Census Profile, 2021 Census of Population
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Topic:
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Age
Age characteristics
Commuting
Select all: Commuting
Commuting destination
Commuting duration
Main mode of commuting
Place of work status
Time leaving for work
Education
Select all: Education
Highest certificate, diploma or degree
Location of study compared with province or territory of residence
Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2021
Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificate
Ethnocultural and religious diversity
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Ethnic or cultural origin
Religion
Visible minority
Families, households, and marital status
Select all: Families, households, and marital status
Family characteristics
Household type
Marital status
Housing
Household characteristics
Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
Select all: Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
Admission category and applicant type
Age at immigration
Citizenship
Generation status
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Pre-admission experience
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Income
Select all: Income
Income of economic families in 2020
Income of households in 2020
Income of individuals in 2019
Income of individuals in 2020
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Indigenous peoples
Select all: Indigenous peoples
Indigenous ancestry
Indigenous population
Instruction in the minority official language
Select all: Instruction in the minority official language
Children eligible for instruction in the minority official language
Eligibility and instruction in the minority official language for school-aged children
Labour
Select all: Labour
Class of worker including job permanency
Industry - Sectors - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2017
Labour force status
Occupation - Broad category - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2021
Work activity during the reference year
Language
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All languages spoken at home
First official language spoken
Knowledge of languages
Knowledge of official languages
Language spoken most often at home
Mother tongue
Other language spoken regularly at home
Language of work
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All languages used at work
Language used most often at work
Other language(s) used regularly at work
Mobility and migration
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Mobility status 1 year ago
Mobility status 5 years ago
Population and dwelling counts
Population and dwellings
Type of dwelling
Household and dwelling characteristics
GenderMore information:


Statistic:
Characteristic Prince Edward IslandMore information:

[Province]
Counts
Total Men+ Women+
Population and dwellings
Population, 20211 154,331 ... ...
Population, 20161 142,907 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2016 to 2021 8.0 ... ...
Total private dwellings2 74,934 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residents3 64,570 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 27.2 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 5,681.18 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups of the population - 100% data 154,330 75,385 78,945
0 to 14 years 23,640 12,120 11,520
0 to 4 years 6,750 3,475 3,280
5 to 9 years 8,085 4,190 3,900
10 to 14 years 8,800 4,455 4,345
15 to 64 years 97,985 48,205 49,775
15 to 19 years 8,560 4,335 4,220
20 to 24 years 10,570 5,565 5,005
25 to 29 years 9,200 4,765 4,435
30 to 34 years 9,000 4,315 4,685
35 to 39 years 8,980 4,300 4,680
40 to 44 years 9,130 4,360 4,775
45 to 49 years 9,505 4,625 4,890
50 to 54 years 9,960 4,840 5,115
55 to 59 years 11,640 5,640 6,005
60 to 64 years 11,430 5,460 5,970
65 years and over 32,705 15,060 17,650
65 to 69 years 10,500 5,055 5,450
70 to 74 years 9,190 4,425 4,770
75 to 79 years 5,775 2,675 3,095
80 to 84 years 3,730 1,620 2,110
85 years and over 3,515 1,285 2,230
85 to 89 years 2,230 880 1,355
90 to 94 years 955 310 640
95 to 99 years 295 85 210
100 years and over 35 5 25
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 15.3 16.1 14.6
15 to 64 years 63.5 63.9 63.1
65 years and over 21.2 20.0 22.4
85 years and over 2.3 1.7 2.8
Average age of the population 43.1 42.1 44.0
Median age of the population 44.0 42.8 45.2
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% data 64,570 ... ...
Single-detached house 43,855 ... ...
Semi-detached house 3,645 ... ...
Row house 2,680 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 1,135 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 10,370 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 130 ... ...
Other single-attached house 85 ... ...
Movable dwelling4 2,680 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% data 64,570 ... ...
1 person 18,635 ... ...
2 persons 24,470 ... ...
3 persons 9,475 ... ...
4 persons 7,620 ... ...
5 or more persons 4,370 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 150,480 73,540 76,940
Average household size 2.3 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the total population aged 15 years and over - 100% data 130,690 63,260 67,430
Married or living common-law 75,415 37,675 37,735
Married 62,350 31,185 31,170
Living common-law 13,060 6,495 6,565
Living common law - Never married 9,330 4,580 4,750
Living common law - Separated 700 385 315
Living common law - Divorced 2,655 1,375 1,280
Living common law - Widowed 370 155 215
Not married and not living common-law 55,280 25,590 29,690
Not married and not living common law - Never married 36,455 19,470 16,980
Not married and not living common law - Separated 3,585 1,510 2,070
Not married and not living common law - Divorced 7,235 2,905 4,325
Not married and not living common law - Widowed 8,010 1,695 6,315
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% data5 43,530 ... ...
2 persons 24,415 ... ...
3 persons 8,730 ... ...
4 persons 6,940 ... ...
5 or more persons 3,445 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.8 ... ...
Average number of children in census families with children6 1.8 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% data 43,530 ... ...
Total couple families 36,805 ... ...
Married couples 30,275 ... ...
With children6 13,985 ... ...
Without children 16,285 ... ...
Common-law couples 6,530 ... ...
With children6 2,565 ... ...
Without children 3,965 ... ...
Total one-parent families 6,730 ... ...
in which the parent is a woman+ 5,205 ... ...
in which the parent is a man+ 1,525 ... ...
Total - Persons in private households - 100% data 150,480 73,540 76,940
Total - Persons in census families 121,345 59,940 61,400
Married spouses or common-law partners 73,600 36,730 36,870
Parents in one-parent families 6,725 1,520 5,210
Children6 41,010 21,685 19,325
In a two-parent family 30,790 16,140 14,650
In a one-parent family 10,220 5,545 4,670
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 29,140 13,605 15,540
Living alone 18,635 7,965 10,675
Living with other relatives7 2,870 1,230 1,645
Living with non-relatives only 7,630 4,415 3,220
Household type
Total - Household type - 100% data 64,570 ... ...
One-census-family households without additional persons 39,905 ... ...
Couple-family households 34,430 ... ...
With children6 15,530 ... ...
Without children 18,900 ... ...
One-parent-family households 5,480 ... ...
Multigenerational households8 1,005 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households9 255 ... ...
One-census-family households with additional persons9 1,555 ... ...
Two-or-more-person non-census-family households 3,210 ... ...
One-person households 18,635 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2020
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data10 126,900 61,450 65,450
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 122,790 59,350 63,435
Median total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 38,800 41,600 36,400
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 122,870 59,395 63,470
Median after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 34,400 36,000 32,400
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 110,750 54,565 56,190
Median market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 30,600 34,000 27,200
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 91,325 46,475 44,850
Median employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 31,200 33,600 29,000
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 99,515 45,585 53,925
Median government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 12,700 12,800 12,600
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 26,055 13,740 12,310
Median employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 7,900 9,000 6,750
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 31,520 15,180 16,340
Median COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 7,500 7,000 7,500
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data11 126,900 61,450 65,450
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 123,000 59,395 63,605
Average total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 46,120 50,360 42,200
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 123,055 59,435 63,620
Average after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 38,600 41,320 36,040
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 111,055 54,450 56,605
Average market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 39,600 44,480 34,920
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 91,335 46,420 44,915
Average employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 39,040 42,320 35,680
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 99,930 45,775 54,155
Average government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 12,760 12,410 13,060
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 26,430 13,690 12,740
Average employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 9,280 10,030 8,470
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 31,580 14,960 16,620
Average COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 8,060 7,910 8,200
Total - Employment income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data12 126,900 61,450 65,450
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 41,135 21,685 19,450
Median employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 52,800 54,800 50,800
Average employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 60,300 63,650 56,500
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 40,270 19,765 20,510
Median employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 16,600 18,400 14,900
Average employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 23,140 25,560 20,800
Composition of total income in 2020 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data17 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)18 77.6 81.0 73.6
Employment income (%)19 62.8 65.6 59.7
Government transfers (%)20 22.5 19.0 26.4
Employment insurance benefits (%) 4.3 4.6 4.0
COVID-19 - Government income support and benefits (%) 5.4 4.6 6.2
COVID-19 - Emergency and recovery benefits (%) 4.5 4.0 5.1
Total - Total income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data21 126,900 61,450 65,450
Without total income 4,105 2,095 2,015
With total income 122,790 59,355 63,440
Under $10,000 (including loss) 8,895 3,975 4,925
$10,000 to $19,999 14,340 6,025 8,315
$20,000 to $29,999 20,890 9,045 11,845
$30,000 to $39,999 19,790 9,245 10,545
$40,000 to $49,999 17,000 8,340 8,660
$50,000 to $59,999 12,955 6,455 6,495
$60,000 to $69,999 8,715 4,720 3,995
$70,000 to $79,999 5,810 3,225 2,590
$80,000 to $89,999 4,350 2,255 2,100
$90,000 to $99,999 3,085 1,490 1,590
$100,000 and over 6,955 4,570 2,385
$100,000 to $149,999 4,860 3,050 1,810
$150,000 and over 2,095 1,525 575
Total - After-tax income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data22 126,900 61,450 65,450
Without after-tax income 4,030 2,050 1,980
With after-tax income 122,865 59,400 63,470
Under $10,000 (including loss) 9,520 4,180 5,340
$10,000 to $19,999 15,360 6,540 8,820
$20,000 to $29,999 25,795 11,500 14,290
$30,000 to $39,999 24,250 11,830 12,425
$40,000 to $49,999 18,345 9,085 9,260
$50,000 to $59,999 11,585 6,105 5,480
$60,000 to $69,999 7,100 3,700 3,395
$70,000 to $79,999 4,430 2,260 2,165
$80,000 to $89,999 2,260 1,285 975
$90,000 to $99,999 1,250 790 460
$100,000 and over 2,985 2,120 865
$100,000 to $124,999 1,535 1,040 490
$125,000 and over 1,450 1,080 375
Total - Employment income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data19 126,900 61,450 65,450
Without employment income 35,575 14,970 20,600
With employment income 91,325 46,480 44,850
Under $5,000 (including loss) 11,930 5,690 6,240
$5,000 to $9,999 8,250 3,640 4,615
$10,000 to $19,999 13,705 6,760 6,945
$20,000 to $29,999 10,530 5,375 5,150
$30,000 to $39,999 10,385 5,090 5,295
$40,000 to $49,999 9,340 4,785 4,560
$50,000 to $59,999 7,545 4,005 3,545
$60,000 to $69,999 5,440 3,050 2,390
$70,000 to $79,999 3,945 2,180 1,760
$80,000 to $89,999 3,170 1,500 1,670
$90,000 to $99,999 2,300 1,150 1,150
$100,000 and over 4,775 3,245 1,535
$100,000 to $124,999 2,395 1,500 900
$125,000 and over 2,380 1,745 635
Income of individuals in 2019
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data23 126,900 61,450 65,450
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 120,875 58,400 62,480
Median total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 36,400 40,000 33,200
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 120,970 58,410 62,560
Median after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 32,000 34,400 29,800
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 110,215 54,175 56,035
Median market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 30,600 34,400 27,200
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 92,525 46,765 45,760
Median employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 30,600 33,600 28,200
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 89,695 40,155 49,545
Median government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 9,500 9,700 9,400
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 -100% data 24,835 13,170 11,665
Median employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 8,500 9,300 7,400
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data24 126,900 61,450 65,450
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 120,955 58,395 62,560
Average total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 43,880 48,560 39,480
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 121,030 58,405 62,630
Average after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 36,560 39,680 33,640
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 110,435 54,220 56,220
Average market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 39,640 44,720 34,760
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 92,705 46,845 45,860
Average employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 39,120 43,120 35,040
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 89,655 40,055 49,600
Average government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 10,330 10,240 10,400
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 24,780 13,020 11,760
Average employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 9,450 10,070 8,750
Total - Employment income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data25 126,900 61,450 65,450
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 40,840 21,500 19,340
Median employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 50,400 52,400 48,000
Average employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 57,150 61,050 52,850
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 38,455 19,000 19,455
Median employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 19,400 21,200 17,600
Average employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 27,480 30,720 24,300
Composition of total income in 2019 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%) 82.6 85.6 79.2
Employment income (%) 68.4 71.2 65.0
Government transfers (%) 17.4 14.5 20.9
Employment insurance benefits (%) 4.4 4.6 4.2
Income of households in 2020
Total - Income statistics for private households - 100% data26 64,570 ... ...
Median total income of household in 2020 ($) 73,500 ... ...
Median after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 64,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 100% data 18,635 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 36,400 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 32,400 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 100% data 45,935 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 92,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 79,500 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for private households - 25% sample data27 64,570 ... ...
Average total income of household in 2020 ($) 87,900 ... ...
Average after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 73,500 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 25% sample data 18,615 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 42,640 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 36,200 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 25% sample data 45,955 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 106,200 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 88,700 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data21 64,570 ... ...
Under $5,000 630 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 345 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 885 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,175 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 3,490 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,425 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,710 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,945 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,870 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,695 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 5,475 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 4,965 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 4,725 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 4,370 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 3,930 ... ...
$100,000 and over 20,930 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 7,575 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 5,010 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 5,095 ... ...
$200,000 and over 3,250 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data22 64,570 ... ...
Under $5,000 710 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 360 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 915 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,270 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 3,870 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,985 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 3,300 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 3,530 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 3,445 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 3,235 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 6,155 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 5,990 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 5,415 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 4,740 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 3,920 ... ...
$100,000 and over 14,730 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 6,845 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,760 ... ...
$150,000 and over 4,125 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2020
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 100% data28 43,455 ... ...
Median total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 92,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 79,500 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.9 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 100% data 19,210 ... ...
Median total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 83,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 71,500 ... ...
Average family size of couple-only economic families 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 100% data 16,720 ... ...
Median total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 120,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 102,000 ... ...
Average family size of couple-with-children economic families 3.9 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 6,285 ... ...
Median total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 61,200 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 56,400 ... ...
Average family size of one-parent economic families 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% data29 26,270 12,375 13,895
Median total income in 2020 ($)30 34,000 34,800 33,200
Median after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 30,800 31,200 30,400
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 25% sample data31 43,445 ... ...
Average total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 106,500 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 88,600 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 25% sample data 19,125 ... ...
Average total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 95,600 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 79,300 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 25% sample data 16,800 ... ...
Average total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 133,400 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 109,800 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 6,215 ... ...
Average total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 69,800 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 61,450 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample data32 26,230 12,215 14,015
Average total income in 2020 ($)30 40,040 40,480 39,600
Average after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 34,280 34,400 34,200
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Total - LIM low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households - 100% data33 150,480 73,540 76,940
0 to 17 years 28,685 14,705 13,985
0 to 5 years 8,260 4,280 3,980
18 to 64 years 91,000 44,465 46,535
65 years and over 30,800 14,375 16,425
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 20,725 9,395 11,325
0 to 17 years 4,460 2,275 2,185
0 to 5 years 1,295 690 605
18 to 64 years 10,145 4,695 5,450
65 years and over 6,120 2,425 3,695
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 13.8 12.8 14.7
0 to 17 years (%) 15.5 15.5 15.6
0 to 5 years (%) 15.7 16.1 15.2
18 to 64 years (%) 11.2 10.6 11.7
65 years and over (%) 19.9 16.9 22.5
Total - LICO low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households to whom the low-income concept is applicable - 100% data33 149,875 73,240 76,635
0 to 17 years 28,475 14,600 13,875
0 to 5 years 8,205 4,250 3,960
18 to 64 years 90,630 44,285 46,350
65 years and over 30,765 14,355 16,410
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 6,185 3,095 3,095
0 to 17 years 1,150 595 555
0 to 5 years 300 155 145
18 to 64 years 4,615 2,320 2,300
65 years and over 425 180 240
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 4.1 4.2 4.0
0 to 17 years (%) 4.0 4.1 4.0
0 to 5 years (%) 3.6 3.7 3.6
18 to 64 years (%) 5.1 5.2 5.0
65 years and over (%) 1.4 1.2 1.5
Total - Adjusted after-tax economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% data34The letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice. 150,480 73,540 76,940
In bottom half of the distribution 90,760 43,710 47,050
In bottom decile 18,220 8,555 9,670
In second decile 19,490 9,135 10,355
In third decile 18,460 8,965 9,495
In fourth decile 17,650 8,650 8,995
In fifth decile 16,945 8,405 8,535
In top half of the distribution 59,720 29,830 29,890
In sixth decile 15,690 7,820 7,870
In seventh decile 14,460 7,135 7,330
In eighth decile 12,475 6,250 6,225
In ninth decile 9,835 4,920 4,915
In top decile 7,255 3,705 3,550
Total - Inequality measures for the population in private households - 100% data35 150,480 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household total income 0.309 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household market income 0.435 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household after-tax income 0.271 ... ...
P90/P10 ratio on adjusted household after-tax income 3.4 ... ...
Knowledge of official languages
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data36 152,455 74,645 77,810
English only 131,465 65,710 65,755
French only 135 70 65
English and French 19,385 8,185 11,195
Neither English nor French 1,480 680 795
First official language spoken
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data37 152,455 74,645 77,810
English 146,265 71,800 74,465
French 4,350 2,020 2,330
English and French 415 180 235
Neither English nor French 1,425 650 780
Mother tongue
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data38 152,455 74,645 77,810
Single responses 149,950 73,405 76,540
Official languages 136,985 66,615 70,370
English 132,425 64,525 67,900
French 4,560 2,085 2,475
Non-official languages 12,965 6,795 6,170
Indigenous languages39 45 20 30
Algonquian languages 45 20 20
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 0 0 0
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0 0 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 40 25 20
Mi'kmaq 40 25 20
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 0 0 0
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 12,920 6,770 6,145
Afro-Asiatic languages 940 515 425
Berber languages 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 0 0 0
Hausa 0 0 0
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 70 30 35
Bilen 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 70 30 35
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 865 480 390
Amharic 10 5 0
Arabic 830 455 375
Aramaic languages 10 5 5
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 10 5 5
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 15 10 5
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 610 300 310
Khmer (Cambodian) 5 5 5
Vietnamese 605 295 305
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 1,295 580 715
Bikol 5 0 5
Bisaya, n.o.s. 10 5 5
Cebuano 35 15 20
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 15 5 10
Ilocano 25 15 15
Indonesian 10 5 5
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 10 5 5
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,165 525 640
Waray-Waray 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 10
Creole languages 40 20 25
Haitian Creole 5 0 0
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 0 0 0
Morisyen 10 5 5
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 5 0 5
Creole languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5
Dravidian languages 495 305 195
Kannada 15 5 10
Malayalam 395 245 150
Tamil 30 20 15
Telugu 55 30 25
Tulu 0 5 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 5,195 2,890 2,300
Albanian 135 70 65
Armenian 10 5 5
Balto-Slavic languages 475 215 265
Baltic languages 10 5 5
Latvian 5 5 0
Lithuanian 5 5 5
Slavic languages 470 210 260
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 10 5 5
Czech 20 10 10
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 80 35 45
Russian 230 105 130
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 55 30 30
Bosnian 20 10 10
Croatian 15 5 10
Serbian 15 5 5
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Slovak 10 0 5
Slovene (Slovenian) 10 5 5
Ukrainian 45 20 30
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 10 10 5
Irish 0 5 0
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0
Welsh 10 5 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0
Germanic languages 1,095 575 520
Frisian 25 15 5
High German languages 525 270 260
German 475 235 235
Pennsylvania German 20 10 5
Swiss German 40 15 20
Yiddish 0 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 500 270 235
Afrikaans 30 15 20
Dutch 440 235 200
Low German, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 5 0 5
Vlaams (Flemish) 20 15 10
Scandinavian languages 45 25 20
Danish 30 15 15
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 5 0 5
Swedish 10 10 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Greek 15 10 5
Indo-Iranian languages 2,600 1,580 1,020
Indo-Aryan languages 2,380 1,460 915
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 120 80 40
Gujarati 280 205 75
Hindi 245 145 100
Kacchi 5 5 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 5 5 0
Nepali 180 90 100
Oriya languages 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,380 850 530
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 5 5 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 45 20 25
Urdu 75 45 35
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 20 15 10
Iranian languages 225 120 105
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 0 0 0
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 5 5 5
Persian languages 220 120 100
Dari 10 5 5
Iranian Persian 185 100 85
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 20 10 10
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 850 425 420
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 60 30 30
Portuguese 190 90 100
Romanian 50 30 25
Spanish 550 285 270
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 95 20 80
Korean 130 65 65
Mongolian 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 125 70 55
Akan (Twi) 5 5 0
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0
Éwé 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0
Ganda 5 5 5
Gikuyu 10 0 5
Igbo 10 5 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 25 15 10
Lingala 0 0 0
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 10 5 5
Shona 0 0 0
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0
Swahili 20 10 10
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0
Yoruba 25 10 10
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0
Nilo-Saharan languages 5 0 0
Dinka 5 0 0
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
African, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Sign languages 15 10 0
American Sign Language 15 15 0
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages 3,795 1,930 1,870
Chinese languages 3,730 1,890 1,840
Hakka 10 5 0
Mandarin 3,240 1,625 1,620
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 65 45 20
Wu (Shanghainese) 20 10 10
Yue (Cantonese) 350 175 175
Chinese, n.o.s. 45 25 20
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 65 40 30
Burmese 15 5 5
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 40 25 20
S'gaw Karen 45 25 15
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 30 5 25
Lao 0 0 0
Thai 35 5 25
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 70 35 35
Azerbaijani 5 0 5
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 65 35 35
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Uralic languages 70 30 35
Estonian 10 5 0
Finnish 15 5 10
Hungarian 50 25 30
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5
Multiple responses 2,505 1,240 1,265
English and French 970 430 540
English and non-official language(s) 1,320 695 625
French and non-official language(s) 45 20 25
English, French and non-official language(s) 50 30 20
Multiple non-official languages 120 65 60
All languages spoken at home
Total - All languages spoken at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data40 152,455 74,645 77,810
English 134,785 65,730 69,060
French 1,620 755 860
Non-official language 5,485 2,965 2,520
Indigenous39 5 0 0
Non-Indigenous 5,480 2,960 2,515
English and French 2,605 1,120 1,485
English and non-official language(s) 7,300 3,755 3,545
French and non-official language(s) 45 25 20
English, French and non-official language(s) 340 155 180
Multiple non-official languages 280 140 145
Language spoken most often at home
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data41 152,455 74,645 77,810
Single responses 150,355 73,620 76,735
Official languages 141,285 68,820 72,460
English 139,195 67,855 71,345
French 2,085 960 1,120
Non-official languages 9,080 4,800 4,275
Indigenous languages39 10 5 5
Algonquian languages 10 5 5
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 0 0 0
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0 0 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 10 5 5
Mi'kmaq 10 5 5
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 0 0 0
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 9,065 4,800 4,270
Afro-Asiatic languages 610 315 290
Berber languages 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 0 0 0
Hausa 0 0 0
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 45 20 25
Bilen 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 45 20 25
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 560 295 265
Amharic 5 0 0
Arabic 545 285 260
Aramaic languages 5 0 5
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 5 0 5
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 5 5 5
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 585 300 285
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 580 300 285
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 880 415 465
Bikol 0 0 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 5 5 5
Cebuano 30 15 15
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 10 5 10
Ilocano 20 10 5
Indonesian 0 0 0
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 805 385 425
Waray-Waray 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5
Creole languages 25 15 15
Haitian Creole 0 0 0
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 0 0 0
Morisyen 10 0 10
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 10 5 5
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Dravidian languages 350 205 150
Kannada 10 5 5
Malayalam 295 175 120
Tamil 20 10 10
Telugu 25 15 10
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 2,950 1,675 1,280
Albanian 75 45 35
Armenian 0 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 230 105 120
Baltic languages 0 0 0
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Slavic languages 225 105 120
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 5 0 0
Czech 0 0 0
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 15 5 5
Russian 155 70 90
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 20 10 10
Bosnian 10 5 5
Croatian 5 5 5
Serbian 5 0 0
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Slovak 0 0 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 5 5 0
Ukrainian 25 15 10
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 5 5 0
Irish 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0
Welsh 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0
Germanic languages 380 195 185
Frisian 5 5 5
High German languages 245 125 120
German 205 105 100
Pennsylvania German 20 10 5
Swiss German 20 5 15
Yiddish 0 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 120 60 60
Afrikaans 20 10 15
Dutch 95 50 40
Low German, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 0 0 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0
Scandinavian languages 10 0 5
Danish 5 0 5
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 0 0 0
Swedish 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Greek 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages 1,820 1,105 720
Indo-Aryan languages 1,665 1,030 635
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 80 50 25
Gujarati 190 140 50
Hindi 125 75 50
Kacchi 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 5 0 0
Nepali 125 65 65
Oriya languages 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,070 665 410
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 20 10 10
Urdu 30 20 10
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5
Iranian languages 160 75 85
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 0 0 0
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 0 0 0
Persian languages 150 75 80
Dari 5 5 5
Iranian Persian 130 60 70
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 10 5 5
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 435 220 210
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 10 5 5
Portuguese 90 40 50
Romanian 25 15 10
Spanish 310 165 145
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 40 10 25
Korean 95 45 50
Mongolian 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 30 10 20
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0
Éwé 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0
Lingala 0 0 0
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Shona 0 0 0
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0
Swahili 10 0 10
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0
Yoruba 5 5 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
African, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Sign languages 35 30 10
American Sign Language 30 20 5
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5
Sino-Tibetan languages 3,365 1,735 1,635
Chinese languages 3,325 1,710 1,610
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 2,985 1,550 1,440
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 25 15 15
Wu (Shanghainese) 15 10 10
Yue (Cantonese) 275 130 140
Chinese, n.o.s. 25 10 10
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 45 20 20
Burmese 0 0 0
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 30 15 10
S'gaw Karen 30 15 10
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 5 5 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 10 0 5
Lao 0 0 0
Thai 10 0 5
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 60 25 30
Azerbaijani 5 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 55 25 30
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Uralic languages 25 15 10
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 0 0 0
Hungarian 20 10 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Multiple responses 2,100 1,030 1,070
English and French 450 170 290
English and non-official language(s) 1,575 820 750
French and non-official language(s) 15 10 10
English, French and non-official language(s) 30 15 15
Multiple non-official languages 30 15 15
Other language spoken regularly at home
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data42 152,455 74,645 77,810
None 143,655 70,300 73,355
English 3,250 1,615 1,630
French 1,810 810 1,000
Non-official language 2,750 1,390 1,355
Indigenous39 60 30 35
Non-Indigenous 2,690 1,365 1,325
English and French 40 10 25
English and non-official language(s) 475 260 210
French and non-official language(s) 165 75 85
English, French and non-official language(s) 15 5 5
Multiple non-official languages 305 170 140
Knowledge of languagesThe letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice.
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample data43 150,485 73,545 76,940
Official languages 149,645 73,110 76,535
English 149,525 73,045 76,480
French 19,445 8,285 11,155
Non-official languages 16,155 8,280 7,870
Indigenous languages39 160 75 80
Algonquian languages 145 75 75
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 15 0 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 10 0 10
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0 0 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 135 70 65
Mi'kmaq 135 70 65
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 0 0 0
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 10 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 10 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 10 0 10
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 10 0 10
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 16,015 8,220 7,790
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,320 735 585
Berber languages 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 20 0 15
Hausa 20 0 15
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 60 40 20
Bilen 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 60 40 20
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 1,260 700 555
Amharic 10 10 0
Arabic 1,165 645 520
Aramaic languages 40 25 15
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 40 25 15
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 75 40 35
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 785 390 395
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 785 390 395
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 1,670 690 980
Bikol 0 0 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 15 0 10
Cebuano 15 0 10
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 100 35 65
Ilocano 30 15 20
Indonesian 20 15 10
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 25 10 15
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0
Pangasinan 25 10 15
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,625 670 955
Waray-Waray 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 20 0 20
Creole languages 155 70 75
Haitian Creole 15 0 0
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 0 0 0
Morisyen 60 30 30
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 50 15 35
Creole languages, n.i.e. 30 20 10
Dravidian languages 730 420 310
Kannada 30 15 15
Malayalam 600 335 265
Tamil 140 70 65
Telugu 65 50 15
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 7,735 4,145 3,590
Albanian 230 125 105
Armenian 0 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 675 355 320
Baltic languages 10 10 0
Latvian 10 10 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Slavic languages 665 350 320
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 50 20 30
Czech 70 35 35
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 130 60 70
Russian 325 170 150
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 90 60 30
Bosnian 45 25 20
Croatian 55 40 15
Serbian 20 15 10
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Slovak 10 10 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 15 10 0
Ukrainian 90 50 35
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 55 40 15
Irish 10 10 0
Scottish Gaelic 25 15 10
Welsh 15 15 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 1,755 885 875
Frisian 30 20 10
High German languages 1,060 560 500
German 1,040 550 500
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 35 15 25
Yiddish 10 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 675 340 335
Afrikaans 115 55 60
Dutch 550 285 265
Low German, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 0 0 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 25 10 15
Scandinavian languages 90 35 55
Danish 50 25 30
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 10 10 0
Swedish 30 15 25
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Greek 60 20 35
Indo-Iranian languages 3,275 1,980 1,295
Indo-Aryan languages 2,985 1,830 1,160
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 190 145 45
Gujarati 325 240 85
Hindi 1,660 1,050 605
Kacchi 10 0 10
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 35 25 10
Nepali 165 75 90
Oriya languages 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,550 955 595
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 10 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 80 40 40
Urdu 180 105 75
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 70 55 15
Iranian languages 285 150 135
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 0 0 0
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 0 0 0
Persian languages 285 150 135
Dari 0 0 0
Iranian Persian 250 135 115
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 10 0 0
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 1,950 905 1,045
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 245 140 105
Portuguese 340 140 200
Romanian 60 25 35
Spanish 1,425 670 755
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 25 25 0
Japanese 310 130 180
Korean 100 40 55
Mongolian 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 320 215 110
Akan (Twi) 20 15 0
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 10 0 0
Éwé 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 35 25 10
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 50 35 15
Lingala 30 15 15
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Shona 10 0 0
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0
Swahili 45 30 20
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0
Yoruba 90 65 25
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 25 15 0
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
African, n.o.s. 10 0 0
Sign languages 70 35 35
American Sign Language 65 25 35
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0
Sino-Tibetan languages 3,275 1,590 1,685
Chinese languages 3,195 1,555 1,640
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 2,940 1,415 1,535
Min Dong 10 0 10
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 75 35 45
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0
Yue (Cantonese) 445 250 195
Chinese, n.o.s. 65 30 35
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 90 40 45
Burmese 30 15 15
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 55 25 30
S'gaw Karen 55 25 30
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 15 0 15
Lao 0 0 0
Thai 15 0 15
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 90 35 55
Azerbaijani 20 15 10
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 75 25 50
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Uralic languages 105 30 70
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 25 0 20
Hungarian 75 25 50
Other languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15
Indigenous population
Total - Indigenous identity for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 150,480 73,545 76,940
Indigenous identity45 3,385 1,620 1,765
Single Indigenous responses46 3,185 1,545 1,635
First Nations (North American Indian) 2,165 1,070 1,090
Métis 845 395 450
Inuk (Inuit) 180 85 95
Multiple Indigenous responses47 30 10 20
Indigenous responses not included elsewhere48 165 60 110
Non-Indigenous identity 147,100 71,925 75,175
Total - Registered or Treaty Indian status for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 150,480 73,545 76,940
Registered or Treaty Indian49 1,460 705 765
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 149,020 72,840 76,180
Household characteristics
Total - Private households by tenure - 25% sample data50 64,570 ... ...
Owner 44,420 ... ...
Renter 19,990 ... ...
Dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band 165 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by condominium status - 25% sample data51 64,570 ... ...
Condominium 1,860 ... ...
Not condominium 62,710 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of bedrooms - 25% sample data52 64,570 ... ...
No bedrooms 205 ... ...
1 bedroom 6,035 ... ...
2 bedrooms 17,730 ... ...
3 bedrooms 24,505 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 16,090 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of rooms - 25% sample data53 64,570 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 15,865 ... ...
5 rooms 10,815 ... ...
6 rooms 9,985 ... ...
7 rooms 8,705 ... ...
8 or more rooms 19,200 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 6.4 ... ...
Total - Private households by number of persons per room - 25% sample data54 64,570 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 63,890 ... ...
More than one person per room 680 ... ...
Total - Private households by housing suitability - 25% sample data55 64,570 ... ...
Suitable 62,550 ... ...
Not suitable 2,015 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by period of construction - 25% sample data56 64,570 ... ...
1960 or before 14,795 ... ...
1961 to 1980 16,450 ... ...
1981 to 1990 8,110 ... ...
1991 to 2000 8,100 ... ...
2001 to 2005 3,870 ... ...
2006 to 2010 4,360 ... ...
2011 to 2015 4,100 ... ...
2016 to 202157 4,790 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by dwelling condition - 25% sample data58 64,570 ... ...
Only regular maintenance and minor repairs needed 59,995 ... ...
Major repairs needed 4,575 ... ...
Total - Private households by number of household maintainers - 25% sample data59 64,570 ... ...
One-maintainer household 32,085 ... ...
Two-maintainer household 30,070 ... ...
Three-or-more-maintainer household 2,415 ... ...
Total - Private households by age of primary household maintainers - 25% sample data60 64,570 ... ...
15 to 24 years 2,460 ... ...
25 to 34 years 8,045 ... ...
35 to 44 years 9,530 ... ...
45 to 54 years 10,945 ... ...
55 to 64 years 13,405 ... ...
65 to 74 years 12,060 ... ...
75 to 84 years 6,215 ... ...
85 years and over 1,910 ... ...
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratio - 25% sample data61 63,470 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of income on shelter costs 53,610 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs 9,865 ... ...
30% to less than 100% 8,995 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by housing indicators - 25% sample data62 64,570 ... ...
Total - Households 'spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' or 'not suitable' or 'major repairs needed' 15,305 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs only 8,855 ... ...
Not suitable only 1,690 ... ...
Major repairs needed only 3,630 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' 190 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'major repairs needed' 805 ... ...
'Not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 125 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 15 ... ...
Acceptable housing 49,260 ... ...
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero and shelter-cost-to-income ratio less than 100%, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data63 62,605 ... ...
In core need 4,370 ... ...
Not in core need 58,235 ... ...
Total - Owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 43,730 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgage64 55.6 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 8.8 ... ...
% in core housing need63 3.8 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 860 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 1,031 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)66 300,000 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)66 313,200 ... ...
Total - Tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 19,985 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housing67 18.0 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 30.3 ... ...
% in core housing need63 14.1 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 940 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 996 ... ...
Total - Households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band in non-farm private dwellings - 25% sample data 165 ... ...
% of households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band spending more than 30% on shelter costs61 0.0 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 226 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 272 ... ...
Indigenous ancestry
Total - Indigenous ancestry for the population in private households - 25% sample data68 150,480 73,540 76,940
Indigenous ancestry (only)69 1,680 825 850
Single Indigenous ancestry (only)70 1,650 820 830
First Nations (North American Indian) single ancestry 1,415 700 710
Métis single ancestry 170 95 75
Inuit single ancestry 70 25 45
Multiple Indigenous ancestries (only)71 0 0 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis ancestry only 0 0 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
Métis and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries72 3,870 1,780 2,095
Single Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries73 3,795 1,740 2,060
First Nations (North American Indian) and non-Indigenous ancestry only 2,990 1,355 1,635
Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 660 315 345
Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 145 65 80
Multiple Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries74 75 45 35
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 60 30 30
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 15 15 0
Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 0 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous ancestry only75 144,930 70,935 74,000
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample data76 150,480 73,540 76,940
Canadian citizens77 138,690 67,315 71,375
Canadian citizens aged under 18 26,690 13,640 13,045
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 112,005 53,670 58,330
Not Canadian citizens78 11,795 6,225 5,565
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample data79 150,480 73,540 76,940
Non-immigrants80 133,285 64,765 68,520
Immigrants81 11,765 5,740 6,025
Before 1980 2,170 1,000 1,170
1980 to 1990 720 365 355
1991 to 2000 710 300 415
2001 to 2010 1,685 810 875
2011 to 202182 6,475 3,260 3,210
2011 to 2015 1,615 815 800
2016 to 2021 4,860 2,445 2,410
Non-permanent residents83 5,430 3,040 2,395
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data84 11,765 5,740 6,025
Under 5 years 1,130 560 570
5 to 14 years 2,420 1,285 1,130
15 to 24 years 1,905 940 970
25 to 44 years 4,900 2,190 2,710
45 years and over 1,405 765 640
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data85 11,765 5,740 6,025
Americas 1,830 830 1,000
Brazil 85 40 50
Colombia 40 10 30
El Salvador 40 20 15
Guyana 15 15 0
Haiti 10 10 0
Jamaica 130 65 60
Mexico 50 10 35
Peru 15 0 15
Trinidad and Tobago 25 10 15
United States of America 1,170 505 665
Other places of birth in Americas 260 150 105
Europe 3,275 1,630 1,645
Bosnia and Herzegovina 55 25 30
Croatia 20 20 0
France 110 40 70
Germany 185 90 100
Greece 10 10 0
Hungary 45 20 20
Italy 75 35 35
Netherlands 430 240 185
Poland 100 50 45
Portugal 80 45 35
Romania 35 10 20
Russian Federation 105 45 60
Serbia86 10 0 10
Ukraine 75 40 35
United Kingdom87 1,385 670 710
Other places of birth in Europe 575 290 285
Africa 625 320 310
Algeria 0 0 0
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 15 0 15
Egypt 55 25 25
Eritrea 0 0 0
Ethiopia 10 0 0
Morocco 60 30 25
Nigeria 110 55 60
Somalia 25 15 10
South Africa, Republic of 120 55 65
Other places of birth in Africa 220 120 95
Asia 5,965 2,920 3,040
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Iran88 185 110 80
Iraq 55 35 20
Lebanon 140 85 55
Syria89 400 210 185
Turkey 25 10 10
China90 1,675 820 855
Hong Kong91 125 80 45
Korea, South92 40 15 30
Taiwan 155 65 90
Philippines 1,015 390 620
Viet Nam 525 265 260
Bangladesh 90 55 35
India 835 475 360
Pakistan 85 45 35
Sri Lanka 70 35 30
Other places of birth in Asia 530 225 305
Oceania and other places of birth93 70 40 35
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data94 4,860 2,450 2,410
Americas 465 210 250
Brazil 50 30 20
Colombia 35 15 25
Haiti 0 0 0
Jamaica 110 45 60
Mexico 30 10 15
United States of America 140 45 95
Venezuela95 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 100 60 35
Europe 445 210 230
France 45 25 15
Germany 0 0 0
Ireland96 15 10 10
Italy 35 10 20
Russian Federation 45 20 30
Ukraine 35 20 15
United Kingdom87 130 65 70
Other places of birth in Europe 135 70 70
Africa 270 135 130
Algeria 0 0 0
Burundi 0 0 0
Cameroon 0 0 0
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 0 0 0
Côte d'Ivoire 0 0 0
Egypt 30 20 15
Eritrea 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Morocco 10 0 10
Nigeria 85 40 45
Somalia 0 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 30 10 15
Sudan97 0 0 0
Tunisia 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 65 40 25
Asia 3,660 1,880 1,780
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Bangladesh 50 25 20
China90 1,170 595 575
Hong Kong91 70 45 30
India 665 390 280
Iran88 10 0 10
Iraq 40 25 15
Israel 10 10 0
Japan 0 0 0
Jordan 20 15 0
Korea, South92 0 0 0
Lebanon 30 20 0
Nepal 20 10 10
Pakistan 15 10 0
Philippines 630 255 370
Saudi Arabia 25 15 10
Sri Lanka 30 20 15
Syria89 220 125 95
Turkey 10 0 10
United Arab Emirates 55 15 35
Viet Nam 470 240 230
Other places of birth in Asia 115 55 65
Oceania and other93 25 10 10
Australia 20 10 10
Other places of birth98 0 0 0
Generation status
Total - Generation status for the population in private households - 25% sample data99 150,485 73,545 76,940
First generation100 18,220 9,240 8,975
Second generation101 9,775 4,825 4,950
Third generation or more102 122,495 59,475 63,020
Admission category and applicant type
Total - Admission category and applicant type for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data103 9,595 4,740 4,855
Economic immigrants104 7,100 3,605 3,495
Principal applicants105 2,925 1,635 1,285
Secondary applicants106 4,175 1,975 2,205
Immigrants sponsored by family107 1,420 585 835
Refugees108 1,010 510 505
Other immigrants109 60 35 30
Pre-admission experience
Total - Pre-admission experience for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data110 9,595 4,740 4,855
Asylum claim before admission111 50 20 30
Work permits only before admission112 1,525 740 785
Study permits only before admission113 370 170 200
Work and study permits before admission114 915 505 405
Other permits before admission115 25 15 15
No pre-admission experience116 6,710 3,290 3,420
Visible minority
Total - Visible minority for the population in private households - 25% sample data117 150,485 73,545 76,940
Total visible minority population118 14,310 7,420 6,890
South Asian 3,735 2,290 1,450
Chinese 3,335 1,615 1,730
Black 1,815 990 825
Filipino 1,760 725 1,035
Arab 1,125 605 520
Latin American 585 285 300
Southeast Asian 1,040 485 555
West Asian 295 170 125
Korean 120 60 60
Japanese 190 50 140
Visible minority, n.i.e.119 125 65 60
Multiple visible minorities 170 90 80
Not a visible minority120 136,175 66,125 70,055
Ethnic or cultural origin
Total - Ethnic or cultural origin for the population in private households - 25% sample data121 150,485 73,540 76,940
Canadian 22,825 11,140 11,680
English 36,050 17,210 18,840
Irish 41,845 19,570 22,275
Scottish 51,235 24,155 27,085
French, n.o.s.122 21,355 10,150 11,200
German 7,175 3,390 3,785
Chinese 3,050 1,450 1,600
Italian 1,655 830 830
Indian (India) 2,280 1,440 840
Ukrainian 1,050 525 520
Dutch 4,465 2,205 2,260
Polish 1,055 445 610
Québécois 195 110 85
British Isles, n.o.s.123 3,170 1,575 1,600
Filipino 1,600 675 925
French Canadian 970 440 530
Caucasian (White), n.o.s.124 6,135 2,975 3,165
First Nations (North American Indian), n.o.s.125 1,705 765 935
Métis 915 445 470
European, n.o.s.126 2,230 1,065 1,170
Russian 545 235 305
Norwegian 620 260 365
Welsh 2,495 1,235 1,260
Portuguese 425 215 205
American 1,080 505 570
Spanish 565 285 270
Swedish 420 160 260
Hungarian 425 210 220
Acadian 8,265 3,935 4,330
Pakistani 110 70 40
African, n.o.s.127 485 230 250
Jewish 260 135 115
Punjabi 420 195 225
Vietnamese 730 350 380
Arab, n.o.s.128 485 270 215
Greek 220 115 105
Jamaican 300 160 140
Asian, n.o.s.129 415 225 190
Cree, n.o.s.130 100 50 50
Korean 130 60 70
Romanian 110 45 65
Lebanese 715 365 350
Iranian 205 110 100
Christian, n.i.e.131 560 270 280
Danish 685 345 350
North American Indigenous, n.o.s.132 725 350 375
Sikh 230 145 75
Austrian 190 80 110
Belgian 340 155 185
Haitian 30 25 10
Hindu 285 200 90
Mexican 255 160 95
Mennonite 15 15 0
Swiss 505 260 240
Finnish 110 30 80
Sri Lankan 100 60 40
Croatian 130 70 55
Japanese 250 85 165
South Asian, n.o.s.133 145 80 60
Mi'kmaq, n.o.s.134 1,560 730 835
Northern European, n.o.s.135 355 170 190
Muslim 40 15 25
Egyptian 85 35 50
Latin, Central or South American, n.o.s.136 125 45 80
Tamil 0 0 0
Icelandic 135 75 55
Colombian 60 15 40
Moroccan 70 40 25
Czech 110 50 65
Syrian 390 190 200
Guyanese 50 35 10
Afghan 0 0 0
Black, n.o.s.137 205 105 100
Serbian 55 40 15
Ojibway 70 25 50
Newfoundlander 375 200 170
Hong Konger 200 110 85
Ontarian 150 75 75
Persian 60 35 25
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 30 10 15
Turkish 50 30 20
Inuit, n.o.s.138 255 110 145
Bangladeshi 110 85 25
Algerian 0 0 0
Brazilian 160 65 95
Nigerian 185 90 90
Armenian 25 20 10
Slovak 90 45 45
Eastern European, n.o.s.139 120 55 65
Somali 60 40 20
Taiwanese 170 75 100
Iraqi 30 15 15
Salvadorean 20 10 10
African Caribbean 25 20 10
East or Southeast Asian, n.o.s.140 115 65 50
West or Central Asian or Middle Eastern, n.o.s.141 60 35 25
Caribbean, n.o.s.142 65 35 30
Algonquin 35 10 25
West Indian, n.o.s.143 45 10 35
Lithuanian 95 20 75
South African 65 40 30
Australian 120 60 60
Palestinian 90 60 40
Chilean 55 40 15
Congolese 20 10 10
Nova Scotian 250 105 145
Ethiopian 10 10 0
Hispanic, n.o.s.144 60 30 25
Peruvian 10 0 10
Yoruba 110 65 45
Cambodian (Khmer) 0 0 0
Berber 0 0 0
Albanian 105 55 50
Maltese 60 50 10
Macedonian 20 10 10
Slovenian 55 35 20
Western European, n.o.s.145 125 45 80
New Brunswicker 175 90 85
Gujarati 50 30 20
Eritrean 0 0 0
African Canadian 90 45 45
Israeli 50 20 30
Mohawk 40 20 15
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s.146 65 20 40
Bulgarian 65 35 30
Albertan 45 25 20
Ghanaian 10 10 0
Barbadian 15 10 10
African American 115 60 60
Yugoslavian, n.o.s.147 20 10 15
Tunisian 10 0 0
Slavic, n.o.s.148 30 10 20
Cuban 30 20 0
Bosnian 25 20 10
Venezuelan 0 0 0
Innu/Montagnais, n.o.s.149 20 10 15
Latvian 110 60 55
Bengali 25 20 10
Cameroonian 15 0 10
Guatemalan 20 10 10
Indonesian 10 10 0