Census Profile, 2021 Census of Population
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Topic:
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Age
Age characteristics
Commuting
Select all: Commuting
Commuting destination
Commuting duration
Main mode of commuting
Place of work status
Time leaving for work
Education
Select all: Education
Highest certificate, diploma or degree
Location of study compared with province or territory of residence
Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2021
Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificate
Ethnocultural and religious diversity
Select all: Ethnocultural and religious diversity
Ethnic or cultural origin
Religion
Visible minority
Families, households, and marital status
Select all: Families, households, and marital status
Family characteristics
Household type
Marital status
Housing
Household characteristics
Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
Select all: Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
Admission category and applicant type
Age at immigration
Citizenship
Generation status
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Pre-admission experience
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Income
Select all: Income
Income of economic families in 2020
Income of households in 2020
Income of individuals in 2019
Income of individuals in 2020
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Indigenous peoples
Select all: Indigenous peoples
Indigenous ancestry
Indigenous population
Instruction in the minority official language
Select all: Instruction in the minority official language
Children eligible for instruction in the minority official language
Eligibility and instruction in the minority official language for school-aged children
Labour
Select all: Labour
Class of worker including job permanency
Industry - Sectors - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2017
Labour force status
Occupation - Broad category - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2021
Work activity during the reference year
Language
Select all: Language
All languages spoken at home
First official language spoken
Knowledge of languages
Knowledge of official languages
Language spoken most often at home
Mother tongue
Other language spoken regularly at home
Language of work
Select all: Language of work
All languages used at work
Language used most often at work
Other language(s) used regularly at work
Mobility and migration
Select all: Mobility and migration
Mobility status 1 year ago
Mobility status 5 years ago
Population and dwelling counts
Population and dwellings
Type of dwelling
Household and dwelling characteristics
GenderMore information:


Statistic:
Characteristic NorthMore information:
Manitoba
[Economic region]
Counts
Total Men+ Women+
Population and dwellings
Population, 20211 84,168 ... ...
Population, 20161 89,518r ... ...
Population percentage change, 2016 to 2021 - 6.0 ... ...
Total private dwellings2 32,028 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residents3 25,314 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 0.2 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 426,719.08 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups of the population - 100% data 84,170 42,465 41,705
0 to 14 years 25,140 12,790 12,355
0 to 4 years 8,200 4,245 3,955
5 to 9 years 8,390 4,310 4,080
10 to 14 years 8,545 4,235 4,310
15 to 64 years 51,310 25,750 25,565
15 to 19 years 6,715 3,415 3,300
20 to 24 years 5,935 3,060 2,875
25 to 29 years 5,975 2,950 3,015
30 to 34 years 5,520 2,770 2,750
35 to 39 years 4,750 2,335 2,415
40 to 44 years 4,435 2,135 2,295
45 to 49 years 4,470 2,200 2,275
50 to 54 years 4,510 2,285 2,225
55 to 59 years 4,705 2,380 2,325
60 to 64 years 4,295 2,215 2,080
65 years and over 7,720 3,930 3,785
65 to 69 years 3,075 1,595 1,480
70 to 74 years 2,135 1,130 1,000
75 to 79 years 1,245 640 605
80 to 84 years 790 385 410
85 years and over 470 175 295
85 to 89 years 315 125 190
90 to 94 years 120 45 85
95 to 99 years 25 10 20
100 years and over 5 0 5
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 29.9 30.1 29.6
15 to 64 years 61.0 60.6 61.3
65 years and over 9.2 9.3 9.1
85 years and over 0.6 0.4 0.7
Average age of the population 32.1 32.0 32.2
Median age of the population 28.6 28.2 28.8
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% data 25,315 ... ...
Single-detached house 18,715 ... ...
Semi-detached house 850 ... ...
Row house 1,220 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 365 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 2,350 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 175 ... ...
Other single-attached house 35 ... ...
Movable dwelling4 1,615 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% data 25,315 ... ...
1 person 5,840 ... ...
2 persons 6,410 ... ...
3 persons 3,605 ... ...
4 persons 3,270 ... ...
5 or more persons 6,185 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 83,290 41,915 41,375
Average household size 3.3 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the total population aged 15 years and over - 100% data 59,030 29,680 29,350
Married or living common-law 27,900 13,980 13,920
Married 19,500 9,795 9,705
Living common-law 8,395 4,185 4,215
Living common law - Never married 7,205 3,570 3,630
Living common law - Separated 340 180 155
Living common law - Divorced 710 370 340
Living common law - Widowed 150 60 90
Not married and not living common-law 31,130 15,700 15,430
Not married and not living common law - Never married 24,730 13,110 11,615
Not married and not living common law - Separated 1,605 775 830
Not married and not living common law - Divorced 2,010 990 1,020
Not married and not living common law - Widowed 2,785 825 1,965
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% data5 21,125 ... ...
2 persons 8,885 ... ...
3 persons 4,660 ... ...
4 persons 3,420 ... ...
5 or more persons 4,160 ... ...
Average size of census families 3.3 ... ...
Average number of children in census families with children6 2.3 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% data 21,125 ... ...
Total couple families 13,560 ... ...
Married couples 9,365 ... ...
With children6 5,560 ... ...
Without children 3,805 ... ...
Common-law couples 4,200 ... ...
With children6 2,665 ... ...
Without children 1,535 ... ...
Total one-parent families 7,565 ... ...
in which the parent is a woman+ 5,365 ... ...
in which the parent is a man+ 2,195 ... ...
Total - Persons in private households - 100% data 83,290 41,915 41,375
Total - Persons in census families 70,555 34,825 35,725
Married spouses or common-law partners 27,120 13,540 13,585
Parents in one-parent families 7,565 2,200 5,365
Children6 35,870 19,090 16,780
In a two-parent family 20,075 10,640 9,435
In a one-parent family 15,790 8,450 7,345
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 12,740 7,090 5,645
Living alone 5,840 3,405 2,435
Living with other relatives7 5,145 2,630 2,515
Living with non-relatives only 1,755 1,055 700
Household type
Total - Household type - 100% data 25,315 ... ...
One-census-family households without additional persons 13,905 ... ...
Couple-family households 10,310 ... ...
With children6 6,090 ... ...
Without children 4,220 ... ...
One-parent-family households 3,590 ... ...
Multigenerational households8 2,695 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households9 335 ... ...
One-census-family households with additional persons9 1,555 ... ...
Two-or-more-person non-census-family households 990 ... ...
One-person households 5,845 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2020
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data10 58,180 29,140 29,035
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 55,905 27,950 27,955
Median total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 31,200 30,200 32,000
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 55,945 27,965 27,980
Median after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 29,800 29,000 30,600
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 38,840 20,180 18,655
Median market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 30,000 32,800 27,800
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 34,265 17,950 16,315
Median employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 30,000 31,400 29,200
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 52,530 26,060 26,470
Median government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 9,200 6,080 11,900
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 7,570 4,050 3,520
Median employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 6,400 6,700 6,200
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 18,535 9,040 9,500
Median COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 10,000 10,000 10,000
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data11 58,150 29,120 29,025
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 55,920 27,990 27,930
Average total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 40,840 42,680 38,960
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 55,960 28,010 27,945
Average after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 36,080 36,560 35,560
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 38,805 20,175 18,630
Average market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 42,520 46,800 37,880
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 34,265 18,015 16,250
Average employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 41,880 45,120 38,320
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 52,460 26,065 26,400
Average government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 12,080 9,620 14,520
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 7,670 4,030 3,630
Average employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 8,190 8,690 7,630
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 18,315 8,965 9,345
Average COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 10,350 10,400 10,310
Total - Employment income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data12 58,150 29,120 29,025
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 16,110 8,660 7,455
Median employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 54,000 57,600 51,200
Average employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 62,150 65,800 57,950
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 10,730 5,485 5,245
Median employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 17,400 18,200 16,200
Average employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 27,680 31,120 24,140
Composition of total income in 2020 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data17 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)18 72.2 79.0 64.8
Employment income (%)19 62.9 68.0 57.2
Government transfers (%)20 27.8 21.0 35.2
Employment insurance benefits (%) 2.8 2.9 2.6
COVID-19 - Government income support and benefits (%) 9.7 8.7 10.9
COVID-19 - Emergency and recovery benefits (%) 8.3 7.8 8.9
Total - Total income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data21 58,175 29,145 29,035
Without total income 2,275 1,195 1,080
With total income 55,900 27,945 27,960
Under $10,000 (including loss) 11,140 5,995 5,145
$10,000 to $19,999 7,275 3,645 3,635
$20,000 to $29,999 8,705 4,255 4,455
$30,000 to $39,999 6,670 3,075 3,595
$40,000 to $49,999 5,675 2,425 3,250
$50,000 to $59,999 4,015 1,730 2,285
$60,000 to $69,999 2,665 1,140 1,525
$70,000 to $79,999 2,030 1,005 1,025
$80,000 to $89,999 1,685 875 815
$90,000 to $99,999 1,580 835 745
$100,000 and over 4,455 2,965 1,490
$100,000 to $149,999 3,500 2,230 1,270
$150,000 and over 960 735 220
Total - After-tax income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data22 58,175 29,145 29,035
Without after-tax income 2,235 1,180 1,060
With after-tax income 55,940 27,970 27,975
Under $10,000 (including loss) 11,280 6,040 5,240
$10,000 to $19,999 7,545 3,790 3,755
$20,000 to $29,999 9,255 4,510 4,745
$30,000 to $39,999 7,375 3,475 3,900
$40,000 to $49,999 5,970 2,580 3,385
$50,000 to $59,999 4,050 1,815 2,240
$60,000 to $69,999 2,865 1,385 1,475
$70,000 to $79,999 2,520 1,325 1,190
$80,000 to $89,999 1,785 1,020 765
$90,000 to $99,999 1,265 735 530
$100,000 and over 2,030 1,285 745
$100,000 to $124,999 1,345 815 535
$125,000 and over 680 475 210
Total - Employment income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data19 58,175 29,145 29,035
Without employment income 23,910 11,185 12,720
With employment income 34,265 17,955 16,310
Under $5,000 (including loss) 5,955 3,095 2,860
$5,000 to $9,999 3,070 1,605 1,465
$10,000 to $19,999 4,345 2,235 2,110
$20,000 to $29,999 3,715 1,810 1,905
$30,000 to $39,999 3,595 1,715 1,880
$40,000 to $49,999 2,600 1,185 1,420
$50,000 to $59,999 1,935 880 1,055
$60,000 to $69,999 1,535 770 765
$70,000 to $79,999 1,330 725 605
$80,000 to $89,999 1,370 730 635
$90,000 to $99,999 1,350 765 590
$100,000 and over 3,465 2,445 1,020
$100,000 to $124,999 1,855 1,210 650
$125,000 and over 1,610 1,240 370
Income of individuals in 2019
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data23 58,180 29,140 29,035
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 51,715 25,755 25,960
Median total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 27,600 27,400 27,600
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 51,730 25,760 25,970
Median after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 26,600 26,600 26,800
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 38,790 20,100 18,690
Median market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 29,000 30,800 27,200
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 35,270 18,405 16,865
Median employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 28,600 29,400 28,000
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 46,420 22,960 23,460
Median government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 4,240 1,390 8,200
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 -100% data 7,425 4,085 3,340
Median employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 7,550 8,500 6,320
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data24 58,150 29,120 29,025
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 51,645 25,685 25,960
Average total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 38,680 41,280 36,080
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 51,650 25,690 25,965
Average after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 33,760 34,760 32,720
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 38,735 19,950 18,790
Average market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 41,240 46,080 36,160
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 35,245 18,300 16,945
Average employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 40,680 44,880 36,160
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 46,360 22,935 23,425
Average government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 8,610 6,170 10,990
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 7,435 4,050 3,390
Average employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 8,830 9,330 8,230
Total - Employment income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data25 58,150 29,120 29,025
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 15,955 8,550 7,400
Median employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 49,200 52,400 46,800
Average employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 59,150 63,750 53,800
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 9,980 5,085 4,895
Median employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 21,200 22,000 20,400
Average employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 31,440 35,800 26,920
Composition of total income in 2019 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%) 80.0 86.6 72.6
Employment income (%) 71.8 77.4 65.4
Government transfers (%) 20.0 13.4 27.5
Employment insurance benefits (%) 3.3 3.6 3.0
Income of households in 2020
Total - Income statistics for private households - 100% data26 25,315 ... ...
Median total income of household in 2020 ($) 75,500 ... ...
Median after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 69,500 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 100% data 5,845 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 40,400 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 37,200 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 100% data 19,475 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 87,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 81,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for private households - 25% sample data27 25,315 ... ...
Average total income of household in 2020 ($) 90,200 ... ...
Average after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 79,700 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 25% sample data 5,820 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 50,600 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 43,280 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 25% sample data 19,495 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 102,000 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 90,600 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data21 25,315 ... ...
Under $5,000 580 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 270 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 405 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 615 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,030 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 905 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 945 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,005 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,155 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,090 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 1,910 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 1,845 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 1,665 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 1,545 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 1,450 ... ...
$100,000 and over 8,895 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 2,850 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,990 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 2,370 ... ...
$200,000 and over 1,685 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data22 25,315 ... ...
Under $5,000 590 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 270 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 415 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 645 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,090 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 955 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,080 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,110 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,260 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,095 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 2,140 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 2,085 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 1,955 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 1,770 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 1,475 ... ...
$100,000 and over 7,400 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 2,870 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,965 ... ...
$150,000 and over 2,570 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2020
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 100% data28 19,030 ... ...
Median total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 86,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 80,000 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 4.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 100% data 4,290 ... ...
Median total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 96,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 83,000 ... ...
Average family size of couple-only economic families 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 100% data 8,400 ... ...
Median total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 108,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 101,000 ... ...
Average family size of couple-with-children economic families 5.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 5,360 ... ...
Median total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 55,600 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 54,800 ... ...
Average family size of one-parent economic families 3.9 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% data29 7,595 4,460 3,135
Median total income in 2020 ($)30 37,200 37,600 36,800
Median after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 34,000 34,000 34,000
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 25% sample data31 19,025 ... ...
Average total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 101,200 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 89,900 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 25% sample data 4,235 ... ...
Average total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 114,800 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 94,700 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 25% sample data 8,470 ... ...
Average total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 118,900 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 106,800 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 5,335 ... ...
Average total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 65,000 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 61,650 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample data32 7,590 4,365 3,230
Average total income in 2020 ($)30 47,080 48,600 45,080
Average after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 40,480 41,120 39,640
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Total - LIM low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households - 100% data33 83,295 41,915 41,375
0 to 17 years 29,390 14,965 14,425
0 to 5 years 9,910 5,135 4,775
18 to 64 years 46,540 23,180 23,360
65 years and over 7,360 3,765 3,595
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 22,580 10,965 11,615
0 to 17 years 10,720 5,360 5,360
0 to 5 years 3,890 1,965 1,925
18 to 64 years 10,525 4,970 5,555
65 years and over 1,330 630 700
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 27.1 26.2 28.1
0 to 17 years (%) 36.5 35.8 37.2
0 to 5 years (%) 39.2 38.3 40.3
18 to 64 years (%) 22.6 21.4 23.8
65 years and over (%) 18.1 16.7 19.5
Total - LICO low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households to whom the low-income concept is applicable - 100% data33 36,050 18,165 17,885
0 to 17 years 9,820 4,965 4,860
0 to 5 years 3,280 1,645 1,635
18 to 64 years 21,560 10,765 10,795
65 years and over 4,665 2,435 2,230
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 1,460 715 745
0 to 17 years 450 225 220
0 to 5 years 190 85 105
18 to 64 years 960 465 495
65 years and over 50 25 20
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 4.1 3.9 4.2
0 to 17 years (%) 4.6 4.6 4.6
0 to 5 years (%) 5.8 5.2 6.4
18 to 64 years (%) 4.5 4.3 4.6
65 years and over (%) 1.0 1.0 1.1
Total - Adjusted after-tax economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% data34The letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice. 83,295 41,915 41,375
In bottom half of the distribution 56,380 27,995 28,385
In bottom decile 19,890 9,725 10,165
In second decile 12,755 6,195 6,560
In third decile 9,405 4,780 4,625
In fourth decile 7,850 3,955 3,900
In fifth decile 6,480 3,345 3,135
In top half of the distribution 26,915 13,920 12,990
In sixth decile 6,520 3,295 3,225
In seventh decile 5,630 2,905 2,720
In eighth decile 5,430 2,825 2,610
In ninth decile 5,245 2,725 2,515
In top decile 4,090 2,165 1,920
Total - Inequality measures for the population in private households - 100% data35 83,290 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household total income 0.369 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household market income 0.576 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household after-tax income 0.331 ... ...
P90/P10 ratio on adjusted household after-tax income 5.0 ... ...
Knowledge of official languages
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data36 83,590 42,115 41,475
English only 81,360 41,015 40,345
French only 45 30 20
English and French 1,995 990 1,000
Neither English nor French 190 85 105
First official language spoken
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data37 83,590 42,115 41,475
English 82,900 41,750 41,150
French 445 250 195
English and French 65 30 35
Neither English nor French 175 80 95
Mother tongue
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data38 83,590 42,115 41,475
Single responses 77,420 39,075 38,345
Official languages 62,220 31,515 30,710
English 61,730 31,255 30,480
French 490 260 235
Non-official languages 15,200 7,560 7,635
Indigenous languages39 12,870 6,335 6,535
Algonquian languages 12,205 6,010 6,190
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 7,065 3,420 3,650
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 7,065 3,420 3,650
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 15 5 10
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 800 355 445
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 40 20 30
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 60 20 45
Cree, n.o.s. 6,150 3,020 3,125
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5,135 2,600 2,540
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 4,330 2,195 2,135
Ojibway languages 810 405 405
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 20 10 5
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 285 145 140
Ojibway, n.o.s. 505 245 260
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 635 315 315
Northern Athabaskan languages 635 315 315
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 630 315 315
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 20 5 20
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 20 5 20
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 5 5 5
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 10 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 10 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 2,325 1,225 1,100
Afro-Asiatic languages 75 50 25
Berber languages 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 0 0 0
Hausa 0 0 0
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 5 5 0
Bilen 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 5 5 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 70 45 25
Amharic 0 0 0
Arabic 65 45 20
Aramaic languages 0 0 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 0 0 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 5 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 5 0 5
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 5 5 5
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 225 95 135
Bikol 0 0 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 15 5 5
Cebuano 10 10 5
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0
Ilocano 10 5 10
Indonesian 0 0 0
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5 5 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 170 60 110
Waray-Waray 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5
Creole languages 5 5 0
Haitian Creole 0 0 0
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 0 0 0
Morisyen 0 0 0
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 5
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Dravidian languages 50 35 15
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 30 25 10
Tamil 15 10 5
Telugu 5 5 0
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 1,730 920 810
Albanian 10 5 5
Armenian 0 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 235 120 110
Baltic languages 10 0 10
Latvian 5 0 5
Lithuanian 5 0 5
Slavic languages 230 120 110
Belarusian 5 5 0
Bulgarian 0 0 0
Czech 10 5 5
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 35 20 15
Russian 25 10 15
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 15 5 5
Bosnian 0 0 0
Croatian 0 5 0
Serbian 5 0 0
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Slovak 10 0 5
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0
Ukrainian 130 70 60
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 0 0 0
Irish 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0
Welsh 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 220 110 105
Frisian 0 0 0
High German languages 155 80 75
German 155 80 70
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 5 0 5
Yiddish 0 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 55 25 25
Afrikaans 20 10 5
Dutch 25 15 10
Low German, n.o.s. 5 0 5
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 5 0 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0
Scandinavian languages 10 5 5
Danish 5 0 0
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 5 0 5
Swedish 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Greek 10 5 5
Indo-Iranian languages 1,085 570 510
Indo-Aryan languages 1,070 560 505
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 25 15 15
Gujarati 405 215 195
Hindi 90 50 40
Kacchi 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 20 10 15
Nepali 10 5 10
Oriya languages 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 445 235 205
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 5 5 5
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 20 10 10
Urdu 40 20 20
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iranian languages 20 10 5
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 0 0 0
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 0 0 0
Persian languages 15 10 5
Dari 0 0 0
Iranian Persian 10 10 5
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 0 0 0
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 165 95 70
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 10 5 10
Portuguese 70 40 35
Romanian 5 0 0
Spanish 70 45 25
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 5 0 5
Korean 15 10 5
Mongolian 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 70 40 25
Akan (Twi) 10 10 0
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0
Éwé 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 10 10 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0
Lingala 0 0 0
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Shona 0 0 0
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0
Swahili 0 0 0
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0
Yoruba 30 20 15
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
African, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Sign languages 5 5 5
American Sign Language 5 5 5
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages 70 30 40
Chinese languages 65 30 35
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 50 25 30
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0
Yue (Cantonese) 15 5 10
Chinese, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 5
Burmese 0 0 0
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 5 0 5
Lao 0 0 0
Thai 5 0 5
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 0 0 0
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Uralic languages 55 30 30
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 35 15 15
Hungarian 25 10 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Multiple responses 6,170 3,040 3,125
English and French 190 105 90
English and non-official language(s) 5,880 2,890 2,990
French and non-official language(s) 5 10 0
English, French and non-official language(s) 25 10 15
Multiple non-official languages 65 30 35
All languages spoken at home
Total - All languages spoken at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data40 83,590 42,115 41,475
English 61,680 31,140 30,540
French 85 55 30
Non-official language 2,685 1,420 1,265
Indigenous39 2,110 1,125 985
Non-Indigenous 575 290 280
English and French 425 220 210
English and non-official language(s) 18,520 9,190 9,330
French and non-official language(s) 5 5 5
English, French and non-official language(s) 85 45 40
Multiple non-official languages 105 55 50
Language spoken most often at home
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data41 83,590 42,115 41,475
Single responses 78,455 39,590 38,870
Official languages 71,025 35,720 35,300
English 70,870 35,635 35,235
French 155 85 65
Non-official languages 7,430 3,865 3,565
Indigenous languages39 6,105 3,175 2,930
Algonquian languages 5,640 2,925 2,710
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 3,100 1,610 1,485
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 3,100 1,610 1,485
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 10 0 5
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 220 100 115
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 15 5 5
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 20 10 10
Cree, n.o.s. 2,835 1,485 1,350
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 2,540 1,315 1,230
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 2,285 1,180 1,105
Ojibway languages 255 130 120
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 5 0 5
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 105 50 55
Ojibway, n.o.s. 140 75 65
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 455 245 210
Northern Athabaskan languages 455 245 210
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 455 245 210
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 10 5 10
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 10 5 10
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 5 5 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 5 5 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 1,325 690 635
Afro-Asiatic languages 60 35 25
Berber languages 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 0 0 0
Hausa 0 0 0
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 0 0 0
Bilen 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 60 35 25
Amharic 0 0 0
Arabic 60 30 25
Aramaic languages 0 0 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 0 0 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 0 0 0
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 120 65 55
Bikol 0 0 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 10 0 5
Cebuano 5 0 0
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0
Ilocano 15 5 5
Indonesian 0 0 0
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 85 50 40
Waray-Waray 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Creole languages 0 0 0
Haitian Creole 0 0 0
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 0 0 0
Morisyen 0 0 0
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Dravidian languages 35 20 15
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 20 10 5
Tamil 15 10 10
Telugu 5 5 5
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 1,020 520 500
Albanian 0 0 0
Armenian 0 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 35 20 20
Baltic languages 5 0 0
Latvian 5 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Slavic languages 30 15 20
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 0 0 0
Czech 0 0 0
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 0 0 0
Russian 15 5 5
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 5 0 0
Bosnian 0 0 0
Croatian 0 0 0
Serbian 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Slovak 0 0 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0
Ukrainian 10 5 5
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 0 0 0
Irish 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0
Welsh 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 40 15 20
Frisian 0 0 0
High German languages 30 10 20
German 30 10 20
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 0 0 0
Yiddish 0 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 5 5 5
Afrikaans 10 0 5
Dutch 0 0 0
Low German, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 0 0 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0
Scandinavian languages 0 0 0
Danish 0 0 0
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 0 0 0
Swedish 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Greek 10 5 5
Indo-Iranian languages 890 460 430
Indo-Aryan languages 875 450 425
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 20 10 15
Gujarati 355 170 180
Hindi 75 40 30
Kacchi 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 10 5 10
Nepali 10 5 5
Oriya languages 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 360 190 170
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 10 5 5
Urdu 35 25 15
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iranian languages 15 10 5
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 0 0 0
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 0 0 0
Persian languages 10 10 5
Dari 0 0 0
Iranian Persian 10 10 5
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 0 0 0
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 40 20 25
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 0 0 0
Portuguese 30 10 15
Romanian 0 0 0
Spanish 15 10 10
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 0 0 0
Korean 5 5 5
Mongolian 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 20 10 10
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0
Éwé 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0
Lingala 0 0 0
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Shona 0 0 0
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0
Swahili 0 0 0
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0
Yoruba 20 10 5
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
African, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Sign languages 5 5 5
American Sign Language 5 5 0
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages 35 20 15
Chinese languages 30 15 15
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 20 15 10
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0
Yue (Cantonese) 5 5 5
Chinese, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0
Burmese 0 0 0
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 0 0 0
Lao 0 0 0
Thai 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 0 0 0
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Uralic languages 20 5 10
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 15 5 10
Hungarian 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Multiple responses 5,135 2,530 2,610
English and French 105 55 55
English and non-official language(s) 5,010 2,460 2,545
French and non-official language(s) 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language(s) 5 0 5
Multiple non-official languages 20 10 5
Other language spoken regularly at home
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data42 83,590 42,120 41,470
None 69,395 35,040 34,355
English 4,515 2,325 2,190
French 275 140 135
Non-official language 8,970 4,370 4,600
Indigenous39 8,205 3,990 4,215
Non-Indigenous 765 380 385
English and French 20 10 10
English and non-official language(s) 185 95 85
French and non-official language(s) 40 25 15
English, French and non-official language(s) 5 5 0
Multiple non-official languages 190 115 80
Knowledge of languagesThe letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice.
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample data43 83,290 41,915 41,375
Official languages 83,110 41,830 41,280
English 83,025 41,790 41,240
French 2,075 995 1,075
Non-official languages 27,390 13,550 13,840
Indigenous languages39 23,860 11,735 12,120
Algonquian languages 23,050 11,335 11,715
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 13,670 6,600 7,070
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 13,665 6,595 7,070
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 35 15 20
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 1,540 680 855
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 145 50 90
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 100 30 70
Cree, n.o.s. 11,925 5,845 6,085
Innu (Montagnais) 20 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 9,560 4,835 4,730
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 10 10 0
Oji-Cree 7,825 3,965 3,860
Ojibway languages 1,780 890 890
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 50 25 20
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 535 275 255
Ojibway, n.o.s. 1,245 610 630
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 740 375 370
Northern Athabaskan languages 740 375 370
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 740 375 370
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 70 30 40
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 70 30 40
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 20 10 15
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 15 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 10 10 10
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 3,620 1,850 1,770
Afro-Asiatic languages 175 115 60
Berber languages 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 10 10 0
Hausa 10 10 0
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 0 0 0
Bilen 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 160 100 60
Amharic 0 0 0
Arabic 130 85 45
Aramaic languages 0 0 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 0 0 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15
Austro-Asiatic languages 20 15 0
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 20 15 0
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 345 135 210
Bikol 0 0 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Cebuano 35 10 25
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0
Ilocano 0 0 0
Indonesian 10 0 0
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 305 120 185
Waray-Waray 15 10 15
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10
Creole languages 35 0 30
Haitian Creole 0 0 0
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 0 0 0
Morisyen 0 0 0
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 15 0 15
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Dravidian languages 75 55 15
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 65 45 15
Tamil 20 20 0
Telugu 10 10 0
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 2,515 1,345 1,175
Albanian 0 0 0
Armenian 0 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 315 135 180
Baltic languages 0 0 0
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Slavic languages 310 135 175
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 0 0 0
Czech 0 0 0
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 60 30 30
Russian 50 30 20
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 30 0 20
Bosnian 0 0 0
Croatian 0 0 0
Serbian 30 0 20
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Slovak 15 0 10
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0
Ukrainian 170 75 95
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 10 10 0
Irish 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0
Welsh 10 10 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 370 200 170
Frisian 0 0 0
High German languages 220 120 100
German 220 120 100
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 0 0 0
Yiddish 0 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 120 65 60
Afrikaans 80 45 40
Dutch 30 15 15
Low German, n.o.s. 10 0 0
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 0 0 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0
Scandinavian languages 35 20 15
Danish 0 0 0
Icelandic 20 10 10
Norwegian 15 10 0
Swedish 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Greek 30 20 0
Indo-Iranian languages 1,495 820 675
Indo-Aryan languages 1,490 815 675
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 25 10 15
Gujarati 430 235 195
Hindi 910 510 400
Kacchi 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 55 20 30
Nepali 0 0 0
Oriya languages 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 750 395 365
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 20 15 10
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 15 10 10
Urdu 115 65 50
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iranian languages 15 15 0
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 0 0 0
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 0 0 0
Persian languages 0 0 0
Dari 0 0 0
Iranian Persian 0 0 0
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 0 0 0
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 305 175 130
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 20 10 10
Portuguese 90 50 45
Romanian 10 10 0
Spanish 210 120 80
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 55 25 35
Korean 15 10 0
Mongolian 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 210 90 120
Akan (Twi) 55 30 35
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0
Éwé 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 40 15 25
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0
Lingala 0 0 0
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Shona 0 0 0
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0
Swahili 0 0 0
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0
Yoruba 90 45 50
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
African, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Sign languages 35 10 30
American Sign Language 35 10 30
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0
Sino-Tibetan languages 120 65 55
Chinese languages 120 60 60
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 110 60 50
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0
Yue (Cantonese) 15 10 0
Chinese, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0
Burmese 0 0 0
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 15 0 15
Lao 0 0 0
Thai 15 0 15
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 0 0 0
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Uralic languages 35 20 15
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 15 10 10
Hungarian 20 15 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 30 10 20
Indigenous population
Total - Indigenous identity for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 83,290 41,915 41,380
Indigenous identity45 63,805 31,690 32,115
Single Indigenous responses46 62,990 31,320 31,670
First Nations (North American Indian) 58,260 28,865 29,395
Métis 4,660 2,435 2,225
Inuk (Inuit) 75 20 55
Multiple Indigenous responses47 265 120 145
Indigenous responses not included elsewhere48 545 250 295
Non-Indigenous identity 19,485 10,225 9,265
Total - Registered or Treaty Indian status for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 83,290 41,915 41,380
Registered or Treaty Indian49 57,320 28,375 28,945
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 25,970 13,540 12,430
Household characteristics
Total - Private households by tenure - 25% sample data50 25,315 ... ...
Owner 10,535 ... ...
Renter 6,185 ... ...
Dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band 8,590 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by condominium status - 25% sample data51 25,315 ... ...
Condominium 550 ... ...
Not condominium 24,765 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of bedrooms - 25% sample data52 25,315 ... ...
No bedrooms 190 ... ...
1 bedroom 2,190 ... ...
2 bedrooms 5,375 ... ...
3 bedrooms 10,505 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 7,055 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of rooms - 25% sample data53 25,315 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 6,565 ... ...
5 rooms 6,365 ... ...
6 rooms 5,010 ... ...
7 rooms 3,245 ... ...
8 or more rooms 4,130 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 5.7 ... ...
Total - Private households by number of persons per room - 25% sample data54 25,315 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 22,250 ... ...
More than one person per room 3,065 ... ...
Total - Private households by housing suitability - 25% sample data55 25,315 ... ...
Suitable 20,705 ... ...
Not suitable 4,610 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by period of construction - 25% sample data56 25,315 ... ...
1960 or before 3,205 ... ...
1961 to 1980 8,455 ... ...
1981 to 1990 4,050 ... ...
1991 to 2000 4,105 ... ...
2001 to 2005 1,465 ... ...
2006 to 2010 1,550 ... ...
2011 to 2015 1,115 ... ...
2016 to 202157 1,365 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by dwelling condition - 25% sample data58 25,315 ... ...
Only regular maintenance and minor repairs needed 18,325 ... ...
Major repairs needed 6,990 ... ...
Total - Private households by number of household maintainers - 25% sample data59 25,315 ... ...
One-maintainer household 15,725 ... ...
Two-maintainer household 8,195 ... ...
Three-or-more-maintainer household 1,390 ... ...
Total - Private households by age of primary household maintainers - 25% sample data60 25,315 ... ...
15 to 24 years 1,225 ... ...
25 to 34 years 4,195 ... ...
35 to 44 years 4,460 ... ...
45 to 54 years 5,125 ... ...
55 to 64 years 5,360 ... ...
65 to 74 years 3,325 ... ...
75 to 84 years 1,365 ... ...
85 years and over 260 ... ...
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratio - 25% sample data61 14,145 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of income on shelter costs 12,685 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs 1,460 ... ...
30% to less than 100% 1,280 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by housing indicators - 25% sample data62 25,315 ... ...
Total - Households 'spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' or 'not suitable' or 'major repairs needed' 10,645 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs only 1,160 ... ...
Not suitable only 2,385 ... ...
Major repairs needed only 4,710 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' 115 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'major repairs needed' 165 ... ...
'Not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 2,090 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 25 ... ...
Acceptable housing 14,670 ... ...
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero and shelter-cost-to-income ratio less than 100%, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data63 13,960 ... ...
In core need 1,275 ... ...
Not in core need 12,690 ... ...
Total - Owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 8,690 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgage64 50.7 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 5.5 ... ...
% in core housing need63 5.5 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 790 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 994 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)66 180,000 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)66 190,400 ... ...
Total - Tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 5,485 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housing67 28.2 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 17.9 ... ...
% in core housing need63 15.0 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 830 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 870 ... ...
Total - Households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band in non-farm private dwellings - 25% sample data 8,590 ... ...
% of households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band spending more than 30% on shelter costs61 4.3 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 250 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 258 ... ...
Indigenous ancestry
Total - Indigenous ancestry for the population in private households - 25% sample data68 83,295 41,915 41,375
Indigenous ancestry (only)69 55,490 27,640 27,850
Single Indigenous ancestry (only)70 54,930 27,370 27,555
First Nations (North American Indian) single ancestry 53,285 26,545 26,740
Métis single ancestry 1,605 815 790
Inuit single ancestry 40 15 25
Multiple Indigenous ancestries (only)71 565 265 295
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis ancestry only 555 260 290
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit ancestry only 15 10 0
Métis and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries72 7,815 3,915 3,900
Single Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries73 7,295 3,650 3,645
First Nations (North American Indian) and non-Indigenous ancestry only 5,445 2,665 2,780
Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 1,815 970 850
Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 30 15 20
Multiple Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries74 520 265 250
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 480 245 240
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 20 10 10
Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 15 10 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous ancestry only75 19,985 10,360 9,625
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample data76 83,290 41,920 41,375
Canadian citizens77 81,385 40,875 40,505
Canadian citizens aged under 18 29,125 14,850 14,280
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 52,255 26,030 26,225
Not Canadian citizens78 1,910 1,040 870
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample data79 83,290 41,920 41,375
Non-immigrants80 80,035 40,225 39,815
Immigrants81 2,800 1,405 1,390
Before 1980 350 170 175
1980 to 1990 190 105 95
1991 to 2000 130 70 60
2001 to 2010 540 255 285
2011 to 202182 1,585 810 775
2011 to 2015 675 330 340
2016 to 2021 915 475 435
Non-permanent residents83 450 285 170
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data84 2,805 1,405 1,395
Under 5 years 285 150 135
5 to 14 years 385 215 170
15 to 24 years 525 250 275
25 to 44 years 1,355 650 700
45 years and over 250 130 115
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data85 2,805 1,405 1,395
Americas 370 175 190
Brazil 0 0 0
Colombia 0 0 0
El Salvador 10 10 0
Guyana 0 0 0
Haiti 0 0 0
Jamaica 85 25 60
Mexico 20 0 10
Peru 0 0 0
Trinidad and Tobago 15 0 10
United States of America 180 95 80
Other places of birth in Americas 55 30 20
Europe 530 270 265
Bosnia and Herzegovina 0 0 0
Croatia 0 0 0
France 15 10 0
Germany 70 35 40
Greece 0 0 0
Hungary 0 0 0
Italy 0 0 0
Netherlands 25 25 0
Poland 35 15 20
Portugal 45 30 15
Romania 15 0 10
Russian Federation 35 20 20
Serbia86 10 0 10
Ukraine 30 20 10
United Kingdom87 135 60 75
Other places of birth in Europe 95 45 45
Africa 330 170 155
Algeria 0 0 0
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 0 0 0
Egypt 45 20 20
Eritrea 0 0 0
Ethiopia 10 0 10
Morocco 10 10 0
Nigeria 135 60 70
Somalia 0 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 20 0 10
Other places of birth in Africa 110 65 45
Asia 1,565 785 775
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Iran88 0 0 0
Iraq 20 10 10
Lebanon 0 0 0
Syria89 0 0 0
Turkey 0 0 0
China90 50 20 30
Hong Kong91 0 0 0
Korea, South92 15 10 0
Taiwan 0 0 0
Philippines 280 115 170
Viet Nam 0 0 0
Bangladesh 0 0 0
India 985 520 465
Pakistan 95 45 45
Sri Lanka 25 15 10
Other places of birth in Asia 70 25 45
Oceania and other places of birth93 10 0 0
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data94 915 475 435
Americas 75 35 40
Brazil 0 0 0
Colombia 0 0 0
Haiti 0 0 0
Jamaica 25 10 15
Mexico 0 0 0
United States of America 45 25 20
Venezuela95 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 0 0 0
Europe 20 10 15
France 0 0 0
Germany 0 0 0
Ireland96 0 0 0
Italy 0 0 0
Russian Federation 0 0 0
Ukraine 0 0 0
United Kingdom87 15 10 0
Other places of birth in Europe 0 0 0
Africa 100 65 40
Algeria 0 0 0
Burundi 0 0 0
Cameroon 15 15 0
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 0 0 0
Côte d'Ivoire 0 0 0
Egypt 0 0 0
Eritrea 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Morocco 0 0 0
Nigeria 55 25 35
Somalia 0 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0
Sudan97 0 0 0
Tunisia 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 15 15 0
Asia 715 370 345
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Bangladesh 0 0 0
China90 20 15 0
Hong Kong91 0 0 0
India 485 250 230
Iran88 0 0 0
Iraq 0 0 0
Israel 0 0 0
Japan 0 0 0
Jordan 0 0 0
Korea, South92 15 10 0
Lebanon 0 0 0
Nepal 0 0 0
Pakistan 60 25 30
Philippines 110 45 65
Saudi Arabia 0 0 0
Sri Lanka 0 0 0
Syria89 0 0 0
Turkey 0 0 0
United Arab Emirates 0 0 0
Viet Nam 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 0 0 0
Oceania and other93 0 0 0
Australia 0 0 0
Other places of birth98 0 0 0
Generation status
Total - Generation status for the population in private households - 25% sample data99 83,290 41,915 41,375
First generation100 3,360 1,765 1,595
Second generation101 2,875 1,440 1,435
Third generation or more102 77,060 38,710 38,345
Admission category and applicant type
Total - Admission category and applicant type for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data103 2,450 1,235 1,215
Economic immigrants104 1,820 945 875
Principal applicants105 825 560 265
Secondary applicants106 990 380 610
Immigrants sponsored by family107 565 245 320
Refugees108 65 50 20
Other immigrants109 0 0 0
Pre-admission experience
Total - Pre-admission experience for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data110 2,450 1,235 1,215
Asylum claim before admission111 35 25 10
Work permits only before admission112 220 90 120
Study permits only before admission113 45 20 25
Work and study permits before admission114 180 100 80
Other permits before admission115 10 0 10
No pre-admission experience116 1,975 995 970
Visible minority
Total - Visible minority for the population in private households - 25% sample data117 83,290 41,915 41,380
Total visible minority population118 3,055 1,605 1,450
South Asian 1,650 935 720
Chinese 130 75 55
Black 460 210 250
Filipino 355 140 215
Arab 120 75 45
Latin American 90 55 40
Southeast Asian 65 25 45
West Asian 0 0 0
Korean 15 10 0
Japanese 65 35 30
Visible minority, n.i.e.119 30 10 20
Multiple visible minorities 55 30 30
Not a visible minority120 80,240 40,315 39,925
Ethnic or cultural origin
Total - Ethnic or cultural origin for the population in private households - 25% sample data121 83,290 41,915 41,375
Canadian 3,485 1,850 1,630
English 6,200 3,125 3,075
Irish 4,615 2,335 2,280
Scottish 6,565 3,280 3,290
French, n.o.s.122 4,300 2,170 2,130
German 3,700 1,775 1,925
Chinese 165 75 85
Italian 280 135 140
Indian (India) 985 530 460
Ukrainian 4,030 2,000 2,030
Dutch 820 390 430
Polish 1,435 675 760
Québécois 55 30 25
British Isles, n.o.s.123 545 305 245
Filipino 445 185 260
French Canadian 290 135 160
Caucasian (White), n.o.s.124 640 355 290
First Nations (North American Indian), n.o.s.125 19,210 9,385 9,835
Métis 4,475 2,300 2,175
European, n.o.s.126 280 130 150
Russian 590 300 285
Norwegian 1,205 575 635
Welsh 370 165 200
Portuguese 225 100 125
American 250 110 140
Spanish 160 95 65
Swedish 970 455 515
Hungarian 355 165 185
Acadian 35 15 20
Pakistani 100 50 50
African, n.o.s.127 195 80 110
Jewish 115 55 65
Punjabi 165 105 60
Vietnamese 30 15 15
Arab, n.o.s.128 45 20 15
Greek 75 40 35
Jamaican 100 60 35
Asian, n.o.s.129 45 30 15
Cree, n.o.s.130 24,420 12,190 12,230
Korean 15 10 0
Romanian 120 55 65
Lebanese 25 15 10
Iranian 10 0 0
Christian, n.i.e.131 140 70 70
Danish 200 115 85
North American Indigenous, n.o.s.132 3,870 1,945 1,925
Sikh 185 105 75
Austrian 215 100 115
Belgian 245 105 140
Haitian 0 0 0
Hindu 230 135 95
Mexican 50 20 30
Mennonite 150 75 80
Swiss 85 40 45
Finnish 240 100 140
Sri Lankan 20 15 0
Croatian 50 40 15
Japanese 60 35 30
South Asian, n.o.s.133 30 10 20
Mi'kmaq, n.o.s.134 180 130 55
Northern European, n.o.s.135 205 105 95
Muslim 45 25 20
Egyptian 50 25 30
Latin, Central or South American, n.o.s.136 10 10 0
Tamil 0 0 0
Icelandic 885 445 440
Colombian 0 0 0
Moroccan 10 0 0
Czech 55 35 25
Syrian 15 10 10
Guyanese 0 0 0
Afghan 0 10 0
Black, n.o.s.137 25 0 25
Serbian 35 10 25
Ojibway 5,600 2,785 2,820
Newfoundlander 225 130 105
Hong Konger 0 0 0
Ontarian 20 10 10
Persian 15 10 0
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 25 10 15
Turkish 0 0 0
Inuit, n.o.s.138 115 50 65
Bangladeshi 0 0 0
Algerian 0 0 0
Brazilian 0 0 0
Nigerian 95 40 55
Armenian 0 0 0
Slovak 85 30 45
Eastern European, n.o.s.139 30 10 20
Somali 15 10 0
Taiwanese 0 0 0
Iraqi 0 0 0
Salvadorean 35 20 15
African Caribbean 0 0 0
East or Southeast Asian, n.o.s.140 20 10 10
West or Central Asian or Middle Eastern, n.o.s.141 0 0 0
Caribbean, n.o.s.142 0 0 0
Algonquin 140 85 55
West Indian, n.o.s.143 25 10 15
Lithuanian 20 10 10
South African 70 30 40
Australian 40 15 20
Palestinian 0 0 0
Chilean 0 0 0
Congolese 0 0 0
Nova Scotian 35 10 25
Ethiopian 0 0 0
Hispanic, n.o.s.144 0 0 0
Peruvian 0 0 0
Yoruba 50 35 25
Cambodian (Khmer) 0 0 0
Berber 0 0 0
Albanian 30 15 15
Maltese 0 0 0
Macedonian 0 0 0
Slovenian 0 0 0
Western European, n.o.s.145 30 10 20
New Brunswicker 0 0 0
Gujarati 90 45 40
Eritrean 0