Census Profile, 2021 Census of Population
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Topic:
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Age
Age characteristics
Commuting
Select all: Commuting
Commuting destination
Commuting duration
Main mode of commuting
Place of work status
Time leaving for work
Education
Select all: Education
Highest certificate, diploma or degree
Location of study compared with province or territory of residence
Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2021
Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificate
Ethnocultural and religious diversity
Select all: Ethnocultural and religious diversity
Ethnic or cultural origin
Religion
Visible minority
Families, households, and marital status
Select all: Families, households, and marital status
Family characteristics
Household type
Marital status
Housing
Household characteristics
Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
Select all: Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
Admission category and applicant type
Age at immigration
Citizenship
Generation status
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Pre-admission experience
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Income
Select all: Income
Income of economic families in 2020
Income of households in 2020
Income of individuals in 2019
Income of individuals in 2020
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Indigenous peoples
Select all: Indigenous peoples
Indigenous ancestry
Indigenous population
Instruction in the minority official language
Select all: Instruction in the minority official language
Children eligible for instruction in the minority official language
Eligibility and instruction in the minority official language for school-aged children
Labour
Select all: Labour
Class of worker including job permanency
Industry - Sectors - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2017
Labour force status
Occupation - Broad category - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2021
Work activity during the reference year
Language
Select all: Language
All languages spoken at home
First official language spoken
Knowledge of languages
Knowledge of official languages
Language spoken most often at home
Mother tongue
Other language spoken regularly at home
Language of work
Select all: Language of work
All languages used at work
Language used most often at work
Other language(s) used regularly at work
Mobility and migration
Select all: Mobility and migration
Mobility status 1 year ago
Mobility status 5 years ago
Population and dwelling counts
Population and dwellings
Type of dwelling
Household and dwelling characteristics
GenderMore information:


Statistic:
Characteristic SteinbachMore information:
Manitoba
[Census agglomeration]
Counts
Total Men+ Women+
Population and dwellings
Population, 20211 17,806 ... ...
Population, 20161 16,022r ... ...
Population percentage change, 2016 to 2021 11.1 ... ...
Total private dwellings2 7,092 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residents3 6,836 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 474.1 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 37.56 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups of the population - 100% data 17,805 8,665 9,140
0 to 14 years 3,785 1,965 1,825
0 to 4 years 1,265 655 610
5 to 9 years 1,295 650 645
10 to 14 years 1,230 665 565
15 to 64 years 10,960 5,405 5,560
15 to 19 years 1,090 545 540
20 to 24 years 1,330 665 660
25 to 29 years 1,260 655 605
30 to 34 years 1,225 615 605
35 to 39 years 1,275 615 660
40 to 44 years 1,130 565 565
45 to 49 years 1,000 485 515
50 to 54 years 880 420 460
55 to 59 years 945 430 510
60 to 64 years 835 405 425
65 years and over 3,055 1,300 1,760
65 to 69 years 825 380 445
70 to 74 years 725 310 410
75 to 79 years 595 255 335
80 to 84 years 435 175 260
85 years and over 480 170 305
85 to 89 years 290 110 180
90 to 94 years 140 50 90
95 to 99 years 45 15 30
100 years and over 5 0 5
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 21.3 22.7 20.0
15 to 64 years 61.6 62.4 60.8
65 years and over 17.2 15.0 19.3
85 years and over 2.7 2.0 3.3
Average age of the population 38.2 36.7 39.7
Median age of the population 36.0 34.0 37.6
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% data 6,835 ... ...
Single-detached house 3,750 ... ...
Semi-detached house 620 ... ...
Row house 290 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 255 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 1,495 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 255 ... ...
Other single-attached house 5 ... ...
Movable dwelling4 165 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% data 6,835 ... ...
1 person 1,825 ... ...
2 persons 2,330 ... ...
3 persons 910 ... ...
4 persons 955 ... ...
5 or more persons 815 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 17,580 8,570 9,005
Average household size 2.6 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the total population aged 15 years and over - 100% data 14,020 6,700 7,320
Married or living common-law 8,490 4,250 4,245
Married 7,740 3,880 3,865
Living common-law 755 370 385
Living common law - Never married 570 280 285
Living common law - Separated 50 20 25
Living common law - Divorced 120 55 60
Living common law - Widowed 20 10 10
Not married and not living common-law 5,525 2,455 3,070
Not married and not living common law - Never married 3,685 1,925 1,755
Not married and not living common law - Separated 375 160 210
Not married and not living common law - Divorced 625 235 390
Not married and not living common law - Widowed 850 130 715
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% data5 4,785 ... ...
2 persons 2,325 ... ...
3 persons 885 ... ...
4 persons 910 ... ...
5 or more persons 660 ... ...
Average size of census families 3.0 ... ...
Average number of children in census families with children6 2.0 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% data 4,785 ... ...
Total couple families 4,150 ... ...
Married couples 3,775 ... ...
With children6 1,960 ... ...
Without children 1,810 ... ...
Common-law couples 375 ... ...
With children6 185 ... ...
Without children 190 ... ...
Total one-parent families 635 ... ...
in which the parent is a woman+ 515 ... ...
in which the parent is a man+ 120 ... ...
Total - Persons in private households - 100% data 17,575 8,575 9,005
Total - Persons in census families 14,535 7,225 7,310
Married spouses or common-law partners 8,300 4,140 4,155
Parents in one-parent families 635 120 510
Children6 5,595 2,960 2,640
In a two-parent family 4,500 2,385 2,120
In a one-parent family 1,100 575 520
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 3,045 1,350 1,700
Living alone 1,825 685 1,135
Living with other relatives7 485 225 260
Living with non-relatives only 735 435 300
Household type
Total - Household type - 100% data 6,835 ... ...
One-census-family households without additional persons 4,270 ... ...
Couple-family households 3,745 ... ...
With children6 1,920 ... ...
Without children 1,825 ... ...
One-parent-family households 525 ... ...
Multigenerational households8 100 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households9 40 ... ...
One-census-family households with additional persons9 280 ... ...
Two-or-more-person non-census-family households 320 ... ...
One-person households 1,825 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2020
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data10 13,790 6,610 7,180
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 13,310 6,375 6,935
Median total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 36,400 44,400 29,800
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 13,325 6,385 6,940
Median after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 32,800 38,800 27,600
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 11,970 5,955 6,010
Median market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 30,800 40,800 21,000
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 9,805 5,195 4,605
Median employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 33,600 42,000 25,200
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 12,270 5,845 6,420
Median government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 7,700 3,360 10,700
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 1,550 755 795
Median employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 4,040 4,120 3,960
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 2,750 1,175 1,575
Median COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 6,000 5,480 6,500
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data11 13,790 6,610 7,180
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 13,375 6,440 6,930
Average total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 43,960 53,600 35,000
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 13,395 6,440 6,955
Average after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 37,400 44,560 30,760
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 11,965 5,990 5,970
Average market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 39,080 50,040 28,080
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 9,805 5,220 4,580
Average employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 40,320 49,520 29,800
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 12,385 5,915 6,465
Average government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 9,730 7,710 11,580
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 1,460 745 715
Average employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 5,800 5,890 5,710
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 2,810 1,160 1,655
Average COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 6,830 6,460 7,090
Total - Employment income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data12 13,790 6,605 7,180
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 4,960 3,185 1,775
Median employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 48,800 53,200 41,200
Average employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 56,750 62,350 46,680
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 3,855 1,630 2,225
Median employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 18,600 23,400 16,200
Average employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 25,500 32,360 20,440
Composition of total income in 2020 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data17 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)18 79.6 86.8 69.2
Employment income (%)19 67.2 74.8 56.2
Government transfers (%)20 20.5 13.2 30.9
Employment insurance benefits (%) 1.4 1.3 1.7
COVID-19 - Government income support and benefits (%) 4.6 3.0 6.9
COVID-19 - Emergency and recovery benefits (%) 3.3 2.2 4.8
Total - Total income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data21 13,790 6,610 7,180
Without total income 480 230 250
With total income 13,310 6,380 6,930
Under $10,000 (including loss) 1,165 420 740
$10,000 to $19,999 1,900 670 1,230
$20,000 to $29,999 2,400 880 1,525
$30,000 to $39,999 1,900 815 1,090
$40,000 to $49,999 1,800 880 920
$50,000 to $59,999 1,290 765 520
$60,000 to $69,999 875 570 300
$70,000 to $79,999 580 370 205
$80,000 to $89,999 430 300 135
$90,000 to $99,999 290 195 90
$100,000 and over 685 510 175
$100,000 to $149,999 450 335 120
$150,000 and over 230 180 55
Total - After-tax income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data22 13,790 6,610 7,180
Without after-tax income 465 225 245
With after-tax income 13,320 6,385 6,935
Under $10,000 (including loss) 1,225 445 785
$10,000 to $19,999 2,020 710 1,310
$20,000 to $29,999 2,760 1,050 1,710
$30,000 to $39,999 2,420 1,115 1,305
$40,000 to $49,999 1,910 1,055 850
$50,000 to $59,999 1,145 725 425
$60,000 to $69,999 705 480 220
$70,000 to $79,999 450 290 165
$80,000 to $89,999 260 190 70
$90,000 to $99,999 120 90 25
$100,000 and over 310 240 70
$100,000 to $124,999 150 110 40
$125,000 and over 160 130 35
Total - Employment income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data19 13,790 6,610 7,180
Without employment income 3,985 1,415 2,570
With employment income 9,800 5,195 4,610
Under $5,000 (including loss) 1,125 465 660
$5,000 to $9,999 775 295 475
$10,000 to $19,999 1,325 515 810
$20,000 to $29,999 1,210 510 700
$30,000 to $39,999 1,260 635 625
$40,000 to $49,999 1,195 690 505
$50,000 to $59,999 865 575 295
$60,000 to $69,999 620 440 175
$70,000 to $79,999 400 295 110
$80,000 to $89,999 290 215 70
$90,000 to $99,999 230 160 75
$100,000 and over 500 395 105
$100,000 to $124,999 270 210 60
$125,000 and over 235 190 45
Income of individuals in 2019
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data23 13,790 6,610 7,180
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 12,915 6,175 6,740
Median total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 33,600 42,000 27,000
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 12,915 6,175 6,740
Median after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 30,200 36,800 25,400
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 11,730 5,800 5,940
Median market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 30,600 40,400 22,400
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 9,695 5,075 4,620
Median employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 33,200 40,800 25,400
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 11,445 5,480 5,960
Median government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 4,000 1,320 7,650
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 -100% data 1,190 605 590
Median employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 4,600 4,720 4,480
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data24 13,790 6,610 7,180
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 12,935 6,210 6,730
Average total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 41,440 51,250 32,400
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 12,935 6,210 6,730
Average after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 35,360 42,680 28,600
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 11,730 5,845 5,875
Average market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 38,280 48,840 27,760
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 9,675 5,105 4,570
Average employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 39,520 48,680 29,320
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 11,525 5,530 5,990
Average government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 7,580 5,890 9,130
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 1,155 575 585
Average employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 6,100 6,220 5,980
Total - Employment income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data25 13,790 6,605 7,180
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 4,885 3,145 1,740
Median employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 45,600 50,400 38,800
Average employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 53,450 58,700 44,000
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 3,535 1,460 2,075
Median employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 22,600 29,800 20,200
Average employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 28,480 37,080 22,420
Composition of total income in 2019 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%) 83.8 89.8 75.0
Employment income (%) 71.4 78.0 61.4
Government transfers (%) 16.3 10.2 25.1
Employment insurance benefits (%) 1.3 1.1 1.6
Income of households in 2020
Total - Income statistics for private households - 100% data26 6,835 ... ...
Median total income of household in 2020 ($) 72,500 ... ...
Median after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 64,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 100% data 1,825 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 34,400 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 31,400 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 100% data 5,015 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 86,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 76,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for private households - 25% sample data27 6,835 ... ...
Average total income of household in 2020 ($) 86,000 ... ...
Average after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 73,300 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 25% sample data 1,825 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 45,320 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 38,520 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 25% sample data 5,010 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 100,900 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 85,900 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data21 6,835 ... ...
Under $5,000 50 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 35 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 125 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 120 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 350 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 320 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 220 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 340 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 325 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 310 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 535 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 580 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 575 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 480 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 445 ... ...
$100,000 and over 2,030 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 790 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 475 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 475 ... ...
$200,000 and over 295 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data22 6,835 ... ...
Under $5,000 55 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 35 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 125 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 130 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 385 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 340 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 280 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 400 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 365 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 340 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 695 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 685 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 620 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 535 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 410 ... ...
$100,000 and over 1,430 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 685 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 370 ... ...
$150,000 and over 370 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2020
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 100% data28 4,800 ... ...
Median total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 86,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 75,500 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 100% data 1,885 ... ...
Median total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 76,500 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 67,000 ... ...
Average family size of couple-only economic families 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 100% data 2,145 ... ...
Median total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 104,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 90,000 ... ...
Average family size of couple-with-children economic families 4.2 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 605 ... ...
Median total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 55,200 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 52,000 ... ...
Average family size of one-parent economic families 2.9 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% data29 2,555 1,120 1,435
Median total income in 2020 ($)30 32,400 36,800 29,800
Median after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 30,200 32,800 28,600
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 25% sample data31 4,795 ... ...
Average total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 100,400 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 85,400 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 25% sample data 1,875 ... ...
Average total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 92,600 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 78,200 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 25% sample data 2,160 ... ...
Average total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 118,700 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 100,600 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 595 ... ...
Average total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 58,200 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 53,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample data32 2,555 1,045 1,500
Average total income in 2020 ($)30 41,920 48,000 37,680
Average after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 35,840 39,600 33,200
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Total - LIM low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households - 100% data33 17,580 8,570 9,005
0 to 17 years 4,430 2,290 2,145
0 to 5 years 1,520 785 735
18 to 64 years 10,245 5,050 5,200
65 years and over 2,905 1,240 1,665
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 2,585 1,100 1,485
0 to 17 years 770 395 375
0 to 5 years 325 175 155
18 to 64 years 1,205 520 690
65 years and over 610 185 420
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 14.7 12.8 16.5
0 to 17 years (%) 17.4 17.2 17.6
0 to 5 years (%) 21.5 22.0 21.2
18 to 64 years (%) 11.8 10.3 13.2
65 years and over (%) 21.1 15.3 25.4
Total - LICO low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households to whom the low-income concept is applicable - 100% data33 17,575 8,575 9,005
0 to 17 years 4,430 2,285 2,140
0 to 5 years 1,520 785 735
18 to 64 years 10,245 5,045 5,200
65 years and over 2,900 1,235 1,660
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 720 340 385
0 to 17 years 160 75 85
0 to 5 years 55 30 25
18 to 64 years 515 245 270
65 years and over 45 20 30
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 4.1 4.0 4.3
0 to 17 years (%) 3.6 3.2 4.1
0 to 5 years (%) 3.8 3.8 3.8
18 to 64 years (%) 5.0 4.8 5.2
65 years and over (%) 1.6 1.6 1.6
Total - Adjusted after-tax economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% data34The letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice. 17,580 8,570 9,005
In bottom half of the distribution 12,145 5,795 6,355
In bottom decile 2,125 930 1,195
In second decile 2,850 1,295 1,560
In third decile 2,740 1,365 1,375
In fourth decile 2,375 1,165 1,210
In fifth decile 2,055 1,040 1,020
In top half of the distribution 5,430 2,780 2,650
In sixth decile 1,510 770 735
In seventh decile 1,375 720 650
In eighth decile 1,085 535 545
In ninth decile 810 420 395
In top decile 645 330 320
Total - Inequality measures for the population in private households - 100% data35 17,575 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household total income 0.308 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household market income 0.429 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household after-tax income 0.268 ... ...
P90/P10 ratio on adjusted household after-tax income 3.2 ... ...
Knowledge of official languages
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data36 17,615 8,590 9,025
English only 16,655 8,145 8,505
French only 10 5 5
English and French 760 340 415
Neither English nor French 195 90 100
First official language spoken
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data37 17,615 8,590 9,025
English 17,105 8,335 8,770
French 300 150 145
English and French 25 15 10
Neither English nor French 180 90 95
Mother tongue
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data38 17,615 8,590 9,025
Single responses 16,945 8,270 8,680
Official languages 11,610 5,735 5,870
English 11,305 5,590 5,720
French 300 145 155
Non-official languages 5,335 2,530 2,805
Indigenous languages39 30 15 20
Algonquian languages 35 15 15
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 15 5 5
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 15 5 5
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 5 5 5
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 10 5 5
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 15 5 15
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 10 0 5
Ojibway languages 5 5 5
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 5 0 5
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 5,305 2,515 2,785
Afro-Asiatic languages 60 40 15
Berber languages 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 0 0 0
Hausa 0 0 0
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 0 0 0
Bilen 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 60 40 15
Amharic 0 0 0
Arabic 40 30 10
Aramaic languages 0 0 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 5 5 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 5 5 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 45 25 15
Khmer (Cambodian) 5 0 0
Vietnamese 40 25 15
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 1,110 540 565
Bikol 0 0 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 20 5 10
Cebuano 55 20 30
Fijian 20 15 10
Hiligaynon 10 5 5
Ilocano 40 20 20
Indonesian 0 0 0
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 5 5 5
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 5 5 5
Malay 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 20 10 10
Pangasinan 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 930 465 465
Waray-Waray 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0
Creole languages 5 5 0
Haitian Creole 0 0 0
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 0 0 0
Morisyen 0 0 0
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 5 5 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Dravidian languages 15 10 5
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 0 0 0
Tamil 5 0 0
Telugu 5 5 0
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 3,960 1,840 2,120
Albanian 0 0 0
Armenian 0 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 355 160 195
Baltic languages 0 0 0
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Slavic languages 355 160 195
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 0 0 0
Czech 0 0 0
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 15 5 10
Russian 200 100 100
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 5 0 0
Bosnian 0 0 0
Croatian 5 5 0
Serbian 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Slovak 5 0 5
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0
Ukrainian 135 55 80
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 5 5 0
Irish 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0
Welsh 5 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 3,050 1,400 1,650
Frisian 0 0 0
High German languages 1,670 775 900
German 1,675 775 900
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 0 0 0
Yiddish 0 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 1,360 620 740
Afrikaans 0 0 0
Dutch 25 5 15
Low German, n.o.s. 185 85 100
Low Saxon 35 15 15
Plautdietsch 1,105 505 605
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 5 5
Scandinavian languages 5 5 0
Danish 0 0 0
Icelandic 5 0 0
Norwegian 0 0 0
Swedish 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5
Greek 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages 380 195 185
Indo-Aryan languages 380 200 185
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 5 0 5
Gujarati 90 50 40
Hindi 25 10 10
Kacchi 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0
Nepali 0 0 0
Oriya languages 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 260 130 125
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0
Urdu 5 5 5
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iranian languages 5 0 0
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 0 0 0
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 0 0 0
Persian languages 5 0 0
Dari 0 0 0
Iranian Persian 0 0 0
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 0 0 0
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 165 70 90
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 5 5 0
Portuguese 30 10 20
Romanian 0 0 0
Spanish 125 55 70
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 0 0 0
Korean 25 10 10
Mongolian 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 30 20 15
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0
Éwé 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0
Lingala 0 0 0
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Shona 5 0 0
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0
Swahili 10 5 5
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
African, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Sign languages 10 5 0
American Sign Language 10 5 0
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages 25 10 15
Chinese languages 20 10 10
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 10 0 5
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0
Yue (Cantonese) 5 5 5
Chinese, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0
Burmese 0 0 0
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 10 5 5
Lao 5 0 5
Thai 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 10 5 5
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 0 0 0
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Uralic languages 10 5 5
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 0 0 0
Hungarian 10 5 5
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Multiple responses 665 320 345
English and French 80 35 50
English and non-official language(s) 495 240 255
French and non-official language(s) 10 10 5
English, French and non-official language(s) 10 0 5
Multiple non-official languages 75 40 30
All languages spoken at home
Total - All languages spoken at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data40 17,615 8,590 9,025
English 13,115 6,400 6,715
French 60 25 35
Non-official language 925 490 435
Indigenous39 5 5 0
Non-Indigenous 920 490 435
English and French 145 65 80
English and non-official language(s) 3,195 1,520 1,675
French and non-official language(s) 5 5 5
English, French and non-official language(s) 40 20 20
Multiple non-official languages 135 70 65
Language spoken most often at home
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data41 17,615 8,590 9,025
Single responses 17,020 8,295 8,725
Official languages 14,795 7,160 7,640
English 14,720 7,125 7,595
French 75 30 45
Non-official languages 2,225 1,140 1,085
Indigenous languages39 5 5 5
Algonquian languages 5 0 5
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 5 0 5
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 5 0 5
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0 0 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 0 0 0
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 2,215 1,140 1,080
Afro-Asiatic languages 40 25 15
Berber languages 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 0 0 0
Hausa 0 0 0
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 0 0 0
Bilen 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 35 25 15
Amharic 0 0 0
Arabic 35 20 15
Aramaic languages 0 0 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 0 0 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 35 20 15
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 35 20 15
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 730 370 365
Bikol 0 0 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 5 5 5
Cebuano 45 20 25
Fijian 15 10 5
Hiligaynon 0 0 0
Ilocano 5 5 5
Indonesian 0 0 0
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 15 5 10
Pangasinan 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 625 320 310
Waray-Waray 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Creole languages 0 0 0
Haitian Creole 0 0 0
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 0 0 0
Morisyen 0 0 0
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Dravidian languages 5 5 0
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 0 0 0
Tamil 0 0 0
Telugu 0 0 0
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 1,335 680 660
Albanian 0 0 0
Armenian 0 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 170 75 90
Baltic languages 0 0 0
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Slavic languages 170 75 90
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 0 0 0
Czech 0 0 0
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 0 0 0
Russian 120 55 65
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0
Bosnian 0 0 0
Croatian 0 0 0
Serbian 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Slovak 0 0 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0
Ukrainian 50 20 25
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 0 0 0
Irish 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0
Welsh 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 730 370 360
Frisian 0 0 0
High German languages 495 255 235
German 495 260 235
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 0 0 0
Yiddish 0 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 225 105 120
Afrikaans 0 0 0
Dutch 0 0 0
Low German, n.o.s. 30 20 15
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 190 85 100
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0
Scandinavian languages 0 0 0
Danish 0 0 0
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 0 0 0
Swedish 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5
Greek 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages 340 180 160
Indo-Aryan languages 335 175 160
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 5 0 5
Gujarati 85 40 40
Hindi 20 10 10
Kacchi 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0
Nepali 0 0 0
Oriya languages 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 230 120 110
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0
Urdu 0 0 0
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iranian languages 0 0 0
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 0 0 0
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 0 0 0
Persian languages 0 0 0
Dari 0 0 0
Iranian Persian 0 0 0
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 0 0 0
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 100 50 45
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 5 5 0
Portuguese 10 5 5
Romanian 0 0 0
Spanish 85 40 45
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 0 0 0
Korean 10 5 0
Mongolian 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 20 15 5
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0
Éwé 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0
Lingala 0 0 0
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Shona 0 0 0
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0
Swahili 10 5 5
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
African, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Sign languages 10 10 5
American Sign Language 10 10 5
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages 10 5 5
Chinese languages 10 5 5
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 5 5 5
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0
Yue (Cantonese) 5 0 0
Chinese, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0
Burmese 0 0 0
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 0 0 0
Lao 0 0 0
Thai 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 10 5 5
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 0 0 0
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Uralic languages 10 5 0
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 0 0 0
Hungarian 10 5 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Multiple responses 595 295 300
English and French 35 20 20
English and non-official language(s) 535 265 270
French and non-official language(s) 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language(s) 10 0 0
Multiple non-official languages 15 5 5
Other language spoken regularly at home
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data42 17,610 8,590 9,025
None 14,590 7,160 7,430
English 980 485 490
French 100 50 55
Non-official language 1,545 705 840
Indigenous39 10 0 15
Non-Indigenous 1,535 705 830
English and French 5 0 0
English and non-official language(s) 210 100 105
French and non-official language(s) 20 10 15
English, French and non-official language(s) 0 0 0
Multiple non-official languages 155 80 75
Knowledge of languagesThe letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice.
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample data43 17,575 8,575 9,000
Official languages 17,405 8,470 8,930
English 17,380 8,460 8,920
French 770 340 435
Non-official languages 6,210 2,870 3,335
Indigenous languages39 30 20 15
Algonquian languages 15 0 15
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 10 0 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 10 0 10
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0 0 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 0 0 0
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 6,175 2,860 3,320
Afro-Asiatic languages 40 25 10
Berber languages 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 0 0 0
Hausa 0 0 0
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 0 0 0
Bilen 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 30 25 0
Amharic 0 0 0
Arabic 30 25 0
Aramaic languages 0 0 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 0 0 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 25 15 15
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 20 15 15
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 1,350 645 705
Bikol 0 0 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 50 20 30
Cebuano 20 0 15
Fijian 30 10 10
Hiligaynon 20 10 10
Ilocano 60 30 30
Indonesian 0 0 0
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 35 20 15
Pangasinan 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,275 615 665
Waray-Waray 15 0 10
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15
Creole languages 0 0 0
Haitian Creole 0 0 0
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 0 0 0
Morisyen 0 0 0
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Dravidian languages 45 30 15
Kannada 10 0 0
Malayalam 0 0 0
Tamil 10 10 0
Telugu 15 15 0
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 4,570 2,085 2,480
Albanian 0 0 0
Armenian 0 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 450 200 250
Baltic languages 0 0 0
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Slavic languages 450 200 250
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 0 0 0
Czech 0 0 0
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 10 0 0
Russian 300 145 160
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 10 10 0
Bosnian 0 0 0
Croatian 10 10 0
Serbian 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Slovak 10 0 10
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0
Ukrainian 145 50 90
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 0 0 0
Irish 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0
Welsh 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 3,490 1,585 1,910
Frisian 0 0 0
High German languages 2,315 1,025 1,295
German 2,315 1,025 1,295
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 10 0 0
Yiddish 0 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 1,550 755 800
Afrikaans 0 0 0
Dutch 50 20 30
Low German, n.o.s. 320 160 160
Low Saxon 15 0 10
Plautdietsch 1,210 590 620
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0
Scandinavian languages 0 0 0
Danish 0 0 0
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 0 0 0
Swedish 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Greek 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages 440 230 215
Indo-Aryan languages 440 230 215
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 0 0 0
Gujarati 70 40 25
Hindi 190 105 85
Kacchi 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0
Nepali 0 0 0
Oriya languages 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 315 150 165
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0
Urdu 35 20 15
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iranian languages 0 0 0
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 0 0 0
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 0 0 0
Persian languages 0 0 0
Dari 0 0 0
Iranian Persian 0 0 0
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 0 0 0
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 510 265 250
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 25 15 10
Portuguese 70 40 35
Romanian 0 0 0
Spanish 450 225 220
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 15 10 10
Korean 35 15 15
Mongolian 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 100 45 50
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0
Éwé 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0
Lingala 0 0 0
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Shona 0 0 0
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0
Swahili 15 10 0
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 15 0 10
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
African, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Sign languages 45 15 30
American Sign Language 45 15 30
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages 30 15 15
Chinese languages 30 15 15
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 25 10 15
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0
Yue (Cantonese) 0 0 0
Chinese, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0
Burmese 0 0 0
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 15 0 10
Lao 0 0 0
Thai 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 0 0 0
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Uralic languages 0 0 0
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 0 0 0
Hungarian 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous population
Total - Indigenous identity for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 17,575 8,575 9,005
Indigenous identity45 1,755 865 890
Single Indigenous responses46 1,735 855 875
First Nations (North American Indian) 550 255 300
Métis 1,170 595 575
Inuk (Inuit) 0 0 0
Multiple Indigenous responses47 10 0 0
Indigenous responses not included elsewhere48 10 0 10
Non-Indigenous identity 15,825 7,710 8,115
Total - Registered or Treaty Indian status for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 17,575 8,575 9,005
Registered or Treaty Indian49 430 200 230
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 17,150 8,380 8,770
Household characteristics
Total - Private households by tenure - 25% sample data50 6,835 ... ...
Owner 4,220 ... ...
Renter 2,615 ... ...
Dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band 0 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by condominium status - 25% sample data51 6,835 ... ...
Condominium 895 ... ...
Not condominium 5,945 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of bedrooms - 25% sample data52 6,835 ... ...
No bedrooms 25 ... ...
1 bedroom 750 ... ...
2 bedrooms 2,190 ... ...
3 bedrooms 1,870 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 2,000 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of rooms - 25% sample data53 6,835 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 2,135 ... ...
5 rooms 1,220 ... ...
6 rooms 945 ... ...
7 rooms 730 ... ...
8 or more rooms 1,805 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 6.0 ... ...
Total - Private households by number of persons per room - 25% sample data54 6,835 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 6,640 ... ...
More than one person per room 195 ... ...
Total - Private households by housing suitability - 25% sample data55 6,835 ... ...
Suitable 6,515 ... ...
Not suitable 325 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by period of construction - 25% sample data56 6,835 ... ...
1960 or before 585 ... ...
1961 to 1980 1,490 ... ...
1981 to 1990 735 ... ...
1991 to 2000 795 ... ...
2001 to 2005 525 ... ...
2006 to 2010 985 ... ...
2011 to 2015 860 ... ...
2016 to 202157 870 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by dwelling condition - 25% sample data58 6,835 ... ...
Only regular maintenance and minor repairs needed 6,630 ... ...
Major repairs needed 205 ... ...
Total - Private households by number of household maintainers - 25% sample data59 6,835 ... ...
One-maintainer household 3,285 ... ...
Two-maintainer household 3,225 ... ...
Three-or-more-maintainer household 320 ... ...
Total - Private households by age of primary household maintainers - 25% sample data60 6,835 ... ...
15 to 24 years 335 ... ...
25 to 34 years 1,175 ... ...
35 to 44 years 1,305 ... ...
45 to 54 years 1,080 ... ...
55 to 64 years 1,040 ... ...
65 to 74 years 870 ... ...
75 to 84 years 720 ... ...
85 years and over 300 ... ...
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratio - 25% sample data61 6,835 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of income on shelter costs 5,355 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs 1,480 ... ...
30% to less than 100% 1,385 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by housing indicators - 25% sample data62 6,835 ... ...
Total - Households 'spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' or 'not suitable' or 'major repairs needed' 1,890 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs only 1,380 ... ...
Not suitable only 255 ... ...
Major repairs needed only 135 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' 45 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'major repairs needed' 55 ... ...
'Not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 15 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 0 ... ...
Acceptable housing 4,950 ... ...
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero and shelter-cost-to-income ratio less than 100%, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data63 6,740 ... ...
In core need 565 ... ...
Not in core need 6,170 ... ...
Total - Owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 4,215 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgage64 67.4 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 11.2 ... ...
% in core housing need63 2.4 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 1,160 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 1,193 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)66 300,000 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)66 310,400 ... ...
Total - Tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 2,620 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housing67 14.5 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 38.5 ... ...
% in core housing need63 18.4 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 1,010 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 1,065 ... ...
Total - Households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band in non-farm private dwellings - 25% sample data 0 ... ...
% of households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band spending more than 30% on shelter costs61 ... ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 ... ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 ... ... ...
Indigenous ancestry
Total - Indigenous ancestry for the population in private households - 25% sample data68 17,580 8,570 9,005
Indigenous ancestry (only)69 575 255 315
Single Indigenous ancestry (only)70 555 250 305
First Nations (North American Indian) single ancestry 280 100 180
Métis single ancestry 275 145 125
Inuit single ancestry 0 0 0
Multiple Indigenous ancestries (only)71 20 0 10
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis ancestry only 20 0 10
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
Métis and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries72 1,210 665 550
Single Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries73 1,160 645 515
First Nations (North American Indian) and non-Indigenous ancestry only 520 285 230
Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 630 350 285
Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 15 10 0
Multiple Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries74 50 20 30
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 50 20 30
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 0 0
Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 0 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous ancestry only75 15,790 7,655 8,140
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample data76 17,575 8,575 9,005
Canadian citizens77 15,770 7,725 8,035
Canadian citizens aged under 18 4,085 2,135 1,950
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 11,680 5,595 6,085
Not Canadian citizens78 1,810 845 970
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample data79 17,575 8,575 9,005
Non-immigrants80 13,585 6,650 6,935
Immigrants81 3,745 1,815 1,925
Before 1980 445 210 235
1980 to 1990 200 110 95
1991 to 2000 265 145 125
2001 to 2010 1,170 550 615
2011 to 202182 1,655 805 855
2011 to 2015 695 335 365
2016 to 2021 960 470 490
Non-permanent residents83 255 110 140
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data84 3,745 1,810 1,930
Under 5 years 435 220 215
5 to 14 years 960 440 520
15 to 24 years 615 300 315
25 to 44 years 1,490 730 760
45 years and over 245 125 115
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data85 3,745 1,810 1,930
Americas 995 480 515
Brazil 25 10 10
Colombia 40 15 20
El Salvador 0 0 0
Guyana 0 0 0
Haiti 0 0 0
Jamaica 0 0 0
Mexico 270 110 160
Peru 0 0 0
Trinidad and Tobago 0 0 0
United States of America 115 50 65
Other places of birth in Americas 540 280 255
Europe 795 370 430
Bosnia and Herzegovina 0 0 0
Croatia 10 10 0
France 0 0 0
Germany 355 140 220
Greece 0 0 0
Hungary 0 0 0
Italy 0 0 0
Netherlands 15 0 10
Poland 10 10 0
Portugal 0 0 0
Romania 0 0 0
Russian Federation 175 80 100
Serbia86 0 0 0
Ukraine 60 30 30
United Kingdom87 105 65 45
Other places of birth in Europe 55 25 30
Africa 115 65 55
Algeria 0 0 0
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 10 10 0
Egypt 0 0 0
Eritrea 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Morocco 0 0 0
Nigeria 80 40 40
Somalia 0 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 20 10 0
Asia 1,780 875 905
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Iran88 0 0 0
Iraq 0 0 0
Lebanon 0 0 0
Syria89 0 0 0
Turkey 0 0 0
China90 10 0 10
Hong Kong91 0 0 0
Korea, South92 0 0 0
Taiwan 0 0 0
Philippines 1,295 625 665
Viet Nam 35 20 15
Bangladesh 0 0 0
India 270 130 140
Pakistan 20 15 0
Sri Lanka 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 115 60 55
Oceania and other places of birth93 55 25 25
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data94 955 465 495
Americas 75 30 45
Brazil 0 0 0
Colombia 0 0 0
Haiti 0 0 0
Jamaica 0 0 0
Mexico 15 0 10
United States of America 20 0 10
Venezuela95 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 25 10 20
Europe 110 45 65
France 0 0 0
Germany 15 0 15
Ireland96 0 0 0
Italy 0 0 0
Russian Federation 30 15 15
Ukraine 40 20 20
United Kingdom87 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Europe 10 0 10
Africa 85 55 35
Algeria 0 0 0
Burundi 0 0 0
Cameroon 0 0 0
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 10 10 0
Côte d'Ivoire 0 0 0
Egypt 0 0 0
Eritrea 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Morocco 0 0 0
Nigeria 75 40 35
Somalia 0 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0
Sudan97 0 0 0
Tunisia 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 0 0 0
Asia 645 320 330
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Bangladesh 0 0 0
China90 0 0 0
Hong Kong91 0 0 0
India 170 85 90
Iran88 0 0 0
Iraq 0 0 0
Israel 0 0 0
Japan 0 0 0
Jordan 0 0 0
Korea, South92 0 0 0
Lebanon 0 0 0
Nepal 0 0 0
Pakistan 10 10 0
Philippines 405 195 205
Saudi Arabia 0 0 0
Sri Lanka 0 0 0
Syria89 0 0 0
Turkey 0 0 0
United Arab Emirates 0 0 0
Viet Nam 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 10 0 0
Oceania and other93 40 25 20
Australia 0 0 0
Other places of birth98 35 25 15
Generation status
Total - Generation status for the population in private households - 25% sample data99 17,575 8,575 9,000
First generation100 4,400 2,095 2,305
Second generation101 2,750 1,395 1,360
Third generation or more102 10,425 5,085 5,340
Admission category and applicant type
Total - Admission category and applicant type for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data103 3,295 1,610 1,690
Economic immigrants104 2,675 1,320 1,350
Principal applicants105 795 575 220
Secondary applicants106 1,875 750 1,130
Immigrants sponsored by family107 510 225 285
Refugees108 95 50 45
Other immigrants109 20 0 15
Pre-admission experience
Total - Pre-admission experience for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data110 3,295 1,610 1,690
Asylum claim before admission111 25 10 15
Work permits only before admission112 500 330 170
Study permits only before admission113 85 50 35
Work and study permits before admission114 80 35 40
Other permits before admission115 40 0 35
No pre-admission experience116 2,570 1,175 1,395
Visible minority
Total - Visible minority for the population in private households - 25% sample data117 17,575 8,575 9,005
Total visible minority population118 2,765 1,370 1,395
South Asian 515 260 255
Chinese 45 20 20
Black 210 110 100
Filipino 1,520 760 755
Arab 10 10 0
Latin American 220 85 130
Southeast Asian 120 55 65
West Asian 0 0 0
Korean 35 20 20
Japanese 10 10 0
Visible minority, n.i.e.119 55 35 20
Multiple visible minorities 35 15 15
Not a visible minority120 14,810 7,205 7,610
Ethnic or cultural origin
Total - Ethnic or cultural origin for the population in private households - 25% sample data121 17,575 8,575 9,005
Canadian 2,075 995 1,080
English 1,415 690 725
Irish 1,035 480 555
Scottish 1,190 570 620
French, n.o.s.122 1,305 650 660
German 4,285 2,140 2,145
Chinese 65 30 30
Italian 205 110 95
Indian (India) 305 140 160
Ukrainian 1,370 640 725
Dutch 1,240 610 630
Polish 610 270 335
Québécois 15 0 10
British Isles, n.o.s.123 310 155 155
Filipino 1,455 745 710
French Canadian 125 55 65
Caucasian (White), n.o.s.124 475 255 225
First Nations (North American Indian), n.o.s.125 445 205 245
Métis 970 525 450
European, n.o.s.126 325 155 175
Russian 2,235 1,125 1,110
Norwegian 195 110 85
Welsh 80 30 50
Portuguese 40 25 20
American 105 60 45
Spanish 175 75 95
Swedish 275 135 140
Hungarian 55 40 15
Acadian 0 0 0
Pakistani 0 0 0
African, n.o.s.127 10 10 0
Jewish 35 20 15
Punjabi 100 55 50
Vietnamese 40 20 20
Arab, n.o.s.128 15 0 15
Greek 0 0 0
Jamaican 20 0 10
Asian, n.o.s.129 30 15 15
Cree, n.o.s.130 165 85 80
Korean 35 15 15
Romanian 55 35 20
Lebanese 0 0 0
Iranian 10 10 0
Christian, n.i.e.131 270 110 160
Danish 70 25 45
North American Indigenous, n.o.s.132 90 45 50
Sikh 45 20 25
Austrian 80 45 40
Belgian 145 55 90
Haitian 0 0 0
Hindu 40 20 25
Mexican 350 195 155
Mennonite 3,505 1,740 1,760
Swiss 50 15 35
Finnish 30 10 25
Sri Lankan 0 0 0
Croatian 10 10 0
Japanese 30 10 20
South Asian, n.o.s.133 35 30 10
Mi'kmaq, n.o.s.134 0 0 0
Northern European, n.o.s.135 65 45 25
Muslim 20 15 0
Egyptian 0 0 0
Latin, Central or South American, n.o.s.136 85 35 55
Tamil 0 0 0
Icelandic 155 85 65
Colombian 45 15 30
Moroccan 0 0 0
Czech 70 40 30
Syrian 0 0 0
Guyanese 10 10 0
Afghan 0 0 0
Black, n.o.s.137 0 0 0
Serbian 0 0 0
Ojibway 155 100 55
Newfoundlander 0 0 0
Hong Konger 0 0 0
Ontarian 10 0 0
Persian 0 0 0
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 45 30 10
Turkish 0 0 0
Inuit, n.o.s.138 20 10 10
Bangladeshi 0 0 0
Algerian 0 0 0
Brazilian 45 25 25
Nigerian 55 35 20
Armenian 0 0 0
Slovak 35 10 25
Eastern European, n.o.s.139 60 20 40
Somali 0 0 0
Taiwanese 0 0 0
Iraqi 0 0 0
Salvadorean 30 15 15
African Caribbean 0 0 0
East or Southeast Asian, n.o.s.140 45 20 30
West or Central Asian or Middle Eastern, n.o.s.141 0 0 0
Caribbean, n.o.s.142 0 0 0
Algonquin 0 0 0
West Indian, n.o.s.143 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
South African 0 0 0
Australian 15 10 0
Palestinian 0 0 0
Chilean 0 0 0
Congolese 0 0 0
Nova Scotian 0 0 0
Ethiopian 0 0 0
Hispanic, n.o.s.144 0 0 0
Peruvian 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 0
Cambodian (Khmer) 0 0 0
Berber 0 0 0
Albanian 0 0 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Macedonian 0 0 0
Slovenian 0 0 0
Western European, n.o.s.145 0 0 0
New Brunswicker 0 0 0
Gujarati 0 0 0
Eritrean 0 0 0
African Canadian 0 0 0
Israeli 45 15 25
Mohawk 0 0 0
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s.146 10 0 0
Bulgarian 0 0 0
Albertan 0 0 0
Ghanaian 0 0 0
Barbadian 0 0 0
African American 15 10 10
Yugoslavian, n.o.s.147 0 0 0
Tunisian 0 0