Census Profile, 2021 Census of Population
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Topic:
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Age
Age characteristics
Commuting
Select all: Commuting
Commuting destination
Commuting duration
Main mode of commuting
Place of work status
Time leaving for work
Education
Select all: Education
Highest certificate, diploma or degree
Location of study compared with province or territory of residence
Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2021
Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificate
Ethnocultural and religious diversity
Select all: Ethnocultural and religious diversity
Ethnic or cultural origin
Religion
Visible minority
Families, households, and marital status
Select all: Families, households, and marital status
Family characteristics
Household type
Marital status
Housing
Household characteristics
Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
Select all: Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
Admission category and applicant type
Age at immigration
Citizenship
Generation status
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Pre-admission experience
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Income
Select all: Income
Income of economic families in 2020
Income of households in 2020
Income of individuals in 2019
Income of individuals in 2020
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Indigenous peoples
Select all: Indigenous peoples
Indigenous ancestry
Indigenous population
Instruction in the minority official language
Select all: Instruction in the minority official language
Children eligible for instruction in the minority official language
Eligibility and instruction in the minority official language for school-aged children
Labour
Select all: Labour
Class of worker including job permanency
Industry - Sectors - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2017
Labour force status
Occupation - Broad category - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2021
Work activity during the reference year
Language
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All languages spoken at home
First official language spoken
Knowledge of languages
Knowledge of official languages
Language spoken most often at home
Mother tongue
Other language spoken regularly at home
Language of work
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All languages used at work
Language used most often at work
Other language(s) used regularly at work
Mobility and migration
Select all: Mobility and migration
Mobility status 1 year ago
Mobility status 5 years ago
Population and dwelling counts
Population and dwellings
Type of dwelling
Household and dwelling characteristics
GenderMore information:


Statistic:
Characteristic Sydney--VictoriaMore information:
Nova Scotia
[Federal electoral district (2013 Representation Order)]
Counts
Total Men+ Women+
Population and dwellings
Population, 20211 72,361 ... ...
Population, 20161 72,148 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2016 to 2021 0.3 ... ...
Total private dwellings2 36,058 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residents3 32,179 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 16.9 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 4,282.09 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups of the population - 100% data 72,365 34,760 37,600
0 to 14 years 9,920 5,070 4,850
0 to 4 years 2,850 1,485 1,365
5 to 9 years 3,435 1,735 1,700
10 to 14 years 3,635 1,855 1,780
15 to 64 years 44,010 21,330 22,685
15 to 19 years 3,695 1,915 1,780
20 to 24 years 4,095 2,165 1,925
25 to 29 years 4,365 2,255 2,105
30 to 34 years 3,855 1,885 1,970
35 to 39 years 3,590 1,680 1,910
40 to 44 years 3,665 1,655 2,010
45 to 49 years 4,045 1,885 2,160
50 to 54 years 4,585 2,195 2,385
55 to 59 years 5,820 2,685 3,130
60 to 64 years 6,300 3,000 3,305
65 years and over 18,430 8,360 10,070
65 to 69 years 5,915 2,875 3,040
70 to 74 years 4,885 2,360 2,520
75 to 79 years 3,240 1,430 1,810
80 to 84 years 2,255 955 1,305
85 years and over 2,140 740 1,400
85 to 89 years 1,320 510 810
90 to 94 years 600 170 430
95 to 99 years 190 55 135
100 years and over 30 5 20
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 13.7 14.6 12.9
15 to 64 years 60.8 61.4 60.3
65 years and over 25.5 24.1 26.8
85 years and over 3.0 2.1 3.7
Average age of the population 45.8 44.5 47.0
Median age of the population 48.8 46.8 50.4
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% data 32,175 ... ...
Single-detached house 23,435 ... ...
Semi-detached house 1,680 ... ...
Row house 600 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 1,490 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 3,800 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 215 ... ...
Other single-attached house 65 ... ...
Movable dwelling4 895 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% data 32,180 ... ...
1 person 10,885 ... ...
2 persons 11,645 ... ...
3 persons 4,775 ... ...
4 persons 3,045 ... ...
5 or more persons 1,830 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 70,905 34,150 36,750
Average household size 2.2 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the total population aged 15 years and over - 100% data 62,440 29,685 32,755
Married or living common-law 30,520 15,230 15,295
Married 24,745 12,355 12,395
Living common-law 5,775 2,870 2,905
Living common law - Never married 4,155 2,055 2,100
Living common law - Separated 285 145 145
Living common law - Divorced 1,160 605 555
Living common law - Widowed 175 70 105
Not married and not living common-law 31,915 14,455 17,460
Not married and not living common law - Never married 20,240 10,630 9,615
Not married and not living common law - Separated 2,270 955 1,315
Not married and not living common law - Divorced 4,120 1,615 2,505
Not married and not living common law - Widowed 5,285 1,260 4,030
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% data5 20,405 ... ...
2 persons 12,125 ... ...
3 persons 4,480 ... ...
4 persons 2,575 ... ...
5 or more persons 1,220 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.7 ... ...
Average number of children in census families with children6 1.7 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% data 20,405 ... ...
Total couple families 14,860 ... ...
Married couples 11,975 ... ...
With children6 4,875 ... ...
Without children 7,105 ... ...
Common-law couples 2,885 ... ...
With children6 1,195 ... ...
Without children 1,695 ... ...
Total one-parent families 5,540 ... ...
in which the parent is a woman+ 4,425 ... ...
in which the parent is a man+ 1,120 ... ...
Total - Persons in private households - 100% data 70,900 34,150 36,755
Total - Persons in census families 54,565 26,475 28,090
Married spouses or common-law partners 29,725 14,840 14,885
Parents in one-parent families 5,540 1,120 4,420
Children6 19,300 10,520 8,780
In a two-parent family 10,445 5,620 4,825
In a one-parent family 8,850 4,895 3,955
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 16,335 7,675 8,665
Living alone 10,885 4,795 6,090
Living with other relatives7 2,100 895 1,210
Living with non-relatives only 3,350 1,985 1,370
Household type
Total - Household type - 100% data 32,175 ... ...
One-census-family households without additional persons 17,860 ... ...
Couple-family households 13,550 ... ...
With children6 5,510 ... ...
Without children 8,045 ... ...
One-parent-family households 4,310 ... ...
Multigenerational households8 920 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households9 95 ... ...
One-census-family households with additional persons9 960 ... ...
Two-or-more-person non-census-family households 1,465 ... ...
One-person households 10,885 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2020
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data10 60,990 29,080 31,910
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 58,700 27,920 30,785
Median total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 33,600 35,200 32,400
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 58,715 27,925 30,790
Median after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 30,800 31,800 29,800
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 47,130 23,035 24,095
Median market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 24,800 26,400 23,200
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 36,040 17,915 18,120
Median employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 26,200 26,800 25,400
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 52,080 24,200 27,875
Median government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 14,900 15,300 14,400
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 13,000 6,990 6,015
Median employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 8,200 9,800 6,600
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 17,235 8,510 8,725
Median COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 8,000 8,000 8,000
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data11 60,870 29,050 31,825
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 58,685 27,930 30,755
Average total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 40,920 43,760 38,360
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 58,690 27,940 30,755
Average after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 35,080 36,800 33,560
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 47,310 23,175 24,135
Average market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 34,480 37,240 31,840
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 35,970 17,855 18,115
Average employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 35,560 37,560 33,560
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 52,125 24,225 27,900
Average government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 14,780 14,820 14,740
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 12,935 6,995 5,940
Average employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 9,920 11,030 8,620
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 17,110 8,340 8,770
Average COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 9,290 9,050 9,510
Total - Employment income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data12 60,870 29,055 31,820
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 14,105 6,635 7,470
Median employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 52,400 54,800 50,400
Average employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 58,550 61,850 55,600
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 16,275 8,240 8,030
Median employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 16,000 17,400 14,400
Average employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 22,580 25,680 19,420
Composition of total income in 2020 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data17 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)18 68.0 70.6 65.2
Employment income (%)19 53.2 54.9 51.6
Government transfers (%)20 32.1 29.4 34.9
Employment insurance benefits (%) 5.4 6.3 4.3
COVID-19 - Government income support and benefits (%) 7.7 7.0 8.5
COVID-19 - Emergency and recovery benefits (%) 6.6 6.2 7.1
Total - Total income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data21 60,990 29,080 31,910
Without total income 2,290 1,165 1,130
With total income 58,705 27,915 30,785
Under $10,000 (including loss) 5,005 2,310 2,690
$10,000 to $19,999 8,265 3,465 4,800
$20,000 to $29,999 12,540 5,750 6,790
$30,000 to $39,999 9,195 4,390 4,805
$40,000 to $49,999 7,370 3,375 3,995
$50,000 to $59,999 5,240 2,465 2,780
$60,000 to $69,999 3,405 1,805 1,605
$70,000 to $79,999 2,200 1,240 965
$80,000 to $89,999 1,700 895 800
$90,000 to $99,999 1,315 645 670
$100,000 and over 2,460 1,570 890
$100,000 to $149,999 1,845 1,095 745
$150,000 and over 620 480 145
Total - After-tax income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data22 60,990 29,080 31,910
Without after-tax income 2,280 1,155 1,125
With after-tax income 58,710 27,925 30,785
Under $10,000 (including loss) 5,195 2,365 2,830
$10,000 to $19,999 8,690 3,700 4,990
$20,000 to $29,999 14,530 6,770 7,765
$30,000 to $39,999 10,755 5,160 5,590
$40,000 to $49,999 7,850 3,680 4,170
$50,000 to $59,999 4,695 2,405 2,295
$60,000 to $69,999 2,835 1,490 1,355
$70,000 to $79,999 1,850 905 945
$80,000 to $89,999 910 505 405
$90,000 to $99,999 465 275 190
$100,000 and over 930 665 265
$100,000 to $124,999 525 370 160
$125,000 and over 400 295 105
Total - Employment income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data19 60,990 29,080 31,910
Without employment income 24,950 11,160 13,785
With employment income 36,045 17,920 18,120
Under $5,000 (including loss) 5,505 2,685 2,815
$5,000 to $9,999 3,485 1,625 1,855
$10,000 to $19,999 6,235 3,115 3,120
$20,000 to $29,999 4,570 2,210 2,355
$30,000 to $39,999 3,530 1,700 1,825
$40,000 to $49,999 3,295 1,465 1,830
$50,000 to $59,999 2,370 1,200 1,175
$60,000 to $69,999 1,895 1,045 855
$70,000 to $79,999 1,300 725 570
$80,000 to $89,999 1,180 545 635
$90,000 to $99,999 1,015 475 540
$100,000 and over 1,670 1,125 550
$100,000 to $124,999 925 565 365
$125,000 and over 745 560 185
Income of individuals in 2019
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data23 60,990 29,080 31,910
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 57,365 27,160 30,205
Median total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 31,400 34,400 28,800
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 57,395 27,165 30,230
Median after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 28,800 31,000 26,800
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 46,980 22,860 24,115
Median market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 26,200 29,000 24,000
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 36,895 18,240 18,655
Median employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 27,400 29,600 25,800
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 48,035 21,985 26,050
Median government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 11,200 11,600 10,900
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 -100% data 12,640 6,870 5,770
Median employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 9,200 10,600 7,750
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data24 60,870 29,050 31,825
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 57,500 27,320 30,185
Average total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 38,960 42,720 35,520
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 57,510 27,320 30,190
Average after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 33,280 35,800 31,000
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 47,075 22,980 24,100
Average market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 35,640 39,480 32,000
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 36,870 18,240 18,630
Average employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 36,400 39,680 33,240
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 48,095 22,100 25,990
Average government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 11,690 11,790 11,600
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 12,530 6,875 5,655
Average employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 10,130 10,830 9,280
Total - Employment income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data25 60,870 29,055 31,820
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 14,015 6,585 7,430
Median employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 48,800 52,000 45,600
Average employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 55,000 58,600 51,800
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 15,380 7,850 7,535
Median employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 19,600 21,800 17,800
Average employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 28,040 32,440 23,440
Composition of total income in 2019 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%) 75.0 77.6 71.8
Employment income (%) 59.9 62.0 57.7
Government transfers (%) 25.1 22.3 28.1
Employment insurance benefits (%) 5.7 6.4 4.9
Income of households in 2020
Total - Income statistics for private households - 100% data26 32,180 ... ...
Median total income of household in 2020 ($) 60,400 ... ...
Median after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 54,400 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 100% data 10,885 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 30,600 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 28,600 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 100% data 21,295 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 80,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 71,500 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for private households - 25% sample data27 32,190 ... ...
Average total income of household in 2020 ($) 74,600 ... ...
Average after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 64,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 25% sample data 10,965 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 38,240 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 33,200 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 25% sample data 21,230 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 93,400 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 79,900 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data21 32,180 ... ...
Under $5,000 360 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 215 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 930 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 790 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,415 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,735 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,620 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,775 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,655 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,525 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 2,990 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 2,495 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,240 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 1,965 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 1,675 ... ...
$100,000 and over 7,800 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 3,000 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,885 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 1,880 ... ...
$200,000 and over 1,040 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data22 32,180 ... ...
Under $5,000 385 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 220 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 940 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 840 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,570 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,045 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,880 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,965 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,935 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,765 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,285 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 2,905 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,435 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,000 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 1,575 ... ...
$100,000 and over 5,445 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 2,640 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,415 ... ...
$150,000 and over 1,390 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2020
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 100% data28 20,295 ... ...
Median total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 80,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 71,000 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.8 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 100% data 8,175 ... ...
Median total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 74,500 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 65,500 ... ...
Average family size of couple-only economic families 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 100% data 6,245 ... ...
Median total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 115,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 100,000 ... ...
Average family size of couple-with-children economic families 3.9 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 5,105 ... ...
Median total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 56,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 52,800 ... ...
Average family size of one-parent economic families 2.8 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% data29 14,235 6,780 7,455
Median total income in 2020 ($)30 29,000 29,200 28,600
Median after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 27,400 27,400 27,400
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 25% sample data31 20,270 ... ...
Average total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 93,500 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 79,800 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 25% sample data 8,135 ... ...
Average total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 86,300 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 72,300 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 25% sample data 6,215 ... ...
Average total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 126,500 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 106,600 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 5,120 ... ...
Average total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 65,700 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 59,500 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample data32 14,120 6,695 7,425
Average total income in 2020 ($)30 35,840 36,000 35,680
Average after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 31,320 31,240 31,400
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Total - LIM low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households - 100% data33 70,905 34,155 36,755
0 to 17 years 12,145 6,225 5,920
0 to 5 years 3,540 1,850 1,690
18 to 64 years 41,430 19,960 21,475
65 years and over 17,335 7,970 9,365
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 13,675 6,175 7,505
0 to 17 years 3,105 1,635 1,470
0 to 5 years 1,055 575 480
18 to 64 years 6,705 3,065 3,640
65 years and over 3,860 1,470 2,390
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 19.3 18.1 20.4
0 to 17 years (%) 25.6 26.3 24.9
0 to 5 years (%) 29.8 30.9 28.6
18 to 64 years (%) 16.2 15.4 17.0
65 years and over (%) 22.3 18.4 25.5
Total - LICO low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households to whom the low-income concept is applicable - 100% data33 65,590 31,575 34,015
0 to 17 years 10,225 5,225 4,995
0 to 5 years 2,960 1,530 1,430
18 to 64 years 38,405 18,540 19,865
65 years and over 16,960 7,810 9,150
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 3,630 1,890 1,745
0 to 17 years 485 250 235
0 to 5 years 165 90 75
18 to 64 years 2,900 1,535 1,365
65 years and over 240 105 140
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 5.5 6.0 5.1
0 to 17 years (%) 4.8 4.8 4.8
0 to 5 years (%) 5.6 5.7 5.4
18 to 64 years (%) 7.6 8.3 6.9
65 years and over (%) 1.4 1.3 1.5
Total - Adjusted after-tax economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% data34The letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice. 70,905 34,155 36,755
In bottom half of the distribution 47,705 22,625 25,085
In bottom decile 12,215 5,710 6,505
In second decile 11,010 5,115 5,900
In third decile 9,370 4,490 4,880
In fourth decile 8,105 3,855 4,250
In fifth decile 7,010 3,460 3,555
In top half of the distribution 23,195 11,525 11,675
In sixth decile 6,555 3,180 3,375
In seventh decile 5,985 2,950 3,030
In eighth decile 4,745 2,395 2,350
In ninth decile 3,640 1,840 1,800
In top decile 2,275 1,160 1,110
Total - Inequality measures for the population in private households - 100% data35 70,900 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household total income 0.318 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household market income 0.505 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household after-tax income 0.277 ... ...
P90/P10 ratio on adjusted household after-tax income 3.6 ... ...
Knowledge of official languages
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data36 71,185 34,230 36,950
English only 68,055 32,925 35,130
French only 20 10 10
English and French 3,000 1,255 1,750
Neither English nor French 110 50 60
First official language spoken
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data37 71,185 34,230 36,950
English 70,465 33,905 36,555
French 540 240 295
English and French 75 40 40
Neither English nor French 100 40 60
Mother tongue
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data38 71,185 34,230 36,950
Single responses 70,030 33,665 36,370
Official languages 65,305 31,220 34,085
English 64,715 30,950 33,765
French 590 265 325
Non-official languages 4,725 2,445 2,285
Indigenous languages39 2,380 1,145 1,235
Algonquian languages 2,380 1,145 1,235
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 0 0 0
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0 0 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 2,375 1,140 1,235
Mi'kmaq 2,375 1,140 1,230
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 5 0 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 0 0 0
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 5 0 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 5 0 5
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 2,350 1,300 1,050
Afro-Asiatic languages 70 40 25
Berber languages 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 0 0 0
Hausa 0 0 0
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 0 0 0
Bilen 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 70 40 25
Amharic 0 0 0
Arabic 65 40 20
Aramaic languages 0 0 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 0 0 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 60 20 45
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 60 20 45
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 165 80 85
Bikol 0 0 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Cebuano 5 0 5
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0
Ilocano 0 0 0
Indonesian 0 0 0
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 160 80 80
Waray-Waray 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Creole languages 0 0 0
Haitian Creole 0 0 0
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 0 0 0
Morisyen 0 0 0
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Dravidian languages 405 265 140
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 370 250 120
Tamil 10 5 5
Telugu 25 10 20
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 1,225 685 540
Albanian 0 0 0
Armenian 0 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 90 35 55
Baltic languages 5 0 0
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 5 0
Slavic languages 80 35 55
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 0 0 0
Czech 10 5 5
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 25 10 15
Russian 15 10 5
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 10 5 5
Bosnian 0 0 0
Croatian 10 5 5
Serbian 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Slovak 0 0 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0
Ukrainian 25 10 15
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 20 10 10
Irish 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 15 10 5
Welsh 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5
Germanic languages 140 65 75
Frisian 0 0 0
High German languages 80 40 45
German 75 30 40
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 10 5 5
Yiddish 0 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 50 25 25
Afrikaans 5 0 0
Dutch 45 25 25
Low German, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 0 0 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0
Scandinavian languages 5 5 5
Danish 5 0 0
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 0 0 0
Swedish 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Greek 25 15 10
Indo-Iranian languages 845 515 335
Indo-Aryan languages 815 495 320
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 25 20 5
Gujarati 80 50 30
Hindi 140 90 45
Kacchi 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0
Nepali 5 5 0
Oriya languages 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 505 295 210
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 5 5 5
Urdu 50 30 20
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0
Iranian languages 30 15 15
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 0 0 0
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 0 0 0
Persian languages 30 15 15
Dari 0 0 0
Iranian Persian 30 15 15
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 0 0 0
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 105 45 60
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 25 15 10
Portuguese 15 5 5
Romanian 5 5 0
Spanish 60 20 45
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 15 5 10
Korean 25 10 15
Mongolian 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 15 10 5
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0
Éwé 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0
Lingala 0 0 0
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Shona 0 0 0
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0
Swahili 0 0 0
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0
Yoruba 5 5 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
African, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Sign languages 10 5 5
American Sign Language 5 5 0
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages 330 165 160
Chinese languages 330 165 160
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 290 150 140
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 5 0 0
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0
Yue (Cantonese) 25 15 10
Chinese, n.o.s. 10 5 10
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0
Burmese 0 0 0
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 5 0 5
Lao 0 0 0
Thai 5 0 5
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 5 0 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 5 5 0
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Uralic languages 20 10 10
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 5 0 5
Hungarian 15 5 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Multiple responses 1,155 570 585
English and French 210 95 115
English and non-official language(s) 905 455 445
French and non-official language(s) 15 5 10
English, French and non-official language(s) 5 5 0
Multiple non-official languages 30 20 15
All languages spoken at home
Total - All languages spoken at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data40 71,185 34,230 36,950
English 64,720 30,975 33,745
French 125 60 60
Non-official language 1,550 795 750
Indigenous39 950 460 485
Non-Indigenous 595 335 265
English and French 455 205 255
English and non-official language(s) 4,190 2,135 2,060
French and non-official language(s) 5 0 5
English, French and non-official language(s) 80 40 40
Multiple non-official languages 55 25 40
Language spoken most often at home
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data41 71,185 34,230 36,950
Single responses 70,300 33,775 36,520
Official languages 67,220 32,160 35,060
English 67,065 32,085 34,980
French 160 80 80
Non-official languages 3,075 1,610 1,460
Indigenous languages39 1,720 850 870
Algonquian languages 1,720 850 870
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 0 0 0
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0 0 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 1,720 850 870
Mi'kmaq 1,720 850 870
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 0 0 0
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 1,355 765 590
Afro-Asiatic languages 25 15 15
Berber languages 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 0 0 0
Hausa 0 0 0
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 0 0 0
Bilen 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 25 15 15
Amharic 0 0 0
Arabic 25 15 15
Aramaic languages 0 0 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 0 0 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 45 20 25
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 45 20 25
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 95 45 45
Bikol 0 0 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Cebuano 0 0 0
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0
Ilocano 0 0 0
Indonesian 0 0 0
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 95 45 45
Waray-Waray 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Creole languages 0 0 0
Haitian Creole 0 0 0
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 0 0 0
Morisyen 0 0 0
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Dravidian languages 255 165 90
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 240 160 80
Tamil 0 0 0
Telugu 10 5 10
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 650 365 290
Albanian 0 0 0
Armenian 0 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 10 5 5
Baltic languages 0 0 0
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Slavic languages 5 5 5
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 0 0 0
Czech 0 0 0
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 0 0 0
Russian 5 5 0
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0
Bosnian 0 0 0
Croatian 0 0 0
Serbian 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Slovak 0 0 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0
Ukrainian 0 0 0
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 15 5 5
Irish 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 15 5 5
Welsh 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 30 10 20
Frisian 0 0 0
High German languages 20 10 10
German 10 10 5
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 5 0 0
Yiddish 0 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 15 0 10
Afrikaans 0 0 0
Dutch 15 0 10
Low German, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 0 0 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0
Scandinavian languages 0 0 0
Danish 0 0 0
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 0 0 0
Swedish 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Greek 5 5 5
Indo-Iranian languages 540 320 215
Indo-Aryan languages 515 310 205
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 15 15 5
Gujarati 25 15 15
Hindi 65 35 25
Kacchi 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0
Nepali 0 0 0
Oriya languages 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 355 215 135
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 5 5 5
Urdu 40 20 25
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iranian languages 25 10 10
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 0 0 0
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 0 0 0
Persian languages 25 10 10
Dari 0 0 0
Iranian Persian 25 10 10
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 0 0 0
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 50 15 35
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 5 5 0
Portuguese 5 0 5
Romanian 0 0 0
Spanish 40 10 25
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 10 0 5
Korean 15 10 5
Mongolian 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 0 0 0
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0
Éwé 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0
Lingala 0 0 0
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Shona 0 0 0
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0
Swahili 0 0 0
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
African, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Sign languages 15 10 5
American Sign Language 10 5 5
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages 240 135 110
Chinese languages 240 135 110
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 225 125 100
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0
Yue (Cantonese) 10 5 5
Chinese, n.o.s. 5 5 5
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0
Burmese 0 0 0
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 0 0 0
Lao 0 0 0
Thai 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 0 0 0
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Uralic languages 0 0 0
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 0 0 0
Hungarian 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Multiple responses 890 455 430
English and French 70 40 35
English and non-official language(s) 805 415 390
French and non-official language(s) 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language(s) 10 5 5
Multiple non-official languages 5 0 5
Other language spoken regularly at home
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data42 71,185 34,230 36,950
None 67,130 32,210 34,925
English 1,360 715 640
French 380 165 220
Non-official language 1,990 950 1,040
Indigenous39 1,220 565 650
Non-Indigenous 770 385 385
English and French 10 5 0
English and non-official language(s) 130 85 50
French and non-official language(s) 35 20 15
English, French and non-official language(s) 5 0 5
Multiple non-official languages 140 85 55
Knowledge of languagesThe letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice.
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample data43 70,820 34,145 36,675
Official languages 70,705 34,085 36,620
English 70,680 34,070 36,610
French 3,115 1,385 1,730
Non-official languages 7,325 3,645 3,680
Indigenous languages39 3,875 1,830 2,040
Algonquian languages 3,875 1,830 2,040
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 0 0 0
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0 0 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 3,865 1,830 2,035
Mi'kmaq 3,855 1,825 2,030
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 10 10 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 0 10
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 10 0 10
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 10 0 10
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 10 0 10
Non-Indigenous languages 3,480 1,830 1,650
Afro-Asiatic languages 190 125 65
Berber languages 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 0 0 0
Hausa 0 0 0
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 0 0 0
Bilen 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 185 120 65
Amharic 0 0 0
Arabic 165 110 60
Aramaic languages 0 0 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 15 15 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 120 40 80
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 120 40 80
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 295 135 160
Bikol 0 0 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Cebuano 0 0 0
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0
Ilocano 0 0 0
Indonesian 0 0 0
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 285 130 160
Waray-Waray 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Creole languages 0 0 0
Haitian Creole 0 0 0
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 0 0 0
Morisyen 0 0 0
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Dravidian languages 535 320 210
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 455 290 170
Tamil 70 50 15
Telugu 65 35 30
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 1,935 1,070 865
Albanian 0 0 0
Armenian 0 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 115 45 70
Baltic languages 20 10 10
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Slavic languages 105 40 60
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 0 0 0
Czech 15 0 10
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 20 0 20
Russian 55 35 20
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0
Bosnian 0 0 0
Croatian 0 0 0
Serbian 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Slovak 0 0 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0
Ukrainian 20 15 10
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 110 60 50
Irish 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 85 45 45
Welsh 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10
Germanic languages 275 150 120
Frisian 0 0 0
High German languages 175 90 85
German 165 90 75
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 10 0 10
Yiddish 0 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 75 50 20
Afrikaans 25 10 10
Dutch 55 40 10
Low German, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 0 0 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0
Scandinavian languages 25 15 10
Danish 15 10 10
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 0 0 0
Swedish 10 10 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0
Greek 45 20 25
Indo-Iranian languages 1,195 695 495
Indo-Aryan languages 1,170 680 490
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 35 25 15
Gujarati 100 70 35
Hindi 880 525 355
Kacchi 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0
Nepali 0 0 0
Oriya languages 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 640 370 270
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0
Urdu 90 40 50
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iranian languages 35 20 20
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 0 0 0
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 0 0 0
Persian languages 35 15 20
Dari 0 0 0
Iranian Persian 35 15 20
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 0 0 0
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0
Italic (Romance) languages 270 135 135
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 70 45 20
Portuguese 20 0 15
Romanian 0 0 0
Spanish 185 90 95
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 0 0 0
Korean 15 0 10
Mongolian 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 65 35 30
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0
Éwé 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 10 10 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0
Lingala 0 0 0
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Shona 0 0 0
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0
Swahili 0 0 0
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0
Yoruba 15 0 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
African, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Sign languages 65 20 45
American Sign Language 65 20 40
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages 430 210 215
Chinese languages 415 205 210
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 400 200 195
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0
Yue (Cantonese) 70 35 30
Chinese, n.o.s. 10 0 10
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 10 0 0
Burmese 0 0 0
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 0 0 0
Lao 0 0 0
Thai 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 10 0 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 10 0 0
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Uralic languages 20 10 10
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 0 0 0
Hungarian 15 10 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous population
Total - Indigenous identity for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 70,820 34,145 36,675
Indigenous identity45 7,445 3,620 3,825
Single Indigenous responses46 7,265 3,530 3,730
First Nations (North American Indian) 6,345 3,095 3,255
Métis 835 405 420
Inuk (Inuit) 80 30 55
Multiple Indigenous responses47 40 25 20
Indigenous responses not included elsewhere48 135 60 75
Non-Indigenous identity 63,380 30,525 32,850
Total - Registered or Treaty Indian status for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 70,820 34,145 36,675
Registered or Treaty Indian49 5,830 2,835 3,000
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 64,990 31,305 33,680
Household characteristics
Total - Private households by tenure - 25% sample data50 32,195 ... ...
Owner 21,425 ... ...
Renter 9,490 ... ...
Dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band 1,275 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by condominium status - 25% sample data51 32,195 ... ...
Condominium 505 ... ...
Not condominium 31,685 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of bedrooms - 25% sample data52 32,195 ... ...
No bedrooms 135 ... ...
1 bedroom 3,730 ... ...
2 bedrooms 8,755 ... ...
3 bedrooms 12,985 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 6,590 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of rooms - 25% sample data53 32,195 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 7,345 ... ...
5 rooms 5,885 ... ...
6 rooms 5,985 ... ...
7 rooms 4,685 ... ...
8 or more rooms 8,295 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 6.2 ... ...
Total - Private households by number of persons per room - 25% sample data54 32,195 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 31,905 ... ...
More than one person per room 290 ... ...
Total - Private households by housing suitability - 25% sample data55 32,195 ... ...
Suitable 30,835 ... ...
Not suitable 1,360 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by period of construction - 25% sample data56 32,195 ... ...
1960 or before 11,955 ... ...
1961 to 1980 9,445 ... ...
1981 to 1990 3,705 ... ...
1991 to 2000 3,145 ... ...
2001 to 2005 1,020 ... ...
2006 to 2010 950 ... ...
2011 to 2015 1,030 ... ...
2016 to 202157 940 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by dwelling condition - 25% sample data58 32,195 ... ...
Only regular maintenance and minor repairs needed 29,045 ... ...
Major repairs needed 3,145 ... ...
Total - Private households by number of household maintainers - 25% sample data59 32,195 ... ...
One-maintainer household 19,015 ... ...
Two-maintainer household 11,945 ... ...
Three-or-more-maintainer household 1,230 ... ...
Total - Private households by age of primary household maintainers - 25% sample data60 32,195 ... ...
15 to 24 years 800 ... ...
25 to 34 years 3,425 ... ...
35 to 44 years 4,015 ... ...
45 to 54 years 4,900 ... ...
55 to 64 years 7,200 ... ...
65 to 74 years 6,890 ... ...
75 to 84 years 3,700 ... ...
85 years and over 1,260 ... ...
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratio - 25% sample data61 30,425 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of income on shelter costs 25,405 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs 5,025 ... ...
30% to less than 100% 4,635 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by housing indicators - 25% sample data62 32,195 ... ...
Total - Households 'spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' or 'not suitable' or 'major repairs needed' 8,635 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs only 4,290 ... ...
Not suitable only 1,090 ... ...
Major repairs needed only 2,370 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' 115 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'major repairs needed' 615 ... ...
'Not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 150 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 10 ... ...
Acceptable housing 23,560 ... ...
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero and shelter-cost-to-income ratio less than 100%, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data63 30,035 ... ...
In core need 2,735 ... ...
Not in core need 27,300 ... ...
Total - Owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 21,125 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgage64 45.2 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 9.3 ... ...
% in core housing need63 4.8 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 680 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 866 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)66 160,000 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)66 185,400 ... ...
Total - Tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 9,335 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housing67 23.7 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 32.8 ... ...
% in core housing need63 18.9 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 800 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 829 ... ...
Total - Households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band in non-farm private dwellings - 25% sample data 1,275 ... ...
% of households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band spending more than 30% on shelter costs61 5.9 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 204 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 280 ... ...
Indigenous ancestry
Total - Indigenous ancestry for the population in private households - 25% sample data68 70,825 34,145 36,680
Indigenous ancestry (only)69 5,420 2,635 2,790
Single Indigenous ancestry (only)70 5,410 2,635 2,780
First Nations (North American Indian) single ancestry 5,245 2,555 2,690
Métis single ancestry 135 60 70
Inuit single ancestry 30 15 15
Multiple Indigenous ancestries (only)71 10 0 10
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis ancestry only 10 0 10
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
Métis and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries72 2,830 1,380 1,445
Single Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries73 2,795 1,365 1,430
First Nations (North American Indian) and non-Indigenous ancestry only 2,135 1,035 1,095
Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 595 310 290
Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 65 25 40
Multiple Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries74 35 15 20
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 35 15 20
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 0 0
Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 0 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous ancestry only75 62,570 30,130 32,445
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample data76 70,825 34,145 36,680
Canadian citizens77 68,170 32,670 35,495
Canadian citizens aged under 18 12,000 6,170 5,830
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 56,170 26,500 29,675
Not Canadian citizens78 2,655 1,475 1,180
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample data79 70,825 34,145 36,680
Non-immigrants80 66,960 32,070 34,885
Immigrants81 1,935 985 950
Before 1980 680 335 335
1980 to 1990 135 70 70
1991 to 2000 150 60 90
2001 to 2010 335 160 180
2011 to 202182 625 355 270
2011 to 2015 245 115 130
2016 to 2021 380 240 140
Non-permanent residents83 1,930 1,090 840
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data84 1,930 980 955
Under 5 years 270 140 130
5 to 14 years 285 150 140
15 to 24 years 375 190 180
25 to 44 years 870 425 440
45 years and over 130 75 55
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data85 1,930 980 955
Americas 540 270 270
Brazil 0 0 0
Colombia 10 0 10
El Salvador 0 0 0
Guyana 0 0 0
Haiti 0 0 0
Jamaica 20 20 0
Mexico 0 0 0
Peru 0 0 0
Trinidad and Tobago 10 10 0
United States of America 440 210 230
Other places of birth in Americas 40 25 10
Europe 570 285 280
Bosnia and Herzegovina 0 0 0
Croatia 0 0 0
France 10 10 0
Germany 90 30 60
Greece 10 0 0
Hungary 15 10 0
Italy 25 20 10
Netherlands 50 45 0
Poland 15 0 15
Portugal 0 0 0
Romania 0 0 0
Russian Federation 10 0 0
Serbia86 0 0 0
Ukraine 0 0 0
United Kingdom87 260 130 135
Other places of birth in Europe 75 30 40
Africa 180 105 80
Algeria 0 0 0
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 10 0 0
Egypt 30 20 10
Eritrea 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Morocco 25 10 10
Nigeria 40 15 20
Somalia 0 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 30 20 10
Other places of birth in Africa 50 35 15
Asia 620 300 315
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Iran88 25 10 10
Iraq 0 0 0
Lebanon 0 0 0
Syria89 0 0 0
Turkey 10 0 0
China90 135 60 70
Hong Kong91 0 0 0
Korea, South92 0 0 0
Taiwan 0 0 0
Philippines 190 95 100
Viet Nam 35 15 20
Bangladesh 0 0 0
India 100 50 45
Pakistan 35 20 15
Sri Lanka 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 75 35 35
Oceania and other places of birth93 25 15 10
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data94 380 245 140
Americas 45 40 0
Brazil 0 0 0
Colombia 0 0 0
Haiti 0 0 0
Jamaica 10 10 0
Mexico 0 0 0
United States of America 15 10 0
Venezuela95 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 0 0 0
Europe 60 40 15
France 0 0 0
Germany 25 10 10
Ireland96 10 10 0
Italy 0 0 0
Russian Federation 0 0 0
Ukraine 0 0 0
United Kingdom87 15 10 0
Other places of birth in Europe 0 0 0
Africa 25 15 15
Algeria 0 0 0
Burundi 0 0 0
Cameroon 0 0 0
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 0 0 0
Côte d'Ivoire 0 0 0
Egypt 0 0 0
Eritrea 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Morocco 0 0 0
Nigeria 20 10 10
Somalia 0 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0
Sudan97 0 0 0
Tunisia 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 0 0 0
Asia 245 140 100
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Bangladesh 0 0 0
China90 55 30 25
Hong Kong91 0 0 0
India 55 40 15
Iran88 0 0 0
Iraq 0 0 0
Israel 0 0 0
Japan 0 0 0
Jordan 0 0 0
Korea, South92 0 0 0
Lebanon 0 0 0
Nepal 0 0 0
Pakistan 0 0 0
Philippines 90 60 35
Saudi Arabia 0 0 0
Sri Lanka 0 0 0
Syria89 0 0 0
Turkey 0 0 0
United Arab Emirates 0 0 0
Viet Nam 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 10 0 0
Oceania and other93 10 10 0
Australia 10 10 0
Other places of birth98 0 0 0
Generation status
Total - Generation status for the population in private households - 25% sample data99 70,820 34,145 36,675
First generation100 4,270 2,250 2,020
Second generation101 3,535 1,720 1,810
Third generation or more102 63,020 30,175 32,845
Admission category and applicant type
Total - Admission category and applicant type for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data103 1,255 640 610
Economic immigrants104 760 415 345
Principal applicants105 390 250 140
Secondary applicants106 370 165 205
Immigrants sponsored by family107 420 190 230
Refugees108 75 40 35
Other immigrants109 0 0 0
Pre-admission experience
Total - Pre-admission experience for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data110 1,255 640 610
Asylum claim before admission111 25 10 10
Work permits only before admission112 295 180 120
Study permits only before admission113 90 55 35
Work and study permits before admission114 120 65 50
Other permits before admission115 0 0 0
No pre-admission experience116 725 335 390
Visible minority
Total - Visible minority for the population in private households - 25% sample data117 70,820 34,145 36,675
Total visible minority population118 3,980 2,115 1,865
South Asian 1,670 965 710
Chinese 545 270 280
Black 895 475 415
Filipino 330 150 185
Arab 175 100 75
Latin American 50 15 30
Southeast Asian 130 45 85
West Asian 50 30 20
Korean 15 0 15
Japanese 0 0 0
Visible minority, n.i.e.119 35 25 15
Multiple visible minorities 55 25 30
Not a visible minority120 66,840 32,030 34,815
Ethnic or cultural origin
Total - Ethnic or cultural origin for the population in private households - 25% sample data121 70,825 34,145 36,675
Canadian 10,505 5,055 5,445
English 13,895 6,535 7,355
Irish 15,480 7,270 8,210
Scottish 26,320 12,475 13,845
French, n.o.s.122 9,165 4,330 4,830
German 2,125 1,030 1,095
Chinese 510 240 265
Italian 2,295 1,095 1,200
Indian (India) 1,100 615 490
Ukrainian 930 435 495
Dutch 910 435 475
Polish 1,260 645 615
Québécois 25 15 15
British Isles, n.o.s.123 885 460 425
Filipino 280 125 150
French Canadian 265 125 140
Caucasian (White), n.o.s.124 3,250 1,520 1,730
First Nations (North American Indian), n.o.s.125 1,645 825 825
Métis 775 385 390
European, n.o.s.126 1,985 965 1,020
Russian 210 85 120
Norwegian 295 105 190
Welsh 1,105 520 585
Portuguese 95 50 45
American 210 75 135
Spanish 290 140 155
Swedish 195 90 110
Hungarian 305 165 145
Acadian 1,725 810 915
Pakistani 65 35 35
African, n.o.s.127 280 165 115
Jewish 120 60 60
Punjabi 170 125 45
Vietnamese 90 25 65
Arab, n.o.s.128 45 30 15
Greek 205 95 110
Jamaican 50 45 0
Asian, n.o.s.129 255 150 105
Cree, n.o.s.130 105 35 75
Korean 20 0 20
Romanian 145 90 55
Lebanese 680 385 290
Iranian 20 0 15
Christian, n.i.e.131 220 95 125
Danish 190 60 130
North American Indigenous, n.o.s.132 605 290 315
Sikh 135 100 35
Austrian 170 100 70
Belgian 315 145 165
Haitian 0 0 0
Hindu 150 90 60
Mexican 20 10 15
Mennonite 0 0 0
Swiss 60 15 45
Finnish 55 15 35
Sri Lankan 0 0 0
Croatian 30 10 20
Japanese 0 0 0
South Asian, n.o.s.133 45 15 30
Mi'kmaq, n.o.s.134 4,935 2,390 2,545
Northern European, n.o.s.135 160 70 90
Muslim 0 0 0
Egyptian 50 35 20
Latin, Central or South American, n.o.s.136 0 0 0
Tamil 0 0 0
Icelandic 20 10 15
Colombian 20 0 20
Moroccan 0 0 0
Czech 70 30 40
Syrian 100 75 25
Guyanese 25 0 25
Afghan 0 0 0
Black, n.o.s.137 125 65 60
Serbian 10 0 0
Ojibway 70 25 40
Newfoundlander 885 425 455
Hong Konger 0 0 0
Ontarian 50 15 35
Persian 0 0 0
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 0 0 0
Turkish 0 0 0
Inuit, n.o.s.138 100 45 55
Bangladeshi 25 15 10
Algerian 0 0 0
Brazilian 15 0 15
Nigerian 35 10 30
Armenian 0 0 0
Slovak 35 0 25
Eastern European, n.o.s.139 55 20 35
Somali 0 0 0
Taiwanese 20 0 20
Iraqi 0 0 0
Salvadorean 0 0 0
African Caribbean 0 0 0
East or Southeast Asian, n.o.s.140 0 0 0
West or Central Asian or Middle Eastern, n.o.s.141 40 15 25
Caribbean, n.o.s.142 35 15 20
Algonquin 10 0 0
West Indian, n.o.s.143 45 30 20
Lithuanian 145 75 75
South African 15 10 0
Australian 15 10 0
Palestinian 0 0 0
Chilean 0 0 0
Congolese 0 0 0
Nova Scotian 1,340 675 665
Ethiopian 10 0 10
Hispanic, n.o.s.144 0 0 0