Census Profile, 2021 Census of Population
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Topic:
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Age
Age characteristics
Commuting
Select all: Commuting
Commuting destination
Commuting duration
Main mode of commuting
Place of work status
Time leaving for work
Education
Select all: Education
Highest certificate, diploma or degree
Location of study compared with province or territory of residence
Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2021
Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificate
Ethnocultural and religious diversity
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Ethnic or cultural origin
Religion
Visible minority
Families, households, and marital status
Select all: Families, households, and marital status
Family characteristics
Household type
Marital status
Housing
Household characteristics
Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
Select all: Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
Admission category and applicant type
Age at immigration
Citizenship
Generation status
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Pre-admission experience
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Income
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Income of economic families in 2020
Income of households in 2020
Income of individuals in 2019
Income of individuals in 2020
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Indigenous peoples
Select all: Indigenous peoples
Indigenous ancestry
Indigenous population
Instruction in the minority official language
Select all: Instruction in the minority official language
Children eligible for instruction in the minority official language
Eligibility and instruction in the minority official language for school-aged children
Labour
Select all: Labour
Class of worker including job permanency
Industry - Sectors - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2017
Labour force status
Occupation - Broad category - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2021
Work activity during the reference year
Language
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All languages spoken at home
First official language spoken
Knowledge of languages
Knowledge of official languages
Language spoken most often at home
Mother tongue
Other language spoken regularly at home
Language of work
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All languages used at work
Language used most often at work
Other language(s) used regularly at work
Mobility and migration
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Mobility status 1 year ago
Mobility status 5 years ago
Population and dwelling counts
Population and dwellings
Type of dwelling
Household and dwelling characteristics
GenderMore information:


Statistic:
Characteristic South Shore--St. MargaretsMore information:
Nova Scotia
[Federal electoral district (2013 Representation Order)]
Counts
Total Men+ Women+
Population and dwellings
Population, 20211 94,482 ... ...
Population, 20161 91,830 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2016 to 2021 2.9 ... ...
Total private dwellings2 51,034 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residents3 42,508 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 11.2 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 8,461.63 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups of the population - 100% data 94,480 46,420 48,060
0 to 14 years 12,080 6,250 5,830
0 to 4 years 3,485 1,760 1,725
5 to 9 years 4,165 2,150 2,015
10 to 14 years 4,430 2,340 2,095
15 to 64 years 56,610 27,855 28,750
15 to 19 years 4,360 2,280 2,080
20 to 24 years 3,770 2,030 1,745
25 to 29 years 3,720 1,885 1,835
30 to 34 years 4,455 2,125 2,330
35 to 39 years 4,855 2,340 2,510
40 to 44 years 5,065 2,440 2,625
45 to 49 years 5,945 2,850 3,095
50 to 54 years 6,835 3,355 3,480
55 to 59 years 8,590 4,165 4,430
60 to 64 years 9,005 4,385 4,620
65 years and over 25,795 12,315 13,480
65 to 69 years 8,300 4,045 4,250
70 to 74 years 7,215 3,530 3,680
75 to 79 years 4,740 2,370 2,365
80 to 84 years 2,940 1,395 1,545
85 years and over 2,605 975 1,635
85 to 89 years 1,650 695 955
90 to 94 years 720 230 490
95 to 99 years 195 40 150
100 years and over 40 5 35
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 12.8 13.5 12.1
15 to 64 years 59.9 60.0 59.8
65 years and over 27.3 26.5 28.0
85 years and over 2.8 2.1 3.4
Average age of the population 47.9 47.1 48.7
Median age of the population 52.4 51.6 52.8
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% data 42,510 ... ...
Single-detached house 36,310 ... ...
Semi-detached house 690 ... ...
Row house 385 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 510 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 2,680 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 40 ... ...
Other single-attached house 75 ... ...
Movable dwelling4 1,815 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% data 42,510 ... ...
1 person 12,265 ... ...
2 persons 18,365 ... ...
3 persons 5,780 ... ...
4 persons 4,285 ... ...
5 or more persons 1,805 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 93,270 45,905 47,360
Average household size 2.2 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the total population aged 15 years and over - 100% data 82,405 40,170 42,230
Married or living common-law 51,955 25,940 26,015
Married 41,775 20,850 20,925
Living common-law 10,180 5,085 5,090
Living common law - Never married 6,435 3,240 3,195
Living common law - Separated 745 385 360
Living common law - Divorced 2,650 1,340 1,305
Living common law - Widowed 350 120 230
Not married and not living common-law 30,450 14,230 16,215
Not married and not living common law - Never married 16,900 9,455 7,445
Not married and not living common law - Separated 2,325 1,120 1,205
Not married and not living common law - Divorced 5,160 2,205 2,960
Not married and not living common law - Widowed 6,060 1,455 4,600
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% data5 29,585 ... ...
2 persons 18,805 ... ...
3 persons 5,545 ... ...
4 persons 3,950 ... ...
5 or more persons 1,280 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.6 ... ...
Average number of children in census families with children6 1.6 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% data 29,585 ... ...
Total couple families 25,645 ... ...
Married couples 20,555 ... ...
With children6 7,470 ... ...
Without children 13,080 ... ...
Common-law couples 5,085 ... ...
With children6 1,850 ... ...
Without children 3,230 ... ...
Total one-parent families 3,940 ... ...
in which the parent is a woman+ 2,985 ... ...
in which the parent is a man+ 955 ... ...
Total - Persons in private households - 100% data 93,265 45,905 47,360
Total - Persons in census families 76,860 38,365 38,490
Married spouses or common-law partners 51,285 25,640 25,645
Parents in one-parent families 3,940 960 2,985
Children6 21,630 11,770 9,860
In a two-parent family 15,785 8,490 7,295
In a one-parent family 5,845 3,280 2,565
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 16,410 7,540 8,870
Living alone 12,265 5,570 6,695
Living with other relatives7 1,560 620 940
Living with non-relatives only 2,585 1,350 1,235
Household type
Total - Household type - 100% data 42,510 ... ...
One-census-family households without additional persons 27,165 ... ...
Couple-family households 24,030 ... ...
With children6 8,665 ... ...
Without children 15,355 ... ...
One-parent-family households 3,140 ... ...
Multigenerational households8 785 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households9 150 ... ...
One-census-family households with additional persons9 930 ... ...
Two-or-more-person non-census-family households 1,215 ... ...
One-person households 12,265 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2020
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data10 81,195 39,665 41,530
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 78,865 38,640 40,230
Median total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 36,400 43,200 31,200
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 78,910 38,665 40,250
Median after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 32,800 37,600 28,600
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 67,955 34,250 33,700
Median market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 30,000 37,200 24,000
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 51,000 26,630 24,365
Median employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 31,200 36,800 26,200
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 65,165 30,510 34,655
Median government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 12,800 13,800 12,200
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 11,625 6,560 5,065
Median employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 6,360 7,150 5,640
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 17,980 8,855 9,130
Median COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 8,000 8,000 8,000
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data11 81,220 39,705 41,520
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 78,825 38,630 40,195
Average total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 46,800 54,450 39,480
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 78,845 38,640 40,200
Average after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 38,120 43,000 33,480
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 68,065 34,255 33,810
Average market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 42,080 49,880 34,200
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 51,035 26,680 24,355
Average employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 42,120 48,360 35,280
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 65,065 30,365 34,705
Average government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 12,690 12,980 12,440
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 11,695 6,615 5,085
Average employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 7,700 8,470 6,700
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 17,690 8,670 9,020
Average COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 8,660 8,360 8,950
Total - Employment income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data12 81,225 39,710 41,515
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 22,100 12,075 10,025
Median employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 56,400 60,800 51,200
Average employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 66,200 72,000 59,150
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 21,890 10,820 11,075
Median employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 18,000 21,800 14,900
Average employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 26,680 33,640 19,920
Composition of total income in 2020 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data17 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)18 77.6 81.2 72.8
Employment income (%)19 58.3 61.4 54.1
Government transfers (%)20 22.4 18.7 27.2
Employment insurance benefits (%) 2.4 2.7 2.2
COVID-19 - Government income support and benefits (%) 5.0 4.0 6.2
COVID-19 - Emergency and recovery benefits (%) 4.2 3.5 5.1
Total - Total income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data21 81,195 39,665 41,530
Without total income 2,330 1,025 1,305
With total income 78,865 38,640 40,225
Under $10,000 (including loss) 6,660 2,615 4,045
$10,000 to $19,999 10,925 4,065 6,865
$20,000 to $29,999 14,645 6,230 8,420
$30,000 to $39,999 10,985 4,970 6,015
$40,000 to $49,999 9,340 4,535 4,805
$50,000 to $59,999 6,860 3,825 3,035
$60,000 to $69,999 5,075 3,090 1,985
$70,000 to $79,999 3,770 2,365 1,405
$80,000 to $89,999 2,995 1,820 1,170
$90,000 to $99,999 2,170 1,330 845
$100,000 and over 5,435 3,790 1,645
$100,000 to $149,999 3,875 2,645 1,225
$150,000 and over 1,560 1,140 415
Total - After-tax income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data22 81,195 39,665 41,530
Without after-tax income 2,285 1,000 1,285
With after-tax income 78,910 38,660 40,245
Under $10,000 (including loss) 7,180 2,740 4,440
$10,000 to $19,999 11,530 4,350 7,180
$20,000 to $29,999 17,005 7,340 9,665
$30,000 to $39,999 13,370 6,300 7,070
$40,000 to $49,999 10,295 5,650 4,650
$50,000 to $59,999 6,865 4,085 2,775
$60,000 to $69,999 4,695 2,925 1,775
$70,000 to $79,999 3,075 1,865 1,215
$80,000 to $89,999 1,685 1,130 555
$90,000 to $99,999 1,010 680 330
$100,000 and over 2,185 1,600 585
$100,000 to $124,999 1,160 855 310
$125,000 and over 1,025 745 280
Total - Employment income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data19 81,195 39,665 41,530
Without employment income 30,200 13,035 17,165
With employment income 51,000 26,635 24,370
Under $5,000 (including loss) 8,190 4,175 4,015
$5,000 to $9,999 4,115 1,820 2,295
$10,000 to $19,999 6,690 2,915 3,780
$20,000 to $29,999 5,905 2,700 3,205
$30,000 to $39,999 5,075 2,455 2,620
$40,000 to $49,999 4,705 2,355 2,355
$50,000 to $59,999 3,670 2,155 1,515
$60,000 to $69,999 2,970 1,835 1,130
$70,000 to $79,999 2,375 1,465 910
$80,000 to $89,999 2,165 1,240 925
$90,000 to $99,999 1,510 915 590
$100,000 and over 3,630 2,600 1,035
$100,000 to $124,999 1,885 1,265 615
$125,000 and over 1,750 1,335 415
Income of individuals in 2019
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data23 81,195 39,665 41,530
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 77,560 37,910 39,650
Median total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 34,400 43,200 28,200
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 77,675 37,915 39,755
Median after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 31,200 37,600 26,200
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 67,710 33,980 33,730
Median market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 31,400 39,600 24,800
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 51,820 26,895 24,925
Median employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 32,400 40,000 26,600
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 58,555 26,775 31,780
Median government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 10,000 11,100 9,200
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 -100% data 10,525 6,045 4,480
Median employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 7,150 8,500 5,440
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data24 81,220 39,705 41,520
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 77,540 37,885 39,655
Average total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 45,160 53,600 37,120
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 77,625 37,890 39,740
Average after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 37,080 43,040 31,440
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 67,945 33,985 33,960
Average market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 42,560 51,120 34,040
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 51,905 26,940 24,960
Average employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 42,960 50,080 35,320
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 58,470 26,630 31,840
Average government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 10,430 11,020 9,940
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 10,895 6,160 4,730
Average employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 7,980 8,760 6,970
Total - Employment income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data25 81,225 39,710 41,515
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 22,005 12,000 10,005
Median employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 52,800 58,400 46,800
Average employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 62,750 68,700 55,600
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 21,015 10,315 10,700
Median employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 22,000 28,400 18,400
Average employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 32,720 41,800 24,000
Composition of total income in 2019 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%) 82.6 85.6 78.6
Employment income (%) 63.7 66.4 59.9
Government transfers (%) 17.4 14.4 21.5
Employment insurance benefits (%) 2.5 2.7 2.2
Income of households in 2020
Total - Income statistics for private households - 100% data26 42,510 ... ...
Median total income of household in 2020 ($) 69,500 ... ...
Median after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 61,200 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 100% data 12,265 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 33,600 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 30,400 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 100% data 30,240 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 88,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 75,500 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for private households - 25% sample data27 42,525 ... ...
Average total income of household in 2020 ($) 86,800 ... ...
Average after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 70,700 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 25% sample data 12,275 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 43,680 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 36,800 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 25% sample data 30,255 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 104,300 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 84,500 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data21 42,505 ... ...
Under $5,000 405 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 215 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 725 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 750 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,725 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,740 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,910 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,205 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,055 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,895 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,425 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,315 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 3,010 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,725 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,470 ... ...
$100,000 and over 12,950 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,555 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,090 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 3,185 ... ...
$200,000 and over 2,115 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data22 42,505 ... ...
Under $5,000 460 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 230 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 730 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 825 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,900 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,085 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,265 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,545 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,315 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,205 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,155 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 4,050 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 3,560 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,935 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,350 ... ...
$100,000 and over 8,900 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,155 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,290 ... ...
$150,000 and over 2,450 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2020
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 100% data28 29,315 ... ...
Median total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 87,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 75,000 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.7 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 100% data 15,460 ... ...
Median total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 77,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 67,500 ... ...
Average family size of couple-only economic families 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 100% data 9,495 ... ...
Median total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 120,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 101,000 ... ...
Average family size of couple-with-children economic families 3.8 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 3,645 ... ...
Median total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 58,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 53,600 ... ...
Average family size of one-parent economic families 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% data29 14,850 6,915 7,930
Median total income in 2020 ($)30 33,200 36,400 30,600
Median after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 30,200 32,400 28,600
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 25% sample data31 29,340 ... ...
Average total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 104,100 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 84,200 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 25% sample data 15,480 ... ...
Average total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 94,100 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 74,400 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 25% sample data 9,580 ... ...
Average total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 134,400 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 109,300 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 3,575 ... ...
Average total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 66,900 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 58,850 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample data32 14,840 6,855 7,980
Average total income in 2020 ($)30 42,920 47,040 39,400
Average after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 36,120 38,520 34,080
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Total - LIM low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households - 100% data33 93,270 45,905 47,365
0 to 17 years 14,685 7,605 7,080
0 to 5 years 4,315 2,190 2,120
18 to 64 years 53,735 26,335 27,395
65 years and over 24,855 11,965 12,890
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 13,940 6,360 7,580
0 to 17 years 2,195 1,120 1,080
0 to 5 years 730 365 360
18 to 64 years 6,355 2,995 3,360
65 years and over 5,385 2,245 3,140
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 14.9 13.9 16.0
0 to 17 years (%) 15.0 14.7 15.2
0 to 5 years (%) 16.9 16.7 17.1
18 to 64 years (%) 11.8 11.4 12.3
65 years and over (%) 21.7 18.8 24.4
Total - LICO low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households to whom the low-income concept is applicable - 100% data33 93,080 45,810 47,270
0 to 17 years 14,630 7,575 7,055
0 to 5 years 4,295 2,175 2,120
18 to 64 years 53,605 26,275 27,335
65 years and over 24,845 11,955 12,885
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 2,880 1,460 1,420
0 to 17 years 455 215 245
0 to 5 years 125 55 65
18 to 64 years 2,085 1,105 980
65 years and over 340 140 195
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 3.1 3.2 3.0
0 to 17 years (%) 3.1 2.8 3.4
0 to 5 years (%) 2.9 2.7 3.2
18 to 64 years (%) 3.9 4.2 3.6
65 years and over (%) 1.4 1.2 1.5
Total - Adjusted after-tax economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% data34The letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice. 93,270 45,905 47,365
In bottom half of the distribution 56,520 27,140 29,380
In bottom decile 11,330 5,165 6,170
In second decile 12,795 5,945 6,845
In third decile 11,490 5,535 5,955
In fourth decile 10,900 5,490 5,410
In fifth decile 10,005 5,010 4,995
In top half of the distribution 36,745 18,765 17,980
In sixth decile 9,790 4,900 4,890
In seventh decile 8,395 4,330 4,070
In eighth decile 7,575 3,860 3,705
In ninth decile 6,410 3,310 3,105
In top decile 4,580 2,360 2,220
Total - Inequality measures for the population in private households - 100% data35 93,265 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household total income 0.325 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household market income 0.462 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household after-tax income 0.280 ... ...
P90/P10 ratio on adjusted household after-tax income 3.5 ... ...
Knowledge of official languages
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data36 93,565 46,075 47,490
English only 86,510 43,040 43,475
French only 20 10 5
English and French 6,955 2,980 3,980
Neither English nor French 80 45 30
First official language spoken
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data37 93,565 46,075 47,490
English 92,185 45,415 46,775
French 1,185 555 630
English and French 125 65 55
Neither English nor French 75 40 30
Mother tongue
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data38 93,565 46,075 47,490
Single responses 92,815 45,740 47,075
Official languages 90,520 44,595 45,920
English 89,270 44,020 45,245
French 1,245 575 675
Non-official languages 2,300 1,145 1,155
Indigenous languages39 5 0 5
Algonquian languages 5 0 5
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 0 0 0
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0 0 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 0 0 0
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 2,295 1,145 1,145
Afro-Asiatic languages 180 105 75
Berber languages 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 0 0 0
Hausa 0 0 0
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 0 0 0
Bilen 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 180 105 75
Amharic 0 0 0
Arabic 155 90 65
Aramaic languages 0 0 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 20 15 10
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 20 10 10
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 20 10 10
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 105 35 65
Bikol 0 0 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Cebuano 5 0 10
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0
Ilocano 0 0 0
Indonesian 0 0 0
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 95 35 60
Waray-Waray 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Creole languages 5 5 5
Haitian Creole 0 0 0
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 0 0 0
Morisyen 0 0 0
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Dravidian languages 100 65 40
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 95 60 40
Tamil 0 0 0
Telugu 0 0 0
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 1,565 815 755
Albanian 5 5 5
Armenian 0 0 5
Balto-Slavic languages 285 140 150
Baltic languages 15 5 10
Latvian 15 5 10
Lithuanian 5 0 5
Slavic languages 270 130 140
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 15 5 5
Czech 30 10 15
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 60 30 30
Russian 95 50 50
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 35 25 15
Bosnian 0 0 0
Croatian 15 5 5
Serbian 20 15 5
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Slovak 5 5 5
Slovene (Slovenian) 5 0 0
Ukrainian 20 10 15
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 5 5 0
Irish 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 5 5 0
Welsh 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 785 405 375
Frisian 0 0 0
High German languages 530 270 260
German 495 255 240
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 35 20 20
Yiddish 0 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 195 100 95
Afrikaans 40 20 20
Dutch 140 70 70
Low German, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 10 5 5
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 5 5
Scandinavian languages 50 35 20
Danish 20 15 5
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 15 5 10
Swedish 20 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0
Greek 20 15 5
Indo-Iranian languages 190 105 85
Indo-Aryan languages 175 100 75
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 5 5 0
Gujarati 15 10 5
Hindi 30 20 10
Kacchi 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0
Nepali 0 0 0
Oriya languages 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 95 50 45
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 10 5 5
Urdu 15 5 5
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iranian languages 15 10 5
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 0 0 0
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 0 0 0
Persian languages 10 10 5
Dari 0 0 0
Iranian Persian 10 5 5
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 0 0 0
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 275 140 130
Catalan 5 5 0
Italian 50 30 25
Portuguese 70 35 35
Romanian 20 5 10
Spanish 130 70 65
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 35 15 25
Korean 75 20 50
Mongolian 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 10 5 0
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0
Éwé 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0
Lingala 0 0 0
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Shona 5 0 0
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0
Swahili 5 5 0
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
African, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Sign languages 15 10 10
American Sign Language 10 5 10
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages 120 40 75
Chinese languages 115 40 75
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 70 25 50
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 5 5 5
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0
Yue (Cantonese) 35 10 20
Chinese, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0
Burmese 0 0 0
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 10 5 10
Lao 0 0 0
Thai 10 5 5
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 5 5 5
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 5 5 5
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Uralic languages 45 20 25
Estonian 10 5 5
Finnish 10 0 5
Hungarian 25 15 15
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Multiple responses 745 330 415
English and French 390 165 225
English and non-official language(s) 285 135 150
French and non-official language(s) 15 5 5
English, French and non-official language(s) 20 10 10
Multiple non-official languages 40 15 20
All languages spoken at home
Total - All languages spoken at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data40 93,565 46,075 47,490
English 90,260 44,555 45,705
French 195 90 105
Non-official language 425 235 195
Indigenous39 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous 425 235 195
English and French 935 385 550
English and non-official language(s) 1,585 720 860
French and non-official language(s) 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language(s) 130 60 65
Multiple non-official languages 30 20 5
Language spoken most often at home
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data41 93,565 46,075 47,490
Single responses 93,150 45,895 47,250
Official languages 92,240 45,415 46,825
English 91,975 45,295 46,685
French 265 125 140
Non-official languages 905 480 425
Indigenous languages39 0 0 0
Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 0 0 0
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0 0 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 0 0 0
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 905 480 425
Afro-Asiatic languages 85 45 40
Berber languages 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 0 0 0
Hausa 0 0 0
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 0 0 0
Bilen 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 85 45 40
Amharic 0 0 0
Arabic 75 45 40
Aramaic languages 0 0 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 5 5 5
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 0 0 0
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 35 15 20
Bikol 0 0 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Cebuano 0 0 0
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0
Ilocano 0 0 0
Indonesian 0 0 0
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 35 15 20
Waray-Waray 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Creole languages 0 0 0
Haitian Creole 0 0 0
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 0 0 0
Morisyen 0 0 0
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Dravidian languages 95 55 40
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 95 55 40
Tamil 0 0 0
Telugu 0 0 0
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 550 295 250
Albanian 0 0 0
Armenian 0 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 110 55 50
Baltic languages 0 0 0
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Slavic languages 105 50 55
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 0 0 0
Czech 5 0 5
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 10 5 10
Russian 60 35 30
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 15 10 5
Bosnian 0 0 0
Croatian 0 0 0
Serbian 15 5 10
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Slovak 0 0 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0
Ukrainian 0 0 0
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 0 0 0
Irish 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0
Welsh 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 215 115 100
Frisian 0 0 0
High German languages 175 90 85
German 155 80 75
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 15 10 5
Yiddish 0 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 35 25 15
Afrikaans 25 10 10
Dutch 15 10 5
Low German, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 0 0 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0
Scandinavian languages 0 0 0
Danish 0 0 0
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 0 0 0
Swedish 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Greek 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages 130 75 55
Indo-Aryan languages 125 75 50
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 5 5 0
Gujarati 5 5 5
Hindi 15 10 5
Kacchi 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0
Nepali 0 0 0
Oriya languages 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 85 50 35
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 5 5 5
Urdu 5 5 5
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iranian languages 10 5 5
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 0 0 0
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 0 0 0
Persian languages 5 0 0
Dari 0 0 0
Iranian Persian 0 0 0
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 0 0 0
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 90 50 40
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 10 10 5
Portuguese 25 15 15
Romanian 5 0 0
Spanish 50 25 25
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 0 0 0
Korean 45 20 20
Mongolian 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 0 0 0
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0
Éwé 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0
Lingala 0 0 0
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Shona 0 0 0
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0
Swahili 0 0 0
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
African, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Sign languages 25 15 15
American Sign Language 25 10 15
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages 65 30 35
Chinese languages 60 30 35
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 45 20 25
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 5 5 5
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0
Yue (Cantonese) 10 5 0
Chinese, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0
Burmese 0 0 0
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 0 0 0
Lao 0 0 0
Thai 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 0 0 0
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Uralic languages 5 5 0
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 0 0 0
Hungarian 0 5 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Multiple responses 415 175 240
English and French 150 55 90
English and non-official language(s) 255 110 140
French and non-official language(s) 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language(s) 5 0 5
Multiple non-official languages 10 10 0
Other language spoken regularly at home
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data42 93,565 46,075 47,490
None 91,235 45,030 46,205
English 450 225 230
French 745 310 435
Non-official language 885 390 490
Indigenous39 35 15 15
Non-Indigenous 850 380 470
English and French 10 5 10
English and non-official language(s) 60 30 30
French and non-official language(s) 75 40 35
English, French and non-official language(s) 5 5 0
Multiple non-official languages 95 40 55
Knowledge of languagesThe letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice.
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample data43 93,385 45,940 47,440
Official languages 93,310 45,900 47,410
English 93,275 45,870 47,405
French 7,080 2,980 4,095
Non-official languages 4,290 1,960 2,335
Indigenous languages39 55 25 35
Algonquian languages 50 25 30
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 0 0 0
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0 0 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 40 25 20
Mi'kmaq 40 25 20
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 0 10
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 10 0 10
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 4,235 1,935 2,300
Afro-Asiatic languages 295 160 135
Berber languages 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 0 0 0
Hausa 0 0 0
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 0 0 0
Bilen 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 295 160 135
Amharic 0 0 0
Arabic 220 125 100
Aramaic languages 0 0 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 55 25 30
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 10 0 0
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 10 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 205 65 135
Bikol 0 0 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Cebuano 10 0 10
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0
Ilocano 0 0 0
Indonesian 10 0 10
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 185 65 115
Waray-Waray 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 20 0 20
Creole languages 0 0 0
Haitian Creole 0 0 0
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 0 0 0
Morisyen 0 0 0
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Dravidian languages 210 105 100
Kannada 15 15 0
Malayalam 180 100 90
Tamil 65 45 20
Telugu 30 15 15
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 3,230 1,515 1,720
Albanian 0 0 0
Armenian 0 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 435 210 225
Baltic languages 20 15 0
Latvian 20 15 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Slavic languages 420 200 220
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 30 15 20
Czech 45 25 20
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 115 50 70
Russian 150 75 65
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 50 25 25
Bosnian 0 0 0
Croatian 40 15 25
Serbian 20 15 0
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Slovak 25 10 15
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0
Ukrainian 35 15 15
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 65 25 45
Irish 25 0 20
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0
Welsh 15 10 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 1,360 665 695
Frisian 0 0 0
High German languages 1,035 505 525
German 1,035 505 525
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 35 15 25
Yiddish 0 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 275 125 150
Afrikaans 95 65 35
Dutch 175 60 120
Low German, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 0 0 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0
Scandinavian languages 90 60 35
Danish 40 30 10
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 25 15 10
Swedish 30 10 20
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0
Greek 40 30 15
Indo-Iranian languages 310 155 155
Indo-Aryan languages 285 135 150
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 0 0 0
Gujarati 30 10 15
Hindi 205 95 115
Kacchi 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0
Nepali 0 0 0
Oriya languages 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 70 35 35
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 30 20 15
Urdu 15 0 0
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iranian languages 20 20 0
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 0 0 0
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 0 0 0
Persian languages 15 15 0
Dari 0 0 0
Iranian Persian 15 15 0
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 0 0 0
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 1,185 485 700
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 235 95 145
Portuguese 135 65 70
Romanian 15 0 15
Spanish 850 340 510
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 85 30 50
Korean 70 20 55
Mongolian 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 30 25 0
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0
Éwé 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0
Lingala 0 0 0
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Shona 0 0 0
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0
Swahili 10 10 0
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
African, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Sign languages 140 50 90
American Sign Language 125 50 75
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 15 0 15
Sino-Tibetan languages 160 55 95
Chinese languages 160 55 95
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 120 45 70
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0
Yue (Cantonese) 40 15 25
Chinese, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0
Burmese 0 0 0
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 25 10 15
Lao 0 0 0
Thai 25 10 15
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 15 10 10
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 15 10 10
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Uralic languages 65 35 35
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 0 0 0
Hungarian 65 35 35
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous population
Total - Indigenous identity for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 93,385 45,940 47,440
Indigenous identity45 4,845 2,375 2,470
Single Indigenous responses46 4,650 2,280 2,370
First Nations (North American Indian) 2,510 1,270 1,240
Métis 2,100 1,000 1,095
Inuk (Inuit) 45 15 35
Multiple Indigenous responses47 50 20 30
Indigenous responses not included elsewhere48 140 70 65
Non-Indigenous identity 88,540 43,570 44,970
Total - Registered or Treaty Indian status for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 93,385 45,940 47,440
Registered or Treaty Indian49 1,230 635 590
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 92,150 45,300 46,850
Household characteristics
Total - Private households by tenure - 25% sample data50 42,525 ... ...
Owner 35,270 ... ...
Renter 7,195 ... ...
Dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band 65 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by condominium status - 25% sample data51 42,525 ... ...
Condominium 575 ... ...
Not condominium 41,950 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of bedrooms - 25% sample data52 42,525 ... ...
No bedrooms 100 ... ...
1 bedroom 3,405 ... ...
2 bedrooms 11,380 ... ...
3 bedrooms 18,575 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 9,075 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of rooms - 25% sample data53 42,525 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 6,935 ... ...
5 rooms 7,425 ... ...
6 rooms 7,935 ... ...
7 rooms 6,885 ... ...
8 or more rooms 13,350 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 6.7 ... ...
Total - Private households by number of persons per room - 25% sample data54 42,525 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 42,375 ... ...
More than one person per room 150 ... ...
Total - Private households by housing suitability - 25% sample data55 42,525 ... ...
Suitable 41,685 ... ...
Not suitable 845 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by period of construction - 25% sample data56 42,525 ... ...
1960 or before 13,310 ... ...
1961 to 1980 11,250 ... ...
1981 to 1990 5,630 ... ...
1991 to 2000 4,940 ... ...
2001 to 2005 2,100 ... ...
2006 to 2010 2,240 ... ...
2011 to 2015 1,540 ... ...
2016 to 202157 1,515 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by dwelling condition - 25% sample data58 42,525 ... ...
Only regular maintenance and minor repairs needed 38,670 ... ...
Major repairs needed 3,860 ... ...
Total - Private households by number of household maintainers - 25% sample data59 42,525 ... ...
One-maintainer household 22,075 ... ...
Two-maintainer household 19,495 ... ...
Three-or-more-maintainer household 960 ... ...
Total - Private households by age of primary household maintainers - 25% sample data60 42,525 ... ...
15 to 24 years 620 ... ...
25 to 34 years 3,720 ... ...
35 to 44 years 5,205 ... ...
45 to 54 years 7,050 ... ...
55 to 64 years 9,870 ... ...
65 to 74 years 9,265 ... ...
75 to 84 years 4,930 ... ...
85 years and over 1,860 ... ...
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratio - 25% sample data61 42,280 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of income on shelter costs 36,630 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs 5,650 ... ...
30% to less than 100% 5,070 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by housing indicators - 25% sample data62 42,525 ... ...
Total - Households 'spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' or 'not suitable' or 'major repairs needed' 9,480 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs only 4,925 ... ...
Not suitable only 645 ... ...
Major repairs needed only 3,040 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' 50 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'major repairs needed' 670 ... ...
'Not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 140 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 0 ... ...
Acceptable housing 33,050 ... ...
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero and shelter-cost-to-income ratio less than 100%, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data63 41,695 ... ...
In core need 3,585 ... ...
Not in core need 38,110 ... ...
Total - Owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 35,135 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgage64 48.2 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 9.2 ... ...
% in core housing need63 5.7 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 715 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 932 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)66 250,000 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)66 301,600 ... ...
Total - Tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 7,195 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housing67 12.4 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 33.8 ... ...
% in core housing need63 23.3 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 840 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 883 ... ...
Total - Households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band in non-farm private dwellings - 25% sample data 60 ... ...
% of households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band spending more than 30% on shelter costs61 0.0 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 168 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 210 ... ...
Indigenous ancestry
Total - Indigenous ancestry for the population in private households - 25% sample data68 93,380 45,945 47,440
Indigenous ancestry (only)69 2,015 1,010 1,005
Single Indigenous ancestry (only)70 1,985 1,000 980
First Nations (North American Indian) single ancestry 1,370 685 685
Métis single ancestry 585 290 295
Inuit single ancestry 30 20 10
Multiple Indigenous ancestries (only)71 30 0 20
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis ancestry only 25 10 20
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
Métis and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries72 4,680 2,215 2,465
Single Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries73 4,580 2,170 2,410
First Nations (North American Indian) and non-Indigenous ancestry only 3,310 1,605 1,705
Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 1,205 540 665
Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 65 25 40
Multiple Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries74 100 45 50
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 85 40 40
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 15 0 10
Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 0 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous ancestry only75 86,690 42,720 43,970
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample data76 93,385 45,940 47,440
Canadian citizens77 91,370 44,945 46,420
Canadian citizens aged under 18 14,735 7,665 7,075
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 76,635 37,280 39,350
Not Canadian citizens78 2,015 995 1,020
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample data79 93,385 45,940 47,440
Non-immigrants80 87,610 43,095 44,515
Immigrants81 5,440 2,680 2,765
Before 1980 2,150 1,065 1,085
1980 to 1990 610 290 320
1991 to 2000 505 250 250
2001 to 2010 915 440 475
2011 to 202182 1,270 630 635
2011 to 2015 640 295 340
2016 to 2021 630 335 295
Non-permanent residents83 330 170 160
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data84 5,445 2,680 2,765
Under 5 years 590 290 300
5 to 14 years 870 435 435
15 to 24 years 985 490 500
25 to 44 years 2,300 1,075 1,225
45 years and over 700 395 305
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data85 5,445 2,680 2,765
Americas 1,240 580 665
Brazil 25 10 15
Colombia 15 15 0
El Salvador 0 0 0
Guyana 25 10 15
Haiti 0 0 0
Jamaica 10 10 0
Mexico 30 0 30
Peru 0 0 0
Trinidad and Tobago 10 0 10
United States of America 1,025 485 545
Other places of birth in Americas 100 55 40
Europe 3,105 1,585 1,520
Bosnia and Herzegovina 0 0 0
Croatia 25 15 15
France 45 15 30
Germany 400 195 205
Greece 0 0 0
Hungary 15 15 0
Italy 50 25 30
Netherlands 135 55 80
Poland 55 20 30
Portugal 35 25 10
Romania 15 0 15
Russian Federation 20 10 10
Serbia86 10 0 10
Ukraine 35 20 15
United Kingdom87 1,870 965 900
Other places of birth in Europe 380 215 165
Africa 205 135 75
Algeria 0 0 0
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 0 0 0
Egypt 20 10 0
Eritrea 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Morocco 0 0 0
Nigeria 0 0 0
Somalia 0 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 115 75 45
Other places of birth in Africa 60 45 15
Asia 810 345 470
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Iran88 10 10 0
Iraq 0 0 0
Lebanon 70 50 25
Syria89 40 15 25
Turkey 15 10 0
China90 60 20 40
Hong Kong91 25 10 15
Korea, South92 35 0 25
Taiwan 10 0 0
Philippines 140 30 105
Viet Nam 10 10 0
Bangladesh 0 0 0
India 215 100 110
Pakistan 0 0 0
Sri Lanka 30 10 20
Other places of birth in Asia 150 70 80
Oceania and other places of birth93 75 35 35
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data94 625 335 295
Americas 110 75 40
Brazil 15 10 0
Colombia 0 0 0
Haiti 0 0 0
Jamaica 0 0 0
Mexico 0 0 0
United States of America 95 60 30
Venezuela95 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 0 0 0
Europe 150 80 75
France 0 0 0
Germany 0 0 0
Ireland96 0 0 0
Italy 0 0 0
Russian Federation 0 0 0
Ukraine 15 0 10
United Kingdom87 75 45 30
Other places of birth in Europe 50 20 25
Africa 50 40 10
Algeria 0 0 0
Burundi 0 0 0
Cameroon 0 0 0
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 0 0 0
Côte d'Ivoire 0 0 0
Egypt 0 0 0
Eritrea 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Morocco 0 0 0
Nigeria 0 0 0
Somalia 0 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 35 25 10
Sudan97 0 0 0
Tunisia 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 0 0 0
Asia 315 140 175
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Bangladesh 0 0 0
China90 20 0 15
Hong Kong91 0 0 0
India 145 70 75
Iran88 0 0 0
Iraq 0 0 0
Israel 0 0 0
Japan 0 0 0
Jordan 10 0 10
Korea, South92 0 0 0
Lebanon 10 10 0
Nepal 0 0 0
Pakistan 0 0 0
Philippines 40 20 20
Saudi Arabia 0 0 0
Sri Lanka 0 0 0
Syria89 35 15 20
Turkey 0 0 0
United Arab Emirates 0 0 0
Viet Nam 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 15 0 15
Oceania and other93 0 0 0
Australia 0 0 0
Other places of birth98 0 0 0
Generation status
Total - Generation status for the population in private households - 25% sample data99 93,385 45,940 47,445
First generation100 6,485 3,170 3,315
Second generation101 6,570 3,195 3,375
Third generation or more102 80,325 39,580 40,750
Admission category and applicant type
Total - Admission category and applicant type for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data103 3,300 1,615 1,680
Economic immigrants104 2,000 995 1,010
Principal applicants105 935 610 325
Secondary applicants106 1,065 385 680
Immigrants sponsored by family107 1,130 550 580
Refugees108 150 60 90
Other immigrants109 15 10 0
Pre-admission experience
Total - Pre-admission experience for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data110 3,300 1,615 1,680
Asylum claim before admission111 25 15 10
Work permits only before admission112 720 410 310
Study permits only before admission113 100 40 50
Work and study permits before admission114 200 80 125
Other permits before admission115 45 25 15
No pre-admission experience116 2,205 1,040 1,165
Visible minority
Total - Visible minority for the population in private households - 25% sample data117 93,385 45,940 47,445
Total visible minority population118 2,360 1,045 1,310
South Asian 530 250 285
Chinese 255 75 180
Black 710 345 360
Filipino 245 80 165
Arab 190 105 85
Latin American 100 45 60
Southeast Asian 55 30 25
West Asian 35 25 0
Korean 70 20 50
Japanese 60 30 30
Visible minority, n.i.e.119 15 0 15
Multiple visible minorities 95 45 50
Not a visible minority120 91,025 44,895 46,130
Ethnic or cultural origin
Total - Ethnic or cultural origin for the population in private households - 25% sample data121 93,385 45,940 47,440
Canadian 18,690 9,375 9,310
English 21,915 10,475 11,445
Irish 16,155 7,520 8,635
Scottish 17,670 8,435 9,235
French, n.o.s.122 9,405 4,370 5,030
German 18,895 9,090 9,805
Chinese 255 75 175
Italian 1,035 520 515
Indian (India) 490 215 265
Ukrainian 715 320 400
Dutch 3,365 1,535 1,825
Polish 765 315 450
Québécois 135 65 70
British Isles, n.o.s.123 3,995 2,005 1,990
Filipino 195 50 145
French Canadian 395 170 225
Caucasian (White), n.o.s.124 6,795 3,325 3,470
First Nations (North American Indian), n.o.s.125 1,590 785 805
Métis 1,900 880 1,020
European, n.o.s.126 5,010 2,550 2,460
Russian 325 155 170
Norwegian 660 305 350
Welsh 2,075 1,060 1,010
Portuguese 325 165 155
American 915 400 520
Spanish 380 165 215
Swedish 440 175 265
Hungarian 240 110 130
Acadian 2,580 1,190 1,395
Pakistani 10 0 10
African, n.o.s.127 265 160 105
Jewish 335 170 165
Punjabi 0 0 0
Vietnamese 0 0 0
Arab, n.o.s.128 75 40 35
Greek 315 175 145
Jamaican 120 80 40
Asian, n.o.s.129 105 60 45
Cree, n.o.s.130 140 70 65
Korean 70 20 50
Romanian 80 25 55
Lebanese 460 230 230
Iranian 25 25 0
Christian, n.i.e.131 335 180 150
Danish 340 170 170
North American Indigenous, n.o.s.132 775 400 375
Sikh 0 0 0
Austrian 210 140 75
Belgian 245 130 110
Haitian 0 0 0
Hindu 0 0 0
Mexican 55 15 35
Mennonite 40 20 20
Swiss 580 285 295
Finnish 100 45 60
Sri Lankan 65 35 35
Croatian 55 25 35
Japanese 75 30 45
South Asian, n.o.s.133 10 0 0
Mi'kmaq, n.o.s.134 1,760 870 895
Northern European, n.o.s.135 335 155 180
Muslim 40 25 25
Egyptian 45 15 30
Latin, Central or South American, n.o.s.136 30 20 10
Tamil 0 0 0
Icelandic 135 70 65
Colombian 0 0 0
Moroccan 0 0 0
Czech 50 25 20
Syrian 35 20 15
Guyanese 0 0 0
Afghan 0 0 0
Black, n.o.s.137 190 80 110
Serbian 35 15 15
Ojibway 135 45 85
Newfoundlander 715 335 375
Hong Konger 0 0 0
Ontarian 220 135 85
Persian 10 0 10
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 0 0 0
Turkish 15 10 10
Inuit, n.o.s.138 110 50 55
Bangladeshi 10 0 0
Algerian 0 0 0
Brazilian 50 15 30
Nigerian 20 0 10
Armenian 20 20 0
Slovak 65 20 45
Eastern European, n.o.s.139 145 70 75
Somali 0 0 0
Taiwanese 25 10 20
Iraqi 0 0 0
Salvadorean 0 0 0
African Caribbean 35 10 20
East or Southeast Asian, n.o.s.140 0 0 0
West or Central Asian or Middle Eastern, n.o.s.141 50 35 15
Caribbean, n.o.s.142 15 0 10
Algonquin 35 20 15
West Indian, n.o.s.143 65 15 50
Lithuanian 50 20 30
South African 85 50 35
Australian 60 20 35
Palestinian 0 0 0
Chilean 25 10 15
Congolese 0 0 0
Nova Scotian 3,450 1,695 1,755
Ethiopian 0 0 0
Hispanic, n.o.s.144 0 0