Census Profile, 2021 Census of Population
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Topic:
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Age
Age characteristics
Commuting
Select all: Commuting
Commuting destination
Commuting duration
Main mode of commuting
Place of work status
Time leaving for work
Education
Select all: Education
Highest certificate, diploma or degree
Location of study compared with province or territory of residence
Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2021
Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificate
Ethnocultural and religious diversity
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Ethnic or cultural origin
Religion
Visible minority
Families, households, and marital status
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Family characteristics
Household type
Marital status
Housing
Household characteristics
Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
Select all: Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
Admission category and applicant type
Age at immigration
Citizenship
Generation status
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Pre-admission experience
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Income
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Income of economic families in 2020
Income of households in 2020
Income of individuals in 2019
Income of individuals in 2020
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Indigenous peoples
Select all: Indigenous peoples
Indigenous ancestry
Indigenous population
Instruction in the minority official language
Select all: Instruction in the minority official language
Children eligible for instruction in the minority official language
Eligibility and instruction in the minority official language for school-aged children
Labour
Select all: Labour
Class of worker including job permanency
Industry - Sectors - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2017
Labour force status
Occupation - Broad category - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2021
Work activity during the reference year
Language
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All languages spoken at home
First official language spoken
Knowledge of languages
Knowledge of official languages
Language spoken most often at home
Mother tongue
Other language spoken regularly at home
Language of work
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All languages used at work
Language used most often at work
Other language(s) used regularly at work
Mobility and migration
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Mobility status 1 year ago
Mobility status 5 years ago
Population and dwelling counts
Population and dwellings
Type of dwelling
Household and dwelling characteristics
GenderMore information:


Statistic:
Characteristic SummersideMore information:
Prince Edward Island
[Census agglomeration]
Counts
Total Men+ Women+
Population and dwellings
Population, 20211 18,157 ... ...
Population, 20161 16,831r ... ...
Population percentage change, 2016 to 2021 7.9 ... ...
Total private dwellings2 8,342 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residents3 7,953 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 145.1 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 125.12 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups of the population - 100% data 18,160 8,680 9,480
0 to 14 years 2,700 1,410 1,290
0 to 4 years 745 395 355
5 to 9 years 955 505 455
10 to 14 years 1,005 520 485
15 to 64 years 11,160 5,390 5,765
15 to 19 years 995 500 495
20 to 24 years 1,175 640 530
25 to 29 years 915 480 435
30 to 34 years 970 485 495
35 to 39 years 1,010 460 550
40 to 44 years 1,010 475 535
45 to 49 years 1,135 540 595
50 to 54 years 1,140 535 600
55 to 59 years 1,440 675 765
60 to 64 years 1,365 595 765
65 years and over 4,295 1,875 2,420
65 to 69 years 1,240 575 665
70 to 74 years 1,145 530 615
75 to 79 years 775 315 460
80 to 84 years 575 240 340
85 years and over 560 215 345
85 to 89 years 380 150 235
90 to 94 years 125 40 85
95 to 99 years 45 20 25
100 years and over 5 0 5
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 14.9 16.2 13.6
15 to 64 years 61.5 62.1 60.8
65 years and over 23.7 21.6 25.5
85 years and over 3.1 2.5 3.6
Average age of the population 44.6 42.8 46.2
Median age of the population 46.4 44.0 48.4
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% data 7,950 ... ...
Single-detached house 4,210 ... ...
Semi-detached house 760 ... ...
Row house 785 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 265 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 1,365 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 35 ... ...
Other single-attached house 10 ... ...
Movable dwelling4 520 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% data 7,955 ... ...
1 person 2,585 ... ...
2 persons 3,005 ... ...
3 persons 1,075 ... ...
4 persons 825 ... ...
5 or more persons 460 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 17,670 8,455 9,215
Average household size 2.2 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the total population aged 15 years and over - 100% data 15,455 7,265 8,190
Married or living common-law 8,465 4,210 4,255
Married 6,875 3,425 3,450
Living common-law 1,590 780 805
Living common law - Never married 1,030 495 535
Living common law - Separated 130 75 55
Living common law - Divorced 365 190 175
Living common law - Widowed 65 25 40
Not married and not living common-law 6,990 3,055 3,935
Not married and not living common law - Never married 4,210 2,240 1,965
Not married and not living common law - Separated 540 200 335
Not married and not living common law - Divorced 1,065 380 685
Not married and not living common law - Widowed 1,175 230 945
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% data5 5,050 ... ...
2 persons 2,950 ... ...
3 persons 985 ... ...
4 persons 750 ... ...
5 or more persons 365 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.7 ... ...
Average number of children in census families with children6 1.8 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% data 5,050 ... ...
Total couple families 4,110 ... ...
Married couples 3,320 ... ...
With children6 1,375 ... ...
Without children 1,945 ... ...
Common-law couples 790 ... ...
With children6 335 ... ...
Without children 460 ... ...
Total one-parent families 935 ... ...
in which the parent is a woman+ 735 ... ...
in which the parent is a man+ 200 ... ...
Total - Persons in private households - 100% data 17,675 8,455 9,215
Total - Persons in census families 13,830 6,785 7,050
Married spouses or common-law partners 8,220 4,090 4,135
Parents in one-parent families 935 200 740
Children6 4,665 2,495 2,175
In a two-parent family 3,195 1,695 1,505
In a one-parent family 1,470 805 670
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 3,845 1,675 2,170
Living alone 2,590 980 1,610
Living with other relatives7 340 160 175
Living with non-relatives only 920 535 385
Household type
Total - Household type - 100% data 7,950 ... ...
One-census-family households without additional persons 4,655 ... ...
Couple-family households 3,860 ... ...
With children6 1,605 ... ...
Without children 2,260 ... ...
One-parent-family households 790 ... ...
Multigenerational households8 110 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households9 25 ... ...
One-census-family households with additional persons9 185 ... ...
Two-or-more-person non-census-family households 395 ... ...
One-person households 2,585 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2020
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data10 14,975 7,045 7,935
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 14,535 6,805 7,740
Median total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 36,800 40,400 33,600
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 14,540 6,805 7,740
Median after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 32,800 35,200 30,600
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 12,635 6,125 6,520
Median market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 29,200 34,000 25,200
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 10,145 5,065 5,075
Median employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 31,400 35,200 28,200
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 12,000 5,315 6,690
Median government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 13,000 12,400 13,400
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 2,685 1,300 1,390
Median employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 6,850 7,500 6,320
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 3,700 1,700 2,000
Median COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 7,500 7,000 8,000
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data11 14,980 7,040 7,935
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 14,570 6,815 7,760
Average total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 43,240 47,920 39,120
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 14,570 6,815 7,760
Average after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 36,560 39,440 34,000
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 12,715 6,100 6,610
Average market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 37,280 43,000 32,000
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 10,145 5,050 5,090
Average employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 37,960 42,040 33,920
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 12,130 5,375 6,760
Average government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 12,840 11,930 13,580
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 2,720 1,290 1,430
Average employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 7,950 8,440 7,510
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 3,720 1,625 2,100
Average COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 8,130 8,030 8,210
Total - Employment income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data12 14,975 7,045 7,935
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 4,855 2,660 2,190
Median employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 50,000 51,600 48,000
Average employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 57,000 59,850 53,550
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 4,220 1,880 2,345
Median employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 15,300 16,600 14,400
Average employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 22,080 24,760 19,940
Composition of total income in 2020 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data17 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)18 75.2 80.4 69.8
Employment income (%)19 61.1 65.0 56.9
Government transfers (%)20 24.8 19.6 30.2
Employment insurance benefits (%) 3.4 3.3 3.5
COVID-19 - Government income support and benefits (%) 5.9 4.7 7.1
COVID-19 - Emergency and recovery benefits (%) 4.8 4.0 5.7
Total - Total income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data21 14,980 7,045 7,935
Without total income 435 240 200
With total income 14,540 6,800 7,735
Under $10,000 (including loss) 1,040 455 585
$10,000 to $19,999 1,835 685 1,150
$20,000 to $29,999 2,745 1,145 1,600
$30,000 to $39,999 2,380 1,080 1,300
$40,000 to $49,999 2,150 1,040 1,115
$50,000 to $59,999 1,525 765 760
$60,000 to $69,999 980 535 440
$70,000 to $79,999 610 355 255
$80,000 to $89,999 390 205 185
$90,000 to $99,999 305 155 155
$100,000 and over 580 380 205
$100,000 to $149,999 420 265 155
$150,000 and over 160 120 45
Total - After-tax income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data22 14,980 7,045 7,935
Without after-tax income 435 240 200
With after-tax income 14,540 6,800 7,735
Under $10,000 (including loss) 1,085 465 620
$10,000 to $19,999 1,960 745 1,215
$20,000 to $29,999 3,355 1,440 1,920
$30,000 to $39,999 2,905 1,385 1,520
$40,000 to $49,999 2,230 1,120 1,110
$50,000 to $59,999 1,320 690 635
$60,000 to $69,999 705 400 300
$70,000 to $79,999 420 200 220
$80,000 to $89,999 210 125 85
$90,000 to $99,999 105 70 35
$100,000 and over 240 165 75
$100,000 to $124,999 120 80 45
$125,000 and over 120 90 35
Total - Employment income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data19 14,980 7,045 7,935
Without employment income 4,835 1,975 2,860
With employment income 10,140 5,070 5,075
Under $5,000 (including loss) 1,275 575 700
$5,000 to $9,999 935 395 540
$10,000 to $19,999 1,425 655 770
$20,000 to $29,999 1,225 580 650
$30,000 to $39,999 1,215 605 605
$40,000 to $49,999 1,175 615 560
$50,000 to $59,999 930 510 420
$60,000 to $69,999 620 350 270
$70,000 to $79,999 415 245 170
$80,000 to $89,999 295 140 155
$90,000 to $99,999 225 110 115
$100,000 and over 400 275 120
$100,000 to $124,999 215 140 75
$125,000 and over 190 140 45
Income of individuals in 2019
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data23 14,975 7,045 7,935
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 14,345 6,705 7,640
Median total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 33,600 37,600 30,200
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 14,355 6,710 7,645
Median after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 30,200 33,200 27,400
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 12,690 6,125 6,560
Median market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 28,800 33,200 24,800
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 10,405 5,145 5,265
Median employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 30,000 34,000 26,800
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 10,855 4,650 6,200
Median government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 10,100 9,300 10,600
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 -100% data 2,550 1,220 1,325
Median employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 7,300 7,950 6,650
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data24 14,980 7,040 7,935
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 14,340 6,710 7,635
Average total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 40,360 44,720 36,520
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 14,350 6,710 7,645
Average after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 34,200 37,280 31,480
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 12,735 6,160 6,580
Average market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 36,560 41,160 32,240
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 10,475 5,150 5,325
Average employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 36,960 41,320 32,760
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 10,845 4,630 6,220
Average government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 10,430 10,040 10,720
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 2,525 1,190 1,335
Average employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 8,030 8,900 7,260
Total - Employment income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data25 14,975 7,045 7,935
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 4,820 2,635 2,190
Median employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 47,600 49,600 44,400
Average employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 53,950 57,250 50,000
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 4,025 1,805 2,220
Median employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 18,600 19,800 17,600
Average employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 25,280 27,680 23,300
Composition of total income in 2019 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%) 80.4 84.6 76.0
Employment income (%) 66.8 71.0 62.6
Government transfers (%) 19.6 15.5 23.9
Employment insurance benefits (%) 3.5 3.5 3.5
Income of households in 2020
Total - Income statistics for private households - 100% data26 7,955 ... ...
Median total income of household in 2020 ($) 64,500 ... ...
Median after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 57,200 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 100% data 2,585 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 32,400 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 29,800 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 100% data 5,365 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 85,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 74,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for private households - 25% sample data27 7,955 ... ...
Average total income of household in 2020 ($) 79,200 ... ...
Average after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 67,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 25% sample data 2,585 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 38,280 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 33,320 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 25% sample data 5,365 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 98,900 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 83,200 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data21 7,955 ... ...
Under $5,000 50 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 45 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 125 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 180 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 560 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 370 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 395 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 405 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 420 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 400 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 715 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 670 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 585 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 505 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 455 ... ...
$100,000 and over 2,080 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 835 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 490 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 460 ... ...
$200,000 and over 295 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data22 7,955 ... ...
Under $5,000 55 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 45 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 130 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 195 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 605 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 465 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 435 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 520 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 485 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 445 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 815 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 730 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 635 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 550 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 445 ... ...
$100,000 and over 1,385 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 675 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 340 ... ...
$150,000 and over 375 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2020
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 100% data28 5,055 ... ...
Median total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 84,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 73,500 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.8 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 100% data 2,295 ... ...
Median total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 76,500 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 66,500 ... ...
Average family size of couple-only economic families 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 100% data 1,720 ... ...
Median total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 116,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 99,000 ... ...
Average family size of couple-with-children economic families 4.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 895 ... ...
Median total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 56,800 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 53,200 ... ...
Average family size of one-parent economic families 2.7 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% data29 3,510 1,510 2,000
Median total income in 2020 ($)30 32,400 34,400 30,600
Median after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 29,400 31,000 28,600
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 25% sample data31 5,035 ... ...
Average total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 99,000 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 83,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 25% sample data 2,290 ... ...
Average total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 86,600 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 71,800 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 25% sample data 1,745 ... ...
Average total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 133,000 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 110,300 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 875 ... ...
Average total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 65,400 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 58,600 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample data32 3,525 1,495 2,030
Average total income in 2020 ($)30 37,200 38,320 36,400
Average after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 32,520 33,080 32,080
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Total - LIM low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households - 100% data33 17,670 8,455 9,220
0 to 17 years 3,315 1,735 1,580
0 to 5 years 915 475 445
18 to 64 years 10,390 4,970 5,420
65 years and over 3,965 1,750 2,215
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 2,775 1,155 1,615
0 to 17 years 595 305 290
0 to 5 years 185 100 85
18 to 64 years 1,235 525 710
65 years and over 940 325 615
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 15.7 13.7 17.5
0 to 17 years (%) 18.0 17.8 18.4
0 to 5 years (%) 20.2 21.2 18.8
18 to 64 years (%) 11.9 10.6 13.1
65 years and over (%) 23.7 18.6 27.8
Total - LICO low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households to whom the low-income concept is applicable - 100% data33 17,675 8,455 9,215
0 to 17 years 3,315 1,730 1,585
0 to 5 years 915 470 445
18 to 64 years 10,390 4,970 5,415
65 years and over 3,970 1,755 2,220
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 645 310 335
0 to 17 years 110 60 55
0 to 5 years 25 10 15
18 to 64 years 490 240 250
65 years and over 40 10 30
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 3.7 3.7 3.7
0 to 17 years (%) 3.5 3.3 3.5
0 to 5 years (%) 3.0 2.8 3.2
18 to 64 years (%) 4.8 4.8 4.7
65 years and over (%) 1.0 0.7 1.3
Total - Adjusted after-tax economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% data34The letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice. 17,670 8,455 9,220
In bottom half of the distribution 11,775 5,545 6,235
In bottom decile 2,330 1,010 1,325
In second decile 2,700 1,215 1,480
In third decile 2,445 1,175 1,270
In fourth decile 2,255 1,110 1,145
In fifth decile 2,050 1,030 1,015
In top half of the distribution 5,895 2,910 2,980
In sixth decile 1,680 805 875
In seventh decile 1,565 770 795
In eighth decile 1,225 615 610
In ninth decile 795 405 395
In top decile 630 320 310
Total - Inequality measures for the population in private households - 100% data35 17,675 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household total income 0.300 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household market income 0.448 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household after-tax income 0.262 ... ...
P90/P10 ratio on adjusted household after-tax income 3.2 ... ...
Knowledge of official languages
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data36 17,905 8,575 9,325
English only 15,475 7,510 7,960
French only 25 10 10
English and French 2,380 1,040 1,340
Neither English nor French 35 20 15
First official language spoken
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data37 17,905 8,575 9,325
English 17,160 8,245 8,910
French 675 300 380
English and French 40 15 25
Neither English nor French 30 15 10
Mother tongue
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data38 17,905 8,575 9,325
Single responses 17,500 8,375 9,125
Official languages 16,315 7,750 8,565
English 15,575 7,420 8,155
French 745 325 415
Non-official languages 1,180 630 555
Indigenous languages39 0 0 5
Algonquian languages 0 0 5
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 0 0 0
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0 0 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 0 0 0
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 1,185 625 555
Afro-Asiatic languages 35 20 15
Berber languages 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 0 0 0
Hausa 0 0 0
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 0 0 0
Bilen 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 35 20 15
Amharic 0 0 0
Arabic 30 20 15
Aramaic languages 0 0 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 0 0 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 65 35 30
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 65 35 30
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 325 150 175
Bikol 0 0 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Cebuano 0 0 0
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0
Ilocano 10 0 5
Indonesian 0 0 0
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 305 140 165
Waray-Waray 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0
Creole languages 0 0 0
Haitian Creole 0 0 0
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 0 0 0
Morisyen 0 0 0
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Dravidian languages 40 25 15
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 25 15 5
Tamil 10 5 5
Telugu 5 5 0
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 545 305 235
Albanian 25 15 10
Armenian 0 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 25 10 15
Baltic languages 0 0 0
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Slavic languages 25 10 15
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 0 0 0
Czech 0 0 0
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 5 5 0
Russian 5 0 0
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 10 0 5
Bosnian 5 0 5
Croatian 0 0 0
Serbian 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Slovak 0 0 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0
Ukrainian 0 0 0
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 0 0 0
Irish 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0
Welsh 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 40 20 20
Frisian 0 0 0
High German languages 20 10 10
German 20 10 10
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 0 0 0
Yiddish 0 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 15 10 10
Afrikaans 0 0 0
Dutch 20 5 10
Low German, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 0 0 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0
Scandinavian languages 5 5 5
Danish 5 0 5
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 0 0 0
Swedish 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Greek 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages 365 220 145
Indo-Aryan languages 360 215 145
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 0 0 0
Gujarati 10 5 5
Hindi 25 15 10
Kacchi 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0
Nepali 0 0 0
Oriya languages 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 315 190 125
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0
Urdu 5 0 0
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iranian languages 5 5 5
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 0 0 0
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 0 0 0
Persian languages 5 5 5
Dari 0 0 0
Iranian Persian 5 5 5
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 0 0 0
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 85 45 45
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 5 5 5
Portuguese 20 10 15
Romanian 5 5 5
Spanish 45 25 20
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 5 0 5
Korean 15 10 5
Mongolian 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 5 0 5
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0
Éwé 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0
Lingala 0 0 0
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Shona 0 0 0
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0
Swahili 0 0 0
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
African, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Sign languages 5 5 0
American Sign Language 5 5 0
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages 140 65 70
Chinese languages 140 65 70
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 45 20 25
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0
Yue (Cantonese) 85 45 45
Chinese, n.o.s. 5 0 0
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0
Burmese 0 0 0
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 0 0 0
Lao 0 0 0
Thai 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 0 0 0
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Uralic languages 5 0 0
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 0 0 0
Hungarian 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Multiple responses 405 205 205
English and French 170 75 95
English and non-official language(s) 215 115 100
French and non-official language(s) 5 0 0
English, French and non-official language(s) 5 5 0
Multiple non-official languages 10 5 10
All languages spoken at home
Total - All languages spoken at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data40 17,905 8,575 9,325
English 16,025 7,620 8,405
French 180 75 105
Non-official language 390 235 160
Indigenous39 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous 390 235 160
English and French 365 155 210
English and non-official language(s) 885 460 420
French and non-official language(s) 5 5 5
English, French and non-official language(s) 15 5 10
Multiple non-official languages 30 10 15
Language spoken most often at home
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data41 17,905 8,575 9,325
Single responses 17,645 8,445 9,200
Official languages 16,820 8,000 8,825
English 16,560 7,895 8,670
French 260 105 150
Non-official languages 825 445 375
Indigenous languages39 0 0 0
Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 0 0 0
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0 0 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 0 0 0
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 825 445 375
Afro-Asiatic languages 10 5 5
Berber languages 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 0 0 0
Hausa 0 0 0
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 0 0 0
Bilen 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 10 5 5
Amharic 0 0 0
Arabic 10 5 5
Aramaic languages 0 0 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 0 0 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 70 40 35
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 70 40 35
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 225 110 115
Bikol 0 0 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Cebuano 0 0 0
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0
Ilocano 0 0 0
Indonesian 0 0 0
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 215 105 110
Waray-Waray 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5
Creole languages 0 0 0
Haitian Creole 0 0 0
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 0 0 0
Morisyen 0 0 0
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Dravidian languages 15 5 10
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 15 0 10
Tamil 0 0 0
Telugu 0 0 0
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 360 215 145
Albanian 15 10 5
Armenian 0 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 10 5 5
Baltic languages 0 0 0
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Slavic languages 10 5 5
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 0 0 0
Czech 0 0 0
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 0 0 0
Russian 0 0 0
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 5
Bosnian 5 0 5
Croatian 0 0 0
Serbian 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Slovak 0 0 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0
Ukrainian 0 0 0
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 0 0 0
Irish 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0
Welsh 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 10 5 0
Frisian 0 0 0
High German languages 5 5 0
German 5 5 0
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 0 0 0
Yiddish 0 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 5 0 0
Afrikaans 0 0 0
Dutch 0 0 0
Low German, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 0 0 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0
Scandinavian languages 0 0 0
Danish 0 0 0
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 0 0 0
Swedish 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Greek 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages 285 180 105
Indo-Aryan languages 275 180 100
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 0 0 0
Gujarati 5 0 5
Hindi 15 10 5
Kacchi 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0
Nepali 0 0 0
Oriya languages 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 255 165 90
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0
Urdu 0 0 0
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iranian languages 10 5 5
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 0 0 0
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 0 0 0
Persian languages 10 5 5
Dari 0 0 0
Iranian Persian 10 5 5
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 0 0 0
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 50 20 25
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 0 0 0
Portuguese 20 10 10
Romanian 0 0 0
Spanish 30 15 20
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 5 0 5
Korean 10 5 5
Mongolian 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 0 0 0
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0
Éwé 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0
Lingala 0 0 0
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Shona 0 0 0
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0
Swahili 0 0 0
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
African, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Sign languages 5 5 5
American Sign Language 5 0 5
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages 115 60 60
Chinese languages 115 60 60
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 40 20 15
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0
Yue (Cantonese) 75 40 40
Chinese, n.o.s. 5 0 0
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0
Burmese 0 0 0
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 0 0 0
Lao 0 0 0
Thai 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 0 0 0
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Uralic languages 0 0 0
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 0 0 0
Hungarian 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Multiple responses 260 130 125
English and French 50 15 35
English and non-official language(s) 195 105 85
French and non-official language(s) 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language(s) 0 0 0
Multiple non-official languages 5 0 0
Other language spoken regularly at home
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data42 17,905 8,575 9,330
None 16,835 8,045 8,790
English 430 205 220
French 245 110 130
Non-official language 305 160 145
Indigenous39 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous 305 160 140
English and French 5 0 0
English and non-official language(s) 45 20 30
French and non-official language(s) 5 5 0
English, French and non-official language(s) 0 0 0
Multiple non-official languages 40 25 15
Knowledge of languagesThe letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice.
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample data43 17,675 8,455 9,220
Official languages 17,660 8,450 9,215
English 17,640 8,435 9,205
French 2,380 1,030 1,350
Non-official languages 1,620 805 815
Indigenous languages39 0 0 0
Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 0 0 0
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0 0 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 0 0 0
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 1,620 805 815
Afro-Asiatic languages 80 40 40
Berber languages 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 0 0 0
Hausa 0 0 0
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 0 0 0
Bilen 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 80 40 40
Amharic 0 0 0
Arabic 75 40 35
Aramaic languages 0 0 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 0 0 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 105 65 40
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 105 65 40
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 360 150 210
Bikol 0 0 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Cebuano 10 0 10
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0
Ilocano 0 0 0
Indonesian 0 0 0
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 355 150 210
Waray-Waray 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Creole languages 0 0 0
Haitian Creole 0 0 0
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 0 0 0
Morisyen 0 0 0
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Dravidian languages 50 40 10
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 30 20 10
Tamil 0 0 0
Telugu 15 15 0
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 820 405 410
Albanian 90 50 40
Armenian 0 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 40 20 20
Baltic languages 0 0 0
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Slavic languages 40 20 20
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 0 0 0
Czech 15 0 10
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 0 0 0
Russian 15 0 10
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 10 10 0
Bosnian 0 0 0
Croatian 10 10 0
Serbian 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Slovak 0 0 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0
Ukrainian 0 0 0
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 0 0 0
Irish 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0
Welsh 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 120 50 70
Frisian 0 0 0
High German languages 60 25 35
German 60 25 35
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 0 0 0
Yiddish 0 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 65 35 35
Afrikaans 25 0 20
Dutch 50 30 15
Low German, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 0 0 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0
Scandinavian languages 0 0 0
Danish 0 0 0
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 0 0 0
Swedish 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Greek 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages 425 215 210
Indo-Aryan languages 425 215 210
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 0 0 0
Gujarati 10 0 10
Hindi 235 110 120
Kacchi 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0
Nepali 0 0 0
Oriya languages 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 400 205 190
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0
Urdu 10 10 0
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iranian languages 0 0 0
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 0 0 0
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 0 0 0
Persian languages 0 0 0
Dari 0 0 0
Iranian Persian 0 0 0
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 0 0 0
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 175 95 80
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 25 10 15
Portuguese 30 15 15
Romanian 0 0 0
Spanish 110 65 45
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 30 10 20
Korean 0 0 0
Mongolian 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 0 0 0
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0
Éwé 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0
Lingala 0 0 0
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Shona 0 0 0
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0
Swahili 0 0 0
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
African, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Sign languages 20 10 10
American Sign Language 20 10 10
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages 155 80 75
Chinese languages 155 80 75
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 50 15 40
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0
Yue (Cantonese) 100 50 45
Chinese, n.o.s. 25 10 10
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0
Burmese 0 0 0
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 0 0 0
Lao 0 0 0
Thai 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 0 0 0
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Uralic languages 15 10 0
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 0 0 0
Hungarian 15 10 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous population
Total - Indigenous identity for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 17,675 8,455 9,220
Indigenous identity45 345 165 180
Single Indigenous responses46 310 150 165
First Nations (North American Indian) 140 70 65
Métis 110 50 60
Inuk (Inuit) 60 30 30
Multiple Indigenous responses47 10 0 0
Indigenous responses not included elsewhere48 20 10 15
Non-Indigenous identity 17,330 8,295 9,040
Total - Registered or Treaty Indian status for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 17,675 8,455 9,220
Registered or Treaty Indian49 120 50 65
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 17,550 8,405 9,150
Household characteristics
Total - Private households by tenure - 25% sample data50 7,955 ... ...
Owner 4,510 ... ...
Renter 3,445 ... ...
Dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band 0 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by condominium status - 25% sample data51 7,955 ... ...
Condominium 210 ... ...
Not condominium 7,745 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of bedrooms - 25% sample data52 7,955 ... ...
No bedrooms 20 ... ...
1 bedroom 955 ... ...
2 bedrooms 2,575 ... ...
3 bedrooms 2,670 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 1,730 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of rooms - 25% sample data53 7,955 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 2,290 ... ...
5 rooms 1,460 ... ...
6 rooms 1,195 ... ...
7 rooms 885 ... ...
8 or more rooms 2,120 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 6.1 ... ...
Total - Private households by number of persons per room - 25% sample data54 7,955 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 7,865 ... ...
More than one person per room 90 ... ...
Total - Private households by housing suitability - 25% sample data55 7,955 ... ...
Suitable 7,695 ... ...
Not suitable 255 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by period of construction - 25% sample data56 7,955 ... ...
1960 or before 2,175 ... ...
1961 to 1980 2,125 ... ...
1981 to 1990 895 ... ...
1991 to 2000 1,010 ... ...
2001 to 2005 435 ... ...
2006 to 2010 390 ... ...
2011 to 2015 410 ... ...
2016 to 202157 520 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by dwelling condition - 25% sample data58 7,955 ... ...
Only regular maintenance and minor repairs needed 7,430 ... ...
Major repairs needed 520 ... ...
Total - Private households by number of household maintainers - 25% sample data59 7,955 ... ...
One-maintainer household 4,335 ... ...
Two-maintainer household 3,370 ... ...
Three-or-more-maintainer household 245 ... ...
Total - Private households by age of primary household maintainers - 25% sample data60 7,955 ... ...
15 to 24 years 265 ... ...
25 to 34 years 925 ... ...
35 to 44 years 1,085 ... ...
45 to 54 years 1,365 ... ...
55 to 64 years 1,630 ... ...
65 to 74 years 1,480 ... ...
75 to 84 years 855 ... ...
85 years and over 350 ... ...
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratio - 25% sample data61 7,915 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of income on shelter costs 6,515 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs 1,400 ... ...
30% to less than 100% 1,300 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by housing indicators - 25% sample data62 7,955 ... ...
Total - Households 'spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' or 'not suitable' or 'major repairs needed' 2,025 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs only 1,265 ... ...
Not suitable only 230 ... ...
Major repairs needed only 385 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' 15 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'major repairs needed' 125 ... ...
'Not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 10 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 0 ... ...
Acceptable housing 5,930 ... ...
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero and shelter-cost-to-income ratio less than 100%, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data63 7,815 ... ...
In core need 540 ... ...
Not in core need 7,275 ... ...
Total - Owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 4,495 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgage64 59.5 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 8.7 ... ...
% in core housing need63 1.9 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 920 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 1,074 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)66 250,000 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)66 264,000 ... ...
Total - Tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 3,445 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housing67 20.6 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 29.6 ... ...
% in core housing need63 13.4 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 890 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 927 ... ...
Total - Households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band in non-farm private dwellings - 25% sample data 0 ... ...
% of households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band spending more than 30% on shelter costs61 ... ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 ... ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 ... ... ...
Indigenous ancestry
Total - Indigenous ancestry for the population in private households - 25% sample data68 17,670 8,455 9,215
Indigenous ancestry (only)69 170 95 75
Single Indigenous ancestry (only)70 170 95 75
First Nations (North American Indian) single ancestry 115 65 50
Métis single ancestry 35 20 15
Inuit single ancestry 15 10 10
Multiple Indigenous ancestries (only)71 0 0 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis ancestry only 0 0 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
Métis and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries72 580 235 340
Single Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries73 545 220 330
First Nations (North American Indian) and non-Indigenous ancestry only 385 145 245
Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 100 50 50
Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 50 20 30
Multiple Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries74 30 20 10
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 30 15 10
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 0 0
Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 0 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous ancestry only75 16,920 8,125 8,800
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample data76 17,670 8,455 9,215
Canadian citizens77 16,460 7,825 8,635
Canadian citizens aged under 18 3,135 1,640 1,495
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 13,325 6,180 7,145
Not Canadian citizens78 1,210 635 580
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample data79 17,670 8,455 9,215
Non-immigrants80 15,965 7,575 8,385
Immigrants81 1,075 545 530
Before 1980 240 120 115
1980 to 1990 70 45 30
1991 to 2000 70 30 40
2001 to 2010 140 55 80
2011 to 202182 550 285 260
2011 to 2015 125 75 50
2016 to 2021 420 215 210
Non-permanent residents83 640 330 305
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data84 1,075 540 530
Under 5 years 115 50 65
5 to 14 years 165 90 75
15 to 24 years 220 140 85
25 to 44 years 480 210 265
45 years and over 90 55 30
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data85 1,075 540 530
Americas 150 70 80
Brazil 15 0 10
Colombia 0 0 0
El Salvador 0 0 0
Guyana 10 10 0
Haiti 0 0 0
Jamaica 0 0 0
Mexico 0 0 0
Peru 0 0 0
Trinidad and Tobago 0 0 0
United States of America 105 40 70
Other places of birth in Americas 10 10 0
Europe 365 210 160
Bosnia and Herzegovina 0 0 0
Croatia 0 0 0
France 0 0 0
Germany 10 0 10
Greece 0 0 0
Hungary 0 0 0
Italy 0 0 0
Netherlands 45 35 10
Poland 0 0 0
Portugal 20 10 10
Romania 0 0 0
Russian Federation 0 0 0
Serbia86 0 0 0
Ukraine 0 0 0
United Kingdom87 160 75 80
Other places of birth in Europe 95 65 35
Africa 30 10 20
Algeria 0 0 0
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 0 0 0
Egypt 0 0 0
Eritrea 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Morocco 10 0 0
Nigeria 0 0 0
Somalia 0 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 15 0 10
Other places of birth in Africa 0 0 0
Asia 520 245 275
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Iran88 0 0 0
Iraq 0 0 0
Lebanon 20 10 15
Syria89 0 0 0
Turkey 0 0 0
China90 45 30 20
Hong Kong91 25 10 15
Korea, South92 0 0 0
Taiwan 0 0 0
Philippines 280 110 165
Viet Nam 45 35 20
Bangladesh 0 0 0
India 70 55 20
Pakistan 0 0 0
Sri Lanka 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 15 0 10
Oceania and other places of birth93 0 0 0
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data94 425 215 210
Americas 45 20 25
Brazil 0 0 0
Colombia 0 0 0
Haiti 0 0 0
Jamaica 0 0 0
Mexico 0 0 0
United States of America 30 0 20
Venezuela95 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 0 0 0
Europe 40 25 15
France 0 0 0
Germany 0 0 0
Ireland96 0 0 0
Italy 0 0 0
Russian Federation 0 0 0
Ukraine 0 0 0
United Kingdom87 10 0 0
Other places of birth in Europe 30 20 15
Africa 0 0 0
Algeria 0 0 0
Burundi 0 0 0
Cameroon 0 0 0
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 0 0 0
Côte d'Ivoire 0 0 0
Egypt 0 0 0
Eritrea 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Morocco 0 0 0
Nigeria 0 0 0
Somalia 0 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0
Sudan97 0 0 0
Tunisia 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 0 0 0
Asia 330 165 160
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Bangladesh 0 0 0
China90 20 10 10
Hong Kong91 0 0 0
India 70 55 20
Iran88 0 0 0
Iraq 0 0 0
Israel 0 0 0
Japan 0 0 0
Jordan 0 0 0
Korea, South92 0 0 0
Lebanon 0 0 0
Nepal 0 0 0
Pakistan 0 0 0
Philippines 170 70 105
Saudi Arabia 0 0 0
Sri Lanka 0 0 0
Syria89 0 0 0
Turkey 0 0 0
United Arab Emirates 0 0 0
Viet Nam 30 20 10
Other places of birth in Asia 0 0 0
Oceania and other93 0 0 0
Australia 0 0 0
Other places of birth98 0 0 0
Generation status
Total - Generation status for the population in private households - 25% sample data99 17,675 8,455 9,220
First generation100 1,855 935 920
Second generation101 1,025 485 535
Third generation or more102 14,795 7,035 7,760
Admission category and applicant type
Total - Admission category and applicant type for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data103 835 420 415
Economic immigrants104 570 280 290
Principal applicants105 255 145 115
Secondary applicants106 310 140 170
Immigrants sponsored by family107 200 100 105
Refugees108 65 40 20
Other immigrants109 0 0 0
Pre-admission experience
Total - Pre-admission experience for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data110 835 420 415
Asylum claim before admission111 0 0 0
Work permits only before admission112 205 95 115
Study permits only before admission113 15 10 10
Work and study permits before admission114 135 100 35
Other permits before admission115 10 0 0
No pre-admission experience116 470 210 255
Visible minority
Total - Visible minority for the population in private households - 25% sample data117 17,675 8,455 9,220
Total visible minority population118 1,455 715 745
South Asian 485 265 215
Chinese 175 80 90
Black 130 50 80
Filipino 400 160 240
Arab 75 50 30
Latin American 25 10 10
Southeast Asian 100 65 35
West Asian 0 0 0
Korean 15 0 15
Japanese 20 0 20
Visible minority, n.i.e.119 0 0 0
Multiple visible minorities 35 25 10
Not a visible minority120 16,220 7,745 8,475
Ethnic or cultural origin
Total - Ethnic or cultural origin for the population in private households - 25% sample data121 17,675 8,455 9,220
Canadian 3,170 1,455 1,715
English 4,305 2,035 2,270
Irish 4,065 1,770 2,295
Scottish 4,885 2,325 2,560
French, n.o.s.122 3,160 1,485 1,670
German 810 365 445
Chinese 140 65 85
Italian 130 65 60
Indian (India) 320 190 135
Ukrainian 95 55 45
Dutch 330 190 140
Polish 60 35 30
Québécois 10 0 10
British Isles, n.o.s.123 365 155 215
Filipino 410 190 215
French Canadian 210 85 125
Caucasian (White), n.o.s.124 760 380 385
First Nations (North American Indian), n.o.s.125 225 105 120
Métis 170 90 80
European, n.o.s.126 365 175 190
Russian 40 10 25
Norwegian 75 40 40
Welsh 255 105 150
Portuguese 35 15 25
American 115 55 60
Spanish 25 0 20
Swedish 55 15 40
Hungarian 55 35 20
Acadian 1,410 660 755
Pakistani 0 0 0
African, n.o.s.127 10 0 0
Jewish 20 10 0
Punjabi 115 45 70
Vietnamese 105 65 40
Arab, n.o.s.128 0 0 0
Greek 10 10 0
Jamaican 10 0 0
Asian, n.o.s.129 30 15 25
Cree, n.o.s.130 0 0 0
Korean 15 0 15
Romanian 0 0 0
Lebanese 45 30 15
Iranian 0 0 0
Christian, n.i.e.131 35 20 20
Danish 80 50 30
North American Indigenous, n.o.s.132 65 15 50
Sikh 45 40 10
Austrian 20 10 15
Belgian 20 0 15
Haitian 0 0 0
Hindu 0 0 0
Mexican 10 10 0
Mennonite 0 0 0
Swiss 10 0 10
Finnish 30 10 20
Sri Lankan 0 0 0
Croatian 15 0 10
Japanese 15 0 15
South Asian, n.o.s.133 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq, n.o.s.134 190 80 115
Northern European, n.o.s.135 45 25 25
Muslim 0 0 0
Egyptian 0 0 0
Latin, Central or South American, n.o.s.136 0 0 0
Tamil 0 0 0
Icelandic 10 0 10
Colombian 0 0 0
Moroccan 15 0 10
Czech 20 0 10
Syrian 35 20 15
Guyanese 0 0 0
Afghan 0 0 0
Black, n.o.s.137 50 25 35
Serbian 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0
Newfoundlander 35 25 15
Hong Konger 65 35 30
Ontarian 15 0 10
Persian 0 0 0
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 0 0 0
Turkish 10 10 0
Inuit, n.o.s.138 80 35 40
Bangladeshi 0 0 0
Algerian 0 0 0
Brazilian 15 0 10
Nigerian 0 0 0
Armenian 0 0 0
Slovak 0 0 0
Eastern European, n.o.s.139 30 20 10
Somali 0 0 0
Taiwanese 0 0 0
Iraqi 0 0 0
Salvadorean 0 0 0
African Caribbean 0 0 0
East or Southeast Asian, n.o.s.140 0 0 0
West or Central Asian or Middle Eastern, n.o.s.141 0 0 0
Caribbean, n.o.s.142 0 0 0
Algonquin 0 0 0
West Indian, n.o.s.143 0 0 0
Lithuanian 15 0 15
South African 0 0 0
Australian 10 0 10
Palestinian 0 0 0
Chilean 0 0 0
Congolese 0 0 0
Nova Scotian 20 20 0
Ethiopian 0 0 0
Hispanic, n.o.s.144 0 0 0
Peruvian 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 0
Cambodian (Khmer) 0 0 0
Berber 0 0 0
Albanian 40 20 20
Maltese 0 0 0
Macedonian 0 0 0
Slovenian 0 0 0
Western European, n.o.s.145 25 10 10
New Brunswicker 45 20 20
Gujarati 0 0 0
Eritrean 0 0 0
African Canadian 0 0 0
Israeli 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s.146 15 0 15
Bulgarian 0 0 0
Albertan 0 0 0
Ghanaian 0 0 0
Barbadian 0 0 0
African American 0 0 0
Yugoslavian, n.o.s.147 0 0 0
Tunisian 0 0