Census Profile, 2021 Census of Population
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Topic:
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Age
Age characteristics
Commuting
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Commuting destination
Commuting duration
Main mode of commuting
Place of work status
Time leaving for work
Education
Select all: Education
Highest certificate, diploma or degree
Location of study compared with province or territory of residence
Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2021
Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificate
Ethnocultural and religious diversity
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Ethnic or cultural origin
Religion
Visible minority
Families, households, and marital status
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Family characteristics
Household type
Marital status
Housing
Household characteristics
Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
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Admission category and applicant type
Age at immigration
Citizenship
Generation status
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Pre-admission experience
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Income
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Income of economic families in 2020
Income of households in 2020
Income of individuals in 2019
Income of individuals in 2020
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Indigenous peoples
Select all: Indigenous peoples
Indigenous ancestry
Indigenous population
Instruction in the minority official language
Select all: Instruction in the minority official language
Children eligible for instruction in the minority official language
Eligibility and instruction in the minority official language for school-aged children
Labour
Select all: Labour
Class of worker including job permanency
Industry - Sectors - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2017
Labour force status
Occupation - Broad category - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2021
Work activity during the reference year
Language
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All languages spoken at home
First official language spoken
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Language spoken most often at home
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Other language spoken regularly at home
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Language used most often at work
Other language(s) used regularly at work
Mobility and migration
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Population and dwelling counts
Population and dwellings
Type of dwelling
Household and dwelling characteristics
GenderMore information:


Statistic:
Characteristic Halifax, County (CTY)More information:
Nova Scotia
[Census division]
Counts
Total Men+ Women+
Population and dwellings
Population, 20211 440,072 ... ...
Population, 20161 403,390 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2016 to 2021 9.1 ... ...
Total private dwellings2 200,619 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residents3 190,650 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 80.3 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 5,477.53 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups of the population - 100% data 440,070 214,410 225,665
0 to 14 years 65,050 33,315 31,735
0 to 4 years 19,800 10,055 9,745
5 to 9 years 22,635 11,595 11,040
10 to 14 years 22,615 11,665 10,945
15 to 64 years 298,765 147,040 151,725
15 to 19 years 21,895 11,275 10,620
20 to 24 years 32,130 16,540 15,590
25 to 29 years 34,785 17,430 17,360
30 to 34 years 33,185 16,390 16,795
35 to 39 years 30,805 15,050 15,760
40 to 44 years 28,310 13,645 14,665
45 to 49 years 27,745 13,355 14,390
50 to 54 years 28,135 13,410 14,725
55 to 59 years 32,075 15,640 16,435
60 to 64 years 29,690 14,300 15,385
65 years and over 76,255 34,055 42,200
65 to 69 years 24,855 11,525 13,335
70 to 74 years 21,065 9,720 11,340
75 to 79 years 13,870 6,350 7,520
80 to 84 years 8,575 3,635 4,935
85 years and over 7,890 2,825 5,070
85 to 89 years 5,135 2,045 3,090
90 to 94 years 2,065 660 1,410
95 to 99 years 605 105 500
100 years and over 85 15 70
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 14.8 15.5 14.1
15 to 64 years 67.9 68.6 67.2
65 years and over 17.3 15.9 18.7
85 years and over 1.8 1.3 2.2
Average age of the population 41.3 40.3 42.3
Median age of the population 40.4 39.2 41.6
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% data 190,650 ... ...
Single-detached house 90,865 ... ...
Semi-detached house 12,485 ... ...
Row house 7,390 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 6,545 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 40,565 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 28,320 ... ...
Other single-attached house 200 ... ...
Movable dwelling4 4,270 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% data 190,650 ... ...
1 person 57,005 ... ...
2 persons 71,145 ... ...
3 persons 29,105 ... ...
4 persons 22,775 ... ...
5 or more persons 10,620 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 435,545 212,365 223,180
Average household size 2.3 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the total population aged 15 years and over - 100% data 375,020 181,095 193,925
Married or living common-law 210,000 104,690 105,315
Married 163,085 81,250 81,840
Living common-law 46,915 23,440 23,475
Living common law - Never married 35,515 17,755 17,765
Living common law - Separated 2,105 1,060 1,045
Living common law - Divorced 8,385 4,255 4,130
Living common law - Widowed 910 370 540
Not married and not living common-law 165,015 76,405 88,615
Not married and not living common law - Never married 114,655 60,090 54,570
Not married and not living common law - Separated 10,240 4,350 5,885
Not married and not living common law - Divorced 21,920 8,015 13,910
Not married and not living common law - Widowed 18,200 3,955 14,245
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% data5 122,940 ... ...
2 persons 68,930 ... ...
3 persons 25,970 ... ...
4 persons 20,675 ... ...
5 or more persons 7,365 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.8 ... ...
Average number of children in census families with children6 1.7 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% data 122,940 ... ...
Total couple families 103,090 ... ...
Married couples 79,635 ... ...
With children6 39,515 ... ...
Without children 40,130 ... ...
Common-law couples 23,455 ... ...
With children6 7,140 ... ...
Without children 16,315 ... ...
Total one-parent families 19,850 ... ...
in which the parent is a woman+ 15,825 ... ...
in which the parent is a man+ 4,030 ... ...
Total - Persons in private households - 100% data 435,545 212,365 223,180
Total - Persons in census families 337,795 166,180 171,620
Married spouses or common-law partners 206,185 102,900 103,280
Parents in one-parent families 19,845 4,025 15,820
Children6 111,765 59,255 52,515
In a two-parent family 82,025 43,290 38,735
In a one-parent family 29,745 15,960 13,780
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 97,745 46,185 51,555
Living alone 57,000 24,835 32,165
Living with other relatives7 9,910 4,125 5,790
Living with non-relatives only 30,830 17,225 13,605
Household type
Total - Household type - 100% data 190,650 ... ...
One-census-family households without additional persons 110,300 ... ...
Couple-family households 94,630 ... ...
With children6 43,090 ... ...
Without children 51,540 ... ...
One-parent-family households 15,670 ... ...
Multigenerational households8 3,825 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households9 800 ... ...
One-census-family households with additional persons9 5,305 ... ...
Two-or-more-person non-census-family households 13,410 ... ...
One-person households 57,005 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2020
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data10 370,585 179,110 191,475
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 357,650 172,710 184,940
Median total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 42,000 47,200 38,000
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 357,865 172,825 185,040
Median after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 36,800 40,800 34,000
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 324,295 159,185 165,115
Median market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 37,200 44,000 31,600
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 265,220 133,860 131,360
Median employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 38,000 43,200 33,600
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 275,315 121,770 153,545
Median government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 9,800 9,400 10,000
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 36,810 17,660 19,140
Median employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 5,480 5,480 5,480
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 95,015 45,895 49,120
Median COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 8,000 8,000 8,000
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data11 370,580 179,115 191,465
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 357,540 172,540 185,005
Average total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 52,900 59,950 46,320
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 357,775 172,655 185,120
Average after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 42,760 47,400 38,440
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 324,450 158,955 165,490
Average market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 49,120 57,050 41,480
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 265,215 133,815 131,405
Average employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 48,200 54,700 41,600
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 275,155 121,505 153,650
Average government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 10,830 10,490 11,110
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 37,045 17,640 19,405
Average employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 6,620 6,280 6,930
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 94,945 45,925 49,015
Average COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 9,000 8,980 9,010
Total - Employment income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data12 370,580 179,120 191,465
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 134,150 71,865 62,280
Median employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 62,400 67,500 56,800
Average employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 71,800 78,200 64,300
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 100,925 46,670 54,255
Median employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 16,400 18,200 15,100
Average employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 26,000 29,920 22,620
Composition of total income in 2020 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data17 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)18 84.2 87.6 80.0
Employment income (%)19 67.6 70.8 63.7
Government transfers (%)20 15.8 12.3 19.9
Employment insurance benefits (%) 1.3 1.1 1.6
COVID-19 - Government income support and benefits (%) 5.1 4.4 6.0
COVID-19 - Emergency and recovery benefits (%) 4.5 4.0 5.2
Total - Total income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data21 370,580 179,110 191,475
Without total income 12,935 6,395 6,535
With total income 357,650 172,710 184,940
Under $10,000 (including loss) 28,840 12,950 15,895
$10,000 to $19,999 39,675 16,080 23,595
$20,000 to $29,999 54,550 23,095 31,455
$30,000 to $39,999 47,050 20,505 26,545
$40,000 to $49,999 41,730 18,405 23,330
$50,000 to $59,999 33,335 15,850 17,485
$60,000 to $69,999 26,345 14,120 12,230
$70,000 to $79,999 20,815 11,780 9,030
$80,000 to $89,999 17,690 9,970 7,725
$90,000 to $99,999 13,150 7,350 5,800
$100,000 and over 34,465 22,595 11,865
$100,000 to $149,999 23,760 15,045 8,720
$150,000 and over 10,700 7,555 3,145
Total - After-tax income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data22 370,580 179,110 191,475
Without after-tax income 12,715 6,285 6,435
With after-tax income 357,865 172,825 185,040
Under $10,000 (including loss) 31,090 13,500 17,595
$10,000 to $19,999 42,140 17,275 24,860
$20,000 to $29,999 64,910 28,185 36,730
$30,000 to $39,999 58,610 25,845 32,770
$40,000 to $49,999 48,400 22,700 25,700
$50,000 to $59,999 36,255 19,420 16,830
$60,000 to $69,999 26,925 15,155 11,765
$70,000 to $79,999 17,955 9,960 7,995
$80,000 to $89,999 10,575 6,480 4,095
$90,000 to $99,999 6,285 4,040 2,245
$100,000 and over 14,725 10,265 4,460
$100,000 to $124,999 7,480 5,110 2,365
$125,000 and over 7,245 5,155 2,095
Total - Employment income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data19 370,580 179,110 191,475
Without employment income 105,365 45,250 60,115
With employment income 265,215 133,860 131,355
Under $5,000 (including loss) 34,490 16,115 18,370
$5,000 to $9,999 21,245 9,410 11,835
$10,000 to $19,999 31,450 14,150 17,300
$20,000 to $29,999 25,370 11,920 13,455
$30,000 to $39,999 24,740 11,610 13,130
$40,000 to $49,999 24,640 11,105 13,535
$50,000 to $59,999 20,785 10,415 10,370
$60,000 to $69,999 17,510 9,800 7,705
$70,000 to $79,999 15,100 8,560 6,540
$80,000 to $89,999 13,920 7,770 6,150
$90,000 to $99,999 10,425 5,930 4,495
$100,000 and over 25,535 17,075 8,465
$100,000 to $124,999 12,695 7,930 4,770
$125,000 and over 12,845 9,145 3,700
Income of individuals in 2019
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data23 370,585 179,110 191,475
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 349,215 167,970 181,250
Median total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 39,600 46,000 34,800
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 349,625 168,030 181,595
Median after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 34,800 39,600 31,200
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 320,435 156,895 163,535
Median market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 37,200 44,000 31,800
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 265,295 133,250 132,050
Median employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 37,600 43,200 32,800
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 237,100 100,525 136,570
Median government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 5,640 4,160 6,240
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 -100% data 27,660 13,100 14,560
Median employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 5,960 5,760 6,120
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data24 370,580 179,115 191,465
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 349,030 167,830 181,205
Average total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 50,880 59,200 43,160
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 349,405 167,880 181,515
Average after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 40,920 46,520 35,800
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 320,570 156,640 163,930
Average market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 49,520 58,600 40,880
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 265,175 133,160 132,010
Average employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 48,400 56,150 40,560
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 237,060 100,140 136,915
Average government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 7,930 7,620 8,160
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 28,490 13,515 14,975
Average employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 7,450 6,980 7,890
Total - Employment income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data25 370,580 179,120 191,465
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 133,175 71,300 61,880
Median employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 58,000 64,000 52,000
Average employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 67,600 75,000 58,950
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 94,860 43,690 51,170
Median employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 20,600 23,200 18,800
Average employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 32,080 38,560 26,600
Composition of total income in 2019 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%) 89.4 92.4 85.8
Employment income (%) 72.2 75.2 68.4
Government transfers (%) 10.6 7.7 14.3
Employment insurance benefits (%) 1.2 1.0 1.5
Income of households in 2020
Total - Income statistics for private households - 100% data26 190,650 ... ...
Median total income of household in 2020 ($) 81,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 69,500 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 100% data 57,005 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 42,400 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 37,200 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 100% data 133,645 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 102,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 86,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for private households - 25% sample data27 190,650 ... ...
Average total income of household in 2020 ($) 99,200 ... ...
Average after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 80,300 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 25% sample data 57,030 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 51,400 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 41,920 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 25% sample data 133,615 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 119,600 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 96,600 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data21 190,650 ... ...
Under $5,000 2,585 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,185 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 3,240 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,950 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 7,285 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 6,105 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 6,345 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 6,980 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 7,410 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 7,545 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 14,630 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 14,270 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 13,315 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 12,470 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 11,475 ... ...
$100,000 and over 72,855 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 22,620 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 16,325 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 18,880 ... ...
$200,000 and over 15,035 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data22 190,650 ... ...
Under $5,000 2,905 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,230 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 3,310 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 3,195 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 8,010 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 7,545 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 8,065 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 8,980 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 9,010 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 8,955 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 17,950 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 17,355 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 15,635 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 13,835 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 11,785 ... ...
$100,000 and over 52,880 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 21,875 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 13,745 ... ...
$150,000 and over 17,255 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2020
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 100% data28 122,685 ... ...
Median total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 103,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 87,000 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.8 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 100% data 52,765 ... ...
Median total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 95,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 79,500 ... ...
Average family size of couple-only economic families 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 100% data 47,190 ... ...
Median total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 135,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 111,000 ... ...
Average family size of couple-with-children economic families 3.9 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 18,495 ... ...
Median total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 67,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 60,400 ... ...
Average family size of one-parent economic families 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% data29 87,835 42,065 45,775
Median total income in 2020 ($)30 37,200 37,600 36,800
Median after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 33,200 33,200 33,200
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 25% sample data31 122,545 ... ...
Average total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 121,600 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 97,700 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 25% sample data 52,600 ... ...
Average total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 112,100 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 89,800 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 25% sample data 47,300 ... ...
Average total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 151,600 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 119,900 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 18,425 ... ...
Average total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 74,900 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 64,700 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample data32 87,940 42,125 45,815
Average total income in 2020 ($)30 45,600 46,280 44,920
Average after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 37,920 38,160 37,720
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Total - LIM low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households - 100% data33 435,540 212,365 223,180
0 to 17 years 77,840 39,885 37,960
0 to 5 years 24,205 12,310 11,895
18 to 64 years 284,285 139,305 144,980
65 years and over 73,410 33,170 40,240
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 52,405 24,475 27,930
0 to 17 years 11,435 5,925 5,505
0 to 5 years 3,940 2,025 1,915
18 to 64 years 31,280 14,895 16,385
65 years and over 9,700 3,650 6,045
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 12.0 11.5 12.5
0 to 17 years (%) 14.7 14.9 14.5
0 to 5 years (%) 16.3 16.4 16.1
18 to 64 years (%) 11.0 10.7 11.3
65 years and over (%) 13.2 11.0 15.0
Total - LICO low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households to whom the low-income concept is applicable - 100% data33 435,290 212,255 223,040
0 to 17 years 77,805 39,865 37,940
0 to 5 years 24,195 12,305 11,890
18 to 64 years 284,175 139,255 144,920
65 years and over 73,310 33,135 40,170
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 24,455 12,445 12,010
0 to 17 years 4,075 2,095 1,980
0 to 5 years 1,270 680 595
18 to 64 years 19,055 9,800 9,250
65 years and over 1,325 550 775
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 5.6 5.9 5.4
0 to 17 years (%) 5.2 5.3 5.2
0 to 5 years (%) 5.3 5.5 5.0
18 to 64 years (%) 6.7 7.0 6.4
65 years and over (%) 1.8 1.7 1.9
Total - Adjusted after-tax economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% data34The letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice. 435,545 212,365 223,180
In bottom half of the distribution 231,500 110,385 121,120
In bottom decile 50,930 24,555 26,375
In second decile 46,300 21,355 24,945
In third decile 44,885 21,215 23,665
In fourth decile 44,735 21,390 23,345
In fifth decile 44,650 21,870 22,790
In top half of the distribution 204,045 101,985 102,060
In sixth decile 44,105 21,820 22,290
In seventh decile 44,215 22,105 22,110
In eighth decile 43,285 21,625 21,660
In ninth decile 39,170 19,650 19,525
In top decile 33,270 16,790 16,475
Total - Inequality measures for the population in private households - 100% data35 435,545 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household total income 0.330 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household market income 0.426 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household after-tax income 0.286 ... ...
P90/P10 ratio on adjusted household after-tax income 3.7 ... ...
Knowledge of official languages
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data36 436,765 213,035 223,730
English only 380,450 188,480 191,970
French only 295 125 170
English and French 53,465 23,280 30,190
Neither English nor French 2,550 1,155 1,400
First official language spoken
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data37 436,765 213,035 223,730
English 422,795 206,320 216,470
French 9,930 4,875 5,060
English and French 1,635 760 875
Neither English nor French 2,405 1,075 1,330
Mother tongue
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data38 436,765 213,035 223,730
Single responses 425,180 207,345 217,840
Official languages 379,345 183,865 195,480
English 369,355 178,985 190,370
French 9,995 4,880 5,110
Non-official languages 45,835 23,475 22,360
Indigenous languages39 75 30 45
Algonquian languages 65 30 40
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 15 5 5
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 5 5 5
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 5 0 5
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Innu (Montagnais) 10 0 5
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 50 20 30
Mi'kmaq 50 20 30
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 0 0 0
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 5 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 5 0 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 5 0 5
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 45,755 23,445 22,315
Afro-Asiatic languages 8,030 4,300 3,735
Berber languages 15 10 5
Kabyle 10 5 5
Tamazight 0 5 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 0 0 0
Hausa 0 0 0
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 245 130 120
Bilen 0 0 0
Oromo 80 45 35
Somali 165 85 85
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 7,765 4,160 3,605
Amharic 160 75 80
Arabic 7,135 3,835 3,305
Aramaic languages 25 15 10
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 10 5 5
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 15 10 5
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 210 120 100
Maltese 5 0 0
Tigrigna 230 115 115
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 755 360 390
Khmer (Cambodian) 10 5 0
Vietnamese 740 355 390
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 5 5 0
Austronesian languages 2,670 1,150 1,525
Bikol 5 0 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 55 20 35
Cebuano 165 70 100
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 45 20 25
Ilocano 70 20 45
Indonesian 40 15 25
Kankanaey 5 5 5
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 10 5 5
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5 5 5
Pangasinan 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,210 965 1,245
Waray-Waray 5 0 5
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 45 20 25
Creole languages 85 40 40
Haitian Creole 10 0 5
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 10 5 0
Morisyen 30 10 15
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 30 15 15
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5
Dravidian languages 2,435 1,380 1,055
Kannada 75 40 35
Malayalam 1,190 675 510
Tamil 480 255 225
Telugu 685 405 280
Tulu 5 0 5
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 20,185 10,615 9,570
Albanian 310 155 155
Armenian 25 15 10
Balto-Slavic languages 3,220 1,515 1,705
Baltic languages 45 15 35
Latvian 20 5 15
Lithuanian 20 5 20
Slavic languages 3,175 1,500 1,675
Belarusian 10 5 5
Bulgarian 45 20 25
Czech 115 55 60
Macedonian 25 10 15
Polish 625 295 325
Russian 1,525 715 810
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 515 250 260
Bosnian 120 60 65
Croatian 185 85 105
Serbian 180 95 85
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 20 5 15
Slovak 75 40 35
Slovene (Slovenian) 20 10 5
Ukrainian 225 100 120
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 40 20 20
Irish 5 5 5
Scottish Gaelic 20 5 10
Welsh 5 5 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0
Germanic languages 2,100 1,025 1,075
Frisian 5 0 0
High German languages 1,200 580 620
German 1,140 545 590
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 50 20 25
Yiddish 15 5 5
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 640 305 330
Afrikaans 165 90 80
Dutch 450 205 240
Low German, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 10 5 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 10 0
Scandinavian languages 250 130 115
Danish 85 50 35
Icelandic 25 15 10
Norwegian 65 30 35
Swedish 80 40 40
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0
Greek 610 300 310
Indo-Iranian languages 9,965 5,660 4,305
Indo-Aryan languages 8,320 4,805 3,515
Assamese 10 5 5
Bengali 810 465 345
Gujarati 1,000 645 350
Hindi 1,660 940 715
Kacchi 10 5 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 15 10 5
Marathi 165 90 70
Nepali 390 195 195
Oriya languages 10 5 5
Odia 10 5 5
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 3,160 1,870 1,290
Rohingya 5 5 5
Sindhi 30 15 10
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 185 90 95
Urdu 850 455 390
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10
Iranian languages 1,640 850 790
Baluchi 5 0 0
Kurdish 205 110 95
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 95 55 40
Persian languages 1,335 685 650
Dari 180 85 95
Iranian Persian 1,050 545 500
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 105 55 50
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 3,910 1,925 1,985
Catalan 5 0 5
Italian 555 295 255
Portuguese 1,095 535 555
Romanian 245 130 115
Spanish 2,010 960 1,055
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 300 80 225
Korean 2,005 860 1,150
Mongolian 5 5 5
Niger-Congo languages 895 455 440
Akan (Twi) 65 40 30
Bamanankan 10 5 0
Edo 20 5 15
Éwé 35 15 15
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 5 0 0
Ga 15 10 5
Ganda 30 10 15
Gikuyu 15 5 10
Igbo 90 40 45
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 55 20 30
Lingala 5 0 5
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 5 5 5
Ndebele 5 0 5
Rundi (Kirundi) 10 5 0
Shona 50 25 20
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 5 5 0
Swahili 185 95 95
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 10 5 5
Yoruba 185 95 90
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 105 55 45
Nilo-Saharan languages 120 60 60
Dinka 30 10 15
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 90 50 40
African, n.o.s. 5 5 0
Sign languages 130 70 60
American Sign Language 115 60 50
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10
Sino-Tibetan languages 7,340 3,665 3,675
Chinese languages 7,315 3,650 3,665
Hakka 10 5 5
Mandarin 5,970 2,990 2,985
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 75 35 35
Wu (Shanghainese) 30 15 20
Yue (Cantonese) 1,040 495 550
Chinese, n.o.s. 180 110 70
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5
Tibeto-Burman languages 20 15 5
Burmese 5 0 5
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 5 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 100 40 55
Lao 5 0 5
Thai 90 35 55
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 435 255 180
Azerbaijani 25 10 10
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 315 190 125
Uyghur 10 5 0
Uzbek 75 40 35
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 5
Uralic languages 245 105 145
Estonian 30 15 15
Finnish 35 15 25
Hungarian 185 75 105
Other languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10
Multiple responses 11,585 5,695 5,890
English and French 3,370 1,460 1,910
English and non-official language(s) 7,100 3,675 3,420
French and non-official language(s) 245 115 130
English, French and non-official language(s) 310 150 160
Multiple non-official languages 550 290 265
All languages spoken at home
Total - All languages spoken at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data40 436,765 213,035 223,730
English 374,435 181,980 192,455
French 2,215 1,065 1,145
Non-official language 12,980 6,590 6,390
Indigenous39 15 5 10
Non-Indigenous 12,965 6,585 6,380
English and French 8,600 3,825 4,775
English and non-official language(s) 35,365 18,040 17,320
French and non-official language(s) 150 65 85
English, French and non-official language(s) 1,945 920 1,025
Multiple non-official languages 1,075 550 525
Language spoken most often at home
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data41 436,765 213,035 223,730
Single responses 426,620 207,940 218,680
Official languages 398,650 193,625 205,025
English 395,260 192,025 203,235
French 3,385 1,595 1,790
Non-official languages 27,970 14,320 13,655
Indigenous languages39 20 5 15
Algonquian languages 20 10 10
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 0 0 0
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0 0 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 20 10 10
Mi'kmaq 20 10 10
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 0 0 0
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 27,950 14,305 13,640
Afro-Asiatic languages 5,070 2,595 2,475
Berber languages 5 5 5
Kabyle 5 5 5
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 0 0 0
Hausa 0 0 0
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 185 95 95
Bilen 0 0 0
Oromo 45 25 20
Somali 145 70 70
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 4,870 2,495 2,380
Amharic 100 50 45
Arabic 4,455 2,280 2,175
Aramaic languages 10 5 5
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 10 5 5
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 135 70 65
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 170 85 90
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 530 260 270
Khmer (Cambodian) 5 5 0
Vietnamese 520 255 270
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 1,515 735 775
Bikol 0 0 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 30 10 15
Cebuano 90 50 45
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 35 15 20
Ilocano 20 5 10
Indonesian 10 5 5
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 5 5 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,295 630 665
Waray-Waray 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 25 15 15
Creole languages 40 15 20
Haitian Creole 0 0 0
Jamaican English Creole 5 5 5
Krio 5 0 0
Morisyen 15 5 5
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 15 5 5
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0
Dravidian languages 1,700 950 750
Kannada 30 15 20
Malayalam 905 510 400
Tamil 345 185 165
Telugu 405 240 170
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 11,005 5,775 5,235
Albanian 135 65 70
Armenian 10 5 5
Balto-Slavic languages 1,530 730 800
Baltic languages 5 0 5
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 5 0 0
Slavic languages 1,520 725 800
Belarusian 5 0 5
Bulgarian 15 10 10
Czech 35 20 20
Macedonian 5 5 5
Polish 175 80 95
Russian 960 460 500
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 225 105 115
Bosnian 50 20 30
Croatian 65 30 40
Serbian 95 50 45
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 15 5 10
Slovak 15 10 5
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0
Ukrainian 90 45 45
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 10 5 5
Irish 0 5 0
Scottish Gaelic 5 5 0
Welsh 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 405 200 210
Frisian 0 0 0
High German languages 210 100 110
German 200 95 105
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 10 10 5
Yiddish 0 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 145 70 70
Afrikaans 90 45 45
Dutch 55 25 30
Low German, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 0 0 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0
Scandinavian languages 55 25 30
Danish 15 10 10
Icelandic 15 10 10
Norwegian 5 5 5
Swedish 15 5 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Greek 240 105 135
Indo-Iranian languages 6,800 3,740 3,060
Indo-Aryan languages 5,665 3,175 2,490
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 525 270 255
Gujarati 610 365 245
Hindi 1,045 595 445
Kacchi 5 5 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 5 0 0
Marathi 80 45 45
Nepali 310 150 160
Oriya languages 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 2,445 1,425 1,025
Rohingya 5 0 5
Sindhi 10 5 5
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 100 45 55
Urdu 510 265 250
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iranian languages 1,135 565 570
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 155 80 75
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 50 25 25
Persian languages 930 460 475
Dari 130 65 65
Iranian Persian 735 365 370
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 65 30 35
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 1,885 925 955
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 135 65 65
Portuguese 675 335 345
Romanian 110 55 55
Spanish 960 465 490
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 90 35 55
Korean 1,600 710 895
Mongolian 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 345 160 185
Akan (Twi) 15 5 5
Bamanankan 5 5 5
Edo 5 5 5
Éwé 10 5 5
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0
Ganda 15 5 10
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 40 20 20
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 35 15 20
Lingala 0 0 0
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Shona 5 5 5
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0
Swahili 90 40 50
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 5 5 0
Yoruba 90 45 45
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10
Nilo-Saharan languages 75 35 40
Dinka 20 10 10
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 55 25 25
African, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Sign languages 205 110 90
American Sign Language 175 95 80
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10
Sino-Tibetan languages 5,435 2,760 2,675
Chinese languages 5,435 2,760 2,675
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 4,670 2,380 2,295
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 30 15 10
Wu (Shanghainese) 30 10 20
Yue (Cantonese) 580 275 305
Chinese, n.o.s. 120 75 45
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0
Burmese 0 0 0
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 50 25 25
Lao 0 0 0
Thai 50 25 25
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 225 115 110
Azerbaijani 5 5 5
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 155 80 80
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 45 20 25
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Uralic languages 60 25 30
Estonian 5 0 5
Finnish 5 0 0
Hungarian 50 25 25
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Multiple responses 10,150 5,095 5,050
English and French 1,405 645 755
English and non-official language(s) 8,355 4,270 4,090
French and non-official language(s) 80 30 45
English, French and non-official language(s) 170 95 80
Multiple non-official languages 135 60 75
Other language spoken regularly at home
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data42 436,765 213,035 223,730
None 397,870 193,765 204,100
English 12,860 6,530 6,330
French 6,570 2,895 3,675
Non-official language 14,345 7,195 7,150
Indigenous39 85 30 50
Non-Indigenous 14,265 7,165 7,095
English and French 275 120 150
English and non-official language(s) 1,960 1,050 910
French and non-official language(s) 965 455 510
English, French and non-official language(s) 60 30 30
Multiple non-official languages 1,865 990 875
Knowledge of languagesThe letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice.
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample data43 435,540 212,370 223,170
Official languages 433,015 211,145 221,865
English 432,670 211,020 221,650
French 53,725 23,280 30,435
Non-official languages 66,460 33,695 32,765
Indigenous languages39 270 105 165
Algonquian languages 215 90 125
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 25 0 20
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 25 0 20
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0 0 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 15 0 15
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 170 70 100
Mi'kmaq 170 70 100
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 25 15 15
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 25 15 15
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 20 10 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 30 15 15
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 30 15 15
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 10 0 10
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 10 0 10
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 66,230 33,595 32,630
Afro-Asiatic languages 11,865 6,450 5,415
Berber languages 35 20 10
Kabyle 10 10 0
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 25 10 15
Hausa 25 10 15
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 310 180 135
Bilen 0 0 0
Oromo 120 65 50
Somali 195 110 85
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 11,575 6,290 5,285
Amharic 220 125 95
Arabic 10,560 5,780 4,780
Aramaic languages 80 45 35
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 45 25 20
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 35 25 10
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 715 350 370
Maltese 10 10 0
Tigrigna 150 75 75
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,030 545 480
Khmer (Cambodian) 20 20 0
Vietnamese 1,010 535 470
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 4,115 1,780 2,335
Bikol 10 10 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 155 65 90
Cebuano 265 125 135
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 40 20 25
Ilocano 170 50 125
Indonesian 115 35 80
Kankanaey 30 10 20
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 10 0 10
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 10 0 10
Malay 60 15 40
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 35 20 15
Pangasinan 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 3,840 1,680 2,155
Waray-Waray 30 10 20
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 160 55 105
Creole languages 440 175 265
Haitian Creole 35 10 25
Jamaican English Creole 55 25 30
Krio 15 10 10
Morisyen 100 35 65
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 100 35 65
Creole languages, n.i.e. 140 60 80
Dravidian languages 3,635 2,065 1,570
Kannada 330 175 155
Malayalam 1,580 885 695
Tamil 1,240 690 545
Telugu 1,090 645 445
Tulu 10 10 10
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 31,875 16,410 15,465
Albanian 470 230 245
Armenian 45 30 15
Balto-Slavic languages 4,300 2,135 2,165
Baltic languages 90 35 55
Latvian 45 25 20
Lithuanian 50 15 35
Slavic languages 4,225 2,115 2,115
Belarusian 25 15 10
Bulgarian 95 50 45
Czech 170 100 70
Macedonian 40 30 10
Polish 765 375 390
Russian 2,295 1,175 1,115
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 765 375 395
Bosnian 235 110 125
Croatian 350 140 215
Serbian 340 185 160
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 30 15 15
Slovak 115 50 65
Slovene (Slovenian) 30 15 20
Ukrainian 425 205 215
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 340 165 180
Irish 130 60 75
Scottish Gaelic 145 60 85
Welsh 50 30 20
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 25 20 0
Germanic languages 4,320 2,075 2,240
Frisian 20 15 10
High German languages 3,030 1,480 1,545
German 2,995 1,480 1,520
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 55 10 45
Yiddish 20 10 15
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 1,035 510 525
Afrikaans 275 150 125
Dutch 745 355 395
Low German, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 10 10 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 15 0 10
Scandinavian languages 450 210 240
Danish 150 80 70
Icelandic 40 20 20
Norwegian 160 90 70
Swedish 115 25 90
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 20 15 10
Greek 950 460 495
Indo-Iranian languages 13,985 7,840 6,145
Indo-Aryan languages 12,175 6,875 5,300
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 1,120 610 505
Gujarati 1,245 790 455
Hindi 7,965 4,515 3,450
Kacchi 10 10 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 65 30 35
Marathi 375 185 185
Nepali 415 220 195
Oriya languages 35 25 20
Odia 20 20 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 15 0 10
Punjabi (Panjabi) 4,965 2,815 2,145
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 75 45 30
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 320 160 160
Urdu 1,520 840 680
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 70 55 15
Iranian languages 1,955 1,045 910
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 355 175 180
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 155 95 65
Persian languages 1,460 780 675
Dari 150 85 70
Iranian Persian 1,190 640 550
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 135 65 70
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 35 15 15
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 25 20 0
Italic (Romance) languages 8,565 4,020 4,540
Catalan 25 10 10
Italian 1,465 700 765
Portuguese 1,435 735 700
Romanian 280 120 165
Spanish 5,970 2,745 3,220
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 50 35 15
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20
Japanese 1,015 460 550
Korean 2,365 980 1,385
Mongolian 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 2,795 1,405 1,390
Akan (Twi) 160 85 80
Bamanankan 25 10 25
Edo 30 10 20
Éwé 65 35 30
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 30 20 10
Ga 45 35 10
Ganda 90 50 45
Gikuyu 15 0 0
Igbo 415 175 240
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 115 60 55
Lingala 100 60 40
Luba-Kasai 25 15 10
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 15 0 10
Rundi (Kirundi) 45 35 10
Shona 125 55 70
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 20 15 0
Swahili 635 360 280
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 60 35 25
Yoruba 965 475 490
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 405 230 170
Nilo-Saharan languages 370 210 155
Dinka 110 40 75
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 255 175 85
African, n.o.s. 25 20 15
Sign languages 975 340 635
American Sign Language 870 290 580
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 120 50 65
Sino-Tibetan languages 8,520 4,285 4,235
Chinese languages 8,455 4,245 4,210
Hakka 35 15 25
Mandarin 7,410 3,735 3,670
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 115 60 55
Wu (Shanghainese) 55 25 25
Yue (Cantonese) 1,490 655 840
Chinese, n.o.s. 200 115 85
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 20 0 15
Tibeto-Burman languages 60 40 20
Burmese 0 0 0
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 10 10 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 45 30 15
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 135 65 70
Lao 15 10 10
Thai 120 60 60
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 875 515 355
Azerbaijani 45 25 15
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 625 360 265
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 140 80 60
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 70 50 20
Uralic languages 310 130 180
Estonian 25 15 10
Finnish 65 30 35
Hungarian 220 85 135
Other languages, n.i.e. 230 110 120
Indigenous population
Total - Indigenous identity for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 435,545 212,375 223,170
Indigenous identity45 16,690 7,890 8,790
Single Indigenous responses46 15,740 7,425 8,310
First Nations (North American Indian) 8,450 4,065 4,385
Métis 6,785 3,145 3,635
Inuk (Inuit) 505 220 295
Multiple Indigenous responses47 490 235 250
Indigenous responses not included elsewhere48 460 230 230
Non-Indigenous identity 418,855 204,480 214,375
Total - Registered or Treaty Indian status for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 435,545 212,375 223,170
Registered or Treaty Indian49 3,730 1,830 1,900
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 431,810 210,540 221,270
Household characteristics
Total - Private households by tenure - 25% sample data50 190,650 ... ...
Owner 109,555 ... ...
Renter 81,070 ... ...
Dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band 30 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by condominium status - 25% sample data51 190,650 ... ...
Condominium 12,475 ... ...
Not condominium 178,180 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of bedrooms - 25% sample data52 190,650 ... ...
No bedrooms 1,470 ... ...
1 bedroom 29,565 ... ...
2 bedrooms 52,065 ... ...
3 bedrooms 65,045 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 42,500 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of rooms - 25% sample data53 190,650 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 58,595 ... ...
5 rooms 27,400 ... ...
6 rooms 25,620 ... ...
7 rooms 23,305 ... ...
8 or more rooms 55,730 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 6.2 ... ...
Total - Private households by number of persons per room - 25% sample data54 190,650 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 187,715 ... ...
More than one person per room 2,935 ... ...
Total - Private households by housing suitability - 25% sample data55 190,650 ... ...
Suitable 182,030 ... ...
Not suitable 8,625 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by period of construction - 25% sample data56 190,650 ... ...
1960 or before 34,670 ... ...
1961 to 1980 50,975 ... ...
1981 to 1990 27,725 ... ...
1991 to 2000 26,605 ... ...
2001 to 2005 13,310 ... ...
2006 to 2010 12,315 ... ...
2011 to 2015 11,185 ... ...
2016 to 202157 13,865 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by dwelling condition - 25% sample data58 190,650 ... ...
Only regular maintenance and minor repairs needed 178,530 ... ...
Major repairs needed 12,115 ... ...
Total - Private households by number of household maintainers - 25% sample data59 190,650 ... ...
One-maintainer household 94,850 ... ...
Two-maintainer household 87,695 ... ...
Three-or-more-maintainer household 8,100 ... ...
Total - Private households by age of primary household maintainers - 25% sample data60 190,650 ... ...
15 to 24 years 8,985 ... ...
25 to 34 years 32,620 ... ...
35 to 44 years 32,505 ... ...
45 to 54 years 32,230 ... ...
55 to 64 years 36,610 ... ...
65 to 74 years 28,155 ... ...
75 to 84 years 14,645 ... ...
85 years and over 4,900 ... ...
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratio - 25% sample data61 190,355 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of income on shelter costs 148,795 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs 41,560 ... ...
30% to less than 100% 36,055 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by housing indicators - 25% sample data62 190,650 ... ...
Total - Households 'spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' or 'not suitable' or 'major repairs needed' 56,430 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs only 36,445 ... ...
Not suitable only 6,080 ... ...
Major repairs needed only 8,160 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' 1,785 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'major repairs needed' 3,200 ... ...
'Not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 625 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 130 ... ...
Acceptable housing 134,220 ... ...
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero and shelter-cost-to-income ratio less than 100%, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data63 184,855 ... ...
In core need 22,540 ... ...
Not in core need 162,315 ... ...
Total - Owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 109,505 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgage64 63.6 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 10.8 ... ...
% in core housing need63 5.0 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 1,290 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 1,386 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)66 348,000 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)66 403,600 ... ...
Total - Tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 80,960 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housing67 7.8 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 36.7 ... ...
% in core housing need63 22.4 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 1,170 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 1,251 ... ...
Total - Households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band in non-farm private dwellings - 25% sample data 30 ... ...
% of households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band spending more than 30% on shelter costs61 0.0 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 0 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 180 ... ...
Indigenous ancestry
Total - Indigenous ancestry for the population in private households - 25% sample data68 435,545 212,375 223,170
Indigenous ancestry (only)69 4,965 2,335 2,635
Single Indigenous ancestry (only)70 4,815 2,265 2,550
First Nations (North American Indian) single ancestry 3,585 1,720 1,860
Métis single ancestry 1,040 470 570
Inuit single ancestry 195 80 115
Multiple Indigenous ancestries (only)71 155 70 90
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis ancestry only 110 40 70
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit ancestry only 35 20 15
Métis and Inuit ancestry only 10 0 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries72 18,900 8,775 10,130
Single Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries73 18,515 8,600 9,915
First Nations (North American Indian) and non-Indigenous ancestry only 13,155 6,145 7,010
Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 4,815 2,185 2,630
Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 550 270 275
Multiple Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries74 385 175 215
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 320 145 170
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 55 15 35
Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 15 10 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous ancestry only75 411,670 201,260 210,405
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample data76 435,545 212,375 223,170
Canadian citizens77 395,920 191,560 204,365
Canadian citizens aged under 18 71,525 36,735 34,790
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 324,395 154,825 169,570
Not Canadian citizens78 39,625 20,815 18,805
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample data79 435,545 212,375 223,170
Non-immigrants80 367,975 177,750 190,230
Immigrants81 50,600 25,220 25,375
Before 1980 8,425 4,040 4,380
1980 to 1990 3,455 1,700 1,765
1991 to 2000 4,785 2,345 2,445
2001 to 2010 9,100 4,590 4,510
2011 to 202182 24,820 12,545 12,280
2011 to 2015 6,865 3,375 3,490
2016 to 2021 17,960 9,165 8,785
Non-permanent residents83 16,970 9,400 7,565
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data84 50,595 25,220 25,375
Under 5 years 5,715 2,890 2,820
5 to 14 years 9,280 4,890 4,390
15 to 24 years 7,260 3,545 3,710
25 to 44 years 24,565 11,850 12,720
45 years and over 3,780 2,045 1,735
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data85 50,595 25,220 25,375
Americas 6,780 3,280 3,500
Brazil 365 175 185
Colombia 195 105 85
El Salvador 60 30 30
Guyana 180 80 105
Haiti 30 0 30
Jamaica 570 260 310
Mexico 245 135 110
Peru 80 45 40
Trinidad and Tobago 210 120 95
United States of America 3,550 1,630 1,915
Other places of birth in Americas 1,290 685 605
Europe 13,140 6,495 6,645
Bosnia and Herzegovina 230 115 120
Croatia 175 70 105
France 250 140 115
Germany 910 470 435
Greece 275 125 155
Hungary 120 50 65
Italy 375 190 180
Netherlands 435 210 225
Poland 560 255 300
Portugal 175 100 75
Romania 255 105 150
Russian Federation 620 300 315
Serbia86 130 55 80
Ukraine 520 285 230
United Kingdom87 6,350 3,170 3,180
Other places of birth in Europe 1,765 835 930
Africa 5,745 3,100 2,650
Algeria 65 45 15
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 255 145 110
Egypt 895 480 420
Eritrea 120 85 35
Ethiopia 245 140 105
Morocco 115 45 70
Nigeria 1,625 830 800
Somalia 130 80 50
South Africa, Republic of 425 225 200
Other places of birth in Africa 1,870 1,030 840
Asia 24,555 12,130 12,425
Afghanistan 125 65 55
Iran88 980 495 485
Iraq 405 210 200
Lebanon 1,335 745 590
Syria89 2,080 1,100 985
Turkey 295 165 135
China90 3,740 1,740 2,005
Hong Kong91 295 125 175
Korea, South92 1,015 445 570
Taiwan 155 70 85
Philippines 3,420 1,485 1,935
Viet Nam 615 290 320
Bangladesh 510 255 250
India 4,790 2,505 2,280
Pakistan 780 410 370
Sri Lanka 350 180 175
Other places of birth in Asia 3,650 1,835 1,815
Oceania and other places of birth93 375 220 150
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data94 17,955 9,170 8,790
Americas 1,535 820 715
Brazil 225 115 110
Colombia 30 15 10
Haiti 0 0 0
Jamaica 245 105 140
Mexico 50 35 10
United States of America 550 295 250
Venezuela95 25 15 10
Other places of birth in Americas 410 230 185
Europe 1,560 865 700
France 65 40 25
Germany 65 40 25
Ireland96 60 35 20
Italy 30 15 15
Russian Federation 165 85 85
Ukraine 220 125 100
United Kingdom87 530 320 205
Other places of birth in Europe 425 205 225
Africa 3,195 1,710 1,490
Algeria 0 0 0
Burundi 20 15 0
Cameroon 0 0 0
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 160 85 75
Côte d'Ivoire 40 15 25
Egypt 350 195 155
Eritrea 50 45 0
Ethiopia 95 55 40
Morocco 45 25 25
Nigeria 1,405 685 720
Somalia 95 65 30
South Africa, Republic of 170 80 90
Sudan97 155 110 50
Tunisia 20 10 10
Other places of birth in Africa 565 315 255
Asia 11,590 5,725 5,865
Afghanistan 30 20 10
Bangladesh 340 175 165
China90 1,910 915 995
Hong Kong91 35 25 10
India 3,235 1,660 1,570
Iran88 205 95 110
Iraq 90 25 65
Israel 170 75 95
Japan 30 0 25
Jordan 150 70 75
Korea, South92 480 190 295
Lebanon 135 70 65
Nepal 60 30 30
Pakistan 330 190 140
Philippines 1,555 700 850
Saudi Arabia 215 125 90
Sri Lanka 60 20 35
Syria89 1,830 970 860
Turkey 105 50 55
United Arab Emirates 105 40 65
Viet Nam 195 95 95
Other places of birth in Asia 335 170 170
Oceania and other93 75 50 20
Australia 50 35 15
Other places of birth98 25 20 0
Generation status
Total - Generation status for the population in private households - 25% sample data99 435,540 212,375 223,170
First generation100 72,520 36,955 35,565
Second generation101 43,225 21,545 21,685
Third generation or more102 319,795 153,870 165,925
Admission category and applicant type
Total - Admission category and applicant type for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data103 42,175 21,180 20,995
Economic immigrants104 27,330 14,065 13,275
Principal applicants105 11,320 6,830 4,490
Secondary applicants106 16,015 7,230 8,785
Immigrants sponsored by family107 8,370 3,670 4,705
Refugees108 6,150 3,300 2,850
Other immigrants109 320 145 170
Pre-admission experience
Total - Pre-admission experience for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data110 42,175 21,180 20,995
Asylum claim before admission111 835 515 320
Work permits only before admission112 5,700 2,930 2,765
Study permits only before admission113 1,745 935 810
Work and study permits before admission114 4,220 2,290 1,930
Other permits before admission115 305 95 205
No pre-admission experience116 29,375 14,405 14,965
Visible minority
Total - Visible minority for the population in private households - 25% sample data117 435,540 212,375 223,170
Total visible minority population118 72,950 37,415 35,535
South Asian 16,765 9,430 7,330
Chinese 9,760 4,775 4,980
Black 20,570 10,140 10,430
Filipino 4,485 2,010 2,470
Arab 9,455 5,185 4,265
Latin American 2,255 1,150 1,110
Southeast Asian 1,860 920 945
West Asian 1,705 920 785
Korean 2,385 1,015 1,370
Japanese 760 310 455
Visible minority, n.i.e.119 775 395 375
Multiple visible minorities 2,190 1,165 1,025
Not a visible minority120 362,595 174,960 187,630
Ethnic or cultural origin
Total - Ethnic or cultural origin for the population in private households - 25% sample data121 435,540 212,370 223,170
Canadian 59,575 29,050 30,530
English 99,845 48,035 51,800
Irish 93,200 43,715 49,490
Scottish 104,265 49,680 54,585
French, n.o.s.122 50,665 23,900 26,765
German 39,285 18,740 20,540
Chinese 9,565 4,680 4,885
Italian 8,565 4,250 4,310
Indian (India) 10,945 6,075 4,865
Ukrainian 5,440 2,635 2,800
Dutch 11,480 5,260 6,220
Polish 5,750 2,880 2,870
Québécois 1,115 535 580
British Isles, n.o.s.123 16,630 8,020 8,610
Filipino 4,055 1,835 2,220
French Canadian 3,400 1,595 1,810
Caucasian (White), n.o.s.124 25,330 12,135 13,190
First Nations (North American Indian), n.o.s.125 5,490 2,570 2,930
Métis 6,310 2,860 3,450
European, n.o.s.126 22,645 11,160 11,480
Russian 2,805 1,340 1,465
Norwegian 3,175 1,490 1,685
Welsh 8,975 4,225 4,755
Portuguese 1,960 955 1,000
American 3,495 1,710 1,785
Spanish 2,550 1,220 1,335
Swedish 2,195 955 1,240
Hungarian 1,695 845 855
Acadian 19,600 8,805 10,800
Pakistani 1,055 550 505
African, n.o.s.127 5,755 2,845 2,910
Jewish 2,540 1,255 1,285
Punjabi 1,240 665 575
Vietnamese 1,135 615 515
Arab, n.o.s.128 3,080 1,595 1,485
Greek 2,170 1,110 1,055
Jamaican 1,285 635 645
Asian, n.o.s.129 2,270 1,020 1,250
Cree, n.o.s.130 515 230 280
Korean 2,110 890 1,220
Romanian 795 385 410
Lebanese 4,970 2,525 2,450
Iranian 1,065 560 505
Christian, n.i.e.131 1,190 590 600
Danish 1,800 840 960
North American Indigenous, n.o.s.132 2,725 1,290 1,435
Sikh 785 455 335
Austrian 1,095 520 570
Belgian 1,290 625 660
Haitian 110 45 70
Hindu 1,210 700 505
Mexican 595 320 280
Mennonite 190 115 75
Swiss 1,395 580 810
Finnish 760 340 415
Sri Lankan 415 215 200
Croatian 595 255 335
Japanese 850 360 490
South Asian, n.o.s.133 825 500 330
Mi'kmaq, n.o.s.134 6,160 2,905 3,255
Northern European, n.o.s.135 1,870 885 985
Muslim 695 375 320
Egyptian 1,210 675 535
Latin, Central or South American, n.o.s.136 655 350 300
Tamil 340 170 170
Icelandic 450 185 260
Colombian 390 225 160
Moroccan 230 95 130
Czech 605 285 320
Syrian 1,955 1,075 880
Guyanese 405 210 200
Afghan 215 105 115
Black, n.o.s.137 2,825 1,330 1,495
Serbian 310 170 140
Ojibway 280 130 150
Newfoundlander 3,720 1,760 1,960
Hong Konger 190 90 105
Ontarian 675 365 310
Persian 380 180 200
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 415 235 185
Turkish 590 330 260
Inuit, n.o.s.138 820 395 420
Bangladeshi 680 360 320
Algerian 35 20 15
Brazilian 530 265 260
Nigerian 960 475 485
Armenian 240 140 100
Slovak 375 170 205
Eastern European, n.o.s.139 1,000 500 500
Somali 200 115 85
Taiwanese 240 115 125
Iraqi 270 145 130
Salvadorean 95 60 30
African Caribbean 685 335 350
East or Southeast Asian, n.o.s.140 470 260 210
West or Central Asian or Middle Eastern, n.o.s.141 1,715 910 805
Caribbean, n.o.s.142 355 150 205
Algonquin 130 45 85
West Indian, n.o.s.143 425 195 225
Lithuanian 395 185 210
South African 415 190 225
Australian 350 180 170
Palestinian 740 405 335
Chilean 200 95 100
Congolese 360 170 185
Nova Scotian 9,920 4,685 5,230
Ethiopian 290 150 135
Hispanic, n.o.s.144 210 85 125
Peruvian 135 75 65
Yoruba 850 435 415
Cambodian (Khmer) 60 30 30
Berber 50 35 15
Albanian 475 240 235
Maltese 285 175 120
Macedonian 110 50 60
Slovenian 145 75 65
Western European, n.o.s.145 1,200 585 615
New Brunswicker 810 365 445
Gujarati