Census Profile, 2021 Census of Population
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Topic:
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Age
Age characteristics
Commuting
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Commuting destination
Commuting duration
Main mode of commuting
Place of work status
Time leaving for work
Education
Select all: Education
Highest certificate, diploma or degree
Location of study compared with province or territory of residence
Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2021
Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificate
Ethnocultural and religious diversity
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Ethnic or cultural origin
Religion
Visible minority
Families, households, and marital status
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Family characteristics
Household type
Marital status
Housing
Household characteristics
Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
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Admission category and applicant type
Age at immigration
Citizenship
Generation status
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Pre-admission experience
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Income
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Income of economic families in 2020
Income of households in 2020
Income of individuals in 2019
Income of individuals in 2020
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Indigenous peoples
Select all: Indigenous peoples
Indigenous ancestry
Indigenous population
Instruction in the minority official language
Select all: Instruction in the minority official language
Children eligible for instruction in the minority official language
Eligibility and instruction in the minority official language for school-aged children
Labour
Select all: Labour
Class of worker including job permanency
Industry - Sectors - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2017
Labour force status
Occupation - Broad category - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2021
Work activity during the reference year
Language
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All languages spoken at home
First official language spoken
Knowledge of languages
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Language spoken most often at home
Mother tongue
Other language spoken regularly at home
Language of work
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All languages used at work
Language used most often at work
Other language(s) used regularly at work
Mobility and migration
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Mobility status 1 year ago
Mobility status 5 years ago
Population and dwelling counts
Population and dwellings
Type of dwelling
Household and dwelling characteristics
GenderMore information:


Statistic:
Characteristic Division No. 21, Census division (CDR)More information:
Manitoba
[Census division]
Counts
Total Men+ Women+
Population and dwellings
Population, 20211 21,871 ... ...
Population, 20161 21,983 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2016 to 2021 - 0.5 ... ...
Total private dwellings2 9,632 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residents3 8,089 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 0.5 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 42,801.19 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups of the population - 100% data 21,870 11,045 10,825
0 to 14 years 5,115 2,555 2,560
0 to 4 years 1,630 815 815
5 to 9 years 1,720 870 855
10 to 14 years 1,765 870 890
15 to 64 years 13,500 6,840 6,665
15 to 19 years 1,495 805 695
20 to 24 years 1,430 775 650
25 to 29 years 1,335 690 645
30 to 34 years 1,365 685 680
35 to 39 years 1,240 610 630
40 to 44 years 1,130 525 600
45 to 49 years 1,260 625 635
50 to 54 years 1,245 605 640
55 to 59 years 1,440 710 730
60 to 64 years 1,575 815 760
65 years and over 3,255 1,660 1,595
65 to 69 years 1,260 665 590
70 to 74 years 885 470 420
75 to 79 years 505 265 240
80 to 84 years 340 160 180
85 years and over 260 100 165
85 to 89 years 160 70 95
90 to 94 years 75 20 50
95 to 99 years 20 5 15
100 years and over 5 0 5
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 23.4 23.1 23.6
15 to 64 years 61.7 61.9 61.6
65 years and over 14.9 15.0 14.7
85 years and over 1.2 0.9 1.5
Average age of the population 37.4 37.2 37.6
Median age of the population 35.6 35.2 36.4
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% data 8,090 ... ...
Single-detached house 6,000 ... ...
Semi-detached house 215 ... ...
Row house 240 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 230 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 930 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 0 ... ...
Other single-attached house 20 ... ...
Movable dwelling4 450 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% data 8,090 ... ...
1 person 2,315 ... ...
2 persons 2,665 ... ...
3 persons 1,040 ... ...
4 persons 960 ... ...
5 or more persons 1,110 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 21,420 10,735 10,685
Average household size 2.7 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the total population aged 15 years and over - 100% data 16,755 8,495 8,260
Married or living common-law 8,945 4,485 4,460
Married 6,655 3,350 3,305
Living common-law 2,290 1,140 1,150
Living common law - Never married 1,855 940 920
Living common law - Separated 105 45 55
Living common law - Divorced 295 145 150
Living common law - Widowed 40 15 25
Not married and not living common-law 7,810 4,005 3,805
Not married and not living common law - Never married 5,690 3,175 2,510
Not married and not living common law - Separated 400 185 215
Not married and not living common law - Divorced 850 405 445
Not married and not living common law - Widowed 870 240 635
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% data5 5,850 ... ...
2 persons 3,020 ... ...
3 persons 1,100 ... ...
4 persons 930 ... ...
5 or more persons 795 ... ...
Average size of census families 3.0 ... ...
Average number of children in census families with children6 2.1 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% data 5,845 ... ...
Total couple families 4,370 ... ...
Married couples 3,225 ... ...
With children6 1,495 ... ...
Without children 1,730 ... ...
Common-law couples 1,145 ... ...
With children6 630 ... ...
Without children 515 ... ...
Total one-parent families 1,475 ... ...
in which the parent is a woman+ 1,110 ... ...
in which the parent is a man+ 370 ... ...
Total - Persons in private households - 100% data 21,420 10,735 10,685
Total - Persons in census families 17,700 8,740 8,960
Married spouses or common-law partners 8,740 4,365 4,370
Parents in one-parent families 1,480 370 1,105
Children6 7,485 4,005 3,480
In a two-parent family 4,610 2,415 2,195
In a one-parent family 2,875 1,590 1,285
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 3,720 1,990 1,725
Living alone 2,310 1,255 1,065
Living with other relatives7 970 460 510
Living with non-relatives only 430 275 155
Household type
Total - Household type - 100% data 8,090 ... ...
One-census-family households without additional persons 4,730 ... ...
Couple-family households 3,785 ... ...
With children6 1,780 ... ...
Without children 2,005 ... ...
One-parent-family households 950 ... ...
Multigenerational households8 380 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households9 60 ... ...
One-census-family households with additional persons9 330 ... ...
Two-or-more-person non-census-family households 265 ... ...
One-person households 2,315 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2020
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data10 16,305 8,185 8,125
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 15,745 7,885 7,860
Median total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 40,400 44,400 38,000
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 15,765 7,900 7,870
Median after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 37,200 39,600 34,800
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 12,940 6,675 6,260
Median market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 35,600 41,200 30,600
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 10,705 5,585 5,120
Median employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 37,200 43,600 33,200
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 14,410 7,135 7,275
Median government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 9,400 7,700 11,000
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 1,910 975 935
Median employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 6,400 6,800 6,120
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 4,145 1,955 2,185
Median COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 10,000 10,000 8,500
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data11 16,305 8,185 8,125
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 15,765 7,920 7,855
Average total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 50,440 56,250 44,600
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 15,800 7,930 7,870
Average after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 42,720 46,400 39,000
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 12,935 6,695 6,240
Average market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 48,520 56,050 40,400
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 10,705 5,635 5,065
Average employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 48,600 54,750 41,760
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 14,425 7,160 7,265
Average government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 11,660 9,790 13,500
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 2,030 965 1,065
Average employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 8,460 9,120 7,880
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 4,065 1,910 2,165
Average COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 9,680 9,980 9,400
Total - Employment income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data12 16,310 8,180 8,125
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 5,050 2,855 2,200
Median employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 70,000 76,000 61,600
Average employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 72,000 76,700 65,900
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 3,825 1,860 1,960
Median employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 19,000 21,200 17,600
Average employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 30,200 36,200 24,540
Composition of total income in 2020 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data17 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)18 78.8 84.2 72.0
Employment income (%)19 65.4 69.2 60.4
Government transfers (%)20 21.1 15.8 28.0
Employment insurance benefits (%) 2.2 2.0 2.4
COVID-19 - Government income support and benefits (%) 6.0 4.9 7.3
COVID-19 - Emergency and recovery benefits (%) 5.0 4.3 5.8
Total - Total income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data21 16,310 8,185 8,125
Without total income 565 295 265
With total income 15,745 7,890 7,860
Under $10,000 (including loss) 1,870 920 950
$10,000 to $19,999 1,745 770 975
$20,000 to $29,999 2,200 1,010 1,195
$30,000 to $39,999 1,935 910 1,020
$40,000 to $49,999 1,800 810 995
$50,000 to $59,999 1,350 605 745
$60,000 to $69,999 885 390 495
$70,000 to $79,999 775 425 355
$80,000 to $89,999 725 425 300
$90,000 to $99,999 705 405 305
$100,000 and over 1,755 1,220 530
$100,000 to $149,999 1,355 910 440
$150,000 and over 400 310 85
Total - After-tax income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data22 16,310 8,185 8,125
Without after-tax income 540 285 255
With after-tax income 15,770 7,900 7,870
Under $10,000 (including loss) 1,950 945 1,005
$10,000 to $19,999 1,825 805 1,025
$20,000 to $29,999 2,435 1,135 1,300
$30,000 to $39,999 2,320 1,105 1,210
$40,000 to $49,999 1,920 860 1,060
$50,000 to $59,999 1,350 640 710
$60,000 to $69,999 1,095 610 485
$70,000 to $79,999 1,040 590 445
$80,000 to $89,999 660 425 235
$90,000 to $99,999 460 280 180
$100,000 and over 720 500 215
$100,000 to $124,999 440 295 145
$125,000 and over 275 205 70
Total - Employment income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data19 16,310 8,185 8,125
Without employment income 5,605 2,600 3,005
With employment income 10,700 5,580 5,120
Under $5,000 (including loss) 1,440 710 725
$5,000 to $9,999 855 410 445
$10,000 to $19,999 1,320 645 670
$20,000 to $29,999 1,010 455 550
$30,000 to $39,999 975 425 545
$40,000 to $49,999 810 340 470
$50,000 to $59,999 600 280 325
$60,000 to $69,999 575 290 285
$70,000 to $79,999 545 295 250
$80,000 to $89,999 600 370 230
$90,000 to $99,999 640 380 260
$100,000 and over 1,335 975 360
$100,000 to $124,999 730 495 240
$125,000 and over 600 480 120
Income of individuals in 2019
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data23 16,305 8,185 8,125
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 15,055 7,525 7,530
Median total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 38,800 44,800 34,400
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 15,060 7,520 7,540
Median after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 35,200 39,600 32,000
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 12,830 6,630 6,200
Median market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 36,400 42,800 31,200
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 10,930 5,690 5,240
Median employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 37,200 44,000 33,200
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 13,255 6,605 6,650
Median government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 5,720 1,920 8,200
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 -100% data 1,880 975 905
Median employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 7,800 8,500 6,750
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data24 16,305 8,185 8,125
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 15,075 7,510 7,565
Average total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 48,560 55,400 41,800
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 15,075 7,510 7,565
Average after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 40,960 45,440 36,560
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 12,825 6,540 6,280
Average market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 48,080 56,650 39,160
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 10,925 5,640 5,290
Average employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 48,240 56,300 39,600
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 13,305 6,715 6,590
Average government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 8,680 6,790 10,600
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 1,940 950 995
Average employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 9,180 9,400 8,940
Total - Employment income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data25 16,310 8,180 8,125
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 5,020 2,850 2,180
Median employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 63,200 74,500 55,600
Average employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 69,100 75,400 60,900
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 3,580 1,700 1,875
Median employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 24,400 26,800 21,800
Average employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 35,040 42,560 28,240
Composition of total income in 2019 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%) 84.2 89.0 77.8
Employment income (%) 72.0 76.2 66.2
Government transfers (%) 15.8 11.0 22.1
Employment insurance benefits (%) 2.4 2.1 2.8
Income of households in 2020
Total - Income statistics for private households - 100% data26 8,090 ... ...
Median total income of household in 2020 ($) 83,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 73,500 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 100% data 2,315 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 45,200 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 40,400 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 100% data 5,775 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 101,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 89,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for private households - 25% sample data27 8,090 ... ...
Average total income of household in 2020 ($) 98,400 ... ...
Average after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 83,400 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 25% sample data 2,305 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 55,050 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 46,320 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 25% sample data 5,780 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 115,600 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 98,200 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data21 8,090 ... ...
Under $5,000 90 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 65 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 115 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 130 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 260 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 315 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 245 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 320 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 330 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 330 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 530 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 575 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 545 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 525 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 465 ... ...
$100,000 and over 3,230 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 995 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 705 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 880 ... ...
$200,000 and over 655 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data22 8,090 ... ...
Under $5,000 95 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 60 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 115 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 140 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 290 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 325 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 345 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 355 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 405 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 310 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 655 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 685 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 680 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 600 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 515 ... ...
$100,000 and over 2,510 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 980 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 660 ... ...
$150,000 and over 870 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2020
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 100% data28 5,645 ... ...
Median total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 101,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 89,000 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.3 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 100% data 2,035 ... ...
Median total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 102,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 86,000 ... ...
Average family size of couple-only economic families 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 100% data 2,165 ... ...
Median total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 130,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 113,000 ... ...
Average family size of couple-with-children economic families 4.5 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 1,220 ... ...
Median total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 60,400 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 58,000 ... ...
Average family size of one-parent economic families 3.4 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% data29 2,745 1,530 1,215
Median total income in 2020 ($)30 43,200 46,000 40,400
Median after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 38,800 40,400 36,400
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 25% sample data31 5,655 ... ...
Average total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 115,200 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 97,800 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 25% sample data 2,045 ... ...
Average total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 120,000 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 97,300 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 25% sample data 2,155 ... ...
Average total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 137,400 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 118,300 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 1,230 ... ...
Average total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 71,400 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 65,400 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample data32 2,740 1,505 1,235
Average total income in 2020 ($)30 52,450 55,100 49,200
Average after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 44,320 45,800 42,600
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Total - LIM low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households - 100% data33 21,420 10,730 10,685
0 to 17 years 6,060 3,065 2,995
0 to 5 years 1,970 985 990
18 to 64 years 12,280 6,095 6,185
65 years and over 3,075 1,580 1,500
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 3,715 1,730 1,980
0 to 17 years 1,580 775 800
0 to 5 years 595 285 305
18 to 64 years 1,775 780 995
65 years and over 360 175 185
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 17.3 16.1 18.5
0 to 17 years (%) 26.0 25.4 26.7
0 to 5 years (%) 30.2 29.2 31.2
18 to 64 years (%) 14.4 12.8 16.0
65 years and over (%) 11.7 11.0 12.5
Total - LICO low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households to whom the low-income concept is applicable - 100% data33 15,350 7,730 7,625
0 to 17 years 3,610 1,820 1,785
0 to 5 years 1,155 565 590
18 to 64 years 9,095 4,560 4,535
65 years and over 2,650 1,350 1,295
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 520 235 285
0 to 17 years 145 60 80
0 to 5 years 60 25 40
18 to 64 years 355 165 195
65 years and over 20 10 10
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 3.4 3.1 3.7
0 to 17 years (%) 4.0 3.5 4.5
0 to 5 years (%) 5.2 3.8 6.8
18 to 64 years (%) 3.9 3.6 4.2
65 years and over (%) 0.8 0.6 0.9
Total - Adjusted after-tax economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% data34The letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice. 21,420 10,735 10,685
In bottom half of the distribution 11,950 5,790 6,155
In bottom decile 3,065 1,450 1,610
In second decile 2,700 1,255 1,445
In third decile 2,270 1,115 1,155
In fourth decile 2,115 1,055 1,060
In fifth decile 1,800 910 890
In top half of the distribution 9,470 4,940 4,525
In sixth decile 1,990 1,010 980
In seventh decile 1,885 960 920
In eighth decile 1,960 1,035 930
In ninth decile 2,005 1,075 930
In top decile 1,630 865 765
Total - Inequality measures for the population in private households - 100% data35 21,415 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household total income 0.346 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household market income 0.501 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household after-tax income 0.306 ... ...
P90/P10 ratio on adjusted household after-tax income 4.3 ... ...
Knowledge of official languages
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data36 21,590 10,850 10,745
English only 20,705 10,420 10,280
French only 20 15 10
English and French 840 405 435
Neither English nor French 25 10 15
First official language spoken
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data37 21,590 10,850 10,745
English 21,390 10,740 10,650
French 155 80 70
English and French 25 15 10
Neither English nor French 25 10 15
Mother tongue
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data38 21,590 10,850 10,745
Single responses 20,970 10,525 10,445
Official languages 18,600 9,390 9,210
English 18,430 9,295 9,130
French 170 90 85
Non-official languages 2,375 1,135 1,235
Indigenous languages39 1,720 790 930
Algonquian languages 1,705 785 920
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 1,680 770 905
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 1,680 770 905
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 5 0 5
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 335 155 180
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 5 0 5
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 10 0 5
Cree, n.o.s. 1,320 615 710
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 20 10 15
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 5
Ojibway languages 20 10 10
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 5 5 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 15 5 5
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 15 10 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 15 10 10
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 15 10 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 655 350 305
Afro-Asiatic languages 15 15 5
Berber languages 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 0 0 0
Hausa 0 0 0
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 0 0 0
Bilen 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 20 15 5
Amharic 0 0 0
Arabic 20 15 5
Aramaic languages 0 0 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 0 0 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 0 5 0
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 5 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 105 40 60
Bikol 0 0 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 5 5 5
Cebuano 5 5 0
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0
Ilocano 10 5 5
Indonesian 0 0 0
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 70 25 40
Waray-Waray 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5
Creole languages 0 0 5
Haitian Creole 0 0 0
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 0 0 0
Morisyen 0 0 0
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 5 0 5
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Dravidian languages 20 20 5
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 20 15 5
Tamil 0 0 0
Telugu 0 0 0
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 425 230 195
Albanian 0 0 0
Armenian 0 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 115 60 55
Baltic languages 5 0 5
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Slavic languages 110 55 55
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 0 0 0
Czech 5 5 5
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 15 5 10
Russian 15 10 5
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0
Bosnian 0 0 0
Croatian 0 0 0
Serbian 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Slovak 10 0 5
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0
Ukrainian 60 30 30
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 5 5 0
Irish 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0
Welsh 5 5 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 85 40 45
Frisian 0 0 0
High German languages 50 25 25
German 50 25 25
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 0 0 0
Yiddish 0 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 30 10 15
Afrikaans 20 10 5
Dutch 5 0 5
Low German, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 5 0 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0
Scandinavian languages 5 0 0
Danish 0 0 0
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 0 0 0
Swedish 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Greek 5 5 5
Indo-Iranian languages 190 105 85
Indo-Aryan languages 180 100 85
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 5 5 0
Gujarati 80 40 40
Hindi 20 15 10
Kacchi 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0
Nepali 0 0 0
Oriya languages 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 30 20 10
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 10 5 5
Urdu 20 10 10
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iranian languages 10 10 5
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 0 0 0
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 0 0 0
Persian languages 10 10 5
Dari 0 0 0
Iranian Persian 10 5 5
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 0 0 0
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 30 25 10
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 0 0 0
Portuguese 10 5 5
Romanian 5 5 0
Spanish 15 15 5
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 0 0 0
Korean 0 0 0
Mongolian 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 10 5 5
Akan (Twi) 5 5 5
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0
Éwé 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0
Lingala 0 0 0
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Shona 0 0 0
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0
Swahili 0 0 0
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
African, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Sign languages 0 0 0
American Sign Language 0 0 0
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages 25 10 10
Chinese languages 25 10 10
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 15 10 10
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0
Yue (Cantonese) 5 0 5
Chinese, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0
Burmese 0 0 0
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 0 0 0
Lao 0 0 0
Thai 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 0 0 0
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Uralic languages 40 20 15
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 25 15 10
Hungarian 10 5 5
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Multiple responses 620 320 295
English and French 55 30 25
English and non-official language(s) 550 275 270
French and non-official language(s) 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language(s) 5 0 0
Multiple non-official languages 10 5 5
All languages spoken at home
Total - All languages spoken at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data40 21,590 10,850 10,745
English 19,215 9,690 9,525
French 20 15 10
Non-official language 245 125 120
Indigenous39 130 70 65
Non-Indigenous 110 60 55
English and French 160 80 75
English and non-official language(s) 1,910 910 1,000
French and non-official language(s) 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language(s) 20 10 10
Multiple non-official languages 20 10 10
Language spoken most often at home
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data41 21,590 10,850 10,745
Single responses 21,115 10,630 10,485
Official languages 20,265 10,205 10,060
English 20,215 10,175 10,040
French 50 30 25
Non-official languages 850 425 420
Indigenous languages39 535 260 270
Algonquian languages 525 260 270
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 525 260 270
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 525 260 270
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 5 0 5
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 70 35 35
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 5 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 5 0 5
Cree, n.o.s. 450 225 225
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 0 0 0
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 10 5 5
Northern Athabaskan languages 10 5 5
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 10 5 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 315 160 150
Afro-Asiatic languages 20 10 5
Berber languages 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 0 0 0
Hausa 0 0 0
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 0 0 0
Bilen 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 20 10 5
Amharic 0 0 0
Arabic 20 10 5
Aramaic languages 0 0 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 0 0 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 0 0 0
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 55 30 25
Bikol 0 0 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Cebuano 5 0 0
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0
Ilocano 10 5 10
Indonesian 0 0 0
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 35 20 10
Waray-Waray 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Creole languages 0 0 0
Haitian Creole 0 0 0
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 0 0 0
Morisyen 0 0 0
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Dravidian languages 15 10 5
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 15 10 5
Tamil 0 0 0
Telugu 0 0 0
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 195 95 100
Albanian 0 0 0
Armenian 0 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 10 5 5
Baltic languages 0 0 0
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Slavic languages 15 5 5
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 0 0 0
Czech 0 0 0
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 0 0 0
Russian 10 5 5
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0
Bosnian 0 0 0
Croatian 0 0 0
Serbian 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Slovak 0 0 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0
Ukrainian 0 0 0
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 0 0 0
Irish 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0
Welsh 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 15 5 10
Frisian 0 0 0
High German languages 10 0 5
German 10 0 5
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 0 0 0
Yiddish 0 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 10 0 5
Afrikaans 10 0 5
Dutch 0 0 0
Low German, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 0 0 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0
Scandinavian languages 0 0 0
Danish 0 0 0
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 0 0 0
Swedish 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Greek 5 5 5
Indo-Iranian languages 160 80 80
Indo-Aryan languages 155 80 80
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 0 0 0
Gujarati 80 35 45
Hindi 15 10 10
Kacchi 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0
Nepali 0 0 0
Oriya languages 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 25 10 10
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 10 5 5
Urdu 15 10 5
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iranian languages 10 0 5
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 0 0 0
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 0 0 0
Persian languages 10 0 5
Dari 0 0 0
Iranian Persian 10 0 5
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 0 0 0
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 5 0 0
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 0 0 0
Portuguese 0 0 0
Romanian 0 0 0
Spanish 5 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 0 0 0
Korean 0 0 0
Mongolian 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 0 0 0
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0
Éwé 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0
Lingala 0 0 0
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Shona 0 0 0
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0
Swahili 0 0 0
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
African, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Sign languages 0 0 0
American Sign Language 0 0 0
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages 10 5 0
Chinese languages 10 5 0
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 5 5 0
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0
Yue (Cantonese) 0 0 0
Chinese, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0
Burmese 0 0 0
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 0 0 0
Lao 0 0 0
Thai 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 0 0 0
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Uralic languages 15 5 10
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 15 5 10
Hungarian 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Multiple responses 475 215 260
English and French 30 15 15
English and non-official language(s) 435 195 240
French and non-official language(s) 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language(s) 0 0 0
Multiple non-official languages 5 0 0
Other language spoken regularly at home
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data42 21,590 10,845 10,745
None 19,925 10,030 9,900
English 570 280 295
French 100 50 50
Non-official language 905 435 470
Indigenous39 665 320 350
Non-Indigenous 235 115 115
English and French 10 10 0
English and non-official language(s) 35 20 15
French and non-official language(s) 10 5 5
English, French and non-official language(s) 0 0 0
Multiple non-official languages 35 25 15
Knowledge of languagesThe letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice.
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample data43 21,420 10,735 10,685
Official languages 21,385 10,715 10,670
English 21,355 10,695 10,660
French 805 375 435
Non-official languages 3,580 1,750 1,830
Indigenous languages39 2,495 1,175 1,320
Algonquian languages 2,480 1,175 1,305
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 2,460 1,165 1,290
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 2,460 1,165 1,290
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 10 10 10
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 545 250 295
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 15 10 10
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 10 10 10
Cree, n.o.s. 1,890 905 985
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 25 10 15
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 25 10 10
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 10 0 10
Ojibway, n.o.s. 10 10 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 1,090 575 520
Afro-Asiatic languages 55 45 10
Berber languages 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 0 0 0
Hausa 0 0 0
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 0 0 0
Bilen 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 55 45 10
Amharic 0 0 0
Arabic 55 45 10
Aramaic languages 0 0 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 0 0 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 0 0 0
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 110 50 65
Bikol 0 0 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Cebuano 25 10 10
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0
Ilocano 0 0 0
Indonesian 0 0 0
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 100 50 55
Waray-Waray 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Creole languages 0 0 0
Haitian Creole 0 0 0
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 0 0 0
Morisyen 0 0 0
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Dravidian languages 40 30 0
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 40 30 0
Tamil 15 15 0
Telugu 0 0 0
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 715 395 325
Albanian 0 0 0
Armenian 0 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 150 55 90
Baltic languages 0 0 0
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Slavic languages 150 55 90
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 0 0 0
Czech 0 0 0
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 20 0 10
Russian 20 10 10
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0
Bosnian 0 0 0
Croatian 0 0 0
Serbian 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Slovak 15 0 10
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0
Ukrainian 75 30 45
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 0 0 0
Irish 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0
Welsh 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 135 55 75
Frisian 0 0 0
High German languages 55 25 30
German 55 25 30
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 0 0 0
Yiddish 0 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 75 30 45
Afrikaans 60 25 35
Dutch 15 0 10
Low German, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 0 0 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0
Scandinavian languages 10 0 0
Danish 0 0 0
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 0 0 0
Swedish 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Greek 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages 350 225 125
Indo-Aryan languages 350 220 125
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 0 0 0
Gujarati 130 75 50
Hindi 215 145 70
Kacchi 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0
Nepali 0 0 0
Oriya languages 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 95 60 35
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 20 15 10
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0
Urdu 60 30 30
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iranian languages 10 10 0
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 0 0 0
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 0 0 0
Persian languages 0 0 0
Dari 0 0 0
Iranian Persian 0 0 0
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 0 0 0
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 80 55 25
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 0 0 0
Portuguese 0 0 0
Romanian 0 0 0
Spanish 75 45 25
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 25 10 20
Korean 0 0 0
Mongolian 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 60 15 50
Akan (Twi) 45 10 35
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0
Éwé 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0
Lingala 0 0 0
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Shona 0 0 0
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0
Swahili 0 0 0
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
African, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Sign languages 20 0 20
American Sign Language 20 0 20
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages 45 25 15
Chinese languages 45 25 15
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 35 25 10
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0
Yue (Cantonese) 0 0 0
Chinese, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0
Burmese 0 0 0
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 0 0 0
Lao 0 0 0
Thai 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 0 0 0
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Uralic languages 25 15 10
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 15 10 10
Hungarian 10 10 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous population
Total - Indigenous identity for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 21,420 10,735 10,685
Indigenous identity45 11,710 5,670 6,035
Single Indigenous responses46 11,550 5,620 5,940
First Nations (North American Indian) 9,185 4,450 4,730
Métis 2,350 1,165 1,185
Inuk (Inuit) 20 0 20
Multiple Indigenous responses47 85 30 50
Indigenous responses not included elsewhere48 65 20 50
Non-Indigenous identity 9,710 5,065 4,645
Total - Registered or Treaty Indian status for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 21,420 10,735 10,685
Registered or Treaty Indian49 8,990 4,340 4,650
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 12,430 6,390 6,040
Household characteristics
Total - Private households by tenure - 25% sample data50 8,085 ... ...
Owner 4,950 ... ...
Renter 2,110 ... ...
Dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band 1,025 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by condominium status - 25% sample data51 8,085 ... ...
Condominium 205 ... ...
Not condominium 7,885 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of bedrooms - 25% sample data52 8,085 ... ...
No bedrooms 55 ... ...
1 bedroom 750 ... ...
2 bedrooms 2,080 ... ...
3 bedrooms 3,150 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 2,050 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of rooms - 25% sample data53 8,085 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 2,030 ... ...
5 rooms 1,745 ... ...
6 rooms 1,565 ... ...
7 rooms 940 ... ...
8 or more rooms 1,815 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 6.0 ... ...
Total - Private households by number of persons per room - 25% sample data54 8,085 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 7,690 ... ...
More than one person per room 395 ... ...
Total - Private households by housing suitability - 25% sample data55 8,085 ... ...
Suitable 7,370 ... ...
Not suitable 720 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by period of construction - 25% sample data56 8,085 ... ...
1960 or before 2,155 ... ...
1961 to 1980 2,770 ... ...
1981 to 1990 1,235 ... ...
1991 to 2000 800 ... ...
2001 to 2005 325 ... ...
2006 to 2010 350 ... ...
2011 to 2015 270 ... ...
2016 to 202157 190 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by dwelling condition - 25% sample data58 8,085 ... ...
Only regular maintenance and minor repairs needed 6,670 ... ...
Major repairs needed 1,420 ... ...
Total - Private households by number of household maintainers - 25% sample data59 8,085 ... ...
One-maintainer household 4,775 ... ...
Two-maintainer household 3,050 ... ...
Three-or-more-maintainer household 260 ... ...
Total - Private households by age of primary household maintainers - 25% sample data60 8,085 ... ...
15 to 24 years 325 ... ...
25 to 34 years 1,135 ... ...
35 to 44 years 1,335 ... ...
45 to 54 years 1,480 ... ...
55 to 64 years 1,780 ... ...
65 to 74 years 1,365 ... ...
75 to 84 years 540 ... ...
85 years and over 135 ... ...
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratio - 25% sample data61 6,535 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of income on shelter costs 5,925 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs 605 ... ...
30% to less than 100% 550 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by housing indicators - 25% sample data62 8,090 ... ...
Total - Households 'spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' or 'not suitable' or 'major repairs needed' 2,350 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs only 480 ... ...
Not suitable only 420 ... ...
Major repairs needed only 1,060 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' 25 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'major repairs needed' 85 ... ...
'Not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 260 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 15 ... ...
Acceptable housing 5,740 ... ...
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero and shelter-cost-to-income ratio less than 100%, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data63 6,470 ... ...
In core need 430 ... ...
Not in core need 6,040 ... ...
Total - Owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 4,530 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgage64 49.3 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 4.9 ... ...
% in core housing need63 3.9 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 775 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 972 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)66 160,000 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)66 187,600 ... ...
Total - Tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 2,010 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housing67 21.4 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 19.2 ... ...
% in core housing need63 13.1 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 740 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 784 ... ...
Total - Households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band in non-farm private dwellings - 25% sample data 1,030 ... ...
% of households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band spending more than 30% on shelter costs61 3.9 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 292 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 317 ... ...
Indigenous ancestry
Total - Indigenous ancestry for the population in private households - 25% sample data68 21,420 10,735 10,685
Indigenous ancestry (only)69 8,330 4,100 4,230
Single Indigenous ancestry (only)70 8,130 4,000 4,125
First Nations (North American Indian) single ancestry 7,500 3,705 3,795
Métis single ancestry 615 295 325
Inuit single ancestry 10 0 0
Multiple Indigenous ancestries (only)71 195 95 105
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis ancestry only 195 95 100
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
Métis and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries72 3,215 1,555 1,660
Single Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries73 3,090 1,495 1,590
First Nations (North American Indian) and non-Indigenous ancestry only 1,985 930 1,055
Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 1,080 555 525
Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 25 10 10
Multiple Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries74 130 60 75
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 120 55 65
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 0 0
Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 0 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous ancestry only75 9,875 5,080 4,800
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample data76 21,420 10,735 10,685
Canadian citizens77 20,830 10,390 10,440
Canadian citizens aged under 18 5,965 3,010 2,950
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 14,865 7,380 7,490
Not Canadian citizens78 585 345 245
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample data79 21,420 10,735 10,685
Non-immigrants80 20,455 10,220 10,235
Immigrants81 755 380 375
Before 1980 150 60 90
1980 to 1990 65 15 50
1991 to 2000 20 15 0
2001 to 2010 110 60 50
2011 to 202182 415 230 180
2011 to 2015 170 90 80
2016 to 2021 240 135 105
Non-permanent residents83 205 135 70
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data84 755 380 375
Under 5 years 85 35 55
5 to 14 years 90 65 30
15 to 24 years 135 50 80
25 to 44 years 365 185 185
45 years and over 75 40 35
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data85 755 380 375
Americas 105 45 60
Brazil 0 0 0
Colombia 0 0 0
El Salvador 0 0 0
Guyana 0 0 0
Haiti 0 0 0
Jamaica 25 10 15
Mexico 0 0 0
Peru 0 0 0
Trinidad and Tobago 0 0 0
United States of America 65 30 35
Other places of birth in Americas 10 10 0
Europe 185 75 110
Bosnia and Herzegovina 0 0 0
Croatia 0 0 0
France 0 0 0
Germany 25 0 20
Greece 0 0 0
Hungary 0 0 0
Italy 0 0 0
Netherlands 15 15 0
Poland 15 0 10
Portugal 0 0 0
Romania 0 0 0
Russian Federation 0 0 0
Serbia86 0 0 0
Ukraine 15 10 0
United Kingdom87 65 20 40
Other places of birth in Europe 35 15 20
Africa 85 45 35
Algeria 0 0 0
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 0 0 0
Egypt 20 15 10
Eritrea 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Morocco 0 0 0
Nigeria 20 0 15
Somalia 0 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 15 0 15
Other places of birth in Africa 30 25 10
Asia 380 210 170
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Iran88 0 0 0
Iraq 0 0 0
Lebanon 0 0 0
Syria89 0 0 0
Turkey 0 0 0
China90 25 10 15
Hong Kong91 0 0 0
Korea, South92 0 0 0
Taiwan 0 0 0
Philippines 90 45 45
Viet Nam 0 0 0
Bangladesh 0 0 0
India 195 125 65
Pakistan 45 20 25
Sri Lanka 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 15 0 15
Oceania and other places of birth93 0 0 0
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data94 240 135 105
Americas 0 0 10
Brazil 0 0 0
Colombia 0 0 0
Haiti 0 0 0
Jamaica 10 0 10
Mexico 0 0 0
United States of America 0 0 0
Venezuela95 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 0 0 0
Europe 10 0 10
France 0 0 0
Germany 0 0 0
Ireland96 0 0 0
Italy 0 0 0
Russian Federation 0 0 0
Ukraine 0 0 0
United Kingdom87 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Europe 0 0 0
Africa 15 15 0
Algeria 0 0 0
Burundi 0 0 0
Cameroon 0 0 0
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 0 0 0
Côte d'Ivoire 0 0 0
Egypt 0 0 0
Eritrea 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Morocco 0 0 0
Nigeria 0 0 0
Somalia 0 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0
Sudan97 0 0 0
Tunisia 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 0 0 0
Asia 210 120 95
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Bangladesh 0 0 0
China90 0 0 0
Hong Kong91 0 0 0
India 115 75 45
Iran88 0 0 0
Iraq 0 0 0
Israel 0 0 0
Japan 0 0 0
Jordan 0 0 0
Korea, South92 0 0 0
Lebanon 0 0 0
Nepal 0 0 0
Pakistan 35 10 20
Philippines 45 20 20
Saudi Arabia 0 0 0
Sri Lanka 0 0 0
Syria89 0 0 0
Turkey 0 0 0
United Arab Emirates 0 0 0
Viet Nam 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 0 0 0
Oceania and other93 0 0 0
Australia 0 0 0
Other places of birth98 0 0 0
Generation status
Total - Generation status for the population in private households - 25% sample data99 21,420 10,735 10,685
First generation100 1,005 540 465
Second generation101 1,310 670 645
Third generation or more102 19,100 9,525 9,570
Admission category and applicant type
Total - Admission category and applicant type for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data103 605 320 285
Economic immigrants104 380 215 170
Principal applicants105 210 145 65
Secondary applicants106 175 65 110
Immigrants sponsored by family107 205 90 115
Refugees108 10 10 0
Other immigrants109 0 0 0
Pre-admission experience
Total - Pre-admission experience for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data110 605 320 285
Asylum claim before admission111 10 10 0
Work permits only before admission112 70 15 55
Study permits only before admission113 15 0 10
Work and study permits before admission114 40 30 10
Other permits before admission115 0 0 0
No pre-admission experience116 475 265 215
Visible minority
Total - Visible minority for the population in private households - 25% sample data117 21,420 10,735 10,685
Total visible minority population118 850 500 350
South Asian 390 255 130
Chinese 45 30 15
Black 120 50 70
Filipino 135 70 70
Arab 55 45 10
Latin American 10 0 0
Southeast Asian 0 0 0
West Asian 0 0 0
Korean 0 0 0
Japanese 40 15 25
Visible minority, n.i.e.119 0 0 0
Multiple visible minorities 30 10 20
Not a visible minority120 20,575 10,235 10,335
Ethnic or cultural origin
Total - Ethnic or cultural origin for the population in private households - 25% sample data121 21,420 10,735 10,685
Canadian 1,650 860 790
English 3,545 1,770 1,780
Irish 2,555 1,245 1,305
Scottish 3,255 1,585 1,670
French, n.o.s.122 2,190 1,045 1,150
German 2,050 930 1,115
Chinese 50 15 35
Italian 130 65 65
Indian (India) 155 120 35
Ukrainian 2,265 1,115 1,150
Dutch 460 210 250
Polish 805 360 445
Québécois 0 0 0
British Isles, n.o.s.123 260 145 115
Filipino 130 70 65
French Canadian 125 65 60
Caucasian (White), n.o.s.124 275 170 105
First Nations (North American Indian), n.o.s.125 3,380 1,585 1,795
Métis 2,015 1,000 1,015
European, n.o.s.126 110 60 50
Russian 340 185 155
Norwegian 810 395 415
Welsh 220 85 130
Portuguese 35 15 15
American 125 60 65
Spanish 40 30 10
Swedish 600 280 320
Hungarian 190 75 115
Acadian 0 0 0
Pakistani 45 20 20
African, n.o.s.127 105 50 60
Jewish 70 35 35
Punjabi 50 30 20
Vietnamese 0 0 0
Arab, n.o.s.128 20 15 0
Greek 0 0 0
Jamaican 20 15 0
Asian, n.o.s.129 35 20 10
Cree, n.o.s.130 4,805 2,395 2,410
Korean 0 0 0
Romanian 60 25 30
Lebanese 0 0 0
Iranian 0 0 0
Christian, n.i.e.131 20 10 15
Danish 115 65 45
North American Indigenous, n.o.s.132 610 285 325
Sikh 15 15 0
Austrian 135 85 50
Belgian 150 50 100
Haitian 0 0 0
Hindu 100 65 35
Mexican 10 0 0
Mennonite 30 10 25
Swiss 40 20 20
Finnish 155 75 80
Sri Lankan 0 0 0
Croatian 0 0 0
Japanese 35 15 20
South Asian, n.o.s.133 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq, n.o.s.134 35 25 10
Northern European, n.o.s.135 120 70 55
Muslim 0 0 0
Egyptian 30 10 20
Latin, Central or South American, n.o.s.136 0 0 0
Tamil 0 0 0
Icelandic 445 235 205
Colombian 0 0 0
Moroccan 0 0 0
Czech 35 20 10
Syrian 0 0 0
Guyanese 0 0 0
Afghan 0 0 0
Black, n.o.s.137 0 0 0
Serbian 30 10 20
Ojibway 175 80 95
Newfoundlander 70 35 40
Hong Konger 0 0 0
Ontarian 15 0 10
Persian 0 0 0
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 0 0 0
Turkish 0 0 0
Inuit, n.o.s.138 45 20 20
Bangladeshi 0 0 0
Algerian 0 0 0
Brazilian 0 0 0
Nigerian 0 0 0
Armenian 0 0 0
Slovak 55 20 35
Eastern European, n.o.s.139 20 0 15
Somali 0 0 0
Taiwanese 0 0 0
Iraqi 0 0 0
Salvadorean 0 0 0
African Caribbean 0 0 0
East or Southeast Asian, n.o.s.140 0 0 0
West or Central Asian or Middle Eastern, n.o.s.141 0 0 0
Caribbean, n.o.s.142 0 0 0
Algonquin 25 25 0
West Indian, n.o.s.143 0 0 0
Lithuanian 10 0 0
South African 55 25 30
Australian 0 0 0
Palestinian 0 0 0
Chilean 0 0 0
Congolese 0 0 0
Nova Scotian 25 10 15
Ethiopian 0 0 0
Hispanic, n.o.s.144 0 0 0
Peruvian 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 0
Cambodian (Khmer) 0 0 0
Berber 0 0 0
Albanian 0 0 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Macedonian 0 0 0
Slovenian 0 0 0
Western European, n.o.s.145 0 0 0
New Brunswicker 0 0 0
Gujarati 0 0 0
Eritrean 0 0