Sign Language 10 10 5
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5
Sino-Tibetan languages 35 15 20
Chinese languages 35 15 20
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 15 5 10
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0
Yue (Cantonese) 20 10 10
Chinese, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0
Burmese 0 0 0
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 0 0 0
Lao 0 0 0
Thai 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 0 0 0
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Uralic languages 0 0 0
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 0 0 0
Hungarian 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Multiple responses 700 315 385
English and French 100 50 45
English and non-official language(s) 585 250 330
French and non-official language(s) 5 0 0
English, French and non-official language(s) 10 0 5
Multiple non-official languages 5 5 0
Other language spoken regularly at home
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data42 99,685 49,205 50,480
None 97,040 47,960 49,080
English 965 495 470
French 505 225 280
Non-official language 960 430 535
Indigenous39 425 170 255
Non-Indigenous 540 260 280
English and French 5 5 5
English and non-official language(s) 55 20 30
French and non-official language(s) 40 25 15
English, French and non-official language(s) 0 0 0
Multiple non-official languages 105 45 60
Knowledge of languagesThe letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice.
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample data43 99,090 48,885 50,200
Official languages 98,995 48,850 50,145
English 98,930 48,815 50,110
French 4,755 2,110 2,645
Non-official languages 5,075 2,490 2,580
Indigenous languages39 2,475 1,140 1,335
Algonquian languages 1,950 910 1,040
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 1,910 895 1,020
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 25 10 25
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0 0 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 20 0 20
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 10 10 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Innu (Montagnais) 1,905 885 1,015
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 35 20 15
Mi'kmaq 35 20 15
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 0 0 0
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 525 225 295
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 520 225 295
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0
Salish languages 20 10 15
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 10 0 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 2,655 1,385 1,270
Afro-Asiatic languages 175 110 70
Berber languages 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 0 0 0
Hausa 0 0 0
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 0 0 0
Bilen 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 175 110 65
Amharic 0 0 0
Arabic 165 105 60
Aramaic languages 0 0 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 10 0 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 40 20 15
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 40 20 15
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 810 380 420
Bikol 0 0 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Cebuano 20 0 15
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0
Ilocano 25 0 15
Indonesian 0 0 0
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 10 10 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 760 350 410
Waray-Waray 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 40 25 15
Creole languages 35 20 10
Haitian Creole 0 0 0
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 0 0 0
Morisyen 0 0 0
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 25 15 10
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Dravidian languages 55 35 20
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 15 10 0
Tamil 30 15 15
Telugu 25 15 0
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 1,260 670 590
Albanian 0 0 0
Armenian 0 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 115 35 75
Baltic languages 0 0 0
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Slavic languages 115 35 75
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 0 0 0
Czech 0 0 0
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 25 10 10
Russian 80 25 50
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 10 0 10
Bosnian 0 0 0
Croatian 10 0 10
Serbian 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Slovak 0 0 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0
Ukrainian 15 0 15
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 15 0 10
Irish 15 0 10
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0
Welsh 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 200 125 75
Frisian 0 0 0
High German languages 130 85 45
German 130 75 45
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 15 10 0
Yiddish 0 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 40 10 25
Afrikaans 15 0 10
Dutch 25 10 10
Low German, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 0 0 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0
Scandinavian languages 40 30 0
Danish 0 0 0
Icelandic 10 10 0
Norwegian 20 20 0
Swedish 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Greek 30 10 20
Indo-Iranian languages 565 305 260
Indo-Aryan languages 530 290 240
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 80 20 55
Gujarati 0 0 0
Hindi 270 155 115
Kacchi 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 30 10 20
Nepali 30 20 15
Oriya languages 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 190 120 70
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 40 20 20
Urdu 105 45 55
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iranian languages 40 20 20
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 0 0 0
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 0 0 0
Persian languages 25 15 10
Dari 0 0 0
Iranian Persian 20 10 10
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 0 0 0
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 420 220 195
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 35 20 15
Portuguese 80 55 25
Romanian 15 10 0
Spanish 325 165 160
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 15 0 10
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 20 10 10
Korean 50 30 20
Mongolian 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 105 70 35
Akan (Twi) 10 0 0
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0
Éwé 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0
Lingala 0 0 0
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Shona 0 0 0
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0
Swahili 15 10 0
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0
Yoruba 35 15 10
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 40 30 10
Nilo-Saharan languages 10 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0
African, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Sign languages 145 70 75
American Sign Language 105 60 50
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 45 20 25
Sino-Tibetan languages 95 45 50
Chinese languages 95 40 50
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 65 20 45
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0
Yue (Cantonese) 25 10 10
Chinese, n.o.s. 10 10 0
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0
Burmese 0 0 0
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 0 0 0
Lao 0 0 0
Thai 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 0 0 0
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Uralic languages 30 20 10
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 0 0 0
Hungarian 15 0 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous population
Total - Indigenous identity for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 99,090 48,890 50,200
Indigenous identity45 31,310 15,190 16,120
Single Indigenous responses46 28,950 14,010 14,945
First Nations (North American Indian) 18,975 9,075 9,905
Métis 4,365 2,180 2,190
Inuk (Inuit) 5,610 2,760 2,850
Multiple Indigenous responses47 510 245 265
Indigenous responses not included elsewhere48 1,845 935 915
Non-Indigenous identity 67,770 33,695 34,075
Total - Registered or Treaty Indian status for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 99,090 48,890 50,200
Registered or Treaty Indian49 16,035 7,655 8,380
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 83,055 41,235 41,820
Household characteristics
Total - Private households by tenure - 25% sample data50 44,100 ... ...
Owner 33,070 ... ...
Renter 10,640 ... ...
Dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band 395 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by condominium status - 25% sample data51 44,100 ... ...
Condominium 610 ... ...
Not condominium 43,490 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of bedrooms - 25% sample data52 44,100 ... ...
No bedrooms 65 ... ...
1 bedroom 2,535 ... ...
2 bedrooms 11,060 ... ...
3 bedrooms 20,345 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 10,090 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of rooms - 25% sample data53 44,100 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 7,580 ... ...
5 rooms 7,620 ... ...
6 rooms 8,125 ... ...
7 rooms 6,695 ... ...
8 or more rooms 14,080 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 6.7 ... ...
Total - Private households by number of persons per room - 25% sample data54 44,100 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 43,840 ... ...
More than one person per room 265 ... ...
Total - Private households by housing suitability - 25% sample data55 44,100 ... ...
Suitable 43,200 ... ...
Not suitable 905 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by period of construction - 25% sample data56 44,100 ... ...
1960 or before 7,820 ... ...
1961 to 1980 16,475 ... ...
1981 to 1990 6,375 ... ...
1991 to 2000 5,235 ... ...
2001 to 2005 1,995 ... ...
2006 to 2010 2,365 ... ...
2011 to 2015 2,310 ... ...
2016 to 202157 1,530 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by dwelling condition - 25% sample data58 44,100 ... ...
Only regular maintenance and minor repairs needed 40,995 ... ...
Major repairs needed 3,105 ... ...
Total - Private households by number of household maintainers - 25% sample data59 44,100 ... ...
One-maintainer household 23,605 ... ...
Two-maintainer household 19,305 ... ...
Three-or-more-maintainer household 1,195 ... ...
Total - Private households by age of primary household maintainers - 25% sample data60 44,100 ... ...
15 to 24 years 1,105 ... ...
25 to 34 years 4,655 ... ...
35 to 44 years 5,810 ... ...
45 to 54 years 7,985 ... ...
55 to 64 years 9,790 ... ...
65 to 74 years 9,000 ... ...
75 to 84 years 4,525 ... ...
85 years and over 1,245 ... ...
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratio - 25% sample data61 43,465 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of income on shelter costs 38,155 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs 5,310 ... ...
30% to less than 100% 4,925 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by housing indicators - 25% sample data62 44,100 ... ...
Total - Households 'spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' or 'not suitable' or 'major repairs needed' 8,715 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs only 4,805 ... ...
Not suitable only 765 ... ...
Major repairs needed only 2,550 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' 40 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'major repairs needed' 455 ... ...
'Not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 90 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 10 ... ...
Acceptable housing 35,385 ... ...
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero and shelter-cost-to-income ratio less than 100%, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data63 43,080 ... ...
In core need 3,085 ... ...
Not in core need 39,995 ... ...
Total - Owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 32,965 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgage64 42.6 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 6.9 ... ...
% in core housing need63 4.1 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 600 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 869 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)66 200,000 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)66 211,400 ... ...
Total - Tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 10,590 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housing67 23.2 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 28.7 ... ...
% in core housing need63 17.0 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 800 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 830 ... ...
Total - Households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band in non-farm private dwellings - 25% sample data 395 ... ...
% of households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band spending more than 30% on shelter costs61 0.0 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 0 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 164 ... ...
Indigenous ancestry
Total - Indigenous ancestry for the population in private households - 25% sample data68 99,085 48,890 50,200
Indigenous ancestry (only)69 22,310 10,760 11,545
Single Indigenous ancestry (only)70 21,565 10,365 11,205
First Nations (North American Indian) single ancestry 14,960 7,145 7,820
Métis single ancestry 2,020 995 1,025
Inuit single ancestry 4,585 2,225 2,360
Multiple Indigenous ancestries (only)71 740 395 345
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis ancestry only 75 50 25
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit ancestry only 215 95 120
Métis and Inuit ancestry only 380 215 160
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit ancestry only 75 35 40
Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries72 13,575 6,585 6,990
Single Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries73 12,945 6,290 6,655
First Nations (North American Indian) and non-Indigenous ancestry only 10,595 5,155 5,445
Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 730 365 360
Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 1,620 765 850
Multiple Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries74 635 295 335
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 155 80 80
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 275 110 165
Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 145 75 70
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 60 35 25
Non-Indigenous ancestry only75 63,200 31,540 31,665
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample data76 99,085 48,890 50,200
Canadian citizens77 97,460 48,035 49,430
Canadian citizens aged under 18 16,730 8,725 8,005
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 80,730 39,310 41,415
Not Canadian citizens78 1,625 855 775
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample data79 99,085 48,890 50,200
Non-immigrants80 96,180 47,425 48,750
Immigrants81 2,425 1,215 1,215
Before 1980 575 265 315
1980 to 1990 140 75 70
1991 to 2000 145 95 55
2001 to 2010 350 165 185
2011 to 202182 1,215 610 600
2011 to 2015 390 205 185
2016 to 2021 820 410 415
Non-permanent residents83 480 250 235
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data84 2,425 1,215 1,215
Under 5 years 290 150 135
5 to 14 years 405 215 195
15 to 24 years 415 210 205
25 to 44 years 1,170 560 610
45 years and over 150 85 65
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data85 2,425 1,215 1,215
Americas 320 135 180
Brazil 0 0 0
Colombia 20 10 10
El Salvador 0 0 0
Guyana 0 0 0
Haiti 0 0 0
Jamaica 35 20 15
Mexico 0 0 0
Peru 0 0 0
Trinidad and Tobago 15 0 10
United States of America 175 80 100
Other places of birth in Americas 40 10 35
Europe 730 370 355
Bosnia and Herzegovina 0 0 0
Croatia 0 0 0
France 30 10 25
Germany 50 40 10
Greece 0 0 0
Hungary 10 0 10
Italy 0 0 0
Netherlands 25 10 15
Poland 20 10 10
Portugal 35 25 10
Romania 10 10 0
Russian Federation 10 0 10
Serbia86 0 0 0
Ukraine 15 0 10
United Kingdom87 370 170 195
Other places of birth in Europe 140 80 60
Africa 205 120 80
Algeria 0 0 0
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 0 0 0
Egypt 30 20 10
Eritrea 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Morocco 15 0 0
Nigeria 60 40 15
Somalia 0 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 40 25 20
Other places of birth in Africa 60 30 30
Asia 1,160 580 580
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Iran88 30 15 15
Iraq 0 0 0
Lebanon 0 0 0
Syria89 0 0 0
Turkey 0 0 0
China90 55 15 35
Hong Kong91 0 0 0
Korea, South92 15 0 10
Taiwan 0 0 0
Philippines 655 310 345
Viet Nam 10 0 0
Bangladesh 30 10 15
India 195 115 85
Pakistan 20 10 10
Sri Lanka 25 10 15
Other places of birth in Asia 85 55 35
Oceania and other places of birth93 15 10 15
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data94 825 410 415
Americas 60 30 35
Brazil 0 0 0
Colombia 0 0 0
Haiti 0 0 0
Jamaica 0 0 0
Mexico 0 0 0
United States of America 10 0 10
Venezuela95 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 15 10 10
Europe 60 35 25
France 0 0 0
Germany 10 10 0
Ireland96 0 0 0
Italy 0 0 0
Russian Federation 0 0 0
Ukraine 0 0 0
United Kingdom87 10 0 0
Other places of birth in Europe 30 20 10
Africa 75 50 30
Algeria 0 0 0
Burundi 0 0 0
Cameroon 0 0 0
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 0 0 0
Côte d'Ivoire 0 0 0
Egypt 0 0 0
Eritrea 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Morocco 0 0 0
Nigeria 35 25 10
Somalia 0 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 20 10 10
Sudan97 0 0 0
Tunisia 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 20 10 15
Asia 625 295 330
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Bangladesh 10 0 10
China90 15 0 10
Hong Kong91 0 0 0
India 80 45 30
Iran88 0 0 0
Iraq 0 0 0
Israel 0 0 0
Japan 0 0 0
Jordan 0 0 0
Korea, South92 0 0 0
Lebanon 0 0 0
Nepal 0 0 0
Pakistan 20 10 10
Philippines 430 195 230
Saudi Arabia 20 10 10
Sri Lanka 0 0 0
Syria89 0 0 0
Turkey 0 0 0
United Arab Emirates 10 0 10
Viet Nam 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 10 0 0
Oceania and other93 0 0 0
Australia 0 0 0
Other places of birth98 0 0 0
Generation status
Total - Generation status for the population in private households - 25% sample data99 99,090 48,885 50,200
First generation100 3,105 1,565 1,540
Second generation101 2,830 1,525 1,310
Third generation or more102 93,150 45,795 47,355
Admission category and applicant type
Total - Admission category and applicant type for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data103 1,850 950 905
Economic immigrants104 1,370 700 670
Principal applicants105 595 355 245
Secondary applicants106 775 350 425
Immigrants sponsored by family107 430 220 215
Refugees108 55 25 30
Other immigrants109 0 0 0
Pre-admission experience
Total - Pre-admission experience for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data110 1,850 950 905
Asylum claim before admission111 10 0 10
Work permits only before admission112 570 285 290
Study permits only before admission113 95 50 45
Work and study permits before admission114 75 60 15
Other permits before admission115 25 15 15
No pre-admission experience116 1,070 545 530
Visible minority
Total - Visible minority for the population in private households - 25% sample data117 99,090 48,890 50,200
Total visible minority population118 2,485 1,295 1,195
South Asian 680 365 310
Chinese 110 55 60
Black 345 190 160
Filipino 900 430 470
Arab 135 95 40
Latin American 75 35 40
Southeast Asian 65 30 35
West Asian 40 15 20
Korean 20 10 15
Japanese 15 10 0
Visible minority, n.i.e.119 30 25 10
Multiple visible minorities 65 35 30
Not a visible minority120 96,605 47,595 49,010
Ethnic or cultural origin
Total - Ethnic or cultural origin for the population in private households - 25% sample data121 99,085 48,885 50,200
Canadian 19,475 9,590 9,885
English 28,765 14,055 14,710
Irish 14,300 6,955 7,345
Scottish 6,605 3,290 3,320
French, n.o.s.122 8,490 4,185 4,305
German 1,545 765 785
Chinese 230 110 120
Italian 335 185 150
Indian (India) 520 255 260
Ukrainian 155 60 90
Dutch 375 185 190
Polish 220 100 120
Québécois 145 75 70
British Isles, n.o.s.123 3,320 1,630 1,695
Filipino 865 420 450
French Canadian 245 95 150
Caucasian (White), n.o.s.124 4,705 2,315 2,390
First Nations (North American Indian), n.o.s.125 6,825 3,230 3,600
Métis 3,640 1,850 1,785
European, n.o.s.126 1,530 805 725
Russian 100 30 65
Norwegian 355 175 185
Welsh 750 365 390
Portuguese 230 115 115
American 365 205 155
Spanish 195 70 125
Swedish 155 55 95
Hungarian 55 25 35
Acadian 280 115 165
Pakistani 30 20 10
African, n.o.s.127 60 35 25
Jewish 100 55 40
Punjabi 45 30 15
Vietnamese 30 15 10
Arab, n.o.s.128 45 30 15
Greek 25 0 15
Jamaican 50 35 15
Asian, n.o.s.129 80 45 35
Cree, n.o.s.130 115 55 60
Korean 25 0 20
Romanian 55 35 15
Lebanese 230 140 80
Iranian 15 10 10
Christian, n.i.e.131 300 160 135
Danish 125 50 80
North American Indigenous, n.o.s.132 2,190 1,105 1,085
Sikh 25 20 0
Austrian 25 10 10
Belgian 25 15 10
Haitian 0 0 0
Hindu 45 20 20
Mexican 30 10 20
Mennonite 15 10 0
Swiss 45 30 15
Finnish 50 20 40
Sri Lankan 35 15 20
Croatian 35 15 15
Japanese 25 15 0
South Asian, n.o.s.133 45 0 45
Mi'kmaq, n.o.s.134 10,240 4,920 5,320
Northern European, n.o.s.135 220 120 100
Muslim 40 20 20
Egyptian 35 15 20
Latin, Central or South American, n.o.s.136 25 10 15
Tamil 30 20 10
Icelandic 30 30 0
Colombian 0 0 0
Moroccan 20 0 10
Czech 20 15 0
Syrian 50 35 15
Guyanese 15 10 0
Afghan 0 0 0
Black, n.o.s.137 40 25 20
Serbian 0 0 0
Ojibway 75 50 35
Newfoundlander 5,535 2,730 2,805
Hong Konger 0 0 0
Ontarian 95 50 45
Persian 10 0 10
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 40 30 0
Turkish 20 10 10
Inuit, n.o.s.138 6,750 3,255 3,500
Bangladeshi 25 15 10
Algerian 0 0 0
Brazilian 0 0 0
Nigerian 30 15 15
Armenian 0 0 0
Slovak 0 0 0
Eastern European, n.o.s.139 45 30 20
Somali 0 0 0
Taiwanese 0 0 0
Iraqi 0 0 0
Salvadorean 0 0 0
African Caribbean 0 0 0
East or Southeast Asian, n.o.s.140 10 0 0
West or Central Asian or Middle Eastern, n.o.s.141 15 15 0
Caribbean, n.o.s.142 10 0 10
Algonquin 50 40 10
West Indian, n.o.s.143 20 15 0
Lithuanian 15 15 0
South African 20 15 10
Australian 10 10 0
Palestinian 10 0 0
Chilean 0 10 0
Congolese 0 0 0
Nova Scotian 60 25 40
Ethiopian 0 0 0
Hispanic, n.o.s.144 0 0 0
Peruvian 25 10 15
Yoruba 45 30 15
Cambodian (Khmer) 0 0 0
Berber 0 0 0
Albanian 0 0 0
Maltese 25 15 0
Macedonian 0 0 0
Slovenian 0 0 0
Western European, n.o.s.145 85 40 45
New Brunswicker 25 10 15
Gujarati 0 0