Census Profile, 2021 Census of Population
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Topic:
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Age
Age characteristics
Commuting
Select all: Commuting
Commuting destination
Commuting duration
Main mode of commuting
Place of work status
Time leaving for work
Education
Select all: Education
Highest certificate, diploma or degree
Location of study compared with province or territory of residence
Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2021
Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificate
Ethnocultural and religious diversity
Select all: Ethnocultural and religious diversity
Ethnic or cultural origin
Religion
Visible minority
Families, households, and marital status
Select all: Families, households, and marital status
Family characteristics
Household type
Marital status
Housing
Household characteristics
Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
Select all: Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
Admission category and applicant type
Age at immigration
Citizenship
Generation status
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Pre-admission experience
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Income
Select all: Income
Income of economic families in 2020
Income of households in 2020
Income of individuals in 2019
Income of individuals in 2020
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Indigenous peoples
Select all: Indigenous peoples
Indigenous ancestry
Indigenous population
Instruction in the minority official language
Select all: Instruction in the minority official language
Children eligible for instruction in the minority official language
Eligibility and instruction in the minority official language for school-aged children
Labour
Select all: Labour
Class of worker including job permanency
Industry - Sectors - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2017
Labour force status
Occupation - Broad category - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2021
Work activity during the reference year
Language
Select all: Language
All languages spoken at home
First official language spoken
Knowledge of languages
Knowledge of official languages
Language spoken most often at home
Mother tongue
Other language spoken regularly at home
Language of work
Select all: Language of work
All languages used at work
Language used most often at work
Other language(s) used regularly at work
Mobility and migration
Select all: Mobility and migration
Mobility status 1 year ago
Mobility status 5 years ago
Population and dwelling counts
Population and dwellings
Type of dwelling
Household and dwelling characteristics
GenderMore information:


Statistic:
Characteristic Hanover, Rural municipality (RM)More information:
Manitoba
[Census subdivision]
Counts
Total Men+ Women+
Population and dwellings
Population, 20211 17,216 ... ...
Population, 20161 15,540r ... ...
Population percentage change, 2016 to 2021 10.8 ... ...
Total private dwellings2 5,305 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residents3 5,141 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 23.6 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 730.44 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups of the population - 100% data 17,215 8,705 8,515
0 to 14 years 5,010 2,565 2,450
0 to 4 years 1,615 800 810
5 to 9 years 1,745 905 835
10 to 14 years 1,655 850 800
15 to 64 years 10,705 5,415 5,290
15 to 19 years 1,405 725 680
20 to 24 years 1,225 645 580
25 to 29 years 1,260 620 645
30 to 34 years 1,185 595 590
35 to 39 years 1,045 515 530
40 to 44 years 1,040 520 520
45 to 49 years 950 480 470
50 to 54 years 935 465 470
55 to 59 years 860 450 415
60 to 64 years 795 405 390
65 years and over 1,500 725 770
65 to 69 years 555 285 275
70 to 74 years 385 195 190
75 to 79 years 255 135 115
80 to 84 years 155 70 85
85 years and over 150 45 110
85 to 89 years 85 20 65
90 to 94 years 50 20 25
95 to 99 years 15 5 15
100 years and over 0 0 0
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 29.1 29.5 28.8
15 to 64 years 62.2 62.2 62.1
65 years and over 8.7 8.3 9.0
85 years and over 0.9 0.5 1.3
Average age of the population 32.0 31.7 32.3
Median age of the population 28.8 28.4 29.2
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% data 5,140 ... ...
Single-detached house 4,335 ... ...
Semi-detached house 265 ... ...
Row house 155 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 30 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 225 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 0 ... ...
Other single-attached house 5 ... ...
Movable dwelling4 125 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% data 5,140 ... ...
1 person 690 ... ...
2 persons 1,550 ... ...
3 persons 800 ... ...
4 persons 870 ... ...
5 or more persons 1,235 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 17,130 8,685 8,450
Average household size 3.3 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the total population aged 15 years and over - 100% data 12,205 6,145 6,065
Married or living common-law 8,215 4,110 4,110
Married 7,690 3,840 3,850
Living common-law 530 265 265
Living common law - Never married 395 205 190
Living common law - Separated 25 15 15
Living common law - Divorced 95 50 50
Living common law - Widowed 15 0 10
Not married and not living common-law 3,990 2,035 1,950
Not married and not living common law - Never married 3,180 1,740 1,440
Not married and not living common law - Separated 190 90 100
Not married and not living common law - Divorced 295 140 150
Not married and not living common law - Widowed 325 65 265
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% data5 4,405 ... ...
2 persons 1,625 ... ...
3 persons 800 ... ...
4 persons 865 ... ...
5 or more persons 1,115 ... ...
Average size of census families 3.6 ... ...
Average number of children in census families with children6 2.5 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% data 4,405 ... ...
Total couple families 4,080 ... ...
Married couples 3,810 ... ...
With children6 2,470 ... ...
Without children 1,340 ... ...
Common-law couples 265 ... ...
With children6 125 ... ...
Without children 140 ... ...
Total one-parent families 325 ... ...
in which the parent is a woman+ 235 ... ...
in which the parent is a man+ 90 ... ...
Total - Persons in private households - 100% data 17,130 8,685 8,450
Total - Persons in census families 15,805 7,975 7,830
Married spouses or common-law partners 8,160 4,080 4,080
Parents in one-parent families 325 95 230
Children6 7,320 3,800 3,515
In a two-parent family 6,685 3,470 3,215
In a one-parent family 640 335 305
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 1,330 710 620
Living alone 690 355 335
Living with other relatives7 395 205 185
Living with non-relatives only 245 145 95
Household type
Total - Household type - 100% data 5,140 ... ...
One-census-family households without additional persons 4,025 ... ...
Couple-family households 3,760 ... ...
With children6 2,410 ... ...
Without children 1,350 ... ...
One-parent-family households 265 ... ...
Multigenerational households8 75 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households9 30 ... ...
One-census-family households with additional persons9 210 ... ...
Two-or-more-person non-census-family households 115 ... ...
One-person households 695 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2020
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data10 12,120 6,120 6,000
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 11,565 5,875 5,695
Median total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 36,400 47,600 27,000
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 11,610 5,900 5,710
Median after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 32,400 41,200 25,400
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 10,465 5,610 4,855
Median market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 32,000 44,800 19,800
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 9,360 5,210 4,150
Median employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 33,600 45,200 21,200
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 10,210 5,140 5,070
Median government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 4,880 1,980 9,000
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 1,215 590 620
Median employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 4,160 4,360 4,080
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 1,970 840 1,130
Median COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 6,000 5,480 7,000
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data11 12,120 6,150 5,975
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 11,540 5,880 5,650
Average total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 43,320 52,400 33,880
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 11,565 5,905 5,660
Average after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 36,720 43,480 29,680
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 10,475 5,675 4,800
Average market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 39,480 48,920 28,320
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 9,360 5,265 4,100
Average employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 39,240 48,000 28,000
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 10,090 5,060 5,030
Average government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 8,540 6,015 11,080
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 1,195 650 550
Average employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 5,950 5,750 6,180
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 2,110 955 1,160
Average COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 7,170 6,560 7,680
Total - Employment income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data12 12,125 6,150 5,970
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 4,875 3,405 1,465
Median employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 50,400 56,800 40,400
Average employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 55,000 59,800 43,760
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 3,485 1,450 2,035
Median employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 17,000 21,600 15,000
Average employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 24,000 29,640 19,980
Composition of total income in 2020 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data17 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)18 82.8 90.2 70.8
Employment income (%)19 73.6 82.0 59.9
Government transfers (%)20 17.2 9.9 29.1
Employment insurance benefits (%) 1.4 1.2 1.8
COVID-19 - Government income support and benefits (%) 4.2 2.7 6.7
COVID-19 - Emergency and recovery benefits (%) 3.0 2.0 4.6
Total - Total income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data21 12,120 6,120 5,995
Without total income 550 250 305
With total income 11,570 5,875 5,695
Under $10,000 (including loss) 1,270 475 800
$10,000 to $19,999 1,745 535 1,210
$20,000 to $29,999 1,790 665 1,125
$30,000 to $39,999 1,555 685 870
$40,000 to $49,999 1,435 790 640
$50,000 to $59,999 1,020 670 350
$60,000 to $69,999 850 585 265
$70,000 to $79,999 590 435 155
$80,000 to $89,999 430 350 80
$90,000 to $99,999 305 230 75
$100,000 and over 580 455 125
$100,000 to $149,999 465 365 105
$150,000 and over 110 90 20
Total - After-tax income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data22 12,120 6,120 5,995
Without after-tax income 510 220 290
With after-tax income 11,610 5,895 5,710
Under $10,000 (including loss) 1,345 510 840
$10,000 to $19,999 1,865 590 1,275
$20,000 to $29,999 2,095 815 1,280
$30,000 to $39,999 1,910 905 1,010
$40,000 to $49,999 1,465 930 535
$50,000 to $59,999 1,145 795 345
$60,000 to $69,999 770 570 200
$70,000 to $79,999 465 355 115
$80,000 to $89,999 215 170 45
$90,000 to $99,999 130 105 25
$100,000 and over 205 155 45
$100,000 to $124,999 120 90 35
$125,000 and over 80 60 15
Total - Employment income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data19 12,120 6,120 5,995
Without employment income 2,760 910 1,845
With employment income 9,365 5,215 4,150
Under $5,000 (including loss) 1,080 405 675
$5,000 to $9,999 695 265 435
$10,000 to $19,999 1,415 530 885
$20,000 to $29,999 1,090 470 615
$30,000 to $39,999 1,120 600 525
$40,000 to $49,999 1,030 655 380
$50,000 to $59,999 760 570 190
$60,000 to $69,999 655 490 165
$70,000 to $79,999 440 370 75
$80,000 to $89,999 360 295 65
$90,000 to $99,999 250 200 50
$100,000 and over 455 370 90
$100,000 to $124,999 285 230 55
$125,000 and over 170 140 30
Income of individuals in 2019
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data23 12,120 6,120 6,000
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 11,155 5,660 5,495
Median total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 34,000 46,400 24,600
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 11,160 5,660 5,500
Median after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 31,000 40,400 23,200
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 10,190 5,455 4,735
Median market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 32,000 44,000 20,800
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 9,115 5,070 4,045
Median employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 33,200 44,800 22,600
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 9,520 4,820 4,705
Median government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 2,140 990 6,400
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 -100% data 1,075 540 535
Median employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 4,800 5,520 4,320
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data24 12,120 6,150 5,975
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 11,060 5,635 5,425
Average total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 40,680 50,400 30,560
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 11,060 5,635 5,425
Average after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 34,800 42,160 27,160
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 10,070 5,435 4,630
Average market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 38,520 48,320 26,960
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 9,015 5,090 3,925
Average employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 38,880 47,400 27,840
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 9,480 4,830 4,650
Average government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 6,540 4,376 8,780
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 1,135 640 500
Average employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 6,900 6,960 6,840
Total - Employment income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data25 12,125 6,150 5,970
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 4,800 3,370 1,435
Median employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 46,400 52,400 38,000
Average employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 50,840 55,450 40,040
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 3,055 1,270 1,780
Median employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 21,800 29,600 17,800
Average employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 28,600 37,200 22,500
Composition of total income in 2019 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%) 86.2 92.6 75.4
Employment income (%) 78.0 85.0 66.0
Government transfers (%) 13.8 7.4 24.6
Employment insurance benefits (%) 1.7 1.6 2.0
Income of households in 2020
Total - Income statistics for private households - 100% data26 5,140 ... ...
Median total income of household in 2020 ($) 88,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 76,500 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 100% data 695 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 39,200 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 34,400 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 100% data 4,450 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 95,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 83,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for private households - 25% sample data27 5,140 ... ...
Average total income of household in 2020 ($) 97,200 ... ...
Average after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 82,600 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 25% sample data 690 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 50,500 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 41,900 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 25% sample data 4,450 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 104,500 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 88,900 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data21 5,140 ... ...
Under $5,000 40 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 25 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 45 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 60 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 145 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 105 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 120 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 155 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 185 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 170 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 320 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 415 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 440 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 440 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 430 ... ...
$100,000 and over 2,050 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 840 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 475 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 470 ... ...
$200,000 and over 255 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data22 5,140 ... ...
Under $5,000 45 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 25 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 45 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 70 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 150 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 110 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 150 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 200 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 200 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 195 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 435 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 575 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 555 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 545 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 420 ... ...
$100,000 and over 1,420 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 690 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 375 ... ...
$150,000 and over 355 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2020
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 100% data28 4,395 ... ...
Median total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 94,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 82,000 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.7 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 100% data 1,385 ... ...
Median total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 79,500 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 69,000 ... ...
Average family size of couple-only economic families 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 100% data 2,605 ... ...
Median total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 104,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 90,000 ... ...
Average family size of couple-with-children economic families 4.7 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 305 ... ...
Median total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 63,600 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 59,600 ... ...
Average family size of one-parent economic families 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% data29 935 505 430
Median total income in 2020 ($)30 36,800 43,600 28,400
Median after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 32,800 38,000 26,800
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 25% sample data31 4,400 ... ...
Average total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 104,200 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 88,600 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 25% sample data 1,375 ... ...
Average total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 93,400 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 77,700 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 25% sample data 2,605 ... ...
Average total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 113,700 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 97,500 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 305 ... ...
Average total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 79,000 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 68,500 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample data32 910 475 435
Average total income in 2020 ($)30 46,100 47,800 44,200
Average after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 38,700 40,000 37,200
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Total - LIM low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households - 100% data33 17,135 8,685 8,450
0 to 17 years 5,885 3,025 2,860
0 to 5 years 1,985 990 990
18 to 64 years 9,830 4,950 4,880
65 years and over 1,420 705 715
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 2,210 1,085 1,130
0 to 17 years 885 460 430
0 to 5 years 390 200 195
18 to 64 years 1,005 485 520
65 years and over 320 140 180
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 12.9 12.5 13.4
0 to 17 years (%) 15.0 15.1 15.0
0 to 5 years (%) 19.9 20.2 19.6
18 to 64 years (%) 10.2 9.8 10.7
65 years and over (%) 22.5 20.0 25.0
Total - LICO low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households to whom the low-income concept is applicable - 100% data33 17,130 8,685 8,450
0 to 17 years 5,885 3,030 2,860
0 to 5 years 1,980 995 985
18 to 64 years 9,825 4,950 4,880
65 years and over 1,420 710 710
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 445 225 220
0 to 17 years 165 95 75
0 to 5 years 60 30 25
18 to 64 years 245 120 125
65 years and over 35 15 15
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 2.6 2.6 2.6
0 to 17 years (%) 2.9 3.1 2.6
0 to 5 years (%) 2.9 3.0 2.8
18 to 64 years (%) 2.5 2.4 2.6
65 years and over (%) 2.4 2.4 2.8
Total - Adjusted after-tax economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% data34The letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice. 17,135 8,685 8,450
In bottom half of the distribution 11,860 5,955 5,900
In bottom decile 1,655 800 860
In second decile 2,800 1,375 1,430
In third decile 2,955 1,500 1,455
In fourth decile 2,550 1,305 1,240
In fifth decile 1,900 980 920
In top half of the distribution 5,270 2,725 2,550
In sixth decile 1,520 780 740
In seventh decile 1,335 700 635
In eighth decile 1,105 565 545
In ninth decile 855 450 405
In top decile 455 230 220
Total - Inequality measures for the population in private households - 100% data35 17,130 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household total income 0.279 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household market income 0.372 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household after-tax income 0.248 ... ...
P90/P10 ratio on adjusted household after-tax income 3.0 ... ...
Knowledge of official languages
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data36 17,180 8,695 8,485
English only 16,080 8,210 7,875
French only 10 5 0
English and French 690 300 390
Neither English nor French 395 185 210
First official language spoken
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data37 17,180 8,695 8,485
English 16,490 8,370 8,120
French 260 125 140
English and French 35 20 15
Neither English nor French 395 185 210
Mother tongue
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data38 17,180 8,695 8,485
Single responses 16,625 8,415 8,210
Official languages 10,935 5,525 5,410
English 10,675 5,405 5,270
French 255 115 140
Non-official languages 5,690 2,890 2,800
Indigenous languages39 0 0 0
Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 0 0 0
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0 0 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 0 0 0
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 5,690 2,890 2,800
Afro-Asiatic languages 20 10 10
Berber languages 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 0 0 0
Hausa 0 0 0
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 0 0 0
Bilen 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 20 10 10
Amharic 0 0 0
Arabic 25 10 10
Aramaic languages 0 0 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 0 0 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 0 0 0
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 80 35 45
Bikol 0 0 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Cebuano 5 0 5
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0
Ilocano 10 5 5
Indonesian 0 0 0
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 60 25 35
Waray-Waray 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Creole languages 0 0 0
Haitian Creole 0 0 0
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 0 0 0
Morisyen 0 0 0
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Dravidian languages 0 0 0
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 0 0 0
Tamil 0 0 0
Telugu 0 0 0
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 5,525 2,810 2,720
Albanian 0 0 0
Armenian 0 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 435 230 205
Baltic languages 0 0 0
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Slavic languages 435 230 205
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 0 0 0
Czech 0 0 0
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 15 10 5
Russian 350 185 165
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 5 0 5
Bosnian 0 0 0
Croatian 0 0 0
Serbian 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Slovak 0 0 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0
Ukrainian 60 35 30
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 0 0 0
Irish 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0
Welsh 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 4,990 2,530 2,465
Frisian 5 0 0
High German languages 3,220 1,635 1,585
German 3,210 1,630 1,575
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 15 5 5
Yiddish 0 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 1,750 885 865
Afrikaans 5 5 0
Dutch 40 25 15
Low German, n.o.s. 350 180 170
Low Saxon 35 20 15
Plautdietsch 1,320 660 660
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0
Scandinavian languages 5 0 10
Danish 0 0 0
Icelandic 5 0 5
Norwegian 0 0 0
Swedish 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0
Greek 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages 10 5 5
Indo-Aryan languages 10 5 5
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 0 0 0
Gujarati 5 5 0
Hindi 0 0 0
Kacchi 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0
Nepali 0 0 0
Oriya languages 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 0 0 0
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0
Urdu 0 0 0
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iranian languages 0 0 0
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 0 0 0
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 0 0 0
Persian languages 0 0 0
Dari 0 0 0
Iranian Persian 0 0 0
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 0 0 0
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 90 45 40
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 0 0 0
Portuguese 20 10 5
Romanian 0 0 0
Spanish 70 35 35
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 0 0 0
Korean 5 5 5
Mongolian 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 10 5 5
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0
Éwé 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0
Lingala 0 0 0
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Shona 0 0 0
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0
Swahili 5 5 5
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
African, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Sign languages 5 5 5
American Sign Language 5 5 5
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages 20 10 10
Chinese languages 10 5 5
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 10 5 5
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0
Yue (Cantonese) 0 0 0
Chinese, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0
Burmese 0 0 0
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 5 5 0
Lao 5 5 0
Thai 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 0 0 0
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Uralic languages 10 5 5
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 5 0 0
Hungarian 5 5 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Multiple responses 555 280 270
English and French 75 35 35
English and non-official language(s) 390 200 190
French and non-official language(s) 5 0 0
English, French and non-official language(s) 5 0 5
Multiple non-official languages 80 40 45
All languages spoken at home
Total - All languages spoken at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data40 17,180 8,695 8,485
English 12,215 6,220 6,000
French 75 35 40
Non-official language 1,305 660 650
Indigenous39 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous 1,305 660 650
English and French 170 85 85
English and non-official language(s) 3,160 1,570 1,590
French and non-official language(s) 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language(s) 25 10 15
Multiple non-official languages 220 115 105
Language spoken most often at home
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data41 17,180 8,695 8,485
Single responses 16,570 8,380 8,190
Official languages 13,940 7,070 6,865
English 13,820 7,015 6,805
French 115 55 60
Non-official languages 2,630 1,305 1,325
Indigenous languages39 0 0 0
Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 0 0 0
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0 0 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 0 0 0
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 2,630 1,305 1,325
Afro-Asiatic languages 10 5 5
Berber languages 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 0 0 0
Hausa 0 0 0
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 0 0 0
Bilen 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 10 5 5
Amharic 0 0 0
Arabic 10 5 5
Aramaic languages 0 0 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 0 0 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 0 0 0
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 40 20 20
Bikol 0 0 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Cebuano 5 0 0
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0
Ilocano 0 0 0
Indonesian 0 0 0
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 30 20 15
Waray-Waray 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Creole languages 0 0 0
Haitian Creole 0 0 0
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 0 0 0
Morisyen 0 0 0
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Dravidian languages 0 0 0
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 0 0 0
Tamil 0 0 0
Telugu 0 0 0
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 2,560 1,270 1,295
Albanian 0 0 0
Armenian 0 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 175 85 85
Baltic languages 0 0 0
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Slavic languages 175 85 85
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 0 0 0
Czech 0 0 0
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 5 0 0
Russian 160 80 80
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0
Bosnian 0 0 0
Croatian 0 0 0
Serbian 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Slovak 0 0 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0
Ukrainian 10 0 5
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 0 0 0
Irish 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0
Welsh 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 2,335 1,150 1,185
Frisian 0 0 0
High German languages 1,795 890 905
German 1,790 885 900
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 5 0 0
Yiddish 0 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 535 260 270
Afrikaans 0 0 0
Dutch 5 5 0
Low German, n.o.s. 155 75 80
Low Saxon 5 0 5
Plautdietsch 365 175 190
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0
Scandinavian languages 0 0 0
Danish 0 0 0
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 0 0 0
Swedish 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Greek 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages 0 0 5
Indo-Aryan languages 0 0 5
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 0 0 0
Gujarati 0 0 0
Hindi 0 0 0
Kacchi 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0
Nepali 0 0 0
Oriya languages 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 0 0 0
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0
Urdu 0 0 0
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iranian languages 0 0 0
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 0 0 0
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 0 0 0
Persian languages 0 0 0
Dari 0 0 0
Iranian Persian 0 0 0
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 0 0 0
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 50 30 20
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 0 0 0
Portuguese 10 5 5
Romanian 0 0 0
Spanish 40 20 15
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 0 0 0
Korean 0 0 0
Mongolian 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 0 0 0
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0
Éwé 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0
Lingala 0 0 0
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Shona 0 0 0
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0
Swahili 0 0 0
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
African, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Sign languages 10 5 5
American Sign Language 5 5 5
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages 5 5 5
Chinese languages 0 0 0
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 0 0 0
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0
Yue (Cantonese) 0 0 0
Chinese, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0
Burmese 0 0 0
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 0 0 0
Lao 0 0 0
Thai 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 0 0 0
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Uralic languages 0 0 0
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 0 0 0
Hungarian 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Multiple responses 605 320 290
English and French 30 15 15
English and non-official language(s) 560 290 265
French and non-official language(s) 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language(s) 0 0 0
Multiple non-official languages 15 10 10
Other language spoken regularly at home
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data42 17,175 8,695 8,485
None 14,105 7,170 6,930
English 955 460 495
French 105 55 50
Non-official language 1,640 825 815
Indigenous39 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous 1,640 825 815
English and French 5 5 0
English and non-official language(s) 200 105 95
French and non-official language(s) 10 5 10
English, French and non-official language(s) 0 0 0
Multiple non-official languages 150 75 75
Knowledge of languagesThe letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice.
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample data43 17,130 8,710 8,420
Official languages 16,740 8,555 8,180
English 16,725 8,550 8,170
French 780 365 420
Non-official languages 6,630 3,350 3,280
Indigenous languages39 15 0 10
Algonquian languages 10 0 10
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 0 0 0
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0 0 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 0 10
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 0 0 0
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 6,615 3,345 3,275
Afro-Asiatic languages 0 0 0
Berber languages 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 0 0 0
Hausa 0 0 0
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 0 0 0
Bilen 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 0 0 0
Amharic 0 0 0
Arabic 0 0 0
Aramaic languages 0 0 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 0 0 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 0 0 0
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 190 80 115
Bikol 0 0 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Cebuano 0 0 0
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0
Ilocano 15 0 15
Indonesian 0 0 0
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 180 75 110
Waray-Waray 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Creole languages 0 0 0
Haitian Creole 0 0 0
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 0 0 0
Morisyen 0 0 0
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Dravidian languages 0 0 0
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 0 0 0
Tamil 0 0 0
Telugu 0 0 0
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 6,240 3,160 3,080
Albanian 0 0 0
Armenian 0 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 630 360 270
Baltic languages 0 0 0
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Slavic languages 630 360 270
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 0 0 0
Czech 0 0 0
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 30 25 0
Russian 550 310 240
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0
Bosnian 0 0 0
Croatian 0 0 0
Serbian 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Slovak 0 0 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0
Ukrainian 40 15 25
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 0 0 0
Irish 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0
Welsh 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 5,975 3,010 2,965
Frisian 0 0 0
High German languages 4,325 2,220 2,105
German 4,320 2,215 2,105
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 10 10 0
Yiddish 0 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 2,190 1,035 1,155
Afrikaans 20 15 0
Dutch 50 25 30
Low German, n.o.s. 530 275 255
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 1,615 735 875
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0
Scandinavian languages 25 15 15
Danish 0 0 0
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 10 10 0
Swedish 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0
Greek 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages 10 10 0
Indo-Aryan languages 10 10 0
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 0 0 0
Gujarati 0 0 0
Hindi 0 0 0
Kacchi 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0
Nepali 0 0 0
Oriya languages 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 0 0 0
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0
Urdu 0 0 0
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iranian languages 0 0 0
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 0 0 0
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 0 0 0
Persian languages 0 0 0
Dari 0 0 0
Iranian Persian 0 0 0
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 0 0 0
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 380 215 165
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 20 10 10
Portuguese 25 15 15
Romanian 0 0 0
Spanish 355 205 150
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 0 0 0
Korean 0 0 0
Mongolian 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 50 20 25
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0
Éwé 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0
Lingala 0 0 0
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Shona 0 0 0
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0
Swahili 25 10 15
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
African, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Sign languages 40 20 20
American Sign Language 35 20 20
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages 55 40 15
Chinese languages 55 40 15
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 50 30 15
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0
Yue (Cantonese) 15 15 0
Chinese, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0
Burmese 0 0 0
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 0 0 0
Lao 0 0 0
Thai 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 0 0 0
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Uralic languages 0 0 0
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 0 0 0
Hungarian 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous population
Total - Indigenous identity for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 17,130 8,710 8,420
Indigenous identity45 1,410 675 735
Single Indigenous responses46 1,370 655 715
First Nations (North American Indian) 390 185 200
Métis 975 470 505
Inuk (Inuit) 0 0 0
Multiple Indigenous responses47 0 0 0
Indigenous responses not included elsewhere48 35 25 15
Non-Indigenous identity 15,720 8,035 7,690
Total - Registered or Treaty Indian status for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 17,130 8,710 8,420
Registered or Treaty Indian49 275 145 130
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 16,855 8,570 8,290
Household characteristics
Total - Private households by tenure - 25% sample data50 5,140 ... ...
Owner 4,345 ... ...
Renter 795 ... ...
Dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band 0 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by condominium status - 25% sample data51 5,140 ... ...
Condominium 230 ... ...
Not condominium 4,910 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of bedrooms - 25% sample data52 5,140 ... ...
No bedrooms 0 ... ...
1 bedroom 220 ... ...
2 bedrooms 790 ... ...
3 bedrooms 1,690 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 2,435 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of rooms - 25% sample data53 5,140 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 705 ... ...
5 rooms 765 ... ...
6 rooms 780 ... ...
7 rooms 760 ... ...
8 or more rooms 2,135 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 7.1 ... ...
Total - Private households by number of persons per room - 25% sample data54 5,140 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 4,975 ... ...
More than one person per room 165 ... ...
Total - Private households by housing suitability - 25% sample data55 5,140 ... ...
Suitable 4,910 ... ...
Not suitable 235 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by period of construction - 25% sample data56 5,140 ... ...
1960 or before 585 ... ...
1961 to 1980 1,145 ... ...
1981 to 1990 535 ... ...
1991 to 2000 650 ... ...
2001 to 2005 335 ... ...
2006 to 2010 565 ... ...
2011 to 2015 690 ... ...
2016 to 202157 640 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by dwelling condition - 25% sample data58 5,140 ... ...
Only regular maintenance and minor repairs needed 4,935 ... ...
Major repairs needed 210 ... ...
Total - Private households by number of household maintainers - 25% sample data59 5,140 ... ...
One-maintainer household 2,135 ... ...
Two-maintainer household 2,785 ... ...
Three-or-more-maintainer household 220 ... ...
Total - Private households by age of primary household maintainers - 25% sample data60 5,140 ... ...
15 to 24 years 190 ... ...
25 to 34 years 1,090 ... ...
35 to 44 years 1,070 ... ...
45 to 54 years 1,015 ... ...
55 to 64 years 930 ... ...
65 to 74 years 525 ... ...
75 to 84 years 260 ... ...
85 years and over 60 ... ...
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratio - 25% sample data61 4,890 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of income on shelter costs 4,115 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs 775 ... ...
30% to less than 100% 710 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by housing indicators - 25% sample data62 5,140 ... ...
Total - Households 'spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' or 'not suitable' or 'major repairs needed' 1,160 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs only 725 ... ...
Not suitable only 210 ... ...
Major repairs needed only 175 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' 15 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'major repairs needed' 30 ... ...
'Not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 0 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 0 ... ...
Acceptable housing 3,975 ... ...
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero and shelter-cost-to-income ratio less than 100%, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data63 4,825 ... ...
In core need 220 ... ...
Not in core need 4,605 ... ...
Total - Owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 4,115 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgage64 76.3 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 13.3 ... ...
% in core housing need63 3.2 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 1,340 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 1,302 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)66 320,000 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)66 339,600 ... ...
Total - Tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 790 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housing67 8.9 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 29.5 ... ...
% in core housing need63 12.4 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 1,080 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 1,064 ... ...
Total - Households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band in non-farm private dwellings - 25% sample data 0 ... ...
% of households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band spending more than 30% on shelter costs61 ... ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 ... ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 ... ... ...
Indigenous ancestry
Total - Indigenous ancestry for the population in private households - 25% sample data68 17,135 8,710 8,425
Indigenous ancestry (only)69 435 205 230
Single Indigenous ancestry (only)70 420 205 215
First Nations (North American Indian) single ancestry 200 90 110
Métis single ancestry 225 115 110
Inuit single ancestry 0 0 0
Multiple Indigenous ancestries (only)71 10 0 10
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis ancestry only 10 0 10
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
Métis and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries72 995 510 485
Single Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries73 965 485 480
First Nations (North American Indian) and non-Indigenous ancestry only 345 180 170
Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 615 305 315
Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 0 0
Multiple Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries74 25 30 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 25 30 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 0 0
Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 0 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous ancestry only75 15,710 8,000 7,710
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample data76 17,135 8,710 8,425
Canadian citizens77 15,470 7,825 7,645
Canadian citizens aged under 18 5,640 2,885 2,755
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 9,830 4,940 4,885
Not Canadian citizens78 1,665 885 780
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample data79 17,135 8,710 8,425
Non-immigrants80 13,730 6,955 6,780
Immigrants81 3,295 1,705 1,590
Before 1980 275 125 150
1980 to 1990 180 90 90
1991 to 2000 305 160 145
2001 to 2010 1,920 1,020 900
2011 to 202182 610 305 300
2011 to 2015 260 145 115
2016 to 2021 345 160 185
Non-permanent residents83 110 55 50
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data84 3,290 1,700 1,590
Under 5 years 720 405 315
5 to 14 years 975 515 460
15 to 24 years 555 255 300
25 to 44 years 870 445 425
45 years and over 170 80 85
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data85 3,290 1,700 1,590
Americas 1,125 555 565
Brazil 15 15 0
Colombia 10 0 10
El Salvador 0 0 0
Guyana 0 0 0
Haiti 0 0 0
Jamaica 0 0 0
Mexico 335 160 180
Peru 0 0 0
Trinidad and Tobago 0 0 0
United States of America 80 30 50
Other places of birth in Americas 645 335 310
Europe 1,510 810 705
Bosnia and Herzegovina 0 0 0
Croatia 0 0 0
France 0 0 0
Germany 985 555 425
Greece 0 0 0
Hungary 0 0 0
Italy 0 0 0
Netherlands 20 10 15
Poland 0 0 0
Portugal 0 0 0
Romania 0 0 0
Russian Federation 400 200 195
Serbia86 0 0 0
Ukraine 0 0 0
United Kingdom87 65 25 45
Other places of birth in Europe 30 20 15
Africa 85 45 45
Algeria 0 0 0
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 10 0 0
Egypt 0 0 0
Eritrea 0 0 0
Ethiopia 15 0 10
Morocco 0 0 0
Nigeria 0 0 0
Somalia 0 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 20 20 0
Other places of birth in Africa 25 10 15
Asia 525 265 260
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Iran88 0 0 0
Iraq 0 0 0
Lebanon 0 0 0
Syria89 0 0 0
Turkey 0 0 0
China90 0 0 0
Hong Kong91 0 0 0
Korea, South92 0 0 0
Taiwan 0 0 0
Philippines 180 65 110
Viet Nam 0 0 0
Bangladesh 0 0 0
India 0 0 0
Pakistan 0 0 0
Sri Lanka 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 310 175 130
Oceania and other places of birth93 45 30 20
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data94 350 165 185
Americas 100 35 60
Brazil 0 0 0
Colombia 0 0 0
Haiti 0 0 0
Jamaica 0 0 0
Mexico 40 15 25
United States of America 10 0 0
Venezuela95 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 40 15 30
Europe 100 45 55
France 0 0 0
Germany 75 30 45
Ireland96 0 0 0
Italy 0 0 0
Russian Federation 15 10 0
Ukraine 0 0 0
United Kingdom87 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Europe 0 0 0
Africa 15 0 10
Algeria 0 0 0
Burundi 0 0 0
Cameroon 0 0 0
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 0 0 0
Côte d'Ivoire 0 0 0
Egypt 0 0 0
Eritrea 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Morocco 0 0 0
Nigeria 0 0 0
Somalia 0 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0
Sudan97 0 0 0
Tunisia 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 0 0 0
Asia 85 45 40
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Bangladesh 0 0 0
China90 0 0 0
Hong Kong91 0 0 0
India 0 0 0
Iran88 0 0 0
Iraq 0 0 0
Israel 0 0 0
Japan 0 0 0
Jordan 0 0 0
Korea, South92 0 0 0
Lebanon 0 0 0
Nepal 0 0 0
Pakistan 0 0 0
Philippines 45 20 25
Saudi Arabia 0 0 0
Sri Lanka 0 0 0
Syria89 0 0 0
Turkey 0 0 0
United Arab Emirates 0 0 0
Viet Nam 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 10 10 0
Oceania and other93 45 30 20
Australia 0 0 0
Other places of birth98 0 0 0
Generation status
Total - Generation status for the population in private households - 25% sample data99 17,130 8,710 8,420
First generation100 3,860 1,980 1,875
Second generation101 3,795 1,880 1,915
Third generation or more102 9,480 4,850 4,630
Admission category and applicant type
Total - Admission category and applicant type for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data103 3,015 1,570 1,440
Economic immigrants104 2,280 1,210 1,070
Principal applicants105 450 390 65
Secondary applicants106 1,830 820 1,010
Immigrants sponsored by family107 595 300 295
Refugees108 130 60 75
Other immigrants109 0 0 0
Pre-admission experience
Total - Pre-admission experience for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data110 3,015 1,570 1,440
Asylum claim before admission111 20 15 0
Work permits only before admission112 235 150 85
Study permits only before admission113 50 20 35
Work and study permits before admission114 70 40 30
Other permits before admission115 55 15 35
No pre-admission experience116 2,575 1,325 1,250
Visible minority
Total - Visible minority for the population in private households - 25% sample data117 17,130 8,710 8,420
Total visible minority population118 810 420 390
South Asian 65 45 20
Chinese 45 30 15
Black 220 110 110
Filipino 240 115 125
Arab 45 30 15
Latin American 95 40 55
Southeast Asian 25 20 10
West Asian 0 0 0
Korean 0 0 0
Japanese 0 0 0
Visible minority, n.i.e.119 0 0 0
Multiple visible minorities 20 0 15
Not a visible minority120 16,325 8,290 8,035
Ethnic or cultural origin
Total - Ethnic or cultural origin for the population in private households - 25% sample data121 17,135 8,710 8,420
Canadian 2,460 1,185 1,270
English 1,165 570 600
Irish 835 410 425
Scottish 965 435 530
French, n.o.s.122 1,140 560 580
German 5,415 2,800 2,620
Chinese 35 25 0
Italian 115 50 65
Indian (India) 50 30 20
Ukrainian 1,125 625 500
Dutch 715 325 390
Polish 490 215 275
Québécois 0 0 0
British Isles, n.o.s.123 245 120 120
Filipino 215 90 125
French Canadian 75 30 50
Caucasian (White), n.o.s.124 410 225 185
First Nations (North American Indian), n.o.s.125 245 115 130
Métis 875 445 430
European, n.o.s.126 340 160 180
Russian 2,430 1,280 1,150
Norwegian 105 65 40
Welsh 40 20 25
Portuguese 20 10 10
American 75 40 35
Spanish 60 30 30
Swedish 110 45 60
Hungarian 80 40 35
Acadian 20 15 0
Pakistani 0 0 0
African, n.o.s.127 45 15 30
Jewish 0 0 0
Punjabi 0 0 0
Vietnamese 10 0 0
Arab, n.o.s.128 0 0 0
Greek 10 0 10
Jamaican 50 30 15
Asian, n.o.s.129 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s.130 75 40 40
Korean 0 0 0
Romanian 20 10 10
Lebanese 0 0 0
Iranian 0 0 0
Christian, n.i.e.131 220 100 120
Danish 45 20 20
North American Indigenous, n.o.s.132 110 50 65
Sikh 0 0 0
Austrian 130 55 75
Belgian 110 70 40
Haitian 0 0 0
Hindu 0 0 0
Mexican 445 240 205
Mennonite 4,625 2,355 2,265
Swiss 50 30 20
Finnish 0 0 0
Sri Lankan 0 0 0
Croatian 0 0 0
Japanese 0 0 0
South Asian, n.o.s.133 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq, n.o.s.134 0 0 0
Northern European, n.o.s.135 85 40 45
Muslim 0 0 0
Egyptian 0 0 0
Latin, Central or South American, n.o.s.136 30 10 15
Tamil 0 0 0
Icelandic 85 55 30
Colombian 0 0 0
Moroccan 0 0 0
Czech 60 15 35
Syrian 0 0 0
Guyanese 0 0 0
Afghan 0 0 0
Black, n.o.s.137 10 10 0
Serbian 0 0 0
Ojibway 70 30 40
Newfoundlander 0 0 0
Hong Konger 0 0 0
Ontarian 0 0 0
Persian 0 0 0
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 0 0 0
Turkish 0 0 0
Inuit, n.o.s.138 0 0 0
Bangladeshi 0 0 0
Algerian 0 0 0
Brazilian 25 15 15
Nigerian 0 0 0
Armenian 0 0 0
Slovak 30 15 10
Eastern European, n.o.s.139