Census Profile, 2021 Census of Population
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Topic:
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Age
Age characteristics
Commuting
Select all: Commuting
Commuting destination
Commuting duration
Main mode of commuting
Place of work status
Time leaving for work
Education
Select all: Education
Highest certificate, diploma or degree
Location of study compared with province or territory of residence
Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2021
Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificate
Ethnocultural and religious diversity
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Ethnic or cultural origin
Religion
Visible minority
Families, households, and marital status
Select all: Families, households, and marital status
Family characteristics
Household type
Marital status
Housing
Household characteristics
Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
Select all: Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
Admission category and applicant type
Age at immigration
Citizenship
Generation status
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Pre-admission experience
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Income
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Income of economic families in 2020
Income of households in 2020
Income of individuals in 2019
Income of individuals in 2020
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Indigenous peoples
Select all: Indigenous peoples
Indigenous ancestry
Indigenous population
Instruction in the minority official language
Select all: Instruction in the minority official language
Children eligible for instruction in the minority official language
Eligibility and instruction in the minority official language for school-aged children
Labour
Select all: Labour
Class of worker including job permanency
Industry - Sectors - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2017
Labour force status
Occupation - Broad category - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2021
Work activity during the reference year
Language
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All languages spoken at home
First official language spoken
Knowledge of languages
Knowledge of official languages
Language spoken most often at home
Mother tongue
Other language spoken regularly at home
Language of work
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All languages used at work
Language used most often at work
Other language(s) used regularly at work
Mobility and migration
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Mobility status 1 year ago
Mobility status 5 years ago
Population and dwelling counts
Population and dwellings
Type of dwelling
Household and dwelling characteristics
GenderMore information:


Statistic:
Characteristic SoutheastMore information:
Manitoba
[Economic region]
Counts
Total Men+ Women+
Population and dwellings
Population, 20211 128,855 ... ...
Population, 20161 117,788 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2016 to 2021 9.4 ... ...
Total private dwellings2 57,557 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residents3 46,735 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 6.1 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 21,074.16 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups of the population - 100% data 128,855 65,065 63,795
0 to 14 years 28,115 14,385 13,725
0 to 4 years 8,885 4,555 4,330
5 to 9 years 9,770 4,980 4,790
10 to 14 years 9,455 4,855 4,605
15 to 64 years 79,610 40,255 39,355
15 to 19 years 8,110 4,190 3,920
20 to 24 years 7,330 3,855 3,480
25 to 29 years 7,645 3,870 3,780
30 to 34 years 8,105 4,045 4,065
35 to 39 years 8,335 4,110 4,225
40 to 44 years 7,855 3,990 3,860
45 to 49 years 7,540 3,820 3,720
50 to 54 years 7,345 3,660 3,680
55 to 59 years 8,680 4,335 4,345
60 to 64 years 8,660 4,375 4,280
65 years and over 21,130 10,425 10,710
65 to 69 years 7,405 3,745 3,655
70 to 74 years 5,640 2,855 2,785
75 to 79 years 3,720 1,885 1,840
80 to 84 years 2,295 1,130 1,165
85 years and over 2,080 815 1,265
85 to 89 years 1,280 520 765
90 to 94 years 605 235 375
95 to 99 years 165 50 115
100 years and over 20 5 15
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 21.8 22.1 21.5
15 to 64 years 61.8 61.9 61.7
65 years and over 16.4 16.0 16.8
85 years and over 1.6 1.3 2.0
Average age of the population 38.8 38.4 39.1
Median age of the population 38.0 37.6 38.4
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% data 46,735 ... ...
Single-detached house 37,895 ... ...
Semi-detached house 1,650 ... ...
Row house 1,470 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 520 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 3,530 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 255 ... ...
Other single-attached house 55 ... ...
Movable dwelling4 1,360 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% data 46,735 ... ...
1 person 9,920 ... ...
2 persons 17,570 ... ...
3 persons 6,610 ... ...
4 persons 6,840 ... ...
5 or more persons 5,795 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 125,980 63,660 62,325
Average household size 2.7 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the total population aged 15 years and over - 100% data 100,740 50,675 50,070
Married or living common-law 66,215 33,060 33,155
Married 57,400 28,665 28,730
Living common-law 8,820 4,395 4,425
Living common law - Never married 6,100 3,075 3,030
Living common law - Separated 460 215 245
Living common law - Divorced 2,010 1,015 995
Living common law - Widowed 245 95 155
Not married and not living common-law 34,525 17,620 16,910
Not married and not living common law - Never married 23,570 13,410 10,160
Not married and not living common law - Separated 2,150 1,030 1,115
Not married and not living common law - Divorced 4,105 2,020 2,085
Not married and not living common law - Widowed 4,700 1,150 3,550
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% data5 36,240 ... ...
2 persons 18,125 ... ...
3 persons 6,555 ... ...
4 persons 6,675 ... ...
5 or more persons 4,880 ... ...
Average size of census families 3.1 ... ...
Average number of children in census families with children6 2.1 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% data 36,235 ... ...
Total couple families 32,420 ... ...
Married couples 28,015 ... ...
With children6 14,490 ... ...
Without children 13,525 ... ...
Common-law couples 4,405 ... ...
With children6 1,890 ... ...
Without children 2,520 ... ...
Total one-parent families 3,820 ... ...
in which the parent is a woman+ 2,750 ... ...
in which the parent is a man+ 1,065 ... ...
Total - Persons in private households - 100% data 125,980 63,660 62,325
Total - Persons in census families 110,645 55,605 55,045
Married spouses or common-law partners 64,845 32,405 32,440
Parents in one-parent families 3,815 1,065 2,755
Children6 41,990 22,140 19,855
In a two-parent family 35,565 18,735 16,830
In a one-parent family 6,425 3,400 3,025
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 15,330 8,055 7,280
Living alone 9,920 5,125 4,800
Living with other relatives7 2,910 1,505 1,400
Living with non-relatives only 2,505 1,430 1,080
Household type
Total - Household type - 100% data 46,735 ... ...
One-census-family households without additional persons 33,165 ... ...
Couple-family households 30,175 ... ...
With children6 15,155 ... ...
Without children 15,020 ... ...
One-parent-family households 2,990 ... ...
Multigenerational households8 770 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households9 195 ... ...
One-census-family households with additional persons9 1,480 ... ...
Two-or-more-person non-census-family households 1,200 ... ...
One-person households 9,920 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2020
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data10 98,235 49,450 48,785
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 94,825 47,865 46,965
Median total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 40,800 49,600 33,600
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 94,975 47,930 47,045
Median after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 36,000 42,800 30,200
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 87,035 45,140 41,900
Median market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 34,400 44,800 25,200
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 71,020 38,215 32,800
Median employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 37,200 46,800 27,800
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 84,575 42,140 42,435
Median government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 7,550 4,000 9,700
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 10,510 5,095 5,420
Median employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 5,440 5,560 5,080
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 17,945 7,965 9,980
Median COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 7,000 6,000 7,000
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data11 98,235 49,465 48,770
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 94,935 47,865 47,070
Average total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 48,960 57,950 39,840
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 95,105 47,940 47,165
Average after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 40,600 47,080 34,000
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 87,215 45,245 41,970
Average market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 43,920 53,650 33,400
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 71,020 38,240 32,775
Average employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 44,960 53,550 34,960
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 84,695 42,185 42,510
Average government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 9,660 8,190 11,110
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 10,085 4,890 5,195
Average employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 6,760 6,770 6,740
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 17,950 7,835 10,115
Average COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 7,860 7,520 8,130
Total - Employment income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data12 98,235 49,460 48,770
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 36,150 22,670 13,480
Median employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 58,400 64,500 49,600
Average employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 65,100 70,800 55,350
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 26,510 11,630 14,880
Median employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 18,400 21,400 16,600
Average employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 26,760 32,440 22,280
Composition of total income in 2020 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data17 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)18 82.4 87.6 74.8
Employment income (%)19 68.8 73.8 61.1
Government transfers (%)20 17.6 12.5 25.2
Employment insurance benefits (%) 1.5 1.2 1.9
COVID-19 - Government income support and benefits (%) 4.0 2.7 6.0
COVID-19 - Emergency and recovery benefits (%) 3.0 2.1 4.4
Total - Total income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data21 98,235 49,450 48,785
Without total income 3,410 1,590 1,820
With total income 94,825 47,860 46,960
Under $10,000 (including loss) 8,290 3,410 4,875
$10,000 to $19,999 11,630 4,105 7,520
$20,000 to $29,999 14,105 5,615 8,485
$30,000 to $39,999 12,395 5,325 7,075
$40,000 to $49,999 11,445 5,610 5,830
$50,000 to $59,999 9,325 5,280 4,040
$60,000 to $69,999 7,055 4,370 2,685
$70,000 to $79,999 5,385 3,465 1,920
$80,000 to $89,999 4,320 2,920 1,395
$90,000 to $99,999 3,270 2,095 1,180
$100,000 and over 7,615 5,655 1,960
$100,000 to $149,999 5,730 4,200 1,530
$150,000 and over 1,880 1,450 425
Total - After-tax income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data22 98,235 49,450 48,785
Without after-tax income 3,255 1,520 1,735
With after-tax income 94,980 47,935 47,050
Under $10,000 (including loss) 8,925 3,610 5,315
$10,000 to $19,999 12,650 4,580 8,075
$20,000 to $29,999 16,585 6,660 9,920
$30,000 to $39,999 15,260 7,000 8,255
$40,000 to $49,999 13,000 7,200 5,795
$50,000 to $59,999 9,625 5,900 3,720
$60,000 to $69,999 6,975 4,615 2,365
$70,000 to $79,999 4,790 3,075 1,710
$80,000 to $89,999 2,710 1,890 825
$90,000 to $99,999 1,650 1,235 415
$100,000 and over 2,810 2,160 645
$100,000 to $124,999 1,600 1,230 375
$125,000 and over 1,210 935 275
Total - Employment income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data19 98,235 49,450 48,785
Without employment income 27,210 11,230 15,980
With employment income 71,020 38,215 32,805
Under $5,000 (including loss) 9,165 4,235 4,940
$5,000 to $9,999 5,135 2,130 3,010
$10,000 to $19,999 8,765 3,615 5,145
$20,000 to $29,999 7,385 3,180 4,205
$30,000 to $39,999 7,140 3,395 3,745
$40,000 to $49,999 6,875 3,720 3,150
$50,000 to $59,999 5,865 3,550 2,315
$60,000 to $69,999 4,850 3,140 1,710
$70,000 to $79,999 3,910 2,665 1,245
$80,000 to $89,999 3,285 2,265 1,025
$90,000 to $99,999 2,655 1,700 955
$100,000 and over 5,985 4,620 1,365
$100,000 to $124,999 3,330 2,500 830
$125,000 and over 2,655 2,120 535
Income of individuals in 2019
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data23 98,235 49,450 48,785
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 92,405 46,560 45,845
Median total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 39,200 49,200 31,400
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 92,450 46,565 45,885
Median after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 34,800 42,000 28,400
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 85,635 44,290 41,350
Median market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 35,600 45,600 26,400
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 70,820 37,865 32,960
Median employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 37,600 47,200 28,800
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 78,875 39,590 39,285
Median government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 3,960 1,330 6,800
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 -100% data 9,015 4,385 4,635
Median employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 5,880 6,320 5,360
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data24 98,235 49,465 48,770
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 92,440 46,520 45,925
Average total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 47,800 57,450 38,000
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 92,490 46,520 45,975
Average after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 39,240 46,280 32,120
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 85,635 44,220 41,415
Average market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 44,720 54,800 33,920
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 70,650 37,660 32,990
Average employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 45,440 54,400 35,280
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 78,980 39,720 39,265
Average government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 7,480 6,285 8,680
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 8,860 4,360 4,505
Average employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 7,300 7,080 7,510
Total - Employment income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data25 98,235 49,460 48,770
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 35,885 22,500 13,390
Median employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 55,200 61,200 46,400
Average employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 61,900 67,900 51,800
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 24,495 10,575 13,920
Median employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 23,200 29,000 21,000
Average employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 32,000 39,440 26,360
Composition of total income in 2019 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%) 86.6 90.6 80.4
Employment income (%) 72.6 76.6 66.6
Government transfers (%) 13.4 9.3 19.5
Employment insurance benefits (%) 1.5 1.2 1.9
Income of households in 2020
Total - Income statistics for private households - 100% data26 46,735 ... ...
Median total income of household in 2020 ($) 86,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 74,500 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 100% data 9,920 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 41,600 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 36,400 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 100% data 36,815 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 100,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 85,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for private households - 25% sample data27 46,735 ... ...
Average total income of household in 2020 ($) 99,500 ... ...
Average after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 82,600 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 25% sample data 9,940 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 49,840 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 41,360 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 25% sample data 36,795 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 112,900 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 93,700 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data21 46,735 ... ...
Under $5,000 355 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 220 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 450 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 575 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,470 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,350 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,210 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,640 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,780 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,710 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,415 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,540 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 3,510 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 3,365 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 3,110 ... ...
$100,000 and over 19,025 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 6,280 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 4,530 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 5,010 ... ...
$200,000 and over 3,210 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data22 46,735 ... ...
Under $5,000 425 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 230 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 475 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 655 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,630 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,510 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,535 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,020 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,165 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,015 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,290 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 4,465 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 4,310 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 3,905 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 3,320 ... ...
$100,000 and over 13,780 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 6,175 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,575 ... ...
$150,000 and over 4,030 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2020
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 100% data28 36,060 ... ...
Median total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 99,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 85,000 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.2 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 100% data 15,195 ... ...
Median total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 86,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 74,000 ... ...
Average family size of couple-only economic families 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 100% data 16,445 ... ...
Median total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 122,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 103,000 ... ...
Average family size of couple-with-children economic families 4.3 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 3,530 ... ...
Median total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 65,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 59,200 ... ...
Average family size of one-parent economic families 2.8 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% data29 12,420 6,550 5,875
Median total income in 2020 ($)30 39,600 44,400 34,800
Median after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 34,800 38,400 31,800
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 25% sample data31 36,005 ... ...
Average total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 112,600 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 93,500 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 25% sample data 15,200 ... ...
Average total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 98,500 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 81,500 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 25% sample data 16,440 ... ...
Average total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 134,400 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 111,100 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 3,490 ... ...
Average total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 73,600 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 64,200 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample data32 12,460 6,400 6,055
Average total income in 2020 ($)30 47,640 52,300 42,680
Average after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 39,640 42,440 36,680
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Total - LIM low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households - 100% data33 125,980 63,655 62,320
0 to 17 years 32,705 16,750 15,955
0 to 5 years 10,690 5,505 5,185
18 to 64 years 73,170 36,835 36,335
65 years and over 20,110 10,070 10,035
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 14,510 6,950 7,565
0 to 17 years 4,755 2,420 2,330
0 to 5 years 1,850 955 895
18 to 64 years 6,850 3,305 3,550
65 years and over 2,910 1,225 1,680
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 11.5 10.9 12.1
0 to 17 years (%) 14.5 14.4 14.6
0 to 5 years (%) 17.3 17.3 17.3
18 to 64 years (%) 9.4 9.0 9.8
65 years and over (%) 14.5 12.2 16.8
Total - LICO low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households to whom the low-income concept is applicable - 100% data33 125,095 63,225 61,870
0 to 17 years 32,405 16,610 15,790
0 to 5 years 10,605 5,460 5,150
18 to 64 years 72,710 36,600 36,115
65 years and over 19,985 10,015 9,970
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 3,275 1,695 1,575
0 to 17 years 865 440 420
0 to 5 years 290 145 140
18 to 64 years 2,125 1,120 1,010
65 years and over 280 135 145
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 2.6 2.7 2.6
0 to 17 years (%) 2.7 2.7 2.7
0 to 5 years (%) 2.7 2.7 2.8
18 to 64 years (%) 2.9 3.1 2.8
65 years and over (%) 1.4 1.3 1.5
Total - Adjusted after-tax economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% data34The letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice. 125,980 63,655 62,325
In bottom half of the distribution 72,275 35,860 36,420
In bottom decile 11,565 5,600 5,965
In second decile 15,690 7,495 8,200
In third decile 15,965 7,965 8,000
In fourth decile 14,985 7,570 7,415
In fifth decile 14,070 7,230 6,845
In top half of the distribution 53,705 27,800 25,900
In sixth decile 13,080 6,750 6,330
In seventh decile 12,760 6,570 6,185
In eighth decile 11,545 5,965 5,580
In ninth decile 9,825 5,150 4,670
In top decile 6,500 3,365 3,130
Total - Inequality measures for the population in private households - 100% data35 125,980 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household total income 0.303 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household market income 0.404 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household after-tax income 0.266 ... ...
P90/P10 ratio on adjusted household after-tax income 3.3 ... ...
Knowledge of official languages
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data36 127,595 64,355 63,240
English only 108,875 55,425 53,455
French only 245 135 110
English and French 17,240 8,225 9,015
Neither English nor French 1,235 575 655
First official language spoken
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data37 127,595 64,355 63,240
English 117,480 59,325 58,155
French 8,515 4,290 4,225
English and French 405 190 215
Neither English nor French 1,195 550 640
Mother tongue
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data38 127,595 64,355 63,240
Single responses 123,685 62,440 61,245
Official languages 101,390 51,370 50,020
English 92,645 46,965 45,680
French 8,745 4,405 4,340
Non-official languages 22,290 11,070 11,225
Indigenous languages39 180 80 100
Algonquian languages 165 70 95
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 40 25 20
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 40 25 20
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 15 10 10
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 15 10 5
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 125 50 70
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 15 0 10
Ojibway languages 110 50 65
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 5 5 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 110 50 65
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 5 0 5
Northern Athabaskan languages 5 0 5
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 5 0 5
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 5 0 5
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 5 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 22,115 10,990 11,125
Afro-Asiatic languages 150 100 50
Berber languages 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 0 0 0
Hausa 0 0 0
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 5 5 0
Bilen 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 5 5 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 140 95 50
Amharic 5 5 0
Arabic 115 75 45
Aramaic languages 0 0 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 10 5 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 10 5 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 75 45 30
Khmer (Cambodian) 5 0 0
Vietnamese 65 40 30
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 1,395 665 730
Bikol 5 0 5
Bisaya, n.o.s. 20 5 10
Cebuano 75 30 40
Fijian 25 15 5
Hiligaynon 10 5 5
Ilocano 60 25 30
Indonesian 0 0 0
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 5 5 5
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 5 5 5
Malay 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 20 10 10
Pangasinan 5 5 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,170 565 605
Waray-Waray 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5
Creole languages 10 5 5
Haitian Creole 0 0 0
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 0 5 0
Morisyen 0 0 0
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 5 0 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Dravidian languages 75 50 25
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 65 40 20
Tamil 5 0 0
Telugu 5 0 0
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 19,870 9,860 10,010
Albanian 0 0 0
Armenian 0 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 2,640 1,315 1,320
Baltic languages 10 10 5
Latvian 5 5 0
Lithuanian 5 5 0
Slavic languages 2,630 1,310 1,320
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 10 5 5
Czech 35 20 15
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 335 165 170
Russian 1,250 640 610
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 75 45 30
Bosnian 15 10 10
Croatian 40 25 20
Serbian 20 10 10
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0 0 5
Slovak 55 20 30
Slovene (Slovenian) 5 0 0
Ukrainian 865 410 450
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 195 90 105
Irish 185 80 100
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0
Welsh 10 10 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 15,595 7,700 7,895
Frisian 10 5 5
High German languages 10,725 5,280 5,440
German 10,655 5,240 5,415
Pennsylvania German 5 5 5
Swiss German 60 40 30
Yiddish 0 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 4,740 2,355 2,385
Afrikaans 35 15 15
Dutch 325 175 145
Low German, n.o.s. 820 420 400
Low Saxon 95 50 45
Plautdietsch 3,450 1,680 1,770
Vlaams (Flemish) 15 10 10
Scandinavian languages 50 25 30
Danish 15 10 10
Icelandic 10 0 5
Norwegian 15 5 5
Swedish 10 5 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 70 35 35
Greek 20 10 5
Indo-Iranian languages 640 345 300
Indo-Aryan languages 620 325 290
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 10 10 5
Gujarati 155 85 70
Hindi 30 20 15
Kacchi 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0
Nepali 5 5 5
Oriya languages 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 380 200 185
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0
Urdu 35 20 15
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iranian languages 20 15 10
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 5 0 0
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 5 5 0
Persian languages 15 10 10
Dari 5 5 0
Iranian Persian 15 10 0
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 5 0 5
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 785 395 390
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 95 50 45
Portuguese 215 115 105
Romanian 30 20 10
Spanish 435 210 225
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 10 5 5
Korean 75 40 35
Mongolian 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 95 45 50
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 5 5 0
Éwé 5 5 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 5 0 5
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 10 5 0
Lingala 5 5 0
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 5 0 0
Shona 5 0 5
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0
Swahili 30 10 15
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0
Yoruba 10 5 5
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10
Nilo-Saharan languages 10 5 5
Dinka 0 0 0
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5
African, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Sign languages 40 20 25
American Sign Language 40 20 20
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5
Sino-Tibetan languages 140 70 75
Chinese languages 120 55 60
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 55 25 25
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0
Yue (Cantonese) 50 20 30
Chinese, n.o.s. 15 5 5
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 20 5 15
Burmese 0 0 0
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 15 5 10
S'gaw Karen 15 5 10
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 40 15 25
Lao 30 10 15
Thai 5 0 5
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 15 10 5
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 10 5 5
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Uralic languages 115 55 60
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 25 10 15
Hungarian 85 45 45
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0
Multiple responses 3,915 1,920 1,995
English and French 1,590 765 825
English and non-official language(s) 1,895 940 960
French and non-official language(s) 30 25 15
English, French and non-official language(s) 45 15 25
Multiple non-official languages 355 175 180
All languages spoken at home
Total - All languages spoken at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data40 127,595 64,355 63,240
English 102,200 51,940 50,265
French 3,020 1,470 1,550
Non-official language 5,250 2,610 2,635
Indigenous39 10 5 5
Non-Indigenous 5,235 2,605 2,630
English and French 4,555 2,140 2,420
English and non-official language(s) 11,645 5,735 5,910
French and non-official language(s) 20 10 5
English, French and non-official language(s) 210 100 115
Multiple non-official languages 695 355 335
Language spoken most often at home
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data41 127,595 64,355 63,240
Single responses 124,450 62,805 61,645
Official languages 114,480 57,855 56,620
English 110,295 55,850 54,445
French 4,185 2,010 2,175
Non-official languages 9,970 4,950 5,020
Indigenous languages39 20 10 15
Algonquian languages 20 10 10
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 5 5 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 5 5 0
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0 0 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 15 10 10
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 15 5 10
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 15 5 10
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 9,945 4,940 5,005
Afro-Asiatic languages 75 45 25
Berber languages 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 0 0 0
Hausa 0 0 0
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 5 0 0
Bilen 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 5 0 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 70 45 25
Amharic 0 0 0
Arabic 60 35 25
Aramaic languages 0 0 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 0 0 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 50 25 20
Khmer (Cambodian) 5 0 0
Vietnamese 45 30 15
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 865 435 425
Bikol 0 0 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 5 5 5
Cebuano 65 30 35
Fijian 15 10 5
Hiligaynon 0 0 0
Ilocano 10 5 5
Indonesian 0 0 0
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 15 5 10
Pangasinan 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 735 375 360
Waray-Waray 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5
Creole languages 5 5 5
Haitian Creole 0 0 0
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 0 0 0
Morisyen 0 0 0
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Dravidian languages 45 25 20
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 40 25 15
Tamil 5 0 0
Telugu 0 0 0
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 8,640 4,250 4,390
Albanian 0 0 0
Armenian 0 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 895 450 440
Baltic languages 0 0 0
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Slavic languages 895 450 440
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 5 5 0
Czech 5 0 0
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 80 35 45
Russian 630 325 305
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 20 5 15
Bosnian 5 5 5
Croatian 5 0 0
Serbian 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Slovak 0 0 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0
Ukrainian 155 80 80
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 190 90 100
Irish 190 90 100
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0
Welsh 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 6,725 3,260 3,470
Frisian 0 5 0
High German languages 5,615 2,715 2,900
German 5,590 2,700 2,885
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 30 15 15
Yiddish 0 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 1,090 535 555
Afrikaans 10 5 5
Dutch 55 25 25
Low German, n.o.s. 255 125 130
Low Saxon 15 5 10
Plautdietsch 760 370 390
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0
Scandinavian languages 5 0 0
Danish 0 0 0
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 0 0 0
Swedish 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10
Greek 5 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages 530 285 245
Indo-Aryan languages 525 285 240
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 10 5 5
Gujarati 135 75 60
Hindi 25 10 10
Kacchi 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0
Nepali 0 0 0
Oriya languages 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 320 170 150
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0
Urdu 30 20 10
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iranian languages 10 5 5
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 0 0 0
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 0 5 0
Persian languages 5 0 0
Dari 0 0 0
Iranian Persian 5 0 0
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 0 0 0
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 300 165 140
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 10 5 0
Portuguese 50 30 25
Romanian 10 5 5
Spanish 230 125 110
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 0 0 0
Korean 50 30 20
Mongolian 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 35 15 20
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0
Éwé 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 5 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0
Lingala 0 0 0
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Shona 0 0 0
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0
Swahili 10 5 5
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
African, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Sign languages 60 40 25
American Sign Language 50 30 15
Quebec Sign Language 5 5 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5
Sino-Tibetan languages 70 30 35
Chinese languages 55 30 25
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 30 15 15
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0
Yue (Cantonese) 20 10 15
Chinese, n.o.s. 5 5 5
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 10 5 10
Burmese 0 0 0
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 10 0 5
S'gaw Karen 10 0 5
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 10 5 5
Lao 10 5 5
Thai 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 10 5 5
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 0 0 0
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Uralic languages 30 15 15
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 0 0 0
Hungarian 30 15 15
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Multiple responses 3,150 1,550 1,595
English and French 975 455 525
English and non-official language(s) 2,080 1,050 1,025
French and non-official language(s) 10 5 5
English, French and non-official language(s) 20 10 10
Multiple non-official languages 70 35 35
Other language spoken regularly at home
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data42 127,595 64,355 63,240
None 113,280 57,390 55,885
English 4,535 2,180 2,355
French 2,485 1,180 1,300
Non-official language 5,905 2,905 3,000
Indigenous39 90 35 60
Non-Indigenous 5,815 2,870 2,940
English and French 20 10 10
English and non-official language(s) 695 360 335
French and non-official language(s) 115 45 65
English, French and non-official language(s) 5 5 0
Multiple non-official languages 565 280 285
Knowledge of languagesThe letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice.
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample data43 125,980 63,685 62,295
Official languages 124,805 63,160 61,645
English 124,525 63,045 61,480
French 17,410 8,450 8,955
Non-official languages 24,840 12,240 12,600
Indigenous languages39 305 135 170
Algonquian languages 260 105 160
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 45 15 25
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 45 15 25
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 30 15 10
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 10 0 10
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 215 85 135
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 15 0 10
Ojibway languages 205 80 125
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 30 15 15
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 170 65 105
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 10 10 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 20 15 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 20 15 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 15 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 10 10 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 10 10 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 24,535 12,105 12,430
Afro-Asiatic languages 190 120 70
Berber languages 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 0 0 0
Hausa 0 0 0
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 0 0 0
Bilen 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 175 110 60
Amharic 10 0 0
Arabic 155 95 60
Aramaic languages 0 0 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 15 15 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 80 55 30
Khmer (Cambodian) 15 10 0
Vietnamese 80 45 30
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 1,800 820 980
Bikol 0 0 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 60 30 35
Cebuano 35 0 30
Fijian 40 20 20
Hiligaynon 20 10 10
Ilocano 75 30 45
Indonesian 0 0 0
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 60 20 40
Pangasinan 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,715 775 930
Waray-Waray 20 10 10
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 55 25 25
Creole languages 20 10 10
Haitian Creole 10 0 10
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 0 0 0
Morisyen 0 0 0
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Dravidian languages 95 60 35
Kannada 15 10 0
Malayalam 40 20 20
Tamil 15 15 0
Telugu 30 20 10
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 21,435 10,660 10,770
Albanian 0 0 0
Armenian 0 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 3,475 1,745 1,730
Baltic languages 10 0 0
Latvian 10 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Slavic languages 3,465 1,740 1,730
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 0 0 0
Czech 10 0 10
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 395 210 185
Russian 1,945 970 975
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 105 55 50
Bosnian 30 20 10
Croatian 30 20 10
Serbian 45 20 25
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Slovak 55 15 35
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0
Ukrainian 1,090 535 550
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 25 20 15
Irish 10 10 10
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0
Welsh 15 10 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 17,135 8,565 8,570
Frisian 20 15 0
High German languages 12,640 6,310 6,335
German 12,595 6,270 6,320
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 70 50 20
Yiddish 0 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 5,845 2,910 2,935
Afrikaans 90 60 30
Dutch 445 215 230
Low German, n.o.s. 1,330 680 650
Low Saxon 60 30 30
Plautdietsch 4,040 1,980 2,055
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0
Scandinavian languages 145 80 65
Danish 40 15 25
Icelandic 20 10 15
Norwegian 70 55 15
Swedish 30 15 20
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 40 25 20
Greek 20 20 0
Indo-Iranian languages 750 405 345
Indo-Aryan languages 720 390 330
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 10 0 0
Gujarati 115 75 40
Hindi 315 175 140
Kacchi 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0
Nepali 0 0 0
Oriya languages 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 485 245 235
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0
Urdu 75 50 30
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iranian languages 50 35 15
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 0 0 0
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 15 15 0
Persian languages 40 20 15
Dari 0 0 0
Iranian Persian 25 15 15
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 10 0 0
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 2,185 1,095 1,095
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 145 110 35
Portuguese 400 200 200
Romanian 25 15 0
Spanish 1,715 810 900
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 30 15 25
Korean 75 40 35
Mongolian 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 250 135 120
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0
Éwé 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 40 15 20
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0
Lingala 15 15 0
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 25 15 15
Shona 0 0 0
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0
Swahili 50 25 25
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0
Yoruba 60 20 40
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 45 30 15
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
African, n.o.s. 10 0 0
Sign languages 330 100 235
American Sign Language 300 95 205
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 45 10 35
Sino-Tibetan languages 205 105 95
Chinese languages 200 105 95
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 125 70 50
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 10 10 0
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0
Yue (Cantonese) 110 45 65
Chinese, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0
Burmese 0 0 0
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 70 30 35
Lao 70 30 40
Thai 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 0 0 0
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Uralic languages 140 75 70
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 25 10 10
Hungarian 115 60 55
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 10 0
Indigenous population
Total - Indigenous identity for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 125,980 63,685 62,295
Indigenous identity45 19,940 9,785 10,155
Single Indigenous responses46 19,545 9,595 9,945
First Nations (North American Indian) 4,775 2,265 2,510
Métis 14,715 7,310 7,400
Inuk (Inuit) 60 20 40
Multiple Indigenous responses47 255 115 145
Indigenous responses not included elsewhere48 140 80 60
Non-Indigenous identity 106,040 53,900 52,140
Total - Registered or Treaty Indian status for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 125,980 63,685 62,295
Registered or Treaty Indian49 3,945 1,875 2,075
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 122,035 61,815 60,220
Household characteristics
Total - Private households by tenure - 25% sample data50 46,735 ... ...
Owner 38,625 ... ...
Renter 7,935 ... ...
Dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band 175 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by condominium status - 25% sample data51 46,735 ... ...
Condominium 2,890 ... ...
Not condominium 43,845 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of bedrooms - 25% sample data52 46,735 ... ...
No bedrooms 145 ... ...
1 bedroom 2,830 ... ...
2 bedrooms 10,335 ... ...
3 bedrooms 18,065 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 15,360 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of rooms - 25% sample data53 46,735 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 8,845 ... ...
5 rooms 8,290 ... ...
6 rooms 7,800 ... ...
7 rooms 6,635 ... ...
8 or more rooms 15,170 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 6.6 ... ...
Total - Private households by number of persons per room - 25% sample data54 46,735 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 45,835 ... ...
More than one person per room 895 ... ...
Total - Private households by housing suitability - 25% sample data55 46,735 ... ...
Suitable 45,055 ... ...
Not suitable 1,675 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by period of construction - 25% sample data56 46,735 ... ...
1960 or before 5,930 ... ...
1961 to 1980 11,940 ... ...
1981 to 1990 5,845 ... ...
1991 to 2000 5,590 ... ...
2001 to 2005 2,885 ... ...
2006 to 2010 4,585 ... ...
2011 to 2015 5,150 ... ...
2016 to 202157 4,810 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by dwelling condition - 25% sample data58 46,735 ... ...
Only regular maintenance and minor repairs needed 44,150 ... ...
Major repairs needed 2,590 ... ...
Total - Private households by number of household maintainers - 25% sample data59 46,735 ... ...
One-maintainer household 20,590 ... ...
Two-maintainer household 24,745 ... ...
Three-or-more-maintainer household 1,400 ... ...
Total - Private households by age of primary household maintainers - 25% sample data60 46,735 ... ...
15 to 24 years 1,235 ... ...
25 to 34 years 6,810 ... ...
35 to 44 years 8,530 ... ...
45 to 54 years 7,975 ... ...
55 to 64 years 9,505 ... ...
65 to 74 years 7,555 ... ...
75 to 84 years 3,885 ... ...
85 years and over 1,245 ... ...
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratio - 25% sample data61 45,210 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of income on shelter costs 38,870 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs 6,340 ... ...
30% to less than 100% 5,775 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by housing indicators - 25% sample data62 46,735 ... ...
Total - Households 'spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' or 'not suitable' or 'major repairs needed' 9,915 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs only 5,815 ... ...
Not suitable only 1,355 ... ...
Major repairs needed only 2,075 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' 160 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'major repairs needed' 355 ... ...
'Not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 155 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 10 ... ...
Acceptable housing 36,820 ... ...
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero and shelter-cost-to-income ratio less than 100%, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data63 44,640 ... ...
In core need 3,440 ... ...
Not in core need 41,205 ... ...
Total - Owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 37,400 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgage64 64.2 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 10.1 ... ...
% in core housing need63 5.3 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 1,130 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 1,200 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)66 320,000 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)66 341,600 ... ...
Total - Tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 7,905 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housing67 15.1 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 32.7 ... ...
% in core housing need63 19.2 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 1,020 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 1,037 ... ...
Total - Households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band in non-farm private dwellings - 25% sample data 175 ... ...
% of households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band spending more than 30% on shelter costs61 0.0 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 0 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 134 ... ...
Indigenous ancestry
Total - Indigenous ancestry for the population in private households - 25% sample data68 125,980 63,685 62,295
Indigenous ancestry (only)69 6,610 3,210 3,405
Single Indigenous ancestry (only)70 6,455 3,135 3,315
First Nations (North American Indian) single ancestry 2,965 1,390 1,580
Métis single ancestry 3,475 1,745 1,730
Inuit single ancestry 0 0 0
Multiple Indigenous ancestries (only)71 160 75 90
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis ancestry only 160 75 90
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
Métis and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries72 13,530 6,725 6,805
Single Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries73 13,020 6,475 6,545
First Nations (North American Indian) and non-Indigenous ancestry only 3,730 1,720 2,015
Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 9,205 4,720 4,485
Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 80 35 45
Multiple Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries74 510 250 260
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 495 245 245
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 10 0 10
Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 0 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous ancestry only75 105,835 53,745 52,085
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample data76 125,980 63,690 62,295
Canadian citizens77 119,855 60,640 59,220
Canadian citizens aged under 18 31,755 16,365 15,390
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 88,100 44,270 43,835
Not Canadian citizens78 6,120 3,045 3,075
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample data79 125,980 63,690 62,295
Non-immigrants80 110,990 56,195 54,795
Immigrants81 14,535 7,260 7,270
Before 1980 2,885 1,445 1,440
1980 to 1990 1,080 515 565
1991 to 2000 1,270 645 620
2001 to 2010 5,670 2,875 2,800
2011 to 202182 3,630 1,785 1,845
2011 to 2015 1,645 805 840
2016 to 2021 1,980 980 1,000
Non-permanent residents83 455 225 235
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data84 14,535 7,260 7,270
Under 5 years 2,405 1,310 1,100
5 to 14 years 3,890 1,960 1,930
15 to 24 years 2,655 1,295 1,360
25 to 44 years 4,755 2,280 2,475
45 years and over 825 420 410
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data85 14,535 7,260 7,270
Americas 4,085 1,930 2,155
Brazil 95 55 35
Colombia 60 30 30
El Salvador 25 15 15
Guyana 20 0 15
Haiti 10 0 10
Jamaica 40 30 10
Mexico 850 390 460
Peru 0 0 0
Trinidad and Tobago 25 10 15
United States of America 920 365 550
Other places of birth in Americas 2,025 1,015 1,015
Europe 6,440 3,330 3,115
Bosnia and Herzegovina 30 10 20
Croatia 35 20 10
France 95 60 40
Germany 2,770 1,470 1,300
Greece 10 10 0
Hungary 65 30 35
Italy 35 35 0
Netherlands 300 130 175
Poland 240 135 105
Portugal 95 65 30
Romania 20 10 10
Russian Federation 1,065 505 565
Serbia86 0 0 0
Ukraine 210 115 100
United Kingdom87 1,130 575 560
Other places of birth in Europe 340 160 180
Africa 405 225 180
Algeria 0 0 0
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 30 20 10
Egypt 0 0 0
Eritrea 0 0 0
Ethiopia 30 10 20
Morocco 10 10 0
Nigeria 155 85 70
Somalia 0 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 65 40 20
Other places of birth in Africa 110 55 55
Asia 3,470 1,715 1,760
Afghanistan 30 20 10
Iran88 25 15 10
Iraq 25 20 0
Lebanon 15 0 10
Syria89 40 15 30
Turkey 0 0 0
China90 70 30 35
Hong Kong91 15 0 10
Korea, South92 25 0 15
Taiwan 0 0 0
Philippines 1,685 770 915
Viet Nam 70 40 30
Bangladesh 15 0 10
India 440 225 210
Pakistan 50 40 15
Sri Lanka 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 955 515 445
Oceania and other places of birth93 125 65 60
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data94 1,980 980 1,000
Americas 400 165 235
Brazil 45 25 20
Colombia 0 0 0
Haiti 0 0 0
Jamaica 0 0 0
Mexico 95 40 55
United States of America 115 45 70
Venezuela95 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 130 50 85
Europe 375 175 200
France 0 0 0
Germany 210 100 110
Ireland96 0 0 0
Italy 0 0 0
Russian Federation 55 40 20
Ukraine 45 20 25
United Kingdom87 30 15 20
Other places of birth in Europe 20 0 20
Africa 170 110 65
Algeria 0 0 0
Burundi 0 0 0
Cameroon 0 0 0
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 10 10 0
Côte d'Ivoire 0 0 0
Egypt 0 0 0
Eritrea 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Morocco 0 0 0
Nigeria 125 70 55
Somalia 0 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0
Sudan97 0 0 0
Tunisia 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 20 15 0
Asia 955 485 465
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Bangladesh 0 0 0
China90 15 0 10
Hong Kong91 0 0 0
India 255 125 125
Iran88 0 0 0
Iraq 0 0 0
Israel 0 0 0
Japan 0 0 0
Jordan 0 0 0
Korea, South92 0 0 0
Lebanon 0 0 0
Nepal 0 0 0
Pakistan 15 15 0
Philippines 515 255 265
Saudi Arabia 0 0 0
Sri Lanka 0 0 0
Syria89 0 0 0
Turkey 0 0 0
United Arab Emirates 0 0 0
Viet Nam 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 65 40 25
Oceania and other93 85 50 35
Australia 10 0 0
Other places of birth98 80 45 30
Generation status
Total - Generation status for the population in private households - 25% sample data99 125,980 63,685 62,295
First generation100 17,130 8,540 8,595
Second generation101 19,695 9,860 9,830
Third generation or more102 89,155 45,285 43,865
Admission category and applicant type
Total - Admission category and applicant type for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data103 11,645 5,820 5,825
Economic immigrants104 8,645 4,495 4,155
Principal applicants105 2,310 1,870 445
Secondary applicants106 6,335 2,625 3,710
Immigrants sponsored by family107 2,345 1,000 1,345
Refugees108 595 295 295
Other immigrants109 60 30 35
Pre-admission experience
Total - Pre-admission experience for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data110 11,645 5,820 5,825
Asylum claim before admission111 130 70 60
Work permits only before admission112 1,455 880 575
Study permits only before admission113 280 135 145
Work and study permits before admission114 310 175 140
Other permits before admission115 175 55 125
No pre-admission experience116 9,295 4,510 4,785
Visible minority
Total - Visible minority for the population in private households - 25% sample data117 125,980 63,685 62,295
Total visible minority population118 6,175 3,110 3,065
South Asian 990 535 455
Chinese 240 110 125
Black 1,210 630 580
Filipino 2,220 1,050 1,170
Arab 140 90 50
Latin American 505 205 295
Southeast Asian 285 140 140
West Asian 30 20 10
Korean 90 40 40
Japanese 65 30 30
Visible minority, n.i.e.119 185 125 55
Multiple visible minorities 220 120 100
Not a visible minority120 119,810 60,575 59,230
Ethnic or cultural origin
Total - Ethnic or cultural origin for the population in private households - 25% sample data121 125,980 63,685 62,295
Canadian 14,830 7,495 7,335
English 18,535 9,045 9,495
Irish 12,145 5,780 6,365
Scottish 15,410 7,510 7,900
French, n.o.s.122 18,545 9,290 9,250
German 29,500 15,020 14,480
Chinese 380 185 195
Italian 1,735 935 800
Indian (India) 545 280 270
Ukrainian 18,190 9,280 8,910
Dutch 6,970 3,510 3,465
Polish 8,750 4,380 4,365
Québécois 260 130 125
British Isles, n.o.s.123 2,520 1,230 1,295
Filipino 2,190 1,055 1,135
French Canadian 2,375 1,160 1,210
Caucasian (White), n.o.s.124 2,695 1,365 1,335
First Nations (North American Indian), n.o.s.125 3,030 1,455 1,575
Métis 13,340 6,790 6,555
European, n.o.s.126 2,055 1,015 1,040
Russian 9,320 4,650 4,665
Norwegian 1,920 975 950
Welsh 1,280 555 725
Portuguese 745 355 395
American 1,075 525 550
Spanish 625 280 345
Swedish 2,285 1,080 1,205
Hungarian 1,215 580 635
Acadian 235 105 120
Pakistani 60 40 25
African, n.o.s.127 250 135 115
Jewish 430 240 195
Punjabi 165 90 75
Vietnamese 145 85 65
Arab, n.o.s.128 80 40 45
Greek 130 70 60
Jamaican 290 160 130
Asian, n.o.s.129 85 40 45
Cree, n.o.s.130 1,225 595 630
Korean 85 45 45
Romanian 535 275 260
Lebanese 85 35 50
Iranian 45 25 20
Christian, n.i.e.131 820 375 450
Danish 735 340 400
North American Indigenous, n.o.s.132 1,010 455 550
Sikh 125 60 65
Austrian 1,130 620 510
Belgian 2,235 1,160 1,075
Haitian 20 15 0
Hindu 55 20 30
Mexican 1,250 680 575
Mennonite 13,955 7,085 6,875
Swiss 700 315 390
Finnish 385 180 210
Sri Lankan 20 10 0
Croatian 200 95 105
Japanese 125 70 60
South Asian, n.o.s.133 40 30 10
Mi'kmaq, n.o.s.134 75 30 45
Northern European, n.o.s.135 560 280 280
Muslim 30 25 10
Egyptian 25 20 0
Latin, Central or South American, n.o.s.136 200 75 120
Tamil 0 0 0
Icelandic 2,435 1,295 1,140
Colombian 60 25 35
Moroccan 20 15 0
Czech 530 225 300
Syrian 85 35 50
Guyanese 75 35 40
Afghan 20 10 10
Black, n.o.s.137 80 50 25
Serbian 25 20 0
Ojibway 1,505 695 810
Newfoundlander 65 30 40
Hong Konger 0 0 0
Ontarian 35 15 15
Persian 20 0 20
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 150 100 50
Turkish 25 15 0
Inuit, n.o.s.138 105 35 65
Bangladeshi 10 10 0
Algerian 0 0 0
Brazilian 155 80 75
Nigerian 95 55 45
Armenian 0 0 0
Slovak 305 125 180
Eastern European, n.o.s.139 310 155 155
Somali 0 0 0
Taiwanese 0 0 0
Iraqi 30 20 10
Salvadorean 55 35 20
African Caribbean 20 0 15
East or Southeast Asian, n.o.s.140 120 50 70
West or Central Asian or Middle Eastern, n.o.s.141 50 25 25
Caribbean, n.o.s.142 35 25 15
Algonquin 50 30 20
West Indian, n.o.s.143 45 25 25
Lithuanian 155 75 85
South African 100 65 35
Australian 110 55 55
Palestinian 0 0 0
Chilean 120 65 50
Congolese 45 25 15
Nova Scotian 0 0 0
Ethiopian 80 30 50
Hispanic, n.o.s.144 20 10 15
Peruvian 35 10 25
Yoruba 60 30 35
Cambodian (Khmer) 25 10 0
Berber 0 0 0
Albanian 0 0 0
Maltese 65 25 35
Macedonian 10 0 0
Slovenian 55 35 20
Western European, n.o.s.145 160 85 80
New Brunswicker 0 0 0
Gujarati 0 0 0