Census Profile, 2021 Census of Population
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Topic:
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Age
Age characteristics
Commuting
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Commuting destination
Commuting duration
Main mode of commuting
Place of work status
Time leaving for work
Education
Select all: Education
Highest certificate, diploma or degree
Location of study compared with province or territory of residence
Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2021
Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificate
Ethnocultural and religious diversity
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Ethnic or cultural origin
Religion
Visible minority
Families, households, and marital status
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Family characteristics
Household type
Marital status
Housing
Household characteristics
Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
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Admission category and applicant type
Age at immigration
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Generation status
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Pre-admission experience
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Income
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Income of economic families in 2020
Income of households in 2020
Income of individuals in 2019
Income of individuals in 2020
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Indigenous peoples
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Indigenous ancestry
Indigenous population
Instruction in the minority official language
Select all: Instruction in the minority official language
Children eligible for instruction in the minority official language
Eligibility and instruction in the minority official language for school-aged children
Labour
Select all: Labour
Class of worker including job permanency
Industry - Sectors - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2017
Labour force status
Occupation - Broad category - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2021
Work activity during the reference year
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Mobility and migration
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Population and dwelling counts
Population and dwellings
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Household and dwelling characteristics
GenderMore information:


Statistic:
Characteristic Happy Valley-Goose Bay, Town (T)More information:
Newfoundland and Labrador
[Census subdivision]
Counts
Total Men+ Women+
Population and dwellings
Population, 20211 8,040 ... ...
Population, 20161 8,109 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2016 to 2021 - 0.9 ... ...
Total private dwellings2 3,390 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residents3 3,072 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 26.4 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 304.52 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups of the population - 100% data 8,040 4,085 3,955
0 to 14 years 1,405 710 690
0 to 4 years 395 205 190
5 to 9 years 515 255 260
10 to 14 years 490 255 235
15 to 64 years 5,595 2,875 2,720
15 to 19 years 480 260 220
20 to 24 years 480 265 210
25 to 29 years 525 280 250
30 to 34 years 630 330 305
35 to 39 years 565 270 295
40 to 44 years 560 275 280
45 to 49 years 595 285 315
50 to 54 years 620 325 290
55 to 59 years 630 325 305
60 to 64 years 500 255 245
65 years and over 1,040 495 540
65 to 69 years 360 185 175
70 to 74 years 275 125 145
75 to 79 years 215 105 105
80 to 84 years 110 50 60
85 years and over 80 35 45
85 to 89 years 55 30 30
90 to 94 years 20 10 10
95 to 99 years 0 0 0
100 years and over 5 0 5
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 17.5 17.4 17.4
15 to 64 years 69.6 70.4 68.8
65 years and over 12.9 12.1 13.7
85 years and over 1.0 0.9 1.1
Average age of the population 39.2 38.7 39.7
Median age of the population 39.2 38.4 40.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% data 3,070 ... ...
Single-detached house 1,970 ... ...
Semi-detached house 525 ... ...
Row house 375 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 65 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 125 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 0 ... ...
Other single-attached house 10 ... ...
Movable dwelling4 0 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% data 3,075 ... ...
1 person 700 ... ...
2 persons 1,145 ... ...
3 persons 560 ... ...
4 persons 450 ... ...
5 or more persons 215 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 7,660 3,795 3,860
Average household size 2.5 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the total population aged 15 years and over - 100% data 6,635 3,370 3,260
Married or living common-law 3,930 1,950 1,975
Married 2,840 1,420 1,425
Living common-law 1,085 535 550
Living common law - Never married 835 400 430
Living common law - Separated 30 20 10
Living common law - Divorced 195 105 85
Living common law - Widowed 25 10 15
Not married and not living common-law 2,710 1,420 1,285
Not married and not living common law - Never married 2,010 1,160 850
Not married and not living common law - Separated 135 70 65
Not married and not living common law - Divorced 290 125 160
Not married and not living common law - Widowed 275 65 210
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% data5 2,330 ... ...
2 persons 1,245 ... ...
3 persons 530 ... ...
4 persons 410 ... ...
5 or more persons 145 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.8 ... ...
Average number of children in census families with children6 1.7 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% data 2,330 ... ...
Total couple families 1,910 ... ...
Married couples 1,365 ... ...
With children6 660 ... ...
Without children 710 ... ...
Common-law couples 545 ... ...
With children6 270 ... ...
Without children 270 ... ...
Total one-parent families 420 ... ...
in which the parent is a woman+ 305 ... ...
in which the parent is a man+ 115 ... ...
Total - Persons in private households - 100% data 7,660 3,795 3,860
Total - Persons in census families 6,480 3,210 3,270
Married spouses or common-law partners 3,815 1,895 1,920
Parents in one-parent families 425 115 310
Children6 2,240 1,200 1,045
In a two-parent family 1,600 855 745
In a one-parent family 640 340 305
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 1,185 590 595
Living alone 700 350 350
Living with other relatives7 240 105 140
Living with non-relatives only 240 135 105
Household type
Total - Household type - 100% data 3,075 ... ...
One-census-family households without additional persons 2,020 ... ...
Couple-family households 1,710 ... ...
With children6 820 ... ...
Without children 890 ... ...
One-parent-family households 315 ... ...
Multigenerational households8 100 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households9 15 ... ...
One-census-family households with additional persons9 135 ... ...
Two-or-more-person non-census-family households 105 ... ...
One-person households 700 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2020
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data10 6,260 3,085 3,175
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 6,010 2,980 3,030
Median total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 52,000 60,000 47,200
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 6,010 2,980 3,030
Median after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 45,600 50,800 42,000
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 5,470 2,775 2,695
Median market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 49,600 57,600 43,200
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 4,890 2,505 2,385
Median employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 51,600 60,800 45,600
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 4,265 1,895 2,370
Median government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 10,800 12,400 9,700
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 1,055 590 465
Median employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 7,400 7,450 6,950
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 1,525 760 765
Median COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 8,000 8,000 8,000
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data11 6,250 3,085 3,170
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 5,995 2,985 3,010
Average total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 60,650 68,000 53,400
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 5,995 2,985 3,010
Average after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 49,840 54,900 44,840
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 5,475 2,780 2,695
Average market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 57,200 64,400 49,800
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 4,885 2,515 2,370
Average employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 57,650 65,000 49,840
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 4,225 1,870 2,360
Average government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 11,900 12,820 11,170
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 1,035 600 435
Average employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 10,160 10,360 9,880
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 1,330 680 650
Average COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 8,860 9,200 8,500
Total - Employment income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data12 6,255 3,080 3,175
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 2,720 1,430 1,290
Median employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 71,000 82,000 62,000
Average employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 76,900 86,600 66,200
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 1,715 835 880
Median employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 23,400 25,200 22,400
Average employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 34,320 37,400 31,450
Composition of total income in 2020 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data17 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)18 86.2 88.2 83.6
Employment income (%)19 77.4 80.6 73.4
Government transfers (%)20 13.8 11.8 16.4
Employment insurance benefits (%) 2.9 3.1 2.7
COVID-19 - Government income support and benefits (%) 3.7 3.4 4.1
COVID-19 - Emergency and recovery benefits (%) 3.2 3.1 3.4
Total - Total income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data21 6,260 3,085 3,175
Without total income 250 110 145
With total income 6,010 2,980 3,035
Under $10,000 (including loss) 390 155 235
$10,000 to $19,999 485 180 305
$20,000 to $29,999 670 295 380
$30,000 to $39,999 625 285 340
$40,000 to $49,999 675 315 360
$50,000 to $59,999 645 265 385
$60,000 to $69,999 495 255 245
$70,000 to $79,999 430 210 225
$80,000 to $89,999 360 190 165
$90,000 to $99,999 315 185 125
$100,000 and over 920 650 270
$100,000 to $149,999 725 500 225
$150,000 and over 190 150 40
Total - After-tax income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data22 6,260 3,085 3,175
Without after-tax income 250 110 145
With after-tax income 6,010 2,980 3,035
Under $10,000 (including loss) 400 155 240
$10,000 to $19,999 515 195 325
$20,000 to $29,999 785 340 440
$30,000 to $39,999 800 375 425
$40,000 to $49,999 890 400 490
$50,000 to $59,999 705 335 365
$60,000 to $69,999 570 295 275
$70,000 to $79,999 460 260 205
$80,000 to $89,999 340 220 120
$90,000 to $99,999 175 120 55
$100,000 and over 390 290 95
$100,000 to $124,999 260 195 65
$125,000 and over 125 90 30
Total - Employment income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data19 6,260 3,085 3,175
Without employment income 1,370 580 790
With employment income 4,890 2,505 2,380
Under $5,000 (including loss) 425 185 240
$5,000 to $9,999 305 145 160
$10,000 to $19,999 435 205 230
$20,000 to $29,999 400 175 220
$30,000 to $39,999 365 165 200
$40,000 to $49,999 450 190 260
$50,000 to $59,999 435 175 260
$60,000 to $69,999 380 185 200
$70,000 to $79,999 365 190 180
$80,000 to $89,999 285 150 135
$90,000 to $99,999 265 170 95
$100,000 and over 785 575 210
$100,000 to $124,999 435 300 135
$125,000 and over 345 275 75
Income of individuals in 2019
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data23 6,260 3,085 3,175
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 5,905 2,930 2,975
Median total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 50,800 61,200 44,000
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 5,905 2,930 2,975
Median after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 44,800 51,200 38,800
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 5,410 2,745 2,675
Median market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 49,600 61,200 41,200
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 4,885 2,505 2,380
Median employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 51,200 64,000 43,200
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 3,755 1,580 2,175
Median government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 7,950 8,700 7,350
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 -100% data 1,100 565 535
Median employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 8,500 8,500 8,500
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data24 6,250 3,085 3,170
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 5,920 2,950 2,970
Average total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 58,850 68,600 49,200
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 5,920 2,950 2,970
Average after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 47,960 54,600 41,360
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 5,400 2,725 2,670
Average market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 57,900 68,300 47,320
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 4,855 2,485 2,365
Average employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 58,250 68,700 47,320
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 3,785 1,635 2,155
Average government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 9,500 9,860 9,230
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 1,065 565 495
Average employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 9,720 9,280 10,200
Total - Employment income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data25 6,255 3,080 3,175
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 2,700 1,425 1,275
Median employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 68,000 82,000 57,600
Average employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 74,000 86,200 60,400
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 1,590 785 800
Median employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 28,400 32,800 27,000
Average employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 40,280 46,000 34,700
Composition of total income in 2019 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%) 89.6 92.0 86.4
Employment income (%) 81.2 84.4 76.6
Government transfers (%) 10.3 8.0 13.6
Employment insurance benefits (%) 3.0 2.6 3.5
Income of households in 2020
Total - Income statistics for private households - 100% data26 3,075 ... ...
Median total income of household in 2020 ($) 107,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 91,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 100% data 700 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 52,800 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 46,800 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 100% data 2,370 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 126,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 106,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for private households - 25% sample data27 3,065 ... ...
Average total income of household in 2020 ($) 118,500 ... ...
Average after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 97,300 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 25% sample data 700 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 67,200 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 54,500 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 25% sample data 2,370 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 133,600 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 110,000 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data21 3,075 ... ...
Under $5,000 15 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 10 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 30 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 35 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 70 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 65 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 65 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 75 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 105 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 100 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 185 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 155 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 165 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 140 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 195 ... ...
$100,000 and over 1,670 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 405 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 350 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 530 ... ...
$200,000 and over 375 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data22 3,075 ... ...
Under $5,000 15 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 10 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 30 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 35 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 75 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 75 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 90 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 90 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 110 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 120 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 225 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 190 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 220 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 215 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 215 ... ...
$100,000 and over 1,355 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 475 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 375 ... ...
$150,000 and over 505 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2020
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 100% data28 2,295 ... ...
Median total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 125,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 105,000 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.9 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 100% data 895 ... ...
Median total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 118,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 99,000 ... ...
Average family size of couple-only economic families 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 100% data 945 ... ...
Median total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 155,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 128,000 ... ...
Average family size of couple-with-children economic families 3.9 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 385 ... ...
Median total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 69,500 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 63,200 ... ...
Average family size of one-parent economic families 2.7 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% data29 940 485 450
Median total income in 2020 ($)30 50,400 54,400 46,800
Median after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 45,200 47,600 42,400
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 25% sample data31 2,315 ... ...
Average total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 131,600 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 108,300 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 25% sample data 930 ... ...
Average total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 131,600 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 106,200 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 25% sample data 935 ... ...
Average total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 154,400 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 128,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 380 ... ...
Average total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 78,400 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 67,200 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample data32 940 485 450
Average total income in 2020 ($)30 63,200 67,600 58,600
Average after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 51,600 54,400 48,600
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Total - LIM low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households - 100% data33 7,665 3,800 3,865
0 to 17 years 1,695 855 840
0 to 5 years 505 265 245
18 to 64 years 5,000 2,475 2,525
65 years and over 970 470 500
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 610 270 340
0 to 17 years 200 95 100
0 to 5 years 75 35 35
18 to 64 years 295 125 170
65 years and over 115 45 70
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 8.0 7.1 8.8
0 to 17 years (%) 11.7 11.4 11.8
0 to 5 years (%) 14.4 14.0 15.0
18 to 64 years (%) 5.9 5.0 6.8
65 years and over (%) 12.0 9.6 14.0
Total - LICO low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households to whom the low-income concept is applicable - 100% data33 7,660 3,795 3,865
0 to 17 years 1,700 855 845
0 to 5 years 505 260 240
18 to 64 years 4,995 2,470 2,520
65 years and over 970 475 500
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 200 95 105
0 to 17 years 70 40 35
0 to 5 years 25 15 15
18 to 64 years 110 45 65
65 years and over 20 5 10
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 2.6 2.5 2.8
0 to 17 years (%) 4.4 4.8 3.8
0 to 5 years (%) 5.2 4.5 6.0
18 to 64 years (%) 2.2 1.9 2.5
65 years and over (%) 1.8 1.2 2.4
Total - Adjusted after-tax economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% data34The letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice. 7,665 3,800 3,865
In bottom half of the distribution 2,900 1,355 1,545
In bottom decile 545 240 300
In second decile 555 255 295
In third decile 485 235 250
In fourth decile 625 280 350
In fifth decile 690 340 345
In top half of the distribution 4,760 2,440 2,315
In sixth decile 730 360 370
In seventh decile 925 470 460
In eighth decile 1,030 535 500
In ninth decile 1,155 600 555
In top decile 915 480 435
Total - Inequality measures for the population in private households - 100% data35 7,660 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household total income 0.292 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household market income 0.381 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household after-tax income 0.258 ... ...
P90/P10 ratio on adjusted household after-tax income 3.5 ... ...
Knowledge of official languages
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data36 7,810 3,910 3,905
English only 7,285 3,670 3,615
French only 5 0 5
English and French 510 235 275
Neither English nor French 10 5 10
First official language spoken
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data37 7,810 3,910 3,905
English 7,720 3,860 3,860
French 70 45 25
English and French 10 5 5
Neither English nor French 10 5 10
Mother tongue
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data38 7,810 3,910 3,905
Single responses 7,700 3,860 3,835
Official languages 7,205 3,615 3,590
English 7,130 3,575 3,555
French 75 40 30
Non-official languages 490 240 250
Indigenous languages39 175 80 95
Algonquian languages 145 70 80
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 145 70 80
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 0 0 0
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0 0 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Innu (Montagnais) 145 70 80
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 0 0 0
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 30 10 20
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 25 10 20
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 315 160 155
Afro-Asiatic languages 5 5 0
Berber languages 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 0 0 0
Hausa 0 0 0
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 0 0 0
Bilen 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 5 5 0
Amharic 0 0 0
Arabic 5 5 0
Aramaic languages 0 0 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 0 0 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 0 0 0
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 165 80 90
Bikol 0 0 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Cebuano 10 5 5
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0
Ilocano 0 0 0
Indonesian 0 0 0
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 150 75 75
Waray-Waray 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Creole languages 0 0 0
Haitian Creole 0 0 0
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 0 0 0
Morisyen 0 0 0
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Dravidian languages 0 0 0
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 0 0 0
Tamil 5 0 0
Telugu 0 0 0
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 125 70 55
Albanian 0 0 0
Armenian 0 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 10 5 5
Baltic languages 0 0 0
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Slavic languages 10 5 5
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 0 0 0
Czech 0 0 0
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 0 0 0
Russian 0 0 0
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0
Bosnian 0 0 0
Croatian 0 0 0
Serbian 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Slovak 0 0 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0
Ukrainian 0 0 0
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 0 0 0
Irish 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0
Welsh 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 20 15 5
Frisian 0 0 0
High German languages 15 15 5
German 15 10 5
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 0 0 0
Yiddish 0 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 5 5 0
Afrikaans 0 0 0
Dutch 5 5 0
Low German, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 0 0 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0
Scandinavian languages 0 0 0
Danish 0 0 0
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 0 0 0
Swedish 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Greek 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages 80 40 40
Indo-Aryan languages 75 35 40
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 0 0 0
Gujarati 0 0 0
Hindi 10 5 5
Kacchi 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0
Nepali 0 0 0
Oriya languages 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 40 15 20
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 20 10 5
Urdu 0 0 0
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iranian languages 0 0 0
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 0 0 0
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 0 0 0
Persian languages 0 0 0
Dari 0 0 0
Iranian Persian 0 0 0
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 0 0 0
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 10 5 5
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 0 0 0
Portuguese 5 0 0
Romanian 0 0 0
Spanish 5 0 5
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 0 0 0
Korean 5 5 5
Mongolian 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 5 5 0
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0
Éwé 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0
Lingala 0 0 0
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Shona 0 0 0
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0
Swahili 0 0 0
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
African, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Sign languages 5 0 0
American Sign Language 0 0 0
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages 5 0 5
Chinese languages 5 0 5
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 0 0 0
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0
Yue (Cantonese) 0 0 0
Chinese, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0
Burmese 0 0 0
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 0 0 0
Lao 0 0 0
Thai 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 0 0 0
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Uralic languages 0 0 0
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 0 0 0
Hungarian 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Multiple responses 115 45 65
English and French 10 5 5
English and non-official language(s) 100 40 55
French and non-official language(s) 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language(s) 0 0 0
Multiple non-official languages 0 0 0
All languages spoken at home
Total - All languages spoken at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data40 7,810 3,910 3,905
English 7,150 3,605 3,545
French 25 10 10
Non-official language 160 70 85
Indigenous39 90 40 50
Non-Indigenous 70 30 40
English and French 55 25 35
English and non-official language(s) 385 175 215
French and non-official language(s) 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language(s) 25 10 10
Multiple non-official languages 10 5 5
Language spoken most often at home
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data41 7,810 3,910 3,905
Single responses 7,700 3,855 3,845
Official languages 7,395 3,715 3,680
English 7,370 3,700 3,670
French 30 15 15
Non-official languages 305 140 160
Indigenous languages39 125 60 65
Algonquian languages 125 60 60
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 125 60 60
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 0 0 0
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0 0 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Innu (Montagnais) 125 60 60
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 0 0 0
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 5 0 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 5 0 5
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 175 85 95
Afro-Asiatic languages 0 0 0
Berber languages 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 0 0 0
Hausa 0 0 0
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 0 0 0
Bilen 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 0 0 0
Amharic 0 0 0
Arabic 0 0 0
Aramaic languages 0 0 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 0 0 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 0 0 0
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 90 45 50
Bikol 0 0 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Cebuano 0 0 0
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0
Ilocano 0 0 0
Indonesian 0 0 0
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 90 45 50
Waray-Waray 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Creole languages 0 0 0
Haitian Creole 0 0 0
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 0 0 0
Morisyen 0 0 0
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Dravidian languages 0 0 0
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 0 0 0
Tamil 0 0 0
Telugu 0 0 0
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 75 35 40
Albanian 0 0 0
Armenian 0 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 0 0 0
Baltic languages 0 0 0
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Slavic languages 0 0 0
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 0 0 0
Czech 0 0 0
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 0 0 0
Russian 0 0 0
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0
Bosnian 0 0 0
Croatian 0 0 0
Serbian 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Slovak 0 0 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0
Ukrainian 0 0 0
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 0 0 0
Irish 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0
Welsh 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 0 0 0
Frisian 0 0 0
High German languages 0 0 0
German 0 0 0
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 0 0 0
Yiddish 0 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 0 0 0
Afrikaans 0 0 0
Dutch 0 0 0
Low German, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 0 0 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0
Scandinavian languages 0 0 0
Danish 0 0 0
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 0 0 0
Swedish 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Greek 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages 65 30 35
Indo-Aryan languages 60 25 35
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 0 0 0
Gujarati 0 0 0
Hindi 0 0 0
Kacchi 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0
Nepali 0 0 0
Oriya languages 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 40 15 25
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 5 0 0
Urdu 0 0 0
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iranian languages 0 0 0
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 0 0 0
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 0 0 0
Persian languages 0 0 0
Dari 0 0 0
Iranian Persian 0 0 0
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 0 0 0
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 5 0 5
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 0 0 0
Portuguese 0 0 0
Romanian 0 0 0
Spanish 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 0 0 0
Korean 5 5 5
Mongolian 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 0 0 0
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0
Éwé 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0
Lingala 0 0 0
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Shona 0 0 0
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0
Swahili 0 0 0
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
African, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Sign languages 0 0 0
American Sign Language 0 0 0
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages 0 0 0
Chinese languages 0 0 0
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 0 0 0
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0
Yue (Cantonese) 0 0 0
Chinese, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0
Burmese 0 0 0
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 0 0 0
Lao 0 0 0
Thai 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 0 0 0
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Uralic languages 0 0 0
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 0 0 0
Hungarian 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Multiple responses 110 55 60
English and French 10 5 5
English and non-official language(s) 100 45 55
French and non-official language(s) 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language(s) 0 0 0
Multiple non-official languages 5 0 0
Other language spoken regularly at home
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data42 7,810 3,910 3,900
None 7,435 3,740 3,695
English 120 60 65
French 45 20 25
Non-official language 165 65 95
Indigenous39 60 20 45
Non-Indigenous 100 50 50
English and French 5 0 0
English and non-official language(s) 15 5 10
French and non-official language(s) 15 5 5
English, French and non-official language(s) 0 0 0
Multiple non-official languages 15 5 5
Knowledge of languagesThe letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice.
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample data43 7,655 3,795 3,865
Official languages 7,655 3,790 3,865
English 7,645 3,790 3,855
French 555 220 330
Non-official languages 815 385 440
Indigenous languages39 250 115 135
Algonquian languages 160 95 65
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 160 95 65
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 0 0 0
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0 0 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Innu (Montagnais) 160 95 65
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 0 0 0
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 90 20 70
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 90 20 70
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 600 285 315
Afro-Asiatic languages 10 10 0
Berber languages 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 0 0 0
Hausa 0 0 0
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 0 0 0
Bilen 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 10 10 0
Amharic 0 0 0
Arabic 10 10 0
Aramaic languages 0 0 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 0 0 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 0 0 0
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 310 130 175
Bikol 0 0 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Cebuano 0 0 0
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0
Ilocano 20 0 15
Indonesian 0 0 0
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 280 115 165
Waray-Waray 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 30 20 10
Creole languages 0 0 0
Haitian Creole 0 0 0
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 0 0 0
Morisyen 0 0 0
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Dravidian languages 0 0 0
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 0 0 0
Tamil 0 0 0
Telugu 0 0 0
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 235 125 105
Albanian 0 0 0
Armenian 0 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 10 0 0
Baltic languages 0 0 0
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Slavic languages 10 0 0
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 0 0 0
Czech 0 0 0
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 0 0 0
Russian 10 0 0
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0
Bosnian 0 0 0
Croatian 0 0 0
Serbian 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Slovak 0 0 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0
Ukrainian 0 0 0
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 0 0 0
Irish 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0
Welsh 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 50 35 10
Frisian 0 0 0
High German languages 35 30 10
German 35 30 10
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 0 0 0
Yiddish 0 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 15 0 0
Afrikaans 10 0 0
Dutch 0 0 0
Low German, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 0 0 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0
Scandinavian languages 0 0 0
Danish 0 0 0
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 0 0 0
Swedish 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Greek 20 0 20
Indo-Iranian languages 110 55 55
Indo-Aryan languages 110 55 55
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 0 0 0
Gujarati 0 0 0
Hindi 50 20 30
Kacchi 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0
Nepali 0 0 0
Oriya languages 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 60 25 35
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0
Urdu 15 10 0
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iranian languages 0 0 0
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 0 0 0
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 0 0 0
Persian languages 0 0 0
Dari 0 0 0
Iranian Persian 0 0 0
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 0 0 0
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 60 35 25
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 15 15 0
Portuguese 0 0 0
Romanian 0 0 0
Spanish 55 35 25
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 0 0 0
Korean 15 10 15
Mongolian 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 15 10 0
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0
Éwé 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0
Lingala 0 0 0
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Shona 0 0 0
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0
Swahili 0 0 0
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
African, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Sign languages 15 0 15
American Sign Language 0 0 0
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 15 0 15
Sino-Tibetan languages 10 10 0
Chinese languages 10 10 0
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 0 0 0
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0
Yue (Cantonese) 0 0 0
Chinese, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0
Burmese 0 0 0
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 0 0 0
Lao 0 0 0
Thai 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 0 0 0
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Uralic languages 0 0 0
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 0 0 0
Hungarian 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous population
Total - Indigenous identity for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 7,660 3,795 3,860
Indigenous identity45 3,775 1,820 1,955
Single Indigenous responses46 3,665 1,755 1,900
First Nations (North American Indian) 360 180 180
Métis 1,385 650 730
Inuk (Inuit) 1,915 930 985
Multiple Indigenous responses47 110 55 55
Indigenous responses not included elsewhere48 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous identity 3,880 1,975 1,905
Total - Registered or Treaty Indian status for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 7,660 3,795 3,860
Registered or Treaty Indian49 390 210 180
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 7,270 3,585 3,680
Household characteristics
Total - Private households by tenure - 25% sample data50 3,065 ... ...
Owner 1,960 ... ...
Renter 1,110 ... ...
Dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band 0 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by condominium status - 25% sample data51 3,065 ... ...
Condominium 55 ... ...
Not condominium 3,015 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of bedrooms - 25% sample data52 3,065 ... ...
No bedrooms 0 ... ...
1 bedroom 145 ... ...
2 bedrooms 790 ... ...
3 bedrooms 1,370 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 760 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of rooms - 25% sample data53 3,065 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 615 ... ...
5 rooms 515 ... ...
6 rooms 525 ... ...
7 rooms 480 ... ...
8 or more rooms 935 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 6.5 ... ...
Total - Private households by number of persons per room - 25% sample data54 3,065 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 3,045 ... ...
More than one person per room 20 ... ...
Total - Private households by housing suitability - 25% sample data55 3,065 ... ...
Suitable 2,975 ... ...
Not suitable 90 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by period of construction - 25% sample data56 3,065 ... ...
1960 or before 490 ... ...
1961 to 1980 715 ... ...
1981 to 1990 425 ... ...
1991 to 2000 615 ... ...
2001 to 2005 175 ... ...
2006 to 2010 255 ... ...
2011 to 2015 265 ... ...
2016 to 202157 130 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by dwelling condition - 25% sample data58 3,065 ... ...
Only regular maintenance and minor repairs needed 2,895 ... ...
Major repairs needed 175 ... ...
Total - Private households by number of household maintainers - 25% sample data59 3,065 ... ...
One-maintainer household 1,450 ... ...
Two-maintainer household 1,490 ... ...
Three-or-more-maintainer household 130 ... ...
Total - Private households by age of primary household maintainers - 25% sample data60 3,065 ... ...
15 to 24 years 100 ... ...
25 to 34 years 460 ... ...
35 to 44 years 560 ... ...
45 to 54 years 670 ... ...
55 to 64 years 640 ... ...
65 to 74 years 395 ... ...
75 to 84 years 190 ... ...
85 years and over 55 ... ...
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratio - 25% sample data61 3,065 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of income on shelter costs 2,790 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs 280 ... ...
30% to less than 100% 255 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by housing indicators - 25% sample data62 3,065 ... ...
Total - Households 'spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' or 'not suitable' or 'major repairs needed' 500 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs only 245 ... ...
Not suitable only 75 ... ...
Major repairs needed only 130 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' 0 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'major repairs needed' 25 ... ...
'Not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 10 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 0 ... ...
Acceptable housing 2,570 ... ...
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero and shelter-cost-to-income ratio less than 100%, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data63 3,040 ... ...
In core need 115 ... ...
Not in core need 2,920 ... ...
Total - Owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 1,965 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgage64 64.6 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 7.2 ... ...
% in core housing need63 2.3 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 1,350 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 1,330 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)66 304,000 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)66 327,600 ... ...
Total - Tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 1,105 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housing67 19.5 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 11.8 ... ...
% in core housing need63 6.4 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 950 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 1,034 ... ...
Total - Households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band in non-farm private dwellings - 25% sample data 0 ... ...
% of households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band spending more than 30% on shelter costs61 ... ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 ... ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 ... ... ...
Indigenous ancestry
Total - Indigenous ancestry for the population in private households - 25% sample data68 7,655 3,795 3,860
Indigenous ancestry (only)69 2,765 1,355 1,410
Single Indigenous ancestry (only)70 2,470 1,190 1,280
First Nations (North American Indian) single ancestry 375 190 185
Métis single ancestry 585 275 315
Inuit single ancestry 1,505 730 780
Multiple Indigenous ancestries (only)71 295 165 130
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis ancestry only 15 10 10
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit ancestry only 50 35 15
Métis and Inuit ancestry only 190 105 85
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit ancestry only 45 20 30
Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries72 1,260 600 660
Single Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries73 1,060 510 550
First Nations (North American Indian) and non-Indigenous ancestry only 230 135 100
Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 160 60 100
Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 665 320 350
Multiple Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries74 200 90 110
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 0 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 95 30 60
Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 85 45 40
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 20 10 15
Non-Indigenous ancestry only75 3,630 1,840 1,790
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample data76 7,655 3,800 3,860
Canadian citizens77 7,275 3,615 3,660
Canadian citizens aged under 18 1,615 810 805
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 5,655 2,805 2,855
Not Canadian citizens78 385 185 200
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample data79 7,655 3,800 3,860
Non-immigrants80 7,035 3,500 3,540
Immigrants81 510 255 250
Before 1980 80 50 30
1980 to 1990 15 0 0
1991 to 2000 35 30 0
2001 to 2010 50 25 30
2011 to 202182 330 145 185
2011 to 2015 90 40 45
2016 to 2021 245 105 135
Non-permanent residents83 115 45 75
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data84 505 255 250
Under 5 years 60 25 30
5 to 14 years 85 50 30
15 to 24 years 55 35 25
25 to 44 years 280 130 150
45 years and over 25 10 15
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data85 505 255 250
Americas 35 10 20
Brazil 0 0 0
Colombia 0 0 0
El Salvador 0 0 0
Guyana 0 0 0
Haiti 0 0 0
Jamaica 10 0 10
Mexico 0 0 0
Peru 0 0 0
Trinidad and Tobago 0 0 0
United States of America 25 10 10
Other places of birth in Americas 0 0 0
Europe 105 70 35
Bosnia and Herzegovina 0 0 0
Croatia 0 0 0
France 0 0 0
Germany 20 20 0
Greece 0 0 0
Hungary 0 0 0
Italy 0 0 0
Netherlands 0 0 0
Poland 0 0 0
Portugal 0 0 0
Romania 0 0 0
Russian Federation 0 0 0
Serbia86 0 0 0
Ukraine 0 0 0
United Kingdom87 40 25 15
Other places of birth in Europe 20 15 10
Africa 25 20 10
Algeria 0 0 0
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 0 0 0
Egypt 0 0 0
Eritrea 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Morocco 0 0 0
Nigeria 0 0 0
Somalia 0 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 10 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 0 0 0
Asia 345 150 190
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Iran88 0 0 0
Iraq 0 0 0
Lebanon 0 0 0
Syria89 0 0 0
Turkey 0 0 0
China90 0 0 0
Hong Kong91 0 0 0
Korea, South92 15 0 10
Taiwan 0 0 0
Philippines 245 100 140
Viet Nam 0 0 0
Bangladesh 0 0 0
India 30 10 15
Pakistan 0 0 0
Sri Lanka 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 15 10 0
Oceania and other places of birth93 0 0 0
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data94 240 105 135
Americas 0 0 0
Brazil 0 0 0
Colombia 0 0 0
Haiti 0 0 0
Jamaica 0 0 0
Mexico 0 0 0
United States of America 0 0 0
Venezuela95 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 0 0 0
Europe 10 10 0
France 0 0 0
Germany 0 0 0
Ireland96 0 0 0
Italy 0 0 0
Russian Federation 0 0 0
Ukraine 0 0 0
United Kingdom87 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Europe 0 0 0
Africa 0 0 0
Algeria 0 0 0
Burundi 0 0 0
Cameroon 0 0 0
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 0 0 0
Côte d'Ivoire 0 0 0
Egypt 0 0 0
Eritrea 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Morocco 0 0 0
Nigeria 0 0 0
Somalia 0 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0
Sudan97 0 0 0
Tunisia 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 0 0 0
Asia 215 95 125
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Bangladesh 0 0 0
China90 0 0 0
Hong Kong91 0 0 0
India 25 10 10
Iran88 0 0 0
Iraq 0 0 0
Israel 0 0 0
Japan 0 0 0
Jordan 0 0 0
Korea, South92 0 0 0
Lebanon 0 0 0
Nepal 0 0 0
Pakistan 0 0 0
Philippines 170 65 105
Saudi Arabia 0 0 0
Sri Lanka 0 0 0
Syria89 0 0 0
Turkey 0 0 0
United Arab Emirates 0 0 0
Viet Nam 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 0 0 0
Oceania and other93 0 0 0
Australia 0 0 0
Other places of birth98 0 0 0
Generation status
Total - Generation status for the population in private households - 25% sample data99 7,655 3,795 3,860
First generation100 660 320 340
Second generation101 365 185 175
Third generation or more102 6,635 3,290 3,345
Admission category and applicant type
Total - Admission category and applicant type for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data103 425 205 220
Economic immigrants104 325 150 180
Principal applicants105 155 65 85
Secondary applicants106 175 80 95
Immigrants sponsored by family107 95 60 35
Refugees108 0 0 0
Other immigrants109 0 0 0
Pre-admission experience
Total - Pre-admission experience for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data110 425 205 220
Asylum claim before admission111 0 0 0
Work permits only before admission112 185 70 110
Study permits only before admission113 20 10 0
Work and study permits before admission114 0 0 0
Other permits before admission115 0 0 0
No pre-admission experience116 220 120 100
Visible minority
Total - Visible minority for the population in private households - 25% sample data117 7,660 3,795 3,860
Total visible minority population118 565 250 315
South Asian 120 60 65
Chinese 10 0 0
Black 55 25 35
Filipino 330 140 190
Arab 10 10 0
Latin American 0 0 0
Southeast Asian 10 10 0
West Asian 0 0 0
Korean 20 10 10
Japanese 0 0 0
Visible minority, n.i.e.119 0 0 0
Multiple visible minorities 10 0 0
Not a visible minority120 7,090 3,545 3,550
Ethnic or cultural origin
Total - Ethnic or cultural origin for the population in private households - 25% sample data121 7,655 3,795 3,860
Canadian 995 540 450
English 1,340 665 670
Irish 1,010 500 510
Scottish 615 330 280
French, n.o.s.122 360 180 180
German 155 80 75
Chinese 25 10 10
Italian 55 35 20
Indian (India) 95 40 55
Ukrainian 40 10 30
Dutch 40 25 15
Polish 20 10 0
Québécois 25 0 15
British Isles, n.o.s.123 230 110 120
Filipino 335 135 195
French Canadian 15 0 15
Caucasian (White), n.o.s.124 345 140 205
First Nations (North American Indian), n.o.s.125 95 35 55
Métis 1,105 520 585
European, n.o.s.126 195 110 85
Russian 10 0 0
Norwegian 45 30 15
Welsh 40 15 25
Portuguese 20 10 10
American 80 45 35
Spanish 0 0 0
Swedish 0 0 0
Hungarian 0 0 0
Acadian 35 10 25
Pakistani 0 0 0
African, n.o.s.127 0 0 0
Jewish 15 10 0
Punjabi 0 0 0
Vietnamese 0 0 0
Arab, n.o.s.128 0 0 0
Greek 15 0 15
Jamaican 0 0 0
Asian, n.o.s.129 20 15 0
Cree, n.o.s.130 10 0 0
Korean 20 0 15
Romanian 0 0 0
Lebanese 20 0 20
Iranian 0 0 0
Christian, n.i.e.131 25 10 10
Danish 20 15 10
North American Indigenous, n.o.s.132 105 35 65
Sikh 0 0 0
Austrian 0 0 0
Belgian 0 0 0
Haitian 0 0 0
Hindu 0 0 0
Mexican 0 0 0
Mennonite 0 0 0
Swiss 0 0 0
Finnish 15 0 10
Sri Lankan 0 0 0
Croatian 0 0 0
Japanese 0 0 0
South Asian, n.o.s.133 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq, n.o.s.134 200 105 95
Northern European, n.o.s.135 35 20 20
Muslim 0 0 0
Egyptian 0 0 0
Latin, Central or South American, n.o.s.136 0 0 0
Tamil 0 0 0
Icelandic 0 0 0
Colombian 0 0 0
Moroccan 0 0 0
Czech 0 0 0
Syrian 0 0 0
Guyanese 0 0 0
Afghan 0 0 0
Black, n.o.s.137 0 0 0
Serbian 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0
Newfoundlander 420 205 215
Hong Konger 0 0 0
Ontarian 25 15 15
Persian 0 0 0
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 0 0 0
Turkish 0 0 0
Inuit, n.o.s.138 2,435 1,165 1,270
Bangladeshi 0 0 0
Algerian 0 0 0
Brazilian 0 0 0
Nigerian 0 0 0
Armenian 0 0 0
Slovak 0 0 0
Eastern European, n.o.s.139