Census Profile, 2021 Census of Population
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Topic:
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Age
Age characteristics
Commuting
Select all: Commuting
Commuting destination
Commuting duration
Main mode of commuting
Place of work status
Time leaving for work
Education
Select all: Education
Highest certificate, diploma or degree
Location of study compared with province or territory of residence
Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2021
Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificate
Ethnocultural and religious diversity
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Ethnic or cultural origin
Religion
Visible minority
Families, households, and marital status
Select all: Families, households, and marital status
Family characteristics
Household type
Marital status
Housing
Household characteristics
Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
Select all: Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
Admission category and applicant type
Age at immigration
Citizenship
Generation status
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Pre-admission experience
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Income
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Income of economic families in 2020
Income of households in 2020
Income of individuals in 2019
Income of individuals in 2020
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Indigenous peoples
Select all: Indigenous peoples
Indigenous ancestry
Indigenous population
Instruction in the minority official language
Select all: Instruction in the minority official language
Children eligible for instruction in the minority official language
Eligibility and instruction in the minority official language for school-aged children
Labour
Select all: Labour
Class of worker including job permanency
Industry - Sectors - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2017
Labour force status
Occupation - Broad category - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2021
Work activity during the reference year
Language
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All languages spoken at home
First official language spoken
Knowledge of languages
Knowledge of official languages
Language spoken most often at home
Mother tongue
Other language spoken regularly at home
Language of work
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All languages used at work
Language used most often at work
Other language(s) used regularly at work
Mobility and migration
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Mobility status 1 year ago
Mobility status 5 years ago
Population and dwelling counts
Population and dwellings
Type of dwelling
Household and dwelling characteristics
GenderMore information:


Statistic:
Characteristic Nova ScotiaMore information:

[Province]
Counts
Total Men+ Women+
Population and dwellings
Population, 20211 969,383 ... ...
Population, 20161 923,598 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2016 to 2021 5.0 ... ...
Total private dwellings2 476,007 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residents3 428,228 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 18.4 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 52,824.71 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups of the population - 100% data 969,380 471,730 497,650
0 to 14 years 136,710 70,165 66,540
0 to 4 years 40,340 20,610 19,735
5 to 9 years 47,070 24,055 23,015
10 to 14 years 49,300 25,505 23,795
15 to 64 years 617,345 302,720 314,625
15 to 19 years 48,180 24,770 23,410
20 to 24 years 58,005 30,115 27,890
25 to 29 years 60,430 30,375 30,050
30 to 34 years 59,575 29,295 30,285
35 to 39 years 57,755 27,960 29,790
40 to 44 years 56,420 26,900 29,515
45 to 49 years 59,200 28,415 30,785
50 to 54 years 63,775 30,595 33,175
55 to 59 years 77,080 37,205 39,870
60 to 64 years 76,935 37,085 39,850
65 years and over 215,325 98,845 116,480
65 to 69 years 68,395 32,735 35,665
70 to 74 years 59,435 28,295 31,140
75 to 79 years 39,325 18,400 20,925
80 to 84 years 25,130 11,095 14,040
85 years and over 23,035 8,325 14,715
85 to 89 years 14,595 5,860 8,740
90 to 94 years 6,345 2,050 4,300
95 to 99 years 1,805 375 1,435
100 years and over 290 50 245
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 14.1 14.9 13.4
15 to 64 years 63.7 64.2 63.2
65 years and over 22.2 21.0 23.4
85 years and over 2.4 1.8 3.0
Average age of the population 44.2 43.2 45.2
Median age of the population 45.6 44.4 46.8
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% data 428,230 ... ...
Single-detached house 272,980 ... ...
Semi-detached house 21,605 ... ...
Row house 11,220 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 13,165 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 64,575 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 28,650 ... ...
Other single-attached house 700 ... ...
Movable dwelling4 15,345 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% data 428,225 ... ...
1 person 131,850 ... ...
2 persons 166,475 ... ...
3 persons 61,700 ... ...
4 persons 45,700 ... ...
5 or more persons 22,500 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 955,855 465,820 490,035
Average household size 2.2 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the total population aged 15 years and over - 100% data 832,670 401,565 431,105
Married or living common-law 471,570 235,255 236,320
Married 372,690 185,900 186,785
Living common-law 98,885 49,350 49,530
Living common law - Never married 69,735 34,845 34,890
Living common law - Separated 5,510 2,835 2,670
Living common law - Divorced 20,870 10,580 10,285
Living common law - Widowed 2,765 1,090 1,675
Not married and not living common-law 361,105 166,315 194,785
Not married and not living common law - Never married 230,425 122,570 107,850
Not married and not living common law - Separated 25,025 10,930 14,095
Not married and not living common law - Divorced 52,000 20,725 31,275
Not married and not living common law - Widowed 53,655 12,090 41,565
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% data5 280,335 ... ...
2 persons 166,340 ... ...
3 persons 56,715 ... ...
4 persons 41,255 ... ...
5 or more persons 16,030 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.7 ... ...
Average number of children in census families with children6 1.7 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% data 280,340 ... ...
Total couple families 231,690 ... ...
Married couples 182,255 ... ...
With children6 78,455 ... ...
Without children 103,795 ... ...
Common-law couples 49,435 ... ...
With children6 17,320 ... ...
Without children 32,120 ... ...
Total one-parent families 48,645 ... ...
in which the parent is a woman+ 38,280 ... ...
in which the parent is a man+ 10,370 ... ...
Total - Persons in private households - 100% data 955,855 465,820 490,035
Total - Persons in census families 753,775 371,150 382,630
Married spouses or common-law partners 463,385 231,305 232,080
Parents in one-parent families 48,645 10,365 38,275
Children6 241,745 129,475 112,270
In a two-parent family 167,950 89,310 78,640
In a one-parent family 73,800 40,170 33,630
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 202,080 94,675 107,405
Living alone 131,850 58,495 73,355
Living with other relatives7 20,715 8,710 12,005
Living with non-relatives only 49,515 27,470 22,050
Household type
Total - Household type - 100% data 428,225 ... ...
One-census-family households without additional persons 253,030 ... ...
Couple-family households 214,615 ... ...
With children6 88,670 ... ...
Without children 125,945 ... ...
One-parent-family households 38,415 ... ...
Multigenerational households8 8,620 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households9 1,570 ... ...
One-census-family households with additional persons9 11,175 ... ...
Two-or-more-person non-census-family households 21,980 ... ...
One-person households 131,850 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2020
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data10 819,310 395,750 423,555
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 792,265 382,635 409,625
Median total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 38,000 42,800 34,000
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 792,675 382,860 409,815
Median after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 33,600 37,200 31,000
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 688,495 339,905 348,595
Median market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 32,000 37,600 27,000
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 543,545 276,155 267,390
Median employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 33,200 38,000 29,200
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 644,215 293,140 351,070
Median government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 12,000 12,300 11,900
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 109,425 57,315 52,110
Median employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 6,240 6,550 5,880
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 202,185 97,505 104,675
Median COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 8,000 8,000 8,000
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data11 819,315 395,805 423,510
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 792,355 382,420 409,930
Average total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 47,480 53,850 41,560
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 792,780 382,655 410,125
Average after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 39,160 43,360 35,240
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 689,525 339,995 349,530
Average market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 43,120 50,080 36,320
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 543,575 276,135 267,445
Average employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 43,120 48,800 37,280
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 643,520 292,110 351,415
Average government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 12,260 12,160 12,350
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 109,585 57,200 52,385
Average employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 7,850 8,340 7,300
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 201,560 96,700 104,860
Average COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 8,910 8,790 9,010
Total - Employment income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data12 819,315 395,805 423,510
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 253,470 134,925 118,540
Median employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 57,600 62,400 52,400
Average employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 66,200 72,000 59,650
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 221,675 105,650 116,030
Median employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 16,600 19,000 14,700
Average employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 25,080 29,600 20,960
Composition of total income in 2020 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data17 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)18 79.0 82.8 74.6
Employment income (%)19 62.3 65.4 58.5
Government transfers (%)20 21.0 17.2 25.5
Employment insurance benefits (%) 2.3 2.3 2.3
COVID-19 - Government income support and benefits (%) 5.6 4.7 6.6
COVID-19 - Emergency and recovery benefits (%) 4.8 4.1 5.6
Total - Total income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data21 819,310 395,755 423,560
Without total income 27,050 13,115 13,935
With total income 792,265 382,635 409,630
Under $10,000 (including loss) 65,365 28,385 36,980
$10,000 to $19,999 102,030 40,305 61,730
$20,000 to $29,999 140,270 60,610 79,660
$30,000 to $39,999 111,240 49,815 61,425
$40,000 to $49,999 96,235 44,300 51,940
$50,000 to $59,999 72,270 36,525 35,745
$60,000 to $69,999 52,910 29,860 23,050
$70,000 to $79,999 40,055 23,620 16,435
$80,000 to $89,999 32,100 18,350 13,755
$90,000 to $99,999 23,205 13,035 10,175
$100,000 and over 56,580 37,845 18,735
$100,000 to $149,999 40,070 25,970 14,095
$150,000 and over 16,510 11,875 4,635
Total - After-tax income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data22 819,310 395,755 423,560
Without after-tax income 26,635 12,890 13,745
With after-tax income 792,670 382,860 409,810
Under $10,000 (including loss) 69,720 29,525 40,190
$10,000 to $19,999 107,780 43,060 64,715
$20,000 to $29,999 164,470 72,415 92,055
$30,000 to $39,999 136,500 62,655 73,845
$40,000 to $49,999 107,015 53,055 53,955
$50,000 to $59,999 72,850 40,725 32,125
$60,000 to $69,999 50,395 28,870 21,520
$70,000 to $79,999 32,395 18,070 14,325
$80,000 to $89,999 18,025 11,265 6,760
$90,000 to $99,999 10,385 6,855 3,535
$100,000 and over 23,150 16,360 6,785
$100,000 to $124,999 12,080 8,410 3,670
$125,000 and over 11,065 7,945 3,115
Total - Employment income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data19 819,310 395,755 423,560
Without employment income 275,765 119,595 156,170
With employment income 543,550 276,155 267,390
Under $5,000 (including loss) 77,555 37,160 40,400
$5,000 to $9,999 45,840 20,175 25,660
$10,000 to $19,999 71,750 32,760 38,985
$20,000 to $29,999 58,530 27,440 31,095
$30,000 to $39,999 54,505 25,820 28,680
$40,000 to $49,999 51,660 24,210 27,450
$50,000 to $59,999 40,920 22,085 18,835
$60,000 to $69,999 33,355 19,520 13,835
$70,000 to $79,999 27,430 16,135 11,295
$80,000 to $89,999 24,060 13,375 10,690
$90,000 to $99,999 17,820 9,985 7,840
$100,000 and over 40,125 27,495 12,630
$100,000 to $124,999 20,670 13,250 7,420
$125,000 and over 19,460 14,245 5,210
Income of individuals in 2019
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data23 819,310 395,750 423,555
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 776,185 373,815 402,365
Median total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 35,600 41,600 30,800
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 777,055 373,920 403,140
Median after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 31,800 36,400 28,200
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 684,380 337,255 347,120
Median market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 32,800 38,800 27,400
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 549,215 278,025 271,190
Median employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 33,600 38,800 29,000
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 573,480 253,385 320,090
Median government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 8,600 8,800 8,400
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 -100% data 95,990 50,870 45,125
Median employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 7,050 7,850 6,160
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data24 819,315 395,805 423,510
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 776,340 373,615 402,725
Average total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 45,640 53,150 38,680
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 777,120 373,720 403,405
Average after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 37,520 42,640 32,760
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 684,995 337,060 347,935
Average market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 43,720 51,650 36,040
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 549,145 277,905 271,245
Average employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 43,520 50,240 36,600
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 573,240 252,615 320,625
Average government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 9,580 9,670 9,500
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 96,890 51,150 45,745
Average employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 8,290 8,740 7,790
Total - Employment income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data25 819,315 395,805 423,510
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 251,785 133,965 117,825
Median employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 53,600 59,600 48,000
Average employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 62,500 69,000 55,050
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 209,605 99,920 109,690
Median employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 20,600 24,400 18,200
Average employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 30,840 37,480 24,760
Composition of total income in 2019 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%) 84.6 87.6 80.4
Employment income (%) 67.4 70.4 63.7
Government transfers (%) 15.5 12.3 19.6
Employment insurance benefits (%) 2.3 2.3 2.3
Income of households in 2020
Total - Income statistics for private households - 100% data26 428,225 ... ...
Median total income of household in 2020 ($) 71,500 ... ...
Median after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 62,400 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 100% data 131,850 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 36,400 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 32,400 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 100% data 296,380 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 91,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 78,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for private households - 25% sample data27 428,230 ... ...
Average total income of household in 2020 ($) 87,900 ... ...
Average after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 72,500 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 25% sample data 131,820 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 45,240 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 37,760 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 25% sample data 296,405 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 106,800 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 88,000 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data21 428,225 ... ...
Under $5,000 4,790 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 2,660 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 8,695 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 7,735 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 24,065 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 17,035 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 17,825 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 19,870 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 19,565 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 18,950 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 35,540 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 33,315 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 30,505 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 27,540 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 24,515 ... ...
$100,000 and over 135,620 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 46,745 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 31,570 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 33,750 ... ...
$200,000 and over 23,565 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data22 428,225 ... ...
Under $5,000 5,335 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 2,750 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 8,855 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 8,370 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 25,970 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 20,455 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 21,680 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 23,815 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 22,985 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 21,995 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 42,410 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 39,910 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 34,775 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 29,630 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 24,180 ... ...
$100,000 and over 95,105 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 42,740 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 24,600 ... ...
$150,000 and over 27,775 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2020
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 100% data28 279,100 ... ...
Median total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 91,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 78,000 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.8 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 100% data 127,845 ... ...
Median total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 82,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 71,000 ... ...
Average family size of couple-only economic families 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 100% data 97,300 ... ...
Median total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 124,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 104,000 ... ...
Average family size of couple-with-children economic families 3.9 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 45,215 ... ...
Median total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 60,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 55,200 ... ...
Average family size of one-parent economic families 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% data29 181,370 85,960 95,405
Median total income in 2020 ($)30 34,000 35,200 32,800
Median after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 30,800 31,600 30,200
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 25% sample data31 279,025 ... ...
Average total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 107,400 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 88,100 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 25% sample data 127,670 ... ...
Average total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 97,000 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 79,300 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 25% sample data 97,420 ... ...
Average total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 139,400 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 112,500 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 45,155 ... ...
Average total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 69,100 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 60,750 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample data32 181,300 85,865 95,440
Average total income in 2020 ($)30 42,200 43,960 40,640
Average after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 35,600 36,480 34,840
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Total - LIM low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households - 100% data33 955,855 465,825 490,040
0 to 17 years 165,120 84,795 80,330
0 to 5 years 49,490 25,290 24,200
18 to 64 years 584,500 285,155 299,345
65 years and over 206,230 95,870 110,370
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 142,180 65,125 77,055
0 to 17 years 28,510 14,770 13,740
0 to 5 years 9,780 5,045 4,740
18 to 64 years 73,130 34,155 38,980
65 years and over 40,540 16,205 24,330
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 14.9 14.0 15.7
0 to 17 years (%) 17.3 17.4 17.1
0 to 5 years (%) 19.8 19.9 19.6
18 to 64 years (%) 12.5 12.0 13.0
65 years and over (%) 19.7 16.9 22.0
Total - LICO low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households to whom the low-income concept is applicable - 100% data33 943,185 459,735 483,450
0 to 17 years 161,185 82,805 78,380
0 to 5 years 48,270 24,665 23,605
18 to 64 years 577,035 281,610 295,425
65 years and over 204,965 95,315 109,645
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 44,075 22,435 21,645
0 to 17 years 7,000 3,610 3,390
0 to 5 years 2,180 1,165 1,020
18 to 64 years 34,085 17,580 16,500
65 years and over 3,000 1,250 1,750
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 4.7 4.9 4.5
0 to 17 years (%) 4.3 4.4 4.3
0 to 5 years (%) 4.5 4.7 4.3
18 to 64 years (%) 5.9 6.2 5.6
65 years and over (%) 1.5 1.3 1.6
Total - Adjusted after-tax economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% data34The letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice. 955,855 465,825 490,040
In bottom half of the distribution 572,455 272,985 299,475
In bottom decile 125,755 58,940 66,810
In second decile 125,480 58,055 67,425
In third decile 113,675 54,280 59,395
In fourth decile 107,485 52,275 55,210
In fifth decile 100,065 49,435 50,630
In top half of the distribution 383,400 192,835 190,560
In sixth decile 94,675 47,270 47,410
In seventh decile 88,660 44,545 44,110
In eighth decile 80,810 40,600 40,215
In ninth decile 67,810 34,260 33,555
In top decile 51,445 26,165 25,280
Total - Inequality measures for the population in private households - 100% data35 955,855 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household total income 0.327 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household market income 0.456 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household after-tax income 0.282 ... ...
P90/P10 ratio on adjusted household after-tax income 3.6 ... ...
Knowledge of official languages
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data36 958,990 467,355 491,635
English only 856,200 422,260 433,945
French only 605 265 335
English and French 98,940 43,315 55,625
Neither English nor French 3,245 1,515 1,730
First official language spoken
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data37 958,990 467,355 491,635
English 926,860 451,840 475,020
French 26,775 13,020 13,760
English and French 2,320 1,100 1,225
Neither English nor French 3,030 1,395 1,630
Mother tongue
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data38 958,990 467,355 491,635
Single responses 941,105 458,730 482,375
Official languages 878,890 427,130 451,760
English 851,545 413,905 437,640
French 27,340 13,220 14,125
Non-official languages 62,220 31,605 30,615
Indigenous languages39 3,230 1,525 1,705
Algonquian languages 3,175 1,500 1,675
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 20 15 5
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 10 10 5
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0 0 5
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Innu (Montagnais) 10 0 5
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 3,145 1,480 1,660
Mi'kmaq 3,145 1,480 1,660
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 5 0 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 0 5
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 5 0 5
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 5 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 10 5 5
Northern Athabaskan languages 10 5 5
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 5 5 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 45 15 25
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 45 15 30
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 58,990 30,080 28,905
Afro-Asiatic languages 8,935 4,810 4,130
Berber languages 20 10 5
Kabyle 10 10 5
Tamazight 0 5 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 0 0 0
Hausa 0 0 0
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 270 140 130
Bilen 0 0 0
Oromo 80 45 35
Somali 180 90 90
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 8,645 4,655 3,985
Amharic 170 85 85
Arabic 7,960 4,300 3,660
Aramaic languages 25 15 10
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 10 5 5
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 15 10 5
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 225 125 100
Maltese 15 5 10
Tigrigna 230 110 115
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 965 450 515
Khmer (Cambodian) 10 5 5
Vietnamese 950 440 510
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 5 5 0
Austronesian languages 3,885 1,625 2,265
Bikol 15 5 10
Bisaya, n.o.s. 75 25 50
Cebuano 230 85 145
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 75 35 40
Ilocano 90 30 55
Indonesian 60 20 40
Kankanaey 5 5 5
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 20 5 10
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10 5 5
Pangasinan 5 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 3,240 1,380 1,865
Waray-Waray 10 0 10
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 60 20 35
Creole languages 120 60 55
Haitian Creole 20 10 10
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 10 10 0
Morisyen 35 15 20
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 35 20 15
Creole languages, n.i.e. 10 5 10
Dravidian languages 3,385 1,975 1,410
Kannada 90 50 45
Malayalam 1,975 1,185 790
Tamil 555 295 265
Telugu 750 445 305
Tulu 10 5 5
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 28,150 14,700 13,450
Albanian 335 165 170
Armenian 35 20 15
Balto-Slavic languages 4,030 1,870 2,160
Baltic languages 85 35 55
Latvian 50 20 30
Lithuanian 35 10 25
Slavic languages 3,945 1,840 2,105
Belarusian 10 5 5
Bulgarian 75 35 40
Czech 185 90 95
Macedonian 30 15 20
Polish 870 405 465
Russian 1,735 795 945
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 580 285 300
Bosnian 130 65 65
Croatian 240 105 130
Serbian 190 105 90
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 20 10 15
Slovak 95 50 50
Slovene (Slovenian) 25 10 10
Ukrainian 330 150 175
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 110 55 60
Irish 10 5 10
Scottish Gaelic 65 30 40
Welsh 20 5 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10
Germanic languages 5,580 2,735 2,845
Frisian 30 20 10
High German languages 3,245 1,560 1,680
German 3,050 1,465 1,585
Pennsylvania German 10 5 10
Swiss German 165 90 75
Yiddish 25 10 10
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 1,890 935 960
Afrikaans 235 115 120
Dutch 1,395 690 705
Low German, n.o.s. 60 25 35
Low Saxon 40 20 20
Plautdietsch 135 65 70
Vlaams (Flemish) 25 15 10
Scandinavian languages 400 210 185
Danish 150 85 65
Icelandic 45 25 20
Norwegian 90 40 50
Swedish 110 55 55
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10
Greek 710 355 355
Indo-Iranian languages 12,325 7,030 5,295
Indo-Aryan languages 10,555 6,110 4,445
Assamese 15 5 5
Bengali 890 515 380
Gujarati 1,160 745 415
Hindi 2,035 1,165 865
Kacchi 10 5 0
Kashmiri 5 0 0
Konkani 25 15 10
Marathi 170 90 75
Nepali 410 200 210
Oriya languages 10 5 5
Odia 10 5 5
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 4,550 2,680 1,865
Rohingya 5 5 5
Sindhi 30 15 10
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 250 125 130
Urdu 965 520 440
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15
Iranian languages 1,760 910 845
Baluchi 5 0 0
Kurdish 220 110 105
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 105 60 40
Persian languages 1,435 735 700
Dari 180 85 95
Iranian Persian 1,135 590 550
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 115 60 55
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 5,025 2,470 2,555
Catalan 5 5 5
Italian 730 405 320
Portuguese 1,305 640 665
Romanian 300 150 150
Spanish 2,680 1,270 1,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0
Japanese 395 100 290
Korean 2,340 1,000 1,340
Mongolian 10 5 5
Niger-Congo languages 1,025 520 500
Akan (Twi) 80 45 30
Bamanankan 5 10 0
Edo 20 10 10
Éwé 35 15 15
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 5 0 0
Ga 15 10 5
Ganda 35 15 25
Gikuyu 15 10 10
Igbo 90 45 45
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 55 25 35
Lingala 5 0 5
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 5 5 5
Ndebele 5 0 5
Rundi (Kirundi) 10 5 0
Shona 50 30 20
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 5 5 0
Swahili 215 100 110
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 10 5 10
Yoruba 215 110 105
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 130 75 60
Nilo-Saharan languages 125 60 60
Dinka 30 10 15
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 90 50 45
African, n.o.s. 5 5 0
Sign languages 215 110 100
American Sign Language 170 95 80
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 35 20 20
Sino-Tibetan languages 8,380 4,145 4,240
Chinese languages 8,350 4,125 4,225
Hakka 15 5 5
Mandarin 6,730 3,335 3,395
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 90 45 45
Wu (Shanghainese) 35 15 15
Yue (Cantonese) 1,250 595 655
Chinese, n.o.s. 220 125 95
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5
Tibeto-Burman languages 25 15 5
Burmese 10 5 5
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 5 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5
Tai-Kadai languages 155 45 110
Lao 10 5 5
Thai 145 40 100
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 465 275 195
Azerbaijani 25 10 10
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 345 210 140
Uyghur 5 5 0
Uzbek 75 40 35
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 5
Uralic languages 425 185 240
Estonian 50 20 30
Finnish 85 35 50
Hungarian 290 130 160
Other languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10
Multiple responses 17,880 8,625 9,255
English and French 6,640 2,945 3,695
English and non-official language(s) 9,805 4,975 4,830
French and non-official language(s) 315 140 180
English, French and non-official language(s) 375 175 195
Multiple non-official languages 745 385 360
All languages spoken at home
Total - All languages spoken at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data40 958,990 467,355 491,635
English 863,700 420,555 443,145
French 9,795 4,680 5,120
Non-official language 17,340 8,855 8,490
Indigenous39 1,125 540 580
Non-Indigenous 16,220 8,310 7,910
English and French 16,185 7,225 8,955
English and non-official language(s) 48,020 24,140 23,880
French and non-official language(s) 180 80 100
English, French and non-official language(s) 2,475 1,170 1,305
Multiple non-official languages 1,290 655 635
Language spoken most often at home
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data41 958,990 467,355 491,635
Single responses 945,155 460,495 484,660
Official languages 908,700 441,805 466,895
English 896,020 435,780 460,240
French 12,680 6,025 6,655
Non-official languages 36,450 18,690 17,760
Indigenous languages39 2,065 995 1,070
Algonquian languages 2,050 990 1,060
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 5 0 5
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 5 0 5
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0 0 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 2,045 995 1,055
Mi'kmaq 2,045 990 1,055
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 0 0 0
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 5 5 10
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 5 5 10
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 34,385 17,690 16,695
Afro-Asiatic languages 5,575 2,855 2,715
Berber languages 5 5 5
Kabyle 5 5 5
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 0 0 0
Hausa 0 0 0
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 200 105 100
Bilen 0 0 0
Oromo 45 25 20
Somali 155 80 80
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 5,365 2,750 2,615
Amharic 100 50 50
Arabic 4,940 2,530 2,410
Aramaic languages 10 5 5
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 15 5 5
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 140 75 65
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 170 85 90
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 665 320 350
Khmer (Cambodian) 5 5 5
Vietnamese 660 315 340
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 2,125 1,025 1,100
Bikol 0 0 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 40 15 20
Cebuano 120 60 60
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 40 15 25
Ilocano 20 5 10
Indonesian 10 5 5
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 10 5 5
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5 5 5
Pangasinan 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,845 895 955
Waray-Waray 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 30 15 20
Creole languages 50 20 30
Haitian Creole 5 5 5
Jamaican English Creole 10 0 5
Krio 5 0 5
Morisyen 15 5 5
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 15 5 10
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0
Dravidian languages 2,315 1,320 1,000
Kannada 40 25 20
Malayalam 1,435 835 595
Tamil 390 205 185
Telugu 440 255 190
Tulu 5 5 5
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 14,470 7,615 6,855
Albanian 145 70 70
Armenian 10 5 5
Balto-Slavic languages 1,745 825 920
Baltic languages 10 5 10
Latvian 5 5 5
Lithuanian 5 0 0
Slavic languages 1,735 825 915
Belarusian 5 5 5
Bulgarian 25 10 15
Czech 50 25 20
Macedonian 10 5 5
Polish 235 110 125
Russian 1,060 505 550
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 240 115 125
Bosnian 55 25 25
Croatian 80 35 45
Serbian 100 50 45
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 15 5 10
Slovak 15 10 10
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0
Ukrainian 95 45 50
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 40 20 20
Irish 0 5 0
Scottish Gaelic 35 20 15
Welsh 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 1,540 740 800
Frisian 5 0 0
High German languages 1,020 495 525
German 970 470 500
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 50 25 25
Yiddish 0 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 450 215 240
Afrikaans 120 60 60
Dutch 145 65 80
Low German, n.o.s. 55 30 30
Low Saxon 30 15 20
Plautdietsch 90 45 50
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0
Scandinavian languages 60 30 35
Danish 15 5 15
Icelandic 20 10 10
Norwegian 5 5 5
Swedish 20 10 10
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0
Greek 260 120 150
Indo-Iranian languages 8,375 4,660 3,710
Indo-Aryan languages 7,160 4,050 3,105
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 580 305 270
Gujarati 695 410 285
Hindi 1,210 695 515
Kacchi 5 5 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 5 0 0
Marathi 85 45 45
Nepali 315 155 160
Oriya languages 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 3,510 2,060 1,450
Rohingya 5 0 5
Sindhi 10 5 5
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 130 65 70
Urdu 595 305 290
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0
Iranian languages 1,210 605 610
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 165 85 85
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 60 30 30
Persian languages 990 490 500
Dari 130 65 65
Iranian Persian 790 395 400
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 65 30 35
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 2,360 1,175 1,175
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 165 85 80
Portuguese 770 380 390
Romanian 115 60 60
Spanish 1,305 650 650
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 120 40 75
Korean 1,810 815 1,005
Mongolian 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 370 175 200
Akan (Twi) 15 5 10
Bamanankan 5 5 5
Edo 5 5 5
Éwé 10 5 5
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0
Ganda 15 5 10
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 40 20 20
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 35 15 20
Lingala 0 0 0
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Shona 5 5 5
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0
Swahili 110 50 60
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 0 5 0
Yoruba 95 45 50
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 25 15 15
Nilo-Saharan languages 75 35 40
Dinka 20 10 10
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 55 25 25
African, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Sign languages 350 190 160
American Sign Language 280 150 130
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 65 35 30
Sino-Tibetan languages 6,085 3,100 2,990
Chinese languages 6,085 3,095 2,990
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 5,185 2,640 2,540
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 30 15 10
Wu (Shanghainese) 30 10 20
Yue (Cantonese) 695 335 360
Chinese, n.o.s. 145 85 60
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 5 0
Burmese 0 0 0
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 60 30 35
Lao 0 0 0
Thai 60 30 30
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 230 120 115
Azerbaijani 5 5 5
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 160 85 75
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 45 20 25
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Uralic languages 85 40 40
Estonian 10 5 5
Finnish 10 5 5
Hungarian 65 35 30
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Multiple responses 13,840 6,860 6,980
English and French 2,645 1,210 1,435
English and non-official language(s) 10,725 5,435 5,290
French and non-official language(s) 90 35 55
English, French and non-official language(s) 210 105 105
Multiple non-official languages 170 80 90
Other language spoken regularly at home
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data42 958,990 467,355 491,635
None 902,315 439,745 462,575
English 17,980 9,075 8,900
French 11,345 4,995 6,350
Non-official language 20,845 10,180 10,665
Indigenous39 1,960 890 1,070
Non-Indigenous 18,890 9,290 9,595
English and French 315 145 170
English and non-official language(s) 2,420 1,305 1,110
French and non-official language(s) 1,285 605 680
English, French and non-official language(s) 75 35 35
Multiple non-official languages 2,415 1,265 1,150
Knowledge of languagesThe letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice.
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample data43 955,855 465,855 490,005
Official languages 952,595 464,200 488,395
English 951,945 463,930 488,015
French 99,300 43,375 55,920
Non-official languages 93,440 46,815 46,625
Indigenous languages39 5,930 2,720 3,210
Algonquian languages 5,780 2,665 3,120
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 80 25 55
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 75 25 50
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0 0 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 35 15 25
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 10 10 0
Cree, n.o.s. 20 0 20
Innu (Montagnais) 10 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 5,660 2,615 3,035
Mi'kmaq 5,650 2,620 3,030
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 10 10 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 60 20 45
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 10 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 50 15 40
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 20 0 15
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 25 10 20
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 20 0 15
Northern Athabaskan languages 25 0 15
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 10 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 75 35 40
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 75 35 40
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 15 0 10
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 15 0 10
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 15 0 20
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 25 10 25
Non-Indigenous languages 87,610 44,125 43,485
Afro-Asiatic languages 13,180 7,235 5,940
Berber languages 40 30 10
Kabyle 20 20 0
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 35 15 20
Hausa 30 10 20
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 310 180 135
Bilen 0 0 0
Oromo 120 65 50
Somali 195 110 85
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 12,880 7,075 5,805
Amharic 245 140 100
Arabic 11,745 6,505 5,240
Aramaic languages 80 50 35
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 45 30 20
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 35 25 10
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 805 400 405
Maltese 15 10 0
Tigrigna 160 80 80
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,250 640 610
Khmer (Cambodian) 20 20 0
Vietnamese 1,230 625 605
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 6,005 2,580 3,420
Bikol 20 10 10
Bisaya, n.o.s. 205 85 120
Cebuano 390 160 230
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 65 30 40
Ilocano 225 70 155
Indonesian 145 45 100
Kankanaey 30 10 20
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 10 0 10
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 10 0 10
Malay 85 30 55
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 60 25 35
Pangasinan 35 25 15
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 5,595 2,425 3,170
Waray-Waray 30 10 25
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 260 90 170
Creole languages 570 255 310
Haitian Creole 75 30 45
Jamaican English Creole 70 35 30
Krio 35 15 15
Morisyen 100 35 65
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 135 65 65
Creole languages, n.i.e. 165 75 90
Dravidian languages 5,060 2,935 2,120
Kannada 380 200 175
Malayalam 2,705 1,575 1,130
Tamil 1,570 935 640
Telugu 1,265 740 520
Tulu 10 10 10
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 45,840 23,400 22,440
Albanian 495 245 250
Armenian 65 40 20
Balto-Slavic languages 5,595 2,735 2,860
Baltic languages 160 75 85
Latvian 95 45 50
Lithuanian 65 30 35
Slavic languages 5,465 2,685 2,780
Belarusian 35 15 20
Bulgarian 115 60 55
Czech 310 175 140
Macedonian 65 40 25
Polish 1,105 515 590
Russian 2,790 1,420 1,370
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 920 450 465
Bosnian 255 115 135
Croatian 460 185 275
Serbian 385 215 170
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 35 20 15
Slovak 165 60 105
Slovene (Slovenian) 45 20 25
Ukrainian 600 295 305
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 1,035 495 540
Irish 190 100 90
Scottish Gaelic 635 275 355
Welsh 100 60 35
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 145 70 75
Germanic languages 9,805 4,730 5,075
Frisian 55 35 20
High German languages 6,770 3,330 3,440
German 6,665 3,290 3,375
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 200 85 115
Yiddish 30 20 15
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 2,765 1,320 1,445
Afrikaans 455 240 215
Dutch 2,015 950 1,065
Low German, n.o.s. 90 45 45
Low Saxon 50 25 20
Plautdietsch 200 85 110
Vlaams (Flemish) 50 15 40
Scandinavian languages 730 355 380
Danish 260 140 125
Icelandic 65 35 30
Norwegian 245 135 105
Swedish 200 65 135
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 50 25 25
Greek 1,125 545 575
Indo-Iranian languages 17,345 9,790 7,555
Indo-Aryan languages 15,420 8,775 6,650
Assamese 30 15 15
Bengali 1,225 665 555
Gujarati 1,475 925 545
Hindi 10,115 5,745 4,370
Kacchi 20 15 0
Kashmiri 15 10 0
Konkani 75 35 40
Marathi 450 215 230
Nepali 430 230 200
Oriya languages 45 30 20
Odia 20 20 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 25 10 10
Punjabi (Panjabi) 6,730 3,870 2,860
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 75 45 30
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 380 190 190
Urdu 1,810 990 820
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 90 65 15
Iranian languages 2,125 1,130 995
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 360 180 180
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 215 125 85
Persian languages 1,570 830 745
Dari 155 85 75
Iranian Persian 1,280 680 600
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 150 75 75
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 35 15 15
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 35 30 10
Italic (Romance) languages 12,180 5,695 6,485
Catalan 30 20 10
Italian 2,120 1,050 1,065
Portuguese 1,770 900 870
Romanian 360 145 215
Spanish 8,675 3,955 4,720
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 65 40 20
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20
Japanese 1,305 580 735
Korean 2,825 1,180 1,650
Mongolian 10 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 3,110 1,565 1,540
Akan (Twi) 185 100 85
Bamanankan 30 10 25
Edo 35 15 20
Éwé 65 35 30
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 30 20 10
Ga 45 35 10
Ganda 105 55 45
Gikuyu 15 0 0
Igbo 430 190 240
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 115 60 55
Lingala 100 60 40
Luba-Kasai 25 15 10
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 15 0 10
Rundi (Kirundi) 45 35 10
Shona 135 60 70
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 20 15 0
Swahili 715 405 310
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 80 45 40
Yoruba 1,045 505 535
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 495 280 210
Nilo-Saharan languages 370 210 155
Dinka 110 40 75
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 255 175 85
African, n.o.s. 40 25 15
Sign languages 1,765 660 1,105
American Sign Language 1,505 530 975
Quebec Sign Language 10 10 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 290 140 150
Sino-Tibetan languages 9,850 4,920 4,930
Chinese languages 9,775 4,870 4,905
Hakka 40 15 25
Mandarin 8,525 4,285 4,240
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 145 60 85
Wu (Shanghainese) 60 25 30
Yue (Cantonese) 1,805 800 1,005
Chinese, n.o.s. 225 120 105
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 25 15 15
Tibeto-Burman languages 70 50 25
Burmese 10 0 0
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 10 10 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 50 30 15
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 200 75 130
Lao 20 10 10
Thai 185 65 120
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 925 540 390
Azerbaijani 45 25 15
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 680 380 300
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 140 80 60
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 70 50 20
Uralic languages 520 225 300
Estonian 40 15 25
Finnish 105 45 60
Hungarian 375 160 215
Other languages, n.i.e. 250 125 125
Indigenous population
Total - Indigenous identity for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 955,855 465,855 490,005
Indigenous identity45 52,430 25,175 27,250
Single Indigenous responses46 50,245 24,140 26,100
First Nations (North American Indian) 28,050 13,405 14,650
Métis 21,090 10,255 10,835
Inuk (Inuit) 1,100 485 620
Multiple Indigenous responses47 885 435 445
Indigenous responses not included elsewhere48 1,300 600 705
Non-Indigenous identity 903,430 440,680 462,750
Total - Registered or Treaty Indian status for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 955,855 465,855 490,005
Registered or Treaty Indian49 18,450 8,810 9,640
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 937,405 457,045 480,360
Household characteristics
Total - Private households by tenure - 25% sample data50 428,230 ... ...
Owner 285,995 ... ...
Renter 139,415 ... ...
Dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band 2,820 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by condominium status - 25% sample data51 428,230 ... ...
Condominium 16,130 ... ...
Not condominium 412,095 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of bedrooms - 25% sample data52 428,230 ... ...
No bedrooms 2,070 ... ...
1 bedroom 52,160 ... ...
2 bedrooms 117,275 ... ...
3 bedrooms 162,095 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 94,630 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of rooms - 25% sample data53 428,230 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 106,425 ... ...
5 rooms 68,795 ... ...
6 rooms 68,430 ... ...
7 rooms 58,805 ... ...
8 or more rooms 125,765 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 6.3 ... ...
Total - Private households by number of persons per room - 25% sample data54 428,230 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 423,980 ... ...
More than one person per room 4,250 ... ...
Total - Private households by housing suitability - 25% sample data55 428,230 ... ...
Suitable 413,020 ... ...
Not suitable 15,210 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by period of construction - 25% sample data56 428,230 ... ...
1960 or before 110,850 ... ...
1961 to 1980 116,750 ... ...
1981 to 1990 59,840 ... ...
1991 to 2000 52,820 ... ...
2001 to 2005 23,290 ... ...
2006 to 2010 22,740 ... ...
2011 to 2015 19,850 ... ...
2016 to 202157 22,085 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by dwelling condition - 25% sample data58 428,230 ... ...
Only regular maintenance and minor repairs needed 393,015 ... ...
Major repairs needed 35,215 ... ...
Total - Private households by number of household maintainers - 25% sample data59 428,230 ... ...
One-maintainer household 226,285 ... ...
Two-maintainer household 187,565 ... ...
Three-or-more-maintainer household 14,380 ... ...
Total - Private households by age of primary household maintainers - 25% sample data60 428,230 ... ...
15 to 24 years 14,490 ... ...
25 to 34 years 56,105 ... ...
35 to 44 years 62,340 ... ...
45 to 54 years 70,065 ... ...
55 to 64 years 89,710 ... ...
65 to 74 years 78,645 ... ...
75 to 84 years 42,555 ... ...
85 years and over 14,330 ... ...
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratio - 25% sample data61 421,920 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of income on shelter costs 346,445 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs 75,475 ... ...
30% to less than 100% 66,865 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by housing indicators - 25% sample data62 428,230 ... ...
Total - Households 'spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' or 'not suitable' or 'major repairs needed' 114,325 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs only 65,710 ... ...
Not suitable only 11,185 ... ...
Major repairs needed only 26,055 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' 2,210 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'major repairs needed' 7,345 ... ...
'Not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 1,610 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 200 ... ...
Acceptable housing 313,900 ... ...
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero and shelter-cost-to-income ratio less than 100%, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data63 413,315 ... ...
In core need 41,465 ... ...
Not in core need 371,845 ... ...
Total - Owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 283,280 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgage64 54.3 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 9.7 ... ...
% in core housing need63 5.0 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 870 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 1,070 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)66 250,000 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)66 295,600 ... ...
Total - Tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 138,920 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housing67 11.3 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 34.7 ... ...
% in core housing need63 20.7 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 1,000 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 1,083 ... ...
Total - Households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band in non-farm private dwellings - 25% sample data 2,820 ... ...
% of households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band spending more than 30% on shelter costs61 4.4 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 184 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 245 ... ...
Indigenous ancestry
Total - Indigenous ancestry for the population in private households - 25% sample data68 955,860 465,855 490,000
Indigenous ancestry (only)69 21,315 10,085 11,230
Single Indigenous ancestry (only)70 20,960 9,940 11,025
First Nations (North American Indian) single ancestry 16,710 7,915 8,790
Métis single ancestry 3,730 1,795 1,935
Inuit single ancestry 520 225 300
Multiple Indigenous ancestries (only)71 355 145 210
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis ancestry only 290 115 175
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit ancestry only 40 20 20
Métis and Inuit ancestry only 25 0 15
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries72 44,500 21,075 23,425
Single Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries73 43,525 20,615 22,910
First Nations (North American Indian) and non-Indigenous ancestry only 29,010 13,605 15,410
Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 13,390 6,420 6,970
Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 1,125 590 530
Multiple Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries74 975 460 515
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 820 390 425
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 105 35 70
Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 45 25 15
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous ancestry only75 890,045 434,700 455,345
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample data76 955,860 465,855 490,000
Canadian citizens77 903,570 438,325 465,245
Canadian citizens aged under 18 157,470 81,155 76,320
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 746,105 357,175 388,930
Not Canadian citizens78 52,285 27,530 24,755
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample data79 955,860 465,855 490,000
Non-immigrants80 861,945 417,905 444,035
Immigrants81 71,565 35,430 36,140
Before 1980 16,790 8,030 8,760
1980 to 1990 5,465 2,635 2,825
1991 to 2000 6,685 3,255 3,430
2001 to 2010 12,375 6,140 6,230
2011 to 202182 30,255 15,370 14,890
2011 to 2015 8,875 4,325 4,545
2016 to 2021 21,385 11,040 10,345
Non-permanent residents83 22,345 12,525 9,820
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data84 71,565 35,425 36,140
Under 5 years 8,390 4,120 4,270
5 to 14 years 13,180 6,980 6,205
15 to 24 years 10,940 5,265 5,675
25 to 44 years 32,955 15,760 17,195
45 years and over 6,095 3,300 2,795
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data85 71,565 35,425 36,140
Americas 12,150 5,780 6,370
Brazil 440 205 230
Colombia 270 125 140
El Salvador 85 40 45
Guyana 255 110 140
Haiti 55 10 45
Jamaica 760 395 365
Mexico 350 185 165
Peru 115 55 55
Trinidad and Tobago 290 155 130
United States of America 7,570 3,435 4,130
Other places of birth in Americas 1,960 1,045 915
Europe 23,295 11,615 11,685
Bosnia and Herzegovina 265 130 135
Croatia 250 110 140
France 485 260 220
Germany 2,370 1,165 1,210
Greece 300 130 165
Hungary 215 105 110
Italy 490 280 205
Netherlands 1,465 795 670
Poland 765 340 425
Portugal 235 135 95
Romania 315 135 175
Russian Federation 710 330 375
Serbia86 155 70 80
Ukraine 615 335 280
United Kingdom87 11,935 5,930 6,000
Other places of birth in Europe 2,745 1,355 1,385
Africa 6,575 3,545 3,035
Algeria 75 55 15
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 265 145 115
Egypt 970 525 450
Eritrea 120 85 35
Ethiopia 275 160 115
Morocco 150 60 85
Nigeria 1,745 890 860
Somalia 130 80 50
South Africa, Republic of 705 360 350
Other places of birth in Africa 2,135 1,175 965
Asia 28,940 14,155 14,785
Afghanistan 125 65 55
Iran88 1,045 530 510
Iraq 435 235 200
Lebanon 1,565 880 685
Syria89 2,415 1,265 1,155
Turkey 315 180 135
China90 4,320 1,995 2,330
Hong Kong91 355 145 205
Korea, South92 1,220 540 685
Taiwan 180 75 100
Philippines 4,760 2,040 2,715
Viet Nam 675 325 350
Bangladesh 540 280 260
India 5,605 2,950 2,655
Pakistan 900 480 420
Sri Lanka 375 190 185
Other places of birth in Asia 4,100 1,975 2,125
Oceania and other places of birth93 605 335 270
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data94 21,385 11,045 10,340
Americas 2,110 1,155 955
Brazil 265 135 125
Colombia 45 25 20
Haiti 0 0 0
Jamaica 325 170 160
Mexico 85 60 25
United States of America 880 475 400
Venezuela95 25 15 10
Other places of birth in Americas 490 280 210
Europe 2,145 1,205 945
France 80 45 35
Germany 185 105 80
Ireland96 115 70 40
Italy 40 25 15
Russian Federation 205 100 105
Ukraine 265 145 120
United Kingdom87 735 455 275
Other places of birth in Europe 530 260 270
Africa 3,395 1,830 1,570
Algeria 30 15 10
Burundi 20 15 0
Cameroon 20 0 15
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 160 85 75
Côte d'Ivoire 40 15 25
Egypt 375 215 160
Eritrea 50 45 0
Ethiopia 100 55 40
Morocco 45 25 25
Nigeria 1,440 705 735
Somalia 95 65 30
South Africa, Republic of 220 115 110
Sudan97 155 110 50
Tunisia 25 15 10
Other places of birth in Africa 615 350 270
Asia 13,620 6,770 6,850
Afghanistan 30 20 10
Bangladesh 350 185 165
China90 2,045 985 1,055
Hong Kong91 45 30 20
India 3,665 1,915 1,755
Iran88 220 105 115
Iraq 95 30 65
Israel 180 80 100
Japan 40 0 35
Jordan 170 85 85
Korea, South92 580 240 340
Lebanon 170 95 80
Nepal 65 35 30
Pakistan 370 220 150
Philippines 2,325 1,080 1,245
Saudi Arabia 225 125 100
Sri Lanka 60 20 35
Syria89 2,140 1,125 1,015
Turkey 110 55 55
United Arab Emirates 110 40 75
Viet Nam 205 105 100
Other places of birth in Asia 410 190 220
Oceania and other93 110 85 25
Australia 75 55 15
Other places of birth98 40 30 10
Generation status
Total - Generation status for the population in private households - 25% sample data99 955,855 465,855 490,005
First generation100 102,490 51,935 50,560
Second generation101 75,240 37,030 38,210
Third generation or more102 778,125 376,890 401,235
Admission category and applicant type
Total - Admission category and applicant type for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data103 54,775 27,390 27,385
Economic immigrants104 34,640 17,820 16,820
Principal applicants105 14,670 8,960 5,715
Secondary applicants106 19,970 8,855 11,110
Immigrants sponsored by family107 12,730 5,650 7,075
Refugees108 7,000 3,745 3,260
Other immigrants109 410 180 225
Pre-admission experience
Total - Pre-admission experience for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data110 54,775 27,390 27,385
Asylum claim before admission111 1,025 610 410
Work permits only before admission112 8,380 4,430 3,950
Study permits only before admission113 2,305 1,245 1,060
Work and study permits before admission114 4,995 2,655 2,340
Other permits before admission115 430 145 285
No pre-admission experience116 37,650 18,305 19,340
Visible minority
Total - Visible minority for the population in private households - 25% sample data117 955,855 465,850 490,005
Total visible minority population118 93,430 47,885 45,545
South Asian 21,655 12,310 9,345
Chinese 11,600 5,595 6,005
Black 28,220 14,040 14,180
Filipino 6,615 2,910 3,705
Arab 10,610 5,855 4,750
Latin American 2,915 1,440 1,470
Southeast Asian 2,400 1,170 1,230
West Asian 1,875 1,010 865
Korean 2,845 1,210 1,635
Japanese 985 420 565
Visible minority, n.i.e.119 970 490 480
Multiple visible minorities 2,750 1,430 1,320
Not a visible minority120 862,425 417,970 444,455
Ethnic or cultural origin
Total - Ethnic or cultural origin for the population in private households - 25% sample data121 955,855 465,855 490,005
Canadian 151,300 74,015 77,290
English 217,910 104,045 113,870
Irish 195,665 91,305 104,360
Scottish 257,205 122,970 134,230
French, n.o.s.122 113,635 54,010 59,630
German 86,860 41,315 45,540
Chinese 11,515 5,535 5,980
Italian 16,575 8,270 8,305
Indian (India) 14,310 7,975 6,335
Ukrainian 9,630 4,575 5,055
Dutch 27,375 12,940 14,440
Polish 11,295 5,685 5,610
Québécois 1,815 915 900
British Isles, n.o.s.123 32,185 15,630 16,555
Filipino 5,790 2,535 3,255
French Canadian 6,065 2,810 3,250
Caucasian (White), n.o.s.124 57,655 27,830 29,825
First Nations (North American Indian), n.o.s.125 13,635 6,455 7,175
Métis 18,310 8,760 9,545
European, n.o.s.126 45,180 22,400 22,780
Russian 4,490 2,105 2,385
Norwegian 6,010 2,775 3,235
Welsh 18,140 8,525 9,615
Portuguese 2,990 1,430 1,565
American 6,880 3,375 3,500
Spanish 4,015 1,840 2,180
Swedish 4,065 1,720 2,345
Hungarian 2,985 1,450 1,540
Acadian 49,205 22,790 26,410
Pakistani 1,285 665 615
African, n.o.s.127 8,335 4,160 4,180
Jewish 3,655 1,800 1,855
Punjabi 1,715 965 750
Vietnamese 1,375 720 655
Arab, n.o.s.128 3,445 1,805 1,645
Greek 3,175 1,630 1,550
Jamaican 1,860 990 875
Asian, n.o.s.129 3,115 1,495 1,620
Cree, n.o.s.130 1,320 550 770
Korean 2,545 1,075 1,470
Romanian 1,270 605 670
Lebanese 7,285 3,745 3,535
Iranian 1,205 615 590
Christian, n.i.e.131 2,460 1,195 1,260
Danish 3,730 1,770 1,960
North American Indigenous, n.o.s.132 6,290 2,975 3,310
Sikh 1,090 640 450
Austrian 1,995 995 1,000
Belgian 2,975 1,440 1,535
Haitian 200 80 125
Hindu 1,500 885 615
Mexican 935 490 450
Mennonite 710 360 350
Swiss 2,905 1,310 1,595
Finnish 1,295 565 725
Sri Lankan 530 280 250
Croatian 1,000 445 550
Japanese 1,125 490 635
South Asian, n.o.s.133 1,045 610 440
Mi'kmaq, n.o.s.134 21,305 10,140 11,160
Northern European, n.o.s.135 3,995 1,875 2,115
Muslim 780 425 360
Egyptian 1,390 800 595
Latin, Central or South American, n.o.s.136 860 460 400
Tamil 380 190 185
Icelandic 785 370 415
Colombian 525 275 250
Moroccan 280 110 170
Czech 1,065 520 540
Syrian 2,650 1,450 1,200
Guyanese 530 255 270
Afghan 240 110 125
Black, n.o.s.137 4,420 2,060 2,360
Serbian 425 240 190
Ojibway 735 295 435
Newfoundlander 7,540 3,565 3,975
Hong Konger 230 100 130
Ontarian 1,405 725 680
Persian 440 210 225
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 510 270 240
Turkish 665 360 300
Inuit, n.o.s.138 1,800 885 915
Bangladeshi 735 395 335
Algerian 40 25 15
Brazilian 705 345 365
Nigerian 1,070 515 560
Armenian 300 165 135
Slovak 615 260 355
Eastern European, n.o.s.139 1,710 815 895
Somali 200 115 85
Taiwanese 300 135 170
Iraqi 305 170 135
Salvadorean 120 70 55
African Caribbean 775 360 415
East or Southeast Asian, n.o.s.140 695 370 325
West or Central Asian or Middle Eastern, n.o.s.141 1,935 1,035 905
Caribbean, n.o.s.142 520 205 315
Algonquin 300 130 170
West Indian, n.o.s.143 600 260 340
Lithuanian 825 420 405
South African 685 310 375
Australian 545 290 255
Palestinian 760 425 335
Chilean 265 125 140
Congolese 375 175 205
Nova Scotian 25,505 12,430 13,075
Ethiopian 345 175 170
Hispanic, n.o.s.144 250 100 150
Peruvian 195 95 95
Yoruba 985 495 485
Cambodian (Khmer) 60 30 30
Berber 60 40 20
Albanian 510 260 250
Maltese 510 275 230
Macedonian 140 65 80
Slovenian 225 120 110
Western European, n.o.s.145 2,130 1,055 1,075
New Brunswicker 1,380 620 760
Gujarati 265 165 100
Eritrean 135 65 70
African Canadian 5,760 2,815 2,945
Israeli 475 265 220
Mohawk 515 225 290
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s.146 455 205 250
Bulgarian 380 195 185
Albertan 250 130 120
Ghanaian 235 145 90
Barbadian 705 325 375
African American 1,270 605 660
Yugoslavian, n.o.s.147 310 170 145
Tunisian 75 45 35
Slavic, n.o.s.148 380 195 185
Cuban 255 115 145
Bosnian 295 165 135
Venezuelan 210 100 105
Innu/Montagnais, n.o.s.149 175 75 95
Latvian 495 220 275
Bengali 210 120 85
Cameroonian 55 15 40
Guatemalan 115 50 60
Indonesian