Census Profile, 2021 Census of Population
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Topic:
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Age
Age characteristics
Commuting
Select all: Commuting
Commuting destination
Commuting duration
Main mode of commuting
Place of work status
Time leaving for work
Education
Select all: Education
Highest certificate, diploma or degree
Location of study compared with province or territory of residence
Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2021
Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificate
Ethnocultural and religious diversity
Select all: Ethnocultural and religious diversity
Ethnic or cultural origin
Religion
Visible minority
Families, households, and marital status
Select all: Families, households, and marital status
Family characteristics
Household type
Marital status
Housing
Household characteristics
Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
Select all: Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
Admission category and applicant type
Age at immigration
Citizenship
Generation status
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Pre-admission experience
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Income
Select all: Income
Income of economic families in 2020
Income of households in 2020
Income of individuals in 2019
Income of individuals in 2020
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Indigenous peoples
Select all: Indigenous peoples
Indigenous ancestry
Indigenous population
Instruction in the minority official language
Select all: Instruction in the minority official language
Children eligible for instruction in the minority official language
Eligibility and instruction in the minority official language for school-aged children
Labour
Select all: Labour
Class of worker including job permanency
Industry - Sectors - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2017
Labour force status
Occupation - Broad category - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2021
Work activity during the reference year
Language
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All languages spoken at home
First official language spoken
Knowledge of languages
Knowledge of official languages
Language spoken most often at home
Mother tongue
Other language spoken regularly at home
Language of work
Select all: Language of work
All languages used at work
Language used most often at work
Other language(s) used regularly at work
Mobility and migration
Select all: Mobility and migration
Mobility status 1 year ago
Mobility status 5 years ago
Population and dwelling counts
Population and dwellings
Type of dwelling
Household and dwelling characteristics
GenderMore information:


Statistic:
Characteristic Hants, County (CTY)More information:
Nova Scotia
[Census division]
Counts
Total Men+ Women+
Population and dwellings
Population, 20211 45,140 ... ...
Population, 20161 42,558 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2016 to 2021 6.1 ... ...
Total private dwellings2 20,306 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residents3 18,862 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 14.8 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 3,049.18 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups of the population - 100% data 45,140 22,175 22,965
0 to 14 years 7,130 3,675 3,455
0 to 4 years 2,030 1,020 1,015
5 to 9 years 2,485 1,290 1,195
10 to 14 years 2,610 1,365 1,245
15 to 64 years 28,585 14,060 14,530
15 to 19 years 2,445 1,245 1,200
20 to 24 years 2,055 1,085 970
25 to 29 years 2,260 1,125 1,135
30 to 34 years 2,640 1,295 1,340
35 to 39 years 2,590 1,260 1,330
40 to 44 years 2,780 1,305 1,475
45 to 49 years 3,010 1,450 1,555
50 to 54 years 3,285 1,605 1,680
55 to 59 years 3,825 1,890 1,940
60 to 64 years 3,695 1,785 1,905
65 years and over 9,425 4,445 4,980
65 to 69 years 3,130 1,560 1,575
70 to 74 years 2,655 1,275 1,380
75 to 79 years 1,680 790 890
80 to 84 years 1,080 500 575
85 years and over 880 315 560
85 to 89 years 550 215 330
90 to 94 years 260 90 175
95 to 99 years 55 10 50
100 years and over 15 0 10
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 15.8 16.6 15.0
15 to 64 years 63.3 63.4 63.3
65 years and over 20.9 20.0 21.7
85 years and over 1.9 1.4 2.4
Average age of the population 43.8 43.0 44.5
Median age of the population 46.0 45.2 46.8
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% data 18,860 ... ...
Single-detached house 15,255 ... ...
Semi-detached house 590 ... ...
Row house 220 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 300 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 1,425 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 5 ... ...
Other single-attached house 30 ... ...
Movable dwelling4 1,040 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% data 18,860 ... ...
1 person 4,865 ... ...
2 persons 7,515 ... ...
3 persons 2,905 ... ...
4 persons 2,405 ... ...
5 or more persons 1,175 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 44,720 22,040 22,680
Average household size 2.4 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the total population aged 15 years and over - 100% data 38,010 18,505 19,505
Married or living common-law 23,290 11,610 11,680
Married 18,130 9,040 9,095
Living common-law 5,155 2,565 2,590
Living common law - Never married 3,380 1,695 1,690
Living common law - Separated 350 190 160
Living common law - Divorced 1,245 605 635
Living common law - Widowed 180 70 110
Not married and not living common-law 14,725 6,895 7,825
Not married and not living common law - Never married 9,040 4,865 4,180
Not married and not living common law - Separated 1,015 470 540
Not married and not living common law - Divorced 2,255 1,020 1,235
Not married and not living common law - Widowed 2,415 550 1,865
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% data5 13,815 ... ...
2 persons 7,910 ... ...
3 persons 2,845 ... ...
4 persons 2,240 ... ...
5 or more persons 825 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.7 ... ...
Average number of children in census families with children6 1.7 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% data 13,820 ... ...
Total couple families 11,530 ... ...
Married couples 8,955 ... ...
With children6 4,005 ... ...
Without children 4,950 ... ...
Common-law couples 2,575 ... ...
With children6 1,030 ... ...
Without children 1,545 ... ...
Total one-parent families 2,285 ... ...
in which the parent is a woman+ 1,715 ... ...
in which the parent is a man+ 565 ... ...
Total - Persons in private households - 100% data 44,720 22,035 22,680
Total - Persons in census families 37,780 18,705 19,075
Married spouses or common-law partners 23,065 11,505 11,560
Parents in one-parent families 2,285 570 1,715
Children6 12,430 6,630 5,795
In a two-parent family 8,935 4,760 4,175
In a one-parent family 3,500 1,870 1,625
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 6,940 3,335 3,600
Living alone 4,865 2,295 2,570
Living with other relatives7 845 345 500
Living with non-relatives only 1,230 695 535
Household type
Total - Household type - 100% data 18,865 ... ...
One-census-family households without additional persons 12,325 ... ...
Couple-family households 10,600 ... ...
With children6 4,630 ... ...
Without children 5,975 ... ...
One-parent-family households 1,730 ... ...
Multigenerational households8 510 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households9 95 ... ...
One-census-family households with additional persons9 515 ... ...
Two-or-more-person non-census-family households 560 ... ...
One-person households 4,865 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2020
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data10 37,590 18,365 19,225
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 36,285 17,750 18,530
Median total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 38,400 46,400 33,200
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 36,305 17,760 18,545
Median after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 34,400 40,000 30,200
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 31,355 15,805 15,550
Median market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 33,600 42,800 26,200
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 25,085 12,930 12,150
Median employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 36,800 46,000 29,400
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 28,875 13,060 15,815
Median government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 11,800 12,000 11,700
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 4,900 2,655 2,245
Median employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 6,000 6,280 5,480
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 8,475 3,900 4,570
Median COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 8,000 8,000 8,000
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data11 37,595 18,370 19,225
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 36,375 17,780 18,595
Average total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 45,800 52,500 39,360
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 36,415 17,800 18,620
Average after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 38,160 42,680 33,800
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 31,390 15,685 15,710
Average market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 41,840 49,520 34,160
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 25,085 12,900 12,190
Average employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 43,040 50,040 35,640
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 28,910 13,085 15,830
Average government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 12,160 11,970 12,320
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 4,720 2,440 2,280
Average employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 7,270 7,730 6,780
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 8,430 3,840 4,585
Average COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 8,860 8,660 9,020
Total - Employment income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data12 37,595 18,370 19,230
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 12,535 6,930 5,600
Median employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 56,800 63,600 49,200
Average employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 61,750 67,700 54,400
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 9,760 4,515 5,245
Median employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 18,000 24,000 14,400
Average employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 26,680 33,360 20,960
Composition of total income in 2020 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data17 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)18 78.8 83.2 73.4
Employment income (%)19 64.8 69.2 59.3
Government transfers (%)20 21.1 16.8 26.7
Employment insurance benefits (%) 2.1 2.0 2.1
COVID-19 - Government income support and benefits (%) 5.3 4.1 6.8
COVID-19 - Emergency and recovery benefits (%) 4.5 3.6 5.7
Total - Total income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data21 37,585 18,370 19,220
Without total income 1,310 615 695
With total income 36,280 17,750 18,530
Under $10,000 (including loss) 3,080 1,225 1,850
$10,000 to $19,999 4,690 1,705 2,985
$20,000 to $29,999 6,055 2,545 3,510
$30,000 to $39,999 4,970 2,090 2,885
$40,000 to $49,999 4,400 2,035 2,365
$50,000 to $59,999 3,620 1,940 1,675
$60,000 to $69,999 2,625 1,610 1,010
$70,000 to $79,999 1,965 1,280 690
$80,000 to $89,999 1,555 965 590
$90,000 to $99,999 1,100 705 390
$100,000 and over 2,225 1,650 575
$100,000 to $149,999 1,710 1,255 450
$150,000 and over 515 390 120
Total - After-tax income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data22 37,585 18,370 19,220
Without after-tax income 1,280 605 680
With after-tax income 36,305 17,760 18,540
Under $10,000 (including loss) 3,250 1,260 1,990
$10,000 to $19,999 4,955 1,825 3,130
$20,000 to $29,999 7,125 3,035 4,085
$30,000 to $39,999 6,200 2,745 3,455
$40,000 to $49,999 5,250 2,795 2,455
$50,000 to $59,999 3,585 2,165 1,425
$60,000 to $69,999 2,480 1,570 905
$70,000 to $79,999 1,495 930 565
$80,000 to $89,999 770 540 235
$90,000 to $99,999 420 320 95
$100,000 and over 775 570 205
$100,000 to $124,999 445 320 125
$125,000 and over 330 245 80
Total - Employment income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data19 37,585 18,370 19,220
Without employment income 12,500 5,435 7,070
With employment income 25,085 12,935 12,155
Under $5,000 (including loss) 3,340 1,480 1,855
$5,000 to $9,999 1,905 770 1,135
$10,000 to $19,999 2,985 1,265 1,720
$20,000 to $29,999 2,585 1,110 1,475
$30,000 to $39,999 2,585 1,125 1,455
$40,000 to $49,999 2,565 1,270 1,295
$50,000 to $59,999 2,195 1,280 915
$60,000 to $69,999 1,790 1,115 675
$70,000 to $79,999 1,450 935 510
$80,000 to $89,999 1,235 760 480
$90,000 to $99,999 835 560 270
$100,000 and over 1,635 1,255 380
$100,000 to $124,999 935 700 230
$125,000 and over 700 550 145
Income of individuals in 2019
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data23 37,590 18,365 19,225
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 35,590 17,395 18,190
Median total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 37,200 46,400 30,200
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 35,645 17,400 18,245
Median after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 33,200 39,600 27,800
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 31,235 15,735 15,500
Median market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 34,800 44,400 27,000
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 25,440 13,125 12,315
Median employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 37,200 46,800 29,600
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 25,695 11,195 14,505
Median government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 8,600 8,900 8,300
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 -100% data 4,375 2,360 2,015
Median employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 5,960 6,500 5,320
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data24 37,595 18,370 19,225
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 35,645 17,400 18,245
Average total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 44,320 52,150 36,800
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 35,710 17,405 18,310
Average after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 36,880 42,480 31,520
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 31,290 15,620 15,670
Average market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 42,520 51,040 33,960
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 25,270 13,005 12,265
Average employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 43,920 51,800 35,600
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 25,750 11,225 14,525
Average government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 9,680 9,830 9,570
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 4,355 2,265 2,080
Average employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 6,970 7,360 6,540
Total - Employment income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data25 37,595 18,370 19,230
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 12,435 6,895 5,535
Median employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 54,000 61,600 46,000
Average employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 59,050 65,600 50,920
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 9,115 4,240 4,870
Median employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 24,600 34,000 19,400
Average employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 33,200 41,840 25,720
Composition of total income in 2019 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%) 84.2 87.8 79.2
Employment income (%) 70.4 74.2 65.0
Government transfers (%) 15.8 12.2 20.7
Employment insurance benefits (%) 1.9 1.8 2.0
Income of households in 2020
Total - Income statistics for private households - 100% data26 18,860 ... ...
Median total income of household in 2020 ($) 76,500 ... ...
Median after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 66,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 100% data 4,865 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 35,600 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 32,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 100% data 14,000 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 93,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 79,500 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for private households - 25% sample data27 18,860 ... ...
Average total income of household in 2020 ($) 88,300 ... ...
Average after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 73,700 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 25% sample data 4,845 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 44,800 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 37,760 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 25% sample data 14,015 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 103,300 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 86,100 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data21 18,860 ... ...
Under $5,000 155 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 100 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 270 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 300 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 980 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 680 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 705 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 865 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 805 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 810 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 1,475 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 1,440 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 1,295 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 1,345 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 1,125 ... ...
$100,000 and over 6,515 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 2,405 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,595 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 1,610 ... ...
$200,000 and over 905 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data22 18,860 ... ...
Under $5,000 170 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 110 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 280 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 325 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,045 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 775 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 870 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,020 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 985 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 970 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 1,775 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 1,775 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 1,620 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 1,525 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 1,195 ... ...
$100,000 and over 4,425 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 2,165 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,160 ... ...
$150,000 and over 1,100 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2020
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 100% data28 13,575 ... ...
Median total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 93,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 79,500 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.9 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 100% data 6,015 ... ...
Median total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 82,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 70,000 ... ...
Average family size of couple-only economic families 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 100% data 5,140 ... ...
Median total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 121,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 101,000 ... ...
Average family size of couple-with-children economic families 3.9 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 2,060 ... ...
Median total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 60,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 55,200 ... ...
Average family size of one-parent economic families 2.7 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% data29 6,095 2,990 3,105
Median total income in 2020 ($)30 35,600 40,400 32,400
Median after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 32,000 35,200 29,600
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 25% sample data31 13,630 ... ...
Average total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 102,700 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 85,500 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 25% sample data 6,020 ... ...
Average total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 88,900 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 74,200 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 25% sample data 5,130 ... ...
Average total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 133,200 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 109,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 2,095 ... ...
Average total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 66,800 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 59,250 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample data32 6,075 3,025 3,050
Average total income in 2020 ($)30 43,760 47,360 40,200
Average after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 36,920 39,040 34,840
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Total - LIM low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households - 100% data33 44,720 22,040 22,680
0 to 17 years 8,645 4,470 4,180
0 to 5 years 2,530 1,280 1,255
18 to 64 years 26,990 13,230 13,760
65 years and over 9,085 4,345 4,735
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 6,015 2,695 3,315
0 to 17 years 1,295 645 650
0 to 5 years 420 210 215
18 to 64 years 2,805 1,235 1,565
65 years and over 1,920 820 1,105
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 13.4 12.2 14.6
0 to 17 years (%) 14.9 14.4 15.5
0 to 5 years (%) 16.6 16.2 17.2
18 to 64 years (%) 10.4 9.4 11.4
65 years and over (%) 21.1 18.8 23.3
Total - LICO low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households to whom the low-income concept is applicable - 100% data33 41,980 20,740 21,240
0 to 17 years 7,970 4,130 3,840
0 to 5 years 2,315 1,180 1,135
18 to 64 years 25,330 12,445 12,890
65 years and over 8,675 4,165 4,515
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 1,030 500 535
0 to 17 years 180 85 95
0 to 5 years 45 20 25
18 to 64 years 745 365 380
65 years and over 110 50 60
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 2.5 2.4 2.5
0 to 17 years (%) 2.3 2.1 2.5
0 to 5 years (%) 1.9 1.8 2.0
18 to 64 years (%) 2.9 2.9 3.0
65 years and over (%) 1.2 1.2 1.3
Total - Adjusted after-tax economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% data34The letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice. 44,720 22,040 22,680
In bottom half of the distribution 26,540 12,720 13,820
In bottom decile 4,915 2,235 2,680
In second decile 5,570 2,585 2,985
In third decile 5,415 2,595 2,820
In fourth decile 5,565 2,750 2,815
In fifth decile 5,075 2,555 2,515
In top half of the distribution 18,180 9,320 8,860
In sixth decile 4,660 2,370 2,295
In seventh decile 4,600 2,370 2,235
In eighth decile 4,005 2,040 1,965
In ninth decile 3,170 1,645 1,525
In top decile 1,740 895 850
Total - Inequality measures for the population in private households - 100% data35 44,720 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household total income 0.294 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household market income 0.420 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household after-tax income 0.256 ... ...
P90/P10 ratio on adjusted household after-tax income 3.3 ... ...
Knowledge of official languages
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data36 44,890 22,090 22,800
English only 42,250 20,985 21,270
French only 0 0 0
English and French 2,580 1,090 1,490
Neither English nor French 60 25 40
First official language spoken
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data37 44,890 22,090 22,800
English 44,305 21,815 22,490
French 500 245 255
English and French 25 15 15
Neither English nor French 60 25 40
Mother tongue
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data38 44,890 22,090 22,800
Single responses 44,560 21,930 22,630
Official languages 43,545 21,445 22,100
English 43,000 21,185 21,820
French 545 265 280
Non-official languages 1,015 485 530
Indigenous languages39 65 35 30
Algonquian languages 60 30 30
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 0 0 0
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0 0 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 65 30 30
Mi'kmaq 65 30 30
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 0 0 0
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 945 450 495
Afro-Asiatic languages 65 35 30
Berber languages 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 0 0 0
Hausa 0 0 0
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 0 0 0
Bilen 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 65 35 30
Amharic 0 0 0
Arabic 60 35 30
Aramaic languages 0 0 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 0 0 0
Maltese 5 0 5
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 10 5 5
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 10 5 5
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 55 25 30
Bikol 0 0 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Cebuano 0 0 0
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0
Ilocano 5 0 5
Indonesian 0 0 0
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 50 20 25
Waray-Waray 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Creole languages 5 0 0
Haitian Creole 0 0 0
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 0 0 0
Morisyen 0 0 0
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Dravidian languages 15 10 5
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 0 0 0
Tamil 10 10 5
Telugu 5 5 0
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 735 350 385
Albanian 0 0 0
Armenian 0 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 70 35 35
Baltic languages 0 0 0
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Slavic languages 70 35 35
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 0 0 0
Czech 5 0 5
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 25 15 15
Russian 20 5 15
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 10 10 0
Bosnian 5 5 0
Croatian 0 0 0
Serbian 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Slovak 0 0 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0
Ukrainian 5 0 5
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 0 0 0
Irish 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0
Welsh 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 535 250 285
Frisian 0 0 0
High German languages 330 155 180
German 330 150 175
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 10 5 5
Yiddish 0 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 185 85 100
Afrikaans 5 0 0
Dutch 85 45 40
Low German, n.o.s. 45 15 25
Low Saxon 20 5 15
Plautdietsch 35 15 15
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 5 0
Scandinavian languages 10 5 5
Danish 5 0 0
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 5 0 5
Swedish 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Greek 5 0 5
Indo-Iranian languages 50 25 25
Indo-Aryan languages 45 20 25
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 0 0 0
Gujarati 0 0 0
Hindi 5 10 0
Kacchi 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0
Nepali 0 0 0
Oriya languages 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 35 15 15
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0
Urdu 0 0 0
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iranian languages 5 0 5
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 0 0 0
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 0 0 0
Persian languages 5 0 5
Dari 0 0 0
Iranian Persian 5 0 5
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 0 0 0
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 75 40 40
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 20 15 10
Portuguese 15 5 10
Romanian 0 0 0
Spanish 35 15 25
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 0 0 0
Korean 15 5 10
Mongolian 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 5 0 5
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0
Éwé 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0
Ganda 5 0 5
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0
Lingala 0 0 0
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Shona 0 0 0
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0
Swahili 0 0 0
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
African, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Sign languages 10 0 5
American Sign Language 5 0 5
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages 20 5 15
Chinese languages 20 5 15
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 10 5 5
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0
Yue (Cantonese) 5 0 5
Chinese, n.o.s. 5 5 0
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0
Burmese 0 0 0
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 5 5 5
Lao 0 0 0
Thai 5 5 5
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 0 0 0
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Uralic languages 10 5 5
Estonian 5 0 5
Finnish 5 5 0
Hungarian 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Multiple responses 330 160 170
English and French 180 80 95
English and non-official language(s) 140 70 70
French and non-official language(s) 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language(s) 10 5 5
Multiple non-official languages 10 5 5
All languages spoken at home
Total - All languages spoken at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data40 44,890 22,090 22,800
English 43,460 21,425 22,030
French 65 25 40
Non-official language 375 180 190
Indigenous39 10 5 5
Non-Indigenous 365 180 190
English and French 370 160 210
English and non-official language(s) 585 280 310
French and non-official language(s) 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language(s) 30 15 15
Multiple non-official languages 5 5 5
Language spoken most often at home
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data41 44,890 22,090 22,800
Single responses 44,760 22,030 22,730
Official languages 44,215 21,765 22,455
English 44,105 21,720 22,385
French 115 50 70
Non-official languages 540 265 280
Indigenous languages39 15 5 10
Algonquian languages 5 5 5
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 0 0 0
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0 0 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 5 5 5
Mi'kmaq 5 5 5
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 0 0 0
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 530 260 270
Afro-Asiatic languages 25 15 5
Berber languages 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 0 0 0
Hausa 0 0 0
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 0 0 0
Bilen 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 25 15 5
Amharic 0 0 0
Arabic 25 15 5
Aramaic languages 0 0 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 0 0 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 5 5 0
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 5 5 0
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 25 10 15
Bikol 0 0 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Cebuano 0 0 0
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0
Ilocano 0 0 0
Indonesian 0 0 0
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 25 10 15
Waray-Waray 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Creole languages 0 0 0
Haitian Creole 0 0 0
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 0 0 0
Morisyen 0 0 0
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Dravidian languages 5 5 5
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 0 0 0
Tamil 5 0 0
Telugu 0 0 0
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 450 220 225
Albanian 0 0 0
Armenian 0 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 25 20 10
Baltic languages 0 0 0
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Slavic languages 25 20 10
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 0 0 0
Czech 0 0 0
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 10 10 5
Russian 15 10 5
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0
Bosnian 0 0 0
Croatian 0 0 0
Serbian 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Slovak 0 0 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0
Ukrainian 0 0 0
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 0 0 0
Irish 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0
Welsh 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 335 165 170
Frisian 0 0 0
High German languages 230 110 115
German 225 115 115
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 0 0 0
Yiddish 0 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 105 50 55
Afrikaans 0 0 0
Dutch 15 5 5
Low German, n.o.s. 45 20 25
Low Saxon 20 5 15
Plautdietsch 25 15 10
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0
Scandinavian languages 0 0 0
Danish 0 0 0
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 0 0 0
Swedish 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Greek 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages 40 20 20
Indo-Aryan languages 40 20 20
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 0 0 0
Gujarati 0 0 0
Hindi 5 0 0
Kacchi 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0
Nepali 0 0 0
Oriya languages 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 35 15 15
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0
Urdu 0 0 0
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iranian languages 0 0 0
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 0 0 0
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 0 0 0
Persian languages 0 0 0
Dari 0 0 0
Iranian Persian 0 0 0
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 0 0 0
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 50 20 25
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 10 5 5
Portuguese 5 0 0
Romanian 0 0 0
Spanish 35 10 20
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 0 0 0
Korean 10 0 5
Mongolian 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 0 0 0
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0
Éwé 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0
Lingala 0 0 0
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Shona 0 0 0
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0
Swahili 0 0 0
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
African, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Sign languages 5 0 0
American Sign Language 5 0 0
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages 5 0 5
Chinese languages 5 0 5
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 5 0 5
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0
Yue (Cantonese) 0 0 0
Chinese, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0
Burmese 0 0 0
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 0 0 0
Lao 0 0 0
Thai 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 0 0 0
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Uralic languages 0 0 0
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 0 0 0
Hungarian 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Multiple responses 135 65 65
English and French 50 25 30
English and non-official language(s) 80 45 40
French and non-official language(s) 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language(s) 0 0 0
Multiple non-official languages 0 0 0
Other language spoken regularly at home
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data42 44,890 22,095 22,800
None 44,020 21,690 22,330
English 195 90 105
French 275 120 150
Non-official language 340 155 185
Indigenous39 80 40 40
Non-Indigenous 260 115 145
English and French 0 0 0
English and non-official language(s) 15 10 5
French and non-official language(s) 20 15 10
English, French and non-official language(s) 0 0 0
Multiple non-official languages 25 10 10
Knowledge of languagesThe letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice.
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample data43 44,720 22,070 22,650
Official languages 44,645 22,040 22,605
English 44,645 22,040 22,605
French 2,540 1,055 1,485
Non-official languages 1,770 820 945
Indigenous languages39 170 75 100
Algonquian languages 155 65 95
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 0 0 0
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0 0 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 145 65 80
Mi'kmaq 145 65 80
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 0 0 0
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 15 10 10
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 15 10 10
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 1,595 750 845
Afro-Asiatic languages 115 50 55
Berber languages 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 0 0 0
Hausa 0 0 0
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 0 0 0
Bilen 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 115 50 55
Amharic 0 0 0
Arabic 85 40 40
Aramaic languages 0 0 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 25 10 15
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 15 10 0
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 15 10 0
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 105 40 60
Bikol 0 0 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Cebuano 0 0 0
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0
Ilocano 0 0 0
Indonesian 0 0 0
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 95 35 60
Waray-Waray 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Creole languages 0 0 0
Haitian Creole 0 0 0
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 0 0 0
Morisyen 0 0 0
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Dravidian languages 50 40 10
Kannada 15 0 0
Malayalam 0 0 0
Tamil 20 20 0
Telugu 0 0 0
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 1,240 620 620
Albanian 0 0 0
Armenian 0 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 120 70 50
Baltic languages 0 0 0
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Slavic languages 120 70 50
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 0 0 0
Czech 10 10 0
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 50 25 20
Russian 55 35 25
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0
Bosnian 0 0 0
Croatian 0 0 0
Serbian 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Slovak 0 0 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0
Ukrainian 25 20 0
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 0 0 0
Irish 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0
Welsh 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 675 330 345
Frisian 0 0 0
High German languages 445 220 220
German 445 220 220
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 0 0 0
Yiddish 0 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 260 120 140
Afrikaans 0 0 0
Dutch 135 60 75
Low German, n.o.s. 65 30 30
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 60 30 30
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0
Scandinavian languages 25 10 15
Danish 0 0 0
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 10 0 10
Swedish 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Greek 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages 145 80 70
Indo-Aryan languages 140 80 65
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 0 0 0
Gujarati 0 0 0
Hindi 95 45 45
Kacchi 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0
Nepali 0 0 0
Oriya languages 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 80 30 50
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0
Urdu 0 0 0
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iranian languages 0 0 0
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 0 0 0
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 0 0 0
Persian languages 0 0 0
Dari 0 0 0
Iranian Persian 0 0 0
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 0 0 0
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 300 145 155
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 65 50 15
Portuguese 10 10 0
Romanian 0 0 0
Spanish 225 85 135
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 20 10 10
Korean 30 10 20
Mongolian 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 0 0 0
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0
Éwé 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0
Lingala 0 0 0
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Shona 0 0 0
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0
Swahili 0 0 0
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
African, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Sign languages 70 10 60
American Sign Language 60 10 50
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10
Sino-Tibetan languages 30 15 15
Chinese languages 30 15 15
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 25 15 10
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0
Yue (Cantonese) 0 0 0
Chinese, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0
Burmese 0 0 0
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 10 0 10
Lao 0 0 0
Thai 10 0 10
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 0 0 0
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Uralic languages 15 0 15
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 0 0 0
Hungarian 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous population
Total - Indigenous identity for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 44,715 22,070 22,655
Indigenous identity45 2,750 1,275 1,470
Single Indigenous responses46 2,665 1,220 1,440
First Nations (North American Indian) 1,935 880 1,055
Métis 655 295 360
Inuk (Inuit) 75 45 30
Multiple Indigenous responses47 30 25 10
Indigenous responses not included elsewhere48 55 30 25
Non-Indigenous identity 41,975 20,790 21,180
Total - Registered or Treaty Indian status for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 44,715 22,070 22,655
Registered or Treaty Indian49 1,540 685 855
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 43,185 21,385 21,795
Household characteristics
Total - Private households by tenure - 25% sample data50 18,860 ... ...
Owner 14,925 ... ...
Renter 3,565 ... ...
Dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band 380 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by condominium status - 25% sample data51 18,860 ... ...
Condominium 245 ... ...
Not condominium 18,615 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of bedrooms - 25% sample data52 18,860 ... ...
No bedrooms 25 ... ...
1 bedroom 1,490 ... ...
2 bedrooms 4,620 ... ...
3 bedrooms 8,220 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 4,505 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of rooms - 25% sample data53 18,860 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 3,390 ... ...
5 rooms 2,970 ... ...
6 rooms 3,380 ... ...
7 rooms 2,855 ... ...
8 or more rooms 6,265 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 6.7 ... ...
Total - Private households by number of persons per room - 25% sample data54 18,860 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 18,760 ... ...
More than one person per room 100 ... ...
Total - Private households by housing suitability - 25% sample data55 18,860 ... ...
Suitable 18,340 ... ...
Not suitable 525 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by period of construction - 25% sample data56 18,860 ... ...
1960 or before 4,365 ... ...
1961 to 1980 4,880 ... ...
1981 to 1990 2,785 ... ...
1991 to 2000 2,525 ... ...
2001 to 2005 1,065 ... ...
2006 to 2010 1,180 ... ...
2011 to 2015 970 ... ...
2016 to 202157 1,085 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by dwelling condition - 25% sample data58 18,860 ... ...
Only regular maintenance and minor repairs needed 16,925 ... ...
Major repairs needed 1,935 ... ...
Total - Private households by number of household maintainers - 25% sample data59 18,860 ... ...
One-maintainer household 9,575 ... ...
Two-maintainer household 8,740 ... ...
Three-or-more-maintainer household 550 ... ...
Total - Private households by age of primary household maintainers - 25% sample data60 18,860 ... ...
15 to 24 years 325 ... ...
25 to 34 years 2,120 ... ...
35 to 44 years 2,860 ... ...
45 to 54 years 3,580 ... ...
55 to 64 years 4,170 ... ...
65 to 74 years 3,430 ... ...
75 to 84 years 1,800 ... ...
85 years and over 575 ... ...
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratio - 25% sample data61 17,560 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of income on shelter costs 14,960 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs 2,595 ... ...
30% to less than 100% 2,360 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by housing indicators - 25% sample data62 18,860 ... ...
Total - Households 'spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' or 'not suitable' or 'major repairs needed' 4,540 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs only 2,200 ... ...
Not suitable only 375 ... ...
Major repairs needed only 1,465 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' 20 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'major repairs needed' 345 ... ...
'Not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 100 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 25 ... ...
Acceptable housing 14,325 ... ...
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero and shelter-cost-to-income ratio less than 100%, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data63 17,320 ... ...
In core need 1,195 ... ...
Not in core need 16,125 ... ...
Total - Owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 14,100 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgage64 60.8 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 10.6 ... ...
% in core housing need63 4.3 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 990 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 1,075 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)66 250,000 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)66 278,400 ... ...
Total - Tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 3,475 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housing67 8.6 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 31.7 ... ...
% in core housing need63 17.6 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 930 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 998 ... ...
Total - Households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band in non-farm private dwellings - 25% sample data 380 ... ...
% of households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band spending more than 30% on shelter costs61 2.6 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 0 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 172 ... ...
Indigenous ancestry
Total - Indigenous ancestry for the population in private households - 25% sample data68 44,720 22,065 22,650
Indigenous ancestry (only)69 1,505 680 820
Single Indigenous ancestry (only)70 1,490 675 815
First Nations (North American Indian) single ancestry 1,350 610 740
Métis single ancestry 100 40 60
Inuit single ancestry 40 25 15
Multiple Indigenous ancestries (only)71 10 0 10
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis ancestry only 15 0 10
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
Métis and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries72 2,050 935 1,110
Single Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries73 1,985 895 1,090
First Nations (North American Indian) and non-Indigenous ancestry only 1,485 650 830
Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 365 170 195
Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 130 70 60
Multiple Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries74 65 45 25
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 65 45 25
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 0 0
Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 0 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous ancestry only75 41,165 20,450 20,715
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample data76 44,720 22,070 22,650
Canadian citizens77 44,070 21,765 22,310
Canadian citizens aged under 18 8,510 4,405 4,105
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 35,560 17,360 18,205
Not Canadian citizens78 650 300 340
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample data79 44,720 22,070 22,650
Non-immigrants80 43,055 21,270 21,780
Immigrants81 1,535 715 815
Before 1980 600 280 325
1980 to 1990 195 80 115
1991 to 2000 175 85 95
2001 to 2010 175 100 75
2011 to 202182 380 175 210
2011 to 2015 145 70 80
2016 to 2021 235 110 125
Non-permanent residents83 135 80 55
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data84 1,530 715 815
Under 5 years 265 115 150
5 to 14 years 350 165 185
15 to 24 years 235 100 135
25 to 44 years 600 280 320
45 years and over 80 50 25
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data85 1,530 715 815
Americas 400 165 235
Brazil 0 0 0
Colombia 0 0 0
El Salvador 0 0 0
Guyana 0 0 0
Haiti 0 0 0
Jamaica 0 0 0
Mexico 15 0 15
Peru 0 0 0
Trinidad and Tobago 0 0 0
United States of America 240 80 155
Other places of birth in Americas 115 60 55
Europe 850 425 425
Bosnia and Herzegovina 0 0 0
Croatia 0 0 0
France 35 25 0
Germany 65 30 35
Greece 0 0 0
Hungary 0 0 0
Italy 30 30 0
Netherlands 80 65 20
Poland 30 15 20
Portugal 0 0 0
Romania 0 0 0
Russian Federation 0 0 0
Serbia86 0 0 0
Ukraine 0 0 0
United Kingdom87 495 200 295
Other places of birth in Europe 55 25 30
Africa 25 10 15
Algeria 0 0 0
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 0 0 0
Egypt 0 0 0
Eritrea 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Morocco 0 0 0
Nigeria 0 0 0
Somalia 0 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 10 10 0
Other places of birth in Africa 0 0 0
Asia 250 110 145
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Iran88 0 0 0
Iraq 15 10 0
Lebanon 20 10 0
Syria89 0 0 0
Turkey 0 0 0
China90 10 10 0
Hong Kong91 0 0 0
Korea, South92 20 0 15
Taiwan 0 0 0
Philippines 95 30 65
Viet Nam 0 0 0
Bangladesh 0 0 0
India 30 25 0
Pakistan 0 0 0
Sri Lanka 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 50 10 35
Oceania and other places of birth93 10 10 0
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data94 235 110 125
Americas 60 25 45
Brazil 0 0 0
Colombia 0 0 0
Haiti 0 0 0
Jamaica 0 0 0
Mexico 0 0 0
United States of America 25 0 20
Venezuela95 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 10 0 10
Europe 70 50 25
France 0 0 0
Germany 0 0 0
Ireland96 0 0 0
Italy 0 0 0
Russian Federation 0 0 0
Ukraine 0 0 0
United Kingdom87 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Europe 25 15 10
Africa 0 0 0
Algeria 0 0 0
Burundi 0 0 0
Cameroon 0 0 0
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 0 0 0
Côte d'Ivoire 0 0 0
Egypt 0 0 0
Eritrea 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Morocco 0 0 0
Nigeria 0 0 0
Somalia 0 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0
Sudan97 0 0 0
Tunisia 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 0 0 0
Asia 95 40 55
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Bangladesh 0 0 0
China90 0 0 0
Hong Kong91 0 0 0
India 0 0 0
Iran88 0 0 0
Iraq 0 0 0
Israel 0 0 0
Japan 0 0 0
Jordan 0 0 0
Korea, South92 0 0 0
Lebanon 0 0 0
Nepal 0 0 0
Pakistan 0 0 0
Philippines 60 25 35
Saudi Arabia 0 0 0
Sri Lanka 0 0 0
Syria89 0 0 0
Turkey 0 0 0
United Arab Emirates 0 0 0
Viet Nam 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 0 0 0
Oceania and other93 0 0 0
Australia 0 0 0
Other places of birth98 0 0 0
Generation status
Total - Generation status for the population in private households - 25% sample data99 44,715 22,070 22,650
First generation100 2,075 980 1,095
Second generation101 3,070 1,455 1,620
Third generation or more102 39,575 19,635 19,940
Admission category and applicant type
Total - Admission category and applicant type for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data103 930 435 495
Economic immigrants104 505 255 255
Principal applicants105 180 135 45
Secondary applicants106 330 120 210
Immigrants sponsored by family107 350 145 205
Refugees108 65 35 25
Other immigrants109 10 0 0
Pre-admission experience
Total - Pre-admission experience for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data110 930 435 495
Asylum claim before admission111 0 0 0
Work permits only before admission112 215 120 100
Study permits only before admission113 30 15 15
Work and study permits before admission114 30 15 20
Other permits before admission115 10 0 10
No pre-admission experience116 640 290 350
Visible minority
Total - Visible minority for the population in private households - 25% sample data117 44,715 22,070 22,650
Total visible minority population118 1,390 640 745
South Asian 200 105 90
Chinese 55 20 30
Black 700 345 360
Filipino 120 50 70
Arab 65 30 40
Latin American 75 20 55
Southeast Asian 30 20 10
West Asian 0 0 0
Korean 30 10 20
Japanese 0 0 0
Visible minority, n.i.e.119 15 0 10
Multiple visible minorities 95 40 60
Not a visible minority120 43,330 21,425 21,905
Ethnic or cultural origin
Total - Ethnic or cultural origin for the population in private households - 25% sample data121 44,720 22,070 22,650
Canadian 9,085 4,465 4,620
English 11,410 5,715 5,695
Irish 9,335 4,390 4,945
Scottish 11,550 5,495 6,055
French, n.o.s.122 4,055 2,100 1,960
German 4,585 2,215 2,375
Chinese 80 35 45
Italian 610 325 285
Indian (India) 135 70 65
Ukrainian 355 180 170
Dutch 1,560 770 790
Polish 265 125 140
Québécois 105 65 40
British Isles, n.o.s.123 1,640 815 830
Filipino 140 60 80
French Canadian 175 105 75
Caucasian (White), n.o.s.124 2,905 1,490 1,415
First Nations (North American Indian), n.o.s.125 790 375 415
Métis 545 260 285
European, n.o.s.126 2,715 1,370 1,345
Russian 140 60 85
Norwegian 225 120 105
Welsh 730 400 335
Portuguese 70 35 40
American 280 140 135
Spanish 130 40 90
Swedish 130 55 75
Hungarian 70 20 55
Acadian 1,520 705 810
Pakistani 10 0 10
African, n.o.s.127 265 120 140
Jewish 70 20 45
Punjabi 0 0 0
Vietnamese 15 10 10
Arab, n.o.s.128 0 0 0
Greek 40 40 0
Jamaican 50 25 25
Asian, n.o.s.129 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s.130 55 30 25
Korean 30 10 25
Romanian 10 0 0
Lebanese 155 85 70
Iranian 10 0 10
Christian, n.i.e.131 70 30 35
Danish 210 100 110
North American Indigenous, n.o.s.132 240 110 130
Sikh 0 0 0
Austrian 60 30 30
Belgian 110 45 65
Haitian 0 0 0
Hindu 0 0 0
Mexican 35 25 15
Mennonite 130 75 60
Swiss 90 35 55
Finnish 45 15 25
Sri Lankan 0 0 0
Croatian 20 15 0
Japanese 25 20 0
South Asian, n.o.s.133 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq, n.o.s.134 1,615 710 910
Northern European, n.o.s.135 210 90 115
Muslim 0 0 0
Egyptian 15 0 10
Latin, Central or South American, n.o.s.136 20 15 0
Tamil 0 0 0
Icelandic 15 10 0
Colombian 55 10 40
Moroccan 0 0 0
Czech 30 15 15
Syrian 25 20 0
Guyanese 10 10 0
Afghan 0 0 0
Black, n.o.s.137 160 85 75
Serbian 0 0 0
Ojibway 50 25 25
Newfoundlander 365 165 195
Hong Konger 0 0 0
Ontarian 75 15 55
Persian 15 10 10
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 20 0 10
Turkish 10 0 0
Inuit, n.o.s.138 175 100 75
Bangladeshi 0 0 0
Algerian 0 0 0
Brazilian 0 0 0
Nigerian 0 0 0
Armenian 0 0 0
Slovak 25 10 10
Eastern European, n.o.s.139 95 35 60
Somali 0 0 0
Taiwanese 0 0 0
Iraqi 0 0 0
Salvadorean 0 0 0
African Caribbean 0 0 0
East or Southeast Asian, n.o.s.140 0 0 0
West or Central Asian or Middle Eastern, n.o.s.141 50 35 15
Caribbean, n.o.s.142 15 10 0
Algonquin 0 0 0
West Indian, n.o.s.143 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
South African 30 0 25
Australian 30 20 10
Palestinian 0 0 0
Chilean 0 0 0
Congolese 0 0 0
Nova Scotian 1,710 815 900
Ethiopian 0 0 0
Hispanic, n.o.s.144 15 0 10
Peruvian 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 0
Cambodian (Khmer) 0 0 0
Berber 0 0 0
Albanian 0 0 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Macedonian 0 0 0
Slovenian 10 0 0
Western European, n.o.s.145 130 60 70
New Brunswicker 100 45 60
Gujarati 0 0 0
Eritrean 0 0