Census Profile, 2021 Census of Population
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Topic:
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Age
Age characteristics
Commuting
Select all: Commuting
Commuting destination
Commuting duration
Main mode of commuting
Place of work status
Time leaving for work
Education
Select all: Education
Highest certificate, diploma or degree
Location of study compared with province or territory of residence
Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2021
Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificate
Ethnocultural and religious diversity
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Ethnic or cultural origin
Religion
Visible minority
Families, households, and marital status
Select all: Families, households, and marital status
Family characteristics
Household type
Marital status
Housing
Household characteristics
Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
Select all: Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
Admission category and applicant type
Age at immigration
Citizenship
Generation status
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Pre-admission experience
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Income
Select all: Income
Income of economic families in 2020
Income of households in 2020
Income of individuals in 2019
Income of individuals in 2020
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Indigenous peoples
Select all: Indigenous peoples
Indigenous ancestry
Indigenous population
Instruction in the minority official language
Select all: Instruction in the minority official language
Children eligible for instruction in the minority official language
Eligibility and instruction in the minority official language for school-aged children
Labour
Select all: Labour
Class of worker including job permanency
Industry - Sectors - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2017
Labour force status
Occupation - Broad category - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2021
Work activity during the reference year
Language
Select all: Language
All languages spoken at home
First official language spoken
Knowledge of languages
Knowledge of official languages
Language spoken most often at home
Mother tongue
Other language spoken regularly at home
Language of work
Select all: Language of work
All languages used at work
Language used most often at work
Other language(s) used regularly at work
Mobility and migration
Select all: Mobility and migration
Mobility status 1 year ago
Mobility status 5 years ago
Population and dwelling counts
Population and dwellings
Type of dwelling
Household and dwelling characteristics
GenderMore information:


Statistic:
Characteristic SouthwestMore information:
Manitoba
[Economic region]
Counts
Total Men+ Women+
Population and dwellings
Population, 20211 117,432 ... ...
Population, 20161 113,618 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2016 to 2021 3.4 ... ...
Total private dwellings2 53,466 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residents3 47,201 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 4.3 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 27,384.24 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups of the population - 100% data 117,435 58,510 58,925
0 to 14 years 22,490 11,715 10,780
0 to 4 years 7,065 3,655 3,410
5 to 9 years 7,865 4,100 3,765
10 to 14 years 7,570 3,960 3,605
15 to 64 years 72,615 36,625 35,985
15 to 19 years 6,920 3,595 3,325
20 to 24 years 7,065 3,710 3,355
25 to 29 years 7,330 3,805 3,525
30 to 34 years 7,945 3,995 3,945
35 to 39 years 8,005 4,050 3,960
40 to 44 years 7,555 3,790 3,760
45 to 49 years 6,690 3,380 3,310
50 to 54 years 6,170 3,075 3,090
55 to 59 years 7,195 3,435 3,755
60 to 64 years 7,745 3,785 3,960
65 years and over 22,330 10,165 12,160
65 to 69 years 6,745 3,350 3,395
70 to 74 years 5,745 2,725 3,015
75 to 79 years 3,835 1,755 2,085
80 to 84 years 2,820 1,230 1,595
85 years and over 3,180 1,110 2,070
85 to 89 years 1,810 695 1,110
90 to 94 years 1,005 340 665
95 to 99 years 300 65 240
100 years and over 60 10 55
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 19.2 20.0 18.3
15 to 64 years 61.8 62.6 61.1
65 years and over 19.0 17.4 20.6
85 years and over 2.7 1.9 3.5
Average age of the population 40.5 39.3 41.7
Median age of the population 39.2 38.0 40.8
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% data 47,205 ... ...
Single-detached house 32,940 ... ...
Semi-detached house 1,435 ... ...
Row house 2,270 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 685 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 6,550 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 865 ... ...
Other single-attached house 90 ... ...
Movable dwelling4 2,365 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% data 47,200 ... ...
1 person 14,030 ... ...
2 persons 17,445 ... ...
3 persons 6,065 ... ...
4 persons 5,695 ... ...
5 or more persons 3,965 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 112,250 56,120 56,130
Average household size 2.4 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the total population aged 15 years and over - 100% data 94,940 46,795 48,150
Married or living common-law 57,250 28,670 28,580
Married 47,560 23,830 23,725
Living common-law 9,690 4,840 4,850
Living common law - Never married 7,210 3,650 3,560
Living common law - Separated 350 185 170
Living common law - Divorced 1,895 915 980
Living common law - Widowed 235 85 145
Not married and not living common-law 37,690 18,125 19,565
Not married and not living common law - Never married 24,710 13,890 10,820
Not married and not living common law - Separated 1,905 875 1,030
Not married and not living common law - Divorced 5,070 2,115 2,955
Not married and not living common law - Widowed 6,010 1,250 4,765
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% data5 31,710 ... ...
2 persons 17,225 ... ...
3 persons 5,800 ... ...
4 persons 5,490 ... ...
5 or more persons 3,200 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.9 ... ...
Average number of children in census families with children6 1.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% data 31,715 ... ...
Total couple families 27,305 ... ...
Married couples 22,460 ... ...
With children6 10,550 ... ...
Without children 11,905 ... ...
Common-law couples 4,845 ... ...
With children6 2,055 ... ...
Without children 2,790 ... ...
Total one-parent families 4,405 ... ...
in which the parent is a woman+ 3,400 ... ...
in which the parent is a man+ 1,005 ... ...
Total - Persons in private households - 100% data 112,250 56,120 56,130
Total - Persons in census families 91,190 45,485 45,705
Married spouses or common-law partners 54,610 27,275 27,330
Parents in one-parent families 4,410 1,010 3,405
Children6 32,170 17,200 14,975
In a two-parent family 24,860 13,215 11,645
In a one-parent family 7,315 3,985 3,330
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 21,060 10,635 10,425
Living alone 14,030 6,560 7,475
Living with other relatives7 2,445 1,240 1,200
Living with non-relatives only 4,585 2,835 1,750
Household type
Total - Household type - 100% data 47,200 ... ...
One-census-family households without additional persons 29,105 ... ...
Couple-family households 25,605 ... ...
With children6 11,670 ... ...
Without children 13,930 ... ...
One-parent-family households 3,500 ... ...
Multigenerational households8 635 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households9 205 ... ...
One-census-family households with additional persons9 1,180 ... ...
Two-or-more-person non-census-family households 2,040 ... ...
One-person households 14,035 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2020
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data10 90,680 44,895 45,785
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 88,155 43,590 44,565
Median total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 40,800 47,200 35,600
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 88,250 43,640 44,610
Median after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 36,000 40,800 32,000
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 80,555 40,545 40,010
Median market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 34,400 42,800 26,800
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 66,090 34,680 31,410
Median employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 35,200 43,200 28,400
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 79,785 38,800 40,990
Median government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 8,000 4,680 10,100
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 8,735 3,915 4,820
Median employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 5,480 5,680 5,400
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 18,545 8,340 10,200
Median COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 8,000 7,500 8,000
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data11 90,665 44,875 45,790
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 88,485 43,785 44,700
Average total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 48,040 54,350 41,840
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 88,560 43,820 44,745
Average after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 39,840 44,080 35,680
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 80,800 40,635 40,165
Average market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 42,800 50,480 35,000
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 66,090 34,830 31,255
Average employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 42,360 48,720 35,320
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 80,100 38,915 41,185
Average government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 9,900 8,410 11,300
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 9,070 4,075 4,995
Average employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 6,700 6,530 6,830
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 18,735 8,385 10,360
Average COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 8,200 8,090 8,290
Total - Employment income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data12 90,665 44,875 45,790
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 32,455 19,305 13,150
Median employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 54,800 59,600 48,000
Average employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 61,200 65,600 54,650
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 25,415 11,395 14,025
Median employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 17,600 19,000 16,600
Average employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 26,080 29,960 22,920
Composition of total income in 2020 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data17 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)18 81.4 86.2 75.2
Employment income (%)19 65.8 71.4 59.0
Government transfers (%)20 18.6 13.8 24.9
Employment insurance benefits (%) 1.4 1.1 1.8
COVID-19 - Government income support and benefits (%) 4.7 3.6 6.2
COVID-19 - Emergency and recovery benefits (%) 3.6 2.9 4.6
Total - Total income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data21 90,680 44,895 45,780
Without total income 2,520 1,305 1,215
With total income 88,160 43,590 44,565
Under $10,000 (including loss) 7,540 3,575 3,960
$10,000 to $19,999 10,240 4,140 6,105
$20,000 to $29,999 13,670 5,455 8,210
$30,000 to $39,999 11,830 4,875 6,950
$40,000 to $49,999 11,200 5,200 5,995
$50,000 to $59,999 9,225 4,900 4,320
$60,000 to $69,999 6,800 4,025 2,770
$70,000 to $79,999 5,000 3,150 1,850
$80,000 to $89,999 3,680 2,225 1,455
$90,000 to $99,999 2,845 1,680 1,165
$100,000 and over 6,140 4,365 1,775
$100,000 to $149,999 4,580 3,205 1,370
$150,000 and over 1,565 1,160 405
Total - After-tax income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data22 90,680 44,895 45,780
Without after-tax income 2,430 1,255 1,175
With after-tax income 88,250 43,645 44,605
Under $10,000 (including loss) 8,030 3,750 4,285
$10,000 to $19,999 11,055 4,475 6,585
$20,000 to $29,999 16,270 6,590 9,675
$30,000 to $39,999 14,680 6,465 8,220
$40,000 to $49,999 13,140 6,860 6,280
$50,000 to $59,999 9,140 5,390 3,750
$60,000 to $69,999 6,065 3,685 2,385
$70,000 to $79,999 4,095 2,430 1,670
$80,000 to $89,999 2,245 1,440 800
$90,000 to $99,999 1,225 880 345
$100,000 and over 2,300 1,680 615
$100,000 to $124,999 1,305 960 345
$125,000 and over 990 720 270
Total - Employment income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data19 90,680 44,895 45,780
Without employment income 24,590 10,215 14,375
With employment income 66,090 34,685 31,405
Under $5,000 (including loss) 9,020 4,250 4,770
$5,000 to $9,999 5,300 2,325 2,980
$10,000 to $19,999 8,325 3,690 4,640
$20,000 to $29,999 6,815 2,905 3,910
$30,000 to $39,999 6,835 3,155 3,680
$40,000 to $49,999 6,870 3,460 3,410
$50,000 to $59,999 5,720 3,410 2,310
$60,000 to $69,999 4,400 2,860 1,545
$70,000 to $79,999 3,445 2,265 1,180
$80,000 to $89,999 2,815 1,725 1,085
$90,000 to $99,999 2,100 1,215 880
$100,000 and over 4,445 3,425 1,020
$100,000 to $124,999 2,400 1,765 635
$125,000 and over 2,040 1,655 385
Income of individuals in 2019
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data23 90,680 44,895 45,785
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 85,590 42,285 43,315
Median total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 39,200 46,000 33,200
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 85,620 42,280 43,340
Median after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 34,400 39,600 30,000
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 79,080 39,660 39,415
Median market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 35,200 43,600 28,000
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 66,080 34,415 31,660
Median employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 35,600 42,800 29,000
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 73,930 36,110 37,815
Median government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 3,960 1,330 6,800
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 -100% data 7,050 3,330 3,720
Median employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 6,000 6,200 5,640
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data24 90,665 44,875 45,790
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 85,920 42,485 43,435
Average total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 46,000 52,650 39,520
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 85,955 42,495 43,460
Average after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 38,040 42,600 33,600
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 79,530 39,805 39,725
Average market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 42,800 50,560 35,000
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 66,305 34,625 31,680
Average employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 42,120 48,720 34,920
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 74,015 36,300 37,715
Average government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 7,420 6,150 8,640
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 7,230 3,440 3,785
Average employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 7,410 6,930 7,850
Total - Employment income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data25 90,665 44,875 45,790
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 32,085 19,100 12,985
Median employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 51,200 55,600 44,800
Average employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 58,000 62,650 51,200
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 23,900 10,610 13,290
Median employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 22,800 26,000 21,000
Average employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 30,680 35,760 26,600
Composition of total income in 2019 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%) 86.2 90.0 81.0
Employment income (%) 70.6 75.4 64.4
Government transfers (%) 13.9 10.0 19.0
Employment insurance benefits (%) 1.4 1.1 1.7
Income of households in 2020
Total - Income statistics for private households - 100% data26 47,200 ... ...
Median total income of household in 2020 ($) 76,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 66,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 100% data 14,035 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 39,200 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 34,800 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 100% data 33,165 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 96,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 82,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for private households - 25% sample data27 47,200 ... ...
Average total income of household in 2020 ($) 90,000 ... ...
Average after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 74,800 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 25% sample data 14,030 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 47,240 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 39,520 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 25% sample data 33,170 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 108,100 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 89,700 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data21 47,200 ... ...
Under $5,000 470 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 385 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 675 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 795 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,065 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,950 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,710 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,985 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,095 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,015 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,800 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,610 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 3,280 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 3,105 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,890 ... ...
$100,000 and over 16,370 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 5,880 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,970 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 4,095 ... ...
$200,000 and over 2,425 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data22 47,200 ... ...
Under $5,000 570 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 400 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 710 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 860 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,290 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,325 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,010 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,490 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,405 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,370 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,595 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 4,270 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 3,895 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 3,495 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 3,150 ... ...
$100,000 and over 11,365 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 5,375 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,950 ... ...
$150,000 and over 3,040 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2020
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 100% data28 31,795 ... ...
Median total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 95,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 82,000 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 100% data 14,185 ... ...
Median total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 87,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 74,000 ... ...
Average family size of couple-only economic families 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 100% data 12,685 ... ...
Median total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 120,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 101,000 ... ...
Average family size of couple-with-children economic families 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 4,100 ... ...
Median total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 58,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 53,600 ... ...
Average family size of one-parent economic families 2.8 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% data29 18,615 9,390 9,225
Median total income in 2020 ($)30 37,600 41,600 34,400
Median after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 33,600 36,000 31,400
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 25% sample data31 31,740 ... ...
Average total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 107,600 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 89,100 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 25% sample data 14,130 ... ...
Average total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 97,300 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 80,200 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 25% sample data 12,720 ... ...
Average total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 132,200 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 108,400 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 4,050 ... ...
Average total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 70,400 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 61,900 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample data32 18,645 9,415 9,235
Average total income in 2020 ($)30 44,680 47,320 41,960
Average after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 37,640 39,320 35,960
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Total - LIM low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households - 100% data33 112,250 56,120 56,130
0 to 17 years 25,630 13,315 12,320
0 to 5 years 8,270 4,265 4,005
18 to 64 years 66,165 33,230 32,940
65 years and over 20,450 9,575 10,875
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 15,590 7,230 8,360
0 to 17 years 4,440 2,275 2,160
0 to 5 years 1,530 795 735
18 to 64 years 7,725 3,660 4,065
65 years and over 3,430 1,295 2,130
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 13.9 12.9 14.9
0 to 17 years (%) 17.3 17.1 17.5
0 to 5 years (%) 18.5 18.7 18.4
18 to 64 years (%) 11.7 11.0 12.4
65 years and over (%) 16.8 13.5 19.6
Total - LICO low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households to whom the low-income concept is applicable - 100% data33 109,495 54,715 54,785
0 to 17 years 24,560 12,755 11,810
0 to 5 years 7,920 4,095 3,825
18 to 64 years 64,630 32,435 32,200
65 years and over 20,300 9,525 10,775
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 4,550 2,405 2,150
0 to 17 years 950 490 455
0 to 5 years 300 160 140
18 to 64 years 3,230 1,730 1,500
65 years and over 375 180 195
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 4.2 4.4 3.9
0 to 17 years (%) 3.9 3.9 3.9
0 to 5 years (%) 3.8 3.9 3.7
18 to 64 years (%) 5.0 5.3 4.7
65 years and over (%) 1.9 1.9 1.8
Total - Adjusted after-tax economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% data34The letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice. 112,250 56,120 56,130
In bottom half of the distribution 67,420 32,950 34,470
In bottom decile 13,425 6,505 6,915
In second decile 14,165 6,550 7,620
In third decile 13,565 6,580 6,980
In fourth decile 13,390 6,760 6,630
In fifth decile 12,875 6,555 6,325
In top half of the distribution 44,830 23,170 21,660
In sixth decile 11,710 6,065 5,645
In seventh decile 10,930 5,600 5,335
In eighth decile 9,595 4,945 4,650
In ninth decile 7,795 4,070 3,730
In top decile 4,790 2,490 2,300
Total - Inequality measures for the population in private households - 100% data35 112,250 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household total income 0.308 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household market income 0.418 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household after-tax income 0.270 ... ...
P90/P10 ratio on adjusted household after-tax income 3.4 ... ...
Knowledge of official languages
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data36 115,570 57,685 57,885
English only 109,515 54,860 54,650
French only 45 30 15
English and French 4,725 2,215 2,510
Neither English nor French 1,285 580 705
First official language spoken
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data37 115,570 57,685 57,885
English 112,920 56,405 56,515
French 1,220 620 600
English and French 175 95 75
Neither English nor French 1,255 560 695
Mother tongue
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data38 115,570 57,685 57,885
Single responses 112,695 56,200 56,495
Official languages 95,720 47,690 48,030
English 94,395 47,020 47,370
French 1,325 670 655
Non-official languages 16,975 8,510 8,465
Indigenous languages39 680 315 360
Algonquian languages 355 165 190
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 160 80 85
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 160 80 85
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 5 5 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 50 15 30
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 105 60 45
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 200 90 110
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 10 5 5
Ojibway languages 180 80 100
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 5 5 5
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 30 10 20
Ojibway, n.o.s. 140 70 70
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 5 0 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 5 0 5
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 10 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 300 140 160
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 300 140 160
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 16,295 8,195 8,105
Afro-Asiatic languages 805 435 370
Berber languages 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 5 0 0
Hausa 5 0 0
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 5 0 0
Cushitic languages 140 70 65
Bilen 50 35 20
Oromo 15 10 5
Somali 70 25 45
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 665 360 300
Amharic 305 155 145
Arabic 160 90 70
Aramaic languages 0 0 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 0 0 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 190 115 80
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 60 20 35
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 55 20 35
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 3,040 1,615 1,425
Bikol 15 10 5
Bisaya, n.o.s. 105 65 45
Cebuano 190 110 80
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 20 10 10
Ilocano 60 35 20
Indonesian 0 0 0
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 5 5 5
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 60 30 30
Pangasinan 5 5 5
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,535 1,335 1,200
Waray-Waray 20 10 5
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 20 5 10
Creole languages 90 45 45
Haitian Creole 0 0 0
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 0 0 0
Morisyen 60 30 30
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 20 10 10
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5
Dravidian languages 145 75 75
Kannada 5 5 0
Malayalam 95 50 50
Tamil 30 15 15
Telugu 15 10 5
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 10,110 5,035 5,080
Albanian 0 0 0
Armenian 0 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 1,405 670 740
Baltic languages 10 0 10
Latvian 5 0 0
Lithuanian 5 0 5
Slavic languages 1,395 670 730
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 5 5 0
Czech 15 5 5
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 95 40 60
Russian 305 155 155
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 20 5 15
Bosnian 10 5 10
Croatian 5 0 5
Serbian 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Slovak 5 0 5
Slovene (Slovenian) 5 5 0
Ukrainian 950 450 495
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 25 10 15
Irish 5 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 5 0 0
Welsh 20 10 15
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 4,295 2,120 2,175
Frisian 0 0 0
High German languages 3,320 1,650 1,670
German 3,300 1,640 1,665
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 15 10 5
Yiddish 5 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 780 385 390
Afrikaans 140 70 70
Dutch 180 85 90
Low German, n.o.s. 155 70 85
Low Saxon 25 10 10
Plautdietsch 255 135 125
Vlaams (Flemish) 30 20 10
Scandinavian languages 45 25 25
Danish 20 10 10
Icelandic 10 5 5
Norwegian 10 5 0
Swedish 10 0 10
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 150 65 85
Greek 30 15 10
Indo-Iranian languages 2,115 1,110 1,005
Indo-Aryan languages 2,060 1,080 980
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 30 20 10
Gujarati 1,280 685 590
Hindi 110 60 45
Kacchi 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0
Nepali 5 5 0
Oriya languages 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 490 235 260
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 20 10 10
Urdu 125 60 65
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iranian languages 50 25 25
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 5 5 5
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 15 10 10
Persian languages 25 15 15
Dari 0 0 0
Iranian Persian 25 15 15
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 0 0 0
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 2,245 1,105 1,135
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 30 15 15
Portuguese 75 30 45
Romanian 15 5 10
Spanish 2,125 1,055 1,070
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 15 5 15
Korean 185 90 95
Mongolian 5 0 5
Niger-Congo languages 300 150 145
Akan (Twi) 10 10 0
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0
Éwé 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 35 15 15
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5 0 5
Lingala 0 0 0
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 5 0 0
Ndebele 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Shona 10 5 0
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0
Swahili 45 15 25
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0
Yoruba 160 75 80
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10
Nilo-Saharan languages 15 5 10
Dinka 5 0 5
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 10 5 10
African, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Sign languages 10 5 5
American Sign Language 10 5 5
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,470 690 780
Chinese languages 1,470 690 775
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 1,015 475 540
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 10 5 5
Wu (Shanghainese) 5 5 0
Yue (Cantonese) 400 190 215
Chinese, n.o.s. 40 20 20
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 5 0 5
Burmese 0 0 0
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 10 5 10
Lao 10 5 5
Thai 5 0 5
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 15 5 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 10 5 0
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Uralic languages 20 5 10
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 5 0 5
Hungarian 15 10 5
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Multiple responses 2,875 1,485 1,390
English and French 390 215 175
English and non-official language(s) 2,195 1,120 1,070
French and non-official language(s) 55 25 30
English, French and non-official language(s) 25 15 10
Multiple non-official languages 210 110 105
All languages spoken at home
Total - All languages spoken at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data40 115,570 57,685 57,885
English 97,130 48,395 48,730
French 235 115 115
Non-official language 5,660 2,780 2,880
Indigenous39 70 30 40
Non-Indigenous 5,590 2,750 2,840
English and French 790 395 390
English and non-official language(s) 11,040 5,620 5,415
French and non-official language(s) 20 10 5
English, French and non-official language(s) 200 95 105
Multiple non-official languages 500 260 240
Language spoken most often at home
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data41 115,570 57,685 57,885
Single responses 112,695 56,195 56,505
Official languages 101,830 50,700 51,135
English 101,495 50,525 50,965
French 335 170 165
Non-official languages 10,865 5,495 5,370
Indigenous languages39 150 65 85
Algonquian languages 65 25 40
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 30 15 20
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 30 15 20
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 5 0 5
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 30 10 15
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 30 10 20
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 30 10 20
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 0 5
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 5 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 25 5 15
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 85 40 40
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 80 35 40
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 10,720 5,430 5,290
Afro-Asiatic languages 585 305 280
Berber languages 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 0 0 0
Hausa 0 0 0
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 5 0 0
Cushitic languages 105 50 55
Bilen 45 30 15
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 55 15 40
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 480 255 220
Amharic 215 110 100
Arabic 110 60 55
Aramaic languages 0 0 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 0 0 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 155 90 70
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 35 15 20
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 35 15 20
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 2,095 1,190 910
Bikol 10 5 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 65 40 25
Cebuano 120 80 40
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 10 0 5
Ilocano 20 10 10
Indonesian 0 0 0
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 40 20 15
Pangasinan 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,815 1,025 795
Waray-Waray 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5
Creole languages 60 25 30
Haitian Creole 0 0 0
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 0 0 0
Morisyen 45 25 20
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 15 5 10
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0
Dravidian languages 110 55 50
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 70 40 35
Tamil 20 5 15
Telugu 15 10 5
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 6,350 3,135 3,215
Albanian 0 0 0
Armenian 0 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 540 275 265
Baltic languages 0 0 0
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Slavic languages 535 275 260
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 0 0 0
Czech 0 0 0
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 20 10 5
Russian 210 110 105
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 5 5 5
Bosnian 5 5 5
Croatian 0 0 0
Serbian 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Slovak 0 0 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0
Ukrainian 305 155 145
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 15 5 10
Irish 5 0 5
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0
Welsh 5 5 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 2,340 1,130 1,215
Frisian 0 0 0
High German languages 1,950 950 995
German 1,940 945 990
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 10 5 5
Yiddish 0 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 245 115 135
Afrikaans 90 45 50
Dutch 15 5 10
Low German, n.o.s. 95 40 60
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 35 20 20
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0
Scandinavian languages 10 5 5
Danish 5 0 5
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 0 0 0
Swedish 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 135 55 80
Greek 15 5 10
Indo-Iranian languages 1,785 910 875
Indo-Aryan languages 1,745 890 855
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 5 0 0
Gujarati 1,135 590 545
Hindi 85 40 45
Kacchi 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0
Nepali 0 0 0
Oriya languages 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 420 210 215
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 10 10 5
Urdu 85 45 45
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iranian languages 40 20 20
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 0 0 0
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 20 5 10
Persian languages 15 5 10
Dari 0 0 0
Iranian Persian 15 5 10
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 0 0 0
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 1,660 815 845
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 5 0 5
Portuguese 30 15 10
Romanian 0 0 0
Spanish 1,625 800 825
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 0 0 0
Korean 135 60 70
Mongolian 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 110 50 55
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0
Éwé 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0
Lingala 0 0 0
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Shona 0 0 0
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0
Swahili 45 20 20
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0
Yoruba 55 30 25
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0
Nilo-Saharan languages 5 0 10
Dinka 0 0 0
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 10
African, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Sign languages 25 15 15
American Sign Language 20 10 10
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,190 565 625
Chinese languages 1,190 565 625
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 825 390 440
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 5 5 0
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0
Yue (Cantonese) 335 160 175
Chinese, n.o.s. 25 15 15
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0
Burmese 0 0 0
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 10 0 0
Lao 0 0 0
Thai 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 5 5 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 5 5 0
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Uralic languages 0 0 0
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 0 0 0
Hungarian 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Multiple responses 2,870 1,490 1,385
English and French 160 85 80
English and non-official language(s) 2,645 1,375 1,270
French and non-official language(s) 5 0 5
English, French and non-official language(s) 15 10 10
Multiple non-official languages 45 25 25
Other language spoken regularly at home
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data42 115,570 57,685 57,885
None 105,525 52,570 52,955
English 4,045 2,105 1,940
French 565 285 285
Non-official language 4,145 2,040 2,100
Indigenous39 495 205 285
Non-Indigenous 3,650 1,830 1,815
English and French 40 10 25
English and non-official language(s) 750 400 350
French and non-official language(s) 105 55 50
English, French and non-official language(s) 5 0 0
Multiple non-official languages 385 215 175
Knowledge of languagesThe letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice.
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample data43 112,250 56,120 56,130
Official languages 111,090 55,610 55,480
English 111,025 55,560 55,465
French 4,705 2,250 2,455
Non-official languages 19,605 9,895 9,710
Indigenous languages39 1,365 625 740
Algonquian languages 645 290 350
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 235 105 135
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 235 105 135
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 15 15 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 55 15 40
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 10 0 10
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 10 0 10
Cree, n.o.s. 150 70 80
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 415 190 225
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 25 10 15
Ojibway languages 395 180 210
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 25 25 10
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 70 20 45
Ojibway, n.o.s. 300 145 165
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 10 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 10 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 20 20 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 730 330 395
Assiniboine 10 0 10
Dakota 720 325 390
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 18,260 9,275 8,980
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,205 605 600
Berber languages 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 15 15 0
Hausa 15 15 0
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 165 80 80
Bilen 55 35 20
Oromo 15 15 0
Somali 90 30 65
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 1,055 530 520
Amharic 635 330 310
Arabic 230 105 125
Aramaic languages 0 0 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 10 10 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 355 175 180
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 75 40 40
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 75 35 40
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 4,075 2,245 1,835
Bikol 25 15 10
Bisaya, n.o.s. 190 110 85
Cebuano 460 320 145
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 75 40 35
Ilocano 140 75 65
Indonesian 0 0 0
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 95 50 50
Pangasinan 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 3,935 2,155 1,780
Waray-Waray 30 20 10
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 245 120 120
Creole languages 255 125 130
Haitian Creole 0 0 0
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 10 0 0
Morisyen 110 55 55
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 70 35 30
Creole languages, n.i.e. 80 35 45
Dravidian languages 160 90 65
Kannada 15 10 10
Malayalam 120 70 50
Tamil 55 35 15
Telugu 20 15 0
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 9,900 4,920 4,975
Albanian 0 0 0
Armenian 0 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 1,815 795 1,015
Baltic languages 10 0 10
Latvian 10 0 10
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Slavic languages 1,805 795 1,010
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 0 0 0
Czech 10 0 0
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 190 65 130
Russian 650 300 350
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 45 10 30
Bosnian 30 10 15
Croatian 0 0 0
Serbian 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Slovak 0 0 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0
Ukrainian 1,260 580 675
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 60 25 35
Irish 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 10 10 0
Welsh 40 15 30
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 2,580 1,270 1,305
Frisian 0 0 0
High German languages 1,735 850 890
German 1,725 850 880
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 20 10 10
Yiddish 0 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 875 435 440
Afrikaans 225 120 105
Dutch 220 100 120
Low German, n.o.s. 50 20 25
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 375 190 185
Vlaams (Flemish) 25 15 10
Scandinavian languages 125 45 85
Danish 65 25 40
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 40 15 25
Swedish 20 0 15
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 25 20 10
Greek 25 20 0
Indo-Iranian languages 2,565 1,370 1,190
Indo-Aryan languages 2,525 1,350 1,180
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 0 0 0
Gujarati 1,495 825 665
Hindi 1,405 785 620
Kacchi 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 30 25 0
Nepali 10 10 0
Oriya languages 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 670 340 330
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0
Urdu 205 90 110
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iranian languages 30 25 15
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 0 0 0
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 0 0 0
Persian languages 30 25 10
Dari 0 0 0
Iranian Persian 30 15 10
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 0 0 0
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 3,050 1,525 1,525
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 60 20 40
Portuguese 90 35 55
Romanian 15 10 0
Spanish 2,925 1,470 1,455
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 60 25 40
Korean 150 70 80
Mongolian 15 0 15
Niger-Congo languages 895 485 405
Akan (Twi) 30 20 10
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 20 15 0
Éwé 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0
Ga 10 10 0
Ganda 0 0 0
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 150 95 55
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0
Lingala 10 10 0
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Shona 0 0 0
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0
Swahili 130 75 60
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0
Yoruba 515 255 265
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 95 55 40
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
African, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Sign languages 165 80 90
American Sign Language 150 65 85
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 20 15 0
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,575 745 835
Chinese languages 1,570 745 830
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 1,185 525 660
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 45 15 40
Wu (Shanghainese) 10 0 0
Yue (Cantonese) 540 270 270
Chinese, n.o.s. 30 25 15
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0
Burmese 0 0 0
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 50 30 20
Lao 25 15 10
Thai 30 15 15
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 0 0 0
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Uralic languages 20 15 0
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 0 0 0
Hungarian 15 10 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10
Indigenous population
Total - Indigenous identity for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 112,245 56,120 56,130
Indigenous identity45 14,655 7,140 7,515
Single Indigenous responses46 14,280 6,980 7,300
First Nations (North American Indian) 8,220 3,950 4,265
Métis 6,025 3,015 3,005
Inuk (Inuit) 35 10 25
Multiple Indigenous responses47 245 105 140
Indigenous responses not included elsewhere48 130 60 70
Non-Indigenous identity 97,590 48,975 48,615
Total - Registered or Treaty Indian status for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 112,245 56,120 56,130
Registered or Treaty Indian49 7,475 3,510 3,965
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 104,770 52,610 52,165
Household characteristics
Total - Private households by tenure - 25% sample data50 47,200 ... ...
Owner 33,205 ... ...
Renter 13,170 ... ...
Dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band 830 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by condominium status - 25% sample data51 47,200 ... ...
Condominium 3,450 ... ...
Not condominium 43,750 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of bedrooms - 25% sample data52 47,200 ... ...
No bedrooms 315 ... ...
1 bedroom 4,095 ... ...
2 bedrooms 12,555 ... ...
3 bedrooms 16,745 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 13,490 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of rooms - 25% sample data53 47,200 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 11,115 ... ...
5 rooms 8,050 ... ...
6 rooms 7,450 ... ...
7 rooms 6,315 ... ...
8 or more rooms 14,275 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 6.4 ... ...
Total - Private households by number of persons per room - 25% sample data54 47,200 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 46,100 ... ...
More than one person per room 1,095 ... ...
Total - Private households by housing suitability - 25% sample data55 47,200 ... ...
Suitable 45,135 ... ...
Not suitable 2,065 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by period of construction - 25% sample data56 47,200 ... ...
1960 or before 12,660 ... ...
1961 to 1980 15,155 ... ...
1981 to 1990 5,375 ... ...
1991 to 2000 4,015 ... ...
2001 to 2005 2,045 ... ...
2006 to 2010 2,545 ... ...
2011 to 2015 3,060 ... ...
2016 to 202157 2,350 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by dwelling condition - 25% sample data58 47,200 ... ...
Only regular maintenance and minor repairs needed 43,975 ... ...
Major repairs needed 3,230 ... ...
Total - Private households by number of household maintainers - 25% sample data59 47,200 ... ...
One-maintainer household 25,120 ... ...
Two-maintainer household 20,770 ... ...
Three-or-more-maintainer household 1,315 ... ...
Total - Private households by age of primary household maintainers - 25% sample data60 47,200 ... ...
15 to 24 years 2,180 ... ...
25 to 34 years 7,275 ... ...
35 to 44 years 8,355 ... ...
45 to 54 years 7,060 ... ...
55 to 64 years 8,625 ... ...
65 to 74 years 7,515 ... ...
75 to 84 years 4,410 ... ...
85 years and over 1,775 ... ...
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratio - 25% sample data61 43,935 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of income on shelter costs 38,185 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs 5,755 ... ...
30% to less than 100% 5,125 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by housing indicators - 25% sample data62 47,200 ... ...
Total - Households 'spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' or 'not suitable' or 'major repairs needed' 10,235 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs only 5,170 ... ...
Not suitable only 1,660 ... ...
Major repairs needed only 2,610 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' 180 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'major repairs needed' 390 ... ...
'Not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 210 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 15 ... ...
Acceptable housing 36,965 ... ...
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero and shelter-cost-to-income ratio less than 100%, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data63 43,315 ... ...
In core need 3,055 ... ...
Not in core need 40,255 ... ...
Total - Owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 30,910 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgage64 55.9 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 7.5 ... ...
% in core housing need63 4.3 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 850 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 1,032 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)66 250,000 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)66 268,400 ... ...
Total - Tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 13,095 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housing67 18.0 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 26.4 ... ...
% in core housing need63 13.8 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 880 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 905 ... ...
Total - Households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band in non-farm private dwellings - 25% sample data 830 ... ...
% of households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band spending more than 30% on shelter costs61 3.0 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 150 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 170 ... ...
Indigenous ancestry
Total - Indigenous ancestry for the population in private households - 25% sample data68 112,250 56,115 56,130
Indigenous ancestry (only)69 8,180 3,925 4,260
Single Indigenous ancestry (only)70 8,020 3,825 4,195
First Nations (North American Indian) single ancestry 6,590 3,125 3,460
Métis single ancestry 1,420 695 730
Inuit single ancestry 10 0 0
Multiple Indigenous ancestries (only)71 160 100 65
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis ancestry only 160 100 60
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
Métis and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries72 7,160 3,600 3,560
Single Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries73 6,815 3,445 3,365
First Nations (North American Indian) and non-Indigenous ancestry only 3,115 1,605 1,515
Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 3,620 1,815 1,800
Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 70 25 50
Multiple Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries74 350 155 195
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 345 145 195
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 0 0
Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 0 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous ancestry only75 96,910 48,595 48,310
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample data76 112,250 56,115 56,130
Canadian citizens77 101,765 50,685 51,080
Canadian citizens aged under 18 23,545 12,315 11,230
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 78,215 38,370 39,845
Not Canadian citizens78 10,485 5,430 5,055
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample data79 112,250 56,115 56,130
Non-immigrants80 95,740 47,705 48,040
Immigrants81 14,615 7,190 7,430
Before 1980 1,085 525 560
1980 to 1990 580 300 280
1991 to 2000 890 425 460
2001 to 2010 4,015 2,000 2,015
2011 to 202182 8,045 3,940 4,110
2011 to 2015 3,445 1,735 1,705
2016 to 2021 4,605 2,200 2,400
Non-permanent residents83 1,890 1,225 665
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data84 14,615 7,185 7,430
Under 5 years 1,435 740 695
5 to 14 years 3,035 1,450 1,585
15 to 24 years 1,995 940 1,050
25 to 44 years 7,100 3,510 3,590
45 years and over 1,055 545 510
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data85 14,615 7,185 7,430
Americas 2,630 1,240 1,390
Brazil 30 10 20
Colombia 275 115 160
El Salvador 1,000 525 470
Guyana 0 0 0
Haiti 0 0 0
Jamaica 95 30 60
Mexico 150 65 85
Peru 20 0 15
Trinidad and Tobago 15 0 15
United States of America 445 175 270
Other places of birth in Americas 595 310 290
Europe 3,310 1,625 1,690
Bosnia and Herzegovina 30 10 25
Croatia 0 0 0
France 60 20 40
Germany 555 315 240
Greece 10 10 0
Hungary 0 0 0
Italy 20 15 0
Netherlands 180 90 85
Poland 95 25 65
Portugal 25 10 15
Romania 15 0 10
Russian Federation 200 95 100
Serbia86 0 0 0
Ukraine 425 200 220
United Kingdom87 1,425 690 740
Other places of birth in Europe 260 125 140
Africa 2,025 1,040 990
Algeria 0 0 0
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 35 20 15
Egypt 15 10 0
Eritrea 250 140 110
Ethiopia 415 215 195
Morocco 0 0 0
Nigeria 600 315 285
Somalia 80 25 55
South Africa, Republic of 190 105 85
Other places of birth in Africa 440 195 240
Asia 6,595 3,260 3,340
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Iran88 20 10 10
Iraq 0 0 0
Lebanon 0 0 0
Syria89 30 15 10
Turkey 0 0 0
China90 1,090 510 575
Hong Kong91 10 10 0
Korea, South92 100 40 55
Taiwan 10 0 10
Philippines 3,340 1,640 1,700
Viet Nam 35 10 20
Bangladesh 0 0 0
India 1,625 840 785
Pakistan 140 70 65
Sri Lanka 15 10 0
Other places of birth in Asia 195 90 100
Oceania and other places of birth93 45 25 25
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data94 4,605 2,200 2,400
Americas 405 180 225
Brazil 30 10 20
Colombia 0 0 0
Haiti 0 0 0
Jamaica 65 20 45
Mexico 0 0 0
United States of America 70 30 35
Venezuela95 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 205 110 95
Europe 295 150 145
France 0 0 0
Germany 60 30 25
Ireland96 30 20 10
Italy 0 0 0
Russian Federation 40 20 20
Ukraine 60 35 25
United Kingdom87 55 40 15
Other places of birth in Europe 35 0 30
Africa 1,050 495 550
Algeria 0 0 0
Burundi 0 0 0
Cameroon 0 0 0
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 25 15 10
Côte d'Ivoire 0 0 0
Egypt 0 0 0
Eritrea 175 90 85
Ethiopia 130 55 75
Morocco 0 0 0
Nigeria 430 220 210
Somalia 70 15 55
South Africa, Republic of 55 25 30
Sudan97 45 30 15
Tunisia 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 105 40 70
Asia 2,845 1,375 1,470
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Bangladesh 0 0 0
China90 180 80 100
Hong Kong91 0 0 0
India 875 410 465
Iran88 0 0 0
Iraq 0 0 0
Israel 0 0 0
Japan 0 0 0
Jordan 0 0 0
Korea, South92 0 0 0
Lebanon 0 0 0
Nepal 0 0 0
Pakistan 20 10 10
Philippines 1,695 830 860
Saudi Arabia 0 0 0
Sri Lanka 0 0 0
Syria89 25 15 15
Turkey 0 0 0
United Arab Emirates 0 0 0
Viet Nam 15 0 10
Other places of birth in Asia 10 0 10
Oceania and other93 10 0 10
Australia 10 0 10
Other places of birth98 0 0 0
Generation status
Total - Generation status for the population in private households - 25% sample data99 112,245 56,120 56,130
First generation100 17,130 8,720 8,410
Second generation101 12,075 6,010 6,060
Third generation or more102 83,045 41,385 41,660
Admission category and applicant type
Total - Admission category and applicant type for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data103 13,530 6,665 6,865
Economic immigrants104 10,505 5,395 5,110
Principal applicants105 3,910 2,870 1,040
Secondary applicants106 6,595 2,525 4,075
Immigrants sponsored by family107 2,005 755 1,250
Refugees108 970 505 465
Other immigrants109 50 20 35
Pre-admission experience
Total - Pre-admission experience for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data110 13,530 6,665 6,865
Asylum claim before admission111 75 35 40
Work permits only before admission112 2,625 1,700 925
Study permits only before admission113 340 155 185
Work and study permits before admission114 470 285 185
Other permits before admission115 30 0 30
No pre-admission experience116 9,985 4,485 5,500
Visible minority
Total - Visible minority for the population in private households - 25% sample data117 112,245 56,120 56,130
Total visible minority population118 15,485 8,180 7,305
South Asian 2,805 1,485 1,320
Chinese 1,645 810 835
Black 3,200 1,725 1,480
Filipino 4,360 2,370 1,995
Arab 115 60 55
Latin American 2,335 1,195 1,135
Southeast Asian 335 185 150
West Asian 35 25 15
Korean 150 70 75
Japanese 65 30 45
Visible minority, n.i.e.119 55 35 25
Multiple visible minorities 380 200 185
Not a visible minority120 96,760 47,940 48,820
Ethnic or cultural origin
Total - Ethnic or cultural origin for the population in private households - 25% sample data121 112,250 56,120 56,130
Canadian 12,445 6,315 6,125
English 32,095 15,420 16,675
Irish 20,185 9,480 10,705
Scottish 27,900 13,785 14,120
French, n.o.s.122 8,855 4,525 4,330
German 14,190 7,030 7,160
Chinese 1,795 900 900
Italian 830 450 380
Indian (India) 1,815 935 880
Ukrainian 13,225 6,490 6,740
Dutch 3,595 1,720 1,880
Polish 6,210 2,925 3,290
Québécois 70 35 30
British Isles, n.o.s.123 2,520 1,295 1,225
Filipino 4,195 2,335 1,870
French Canadian 480 245 230
Caucasian (White), n.o.s.124 1,995 1,145 850
First Nations (North American Indian), n.o.s.125 3,215 1,705 1,510
Métis 5,545 2,755 2,790
European, n.o.s.126 1,210 590 620
Russian 2,515 1,315 1,195
Norwegian 2,260 1,070 1,195
Welsh 2,365 1,100 1,265
Portuguese 200 105 100
American 775 395 385
Spanish 455 250 205
Swedish 2,155 1,005 1,150
Hungarian 695 300 395
Acadian 110 60 50
Pakistani 130 55 75
African, n.o.s.127 495 275 220
Jewish 205 95 100
Punjabi 185 125 60
Vietnamese 80 40 45
Arab, n.o.s.128 100 30 70
Greek 120 60 50
Jamaican 255 135 120
Asian, n.o.s.129 495 260 230
Cree, n.o.s.130 1,570 705 870
Korean 160 80 75
Romanian 470 215 255
Lebanese 70 0 60
Iranian 30 25 10
Christian, n.i.e.131 515 270 245
Danish 850 385 465
North American Indigenous, n.o.s.132 1,185 570 610
Sikh 80 35 45
Austrian 1,015 470 545
Belgian 3,265 1,610 1,655
Haitian 10 10 0
Hindu 580 325 255
Mexican 285 135 150
Mennonite 2,070 990 1,085
Swiss 455 235 220
Finnish 320 145 180
Sri Lankan 10 0 10
Croatian 70 40 30
Japanese 95 35 60
South Asian, n.o.s.133 30 10 25
Mi'kmaq, n.o.s.134 125 70 55
Northern European, n.o.s.135 540 240 300
Muslim 55 20 35
Egyptian 50 25 25
Latin, Central or South American, n.o.s.136 425 210 215
Tamil 0 0 0
Icelandic 1,825 825 1,000
Colombian 320 130 185
Moroccan 0 0 0
Czech 285 150 135
Syrian 25 15 10
Guyanese 0 0 0
Afghan 0 0 0
Black, n.o.s.137 145 75 75
Serbian 25 10 20
Ojibway 1,745 800 940
Newfoundlander 70 30 35
Hong Konger 10 10 0
Ontarian 55 15 40
Persian 0 0 0
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 50 25 30
Turkish 15 15 0
Inuit, n.o.s.138 95 30 55
Bangladeshi 0 0 0
Algerian 0 0 0
Brazilian 15 10 0
Nigerian 480 240 240
Armenian 65 20 45
Slovak 110 70 40
Eastern European, n.o.s.139 190 110 80
Somali 90 30 55
Taiwanese 25 0 20
Iraqi 0 0 0
Salvadorean 795 405 385
African Caribbean 40 20 20
East or Southeast Asian, n.o.s.140 110 65 50
West or Central Asian or Middle Eastern, n.o.s.141 35 25 0
Caribbean, n.o.s.142 15 10 10
Algonquin 45 25 20
West Indian, n.o.s.143 0 0 0
Lithuanian 130 65 60
South African 220 115 105
Australian 60 25 30
Palestinian 0 0 0
Chilean 30 20 10
Congolese 40 20 25
Nova Scotian 10 10 0
Ethiopian 335 190 140
Hispanic, n.o.s.144 150 90 65
Peruvian 0 0 0
Yoruba 390 200 190
Cambodian (Khmer) 0 0 0
Berber 0 0 0
Albanian 0 0 0
Maltese 20 0 10
Macedonian 0 0 0
Slovenian 0 0 0
Western European, n.o.s.145 55 20 30
New Brunswicker 10 0 10
Gujarati 250 140 110