Census Profile, 2021 Census of Population
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Topic:
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Age
Age characteristics
Commuting
Select all: Commuting
Commuting destination
Commuting duration
Main mode of commuting
Place of work status
Time leaving for work
Education
Select all: Education
Highest certificate, diploma or degree
Location of study compared with province or territory of residence
Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2021
Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificate
Ethnocultural and religious diversity
Select all: Ethnocultural and religious diversity
Ethnic or cultural origin
Religion
Visible minority
Families, households, and marital status
Select all: Families, households, and marital status
Family characteristics
Household type
Marital status
Housing
Household characteristics
Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
Select all: Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
Admission category and applicant type
Age at immigration
Citizenship
Generation status
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Pre-admission experience
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Income
Select all: Income
Income of economic families in 2020
Income of households in 2020
Income of individuals in 2019
Income of individuals in 2020
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Indigenous peoples
Select all: Indigenous peoples
Indigenous ancestry
Indigenous population
Instruction in the minority official language
Select all: Instruction in the minority official language
Children eligible for instruction in the minority official language
Eligibility and instruction in the minority official language for school-aged children
Labour
Select all: Labour
Class of worker including job permanency
Industry - Sectors - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2017
Labour force status
Occupation - Broad category - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2021
Work activity during the reference year
Language
Select all: Language
All languages spoken at home
First official language spoken
Knowledge of languages
Knowledge of official languages
Language spoken most often at home
Mother tongue
Other language spoken regularly at home
Language of work
Select all: Language of work
All languages used at work
Language used most often at work
Other language(s) used regularly at work
Mobility and migration
Select all: Mobility and migration
Mobility status 1 year ago
Mobility status 5 years ago
Population and dwelling counts
Population and dwellings
Type of dwelling
Household and dwelling characteristics
GenderMore information:


Statistic:
Characteristic Region 6, Region (REG)More information:
Northwest Territories
[Census division]
Counts
Total Men+ Women+
Population and dwellings
Population, 20211 20,805 ... ...
Population, 20161 20,090 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2016 to 2021 3.6 ... ...
Total private dwellings2 8,374 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residents3 7,730 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 0.1 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 182,201.50 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups of the population - 100% data 20,805 10,405 10,400
0 to 14 years 4,185 2,115 2,065
0 to 4 years 1,380 705 675
5 to 9 years 1,445 730 715
10 to 14 years 1,355 685 670
15 to 64 years 14,965 7,460 7,505
15 to 19 years 1,210 595 620
20 to 24 years 1,335 715 620
25 to 29 years 1,650 845 800
30 to 34 years 1,885 910 975
35 to 39 years 1,760 850 910
40 to 44 years 1,690 795 895
45 to 49 years 1,440 715 725
50 to 54 years 1,365 690 675
55 to 59 years 1,445 720 730
60 to 64 years 1,190 625 560
65 years and over 1,660 830 830
65 to 69 years 755 390 370
70 to 74 years 450 250 205
75 to 79 years 245 110 130
80 to 84 years 100 40 55
85 years and over 105 35 70
85 to 89 years 35 15 20
90 to 94 years 70 20 45
95 to 99 years 5 0 5
100 years and over 0 0 0
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 20.1 20.3 19.9
15 to 64 years 71.9 71.7 72.2
65 years and over 8.0 8.0 8.0
85 years and over 0.5 0.3 0.7
Average age of the population 35.8 35.6 35.9
Median age of the population 35.6 35.2 35.6
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% data 7,730 ... ...
Single-detached house 3,510 ... ...
Semi-detached house 205 ... ...
Row house 900 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 310 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 1,945 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 300 ... ...
Other single-attached house 20 ... ...
Movable dwelling4 545 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% data 7,730 ... ...
1 person 1,845 ... ...
2 persons 2,400 ... ...
3 persons 1,390 ... ...
4 persons 1,335 ... ...
5 or more persons 765 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 20,375 10,135 10,240
Average household size 2.6 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the total population aged 15 years and over - 100% data 16,625 8,290 8,335
Married or living common-law 9,430 4,705 4,725
Married 6,720 3,375 3,345
Living common-law 2,710 1,330 1,375
Living common law - Never married 2,205 1,075 1,135
Living common law - Separated 75 40 35
Living common law - Divorced 400 205 195
Living common law - Widowed 25 15 15
Not married and not living common-law 7,190 3,585 3,610
Not married and not living common law - Never married 5,565 2,975 2,595
Not married and not living common law - Separated 375 165 210
Not married and not living common law - Divorced 820 340 480
Not married and not living common law - Widowed 425 105 325
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% data5 5,585 ... ...
2 persons 2,575 ... ...
3 persons 1,250 ... ...
4 persons 1,230 ... ...
5 or more persons 520 ... ...
Average size of census families 3.0 ... ...
Average number of children in census families with children6 1.8 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% data 5,585 ... ...
Total couple families 4,555 ... ...
Married couples 3,200 ... ...
With children6 1,985 ... ...
Without children 1,215 ... ...
Common-law couples 1,355 ... ...
With children6 600 ... ...
Without children 750 ... ...
Total one-parent families 1,030 ... ...
in which the parent is a woman+ 780 ... ...
in which the parent is a man+ 250 ... ...
Total - Persons in private households - 100% data 20,375 10,140 10,240
Total - Persons in census families 16,645 8,140 8,505
Married spouses or common-law partners 9,110 4,515 4,595
Parents in one-parent families 1,030 250 780
Children6 6,505 3,380 3,125
In a two-parent family 4,840 2,535 2,305
In a one-parent family 1,665 845 815
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 3,730 1,995 1,735
Living alone 1,845 930 915
Living with other relatives7 520 245 275
Living with non-relatives only 1,365 820 540
Household type
Total - Household type - 100% data 7,730 ... ...
One-census-family households without additional persons 4,720 ... ...
Couple-family households 3,960 ... ...
With children6 2,305 ... ...
Without children 1,655 ... ...
One-parent-family households 760 ... ...
Multigenerational households8 215 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households9 55 ... ...
One-census-family households with additional persons9 390 ... ...
Two-or-more-person non-census-family households 505 ... ...
One-person households 1,845 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2020
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data10 16,195 8,025 8,175
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 16,090 7,975 8,115
Median total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 71,500 76,500 66,500
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 16,090 7,975 8,120
Median after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 62,000 65,000 58,800
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 14,705 7,345 7,355
Median market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 73,000 79,000 68,000
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 13,775 6,940 6,835
Median employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 73,000 78,500 68,500
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 16,045 7,955 8,095
Median government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 1,510 1,220 2,120
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 1,250 580 670
Median employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 6,280 5,560 6,500
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 3,625 1,780 1,845
Median COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 8,000 8,000 8,000
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data11 16,195 8,020 8,175
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 16,080 7,960 8,120
Average total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 79,100 84,800 73,600
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 16,080 7,960 8,120
Average after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 65,500 69,300 61,850
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 14,670 7,275 7,400
Average market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 79,400 86,500 72,400
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 13,770 6,890 6,880
Average employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 77,800 83,700 71,900
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 16,040 7,940 8,100
Average government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 6,700 5,775 7,610
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 1,245 530 715
Average employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 7,360 5,900 8,420
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 3,770 1,890 1,880
Average COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 8,780 8,720 8,830
Total - Employment income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data12 16,195 8,025 8,175
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 8,225 4,270 3,955
Median employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 98,000 103,000 94,000
Average employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 101,700 105,300 97,800
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 4,050 1,920 2,130
Median employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 29,200 35,600 27,400
Average employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 43,520 48,360 39,160
Composition of total income in 2020 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data17 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)18 91.6 93.2 89.6
Employment income (%)19 84.2 85.6 82.8
Government transfers (%)20 8.5 6.8 10.3
Employment insurance benefits (%) 0.7 0.5 1.0
COVID-19 - Government income support and benefits (%) 2.9 2.6 3.2
COVID-19 - Emergency and recovery benefits (%) 2.6 2.4 2.8
Total - Total income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data21 16,195 8,020 8,175
Without total income 105 50 60
With total income 16,085 7,975 8,115
Under $10,000 (including loss) 1,470 700 770
$10,000 to $19,999 880 410 470
$20,000 to $29,999 1,245 600 645
$30,000 to $39,999 1,140 480 655
$40,000 to $49,999 1,110 530 585
$50,000 to $59,999 1,040 465 575
$60,000 to $69,999 970 460 510
$70,000 to $79,999 1,070 520 555
$80,000 to $89,999 955 415 540
$90,000 to $99,999 965 480 490
$100,000 and over 5,235 2,920 2,315
$100,000 to $149,999 3,735 1,955 1,780
$150,000 and over 1,500 965 535
Total - After-tax income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data22 16,195 8,020 8,175
Without after-tax income 105 50 60
With after-tax income 16,090 7,975 8,115
Under $10,000 (including loss) 1,505 715 795
$10,000 to $19,999 910 425 485
$20,000 to $29,999 1,355 645 710
$30,000 to $39,999 1,360 595 770
$40,000 to $49,999 1,295 615 685
$50,000 to $59,999 1,370 660 705
$60,000 to $69,999 1,325 615 710
$70,000 to $79,999 1,255 580 675
$80,000 to $89,999 1,235 595 640
$90,000 to $99,999 1,200 645 555
$100,000 and over 3,270 1,880 1,390
$100,000 to $124,999 2,010 1,070 940
$125,000 and over 1,260 815 445
Total - Employment income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data19 16,195 8,020 8,175
Without employment income 2,420 1,080 1,340
With employment income 13,775 6,940 6,830
Under $5,000 (including loss) 995 470 520
$5,000 to $9,999 685 315 365
$10,000 to $19,999 945 430 520
$20,000 to $29,999 855 370 485
$30,000 to $39,999 780 415 365
$40,000 to $49,999 740 365 375
$50,000 to $59,999 825 405 415
$60,000 to $69,999 825 395 425
$70,000 to $79,999 810 345 465
$80,000 to $89,999 900 395 500
$90,000 to $99,999 840 430 415
$100,000 and over 4,575 2,590 1,980
$100,000 to $124,999 2,115 1,100 1,010
$125,000 and over 2,465 1,490 975
Income of individuals in 2019
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data23 16,195 8,025 8,175
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 15,455 7,655 7,800
Median total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 70,000 76,500 64,000
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 15,455 7,655 7,800
Median after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 60,800 65,500 56,400
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 14,575 7,280 7,295
Median market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 70,000 78,000 63,600
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 13,755 6,915 6,840
Median employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 70,500 77,000 64,000
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 14,035 6,870 7,170
Median government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 1,000 1,000 1,150
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 -100% data 1,150 500 655
Median employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 7,100 6,360 7,950
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data24 16,195 8,020 8,175
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 15,465 7,640 7,830
Average total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 78,000 85,100 71,000
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 15,465 7,640 7,830
Average after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 64,500 69,300 59,850
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 14,565 7,220 7,350
Average market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 78,100 86,300 70,100
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 13,765 6,880 6,885
Average employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 75,800 82,800 68,900
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 14,050 6,810 7,240
Average government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 4,800 3,960 5,590
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 1,120 485 640
Average employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 9,200 7,920 10,200
Total - Employment income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data25 16,195 8,025 8,175
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 8,150 4,200 3,950
Median employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 94,000 100,000 89,000
Average employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 96,100 101,800 90,000
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 3,925 1,890 2,030
Median employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 34,800 40,800 28,200
Average employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 49,680 55,400 44,360
Composition of total income in 2019 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%) 94.4 95.8 92.8
Employment income (%) 86.6 87.6 85.4
Government transfers (%) 5.6 4.2 7.3
Employment insurance benefits (%) 0.9 0.6 1.2
Income of households in 2020
Total - Income statistics for private households - 100% data26 7,730 ... ...
Median total income of household in 2020 ($) 147,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 125,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 100% data 1,845 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 87,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 74,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 100% data 5,885 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 176,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 149,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for private households - 25% sample data27 7,730 ... ...
Average total income of household in 2020 ($) 164,600 ... ...
Average after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 136,400 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 25% sample data 1,850 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 91,400 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 75,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 25% sample data 5,880 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 187,600 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 155,600 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data21 7,730 ... ...
Under $5,000 40 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 20 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 25 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 30 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 75 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 105 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 115 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 105 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 130 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 115 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 255 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 255 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 290 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 305 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 315 ... ...
$100,000 and over 5,550 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 925 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 840 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 1,405 ... ...
$200,000 and over 2,385 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data22 7,730 ... ...
Under $5,000 40 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 25 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 30 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 35 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 80 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 120 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 130 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 125 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 140 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 130 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 325 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 355 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 355 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 445 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 455 ... ...
$100,000 and over 4,950 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 1,075 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 920 ... ...
$150,000 and over 2,960 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2020
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 100% data28 5,480 ... ...
Median total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 172,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 146,000 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 100% data 1,775 ... ...
Median total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 166,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 139,000 ... ...
Average family size of couple-only economic families 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 100% data 2,605 ... ...
Median total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 208,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 174,000 ... ...
Average family size of couple-with-children economic families 4.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 920 ... ...
Median total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 95,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 86,000 ... ...
Average family size of one-parent economic families 2.8 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% data29 3,210 1,750 1,460
Median total income in 2020 ($)30 72,500 70,500 75,500
Median after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 62,400 60,400 64,500
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 25% sample data31 5,475 ... ...
Average total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 185,200 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 153,200 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 25% sample data 1,765 ... ...
Average total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 182,800 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 149,600 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 25% sample data 2,605 ... ...
Average total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 215,600 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 177,800 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 890 ... ...
Average total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 104,800 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 90,400 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample data32 3,210 1,725 1,485
Average total income in 2020 ($)30 80,600 80,400 80,900
Average after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 67,100 66,700 67,500
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Total - LIM low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households - 100% data33 20,370 10,135 10,235
0 to 17 years 4,905 2,485 2,420
0 to 5 years 1,710 865 845
18 to 64 years 13,950 6,865 7,085
65 years and over 1,520 785 735
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 900 440 455
0 to 17 years 320 165 150
0 to 5 years 125 65 55
18 to 64 years 495 225 265
65 years and over 85 45 45
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 4.4 4.3 4.5
0 to 17 years (%) 6.5 6.8 6.2
0 to 5 years (%) 7.2 7.6 6.8
18 to 64 years (%) 3.5 3.3 3.8
65 years and over (%) 5.6 5.6 5.6
Total - LICO low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households to whom the low-income concept is applicable - 100% data33 0 0 0
0 to 17 years 0 0 0
0 to 5 years 0 0 0
18 to 64 years 0 0 0
65 years and over 0 0 0
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 0 0 0
0 to 17 years 0 0 0
0 to 5 years 0 0 0
18 to 64 years 0 0 0
65 years and over 0 0 0
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) x x x
0 to 17 years (%) x x x
0 to 5 years (%) x x x
18 to 64 years (%) x x x
65 years and over (%) x x x
Total - Adjusted after-tax economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% data34The letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice. 20,370 10,135 10,240
In bottom half of the distribution 4,530 2,255 2,275
In bottom decile 910 475 435
In second decile 925 425 500
In third decile 845 405 440
In fourth decile 895 455 440
In fifth decile 960 490 470
In top half of the distribution 15,845 7,885 7,955
In sixth decile 1,250 610 640
In seventh decile 1,645 820 825
In eighth decile 2,160 1,050 1,110
In ninth decile 3,815 1,920 1,895
In top decile 6,975 3,490 3,485
Total - Inequality measures for the population in private households - 100% data35 20,375 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household total income 0.292 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household market income 0.344 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household after-tax income 0.263 ... ...
P90/P10 ratio on adjusted household after-tax income 3.7 ... ...
Knowledge of official languages
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data36 20,475 10,200 10,280
English only 16,905 8,590 8,315
French only 85 40 45
English and French 3,380 1,520 1,860
Neither English nor French 105 45 60
First official language spoken
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data37 20,475 10,200 10,280
English 19,375 9,645 9,730
French 890 455 435
English and French 115 60 55
Neither English nor French 95 40 60
Mother tongue
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data38 20,475 10,200 10,280
Single responses 19,655 9,815 9,845
Official languages 16,510 8,360 8,150
English 15,635 7,905 7,730
French 875 455 425
Non-official languages 3,140 1,455 1,690
Indigenous languages39 515 175 335
Algonquian languages 20 10 10
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 15 5 5
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 15 5 5
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 5 0 5
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 5 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 5 0 0
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 5 5
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 10 5 5
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 10 5 5
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 395 140 250
Northern Athabaskan languages 395 140 250
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 80 35 45
Gwich'in 5 0 5
Slavey-Hare languages 105 30 75
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 15 0 15
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 55 15 40
Slavey, n.o.s. 30 10 20
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 205 80 130
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 95 25 75
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 30 5 25
Inuinnaqtun 15 0 10
Inuvialuktun 15 0 10
Inuktitut 65 15 50
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 2,630 1,275 1,350
Afro-Asiatic languages 240 150 95
Berber languages 10 10 0
Kabyle 0 0 0
Tamazight 10 5 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 0 0 0
Hausa 0 0 0
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 50 25 20
Bilen 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 50 25 20
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 180 115 70
Amharic 20 15 5
Arabic 115 75 45
Aramaic languages 0 0 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 5 5 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 50 25 20
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 155 65 85
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 150 65 85
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 835 350 490
Bikol 5 5 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 20 10 15
Cebuano 60 15 40
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 10 5 10
Ilocano 60 25 35
Indonesian 0 0 0
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10 0 5
Pangasinan 5 0 5
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 650 280 370
Waray-Waray 5 0 5
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5
Creole languages 15 10 10
Haitian Creole 0 0 0
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 5 0 0
Morisyen 5 0 0
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 10 5 5
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Dravidian languages 85 50 40
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 45 25 20
Tamil 20 10 10
Telugu 25 10 10
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 825 440 390
Albanian 5 0 0
Armenian 35 15 20
Balto-Slavic languages 110 55 55
Baltic languages 0 0 0
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Slavic languages 110 55 55
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 10 10 0
Czech 5 0 0
Macedonian 10 5 0
Polish 15 5 10
Russian 30 10 20
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 15 10 5
Bosnian 5 5 0
Croatian 5 5 0
Serbian 10 5 5
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Slovak 15 5 10
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0
Ukrainian 10 5 5
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 5 5 0
Irish 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0
Welsh 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 165 85 80
Frisian 0 0 0
High German languages 80 45 35
German 80 45 35
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 0 0 0
Yiddish 0 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 70 35 40
Afrikaans 20 10 15
Dutch 35 15 15
Low German, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 10 5 5
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0
Scandinavian languages 10 5 5
Danish 5 0 0
Icelandic 0 0 5
Norwegian 0 0 0
Swedish 5 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Greek 10 5 0
Indo-Iranian languages 370 210 165
Indo-Aryan languages 355 205 155
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 65 30 30
Gujarati 25 15 10
Hindi 40 25 15
Kacchi 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0
Nepali 15 5 5
Oriya languages 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 135 85 50
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 5 0 5
Urdu 65 35 30
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0
Iranian languages 15 5 10
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 0 0 0
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 0 0 0
Persian languages 15 5 10
Dari 0 0 0
Iranian Persian 10 0 5
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 10 0 5
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 135 60 70
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 25 15 5
Portuguese 5 0 5
Romanian 10 5 5
Spanish 85 35 55
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 50 20 35
Korean 30 10 20
Mongolian 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 115 60 60
Akan (Twi) 5 5 0
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0
Éwé 5 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0
Ganda 10 5 5
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0
Lingala 0 0 0
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 10 5 10
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Shona 40 15 25
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 5 0 0
Swahili 10 5 0
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0
Yoruba 5 5 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10
Nilo-Saharan languages 5 5 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0
African, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Sign languages 0 0 0
American Sign Language 0 0 0
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages 220 110 115
Chinese languages 220 110 115
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 85 45 45
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 5 0 5
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0
Yue (Cantonese) 120 55 65
Chinese, n.o.s. 10 5 5
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0
Burmese 0 0 0
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 5 0 0
Lao 0 0 0
Thai 5 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 10 0 5
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 5 5 5
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Uralic languages 25 10 10
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 10 0 5
Hungarian 15 10 5
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Multiple responses 820 385 435
English and French 210 105 110
English and non-official language(s) 535 245 285
French and non-official language(s) 20 10 10
English, French and non-official language(s) 15 10 5
Multiple non-official languages 45 20 20
All languages spoken at home
Total - All languages spoken at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data40 20,475 10,200 10,280
English 16,275 8,215 8,060
French 375 185 190
Non-official language 695 345 350
Indigenous39 65 20 40
Non-Indigenous 630 320 310
English and French 695 330 365
English and non-official language(s) 2,235 1,025 1,205
French and non-official language(s) 10 5 5
English, French and non-official language(s) 115 60 55
Multiple non-official languages 75 35 45
Language spoken most often at home
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data41 20,475 10,200 10,280
Single responses 19,805 9,895 9,915
Official languages 18,300 9,150 9,145
English 17,785 8,900 8,885
French 510 250 260
Non-official languages 1,515 740 770
Indigenous languages39 95 35 60
Algonquian languages 0 0 5
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 0 0 0
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0 0 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 0 0 0
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 85 35 50
Northern Athabaskan languages 85 35 50
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 20 10 10
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 25 10 20
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 20 5 15
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 40 15 25
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 5 0 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 5 0 5
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 1,415 700 710
Afro-Asiatic languages 170 105 65
Berber languages 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 0 0 0
Hausa 0 0 0
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 40 25 15
Bilen 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 40 25 15
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 130 75 55
Amharic 10 5 10
Arabic 75 45 30
Aramaic languages 0 0 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 0 0 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 50 35 15
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 105 45 55
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 105 45 55
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 490 225 265
Bikol 0 0 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 10 5 5
Cebuano 30 10 20
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 5 5 5
Ilocano 35 20 15
Indonesian 0 0 0
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 400 185 220
Waray-Waray 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Creole languages 5 5 5
Haitian Creole 0 0 0
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 0 0 0
Morisyen 0 0 0
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Dravidian languages 55 25 30
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 25 15 15
Tamil 10 5 5
Telugu 20 10 5
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 370 200 175
Albanian 0 0 0
Armenian 15 10 10
Balto-Slavic languages 35 15 15
Baltic languages 0 0 0
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Slavic languages 35 15 15
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 5 0 5
Czech 0 0 0
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 10 0 5
Russian 15 5 5
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0
Bosnian 0 0 0
Croatian 0 0 0
Serbian 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Slovak 10 5 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0
Ukrainian 0 0 0
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 0 0 0
Irish 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0
Welsh 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 30 15 15
Frisian 0 0 0
High German languages 10 5 5
German 10 5 5
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 0 0 0
Yiddish 0 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 20 5 10
Afrikaans 10 5 5
Dutch 0 0 0
Low German, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 0 0 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0
Scandinavian languages 0 0 0
Danish 0 0 0
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 0 0 0
Swedish 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Greek 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages 250 140 110
Indo-Aryan languages 235 135 95
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 50 25 25
Gujarati 15 10 10
Hindi 20 10 10
Kacchi 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0
Nepali 5 0 5
Oriya languages 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 120 85 40
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0
Urdu 25 10 15
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iranian languages 15 5 10
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 0 0 0
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 0 0 0
Persian languages 10 5 10
Dari 0 0 0
Iranian Persian 10 5 5
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 5 0 0
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 40 15 25
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 0 0 0
Portuguese 0 0 0
Romanian 0 0 0
Spanish 35 15 25
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 35 15 20
Korean 15 5 10
Mongolian 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 25 10 20
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0
Éwé 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0
Lingala 0 0 0
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Shona 10 5 10
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0
Swahili 0 0 0
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
African, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Sign languages 5 10 0
American Sign Language 10 5 0
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages 125 60 65
Chinese languages 125 60 65
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 55 30 30
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0
Yue (Cantonese) 55 25 30
Chinese, n.o.s. 5 0 5
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0
Burmese 0 0 0
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 0 0 0
Lao 0 0 0
Thai 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 5 5 5
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 5 5 5
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Uralic languages 0 0 0
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 0 0 0
Hungarian 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Multiple responses 665 310 360
English and French 155 70 80
English and non-official language(s) 485 225 260
French and non-official language(s) 5 5 0
English, French and non-official language(s) 10 5 5
Multiple non-official languages 15 5 10
Other language spoken regularly at home
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data42 20,475 10,200 10,275
None 17,900 9,005 8,890
English 745 350 390
French 430 205 225
Non-official language 1,090 475 615
Indigenous39 225 80 145
Non-Indigenous 865 395 470
English and French 20 10 10
English and non-official language(s) 120 65 60
French and non-official language(s) 65 35 30
English, French and non-official language(s) 5 0 0
Multiple non-official languages 100 50 55
Knowledge of languagesThe letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice.
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample data43 20,370 10,135 10,235
Official languages 20,265 10,105 10,160
English 20,110 10,035 10,075
French 3,520 1,615 1,905
Non-official languages 4,625 2,125 2,505
Indigenous languages39 745 265 480
Algonquian languages 60 25 30
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 30 10 25
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 30 10 25
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0 0 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 15 0 15
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 15 10 0
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 35 15 20
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 40 10 20
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 25 10 10
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 540 200 345
Northern Athabaskan languages 540 200 345
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 120 50 70
Gwich'in 10 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 120 35 85
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 30 0 20
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 70 20 40
Slavey, n.o.s. 30 10 25
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 335 130 205
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 140 40 100
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 25 0 25
Inuinnaqtun 20 0 20
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 110 40 70
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 3,890 1,860 2,025
Afro-Asiatic languages 455 280 180
Berber languages 45 30 10
Kabyle 0 0 0
Tamazight 45 30 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 0 0 0
Hausa 0 0 0
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 65 55 15
Bilen 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 65 55 15
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 375 210 160
Amharic 40 25 15
Arabic 245 155 85
Aramaic languages 0 0 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 10 0 10
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 95 45 50
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 235 105 135
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 230 105 130
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 1,070 460 610
Bikol 0 0 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 35 10 25
Cebuano 75 25 50
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0
Ilocano 110 55 55
Indonesian 15 10 10
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 25 15 10
Pangasinan 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,035 440 595
Waray-Waray 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 35 15 25
Creole languages 60 30 25
Haitian Creole 0 0 0
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 25 10 10
Morisyen 10 0 10
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 10 10 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Dravidian languages 110 50 60
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 80 40 35
Tamil 65 30 30
Telugu 0 0 0
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 1,475 715 760
Albanian 0 0 0
Armenian 45 25 15
Balto-Slavic languages 185 85 100
Baltic languages 0 0 0
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Slavic languages 180 85 100
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 20 10 10
Czech 0 0 0
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 15 10 10
Russian 90 40 45
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 20 15 0
Bosnian 10 0 0
Croatian 0 0 0
Serbian 15 10 0
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Slovak 20 0 20
Slovene (Slovenian) 10 0 0
Ukrainian 10 0 10
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 0 0 0
Irish 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0
Welsh 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 345 170 175
Frisian 0 0 0
High German languages 200 105 95
German 200 105 95
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 0 0 0
Yiddish 0 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 145 55 90
Afrikaans 75 30 45
Dutch 70 20 45
Low German, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 0 0 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0
Scandinavian languages 30 20 10
Danish 0 0 0
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 0 0 0
Swedish 20 10 10
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Greek 10 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages 490 250 240
Indo-Aryan languages 465 240 225
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 140 60 75
Gujarati 0 0 0
Hindi 180 95 85
Kacchi 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0
Nepali 0 0 0
Oriya languages 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 150 75 75
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 10 10 0
Urdu 115 60 60
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iranian languages 30 15 15
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 0 0 0
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 0 0 0
Persian languages 25 10 15
Dari 0 0 0
Iranian Persian 25 10 15
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 0 0 0
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 495 235 265
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 70 25 45
Portuguese 25 0 20
Romanian 0 0 0
Spanish 415 200 220
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 85 30 55
Korean 45 15 35
Mongolian 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 190 95 90
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0
Éwé 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0
Ganda 25 10 10
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 10 10 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0
Lingala 0 0 0
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 25 10 15
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Shona 80 30 50
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0
Swahili 0 0 0
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 50 25 25
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
African, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Sign languages 25 10 10
American Sign Language 25 10 10
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages 230 120 110
Chinese languages 230 120 110
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 135 80 60
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 10 0
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0
Yue (Cantonese) 140 65 75
Chinese, n.o.s. 0 10 0
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0
Burmese 0 0 0
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 0 0 0
Lao 0 0 0
Thai 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 15 10 10
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 15 10 10
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Uralic languages 30 25 0
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 10 0 0
Hungarian 25 25 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0
Indigenous population
Total - Indigenous identity for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 20,375 10,135 10,240
Indigenous identity45 5,075 2,340 2,735
Single Indigenous responses46 4,900 2,245 2,650
First Nations (North American Indian) 3,120 1,350 1,765
Métis 1,075 560 520
Inuk (Inuit) 700 335 365
Multiple Indigenous responses47 140 75 65
Indigenous responses not included elsewhere48 40 25 15
Non-Indigenous identity 15,300 7,795 7,500
Total - Registered or Treaty Indian status for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 20,375 10,135 10,240
Registered or Treaty Indian49 3,080 1,360 1,720
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 17,295 8,775 8,515
Household characteristics
Total - Private households by tenure - 25% sample data50 7,730 ... ...
Owner 4,420 ... ...
Renter 3,310 ... ...
Dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band 0 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by condominium status - 25% sample data51 7,730 ... ...
Condominium 1,340 ... ...
Not condominium 6,390 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of bedrooms - 25% sample data52 7,730 ... ...
No bedrooms 85 ... ...
1 bedroom 1,085 ... ...
2 bedrooms 1,745 ... ...
3 bedrooms 3,360 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 1,450 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of rooms - 25% sample data53 7,730 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 2,640 ... ...
5 rooms 1,730 ... ...
6 rooms 1,190 ... ...
7 rooms 820 ... ...
8 or more rooms 1,340 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 5.5 ... ...
Total - Private households by number of persons per room - 25% sample data54 7,730 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 7,410 ... ...
More than one person per room 320 ... ...
Total - Private households by housing suitability - 25% sample data55 7,730 ... ...
Suitable 7,085 ... ...
Not suitable 645 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by period of construction - 25% sample data56 7,730 ... ...
1960 or before 275 ... ...
1961 to 1980 2,100 ... ...
1981 to 1990 1,890 ... ...
1991 to 2000 1,470 ... ...
2001 to 2005 610 ... ...
2006 to 2010 320 ... ...
2011 to 2015 600 ... ...
2016 to 202157 470 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by dwelling condition - 25% sample data58 7,730 ... ...
Only regular maintenance and minor repairs needed 6,890 ... ...
Major repairs needed 845 ... ...
Total - Private households by number of household maintainers - 25% sample data59 7,730 ... ...
One-maintainer household 3,420 ... ...
Two-maintainer household 3,740 ... ...
Three-or-more-maintainer household 565 ... ...
Total - Private households by age of primary household maintainers - 25% sample data60 7,730 ... ...
15 to 24 years 285 ... ...
25 to 34 years 1,520 ... ...
35 to 44 years 1,815 ... ...
45 to 54 years 1,580 ... ...
55 to 64 years 1,555 ... ...
65 to 74 years 755 ... ...
75 to 84 years 210 ... ...
85 years and over 15 ... ...
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratio - 25% sample data61 7,725 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of income on shelter costs 6,525 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs 1,205 ... ...
30% to less than 100% 1,080 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by housing indicators - 25% sample data62 7,730 ... ...
Total - Households 'spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' or 'not suitable' or 'major repairs needed' 2,410 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs only 980 ... ...
Not suitable only 505 ... ...
Major repairs needed only 660 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' 80 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'major repairs needed' 125 ... ...
'Not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 45 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 15 ... ...
Acceptable housing 5,320 ... ...
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero and shelter-cost-to-income ratio less than 100%, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data63 7,605 ... ...
In core need 795 ... ...
Not in core need 6,810 ... ...
Total - Owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 4,425 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgage64 72.3 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 9.7 ... ...
% in core housing need63 4.8 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 2,340 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 2,324 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)66 448,000 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)66 492,000 ... ...
Total - Tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 3,305 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housing67 22.1 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 23.3 ... ...
% in core housing need63 18.3 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 1,820 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 1,782 ... ...
Total - Households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band in non-farm private dwellings - 25% sample data 0 ... ...
% of households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band spending more than 30% on shelter costs61 ... ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 ... ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 ... ... ...
Indigenous ancestry
Total - Indigenous ancestry for the population in private households - 25% sample data68 20,375 10,140 10,240
Indigenous ancestry (only)69 3,145 1,405 1,740
Single Indigenous ancestry (only)70 2,975 1,325 1,650
First Nations (North American Indian) single ancestry 2,360 1,025 1,330
Métis single ancestry 255 155 95
Inuit single ancestry 360 145 220
Multiple Indigenous ancestries (only)71 170 80 90
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis ancestry only 70 30 40
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit ancestry only 80 40 35
Métis and Inuit ancestry only 25 0 20
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries72 2,060 970 1,090
Single Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries73 1,885 865 1,025
First Nations (North American Indian) and non-Indigenous ancestry only 1,245 560 680
Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 435 205 230
Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 210 100 110
Multiple Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries74 170 105 70
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 70 35 35
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 75 50 25
Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 25 20 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous ancestry only75 15,175 7,760 7,410
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample data76 20,375 10,140 10,235
Canadian citizens77 18,855 9,370 9,485
Canadian citizens aged under 18 4,720 2,355 2,365
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 14,135 7,015 7,125
Not Canadian citizens78 1,520 770 750
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample data79 20,375 10,140 10,235
Non-immigrants80 16,750 8,340 8,415
Immigrants81 3,280 1,630 1,645
Before 1980 405 220 185
1980 to 1990 265 140 125
1991 to 2000 510 235 270
2001 to 2010 820 375 445
2011 to 202182 1,280 660 615
2011 to 2015 650 350 300
2016 to 2021 630 310 315
Non-permanent residents83 345 165 175
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data84 3,280 1,630 1,645
Under 5 years 280 185 95
5 to 14 years 515 325 190
15 to 24 years 755 350 405
25 to 44 years 1,425 655 775
45 years and over 295 115 185
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data85 3,280 1,630 1,645
Americas 245 100 140
Brazil 10 0 0
Colombia 0 0 0
El Salvador 15 0 10
Guyana 0 0 0
Haiti 0 0 0
Jamaica 25 15 15
Mexico 15 0 15
Peru 0 0 0
Trinidad and Tobago 0 0 0
United States of America 110 50 65
Other places of birth in Americas 45 25 20
Europe 550 305 245
Bosnia and Herzegovina 10 0 0
Croatia 0 0 0
France 30 10 15
Germany 95 55 45
Greece 0 0 0
Hungary 15 15 0
Italy 25 15 10
Netherlands 30 15 15
Poland 0 0 0
Portugal 0 0 0
Romania 25 15 10
Russian Federation 10 10 0
Serbia86 0 0 0
Ukraine 0 0 0
United Kingdom87 205 110 90
Other places of birth in Europe 90 50 40
Africa 635 365 265
Algeria 30 20 10
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 0 0 0
Egypt 0 0 0
Eritrea 50 30 20
Ethiopia 40 20 15
Morocco 30 15 20
Nigeria 20 10 10
Somalia 65 55 10
South Africa, Republic of 75 45 25
Other places of birth in Africa 320 170 145
Asia 1,805 845 960
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Iran88 15 0 10
Iraq 0 0 0
Lebanon 0 0 0
Syria89 35 30 0
Turkey 0 0 0
China90 75 35 40
Hong Kong91 45 25 20
Korea, South92 35 0 25
Taiwan 10 0 0
Philippines 970 435 530
Viet Nam 160 55 105
Bangladesh 65 30 35
India 200 120 75
Pakistan 60 30 30
Sri Lanka 10 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 125 50 75
Oceania and other places of birth93 40 15 30
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data94 630 315 315
Americas 15 10 0
Brazil 0 0 0
Colombia 0 0 0
Haiti 0 0 0
Jamaica 0 0 0
Mexico 0 0 0
United States of America 0 0 0
Venezuela95 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 10 10 0
Europe 75 45 30
France 25 10 15
Germany 0 0 0
Ireland96 10 0 0
Italy 0 0 0
Russian Federation 0 0 0
Ukraine 0 0 0
United Kingdom87 10 10 0
Other places of birth in Europe 35 25 10
Africa 145 60 90
Algeria 0 0 0
Burundi 0 0 0
Cameroon 0 0 0
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 0 0 0
Côte d'Ivoire 0 0 0
Egypt 0 0 0
Eritrea 20 0 20
Ethiopia 20 0 15
Morocco 0 0 0
Nigeria 0 0 0
Somalia 20 15 0
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0
Sudan97 30 10 25
Tunisia 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 35 20 20
Asia 385 195 195
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Bangladesh 15 0 10
China90 15 10 0
Hong Kong91 0 0 0
India 65 40 20
Iran88 0 0 0
Iraq 0 0 0
Israel 0 0 0
Japan 0 0 0
Jordan 0 0 0
Korea, South92 0 0 0
Lebanon 0 0 0
Nepal 0 0 0
Pakistan 10 0 0
Philippines 230 100 130
Saudi Arabia 0 0 0
Sri Lanka 0 0 0
Syria89 0 0 0
Turkey 0 0 0
United Arab Emirates 0 0 0
Viet Nam 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 10 0 10
Oceania and other93 0 0 0
Australia 0 0 0
Other places of birth98 0 0 0
Generation status
Total - Generation status for the population in private households - 25% sample data99 20,375 10,135 10,235
First generation100 3,785 1,895 1,890
Second generation101 2,860 1,390 1,470
Third generation or more102 13,730 6,850 6,870
Admission category and applicant type
Total - Admission category and applicant type for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data103 2,870 1,410 1,465
Economic immigrants104 1,490 765 730
Principal applicants105 680 360 320
Secondary applicants106 810 405 405
Immigrants sponsored by family107 935 355 580
Refugees108 420 275 145
Other immigrants109 25 10 10
Pre-admission experience
Total - Pre-admission experience for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data110 2,870 1,410 1,465
Asylum claim before admission111 110 65 40
Work permits only before admission112 570 185 380
Study permits only before admission113 95 65 30
Work and study permits before admission114 180 110 70
Other permits before admission115 0 0 0
No pre-admission experience116 1,915 975 940
Visible minority
Total - Visible minority for the population in private households - 25% sample data117 20,375 10,135 10,235
Total visible minority population118 4,000 1,945 2,050
South Asian 615 310 305
Chinese 260 145 115
Black 875 460 415
Filipino 1,375 645 730
Arab 190 110 80
Latin American 90 30 65
Southeast Asian 270 110 165
West Asian 25 15 15
Korean 45 10 30
Japanese 85 40 45
Visible minority, n.i.e.119 30 15 15
Multiple visible minorities 130 60 70
Not a visible minority120 16,380 8,195 8,190
Ethnic or cultural origin
Total - Ethnic or cultural origin for the population in private households - 25% sample data121 20,370 10,135 10,235
Canadian 2,450 1,225 1,225
English 4,020 2,040 1,980
Irish 3,375 1,715 1,660
Scottish 3,545 1,685 1,865
French, n.o.s.122 2,085 1,135 945
German 1,810 930 875
Chinese 280 150 130
Italian 330 165 170
Indian (India) 335 165 170
Ukrainian 635 350 285
Dutch 640 355 285
Polish 405 180 220
Québécois 90 55 40
British Isles, n.o.s.123 690 360 335
Filipino 1,275 585 690
French Canadian 250 90 160
Caucasian (White), n.o.s.124 635 310 325
First Nations (North American Indian), n.o.s.125 820 380 440
Métis 880 455 425
European, n.o.s.126 400 185 215
Russian 155 75 80
Norwegian 435 240 190
Welsh 340 170 165
Portuguese 30 15 15
American 175 105 70
Spanish 125 60 65
Swedish 235 110 120
Hungarian 170 105 55
Acadian 190 95 95
Pakistani 85 45 40
African, n.o.s.127 285 140 145
Jewish 75 45 30
Punjabi 50 20 30
Vietnamese 230 100 135
Arab, n.o.s.128 80 50 25
Greek 45 15 30
Jamaican 35 15 25
Asian, n.o.s.129 130 60 70
Cree, n.o.s.130 410 190 225
Korean 45 15 35
Romanian 105 50 55
Lebanese 40 25 10
Iranian 15 10 10
Christian, n.i.e.131 70 30 35
Danish 200 95 100
North American Indigenous, n.o.s.132 355 150 205
Sikh 10 10 0
Austrian 120 60 60
Belgian 85 40 45
Haitian 25 10 15
Hindu 0 0 0
Mexican 25 10 10
Mennonite 80 40 40
Swiss 100 70 30
Finnish 70 50 15
Sri Lankan 0 0 0
Croatian 20 15 0
Japanese 110 45 60
South Asian, n.o.s.133 45 25 20
Mi'kmaq, n.o.s.134 170 80 90
Northern European, n.o.s.135 165 85 80
Muslim 30 10 15
Egyptian 35 10 25
Latin, Central or South American, n.o.s.136 10 0 0
Tamil 0 0 0
Icelandic 65 40 30
Colombian 0 0 0
Moroccan 65 45 20
Czech 35 15 20
Syrian 10 0 0
Guyanese 0 0 0
Afghan 0 0 0
Black, n.o.s.137 40 25 20
Serbian 15 15 0
Ojibway 40 20 20
Newfoundlander 165 105 60
Hong Konger 30 10 20
Ontarian 95 55 40
Persian 15 0 10
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 0 0 0
Turkish 0 0 0
Inuit, n.o.s.138 575 270 305
Bangladeshi 70 25 40
Algerian 35 20 15
Brazilian 10 0 10
Nigerian 30 10 20
Armenian 45 25 15
Slovak 50 15 30
Eastern European, n.o.s.139 50 20 25
Somali 55 40 15
Taiwanese 0 0 0
Iraqi 10 10 0
Salvadorean 30 20 20
African Caribbean 30 15 15
East or Southeast Asian, n.o.s.140 40 15 20
West or Central Asian or Middle Eastern, n.o.s.141 0 0 0
Caribbean, n.o.s.142 35 15 20
Algonquin 20 10 10
West Indian, n.o.s.143 0 0 0
Lithuanian 10 0 0
South African 65 40 30
Australian 50 20 30
Palestinian 0 0 0
Chilean 0 0 0
Congolese 55 35 20
Nova Scotian 45 25 25
Ethiopian 50 35 10
Hispanic, n.o.s.144 0 0 0
Peruvian 20 10 15
Yoruba 0 0 0
Cambodian (Khmer) 0 0 0
Berber 0 0 0
Albanian 0 0 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Macedonian 0 0 0
Slovenian 0 0 0
Western European, n.o.s.145 30 15 15