Census Profile, 2021 Census of Population
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Topic:
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Age
Age characteristics
Commuting
Select all: Commuting
Commuting destination
Commuting duration
Main mode of commuting
Place of work status
Time leaving for work
Education
Select all: Education
Highest certificate, diploma or degree
Location of study compared with province or territory of residence
Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2021
Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificate
Ethnocultural and religious diversity
Select all: Ethnocultural and religious diversity
Ethnic or cultural origin
Religion
Visible minority
Families, households, and marital status
Select all: Families, households, and marital status
Family characteristics
Household type
Marital status
Housing
Household characteristics
Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
Select all: Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
Admission category and applicant type
Age at immigration
Citizenship
Generation status
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Pre-admission experience
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Income
Select all: Income
Income of economic families in 2020
Income of households in 2020
Income of individuals in 2019
Income of individuals in 2020
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Indigenous peoples
Select all: Indigenous peoples
Indigenous ancestry
Indigenous population
Instruction in the minority official language
Select all: Instruction in the minority official language
Children eligible for instruction in the minority official language
Eligibility and instruction in the minority official language for school-aged children
Labour
Select all: Labour
Class of worker including job permanency
Industry - Sectors - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2017
Labour force status
Occupation - Broad category - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2021
Work activity during the reference year
Language
Select all: Language
All languages spoken at home
First official language spoken
Knowledge of languages
Knowledge of official languages
Language spoken most often at home
Mother tongue
Other language spoken regularly at home
Language of work
Select all: Language of work
All languages used at work
Language used most often at work
Other language(s) used regularly at work
Mobility and migration
Select all: Mobility and migration
Mobility status 1 year ago
Mobility status 5 years ago
Population and dwelling counts
Population and dwellings
Type of dwelling
Household and dwelling characteristics
GenderMore information:


Statistic:
Characteristic Halifax WestMore information:
Nova Scotia
[Federal electoral district (2013 Representation Order)]
Counts
Total Men+ Women+
Population and dwellings
Population, 20211 111,944 ... ...
Population, 20161 96,255 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2016 to 2021 16.3 ... ...
Total private dwellings2 48,506 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residents3 46,789 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 492.5 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 227.31 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups of the population - 100% data 111,945 53,895 58,050
0 to 14 years 18,300 9,470 8,825
0 to 4 years 5,460 2,850 2,610
5 to 9 years 6,345 3,235 3,115
10 to 14 years 6,485 3,385 3,100
15 to 64 years 74,985 36,405 38,580
15 to 19 years 5,960 3,080 2,885
20 to 24 years 7,305 3,745 3,560
25 to 29 years 8,500 4,160 4,340
30 to 34 years 8,320 4,055 4,270
35 to 39 years 8,295 3,985 4,310
40 to 44 years 7,610 3,620 3,990
45 to 49 years 7,560 3,615 3,945
50 to 54 years 7,155 3,380 3,775
55 to 59 years 7,615 3,615 3,995
60 to 64 years 6,665 3,155 3,510
65 years and over 18,660 8,015 10,645
65 to 69 years 5,580 2,460 3,120
70 to 74 years 5,100 2,225 2,870
75 to 79 years 3,625 1,605 2,020
80 to 84 years 2,240 960 1,280
85 years and over 2,125 770 1,355
85 to 89 years 1,385 565 825
90 to 94 years 575 170 405
95 to 99 years 140 30 110
100 years and over 25 5 20
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.3 17.6 15.2
15 to 64 years 67.0 67.5 66.5
65 years and over 16.7 14.9 18.3
85 years and over 1.9 1.4 2.3
Average age of the population 40.5 39.2 41.8
Median age of the population 39.6 38.0 41.2
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% data 46,785 ... ...
Single-detached house 17,380 ... ...
Semi-detached house 2,795 ... ...
Row house 2,150 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 920 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 12,325 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 10,490 ... ...
Other single-attached house 10 ... ...
Movable dwelling4 715 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% data 46,790 ... ...
1 person 13,010 ... ...
2 persons 17,090 ... ...
3 persons 7,410 ... ...
4 persons 6,275 ... ...
5 or more persons 3,005 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 110,935 53,495 57,440
Average household size 2.4 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the total population aged 15 years and over - 100% data 93,650 44,420 49,225
Married or living common-law 54,445 27,055 27,385
Married 44,235 21,970 22,265
Living common-law 10,210 5,085 5,120
Living common law - Never married 7,590 3,760 3,825
Living common law - Separated 455 230 220
Living common law - Divorced 1,955 1,005 950
Living common law - Widowed 210 95 120
Not married and not living common-law 39,205 17,365 21,840
Not married and not living common law - Never married 26,710 13,705 13,005
Not married and not living common law - Separated 2,470 995 1,475
Not married and not living common law - Divorced 5,520 1,780 3,740
Not married and not living common law - Widowed 4,500 885 3,620
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% data5 31,430 ... ...
2 persons 16,515 ... ...
3 persons 6,755 ... ...
4 persons 5,940 ... ...
5 or more persons 2,225 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.8 ... ...
Average number of children in census families with children6 1.7 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% data 31,435 ... ...
Total couple families 26,620 ... ...
Married couples 21,515 ... ...
With children6 11,730 ... ...
Without children 9,785 ... ...
Common-law couples 5,105 ... ...
With children6 1,460 ... ...
Without children 3,645 ... ...
Total one-parent families 4,810 ... ...
in which the parent is a woman+ 3,915 ... ...
in which the parent is a man+ 895 ... ...
Total - Persons in private households - 100% data 110,935 53,495 57,440
Total - Persons in census families 88,975 43,830 45,150
Married spouses or common-law partners 53,240 26,555 26,690
Parents in one-parent families 4,815 900 3,910
Children6 30,925 16,375 14,550
In a two-parent family 23,830 12,580 11,250
In a one-parent family 7,090 3,790 3,300
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 21,960 9,670 12,290
Living alone 13,010 5,070 7,940
Living with other relatives7 2,440 1,000 1,435
Living with non-relatives only 6,515 3,605 2,915
Household type
Total - Household type - 100% data 46,785 ... ...
One-census-family households without additional persons 28,475 ... ...
Couple-family households 24,565 ... ...
With children6 12,255 ... ...
Without children 12,315 ... ...
One-parent-family households 3,905 ... ...
Multigenerational households8 920 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households9 180 ... ...
One-census-family households with additional persons9 1,245 ... ...
Two-or-more-person non-census-family households 2,960 ... ...
One-person households 13,005 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2020
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data10 92,665 44,035 48,625
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 88,960 42,290 46,670
Median total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 43,200 48,400 39,200
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 89,045 42,335 46,705
Median after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 37,600 41,600 35,200
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 81,435 39,365 42,070
Median market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 38,400 45,200 32,800
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 66,390 33,200 33,195
Median employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 39,200 44,800 35,200
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 67,795 29,065 38,730
Median government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 9,300 9,000 9,800
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 8,360 3,865 4,490
Median employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 5,480 5,480 5,480
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 23,240 11,235 12,010
Median COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 8,000 8,000 8,000
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data11 92,605 44,040 48,570
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 88,905 42,220 46,685
Average total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 54,600 62,250 47,720
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 89,010 42,280 46,730
Average after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 43,840 48,800 39,360
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 81,520 39,315 42,205
Average market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 50,760 59,350 42,760
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 66,305 33,180 33,120
Average employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 50,200 57,350 43,040
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 67,500 28,835 38,665
Average government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 10,620 10,220 10,930
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 8,655 3,940 4,710
Average employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 6,460 5,935 6,900
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 23,140 11,265 11,880
Average COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 9,110 9,240 8,980
Total - Employment income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data12 92,610 44,040 48,570
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 34,510 18,280 16,225
Median employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 64,000 70,500 58,000
Average employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 74,400 82,100 65,600
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 24,255 11,105 13,150
Median employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 16,400 18,400 15,100
Average employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 26,120 29,560 23,240
Composition of total income in 2020 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data17 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)18 85.2 88.8 81.0
Employment income (%)19 68.6 72.4 64.0
Government transfers (%)20 14.8 11.2 19.0
Employment insurance benefits (%) 1.2 0.9 1.5
COVID-19 - Government income support and benefits (%) 4.9 4.3 5.6
COVID-19 - Emergency and recovery benefits (%) 4.3 4.0 4.8
Total - Total income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data21 92,660 44,035 48,630
Without total income 3,700 1,745 1,960
With total income 88,960 42,295 46,670
Under $10,000 (including loss) 7,565 3,360 4,205
$10,000 to $19,999 9,645 3,925 5,720
$20,000 to $29,999 12,525 5,250 7,270
$30,000 to $39,999 11,435 4,930 6,505
$40,000 to $49,999 10,260 4,270 5,985
$50,000 to $59,999 8,230 3,755 4,475
$60,000 to $69,999 6,470 3,285 3,190
$70,000 to $79,999 5,135 2,790 2,345
$80,000 to $89,999 4,525 2,410 2,110
$90,000 to $99,999 3,455 1,870 1,585
$100,000 and over 9,720 6,445 3,270
$100,000 to $149,999 6,565 4,150 2,410
$150,000 and over 3,155 2,295 855
Total - After-tax income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data22 92,660 44,035 48,630
Without after-tax income 3,625 1,700 1,925
With after-tax income 89,040 42,340 46,705
Under $10,000 (including loss) 8,175 3,515 4,655
$10,000 to $19,999 10,195 4,190 6,005
$20,000 to $29,999 15,020 6,525 8,495
$30,000 to $39,999 14,330 6,085 8,240
$40,000 to $49,999 11,880 5,270 6,610
$50,000 to $59,999 8,970 4,565 4,405
$60,000 to $69,999 6,825 3,725 3,095
$70,000 to $79,999 4,665 2,475 2,195
$80,000 to $89,999 2,920 1,770 1,145
$90,000 to $99,999 1,775 1,150 620
$100,000 and over 4,295 3,060 1,235
$100,000 to $124,999 2,160 1,485 680
$125,000 and over 2,130 1,580 555
Total - Employment income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data19 92,660 44,035 48,630
Without employment income 26,275 10,840 15,435
With employment income 66,390 33,195 33,190
Under $5,000 (including loss) 8,620 3,980 4,645
$5,000 to $9,999 5,370 2,390 2,980
$10,000 to $19,999 7,415 3,320 4,100
$20,000 to $29,999 6,160 2,900 3,260
$30,000 to $39,999 6,000 2,725 3,270
$40,000 to $49,999 6,050 2,630 3,425
$50,000 to $59,999 5,150 2,530 2,620
$60,000 to $69,999 4,210 2,225 1,980
$70,000 to $79,999 3,740 2,075 1,660
$80,000 to $89,999 3,530 1,865 1,660
$90,000 to $99,999 2,750 1,505 1,245
$100,000 and over 7,390 5,050 2,345
$100,000 to $124,999 3,540 2,235 1,305
$125,000 and over 3,850 2,810 1,035
Income of individuals in 2019
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data23 92,665 44,035 48,625
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 86,505 40,935 45,575
Median total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 40,800 46,800 36,400
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 86,590 40,940 45,650
Median after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 35,600 40,400 32,400
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 79,975 38,585 41,390
Median market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 38,000 44,800 32,800
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 65,930 32,880 33,050
Median employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 38,400 44,000 34,000
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 57,975 23,740 34,245
Median government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 5,120 2,900 6,120
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 -100% data 6,150 2,750 3,395
Median employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 6,000 5,440 6,500
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data24 92,605 44,040 48,570
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 86,310 40,800 45,510
Average total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 52,650 61,550 44,680
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 86,365 40,810 45,555
Average after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 42,000 47,720 36,840
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 79,985 38,435 41,550
Average market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 51,250 60,950 42,280
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 65,710 32,800 32,905
Average employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 50,240 58,400 42,120
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 57,805 23,500 34,300
Average government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 7,700 7,150 8,080
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 6,390 2,795 3,590
Average employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 7,410 6,800 7,890
Total - Employment income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data25 92,610 44,040 48,570
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 34,200 18,105 16,090
Median employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 59,600 67,000 53,200
Average employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 70,600 79,700 60,350
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 22,500 10,320 12,185
Median employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 21,000 23,000 19,400
Average employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 31,520 36,240 27,560
Composition of total income in 2019 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%) 90.2 93.4 86.4
Employment income (%) 72.6 76.4 68.2
Government transfers (%) 9.8 6.7 13.6
Employment insurance benefits (%) 1.0 0.8 1.4
Income of households in 2020
Total - Income statistics for private households - 100% data26 46,790 ... ...
Median total income of household in 2020 ($) 84,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 71,500 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 100% data 13,005 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 46,400 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 39,600 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 100% data 33,780 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 103,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 87,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for private households - 25% sample data27 46,790 ... ...
Average total income of household in 2020 ($) 103,800 ... ...
Average after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 83,400 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 25% sample data 13,055 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 55,350 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 44,800 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 25% sample data 33,730 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 122,500 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 98,300 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data21 46,790 ... ...
Under $5,000 645 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 275 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 560 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 630 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,390 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,260 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,455 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,630 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,830 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,905 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,580 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,575 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 3,355 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 3,150 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,830 ... ...
$100,000 and over 18,720 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 5,430 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 4,010 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 4,930 ... ...
$200,000 and over 4,350 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data22 46,790 ... ...
Under $5,000 740 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 300 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 580 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 675 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,525 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,610 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,905 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,160 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,280 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,235 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,395 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 4,350 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 3,960 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 3,345 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,855 ... ...
$100,000 and over 13,885 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 5,400 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,575 ... ...
$150,000 and over 4,910 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2020
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 100% data28 31,430 ... ...
Median total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 104,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 88,000 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.9 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 100% data 12,625 ... ...
Median total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 95,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 80,000 ... ...
Average family size of couple-only economic families 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 100% data 13,275 ... ...
Median total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 136,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 112,000 ... ...
Average family size of couple-with-children economic families 3.9 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 4,545 ... ...
Median total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 69,500 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 62,000 ... ...
Average family size of one-parent economic families 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% data29 19,525 8,670 10,855
Median total income in 2020 ($)30 41,200 41,600 40,800
Median after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 36,400 36,400 36,400
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 25% sample data31 31,295 ... ...
Average total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 124,300 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 99,300 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 25% sample data 12,510 ... ...
Average total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 112,500 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 90,500 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 25% sample data 13,355 ... ...
Average total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 152,400 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 119,500 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 4,480 ... ...
Average total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 76,300 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 65,300 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample data32 19,640 8,655 10,980
Average total income in 2020 ($)30 49,120 50,560 48,000
Average after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 40,440 41,080 39,960
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Total - LIM low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households - 100% data33 110,940 53,500 57,440
0 to 17 years 21,925 11,330 10,590
0 to 5 years 6,695 3,480 3,215
18 to 64 years 71,110 34,415 36,695
65 years and over 17,900 7,745 10,160
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 13,320 6,185 7,135
0 to 17 years 3,605 1,905 1,695
0 to 5 years 1,200 640 560
18 to 64 years 7,705 3,590 4,115
65 years and over 2,010 690 1,325
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 12.0 11.6 12.4
0 to 17 years (%) 16.4 16.8 16.0
0 to 5 years (%) 17.9 18.3 17.4
18 to 64 years (%) 10.8 10.4 11.2
65 years and over (%) 11.2 8.9 13.0
Total - LICO low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households to whom the low-income concept is applicable - 100% data33 110,925 53,490 57,435
0 to 17 years 21,920 11,330 10,585
0 to 5 years 6,695 3,480 3,215
18 to 64 years 71,100 34,410 36,695
65 years and over 17,900 7,745 10,155
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 6,195 3,045 3,145
0 to 17 years 1,460 770 690
0 to 5 years 435 240 195
18 to 64 years 4,385 2,145 2,245
65 years and over 345 130 215
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 5.6 5.7 5.5
0 to 17 years (%) 6.7 6.8 6.5
0 to 5 years (%) 6.5 7.0 6.0
18 to 64 years (%) 6.2 6.2 6.1
65 years and over (%) 1.9 1.7 2.1
Total - Adjusted after-tax economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% data34The letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice. 110,940 53,495 57,440
In bottom half of the distribution 57,370 26,920 30,455
In bottom decile 12,480 5,915 6,565
In second decile 11,255 5,180 6,080
In third decile 11,180 5,115 6,060
In fourth decile 10,995 5,180 5,820
In fifth decile 11,465 5,535 5,935
In top half of the distribution 53,565 26,575 26,990
In sixth decile 11,000 5,345 5,655
In seventh decile 11,185 5,500 5,685
In eighth decile 11,245 5,560 5,690
In ninth decile 10,465 5,255 5,210
In top decile 9,665 4,920 4,750
Total - Inequality measures for the population in private households - 100% data35 110,935 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household total income 0.334 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household market income 0.425 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household after-tax income 0.289 ... ...
P90/P10 ratio on adjusted household after-tax income 3.8 ... ...
Knowledge of official languages
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data36 111,310 53,675 57,635
English only 95,900 46,865 49,035
French only 80 35 40
English and French 13,990 6,165 7,825
Neither English nor French 1,335 605 735
First official language spoken
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data37 111,310 53,675 57,635
English 106,920 51,650 55,270
French 2,455 1,135 1,320
English and French 655 310 345
Neither English nor French 1,280 580 700
Mother tongue
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data38 111,310 53,675 57,635
Single responses 107,110 51,630 55,480
Official languages 87,175 41,660 45,510
English 84,780 40,550 44,225
French 2,395 1,110 1,280
Non-official languages 19,940 9,970 9,970
Indigenous languages39 20 10 10
Algonquian languages 20 10 10
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 5 5 5
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 0 0 0
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0 0 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 15 10 10
Mi'kmaq 15 10 10
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 0 0 0
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 19,920 9,960 9,955
Afro-Asiatic languages 4,565 2,385 2,180
Berber languages 10 5 5
Kabyle 5 0 0
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 0 0 0
Hausa 0 0 0
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 80 40 40
Bilen 0 0 0
Oromo 25 15 15
Somali 55 25 25
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 4,470 2,340 2,135
Amharic 70 30 40
Arabic 4,115 2,160 1,950
Aramaic languages 5 0 5
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 125 60 65
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 155 75 80
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 295 145 155
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 290 140 150
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 5 0
Austronesian languages 990 435 565
Bikol 5 0 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 10 5 5
Cebuano 70 30 40
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 10 5 5
Ilocano 20 5 15
Indonesian 15 5 10
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 5 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 845 370 470
Waray-Waray 5 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10
Creole languages 25 15 15
Haitian Creole 0 0 0
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 10 5 0
Morisyen 5 0 0
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 10 5 5
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5
Dravidian languages 975 495 475
Kannada 20 10 15
Malayalam 475 255 220
Tamil 190 95 100
Telugu 280 140 135
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 7,695 3,905 3,790
Albanian 205 105 100
Armenian 10 5 5
Balto-Slavic languages 1,435 690 745
Baltic languages 10 0 10
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 10 0 10
Slavic languages 1,430 690 740
Belarusian 5 5 0
Bulgarian 15 5 5
Czech 20 5 10
Macedonian 10 5 5
Polish 230 105 120
Russian 820 395 425
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 215 115 105
Bosnian 55 30 25
Croatian 65 35 35
Serbian 90 45 40
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 5 0 5
Slovak 25 10 15
Slovene (Slovenian) 5 5 0
Ukrainian 80 35 45
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 10 0 5
Irish 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0
Welsh 5 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 460 230 235
Frisian 0 0 0
High German languages 245 115 130
German 240 115 125
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 5 5 5
Yiddish 0 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 170 90 80
Afrikaans 65 35 35
Dutch 100 55 50
Low German, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 0 0 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 5 0
Scandinavian languages 45 25 20
Danish 25 15 5
Icelandic 5 0 5
Norwegian 5 0 5
Swedish 10 5 10
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Greek 270 130 140
Indo-Iranian languages 3,905 2,070 1,830
Indo-Aryan languages 3,030 1,635 1,400
Assamese 5 0 5
Bengali 255 130 125
Gujarati 420 255 165
Hindi 635 335 305
Kacchi 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 10 0 5
Marathi 95 50 40
Nepali 235 110 125
Oriya languages 10 0 5
Odia 5 5 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 850 480 370
Rohingya 5 5 5
Sindhi 15 10 5
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 70 30 40
Urdu 425 215 205
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5
Iranian languages 875 440 435
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 135 75 60
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 70 35 30
Persian languages 670 330 340
Dari 125 55 70
Iranian Persian 505 255 255
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 45 20 20
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 1,395 670 730
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 190 95 100
Portuguese 430 210 220
Romanian 95 55 45
Spanish 680 315 370
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 60 20 45
Korean 1,110 500 610
Mongolian 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 345 165 180
Akan (Twi) 40 20 15
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 5 5 0
Éwé 15 5 5
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0
Ga 10 5 5
Ganda 20 5 10
Gikuyu 5 0 5
Igbo 30 15 10
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 35 10 20
Lingala 0 0 0
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 5 0 5
Rundi (Kirundi) 5 0 0
Shona 10 5 5
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 5 5 0
Swahili 55 25 25
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0
Yoruba 85 40 40
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15
Nilo-Saharan languages 35 20 20
Dinka 5 0 0
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15
African, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Sign languages 35 20 10
American Sign Language 25 15 10
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 10 10 5
Sino-Tibetan languages 3,500 1,725 1,765
Chinese languages 3,490 1,725 1,760
Hakka 5 5 0
Mandarin 2,915 1,440 1,485
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 20 5 10
Wu (Shanghainese) 20 10 10
Yue (Cantonese) 465 230 235
Chinese, n.o.s. 60 35 25
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 5 5 5
Burmese 5 0 0
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 25 10 15
Lao 0 0 0
Thai 25 10 15
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 185 105 85
Azerbaijani 10 0 5
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 125 70 50
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 55 30 25
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5
Uralic languages 65 20 40
Estonian 5 0 0
Finnish 5 0 5
Hungarian 50 20 35
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5
Multiple responses 4,195 2,040 2,155
English and French 835 355 475
English and non-official language(s) 2,950 1,490 1,465
French and non-official language(s) 80 40 40
English, French and non-official language(s) 145 65 75
Multiple non-official languages 195 90 100
All languages spoken at home
Total - All languages spoken at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data40 111,310 53,675 57,635
English 85,860 41,160 44,700
French 500 235 270
Non-official language 6,200 3,065 3,135
Indigenous39 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous 6,195 3,065 3,130
English and French 2,225 980 1,245
English and non-official language(s) 15,235 7,635 7,595
French and non-official language(s) 60 20 35
English, French and non-official language(s) 750 345 405
Multiple non-official languages 475 230 250
Language spoken most often at home
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data41 111,310 53,675 57,635
Single responses 106,970 51,510 55,455
Official languages 93,750 44,900 48,855
English 92,950 44,530 48,425
French 805 375 430
Non-official languages 13,215 6,615 6,605
Indigenous languages39 0 0 0
Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 0 0 0
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0 0 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 0 0 0
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 13,215 6,615 6,605
Afro-Asiatic languages 3,040 1,535 1,505
Berber languages 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 0 0 0
Hausa 0 0 0
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 55 30 30
Bilen 0 0 0
Oromo 15 5 10
Somali 40 20 20
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 2,985 1,510 1,475
Amharic 45 20 25
Arabic 2,720 1,375 1,345
Aramaic languages 0 0 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 95 50 40
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 130 60 65
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 220 110 110
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 220 105 110
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 525 260 265
Bikol 0 0 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 5 5 5
Cebuano 35 15 15
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 5 5 5
Ilocano 5 0 5
Indonesian 5 5 5
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 5 5 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 450 225 220
Waray-Waray 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10
Creole languages 5 0 5
Haitian Creole 0 0 0
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 0 0 0
Morisyen 0 0 0
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Dravidian languages 720 370 350
Kannada 10 5 5
Malayalam 375 200 175
Tamil 160 80 80
Telugu 175 85 85
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 4,650 2,340 2,305
Albanian 95 45 50
Armenian 0 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 820 400 420
Baltic languages 0 0 0
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Slavic languages 820 400 420
Belarusian 5 0 5
Bulgarian 5 5 0
Czech 5 0 0
Macedonian 5 5 5
Polish 85 40 45
Russian 580 280 295
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 95 50 50
Bosnian 25 10 15
Croatian 20 10 10
Serbian 45 25 20
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 5 5 0
Slovak 0 0 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0
Ukrainian 35 15 20
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 0 0 0
Irish 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0
Welsh 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 100 50 50
Frisian 0 0 0
High German languages 30 15 15
German 30 15 15
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 0 0 0
Yiddish 0 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 60 30 30
Afrikaans 45 20 20
Dutch 15 5 10
Low German, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 0 0 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0
Scandinavian languages 10 5 5
Danish 5 5 5
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 0 0 0
Swedish 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Greek 105 45 60
Indo-Iranian languages 2,770 1,425 1,345
Indo-Aryan languages 2,135 1,115 1,020
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 185 85 100
Gujarati 300 170 130
Hindi 410 215 195
Kacchi 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 50 25 25
Nepali 200 90 105
Oriya languages 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 680 380 300
Rohingya 5 0 5
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 40 15 20
Urdu 260 130 130
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iranian languages 635 310 325
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 100 55 50
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 40 20 20
Persian languages 495 240 255
Dari 95 40 50
Iranian Persian 375 185 190
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 25 10 15
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 760 370 390
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 50 25 25
Portuguese 290 140 150
Romanian 45 25 20
Spanish 370 175 190
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 25 10 10
Korean 940 420 515
Mongolian 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 120 50 75
Akan (Twi) 10 0 5
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0
Éwé 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 20 10 10
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 20 5 15
Lingala 0 0 0
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Shona 5 0 0
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0
Swahili 20 10 10
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0
Yoruba 40 15 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5
Nilo-Saharan languages 20 10 10
Dinka 0 0 0
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10
African, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Sign languages 45 20 25
American Sign Language 30 10 20
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5
Sino-Tibetan languages 2,765 1,405 1,355
Chinese languages 2,765 1,405 1,355
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 2,395 1,220 1,170
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 5 0 5
Wu (Shanghainese) 20 5 10
Yue (Cantonese) 295 150 150
Chinese, n.o.s. 50 25 20
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0
Burmese 0 0 0
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 20 10 5
Lao 0 0 0
Thai 20 10 5
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 100 55 50
Azerbaijani 5 5 5
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 65 35 30
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 30 15 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Uralic languages 20 5 5
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 0 0 0
Hungarian 20 5 5
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Multiple responses 4,335 2,160 2,175
English and French 330 140 190
English and non-official language(s) 3,840 1,940 1,900
French and non-official language(s) 30 10 20
English, French and non-official language(s) 75 40 30
Multiple non-official languages 70 35 40
Other language spoken regularly at home
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data42 111,305 53,675 57,635
None 96,055 46,195 49,865
English 5,925 2,990 2,930
French 1,800 795 1,005
Non-official language 5,500 2,695 2,805
Indigenous39 25 10 15
Non-Indigenous 5,475 2,685 2,790
English and French 140 60 75
English and non-official language(s) 805 415 390
French and non-official language(s) 350 155 195
English, French and non-official language(s) 15 10 10
Multiple non-official languages 720 360 365
Knowledge of languagesThe letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice.
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample data43 110,845 53,505 57,345
Official languages 109,495 52,855 56,640
English 109,430 52,830 56,595
French 13,995 6,140 7,855
Non-official languages 26,485 13,365 13,115
Indigenous languages39 50 10 45
Algonquian languages 40 10 30
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 0 0 0
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0 0 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 30 10 20
Mi'kmaq 30 10 20
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 0 0 0
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 26,450 13,360 13,095
Afro-Asiatic languages 6,300 3,430 2,875
Berber languages 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 15 0 10
Hausa 15 0 10
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 160 90 70
Bilen 0 0 0
Oromo 25 20 10
Somali 135 75 55
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 6,150 3,345 2,805
Amharic 95 50 45
Arabic 5,620 3,055 2,565
Aramaic languages 55 30 25
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 35 25 10
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 400 210 190
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 55 40 20
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 350 170 175
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 345 170 170
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 1,500 615 885
Bikol 0 0 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 45 30 15
Cebuano 125 65 60
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 15 0 10
Ilocano 95 30 65
Indonesian 45 10 35
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 10 0 10
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,420 595 825
Waray-Waray 10 0 10
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 70 30 40
Creole languages 170 75 95
Haitian Creole 0 0 0
Jamaican English Creole 15 10 0
Krio 10 0 10
Morisyen 20 10 0
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 35 10 25
Creole languages, n.i.e. 80 40 40
Dravidian languages 1,520 805 710
Kannada 155 65 90
Malayalam 615 335 275
Tamil 555 305 250
Telugu 475 255 220
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 10,875 5,580 5,295
Albanian 335 150 175
Armenian 20 10 10
Balto-Slavic languages 1,830 955 875
Baltic languages 20 0 20
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 20 0 20
Slavic languages 1,815 955 860
Belarusian 20 10 0
Bulgarian 25 15 10
Czech 20 15 0
Macedonian 30 20 10
Polish 275 135 140
Russian 1,120 580 540
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 335 190 145
Bosnian 105 60 45
Croatian 130 65 65
Serbian 150 90 60
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 20 15 0
Slovak 20 20 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 20 0 10
Ukrainian 200 100 95
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 85 45 40
Irish 25 10 15
Scottish Gaelic 35 20 15
Welsh 15 0 15
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0
Germanic languages 1,030 530 495
Frisian 0 0 0
High German languages 665 360 305
German 660 360 300
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 0 0 0
Yiddish 0 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 310 155 155
Afrikaans 145 80 65
Dutch 160 80 80
Low German, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 0 0 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0
Scandinavian languages 110 50 55
Danish 35 15 15
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 30 15 10
Swedish 30 10 25
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Greek 385 175 215
Indo-Iranian languages 5,265 2,745 2,520
Indo-Aryan languages 4,385 2,285 2,095
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 450 215 235
Gujarati 550 325 230
Hindi 2,815 1,460 1,365
Kacchi 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 30 10 20
Marathi 220 95 125
Nepali 180 85 95
Oriya languages 20 10 15
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,440 755 680
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 45 25 15
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 95 50 45
Urdu 590 320 270
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 20 15 0
Iranian languages 965 510 460
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 195 105 90
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 120 75 45
Persian languages 670 335 335
Dari 100 60 45
Iranian Persian 535 260 275
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 40 15 25
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 15 15 0
Italic (Romance) languages 2,260 1,130 1,135
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 380 160 220
Portuguese 495 245 250
Romanian 105 60 45
Spanish 1,430 735 700
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0
Japanese 250 125 125
Korean 1,260 545 720
Mongolian 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 1,080 515 570
Akan (Twi) 75 40 40
Bamanankan 15 0 10
Edo 10 0 10
Éwé 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 30 20 10
Ga 35 20 10
Ganda 20 10 0
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 165 75 90
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 35 15 20
Lingala 30 20 10
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 10 0 10
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Shona 65 30 40
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0
Swahili 230 125 105
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 20 15 0
Yoruba 370 165 205
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 180 90 95
Nilo-Saharan languages 35 20 15
Dinka 0 0 0
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 30 20 15
African, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Sign languages 205 65 140
American Sign Language 150 40 105
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 60 25 40
Sino-Tibetan languages 4,175 2,100 2,070
Chinese languages 4,150 2,085 2,065
Hakka 15 0 10
Mandarin 3,735 1,875 1,865
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 25 15 15
Wu (Shanghainese) 25 10 15
Yue (Cantonese) 745 345 405
Chinese, n.o.s. 80 45 35
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 20 15 0
Burmese 0 0 0
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 20 10 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 40 25 10
Lao 0 0 0
Thai 40 25 10
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 330 200 130
Azerbaijani 15 10 10
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 260 160 100
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 55 35 25
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Uralic languages 70 20 50
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 20 0 15
Hungarian 50 10 40
Other languages, n.i.e. 115 50 65
Indigenous population
Total - Indigenous identity for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 110,845 53,505 57,340
Indigenous identity45 3,225 1,535 1,690
Single Indigenous responses46 3,035 1,445 1,585
First Nations (North American Indian) 1,605 780 830
Métis 1,355 625 730
Inuk (Inuit) 65 40 30
Multiple Indigenous responses47 75 50 30
Indigenous responses not included elsewhere48 115 45 70
Non-Indigenous identity 107,620 51,965 55,655
Total - Registered or Treaty Indian status for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 110,845 53,505 57,340
Registered or Treaty Indian49 780 365 415
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 110,065 53,135 56,930
Household characteristics
Total - Private households by tenure - 25% sample data50 46,790 ... ...
Owner 23,280 ... ...
Renter 23,505 ... ...
Dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band 0 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by condominium status - 25% sample data51 46,790 ... ...
Condominium 4,285 ... ...
Not condominium 42,500 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of bedrooms - 25% sample data52 46,790 ... ...
No bedrooms 150 ... ...
1 bedroom 6,005 ... ...
2 bedrooms 16,395 ... ...
3 bedrooms 13,645 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 10,595 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of rooms - 25% sample data53 46,790 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 15,260 ... ...
5 rooms 7,645 ... ...
6 rooms 6,120 ... ...
7 rooms 4,985 ... ...
8 or more rooms 12,785 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 6.1 ... ...
Total - Private households by number of persons per room - 25% sample data54 46,790 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 45,640 ... ...
More than one person per room 1,145 ... ...
Total - Private households by housing suitability - 25% sample data55 46,790 ... ...
Suitable 44,270 ... ...
Not suitable 2,525 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by period of construction - 25% sample data56 46,790 ... ...
1960 or before 3,610 ... ...
1961 to 1980 8,715 ... ...
1981 to 1990 6,365 ... ...
1991 to 2000 9,055 ... ...
2001 to 2005 4,800 ... ...
2006 to 2010 3,940 ... ...
2011 to 2015 4,245 ... ...
2016 to 202157 6,060 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by dwelling condition - 25% sample data58 46,790 ... ...
Only regular maintenance and minor repairs needed 45,165 ... ...
Major repairs needed 1,630 ... ...
Total - Private households by number of household maintainers - 25% sample data59 46,790 ... ...
One-maintainer household 22,440 ... ...
Two-maintainer household 22,495 ... ...
Three-or-more-maintainer household 1,855 ... ...
Total - Private households by age of primary household maintainers - 25% sample data60 46,790 ... ...
15 to 24 years 1,650 ... ...
25 to 34 years 7,700 ... ...
35 to 44 years 8,795 ... ...
45 to 54 years 8,445 ... ...
55 to 64 years 8,620 ... ...
65 to 74 years 6,425 ... ...
75 to 84 years 3,830 ... ...
85 years and over 1,320 ... ...
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratio - 25% sample data61 46,750 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of income on shelter costs 35,690 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs 11,060 ... ...
30% to less than 100% 9,625 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by housing indicators - 25% sample data62 46,790 ... ...
Total - Households 'spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' or 'not suitable' or 'major repairs needed' 13,990 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs only 9,975 ... ...
Not suitable only 1,765 ... ...
Major repairs needed only 1,065 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' 625 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'major repairs needed' 435 ... ...
'Not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 105 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 25 ... ...
Acceptable housing 32,795 ... ...
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero and shelter-cost-to-income ratio less than 100%, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data63 45,320 ... ...
In core need 5,495 ... ...
Not in core need 39,825 ... ...
Total - Owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 23,280 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgage64 66.8 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 12.3 ... ...
% in core housing need63 4.5 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 1,530 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 1,594 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)66 400,000 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)66 454,800 ... ...
Total - Tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 23,510 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housing67 3.5 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 34.9 ... ...
% in core housing need63 19.9 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 1,290 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 1,336 ... ...
Total - Households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band in non-farm private dwellings - 25% sample data 0 ... ...
% of households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band spending more than 30% on shelter costs61 ... ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 ... ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 ... ... ...
Indigenous ancestry
Total - Indigenous ancestry for the population in private households - 25% sample data68 110,845 53,500 57,345
Indigenous ancestry (only)69 900 400 495
Single Indigenous ancestry (only)70 875 390 490
First Nations (North American Indian) single ancestry 680 315 360
Métis single ancestry 170 65 100
Inuit single ancestry 30 10 20
Multiple Indigenous ancestries (only)71 20 15 10
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis ancestry only 20 10 10
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
Métis and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries72 3,890 1,900 1,990
Single Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries73 3,790 1,850 1,940
First Nations (North American Indian) and non-Indigenous ancestry only 2,760 1,330 1,425
Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 955 465 485
Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 80 50 30
Multiple Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries74 95 45 50
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 55 35 25
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 35 10 25
Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 0 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous ancestry only75 106,060 51,200 54,855
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample data76 110,845 53,500 57,345
Canadian citizens77 95,290 45,625 49,665
Canadian citizens aged under 18 18,570 9,700 8,870
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 76,725 35,925 40,795
Not Canadian citizens78 15,555 7,875 7,675
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample data79 110,845 53,500 57,345
Non-immigrants80 84,530 40,245 44,285
Immigrants81 21,125 10,560 10,560
Before 1980 2,075 980 1,095
1980 to 1990 1,025 495 530
1991 to 2000 2,020 1,030 990
2001 to 2010 4,105 2,140 1,960
2011 to 202182 11,900 5,920 5,980
2011 to 2015 3,085 1,510 1,575
2016 to 2021 8,815 4,405 4,405
Non-permanent residents83 5,190 2,700 2,495
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data84 21,120 10,560 10,560
Under 5 years 2,300 1,195 1,110
5 to 14 years 4,000 2,120 1,875
15 to 24 years 2,595 1,245 1,350
25 to 44 years 10,560 5,055 5,505
45 years and over 1,675 945 725
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data85 21,120 10,560 10,560
Americas 2,025 1,010 1,010
Brazil 135 65 70
Colombia 75 45 35
El Salvador 10 10 0
Guyana 15 0 15
Haiti 0 0 0
Jamaica 245 95 145
Mexico 75 45 30
Peru 40 25 15
Trinidad and Tobago 35 15 20
United States of America 915 465 455
Other places of birth in Americas 460 250 215
Europe 3,960 1,890 2,065
Bosnia and Herzegovina 90 40 45
Croatia 60 30 35
France 35 20 15
Germany 200 100 100
Greece 140 65 80
Hungary 25 10 15
Italy 105 45 55
Netherlands 100 40 55
Poland 215 80 130
Portugal 10 0 10
Romania 95 55 40
Russian Federation 275 135 140
Serbia86 50 15 30
Ukraine 295 165 135
United Kingdom87 1,630 780 845
Other places of birth in Europe 630 295 340
Africa 2,650 1,395 1,255
Algeria 15 10 0
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 80 45 35
Egypt 700 345 360
Eritrea 45 35 0
Ethiopia 85 55 35
Morocco 30 10 25
Nigeria 720 345 380
Somalia 100 60 35
South Africa, Republic of 195 110 85
Other places of birth in Africa 690 390 305
Asia 12,415 6,215 6,200
Afghanistan 65 40 25
Iran88 490 235 255
Iraq 295 145 155
Lebanon 470 280 190
Syria89 1,195 620 570
Turkey 180 110 70
China90 2,245 1,065 1,180
Hong Kong91 145 65 80
Korea, South92 530 255 280
Taiwan 25 10 15
Philippines 1,290 530 760
Viet Nam 230 100 130
Bangladesh 260 135 125
India 2,455 1,260 1,195
Pakistan 370 195 175
Sri Lanka 135 70 60
Other places of birth in Asia 2,030 1,095 935
Oceania and other places of birth93 80 45 30
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data94 8,815 4,405 4,405
Americas 640 330 310
Brazil 70 35 35
Colombia 20 15 0
Haiti 0 0 0
Jamaica 125 40 80
Mexico 20 15 10
United States of America 235 125 110
Venezuela95 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 175 100 70
Europe 585 315 270
France 0 0 0
Germany 15 0 10
Ireland96 0 0 0
Italy 0 0 0
Russian Federation 75 45 30
Ukraine 125 70 55
United Kingdom87 190 115 75
Other places of birth in Europe 165 70 95
Africa 1,490 795 700
Algeria 0 0 0
Burundi 15 0 0
Cameroon 0 0 0
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 0 0 0
Côte d'Ivoire 0 0 0
Egypt 295 160 130
Eritrea 35 35 0
Ethiopia 40 20 20
Morocco 0 0 0
Nigeria 655 300 360
Somalia 75 50 30
South Africa, Republic of 90 40 45
Sudan97 40 30 0
Tunisia 15 10 10
Other places of birth in Africa 200 120 80
Asia 6,075 2,950 3,130
Afghanistan 30 20 10
Bangladesh 180 95 80
China90 1,170 555 615
Hong Kong91 25 10 10
India 1,690 825 860
Iran88 90 40 50
Iraq 60 10 50
Israel 95 40 50
Japan 0 0 0
Jordan 60 30 25
Korea, South92 270 120 150
Lebanon 65 40 25
Nepal 30 20 15
Pakistan 110 65 40
Philippines 620 255 365
Saudi Arabia 125 75 45
Sri Lanka 30 10 20
Syria89 1,025 540 485
Turkey 60 30 30
United Arab Emirates 75 35 45
Viet Nam 50 25 30
Other places of birth in Asia 235 120 110
Oceania and other93 20 15 0
Australia 15 15 0
Other places of birth98 0 0 0
Generation status
Total - Generation status for the population in private households - 25% sample data99 110,845 53,505 57,345
First generation100 27,500 13,835 13,670
Second generation101 12,300 6,210 6,095
Third generation or more102 71,040 33,460 37,585
Admission category and applicant type
Total - Admission category and applicant type for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data103 19,050 9,580 9,470
Economic immigrants104 12,955 6,655 6,300
Principal applicants105 5,070 3,095 1,980
Secondary applicants106 7,885 3,560 4,320
Immigrants sponsored by family107 2,980 1,290 1,690
Refugees108 2,945 1,560 1,385
Other immigrants109 170 80 90
Pre-admission experience
Total - Pre-admission experience for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data110 19,050 9,580 9,470
Asylum claim before admission111 360 210 145
Work permits only before admission112 2,020 980 1,040
Study permits only before admission113 745 420 330
Work and study permits before admission114 1,895 1,035 855
Other permits before admission115 95 25 70
No pre-admission experience116 13,930 6,910 7,015
Visible minority
Total - Visible minority for the population in private households - 25% sample data117 110,845 53,505 57,340
Total visible minority population118 27,665 14,155 13,505
South Asian 6,205 3,230 2,970
Chinese 4,635 2,295 2,335
Black 5,250 2,720 2,525
Filipino 1,600 690 910
Arab 5,180 2,840 2,340
Latin American 855 465 385
Southeast Asian 580 290 290
West Asian 775 395 380
Korean 1,305 555 750
Japanese 130 65 60
Visible minority, n.i.e.119 330 180 155
Multiple visible minorities 825 430 400
Not a visible minority120 83,180 39,345 43,835
Ethnic or cultural origin
Total - Ethnic or cultural origin for the population in private households - 25% sample data121 110,845 53,505 57,345
Canadian 12,940 6,115 6,820
English 22,685 10,650 12,040
Irish 21,290 9,900 11,390
Scottish 23,935 11,170 12,760
French, n.o.s.122 11,850 5,415 6,430
German 8,290 3,875 4,420
Chinese 4,325 2,135 2,190
Italian 1,915 975 945
Indian (India) 3,915 2,070 1,845
Ukrainian 1,265 655 605
Dutch 2,660 1,200 1,455
Polish 1,420 735 685
Québécois 205 100 105
British Isles, n.o.s.123 3,920 1,855 2,065
Filipino 1,480 650 830
French Canadian 690 315 375
Caucasian (White), n.o.s.124 5,445 2,580 2,860
First Nations (North American Indian), n.o.s.125 1,170 535 635
Métis 1,205 585 625
European, n.o.s.126 4,930 2,430 2,500
Russian 845 440 410
Norwegian 705 335 370
Welsh 2,160 1,080 1,075
Portuguese 480 230 245
American 825 410 420
Spanish 700 385 320
Swedish 565 245 315
Hungarian 375 160 210
Acadian 4,750 2,110 2,635
Pakistani 470 240 225
African, n.o.s.127 1,580 865 710
Jewish 760 405 355
Punjabi 290 145 145
Vietnamese 385 200 190
Arab, n.o.s.128 1,780 940 835
Greek 700 345 355
Jamaican 350 175 175
Asian, n.o.s.129 1,050 465 580
Cree, n.o.s.130 60 30 30
Korean 1,115 470 645
Romanian 245 110 135
Lebanese 1,665 850 815
Iranian 455 230 225
Christian, n.i.e.131 325 120 205
Danish 415 210 205
North American Indigenous, n.o.s.132 635 330 310
Sikh 235 105 130
Austrian 185 95 90
Belgian 335 180 160
Haitian 15 10 10
Hindu 520 240 285
Mexican 155 105 50
Mennonite 15 10 10
Swiss 380 150 230
Finnish 165 75 85
Sri Lankan 115 65 55
Croatian 160 80 85
Japanese 140 80 60
South Asian, n.o.s.133 340 195 145
Mi'kmaq, n.o.s.134 1,265 635 635
Northern European, n.o.s.135 375 195 185
Muslim 340 170 165
Egyptian 745 410 330
Latin, Central or South American, n.o.s.136 205 110 90
Tamil 130 55 65
Icelandic 90 40 50
Colombian 155 90 65
Moroccan 65 30 35
Czech 100 35 55
Syrian 1,005 545 460
Guyanese 95 40 55
Afghan 105 65 40
Black, n.o.s.137 525 260 270
Serbian 120 70 50
Ojibway 60 30 35
Newfoundlander 930 450 480
Hong Konger 40 20 15
Ontarian 135 75 60
Persian 140 65 80
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 110 60 50
Turkish 245 125 120
Inuit, n.o.s.138 155 80 75
Bangladeshi 255 125 130
Algerian 0 0 0
Brazilian 250 145 105
Nigerian 355 175 185
Armenian 80 45 35
Slovak 80 45 35
Eastern European, n.o.s.139 230 110 120
Somali 105 60 45
Taiwanese 40 15 25
Iraqi 180 85 100
Salvadorean 15 15 0
African Caribbean 175 85 90
East or Southeast Asian, n.o.s.140 235 115 125
West or Central Asian or Middle Eastern, n.o.s.141 960 515 450
Caribbean, n.o.s.142 115 60 55
Algonquin 10 0 10
West Indian, n.o.s.143 75 35 40
Lithuanian 115 45 65
South African 190 95 90
Australian 85 45 40
Palestinian 470 270 200
Chilean 70 35 35
Congolese 110 55 65
Nova Scotian 2,045 900 1,140
Ethiopian 150 70 80
Hispanic, n.o.s.144 25