Census Profile, 2021 Census of Population
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Topic:
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Age
Age characteristics
Commuting
Select all: Commuting
Commuting destination
Commuting duration
Main mode of commuting
Place of work status
Time leaving for work
Education
Select all: Education
Highest certificate, diploma or degree
Location of study compared with province or territory of residence
Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2021
Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificate
Ethnocultural and religious diversity
Select all: Ethnocultural and religious diversity
Ethnic or cultural origin
Religion
Visible minority
Families, households, and marital status
Select all: Families, households, and marital status
Family characteristics
Household type
Marital status
Housing
Household characteristics
Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
Select all: Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
Admission category and applicant type
Age at immigration
Citizenship
Generation status
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Pre-admission experience
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Income
Select all: Income
Income of economic families in 2020
Income of households in 2020
Income of individuals in 2019
Income of individuals in 2020
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Indigenous peoples
Select all: Indigenous peoples
Indigenous ancestry
Indigenous population
Instruction in the minority official language
Select all: Instruction in the minority official language
Children eligible for instruction in the minority official language
Eligibility and instruction in the minority official language for school-aged children
Labour
Select all: Labour
Class of worker including job permanency
Industry - Sectors - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2017
Labour force status
Occupation - Broad category - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2021
Work activity during the reference year
Language
Select all: Language
All languages spoken at home
First official language spoken
Knowledge of languages
Knowledge of official languages
Language spoken most often at home
Mother tongue
Other language spoken regularly at home
Language of work
Select all: Language of work
All languages used at work
Language used most often at work
Other language(s) used regularly at work
Mobility and migration
Select all: Mobility and migration
Mobility status 1 year ago
Mobility status 5 years ago
Population and dwelling counts
Population and dwellings
Type of dwelling
Household and dwelling characteristics
GenderMore information:


Statistic:
Characteristic TruroMore information:
Nova Scotia
[Census agglomeration]
Counts
Total Men+ Women+
Population and dwellings
Population, 20211 46,157 ... ...
Population, 20161 45,753 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2016 to 2021 0.9 ... ...
Total private dwellings2 22,637 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residents3 20,698 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 16.9 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 2,732.53 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups of the population - 100% data 46,155 22,255 23,905
0 to 14 years 6,670 3,450 3,220
0 to 4 years 1,925 1,010 910
5 to 9 years 2,250 1,140 1,110
10 to 14 years 2,495 1,295 1,205
15 to 64 years 28,365 13,685 14,675
15 to 19 years 2,360 1,180 1,185
20 to 24 years 2,430 1,260 1,175
25 to 29 years 2,550 1,255 1,290
30 to 34 years 2,515 1,195 1,320
35 to 39 years 2,555 1,205 1,355
40 to 44 years 2,515 1,160 1,355
45 to 49 years 2,860 1,350 1,510
50 to 54 years 3,095 1,490 1,600
55 to 59 years 3,760 1,820 1,935
60 to 64 years 3,725 1,770 1,955
65 years and over 11,125 5,115 6,005
65 to 69 years 3,350 1,605 1,735
70 to 74 years 2,930 1,405 1,520
75 to 79 years 2,110 995 1,115
80 to 84 years 1,415 595 820
85 years and over 1,320 515 810
85 to 89 years 835 360 475
90 to 94 years 380 135 250
95 to 99 years 90 20 70
100 years and over 15 0 15
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 14.5 15.5 13.5
15 to 64 years 61.5 61.5 61.4
65 years and over 24.1 23.0 25.1
85 years and over 2.9 2.3 3.4
Average age of the population 45.2 44.2 46.1
Median age of the population 47.6 46.8 48.8
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% data 20,695 ... ...
Single-detached house 13,715 ... ...
Semi-detached house 655 ... ...
Row house 230 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 1,055 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 3,720 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 5 ... ...
Other single-attached house 65 ... ...
Movable dwelling4 1,250 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% data 20,695 ... ...
1 person 6,590 ... ...
2 persons 8,185 ... ...
3 persons 2,775 ... ...
4 persons 2,100 ... ...
5 or more persons 1,050 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 45,330 21,965 23,365
Average household size 2.2 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the total population aged 15 years and over - 100% data 39,485 18,805 20,680
Married or living common-law 22,565 11,225 11,335
Married 17,820 8,865 8,955
Living common-law 4,745 2,365 2,380
Living common law - Never married 3,180 1,580 1,600
Living common law - Separated 305 160 145
Living common law - Divorced 1,085 555 530
Living common law - Widowed 175 65 110
Not married and not living common-law 16,925 7,580 9,350
Not married and not living common law - Never married 9,985 5,290 4,695
Not married and not living common law - Separated 1,385 585 795
Not married and not living common law - Divorced 2,605 1,035 1,570
Not married and not living common law - Widowed 2,955 670 2,285
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% data5 13,530 ... ...
2 persons 8,220 ... ...
3 persons 2,610 ... ...
4 persons 1,910 ... ...
5 or more persons 785 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.7 ... ...
Average number of children in census families with children6 1.7 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% data 13,525 ... ...
Total couple families 11,110 ... ...
Married couples 8,740 ... ...
With children6 3,485 ... ...
Without children 5,255 ... ...
Common-law couples 2,370 ... ...
With children6 920 ... ...
Without children 1,445 ... ...
Total one-parent families 2,420 ... ...
in which the parent is a woman+ 1,890 ... ...
in which the parent is a man+ 525 ... ...
Total - Persons in private households - 100% data 45,335 21,965 23,370
Total - Persons in census families 36,075 17,720 18,350
Married spouses or common-law partners 22,215 11,080 11,140
Parents in one-parent families 2,415 530 1,890
Children6 11,440 6,115 5,330
In a two-parent family 7,785 4,095 3,690
In a one-parent family 3,660 2,020 1,635
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 9,255 4,245 5,015
Living alone 6,595 2,895 3,695
Living with other relatives7 840 350 485
Living with non-relatives only 1,830 995 835
Household type
Total - Household type - 100% data 20,695 ... ...
One-census-family households without additional persons 12,340 ... ...
Couple-family households 10,395 ... ...
With children6 4,130 ... ...
Without children 6,265 ... ...
One-parent-family households 1,940 ... ...
Multigenerational households8 335 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households9 85 ... ...
One-census-family households with additional persons9 510 ... ...
Two-or-more-person non-census-family households 840 ... ...
One-person households 6,590 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2020
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data10 38,680 18,530 20,150
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 37,515 17,975 19,545
Median total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 36,400 41,600 32,400
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 37,520 17,975 19,550
Median after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 32,800 36,400 29,800
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 32,280 15,820 16,460
Median market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 30,400 37,200 24,600
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 25,160 12,660 12,495
Median employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 32,400 38,400 27,000
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 30,900 13,980 16,920
Median government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 12,400 12,300 12,400
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 4,750 2,305 2,445
Median employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 6,000 6,280 6,000
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 9,250 4,200 5,050
Median COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 8,000 8,000 8,000
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data11 38,670 18,525 20,140
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 37,575 17,955 19,615
Average total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 44,320 50,240 38,920
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 37,585 17,955 19,625
Average after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 37,280 41,400 33,480
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 32,510 15,870 16,635
Average market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 39,400 46,160 32,960
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 25,155 12,645 12,505
Average employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 40,200 45,720 34,600
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 30,820 13,835 16,985
Average government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 12,500 12,290 12,670
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 4,655 2,275 2,380
Average employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 7,400 7,710 7,100
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 9,225 4,190 5,040
Average COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 8,830 8,650 8,980
Total - Employment income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data12 38,665 18,525 20,140
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 12,170 6,645 5,530
Median employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 52,400 56,800 48,000
Average employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 60,250 65,100 54,500
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 9,965 4,430 5,530
Median employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 16,200 18,800 15,000
Average employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 23,500 27,360 20,420
Composition of total income in 2020 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data17 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)18 76.8 81.2 71.8
Employment income (%)19 60.7 64.0 56.7
Government transfers (%)20 23.1 18.8 28.2
Employment insurance benefits (%) 2.1 2.0 2.2
COVID-19 - Government income support and benefits (%) 5.8 4.6 7.1
COVID-19 - Emergency and recovery benefits (%) 4.9 4.0 5.9
Total - Total income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data21 38,675 18,530 20,145
Without total income 1,160 555 605
With total income 37,515 17,970 19,545
Under $10,000 (including loss) 2,920 1,260 1,660
$10,000 to $19,999 5,195 2,010 3,185
$20,000 to $29,999 7,010 2,945 4,065
$30,000 to $39,999 5,515 2,390 3,125
$40,000 to $49,999 4,920 2,335 2,585
$50,000 to $59,999 3,475 1,870 1,600
$60,000 to $69,999 2,450 1,450 1,000
$70,000 to $79,999 1,710 1,020 685
$80,000 to $89,999 1,340 770 570
$90,000 to $99,999 915 505 410
$100,000 and over 2,070 1,410 660
$100,000 to $149,999 1,520 1,010 510
$150,000 and over 555 400 155
Total - After-tax income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data22 38,675 18,530 20,145
Without after-tax income 1,155 555 600
With after-tax income 37,525 17,975 19,550
Under $10,000 (including loss) 3,115 1,315 1,800
$10,000 to $19,999 5,455 2,125 3,330
$20,000 to $29,999 8,245 3,515 4,730
$30,000 to $39,999 6,820 3,140 3,685
$40,000 to $49,999 5,310 2,805 2,510
$50,000 to $59,999 3,235 1,860 1,380
$60,000 to $69,999 2,135 1,205 930
$70,000 to $79,999 1,320 735 580
$80,000 to $89,999 695 455 245
$90,000 to $99,999 370 240 130
$100,000 and over 820 585 240
$100,000 to $124,999 435 300 130
$125,000 and over 385 280 105
Total - Employment income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data19 38,675 18,530 20,145
Without employment income 13,515 5,870 7,650
With employment income 25,160 12,665 12,500
Under $5,000 (including loss) 3,565 1,655 1,905
$5,000 to $9,999 2,125 865 1,260
$10,000 to $19,999 3,415 1,445 1,970
$20,000 to $29,999 2,765 1,220 1,540
$30,000 to $39,999 2,800 1,365 1,440
$40,000 to $49,999 2,665 1,315 1,355
$50,000 to $59,999 1,970 1,170 800
$60,000 to $69,999 1,510 935 570
$70,000 to $79,999 1,190 730 460
$80,000 to $89,999 1,015 580 435
$90,000 to $99,999 715 390 325
$100,000 and over 1,425 995 430
$100,000 to $124,999 790 530 265
$125,000 and over 635 470 165
Income of individuals in 2019
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data23 38,680 18,530 20,150
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 36,890 17,645 19,250
Median total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 33,600 40,400 29,000
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 36,915 17,650 19,270
Median after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 30,600 35,200 27,000
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 32,180 15,760 16,420
Median market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 30,800 37,600 25,800
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 25,485 12,805 12,680
Median employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 32,800 39,200 27,800
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 27,820 12,235 15,580
Median government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 9,100 9,200 9,100
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 -100% data 4,160 2,080 2,080
Median employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 6,160 6,900 5,400
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data24 38,670 18,525 20,140
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 36,885 17,610 19,275
Average total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 42,440 49,000 36,440
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 36,905 17,615 19,290
Average after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 35,560 40,160 31,320
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 32,240 15,745 16,490
Average market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 40,080 47,080 33,440
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 25,395 12,740 12,655
Average employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 40,840 46,720 34,880
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 27,830 12,295 15,535
Average government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 9,790 9,870 9,720
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 4,065 2,165 1,905
Average employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 7,360 7,610 7,080
Total - Employment income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data25 38,665 18,525 20,140
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 12,100 6,605 5,495
Median employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 50,000 54,800 44,800
Average employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 57,500 62,500 51,450
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 9,395 4,145 5,250
Median employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 22,000 25,600 19,400
Average employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 28,880 34,360 24,520
Composition of total income in 2019 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%) 82.6 86.0 78.4
Employment income (%) 66.2 69.0 62.9
Government transfers (%) 17.4 14.1 21.5
Employment insurance benefits (%) 1.9 1.9 1.9
Income of households in 2020
Total - Income statistics for private households - 100% data26 20,695 ... ...
Median total income of household in 2020 ($) 66,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 58,400 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 100% data 6,590 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 32,800 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 30,200 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 100% data 14,105 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 84,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 73,500 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for private households - 25% sample data27 20,695 ... ...
Average total income of household in 2020 ($) 80,500 ... ...
Average after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 67,700 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 25% sample data 6,595 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 40,680 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 34,680 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 25% sample data 14,100 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 99,100 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 83,100 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data21 20,695 ... ...
Under $5,000 180 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 120 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 525 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 410 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,330 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 915 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 975 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,070 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,025 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 940 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 1,825 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 1,710 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 1,570 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 1,345 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 1,120 ... ...
$100,000 and over 5,640 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 2,105 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,360 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 1,335 ... ...
$200,000 and over 845 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data22 20,695 ... ...
Under $5,000 200 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 125 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 545 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 440 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,450 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,090 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,150 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,250 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,185 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,060 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 2,170 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 2,050 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 1,690 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 1,370 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 1,095 ... ...
$100,000 and over 3,815 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 1,805 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 955 ... ...
$150,000 and over 1,060 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2020
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 100% data28 13,450 ... ...
Median total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 84,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 73,500 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.7 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 100% data 6,345 ... ...
Median total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 76,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 66,500 ... ...
Average family size of couple-only economic families 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 100% data 4,480 ... ...
Median total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 117,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 98,000 ... ...
Average family size of couple-with-children economic families 3.9 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 2,265 ... ...
Median total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 57,200 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 52,800 ... ...
Average family size of one-parent economic families 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% data29 8,420 3,895 4,530
Median total income in 2020 ($)30 32,400 34,000 30,800
Median after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 29,400 30,600 28,600
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 25% sample data31 13,475 ... ...
Average total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 99,300 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 83,100 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 25% sample data 6,315 ... ...
Average total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 87,500 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 73,700 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 25% sample data 4,455 ... ...
Average total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 132,800 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 108,500 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 2,300 ... ...
Average total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 66,200 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 58,600 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample data32 8,410 3,890 4,520
Average total income in 2020 ($)30 38,960 42,120 36,240
Average after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 33,480 35,440 31,760
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Total - LIM low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households - 100% data33 45,330 21,965 23,365
0 to 17 years 8,095 4,145 3,950
0 to 5 years 2,355 1,220 1,135
18 to 64 years 26,735 12,895 13,835
65 years and over 10,505 4,925 5,580
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 7,230 3,235 4,000
0 to 17 years 1,370 715 660
0 to 5 years 515 265 255
18 to 64 years 3,560 1,610 1,950
65 years and over 2,305 910 1,395
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 16.0 14.7 17.1
0 to 17 years (%) 16.9 17.2 16.6
0 to 5 years (%) 22.0 21.8 22.2
18 to 64 years (%) 13.3 12.5 14.1
65 years and over (%) 21.9 18.5 25.0
Total - LICO low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households to whom the low-income concept is applicable - 100% data33 44,460 21,555 22,910
0 to 17 years 7,850 4,025 3,820
0 to 5 years 2,275 1,185 1,090
18 to 64 years 26,185 12,635 13,550
65 years and over 10,430 4,890 5,540
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 1,710 870 840
0 to 17 years 265 145 120
0 to 5 years 85 50 35
18 to 64 years 1,305 675 630
65 years and over 140 50 85
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 3.8 4.0 3.7
0 to 17 years (%) 3.4 3.6 3.2
0 to 5 years (%) 3.7 4.2 3.2
18 to 64 years (%) 5.0 5.3 4.6
65 years and over (%) 1.3 1.0 1.6
Total - Adjusted after-tax economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% data34The letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice. 45,330 21,965 23,365
In bottom half of the distribution 29,180 13,860 15,320
In bottom decile 6,075 2,745 3,330
In second decile 6,925 3,180 3,745
In third decile 5,790 2,775 3,010
In fourth decile 5,520 2,705 2,810
In fifth decile 4,870 2,445 2,420
In top half of the distribution 16,155 8,110 8,045
In sixth decile 4,350 2,210 2,135
In seventh decile 4,010 1,985 2,025
In eighth decile 3,365 1,675 1,695
In ninth decile 2,615 1,310 1,300
In top decile 1,820 925 890
Total - Inequality measures for the population in private households - 100% data35 45,335 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household total income 0.312 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household market income 0.454 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household after-tax income 0.272 ... ...
P90/P10 ratio on adjusted household after-tax income 3.4 ... ...
Knowledge of official languages
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data36 45,535 22,040 23,490
English only 42,670 20,925 21,750
French only 15 5 5
English and French 2,780 1,080 1,700
Neither English nor French 70 35 35
First official language spoken
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data37 45,535 22,040 23,490
English 45,040 21,825 23,220
French 395 175 215
English and French 40 20 25
Neither English nor French 60 25 35
Mother tongue
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data38 45,535 22,040 23,490
Single responses 45,095 21,855 23,240
Official languages 43,595 21,095 22,500
English 43,170 20,910 22,260
French 425 185 240
Non-official languages 1,500 760 740
Indigenous languages39 90 45 45
Algonquian languages 80 45 35
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 0 0 0
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0 0 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 80 40 35
Mi'kmaq 80 40 35
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 0 0 0
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 5 0 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 5 0 5
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 1,410 715 695
Afro-Asiatic languages 110 60 45
Berber languages 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 0 0 0
Hausa 0 0 0
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 0 0 0
Bilen 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 110 60 45
Amharic 10 5 5
Arabic 100 55 45
Aramaic languages 0 0 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 0 0 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 15 10 10
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 15 10 10
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 165 55 110
Bikol 0 0 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Cebuano 20 10 10
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 5 0 5
Ilocano 5 0 0
Indonesian 0 0 0
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 140 45 90
Waray-Waray 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Creole languages 0 0 0
Haitian Creole 0 0 0
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 0 0 0
Morisyen 0 0 0
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Dravidian languages 120 75 50
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 95 60 35
Tamil 15 5 10
Telugu 15 5 5
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 805 425 375
Albanian 5 0 0
Armenian 0 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 75 35 35
Baltic languages 5 5 0
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Slavic languages 70 30 35
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 0 0 0
Czech 10 5 0
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 20 15 10
Russian 20 5 15
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 5
Bosnian 0 0 0
Croatian 5 0 0
Serbian 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Slovak 0 0 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0
Ukrainian 10 5 5
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 0 0 0
Irish 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0
Welsh 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 235 125 110
Frisian 5 5 0
High German languages 100 50 55
German 95 45 50
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 0 5 0
Yiddish 0 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 120 70 50
Afrikaans 10 5 10
Dutch 95 60 35
Low German, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 10 5 5
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0
Scandinavian languages 10 5 5
Danish 5 0 5
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 0 0 0
Swedish 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Greek 5 5 0
Indo-Iranian languages 350 205 150
Indo-Aryan languages 325 180 140
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 15 10 10
Gujarati 10 5 5
Hindi 40 15 20
Kacchi 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0
Nepali 5 0 0
Oriya languages 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 225 135 90
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 10 10 5
Urdu 10 5 5
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iranian languages 30 20 15
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 0 0 0
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 5 0 0
Persian languages 25 10 10
Dari 0 0 0
Iranian Persian 25 10 10
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 0 0 0
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 135 60 75
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 10 5 5
Portuguese 35 15 15
Romanian 5 0 0
Spanish 85 30 55
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 10 5 5
Korean 20 10 10
Mongolian 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 20 10 15
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0
Éwé 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0
Lingala 0 0 0
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Shona 0 0 0
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0
Swahili 0 0 0
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0
Yoruba 10 5 5
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
African, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Sign languages 5 0 0
American Sign Language 0 0 0
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages 115 50 60
Chinese languages 115 55 60
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 75 35 35
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0
Yue (Cantonese) 35 15 20
Chinese, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0
Burmese 0 0 0
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 0 0 0
Lao 0 0 0
Thai 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 0 0 0
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Uralic languages 15 5 5
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 0 0 0
Hungarian 15 10 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Multiple responses 435 185 250
English and French 160 65 100
English and non-official language(s) 245 110 135
French and non-official language(s) 5 0 0
English, French and non-official language(s) 10 5 0
Multiple non-official languages 20 10 15
All languages spoken at home
Total - All languages spoken at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data40 45,535 22,040 23,490
English 43,510 21,100 22,405
French 70 35 35
Non-official language 330 170 160
Indigenous39 10 0 5
Non-Indigenous 320 165 160
English and French 350 130 220
English and non-official language(s) 1,195 570 620
French and non-official language(s) 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language(s) 45 20 25
Multiple non-official languages 35 15 20
Language spoken most often at home
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data41 45,535 22,040 23,490
Single responses 45,230 21,900 23,330
Official languages 44,470 21,505 22,965
English 44,380 21,465 22,915
French 90 45 45
Non-official languages 755 395 360
Indigenous languages39 25 10 15
Algonquian languages 25 10 10
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 0 0 0
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0 0 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 25 10 10
Mi'kmaq 25 10 10
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 0 0 0
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 730 380 345
Afro-Asiatic languages 55 25 30
Berber languages 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 0 0 0
Hausa 0 0 0
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 0 0 0
Bilen 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 55 25 30
Amharic 0 0 0
Arabic 55 25 25
Aramaic languages 0 0 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 0 0 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 10 5 5
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 10 5 5
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 100 50 55
Bikol 0 0 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Cebuano 5 5 5
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0
Ilocano 0 0 0
Indonesian 0 0 0
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 95 45 50
Waray-Waray 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Creole languages 0 0 0
Haitian Creole 0 0 0
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 0 0 0
Morisyen 0 0 0
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Dravidian languages 75 35 40
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 50 30 25
Tamil 10 5 10
Telugu 10 5 5
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 375 210 165
Albanian 0 0 0
Armenian 0 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 25 10 15
Baltic languages 0 0 0
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Slavic languages 25 10 15
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 0 0 0
Czech 0 0 0
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 5 0 0
Russian 15 5 5
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0
Bosnian 0 0 0
Croatian 0 0 0
Serbian 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Slovak 0 0 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0
Ukrainian 0 0 5
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 0 0 0
Irish 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0
Welsh 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 45 20 25
Frisian 0 0 0
High German languages 25 15 15
German 20 10 15
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 0 0 0
Yiddish 0 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 15 5 5
Afrikaans 5 5 5
Dutch 10 5 5
Low German, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 0 0 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0
Scandinavian languages 0 0 0
Danish 0 0 0
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 0 0 0
Swedish 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Greek 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages 250 150 100
Indo-Aryan languages 225 140 90
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 10 10 10
Gujarati 10 5 5
Hindi 15 5 5
Kacchi 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0
Nepali 0 0 0
Oriya languages 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 170 105 65
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 5 5 5
Urdu 10 5 5
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iranian languages 20 10 10
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 0 0 0
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 5 5 0
Persian languages 20 10 5
Dari 0 0 0
Iranian Persian 20 10 5
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 0 0 0
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 55 25 25
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 0 0 0
Portuguese 20 10 15
Romanian 0 0 0
Spanish 30 15 15
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 5 0 5
Korean 10 0 10
Mongolian 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 10 5 5
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0
Éwé 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0
Lingala 0 0 0
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Shona 0 0 0
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0
Swahili 0 0 0
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0
Yoruba 5 5 5
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
African, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Sign languages 15 10 5
American Sign Language 10 5 5
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5
Sino-Tibetan languages 70 35 35
Chinese languages 70 35 35
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 45 25 20
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0
Yue (Cantonese) 25 15 10
Chinese, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0
Burmese 0 0 0
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 0 0 0
Lao 0 0 0
Thai 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 0 0 0
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Uralic languages 5 5 0
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 0 0 0
Hungarian 5 5 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Multiple responses 310 140 165
English and French 35 10 25
English and non-official language(s) 265 130 140
French and non-official language(s) 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language(s) 0 0 0
Multiple non-official languages 0 0 0
Other language spoken regularly at home
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data42 45,530 22,040 23,490
None 44,155 21,420 22,740
English 345 190 160
French 300 110 185
Non-official language 585 260 325
Indigenous39 115 45 65
Non-Indigenous 470 210 255
English and French 0 0 0
English and non-official language(s) 65 35 35
French and non-official language(s) 35 10 20
English, French and non-official language(s) 0 0 0
Multiple non-official languages 45 25 20
Knowledge of languagesThe letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice.
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample data43 45,325 21,965 23,360
Official languages 45,245 21,915 23,325
English 45,245 21,915 23,325
French 2,800 1,105 1,690
Non-official languages 2,280 1,080 1,200
Indigenous languages39 260 130 125
Algonquian languages 255 130 120
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 0 0 0
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0 0 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 250 130 115
Mi'kmaq 250 130 115
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 0 0 0
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 2,025 945 1,085
Afro-Asiatic languages 190 105 90
Berber languages 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 0 0 0
Hausa 0 0 0
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 0 0 0
Bilen 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 190 105 90
Amharic 0 0 0
Arabic 180 100 80
Aramaic languages 0 0 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 0 0 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 0 0 0
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 230 60 175
Bikol 0 0 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Cebuano 20 10 15
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0
Ilocano 10 0 0
Indonesian 0 0 0
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 20 0 20
Pangasinan 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 220 55 165
Waray-Waray 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 20 0 15
Creole languages 20 15 10
Haitian Creole 10 10 0
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 0 0 0
Morisyen 0 0 0
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Dravidian languages 155 85 70
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 85 50 35
Tamil 60 25 30
Telugu 50 25 20
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 1,210 595 615
Albanian 0 0 0
Armenian 0 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 135 65 75
Baltic languages 10 10 0
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Slavic languages 130 60 75
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 0 0 0
Czech 20 10 10
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 10 0 0
Russian 70 35 35
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 10 0 0
Bosnian 0 0 0
Croatian 0 0 0
Serbian 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Slovak 15 10 10
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0
Ukrainian 35 20 20
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 15 10 10
Irish 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 15 10 10
Welsh 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 425 210 220
Frisian 10 10 0
High German languages 185 105 80
German 185 105 80
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 10 10 0
Yiddish 0 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 205 85 115
Afrikaans 30 10 15
Dutch 160 70 90
Low German, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 25 0 15
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0
Scandinavian languages 40 20 20
Danish 20 10 10
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 0 0 0
Swedish 10 0 10
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Greek 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages 385 190 195
Indo-Aryan languages 360 180 185
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 0 0 0
Gujarati 0 0 0
Hindi 240 120 125
Kacchi 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0
Nepali 15 0 0
Oriya languages 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 255 125 130
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 15 0 0
Urdu 15 10 10
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iranian languages 20 0 10
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 0 0 0
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 0 0 0
Persian languages 20 0 10
Dari 0 0 0
Iranian Persian 15 0 10
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 0 0 0
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 295 150 145
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 30 30 0
Portuguese 35 15 20
Romanian 20 10 10
Spanish 215 90 120
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 25 10 15
Korean 45 10 30
Mongolian 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 40 25 15
Akan (Twi) 10 0 0
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0
Éwé 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0
Lingala 0 0 0
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Shona 0 0 0
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0
Swahili 10 10 0
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
African, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Sign languages 60 15 45
American Sign Language 50 15 35
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 15 0 10
Sino-Tibetan languages 130 65 60
Chinese languages 130 65 60
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 90 50 35
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0
Yue (Cantonese) 40 15 25
Chinese, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0
Burmese 0 0 0
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 0 0 0
Lao 0 0 0
Thai 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 15 10 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 10 0 0
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Uralic languages 15 0 10
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 0 0 0
Hungarian 15 0 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous population
Total - Indigenous identity for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 45,320 21,960 23,365
Indigenous identity45 2,575 1,195 1,380
Single Indigenous responses46 2,485 1,150 1,330
First Nations (North American Indian) 1,985 960 1,025
Métis 450 175 275
Inuk (Inuit) 45 15 30
Multiple Indigenous responses47 15 10 0
Indigenous responses not included elsewhere48 75 35 45
Non-Indigenous identity 42,755 20,770 21,985
Total - Registered or Treaty Indian status for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 45,320 21,960 23,365
Registered or Treaty Indian49 1,475 710 760
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 43,850 21,245 22,600
Household characteristics
Total - Private households by tenure - 25% sample data50 20,695 ... ...
Owner 13,840 ... ...
Renter 6,585 ... ...
Dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band 270 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by condominium status - 25% sample data51 20,695 ... ...
Condominium 365 ... ...
Not condominium 20,330 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of bedrooms - 25% sample data52 20,695 ... ...
No bedrooms 60 ... ...
1 bedroom 2,220 ... ...
2 bedrooms 6,370 ... ...
3 bedrooms 7,810 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 4,235 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of rooms - 25% sample data53 20,695 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 5,235 ... ...
5 rooms 3,600 ... ...
6 rooms 3,345 ... ...
7 rooms 2,670 ... ...
8 or more rooms 5,840 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 6.3 ... ...
Total - Private households by number of persons per room - 25% sample data54 20,695 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 20,550 ... ...
More than one person per room 145 ... ...
Total - Private households by housing suitability - 25% sample data55 20,695 ... ...
Suitable 20,095 ... ...
Not suitable 600 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by period of construction - 25% sample data56 20,695 ... ...
1960 or before 5,355 ... ...
1961 to 1980 5,780 ... ...
1981 to 1990 3,190 ... ...
1991 to 2000 2,505 ... ...
2001 to 2005 1,050 ... ...
2006 to 2010 1,110 ... ...
2011 to 2015 935 ... ...
2016 to 202157 770 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by dwelling condition - 25% sample data58 20,695 ... ...
Only regular maintenance and minor repairs needed 18,975 ... ...
Major repairs needed 1,715 ... ...
Total - Private households by number of household maintainers - 25% sample data59 20,695 ... ...
One-maintainer household 11,320 ... ...
Two-maintainer household 8,860 ... ...
Three-or-more-maintainer household 515 ... ...
Total - Private households by age of primary household maintainers - 25% sample data60 20,695 ... ...
15 to 24 years 600 ... ...
25 to 34 years 2,425 ... ...
35 to 44 years 2,850 ... ...
45 to 54 years 3,525 ... ...
55 to 64 years 4,345 ... ...
65 to 74 years 3,870 ... ...
75 to 84 years 2,250 ... ...
85 years and over 825 ... ...
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratio - 25% sample data61 20,215 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of income on shelter costs 16,855 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs 3,365 ... ...
30% to less than 100% 3,045 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by housing indicators - 25% sample data62 20,695 ... ...
Total - Households 'spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' or 'not suitable' or 'major repairs needed' 5,155 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs only 2,925 ... ...
Not suitable only 485 ... ...
Major repairs needed only 1,230 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' 35 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'major repairs needed' 400 ... ...
'Not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 80 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 0 ... ...
Acceptable housing 15,540 ... ...
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero and shelter-cost-to-income ratio less than 100%, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data63 19,905 ... ...
In core need 1,670 ... ...
Not in core need 18,235 ... ...
Total - Owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 13,670 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgage64 53.7 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 7.7 ... ...
% in core housing need63 3.4 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 800 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 938 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)66 200,000 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)66 227,200 ... ...
Total - Tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 6,570 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housing67 11.3 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 35.2 ... ...
% in core housing need63 18.9 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 870 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 914 ... ...
Total - Households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band in non-farm private dwellings - 25% sample data 270 ... ...
% of households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band spending more than 30% on shelter costs61 5.6 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 226 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 226 ... ...
Indigenous ancestry
Total - Indigenous ancestry for the population in private households - 25% sample data68 45,320 21,960 23,360
Indigenous ancestry (only)69 1,210 575 630
Single Indigenous ancestry (only)70 1,200 570 630
First Nations (North American Indian) single ancestry 1,100 535 565
Métis single ancestry 65 25 40
Inuit single ancestry 30 10 25
Multiple Indigenous ancestries (only)71 10 10 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis ancestry only 10 10 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
Métis and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries72 1,970 935 1,035
Single Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries73 1,955 925 1,025
First Nations (North American Indian) and non-Indigenous ancestry only 1,535 745 790
Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 365 160 200
Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 60 25 30
Multiple Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries74 15 0 10
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 0 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 0 0
Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 0 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous ancestry only75 42,145 20,450 21,695
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample data76 45,325 21,960 23,360
Canadian citizens77 43,925 21,270 22,655
Canadian citizens aged under 18 7,890 4,070 3,815
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 36,040 17,200 18,835
Not Canadian citizens78 1,395 690 705
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample data79 45,325 21,960 23,360
Non-immigrants80 42,640 20,610 22,030
Immigrants81 2,090 1,065 1,030
Before 1980 720 365 355
1980 to 1990 185 90 90
1991 to 2000 230 115 110
2001 to 2010 320 155 165
2011 to 202182 640 325 310
2011 to 2015 175 80 95
2016 to 2021 465 250 215
Non-permanent residents83 590 285 300
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data84 2,090 1,060 1,030
Under 5 years 235 140 95
5 to 14 years 395 240 155
15 to 24 years 370 160 210
25 to 44 years 890 435 450
45 years and over 205 85 115
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data85 2,090 1,060 1,030
Americas 470 230 245
Brazil 15 0 15
Colombia 0 0 0
El Salvador 0 0 0
Guyana 0 0 0
Haiti 0 0 0
Jamaica 55 30 25
Mexico 15 0 10
Peru 0 0 0
Trinidad and Tobago 0 0 0
United States of America 305 135 165
Other places of birth in Americas 70 40 30
Europe 915 490 425
Bosnia and Herzegovina 0 0 0
Croatia 0 0 0
France 25 10 10
Germany 55 25 25
Greece 0 0 0
Hungary 10 0 0
Italy 0 0 0
Netherlands 130 65 60
Poland 10 10 0
Portugal 0 0 0
Romania 10 10 0
Russian Federation 0 0 0
Serbia86 0 0 0
Ukraine 10 10 0
United Kingdom87 570 305 265
Other places of birth in Europe 80 35 40
Africa 105 55 45
Algeria 0 0 0
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 0 0 0
Egypt 10 10 0
Eritrea 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Morocco 0 0 0
Nigeria 20 15 0
Somalia 0 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 45 20 30
Other places of birth in Africa 30 20 10
Asia 570 280 295
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Iran88 0 0 0
Iraq 0 0 0
Lebanon 50 30 25
Syria89 55 25 30
Turkey 0 0 0
China90 50 30 20
Hong Kong91 10 10 0
Korea, South92 20 10 10
Taiwan 0 0 0
Philippines 145 40 105
Viet Nam 0 0 0
Bangladesh 0 0 0
India 170 105 65
Pakistan 0 0 0
Sri Lanka 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 45 15 35
Oceania and other places of birth93 25 15 15
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data94 465 250 220
Americas 85 50 30
Brazil 10 0 10
Colombia 0 0 0
Haiti 0 0 0
Jamaica 40 30 15
Mexico 0 0 0
United States of America 15 0 0
Venezuela95 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 0 0 0
Europe 45 15 25
France 0 0 0
Germany 0 0 0
Ireland96 0 0 0
Italy 0 0 0
Russian Federation 0 0 0
Ukraine 0 0 0
United Kingdom87 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Europe 10 10 0
Africa 30 20 10
Algeria 0 0 0
Burundi 0 0 0
Cameroon 0 0 0
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 0 0 0
Côte d'Ivoire 0 0 0
Egypt 0 0 0
Eritrea 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Morocco 0 0 0
Nigeria 0 0 0
Somalia 0 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0
Sudan97 0 0 0
Tunisia 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 10 10 0
Asia 305 155 150
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Bangladesh 0 0 0
China90 20 15 10
Hong Kong91 0 0 0
India 115 80 40
Iran88 0 0 0
Iraq 0 0 0
Israel 0 0 0
Japan 0 0 0
Jordan 0 0 0
Korea, South92 10 0 10
Lebanon 10 10 0
Nepal 0 0 0
Pakistan 0 0 0
Philippines 75 25 55
Saudi Arabia 0 0 0
Sri Lanka 0 0 0
Syria89 55 20 30
Turkey 0 0 0
United Arab Emirates 0 0 0
Viet Nam 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 0 0 0
Oceania and other93 0 0 0
Australia 0 0 0
Other places of birth98 0 0 0
Generation status
Total - Generation status for the population in private households - 25% sample data99 45,325 21,965 23,360
First generation100 3,020 1,525 1,495
Second generation101 2,810 1,285 1,520
Third generation or more102 39,495 19,150 20,345
Admission category and applicant type
Total - Admission category and applicant type for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data103 1,375 695 680
Economic immigrants104 880 475 405
Principal applicants105 400 245 150
Secondary applicants106 480 230 255
Immigrants sponsored by family107 390 180 210
Refugees108 95 35 60
Other immigrants109 0 0 0
Pre-admission experience
Total - Pre-admission experience for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data110 1,375 695 680
Asylum claim before admission111 20 10 15
Work permits only before admission112 220 110 110
Study permits only before admission113 60 30 35
Work and study permits before admission114 185 100 90
Other permits before admission115 10 0 0
No pre-admission experience116 875 455 425
Visible minority
Total - Visible minority for the population in private households - 25% sample data117 45,320 21,960 23,365
Total visible minority population118 2,205 1,110 1,095
South Asian 560 320 245
Chinese 165 75 90
Black 860 470 385
Filipino 245 70 175
Arab 165 90 75
Latin American 60 35 30
Southeast Asian 15 10 10
West Asian 20 10 10
Korean 45 10 30
Japanese 15 15 0
Visible minority, n.i.e.119 20 10 15
Multiple visible minorities 25 10 20
Not a visible minority120 43,120 20,855 22,270
Ethnic or cultural origin
Total - Ethnic or cultural origin for the population in private households - 25% sample data121 45,325 21,960 23,360
Canadian 8,070 3,955 4,115
English 10,875 5,090 5,785
Irish 9,785 4,595 5,185
Scottish 14,800 7,125 7,670
French, n.o.s.122 3,995 1,915 2,085
German 3,230 1,460 1,770
Chinese 150 80 65
Italian 420 195 220
Indian (India) 275 155 125
Ukrainian 235 105 130
Dutch 1,365 635 725
Polish 275 125 150
Québécois 25 10 15
British Isles, n.o.s.123 1,470 650 820
Filipino 225 60 165
French Canadian 120 70 50
Caucasian (White), n.o.s.124 2,860 1,365 1,495
First Nations (North American Indian), n.o.s.125 695 360 340
Métis 455 200 255
European, n.o.s.126 2,210 1,105 1,105
Russian 210 95 110
Norwegian 270 90 175
Welsh 800 395 405
Portuguese 65 25 40
American 255 120 130
Spanish 160 70 90
Swedish 205 75 130
Hungarian 85 20 60
Acadian 1,390 610 785
Pakistani 0 0 0
African, n.o.s.127 355 175 175
Jewish 95 50 45
Punjabi 80 20 60
Vietnamese 15 0 10
Arab, n.o.s.128 90 40 50
Greek 120 60 55
Jamaican 35 20 20
Asian, n.o.s.129 100 65 35
Cree, n.o.s.130 145 50 95
Korean 45 15 25
Romanian 35 15 20
Lebanese 195 115 80
Iranian 20 10 15
Christian, n.i.e.131 105 50 65
Danish 350 160 190
North American Indigenous, n.o.s.132 215 105 115
Sikh 45 15 30
Austrian 40 15 20
Belgian 90 35 50
Haitian 0 0 0
Hindu 30 25 0
Mexican 45 30 15
Mennonite 35 10 25
Swiss 160 85 75
Finnish 35 15 20
Sri Lankan 35 25 15
Croatian 25 20 0
Japanese 25 15 10
South Asian, n.o.s.133 60 30 30
Mi'kmaq, n.o.s.134 1,435 710 730
Northern European, n.o.s.135 570 315 255
Muslim 0 0 0
Egyptian 15 15 0
Latin, Central or South American, n.o.s.136 10 0 0
Tamil 0 0 0
Icelandic 0 0 0
Colombian 0 0 0
Moroccan 0 0 0
Czech 75 60 15
Syrian 60 20 45
Guyanese 0 0 0
Afghan 0 0 0
Black, n.o.s.137 185 95 85
Serbian 20 10 10
Ojibway 45 20 30
Newfoundlander 320 180 140
Hong Konger 20 0 20
Ontarian 40 25 20
Persian 0 0 0
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 0 0 0
Turkish 0 0 0
Inuit, n.o.s.138 95 30 60
Bangladeshi 0 0 0
Algerian 0 0 0
Brazilian 25 0 20
Nigerian 0 0 0
Armenian 20 10 10
Slovak 40 15 25
Eastern European, n.o.s.139 60 15 45
Somali 0 0 0
Taiwanese 0 0 0
Iraqi 0 0 0
Salvadorean 0 0 0
African Caribbean 0 0 0
East or Southeast Asian, n.o.s.140 20 0 20
West or Central Asian or Middle Eastern, n.o.s.141 25 20 10
Caribbean, n.o.s.142 0 0 0
Algonquin 0 0 0
West Indian, n.o.s.143 0 0 0
Lithuanian 45 15 25
South African 30 10 25
Australian 30 25 10
Palestinian 0 0 0
Chilean 0 0 0
Congolese 0 0 0
Nova Scotian 1,405 670 730
Ethiopian 0 0 0
Hispanic, n.o.s.144 0 0 0
Peruvian 15 0 0
Yoruba 20 15 0
Cambodian (Khmer) 0 0 0
Berber 0 0 0
Albanian 0 0 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Macedonian 0 0 0
Slovenian 10 0 10
Western European, n.o.s.145 90 40 50
New Brunswicker 50 20 30
Gujarati 0 0 0
Eritrean 0 0 0
African Canadian 200 95 105
Israeli 15 0 10
Mohawk 35 15 20
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s.146 0 0 0
Bulgarian 0 0 0
Albertan 10 10 0
Ghanaian 10 10 0
Barbadian 20 0 15
African American 30 20 10
Yugoslavian, n.o.s.147 10 10 0
Tunisian 0 0