Census Profile, 2021 Census of Population
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Topic:
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Age
Age characteristics
Commuting
Select all: Commuting
Commuting destination
Commuting duration
Main mode of commuting
Place of work status
Time leaving for work
Education
Select all: Education
Highest certificate, diploma or degree
Location of study compared with province or territory of residence
Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2021
Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificate
Ethnocultural and religious diversity
Select all: Ethnocultural and religious diversity
Ethnic or cultural origin
Religion
Visible minority
Families, households, and marital status
Select all: Families, households, and marital status
Family characteristics
Household type
Marital status
Housing
Household characteristics
Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
Select all: Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
Admission category and applicant type
Age at immigration
Citizenship
Generation status
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Pre-admission experience
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Income
Select all: Income
Income of economic families in 2020
Income of households in 2020
Income of individuals in 2019
Income of individuals in 2020
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Indigenous peoples
Select all: Indigenous peoples
Indigenous ancestry
Indigenous population
Instruction in the minority official language
Select all: Instruction in the minority official language
Children eligible for instruction in the minority official language
Eligibility and instruction in the minority official language for school-aged children
Labour
Select all: Labour
Class of worker including job permanency
Industry - Sectors - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2017
Labour force status
Occupation - Broad category - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2021
Work activity during the reference year
Language
Select all: Language
All languages spoken at home
First official language spoken
Knowledge of languages
Knowledge of official languages
Language spoken most often at home
Mother tongue
Other language spoken regularly at home
Language of work
Select all: Language of work
All languages used at work
Language used most often at work
Other language(s) used regularly at work
Mobility and migration
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Mobility status 1 year ago
Mobility status 5 years ago
Population and dwelling counts
Population and dwellings
Type of dwelling
Household and dwelling characteristics
GenderMore information:


Statistic:
Characteristic SouthernMore information:
Nova Scotia
[Economic region]
Counts
Total Men+ Women+
Population and dwellings
Population, 20211 114,813 ... ...
Population, 20161 113,185 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2016 to 2021 1.4 ... ...
Total private dwellings2 63,911 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residents3 53,251 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 9.3 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 12,396.42 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups of the population - 100% data 114,810 55,935 58,875
0 to 14 years 14,040 7,250 6,795
0 to 4 years 4,140 2,110 2,025
5 to 9 years 4,745 2,450 2,295
10 to 14 years 5,165 2,685 2,475
15 to 64 years 67,545 33,045 34,500
15 to 19 years 5,115 2,635 2,475
20 to 24 years 4,735 2,475 2,260
25 to 29 years 4,785 2,415 2,365
30 to 34 years 5,285 2,505 2,780
35 to 39 years 5,545 2,730 2,815
40 to 44 years 5,865 2,770 3,095
45 to 49 years 6,810 3,260 3,545
50 to 54 years 7,995 3,885 4,110
55 to 59 years 10,445 5,090 5,350
60 to 64 years 10,975 5,285 5,695
65 years and over 33,220 15,645 17,585
65 to 69 years 10,290 5,035 5,255
70 to 74 years 9,195 4,455 4,745
75 to 79 years 6,190 3,035 3,155
80 to 84 years 3,915 1,795 2,115
85 years and over 3,635 1,315 2,315
85 to 89 years 2,205 920 1,290
90 to 94 years 1,085 335 745
95 to 99 years 285 60 230
100 years and over 65 5 50
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 12.2 13.0 11.5
15 to 64 years 58.8 59.1 58.6
65 years and over 28.9 28.0 29.9
85 years and over 3.2 2.4 3.9
Average age of the population 48.7 47.8 49.5
Median age of the population 53.2 52.4 54.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% data 53,250 ... ...
Single-detached house 44,140 ... ...
Semi-detached house 1,155 ... ...
Row house 655 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 795 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 4,385 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 50 ... ...
Other single-attached house 85 ... ...
Movable dwelling4 1,990 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% data 53,250 ... ...
1 person 16,850 ... ...
2 persons 22,845 ... ...
3 persons 6,900 ... ...
4 persons 4,595 ... ...
5 or more persons 2,060 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 112,940 55,170 57,770
Average household size 2.1 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the total population aged 15 years and over - 100% data 100,775 48,690 52,080
Married or living common-law 61,025 30,505 30,520
Married 48,670 24,335 24,335
Living common-law 12,360 6,170 6,185
Living common law - Never married 7,785 3,920 3,865
Living common law - Separated 900 470 425
Living common law - Divorced 3,240 1,625 1,615
Living common law - Widowed 440 155 290
Not married and not living common-law 39,745 18,185 21,555
Not married and not living common law - Never married 21,730 11,950 9,780
Not married and not living common law - Separated 3,045 1,435 1,610
Not married and not living common law - Divorced 6,830 2,935 3,895
Not married and not living common law - Widowed 8,140 1,865 6,275
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% data5 35,320 ... ...
2 persons 23,115 ... ...
3 persons 6,535 ... ...
4 persons 4,165 ... ...
5 or more persons 1,500 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.6 ... ...
Average number of children in census families with children6 1.6 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% data 35,325 ... ...
Total couple families 30,070 ... ...
Married couples 23,890 ... ...
With children6 7,985 ... ...
Without children 15,900 ... ...
Common-law couples 6,180 ... ...
With children6 2,280 ... ...
Without children 3,900 ... ...
Total one-parent families 5,255 ... ...
in which the parent is a woman+ 4,050 ... ...
in which the parent is a man+ 1,205 ... ...
Total - Persons in private households - 100% data 112,940 55,170 57,770
Total - Persons in census families 90,580 44,905 45,675
Married spouses or common-law partners 60,135 30,070 30,065
Parents in one-parent families 5,255 1,205 4,050
Children6 25,190 13,630 11,560
In a two-parent family 17,345 9,300 8,040
In a one-parent family 7,850 4,330 3,515
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 22,365 10,270 12,095
Living alone 16,850 7,590 9,260
Living with other relatives7 1,970 810 1,160
Living with non-relatives only 3,545 1,865 1,680
Household type
Total - Household type - 100% data 53,255 ... ...
One-census-family households without additional persons 32,585 ... ...
Couple-family households 28,330 ... ...
With children6 9,575 ... ...
Without children 18,755 ... ...
One-parent-family households 4,255 ... ...
Multigenerational households8 845 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households9 165 ... ...
One-census-family households with additional persons9 1,140 ... ...
Two-or-more-person non-census-family households 1,665 ... ...
One-person households 16,850 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2020
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data10 98,915 47,935 50,980
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 96,330 46,820 49,510
Median total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 33,600 39,200 29,400
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 96,395 46,850 49,545
Median after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 30,600 34,800 27,200
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 80,720 40,400 40,320
Median market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 27,000 33,200 21,600
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 60,970 31,675 29,295
Median employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 27,800 32,800 23,600
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 82,730 39,095 43,635
Median government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 13,400 14,200 12,700
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 16,975 9,755 7,225
Median employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 6,450 7,300 5,680
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 23,275 11,610 11,660
Median COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 8,000 8,000 8,000
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data11 98,920 47,980 50,940
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 96,310 46,865 49,445
Average total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 42,400 49,080 36,080
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 96,345 46,885 49,465
Average after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 35,320 39,640 31,240
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 80,935 40,550 40,390
Average market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 37,000 43,880 30,120
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 60,970 31,650 29,320
Average employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 37,000 42,520 31,080
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 82,410 38,865 43,545
Average government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 13,220 13,440 13,020
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 16,915 9,780 7,135
Average employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 7,810 8,650 6,660
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 23,035 11,475 11,555
Average COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 8,720 8,500 8,930
Total - Employment income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data12 98,920 47,980 50,945
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 24,130 12,940 11,190
Median employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 50,000 54,000 46,000
Average employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 58,500 63,300 52,950
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 28,445 14,275 14,175
Median employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 18,000 22,200 14,500
Average employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 25,500 32,040 18,880
Composition of total income in 2020 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data17 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)18 73.4 77.4 68.2
Employment income (%)19 55.2 58.5 51.1
Government transfers (%)20 26.7 22.7 31.8
Employment insurance benefits (%) 3.2 3.7 2.7
COVID-19 - Government income support and benefits (%) 5.9 4.9 7.1
COVID-19 - Emergency and recovery benefits (%) 4.9 4.2 5.8
Total - Total income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data21 98,920 47,940 50,980
Without total income 2,590 1,120 1,465
With total income 96,330 46,815 49,515
Under $10,000 (including loss) 8,075 3,170 4,910
$10,000 to $19,999 14,580 5,510 9,075
$20,000 to $29,999 19,970 8,605 11,365
$30,000 to $39,999 14,465 6,615 7,845
$40,000 to $49,999 11,730 5,730 6,005
$50,000 to $59,999 8,165 4,675 3,490
$60,000 to $69,999 5,545 3,485 2,065
$70,000 to $79,999 4,060 2,575 1,485
$80,000 to $89,999 3,000 1,845 1,150
$90,000 to $99,999 1,995 1,225 770
$100,000 and over 4,730 3,380 1,355
$100,000 to $149,999 3,440 2,420 1,020
$150,000 and over 1,295 960 335
Total - After-tax income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data22 98,920 47,940 50,980
Without after-tax income 2,525 1,085 1,435
With after-tax income 96,395 46,850 49,540
Under $10,000 (including loss) 8,590 3,310 5,280
$10,000 to $19,999 15,350 5,865 9,485
$20,000 to $29,999 23,200 10,160 13,035
$30,000 to $39,999 17,260 8,210 9,050
$40,000 to $49,999 12,465 6,920 5,550
$50,000 to $59,999 7,560 4,625 2,940
$60,000 to $69,999 4,835 2,995 1,840
$70,000 to $79,999 2,895 1,755 1,140
$80,000 to $89,999 1,545 1,050 495
$90,000 to $99,999 860 610 250
$100,000 and over 1,825 1,355 475
$100,000 to $124,999 980 735 245
$125,000 and over 850 620 230
Total - Employment income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data19 98,920 47,940 50,980
Without employment income 37,950 16,265 21,685
With employment income 60,965 31,670 29,295
Under $5,000 (including loss) 9,920 4,920 5,000
$5,000 to $9,999 5,335 2,315 3,015
$10,000 to $19,999 8,885 3,905 4,980
$20,000 to $29,999 7,875 3,705 4,175
$30,000 to $39,999 6,950 3,480 3,465
$40,000 to $49,999 5,815 3,010 2,805
$50,000 to $59,999 4,275 2,680 1,595
$60,000 to $69,999 3,190 2,020 1,175
$70,000 to $79,999 2,405 1,485 920
$80,000 to $89,999 2,030 1,170 860
$90,000 to $99,999 1,305 770 530
$100,000 and over 2,985 2,210 775
$100,000 to $124,999 1,580 1,095 485
$125,000 and over 1,400 1,115 290
Income of individuals in 2019
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data23 98,915 47,935 50,980
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 94,820 46,005 48,815
Median total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 31,200 38,400 26,200
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 94,925 46,015 48,910
Median after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 28,600 34,400 24,600
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 80,670 40,275 40,395
Median market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 28,000 35,200 22,600
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 62,135 32,120 30,015
Median employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 28,800 35,200 24,200
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 75,715 35,125 40,585
Median government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 10,400 11,200 9,700
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 -100% data 15,785 9,300 6,480
Median employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 7,400 8,800 5,400
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data24 98,920 47,980 50,940
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 94,845 46,000 48,845
Average total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 40,960 48,760 33,600
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 94,945 46,010 48,930
Average after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 34,240 39,720 29,040
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 80,875 40,420 40,450
Average market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 38,040 45,880 30,200
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 62,170 32,155 30,015
Average employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 38,240 44,880 31,120
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 75,695 34,990 40,705
Average government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 10,670 11,130 10,290
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 15,960 9,305 6,665
Average employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 8,050 8,970 6,770
Total - Employment income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data25 98,920 47,980 50,945
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 24,005 12,865 11,140
Median employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 46,800 51,200 42,000
Average employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 55,500 60,550 49,640
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 27,335 13,755 13,575
Median employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 21,800 28,400 17,600
Average employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 31,360 40,280 22,300
Composition of total income in 2019 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%) 79.2 82.6 74.4
Employment income (%) 61.2 64.4 56.9
Government transfers (%) 20.8 17.4 25.5
Employment insurance benefits (%) 3.3 3.7 2.8
Income of households in 2020
Total - Income statistics for private households - 100% data26 53,250 ... ...
Median total income of household in 2020 ($) 62,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 55,200 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 100% data 16,850 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 31,200 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 28,800 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 100% data 36,400 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 79,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 69,500 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for private households - 25% sample data27 53,255 ... ...
Average total income of household in 2020 ($) 76,700 ... ...
Average after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 63,900 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 25% sample data 16,830 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 40,480 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 34,480 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 25% sample data 36,420 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 93,400 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 77,500 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data21 53,250 ... ...
Under $5,000 490 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 325 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,130 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,065 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 4,100 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,465 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,820 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 3,200 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,850 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,610 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,690 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 4,345 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 3,830 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 3,350 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 3,010 ... ...
$100,000 and over 12,980 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 5,185 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,165 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 2,980 ... ...
$200,000 and over 1,650 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data22 53,250 ... ...
Under $5,000 540 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 330 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,140 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,180 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 4,385 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,950 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 3,280 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 3,645 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 3,200 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,985 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 5,600 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 5,090 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 4,365 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 3,450 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,705 ... ...
$100,000 and over 8,410 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,305 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,160 ... ...
$150,000 and over 1,945 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2020
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 100% data28 35,145 ... ...
Median total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 79,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 69,500 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 100% data 18,890 ... ...
Median total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 71,500 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 63,200 ... ...
Average family size of couple-only economic families 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 100% data 10,430 ... ...
Median total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 111,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 94,000 ... ...
Average family size of couple-with-children economic families 3.8 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 4,925 ... ...
Median total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 54,400 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 50,800 ... ...
Average family size of one-parent economic families 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% data29 20,395 9,460 10,935
Median total income in 2020 ($)30 31,000 34,000 28,800
Median after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 28,600 30,400 27,200
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 25% sample data31 35,140 ... ...
Average total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 93,100 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 77,100 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 25% sample data 18,880 ... ...
Average total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 84,900 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 69,200 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 25% sample data 10,495 ... ...
Average total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 122,500 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 101,300 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 4,875 ... ...
Average total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 61,900 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 55,350 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample data32 20,365 9,400 10,965
Average total income in 2020 ($)30 39,880 44,600 35,800
Average after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 33,960 36,800 31,520
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Total - LIM low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households - 100% data33 112,945 55,175 57,770
0 to 17 years 17,050 8,800 8,245
0 to 5 years 5,115 2,620 2,495
18 to 64 years 64,135 31,255 32,880
65 years and over 31,760 15,120 16,640
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 20,550 9,285 11,265
0 to 17 years 3,295 1,715 1,585
0 to 5 years 1,145 580 565
18 to 64 years 9,050 4,165 4,885
65 years and over 8,200 3,405 4,790
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 18.2 16.8 19.5
0 to 17 years (%) 19.3 19.5 19.2
0 to 5 years (%) 22.4 22.2 22.6
18 to 64 years (%) 14.1 13.3 14.9
65 years and over (%) 25.8 22.5 28.8
Total - LICO low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households to whom the low-income concept is applicable - 100% data33 112,435 54,920 57,510
0 to 17 years 16,895 8,715 8,175
0 to 5 years 5,065 2,590 2,475
18 to 64 years 63,820 31,105 32,715
65 years and over 31,715 15,095 16,620
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 3,875 1,940 1,935
0 to 17 years 595 290 305
0 to 5 years 205 95 110
18 to 64 years 2,865 1,475 1,395
65 years and over 410 175 240
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 3.5 3.5 3.4
0 to 17 years (%) 3.5 3.3 3.7
0 to 5 years (%) 4.0 3.7 4.4
18 to 64 years (%) 4.5 4.7 4.3
65 years and over (%) 1.3 1.2 1.4
Total - Adjusted after-tax economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% data34The letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice. 112,945 55,170 57,770
In bottom half of the distribution 76,045 36,280 39,760
In bottom decile 16,565 7,495 9,075
In second decile 18,245 8,485 9,760
In third decile 15,460 7,400 8,060
In fourth decile 13,840 6,915 6,925
In fifth decile 11,930 5,990 5,940
In top half of the distribution 36,895 18,890 18,010
In sixth decile 11,300 5,720 5,575
In seventh decile 8,970 4,615 4,350
In eighth decile 7,385 3,770 3,620
In ninth decile 5,625 2,920 2,700
In top decile 3,625 1,870 1,755
Total - Inequality measures for the population in private households - 100% data35 112,940 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household total income 0.318 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household market income 0.480 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household after-tax income 0.274 ... ...
P90/P10 ratio on adjusted household after-tax income 3.3 ... ...
Knowledge of official languages
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data36 113,390 55,395 57,995
English only 95,570 47,205 48,370
French only 145 75 75
English and French 17,540 8,040 9,500
Neither English nor French 135 85 50
First official language spoken
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data37 113,390 55,395 57,995
English 103,690 50,655 53,035
French 9,310 4,535 4,770
English and French 265 130 140
Neither English nor French 120 75 45
Mother tongue
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data38 113,390 55,395 57,995
Single responses 111,690 54,605 57,080
Official languages 109,335 53,445 55,885
English 99,980 48,910 51,070
French 9,355 4,535 4,820
Non-official languages 2,350 1,160 1,190
Indigenous languages39 10 0 10
Algonquian languages 5 0 5
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 0 0 0
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0 0 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 5 0 0
Mi'kmaq 5 0 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 0 0 0
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 5 0 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 5 0 5
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 2,340 1,160 1,180
Afro-Asiatic languages 175 105 70
Berber languages 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 0 0 0
Hausa 0 0 0
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 0 0 0
Bilen 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 175 105 70
Amharic 0 0 0
Arabic 170 95 70
Aramaic languages 0 0 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 5 5 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 55 20 35
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 55 20 35
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 140 50 95
Bikol 0 0 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 5 0 5
Cebuano 5 0 10
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0
Ilocano 0 0 0
Indonesian 0 0 0
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 125 45 80
Waray-Waray 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0
Creole languages 5 0 0
Haitian Creole 0 0 0
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 0 0 0
Morisyen 0 0 0
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Dravidian languages 100 60 40
Kannada 5 0 0
Malayalam 95 60 40
Tamil 0 0 0
Telugu 5 0 0
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 1,490 775 715
Albanian 10 5 5
Armenian 5 5 0
Balto-Slavic languages 180 80 95
Baltic languages 10 5 5
Latvian 10 5 5
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Slavic languages 170 80 90
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 10 5 5
Czech 25 5 15
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 45 25 20
Russian 45 20 25
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 15 10 10
Bosnian 0 0 0
Croatian 10 0 5
Serbian 5 0 0
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Slovak 5 0 5
Slovene (Slovenian) 5 0 0
Ukrainian 15 5 10
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 0 0 0
Irish 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0
Welsh 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 755 390 370
Frisian 5 5 0
High German languages 520 265 255
German 485 245 235
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 40 20 20
Yiddish 0 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 170 85 90
Afrikaans 20 10 10
Dutch 140 70 70
Low German, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 10 5 5
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 0 5
Scandinavian languages 55 30 25
Danish 20 15 10
Icelandic 5 5 5
Norwegian 10 5 5
Swedish 15 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Greek 15 10 5
Indo-Iranian languages 255 150 110
Indo-Aryan languages 245 140 100
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 5 5 0
Gujarati 20 10 10
Hindi 35 20 15
Kacchi 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0
Nepali 0 0 0
Oriya languages 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 145 85 55
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 15 5 10
Urdu 20 10 10
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iranian languages 15 5 5
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 0 0 0
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 0 0 0
Persian languages 10 5 5
Dari 0 0 0
Iranian Persian 10 5 0
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 0 0 0
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 270 140 130
Catalan 5 5 0
Italian 30 20 15
Portuguese 60 25 30
Romanian 10 5 10
Spanish 160 80 75
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 25 5 20
Korean 125 55 75
Mongolian 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 20 15 10
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0
Éwé 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0
Lingala 0 0 0
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Shona 5 0 0
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0
Swahili 0 0 5
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 5 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
African, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Sign languages 20 5 10
American Sign Language 15 5 10
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages 110 40 70
Chinese languages 110 40 70
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 65 20 45
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0
Yue (Cantonese) 45 15 25
Chinese, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0
Burmese 0 0 0
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 10 0 10
Lao 0 0 0
Thai 15 0 10
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 10 5 5
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 10 5 5
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Uralic languages 50 25 30
Estonian 10 0 5
Finnish 15 5 5
Hungarian 30 15 15
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Multiple responses 1,705 790 915
English and French 1,340 625 715
English and non-official language(s) 285 130 155
French and non-official language(s) 20 5 10
English, French and non-official language(s) 10 5 5
Multiple non-official languages 50 25 25
All languages spoken at home
Total - All languages spoken at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data40 113,390 55,395 57,995
English 102,640 50,310 52,330
French 5,175 2,485 2,695
Non-official language 555 300 255
Indigenous39 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous 550 300 255
English and French 3,290 1,505 1,785
English and non-official language(s) 1,535 695 840
French and non-official language(s) 10 5 10
English, French and non-official language(s) 155 75 75
Multiple non-official languages 35 20 10
Language spoken most often at home
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data41 113,390 55,395 57,995
Single responses 112,500 55,000 57,500
Official languages 111,460 54,455 57,005
English 105,305 51,500 53,805
French 6,160 2,955 3,200
Non-official languages 1,035 545 495
Indigenous languages39 0 0 0
Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 0 0 0
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0 0 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 0 0 0
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 1,035 540 490
Afro-Asiatic languages 100 55 50
Berber languages 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 0 0 0
Hausa 0 0 0
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 0 0 0
Bilen 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 100 55 50
Amharic 0 0 0
Arabic 95 55 45
Aramaic languages 0 0 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 0 0 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 35 15 20
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 35 15 20
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 55 20 30
Bikol 0 0 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Cebuano 0 0 0
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0
Ilocano 0 0 0
Indonesian 0 0 0
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 50 20 35
Waray-Waray 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Creole languages 0 0 0
Haitian Creole 0 0 0
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 0 0 0
Morisyen 0 0 0
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Dravidian languages 90 55 40
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 85 50 40
Tamil 0 0 0
Telugu 0 0 0
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 555 305 250
Albanian 0 0 0
Armenian 0 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 50 25 25
Baltic languages 0 0 0
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Slavic languages 50 25 25
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 0 5 5
Czech 5 0 0
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 10 10 5
Russian 20 10 10
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 5 0 0
Bosnian 0 0 0
Croatian 0 0 0
Serbian 5 0 0
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Slovak 0 0 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0
Ukrainian 0 0 0
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 0 0 0
Irish 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0
Welsh 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 200 100 100
Frisian 0 0 0
High German languages 170 80 90
German 155 75 75
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 20 10 10
Yiddish 0 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 25 15 15
Afrikaans 10 5 5
Dutch 10 5 5
Low German, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 0 0 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0
Scandinavian languages 5 0 0
Danish 0 0 0
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 0 0 0
Swedish 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Greek 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages 190 115 75
Indo-Aryan languages 180 110 70
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 5 5 0
Gujarati 15 10 5
Hindi 20 10 5
Kacchi 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0
Nepali 0 0 0
Oriya languages 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 130 75 50
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 5 5 5
Urdu 5 5 5
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iranian languages 15 5 5
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 0 0 0
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 0 0 0
Persian languages 0 0 0
Dari 0 0 0
Iranian Persian 0 0 0
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 0 0 0
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 110 60 45
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 10 5 0
Portuguese 20 10 10
Romanian 0 0 0
Spanish 85 45 35
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 0 0 0
Korean 85 40 45
Mongolian 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 5 0 5
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0
Éwé 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0
Lingala 0 0 0
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Shona 0 0 0
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0
Swahili 5 0 0
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
African, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Sign languages 35 20 15
American Sign Language 30 15 15
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5
Sino-Tibetan languages 60 30 25
Chinese languages 55 25 25
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 30 15 15
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0
Yue (Cantonese) 30 15 10
Chinese, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0
Burmese 0 0 0
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 0 0 0
Lao 0 0 0
Thai 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 0 0 0
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Uralic languages 10 0 0
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 0 0 0
Hungarian 0 5 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Multiple responses 890 395 490
English and French 600 270 330
English and non-official language(s) 265 120 150
French and non-official language(s) 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language(s) 10 5 10
Multiple non-official languages 10 5 5
Other language spoken regularly at home
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data42 113,390 55,395 57,995
None 109,180 53,455 55,725
English 1,355 655 705
French 1,760 795 965
Non-official language 840 365 470
Indigenous39 45 15 25
Non-Indigenous 795 350 440
English and French 5 5 5
English and non-official language(s) 65 40 30
French and non-official language(s) 85 45 40
English, French and non-official language(s) 5 0 5
Multiple non-official languages 95 45 55
Knowledge of languagesThe letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice.
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample data43 112,940 55,175 57,770
Official languages 112,830 55,110 57,730
English 112,645 55,010 57,640
French 17,695 8,155 9,545
Non-official languages 4,145 1,920 2,225
Indigenous languages39 105 35 70
Algonquian languages 90 35 55
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 0 0 0
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0 0 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 80 35 45
Mi'kmaq 80 35 45
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 0 10
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 10 0 10
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 10 0 10
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 10 0 10
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 4,045 1,885 2,165
Afro-Asiatic languages 235 135 105
Berber languages 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 0 0 0
Hausa 0 0 0
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 0 0 0
Bilen 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 235 135 105
Amharic 0 0 0
Arabic 210 125 85
Aramaic languages 0 0 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 15 0 15
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 15 0 15
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 15 0 15
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 245 100 140
Bikol 0 0 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Cebuano 15 0 10
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0
Ilocano 0 0 0
Indonesian 0 0 0
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 10 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 215 95 120
Waray-Waray 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 15 0 15
Creole languages 20 15 10
Haitian Creole 0 0 0
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 0 0 0
Morisyen 0 0 0
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10
Dravidian languages 210 115 95
Kannada 15 15 0
Malayalam 185 100 90
Tamil 65 50 15
Telugu 30 15 15
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 2,985 1,400 1,585
Albanian 0 0 0
Armenian 0 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 310 155 160
Baltic languages 10 0 0
Latvian 10 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Slavic languages 300 145 155
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 10 0 0
Czech 30 15 10
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 75 25 45
Russian 115 60 60
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 50 30 15
Bosnian 0 0 0
Croatian 35 15 15
Serbian 25 20 0
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Slovak 15 0 10
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0
Ukrainian 25 0 20
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 95 40 50
Irish 20 10 0
Scottish Gaelic 35 10 30
Welsh 40 25 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 1,280 625 660
Frisian 0 0 0
High German languages 990 475 515
German 970 470 500
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 50 15 35
Yiddish 0 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 260 115 145
Afrikaans 90 50 40
Dutch 170 65 105
Low German, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 0 0 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 15 0 15
Scandinavian languages 80 50 30
Danish 45 35 15
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 10 10 0
Swedish 30 10 15
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Greek 20 0 15
Indo-Iranian languages 445 230 215
Indo-Aryan languages 420 220 200
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 0 0 0
Gujarati 30 15 15
Hindi 250 115 135
Kacchi 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 20 10 10
Nepali 0 0 0
Oriya languages 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 150 80 70
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 25 20 15
Urdu 75 40 35
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iranian languages 55 35 20
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 0 0 0
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 40 25 10
Persian languages 15 10 0
Dari 0 0 0
Iranian Persian 0 0 0
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 0 0 0
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 1,000 405 590
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 130 70 60
Portuguese 125 70 55
Romanian 15 0 15
Spanish 760 290 475
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 50 15 35
Korean 115 55 60
Mongolian 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 40 20 15
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0
Éwé 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0
Lingala 0 0 0
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Shona 0 0 0
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0
Swahili 10 10 0
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
African, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Sign languages 160 60 100
American Sign Language 135 55 85
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15
Sino-Tibetan languages 175 70 105
Chinese languages 175 70 105
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 120 50 70
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0
Yue (Cantonese) 60 25 35
Chinese, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0
Burmese 0 0 0
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 10 0 10
Lao 0 0 0
Thai 10 0 10
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 15 10 10
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 15 10 10
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Uralic languages 55 25 30
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 0 0 0
Hungarian 50 25 25
Other languages, n.i.e. 20 15 10
Indigenous population
Total - Indigenous identity for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 112,945 55,170 57,770
Indigenous identity45 10,875 5,550 5,325
Single Indigenous responses46 10,555 5,400 5,150
First Nations (North American Indian) 3,155 1,570 1,585
Métis 7,320 3,820 3,505
Inuk (Inuit) 80 10 70
Multiple Indigenous responses47 140 60 80
Indigenous responses not included elsewhere48 180 90 95
Non-Indigenous identity 102,070 49,620 52,445
Total - Registered or Treaty Indian status for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 112,945 55,170 57,770
Registered or Treaty Indian49 1,680 795 890
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 111,260 54,380 56,885
Household characteristics
Total - Private households by tenure - 25% sample data50 53,250 ... ...
Owner 42,195 ... ...
Renter 10,875 ... ...
Dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band 180 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by condominium status - 25% sample data51 53,250 ... ...
Condominium 810 ... ...
Not condominium 52,440 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of bedrooms - 25% sample data52 53,250 ... ...
No bedrooms 110 ... ...
1 bedroom 5,030 ... ...
2 bedrooms 15,075 ... ...
3 bedrooms 22,215 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 10,810 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of rooms - 25% sample data53 53,250 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 9,565 ... ...
5 rooms 9,660 ... ...
6 rooms 10,130 ... ...
7 rooms 8,615 ... ...
8 or more rooms 15,280 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 6.5 ... ...
Total - Private households by number of persons per room - 25% sample data54 53,250 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 53,040 ... ...
More than one person per room 210 ... ...
Total - Private households by housing suitability - 25% sample data55 53,250 ... ...
Suitable 52,115 ... ...
Not suitable 1,135 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by period of construction - 25% sample data56 53,250 ... ...
1960 or before 19,180 ... ...
1961 to 1980 14,745 ... ...
1981 to 1990 7,160 ... ...
1991 to 2000 5,170 ... ...
2001 to 2005 2,130 ... ...
2006 to 2010 1,960 ... ...
2011 to 2015 1,425 ... ...
2016 to 202157 1,485 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by dwelling condition - 25% sample data58 53,250 ... ...
Only regular maintenance and minor repairs needed 47,845 ... ...
Major repairs needed 5,405 ... ...
Total - Private households by number of household maintainers - 25% sample data59 53,250 ... ...
One-maintainer household 29,465 ... ...
Two-maintainer household 22,670 ... ...
Three-or-more-maintainer household 1,120 ... ...
Total - Private households by age of primary household maintainers - 25% sample data60 53,250 ... ...
15 to 24 years 1,005 ... ...
25 to 34 years 4,710 ... ...
35 to 44 years 6,245 ... ...
45 to 54 years 8,290 ... ...
55 to 64 years 12,180 ... ...
65 to 74 years 11,815 ... ...
75 to 84 years 6,670 ... ...
85 years and over 2,325 ... ...
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratio - 25% sample data61 52,830 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of income on shelter costs 45,835 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs 6,990 ... ...
30% to less than 100% 6,370 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by housing indicators - 25% sample data62 53,250 ... ...
Total - Households 'spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' or 'not suitable' or 'major repairs needed' 12,385 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs only 6,080 ... ...
Not suitable only 825 ... ...
Major repairs needed only 4,355 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' 85 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'major repairs needed' 820 ... ...
'Not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 210 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 15 ... ...
Acceptable housing 40,870 ... ...
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero and shelter-cost-to-income ratio less than 100%, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data63 52,205 ... ...
In core need 4,505 ... ...
Not in core need 47,705 ... ...
Total - Owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 41,995 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgage64 44.7 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 8.5 ... ...
% in core housing need63 5.7 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 620 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 795 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)66 200,000 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)66 244,000 ... ...
Total - Tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 10,875 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housing67 15.3 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 31.3 ... ...
% in core housing need63 20.0 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 770 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 812 ... ...
Total - Households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band in non-farm private dwellings - 25% sample data 175 ... ...
% of households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band spending more than 30% on shelter costs61 0.0 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 196 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 212 ... ...
Indigenous ancestry
Total - Indigenous ancestry for the population in private households - 25% sample data68 112,945 55,175 57,770
Indigenous ancestry (only)69 3,365 1,615 1,745
Single Indigenous ancestry (only)70 3,310 1,600 1,715
First Nations (North American Indian) single ancestry 1,760 815 945
Métis single ancestry 1,480 750 730
Inuit single ancestry 65 35 35
Multiple Indigenous ancestries (only)71 50 20 35
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis ancestry only 40 20 20
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
Métis and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries72 8,630 4,260 4,370
Single Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries73 8,400 4,155 4,250
First Nations (North American Indian) and non-Indigenous ancestry only 4,345 2,080 2,265
Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 3,965 2,030 1,940
Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 90 45 45
Multiple Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries74 230 110 120
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 210 105 105
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 15 0 15
Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 0 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous ancestry only75 100,955 49,290 51,660
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample data76 112,940 55,175 57,770
Canadian citizens77 110,600 53,990 56,615
Canadian citizens aged under 18 16,900 8,735 8,165
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 93,700 45,255 48,450
Not Canadian citizens78 2,345 1,180 1,160
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample data79 112,940 55,175 57,770
Non-immigrants80 107,005 52,230 54,775
Immigrants81 5,415 2,660 2,755
Before 1980 2,270 1,080 1,190
1980 to 1990 605 310 300
1991 to 2000 435 215 225
2001 to 2010 870 425 450
2011 to 202182 1,225 640 590
2011 to 2015 535 240 290
2016 to 2021 695 400 300
Non-permanent residents83 530 280 240
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data84 5,415 2,665 2,755
Under 5 years 600 275 320
5 to 14 years 925 450 480
15 to 24 years 995 495 505
25 to 44 years 2,095 960 1,130
45 years and over 805 485 320
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data85 5,415 2,665 2,755
Americas 1,530 710 815
Brazil 25 10 20
Colombia 20 0 10
El Salvador 0 0 0
Guyana 15 10 0
Haiti 0 0 0
Jamaica 10 10 0
Mexico 25 0 25
Peru 0 0 0
Trinidad and Tobago 25 10 15
United States of America 1,255 595 660
Other places of birth in Americas 145 75 70
Europe 2,775 1,425 1,350
Bosnia and Herzegovina 0 0 0
Croatia 25 15 10
France 50 25 30
Germany 400 195 200
Greece 0 0 0
Hungary 20 15 10
Italy 15 15 0
Netherlands 140 65 70
Poland 35 15 25
Portugal 25 15 10
Romania 10 0 10
Russian Federation 10 0 0
Serbia86 10 0 0
Ukraine 15 0 15
United Kingdom87 1,710 875 835
Other places of birth in Europe 305 180 130
Africa 215 115 95
Algeria 0 0 0
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 0 0 0
Egypt 15 0 0
Eritrea 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Morocco 0 0 0
Nigeria 0 0 0
Somalia 0 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 95 50 50
Other places of birth in Africa 80 50 30
Asia 820 365 455
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Iran88 0 0 0
Iraq 0 0 0
Lebanon 65 45 20
Syria89 60 30 30
Turkey 0 0 0
China90 80 30 55
Hong Kong91 15 0 15
Korea, South92 55 20 30
Taiwan 10 0 10
Philippines 165 70 100
Viet Nam 10 10 0
Bangladesh 0 0 0
India 220 115 105
Pakistan 15 10 10
Sri Lanka 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 95 25 70
Oceania and other places of birth93 80 40 35
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data94 695 395 300
Americas 140 95 50
Brazil 10 10 0
Colombia 0 0 0
Haiti 0 0 0
Jamaica 0 0 0
Mexico 0 0 0
United States of America 120 80 35
Venezuela95 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 10 10 0
Europe 125 75 50
France 0 0 0
Germany 0 0 0
Ireland96 10 0 10
Italy 0 0 0
Russian Federation 0 0 0
Ukraine 15 0 10
United Kingdom87 70 55 20
Other places of birth in Europe 30 10 15
Africa 40 20 20
Algeria 0 0 0
Burundi 0 0 0
Cameroon 20 0 15
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 0 0 0
Côte d'Ivoire 0 0 0
Egypt 0 0 0
Eritrea 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Morocco 0 0 0
Nigeria 0 0 0
Somalia 0 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 10 10 0
Sudan97 0 0 0
Tunisia 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 0 0 0
Asia 370 190 180
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Bangladesh 0 0 0
China90 10 0 10
Hong Kong91 0 0 0
India 130 60 65
Iran88 0 0 0
Iraq 0 0 0
Israel 0 0 0
Japan 0 0 0
Jordan 10 0 10
Korea, South92 30 15 10
Lebanon 0 0 0
Nepal 0 0 0
Pakistan 15 10 10
Philippines 90 55 35
Saudi Arabia 0 0 0
Sri Lanka 0 0 0
Syria89 55 30 25
Turkey 0 0 0
United Arab Emirates 0 0 0
Viet Nam 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 10 0 10
Oceania and other93 10 10 0
Australia 0 0 0
Other places of birth98 0 0 0
Generation status
Total - Generation status for the population in private households - 25% sample data99 112,945 55,170 57,770
First generation100 6,640 3,255 3,390
Second generation101 6,805 3,295 3,515
Third generation or more102 99,495 48,630 50,870
Admission category and applicant type
Total - Admission category and applicant type for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data103 3,145 1,585 1,560
Economic immigrants104 1,820 935 885
Principal applicants105 895 585 310
Secondary applicants106 925 350 580
Immigrants sponsored by family107 1,145 560 585
Refugees108 165 80 85
Other immigrants109 20 10 10
Pre-admission experience
Total - Pre-admission experience for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data110 3,145 1,585 1,560
Asylum claim before admission111 45 30 15
Work permits only before admission112 605 365 235
Study permits only before admission113 100 55 45
Work and study permits before admission114 185 70 115
Other permits before admission115 45 25 25
No pre-admission experience116 2,160 1,035 1,125
Visible minority
Total - Visible minority for the population in private households - 25% sample data117 112,945 55,170 57,770
Total visible minority population118 3,400 1,650 1,750
South Asian 640 330 310
Chinese 235 75 160
Black 1,510 750 760
Filipino 260 105 155
Arab 195 115 80
Latin American 110 40 70
Southeast Asian 90 40 45
West Asian 30 15 15
Korean 120 60 65
Japanese 35 15 20
Visible minority, n.i.e.119 45 25 25
Multiple visible minorities 125 70 55
Not a visible minority120 109,545 53,530 56,015
Ethnic or cultural origin
Total - Ethnic or cultural origin for the population in private households - 25% sample data121 112,940 55,175 57,770
Canadian 21,945 10,860 11,090
English 24,120 11,330 12,795
Irish 15,875 7,170 8,705
Scottish 17,310 8,235 9,075
French, n.o.s.122 14,590 7,000 7,580
German 18,575 8,775 9,805
Chinese 280 95 185
Italian 930 485 445
Indian (India) 570 295 275
Ukrainian 585 240 350
Dutch 3,815 1,765 2,050
Polish 660 265 395
Québécois 160 60 100
British Isles, n.o.s.123 4,060 2,035 2,025
Filipino 245 90 155
French Canadian 665 285 380
Caucasian (White), n.o.s.124 8,550 4,170 4,380
First Nations (North American Indian), n.o.s.125 1,840 860 970
Métis 5,710 2,905 2,805
European, n.o.s.126 5,395 2,740 2,660
Russian 315 135 175
Norwegian 745 355 390
Welsh 2,015 1,045 970
Portuguese 315 175 145
American 1,110 510 600
Spanish 325 140 185
Swedish 420 165 255
Hungarian 210 75 135
Acadian 12,065 5,790 6,275
Pakistani 65 30 30
African, n.o.s.127 535 275 260
Jewish 250 115 135
Punjabi 10 0 10
Vietnamese 35 20 15
Arab, n.o.s.128 100 45 50
Greek 270 130 140
Jamaican 125 75 50
Asian, n.o.s.129 75 50 30
Cree, n.o.s.130 155 80 70
Korean 125 60 65
Romanian 70 15 55
Lebanese 490 245 245
Iranian 10 10 0
Christian, n.i.e.131 395 205 185
Danish 305 145 160
North American Indigenous, n.o.s.132 1,280 645 635
Sikh 0 0 0
Austrian 180 100 75
Belgian 195 90 110
Haitian 30 10 20
Hindu 20 0 15
Mexican 65 15 50
Mennonite 35 15 20
Swiss 550 265 285
Finnish 135 35 95
Sri Lankan 45 25 20
Croatian 60 25 30
Japanese 40 15 20
South Asian, n.o.s.133 10 0 10
Mi'kmaq, n.o.s.134 2,555 1,215 1,340
Northern European, n.o.s.135 270 105 160
Muslim 40 25 25
Egyptian 40 25 15
Latin, Central or South American, n.o.s.136 35 15 20
Tamil 0 0 0
Icelandic 115 70 45
Colombian 0 0 0
Moroccan 0 0 0
Czech 50 15 35
Syrian 65 40 15
Guyanese 0 0 0
Afghan 25 10 15
Black, n.o.s.137 405 185 220
Serbian 35 15 15
Ojibway 130 40 85
Newfoundlander 610 280 325
Hong Konger 0 0 0
Ontarian 190 100 85
Persian 10 10 0
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 20 15 0
Turkish 20 0 10
Inuit, n.o.s.138 180 85 95
Bangladeshi 0 0 0
Algerian 0 0 0
Brazilian 80 35 40
Nigerian 30 10 20
Armenian 10 10 0
Slovak 55 10 40
Eastern European, n.o.s.139 175 80 95
Somali 0 0 0
Taiwanese 0 0 0
Iraqi 0 0 0
Salvadorean 0 0 0
African Caribbean 35 10 30
East or Southeast Asian, n.o.s.140 20 10 10
West or Central Asian or Middle Eastern, n.o.s.141 25 15 10
Caribbean, n.o.s.142 10 0 0
Algonquin 40 20 15
West Indian, n.o.s.143 35 0 25
Lithuanian 60 40 20
South African 90 50 35
Australian 40 20 20
Palestinian 0 0 0
Chilean 15 0 15
Congolese 0 0 0
Nova Scotian 4,175 2,090 2,090
Ethiopian 10 10 0
Hispanic, n.o.s.144 0 0 0
Peruvian 35 15 20
Yoruba 0 0 0
Cambodian (Khmer) 0 0 0
Berber 0 0 0
Albanian 10 10 0
Maltese 35 15 20
Macedonian 20 10 10
Slovenian 0 0 0
Western European, n.o.s.145 245 130 110
New Brunswicker 120 40 80
Gujarati 0 0 0
Eritrean 0