Census Profile, 2021 Census of Population
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Topic:
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Age
Age characteristics
Commuting
Select all: Commuting
Commuting destination
Commuting duration
Main mode of commuting
Place of work status
Time leaving for work
Education
Select all: Education
Highest certificate, diploma or degree
Location of study compared with province or territory of residence
Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2021
Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificate
Ethnocultural and religious diversity
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Ethnic or cultural origin
Religion
Visible minority
Families, households, and marital status
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Family characteristics
Household type
Marital status
Housing
Household characteristics
Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
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Admission category and applicant type
Age at immigration
Citizenship
Generation status
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Pre-admission experience
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Income
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Income of economic families in 2020
Income of households in 2020
Income of individuals in 2019
Income of individuals in 2020
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Indigenous peoples
Select all: Indigenous peoples
Indigenous ancestry
Indigenous population
Instruction in the minority official language
Select all: Instruction in the minority official language
Children eligible for instruction in the minority official language
Eligibility and instruction in the minority official language for school-aged children
Labour
Select all: Labour
Class of worker including job permanency
Industry - Sectors - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2017
Labour force status
Occupation - Broad category - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2021
Work activity during the reference year
Language
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All languages spoken at home
First official language spoken
Knowledge of languages
Knowledge of official languages
Language spoken most often at home
Mother tongue
Other language spoken regularly at home
Language of work
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All languages used at work
Language used most often at work
Other language(s) used regularly at work
Mobility and migration
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Mobility status 1 year ago
Mobility status 5 years ago
Population and dwelling counts
Population and dwellings
Type of dwelling
Household and dwelling characteristics
GenderMore information:


Statistic:
Characteristic Division No. 17, Census division (CDR)More information:
Manitoba
[Census division]
Counts
Total Men+ Women+
Population and dwellings
Population, 20211 21,996 ... ...
Population, 20161 22,205 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2016 to 2021 - 0.9 ... ...
Total private dwellings2 11,521 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residents3 9,468 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 1.6 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 13,630.54 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups of the population - 100% data 21,995 10,740 11,255
0 to 14 years 4,250 2,155 2,095
0 to 4 years 1,310 665 640
5 to 9 years 1,400 725 675
10 to 14 years 1,545 765 780
15 to 64 years 12,460 6,090 6,370
15 to 19 years 1,330 680 650
20 to 24 years 1,160 570 585
25 to 29 years 1,120 550 565
30 to 34 years 1,120 545 575
35 to 39 years 1,100 530 575
40 to 44 years 1,170 555 620
45 to 49 years 1,180 580 605
50 to 54 years 1,240 585 655
55 to 59 years 1,420 690 730
60 to 64 years 1,620 810 810
65 years and over 5,285 2,495 2,790
65 to 69 years 1,530 755 780
70 to 74 years 1,320 660 655
75 to 79 years 1,005 485 520
80 to 84 years 680 330 355
85 years and over 745 265 480
85 to 89 years 440 175 265
90 to 94 years 205 65 145
95 to 99 years 85 20 65
100 years and over 15 0 10
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 19.3 20.1 18.6
15 to 64 years 56.6 56.7 56.6
65 years and over 24.0 23.2 24.8
85 years and over 3.4 2.5 4.3
Average age of the population 42.9 42.2 43.7
Median age of the population 44.0 43.2 44.8
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% data 9,465 ... ...
Single-detached house 7,805 ... ...
Semi-detached house 155 ... ...
Row house 250 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 80 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 590 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 55 ... ...
Other single-attached house 15 ... ...
Movable dwelling4 520 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% data 9,470 ... ...
1 person 3,280 ... ...
2 persons 3,405 ... ...
3 persons 1,070 ... ...
4 persons 915 ... ...
5 or more persons 800 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 21,535 10,530 11,000
Average household size 2.3 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the total population aged 15 years and over - 100% data 17,745 8,585 9,155
Married or living common-law 9,690 4,840 4,855
Married 7,865 3,930 3,930
Living common-law 1,830 905 925
Living common law - Never married 1,365 670 695
Living common law - Separated 65 30 30
Living common law - Divorced 350 180 175
Living common law - Widowed 50 20 25
Not married and not living common-law 8,050 3,745 4,305
Not married and not living common law - Never married 5,090 2,765 2,330
Not married and not living common law - Separated 415 185 230
Not married and not living common law - Divorced 1,045 470 570
Not married and not living common law - Widowed 1,500 330 1,170
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% data5 5,990 ... ...
2 persons 3,460 ... ...
3 persons 1,010 ... ...
4 persons 885 ... ...
5 or more persons 640 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.8 ... ...
Average number of children in census families with children6 2.0 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% data 5,990 ... ...
Total couple families 4,735 ... ...
Married couples 3,820 ... ...
With children6 1,535 ... ...
Without children 2,285 ... ...
Common-law couples 915 ... ...
With children6 420 ... ...
Without children 495 ... ...
Total one-parent families 1,255 ... ...
in which the parent is a woman+ 1,000 ... ...
in which the parent is a man+ 255 ... ...
Total - Persons in private households - 100% data 21,535 10,530 11,000
Total - Persons in census families 17,020 8,335 8,685
Married spouses or common-law partners 9,470 4,720 4,750
Parents in one-parent families 1,250 260 995
Children6 6,300 3,360 2,940
In a two-parent family 4,040 2,165 1,875
In a one-parent family 2,260 1,195 1,065
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 4,510 2,195 2,315
Living alone 3,280 1,575 1,705
Living with other relatives7 670 310 360
Living with non-relatives only 560 310 250
Household type
Total - Household type - 100% data 9,470 ... ...
One-census-family households without additional persons 5,450 ... ...
Couple-family households 4,460 ... ...
With children6 1,810 ... ...
Without children 2,650 ... ...
One-parent-family households 990 ... ...
Multigenerational households8 170 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households9 20 ... ...
One-census-family households with additional persons9 240 ... ...
Two-or-more-person non-census-family households 305 ... ...
One-person households 3,280 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2020
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data10 17,295 8,385 8,910
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 16,830 8,125 8,705
Median total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 34,400 36,000 33,200
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 16,845 8,135 8,710
Median after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 31,200 32,400 30,600
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 14,410 7,065 7,345
Median market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 27,000 30,600 24,000
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 11,415 5,865 5,545
Median employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 28,000 28,800 27,200
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 15,505 7,400 8,105
Median government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 11,600 10,100 12,500
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 1,645 895 755
Median employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 5,760 6,320 4,880
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 3,680 1,730 1,955
Median COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 8,000 8,500 8,000
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data11 17,290 8,380 8,910
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 16,870 8,170 8,705
Average total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 43,240 47,000 39,720
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 16,895 8,185 8,715
Average after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 36,360 38,200 34,640
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 14,380 7,205 7,165
Average market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 37,560 41,920 33,160
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 11,410 5,990 5,420
Average employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 37,120 39,320 34,680
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 15,590 7,470 8,120
Average government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 12,160 10,920 13,300
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 1,660 915 750
Average employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 7,160 7,720 6,480
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 3,605 1,705 1,895
Average COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 9,750 9,870 9,650
Total - Employment income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data12 17,290 8,385 8,910
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 5,135 2,920 2,220
Median employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 46,400 47,200 46,000
Average employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 54,950 53,900 56,350
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 4,250 2,000 2,255
Median employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 18,600 19,600 17,000
Average employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 26,280 30,600 22,420
Composition of total income in 2020 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data17 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)18 74.0 78.8 68.8
Employment income (%)19 58.1 61.4 54.3
Government transfers (%)20 26.0 21.3 31.3
Employment insurance benefits (%) 1.6 1.8 1.4
COVID-19 - Government income support and benefits (%) 6.3 5.4 7.2
COVID-19 - Emergency and recovery benefits (%) 4.8 4.4 5.3
Total - Total income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data21 17,290 8,380 8,910
Without total income 460 265 200
With total income 16,830 8,120 8,710
Under $10,000 (including loss) 1,610 840 765
$10,000 to $19,999 2,420 1,105 1,315
$20,000 to $29,999 3,300 1,480 1,820
$30,000 to $39,999 2,375 1,025 1,350
$40,000 to $49,999 1,990 900 1,090
$50,000 to $59,999 1,525 730 795
$60,000 to $69,999 1,040 555 485
$70,000 to $79,999 735 425 305
$80,000 to $89,999 560 300 255
$90,000 to $99,999 390 190 200
$100,000 and over 890 560 335
$100,000 to $149,999 660 395 265
$150,000 and over 230 160 65
Total - After-tax income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data22 17,290 8,380 8,910
Without after-tax income 445 250 200
With after-tax income 16,845 8,135 8,710
Under $10,000 (including loss) 1,705 885 815
$10,000 to $19,999 2,560 1,175 1,380
$20,000 to $29,999 3,760 1,695 2,065
$30,000 to $39,999 2,810 1,240 1,565
$40,000 to $49,999 2,150 1,050 1,100
$50,000 to $59,999 1,480 785 695
$60,000 to $69,999 910 485 420
$70,000 to $79,999 620 305 310
$80,000 to $89,999 325 175 145
$90,000 to $99,999 175 90 90
$100,000 and over 350 235 115
$100,000 to $124,999 195 130 65
$125,000 and over 160 100 55
Total - Employment income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data19 17,290 8,380 8,910
Without employment income 5,880 2,515 3,365
With employment income 11,410 5,870 5,545
Under $5,000 (including loss) 2,010 1,125 885
$5,000 to $9,999 1,060 525 540
$10,000 to $19,999 1,480 695 785
$20,000 to $29,999 1,415 665 755
$30,000 to $39,999 1,260 560 705
$40,000 to $49,999 1,120 530 590
$50,000 to $59,999 730 405 325
$60,000 to $69,999 595 350 245
$70,000 to $79,999 430 260 170
$80,000 to $89,999 405 210 200
$90,000 to $99,999 285 140 140
$100,000 and over 615 415 205
$100,000 to $124,999 350 215 130
$125,000 and over 270 195 75
Income of individuals in 2019
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data23 17,295 8,385 8,910
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 16,350 7,865 8,490
Median total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 32,000 34,400 30,200
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 16,355 7,870 8,485
Median after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 29,400 31,200 28,000
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 14,215 6,940 7,270
Median market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 28,000 32,000 25,200
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 11,470 5,840 5,630
Median employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 28,800 30,800 27,200
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 14,525 6,960 7,565
Median government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 8,000 4,760 9,500
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 -100% data 1,530 815 715
Median employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 6,160 7,500 4,520
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data24 17,290 8,380 8,910
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 16,370 7,915 8,455
Average total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 40,560 44,400 37,000
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 16,370 7,915 8,455
Average after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 34,120 36,440 31,920
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 14,130 7,055 7,070
Average market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 37,280 41,600 32,920
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 11,380 5,910 5,470
Average employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 37,520 40,480 34,280
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 14,500 6,990 7,510
Average government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 9,500 8,280 10,630
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 1,540 800 740
Average employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 8,350 8,980 7,680
Total - Employment income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data25 17,290 8,385 8,910
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 5,060 2,860 2,205
Median employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 44,400 46,400 42,800
Average employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 52,750 52,700 52,750
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 3,960 1,860 2,100
Median employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 22,400 24,000 21,400
Average employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 30,680 35,480 26,400
Composition of total income in 2019 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%) 79.2 83.6 74.4
Employment income (%) 64.2 68.0 60.0
Government transfers (%) 20.7 16.5 25.5
Employment insurance benefits (%) 1.9 2.0 1.8
Income of households in 2020
Total - Income statistics for private households - 100% data26 9,470 ... ...
Median total income of household in 2020 ($) 61,200 ... ...
Median after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 54,800 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 100% data 3,280 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 32,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 29,800 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 100% data 6,185 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 79,500 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 71,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for private households - 25% sample data27 9,470 ... ...
Average total income of household in 2020 ($) 77,100 ... ...
Average after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 64,900 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 25% sample data 3,250 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 41,600 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 35,320 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 25% sample data 6,215 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 95,600 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 80,400 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data21 9,465 ... ...
Under $5,000 100 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 105 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 210 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 220 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 665 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 535 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 465 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 535 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 475 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 505 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 830 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 775 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 705 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 575 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 445 ... ...
$100,000 and over 2,315 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 875 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 550 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 565 ... ...
$200,000 and over 330 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data22 9,465 ... ...
Under $5,000 135 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 105 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 220 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 235 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 715 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 605 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 575 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 585 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 555 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 535 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 975 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 880 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 745 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 540 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 460 ... ...
$100,000 and over 1,610 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 780 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 395 ... ...
$150,000 and over 440 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2020
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 100% data28 6,005 ... ...
Median total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 79,500 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 71,000 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 100% data 2,670 ... ...
Median total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 74,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 65,500 ... ...
Average family size of couple-only economic families 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 100% data 1,975 ... ...
Median total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 110,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 96,000 ... ...
Average family size of couple-with-children economic families 4.2 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 1,170 ... ...
Median total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 56,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 53,600 ... ...
Average family size of one-parent economic families 3.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% data29 3,845 1,890 1,955
Median total income in 2020 ($)30 31,000 32,000 30,400
Median after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 29,000 29,200 28,600
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 25% sample data31 6,025 ... ...
Average total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 95,800 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 80,400 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 25% sample data 2,710 ... ...
Average total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 89,100 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 73,800 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 25% sample data 1,955 ... ...
Average total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 125,500 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 103,700 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 1,160 ... ...
Average total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 64,800 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 58,800 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample data32 3,830 1,885 1,940
Average total income in 2020 ($)30 39,800 43,440 36,240
Average after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 33,960 36,000 32,000
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Total - LIM low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households - 100% data33 21,535 10,535 11,005
0 to 17 years 5,100 2,575 2,525
0 to 5 years 1,595 815 780
18 to 64 years 11,500 5,605 5,895
65 years and over 4,940 2,355 2,585
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 4,675 2,200 2,475
0 to 17 years 1,425 705 715
0 to 5 years 545 270 270
18 to 64 years 2,070 1,010 1,060
65 years and over 1,185 490 695
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 21.7 20.9 22.5
0 to 17 years (%) 27.9 27.5 28.5
0 to 5 years (%) 34.0 32.8 35.2
18 to 64 years (%) 18.0 18.0 18.0
65 years and over (%) 24.0 20.8 26.9
Total - LICO low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households to whom the low-income concept is applicable - 100% data33 19,925 9,760 10,170
0 to 17 years 4,375 2,210 2,165
0 to 5 years 1,380 700 675
18 to 64 years 10,675 5,220 5,460
65 years and over 4,875 2,330 2,545
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 875 480 395
0 to 17 years 165 85 85
0 to 5 years 75 30 40
18 to 64 years 615 345 270
65 years and over 90 55 40
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 4.4 4.9 3.9
0 to 17 years (%) 3.9 3.7 4.1
0 to 5 years (%) 5.2 4.4 6.0
18 to 64 years (%) 5.8 6.6 4.9
65 years and over (%) 1.9 2.3 1.5
Total - Adjusted after-tax economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% data34The letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice. 21,535 10,535 11,000
In bottom half of the distribution 14,835 7,140 7,695
In bottom decile 3,925 1,895 2,020
In second decile 3,625 1,650 1,970
In third decile 2,830 1,345 1,485
In fourth decile 2,380 1,185 1,200
In fifth decile 2,075 1,060 1,015
In top half of the distribution 6,700 3,390 3,305
In sixth decile 1,840 930 905
In seventh decile 1,660 865 790
In eighth decile 1,375 675 700
In ninth decile 1,065 535 530
In top decile 770 395 375
Total - Inequality measures for the population in private households - 100% data35 21,535 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household total income 0.334 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household market income 0.507 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household after-tax income 0.290 ... ...
P90/P10 ratio on adjusted household after-tax income 3.6 ... ...
Knowledge of official languages
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data36 21,630 10,590 11,035
English only 20,230 9,915 10,315
French only 15 5 5
English and French 1,330 640 690
Neither English nor French 60 35 20
First official language spoken
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data37 21,630 10,590 11,035
English 21,105 10,340 10,770
French 460 215 245
English and French 10 5 10
Neither English nor French 50 30 20
Mother tongue
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data38 21,630 10,590 11,035
Single responses 21,125 10,350 10,770
Official languages 19,230 9,450 9,780
English 18,690 9,200 9,490
French 540 250 290
Non-official languages 1,890 900 990
Indigenous languages39 325 145 180
Algonquian languages 305 140 170
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 25 10 15
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 25 10 15
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 15 5 10
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 5 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 15 5 5
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 280 130 155
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 280 130 155
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 5 0 5
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 80 40 45
Ojibway, n.o.s. 190 90 105
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 5 5 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 5 5 5
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 10 5 5
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 5 0 5
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 5 0 5
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 1,565 755 810
Afro-Asiatic languages 20 15 10
Berber languages 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 0 0 0
Hausa 0 0 0
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 0 0 0
Bilen 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 25 15 10
Amharic 0 0 0
Arabic 20 10 10
Aramaic languages 0 0 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 0 0 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 5 0 5
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 5 0 5
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 130 60 65
Bikol 0 0 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Cebuano 10 5 5
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 10 5 5
Ilocano 0 0 0
Indonesian 0 0 0
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 100 55 50
Waray-Waray 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Creole languages 0 0 0
Haitian Creole 0 0 0
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 0 0 0
Morisyen 0 0 0
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Dravidian languages 45 25 20
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 45 25 20
Tamil 0 0 0
Telugu 0 0 0
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 1,295 620 670
Albanian 0 0 0
Armenian 0 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 825 375 450
Baltic languages 0 0 0
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Slavic languages 825 375 450
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 0 0 0
Czech 0 0 0
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 15 10 5
Russian 40 25 15
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 5 5 0
Bosnian 0 0 0
Croatian 0 0 0
Serbian 5 5 0
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Slovak 0 0 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0
Ukrainian 755 335 420
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 0 0 0
Irish 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0
Welsh 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 280 140 145
Frisian 0 0 0
High German languages 170 90 80
German 160 80 80
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 10 5 5
Yiddish 0 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 105 45 55
Afrikaans 40 15 20
Dutch 20 15 10
Low German, n.o.s. 10 0 5
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 30 15 10
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 0 0
Scandinavian languages 5 5 0
Danish 0 0 0
Icelandic 5 5 0
Norwegian 5 0 5
Swedish 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Greek 5 0 5
Indo-Iranian languages 105 50 55
Indo-Aryan languages 95 45 50
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 0 0 0
Gujarati 15 15 5
Hindi 10 5 5
Kacchi 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0
Nepali 0 0 0
Oriya languages 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 60 25 35
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0
Urdu 10 5 5
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iranian languages 5 5 5
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 0 0 0
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 0 0 0
Persian languages 0 0 0
Dari 0 0 0
Iranian Persian 0 0 0
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 0 0 0
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 80 50 25
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 0 0 0
Portuguese 15 5 5
Romanian 5 0 0
Spanish 60 45 15
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 5 0 0
Korean 10 0 5
Mongolian 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 15 5 10
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0
Éwé 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0
Lingala 0 0 0
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Shona 0 0 0
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0
Swahili 0 0 0
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0
Yoruba 15 10 5
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages 5 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0
African, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Sign languages 0 0 0
American Sign Language 0 0 0
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages 25 15 15
Chinese languages 25 15 15
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 5 0 5
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0
Yue (Cantonese) 20 15 10
Chinese, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0
Burmese 0 0 0
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 0 0 0
Lao 0 0 0
Thai 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 0 0 0
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Uralic languages 5 5 5
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 0 0 0
Hungarian 10 5 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0
Multiple responses 500 240 265
English and French 125 70 55
English and non-official language(s) 335 155 185
French and non-official language(s) 10 5 5
English, French and non-official language(s) 5 0 5
Multiple non-official languages 30 10 20
All languages spoken at home
Total - All languages spoken at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data40 21,630 10,590 11,035
English 19,855 9,745 10,105
French 75 35 40
Non-official language 285 160 125
Indigenous39 40 20 20
Non-Indigenous 240 140 105
English and French 205 100 105
English and non-official language(s) 1,155 515 640
French and non-official language(s) 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language(s) 15 10 5
Multiple non-official languages 35 20 15
Language spoken most often at home
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data41 21,630 10,590 11,035
Single responses 21,400 10,485 10,915
Official languages 20,845 10,190 10,655
English 20,750 10,145 10,600
French 95 45 50
Non-official languages 555 295 260
Indigenous languages39 90 50 45
Algonquian languages 90 45 45
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 0 0 0
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0 0 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 90 45 45
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 90 45 45
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 0 5
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 15 5 5
Ojibway, n.o.s. 70 35 35
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 5 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 470 245 220
Afro-Asiatic languages 15 10 5
Berber languages 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 0 0 0
Hausa 0 0 0
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 0 0 0
Bilen 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 15 10 5
Amharic 0 0 0
Arabic 15 10 5
Aramaic languages 0 0 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 0 0 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 10 0 5
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 10 0 5
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 80 45 40
Bikol 0 0 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Cebuano 10 5 0
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0
Ilocano 0 0 0
Indonesian 0 0 0
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 65 40 30
Waray-Waray 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Creole languages 0 0 0
Haitian Creole 0 0 0
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 0 0 0
Morisyen 0 0 0
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Dravidian languages 45 25 20
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 45 25 20
Tamil 0 0 0
Telugu 0 0 0
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 295 150 140
Albanian 0 0 0
Armenian 0 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 90 45 50
Baltic languages 0 0 0
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Slavic languages 90 45 50
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 0 0 0
Czech 0 0 0
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 0 0 0
Russian 30 20 10
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 5 0 0
Bosnian 0 0 0
Croatian 0 0 0
Serbian 5 0 0
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Slovak 0 0 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0
Ukrainian 50 20 30
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 0 0 0
Irish 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0
Welsh 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 75 40 35
Frisian 0 0 0
High German languages 55 25 25
German 45 20 25
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 5 5 5
Yiddish 0 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 25 10 15
Afrikaans 15 10 10
Dutch 0 5 0
Low German, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 0 0 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0
Scandinavian languages 0 0 0
Danish 0 0 0
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 0 0 0
Swedish 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Greek 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages 70 30 40
Indo-Aryan languages 65 30 40
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 0 0 0
Gujarati 10 5 5
Hindi 10 10 5
Kacchi 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0
Nepali 0 0 0
Oriya languages 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 45 20 30
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0
Urdu 0 0 0
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iranian languages 0 0 0
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 0 0 0
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 0 0 0
Persian languages 0 0 0
Dari 0 0 0
Iranian Persian 0 0 0
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 0 0 0
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 50 40 10
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 0 0 0
Portuguese 0 0 0
Romanian 0 0 0
Spanish 45 40 5
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 0 0 0
Korean 0 0 0
Mongolian 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 0 0 0
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0
Éwé 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0
Lingala 0 0 0
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Shona 0 0 0
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0
Swahili 0 0 0
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages 5 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0
African, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Sign languages 10 5 5
American Sign Language 5 5 0
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages 10 5 5
Chinese languages 10 5 5
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 0 0 0
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0
Yue (Cantonese) 10 5 5
Chinese, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0
Burmese 0 0 0
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 0 0 0
Lao 0 0 0
Thai 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 0 0 0
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Uralic languages 0 0 0
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 0 0 0
Hungarian 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Multiple responses 225 105 125
English and French 30 10 15
English and non-official language(s) 195 90 105
French and non-official language(s) 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language(s) 0 0 0
Multiple non-official languages 5 5 5
Other language spoken regularly at home
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data42 21,630 10,590 11,040
None 20,420 10,040 10,385
English 225 110 115
French 165 85 85
Non-official language 735 325 415
Indigenous39 170 75 95
Non-Indigenous 565 245 315
English and French 0 0 0
English and non-official language(s) 35 15 20
French and non-official language(s) 5 5 0
English, French and non-official language(s) 0 0 0
Multiple non-official languages 35 15 25
Knowledge of languagesThe letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice.
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample data43 21,535 10,535 11,000
Official languages 21,465 10,495 10,970
English 21,465 10,495 10,970
French 1,305 650 655
Non-official languages 2,860 1,275 1,585
Indigenous languages39 610 245 365
Algonquian languages 600 245 355
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 30 15 20
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 30 15 20
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0 0 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 10 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 10 0 10
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 570 230 345
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 10 0
Ojibway languages 565 225 345
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 170 55 120
Ojibway, n.o.s. 390 170 220
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 2,270 1,040 1,235
Afro-Asiatic languages 60 30 25
Berber languages 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 0 0 0
Hausa 0 0 0
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 0 0 0
Bilen 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 60 30 25
Amharic 0 0 0
Arabic 30 20 10
Aramaic languages 0 0 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 0 0 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10
Austro-Asiatic languages 15 0 15
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 15 0 15
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 185 80 105
Bikol 10 0 10
Bisaya, n.o.s. 20 10 15
Cebuano 30 0 25
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 25 10 15
Ilocano 0 0 0
Indonesian 0 0 0
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 170 70 95
Waray-Waray 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15
Creole languages 0 0 0
Haitian Creole 0 0 0
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 0 0 0
Morisyen 0 0 0
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Dravidian languages 80 50 30
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 70 45 30
Tamil 10 10 0
Telugu 0 0 0
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 1,810 820 985
Albanian 0 0 0
Armenian 0 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 1,080 460 615
Baltic languages 0 0 0
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Slavic languages 1,080 460 615
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 0 0 0
Czech 0 0 0
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 40 20 20
Russian 70 40 25
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0
Bosnian 0 0 0
Croatian 0 0 0
Serbian 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Slovak 0 0 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0
Ukrainian 995 400 595
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 0 0 0
Irish 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0
Welsh 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 480 220 255
Frisian 0 0 0
High German languages 305 145 160
German 300 145 150
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 0 0 0
Yiddish 0 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 180 75 105
Afrikaans 50 15 35
Dutch 40 15 20
Low German, n.o.s. 10 0 10
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 55 30 25
Vlaams (Flemish) 25 0 20
Scandinavian languages 25 15 10
Danish 0 0 0
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 15 10 10
Swedish 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Greek 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages 115 45 65
Indo-Aryan languages 115 45 65
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 0 0 0
Gujarati 0 0 0
Hindi 75 20 55
Kacchi 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0
Nepali 0 0 0
Oriya languages 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 65 25 50
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0
Urdu 10 0 0
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iranian languages 0 0 0
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 0 0 0
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 0 0 0
Persian languages 0 0 0
Dari 0 0 0
Iranian Persian 0 0 0
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 0 0 0
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 190 115 70
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 10 0 0
Portuguese 55 25 30
Romanian 0 0 0
Spanish 140 95 45
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 0 0 0
Korean 20 10 10
Mongolian 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 35 15 20
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0
Éwé 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0
Lingala 0 0 0
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Shona 0 0 0
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0
Swahili 0 0 0
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0
Yoruba 15 10 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
African, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Sign languages 10 0 10
American Sign Language 10 0 10
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages 50 25 15
Chinese languages 50 25 15
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 35 25 10
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0
Yue (Cantonese) 15 10 10
Chinese, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0
Burmese 0 0 0
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 0 0 0
Lao 0 0 0
Thai 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 0 0 0
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Uralic languages 20 10 10
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 0 0 0
Hungarian 20 10 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous population
Total - Indigenous identity for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 21,535 10,535 11,005
Indigenous identity45 6,965 3,350 3,615
Single Indigenous responses46 6,800 3,270 3,530
First Nations (North American Indian) 3,760 1,730 2,030
Métis 3,035 1,530 1,495
Inuk (Inuit) 0 0 0
Multiple Indigenous responses47 90 45 40
Indigenous responses not included elsewhere48 75 35 40
Non-Indigenous identity 14,570 7,185 7,390
Total - Registered or Treaty Indian status for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 21,535 10,535 11,005
Registered or Treaty Indian49 3,475 1,625 1,850
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 18,060 8,905 9,150
Household characteristics
Total - Private households by tenure - 25% sample data50 9,470 ... ...
Owner 6,705 ... ...
Renter 2,375 ... ...
Dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band 380 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by condominium status - 25% sample data51 9,470 ... ...
Condominium 205 ... ...
Not condominium 9,270 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of bedrooms - 25% sample data52 9,470 ... ...
No bedrooms 60 ... ...
1 bedroom 940 ... ...
2 bedrooms 2,470 ... ...
3 bedrooms 3,605 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 2,395 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of rooms - 25% sample data53 9,470 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 2,225 ... ...
5 rooms 1,755 ... ...
6 rooms 1,770 ... ...
7 rooms 1,165 ... ...
8 or more rooms 2,560 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 6.2 ... ...
Total - Private households by number of persons per room - 25% sample data54 9,470 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 9,300 ... ...
More than one person per room 165 ... ...
Total - Private households by housing suitability - 25% sample data55 9,470 ... ...
Suitable 9,045 ... ...
Not suitable 420 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by period of construction - 25% sample data56 9,470 ... ...
1960 or before 2,725 ... ...
1961 to 1980 3,490 ... ...
1981 to 1990 1,295 ... ...
1991 to 2000 660 ... ...
2001 to 2005 325 ... ...
2006 to 2010 345 ... ...
2011 to 2015 355 ... ...
2016 to 202157 265 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by dwelling condition - 25% sample data58 9,470 ... ...
Only regular maintenance and minor repairs needed 8,585 ... ...
Major repairs needed 885 ... ...
Total - Private households by number of household maintainers - 25% sample data59 9,470 ... ...
One-maintainer household 5,740 ... ...
Two-maintainer household 3,550 ... ...
Three-or-more-maintainer household 175 ... ...
Total - Private households by age of primary household maintainers - 25% sample data60 9,470 ... ...
15 to 24 years 380 ... ...
25 to 34 years 1,200 ... ...
35 to 44 years 1,255 ... ...
45 to 54 years 1,440 ... ...
55 to 64 years 1,735 ... ...
65 to 74 years 1,890 ... ...
75 to 84 years 1,120 ... ...
85 years and over 440 ... ...
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratio - 25% sample data61 8,340 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of income on shelter costs 7,310 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs 1,035 ... ...
30% to less than 100% 960 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by housing indicators - 25% sample data62 9,465 ... ...
Total - Households 'spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' or 'not suitable' or 'major repairs needed' 2,100 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs only 880 ... ...
Not suitable only 310 ... ...
Major repairs needed only 675 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' 25 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'major repairs needed' 125 ... ...
'Not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 85 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 0 ... ...
Acceptable housing 7,365 ... ...
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero and shelter-cost-to-income ratio less than 100%, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data63 8,265 ... ...
In core need 870 ... ...
Not in core need 7,400 ... ...
Total - Owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 6,020 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgage64 44.5 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 6.6 ... ...
% in core housing need63 7.6 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 556 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 773 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)66 150,000 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)66 184,400 ... ...
Total - Tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 2,350 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housing67 27.4 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 27.4 ... ...
% in core housing need63 18.2 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 690 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 714 ... ...
Total - Households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band in non-farm private dwellings - 25% sample data 380 ... ...
% of households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band spending more than 30% on shelter costs61 0.0 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 0 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 141 ... ...
Indigenous ancestry
Total - Indigenous ancestry for the population in private households - 25% sample data68 21,535 10,530 11,005
Indigenous ancestry (only)69 4,480 2,140 2,335
Single Indigenous ancestry (only)70 4,305 2,060 2,250
First Nations (North American Indian) single ancestry 3,205 1,535 1,670
Métis single ancestry 1,095 525 570
Inuit single ancestry 10 0 0
Multiple Indigenous ancestries (only)71 170 80 90
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis ancestry only 165 80 90
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
Métis and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries72 2,320 1,135 1,185
Single Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries73 2,150 1,065 1,090
First Nations (North American Indian) and non-Indigenous ancestry only 685 305 380
Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 1,450 745 705
Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 15 10 0
Multiple Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries74 165 70 95
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 155 60 95
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 0 0
Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 0 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous ancestry only75 14,740 7,260 7,485
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample data76 21,535 10,530 11,000
Canadian citizens77 20,825 10,175 10,655
Canadian citizens aged under 18 4,960 2,460 2,500
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 15,870 7,715 8,155
Not Canadian citizens78 705 360 350
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample data79 21,535 10,530 11,000
Non-immigrants80 20,400 9,980 10,425
Immigrants81 980 470 510
Before 1980 210 100 110
1980 to 1990 60 45 20
1991 to 2000 90 40 50
2001 to 2010 190 95 90
2011 to 202182 425 195 235
2011 to 2015 140 70 70
2016 to 2021 285 120 165
Non-permanent residents83 155 85 75
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data84 980 470 510
Under 5 years 135 70 70
5 to 14 years 185 90 90
15 to 24 years 150 65 85
25 to 44 years 455 230 225
45 years and over 60 20 45
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data85 980 470 510
Americas 155 70 85
Brazil 0 0 0
Colombia 0 0 0
El Salvador 0 0 0
Guyana 0 0 0
Haiti 0 0 0
Jamaica 15 10 0
Mexico 10 0 10
Peru 0 0 0
Trinidad and Tobago 0 0 0
United States of America 95 40 60
Other places of birth in Americas 15 10 0
Europe 405 210 190
Bosnia and Herzegovina 0 0 0
Croatia 0 0 0
France 25 10 10
Germany 130 80 45
Greece 0 0 0
Hungary 10 0 0
Italy 0 0 0
Netherlands 40 20 15
Poland 10 0 10
Portugal 0 0 0
Romania 0 0 0
Russian Federation 20 10 10
Serbia86 0 0 0
Ukraine 20 0 15
United Kingdom87 110 60 55
Other places of birth in Europe 40 15 25
Africa 85 30 50
Algeria 0 0 0
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 0 0 0
Egypt 0 0 0
Eritrea 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Morocco 0 0 0
Nigeria 25 10 10
Somalia 0 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 40 15 25
Other places of birth in Africa 15 0 15
Asia 335 150 185
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Iran88 0 0 0
Iraq 0 0 0
Lebanon 0 0 0
Syria89 0 0 0
Turkey 0 0 0
China90 25 15 10
Hong Kong91 0 0 0
Korea, South92 15 0 10
Taiwan 0 0 0
Philippines 175 65 110
Viet Nam 0 0 0
Bangladesh 0 0 0
India 75 40 35
Pakistan 15 0 10
Sri Lanka 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 0 0 0
Oceania and other places of birth93 0 0 0
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data94 285 120 165
Americas 35 15 20
Brazil 0 0 0
Colombia 0 0 0
Haiti 0 0 0
Jamaica 0 0 0
Mexico 0 0 0
United States of America 15 0 15
Venezuela95 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 0 0 0
Europe 0 0 0
France 0 0 0
Germany 0 0 0
Ireland96 0 0 0
Italy 0 0 0
Russian Federation 0 0 0
Ukraine 0 0 0
United Kingdom87 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Europe 0 0 0
Africa 55 25 30
Algeria 0 0 0
Burundi 0 0 0
Cameroon 0 0 0
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 0 0 0
Côte d'Ivoire 0 0 0
Egypt 0 0 0
Eritrea 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Morocco 0 0 0
Nigeria 0 0 0
Somalia 0 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0
Sudan97 0 0 0
Tunisia 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 0 0 0
Asia 185 75 105
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Bangladesh 0 0 0
China90 0 0 0
Hong Kong91 0 0 0
India 40 20 25
Iran88 0 0 0
Iraq 0 0 0
Israel 0 0 0
Japan 0 0 0
Jordan 0 0 0
Korea, South92 0 0 0
Lebanon 0 0 0
Nepal 0 0 0
Pakistan 0 0 0
Philippines 85 30 55
Saudi Arabia 0 0 0
Sri Lanka 0 0 0
Syria89 0 0 0
Turkey 0 0 0
United Arab Emirates 0 0 0
Viet Nam 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 0 0 0
Oceania and other93 0 0 0
Australia 0 0 0
Other places of birth98 0 0 0
Generation status
Total - Generation status for the population in private households - 25% sample data99 21,535 10,535 11,000
First generation100 1,210 600 615
Second generation101 1,945 960 980
Third generation or more102 18,380 8,970 9,405
Admission category and applicant type
Total - Admission category and applicant type for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data103 765 370 395
Economic immigrants104 555 280 275
Principal applicants105 235 170 65
Secondary applicants106 325 120 205
Immigrants sponsored by family107 175 65 110
Refugees108 35 20 10
Other immigrants109 0 0 0
Pre-admission experience
Total - Pre-admission experience for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data110 765 370 395
Asylum claim before admission111 0 0 0
Work permits only before admission112 135 50 80
Study permits only before admission113 40 25 15
Work and study permits before admission114 45 35 10
Other permits before admission115 25 15 10
No pre-admission experience116 525 245 275
Visible minority
Total - Visible minority for the population in private households - 25% sample data117 21,535 10,535 11,005
Total visible minority population118 780 400 380
South Asian 185 85 100
Chinese 55 25 30
Black 120 65 55
Filipino 220 95 120
Arab 0 0 0
Latin American 80 70 10
Southeast Asian 45 10 35
West Asian 20 15 0
Korean 20 10 10
Japanese 0 0 0
Visible minority, n.i.e.119 0 0 0
Multiple visible minorities 0 0 0
Not a visible minority120 20,755 10,130 10,625
Ethnic or cultural origin
Total - Ethnic or cultural origin for the population in private households - 25% sample data121 21,535 10,535 11,000
Canadian 1,825 935 890
English 4,150 1,995 2,160
Irish 2,720 1,220 1,510
Scottish 3,305 1,585 1,725
French, n.o.s.122 2,305 1,135 1,165
German 2,560 1,215 1,350
Chinese 70 35 35
Italian 110 50 60
Indian (India) 115 50 65
Ukrainian 5,785 2,775 3,015
Dutch 620 265 355
Polish 1,500 715 785
Québécois 0 0 0
British Isles, n.o.s.123 365 175 185
Filipino 210 95 115
French Canadian 75 45 30
Caucasian (White), n.o.s.124 295 145 155
First Nations (North American Indian), n.o.s.125 1,675 845 835
Métis 2,875 1,415 1,460
European, n.o.s.126 165 75 95
Russian 385 220 165
Norwegian 515 195 310
Welsh 325 180 145
Portuguese 25 10 15
American 190 105 85
Spanish 80 50 30
Swedish 255 120 135
Hungarian 140 50 85
Acadian 10 10 0
Pakistani 15 10 10
African, n.o.s.127 15 15 0
Jewish 25 0 15
Punjabi 0 0 0
Vietnamese 15 10 15
Arab, n.o.s.128 0 0 0
Greek 20 0 15
Jamaican 0 0 0
Asian, n.o.s.129 65 30 35
Cree, n.o.s.130 295 105 190
Korean 20 10 15
Romanian 125 55 70
Lebanese 35 20 15
Iranian 0 0 0
Christian, n.i.e.131 70 30 40
Danish 120 75 50
North American Indigenous, n.o.s.132 565 300 265
Sikh 10 10 0
Austrian 145 75 70
Belgian 360 180 185
Haitian 0 0 0
Hindu 0 0 0
Mexican 10 0 10
Mennonite 370 205 170
Swiss 40 25 10
Finnish 95 45 45
Sri Lankan 0 0 0
Croatian 25 15 0
Japanese 0 0 0
South Asian, n.o.s.133 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq, n.o.s.134 45 15 25
Northern European, n.o.s.135 115 65 50
Muslim 0 0 0
Egyptian 0 0 0
Latin, Central or South American, n.o.s.136 0 0 0
Tamil 0 0 0
Icelandic 420 180 240
Colombian 0 0 0
Moroccan 0 0 0
Czech 60 15 45
Syrian 0 0 0
Guyanese 0 0 0
Afghan 0 0 0
Black, n.o.s.137 0 0 0
Serbian 0 0 0
Ojibway 1,380 605 775
Newfoundlander 0 0 0
Hong Konger 0 0 0
Ontarian 0 0 0
Persian 0 0 0
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 0 0 0
Turkish 0 0 0
Inuit, n.o.s.138 35 30 0
Bangladeshi 0 0 0
Algerian 0 0 0
Brazilian 25 15 10
Nigerian 45 25 20
Armenian 0 0 0
Slovak 0 0 0
Eastern European, n.o.s.139 30 0 30
Somali 0 0 0
Taiwanese 0 0 0
Iraqi 0 0 0
Salvadorean 0 0 0
African Caribbean 0 0 0
East or Southeast Asian, n.o.s.140 0 0 0
West or Central Asian or Middle Eastern, n.o.s.141 0 0 0
Caribbean, n.o.s.142 0 0 0
Algonquin 0 0 0
West Indian, n.o.s.143 0 0 0
Lithuanian 10 10 0
South African 60 15 40
Australian 0 0 0
Palestinian 0 0 0
Chilean 0 0 0
Congolese 0 0 0
Nova Scotian 0 0 0
Ethiopian 0 0 0
Hispanic, n.o.s.144 0 0 0
Peruvian 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 0
Cambodian (Khmer) 0 0 0
Berber 0 0 0
Albanian 0 0 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Macedonian 0 0 0
Slovenian 0 0 0
Western European, n.o.s.145 0 0 0
New Brunswicker 0 0 0
Gujarati 0 0 0
Eritrean 0 0