Census Profile, 2021 Census of Population
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Topic:
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Age
Age characteristics
Commuting
Select all: Commuting
Commuting destination
Commuting duration
Main mode of commuting
Place of work status
Time leaving for work
Education
Select all: Education
Highest certificate, diploma or degree
Location of study compared with province or territory of residence
Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2021
Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificate
Ethnocultural and religious diversity
Select all: Ethnocultural and religious diversity
Ethnic or cultural origin
Religion
Visible minority
Families, households, and marital status
Select all: Families, households, and marital status
Family characteristics
Household type
Marital status
Housing
Household characteristics
Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
Select all: Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
Admission category and applicant type
Age at immigration
Citizenship
Generation status
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Pre-admission experience
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Income
Select all: Income
Income of economic families in 2020
Income of households in 2020
Income of individuals in 2019
Income of individuals in 2020
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Indigenous peoples
Select all: Indigenous peoples
Indigenous ancestry
Indigenous population
Instruction in the minority official language
Select all: Instruction in the minority official language
Children eligible for instruction in the minority official language
Eligibility and instruction in the minority official language for school-aged children
Labour
Select all: Labour
Class of worker including job permanency
Industry - Sectors - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2017
Labour force status
Occupation - Broad category - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2021
Work activity during the reference year
Language
Select all: Language
All languages spoken at home
First official language spoken
Knowledge of languages
Knowledge of official languages
Language spoken most often at home
Mother tongue
Other language spoken regularly at home
Language of work
Select all: Language of work
All languages used at work
Language used most often at work
Other language(s) used regularly at work
Mobility and migration
Select all: Mobility and migration
Mobility status 1 year ago
Mobility status 5 years ago
Population and dwelling counts
Population and dwellings
Type of dwelling
Household and dwelling characteristics
GenderMore information:


Statistic:
Characteristic Selkirk--Interlake--EastmanMore information:
Manitoba
[Federal electoral district (2013 Representation Order)]
Counts
Total Men+ Women+
Population and dwellings
Population, 20211 101,373 ... ...
Population, 20161 94,897r ... ...
Population percentage change, 2016 to 2021 6.8 ... ...
Total private dwellings2 55,456 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residents3 40,953 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 5.3 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 19,210.88 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups of the population - 100% data 101,375 51,385 49,990
0 to 14 years 16,545 8,520 8,020
0 to 4 years 5,090 2,590 2,500
5 to 9 years 5,670 2,950 2,715
10 to 14 years 5,785 2,975 2,810
15 to 64 years 61,605 31,440 30,165
15 to 19 years 5,475 2,855 2,620
20 to 24 years 5,030 2,745 2,280
25 to 29 years 5,300 2,825 2,470
30 to 34 years 5,615 2,900 2,710
35 to 39 years 5,395 2,705 2,690
40 to 44 years 5,295 2,745 2,550
45 to 49 years 5,770 2,885 2,885
50 to 54 years 6,395 3,140 3,255
55 to 59 years 8,500 4,210 4,290
60 to 64 years 8,830 4,420 4,410
65 years and over 23,230 11,430 11,800
65 to 69 years 7,880 4,080 3,795
70 to 74 years 6,360 3,135 3,225
75 to 79 years 4,105 2,055 2,055
80 to 84 years 2,540 1,225 1,315
85 years and over 2,345 935 1,410
85 to 89 years 1,480 645 840
90 to 94 years 640 235 405
95 to 99 years 185 50 130
100 years and over 40 5 35
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.3 16.6 16.0
15 to 64 years 60.8 61.2 60.3
65 years and over 22.9 22.2 23.6
85 years and over 2.3 1.8 2.8
Average age of the population 44.1 43.5 44.8
Median age of the population 46.8 45.6 48.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% data 40,955 ... ...
Single-detached house 34,805 ... ...
Semi-detached house 640 ... ...
Row house 800 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 140 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 2,345 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 545 ... ...
Other single-attached house 60 ... ...
Movable dwelling4 1,625 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% data 40,955 ... ...
1 person 11,060 ... ...
2 persons 16,545 ... ...
3 persons 5,480 ... ...
4 persons 4,800 ... ...
5 or more persons 3,065 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 97,135 48,855 48,280
Average household size 2.4 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the total population aged 15 years and over - 100% data 84,835 42,865 41,965
Married or living common-law 52,245 25,990 26,255
Married 43,060 21,440 21,620
Living common-law 9,190 4,550 4,635
Living common law - Never married 6,085 3,030 3,055
Living common law - Separated 485 255 230
Living common law - Divorced 2,255 1,125 1,135
Living common law - Widowed 360 140 220
Not married and not living common-law 32,590 16,880 15,710
Not married and not living common law - Never married 20,300 12,100 8,195
Not married and not living common law - Separated 2,065 1,035 1,030
Not married and not living common law - Divorced 4,640 2,320 2,320
Not married and not living common law - Widowed 5,580 1,420 4,165
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% data5 29,440 ... ...
2 persons 17,220 ... ...
3 persons 5,365 ... ...
4 persons 4,560 ... ...
5 or more persons 2,300 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.8 ... ...
Average number of children in census families with children6 1.8 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% data 29,445 ... ...
Total couple families 25,345 ... ...
Married couples 20,755 ... ...
With children6 8,715 ... ...
Without children 12,040 ... ...
Common-law couples 4,590 ... ...
With children6 1,855 ... ...
Without children 2,735 ... ...
Total one-parent families 4,095 ... ...
in which the parent is a woman+ 3,000 ... ...
in which the parent is a man+ 1,095 ... ...
Total - Persons in private households - 100% data 97,135 48,855 48,285
Total - Persons in census families 81,515 40,850 40,665
Married spouses or common-law partners 50,695 25,275 25,420
Parents in one-parent families 4,095 1,095 3,000
Children6 26,725 14,480 12,240
In a two-parent family 20,155 10,815 9,340
In a one-parent family 6,570 3,665 2,905
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 15,625 8,005 7,620
Living alone 11,060 5,610 5,450
Living with other relatives7 2,520 1,275 1,240
Living with non-relatives only 2,045 1,120 930
Household type
Total - Household type - 100% data 40,955 ... ...
One-census-family households without additional persons 26,795 ... ...
Couple-family households 23,665 ... ...
With children6 9,770 ... ...
Without children 13,895 ... ...
One-parent-family households 3,130 ... ...
Multigenerational households8 820 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households9 130 ... ...
One-census-family households with additional persons9 1,100 ... ...
Two-or-more-person non-census-family households 1,050 ... ...
One-person households 11,055 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2020
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data10 81,100 40,585 40,515
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 78,950 39,525 39,425
Median total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 40,400 47,600 34,800
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 79,025 39,565 39,465
Median after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 35,600 41,200 31,200
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 71,425 36,400 35,025
Median market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 32,800 41,200 26,200
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 54,830 29,030 25,795
Median employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 35,200 43,200 29,000
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 71,115 35,205 35,910
Median government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 9,700 8,500 10,900
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 8,675 4,395 4,285
Median employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 5,840 6,280 5,480
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 15,690 7,255 8,430
Median COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 8,000 8,000 8,000
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data11 81,010 40,555 40,455
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 78,940 39,485 39,455
Average total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 49,760 57,900 41,640
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 79,055 39,540 39,515
Average after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 40,800 46,280 35,320
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 71,170 36,275 34,895
Average market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 44,360 53,350 35,000
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 54,755 28,915 25,835
Average employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 45,600 53,200 37,080
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 71,345 35,190 36,160
Average government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 10,810 9,920 11,670
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 8,845 4,435 4,410
Average employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 7,270 7,440 7,100
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 15,475 7,115 8,365
Average COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 8,510 8,330 8,660
Total - Employment income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data12 81,010 40,555 40,455
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 26,230 15,275 10,950
Median employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 60,000 65,500 52,000
Average employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 68,300 75,400 58,550
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 20,765 9,620 11,145
Median employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 18,600 20,400 17,200
Average employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 27,800 33,120 23,200
Composition of total income in 2020 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data17 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)18 80.4 84.8 74.4
Employment income (%)19 63.6 67.4 58.3
Government transfers (%)20 19.6 15.3 25.7
Employment insurance benefits (%) 1.6 1.4 1.9
COVID-19 - Government income support and benefits (%) 4.4 3.3 5.9
COVID-19 - Emergency and recovery benefits (%) 3.4 2.6 4.4
Total - Total income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data21 81,105 40,590 40,520
Without total income 2,155 1,065 1,090
With total income 78,950 39,525 39,425
Under $10,000 (including loss) 6,890 3,155 3,735
$10,000 to $19,999 9,200 3,560 5,640
$20,000 to $29,999 12,405 5,210 7,205
$30,000 to $39,999 10,575 4,530 6,045
$40,000 to $49,999 9,460 4,435 5,030
$50,000 to $59,999 7,480 3,930 3,550
$60,000 to $69,999 5,600 3,230 2,370
$70,000 to $79,999 4,415 2,765 1,650
$80,000 to $89,999 3,535 2,195 1,340
$90,000 to $99,999 2,680 1,640 1,040
$100,000 and over 6,705 4,880 1,820
$100,000 to $149,999 4,940 3,570 1,375
$150,000 and over 1,760 1,310 450
Total - After-tax income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data22 81,105 40,590 40,520
Without after-tax income 2,080 1,025 1,055
With after-tax income 79,025 39,560 39,465
Under $10,000 (including loss) 7,465 3,325 4,135
$10,000 to $19,999 10,040 3,955 6,090
$20,000 to $29,999 14,575 6,065 8,510
$30,000 to $39,999 12,815 5,850 6,965
$40,000 to $49,999 10,670 5,490 5,185
$50,000 to $59,999 7,630 4,455 3,170
$60,000 to $69,999 5,590 3,520 2,065
$70,000 to $79,999 4,030 2,480 1,555
$80,000 to $89,999 2,285 1,550 730
$90,000 to $99,999 1,345 950 390
$100,000 and over 2,590 1,925 665
$100,000 to $124,999 1,440 1,085 350
$125,000 and over 1,150 840 310
Total - Employment income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data19 81,105 40,590 40,520
Without employment income 26,275 11,560 14,720
With employment income 54,825 29,025 25,795
Under $5,000 (including loss) 8,230 4,185 4,040
$5,000 to $9,999 4,225 1,875 2,350
$10,000 to $19,999 6,610 2,950 3,660
$20,000 to $29,999 5,550 2,415 3,140
$30,000 to $39,999 5,285 2,390 2,900
$40,000 to $49,999 4,680 2,235 2,440
$50,000 to $59,999 4,085 2,265 1,815
$60,000 to $69,999 3,450 2,060 1,390
$70,000 to $79,999 2,940 1,905 1,035
$80,000 to $89,999 2,665 1,650 1,010
$90,000 to $99,999 2,075 1,280 795
$100,000 and over 5,035 3,810 1,225
$100,000 to $124,999 2,725 1,990 735
$125,000 and over 2,315 1,820 490
Income of individuals in 2019
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data23 81,100 40,585 40,515
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 77,030 38,490 38,550
Median total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 39,600 47,600 33,200
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 77,080 38,495 38,585
Median after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 34,800 40,800 29,600
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 70,565 35,885 34,680
Median market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 34,800 43,200 28,000
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 55,515 29,185 26,330
Median employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 36,800 45,200 30,400
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 66,270 33,020 33,250
Median government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 6,360 3,240 7,750
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 -100% data 7,485 3,820 3,665
Median employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 6,800 7,700 5,680
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data24 81,010 40,555 40,455
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 76,905 38,425 38,480
Average total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 48,840 57,800 39,920
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 76,935 38,435 38,495
Average after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 39,840 46,000 33,680
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 70,315 35,770 34,550
Average market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 45,400 54,850 35,640
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 55,515 29,055 26,465
Average employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 46,120 54,200 37,280
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 66,455 33,095 33,360
Average government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 8,480 7,810 9,150
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 7,805 4,075 3,725
Average employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 8,030 8,210 7,840
Total - Employment income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data25 81,010 40,555 40,455
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 25,990 15,130 10,860
Median employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 58,000 65,000 49,600
Average employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 65,300 72,200 55,600
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 19,525 9,020 10,510
Median employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 24,400 28,400 22,200
Average employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 33,840 40,680 27,960
Composition of total income in 2019 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%) 85.0 88.4 80.2
Employment income (%) 68.2 70.8 64.2
Government transfers (%) 15.0 11.6 19.9
Employment insurance benefits (%) 1.7 1.5 1.9
Income of households in 2020
Total - Income statistics for private households - 100% data26 40,950 ... ...
Median total income of household in 2020 ($) 80,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 69,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 100% data 11,055 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 40,400 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 36,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 100% data 29,895 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 98,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 83,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for private households - 25% sample data27 40,885 ... ...
Average total income of household in 2020 ($) 96,100 ... ...
Average after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 78,900 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 25% sample data 11,050 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 48,600 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 40,440 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 25% sample data 29,840 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 113,600 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 93,100 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data21 40,950 ... ...
Under $5,000 405 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 295 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 460 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 610 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,645 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,435 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,320 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,630 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,720 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,685 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,290 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,135 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,915 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,705 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,470 ... ...
$100,000 and over 15,235 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,875 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,535 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 4,015 ... ...
$200,000 and over 2,815 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data22 40,950 ... ...
Under $5,000 460 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 300 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 500 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 660 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,800 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,670 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,660 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,995 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,150 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,945 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,965 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,795 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 3,460 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 3,070 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,545 ... ...
$100,000 and over 10,980 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,670 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,880 ... ...
$150,000 and over 3,420 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2020
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 100% data28 29,225 ... ...
Median total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 97,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 83,000 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.9 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 100% data 13,985 ... ...
Median total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 86,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 74,000 ... ...
Average family size of couple-only economic families 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 100% data 10,715 ... ...
Median total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 132,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 110,000 ... ...
Average family size of couple-with-children economic families 4.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 3,735 ... ...
Median total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 64,500 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 59,200 ... ...
Average family size of one-parent economic families 2.8 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% data29 13,105 6,730 6,375
Median total income in 2020 ($)30 39,200 43,200 35,600
Median after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 34,800 37,600 32,400
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 25% sample data31 29,160 ... ...
Average total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 113,400 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 92,800 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 25% sample data 13,945 ... ...
Average total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 98,500 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 81,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 25% sample data 10,735 ... ...
Average total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 147,000 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 118,300 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 3,700 ... ...
Average total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 74,300 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 64,900 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample data32 13,165 6,720 6,450
Average total income in 2020 ($)30 47,240 51,000 43,280
Average after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 39,360 41,640 36,960
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Total - LIM low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households - 100% data33 97,135 48,850 48,280
0 to 17 years 19,320 9,985 9,330
0 to 5 years 6,005 3,030 2,975
18 to 64 years 55,745 27,900 27,850
65 years and over 22,070 10,970 11,095
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 12,575 5,955 6,615
0 to 17 years 3,475 1,750 1,720
0 to 5 years 1,195 580 620
18 to 64 years 5,965 2,880 3,085
65 years and over 3,135 1,325 1,810
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 12.9 12.2 13.7
0 to 17 years (%) 18.0 17.6 18.4
0 to 5 years (%) 19.9 19.1 20.7
18 to 64 years (%) 10.7 10.3 11.1
65 years and over (%) 14.2 12.1 16.3
Total - LICO low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households to whom the low-income concept is applicable - 100% data33 94,295 47,445 46,845
0 to 17 years 18,140 9,385 8,755
0 to 5 years 5,565 2,820 2,745
18 to 64 years 54,255 27,180 27,075
65 years and over 21,910 10,890 11,020
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 2,640 1,425 1,215
0 to 17 years 560 295 265
0 to 5 years 165 90 75
18 to 64 years 1,785 980 805
65 years and over 295 150 145
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 2.8 3.0 2.6
0 to 17 years (%) 3.1 3.1 3.0
0 to 5 years (%) 2.9 3.2 2.7
18 to 64 years (%) 3.3 3.6 3.0
65 years and over (%) 1.3 1.4 1.3
Total - Adjusted after-tax economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% data34The letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice. 97,135 48,850 48,280
In bottom half of the distribution 52,710 25,745 26,965
In bottom decile 10,450 5,065 5,385
In second decile 11,200 5,210 6,000
In third decile 10,355 5,110 5,245
In fourth decile 10,535 5,235 5,300
In fifth decile 10,170 5,135 5,035
In top half of the distribution 44,430 23,110 21,320
In sixth decile 10,250 5,280 4,970
In seventh decile 10,000 5,125 4,875
In eighth decile 9,820 5,145 4,675
In ninth decile 8,405 4,445 3,960
In top decile 5,950 3,115 2,840
Total - Inequality measures for the population in private households - 100% data35 97,135 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household total income 0.319 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household market income 0.435 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household after-tax income 0.278 ... ...
P90/P10 ratio on adjusted household after-tax income 3.6 ... ...
Knowledge of official languages
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data36 99,040 49,635 49,410
English only 92,995 46,925 46,065
French only 15 5 15
English and French 5,720 2,550 3,170
Neither English nor French 315 155 160
First official language spoken
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data37 99,040 49,635 49,410
English 96,870 48,575 48,295
French 1,790 875 915
English and French 90 40 50
Neither English nor French 295 150 150
Mother tongue
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data38 99,040 49,635 49,410
Single responses 97,215 48,795 48,415
Official languages 87,865 44,315 43,550
English 85,840 43,330 42,510
French 2,025 980 1,045
Non-official languages 9,350 4,490 4,860
Indigenous languages39 485 220 265
Algonquian languages 455 205 250
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 65 25 45
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 65 25 45
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 35 15 20
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 5 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 5 0 5
Cree, n.o.s. 20 5 15
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 390 180 210
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 15 5 5
Ojibway languages 380 175 200
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 5 5 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 130 70 65
Ojibway, n.o.s. 245 105 135
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 5 5 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 5 5 5
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 15 5 15
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 5 0 5
Non-Indigenous languages 8,865 4,270 4,595
Afro-Asiatic languages 65 40 30
Berber languages 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 0 0 0
Hausa 0 0 0
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 0 0 5
Bilen 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 60 35 25
Amharic 0 0 0
Arabic 50 30 25
Aramaic languages 0 0 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 5 5 0
Maltese 5 5 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 35 15 15
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 30 15 20
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 390 180 215
Bikol 0 0 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 5 5 0
Cebuano 10 10 5
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0
Ilocano 5 0 5
Indonesian 0 0 0
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5 0 5
Pangasinan 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 350 160 190
Waray-Waray 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5
Creole languages 5 0 5
Haitian Creole 0 0 0
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 0 0 0
Morisyen 0 0 0
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 5 5 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Dravidian languages 145 75 65
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 140 75 65
Tamil 0 0 0
Telugu 0 0 0
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 7,900 3,795 4,105
Albanian 0 0 0
Armenian 0 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 1,875 915 965
Baltic languages 20 10 10
Latvian 10 5 10
Lithuanian 5 5 0
Slavic languages 1,860 900 960
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 0 0 0
Czech 40 20 20
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 450 220 230
Russian 245 120 120
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 100 60 45
Bosnian 5 5 5
Croatian 70 40 30
Serbian 25 10 15
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Slovak 15 10 10
Slovene (Slovenian) 10 5 5
Ukrainian 995 465 530
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 10 5 5
Irish 0 5 0
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0
Welsh 5 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 4,835 2,280 2,560
Frisian 5 0 0
High German languages 3,560 1,625 1,940
German 3,525 1,605 1,915
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 35 15 15
Yiddish 5 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 1,030 535 495
Afrikaans 30 10 15
Dutch 200 105 90
Low German, n.o.s. 110 60 50
Low Saxon 45 20 20
Plautdietsch 645 325 320
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 5 5
Scandinavian languages 220 110 110
Danish 30 15 15
Icelandic 160 80 80
Norwegian 15 10 10
Swedish 10 5 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10
Greek 20 10 10
Indo-Iranian languages 495 255 240
Indo-Aryan languages 465 240 225
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 10 0 5
Gujarati 55 35 15
Hindi 15 10 5
Kacchi 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0
Nepali 5 5 0
Oriya languages 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 365 175 185
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 5 0 5
Urdu 25 15 10
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iranian languages 30 15 15
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 15 10 10
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 0 0 0
Persian languages 15 5 5
Dari 0 0 0
Iranian Persian 5 5 0
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 0 0 0
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 650 325 325
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 120 70 55
Portuguese 300 160 140
Romanian 20 10 10
Spanish 205 85 120
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 5 5 5
Korean 50 25 25
Mongolian 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 25 10 15
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0
Éwé 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0
Ganda 5 5 5
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 5 5 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0
Lingala 0 0 0
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Shona 0 0 0
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0
Swahili 0 5 5
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0
Yoruba 5 5 5
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages 5 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0
African, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Sign languages 25 15 10
American Sign Language 25 15 10
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages 100 45 55
Chinese languages 90 45 50
Hakka 5 5 0
Mandarin 35 15 20
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0
Yue (Cantonese) 45 25 25
Chinese, n.o.s. 10 5 10
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 5 0 0
Burmese 0 0 0
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 5 0 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 10 5 10
Lao 5 0 5
Thai 10 5 5
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 0 0 0
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Uralic languages 90 55 40
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 15 10 5
Hungarian 75 40 35
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Multiple responses 1,825 840 990
English and French 440 195 245
English and non-official language(s) 1,250 575 675
French and non-official language(s) 35 15 15
English, French and non-official language(s) 10 5 10
Multiple non-official languages 95 45 50
All languages spoken at home
Total - All languages spoken at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data40 99,040 49,635 49,410
English 90,995 45,885 45,110
French 285 130 150
Non-official language 2,415 1,110 1,300
Indigenous39 25 10 20
Non-Indigenous 2,385 1,110 1,280
English and French 855 390 465
English and non-official language(s) 4,290 2,020 2,275
French and non-official language(s) 10 5 10
English, French and non-official language(s) 105 40 65
Multiple non-official languages 90 45 40
Language spoken most often at home
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data41 99,040 49,635 49,410
Single responses 98,090 49,190 48,905
Official languages 94,405 47,470 46,930
English 93,995 47,285 46,715
French 410 190 215
Non-official languages 3,680 1,710 1,970
Indigenous languages39 65 25 40
Algonquian languages 65 25 40
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 10 0 5
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 10 0 5
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0 0 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 5 0 0
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 55 20 35
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 55 20 35
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 15 10 5
Ojibway, n.o.s. 40 15 30
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 5 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 3,615 1,690 1,925
Afro-Asiatic languages 35 15 20
Berber languages 5 0 5
Kabyle 0 0 0
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 0 0 0
Hausa 0 0 0
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 0 0 5
Bilen 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 25 15 15
Amharic 0 0 0
Arabic 25 10 10
Aramaic languages 0 0 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 0 0 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 15 5 10
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 15 5 10
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 205 115 90
Bikol 0 0 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Cebuano 5 10 0
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0
Ilocano 0 0 0
Indonesian 0 0 0
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 185 100 85
Waray-Waray 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Creole languages 0 0 0
Haitian Creole 0 0 0
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 0 0 0
Morisyen 0 0 0
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Dravidian languages 110 55 55
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 110 55 55
Tamil 0 0 0
Telugu 0 0 0
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 3,085 1,415 1,670
Albanian 0 0 0
Armenian 0 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 350 175 175
Baltic languages 0 0 0
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Slavic languages 350 175 175
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 0 0 0
Czech 10 5 5
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 105 50 55
Russian 135 70 65
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 30 15 15
Bosnian 0 0 0
Croatian 15 10 5
Serbian 10 5 10
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Slovak 0 0 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0
Ukrainian 65 35 30
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 0 0 0
Irish 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0
Welsh 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 2,175 960 1,215
Frisian 0 0 0
High German languages 1,825 780 1,045
German 1,820 780 1,040
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 5 0 0
Yiddish 0 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 325 170 160
Afrikaans 15 5 10
Dutch 25 15 10
Low German, n.o.s. 45 25 25
Low Saxon 20 10 5
Plautdietsch 220 115 105
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0
Scandinavian languages 10 5 5
Danish 0 0 0
Icelandic 10 5 5
Norwegian 0 0 0
Swedish 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 10
Greek 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages 390 195 195
Indo-Aryan languages 365 185 180
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 10 0 5
Gujarati 45 30 20
Hindi 10 5 0
Kacchi 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0
Nepali 0 0 0
Oriya languages 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 275 130 145
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0
Urdu 25 15 15
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iranian languages 30 15 15
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 15 10 10
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 0 0 0
Persian languages 10 5 5
Dari 0 0 0
Iranian Persian 5 0 0
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 0 0 0
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 160 75 80
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 5 0 0
Portuguese 60 30 30
Romanian 0 0 5
Spanish 90 45 45
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 0 0 0
Korean 60 30 30
Mongolian 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 10 5 5
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0
Éwé 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0
Lingala 0 0 0
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Shona 0 0 0
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0
Swahili 0 0 0
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
African, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Sign languages 30 15 15
American Sign Language 25 15 15
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages 50 25 25
Chinese languages 45 20 20
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 15 5 5
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0
Yue (Cantonese) 25 10 15
Chinese, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0
Burmese 0 0 0
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 5 0 5
Lao 0 0 0
Thai 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 0 0 0
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Uralic languages 15 5 10
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 0 0 0
Hungarian 10 5 5
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0
Multiple responses 955 450 505
English and French 150 65 80
English and non-official language(s) 775 370 405
French and non-official language(s) 5 5 5
English, French and non-official language(s) 15 5 5
Multiple non-official languages 5 5 0
Other language spoken regularly at home
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data42 99,040 49,635 49,410
None 94,525 47,525 47,005
English 1,170 545 625
French 605 275 325
Non-official language 2,370 1,115 1,260
Indigenous39 225 100 125
Non-Indigenous 2,145 1,020 1,130
English and French 5 0 5
English and non-official language(s) 130 70 65
French and non-official language(s) 65 25 40
English, French and non-official language(s) 0 0 0
Multiple non-official languages 165 85 80
Knowledge of languagesThe letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice.
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample data43 96,985 48,790 48,195
Official languages 96,710 48,665 48,050
English 96,690 48,650 48,035
French 5,680 2,395 3,280
Non-official languages 10,085 4,940 5,145
Indigenous languages39 790 330 455
Algonquian languages 670 270 405
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 160 55 105
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 160 55 105
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 55 25 30
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 10 0 10
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 90 30 60
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 525 220 305
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 525 220 305
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 20 10 15
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 165 70 95
Ojibway, n.o.s. 345 145 200
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 20 10 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 20 10 10
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 20 10 10
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 100 60 45
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 9,315 4,615 4,695
Afro-Asiatic languages 130 90 45
Berber languages 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 0 0 0
Hausa 0 0 0
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 0 0 0
Bilen 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 130 90 45
Amharic 0 0 0
Arabic 90 65 30
Aramaic languages 10 10 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 10 10 0
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 30 15 15
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 55 20 30
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 45 20 25
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 505 205 300
Bikol 0 0 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Cebuano 10 0 10
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0
Ilocano 30 20 10
Indonesian 0 0 0
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 15 0 10
Pangasinan 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 505 205 300
Waray-Waray 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Creole languages 25 10 15
Haitian Creole 0 0 0
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 0 0 0
Morisyen 0 0 0
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 10 0 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0
Dravidian languages 205 120 95
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 205 120 90
Tamil 15 10 0
Telugu 0 0 0
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 7,955 3,980 3,980
Albanian 0 0 0
Armenian 0 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 2,490 1,225 1,255
Baltic languages 15 0 10
Latvian 15 0 10
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Slavic languages 2,470 1,225 1,245
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 0 0 0
Czech 45 25 25
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 575 305 270
Russian 595 300 285
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 160 80 75
Bosnian 0 0 0
Croatian 95 60 35
Serbian 65 25 45
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Slovak 35 10 25
Slovene (Slovenian) 10 0 10
Ukrainian 1,235 600 640
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 35 15 20
Irish 25 15 10
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0
Welsh 10 0 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 4,005 2,040 1,970
Frisian 10 10 0
High German languages 2,780 1,425 1,355
German 2,730 1,395 1,335
Pennsylvania German 10 10 0
Swiss German 35 15 20
Yiddish 0 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 1,105 545 560
Afrikaans 30 10 20
Dutch 260 125 140
Low German, n.o.s. 125 55 70
Low Saxon 30 15 20
Plautdietsch 685 350 330
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 10 0
Scandinavian languages 265 135 130
Danish 30 10 20
Icelandic 205 120 85
Norwegian 35 10 25
Swedish 25 10 15
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Greek 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages 585 285 295
Indo-Aryan languages 535 255 280
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 0 0 0
Gujarati 40 20 20
Hindi 190 85 95
Kacchi 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0
Nepali 0 0 0
Oriya languages 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 405 180 225
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0
Urdu 30 20 10
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iranian languages 50 30 15
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 45 30 15
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 0 0 0
Persian languages 0 0 0
Dari 0 0 0
Iranian Persian 0 0 0
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 0 0 0
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 1,380 705 670
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 160 110 50
Portuguese 460 245 210
Romanian 20 0 15
Spanish 775 360 410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 20 15 10
Korean 75 35 45
Mongolian 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 65 40 25
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0
Éwé 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0
Ganda 35 15 20
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0
Lingala 0 0 0
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Shona 0 0 0
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0
Swahili 0 0 0
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0
Nilo-Saharan languages 10 10 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0
African, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Sign languages 150 75 75
American Sign Language 135 75 65
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 15 0 10
Sino-Tibetan languages 125 45 75
Chinese languages 125 45 75
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 75 25 50
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0
Yue (Cantonese) 60 20 40
Chinese, n.o.s. 10 0 10
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0
Burmese 0 0 0
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 40 20 15
Lao 0 0 0
Thai 35 20 15
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 10 10 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 10 10 0
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Uralic languages 95 50 45
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 20 10 10
Hungarian 75 40 35
Other languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0
Indigenous population
Total - Indigenous identity for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 96,985 48,790 48,195
Indigenous identity45 21,915 10,690 11,225
Single Indigenous responses46 21,475 10,510 10,960
First Nations (North American Indian) 8,215 3,830 4,385
Métis 13,230 6,660 6,570
Inuk (Inuit) 25 15 10
Multiple Indigenous responses47 325 135 195
Indigenous responses not included elsewhere48 115 50 65
Non-Indigenous identity 75,070 38,100 36,970
Total - Registered or Treaty Indian status for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 96,985 48,790 48,195
Registered or Treaty Indian49 7,425 3,485 3,940
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 89,555 45,305 44,250
Household characteristics
Total - Private households by tenure - 25% sample data50 40,885 ... ...
Owner 33,935 ... ...
Renter 6,460 ... ...
Dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band 495 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by condominium status - 25% sample data51 40,885 ... ...
Condominium 1,675 ... ...
Not condominium 39,215 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of bedrooms - 25% sample data52 40,885 ... ...
No bedrooms 130 ... ...
1 bedroom 2,730 ... ...
2 bedrooms 9,750 ... ...
3 bedrooms 18,265 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 10,015 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of rooms - 25% sample data53 40,885 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 7,615 ... ...
5 rooms 8,300 ... ...
6 rooms 7,825 ... ...
7 rooms 5,710 ... ...
8 or more rooms 11,440 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 6.4 ... ...
Total - Private households by number of persons per room - 25% sample data54 40,885 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 40,435 ... ...
More than one person per room 450 ... ...
Total - Private households by housing suitability - 25% sample data55 40,885 ... ...
Suitable 39,725 ... ...
Not suitable 1,165 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by period of construction - 25% sample data56 40,885 ... ...
1960 or before 8,135 ... ...
1961 to 1980 12,260 ... ...
1981 to 1990 6,090 ... ...
1991 to 2000 4,970 ... ...
2001 to 2005 2,135 ... ...
2006 to 2010 2,565 ... ...
2011 to 2015 2,315 ... ...
2016 to 202157 2,420 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by dwelling condition - 25% sample data58 40,885 ... ...
Only regular maintenance and minor repairs needed 37,645 ... ...
Major repairs needed 3,240 ... ...
Total - Private households by number of household maintainers - 25% sample data59 40,885 ... ...
One-maintainer household 20,590 ... ...
Two-maintainer household 19,300 ... ...
Three-or-more-maintainer household 990 ... ...
Total - Private households by age of primary household maintainers - 25% sample data60 40,885 ... ...
15 to 24 years 760 ... ...
25 to 34 years 4,325 ... ...
35 to 44 years 5,530 ... ...
45 to 54 years 6,415 ... ...
55 to 64 years 9,555 ... ...
65 to 74 years 8,470 ... ...
75 to 84 years 4,400 ... ...
85 years and over 1,430 ... ...
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratio - 25% sample data61 38,660 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of income on shelter costs 33,980 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs 4,680 ... ...
30% to less than 100% 4,195 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by housing indicators - 25% sample data62 40,885 ... ...
Total - Households 'spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' or 'not suitable' or 'major repairs needed' 8,345 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs only 4,160 ... ...
Not suitable only 855 ... ...
Major repairs needed only 2,615 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' 100 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'major repairs needed' 410 ... ...
'Not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 200 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 10 ... ...
Acceptable housing 32,540 ... ...
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero and shelter-cost-to-income ratio less than 100%, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data63 38,175 ... ...
In core need 3,520 ... ...
Not in core need 34,655 ... ...
Total - Owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 32,615 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgage64 55.3 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 8.9 ... ...
% in core housing need63 6.6 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 850 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 1,060 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)66 300,000 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)66 315,600 ... ...
Total - Tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 6,120 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housing67 23.4 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 29.3 ... ...
% in core housing need63 23.1 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 860 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 909 ... ...
Total - Households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band in non-farm private dwellings - 25% sample data 495 ... ...
% of households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band spending more than 30% on shelter costs61 2.0 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 0 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 166 ... ...
Indigenous ancestry
Total - Indigenous ancestry for the population in private households - 25% sample data68 96,985 48,790 48,190
Indigenous ancestry (only)69 8,865 4,350 4,515
Single Indigenous ancestry (only)70 8,595 4,205 4,390
First Nations (North American Indian) single ancestry 5,780 2,780 3,000
Métis single ancestry 2,810 1,425 1,385
Inuit single ancestry 10 0 0
Multiple Indigenous ancestries (only)71 275 145 125
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis ancestry only 265 140 125
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
Métis and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries72 12,645 6,180 6,465
Single Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries73 12,090 5,960 6,125
First Nations (North American Indian) and non-Indigenous ancestry only 4,455 2,035 2,415
Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 7,605 3,910 3,700
Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 25 15 15
Multiple Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries74 555 215 340
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 535 215 325
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 10 0 10
Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 0 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous ancestry only75 75,470 38,265 37,205
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample data76 96,985 48,790 48,195
Canadian citizens77 94,980 47,860 47,125
Canadian citizens aged under 18 18,970 9,815 9,150
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 76,015 38,040 37,970
Not Canadian citizens78 2,005 930 1,070
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample data79 96,985 48,790 48,195
Non-immigrants80 90,230 45,445 44,785
Immigrants81 6,495 3,205 3,290
Before 1980 2,645 1,295 1,345
1980 to 1990 745 365 380
1991 to 2000 560 240 320
2001 to 2010 1,115 640 475
2011 to 202182 1,425 665 760
2011 to 2015 665 295 365
2016 to 2021 760 365 390
Non-permanent residents83 265 145 125
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data84 6,495 3,205 3,285
Under 5 years 940 455 480
5 to 14 years 1,640 895 750
15 to 24 years 1,440 675 755
25 to 44 years 2,165 1,015 1,145
45 years and over 315 165 150
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data85 6,495 3,205 3,285
Americas 1,335 635 700
Brazil 15 0 10
Colombia 0 0 0
El Salvador 35 20 15
Guyana 20 10 10
Haiti 10 0 0
Jamaica 25 10 10
Mexico 140 70 65
Peru 0 0 0
Trinidad and Tobago 30 15 15
United States of America 600 250 345
Other places of birth in Americas 465 245 225
Europe 3,540 1,840 1,695
Bosnia and Herzegovina 20 0 15
Croatia 60 45 15
France 70 40 30
Germany 780 410 365
Greece 0 0 0
Hungary 55 35 15
Italy 50 25 20
Netherlands 260 125 135
Poland 305 155 150
Portugal 245 135 110
Romania 25 10 10
Russian Federation 85 50 40
Serbia86 20 0 20
Ukraine 150 85 65
United Kingdom87 1,050 515 535
Other places of birth in Europe 365 200 170
Africa 165 90 80
Algeria 0 0 0
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 0 0 0
Egypt 35 20 15
Eritrea 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Morocco 10 10 0
Nigeria 15 0 10
Somalia 0 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 55 25 30
Other places of birth in Africa 60 30 25
Asia 1,400 625 770
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Iran88 0 0 0
Iraq 0 0 0
Lebanon 0 0 0
Syria89 45 25 20
Turkey 0 0 0
China90 45 20 30
Hong Kong91 25 10 15
Korea, South92 60 25 30
Taiwan 0 0 0
Philippines 475 190 285
Viet Nam 50 25 25
Bangladesh 0 0 0
India 450 215 240
Pakistan 40 20 15
Sri Lanka 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 175 85 95
Oceania and other places of birth93 50 20 35
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data94 760 365 395
Americas 250 115 135
Brazil 0 0 0
Colombia 0 0 0
Haiti 0 0 0
Jamaica 0 0 0
Mexico 10 0 10
United States of America 135 60 75
Venezuela95 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 85 35 45
Europe 95 50 40
France 0 0 0
Germany 0 0 0
Ireland96 35 20 10
Italy 0 0 0
Russian Federation 0 0 0
Ukraine 20 0 15
United Kingdom87 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Europe 15 0 10
Africa 30 20 10
Algeria 0 0 0
Burundi 0 0 0
Cameroon 0 0 0
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 0 0 0
Côte d'Ivoire 0 0 0
Egypt 0 0 0
Eritrea 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Morocco 0 0 0
Nigeria 10 0 0
Somalia 0 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0
Sudan97 0 0 0
Tunisia 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 0 0 0
Asia 380 180 195
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Bangladesh 0 0 0
China90 0 0 0
Hong Kong91 0 0 0
India 220 85 135
Iran88 0 0 0
Iraq 0 0 0
Israel 0 0 0
Japan 0 0 0
Jordan 0 0 0
Korea, South92 35 20 15
Lebanon 0 0 0
Nepal 0 0 0
Pakistan 0 0 0
Philippines 70 35 30
Saudi Arabia 10 10 0
Sri Lanka 0 0 0
Syria89 45 25 20
Turkey 0 0 0
United Arab Emirates 0 0 0
Viet Nam 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 0 0 0
Oceania and other93 10 0 10
Australia 10 0 10
Other places of birth98 0 0 0
Generation status
Total - Generation status for the population in private households - 25% sample data99 96,985 48,790 48,195
First generation100 7,410 3,665 3,745
Second generation101 12,730 6,385 6,345
Third generation or more102 76,850 38,745 38,105
Admission category and applicant type
Total - Admission category and applicant type for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data103 3,845 1,910 1,935
Economic immigrants104 2,260 1,155 1,105
Principal applicants105 815 550 265
Secondary applicants106 1,445 605 840
Immigrants sponsored by family107 1,270 580 690
Refugees108 285 155 130
Other immigrants109 35 15 20
Pre-admission experience
Total - Pre-admission experience for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data110 3,845 1,910 1,935
Asylum claim before admission111 35 15 20
Work permits only before admission112 520 275 245
Study permits only before admission113 120 85 30
Work and study permits before admission114 150 55 95
Other permits before admission115 30 10 15
No pre-admission experience116 3,000 1,470 1,530
Visible minority
Total - Visible minority for the population in private households - 25% sample data117 96,985 48,790 48,195
Total visible minority population118 2,940 1,455 1,495
South Asian 840 430 410
Chinese 180 65 115
Black 425 240 190
Filipino 770 360 415
Arab 120 70 45
Latin American 200 90 110
Southeast Asian 125 65 65
West Asian 0 0 0
Korean 75 35 45
Japanese 40 20 20
Visible minority, n.i.e.119 45 35 10
Multiple visible minorities 110 45 70
Not a visible minority120 94,040 47,340 46,700
Ethnic or cultural origin
Total - Ethnic or cultural origin for the population in private households - 25% sample data121 96,985 48,790 48,195
Canadian 9,120 4,600 4,525
English 21,015 10,160 10,850
Irish 13,195 6,075 7,115
Scottish 18,810 9,155 9,650
French, n.o.s.122 11,510 5,745 5,765
German 18,700 9,475 9,225
Chinese 265 95 165
Italian 1,415 650 770
Indian (India) 590 320 270
Ukrainian 20,415 10,335 10,085
Dutch 4,140 2,080 2,055
Polish 10,445 5,465 4,980
Québécois 75 55 20
British Isles, n.o.s.123 2,110 1,065 1,045
Filipino 795 370 425
French Canadian 805 450 350
Caucasian (White), n.o.s.124 990 530 460
First Nations (North American Indian), n.o.s.125 5,445 2,545 2,900
Métis 11,220 5,685 5,540
European, n.o.s.126 1,160 595 560
Russian 2,875 1,420 1,460
Norwegian 1,870 915 960
Welsh 1,845 825 1,025
Portuguese 875 450 425
American 785 390 395
Spanish 375 135 235
Swedish 2,405 1,145 1,260
Hungarian 865 420 445
Acadian 170 105 70
Pakistani 40 20 15
African, n.o.s.127 140 65 75
Jewish 390 205 185
Punjabi 145 60 85
Vietnamese 100 40 60
Arab, n.o.s.128 40 15 25
Greek 115 50 60
Jamaican 145 110 35
Asian, n.o.s.129 55 15 35
Cree, n.o.s.130 1,720 840 875
Korean 80 35 45
Romanian 390 215 175
Lebanese 100 60 40
Iranian 0 0 0
Christian, n.i.e.131 210 80 130
Danish 800 360 435
North American Indigenous, n.o.s.132 1,295 640 650
Sikh 35 20 20
Austrian 1,285 695 585
Belgian 1,600 790 815
Haitian 35 20 20
Hindu 15 0 10
Mexican 210 105 105
Mennonite 2,535 1,270 1,270
Swiss 510 220 290
Finnish 435 220 215
Sri Lankan 0 0 0
Croatian 240 135 105
Japanese 60 15 40
South Asian, n.o.s.133 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq, n.o.s.134 65 30 40
Northern European, n.o.s.135 400 210 195
Muslim 50 30 20
Egyptian 60 35 25
Latin, Central or South American, n.o.s.136 85 50 35
Tamil 0 0 0
Icelandic 7,640 3,810 3,830
Colombian 0 0 0
Moroccan 0 0 0
Czech 360 180 180
Syrian 170 100 70
Guyanese 15 0 15
Afghan 0 0 0
Black, n.o.s.137 45 30 20
Serbian 85 50 40
Ojibway 1,850 860 985
Newfoundlander 55 40 15
Hong Konger 0 0 0
Ontarian 55 35 15
Persian 0 0 0
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 90 50 35
Turkish 0 0 0
Inuit, n.o.s.138 70 30 45
Bangladeshi 0 0 0
Algerian 0 0 0
Brazilian 20 10 10
Nigerian 30 15 20
Armenian 10 0 10
Slovak 200 85 115
Eastern European, n.o.s.139 210 75 130
Somali 0 0 0
Taiwanese 0 0 0
Iraqi 15 10 0
Salvadorean 15 15 0
African Caribbean 25 25 0
East or Southeast Asian, n.o.s.140 20 10 15
West or Central Asian or Middle Eastern, n.o.s.141 0 0 0
Caribbean, n.o.s.142 75 50 25
Algonquin 35 15 20
West Indian, n.o.s.143 40 25 15
Lithuanian 115 50 65
South African 25 0 25
Australian 75 45 30
Palestinian 0 0 0
Chilean 20 10 10
Congolese 0 0 0
Nova Scotian 15 10 10
Ethiopian 0 0 0
Hispanic, n.o.s.144 20