Census Profile, 2021 Census of Population
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Topic:
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Age
Age characteristics
Commuting
Select all: Commuting
Commuting destination
Commuting duration
Main mode of commuting
Place of work status
Time leaving for work
Education
Select all: Education
Highest certificate, diploma or degree
Location of study compared with province or territory of residence
Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2021
Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificate
Ethnocultural and religious diversity
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Ethnic or cultural origin
Religion
Visible minority
Families, households, and marital status
Select all: Families, households, and marital status
Family characteristics
Household type
Marital status
Housing
Household characteristics
Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
Select all: Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
Admission category and applicant type
Age at immigration
Citizenship
Generation status
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Pre-admission experience
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Income
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Income of economic families in 2020
Income of households in 2020
Income of individuals in 2019
Income of individuals in 2020
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Indigenous peoples
Select all: Indigenous peoples
Indigenous ancestry
Indigenous population
Instruction in the minority official language
Select all: Instruction in the minority official language
Children eligible for instruction in the minority official language
Eligibility and instruction in the minority official language for school-aged children
Labour
Select all: Labour
Class of worker including job permanency
Industry - Sectors - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2017
Labour force status
Occupation - Broad category - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2021
Work activity during the reference year
Language
Select all: Language
All languages spoken at home
First official language spoken
Knowledge of languages
Knowledge of official languages
Language spoken most often at home
Mother tongue
Other language spoken regularly at home
Language of work
Select all: Language of work
All languages used at work
Language used most often at work
Other language(s) used regularly at work
Mobility and migration
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Mobility status 1 year ago
Mobility status 5 years ago
Population and dwelling counts
Population and dwellings
Type of dwelling
Household and dwelling characteristics
GenderMore information:


Statistic:
Characteristic SaskatoonMore information:
Saskatchewan
[Census metropolitan area]
Counts
Total Men+ Women+
Population and dwellings
Population, 20211 317,480 ... ...
Population, 20161 295,095 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2016 to 2021 7.6 ... ...
Total private dwellings2 134,720 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residents3 125,100 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 54.1 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 5,864.48 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups of the population - 100% data 317,485 156,695 160,790
0 to 14 years 60,655 31,355 29,300
0 to 4 years 19,300 9,975 9,325
5 to 9 years 21,180 10,950 10,235
10 to 14 years 20,180 10,435 9,740
15 to 64 years 209,830 104,575 105,260
15 to 19 years 18,580 9,545 9,035
20 to 24 years 21,905 11,015 10,895
25 to 29 years 22,775 11,425 11,355
30 to 34 years 25,245 12,455 12,785
35 to 39 years 25,095 12,435 12,660
40 to 44 years 22,050 11,070 10,980
45 to 49 years 18,850 9,415 9,435
50 to 54 years 17,540 8,760 8,780
55 to 59 years 19,290 9,515 9,770
60 to 64 years 18,505 8,935 9,565
65 years and over 47,000 20,765 26,235
65 to 69 years 15,645 7,530 8,115
70 to 74 years 11,525 5,350 6,175
75 to 79 years 7,510 3,425 4,085
80 to 84 years 5,420 2,255 3,165
85 years and over 6,890 2,200 4,690
85 to 89 years 4,210 1,485 2,730
90 to 94 years 2,040 580 1,460
95 to 99 years 545 125 420
100 years and over 100 15 85
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 19.1 20.0 18.2
15 to 64 years 66.1 66.7 65.5
65 years and over 14.8 13.3 16.3
85 years and over 2.2 1.4 2.9
Average age of the population 38.5 37.4 39.5
Median age of the population 36.8 36.0 37.6
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% data 125,100 ... ...
Single-detached house 73,655 ... ...
Semi-detached house 4,605 ... ...
Row house 8,260 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 6,800 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 26,055 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 4,720 ... ...
Other single-attached house 55 ... ...
Movable dwelling4 945 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% data 125,100 ... ...
1 person 34,540 ... ...
2 persons 42,485 ... ...
3 persons 18,635 ... ...
4 persons 17,885 ... ...
5 or more persons 11,550 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 311,515 153,905 157,615
Average household size 2.5 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the total population aged 15 years and over - 100% data 256,825 125,335 131,495
Married or living common-law 147,145 73,560 73,590
Married 123,185 61,535 61,655
Living common-law 23,960 12,025 11,935
Living common law - Never married 18,535 9,345 9,190
Living common law - Separated 760 360 395
Living common law - Divorced 4,195 2,130 2,070
Living common law - Widowed 470 195 275
Not married and not living common-law 109,680 51,780 57,900
Not married and not living common law - Never married 77,650 41,360 36,290
Not married and not living common law - Separated 5,565 2,380 3,190
Not married and not living common law - Divorced 14,650 5,765 8,885
Not married and not living common law - Widowed 11,810 2,270 9,540
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% data5 85,375 ... ...
2 persons 41,955 ... ...
3 persons 17,405 ... ...
4 persons 17,125 ... ...
5 or more persons 8,885 ... ...
Average size of census families 3.0 ... ...
Average number of children in census families with children6 1.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% data 85,375 ... ...
Total couple families 71,865 ... ...
Married couples 59,890 ... ...
With children6 33,590 ... ...
Without children 26,300 ... ...
Common-law couples 11,980 ... ...
With children6 4,130 ... ...
Without children 7,850 ... ...
Total one-parent families 13,505 ... ...
in which the parent is a woman+ 10,445 ... ...
in which the parent is a man+ 3,065 ... ...
Total - Persons in private households - 100% data 311,515 153,905 157,610
Total - Persons in census families 252,525 125,440 127,080
Married spouses or common-law partners 143,740 71,870 71,865
Parents in one-parent families 13,510 3,060 10,445
Children6 95,280 50,510 44,770
In a two-parent family 73,235 38,600 34,635
In a one-parent family 22,050 11,910 10,135
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 58,995 28,460 30,535
Living alone 34,540 15,310 19,230
Living with other relatives7 8,355 3,980 4,370
Living with non-relatives only 16,105 9,175 6,930
Household type
Total - Household type - 100% data 125,100 ... ...
One-census-family households without additional persons 76,065 ... ...
Couple-family households 65,725 ... ...
With children6 34,480 ... ...
Without children 31,250 ... ...
One-parent-family households 10,335 ... ...
Multigenerational households8 2,430 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households9 640 ... ...
One-census-family households with additional persons9 4,195 ... ...
Two-or-more-person non-census-family households 7,230 ... ...
One-person households 34,540 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2020
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data10 251,200 122,770 128,425
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 240,510 117,390 123,115
Median total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 44,000 50,800 39,600
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 240,660 117,470 123,195
Median after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 39,600 44,400 36,000
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 219,585 108,820 110,765
Median market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 38,800 47,600 31,800
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 182,860 93,325 89,530
Median employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 39,600 47,200 32,800
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 213,390 101,775 111,615
Median government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 7,550 5,400 9,100
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 24,775 12,085 12,695
Median employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 5,560 5,520 5,560
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 66,550 31,690 34,865
Median COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 8,000 8,000 8,000
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data11 251,195 122,765 128,430
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 240,595 117,345 123,245
Average total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 55,750 64,100 47,840
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 240,730 117,415 123,315
Average after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 46,600 52,200 41,240
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 219,765 108,685 111,080
Average market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 51,450 61,150 41,960
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 182,860 93,105 89,760
Average employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 50,360 58,800 41,560
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 213,340 101,680 111,660
Average government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 9,900 8,620 11,070
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 24,525 11,815 12,705
Average employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 6,940 6,420 7,420
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 66,200 31,590 34,620
Average COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 8,640 8,490 8,780
Total - Employment income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data12 251,195 122,765 128,430
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 88,355 49,240 39,115
Median employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 66,000 72,500 59,600
Average employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 75,800 83,900 65,500
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 73,395 33,685 39,710
Median employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 18,400 20,600 16,600
Average employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 28,920 33,560 25,000
Composition of total income in 2020 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data17 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)18 84.2 88.4 79.0
Employment income (%)19 68.6 72.8 63.3
Government transfers (%)20 15.8 11.7 21.0
Employment insurance benefits (%) 1.3 1.0 1.6
COVID-19 - Government income support and benefits (%) 4.9 3.9 6.1
COVID-19 - Emergency and recovery benefits (%) 4.3 3.6 5.2
Total - Total income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data21 251,200 122,775 128,430
Without total income 10,690 5,380 5,310
With total income 240,505 117,395 123,115
Under $10,000 (including loss) 19,030 8,430 10,595
$10,000 to $19,999 24,655 10,455 14,200
$20,000 to $29,999 34,600 14,410 20,190
$30,000 to $39,999 30,315 12,835 17,480
$40,000 to $49,999 27,005 11,855 15,150
$50,000 to $59,999 22,565 10,600 11,960
$60,000 to $69,999 18,375 9,515 8,860
$70,000 to $79,999 14,760 8,095 6,660
$80,000 to $89,999 11,700 6,575 5,125
$90,000 to $99,999 9,225 5,200 4,025
$100,000 and over 28,285 19,425 8,860
$100,000 to $149,999 18,745 12,285 6,460
$150,000 and over 9,540 7,140 2,400
Total - After-tax income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data22 251,200 122,775 128,430
Without after-tax income 10,540 5,305 5,235
With after-tax income 240,660 117,465 123,190
Under $10,000 (including loss) 19,900 8,770 11,130
$10,000 to $19,999 25,950 10,965 14,980
$20,000 to $29,999 39,630 16,840 22,790
$30,000 to $39,999 35,750 15,435 20,320
$40,000 to $49,999 31,735 14,690 17,050
$50,000 to $59,999 25,150 12,895 12,255
$60,000 to $69,999 18,915 10,320 8,590
$70,000 to $79,999 14,155 7,835 6,320
$80,000 to $89,999 8,825 5,230 3,590
$90,000 to $99,999 5,805 3,695 2,110
$100,000 and over 14,845 10,790 4,055
$100,000 to $124,999 7,585 5,400 2,180
$125,000 and over 7,260 5,390 1,870
Total - Employment income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data19 251,200 122,775 128,430
Without employment income 68,340 29,445 38,895
With employment income 182,860 93,325 89,535
Under $5,000 (including loss) 24,075 10,940 13,140
$5,000 to $9,999 14,475 6,215 8,255
$10,000 to $19,999 21,105 9,410 11,695
$20,000 to $29,999 16,370 7,430 8,935
$30,000 to $39,999 16,255 7,250 9,005
$40,000 to $49,999 15,550 7,415 8,135
$50,000 to $59,999 14,275 7,225 7,055
$60,000 to $69,999 12,615 6,855 5,760
$70,000 to $79,999 10,515 5,930 4,590
$80,000 to $89,999 9,120 5,215 3,905
$90,000 to $99,999 7,250 4,210 3,045
$100,000 and over 21,255 15,240 6,015
$100,000 to $124,999 9,775 6,385 3,390
$125,000 and over 11,480 8,860 2,625
Income of individuals in 2019
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data23 251,200 122,770 128,425
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 234,700 114,335 120,370
Median total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 42,800 50,400 36,800
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 234,765 114,345 120,425
Median after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 38,400 44,000 33,600
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 215,660 106,785 108,875
Median market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 40,400 48,800 33,200
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 181,365 92,520 88,850
Median employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 40,400 48,400 34,000
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 201,005 95,985 105,020
Median government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 2,040 1,130 4,440
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 -100% data 19,060 9,380 9,680
Median employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 5,880 5,520 6,500
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data24 251,195 122,765 128,430
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 234,830 114,340 120,490
Average total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 54,450 63,700 45,640
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 234,915 114,350 120,565
Average after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 45,200 51,600 39,160
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 215,960 106,760 109,200
Average market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 52,900 63,250 42,800
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 181,790 92,500 89,290
Average employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 51,250 60,150 42,000
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 201,155 96,095 105,060
Average government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 6,740 5,530 7,850
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 19,045 9,535 9,505
Average employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 7,670 6,580 8,760
Total - Employment income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data25 251,195 122,765 128,430
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 87,760 48,950 38,810
Median employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 62,400 69,500 55,600
Average employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 72,000 80,600 61,200
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 68,785 31,430 37,350
Median employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 24,200 27,800 21,800
Average employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 35,200 41,600 29,800
Composition of total income in 2019 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%) 89.4 92.8 85.0
Employment income (%) 72.8 76.4 68.2
Government transfers (%) 10.6 7.3 15.0
Employment insurance benefits (%) 1.1 0.9 1.5
Income of households in 2020
Total - Income statistics for private households - 100% data26 125,100 ... ...
Median total income of household in 2020 ($) 89,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 77,500 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 100% data 34,540 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 45,200 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 40,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 100% data 90,555 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 110,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 95,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for private households - 25% sample data27 125,100 ... ...
Average total income of household in 2020 ($) 107,300 ... ...
Average after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 89,700 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 25% sample data 34,470 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 54,800 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 45,880 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 25% sample data 90,625 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 127,200 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 106,300 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data21 125,100 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,270 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 690 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,225 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,075 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 4,290 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 3,775 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 3,705 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 4,185 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 4,335 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 4,360 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 8,795 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 8,670 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 8,395 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 7,865 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 7,195 ... ...
$100,000 and over 54,260 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 15,295 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 11,640 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 14,590 ... ...
$200,000 and over 12,735 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data22 125,100 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,455 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 700 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,285 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,150 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 4,685 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 4,335 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 4,290 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 5,125 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 5,105 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 5,195 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 10,565 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 10,170 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 9,720 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 8,755 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 8,125 ... ...
$100,000 and over 43,430 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 15,975 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 11,010 ... ...
$150,000 and over 16,450 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2020
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 100% data28 85,465 ... ...
Median total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 110,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 95,000 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 100% data 32,180 ... ...
Median total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 102,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 88,000 ... ...
Average family size of couple-only economic families 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 100% data 37,830 ... ...
Median total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 136,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 117,000 ... ...
Average family size of couple-with-children economic families 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 12,555 ... ...
Median total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 66,500 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 62,000 ... ...
Average family size of one-parent economic families 2.8 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% data29 50,640 24,480 26,160
Median total income in 2020 ($)30 40,000 41,600 38,800
Median after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 36,400 37,200 35,600
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 25% sample data31 85,390 ... ...
Average total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 127,800 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 106,500 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 25% sample data 32,125 ... ...
Average total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 119,900 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 99,100 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 25% sample data 37,975 ... ...
Average total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 153,000 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 126,600 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 12,485 ... ...
Average total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 77,300 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 68,700 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample data32 50,575 24,490 26,085
Average total income in 2020 ($)30 49,560 51,600 47,640
Average after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 41,960 42,800 41,200
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Total - LIM low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households - 100% data33 311,515 153,900 157,615
0 to 17 years 71,220 36,760 34,460
0 to 5 years 23,370 12,035 11,340
18 to 64 years 196,620 97,345 99,280
65 years and over 43,675 19,800 23,870
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 34,155 16,005 18,150
0 to 17 years 10,090 5,275 4,810
0 to 5 years 3,345 1,680 1,660
18 to 64 years 18,880 8,915 9,965
65 years and over 5,190 1,815 3,380
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 11.0 10.4 11.5
0 to 17 years (%) 14.2 14.4 14.0
0 to 5 years (%) 14.3 14.0 14.6
18 to 64 years (%) 9.6 9.2 10.0
65 years and over (%) 11.9 9.2 14.1
Total - LICO low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households to whom the low-income concept is applicable - 100% data33 311,005 153,675 157,325
0 to 17 years 71,025 36,675 34,350
0 to 5 years 23,310 12,005 11,310
18 to 64 years 196,340 97,215 99,125
65 years and over 43,640 19,790 23,855
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 14,825 7,730 7,090
0 to 17 years 3,645 1,920 1,725
0 to 5 years 1,130 575 550
18 to 64 years 10,465 5,500 4,970
65 years and over 710 315 395
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 4.8 5.0 4.5
0 to 17 years (%) 5.1 5.2 5.0
0 to 5 years (%) 4.9 4.8 4.9
18 to 64 years (%) 5.3 5.7 5.0
65 years and over (%) 1.6 1.6 1.7
Total - Adjusted after-tax economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% data34The letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice. 311,515 153,900 157,615
In bottom half of the distribution 151,545 72,875 78,675
In bottom decile 32,255 15,655 16,605
In second decile 29,285 13,560 15,730
In third decile 29,520 14,055 15,465
In fourth decile 30,130 14,670 15,460
In fifth decile 30,355 14,930 15,425
In top half of the distribution 159,970 81,030 78,935
In sixth decile 30,915 15,390 15,525
In seventh decile 32,035 16,080 15,955
In eighth decile 32,815 16,600 16,215
In ninth decile 33,045 16,930 16,110
In top decile 31,160 16,025 15,130
Total - Inequality measures for the population in private households - 100% data35 311,515 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household total income 0.328 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household market income 0.428 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household after-tax income 0.291 ... ...
P90/P10 ratio on adjusted household after-tax income 3.8 ... ...
Knowledge of official languages
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data36 313,440 154,590 158,850
English only 290,515 144,400 146,115
French only 115 55 60
English and French 18,975 8,430 10,550
Neither English nor French 3,840 1,710 2,130
First official language spoken
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data37 313,440 154,590 158,850
English 305,750 151,060 154,690
French 3,215 1,515 1,700
English and French 795 390 405
Neither English nor French 3,680 1,630 2,050
Mother tongue
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data38 313,440 154,590 158,850
Single responses 302,950 149,530 153,425
Official languages 248,015 122,830 125,185
English 244,505 121,180 123,325
French 3,510 1,650 1,865
Non-official languages 54,935 26,705 28,235
Indigenous languages39 1,425 580 845
Algonquian languages 1,105 455 655
Blackfoot 5 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 990 405 585
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 990 405 585
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 5 0 5
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 30 15 15
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 300 130 175
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 75 25 50
Cree, n.o.s. 575 235 340
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 5 0 0
Mi'kmaq 5 0 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 115 50 70
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 5 0 0
Ojibway languages 110 45 65
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 5 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 85 35 55
Ojibway, n.o.s. 20 10 10
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 230 90 135
Northern Athabaskan languages 230 90 135
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 230 90 135
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 5 0 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 5 0 5
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 35 15 20
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 40 15 25
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 35 10 25
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 53,510 26,120 27,390
Afro-Asiatic languages 3,995 2,020 1,975
Berber languages 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 25 15 10
Hausa 25 10 10
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 360 175 190
Bilen 30 15 15
Oromo 60 35 30
Somali 205 95 115
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 65 30 35
Semitic languages 3,610 1,830 1,775
Amharic 170 80 95
Arabic 2,350 1,220 1,130
Aramaic languages 635 310 325
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 330 165 165
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 260 120 140
Aramaic, n.o.s. 45 25 15
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 25 5 15
Maltese 5 0 5
Tigrigna 415 210 200
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 10
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,625 770 855
Khmer (Cambodian) 70 35 40
Vietnamese 1,550 735 815
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 9,285 4,310 4,975
Bikol 45 20 25
Bisaya, n.o.s. 170 85 90
Cebuano 465 200 265
Fijian 5 5 0
Hiligaynon 115 60 60
Ilocano 355 160 200
Indonesian 45 20 25
Kankanaey 45 15 30
Kinaray-a 5 0 5
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 10 0 5
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 65 30 35
Pangasinan 10 5 5
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 7,780 3,625 4,155
Waray-Waray 35 15 20
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 135 65 65
Creole languages 60 30 35
Haitian Creole 0 0 0
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 5 0 5
Morisyen 30 15 20
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 20 10 5
Creole languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5
Dravidian languages 890 460 430
Kannada 55 30 30
Malayalam 500 260 235
Tamil 190 90 95
Telugu 145 75 70
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 27,145 13,390 13,750
Albanian 65 35 35
Armenian 95 50 50
Balto-Slavic languages 4,950 2,205 2,740
Baltic languages 45 20 20
Latvian 25 10 10
Lithuanian 20 10 5
Slavic languages 4,910 2,185 2,720
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 30 15 15
Czech 55 25 35
Macedonian 45 20 20
Polish 510 225 290
Russian 945 425 520
Rusyn 40 20 20
Serbo-Croatian 495 255 240
Bosnian 135 65 70
Croatian 155 70 80
Serbian 195 110 85
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 15 5 5
Slovak 25 15 10
Slovene (Slovenian) 20 0 15
Ukrainian 2,755 1,195 1,560
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 25 10 10
Irish 5 0 5
Scottish Gaelic 5 5 0
Welsh 5 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5
Germanic languages 4,540 2,090 2,450
Frisian 5 0 0
High German languages 2,895 1,315 1,580
German 2,855 1,290 1,565
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 25 20 10
Yiddish 10 5 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 1,465 700 765
Afrikaans 255 135 125
Dutch 335 170 170
Low German, n.o.s. 145 65 80
Low Saxon 20 10 15
Plautdietsch 685 320 370
Vlaams (Flemish) 20 10 15
Scandinavian languages 170 70 100
Danish 65 35 35
Icelandic 10 5 0
Norwegian 60 20 40
Swedish 35 15 20
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0
Greek 200 100 105
Indo-Iranian languages 13,815 7,220 6,600
Indo-Aryan languages 12,435 6,480 5,950
Assamese 5 0 0
Bengali 2,190 1,140 1,050
Gujarati 1,665 910 755
Hindi 905 510 395
Kacchi 0 0 5
Kashmiri 10 5 0
Konkani 5 0 0
Marathi 90 50 40
Nepali 335 180 155
Oriya languages 25 15 5
Odia 25 15 10
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 3,275 1,705 1,570
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 105 65 45
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 210 95 115
Urdu 3,580 1,790 1,785
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 35 20 20
Iranian languages 1,380 730 645
Baluchi 70 35 35
Kurdish 95 55 45
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 260 150 110
Persian languages 950 490 455
Dari 165 85 75
Iranian Persian 690 355 335
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 90 50 45
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 3,445 1,680 1,770
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 205 100 105
Portuguese 590 260 335
Romanian 390 200 190
Spanish 2,260 1,125 1,135
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0
Japanese 105 35 75
Korean 465 195 260
Mongolian 45 20 25
Niger-Congo languages 1,200 605 590
Akan (Twi) 110 55 50
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 10 5 5
Éwé 15 10 5
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 5 5 0
Ga 10 5 5
Ganda 5 0 5
Gikuyu 5 0 0
Igbo 130 70 60
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 55 25 30
Lingala 5 5 5
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 10 5 5
Ndebele 15 10 5
Rundi (Kirundi) 70 30 40
Shona 50 20 25
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 5 5 5
Swahili 175 90 85
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0
Yoruba 365 195 175
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 165 80 85
Nilo-Saharan languages 205 105 95
Dinka 65 40 30
Nuer 50 25 25
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 80 40 45
African, n.o.s. 10 5 0
Sign languages 90 45 45
American Sign Language 70 35 35
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 20 15 10
Sino-Tibetan languages 7,630 3,745 3,885
Chinese languages 7,285 3,570 3,715
Hakka 15 5 5
Mandarin 5,200 2,540 2,660
Min Dong 5 5 5
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 75 40 35
Wu (Shanghainese) 25 15 15
Yue (Cantonese) 1,850 910 940
Chinese, n.o.s. 105 50 55
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5
Tibeto-Burman languages 345 175 170
Burmese 90 50 45
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 235 115 120
S'gaw Karen 205 105 105
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 30 15 20
Tibetan 10 0 5
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 160 70 90
Lao 110 55 60
Thai 45 20 30
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 235 130 110
Azerbaijani 25 15 10
Kazakh 5 5 5
Turkish 175 90 80
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 25 10 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5
Uralic languages 360 180 180
Estonian 15 5 10
Finnish 40 15 30
Hungarian 300 155 145
Other languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10
Multiple responses 10,485 5,065 5,425
English and French 1,200 560 645
English and non-official language(s) 8,155 3,970 4,185
French and non-official language(s) 120 55 65
English, French and non-official language(s) 175 85 95
Multiple non-official languages 835 395 440
All languages spoken at home
Total - All languages spoken at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data40 313,440 154,590 158,850
English 251,895 124,495 127,400
French 590 290 300
Non-official language 14,875 7,370 7,505
Indigenous39 160 70 90
Non-Indigenous 14,715 7,305 7,410
English and French 2,790 1,270 1,515
English and non-official language(s) 40,385 19,760 20,620
French and non-official language(s) 85 40 45
English, French and non-official language(s) 1,060 495 565
Multiple non-official languages 1,765 865 905
Language spoken most often at home
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data41 313,440 154,590 158,850
Single responses 302,735 149,400 153,335
Official languages 269,890 133,020 136,870
English 268,940 132,550 136,395
French 945 470 475
Non-official languages 32,845 16,375 16,470
Indigenous languages39 325 135 195
Algonquian languages 240 100 140
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 225 90 135
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 225 90 135
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0 0 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 70 30 45
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 20 5 15
Cree, n.o.s. 125 55 75
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 15 5 10
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 15 5 10
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 10 0 5
Ojibway, n.o.s. 5 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 75 30 45
Northern Athabaskan languages 75 30 45
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 75 30 45
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 5 5 5
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 5 0 5
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 5 0 5
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 32,515 16,240 16,275
Afro-Asiatic languages 2,595 1,265 1,330
Berber languages 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 0 0 0
Hausa 0 0 0
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 235 110 125
Bilen 20 10 10
Oromo 40 15 20
Somali 120 55 65
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 55 25 30
Semitic languages 2,355 1,155 1,200
Amharic 110 55 50
Arabic 1,535 760 775
Aramaic languages 425 195 230
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 215 90 120
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 195 90 100
Aramaic, n.o.s. 20 15 10
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 10 5 10
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 270 130 135
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,230 600 630
Khmer (Cambodian) 25 10 15
Vietnamese 1,210 590 620
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 5,910 2,845 3,070
Bikol 20 5 10
Bisaya, n.o.s. 75 40 30
Cebuano 275 130 145
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 80 40 40
Ilocano 190 90 95
Indonesian 20 5 5
Kankanaey 20 10 10
Kinaray-a 15 5 5
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 25 10 15
Pangasinan 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 5,110 2,450 2,660
Waray-Waray 15 10 5
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 70 35 30
Creole languages 20 10 15
Haitian Creole 0 0 0
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 0 0 0
Morisyen 15 5 5
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5
Dravidian languages 575 305 265
Kannada 25 10 10
Malayalam 340 190 155
Tamil 120 55 60
Telugu 90 50 40
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 14,970 7,675 7,290
Albanian 30 10 10
Armenian 50 25 25
Balto-Slavic languages 1,820 915 900
Baltic languages 20 10 10
Latvian 10 5 10
Lithuanian 5 5 5
Slavic languages 1,800 905 890
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 20 10 5
Czech 10 10 5
Macedonian 25 15 10
Polish 170 80 90
Russian 590 295 295
Rusyn 25 10 10
Serbo-Croatian 220 110 110
Bosnian 55 25 30
Croatian 40 15 25
Serbian 120 65 55
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 5 5 5
Slovak 5 5 5
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0
Ukrainian 730 380 350
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 0 0 0
Irish 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0
Welsh 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 770 390 380
Frisian 0 0 0
High German languages 540 265 270
German 535 265 270
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 5 5 5
Yiddish 0 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 215 115 100
Afrikaans 145 75 65
Dutch 30 15 10
Low German, n.o.s. 15 5 5
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 30 15 15
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0
Scandinavian languages 15 5 5
Danish 0 0 0
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 5 0 0
Swedish 10 0 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Greek 70 30 45
Indo-Iranian languages 10,355 5,380 4,980
Indo-Aryan languages 9,375 4,870 4,500
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 1,635 860 780
Gujarati 1,325 710 615
Hindi 590 330 260
Kacchi 5 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 60 30 30
Nepali 235 130 110
Oriya languages 5 0 0
Odia 5 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 2,705 1,380 1,325
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 80 45 40
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 120 55 65
Urdu 2,585 1,330 1,255
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5
Iranian languages 980 505 480
Baluchi 45 20 20
Kurdish 65 35 35
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 170 95 75
Persian languages 695 350 345
Dari 85 45 45
Iranian Persian 545 275 270
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 60 30 35
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 1,875 930 950
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 50 25 25
Portuguese 300 150 155
Romanian 210 105 100
Spanish 1,310 645 665
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 40 15 20
Korean 315 140 170
Mongolian 20 10 10
Niger-Congo languages 430 200 230
Akan (Twi) 35 15 20
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0
Éwé 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 40 20 20
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 25 10 15
Lingala 5 0 5
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 40 20 20
Shona 10 5 5
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 5 0 0
Swahili 75 35 40
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0
Yoruba 155 70 80
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 25 15 15
Nilo-Saharan languages 90 45 40
Dinka 25 20 10
Nuer 10 5 5
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 45 25 25
African, n.o.s. 5 0 0
Sign languages 135 80 60
American Sign Language 105 60 45
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 30 20 10
Sino-Tibetan languages 5,880 2,900 2,980
Chinese languages 5,610 2,760 2,850
Hakka 5 5 5
Mandarin 4,280 2,125 2,160
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 25 15 15
Wu (Shanghainese) 30 15 10
Yue (Cantonese) 1,185 565 620
Chinese, n.o.s. 80 40 40
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 270 140 130
Burmese 70 35 35
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 190 95 90
S'gaw Karen 165 85 80
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 20 15 10
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 70 30 40
Lao 50 30 30
Thai 15 5 15
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 120 60 55
Azerbaijani 15 10 10
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 90 45 40
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 5 0 5
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Uralic languages 100 50 50
Estonian 10 5 5
Finnish 10 10 5
Hungarian 80 40 40
Other languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10
Multiple responses 10,705 5,195 5,515
English and French 460 200 260
English and non-official language(s) 9,820 4,790 5,030
French and non-official language(s) 45 25 25
English, French and non-official language(s) 115 55 60
Multiple non-official languages 265 130 140
Other language spoken regularly at home
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data42 313,440 154,590 158,845
None 275,965 136,330 139,640
English 13,755 6,890 6,865
French 2,325 1,055 1,265
Non-official language 16,020 7,605 8,410
Indigenous39 1,145 480 665
Non-Indigenous 14,870 7,125 7,745
English and French 145 75 70
English and non-official language(s) 2,870 1,460 1,415
French and non-official language(s) 465 210 260
English, French and non-official language(s) 20 10 5
Multiple non-official languages 1,870 950 920
Knowledge of languagesThe letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice.
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample data43 311,515 153,905 157,615
Official languages 307,775 152,285 155,490
English 307,685 152,235 155,450
French 19,060 8,230 10,835
Non-official languages 73,215 35,770 37,445
Indigenous languages39 2,690 1,110 1,580
Algonquian languages 2,165 920 1,245
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 1,995 830 1,160
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 1,995 830 1,160
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 60 30 30
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 870 355 515
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 190 100 90
Cree, n.o.s. 900 360 545
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 220 100 120
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 215 95 120
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 170 65 100
Ojibway, n.o.s. 45 25 20
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 370 120 250
Northern Athabaskan languages 370 120 250
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 370 120 250
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 20 10 10
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 20 10 10
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 110 35 75
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 105 60 45
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 80 40 45
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 25 15 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 70,605 34,680 35,925
Afro-Asiatic languages 5,730 2,930 2,800
Berber languages 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 140 80 60
Hausa 120 65 60
Mina 20 15 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 460 235 225
Bilen 10 10 10
Oromo 85 45 40
Somali 235 120 110
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 130 65 65
Semitic languages 5,265 2,695 2,570
Amharic 415 215 195
Arabic 3,850 1,995 1,860
Aramaic languages 1,070 510 560
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 585 265 315
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 520 245 275
Aramaic, n.o.s. 45 25 10
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 135 70 65
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 570 290 285
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 90 55 35
Austro-Asiatic languages 2,060 1,025 1,030
Khmer (Cambodian) 80 55 35
Vietnamese 1,965 970 990
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 10 0 0
Austronesian languages 12,825 6,055 6,770
Bikol 95 35 55
Bisaya, n.o.s. 255 95 155
Cebuano 640 280 360
Fijian 10 10 0
Hiligaynon 165 80 80
Ilocano 820 380 440
Indonesian 140 55 85
Kankanaey 120 45 75
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 35 15 20
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 140 70 70
Pangasinan 30 15 15
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 12,395 5,845 6,540
Waray-Waray 65 25 40
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 370 150 215
Creole languages 345 160 185
Haitian Creole 10 0 0
Jamaican English Creole 55 25 20
Krio 20 15 0
Morisyen 160 75 90
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 70 25 50
Creole languages, n.i.e. 55 20 35
Dravidian languages 1,510 805 705
Kannada 130 70 60
Malayalam 770 410 360
Tamil 475 260 215
Telugu 345 190 150
Tulu 10 0 10
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 15 15 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 36,040 17,990 18,055
Albanian 40 20 25
Armenian 70 25 45
Balto-Slavic languages 6,300 2,795 3,510
Baltic languages 70 30 40
Latvian 40 15 25
Lithuanian 30 20 15
Slavic languages 6,270 2,785 3,490
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 70 35 35
Czech 75 40 35
Macedonian 85 40 40
Polish 720 315 410
Russian 2,075 1,005 1,065
Rusyn 80 35 50
Serbo-Croatian 690 360 335
Bosnian 210 100 110
Croatian 310 160 150
Serbian 390 215 175
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 10 0 10
Slovak 20 10 10
Slovene (Slovenian) 40 15 25
Ukrainian 3,750 1,600 2,150
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 55 40 15
Irish 20 15 0
Scottish Gaelic 15 15 0
Welsh 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0
Germanic languages 5,660 2,720 2,940
Frisian 10 10 0
High German languages 3,595 1,735 1,860
German 3,555 1,715 1,845
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 35 15 15
Yiddish 20 10 10
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 1,930 960 970
Afrikaans 510 270 235
Dutch 420 235 185
Low German, n.o.s. 150 65 90
Low Saxon 25 15 15
Plautdietsch 820 375 445
Vlaams (Flemish) 25 15 10
Scandinavian languages 345 135 210
Danish 100 55 45
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 165 65 100
Swedish 105 40 70
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 25 15 0
Greek 375 190 185
Indo-Iranian languages 17,955 9,550 8,405
Indo-Aryan languages 16,615 8,830 7,785
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 2,475 1,310 1,160
Gujarati 2,550 1,445 1,100
Hindi 5,700 3,115 2,585
Kacchi 20 10 10
Kashmiri 15 10 0
Konkani 15 0 10
Marathi 210 115 95
Nepali 545 280 260
Oriya languages 40 25 15
Odia 25 20 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 20 10 10
Punjabi (Panjabi) 5,425 2,845 2,580
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 200 105 95
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 290 115 175
Urdu 5,835 3,030 2,805
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 90 55 30
Iranian languages 1,735 930 805
Baluchi 170 100 65
Kurdish 85 50 40
Parsi 10 0 10
Pashto 445 250 195
Persian languages 1,140 590 550
Dari 250 145 110
Iranian Persian 790 395 395
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 100 50 45
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 20 10 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 20 15 10
Italic (Romance) languages 6,465 3,115 3,345
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 575 300 285
Portuguese 760 390 370
Romanian 515 255 260
Spanish 4,930 2,360 2,570
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 15 0 10
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 535 275 260
Korean 535 230 305
Mongolian 35 10 30
Niger-Congo languages 2,790 1,425 1,365
Akan (Twi) 240 110 130
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 20 10 0
Éwé 45 10 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 40 20 20
Ga 45 20 25
Ganda 35 0 30
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 445 205 240
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 65 30 40
Lingala 35 20 15
Luba-Kasai 15 10 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 30 15 10
Ndebele 40 20 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 135 80 55
Shona 80 40 40
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0
Swahili 360 200 160
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 10 10 0
Yoruba 1,105 590 510
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 420 205 215
Nilo-Saharan languages 285 140 145
Dinka 90 45 50
Nuer 60 25 30
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 140 80 60
African, n.o.s. 20 20 0
Sign languages 635 260 370
American Sign Language 560 235 325
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 110 45 65
Sino-Tibetan languages 8,745 4,235 4,505
Chinese languages 8,275 3,965 4,305
Hakka 40 10 30
Mandarin 6,425 3,090 3,335
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 165 80 85
Wu (Shanghainese) 30 20 10
Yue (Cantonese) 2,415 1,135 1,285
Chinese, n.o.s. 125 65 60
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 460 265 195
Burmese 175 105 70
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 285 150 135
S'gaw Karen 245 125 125
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 40 25 15
Tibetan 20 10 10
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 20 0 15
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 20 10 0
Tai-Kadai languages 220 120 105
Lao 115 65 50
Thai 120 65 50
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 425 225 200
Azerbaijani 70 40 30
Kazakh 40 15 25
Turkish 320 165 150
Uyghur 25 0 15
Uzbek 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Uralic languages 345 165 180
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 30 10 20
Hungarian 310 150 160
Other languages, n.i.e. 55 20 35
Indigenous population
Total - Indigenous identity for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 311,520 153,905 157,615
Indigenous identity45 34,890 16,635 18,250
Single Indigenous responses46 33,920 16,165 17,750
First Nations (North American Indian) 17,500 8,165 9,340
Métis 16,290 7,935 8,355
Inuk (Inuit) 125 65 55
Multiple Indigenous responses47 685 330 350
Indigenous responses not included elsewhere48 285 135 145
Non-Indigenous identity 276,630 137,270 139,360
Total - Registered or Treaty Indian status for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 311,520 153,905 157,615
Registered or Treaty Indian49 15,780 7,260 8,525
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 295,735 146,645 149,095
Household characteristics
Total - Private households by tenure - 25% sample data50 125,100 ... ...
Owner 85,335 ... ...
Renter 39,615 ... ...
Dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band 145 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by condominium status - 25% sample data51 125,100 ... ...
Condominium 24,570 ... ...
Not condominium 100,530 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of bedrooms - 25% sample data52 125,100 ... ...
No bedrooms 745 ... ...
1 bedroom 13,345 ... ...
2 bedrooms 30,400 ... ...
3 bedrooms 38,280 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 42,335 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of rooms - 25% sample data53 125,100 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 34,245 ... ...
5 rooms 18,640 ... ...
6 rooms 16,165 ... ...
7 rooms 15,055 ... ...
8 or more rooms 41,000 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 6.4 ... ...
Total - Private households by number of persons per room - 25% sample data54 125,100 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 121,670 ... ...
More than one person per room 3,435 ... ...
Total - Private households by housing suitability - 25% sample data55 125,100 ... ...
Suitable 119,065 ... ...
Not suitable 6,030 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by period of construction - 25% sample data56 125,100 ... ...
1960 or before 18,635 ... ...
1961 to 1980 36,445 ... ...
1981 to 1990 18,155 ... ...
1991 to 2000 10,735 ... ...
2001 to 2005 6,285 ... ...
2006 to 2010 9,825 ... ...
2011 to 2015 14,485 ... ...
2016 to 202157 10,540 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by dwelling condition - 25% sample data58 125,100 ... ...
Only regular maintenance and minor repairs needed 119,805 ... ...
Major repairs needed 5,300 ... ...
Total - Private households by number of household maintainers - 25% sample data59 125,100 ... ...
One-maintainer household 59,995 ... ...
Two-maintainer household 59,285 ... ...
Three-or-more-maintainer household 5,815 ... ...
Total - Private households by age of primary household maintainers - 25% sample data60 125,100 ... ...
15 to 24 years 5,800 ... ...
25 to 34 years 22,230 ... ...
35 to 44 years 25,695 ... ...
45 to 54 years 20,575 ... ...
55 to 64 years 22,290 ... ...
65 to 74 years 16,315 ... ...
75 to 84 years 8,510 ... ...
85 years and over 3,685 ... ...
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratio - 25% sample data61 123,740 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of income on shelter costs 97,560 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs 26,180 ... ...
30% to less than 100% 23,945 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by housing indicators - 25% sample data62 125,100 ... ...
Total - Households 'spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' or 'not suitable' or 'major repairs needed' 34,770 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs only 23,800 ... ...
Not suitable only 4,615 ... ...
Major repairs needed only 3,690 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' 1,060 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'major repairs needed' 1,245 ... ...
'Not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 285 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 75 ... ...
Acceptable housing 90,330 ... ...
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero and shelter-cost-to-income ratio less than 100%, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data63 121,505 ... ...
In core need 12,075 ... ...
Not in core need 109,430 ... ...
Total - Owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 84,735 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgage64 65.2 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 13.8 ... ...
% in core housing need63 4.2 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 1,500 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 1,556 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)66 376,000 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)66 402,800 ... ...
Total - Tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 39,590 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housing67 11.8 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 36.9 ... ...
% in core housing need63 22.6 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 1,160 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 1,215 ... ...
Total - Households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band in non-farm private dwellings - 25% sample data 145 ... ...
% of households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band spending more than 30% on shelter costs61 6.9 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 444 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 480 ... ...
Indigenous ancestry
Total - Indigenous ancestry for the population in private households - 25% sample data68 311,520 153,905 157,610
Indigenous ancestry (only)69 16,790 7,945 8,845
Single Indigenous ancestry (only)70 16,155 7,680 8,480
First Nations (North American Indian) single ancestry 12,360 5,670 6,690
Métis single ancestry 3,745 1,985 1,760
Inuit single ancestry 40 20 25
Multiple Indigenous ancestries (only)71 635 265 370
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis ancestry only 620 260 360
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
Métis and Inuit ancestry only 10 10 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries72 19,275 9,245 10,035
Single Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries73 18,390 8,805 9,590
First Nations (North American Indian) and non-Indigenous ancestry only 8,645 4,190 4,460
Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 9,660 4,575 5,085
Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 85 40 50
Multiple Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries74 885 440 440
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 840 430 410
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 30 10 15
Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 15 0 15
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous ancestry only75 275,450 136,715 138,735
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample data76 311,515 153,905 157,615
Canadian citizens77 279,995 137,850 142,145
Canadian citizens aged under 18 65,180 33,550 31,630
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 214,815 104,300 110,515
Not Canadian citizens78 31,520 16,055 15,470
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample data79 311,515 153,905 157,615
Non-immigrants80 249,955 123,055 126,895
Immigrants81 56,070 27,920 28,155
Before 1980 4,460 2,145 2,315
1980 to 1990 2,600 1,265 1,330
1991 to 2000 3,875 1,840 2,035
2001 to 2010 12,775 6,395 6,380
2011 to 202182 32,360 16,265 16,090
2011 to 2015 14,845 7,445 7,400
2016 to 2021 17,515 8,825 8,695
Non-permanent residents83 5,490 2,925 2,565
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data84 56,070 27,920 28,155
Under 5 years 5,400 2,795 2,610
5 to 14 years 11,050 5,920 5,130
15 to 24 years 8,180 3,795 4,380
25 to 44 years 26,245 12,790 13,455
45 years and over 5,195 2,615 2,585
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data85 56,070 27,920 28,155
Americas 4,535 2,220 2,320
Brazil 215 90 130
Colombia 330 150 180
El Salvador 345 150 195
Guyana 60 15 40
Haiti 15 0 15
Jamaica 460 240 215
Mexico 475 230 240
Peru 95 25 70
Trinidad and Tobago 40 10 35
United States of America 1,740 910 835
Other places of birth in Americas 770 405 370
Europe 8,110 4,065 4,045
Bosnia and Herzegovina 265 135 130
Croatia 115 70 45
France 100 30 70
Germany 685 315 365
Greece 155 90 70
Hungary 55 35 15
Italy 205 120 90
Netherlands 265 165 100
Poland 505 220 285
Portugal 150 70 75
Romania 360 185 175
Russian Federation 285 115 170
Serbia86 185 90 95
Ukraine 1,175 565 615
United Kingdom87 2,520 1,335 1,185
Other places of birth in Europe 1,085 510 575
Africa 6,295 3,235 3,055
Algeria 15 15 0
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 180 90 90
Egypt 380 200 175
Eritrea 490 255 235
Ethiopia 345 190 155
Morocco 90 55 40
Nigeria 2,115 1,075 1,040
Somalia 120 60 60
South Africa, Republic of 530 250 280
Other places of birth in Africa 2,035 1,045 990
Asia 36,855 18,260 18,595
Afghanistan 200 100 105
Iran88 675 355 325
Iraq 1,225 625 595
Lebanon 110 75 35
Syria89 660 330 335
Turkey 155 90 70
China90 4,805 2,290 2,510
Hong Kong91 450 220 230
Korea, South92 300 145 155
Taiwan 90 45 50
Philippines 12,185 5,845 6,335
Viet Nam 1,515 740 775
Bangladesh 1,845 965 880
India 6,050 3,180 2,870
Pakistan 4,005 2,040 1,970
Sri Lanka 305 130 170
Other places of birth in Asia 2,275 1,090 1,190
Oceania and other places of birth93 280 140 140
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data94 17,515 8,825 8,695
Americas 1,045 545 505
Brazil 95 55 40
Colombia 25 10 10
Haiti 0 0 0
Jamaica 205 100 105
Mexico 135 65 70
United States of America 445 250 195
Venezuela95 35 15 25
Other places of birth in Americas 110 50 55
Europe 1,070 570 505
France 25 15 15
Germany 35 20 20
Ireland96 45 25 20
Italy 30 25 10
Russian Federation 50 20 25
Ukraine 320 135 180
United Kingdom87 200 150 55
Other places of birth in Europe 355 180 170
Africa 3,065 1,590 1,475
Algeria 0 0 0
Burundi 65 40 30
Cameroon 0 0 0
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 75 40 40
Côte d'Ivoire 0 0 0
Egypt 200 100 95
Eritrea 295 165 130
Ethiopia 170 105 65
Morocco 35 20 20
Nigeria 1,540 795 740
Somalia 50 25 30
South Africa, Republic of 95 45 50
Sudan97 130 60 70
Tunisia 20 0 15
Other places of birth in Africa 375 185 195
Asia 12,255 6,075 6,180
Afghanistan 35 10 25
Bangladesh 700 345 350
China90 2,320 1,095 1,220
Hong Kong91 120 75 50
India 2,860 1,535 1,330
Iran88 295 160 130
Iraq 260 135 125
Israel 30 15 15
Japan 20 10 15
Jordan 45 15 25
Korea, South92 65 40 25
Lebanon 35 30 10
Nepal 75 45 30
Pakistan 815 385 430
Philippines 2,985 1,380 1,605
Saudi Arabia 130 50 80
Sri Lanka 25 10 10
Syria89 590 290 295
Turkey 20 10 10
United Arab Emirates 130 60 65
Viet Nam 485 280 205
Other places of birth in Asia 230 105 125
Oceania and other93 80 45 35
Australia 45 20 25
Other places of birth98 30 20 10
Generation status
Total - Generation status for the population in private households - 25% sample data99 311,515 153,905 157,615
First generation100 63,390 31,755 31,630
Second generation101 38,945 19,040 19,910
Third generation or more102 209,180 103,110 106,075
Admission category and applicant type
Total - Admission category and applicant type for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data103 51,610 25,770 25,840
Economic immigrants104 36,050 18,565 17,485
Principal applicants105 13,685 8,875 4,815
Secondary applicants106 22,360 9,690 12,675
Immigrants sponsored by family107 8,360 3,345 5,015
Refugees108 7,085 3,805 3,275
Other immigrants109 120 60 60
Pre-admission experience
Total - Pre-admission experience for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data110 51,610 25,770 25,840
Asylum claim before admission111 855 570 285
Work permits only before admission112 6,990 3,535 3,450
Study permits only before admission113 1,810 945 860
Work and study permits before admission114 3,000 1,770 1,225
Other permits before admission115 185 80 105
No pre-admission experience116 38,780 18,865 19,910
Visible minority
Total - Visible minority for the population in private households - 25% sample data117 311,520 153,905 157,615
Total visible minority population118 66,550 33,530 33,015
South Asian 19,375 10,280 9,090
Chinese 9,525 4,645 4,880
Black 8,650 4,400 4,245
Filipino 14,805 7,205 7,600
Arab 3,050 1,560 1,485
Latin American 2,740 1,305 1,435
Southeast Asian 3,555 1,795 1,765
West Asian 1,755 865 890
Korean 555 250 305
Japanese 320 150 165
Visible minority, n.i.e.119 490 220 265
Multiple visible minorities 1,745 855 890
Not a visible minority120 244,965 120,365 124,595
Ethnic or cultural origin
Total - Ethnic or cultural origin for the population in private households - 25% sample data121 311,515 153,900 157,615
Canadian 27,305 14,145 13,165
English 60,045 29,450 30,595
Irish 41,420 19,865 21,555
Scottish 49,825 24,165 25,660
French, n.o.s.122 31,030 14,985 16,045
German 76,220 36,685 39,535
Chinese 10,135 4,860 5,275
Italian 3,785 1,840 1,940
Indian (India) 7,555 4,015 3,540
Ukrainian 46,250 22,325 23,920
Dutch 9,615 4,800 4,815
Polish 17,365 8,030 9,340
Québécois 225 115 105
British Isles, n.o.s.123 7,070 3,580 3,490
Filipino 13,815 6,705 7,110
French Canadian 1,810 875 940
Caucasian (White), n.o.s.124 3,695 1,965 1,730
First Nations (North American Indian), n.o.s.125 8,195 3,810 4,390
Métis 14,905 7,260 7,645
European, n.o.s.126 4,125 2,150 1,970
Russian 12,250 5,830 6,420
Norwegian 20,380 9,655 10,725
Welsh 5,595 2,710 2,885
Portuguese 870 445 420
American 3,595 1,810 1,780
Spanish 1,960 925 1,030
Swedish 8,365 3,820 4,535
Hungarian 6,820 3,270 3,555
Acadian 320 165 160
Pakistani 4,150 2,180 1,970
African, n.o.s.127 1,595 795 800
Jewish 945 455 490
Punjabi 1,535 855 670
Vietnamese 2,135 1,055 1,080
Arab, n.o.s.128 945 515 425
Greek 945 465 480
Jamaican 740 385 355
Asian, n.o.s.129 2,275 1,135 1,135
Cree, n.o.s.130 7,485 3,515 3,970
Korean 610 270 340
Romanian 2,475 1,190 1,280
Lebanese 415 200 215
Iranian 805 410 395
Christian, n.i.e.131 1,215 585 630
Danish 2,690 1,360 1,330
North American Indigenous, n.o.s.132 2,460 1,100 1,350
Sikh 1,025 510 520
Austrian 3,940 1,830 2,110
Belgian 2,365 1,210 1,155
Haitian 40 15 25
Hindu 1,265 720 545
Mexican 805 385 425
Mennonite 4,655 2,250 2,400
Swiss 1,430 710 720
Finnish 1,410 645 765
Sri Lankan 285 115 170
Croatian 960 520 435
Japanese 525 255 270
South Asian, n.o.s.133 700 365 335
Mi'kmaq, n.o.s.134 155 80 75
Northern European, n.o.s.135 1,915 1,015 895
Muslim 1,020 540 480
Egyptian 455 235 220
Latin, Central or South American, n.o.s.136 430 220 210
Tamil 135 65 70
Icelandic 2,400 1,150 1,245
Colombian 295 150 140
Moroccan 135 70 65
Czech 1,595 770 825
Syrian 445 225 225
Guyanese 160 70 90
Afghan 425 230 195
Black, n.o.s.137 285 155 130
Serbian 425 240 185
Ojibway 535 265 270
Newfoundlander 160 105 55
Hong Konger 200 95 105
Ontarian 95 45 50
Persian 255 140 115
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 155 70 85
Turkish 365 195 175
Inuit, n.o.s.138 190 80 110
Bangladeshi 1,840 990 850
Algerian 0 0 0
Brazilian 400 205 195
Nigerian 1,030 540 490
Armenian 135 50 85
Slovak 430 195 240
Eastern European, n.o.s.139 555 260 300
Somali 145 75 70
Taiwanese 110 50 55
Iraqi 1,055 525 525
Salvadorean 420 175 250
African Caribbean 100 45 55
East or Southeast Asian, n.o.s.140 655 330 325
West or Central Asian or Middle Eastern, n.o.s.141 370 190 180
Caribbean, n.o.s.142 75 40 35
Algonquin 120 45 80
West Indian, n.o.s.143 45 30 20
Lithuanian 325 155 170
South African 450 220 230
Australian 335 150 185
Palestinian 20 0 15
Chilean 490 270 220
Congolese 235 115 120
Nova Scotian 40 20 20
Ethiopian 265 140 125
Hispanic, n.o.s.144 220 130 85
Peruvian 150 80 70
Yoruba 1,095 575 515
Cambodian (Khmer) 175 85 90
Berber 30 20 10
Albanian 85 35 50
Maltese 75 35 35
Macedonian 70 30 40
Slovenian 210 90 120
Western European, n.o.s.145 125 65 60
New Brunswicker 50 25 20
Gujarati 465 290 175
Eritrean 515 255 255
African Canadian 110 60 55
Israeli 50 20 25
Mohawk 160 75 80
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s.146 535 245 295
Bulgarian 90 60 40
Albertan 90 45 45
Ghanaian 210 105 105
Barbadian 40 10 30
African American 250 155 95
Yugoslavian, n.o.s.147