Census Profile, 2021 Census of Population
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Topic:
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Age
Age characteristics
Commuting
Select all: Commuting
Commuting destination
Commuting duration
Main mode of commuting
Place of work status
Time leaving for work
Education
Select all: Education
Highest certificate, diploma or degree
Location of study compared with province or territory of residence
Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2021
Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificate
Ethnocultural and religious diversity
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Ethnic or cultural origin
Religion
Visible minority
Families, households, and marital status
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Family characteristics
Household type
Marital status
Housing
Household characteristics
Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
Select all: Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
Admission category and applicant type
Age at immigration
Citizenship
Generation status
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Pre-admission experience
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Income
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Income of economic families in 2020
Income of households in 2020
Income of individuals in 2019
Income of individuals in 2020
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Indigenous peoples
Select all: Indigenous peoples
Indigenous ancestry
Indigenous population
Instruction in the minority official language
Select all: Instruction in the minority official language
Children eligible for instruction in the minority official language
Eligibility and instruction in the minority official language for school-aged children
Labour
Select all: Labour
Class of worker including job permanency
Industry - Sectors - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2017
Labour force status
Occupation - Broad category - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2021
Work activity during the reference year
Language
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All languages spoken at home
First official language spoken
Knowledge of languages
Knowledge of official languages
Language spoken most often at home
Mother tongue
Other language spoken regularly at home
Language of work
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All languages used at work
Language used most often at work
Other language(s) used regularly at work
Mobility and migration
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Mobility status 1 year ago
Mobility status 5 years ago
Population and dwelling counts
Population and dwellings
Type of dwelling
Household and dwelling characteristics
GenderMore information:


Statistic:
Characteristic Lunenburg, County (CTY)More information:
Nova Scotia
[Census division]
Counts
Total Men+ Women+
Population and dwellings
Population, 20211 48,599 ... ...
Population, 20161 47,126 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2016 to 2021 3.1 ... ...
Total private dwellings2 27,092 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residents3 22,443 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 16.7 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 2,906.47 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups of the population - 100% data 48,600 23,695 24,905
0 to 14 years 5,785 3,000 2,785
0 to 4 years 1,700 890 815
5 to 9 years 1,985 1,010 975
10 to 14 years 2,090 1,100 995
15 to 64 years 28,320 13,800 14,515
15 to 19 years 2,010 1,035 975
20 to 24 years 1,900 985 915
25 to 29 years 1,950 975 970
30 to 34 years 2,295 1,085 1,210
35 to 39 years 2,465 1,235 1,225
40 to 44 years 2,435 1,160 1,275
45 to 49 years 2,820 1,355 1,470
50 to 54 years 3,285 1,610 1,675
55 to 59 years 4,385 2,055 2,330
60 to 64 years 4,770 2,305 2,470
65 years and over 14,500 6,900 7,600
65 to 69 years 4,530 2,230 2,300
70 to 74 years 3,920 1,915 2,005
75 to 79 years 2,745 1,340 1,405
80 to 84 years 1,725 820 910
85 years and over 1,575 590 985
85 to 89 years 955 410 550
90 to 94 years 460 145 310
95 to 99 years 130 30 95
100 years and over 35 5 30
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 11.9 12.7 11.2
15 to 64 years 58.3 58.2 58.3
65 years and over 29.8 29.1 30.5
85 years and over 3.2 2.5 4.0
Average age of the population 49.2 48.4 50.0
Median age of the population 54.0 53.2 54.8
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% data 22,440 ... ...
Single-detached house 18,175 ... ...
Semi-detached house 445 ... ...
Row house 280 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 310 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 1,915 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 35 ... ...
Other single-attached house 50 ... ...
Movable dwelling4 1,225 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% data 22,440 ... ...
1 person 6,860 ... ...
2 persons 9,895 ... ...
3 persons 2,875 ... ...
4 persons 1,960 ... ...
5 or more persons 855 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 47,765 23,340 24,420
Average household size 2.1 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the total population aged 15 years and over - 100% data 42,815 20,700 22,120
Married or living common-law 26,590 13,285 13,310
Married 21,180 10,575 10,610
Living common-law 5,410 2,705 2,705
Living common law - Never married 3,345 1,680 1,665
Living common law - Separated 405 215 195
Living common law - Divorced 1,450 740 710
Living common law - Widowed 210 75 135
Not married and not living common-law 16,225 7,415 8,810
Not married and not living common law - Never married 8,665 4,800 3,860
Not married and not living common law - Separated 1,230 600 630
Not married and not living common law - Divorced 2,900 1,200 1,695
Not married and not living common law - Widowed 3,430 810 2,620
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% data5 15,155 ... ...
2 persons 10,005 ... ...
3 persons 2,740 ... ...
4 persons 1,805 ... ...
5 or more persons 600 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.6 ... ...
Average number of children in census families with children6 1.6 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% data 15,155 ... ...
Total couple families 13,090 ... ...
Married couples 10,385 ... ...
With children6 3,495 ... ...
Without children 6,885 ... ...
Common-law couples 2,705 ... ...
With children6 925 ... ...
Without children 1,780 ... ...
Total one-parent families 2,065 ... ...
in which the parent is a woman+ 1,565 ... ...
in which the parent is a man+ 505 ... ...
Total - Persons in private households - 100% data 47,765 23,340 24,420
Total - Persons in census families 38,670 19,275 19,390
Married spouses or common-law partners 26,175 13,110 13,065
Parents in one-parent families 2,070 505 1,560
Children6 10,425 5,665 4,760
In a two-parent family 7,410 3,975 3,440
In a one-parent family 3,010 1,695 1,320
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 9,100 4,065 5,035
Living alone 6,860 2,975 3,885
Living with other relatives7 770 320 450
Living with non-relatives only 1,470 765 700
Household type
Total - Household type - 100% data 22,445 ... ...
One-census-family households without additional persons 14,005 ... ...
Couple-family households 12,340 ... ...
With children6 4,115 ... ...
Without children 8,225 ... ...
One-parent-family households 1,670 ... ...
Multigenerational households8 360 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households9 65 ... ...
One-census-family households with additional persons9 470 ... ...
Two-or-more-person non-census-family households 685 ... ...
One-person households 6,860 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2020
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data10 41,990 20,350 21,640
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 40,900 19,870 21,035
Median total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 34,400 40,400 30,000
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 40,920 19,875 21,040
Median after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 31,200 35,600 27,600
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 35,150 17,545 17,605
Median market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 28,000 34,400 22,600
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 25,700 13,370 12,335
Median employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 28,600 33,600 24,800
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 34,490 16,110 18,380
Median government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 12,700 13,400 12,300
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 5,165 2,715 2,450
Median employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 5,920 6,320 5,400
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 9,000 4,215 4,785
Median COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 8,000 8,000 8,000
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data11 41,990 20,355 21,635
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 40,880 19,845 21,035
Average total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 45,320 52,550 38,520
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 40,885 19,855 21,035
Average after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 36,640 40,880 32,640
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 35,305 17,585 17,725
Average market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 40,240 47,800 32,720
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 25,705 13,365 12,335
Average employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 39,920 46,040 33,280
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 34,305 15,950 18,350
Average government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 12,600 12,670 12,530
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 4,945 2,580 2,365
Average employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 6,880 7,480 6,220
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 8,820 4,125 4,700
Average COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 8,540 8,200 8,830
Total - Employment income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data12 41,990 20,350 21,640
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 11,005 6,175 4,830
Median employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 53,600 57,200 49,200
Average employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 64,200 69,900 57,000
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 10,800 4,990 5,810
Median employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 16,400 18,800 14,700
Average employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 24,920 31,440 19,340
Composition of total income in 2020 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data17 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)18 76.6 80.6 71.6
Employment income (%)19 55.4 59.0 50.7
Government transfers (%)20 23.3 19.4 28.4
Employment insurance benefits (%) 1.8 1.9 1.8
COVID-19 - Government income support and benefits (%) 4.9 3.9 6.3
COVID-19 - Emergency and recovery benefits (%) 4.1 3.2 5.1
Total - Total income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data21 41,985 20,350 21,635
Without total income 1,085 480 605
With total income 40,900 19,870 21,030
Under $10,000 (including loss) 3,485 1,355 2,125
$10,000 to $19,999 5,875 2,125 3,750
$20,000 to $29,999 8,265 3,610 4,655
$30,000 to $39,999 5,920 2,750 3,175
$40,000 to $49,999 4,790 2,345 2,445
$50,000 to $59,999 3,575 2,000 1,575
$60,000 to $69,999 2,560 1,580 980
$70,000 to $79,999 1,780 1,085 695
$80,000 to $89,999 1,390 850 540
$90,000 to $99,999 960 600 365
$100,000 and over 2,305 1,570 730
$100,000 to $149,999 1,615 1,095 520
$150,000 and over 685 475 210
Total - After-tax income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data22 41,985 20,350 21,635
Without after-tax income 1,070 475 595
With after-tax income 40,915 19,875 21,040
Under $10,000 (including loss) 3,755 1,415 2,340
$10,000 to $19,999 6,205 2,290 3,920
$20,000 to $29,999 9,490 4,195 5,295
$30,000 to $39,999 7,105 3,390 3,710
$40,000 to $49,999 5,300 2,915 2,390
$50,000 to $59,999 3,385 2,025 1,365
$60,000 to $69,999 2,195 1,365 835
$70,000 to $79,999 1,375 845 530
$80,000 to $89,999 745 515 235
$90,000 to $99,999 405 260 150
$100,000 and over 950 670 285
$100,000 to $124,999 480 340 135
$125,000 and over 475 330 150
Total - Employment income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data19 41,985 20,350 21,635
Without employment income 16,285 6,980 9,305
With employment income 25,705 13,370 12,330
Under $5,000 (including loss) 4,615 2,440 2,175
$5,000 to $9,999 2,155 935 1,215
$10,000 to $19,999 3,445 1,505 1,940
$20,000 to $29,999 3,030 1,380 1,655
$30,000 to $39,999 2,615 1,245 1,370
$40,000 to $49,999 2,330 1,135 1,195
$50,000 to $59,999 1,865 1,105 755
$60,000 to $69,999 1,485 925 560
$70,000 to $79,999 1,105 695 405
$80,000 to $89,999 945 550 390
$90,000 to $99,999 630 385 245
$100,000 and over 1,485 1,065 420
$100,000 to $124,999 765 525 240
$125,000 and over 725 540 180
Income of individuals in 2019
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data23 41,990 20,350 21,640
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 40,250 19,495 20,760
Median total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 32,400 39,600 27,000
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 40,310 19,495 20,815
Median after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 29,400 35,200 25,200
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 35,050 17,395 17,650
Median market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 28,800 36,000 23,200
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 26,170 13,530 12,640
Median employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 29,000 34,800 25,200
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 31,055 14,095 16,965
Median government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 10,000 10,900 9,400
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 -100% data 4,560 2,465 2,090
Median employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 5,920 6,850 4,960
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data24 41,990 20,355 21,635
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 40,240 19,460 20,780
Average total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 43,120 50,880 35,840
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 40,290 19,460 20,830
Average after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 35,560 41,200 30,320
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 35,250 17,425 17,825
Average market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 40,080 48,040 32,280
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 26,115 13,490 12,630
Average employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 39,840 46,120 33,120
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 30,950 13,955 17,000
Average government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 10,420 10,930 10,000
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 4,515 2,405 2,105
Average employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 7,080 7,560 6,530
Total - Employment income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data25 41,990 20,350 21,640
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 10,940 6,140 4,800
Median employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 50,000 54,400 44,000
Average employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 60,550 65,800 53,900
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 10,305 4,720 5,580
Median employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 19,800 23,800 18,000
Average employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 29,160 36,800 22,720
Composition of total income in 2019 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%) 81.4 84.6 77.2
Employment income (%) 60.0 62.9 56.1
Government transfers (%) 18.6 15.4 22.8
Employment insurance benefits (%) 1.8 1.8 1.9
Income of households in 2020
Total - Income statistics for private households - 100% data26 22,440 ... ...
Median total income of household in 2020 ($) 65,500 ... ...
Median after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 58,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 100% data 6,860 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 32,400 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 29,800 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 100% data 15,585 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 82,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 71,500 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for private households - 25% sample data27 22,445 ... ...
Average total income of household in 2020 ($) 82,500 ... ...
Average after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 66,800 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 25% sample data 6,860 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 43,240 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 36,240 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 25% sample data 15,585 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 99,800 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 80,200 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data21 22,440 ... ...
Under $5,000 245 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 120 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 385 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 410 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,560 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,045 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,080 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,270 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,175 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,040 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 1,890 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 1,865 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 1,675 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 1,430 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 1,290 ... ...
$100,000 and over 5,975 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 2,305 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,430 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 1,435 ... ...
$200,000 and over 810 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data22 22,440 ... ...
Under $5,000 275 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 120 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 385 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 455 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,670 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,255 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,260 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,425 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,330 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,235 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 2,285 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 2,235 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 1,870 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 1,505 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 1,175 ... ...
$100,000 and over 3,970 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 1,990 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,030 ... ...
$150,000 and over 955 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2020
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 100% data28 15,050 ... ...
Median total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 82,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 71,500 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 100% data 8,285 ... ...
Median total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 74,500 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 65,500 ... ...
Average family size of couple-only economic families 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 100% data 4,485 ... ...
Median total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 112,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 95,000 ... ...
Average family size of couple-with-children economic families 3.8 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 1,930 ... ...
Median total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 58,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 53,200 ... ...
Average family size of one-parent economic families 2.5 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% data29 8,325 3,740 4,585
Median total income in 2020 ($)30 32,000 34,400 30,000
Median after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 29,400 31,000 28,000
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 25% sample data31 15,095 ... ...
Average total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 99,500 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 79,800 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 25% sample data 8,295 ... ...
Average total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 92,800 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 71,500 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 25% sample data 4,490 ... ...
Average total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 127,000 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 104,400 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 1,935 ... ...
Average total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 64,700 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 57,450 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample data32 8,250 3,630 4,615
Average total income in 2020 ($)30 42,440 46,720 39,080
Average after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 35,560 37,880 33,760
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Total - LIM low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households - 100% data33 47,765 23,345 24,425
0 to 17 years 6,975 3,620 3,355
0 to 5 years 2,100 1,090 1,010
18 to 64 years 26,935 13,060 13,875
65 years and over 13,855 6,665 7,190
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 7,755 3,510 4,240
0 to 17 years 1,155 610 545
0 to 5 years 375 195 175
18 to 64 years 3,540 1,650 1,885
65 years and over 3,065 1,255 1,805
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 16.2 15.0 17.4
0 to 17 years (%) 16.5 16.8 16.2
0 to 5 years (%) 17.7 18.0 17.4
18 to 64 years (%) 13.1 12.6 13.6
65 years and over (%) 22.1 18.8 25.1
Total - LICO low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households to whom the low-income concept is applicable - 100% data33 47,655 23,290 24,365
0 to 17 years 6,940 3,600 3,335
0 to 5 years 2,095 1,085 1,010
18 to 64 years 26,870 13,030 13,845
65 years and over 13,845 6,660 7,185
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 1,540 765 775
0 to 17 years 225 105 120
0 to 5 years 60 25 30
18 to 64 years 1,130 585 545
65 years and over 185 75 110
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 3.2 3.3 3.2
0 to 17 years (%) 3.2 2.9 3.6
0 to 5 years (%) 2.7 2.4 3.0
18 to 64 years (%) 4.2 4.5 4.0
65 years and over (%) 1.3 1.2 1.5
Total - Adjusted after-tax economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% data34The letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice. 47,765 23,345 24,425
In bottom half of the distribution 31,005 14,835 16,170
In bottom decile 6,300 2,865 3,430
In second decile 7,335 3,390 3,945
In third decile 6,245 2,955 3,290
In fourth decile 5,940 3,015 2,925
In fifth decile 5,190 2,610 2,580
In top half of the distribution 16,760 8,505 8,250
In sixth decile 4,855 2,430 2,425
In seventh decile 3,965 2,030 1,930
In eighth decile 3,350 1,700 1,650
In ninth decile 2,705 1,395 1,310
In top decile 1,875 945 935
Total - Inequality measures for the population in private households - 100% data35 47,765 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household total income 0.328 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household market income 0.476 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household after-tax income 0.281 ... ...
P90/P10 ratio on adjusted household after-tax income 3.4 ... ...
Knowledge of official languages
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data36 47,965 23,460 24,500
English only 44,715 22,070 22,650
French only 15 10 0
English and French 3,195 1,360 1,830
Neither English nor French 40 20 15
First official language spoken
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data37 47,965 23,460 24,500
English 47,320 23,150 24,170
French 540 255 290
English and French 70 35 30
Neither English nor French 35 20 15
Mother tongue
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data38 47,965 23,460 24,500
Single responses 47,580 23,300 24,280
Official languages 46,320 22,675 23,645
English 45,735 22,415 23,325
French 580 260 320
Non-official languages 1,265 625 640
Indigenous languages39 0 0 0
Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 0 0 0
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0 0 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 0 0 0
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 1,260 625 635
Afro-Asiatic languages 85 50 40
Berber languages 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 0 0 0
Hausa 0 0 0
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 0 0 0
Bilen 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 85 50 40
Amharic 0 0 0
Arabic 85 50 40
Aramaic languages 0 0 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 0 0 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 15 5 5
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 15 5 5
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 60 20 40
Bikol 0 0 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Cebuano 5 0 10
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0
Ilocano 0 0 0
Indonesian 0 0 0
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 55 20 30
Waray-Waray 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Creole languages 5 0 0
Haitian Creole 0 0 0
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 0 0 0
Morisyen 0 0 0
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Dravidian languages 90 55 35
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 85 55 35
Tamil 0 0 0
Telugu 0 0 0
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 830 440 395
Albanian 0 0 0
Armenian 0 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 105 55 50
Baltic languages 5 5 0
Latvian 5 5 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Slavic languages 100 50 50
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 0 0 0
Czech 15 5 10
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 30 15 10
Russian 25 15 10
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 10 5 5
Bosnian 0 0 0
Croatian 5 0 0
Serbian 5 0 0
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Slovak 5 0 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0
Ukrainian 10 5 0
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 0 0 0
Irish 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0
Welsh 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 450 230 220
Frisian 0 0 0
High German languages 325 165 165
German 305 150 155
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 20 10 10
Yiddish 0 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 95 50 50
Afrikaans 5 0 5
Dutch 75 40 35
Low German, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 10 5 5
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 0 0
Scandinavian languages 25 15 5
Danish 5 10 0
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 0 0 0
Swedish 15 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Greek 10 10 5
Indo-Iranian languages 150 80 65
Indo-Aryan languages 135 75 60
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 5 5 0
Gujarati 15 10 5
Hindi 20 10 10
Kacchi 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0
Nepali 0 0 0
Oriya languages 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 85 50 35
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0
Urdu 5 5 5
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iranian languages 10 5 5
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 0 0 0
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 0 0 0
Persian languages 10 5 5
Dari 0 0 0
Iranian Persian 10 5 5
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 0 0 0
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 125 65 55
Catalan 5 5 0
Italian 20 10 10
Portuguese 35 15 20
Romanian 5 0 5
Spanish 60 35 25
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 10 5 10
Korean 60 20 45
Mongolian 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 0 0 0
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0
Éwé 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0
Lingala 0 0 0
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Shona 0 0 0
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0
Swahili 0 0 0
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
African, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Sign languages 10 0 5
American Sign Language 5 0 5
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages 45 15 30
Chinese languages 45 15 30
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 35 10 20
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0
Yue (Cantonese) 10 5 10
Chinese, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0
Burmese 0 0 0
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 5 0 5
Lao 0 0 0
Thai 5 0 5
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 5 0 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 5 0 0
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Uralic languages 35 15 20
Estonian 10 0 5
Finnish 5 5 5
Hungarian 20 10 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Multiple responses 380 160 220
English and French 195 80 110
English and non-official language(s) 150 65 90
French and non-official language(s) 10 5 0
English, French and non-official language(s) 10 5 5
Multiple non-official languages 20 10 10
All languages spoken at home
Total - All languages spoken at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data40 47,965 23,460 24,500
English 46,190 22,660 23,530
French 100 50 55
Non-official language 265 145 120
Indigenous39 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous 265 145 120
English and French 460 185 275
English and non-official language(s) 865 385 480
French and non-official language(s) 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language(s) 60 30 35
Multiple non-official languages 15 10 5
Language spoken most often at home
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data41 47,965 23,460 24,500
Single responses 47,735 23,370 24,370
Official languages 47,175 23,075 24,100
English 47,035 23,010 24,025
French 140 65 75
Non-official languages 565 295 270
Indigenous languages39 0 0 0
Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 0 0 0
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0 0 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 0 0 0
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 560 295 265
Afro-Asiatic languages 55 30 25
Berber languages 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 0 0 0
Hausa 0 0 0
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 0 0 0
Bilen 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 55 30 25
Amharic 0 0 0
Arabic 55 30 25
Aramaic languages 0 0 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 0 0 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 0 0 0
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 25 15 15
Bikol 0 0 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Cebuano 0 0 0
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0
Ilocano 0 0 0
Indonesian 0 0 0
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 25 15 15
Waray-Waray 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Creole languages 0 0 0
Haitian Creole 0 0 0
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 0 0 0
Morisyen 0 0 0
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Dravidian languages 85 45 35
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 85 45 35
Tamil 0 0 0
Telugu 0 0 0
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 315 165 150
Albanian 0 0 0
Armenian 0 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 30 20 20
Baltic languages 0 0 0
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Slavic languages 30 20 20
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 0 0 0
Czech 0 0 0
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 5 5 5
Russian 20 10 5
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 5 0 0
Bosnian 0 0 0
Croatian 0 0 0
Serbian 5 0 0
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Slovak 0 0 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0
Ukrainian 0 0 0
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 0 0 0
Irish 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0
Welsh 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 135 65 75
Frisian 0 0 0
High German languages 120 55 65
German 110 50 55
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 15 10 5
Yiddish 0 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 15 10 10
Afrikaans 10 0 5
Dutch 10 5 0
Low German, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 0 0 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0
Scandinavian languages 0 0 0
Danish 0 0 0
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 0 0 0
Swedish 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Greek 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages 110 60 50
Indo-Aryan languages 105 55 45
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 5 5 0
Gujarati 5 5 5
Hindi 10 0 5
Kacchi 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0
Nepali 0 0 0
Oriya languages 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 75 45 35
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0
Urdu 5 5 5
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iranian languages 5 0 5
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 0 0 0
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 0 0 0
Persian languages 0 0 0
Dari 0 0 0
Iranian Persian 0 0 0
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 0 0 0
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 35 20 20
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 5 0 0
Portuguese 15 5 5
Romanian 0 0 0
Spanish 20 10 10
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 0 0 0
Korean 35 20 20
Mongolian 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 0 0 0
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0
Éwé 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0
Lingala 0 0 0
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Shona 0 0 0
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0
Swahili 0 0 0
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
African, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Sign languages 15 10 5
American Sign Language 15 10 5
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages 15 10 10
Chinese languages 20 10 10
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 20 5 10
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0
Yue (Cantonese) 0 0 0
Chinese, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0
Burmese 0 0 0
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 0 0 0
Lao 0 0 0
Thai 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 0 0 0
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Uralic languages 5 0 0
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 0 0 0
Hungarian 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Multiple responses 225 95 135
English and French 85 30 55
English and non-official language(s) 135 60 80
French and non-official language(s) 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language(s) 0 0 0
Multiple non-official languages 5 5 0
Other language spoken regularly at home
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data42 47,960 23,460 24,500
None 46,745 22,930 23,815
English 280 135 145
French 355 145 210
Non-official language 455 195 255
Indigenous39 25 5 15
Non-Indigenous 430 190 245
English and French 5 0 0
English and non-official language(s) 35 20 20
French and non-official language(s) 45 20 20
English, French and non-official language(s) 0 0 0
Multiple non-official languages 45 20 30
Knowledge of languagesThe letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice.
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample data43 47,765 23,340 24,425
Official languages 47,725 23,325 24,400
English 47,700 23,300 24,400
French 3,220 1,320 1,900
Non-official languages 2,325 1,040 1,290
Indigenous languages39 25 10 15
Algonquian languages 25 10 15
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 0 0 0
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0 0 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 20 10 10
Mi'kmaq 20 10 10
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 0 0 0
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 2,300 1,025 1,275
Afro-Asiatic languages 120 60 60
Berber languages 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 0 0 0
Hausa 0 0 0
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 0 0 0
Bilen 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 120 60 60
Amharic 0 0 0
Arabic 115 60 50
Aramaic languages 0 0 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 0 0 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 0 0 0
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 125 50 70
Bikol 0 0 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Cebuano 10 0 10
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0
Ilocano 0 0 0
Indonesian 0 0 0
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 105 50 55
Waray-Waray 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Creole languages 0 0 0
Haitian Creole 0 0 0
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 0 0 0
Morisyen 0 0 0
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Dravidian languages 205 105 95
Kannada 15 15 0
Malayalam 180 100 90
Tamil 60 45 15
Telugu 30 15 15
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 1,760 790 970
Albanian 0 0 0
Armenian 0 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 170 80 90
Baltic languages 10 0 0
Latvian 10 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Slavic languages 165 70 85
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 0 0 0
Czech 15 10 10
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 50 20 35
Russian 55 35 25
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 20 10 15
Bosnian 0 0 0
Croatian 20 10 15
Serbian 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Slovak 15 0 10
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0
Ukrainian 10 0 0
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 40 15 20
Irish 10 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0
Welsh 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 860 395 460
Frisian 0 0 0
High German languages 650 305 345
German 650 305 345
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 25 10 15
Yiddish 0 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 170 70 105
Afrikaans 70 35 30
Dutch 100 35 65
Low German, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 0 0 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0
Scandinavian languages 60 35 25
Danish 30 20 10
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 10 0 0
Swedish 30 10 15
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Greek 10 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages 220 110 110
Indo-Aryan languages 200 90 110
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 0 0 0
Gujarati 0 0 0
Hindi 165 75 90
Kacchi 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0
Nepali 0 0 0
Oriya languages 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 40 15 20
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0
Urdu 0 0 0
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iranian languages 10 10 0
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 0 0 0
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 0 0 0
Persian languages 0 0 0
Dari 0 0 0
Iranian Persian 0 0 0
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 0 0 0
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 580 230 350
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 80 40 40
Portuguese 65 35 35
Romanian 0 0 0
Spanish 450 170 275
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 30 0 20
Korean 35 10 30
Mongolian 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 15 0 0
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0
Éwé 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0
Lingala 0 0 0
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Shona 0 0 0
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0
Swahili 0 0 0
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
African, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Sign languages 80 25 50
American Sign Language 70 25 40
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 15 0 15
Sino-Tibetan languages 80 30 50
Chinese languages 80 30 50
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 60 25 35
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0
Yue (Cantonese) 15 0 15
Chinese, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0
Burmese 0 0 0
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 0 0 0
Lao 0 0 0
Thai 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 10 0 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 10 0 0
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Uralic languages 25 10 20
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 0 0 0
Hungarian 25 10 20
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous population
Total - Indigenous identity for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 47,765 23,340 24,425
Indigenous identity45 1,940 900 1,045
Single Indigenous responses46 1,880 865 1,015
First Nations (North American Indian) 1,120 540 580
Métis 735 325 415
Inuk (Inuit) 25 0 20
Multiple Indigenous responses47 15 10 0
Indigenous responses not included elsewhere48 50 30 25
Non-Indigenous identity 45,820 22,440 23,380
Total - Registered or Treaty Indian status for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 47,765 23,340 24,425
Registered or Treaty Indian49 495 260 235
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 47,270 23,080 24,190
Household characteristics
Total - Private households by tenure - 25% sample data50 22,445 ... ...
Owner 18,055 ... ...
Renter 4,350 ... ...
Dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band 35 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by condominium status - 25% sample data51 22,445 ... ...
Condominium 380 ... ...
Not condominium 22,065 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of bedrooms - 25% sample data52 22,445 ... ...
No bedrooms 50 ... ...
1 bedroom 1,960 ... ...
2 bedrooms 6,650 ... ...
3 bedrooms 9,690 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 4,095 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of rooms - 25% sample data53 22,445 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 4,120 ... ...
5 rooms 4,245 ... ...
6 rooms 4,385 ... ...
7 rooms 3,385 ... ...
8 or more rooms 6,315 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 6.4 ... ...
Total - Private households by number of persons per room - 25% sample data54 22,445 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 22,355 ... ...
More than one person per room 90 ... ...
Total - Private households by housing suitability - 25% sample data55 22,445 ... ...
Suitable 22,000 ... ...
Not suitable 445 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by period of construction - 25% sample data56 22,445 ... ...
1960 or before 7,245 ... ...
1961 to 1980 5,950 ... ...
1981 to 1990 2,855 ... ...
1991 to 2000 2,425 ... ...
2001 to 2005 1,130 ... ...
2006 to 2010 1,170 ... ...
2011 to 2015 860 ... ...
2016 to 202157 815 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by dwelling condition - 25% sample data58 22,445 ... ...
Only regular maintenance and minor repairs needed 20,420 ... ...
Major repairs needed 2,025 ... ...
Total - Private households by number of household maintainers - 25% sample data59 22,445 ... ...
One-maintainer household 11,870 ... ...
Two-maintainer household 10,090 ... ...
Three-or-more-maintainer household 485 ... ...
Total - Private households by age of primary household maintainers - 25% sample data60 22,445 ... ...
15 to 24 years 335 ... ...
25 to 34 years 1,885 ... ...
35 to 44 years 2,585 ... ...
45 to 54 years 3,445 ... ...
55 to 64 years 5,110 ... ...
65 to 74 years 5,135 ... ...
75 to 84 years 2,875 ... ...
85 years and over 1,065 ... ...
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratio - 25% sample data61 22,265 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of income on shelter costs 18,975 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs 3,285 ... ...
30% to less than 100% 2,970 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by housing indicators - 25% sample data62 22,445 ... ...
Total - Households 'spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' or 'not suitable' or 'major repairs needed' 5,275 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs only 2,880 ... ...
Not suitable only 345 ... ...
Major repairs needed only 1,575 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' 25 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'major repairs needed' 375 ... ...
'Not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 70 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 0 ... ...
Acceptable housing 17,170 ... ...
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero and shelter-cost-to-income ratio less than 100%, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data63 21,950 ... ...
In core need 2,140 ... ...
Not in core need 19,810 ... ...
Total - Owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 17,940 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgage64 46.1 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 9.4 ... ...
% in core housing need63 6.3 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 675 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 873 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)66 250,000 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)66 295,600 ... ...
Total - Tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 4,345 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housing67 12.0 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 36.8 ... ...
% in core housing need63 24.2 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 900 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 917 ... ...
Total - Households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band in non-farm private dwellings - 25% sample data 35 ... ...
% of households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band spending more than 30% on shelter costs61 0.0 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 100 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 200 ... ...
Indigenous ancestry
Total - Indigenous ancestry for the population in private households - 25% sample data68 47,765 23,345 24,425
Indigenous ancestry (only)69 680 325 360
Single Indigenous ancestry (only)70 670 315 350
First Nations (North American Indian) single ancestry 495 235 260
Métis single ancestry 150 65 85
Inuit single ancestry 25 15 10
Multiple Indigenous ancestries (only)71 10 0 10
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis ancestry only 10 10 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
Métis and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries72 2,175 1,040 1,135
Single Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries73 2,145 1,030 1,110
First Nations (North American Indian) and non-Indigenous ancestry only 1,580 760 820
Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 520 255 265
Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 45 20 25
Multiple Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries74 35 10 20
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 15 0 10
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 15 0 10
Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 0 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous ancestry only75 44,910 21,980 22,930
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample data76 47,765 23,345 24,420
Canadian citizens77 46,520 22,710 23,815
Canadian citizens aged under 18 6,855 3,625 3,225
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 39,670 19,085 20,585
Not Canadian citizens78 1,245 630 610
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample data79 47,765 23,345 24,420
Non-immigrants80 44,565 21,805 22,770
Immigrants81 2,970 1,430 1,535
Before 1980 1,210 565 645
1980 to 1990 290 140 150
1991 to 2000 245 100 145
2001 to 2010 475 235 240
2011 to 202182 745 390 355
2011 to 2015 345 165 175
2016 to 2021 400 220 175
Non-permanent residents83 225 105 120
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data84 2,970 1,430 1,535
Under 5 years 360 150 210
5 to 14 years 470 240 230
15 to 24 years 470 225 245
25 to 44 years 1,230 570 660
45 years and over 435 250 190
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data85 2,970 1,430 1,535
Americas 685 330 355
Brazil 0 0 0
Colombia 0 0 0
El Salvador 0 0 0
Guyana 0 0 0
Haiti 0 0 0
Jamaica 0 0 0
Mexico 15 0 15
Peru 0 0 0
Trinidad and Tobago 0 0 0
United States of America 595 290 305
Other places of birth in Americas 40 20 20
Europe 1,665 815 855
Bosnia and Herzegovina 0 0 0
Croatia 10 0 10
France 40 15 25
Germany 245 120 130
Greece 0 0 0
Hungary 15 0 0
Italy 10 10 0
Netherlands 70 25 40
Poland 25 10 20
Portugal 25 15 0
Romania 0 0 0
Russian Federation 0 0 0
Serbia86 0 0 0
Ukraine 15 0 10
United Kingdom87 1,015 495 525
Other places of birth in Europe 190 110 80
Africa 110 65 45
Algeria 0 0 0
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 0 0 0
Egypt 0 0 0
Eritrea 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Morocco 0 0 0
Nigeria 0 0 0
Somalia 0 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 60 30 30
Other places of birth in Africa 25 20 10
Asia 445 195 250
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Iran88 0 0 0
Iraq 0 0 0
Lebanon 45 25 20
Syria89 25 10 15
Turkey 0 0 0
China90 30 15 15
Hong Kong91 10 0 10
Korea, South92 15 0 10
Taiwan 0 0 0
Philippines 70 20 45
Viet Nam 10 10 0
Bangladesh 0 0 0
India 185 85 100
Pakistan 0 0 0
Sri Lanka 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 45 15 30
Oceania and other places of birth93 60 25 35
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data94 400 220 180
Americas 80 60 20
Brazil 0 0 0
Colombia 0 0 0
Haiti 0 0 0
Jamaica 0 0 0
Mexico 0 0 0
United States of America 70 55 15
Venezuela95 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 0 0 0
Europe 70 40 35
France 0 0 0
Germany 0 0 0
Ireland96 0 0 0
Italy 0 0 0
Russian Federation 0 0 0
Ukraine 15 0 10
United Kingdom87 25 15 10
Other places of birth in Europe 30 10 15
Africa 15 15 0
Algeria 0 0 0
Burundi 0 0 0
Cameroon 0 0 0
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 0 0 0
Côte d'Ivoire 0 0 0
Egypt 0 0 0
Eritrea 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Morocco 0 0 0
Nigeria 0 0 0
Somalia 0 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 10 10 0
Sudan97 0 0 0
Tunisia 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 0 0 0
Asia 230 105 125
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Bangladesh 0 0 0
China90 10 0 10
Hong Kong91 0 0 0
India 130 60 65
Iran88 0 0 0
Iraq 0 0 0
Israel 0 0 0
Japan 0 0 0
Jordan 0 0 0
Korea, South92 0 0 0
Lebanon 0 0 0
Nepal 0 0 0
Pakistan 0 0 0
Philippines 35 20 15
Saudi Arabia 0 0 0
Sri Lanka 0 0 0
Syria89 25 10 15
Turkey 0 0 0
United Arab Emirates 0 0 0
Viet Nam 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 0 0 0
Oceania and other93 0 0 0
Australia 0 0 0
Other places of birth98 0 0 0
Generation status
Total - Generation status for the population in private households - 25% sample data99 47,765 23,340 24,425
First generation100 3,550 1,710 1,835
Second generation101 3,450 1,605 1,845
Third generation or more102 40,765 20,025 20,740
Admission category and applicant type
Total - Admission category and applicant type for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data103 1,755 865 890
Economic immigrants104 1,055 520 540
Principal applicants105 515 330 190
Secondary applicants106 535 185 355
Immigrants sponsored by family107 595 295 295
Refugees108 95 40 55
Other immigrants109 15 10 0
Pre-admission experience
Total - Pre-admission experience for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data110 1,755 865 890
Asylum claim before admission111 15 10 0
Work permits only before admission112 370 215 150
Study permits only before admission113 50 25 25
Work and study permits before admission114 130 55 75
Other permits before admission115 25 20 0
No pre-admission experience116 1,175 540 630
Visible minority
Total - Visible minority for the population in private households - 25% sample data117 47,765 23,340 24,425
Total visible minority population118 1,160 520 635
South Asian 370 180 185
Chinese 120 25 95
Black 240 115 125
Filipino 130 50 85
Arab 115 60 55
Latin American 50 20 30
Southeast Asian 30 25 0
West Asian 10 0 0
Korean 35 10 30
Japanese 15 10 10
Visible minority, n.i.e.119 15 0 15
Multiple visible minorities 20 20 0
Not a visible minority120 46,605 22,820 23,785
Ethnic or cultural origin
Total - Ethnic or cultural origin for the population in private households - 25% sample data121 47,765 23,340 24,420
Canadian 9,385 4,665 4,720
English 10,265 4,820 5,445
Irish 7,445 3,345 4,100
Scottish 8,185 3,810 4,380
French, n.o.s.122 5,280 2,430 2,850
German 13,025 6,210 6,815
Chinese 145 40 105
Italian 495 255 235
Indian (India) 345 165 180
Ukrainian 295 125 165
Dutch 1,935 860 1,075
Polish 400 170 230
Québécois 110 45 70
British Isles, n.o.s.123 2,140 1,090 1,045
Filipino 120 40 80
French Canadian 270 105 170
Caucasian (White), n.o.s.124 3,235 1,560 1,670
First Nations (North American Indian), n.o.s.125 715 335 385
Métis 695 330 370
European, n.o.s.126 2,355 1,240 1,120
Russian 170 85 80
Norwegian 330 160 165
Welsh 1,055 565 490
Portuguese 115 70 45
American 505 210 295
Spanish 230 105 125
Swedish 230 95 140
Hungarian 130 40 90
Acadian 1,120 530 590
Pakistani 0 0 0
African, n.o.s.127 65 35 25
Jewish 110 45 70
Punjabi 0 0 0
Vietnamese 0 0 0
Arab, n.o.s.128 40 20 20
Greek 175 100 75
Jamaican 30 15 15
Asian, n.o.s.129 65 35 25
Cree, n.o.s.130 115 60 55
Korean 35 0 30
Romanian 40 0 35
Lebanese 255 125 130
Iranian 10 10 0
Christian, n.i.e.131 225 115 110
Danish 200 95 105
North American Indigenous, n.o.s.132 255 140 120
Sikh 0 0 0
Austrian 90 60 30
Belgian 115 60 55
Haitian 0 0 0
Hindu 0 0 0
Mexican 35 15 20
Mennonite 35 15 20
Swiss 430 220 210
Finnish 30 20 20
Sri Lankan 15 15 0
Croatian 40 15 25
Japanese 20 10 10
South Asian, n.o.s.133 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq, n.o.s.134 825 400 420
Northern European, n.o.s.135 125 50 75
Muslim 0 0 0
Egyptian 25 10 15
Latin, Central or South American, n.o.s.136 0 0 0
Tamil 0 0 0
Icelandic 55 25 30
Colombian 0 0 0
Moroccan 0 0 0
Czech 10 0 0
Syrian 20 15 0
Guyanese 0 0 0
Afghan 0 0 0
Black, n.o.s.137 50 10 35
Serbian 25 10 15
Ojibway 65 20 45
Newfoundlander 390 190 200
Hong Konger 0 0 0
Ontarian 120 65 55
Persian 0 0 0
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 0 0 0
Turkish 10 0 10
Inuit, n.o.s.138 80 40 45
Bangladeshi 0 0 0
Algerian 0 0 0
Brazilian 15 0 15
Nigerian 0 0 0
Armenian 0 0 0
Slovak 40 10 30
Eastern European, n.o.s.139 100 50 50
Somali 0 0 0
Taiwanese 0 0 0
Iraqi 0 0 0
Salvadorean 0 0 0
African Caribbean 15 10 10
East or Southeast Asian, n.o.s.140 0 0 0
West or Central Asian or Middle Eastern, n.o.s.141 0 0 0
Caribbean, n.o.s.142 10 0 0
Algonquin 25 10 15
West Indian, n.o.s.143 15 0 15
Lithuanian 30 20 20
South African 70 40 30
Australian 35 20 20
Palestinian 0 0 0
Chilean 0 0 0
Congolese 0 0 0
Nova Scotian 1,645 780 870
Ethiopian 0 0 0
Hispanic, n.o.s.144 0 0 0
Peruvian 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 0
Cambodian (Khmer) 0 0 0
Berber 0 0 0
Albanian 0 0 0
Maltese 20 10 10
Macedonian 20 10 10
Slovenian 0 0 0
Western European, n.o.s.145 95 45 55
New Brunswicker 65 25 40
Gujarati 0 0 0
Eritrean 0 0