Census Profile, 2021 Census of Population
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Topic:
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Age
Age characteristics
Commuting
Select all: Commuting
Commuting destination
Commuting duration
Main mode of commuting
Place of work status
Time leaving for work
Education
Select all: Education
Highest certificate, diploma or degree
Location of study compared with province or territory of residence
Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2021
Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificate
Ethnocultural and religious diversity
Select all: Ethnocultural and religious diversity
Ethnic or cultural origin
Religion
Visible minority
Families, households, and marital status
Select all: Families, households, and marital status
Family characteristics
Household type
Marital status
Housing
Household characteristics
Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
Select all: Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
Admission category and applicant type
Age at immigration
Citizenship
Generation status
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Pre-admission experience
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Income
Select all: Income
Income of economic families in 2020
Income of households in 2020
Income of individuals in 2019
Income of individuals in 2020
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Indigenous peoples
Select all: Indigenous peoples
Indigenous ancestry
Indigenous population
Instruction in the minority official language
Select all: Instruction in the minority official language
Children eligible for instruction in the minority official language
Eligibility and instruction in the minority official language for school-aged children
Labour
Select all: Labour
Class of worker including job permanency
Industry - Sectors - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2017
Labour force status
Occupation - Broad category - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2021
Work activity during the reference year
Language
Select all: Language
All languages spoken at home
First official language spoken
Knowledge of languages
Knowledge of official languages
Language spoken most often at home
Mother tongue
Other language spoken regularly at home
Language of work
Select all: Language of work
All languages used at work
Language used most often at work
Other language(s) used regularly at work
Mobility and migration
Select all: Mobility and migration
Mobility status 1 year ago
Mobility status 5 years ago
Population and dwelling counts
Population and dwellings
Type of dwelling
Household and dwelling characteristics
GenderMore information:


Statistic:
Characteristic Qikiqtaaluk, Region (REG)More information:
Nunavut
[Census division]
Counts
Total Men+ Women+
Population and dwellings
Population, 20211 19,355 ... ...
Population, 20161 18,988 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2016 to 2021 1.9 ... ...
Total private dwellings2 6,573 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residents3 5,530 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 0.0 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 970,554.61 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups of the population - 100% data 19,355 9,860 9,495
0 to 14 years 6,155 3,115 3,040
0 to 4 years 2,230 1,195 1,040
5 to 9 years 1,975 980 995
10 to 14 years 1,945 940 1,005
15 to 64 years 12,420 6,315 6,100
15 to 19 years 1,535 760 775
20 to 24 years 1,410 765 645
25 to 29 years 1,610 790 815
30 to 34 years 1,605 825 780
35 to 39 years 1,380 690 690
40 to 44 years 1,205 625 575
45 to 49 years 1,060 505 555
50 to 54 years 1,090 565 525
55 to 59 years 870 445 420
60 to 64 years 655 345 315
65 years and over 780 425 360
65 to 69 years 390 220 175
70 to 74 years 235 135 105
75 to 79 years 85 45 45
80 to 84 years 30 20 15
85 years and over 35 15 25
85 to 89 years 25 15 15
90 to 94 years 10 5 10
95 to 99 years 0 0 0
100 years and over 0 0 0
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 31.8 31.6 32.0
15 to 64 years 64.2 64.0 64.2
65 years and over 4.0 4.3 3.8
85 years and over 0.2 0.2 0.3
Average age of the population 28.7 28.8 28.6
Median age of the population 26.8 26.8 26.8
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% data 5,530 ... ...
Single-detached house 2,140 ... ...
Semi-detached house 590 ... ...
Row house 1,600 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 20 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 1,070 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 100 ... ...
Other single-attached house 5 ... ...
Movable dwelling4 5 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% data 5,530 ... ...
1 person 1,190 ... ...
2 persons 1,195 ... ...
3 persons 770 ... ...
4 persons 765 ... ...
5 or more persons 1,605 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 19,220 9,740 9,480
Average household size 3.5 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the total population aged 15 years and over - 100% data 13,200 6,745 6,455
Married or living common-law 6,545 3,285 3,260
Married 3,050 1,540 1,505
Living common-law 3,490 1,745 1,750
Living common law - Never married 3,280 1,625 1,660
Living common law - Separated 50 35 15
Living common law - Divorced 130 75 55
Living common law - Widowed 25 10 20
Not married and not living common-law 6,655 3,460 3,200
Not married and not living common law - Never married 5,735 3,105 2,635
Not married and not living common law - Separated 250 125 120
Not married and not living common law - Divorced 315 125 190
Not married and not living common law - Widowed 365 105 255
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% data5 4,745 ... ...
2 persons 1,700 ... ...
3 persons 1,050 ... ...
4 persons 895 ... ...
5 or more persons 1,095 ... ...
Average size of census families 3.5 ... ...
Average number of children in census families with children6 2.2 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% data 4,745 ... ...
Total couple families 3,175 ... ...
Married couples 1,430 ... ...
With children6 1,050 ... ...
Without children 375 ... ...
Common-law couples 1,750 ... ...
With children6 1,305 ... ...
Without children 445 ... ...
Total one-parent families 1,575 ... ...
in which the parent is a woman+ 1,105 ... ...
in which the parent is a man+ 465 ... ...
Total - Persons in private households - 100% data 19,220 9,740 9,480
Total - Persons in census families 16,530 8,255 8,275
Married spouses or common-law partners 6,350 3,170 3,180
Parents in one-parent families 1,570 465 1,110
Children6 8,610 4,625 3,990
In a two-parent family 5,845 3,125 2,720
In a one-parent family 2,760 1,500 1,265
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 2,690 1,485 1,210
Living alone 1,195 650 540
Living with other relatives7 1,005 535 465
Living with non-relatives only 495 295 200
Household type
Total - Household type - 100% data 5,530 ... ...
One-census-family households without additional persons 3,005 ... ...
Couple-family households 2,245 ... ...
With children6 1,660 ... ...
Without children 585 ... ...
One-parent-family households 760 ... ...
Multigenerational households8 655 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households9 90 ... ...
One-census-family households with additional persons9 305 ... ...
Two-or-more-person non-census-family households 280 ... ...
One-person households 1,190 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2020
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data10 13,065 6,630 6,440
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 12,645 6,355 6,295
Median total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 42,000 37,600 45,600
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 12,645 6,355 6,295
Median after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 39,600 34,800 43,600
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 10,580 5,210 5,375
Median market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 44,400 44,800 43,600
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 9,660 4,825 4,835
Median employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 51,600 50,000 53,600
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 12,580 6,310 6,270
Median government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 4,960 3,160 6,650
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 955 525 425
Median employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 6,750 6,750 6,650
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 3,965 2,045 1,930
Median COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 10,000 10,000 10,000
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data11 13,065 6,625 6,440
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 12,645 6,355 6,290
Average total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 62,200 60,300 64,200
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 12,645 6,355 6,290
Average after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 53,150 51,000 55,300
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 10,580 5,210 5,375
Average market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 62,650 63,800 61,600
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 9,665 4,825 4,835
Average employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 64,800 64,800 64,800
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 12,580 6,315 6,265
Average government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 9,860 8,080 11,650
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 955 525 430
Average employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 8,480 8,280 8,680
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 3,970 2,040 1,925
Average COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 10,140 10,240 10,040
Total - Employment income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data12 13,065 6,625 6,445
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 4,785 2,360 2,430
Median employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 102,000 101,000 103,000
Average employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 100,000 100,700 99,200
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 2,595 1,310 1,285
Median employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 20,000 21,600 17,800
Average employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 36,520 37,000 36,160
Composition of total income in 2020 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data17 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)18 84.2 86.6 82.0
Employment income (%)19 79.6 81.6 77.6
Government transfers (%)20 15.8 13.3 18.1
Employment insurance benefits (%) 1.0 1.1 0.9
COVID-19 - Government income support and benefits (%) 5.7 5.8 5.6
COVID-19 - Emergency and recovery benefits (%) 5.1 5.5 4.8
Total - Total income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data21 13,070 6,625 6,440
Without total income 420 270 150
With total income 12,650 6,355 6,290
Under $10,000 (including loss) 1,990 1,190 800
$10,000 to $19,999 1,555 830 725
$20,000 to $29,999 1,540 795 745
$30,000 to $39,999 1,060 475 585
$40,000 to $49,999 825 340 480
$50,000 to $59,999 625 300 325
$60,000 to $69,999 455 210 240
$70,000 to $79,999 445 225 220
$80,000 to $89,999 530 270 260
$90,000 to $99,999 460 190 270
$100,000 and over 3,165 1,525 1,640
$100,000 to $149,999 2,285 1,035 1,245
$150,000 and over 880 485 390
Total - After-tax income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data22 13,070 6,625 6,440
Without after-tax income 420 270 150
With after-tax income 12,650 6,355 6,290
Under $10,000 (including loss) 1,990 1,195 800
$10,000 to $19,999 1,585 845 735
$20,000 to $29,999 1,645 850 800
$30,000 to $39,999 1,150 535 615
$40,000 to $49,999 885 375 505
$50,000 to $59,999 670 310 360
$60,000 to $69,999 645 325 320
$70,000 to $79,999 620 300 325
$80,000 to $89,999 650 285 360
$90,000 to $99,999 700 300 400
$100,000 and over 2,105 1,035 1,070
$100,000 to $124,999 1,330 605 730
$125,000 and over 775 435 340
Total - Employment income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data19 13,070 6,625 6,440
Without employment income 3,405 1,800 1,610
With employment income 9,660 4,830 4,835
Under $5,000 (including loss) 1,565 790 775
$5,000 to $9,999 765 360 400
$10,000 to $19,999 935 475 465
$20,000 to $29,999 640 325 320
$30,000 to $39,999 455 245 210
$40,000 to $49,999 405 225 185
$50,000 to $59,999 395 210 190
$60,000 to $69,999 370 200 170
$70,000 to $79,999 415 215 195
$80,000 to $89,999 480 230 255
$90,000 to $99,999 410 180 230
$100,000 and over 2,830 1,385 1,445
$100,000 to $124,999 1,245 555 685
$125,000 and over 1,585 825 755
Income of individuals in 2019
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data23 13,065 6,630 6,440
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 11,900 5,970 5,930
Median total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 40,000 36,800 43,200
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 11,900 5,970 5,930
Median after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 38,400 34,800 41,600
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 10,330 5,215 5,115
Median market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 42,400 42,000 42,800
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 9,925 5,025 4,905
Median employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 43,200 43,200 43,600
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 10,715 5,315 5,395
Median government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 2,900 1,620 5,680
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 -100% data 985 505 475
Median employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 8,500 7,950 8,500
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data24 13,065 6,625 6,440
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 11,905 5,975 5,930
Average total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 59,700 58,450 60,950
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 11,905 5,975 5,930
Average after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 51,080 49,400 52,800
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 10,325 5,215 5,115
Average market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 60,750 61,200 60,300
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 9,930 5,025 4,905
Average employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 60,350 60,650 60,100
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 10,715 5,315 5,395
Average government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 7,740 5,640 9,800
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 980 505 475
Average employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 9,900 9,360 10,440
Total - Employment income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data25 13,065 6,625 6,445
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 4,755 2,350 2,405
Median employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 95,000 93,000 96,000
Average employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 92,500 93,800 91,200
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 2,440 1,245 1,195
Median employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 22,600 23,600 21,400
Average employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 39,000 39,000 39,100
Composition of total income in 2019 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%) 88.4 91.4 85.4
Employment income (%) 84.4 87.2 81.6
Government transfers (%) 11.7 8.6 14.6
Employment insurance benefits (%) 1.4 1.4 1.4
Income of households in 2020
Total - Income statistics for private households - 100% data26 5,530 ... ...
Median total income of household in 2020 ($) 123,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 108,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 100% data 1,190 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 88,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 76,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 100% data 4,335 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 137,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 121,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for private households - 25% sample data27 5,530 ... ...
Average total income of household in 2020 ($) 142,400 ... ...
Average after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 121,500 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 25% sample data 1,190 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 89,600 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 74,800 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 25% sample data 4,340 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 156,800 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 134,400 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data21 5,530 ... ...
Under $5,000 50 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 60 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 85 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 65 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 100 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 120 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 135 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 80 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 140 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 100 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 240 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 270 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 225 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 265 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 230 ... ...
$100,000 and over 3,375 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 675 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 610 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 795 ... ...
$200,000 and over 1,295 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data22 5,530 ... ...
Under $5,000 50 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 60 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 85 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 70 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 105 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 130 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 125 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 100 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 120 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 125 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 265 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 325 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 270 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 300 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 365 ... ...
$100,000 and over 3,030 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 810 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 560 ... ...
$150,000 and over 1,660 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2020
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 100% data28 4,180 ... ...
Median total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 135,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 119,000 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 4.2 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 100% data 610 ... ...
Median total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 198,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 166,000 ... ...
Average family size of couple-only economic families 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 100% data 2,295 ... ...
Median total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 151,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 134,000 ... ...
Average family size of couple-with-children economic families 5.2 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 1,065 ... ...
Median total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 78,500 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 73,500 ... ...
Average family size of one-parent economic families 3.3 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% data29 1,690 945 745
Median total income in 2020 ($)30 79,500 66,500 93,000
Median after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 67,500 60,000 79,000
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 25% sample data31 4,180 ... ...
Average total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 154,800 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 132,800 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 25% sample data 610 ... ...
Average total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 199,000 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 164,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 25% sample data 2,295 ... ...
Average total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 173,200 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 148,800 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 1,060 ... ...
Average total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 92,200 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 82,400 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample data32 1,690 945 745
Average total income in 2020 ($)30 82,900 77,200 90,000
Average after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 69,400 64,600 75,400
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Total - LIM low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households - 100% data33 19,225 9,740 9,480
0 to 17 years 7,090 3,570 3,520
0 to 5 years 2,620 1,405 1,215
18 to 64 years 11,365 5,760 5,605
65 years and over 765 410 355
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 2,740 1,405 1,330
0 to 17 years 1,310 655 650
0 to 5 years 500 265 235
18 to 64 years 1,350 710 640
65 years and over 80 45 40
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 14.3 14.5 14.0
0 to 17 years (%) 18.5 18.4 18.6
0 to 5 years (%) 19.0 18.8 19.2
18 to 64 years (%) 11.9 12.3 11.4
65 years and over (%) 10.6 10.0 11.6
Total - LICO low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households to whom the low-income concept is applicable - 100% data33 0 0 0
0 to 17 years 0 0 0
0 to 5 years 0 0 0
18 to 64 years 0 0 0
65 years and over 0 0 0
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 0 0 0
0 to 17 years 0 0 0
0 to 5 years 0 0 0
18 to 64 years 0 0 0
65 years and over 0 0 0
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) x x x
0 to 17 years (%) x x x
0 to 5 years (%) x x x
18 to 64 years (%) x x x
65 years and over (%) x x x
Total - Adjusted after-tax economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% data34The letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice. 19,225 9,740 9,480
In bottom half of the distribution 9,145 4,690 4,455
In bottom decile 2,300 1,195 1,105
In second decile 2,255 1,145 1,110
In third decile 1,645 865 785
In fourth decile 1,410 720 690
In fifth decile 1,535 765 770
In top half of the distribution 10,080 5,045 5,025
In sixth decile 1,395 705 685
In seventh decile 1,470 760 710
In eighth decile 1,605 790 810
In ninth decile 1,840 920 920
In top decile 3,770 1,875 1,895
Total - Inequality measures for the population in private households - 100% data35 19,220 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household total income 0.376 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household market income 0.510 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household after-tax income 0.342 ... ...
P90/P10 ratio on adjusted household after-tax income 5.4 ... ...
Knowledge of official languages
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data36 19,230 9,750 9,485
English only 16,530 8,340 8,190
French only 55 25 35
English and French 1,180 605 580
Neither English nor French 1,465 785 680
First official language spoken
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data37 19,230 9,750 9,485
English 17,195 8,650 8,540
French 520 285 235
English and French 85 45 35
Neither English nor French 1,440 770 670
Mother tongue
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data38 19,230 9,750 9,485
Single responses 18,020 9,140 8,875
Official languages 4,915 2,595 2,325
English 4,455 2,335 2,115
French 465 255 205
Non-official languages 13,100 6,550 6,550
Indigenous languages39 12,540 6,265 6,275
Algonquian languages 10 5 5
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 10 5 5
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 5 5 5
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0 0 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 0 0 0
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 12,530 6,260 6,265
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 5 0 5
Inuinnaqtun 5 0 5
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 12,520 6,255 6,265
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 560 285 280
Afro-Asiatic languages 60 50 15
Berber languages 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 0 0 0
Hausa 0 0 0
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 0 0 0
Bilen 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 60 45 15
Amharic 20 15 5
Arabic 30 30 5
Aramaic languages 0 0 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 0 0 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 5 5 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 0 0 0
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 165 65 100
Bikol 0 0 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Cebuano 0 0 0
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 5 0 5
Ilocano 5 0 5
Indonesian 0 0 0
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 145 60 85
Waray-Waray 5 0 5
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Creole languages 20 10 10
Haitian Creole 10 5 10
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 0 0 0
Morisyen 0 0 0
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 5 0 5
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Dravidian languages 15 10 10
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 0 0 0
Tamil 15 5 10
Telugu 0 0 0
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 180 105 75
Albanian 0 0 0
Armenian 5 0 5
Balto-Slavic languages 35 25 15
Baltic languages 0 0 0
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Slavic languages 30 20 15
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 0 0 0
Czech 0 0 0
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 10 5 5
Russian 10 10 5
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 5 5 5
Bosnian 0 0 0
Croatian 5 5 5
Serbian 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Slovak 0 0 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0
Ukrainian 5 5 0
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 0 0 0
Irish 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0
Welsh 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 25 20 10
Frisian 0 0 0
High German languages 15 10 5
German 15 10 5
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 0 0 0
Yiddish 0 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 5 5 0
Afrikaans 5 5 0
Dutch 0 0 0
Low German, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 0 0 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0
Scandinavian languages 10 10 0
Danish 0 0 0
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 5 5 0
Swedish 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Greek 5 5 0
Indo-Iranian languages 40 20 25
Indo-Aryan languages 40 20 15
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 5 5 5
Gujarati 5 0 0
Hindi 10 5 5
Kacchi 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0
Nepali 0 0 0
Oriya languages 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 5 0 0
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0
Urdu 15 10 10
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iranian languages 5 0 0
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 0 0 0
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 0 0 0
Persian languages 0 0 0
Dari 0 0 0
Iranian Persian 0 0 0
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 0 0 0
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 70 40 30
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 0 0 0
Portuguese 10 10 0
Romanian 5 0 5
Spanish 50 30 20
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 0 0 0
Korean 10 0 5
Mongolian 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 65 30 35
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0
Éwé 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 5 5 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0
Lingala 0 0 0
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 10 5 5
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Shona 15 10 5
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0
Swahili 0 0 0
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0
Yoruba 15 5 5
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
African, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Sign languages 5 0 0
American Sign Language 0 0 0
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages 30 15 20
Chinese languages 30 15 20
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 20 10 15
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0
Yue (Cantonese) 10 5 5
Chinese, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0
Burmese 0 0 0
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 0 0 0
Lao 0 0 0
Thai 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 0 0 0
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Uralic languages 5 0 5
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 0 0 0
Hungarian 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Multiple responses 1,215 610 605
English and French 85 45 40
English and non-official language(s) 1,085 545 540
French and non-official language(s) 20 15 10
English, French and non-official language(s) 10 5 0
Multiple non-official languages 15 5 15
All languages spoken at home
Total - All languages spoken at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data40 19,230 9,750 9,485
English 4,445 2,325 2,125
French 225 125 95
Non-official language 7,135 3,660 3,470
Indigenous39 7,070 3,630 3,435
Non-Indigenous 65 30 35
English and French 295 140 160
English and non-official language(s) 7,000 3,435 3,560
French and non-official language(s) 25 15 10
English, French and non-official language(s) 90 40 55
Multiple non-official languages 20 5 10
Language spoken most often at home
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data41 19,230 9,750 9,485
Single responses 17,580 8,940 8,645
Official languages 6,775 3,435 3,340
English 6,455 3,265 3,195
French 320 175 150
Non-official languages 10,800 5,505 5,300
Indigenous languages39 10,600 5,400 5,200
Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 0 0 0
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0 0 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 0 0 0
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 10,595 5,395 5,200
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 10,585 5,390 5,195
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 200 100 100
Afro-Asiatic languages 20 10 5
Berber languages 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 0 0 0
Hausa 0 0 0
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 0 0 0
Bilen 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 20 10 5
Amharic 15 5 5
Arabic 5 5 0
Aramaic languages 0 0 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 0 0 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 0 0 0
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 80 35 45
Bikol 0 0 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Cebuano 0 0 0
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0
Ilocano 0 0 0
Indonesian 0 0 0
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 70 30 35
Waray-Waray 5 0 5
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Creole languages 0 0 0
Haitian Creole 0 0 0
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 0 0 0
Morisyen 0 0 0
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Dravidian languages 15 5 5
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 0 0 0
Tamil 10 5 10
Telugu 0 0 0
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 55 35 25
Albanian 0 0 0
Armenian 0 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 5 5 5
Baltic languages 0 0 0
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Slavic languages 5 5 0
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 0 0 0
Czech 0 0 0
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 0 0 0
Russian 5 5 0
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0
Bosnian 0 0 0
Croatian 0 0 0
Serbian 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Slovak 0 0 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0
Ukrainian 0 0 0
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 0 0 0
Irish 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0
Welsh 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 5 0 0
Frisian 0 0 0
High German languages 0 0 0
German 0 0 0
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 0 0 0
Yiddish 0 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 0 0 0
Afrikaans 0 0 0
Dutch 0 0 0
Low German, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 0 0 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0
Scandinavian languages 0 0 0
Danish 0 0 0
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 0 0 0
Swedish 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Greek 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages 20 15 5
Indo-Aryan languages 20 15 5
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 0 0 0
Gujarati 0 0 0
Hindi 0 0 0
Kacchi 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0
Nepali 0 0 0
Oriya languages 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 5 5 0
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0
Urdu 15 15 0
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iranian languages 0 0 0
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 0 0 0
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 0 0 0
Persian languages 0 0 0
Dari 0 0 0
Iranian Persian 0 0 0
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 0 0 0
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 25 15 10
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 5 0 0
Portuguese 0 0 0
Romanian 5 0 5
Spanish 15 10 10
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 0 0 0
Korean 0 0 0
Mongolian 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 20 10 10
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0
Éwé 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0
Lingala 0 0 0
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 5 5 5
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Shona 5 0 0
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0
Swahili 0 0 0
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0
Yoruba 5 0 5
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
African, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Sign languages 5 0 5
American Sign Language 0 0 0
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages 10 5 5
Chinese languages 10 5 5
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 10 0 5
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0
Yue (Cantonese) 0 0 0
Chinese, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0
Burmese 0 0 0
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 0 0 0
Lao 0 0 0
Thai 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 0 0 0
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Uralic languages 0 0 0
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 0 0 0
Hungarian 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Multiple responses 1,655 810 845
English and French 90 45 40
English and non-official language(s) 1,555 765 785
French and non-official language(s) 5 0 5
English, French and non-official language(s) 5 5 5
Multiple non-official languages 5 0 5
Other language spoken regularly at home
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data42 19,230 9,750 9,480
None 13,415 6,905 6,510
English 3,700 1,850 1,850
French 165 75 85
Non-official language 1,840 870 975
Indigenous39 1,615 760 850
Non-Indigenous 225 105 120
English and French 10 5 5
English and non-official language(s) 20 10 10
French and non-official language(s) 50 20 25
English, French and non-official language(s) 0 0 0
Multiple non-official languages 35 10 20
Knowledge of languagesThe letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice.
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample data43 19,225 9,740 9,480
Official languages 17,755 8,955 8,805
English 17,700 8,930 8,770
French 1,240 625 615
Non-official languages 15,175 7,605 7,570
Indigenous languages39 14,280 7,180 7,105
Algonquian languages 25 15 15
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 25 10 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 10 10 0
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0 0 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 10 10 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 10 0 0
Innu (Montagnais) 15 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 0 0 0
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 14,270 7,175 7,100
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 10 10 0
Inuinnaqtun 10 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 14,270 7,175 7,095
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 10 10 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 965 450 515
Afro-Asiatic languages 90 60 30
Berber languages 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 10 10 0
Hausa 0 10 0
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 0 0 0
Bilen 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 80 55 25
Amharic 20 15 10
Arabic 55 40 15
Aramaic languages 0 0 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 10 0 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 0 0 0
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 220 85 140
Bikol 0 0 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Cebuano 0 0 10
Fijian 10 10 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0
Ilocano 10 0 0
Indonesian 0 0 0
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 215 80 135
Waray-Waray 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Creole languages 30 0 20
Haitian Creole 20 10 10
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 0 0 0
Morisyen 0 0 0
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 10 0 10
Creole languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10
Dravidian languages 25 10 10
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 0 0 0
Tamil 15 10 10
Telugu 0 0 0
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 405 200 205
Albanian 0 0 0
Armenian 0 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 45 25 20
Baltic languages 0 0 0
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Slavic languages 40 25 15
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 0 0 0
Czech 0 0 0
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 10 0 10
Russian 20 10 10
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 10 10 0
Bosnian 0 0 0
Croatian 10 0 0
Serbian 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Slovak 0 0 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 10 0 10
Ukrainian 10 10 0
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 10 10 0
Irish 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0
Welsh 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 70 30 35
Frisian 0 0 0
High German languages 55 25 30
German 55 25 30
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 0 0 0
Yiddish 0 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 10 10 0
Afrikaans 0 0 0
Dutch 0 10 0
Low German, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 0 0 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0
Scandinavian languages 10 10 0
Danish 0 0 0
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 0 0 0
Swedish 10 10 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Greek 10 0 10
Indo-Iranian languages 65 35 30
Indo-Aryan languages 60 35 25
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 10 0 0
Gujarati 10 0 0
Hindi 30 15 15
Kacchi 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 10 10 0
Nepali 0 0 0
Oriya languages 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 15 10 0
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0
Urdu 35 20 15
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iranian languages 0 0 0
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 0 0 0
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 10 0 10
Persian languages 0 0 0
Dari 0 0 0
Iranian Persian 0 0 0
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 0 0 0
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 240 110 130
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 20 10 10
Portuguese 15 10 10
Romanian 10 0 10
Spanish 210 90 120
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 15 10 10
Korean 10 0 0
Mongolian 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 135 75 60
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0
Éwé 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 10 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0
Lingala 0 0 0
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 10 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 20 0 10
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Shona 25 15 10
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0
Swahili 10 10 0
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 0 10 0
Yoruba 40 15 25
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 40 20 15
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
African, n.o.s. 10 10 0
Sign languages 30 10 20
American Sign Language 20 0 15
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10
Sino-Tibetan languages 50 20 35
Chinese languages 50 20 35
Hakka 10 0 0
Mandarin 30 10 20
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 10 0 0
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0
Yue (Cantonese) 20 10 10
Chinese, n.o.s. 10 0 0
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0
Burmese 0 0 0
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 0 0 0
Lao 0 0 0
Thai 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 10 10 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 10 10 0
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Uralic languages 0 0 0
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 0 10 0
Hungarian 10 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 10 10 10
Indigenous population
Total - Indigenous identity for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 19,225 9,740 9,485
Indigenous identity45 15,415 7,735 7,675
Single Indigenous responses46 15,275 7,655 7,620
First Nations (North American Indian) 120 60 55
Métis 80 45 35
Inuk (Inuit) 15,075 7,550 7,525
Multiple Indigenous responses47 105 65 40
Indigenous responses not included elsewhere48 30 15 15
Non-Indigenous identity 3,810 2,005 1,805
Total - Registered or Treaty Indian status for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 19,225 9,740 9,485
Registered or Treaty Indian49 75 40 40
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 19,150 9,705 9,445
Household characteristics
Total - Private households by tenure - 25% sample data50 5,530 ... ...
Owner 1,050 ... ...
Renter 4,480 ... ...
Dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band 0 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by condominium status - 25% sample data51 5,530 ... ...
Condominium 505 ... ...
Not condominium 5,025 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of bedrooms - 25% sample data52 5,530 ... ...
No bedrooms 35 ... ...
1 bedroom 855 ... ...
2 bedrooms 2,065 ... ...
3 bedrooms 1,705 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 865 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of rooms - 25% sample data53 5,530 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 2,855 ... ...
5 rooms 1,125 ... ...
6 rooms 820 ... ...
7 rooms 375 ... ...
8 or more rooms 350 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 4.7 ... ...
Total - Private households by number of persons per room - 25% sample data54 5,530 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 4,415 ... ...
More than one person per room 1,115 ... ...
Total - Private households by housing suitability - 25% sample data55 5,530 ... ...
Suitable 3,945 ... ...
Not suitable 1,585 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by period of construction - 25% sample data56 5,530 ... ...
1960 or before 125 ... ...
1961 to 1980 1,070 ... ...
1981 to 1990 950 ... ...
1991 to 2000 1,210 ... ...
2001 to 2005 535 ... ...
2006 to 2010 575 ... ...
2011 to 2015 580 ... ...
2016 to 202157 475 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by dwelling condition - 25% sample data58 5,530 ... ...
Only regular maintenance and minor repairs needed 4,300 ... ...
Major repairs needed 1,225 ... ...
Total - Private households by number of household maintainers - 25% sample data59 5,530 ... ...
One-maintainer household 3,525 ... ...
Two-maintainer household 1,770 ... ...
Three-or-more-maintainer household 235 ... ...
Total - Private households by age of primary household maintainers - 25% sample data60 5,530 ... ...
15 to 24 years 175 ... ...
25 to 34 years 1,190 ... ...
35 to 44 years 1,430 ... ...
45 to 54 years 1,290 ... ...
55 to 64 years 980 ... ...
65 to 74 years 365 ... ...
75 to 84 years 75 ... ...
85 years and over 25 ... ...
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratio - 25% sample data61 5,520 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of income on shelter costs 5,140 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs 380 ... ...
30% to less than 100% 305 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by housing indicators - 25% sample data62 5,530 ... ...
Total - Households 'spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' or 'not suitable' or 'major repairs needed' 2,585 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs only 285 ... ...
Not suitable only 1,035 ... ...
Major repairs needed only 670 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' 40 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'major repairs needed' 50 ... ...
'Not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 500 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 10 ... ...
Acceptable housing 2,945 ... ...
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero and shelter-cost-to-income ratio less than 100%, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data63 5,450 ... ...
In core need 1,605 ... ...
Not in core need 3,840 ... ...
Total - Owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 1,050 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgage64 67.1 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 8.1 ... ...
% in core housing need63 12.4 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 2,240 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 2,212 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)66 500,000 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)66 483,000 ... ...
Total - Tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 4,480 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housing67 84.9 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 6.6 ... ...
% in core housing need63 33.6 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 705 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 964 ... ...
Total - Households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band in non-farm private dwellings - 25% sample data 0 ... ...
% of households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band spending more than 30% on shelter costs61 ... ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 ... ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 ... ... ...
Indigenous ancestry
Total - Indigenous ancestry for the population in private households - 25% sample data68 19,220 9,740 9,480
Indigenous ancestry (only)69 13,565 6,840 6,730
Single Indigenous ancestry (only)70 13,505 6,820 6,690
First Nations (North American Indian) single ancestry 105 45 55
Métis single ancestry 20 10 10
Inuit single ancestry 13,385 6,760 6,625
Multiple Indigenous ancestries (only)71 55 20 35
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis ancestry only 10 0 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit ancestry only 50 20 30
Métis and Inuit ancestry only 10 0 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries72 1,875 920 955
Single Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries73 1,825 895 930
First Nations (North American Indian) and non-Indigenous ancestry only 185 100 90
Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 35 15 20
Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 1,600 775 825
Multiple Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries74 50 25 30
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 10 10 10
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 35 15 20
Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 0 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous ancestry only75 3,780 1,985 1,800
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample data76 19,220 9,740 9,480
Canadian citizens77 18,895 9,595 9,305
Canadian citizens aged under 18 7,060 3,560 3,500
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 11,835 6,030 5,800
Not Canadian citizens78 325 145 180
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample data79 19,220 9,740 9,480
Non-immigrants80 18,330 9,295 9,035
Immigrants81 825 410 415
Before 1980 80 40 40
1980 to 1990 45 20 20
1991 to 2000 85 40 40
2001 to 2010 295 165 130
2011 to 202182 325 135 185
2011 to 2015 155 75 85
2016 to 2021 165 65 100
Non-permanent residents83 65 35 30
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data84 825 410 420
Under 5 years 75 35 40
5 to 14 years 125 60 65
15 to 24 years 120 60 65
25 to 44 years 430 215 215
45 years and over 70 40 30
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data85 825 410 420
Americas 130 55 70
Brazil 10 0 0
Colombia 0 0 0
El Salvador 0 0 0
Guyana 0 0 0
Haiti 10 0 0
Jamaica 20 10 15
Mexico 10 10 10
Peru 0 0 0
Trinidad and Tobago 0 0 0
United States of America 40 15 25
Other places of birth in Americas 35 20 20
Europe 120 70 50
Bosnia and Herzegovina 0 0 0
Croatia 10 0 0
France 10 0 0
Germany 10 10 0
Greece 0 0 0
Hungary 0 0 0
Italy 0 0 0
Netherlands 0 0 0
Poland 10 0 0
Portugal 0 0 0
Romania 10 10 10
Russian Federation 10 0 0
Serbia86 0 0 0
Ukraine 0 0 0
United Kingdom87 40 30 15
Other places of birth in Europe 10 10 10
Africa 240 135 100
Algeria 0 0 0
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 0 0 0
Egypt 0 0 0
Eritrea 0 0 0
Ethiopia 20 15 0
Morocco 10 10 0
Nigeria 45 20 25
Somalia 0 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 10 0 10
Other places of birth in Africa 150 85 70
Asia 335 140 190
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Iran88 0 0 0
Iraq 0 0 0
Lebanon 10 10 0
Syria89 0 0 0
Turkey 0 0 0
China90 25 10 15
Hong Kong91 0 0 10
Korea, South92 10 0 0
Taiwan 0 0 0
Philippines 195 75 125
Viet Nam 0 0 0
Bangladesh 0 0 10
India 35 15 15
Pakistan 25 15 15
Sri Lanka 10 10 10
Other places of birth in Asia 15 10 10
Oceania and other places of birth93 10 0 0
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data94 170 65 100
Americas 20 0 15
Brazil 0 0 0
Colombia 0 0 0
Haiti 0 0 0
Jamaica 10 0 0
Mexico 0 0 0
United States of America 10 0 10
Venezuela95 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 10 0 0
Europe 10 10 0
France 0 10 0
Germany 0 0 0
Ireland96 0 0 0
Italy 0 0 0
Russian Federation 0 0 0
Ukraine 0 0 0
United Kingdom87 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Europe 0 0 0
Africa 55 25 30
Algeria 0 0 0
Burundi 0 0 0
Cameroon 10 10 10
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 0 0 0
Côte d'Ivoire 0 0 0
Egypt 0 0 0
Eritrea 0 0 0
Ethiopia 15 10 0
Morocco 0 0 0
Nigeria 10 0 10
Somalia 0 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0
Sudan97 0 0 0
Tunisia 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 15 10 10
Asia 75 25 55
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Bangladesh 0 0 0
China90 0 0 0
Hong Kong91 0 0 0
India 15 10 10
Iran88 0 0 0
Iraq 0 0 0
Israel 0 0 0
Japan 0 0 0
Jordan 0 0 0
Korea, South92 0 0 0
Lebanon 0 0 0
Nepal 0 0 0
Pakistan 0 0 0
Philippines 40 15 25
Saudi Arabia 0 0 0
Sri Lanka 10 0 10
Syria89 0 0 0
Turkey 0 0 0
United Arab Emirates 0 0 0
Viet Nam 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 0 0 10
Oceania and other93 0 10 0
Australia 0 10 0
Other places of birth98 0 0 0
Generation status
Total - Generation status for the population in private households - 25% sample data99 19,225 9,740 9,480
First generation100 935 460 465
Second generation101 755 390 365
Third generation or more102 17,535 8,885 8,655
Admission category and applicant type
Total - Admission category and applicant type for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data103 745 365 375
Economic immigrants104 420 200 215
Principal applicants105 220 105 115
Secondary applicants106 195 90 100
Immigrants sponsored by family107 215 90 125
Refugees108 105 75 35
Other immigrants109 10 10 10
Pre-admission experience
Total - Pre-admission experience for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data110 745 365 375
Asylum claim before admission111 75 50 25
Work permits only before admission112 115 40 75
Study permits only before admission113 10 0 0
Work and study permits before admission114 55 25 30
Other permits before admission115 0 0 0
No pre-admission experience116 485 245 245
Visible minority
Total - Visible minority for the population in private households - 25% sample data117 19,225 9,740 9,485
Total visible minority population118 980 480 505
South Asian 105 55 50
Chinese 50 20 30
Black 435 225 210
Filipino 230 95 135
Arab 35 20 10
Latin American 50 30 25
Southeast Asian 15 0 10
West Asian 0 0 0
Korean 10 0 10
Japanese 10 10 0
Visible minority, n.i.e.119 15 0 10
Multiple visible minorities 40 15 20
Not a visible minority120 18,245 9,260 8,980
Ethnic or cultural origin
Total - Ethnic or cultural origin for the population in private households - 25% sample data121 19,220 9,740 9,480
Canadian 605 320 285
English 975 525 450
Irish 1,110 565 545
Scottish 1,285 635 655
French, n.o.s.122 660 335 330
German 430 205 225
Chinese 55 25 35
Italian 120 55 75
Indian (India) 50 25 30
Ukrainian 95 50 45
Dutch 135 65 70
Polish 100 45 55
Québécois 55 30 25
British Isles, n.o.s.123 190 95 95
Filipino 235 105 135
French Canadian 125 60 65
Caucasian (White), n.o.s.124 310 155 150
First Nations (North American Indian), n.o.s.125 60 25 35
Métis 80 35 40
European, n.o.s.126 240 120 120
Russian 70 35 30
Norwegian 90 35 50
Welsh 125 70 50
Portuguese 45 20 25
American 65 30 30
Spanish 45 20 25
Swedish 60 35 25
Hungarian 45 25 25
Acadian 70 25 45
Pakistani 20 15 10
African, n.o.s.127 115 55 60
Jewish 40 20 30
Punjabi 0 0 0
Vietnamese 0 0 0
Arab, n.o.s.128 10 10 0
Greek 20 10 10
Jamaican 50 20 25
Asian, n.o.s.129 45 15 25
Cree, n.o.s.130 65 30 35
Korean 15 0 10
Romanian 10 0 10
Lebanese 30 15 15
Iranian 10 0 10
Christian, n.i.e.131 40 20 20
Danish 35 25 15
North American Indigenous, n.o.s.132 40 20 20
Sikh 0 0 0
Austrian 15 10 10
Belgian 15 10 10
Haitian 25 10 10
Hindu 0 0 0
Mexican 20 0 10
Mennonite 15 0 10
Swiss 25 10 20
Finnish 35 15 20
Sri Lankan 10 0 0
Croatian 20 10 10
Japanese 10 10 0
South Asian, n.o.s.133 10 0 10
Mi'kmaq, n.o.s.134 80 50 35
Northern European, n.o.s.135 20 0 10
Muslim 0 10 0
Egyptian 10 10 0
Latin, Central or South American, n.o.s.136 0 0 0
Tamil 20 10 10
Icelandic 10 0 10
Colombian 10 10 0
Moroccan 0 10 0
Czech 0 0 10
Syrian 10 10 10
Guyanese 10 0 0
Afghan 0 0 0
Black, n.o.s.137 50 15 35
Serbian 0 0 0
Ojibway 15 0 0
Newfoundlander 65 40 30
Hong Konger 0 0 0
Ontarian 10 10 0
Persian 0 0 0
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 10 0 0
Turkish 0 10 0
Inuit, n.o.s.138 15,020 7,540 7,480
Bangladeshi 10 10 0
Algerian 0 0 0
Brazilian 10 0 0
Nigerian 30 10 20
Armenian 0 0 0
Slovak 0 10 0
Eastern European, n.o.s.139 15 10 10
Somali 0 0 0
Taiwanese 0 0 10
Iraqi 0 0 0
Salvadorean 0 0 0
African Caribbean 0 0 0
East or Southeast Asian, n.o.s.140 10 0 10
West or Central Asian or Middle Eastern, n.o.s.141 10 0 10
Caribbean, n.o.s.142 0 0 0
Algonquin 10 10 0
West Indian, n.o.s.143 10 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
South African 15 10 0
Australian 10 10 0
Palestinian 0 0 0
Chilean 0 10 0
Congolese 0 0 0
Nova Scotian 0 0 0
Ethiopian 25 15 10
Hispanic, n.o.s.144 10 0 10
Peruvian 0 0 0
Yoruba 30 15 20
Cambodian (Khmer) 0 0 0
Berber 0 0 0
Albanian 0 0 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Macedonian 0 0 0
Slovenian 0 0 0
Western European, n.o.s.145 15 10 0