Census Profile, 2021 Census of Population
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Topic:
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Age
Age characteristics
Commuting
Select all: Commuting
Commuting destination
Commuting duration
Main mode of commuting
Place of work status
Time leaving for work
Education
Select all: Education
Highest certificate, diploma or degree
Location of study compared with province or territory of residence
Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2021
Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificate
Ethnocultural and religious diversity
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Ethnic or cultural origin
Religion
Visible minority
Families, households, and marital status
Select all: Families, households, and marital status
Family characteristics
Household type
Marital status
Housing
Household characteristics
Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
Select all: Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
Admission category and applicant type
Age at immigration
Citizenship
Generation status
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Pre-admission experience
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Income
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Income of economic families in 2020
Income of households in 2020
Income of individuals in 2019
Income of individuals in 2020
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Indigenous peoples
Select all: Indigenous peoples
Indigenous ancestry
Indigenous population
Instruction in the minority official language
Select all: Instruction in the minority official language
Children eligible for instruction in the minority official language
Eligibility and instruction in the minority official language for school-aged children
Labour
Select all: Labour
Class of worker including job permanency
Industry - Sectors - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2017
Labour force status
Occupation - Broad category - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2021
Work activity during the reference year
Language
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All languages spoken at home
First official language spoken
Knowledge of languages
Knowledge of official languages
Language spoken most often at home
Mother tongue
Other language spoken regularly at home
Language of work
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All languages used at work
Language used most often at work
Other language(s) used regularly at work
Mobility and migration
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Mobility status 1 year ago
Mobility status 5 years ago
Population and dwelling counts
Population and dwellings
Type of dwelling
Household and dwelling characteristics
GenderMore information:


Statistic:
Characteristic Newfoundland and LabradorMore information:

[Province]
Counts
Total Men+ Women+
Population and dwellings
Population, 20211 510,550 ... ...
Population, 20161 519,716 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2016 to 2021 - 1.8 ... ...
Total private dwellings2 269,184 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residents3 223,253 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 1.4 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 358,170.37 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups of the population - 100% data 510,550 250,075 260,475
0 to 14 years 68,190 35,050 33,140
0 to 4 years 18,985 9,760 9,225
5 to 9 years 23,030 11,750 11,280
10 to 14 years 26,175 13,535 12,640
15 to 64 years 321,750 158,345 163,405
15 to 19 years 25,720 13,275 12,445
20 to 24 years 26,075 13,555 12,515
25 to 29 years 25,045 12,610 12,440
30 to 34 years 27,525 13,520 14,005
35 to 39 years 29,445 14,205 15,240
40 to 44 years 30,890 14,775 16,115
45 to 49 years 33,995 16,485 17,510
50 to 54 years 38,375 18,685 19,685
55 to 59 years 42,150 20,530 21,615
60 to 64 years 42,520 20,695 21,830
65 years and over 120,610 56,680 63,930
65 to 69 years 40,450 19,715 20,735
70 to 74 years 34,405 16,600 17,805
75 to 79 years 22,365 10,585 11,780
80 to 84 years 13,240 5,960 7,280
85 years and over 10,155 3,820 6,335
85 to 89 years 6,745 2,835 3,910
90 to 94 years 2,710 835 1,880
95 to 99 years 620 135 485
100 years and over 80 15 65
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 13.4 14.0 12.7
15 to 64 years 63.0 63.3 62.7
65 years and over 23.6 22.7 24.5
85 years and over 2.0 1.5 2.4
Average age of the population 45.5 44.7 46.3
Median age of the population 48.4 47.6 49.2
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% data 223,255 ... ...
Single-detached house 161,410 ... ...
Semi-detached house 8,695 ... ...
Row house 10,770 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 27,535 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 12,325 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 810 ... ...
Other single-attached house 410 ... ...
Movable dwelling4 1,295 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% data 223,250 ... ...
1 person 62,290 ... ...
2 persons 90,925 ... ...
3 persons 35,080 ... ...
4 persons 25,555 ... ...
5 or more persons 9,400 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 502,100 246,180 255,920
Average household size 2.3 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the total population aged 15 years and over - 100% data 442,360 215,025 227,335
Married or living common-law 266,210 132,975 133,230
Married 217,395 108,630 108,765
Living common-law 48,815 24,345 24,470
Living common law - Never married 36,680 18,205 18,475
Living common law - Separated 1,495 790 710
Living common law - Divorced 9,220 4,730 4,485
Living common law - Widowed 1,420 625 800
Not married and not living common-law 176,150 82,050 94,100
Not married and not living common law - Never married 112,120 60,560 51,555
Not married and not living common law - Separated 9,275 4,105 5,170
Not married and not living common law - Divorced 24,040 10,390 13,650
Not married and not living common law - Widowed 30,715 6,990 23,725
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% data5 155,770 ... ...
2 persons 92,630 ... ...
3 persons 33,290 ... ...
4 persons 23,460 ... ...
5 or more persons 6,385 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.7 ... ...
Average number of children in census families with children6 1.6 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% data 155,770 ... ...
Total couple families 131,220 ... ...
Married couples 106,815 ... ...
With children6 44,510 ... ...
Without children 62,305 ... ...
Common-law couples 24,410 ... ...
With children6 9,890 ... ...
Without children 14,520 ... ...
Total one-parent families 24,550 ... ...
in which the parent is a woman+ 19,165 ... ...
in which the parent is a man+ 5,390 ... ...
Total - Persons in private households - 100% data 502,095 246,180 255,915
Total - Persons in census families 412,540 204,540 208,000
Married spouses or common-law partners 262,445 131,075 131,365
Parents in one-parent families 24,545 5,385 19,165
Children6 125,550 68,075 57,475
In a two-parent family 89,780 48,510 41,265
In a one-parent family 35,775 19,560 16,210
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 89,555 41,640 47,915
Living alone 62,290 27,780 34,505
Living with other relatives7 10,565 4,510 6,055
Living with non-relatives only 16,705 9,350 7,350
Household type
Total - Household type - 100% data 223,255 ... ...
One-census-family households without additional persons 142,615 ... ...
Couple-family households 122,700 ... ...
With children6 50,825 ... ...
Without children 71,875 ... ...
One-parent-family households 19,915 ... ...
Multigenerational households8 4,405 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households9 680 ... ...
One-census-family households with additional persons9 5,150 ... ...
Two-or-more-person non-census-family households 8,115 ... ...
One-person households 62,290 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2020
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data10 433,960 211,160 222,800
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 420,110 204,470 215,640
Median total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 36,800 42,000 32,400
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 420,245 204,535 215,710
Median after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 33,200 37,200 29,800
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 344,460 173,270 171,185
Median market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 30,400 36,000 25,800
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 281,445 143,845 137,600
Median employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 31,600 37,600 27,400
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 348,520 160,975 187,545
Median government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 14,100 15,400 13,100
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 94,175 52,465 41,710
Median employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 9,000 10,700 7,400
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 108,460 53,620 54,845
Median COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 8,000 8,000 8,000
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data11 433,955 211,180 222,775
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 420,035 204,425 215,615
Average total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 48,440 56,000 41,280
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 420,205 204,500 215,705
Average after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 40,120 45,280 35,200
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 344,305 172,860 171,440
Average market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 44,960 52,600 37,240
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 281,460 143,435 138,025
Average employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 45,520 52,900 37,840
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 348,550 160,890 187,660
Average government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 13,980 14,660 13,400
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 93,945 52,210 41,730
Average employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 10,560 11,390 9,520
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 107,225 52,880 54,340
Average COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 8,510 8,410 8,590
Total - Employment income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data12 433,955 211,180 222,780
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 117,415 58,570 58,845
Median employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 62,000 71,000 54,400
Average employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 74,100 85,300 63,000
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 125,435 65,115 60,315
Median employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 17,000 21,000 14,300
Average employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 28,280 34,680 21,340
Composition of total income in 2020 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data17 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)18 76.0 79.4 71.8
Employment income (%)19 63.0 66.2 58.7
Government transfers (%)20 24.0 20.6 28.3
Employment insurance benefits (%) 4.9 5.2 4.5
COVID-19 - Government income support and benefits (%) 5.2 4.4 6.3
COVID-19 - Emergency and recovery benefits (%) 4.5 3.9 5.3
Total - Total income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data21 433,955 211,165 222,795
Without total income 13,850 6,695 7,160
With total income 420,105 204,470 215,640
Under $10,000 (including loss) 33,110 13,365 19,740
$10,000 to $19,999 58,585 22,825 35,755
$20,000 to $29,999 76,150 33,170 42,985
$30,000 to $39,999 60,370 27,370 33,000
$40,000 to $49,999 49,770 24,100 25,675
$50,000 to $59,999 35,470 18,230 17,240
$60,000 to $69,999 25,270 14,110 11,165
$70,000 to $79,999 18,730 11,075 7,655
$80,000 to $89,999 14,360 8,340 6,025
$90,000 to $99,999 12,190 6,490 5,705
$100,000 and over 36,100 25,390 10,705
$100,000 to $149,999 24,300 16,195 8,100
$150,000 and over 11,800 9,195 2,605
Total - After-tax income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data22 433,955 211,165 222,795
Without after-tax income 13,715 6,630 7,085
With after-tax income 420,240 204,530 215,710
Under $10,000 (including loss) 34,805 13,790 21,020
$10,000 to $19,999 61,075 23,935 37,140
$20,000 to $29,999 90,885 40,070 50,820
$30,000 to $39,999 70,360 33,440 36,920
$40,000 to $49,999 53,695 27,250 26,445
$50,000 to $59,999 35,135 19,635 15,505
$60,000 to $69,999 23,040 13,290 9,750
$70,000 to $79,999 17,395 9,435 7,955
$80,000 to $89,999 10,510 6,455 4,060
$90,000 to $99,999 6,710 4,575 2,135
$100,000 and over 16,635 12,660 3,975
$100,000 to $124,999 8,830 6,685 2,145
$125,000 and over 7,810 5,975 1,830
Total - Employment income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data19 433,955 211,165 222,795
Without employment income 152,515 67,315 85,200
With employment income 281,440 143,850 137,595
Under $5,000 (including loss) 43,605 20,650 22,955
$5,000 to $9,999 24,040 10,510 13,535
$10,000 to $19,999 39,050 18,065 20,980
$20,000 to $29,999 29,510 13,885 15,630
$30,000 to $39,999 24,920 11,660 13,255
$40,000 to $49,999 23,160 11,130 12,030
$50,000 to $59,999 18,900 9,605 9,300
$60,000 to $69,999 15,375 8,650 6,725
$70,000 to $79,999 12,830 7,455 5,375
$80,000 to $89,999 10,865 6,125 4,745
$90,000 to $99,999 10,060 5,140 4,920
$100,000 and over 29,120 20,975 8,145
$100,000 to $124,999 13,095 8,420 4,670
$125,000 and over 16,030 12,560 3,470
Income of individuals in 2019
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data23 433,960 211,160 222,800
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 413,080 200,885 212,190
Median total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 35,200 42,400 29,600
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 413,440 200,925 212,515
Median after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 31,800 37,600 27,200
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 343,320 172,525 170,795
Median market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 32,400 39,600 26,800
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 285,685 145,760 139,925
Median employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 33,600 41,600 27,600
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 317,925 144,350 173,580
Median government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 11,400 12,900 10,200
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 -100% data 89,840 50,045 39,800
Median employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 9,900 11,100 8,600
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data24 433,955 211,180 222,775
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 412,905 200,710 212,195
Average total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 47,880 56,950 39,320
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 413,185 200,730 212,455
Average after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 39,160 45,280 33,360
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 343,150 172,125 171,020
Average market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 46,960 56,150 37,720
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 285,920 145,370 140,550
Average employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 47,600 56,600 38,280
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 318,000 144,305 173,695
Average government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 11,520 12,280 10,890
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 89,750 49,650 40,105
Average employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 10,810 11,570 9,860
Total - Employment income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data25 433,955 211,180 222,780
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 116,735 58,240 58,495
Median employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 59,600 69,000 51,600
Average employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 71,900 83,400 60,550
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 118,095 61,650 56,445
Median employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 21,800 28,000 17,400
Average employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 35,600 44,720 25,680
Composition of total income in 2019 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%) 81.4 84.4 77.4
Employment income (%) 68.8 72.0 64.6
Government transfers (%) 18.5 15.5 22.7
Employment insurance benefits (%) 4.9 5.0 4.7
Income of households in 2020
Total - Income statistics for private households - 100% data26 223,250 ... ...
Median total income of household in 2020 ($) 71,500 ... ...
Median after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 63,200 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 100% data 62,290 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 33,200 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 30,400 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 100% data 160,965 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 90,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 78,500 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for private households - 25% sample data27 223,250 ... ...
Average total income of household in 2020 ($) 91,100 ... ...
Average after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 75,500 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 25% sample data 62,255 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 44,600 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 37,720 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 25% sample data 161,000 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 109,100 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 90,100 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data21 223,250 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,205 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,940 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 3,955 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 4,225 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 13,545 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 8,965 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 11,210 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 11,940 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 9,905 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 9,105 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 17,255 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 15,890 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 14,840 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 13,500 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 11,845 ... ...
$100,000 and over 73,915 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 23,090 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 16,110 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 19,040 ... ...
$200,000 and over 15,670 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data22 223,250 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,325 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,990 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 4,010 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 4,420 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 14,530 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 10,570 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 12,420 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 13,505 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 11,555 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 10,590 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 20,725 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 19,100 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 17,215 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 14,690 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 12,220 ... ...
$100,000 and over 54,400 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 22,095 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 13,900 ... ...
$150,000 and over 18,400 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2020
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 100% data28 155,065 ... ...
Median total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 90,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 78,000 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.7 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 100% data 72,470 ... ...
Median total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 76,500 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 67,000 ... ...
Average family size of couple-only economic families 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 100% data 55,360 ... ...
Median total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 131,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 110,000 ... ...
Average family size of couple-with-children economic families 3.8 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 22,810 ... ...
Median total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 57,600 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 53,600 ... ...
Average family size of one-parent economic families 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% data29 78,990 37,135 41,860
Median total income in 2020 ($)30 32,400 34,400 30,400
Median after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 29,600 31,200 28,600
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 25% sample data31 155,085 ... ...
Average total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 109,400 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 90,200 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 25% sample data 72,460 ... ...
Average total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 92,100 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 76,600 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 25% sample data 55,455 ... ...
Average total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 149,400 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 120,200 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 22,715 ... ...
Average total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 68,800 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 60,550 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample data32 79,130 36,820 42,310
Average total income in 2020 ($)30 42,640 45,800 39,880
Average after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 36,280 38,160 34,640
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Total - LIM low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households - 100% data33 502,100 246,180 255,920
0 to 17 years 83,475 43,000 40,475
0 to 5 years 23,495 12,075 11,420
18 to 64 years 303,880 148,535 155,345
65 years and over 114,740 54,650 60,100
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 76,355 34,610 41,745
0 to 17 years 12,860 6,710 6,160
0 to 5 years 4,075 2,150 1,930
18 to 64 years 34,385 15,670 18,715
65 years and over 29,105 12,230 16,875
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 15.2 14.1 16.3
0 to 17 years (%) 15.4 15.6 15.2
0 to 5 years (%) 17.3 17.8 16.9
18 to 64 years (%) 11.3 10.6 12.1
65 years and over (%) 25.4 22.4 28.1
Total - LICO low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households to whom the low-income concept is applicable - 100% data33 499,080 244,690 254,385
0 to 17 years 82,500 42,530 39,975
0 to 5 years 23,165 11,925 11,240
18 to 64 years 302,020 147,620 154,400
65 years and over 114,555 54,540 60,015
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 18,330 9,235 9,095
0 to 17 years 2,780 1,460 1,325
0 to 5 years 880 460 420
18 to 64 years 14,335 7,315 7,020
65 years and over 1,210 460 750
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 3.7 3.8 3.6
0 to 17 years (%) 3.4 3.4 3.3
0 to 5 years (%) 3.8 3.9 3.7
18 to 64 years (%) 4.8 5.0 4.6
65 years and over (%) 1.1 0.8 1.3
Total - Adjusted after-tax economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% data34The letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice. 502,100 246,180 255,920
In bottom half of the distribution 285,935 136,320 149,615
In bottom decile 60,890 28,000 32,890
In second decile 66,785 30,990 35,795
In third decile 56,155 27,020 29,135
In fourth decile 52,920 25,880 27,040
In fifth decile 49,185 24,430 24,750
In top half of the distribution 216,160 109,860 106,305
In sixth decile 48,170 24,170 24,000
In seventh decile 46,145 23,345 22,800
In eighth decile 44,630 22,560 22,065
In ninth decile 42,135 21,590 20,550
In top decile 35,080 18,190 16,890
Total - Inequality measures for the population in private households - 100% data35 502,095 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household total income 0.338 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household market income 0.495 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household after-tax income 0.290 ... ...
P90/P10 ratio on adjusted household after-tax income 3.7 ... ...
Knowledge of official languages
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data36 504,805 247,400 257,410
English only 477,900 236,245 241,655
French only 130 60 65
English and French 25,945 10,665 15,280
Neither English nor French 830 425 405
First official language spoken
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data37 504,805 247,400 257,410
English 501,645 245,775 255,865
French 2,110 1,110 1,005
English and French 345 165 180
Neither English nor French 705 345 360
Mother tongue
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data38 504,805 247,400 257,410
Single responses 501,425 245,740 255,690
Official languages 488,775 239,145 249,625
English 486,560 238,020 248,540
French 2,215 1,130 1,085
Non-official languages 12,655 6,595 6,065
Indigenous languages39 1,835 860 980
Algonquian languages 1,580 745 840
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 1,580 740 840
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 5 0 5
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 5 0 5
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Innu (Montagnais) 1,575 740 830
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 5 0 5
Mi'kmaq 5 0 5
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 0 0
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 5 0 0
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 5 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 5 0 5
Northern Athabaskan languages 5 0 5
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 250 115 135
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 245 115 135
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 10,820 5,735 5,085
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,845 1,025 820
Berber languages 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 10 0 5
Hausa 5 5 5
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 60 35 30
Bilen 10 5 5
Oromo 30 15 15
Somali 10 5 10
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0
Semitic languages 1,775 985 790
Amharic 25 15 10
Arabic 1,565 885 675
Aramaic languages 5 0 5
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 5 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 15 5 10
Maltese 5 0 5
Tigrigna 160 80 80
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 130 65 65
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 125 65 60
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 1,365 570 800
Bikol 10 10 5
Bisaya, n.o.s. 15 5 10
Cebuano 55 20 35
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 15 10 10
Ilocano 45 10 30
Indonesian 20 10 5
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 5 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 5 0 5
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5 5 5
Pangasinan 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,185 500 685
Waray-Waray 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 10 10 5
Creole languages 75 45 30
Haitian Creole 5 0 0
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 5 5 5
Morisyen 45 30 15
Sango 5 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 15 10 5
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5
Dravidian languages 360 205 155
Kannada 10 10 5
Malayalam 140 85 60
Tamil 140 75 60
Telugu 65 40 30
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 4,845 2,740 2,100
Albanian 45 20 25
Armenian 15 5 10
Balto-Slavic languages 500 250 250
Baltic languages 5 5 0
Latvian 10 5 5
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Slavic languages 495 245 245
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 50 20 25
Czech 30 20 15
Macedonian 0 5 5
Polish 80 45 35
Russian 210 105 110
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 70 30 35
Bosnian 10 5 5
Croatian 25 15 15
Serbian 30 15 15
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Slovak 5 0 5
Slovene (Slovenian) 15 5 10
Ukrainian 30 15 15
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 10 5 5
Irish 5 5 0
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0
Welsh 5 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 630 370 255
Frisian 0 0 0
High German languages 310 170 140
German 295 160 135
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 10 5 10
Yiddish 0 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 180 105 75
Afrikaans 75 45 30
Dutch 95 55 45
Low German, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 5 5 5
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0
Scandinavian languages 130 90 35
Danish 45 25 15
Icelandic 15 15 5
Norwegian 55 45 10
Swedish 15 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 10 0
Greek 45 35 15
Indo-Iranian languages 2,595 1,545 1,050
Indo-Aryan languages 2,130 1,295 830
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 595 380 215
Gujarati 145 105 45
Hindi 255 155 100
Kacchi 5 0 0
Kashmiri 5 5 0
Konkani 5 0 0
Marathi 30 25 10
Nepali 60 30 25
Oriya languages 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 625 355 265
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 10 5 5
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 135 75 55
Urdu 260 155 110
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0
Iranian languages 470 250 220
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 60 30 30
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 20 15 5
Persian languages 390 205 185
Dari 15 5 10
Iranian Persian 345 180 160
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 35 25 15
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0
Italic (Romance) languages 995 510 485
Catalan 5 5 0
Italian 90 60 35
Portuguese 220 120 100
Romanian 40 20 20
Spanish 640 305 330
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 35 10 25
Korean 115 35 80
Mongolian 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 435 235 200
Akan (Twi) 65 35 25
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 5 0 0
Éwé 5 5 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0
Ganda 10 5 5
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 40 25 20
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5 0 5
Lingala 5 5 0
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 10 5 5
Ndebele 0 0 5
Rundi (Kirundi) 5 0 5
Shona 40 15 25
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 5 0 0
Swahili 65 35 25
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 10 0 5
Yoruba 115 70 50
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 50 20 30
Nilo-Saharan languages 40 20 20
Dinka 15 5 10
Nuer 5 5 5
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0
African, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Sign languages 110 65 50
American Sign Language 90 55 40
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,260 625 635
Chinese languages 1,235 610 625
Hakka 5 0 5
Mandarin 825 405 425
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 20 15 10
Wu (Shanghainese) 5 0 5
Yue (Cantonese) 315 160 155
Chinese, n.o.s. 60 30 30
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 25 15 10
Burmese 5 5 0
Kuki-Chin languages 10 5 5
Karenic languages 10 5 5
S'gaw Karen 5 5 5
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 45 10 35
Lao 10 0 10
Thai 35 10 25
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 95 55 40
Azerbaijani 10 5 5
Kazakh 10 0 0
Turkish 65 35 30
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0
Uralic languages 65 25 45
Estonian 10 10 5
Finnish 15 5 10
Hungarian 40 10 25
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0
Multiple responses 3,375 1,660 1,720
English and French 1,020 455 565
English and non-official language(s) 2,085 1,075 1,015
French and non-official language(s) 60 35 30
English, French and non-official language(s) 70 30 40
Multiple non-official languages 140 75 65
All languages spoken at home
Total - All languages spoken at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data40 504,805 247,400 257,410
English 487,420 238,710 248,710
French 585 285 295
Non-official language 3,615 1,895 1,725
Indigenous39 830 395 440
Non-Indigenous 2,785 1,495 1,285
English and French 2,615 1,140 1,480
English and non-official language(s) 9,845 4,995 4,845
French and non-official language(s) 35 20 15
English, French and non-official language(s) 465 235 225
Multiple non-official languages 230 120 110
Language spoken most often at home
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data41 504,805 247,400 257,410
Single responses 502,230 246,140 256,090
Official languages 495,005 242,370 252,635
English 494,120 241,935 252,185
French 880 435 450
Non-official languages 7,230 3,770 3,460
Indigenous languages39 1,350 670 680
Algonquian languages 1,305 650 655
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 1,305 650 655
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 0 0 0
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0 0 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Innu (Montagnais) 1,305 650 655
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 0 0 0
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 45 20 25
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 45 20 25
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 5,880 3,100 2,775
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,175 605 570
Berber languages 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 0 0 0
Hausa 0 0 0
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 45 20 25
Bilen 10 5 5
Oromo 20 10 10
Somali 10 5 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 1,130 585 545
Amharic 5 0 5
Arabic 1,005 530 475
Aramaic languages 5 5 5
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 5 5 5
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 0 0 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 110 50 60
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 80 40 40
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 80 40 40
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 715 320 390
Bikol 10 5 5
Bisaya, n.o.s. 5 0 0
Cebuano 20 15 10
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 5 0 0
Ilocano 10 5 10
Indonesian 0 0 0
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 650 290 360
Waray-Waray 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5
Creole languages 45 25 20
Haitian Creole 0 0 0
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 0 0 0
Morisyen 20 15 5
Sango 5 5 5
Creole, n.o.s. 10 5 5
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0
Dravidian languages 170 95 75
Kannada 5 5 0
Malayalam 65 35 30
Tamil 60 35 30
Telugu 40 20 15
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 2,390 1,315 1,070
Albanian 25 5 15
Armenian 10 5 5
Balto-Slavic languages 180 95 90
Baltic languages 5 0 0
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Slavic languages 180 90 90
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 20 15 10
Czech 5 5 0
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 20 10 10
Russian 110 55 55
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 10 5 5
Bosnian 0 0 0
Croatian 5 0 0
Serbian 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Slovak 0 0 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0
Ukrainian 15 10 5
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 0 0 0
Irish 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0
Welsh 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 105 55 45
Frisian 0 0 0
High German languages 40 15 25
German 40 20 20
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 0 0 0
Yiddish 0 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 50 25 20
Afrikaans 40 25 15
Dutch 5 5 5
Low German, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 0 0 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0
Scandinavian languages 15 10 5
Danish 0 0 0
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 10 10 5
Swedish 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Greek 10 5 5
Indo-Iranian languages 1,655 945 710
Indo-Aryan languages 1,295 750 540
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 335 200 135
Gujarati 80 60 20
Hindi 125 70 50
Kacchi 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 5 0 0
Marathi 10 0 5
Nepali 45 25 25
Oriya languages 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 455 255 200
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 75 35 35
Urdu 160 95 65
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0
Iranian languages 365 190 170
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 45 25 20
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 15 15 5
Persian languages 300 155 145
Dari 10 0 10
Iranian Persian 265 135 130
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 25 20 5
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 400 205 200
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 10 0 5
Portuguese 80 40 45
Romanian 10 5 5
Spanish 300 150 150
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 15 5 10
Korean 55 25 35
Mongolian 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 145 80 65
Akan (Twi) 25 15 10
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0
Éwé 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0
Ganda 5 0 0
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 10 5 5
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0
Lingala 0 0 0
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 10 5 5
Shona 5 0 0
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0
Swahili 40 30 10
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0
Yoruba 40 20 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10
Nilo-Saharan languages 15 5 5
Dinka 0 0 0
Nuer 5 5 5
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0
African, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Sign languages 220 130 90
American Sign Language 185 110 75
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15
Sino-Tibetan languages 790 405 380
Chinese languages 770 400 375
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 550 280 265
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 10 5 5
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0
Yue (Cantonese) 165 80 85
Chinese, n.o.s. 50 30 20
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 15 10 5
Burmese 5 5 0
Kuki-Chin languages 5 5 5
Karenic languages 5 5 0
S'gaw Karen 5 5 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 5 5 0
Lao 0 0 0
Thai 5 5 0
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 40 20 15
Azerbaijani 5 5 5
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 30 10 15
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0
Uralic languages 20 10 10
Estonian 5 5 0
Finnish 0 0 0
Hungarian 10 5 5
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0
Multiple responses 2,575 1,260 1,315
English and French 355 175 185
English and non-official language(s) 2,135 1,040 1,095
French and non-official language(s) 15 10 5
English, French and non-official language(s) 35 15 20
Multiple non-official languages 30 15 10
Other language spoken regularly at home
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data42 504,805 247,400 257,405
None 493,860 241,975 251,880
English 3,235 1,675 1,565
French 2,100 890 1,210
Non-official language 4,310 2,165 2,150
Indigenous39 500 205 300
Non-Indigenous 3,810 1,965 1,845
English and French 55 25 25
English and non-official language(s) 385 205 180
French and non-official language(s) 235 115 120
English, French and non-official language(s) 15 10 5
Multiple non-official languages 605 335 265
Knowledge of languagesThe letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice.
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample data43 502,095 246,190 255,905
Official languages 501,305 245,765 255,545
English 501,135 245,680 255,455
French 26,135 10,780 15,355
Non-official languages 20,910 10,660 10,250
Indigenous languages39 2,670 1,225 1,445
Algonquian languages 2,025 950 1,075
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 1,945 910 1,035
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 40 10 30
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0 0 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 20 0 20
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 10 10 0
Cree, n.o.s. 10 0 10
Innu (Montagnais) 1,930 900 1,025
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 75 40 40
Mi'kmaq 75 40 40
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 0 0 0
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 625 260 365
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 620 260 360
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0
Salish languages 20 10 15
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 10 0 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 18,305 9,470 8,840
Afro-Asiatic languages 2,620 1,510 1,110
Berber languages 25 10 10
Kabyle 0 0 0
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 35 20 15
Hausa 30 15 15
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 45 30 20
Bilen 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 15 10 10
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 20 15 10
Semitic languages 2,550 1,470 1,085
Amharic 40 20 20
Arabic 2,200 1,275 915
Aramaic languages 10 0 10
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 110 60 50
Maltese 15 0 10
Tigrigna 230 135 90
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 190 105 85
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 185 100 85
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 2,070 890 1,175
Bikol 0 0 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 20 15 10
Cebuano 85 35 50
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 15 10 0
Ilocano 90 20 65
Indonesian 60 30 35
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 85 30 50
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 15 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,810 755 1,055
Waray-Waray 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 95 65 30
Creole languages 225 100 120
Haitian Creole 10 0 0
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 0 0 0
Morisyen 70 45 25
Sango 40 15 25
Creole, n.o.s. 55 20 30
Creole languages, n.i.e. 50 20 30
Dravidian languages 545 295 250
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 250 135 115
Tamil 305 150 155
Telugu 105 65 40
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 9,250 4,935 4,310
Albanian 65 25 30
Armenian 0 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 965 505 460
Baltic languages 10 0 10
Latvian 10 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Slavic languages 955 505 455
Belarusian 10 0 10
Bulgarian 50 30 20
Czech 75 40 35
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 100 60 45
Russian 545 295 250
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 165 85 80
Bosnian 45 30 10
Croatian 75 25 45
Serbian 80 45 35
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 10 10 0
Slovak 20 0 10
Slovene (Slovenian) 10 10 0
Ukrainian 125 45 80
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 95 35 70
Irish 55 20 40
Scottish Gaelic 10 0 0
Welsh 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10
Germanic languages 1,645 895 750
Frisian 0 0 0
High German languages 1,090 590 500
German 1,075 580 500
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 30 15 10
Yiddish 0 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 325 160 165
Afrikaans 105 55 50
Dutch 220 105 120
Low German, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 0 0 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 15 10 10
Scandinavian languages 305 210 95
Danish 110 80 30
Icelandic 40 30 10
Norwegian 150 110 40
Swedish 65 35 25
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 15 15 0
Greek 90 60 35
Indo-Iranian languages 3,855 2,240 1,610
Indo-Aryan languages 3,280 1,965 1,315
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 875 520 355
Gujarati 255 215 40
Hindi 1,565 1,040 525
Kacchi 0 0 0
Kashmiri 20 10 10
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 50 20 25
Nepali 45 25 20
Oriya languages 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,035 620 415
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 20 15 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 155 95 60
Urdu 550 285 265
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 30 15 20
Iranian languages 590 285 305
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 110 60 45
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 0 0 0
Persian languages 515 245 270
Dari 0 0 0
Iranian Persian 445 220 225
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 50 25 20
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0
Italic (Romance) languages 3,005 1,415 1,580
Catalan 30 15 15
Italian 495 275 220
Portuguese 480 245 240
Romanian 110 60 50
Spanish 2,085 940 1,140
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 45 30 15
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 195 100 100
Korean 225 90 135
Mongolian 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 1,200 655 545
Akan (Twi) 135 80 55
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 20 20 0
Éwé 10 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0
Ga 20 10 0
Ganda 0 0 0
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 205 115 95
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 10 0 10
Lingala 45 25 20
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 20 10 10
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Shona 200 120 80
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 25 0 20
Swahili 150 65 85
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0
Yoruba 295 160 135
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 230 110 120
Nilo-Saharan languages 120 60 60
Dinka 70 30 40
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 50 30 20
African, n.o.s. 35 30 0
Sign languages 965 410 560
American Sign Language 875 370 505
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 100 45 55
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,575 840 730
Chinese languages 1,525 815 715
Hakka 15 10 0
Mandarin 1,170 620 550
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 45 20 25
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0
Yue (Cantonese) 395 205 190
Chinese, n.o.s. 60 35 25
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 45 25 20
Burmese 30 10 20
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 15 15 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 75 25 50
Lao 15 10 10
Thai 75 25 50
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 215 110 105
Azerbaijani 45 20 25
Kazakh 35 15 20
Turkish 135 80 55
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10
Uralic languages 90 45 45
Estonian 15 15 0
Finnish 30 15 15
Hungarian 40 20 25
Other languages, n.i.e. 55 30 30
Indigenous population
Total - Indigenous identity for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 502,100 246,190 255,905
Indigenous identity45 46,545 22,520 24,030
Single Indigenous responses46 43,095 20,845 22,250
First Nations (North American Indian) 28,435 13,660 14,775
Métis 7,335 3,595 3,735
Inuk (Inuit) 7,330 3,595 3,740
Multiple Indigenous responses47 685 325 365
Indigenous responses not included elsewhere48 2,765 1,350 1,415
Non-Indigenous identity 455,550 223,675 231,880
Total - Registered or Treaty Indian status for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 502,100 246,190 255,905
Registered or Treaty Indian49 22,720 10,895 11,825
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 479,375 235,290 244,080
Household characteristics
Total - Private households by tenure - 25% sample data50 223,250 ... ...
Owner 169,010 ... ...
Renter 53,680 ... ...
Dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band 560 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by condominium status - 25% sample data51 223,250 ... ...
Condominium 5,525 ... ...
Not condominium 217,725 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of bedrooms - 25% sample data52 223,250 ... ...
No bedrooms 410 ... ...
1 bedroom 13,045 ... ...
2 bedrooms 53,000 ... ...
3 bedrooms 102,545 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 54,255 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of rooms - 25% sample data53 223,250 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 37,615 ... ...
5 rooms 35,320 ... ...
6 rooms 39,350 ... ...
7 rooms 33,515 ... ...
8 or more rooms 77,445 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 6.8 ... ...
Total - Private households by number of persons per room - 25% sample data54 223,250 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 222,260 ... ...
More than one person per room 990 ... ...
Total - Private households by housing suitability - 25% sample data55 223,250 ... ...
Suitable 219,400 ... ...
Not suitable 3,850 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by period of construction - 25% sample data56 223,250 ... ...
1960 or before 40,635 ... ...
1961 to 1980 71,180 ... ...
1981 to 1990 33,065 ... ...
1991 to 2000 26,115 ... ...
2001 to 2005 12,130 ... ...
2006 to 2010 14,825 ... ...
2011 to 2015 15,980 ... ...
2016 to 202157 9,330 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by dwelling condition - 25% sample data58 223,250 ... ...
Only regular maintenance and minor repairs needed 211,050 ... ...
Major repairs needed 12,205 ... ...
Total - Private households by number of household maintainers - 25% sample data59 223,250 ... ...
One-maintainer household 115,610 ... ...
Two-maintainer household 101,755 ... ...
Three-or-more-maintainer household 5,885 ... ...
Total - Private households by age of primary household maintainers - 25% sample data60 223,250 ... ...
15 to 24 years 5,700 ... ...
25 to 34 years 24,175 ... ...
35 to 44 years 31,955 ... ...
45 to 54 years 39,720 ... ...
55 to 64 years 48,335 ... ...
65 to 74 years 44,755 ... ...
75 to 84 years 22,715 ... ...
85 years and over 5,900 ... ...
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratio - 25% sample data61 221,825 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of income on shelter costs 189,435 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs 32,390 ... ...
30% to less than 100% 30,070 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by housing indicators - 25% sample data62 223,250 ... ...
Total - Households 'spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' or 'not suitable' or 'major repairs needed' 45,625 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs only 29,865 ... ...
Not suitable only 3,260 ... ...
Major repairs needed only 9,710 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' 290 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'major repairs needed' 2,195 ... ...
'Not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 260 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 40 ... ...
Acceptable housing 177,630 ... ...
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero and shelter-cost-to-income ratio less than 100%, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data63 219,505 ... ...
In core need 17,525 ... ...
Not in core need 201,980 ... ...
Total - Owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 168,660 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgage64 47.4 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 8.9 ... ...
% in core housing need63 4.0 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 750 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 1,014 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)66 240,000 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)66 246,800 ... ...
Total - Tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 53,615 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housing67 19.6 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 32.5 ... ...
% in core housing need63 20.8 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 870 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 903 ... ...
Total - Households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band in non-farm private dwellings - 25% sample data 560 ... ...
% of households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band spending more than 30% on shelter costs61 0.0 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 168 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 242 ... ...
Indigenous ancestry
Total - Indigenous ancestry for the population in private households - 25% sample data68 502,100 246,190 255,910
Indigenous ancestry (only)69 31,845 15,325 16,520
Single Indigenous ancestry (only)70 30,850 14,800 16,050
First Nations (North American Indian) single ancestry 22,040 10,555 11,485
Métis single ancestry 3,175 1,545 1,630
Inuit single ancestry 5,635 2,695 2,940
Multiple Indigenous ancestries (only)71 990 525 465
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis ancestry only 185 100 85
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit ancestry only 260 130 130
Métis and Inuit ancestry only 445 250 195
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit ancestry only 95 45 50
Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries72 26,945 13,065 13,880
Single Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries73 25,980 12,635 13,345
First Nations (North American Indian) and non-Indigenous ancestry only 20,635 10,125 10,510
Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 2,235 1,040 1,200
Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 3,110 1,475 1,635
Multiple Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries74 970 430 535
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 270 145 125
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 395 155 240
Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 235 100 130
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 75 35 40
Non-Indigenous ancestry only75 443,310 217,795 225,510
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample data76 502,095 246,190 255,910
Canadian citizens77 490,860 240,100 250,755
Canadian citizens aged under 18 82,250 42,485 39,765
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 408,605 197,615 210,995
Not Canadian citizens78 11,240 6,090 5,150
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample data79 502,095 246,190 255,910
Non-immigrants80 482,615 236,005 246,610
Immigrants81 14,250 7,235 7,010
Before 1980 3,335 1,590 1,740
1980 to 1990 890 540 350
1991 to 2000 1,020 545 475
2001 to 2010 2,435 1,265 1,175
2011 to 202182 6,570 3,300 3,265
2011 to 2015 2,300 1,200 1,100
2016 to 2021 4,265 2,100 2,170
Non-permanent residents83 5,235 2,955 2,285
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data84 14,250 7,240 7,010
Under 5 years 1,700 820 875
5 to 14 years 2,470 1,245 1,220
15 to 24 years 2,335 1,200 1,135
25 to 44 years 6,640 3,355 3,285
45 years and over 1,110 615 490
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data85 14,250 7,240 7,010
Americas 2,345 1,110 1,235
Brazil 90 40 50
Colombia 145 70 75
El Salvador 30 15 20
Guyana 20 10 10
Haiti 10 10 0
Jamaica 220 100 125
Mexico 25 15 15
Peru 20 10 15
Trinidad and Tobago 65 25 35
United States of America 1,390 695 690
Other places of birth in Americas 325 130 200
Europe 4,290 2,340 1,945
Bosnia and Herzegovina 40 25 10
Croatia 45 25 20
France 190 85 105
Germany 245 150 95
Greece 25 15 0
Hungary 15 0 15
Italy 95 55 40
Netherlands 100 60 40
Poland 60 40 25
Portugal 80 35 45
Romania 100 45 55
Russian Federation 125 60 70
Serbia86 10 0 10
Ukraine 75 25 50
United Kingdom87 2,300 1,235 1,070
Other places of birth in Europe 780 475 305
Africa 1,895 1,065 835
Algeria 30 15 15
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 80 40 40
Egypt 205 145 60
Eritrea 155 95 60
Ethiopia 75 40 35
Morocco 20 15 10
Nigeria 455 260 200
Somalia 15 15 0
South Africa, Republic of 185 95 85
Other places of birth in Africa 675 345 325
Asia 5,590 2,680 2,910
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Iran88 140 70 70
Iraq 190 95 90
Lebanon 80 45 30
Syria89 485 245 240
Turkey 55 40 15
China90 630 280 350
Hong Kong91 85 45 45
Korea, South92 105 25 75
Taiwan 50 20 35
Philippines 1,655 685 965
Viet Nam 90 45 45
Bangladesh 230 130 105
India 830 480 355
Pakistan 220 90 130
Sri Lanka 100 50 50
Other places of birth in Asia 635 340 300
Oceania and other places of birth93 130 40 90
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data94 4,270 2,100 2,170
Americas 430 200 225
Brazil 25 10 20
Colombia 20 15 0
Haiti 0 0 0
Jamaica 145 60 80
Mexico 20 15 10
United States of America 145 70 70
Venezuela95 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 70 25 45
Europe 395 235 165
France 30 15 20
Germany 30 20 10
Ireland96 55 30 25
Italy 10 10 0
Russian Federation 25 15 15
Ukraine 0 0 0
United Kingdom87 125 90 35
Other places of birth in Europe 105 60 45
Africa 910 490 425
Algeria 0 0 0
Burundi 0 0 0
Cameroon 10 0 10
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 55 25 25
Côte d'Ivoire 0 0 0
Egypt 40 25 10
Eritrea 100 60 45
Ethiopia 20 0 15
Morocco 10 0 0
Nigeria 300 175 120
Somalia 0 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 65 35 25
Sudan97 65 35 30
Tunisia 35 15 25
Other places of birth in Africa 210 100 115
Asia 2,520 1,170 1,345
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Bangladesh 80 45 35
China90 200 85 115
Hong Kong91 0 0 0
India 320 200 125
Iran88 35 20 15
Iraq 60 20 35
Israel 0 0 0
Japan 0 0 0
Jordan 20 15 10
Korea, South92 35 0 35
Lebanon 55 30 20
Nepal 0 0 0
Pakistan 100 45 55
Philippines 940 380 555
Saudi Arabia 25 10 15
Sri Lanka 20 15 10
Syria89 400 210 190
Turkey 30 25 0
United Arab Emirates 35 0 25
Viet Nam 35 15 20
Other places of birth in Asia 105 35 65
Oceania and other93 15 0 10
Australia 10 0 10
Other places of birth98 0 0 0
Generation status
Total - Generation status for the population in private households - 25% sample data99 502,095 246,190 255,905
First generation100 21,365 11,110 10,255
Second generation101 17,835 9,075 8,760
Third generation or more102 462,900 226,010 236,895
Admission category and applicant type
Total - Admission category and applicant type for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data103 10,915 5,645 5,270
Economic immigrants104 6,385 3,360 3,030
Principal applicants105 3,015 1,875 1,140
Secondary applicants106 3,370 1,480 1,890
Immigrants sponsored by family107 2,690 1,350 1,335
Refugees108 1,780 900 880
Other immigrants109 60 35 20
Pre-admission experience
Total - Pre-admission experience for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data110 10,915 5,645 5,270
Asylum claim before admission111 205 110 95
Work permits only before admission112 2,450 1,295 1,160
Study permits only before admission113 520 310 210
Work and study permits before admission114 1,180 695 485
Other permits before admission115 70 30 40
No pre-admission experience116 6,480 3,200 3,280
Visible minority
Total - Visible minority for the population in private households - 25% sample data117 502,100 246,190 255,905
Total visible minority population118 16,855 8,800 8,050
South Asian 4,545 2,575 1,970
Chinese 2,005 1,020 980
Black 3,590 1,930 1,660
Filipino 2,270 1,000 1,270
Arab 1,740 1,035 705
Latin American 755 355 400
Southeast Asian 505 240 275
West Asian 550 265 285
Korean 220 80 140
Japanese 85 30 50
Visible minority, n.i.e.119 205 105 95
Multiple visible minorities 395 175 220
Not a visible minority120 485,240 237,385 247,855
Ethnic or cultural origin
Total - Ethnic or cultural origin for the population in private households - 25% sample data121 502,095 246,190 255,910
Canadian 125,120 60,915 64,200
English 175,045 84,765 90,280
Irish 122,115 59,270 62,845
Scottish 33,270 16,045 17,230
French, n.o.s.122 22,925 11,115 11,815
German 7,335 3,655 3,680
Chinese 2,265 1,135 1,130
Italian 2,290 1,140 1,155
Indian (India) 2,765 1,505 1,260
Ukrainian 1,505 720 785
Dutch 1,830 940 890
Polish 1,290 620 670
Québécois 315 150 160
British Isles, n.o.s.123 18,305 9,090 9,215
Filipino 2,255 1,010 1,240
French Canadian 720 295 425
Caucasian (White), n.o.s.124 26,565 12,765 13,795
First Nations (North American Indian), n.o.s.125 10,820 5,180 5,635
Métis 6,715 3,255 3,460
European, n.o.s.126 8,625 4,295 4,325
Russian 680 335 345
Norwegian 1,840 920 915
Welsh 5,750 2,980 2,770
Portuguese 1,215 595 615
American 2,180 1,060 1,120
Spanish 1,160 555 605
Swedish 1,035 485 550
Hungarian 325 160 165
Acadian 1,100 505 595
Pakistani 270 145 125
African, n.o.s.127 725 375 340
Jewish 550 340 210
Punjabi 285 140 145
Vietnamese 175 95 85
Arab, n.o.s.128 830 470 360
Greek 365 190 175
Jamaican 320 170 150
Asian, n.o.s.129 525 275 245
Cree, n.o.s.130 305 130 175
Korean 225 85 145
Romanian 300 120 180
Lebanese 775 420 350
Iranian 430 210 225
Christian, n.i.e.131 1,960 970 995
Danish 690 350 340
North American Indigenous, n.o.s.132 3,585 1,745 1,840
Sikh 150 70 80
Austrian 325 155 170
Belgian 265 145 120
Haitian 10 10 0
Hindu 125 70 55
Mexican 135 60 75
Mennonite 65 30 30
Swiss 275 135 135
Finnish 235 100 140
Sri Lankan 125 65 60
Croatian 105 50 55
Japanese 150 85 65
South Asian, n.o.s.133 175 75 100
Mi'kmaq, n.o.s.134 18,870 9,245 9,625
Northern European, n.o.s.135 1,230 680 555
Muslim 320 165 160
Egyptian 390 250 140
Latin, Central or South American, n.o.s.136 155 85 75
Tamil 90 50 35
Icelandic 170 100 65
Colombian 160 85 80
Moroccan 50 25 25
Czech 195 100 85
Syrian 335 210 125
Guyanese 65 30 35
Afghan 10 0 0
Black, n.o.s.137 200 125 70
Serbian 50 25 30
Ojibway 195 105 95
Newfoundlander 34,640 17,120 17,515
Hong Konger 15 0 10
Ontarian 435 180 250
Persian 105 55 55
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 100 55 45
Turkish 160 85 65
Inuit, n.o.s.138 9,365 4,445 4,925
Bangladeshi 545 325 220
Algerian 25 10 15
Brazilian 185 110 75
Nigerian 425 215 215
Armenian 25 10 15
Slovak 55 30 25
Eastern European, n.o.s.139 290 135 155
Somali 0 0 0
Taiwanese 55 30 25
Iraqi 95 50 40
Salvadorean 30 15 10
African Caribbean 50 20 25
East or Southeast Asian, n.o.s.140 110 45 60
West or Central Asian or Middle Eastern, n.o.s.141 215 120 95
Caribbean, n.o.s.142 65 25 50
Algonquin 120 75 45
West Indian, n.o.s.143 80 50 30
Lithuanian 50 25 25
South African 185 140 40
Australian 175 75 100
Palestinian 135 75 55
Chilean 60 35 25
Congolese 110 30 75
Nova Scotian 430 200 230
Ethiopian 35 10 20
Hispanic, n.o.s.144 60 45 15
Peruvian 80 30 55
Yoruba 325 185 140
Cambodian (Khmer) 20 10 10
Berber 30 15 15
Albanian 80 30 50
Maltese 130 85 50
Macedonian 0 0 0
Slovenian 30 15 15
Western European, n.o.s.145 640 285 355
New Brunswicker 150 70 80
Gujarati 45 35 0
Eritrean 180 105 80
African Canadian 70 40 30
Israeli 30 20 10
Mohawk 75 35 35
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s.146 70 25 45
Bulgarian 80 40 50
Albertan 70 40 30
Ghanaian 125 75 50
Barbadian 85 30 55
African American 145 80 65
Yugoslavian, n.o.s.147 60 20 35
Tunisian 80 40 45
Slavic, n.o.s.148 55 35 20
Cuban 135 65 65
Bosnian 65 35 25
Venezuelan 50 25 25
Innu/Montagnais, n.o.s.149 2,350 1,160 1,185
Latvian 95 70 25
Bengali 150 120 30
Cameroonian 30 10 15
Guatemalan 30 10 20
Indonesian 50 25