Census Profile, 2021 Census of Population
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Topic:
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Age
Age characteristics
Commuting
Select all: Commuting
Commuting destination
Commuting duration
Main mode of commuting
Place of work status
Time leaving for work
Education
Select all: Education
Highest certificate, diploma or degree
Location of study compared with province or territory of residence
Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2021
Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificate
Ethnocultural and religious diversity
Select all: Ethnocultural and religious diversity
Ethnic or cultural origin
Religion
Visible minority
Families, households, and marital status
Select all: Families, households, and marital status
Family characteristics
Household type
Marital status
Housing
Household characteristics
Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
Select all: Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
Admission category and applicant type
Age at immigration
Citizenship
Generation status
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Pre-admission experience
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Income
Select all: Income
Income of economic families in 2020
Income of households in 2020
Income of individuals in 2019
Income of individuals in 2020
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Indigenous peoples
Select all: Indigenous peoples
Indigenous ancestry
Indigenous population
Instruction in the minority official language
Select all: Instruction in the minority official language
Children eligible for instruction in the minority official language
Eligibility and instruction in the minority official language for school-aged children
Labour
Select all: Labour
Class of worker including job permanency
Industry - Sectors - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2017
Labour force status
Occupation - Broad category - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2021
Work activity during the reference year
Language
Select all: Language
All languages spoken at home
First official language spoken
Knowledge of languages
Knowledge of official languages
Language spoken most often at home
Mother tongue
Other language spoken regularly at home
Language of work
Select all: Language of work
All languages used at work
Language used most often at work
Other language(s) used regularly at work
Mobility and migration
Select all: Mobility and migration
Mobility status 1 year ago
Mobility status 5 years ago
Population and dwelling counts
Population and dwellings
Type of dwelling
Household and dwelling characteristics
GenderMore information:


Statistic:
Characteristic Northwest TerritoriesMore information:

[Territory]
Counts
Total Men+ Women+
Population and dwellings
Population, 20211 41,070 ... ...
Population, 20161 41,786 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2016 to 2021 - 1.7 ... ...
Total private dwellings2 17,603 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residents3 15,207 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 0.0 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 1,127,711.92 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups of the population - 100% data 41,070 20,840 20,230
0 to 14 years 8,475 4,315 4,160
0 to 4 years 2,825 1,480 1,345
5 to 9 years 2,820 1,420 1,400
10 to 14 years 2,830 1,415 1,410
15 to 64 years 28,485 14,420 14,065
15 to 19 years 2,530 1,280 1,250
20 to 24 years 2,555 1,340 1,215
25 to 29 years 3,150 1,610 1,540
30 to 34 years 3,510 1,710 1,795
35 to 39 years 3,135 1,570 1,565
40 to 44 years 2,980 1,465 1,510
45 to 49 years 2,620 1,310 1,315
50 to 54 years 2,730 1,385 1,345
55 to 59 years 2,920 1,515 1,405
60 to 64 years 2,365 1,235 1,130
65 years and over 4,110 2,110 2,000
65 to 69 years 1,650 870 785
70 to 74 years 1,115 595 520
75 to 79 years 695 350 350
80 to 84 years 350 145 205
85 years and over 290 140 145
85 to 89 years 155 90 65
90 to 94 years 115 45 70
95 to 99 years 15 10 10
100 years and over 0 0 0
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 20.6 20.7 20.6
15 to 64 years 69.4 69.2 69.5
65 years and over 10.0 10.1 9.9
85 years and over 0.7 0.7 0.7
Average age of the population 36.4 36.4 36.3
Median age of the population 35.6 35.6 35.6
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% data 15,210 ... ...
Single-detached house 8,600 ... ...
Semi-detached house 1,065 ... ...
Row house 1,630 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 370 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 2,515 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 300 ... ...
Other single-attached house 115 ... ...
Movable dwelling4 615 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% data 15,205 ... ...
1 person 3,985 ... ...
2 persons 4,490 ... ...
3 persons 2,560 ... ...
4 persons 2,400 ... ...
5 or more persons 1,775 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 40,375 20,435 19,945
Average household size 2.7 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the total population aged 15 years and over - 100% data 32,595 16,530 16,065
Married or living common-law 17,435 8,725 8,705
Married 11,415 5,740 5,670
Living common-law 6,020 2,980 3,040
Living common law - Never married 5,165 2,535 2,630
Living common law - Separated 160 85 75
Living common law - Divorced 635 325 305
Living common law - Widowed 65 25 35
Not married and not living common-law 15,160 7,805 7,355
Not married and not living common law - Never married 11,950 6,565 5,385
Not married and not living common law - Separated 735 355 380
Not married and not living common law - Divorced 1,405 610 795
Not married and not living common law - Widowed 1,070 270 800
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% data5 11,010 ... ...
2 persons 5,060 ... ...
3 persons 2,520 ... ...
4 persons 2,200 ... ...
5 or more persons 1,225 ... ...
Average size of census families 3.0 ... ...
Average number of children in census families with children6 1.8 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% data 11,015 ... ...
Total couple families 8,440 ... ...
Married couples 5,430 ... ...
With children6 3,365 ... ...
Without children 2,070 ... ...
Common-law couples 3,010 ... ...
With children6 1,575 ... ...
Without children 1,435 ... ...
Total one-parent families 2,570 ... ...
in which the parent is a woman+ 1,880 ... ...
in which the parent is a man+ 690 ... ...
Total - Persons in private households - 100% data 40,375 20,435 19,945
Total - Persons in census families 33,230 16,490 16,740
Married spouses or common-law partners 16,885 8,390 8,490
Parents in one-parent families 2,575 690 1,880
Children6 13,775 7,410 6,370
In a two-parent family 9,660 5,180 4,485
In a one-parent family 4,115 2,235 1,880
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 7,145 3,945 3,200
Living alone 3,985 2,160 1,825
Living with other relatives7 1,335 685 645
Living with non-relatives only 1,830 1,100 725
Household type
Total - Household type - 100% data 15,205 ... ...
One-census-family households without additional persons 8,990 ... ...
Couple-family households 7,230 ... ...
With children6 4,310 ... ...
Without children 2,920 ... ...
One-parent-family households 1,765 ... ...
Multigenerational households8 630 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households9 120 ... ...
One-census-family households with additional persons9 700 ... ...
Two-or-more-person non-census-family households 780 ... ...
One-person households 3,980 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2020
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data10 31,915 16,125 15,790
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 31,745 16,040 15,705
Median total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 56,800 58,800 55,200
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 31,745 16,040 15,700
Median after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 51,200 52,000 50,000
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 27,470 13,940 13,530
Median market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 60,400 63,600 57,200
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 25,555 13,070 12,485
Median employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 60,400 63,200 58,400
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 31,670 16,000 15,665
Median government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 2,860 1,660 4,440
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 3,115 1,635 1,480
Median employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 6,280 6,280 6,750
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 9,030 4,685 4,345
Median COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 10,000 10,000 10,000
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data11 31,915 16,125 15,785
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 31,735 16,025 15,710
Average total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 69,400 72,900 65,900
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 31,735 16,025 15,710
Average after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 58,300 60,300 56,250
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 27,435 13,865 13,570
Average market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 69,900 74,900 64,900
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 25,555 13,020 12,535
Average employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 68,800 73,000 64,500
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 31,665 15,985 15,680
Average government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 8,970 8,100 9,870
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 3,105 1,585 1,525
Average employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 8,100 7,430 8,790
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 9,175 4,795 4,380
Average COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 9,790 9,680 9,910
Total - Employment income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data12 31,915 16,130 15,790
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 13,805 7,140 6,660
Median employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 94,000 98,000 90,000
Average employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 96,700 100,200 92,900
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 7,695 3,835 3,855
Median employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 25,800 28,600 23,800
Average employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 39,520 43,320 35,680
Composition of total income in 2020 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data17 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)18 87.2 89.0 85.0
Employment income (%)19 79.8 81.4 78.0
Government transfers (%)20 12.9 11.1 14.9
Employment insurance benefits (%) 1.1 1.0 1.3
COVID-19 - Government income support and benefits (%) 4.5 4.2 4.7
COVID-19 - Emergency and recovery benefits (%) 4.1 4.0 4.2
Total - Total income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data21 31,915 16,125 15,790
Without total income 170 85 85
With total income 31,745 16,040 15,700
Under $10,000 (including loss) 3,340 1,725 1,620
$10,000 to $19,999 2,420 1,215 1,210
$20,000 to $29,999 3,400 1,715 1,685
$30,000 to $39,999 2,860 1,340 1,525
$40,000 to $49,999 2,410 1,155 1,255
$50,000 to $59,999 2,045 980 1,065
$60,000 to $69,999 1,755 850 910
$70,000 to $79,999 1,895 915 980
$80,000 to $89,999 1,625 730 890
$90,000 to $99,999 1,560 730 830
$100,000 and over 8,425 4,695 3,730
$100,000 to $149,999 6,065 3,170 2,895
$150,000 and over 2,355 1,525 835
Total - After-tax income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data22 31,915 16,125 15,790
Without after-tax income 170 85 85
With after-tax income 31,740 16,040 15,705
Under $10,000 (including loss) 3,400 1,745 1,650
$10,000 to $19,999 2,490 1,255 1,235
$20,000 to $29,999 3,680 1,860 1,825
$30,000 to $39,999 3,270 1,575 1,690
$40,000 to $49,999 2,735 1,300 1,435
$50,000 to $59,999 2,480 1,215 1,265
$60,000 to $69,999 2,355 1,110 1,245
$70,000 to $79,999 2,115 960 1,150
$80,000 to $89,999 2,050 995 1,055
$90,000 to $99,999 1,975 1,025 945
$100,000 and over 5,195 2,990 2,200
$100,000 to $124,999 3,255 1,725 1,525
$125,000 and over 1,940 1,265 680
Total - Employment income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data19 31,915 16,125 15,790
Without employment income 6,360 3,060 3,305
With employment income 25,555 13,065 12,485
Under $5,000 (including loss) 2,800 1,380 1,425
$5,000 to $9,999 1,585 785 805
$10,000 to $19,999 2,235 1,065 1,170
$20,000 to $29,999 1,740 855 885
$30,000 to $39,999 1,500 820 685
$40,000 to $49,999 1,380 715 660
$50,000 to $59,999 1,460 730 735
$60,000 to $69,999 1,410 675 730
$70,000 to $79,999 1,375 610 765
$80,000 to $89,999 1,425 650 775
$90,000 to $99,999 1,370 675 700
$100,000 and over 7,270 4,115 3,155
$100,000 to $124,999 3,280 1,690 1,590
$125,000 and over 3,990 2,425 1,560
Income of individuals in 2019
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data23 31,915 16,125 15,790
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 30,310 15,265 15,045
Median total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 55,200 59,200 52,400
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 30,310 15,265 15,045
Median after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 49,600 52,000 47,200
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 27,470 13,935 13,535
Median market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 57,600 62,800 53,200
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 25,815 13,180 12,635
Median employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 57,200 61,600 53,200
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 27,855 13,900 13,955
Median government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 1,220 1,080 2,060
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 -100% data 2,920 1,475 1,440
Median employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 7,600 7,450 7,700
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data24 31,915 16,125 15,785
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 30,320 15,245 15,070
Average total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 67,800 72,600 62,900
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 30,320 15,245 15,070
Average after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 56,750 59,850 53,650
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 27,460 13,875 13,590
Average market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 68,400 74,300 62,400
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 25,830 13,145 12,685
Average employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 66,500 71,700 61,100
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 27,875 13,845 14,030
Average government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 6,285 5,460 7,100
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 2,885 1,460 1,425
Average employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 9,160 8,780 9,550
Total - Employment income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data25 31,915 16,130 15,790
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 13,670 7,025 6,645
Median employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 90,000 95,000 85,000
Average employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 91,000 96,300 85,300
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 7,400 3,730 3,670
Median employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 29,000 34,000 25,600
Average employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 44,520 49,120 39,840
Composition of total income in 2019 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%) 91.4 93.2 89.4
Employment income (%) 83.6 85.0 81.8
Government transfers (%) 8.5 6.8 10.5
Employment insurance benefits (%) 1.3 1.2 1.4
Income of households in 2020
Total - Income statistics for private households - 100% data26 15,205 ... ...
Median total income of household in 2020 ($) 127,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 109,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 100% data 3,980 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 68,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 59,600 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 100% data 11,225 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 155,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 133,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for private households - 25% sample data27 15,210 ... ...
Average total income of household in 2020 ($) 144,800 ... ...
Average after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 121,700 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 25% sample data 3,985 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 78,200 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 65,300 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 25% sample data 11,220 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 168,600 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 141,800 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data21 15,210 ... ...
Under $5,000 110 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 75 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 90 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 155 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 290 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 380 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 340 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 305 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 370 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 315 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 645 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 600 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 670 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 655 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 680 ... ...
$100,000 and over 9,530 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 1,770 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,585 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 2,440 ... ...
$200,000 and over 3,735 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data22 15,210 ... ...
Under $5,000 115 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 70 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 90 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 160 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 300 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 395 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 375 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 355 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 385 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 335 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 805 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 790 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 800 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 900 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 890 ... ...
$100,000 and over 8,445 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 2,065 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,655 ... ...
$150,000 and over 4,725 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2020
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 100% data28 10,690 ... ...
Median total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 151,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 130,000 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.2 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 100% data 3,075 ... ...
Median total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 152,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 129,000 ... ...
Average family size of couple-only economic families 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 100% data 5,015 ... ...
Median total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 188,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 158,000 ... ...
Average family size of couple-with-children economic families 4.2 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 2,190 ... ...
Median total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 87,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 81,000 ... ...
Average family size of one-parent economic families 2.9 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% data29 5,815 3,260 2,555
Median total income in 2020 ($)30 64,000 59,600 68,000
Median after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 56,000 53,600 59,200
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 25% sample data31 10,680 ... ...
Average total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 166,000 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 139,400 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 25% sample data 3,065 ... ...
Average total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 167,600 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 138,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 25% sample data 5,010 ... ...
Average total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 195,400 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 163,600 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 2,165 ... ...
Average total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 99,500 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 87,700 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample data32 5,815 3,235 2,580
Average total income in 2020 ($)30 74,000 73,200 75,000
Average after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 62,200 61,400 63,250
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Total - LIM low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households - 100% data33 40,375 20,435 19,940
0 to 17 years 10,020 5,135 4,890
0 to 5 years 3,430 1,770 1,655
18 to 64 years 26,505 13,300 13,210
65 years and over 3,850 2,000 1,850
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 2,905 1,475 1,435
0 to 17 years 1,045 555 495
0 to 5 years 420 230 190
18 to 64 years 1,525 760 770
65 years and over 340 160 175
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 7.2 7.2 7.2
0 to 17 years (%) 10.4 10.8 10.0
0 to 5 years (%) 12.2 13.0 11.3
18 to 64 years (%) 5.8 5.7 5.8
65 years and over (%) 8.7 8.1 9.4
Total - LICO low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households to whom the low-income concept is applicable - 100% data33 0 0 0
0 to 17 years 0 0 0
0 to 5 years 0 0 0
18 to 64 years 0 0 0
65 years and over 0 0 0
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 0 0 0
0 to 17 years 0 0 0
0 to 5 years 0 0 0
18 to 64 years 0 0 0
65 years and over 0 0 0
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) x x x
0 to 17 years (%) x x x
0 to 5 years (%) x x x
18 to 64 years (%) x x x
65 years and over (%) x x x
Total - Adjusted after-tax economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% data34The letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice. 40,375 20,435 19,945
In bottom half of the distribution 12,265 6,215 6,050
In bottom decile 2,520 1,325 1,195
In second decile 2,565 1,255 1,305
In third decile 2,345 1,200 1,140
In fourth decile 2,520 1,270 1,255
In fifth decile 2,320 1,170 1,150
In top half of the distribution 28,115 14,215 13,895
In sixth decile 2,940 1,485 1,460
In seventh decile 3,475 1,765 1,710
In eighth decile 4,235 2,085 2,150
In ninth decile 6,615 3,355 3,265
In top decile 10,845 5,525 5,320
Total - Inequality measures for the population in private households - 100% data35 40,380 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household total income 0.318 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household market income 0.407 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household after-tax income 0.287 ... ...
P90/P10 ratio on adjusted household after-tax income 4.3 ... ...
Knowledge of official languages
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data36 40,545 20,530 20,015
English only 35,940 18,440 17,500
French only 100 55 50
English and French 4,295 1,940 2,360
Neither English nor French 210 100 110
First official language spoken
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data37 40,545 20,530 20,015
English 39,055 19,770 19,290
French 1,135 585 550
English and French 155 80 70
Neither English nor French 200 95 105
Mother tongue
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data38 40,545 20,530 20,015
Single responses 38,850 19,725 19,120
Official languages 31,925 16,345 15,575
English 30,795 15,760 15,035
French 1,130 585 545
Non-official languages 6,925 3,380 3,545
Indigenous languages39 3,705 1,830 1,880
Algonquian languages 105 40 65
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 95 35 55
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 95 35 55
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 5 0 5
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 20 10 10
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 5 0 10
Cree, n.o.s. 55 25 30
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 15 5 5
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 15 5 5
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 15 5 5
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 3,140 1,605 1,535
Northern Athabaskan languages 3,140 1,605 1,535
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 5 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 415 200 220
Gwich'in 95 40 50
Slavey-Hare languages 1,280 660 620
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 280 140 140
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 240 105 130
Slavey, n.o.s. 760 410 350
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 1,350 705 640
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 450 170 270
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 285 110 175
Inuinnaqtun 100 40 60
Inuvialuktun 185 75 110
Inuktitut 160 60 100
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 10 5 5
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 3,220 1,550 1,670
Afro-Asiatic languages 280 170 115
Berber languages 10 10 0
Kabyle 0 0 0
Tamazight 10 5 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 0 0 0
Hausa 0 0 0
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 50 30 20
Bilen 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 50 30 20
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 220 130 90
Amharic 30 15 15
Arabic 145 85 55
Aramaic languages 0 0 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 5 5 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 50 25 20
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 170 75 95
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 165 75 95
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 1,010 415 590
Bikol 5 5 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 20 10 15
Cebuano 60 15 45
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 30 15 15
Ilocano 65 25 35
Indonesian 0 0 0
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10 0 5
Pangasinan 5 0 5
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 790 330 460
Waray-Waray 5 0 5
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5
Creole languages 15 10 10
Haitian Creole 0 0 0
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 5 0 0
Morisyen 5 0 0
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 10 5 5
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Dravidian languages 110 60 45
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 55 30 25
Tamil 30 15 10
Telugu 25 15 10
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 1,050 550 495
Albanian 5 0 0
Armenian 35 15 20
Balto-Slavic languages 160 75 85
Baltic languages 0 0 0
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Slavic languages 160 75 80
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 10 10 0
Czech 5 0 0
Macedonian 10 10 5
Polish 35 20 20
Russian 35 15 25
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 20 15 5
Bosnian 5 5 0
Croatian 5 5 0
Serbian 10 5 5
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Slovak 20 5 15
Slovene (Slovenian) 5 0 0
Ukrainian 20 5 15
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 5 5 0
Irish 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0
Welsh 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 220 115 105
Frisian 0 0 0
High German languages 120 70 50
German 110 65 50
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 10 0 5
Yiddish 0 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 85 40 45
Afrikaans 25 10 15
Dutch 45 25 25
Low German, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 10 5 5
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0
Scandinavian languages 15 5 10
Danish 0 5 0
Icelandic 0 0 5
Norwegian 5 0 5
Swedish 5 0 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Greek 10 5 0
Indo-Iranian languages 440 245 195
Indo-Aryan languages 420 235 185
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 75 35 35
Gujarati 25 15 10
Hindi 60 35 30
Kacchi 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0
Nepali 25 15 15
Oriya languages 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 135 85 55
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 5 0 5
Urdu 75 35 40
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5
Iranian languages 25 10 10
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 0 0 0
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 0 0 0
Persian languages 25 10 10
Dari 0 0 0
Iranian Persian 10 5 10
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 10 5 10
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 180 85 95
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 35 25 10
Portuguese 10 0 10
Romanian 15 10 5
Spanish 115 45 65
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 65 20 45
Korean 50 20 30
Mongolian 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 145 80 65
Akan (Twi) 10 5 5
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0
Éwé 5 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0
Ganda 15 10 5
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 5 5 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0
Lingala 0 0 0
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 5 0 0
Ndebele 15 5 10
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Shona 40 15 25
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0
Swahili 10 5 0
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0
Yoruba 10 10 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10
Nilo-Saharan languages 5 5 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0
African, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Sign languages 5 5 0
American Sign Language 0 0 0
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages 275 135 145
Chinese languages 275 130 140
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 105 55 55
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 10 0 5
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 5 0
Yue (Cantonese) 145 65 75
Chinese, n.o.s. 10 5 5
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 5 0 0
Burmese 0 0 0
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 5 0 5
Lao 0 0 0
Thai 5 0 5
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 10 5 5
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 5 5 5
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Uralic languages 30 15 15
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 10 0 5
Hungarian 20 10 5
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Multiple responses 1,695 810 890
English and French 300 140 160
English and non-official language(s) 1,255 600 655
French and non-official language(s) 25 15 10
English, French and non-official language(s) 20 10 15
Multiple non-official languages 95 40 50
All languages spoken at home
Total - All languages spoken at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data40 40,545 20,530 20,015
English 31,950 16,280 15,670
French 440 215 220
Non-official language 1,845 985 860
Indigenous39 1,085 595 485
Non-Indigenous 755 385 370
English and French 875 415 460
English and non-official language(s) 5,190 2,515 2,675
French and non-official language(s) 15 5 5
English, French and non-official language(s) 135 70 65
Multiple non-official languages 95 45 55
Language spoken most often at home
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data41 40,545 20,530 20,015
Single responses 39,305 19,915 19,390
Official languages 35,960 18,170 17,785
English 35,345 17,875 17,470
French 615 300 315
Non-official languages 3,345 1,740 1,600
Indigenous languages39 1,665 905 760
Algonquian languages 15 5 10
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 10 5 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 10 5 10
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0 0 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 5 0 5
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 5 5 5
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 0 0 0
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 1,565 855 705
Northern Athabaskan languages 1,565 855 705
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 170 90 80
Gwich'in 25 10 15
Slavey-Hare languages 620 345 275
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 130 75 60
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 105 55 55
Slavey, n.o.s. 385 215 165
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 750 415 335
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 90 40 50
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 70 30 35
Inuinnaqtun 25 10 15
Inuvialuktun 40 20 20
Inuktitut 20 5 10
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 1,680 835 840
Afro-Asiatic languages 200 125 80
Berber languages 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 0 0 0
Hausa 0 0 0
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 40 25 15
Bilen 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 40 25 15
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 160 90 70
Amharic 20 10 10
Arabic 90 55 40
Aramaic languages 0 0 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 0 0 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 50 35 15
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 115 55 60
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 115 55 60
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 555 260 300
Bikol 0 0 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 10 5 5
Cebuano 30 10 20
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 10 5 10
Ilocano 35 20 15
Indonesian 0 0 0
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 465 210 245
Waray-Waray 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Creole languages 10 5 10
Haitian Creole 0 0 0
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 0 0 0
Morisyen 0 0 0
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 5 0 5
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Dravidian languages 70 30 35
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 40 20 25
Tamil 10 10 5
Telugu 20 10 5
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 450 240 205
Albanian 0 0 0
Armenian 15 10 10
Balto-Slavic languages 40 20 20
Baltic languages 0 0 0
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Slavic languages 40 20 20
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 5 0 5
Czech 0 0 0
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 10 5 5
Russian 15 10 10
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0
Bosnian 0 0 0
Croatian 0 0 0
Serbian 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Slovak 10 5 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0
Ukrainian 0 0 0
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 0 0 0
Irish 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0
Welsh 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 30 15 20
Frisian 0 0 0
High German languages 5 5 5
German 10 5 5
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 0 0 0
Yiddish 0 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 20 5 10
Afrikaans 10 5 5
Dutch 0 0 0
Low German, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 0 0 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0
Scandinavian languages 5 0 5
Danish 0 0 0
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 0 0 0
Swedish 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Greek 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages 305 175 130
Indo-Aryan languages 285 165 120
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 65 30 30
Gujarati 20 10 10
Hindi 35 20 20
Kacchi 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0
Nepali 15 5 5
Oriya languages 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 120 85 35
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0
Urdu 25 10 15
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5
Iranian languages 15 10 5
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 0 0 0
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 0 0 0
Persian languages 15 10 5
Dari 0 0 0
Iranian Persian 10 5 5
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 10 5 5
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 50 25 30
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 5 5 5
Portuguese 0 0 0
Romanian 0 0 0
Spanish 45 20 25
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 35 15 20
Korean 25 10 20
Mongolian 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 35 15 20
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0
Éwé 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0
Lingala 0 0 0
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Shona 10 5 10
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0
Swahili 0 0 0
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0
Yoruba 5 0 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
African, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Sign languages 5 10 0
American Sign Language 10 5 0
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages 165 80 85
Chinese languages 165 80 85
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 75 40 40
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 5 0 5
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0
Yue (Cantonese) 75 35 40
Chinese, n.o.s. 5 5 5
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0
Burmese 0 0 0
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 0 0 0
Lao 0 0 0
Thai 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 5 5 5
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 5 5 5
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Uralic languages 0 0 0
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 0 0 0
Hungarian 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Multiple responses 1,245 620 625
English and French 190 80 105
English and non-official language(s) 1,020 520 500
French and non-official language(s) 5 10 0
English, French and non-official language(s) 10 5 5
Multiple non-official languages 15 5 15
Other language spoken regularly at home
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data42 40,545 20,530 20,015
None 35,335 18,035 17,305
English 1,420 710 715
French 545 265 285
Non-official language 2,825 1,315 1,510
Indigenous39 1,730 820 915
Non-Indigenous 1,100 500 600
English and French 20 10 10
English and non-official language(s) 145 75 70
French and non-official language(s) 75 40 35
English, French and non-official language(s) 0 0 0
Multiple non-official languages 170 80 85
Knowledge of languagesThe letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice.
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample data43 40,380 20,435 19,945
Official languages 40,160 20,345 19,815
English 40,000 20,265 19,730
French 4,445 2,040 2,400
Non-official languages 10,165 4,900 5,260
Indigenous languages39 5,380 2,610 2,775
Algonquian languages 240 105 140
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 205 85 120
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 205 85 120
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0 0 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 70 25 45
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 15 0 10
Cree, n.o.s. 115 50 60
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 50 20 30
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 45 20 35
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 30 15 15
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 15 10 10
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 4,440 2,220 2,220
Northern Athabaskan languages 4,440 2,220 2,220
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 10 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 600 285 310
Gwich'in 170 70 95
Slavey-Hare languages 1,750 890 860
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 455 225 230
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 350 165 185
Slavey, n.o.s. 970 525 450
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 2,050 1,035 1,010
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 705 295 420
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 505 215 290
Inuinnaqtun 205 90 115
Inuvialuktun 305 130 175
Inuktitut 215 75 135
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 10 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 10
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 10 0 10
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 40 20 20
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 4,830 2,320 2,515
Afro-Asiatic languages 540 325 205
Berber languages 40 35 10
Kabyle 0 0 0
Tamazight 45 30 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 0 0 0
Hausa 0 0 0
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 65 50 15
Bilen 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 65 55 15
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 450 260 185
Amharic 50 30 20
Arabic 310 200 110
Aramaic languages 0 0 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 10 0 10
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 100 45 50
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 255 110 140
Khmer (Cambodian) 10 0 0
Vietnamese 250 110 140
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 1,300 540 755
Bikol 0 0 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 40 10 25
Cebuano 85 25 60
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 20 10 10
Ilocano 120 60 65
Indonesian 15 10 10
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 25 15 10
Pangasinan 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,255 520 730
Waray-Waray 10 0 10
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 55 20 35
Creole languages 65 35 30
Haitian Creole 0 0 0
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 25 10 10
Morisyen 10 0 10
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 15 10 10
Creole languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0
Dravidian languages 145 70 70
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 95 50 45
Tamil 80 40 40
Telugu 0 0 0
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 1,885 925 960
Albanian 0 0 0
Armenian 45 25 15
Balto-Slavic languages 255 125 130
Baltic languages 10 10 0
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 10 10 0
Slavic languages 250 120 130
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 20 15 10
Czech 10 0 0
Macedonian 10 0 10
Polish 35 25 15
Russian 105 50 50
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 25 20 0
Bosnian 10 0 10
Croatian 10 10 0
Serbian 15 10 10
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Slovak 30 0 20
Slovene (Slovenian) 10 0 10
Ukrainian 30 10 20
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 0 0 0
Irish 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0
Welsh 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 435 220 220
Frisian 0 0 0
High German languages 270 145 125
German 265 145 120
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 0 10 10
Yiddish 0 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 160 60 100
Afrikaans 80 35 45
Dutch 75 25 50
Low German, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 0 0 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0
Scandinavian languages 45 25 10
Danish 10 10 0
Icelandic 10 10 0
Norwegian 10 0 0
Swedish 20 15 15
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Greek 15 10 10
Indo-Iranian languages 635 330 305
Indo-Aryan languages 600 310 285
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 160 80 90
Gujarati 0 10 0
Hindi 250 135 120
Kacchi 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 10 10 0
Nepali 15 10 10
Oriya languages 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 175 85 90
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 10 10 0
Urdu 140 70 70
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 20 0 0
Iranian languages 40 20 20
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 0 0 0
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 0 0 0
Persian languages 35 20 15
Dari 0 0 0
Iranian Persian 30 15 10
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 0 0 0
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 610 285 325
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 90 35 55
Portuguese 30 10 20
Romanian 15 10 0
Spanish 505 240 270
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 120 40 75
Korean 75 20 50
Mongolian 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 250 145 110
Akan (Twi) 10 10 0
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0
Éwé 10 10 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0
Ganda 25 15 10
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 25 30 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0
Lingala 0 0 0
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 30 10 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Shona 80 35 50
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0
Swahili 0 10 0
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0
Yoruba 15 10 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 65 35 25
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
African, n.o.s. 10 10 0
Sign languages 30 15 15
American Sign Language 25 15 20
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages 320 160 155
Chinese languages 310 155 150
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 170 95 80
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 15 10 10
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0
Yue (Cantonese) 170 75 90
Chinese, n.o.s. 15 10 10
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 10
Burmese 10 0 0
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 10 0 0
Lao 0 0 0
Thai 10 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 25 10 10
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 25 10 10
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Uralic languages 40 30 10
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 10 0 10
Hungarian 30 25 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0
Indigenous population
Total - Indigenous identity for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 40,380 20,435 19,945
Indigenous identity45 20,035 9,950 10,090
Single Indigenous responses46 19,360 9,620 9,740
First Nations (North American Indian) 12,315 6,025 6,290
Métis 2,890 1,550 1,340
Inuk (Inuit) 4,150 2,045 2,110
Multiple Indigenous responses47 405 190 215
Indigenous responses not included elsewhere48 270 140 135
Non-Indigenous identity 20,345 10,485 9,860
Total - Registered or Treaty Indian status for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 40,380 20,435 19,945
Registered or Treaty Indian49 12,550 6,165 6,390
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 27,830 14,270 13,560
Household characteristics
Total - Private households by tenure - 25% sample data50 15,205 ... ...
Owner 8,140 ... ...
Renter 7,020 ... ...
Dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band 50 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by condominium status - 25% sample data51 15,205 ... ...
Condominium 1,545 ... ...
Not condominium 13,670 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of bedrooms - 25% sample data52 15,205 ... ...
No bedrooms 140 ... ...
1 bedroom 2,185 ... ...
2 bedrooms 3,760 ... ...
3 bedrooms 6,215 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 2,915 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of rooms - 25% sample data53 15,205 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 5,565 ... ...
5 rooms 3,485 ... ...
6 rooms 2,325 ... ...
7 rooms 1,560 ... ...
8 or more rooms 2,270 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 5.4 ... ...
Total - Private households by number of persons per room - 25% sample data54 15,205 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 14,385 ... ...
More than one person per room 820 ... ...
Total - Private households by housing suitability - 25% sample data55 15,205 ... ...
Suitable 13,615 ... ...
Not suitable 1,590 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by period of construction - 25% sample data56 15,205 ... ...
1960 or before 630 ... ...
1961 to 1980 4,485 ... ...
1981 to 1990 3,360 ... ...
1991 to 2000 3,060 ... ...
2001 to 2005 1,270 ... ...
2006 to 2010 740 ... ...
2011 to 2015 895 ... ...
2016 to 202157 770 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by dwelling condition - 25% sample data58 15,205 ... ...
Only regular maintenance and minor repairs needed 12,405 ... ...
Major repairs needed 2,800 ... ...
Total - Private households by number of household maintainers - 25% sample data59 15,205 ... ...
One-maintainer household 7,615 ... ...
Two-maintainer household 6,480 ... ...
Three-or-more-maintainer household 1,110 ... ...
Total - Private households by age of primary household maintainers - 25% sample data60 15,205 ... ...
15 to 24 years 480 ... ...
25 to 34 years 2,750 ... ...
35 to 44 years 3,125 ... ...
45 to 54 years 3,035 ... ...
55 to 64 years 3,240 ... ...
65 to 74 years 1,795 ... ...
75 to 84 years 685 ... ...
85 years and over 105 ... ...
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratio - 25% sample data61 15,105 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of income on shelter costs 13,305 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs 1,805 ... ...
30% to less than 100% 1,580 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by housing indicators - 25% sample data62 15,205 ... ...
Total - Households 'spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' or 'not suitable' or 'major repairs needed' 5,445 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs only 1,415 ... ...
Not suitable only 1,130 ... ...
Major repairs needed only 2,180 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' 100 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'major repairs needed' 260 ... ...
'Not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 335 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 30 ... ...
Acceptable housing 9,760 ... ...
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero and shelter-cost-to-income ratio less than 100%, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data63 14,890 ... ...
In core need 1,955 ... ...
Not in core need 12,930 ... ...
Total - Owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 8,100 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgage64 60.0 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 8.8 ... ...
% in core housing need63 8.2 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 1,740 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 1,868 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)66 352,000 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)66 385,200 ... ...
Total - Tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 7,005 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housing67 31.2 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 15.6 ... ...
% in core housing need63 18.9 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 1,450 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 1,356 ... ...
Total - Households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band in non-farm private dwellings - 25% sample data 50 ... ...
% of households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band spending more than 30% on shelter costs61 0.0 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 408 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 540 ... ...
Indigenous ancestry
Total - Indigenous ancestry for the population in private households - 25% sample data68 40,380 20,435 19,940
Indigenous ancestry (only)69 15,610 7,785 7,830
Single Indigenous ancestry (only)70 14,505 7,255 7,250
First Nations (North American Indian) single ancestry 10,460 5,165 5,295
Métis single ancestry 1,015 615 400
Inuit single ancestry 3,030 1,470 1,555
Multiple Indigenous ancestries (only)71 1,110 535 580
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis ancestry only 395 195 200
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit ancestry only 625 295 330
Métis and Inuit ancestry only 65 25 35
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit ancestry only 25 15 10
Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries72 4,485 2,175 2,315
Single Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries73 3,925 1,880 2,050
First Nations (North American Indian) and non-Indigenous ancestry only 2,590 1,230 1,355
Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 730 340 385
Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 610 300 305
Multiple Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries74 560 300 265
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 235 125 115
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 260 135 125
Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 40 25 10
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 25 10 15
Non-Indigenous ancestry only75 20,285 10,475 9,805
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample data76 40,375 20,435 19,945
Canadian citizens77 38,490 19,490 19,000
Canadian citizens aged under 18 9,790 4,985 4,805
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 28,695 14,505 14,190
Not Canadian citizens78 1,890 945 945
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample data79 40,375 20,435 19,945
Non-immigrants80 35,820 18,175 17,645
Immigrants81 4,145 2,055 2,090
Before 1980 560 320 245
1980 to 1990 330 175 155
1991 to 2000 620 285 340
2001 to 2010 1,020 465 555
2011 to 202182 1,615 820 795
2011 to 2015 805 425 375
2016 to 2021 810 390 420
Non-permanent residents83 410 200 210
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data84 4,145 2,055 2,085
Under 5 years 355 220 130
5 to 14 years 660 390 270
15 to 24 years 890 440 455
25 to 44 years 1,870 860 1,010
45 years and over 370 150 220
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data85 4,145 2,055 2,085
Americas 375 165 215
Brazil 10 0 10
Colombia 15 0 15
El Salvador 15 0 10
Guyana 10 10 10
Haiti 0 0 0
Jamaica 55 25 35
Mexico 25 0 15
Peru 0 0 0
Trinidad and Tobago 0 0 0
United States of America 175 80 100
Other places of birth in Americas 60 35 25
Europe 745 420 320
Bosnia and Herzegovina 10 0 0
Croatia 0 0 0
France 50 25 25
Germany 115 65 50
Greece 10 10 0
Hungary 25 15 0
Italy 35 20 15
Netherlands 35 20 20
Poland 15 10 0
Portugal 10 0 10
Romania 20 15 10
Russian Federation 15 10 10
Serbia86 0 0 0
Ukraine 0 0 0
United Kingdom87 275 155 120
Other places of birth in Europe 120 70 55
Africa 760 440 315
Algeria 35 20 15
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 0 0 0
Egypt 10 0 0
Eritrea 50 35 20
Ethiopia 45 25 20
Morocco 40 15 20
Nigeria 55 40 15
Somalia 65 55 10
South Africa, Republic of 90 55 40
Other places of birth in Africa 375 205 170
Asia 2,210 1,010 1,195
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Iran88 20 10 10
Iraq 0 0 0
Lebanon 10 0 0
Syria89 40 30 15
Turkey 0 0 0
China90 100 45 55
Hong Kong91 45 30 20
Korea, South92 45 15 35
Taiwan 10 0 0
Philippines 1,175 515 665
Viet Nam 165 60 105
Bangladesh 75 35 40
India 265 160 105
Pakistan 75 35 40
Sri Lanka 10 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 160 65 95
Oceania and other places of birth93 60 20 40
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data94 810 395 420
Americas 50 25 25
Brazil 0 0 0
Colombia 0 0 0
Haiti 0 0 0
Jamaica 20 10 15
Mexico 10 0 10
United States of America 0 0 10
Venezuela95 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 10 10 0
Europe 90 60 35
France 30 10 15
Germany 0 0 0
Ireland96 10 0 0
Italy 0 0 0
Russian Federation 0 0 0
Ukraine 0 0 0
United Kingdom87 10 10 10
Other places of birth in Europe 35 30 10
Africa 175 75 100
Algeria 0 0 0
Burundi 0 0 0
Cameroon 0 0 0
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 0 0 0
Côte d'Ivoire 0 0 0
Egypt 10 0 0
Eritrea 25 0 20
Ethiopia 20 0 15
Morocco 0 0 0
Nigeria 10 10 0
Somalia 20 15 0
South Africa, Republic of 20 10 15
Sudan97 30 10 25
Tunisia 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 40 20 15
Asia 495 235 265
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Bangladesh 20 0 10
China90 20 10 10
Hong Kong91 0 0 0
India 95 55 40
Iran88 0 0 0
Iraq 0 0 0
Israel 0 0 0
Japan 0 0 0
Jordan 10 10 0
Korea, South92 0 0 10
Lebanon 0 0 0
Nepal 0 0 0
Pakistan 20 10 20
Philippines 275 115 165
Saudi Arabia 0 0 0
Sri Lanka 0 0 0
Syria89 35 25 10
Turkey 0 0 0
United Arab Emirates 0 0 0
Viet Nam 10 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 10 0 0
Oceania and other93 0 10 0
Australia 0 0 0
Other places of birth98 0 0 0
Generation status
Total - Generation status for the population in private households - 25% sample data99 40,380 20,435 19,945
First generation100 4,805 2,395 2,405
Second generation101 3,925 1,935 1,990
Third generation or more102 31,650 16,105 15,550
Admission category and applicant type
Total - Admission category and applicant type for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data103 3,585 1,740 1,845
Economic immigrants104 1,920 970 950
Principal applicants105 890 465 430
Secondary applicants106 1,030 505 525
Immigrants sponsored by family107 1,150 440 705
Refugees108 485 315 170
Other immigrants109 30 15 15
Pre-admission experience
Total - Pre-admission experience for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data110 3,585 1,740 1,845
Asylum claim before admission111 135 85 45
Work permits only before admission112 710 230 480
Study permits only before admission113 125 75 50
Work and study permits before admission114 245 135 110
Other permits before admission115 0 0 0
No pre-admission experience116 2,370 1,205 1,165
Visible minority
Total - Visible minority for the population in private households - 25% sample data117 40,380 20,435 19,945
Total visible minority population118 4,915 2,370 2,550
South Asian 770 390 385
Chinese 335 180 155
Black 1,060 555 500
Filipino 1,665 755 910
Arab 225 130 90
Latin American 125 40 85
Southeast Asian 305 120 180
West Asian 35 20 15
Korean 75 25 50
Japanese 105 45 60
Visible minority, n.i.e.119 50 25 20
Multiple visible minorities 170 75 95
Not a visible minority120 35,465 18,065 17,400
Ethnic or cultural origin
Total - Ethnic or cultural origin for the population in private households - 25% sample data121 40,375 20,430 19,945
Canadian 3,380 1,740 1,640
English 5,495 2,790 2,705
Irish 4,720 2,410 2,310
Scottish 5,270 2,530 2,735
French, n.o.s.122 3,320 1,745 1,570
German 2,815 1,460 1,350
Chinese 365 185 180
Italian 445 240 210
Indian (India) 430 230 205
Ukrainian 1,030 560 470
Dutch 940 505 435
Polish 615 280 335
Québécois 110 65 45
British Isles, n.o.s.123 900 465 435
Filipino 1,550 690 860
French Canadian 325 135 190
Caucasian (White), n.o.s.124 920 465 460
First Nations (North American Indian), n.o.s.125 2,920 1,440 1,485
Métis 2,520 1,350 1,170
European, n.o.s.126 605 300 305
Russian 295 140 155
Norwegian 680 370 310
Welsh 455 220 230
Portuguese 75 35 40
American 365 215 150
Spanish 180 80 100
Swedish 360 175 180
Hungarian 210 135 80
Acadian 270 125 135
Pakistani 100 55 45
African, n.o.s.127 360 185 175
Jewish 115 60 50
Punjabi 60 25 40
Vietnamese 255 110 145
Arab, n.o.s.128 90 55 35
Greek 100 40 65
Jamaican 75 25 45
Asian, n.o.s.129 150 60 85
Cree, n.o.s.130 1,350 650 695
Korean 75 25 50
Romanian 135 65 70
Lebanese 45 30 10
Iranian 15 10 10
Christian, n.i.e.131 90 45 45
Danish 315 160 160
North American Indigenous, n.o.s.132 625 285 340
Sikh 10 10 0
Austrian 160 80 80
Belgian 125 55 65
Haitian 25 10 15
Hindu 0 0 10
Mexican 45 20 20
Mennonite 100 50 50
Swiss 160 100 65
Finnish 110 65 40
Sri Lankan 10 0 0
Croatian 25 25 0
Japanese 145 60 85
South Asian, n.o.s.133 60 30 30
Mi'kmaq, n.o.s.134 225 105 120
Northern European, n.o.s.135 205 110 100
Muslim 40 20 20
Egyptian 40 15 25
Latin, Central or South American, n.o.s.136 20 10 10
Tamil 40 20 25
Icelandic 125 80 45
Colombian 20 0 15
Moroccan 65 45 20
Czech 70 30 35
Syrian 20 0 10
Guyanese 20 0 15
Afghan 0 0 0
Black, n.o.s.137 50 25 20
Serbian 15 15 0
Ojibway 65 30 30
Newfoundlander 200 125 75
Hong Konger 35 10 25
Ontarian 100 55 45
Persian 25 10 15
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 25 20 0
Turkish 25 20 10
Inuit, n.o.s.138 1,375 660 715
Bangladeshi 70 25 40
Algerian 45 20 20
Brazilian 10 0 10
Nigerian 45 20 30
Armenian 45 25 15
Slovak 75 35 35
Eastern European, n.o.s.139 65 30 35
Somali 60 45 15
Taiwanese 10 0 0
Iraqi 10 10 0
Salvadorean 35 15 20
African Caribbean 30 15 15
East or Southeast Asian, n.o.s.140 45 20 25
West or Central Asian or Middle Eastern, n.o.s.141 10 10 10
Caribbean, n.o.s.142 45 25 25
Algonquin 30 15 15
West Indian, n.o.s.143 0 0 0
Lithuanian 25 10 15
South African 75 40 35
Australian 65 25 40
Palestinian 15 10 0
Chilean 15 10 10
Congolese 55 35 20
Nova Scotian 60 30 30
Ethiopian 55 35 15
Hispanic, n.o.s.144 15 0 10
Peruvian 20 10 15
Yoruba 10 0 0
Cambodian (Khmer) 0 0 0
Berber 0 0 0
Albanian 0 0 0
Maltese 0 10 0
Macedonian 10 0 0
Slovenian 10 0 10
Western European, n.o.s.145 35 25 15
New Brunswicker 80 40 35
Gujarati 0 0 0
Eritrean 45 20 30
African Canadian 15 0 10
Israeli 0 0 0
Mohawk 15 10 10
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s.146 15 10 10
Bulgarian 35 20 10
Albertan 45 25 20
Ghanaian 10 10 0
Barbadian 10 0 10
African American 20 0 15
Yugoslavian, n.o.s.147 15 10 0
Tunisian 25 15 10
Slavic, n.o.s.148 140 55 85
Cuban 0 0 0
Bosnian 0 0 0
Venezuelan 0 0 0
Innu/Montagnais, n.o.s.149 10 10 0
Latvian 10 0 10
Bengali 30 20 10
Cameroonian 0 0