Census Profile, 2021 Census of Population
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Topic:
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Age
Age characteristics
Commuting
Select all: Commuting
Commuting destination
Commuting duration
Main mode of commuting
Place of work status
Time leaving for work
Education
Select all: Education
Highest certificate, diploma or degree
Location of study compared with province or territory of residence
Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2021
Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificate
Ethnocultural and religious diversity
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Ethnic or cultural origin
Religion
Visible minority
Families, households, and marital status
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Family characteristics
Household type
Marital status
Housing
Household characteristics
Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
Select all: Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
Admission category and applicant type
Age at immigration
Citizenship
Generation status
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Pre-admission experience
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Income
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Income of economic families in 2020
Income of households in 2020
Income of individuals in 2019
Income of individuals in 2020
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Indigenous peoples
Select all: Indigenous peoples
Indigenous ancestry
Indigenous population
Instruction in the minority official language
Select all: Instruction in the minority official language
Children eligible for instruction in the minority official language
Eligibility and instruction in the minority official language for school-aged children
Labour
Select all: Labour
Class of worker including job permanency
Industry - Sectors - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2017
Labour force status
Occupation - Broad category - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2021
Work activity during the reference year
Language
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All languages spoken at home
First official language spoken
Knowledge of languages
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Language spoken most often at home
Mother tongue
Other language spoken regularly at home
Language of work
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All languages used at work
Language used most often at work
Other language(s) used regularly at work
Mobility and migration
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Mobility status 1 year ago
Mobility status 5 years ago
Population and dwelling counts
Population and dwellings
Type of dwelling
Household and dwelling characteristics
GenderMore information:


Statistic:
Characteristic Division No. 11, Census division (CDR)More information:
Manitoba
[Census division]
Counts
Total Men+ Women+
Population and dwellings
Population, 20211 753,938 ... ...
Population, 20161 708,823 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2016 to 2021 6.4 ... ...
Total private dwellings2 316,807 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residents3 301,738 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 1,324.3 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 569.31 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups of the population - 100% data 753,935 371,585 382,355
0 to 14 years 125,040 64,205 60,840
0 to 4 years 40,005 20,340 19,660
5 to 9 years 42,360 21,875 20,485
10 to 14 years 42,680 21,990 20,690
15 to 64 years 500,920 251,430 249,490
15 to 19 years 42,750 22,180 20,565
20 to 24 years 56,640 29,970 26,670
25 to 29 years 55,320 28,345 26,975
30 to 34 years 55,240 27,520 27,720
35 to 39 years 54,180 26,835 27,350
40 to 44 years 50,425 24,680 25,740
45 to 49 years 46,960 23,315 23,640
50 to 54 years 44,840 22,125 22,715
55 to 59 years 48,535 23,930 24,605
60 to 64 years 46,025 22,530 23,495
65 years and over 127,975 55,955 72,025
65 to 69 years 39,800 18,760 21,035
70 to 74 years 33,450 15,250 18,200
75 to 79 years 22,155 9,840 12,310
80 to 84 years 15,120 6,225 8,900
85 years and over 17,455 5,875 11,580
85 to 89 years 10,175 3,820 6,360
90 to 94 years 5,435 1,645 3,790
95 to 99 years 1,585 370 1,215
100 years and over 260 50 215
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.6 17.3 15.9
15 to 64 years 66.4 67.7 65.3
65 years and over 17.0 15.1 18.8
85 years and over 2.3 1.6 3.0
Average age of the population 40.3 39.0 41.4
Median age of the population 38.8 37.6 40.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% data 301,735 ... ...
Single-detached house 173,930 ... ...
Semi-detached house 12,015 ... ...
Row house 11,725 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 5,515 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 56,485 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 41,115 ... ...
Other single-attached house 285 ... ...
Movable dwelling4 670 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% data 301,735 ... ...
1 person 90,865 ... ...
2 persons 96,635 ... ...
3 persons 45,635 ... ...
4 persons 41,205 ... ...
5 or more persons 27,395 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 740,335 365,515 374,820
Average household size 2.5 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the total population aged 15 years and over - 100% data 628,895 307,385 321,510
Married or living common-law 338,305 168,855 169,455
Married 282,095 140,790 141,300
Living common-law 56,215 28,060 28,150
Living common law - Never married 42,450 21,245 21,205
Living common law - Separated 2,150 1,130 1,020
Living common law - Divorced 10,525 5,215 5,315
Living common law - Widowed 1,090 475 610
Not married and not living common-law 290,590 138,525 152,060
Not married and not living common law - Never married 204,925 111,145 93,785
Not married and not living common law - Separated 14,465 6,170 8,300
Not married and not living common law - Divorced 37,145 14,305 22,840
Not married and not living common law - Widowed 34,055 6,915 27,140
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% data5 200,165 ... ...
2 persons 98,030 ... ...
3 persons 44,035 ... ...
4 persons 39,810 ... ...
5 or more persons 18,290 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.9 ... ...
Average number of children in census families with children6 1.8 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% data 200,165 ... ...
Total couple families 164,370 ... ...
Married couples 136,265 ... ...
With children6 78,075 ... ...
Without children 58,190 ... ...
Common-law couples 28,105 ... ...
With children6 10,000 ... ...
Without children 18,105 ... ...
Total one-parent families 35,795 ... ...
in which the parent is a woman+ 28,135 ... ...
in which the parent is a man+ 7,660 ... ...
Total - Persons in private households - 100% data 740,335 365,515 374,820
Total - Persons in census families 586,160 290,095 296,060
Married spouses or common-law partners 328,745 164,175 164,565
Parents in one-parent families 35,795 7,660 28,135
Children6 221,620 118,260 103,365
In a two-parent family 164,775 87,295 77,480
In a one-parent family 56,850 30,965 25,880
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 154,175 75,420 78,755
Living alone 90,865 41,360 49,505
Living with other relatives7 26,325 11,950 14,370
Living with non-relatives only 36,985 22,110 14,875
Household type
Total - Household type - 100% data 301,740 ... ...
One-census-family households without additional persons 173,025 ... ...
Couple-family households 145,450 ... ...
With children6 77,255 ... ...
Without children 68,195 ... ...
One-parent-family households 27,570 ... ...
Multigenerational households8 8,095 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households9 1,760 ... ...
One-census-family households with additional persons9 10,855 ... ...
Two-or-more-person non-census-family households 17,135 ... ...
One-person households 90,870 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2020
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data10 615,535 301,470 314,055
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 594,120 290,630 303,495
Median total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 40,000 43,600 36,800
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 594,315 290,730 303,585
Median after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 35,200 38,000 32,800
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 529,785 263,265 266,520
Median market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 34,400 40,000 29,000
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 434,395 223,310 211,080
Median employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 36,400 40,800 31,800
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 546,795 264,275 282,515
Median government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 7,600 5,120 9,500
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 67,050 31,545 35,505
Median employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 5,200 5,200 5,200
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 161,325 78,300 83,030
Median COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 8,000 8,000 8,000
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data11 615,530 301,415 314,115
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 594,560 290,860 303,700
Average total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 50,280 56,750 44,080
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 594,715 290,945 303,770
Average after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 41,320 45,520 37,280
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 530,265 263,945 266,325
Average market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 46,200 54,050 38,480
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 434,395 223,685 210,705
Average employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 46,560 53,100 39,560
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 547,480 264,875 282,600
Average government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 9,840 8,480 11,120
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 66,525 31,480 35,045
Average employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 6,120 5,800 6,410
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 160,375 78,175 82,200
Average COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 8,730 8,550 8,910
Total - Employment income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data12 615,535 301,415 314,115
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 214,470 119,500 94,975
Median employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 58,000 62,000 53,200
Average employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 69,000 75,400 60,900
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 171,195 79,880 91,310
Median employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 17,600 19,000 16,400
Average employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 26,360 29,560 23,540
Composition of total income in 2020 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data17 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)18 82.0 86.4 76.6
Employment income (%)19 67.6 72.0 62.3
Government transfers (%)20 18.0 13.6 23.5
Employment insurance benefits (%) 1.4 1.1 1.7
COVID-19 - Government income support and benefits (%) 5.8 4.8 6.9
COVID-19 - Emergency and recovery benefits (%) 4.7 4.1 5.5
Total - Total income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data21 615,530 301,470 314,060
Without total income 21,410 10,845 10,560
With total income 594,125 290,625 303,495
Under $10,000 (including loss) 56,610 27,290 29,325
$10,000 to $19,999 65,120 28,205 36,920
$20,000 to $29,999 94,440 40,665 53,780
$30,000 to $39,999 82,020 36,130 45,890
$40,000 to $49,999 73,580 34,110 39,470
$50,000 to $59,999 57,300 28,055 29,250
$60,000 to $69,999 43,330 23,410 19,920
$70,000 to $79,999 31,795 18,045 13,750
$80,000 to $89,999 23,870 13,650 10,220
$90,000 to $99,999 18,615 10,255 8,360
$100,000 and over 47,440 30,820 16,620
$100,000 to $149,999 32,980 20,420 12,565
$150,000 and over 14,460 10,405 4,060
Total - After-tax income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data22 615,530 301,470 314,060
Without after-tax income 21,215 10,740 10,475
With after-tax income 594,315 290,730 303,585
Under $10,000 (including loss) 59,045 27,955 31,090
$10,000 to $19,999 70,760 30,945 39,815
$20,000 to $29,999 112,920 49,235 63,690
$30,000 to $39,999 100,565 45,920 54,640
$40,000 to $49,999 82,055 39,770 42,290
$50,000 to $59,999 58,140 31,245 26,895
$60,000 to $69,999 38,715 21,845 16,875
$70,000 to $79,999 27,270 15,075 12,195
$80,000 to $89,999 15,475 8,850 6,625
$90,000 to $99,999 9,130 5,685 3,445
$100,000 and over 20,245 14,220 6,025
$100,000 to $124,999 10,210 6,960 3,250
$125,000 and over 10,035 7,260 2,770
Total - Employment income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data19 615,530 301,470 314,060
Without employment income 181,135 78,160 102,975
With employment income 434,390 223,310 211,080
Under $5,000 (including loss) 53,045 24,835 28,210
$5,000 to $9,999 35,380 15,865 19,520
$10,000 to $19,999 53,775 24,890 28,880
$20,000 to $29,999 46,130 21,580 24,545
$30,000 to $39,999 45,490 22,160 23,335
$40,000 to $49,999 44,140 21,700 22,440
$50,000 to $59,999 35,775 18,980 16,795
$60,000 to $69,999 29,050 16,715 12,335
$70,000 to $79,999 22,425 13,285 9,135
$80,000 to $89,999 18,450 10,625 7,830
$90,000 to $99,999 14,985 8,295 6,690
$100,000 and over 35,735 24,375 11,360
$100,000 to $124,999 18,175 11,525 6,655
$125,000 and over 17,560 12,845 4,710
Income of individuals in 2019
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data23 615,535 301,470 314,055
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 575,145 280,450 294,695
Median total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 38,000 42,400 34,000
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 575,340 280,480 294,860
Median after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 33,600 36,800 30,600
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 521,105 258,340 262,770
Median market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 35,600 41,200 30,600
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 434,095 222,270 211,830
Median employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 36,800 41,600 32,800
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 501,315 241,410 259,905
Median government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 2,020 1,120 4,840
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 -100% data 42,575 19,790 22,780
Median employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 5,640 5,640 5,640
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data24 615,530 301,415 314,115
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 575,345 280,755 294,590
Average total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 48,040 54,950 41,440
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 575,530 280,765 294,770
Average after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 39,160 43,800 34,760
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 520,990 258,775 262,210
Average market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 46,640 54,600 38,800
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 433,610 222,420 211,190
Average employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 46,560 53,150 39,640
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 501,130 241,605 259,525
Average government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 6,670 5,380 7,870
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 42,685 20,135 22,550
Average employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 7,130 6,550 7,640
Total - Employment income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data25 615,535 301,415 314,115
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 212,885 118,510 94,375
Median employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 54,400 58,800 49,200
Average employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 64,800 71,300 56,700
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 159,835 74,365 85,470
Median employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 23,000 24,800 21,400
Average employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 31,720 35,760 28,200
Composition of total income in 2019 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%) 88.0 91.6 83.2
Employment income (%) 73.0 76.6 68.6
Government transfers (%) 12.1 8.4 16.7
Employment insurance benefits (%) 1.1 0.9 1.4
Income of households in 2020
Total - Income statistics for private households - 100% data26 301,735 ... ...
Median total income of household in 2020 ($) 80,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 69,500 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 100% data 90,870 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 42,400 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 37,200 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 100% data 210,870 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 101,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 87,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for private households - 25% sample data27 301,735 ... ...
Average total income of household in 2020 ($) 99,100 ... ...
Average after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 81,400 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 25% sample data 90,990 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 51,700 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 42,600 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 25% sample data 210,745 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 119,500 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 98,200 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data21 301,735 ... ...
Under $5,000 3,875 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 2,590 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 4,830 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 4,480 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 11,175 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 11,110 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 10,210 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 11,185 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 12,095 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 11,895 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 23,415 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 22,425 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 21,260 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 19,445 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 18,300 ... ...
$100,000 and over 113,455 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 36,650 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 25,670 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 28,950 ... ...
$200,000 and over 22,180 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data22 301,735 ... ...
Under $5,000 4,205 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 2,655 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 4,935 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 4,995 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 12,475 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 13,265 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 12,680 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 14,195 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 14,540 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 14,225 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 27,905 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 26,335 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 24,755 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 21,835 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 19,000 ... ...
$100,000 and over 83,725 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 34,900 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 21,210 ... ...
$150,000 and over 27,615 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2020
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 100% data28 199,410 ... ...
Median total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 101,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 87,000 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 100% data 69,815 ... ...
Median total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 92,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 78,000 ... ...
Average family size of couple-only economic families 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 100% data 88,290 ... ...
Median total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 127,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 107,000 ... ...
Average family size of couple-with-children economic families 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 32,840 ... ...
Median total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 67,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 60,800 ... ...
Average family size of one-parent economic families 2.8 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% data29 127,850 63,465 64,380
Median total income in 2020 ($)30 37,200 37,600 37,200
Median after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 33,600 33,600 33,600
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 25% sample data31 199,310 ... ...
Average total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 120,400 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 98,500 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 25% sample data 69,560 ... ...
Average total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 111,900 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 90,200 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 25% sample data 88,560 ... ...
Average total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 145,600 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 118,400 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 32,645 ... ...
Average total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 76,500 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 66,900 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample data32 127,875 63,170 64,705
Average total income in 2020 ($)30 46,160 47,400 44,960
Average after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 38,560 39,000 38,120
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Total - LIM low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households - 100% data33 740,335 365,515 374,820
0 to 17 years 149,600 76,820 72,780
0 to 5 years 48,325 24,675 23,645
18 to 64 years 471,245 235,250 235,995
65 years and over 119,495 53,450 66,045
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 95,535 45,080 50,455
0 to 17 years 26,350 13,530 12,820
0 to 5 years 9,625 4,875 4,750
18 to 64 years 54,350 26,170 28,185
65 years and over 14,830 5,380 9,450
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 12.9 12.3 13.5
0 to 17 years (%) 17.6 17.6 17.6
0 to 5 years (%) 19.9 19.8 20.1
18 to 64 years (%) 11.5 11.1 11.9
65 years and over (%) 12.4 10.1 14.3
Total - LICO low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households to whom the low-income concept is applicable - 100% data33 740,335 365,520 374,815
0 to 17 years 149,600 76,820 72,785
0 to 5 years 48,320 24,675 23,645
18 to 64 years 471,245 235,255 235,990
65 years and over 119,490 53,445 66,040
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 61,780 31,720 30,060
0 to 17 years 14,235 7,430 6,805
0 to 5 years 5,140 2,625 2,515
18 to 64 years 42,715 22,355 20,360
65 years and over 4,830 1,935 2,895
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 8.3 8.7 8.0
0 to 17 years (%) 9.5 9.7 9.4
0 to 5 years (%) 10.6 10.6 10.6
18 to 64 years (%) 9.1 9.5 8.6
65 years and over (%) 4.0 3.6 4.4
Total - Adjusted after-tax economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% data34The letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice. 740,335 365,515 374,820
In bottom half of the distribution 411,095 199,580 211,510
In bottom decile 88,895 44,030 44,860
In second decile 80,935 37,770 43,160
In third decile 81,770 39,590 42,185
In fourth decile 80,430 39,275 41,155
In fifth decile 79,060 38,920 40,145
In top half of the distribution 329,240 165,930 163,305
In sixth decile 77,605 38,810 38,795
In seventh decile 73,855 37,125 36,730
In eighth decile 69,855 35,150 34,710
In ninth decile 59,955 30,300 29,660
In top decile 47,975 24,555 23,415
Total - Inequality measures for the population in private households - 100% data35 740,335 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household total income 0.334 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household market income 0.444 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household after-tax income 0.290 ... ...
P90/P10 ratio on adjusted household after-tax income 3.6 ... ...
Knowledge of official languages
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data36 746,035 367,775 378,260
English only 660,335 329,440 330,900
French only 1,260 580 680
English and French 72,005 32,345 39,665
Neither English nor French 12,440 5,420 7,020
First official language spoken
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data37 746,035 367,775 378,260
English 709,720 351,320 358,405
French 20,875 9,595 11,280
English and French 3,475 1,685 1,785
Neither English nor French 11,965 5,180 6,790
Mother tongue
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data38 746,035 367,775 378,260
Single responses 706,490 348,535 357,955
Official languages 508,245 252,450 255,795
English 487,635 243,020 244,615
French 20,605 9,430 11,180
Non-official languages 198,245 96,080 102,160
Indigenous languages39 3,110 1,240 1,865
Algonquian languages 2,875 1,145 1,730
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 1,040 405 630
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 1,040 405 630
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 20 0 15
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 355 130 225
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 40 20 20
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 25 5 15
Cree, n.o.s. 600 245 355
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 5 5 0
Mi'kmaq 5 5 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 1,830 740 1,090
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 635 260 375
Ojibway languages 1,195 475 720
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 55 35 25
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 240 85 160
Ojibway, n.o.s. 900 365 535
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 65 25 35
Northern Athabaskan languages 60 25 35
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 60 25 35
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 95 35 55
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 90 35 55
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 40 20 20
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 35 15 20
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 35 15 20
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 195,140 94,840 100,300
Afro-Asiatic languages 12,665 6,545 6,115
Berber languages 80 45 35
Kabyle 60 40 30
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5
Chadic languages 75 55 20
Hausa 65 45 15
Mina 10 5 5
Coptic 85 40 45
Cushitic languages 1,675 825 850
Bilen 180 95 80
Oromo 315 170 140
Somali 1,175 550 620
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5
Semitic languages 10,745 5,580 5,165
Amharic 1,680 790 895
Arabic 5,845 3,140 2,705
Aramaic languages 5 5 5
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 5 5 5
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Harari 5 5 5
Hebrew 515 280 230
Maltese 20 10 10
Tigrigna 2,660 1,350 1,305
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10
Austro-Asiatic languages 4,725 2,240 2,485
Khmer (Cambodian) 245 115 125
Vietnamese 4,465 2,115 2,355
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 20 10 10
Austronesian languages 49,145 22,595 26,550
Bikol 145 75 70
Bisaya, n.o.s. 365 150 210
Cebuano 770 350 420
Fijian 5 5 5
Hiligaynon 395 170 225
Ilocano 1,325 595 725
Indonesian 135 55 80
Kankanaey 10 5 5
Kinaray-a 30 10 15
Malagasy languages 5 0 5
Merina 5 0 5
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 10 0 5
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 900 435 465
Pangasinan 175 85 90
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 44,680 20,565 24,110
Waray-Waray 65 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 130 60 70
Creole languages 405 180 230
Haitian Creole 60 30 25
Jamaican English Creole 20 15 10
Krio 145 60 85
Morisyen 45 25 20
Sango 30 10 15
Creole, n.o.s. 75 30 40
Creole languages, n.i.e. 40 10 25
Dravidian languages 1,690 945 745
Kannada 100 55 40
Malayalam 860 495 365
Tamil 455 230 220
Telugu 260 145 110
Tulu 10 5 5
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5
Georgian 10 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 97,240 48,190 49,055
Albanian 310 155 150
Armenian 55 30 30
Balto-Slavic languages 18,680 8,365 10,315
Baltic languages 85 35 45
Latvian 20 10 15
Lithuanian 60 30 30
Slavic languages 18,595 8,330 10,265
Belarusian 40 15 30
Bulgarian 130 65 60
Czech 355 170 185
Macedonian 125 60 65
Polish 4,060 1,795 2,265
Russian 5,640 2,695 2,940
Rusyn 10 0 5
Serbo-Croatian 1,980 935 1,045
Bosnian 580 280 295
Croatian 745 330 415
Serbian 625 305 315
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 35 10 20
Slovak 250 100 150
Slovene (Slovenian) 185 75 115
Ukrainian 5,820 2,415 3,405
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 5
Celtic languages 45 25 25
Irish 10 5 5
Scottish Gaelic 15 5 10
Welsh 15 10 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5
Germanic languages 12,255 5,405 6,850
Frisian 15 10 10
High German languages 9,050 4,000 5,050
German 8,830 3,890 4,940
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 50 25 20
Yiddish 165 85 80
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 2,850 1,235 1,615
Afrikaans 160 75 85
Dutch 1,015 475 535
Low German, n.o.s. 205 65 140
Low Saxon 50 25 25
Plautdietsch 1,350 570 780
Vlaams (Flemish) 70 20 45
Scandinavian languages 330 160 170
Danish 120 60 50
Icelandic 75 20 50
Norwegian 50 25 25
Swedish 85 50 40
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10
Greek 1,065 520 545
Indo-Iranian languages 47,250 25,115 22,140
Indo-Aryan languages 44,125 23,530 20,595
Assamese 5 0 5
Bengali 2,000 1,235 765
Gujarati 3,160 1,705 1,460
Hindi 3,050 1,610 1,435
Kacchi 20 5 10
Kashmiri 10 5 5
Konkani 30 10 15
Marathi 145 80 70
Nepali 695 355 345
Oriya languages 10 10 5
Odia 10 5 5
Oriya, n.o.s. 5 5 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 30,610 16,205 14,405
Rohingya 35 15 15
Sindhi 45 30 20
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 765 365 395
Urdu 3,515 1,875 1,640
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 30 20 15
Iranian languages 3,120 1,580 1,540
Baluchi 10 5 0
Kurdish 835 415 415
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 230 110 120
Persian languages 2,045 1,045 995
Dari 580 280 300
Iranian Persian 1,285 665 615
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 180 95 85
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5
Italic (Romance) languages 17,565 8,570 9,000
Catalan 10 5 5
Italian 2,820 1,340 1,480
Portuguese 6,310 3,065 3,245
Romanian 445 215 225
Spanish 7,965 3,930 4,040
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 455 155 300
Korean 3,040 1,420 1,620
Mongolian 15 5 10
Niger-Congo languages 4,425 2,185 2,235
Akan (Twi) 175 95 80
Bamanankan 45 25 20
Edo 55 30 25
Éwé 30 15 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 65 35 30
Ga 20 10 15
Ganda 45 20 30
Gikuyu 25 10 15
Igbo 405 215 190
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 255 125 135
Lingala 65 30 40
Luba-Kasai 20 5 10
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 30 15 15
Ndebele 20 10 10
Rundi (Kirundi) 180 85 90
Shona 120 45 75
Soninke 5 5 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 10 0 5
Swahili 915 435 480
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 90 45 40
Yoruba 1,425 720 705
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 440 220 220
Nilo-Saharan languages 365 195 165
Dinka 170 95 70
Nuer 25 15 15
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 140 80 65
African, n.o.s. 25 10 15
Sign languages 265 145 120
American Sign Language 245 135 115
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 20 15 5
Sino-Tibetan languages 18,480 8,980 9,505
Chinese languages 17,950 8,705 9,245
Hakka 50 20 30
Mandarin 11,190 5,520 5,675
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 250 115 140
Wu (Shanghainese) 80 40 40
Yue (Cantonese) 6,175 2,905 3,270
Chinese, n.o.s. 190 100 90
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5
Tibeto-Burman languages 510 265 245
Burmese 65 40 25
Kuki-Chin languages 45 20 20
Karenic languages 390 205 185
S'gaw Karen 355 185 165
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 35 20 20
Tibetan 10 0 5
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10
Tai-Kadai languages 905 415 495
Lao 685 340 345
Thai 220 75 145
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5
Turkic languages 400 220 175
Azerbaijani 40 25 15
Kazakh 5 0 5
Turkish 270 150 120
Uyghur 10 5 5
Uzbek 35 20 10
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 35 15 15
Uralic languages 845 370 475
Estonian 20 10 10
Finnish 115 45 70
Hungarian 715 320 395
Other languages, n.i.e. 60 35 25
Multiple responses 39,550 19,240 20,305
English and French 4,625 2,220 2,405
English and non-official language(s) 30,730 15,005 15,725
French and non-official language(s) 810 405 405
English, French and non-official language(s) 600 280 320
Multiple non-official languages 2,780 1,330 1,455
All languages spoken at home
Total - All languages spoken at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data40 746,035 367,775 378,260
English 514,030 255,225 258,805
French 5,315 2,420 2,895
Non-official language 56,590 27,870 28,720
Indigenous39 490 205 285
Non-Indigenous 56,100 27,665 28,435
English and French 13,390 5,985 7,405
English and non-official language(s) 145,960 71,190 74,770
French and non-official language(s) 775 365 410
English, French and non-official language(s) 4,450 2,075 2,375
Multiple non-official languages 5,530 2,650 2,880
Language spoken most often at home
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data41 746,035 367,775 378,260
Single responses 706,835 348,830 358,010
Official languages 583,780 287,895 295,885
English 575,425 284,135 291,285
French 8,360 3,760 4,600
Non-official languages 123,055 60,935 62,125
Indigenous languages39 835 355 480
Algonquian languages 795 335 465
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 225 80 150
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 225 80 150
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 50 20 35
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 5 0 5
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 165 60 110
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 570 255 315
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 255 120 140
Ojibway languages 315 135 180
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 10 5 5
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 50 20 30
Ojibway, n.o.s. 250 110 145
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 10 10 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 10 10 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 5 10 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 15 10 10
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 15 10 10
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 5 5 5
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 122,220 60,580 61,645
Afro-Asiatic languages 8,250 4,150 4,100
Berber languages 50 25 25
Kabyle 40 20 20
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 10 5 0
Hausa 10 5 0
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 40 15 25
Cushitic languages 1,105 525 585
Bilen 140 75 65
Oromo 155 75 75
Somali 810 365 440
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 7,040 3,575 3,465
Amharic 920 425 500
Arabic 3,905 2,005 1,905
Aramaic languages 5 5 5
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 5 5 5
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 5 0 0
Harari 5 5 5
Hebrew 370 200 165
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 1,825 940 895
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 3,415 1,640 1,775
Khmer (Cambodian) 110 55 60
Vietnamese 3,290 1,575 1,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 20 10 5
Austronesian languages 31,905 15,085 16,815
Bikol 55 25 30
Bisaya, n.o.s. 200 90 105
Cebuano 415 195 220
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 220 100 115
Ilocano 650 310 335
Indonesian 55 25 25
Kankanaey 5 0 0
Kinaray-a 15 5 5
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 550 275 280
Pangasinan 70 35 35
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 29,620 13,985 15,630
Waray-Waray 15 10 5
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 50 25 25
Creole languages 195 70 125
Haitian Creole 45 15 30
Jamaican English Creole 10 5 5
Krio 65 20 45
Morisyen 15 10 10
Sango 20 10 10
Creole, n.o.s. 25 5 15
Creole languages, n.i.e. 10 5 10
Dravidian languages 1,045 580 465
Kannada 40 20 15
Malayalam 565 320 240
Tamil 275 145 130
Telugu 155 80 70
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 10 5
Georgian 5 5 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 57,290 29,205 28,085
Albanian 175 90 80
Armenian 30 15 20
Balto-Slavic languages 8,030 3,855 4,180
Baltic languages 10 5 5
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 10 5 5
Slavic languages 8,020 3,845 4,175
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 60 35 30
Czech 90 40 50
Macedonian 80 40 35
Polish 1,460 655 810
Russian 3,870 1,900 1,965
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 870 405 465
Bosnian 280 135 145
Croatian 255 110 145
Serbian 325 155 175
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 10 0 5
Slovak 45 20 20
Slovene (Slovenian) 25 10 15
Ukrainian 1,515 740 780
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 10 0 10
Irish 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 5 0 5
Welsh 5 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 1,145 505 640
Frisian 0 0 0
High German languages 865 375 490
German 855 370 485
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 5 5 0
Yiddish 5 5 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 250 115 135
Afrikaans 55 30 30
Dutch 55 30 30
Low German, n.o.s. 10 5 5
Low Saxon 5 0 0
Plautdietsch 120 50 70
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0
Scandinavian languages 25 10 20
Danish 5 0 5
Icelandic 10 5 5
Norwegian 5 5 0
Swedish 5 0 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Greek 430 195 230
Indo-Iranian languages 38,775 20,465 18,310
Indo-Aryan languages 36,575 19,380 17,190
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 1,245 720 530
Gujarati 2,385 1,260 1,120
Hindi 2,120 1,095 1,025
Kacchi 5 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 10 10 5
Marathi 75 35 40
Nepali 520 250 265
Oriya languages 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 27,170 14,435 12,730
Rohingya 25 15 15
Sindhi 30 15 15
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 485 240 245
Urdu 2,470 1,280 1,190
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 30 15 10
Iranian languages 2,195 1,075 1,120
Baluchi 5 0 0
Kurdish 660 320 340
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 155 70 80
Persian languages 1,375 690 695
Dari 380 180 200
Iranian Persian 880 450 435
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 115 60 55
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0
Italic (Romance) languages 8,695 4,075 4,615
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 740 300 440
Portuguese 3,370 1,590 1,780
Romanian 165 80 80
Spanish 4,415 2,105 2,310
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 185 75 105
Korean 2,355 1,135 1,225
Mongolian 5 0 5
Niger-Congo languages 1,960 940 1,020
Akan (Twi) 95 55 40
Bamanankan 15 5 10
Edo 5 5 5
Éwé 10 5 5
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 50 25 25
Ga 0 0 0
Ganda 5 5 5
Gikuyu 5 0 5
Igbo 150 80 70
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 125 65 65
Lingala 40 15 25
Luba-Kasai 10 5 5
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 5 5 0
Ndebele 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 105 55 50
Shona 10 5 10
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0
Swahili 515 245 270
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 70 40 30
Yoruba 615 275 335
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 105 55 50
Nilo-Saharan languages 160 80 75
Dinka 75 45 30
Nuer 20 10 5
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 55 25 35
African, n.o.s. 5 0 5
Sign languages 425 240 190
American Sign Language 370 200 170
Quebec Sign Language 5 5 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 50 30 15
Sino-Tibetan languages 14,100 6,930 7,175
Chinese languages 13,680 6,700 6,980
Hakka 10 5 5
Mandarin 9,015 4,495 4,520
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 125 60 65
Wu (Shanghainese) 55 25 25
Yue (Cantonese) 4,350 2,055 2,300
Chinese, n.o.s. 125 65 60
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 415 220 190
Burmese 45 30 15
Kuki-Chin languages 30 10 15
Karenic languages 335 180 160
S'gaw Karen 310 165 145
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 30 15 10
Tibetan 5 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5
Tai-Kadai languages 525 245 280
Lao 415 200 215
Thai 105 50 60
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 185 100 85
Azerbaijani 10 5 5
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 125 65 55
Uyghur 5 5 5
Uzbek 20 10 5
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10
Uralic languages 205 85 110
Estonian 0 5 0
Finnish 20 10 10
Hungarian 180 80 105
Other languages, n.i.e. 20 10 5
Multiple responses 39,200 18,945 20,255
English and French 2,670 1,235 1,435
English and non-official language(s) 34,880 16,915 17,960
French and non-official language(s) 375 180 195
English, French and non-official language(s) 485 255 230
Multiple non-official languages 795 365 435
Other language spoken regularly at home
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data42 746,035 367,775 378,265
None 608,265 301,115 307,145
English 53,935 26,620 27,310
French 9,340 4,190 5,155
Non-official language 56,275 26,680 29,590
Indigenous39 2,260 890 1,370
Non-Indigenous 54,015 25,785 28,225
English and French 635 285 355
English and non-official language(s) 9,655 4,945 4,715
French and non-official language(s) 1,910 855 1,055
English, French and non-official language(s) 145 80 65
Multiple non-official languages 5,875 3,005 2,870
Knowledge of languagesThe letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice.
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample data43 740,335 365,500 374,835
Official languages 727,975 360,145 367,825
English 726,745 359,620 367,125
French 73,000 32,725 40,275
Non-official languages 261,355 126,675 134,675
Indigenous languages39 5,180 2,080 3,095
Algonquian languages 4,840 1,935 2,900
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 1,760 690 1,075
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 1,760 690 1,075
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 45 0 40
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 610 195 415
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 110 55 55
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 70 30 40
Cree, n.o.s. 945 405 535
Innu (Montagnais) 10 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 35 10 20
Mi'kmaq 35 10 20
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 3,185 1,300 1,885
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 15 0 10
Oji-Cree 985 435 555
Ojibway languages 2,245 895 1,355
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 155 55 100
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 370 145 225
Ojibway, n.o.s. 1,755 710 1,045
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 80 30 50
Northern Athabaskan languages 70 20 50
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 70 20 50
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 115 55 60
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 115 55 60
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 85 35 45
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 65 15 40
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 65 15 40
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 10 10 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 20 0 15
Non-Indigenous languages 256,300 124,655 131,645
Afro-Asiatic languages 20,355 10,310 10,045
Berber languages 175 90 80
Kabyle 120 55 70
Tamazight 40 25 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0
Chadic languages 310 205 100
Hausa 290 195 90
Mina 20 0 0
Coptic 170 85 80
Cushitic languages 2,230 1,075 1,155
Bilen 240 105 135
Oromo 380 190 190
Somali 1,585 775 815
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 50 25 25
Semitic languages 18,320 9,265 9,050
Amharic 3,355 1,545 1,810
Arabic 9,340 4,890 4,450
Aramaic languages 0 0 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 3,640 1,850 1,790
Maltese 15 0 15
Tigrigna 4,095 2,040 2,060
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 135 65 65
Austro-Asiatic languages 6,300 2,950 3,345
Khmer (Cambodian) 350 155 195
Vietnamese 5,935 2,785 3,150
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 45 30 15
Austronesian languages 65,535 30,360 35,170
Bikol 210 125 85
Bisaya, n.o.s. 585 255 330
Cebuano 1,355 655 700
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 685 330 355
Ilocano 3,000 1,395 1,605
Indonesian 225 110 115
Kankanaey 20 10 15
Kinaray-a 15 0 10
Malagasy languages 10 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 10 0 0
Malay 225 105 120
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 1,625 815 810
Pangasinan 320 110 210
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 64,375 29,750 34,625
Waray-Waray 155 80 75
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 845 415 425
Creole languages 1,210 585 625
Haitian Creole 195 90 105
Jamaican English Creole 90 45 45
Krio 385 195 190
Morisyen 110 40 65
Sango 50 20 25
Creole, n.o.s. 220 105 110
Creole languages, n.i.e. 170 85 85
Dravidian languages 2,505 1,330 1,180
Kannada 290 150 130
Malayalam 1,090 550 545
Tamil 980 545 430
Telugu 510 270 240
Tulu 35 20 15
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0
Georgian 20 10 10
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 124,830 62,285 62,550
Albanian 455 200 255
Armenian 90 40 45
Balto-Slavic languages 22,825 10,455 12,370
Baltic languages 125 40 85
Latvian 65 20 45
Lithuanian 60 20 40
Slavic languages 22,770 10,430 12,335
Belarusian 70 15 55
Bulgarian 200 90 110
Czech 420 190 230
Macedonian 165 85 75
Polish 5,330 2,445 2,885
Russian 8,685 4,195 4,490
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 2,465 1,210 1,255
Bosnian 830 415 415
Croatian 1,255 605 650
Serbian 1,050 545 510
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 40 20 20
Slovak 295 115 180
Slovene (Slovenian) 270 110 155
Ukrainian 8,635 3,720 4,910
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15
Celtic languages 165 100 65
Irish 85 55 30
Scottish Gaelic 30 25 0
Welsh 40 20 20
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0
Germanic languages 16,275 7,510 8,760
Frisian 50 25 25
High German languages 12,890 5,920 6,970
German 12,470 5,765 6,710
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 40 25 10
Yiddish 405 150 260
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 3,650 1,715 1,935
Afrikaans 370 200 170
Dutch 1,365 660 705
Low German, n.o.s. 245 120 125
Low Saxon 50 25 25
Plautdietsch 1,625 715 910
Vlaams (Flemish) 55 30 25
Scandinavian languages 590 305 280
Danish 165 90 75
Icelandic 130 70 60
Norwegian 150 75 70
Swedish 165 85 80
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 25 20 10
Greek 1,475 750 735
Indo-Iranian languages 59,035 31,755 27,280
Indo-Aryan languages 55,375 29,860 25,515
Assamese 20 15 10
Bengali 2,655 1,595 1,065
Gujarati 4,205 2,390 1,815
Hindi 23,335 12,365 10,965
Kacchi 30 25 0
Kashmiri 10 10 0
Konkani 115 70 45
Marathi 340 195 150
Nepali 765 375 390
Oriya languages 25 20 10
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 20 20 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 39,225 21,120 18,105
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 85 65 25
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 1,160 595 570
Urdu 6,160 3,325 2,835
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 195 105 90
Iranian languages 3,955 2,045 1,920
Baluchi 25 20 0
Kurdish 1,165 570 600
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 440 220 225
Persian languages 2,500 1,315 1,180
Dari 855 405 450
Iranian Persian 1,500 830 670
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 225 120 105
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15
Italic (Romance) languages 27,620 13,045 14,575
Catalan 35 20 15
Italian 4,585 2,130 2,455
Portuguese 7,865 3,915 3,955
Romanian 550 290 265
Spanish 15,675 7,285 8,395
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 70 35 35
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 30 20 10
Japanese 1,285 665 620
Korean 3,860 1,840 2,020
Mongolian 25 10 20
Niger-Congo languages 12,510 6,350 6,160
Akan (Twi) 335 190 140
Bamanankan 170 75 95
Edo 205 120 85
Éwé 55 30 25
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 145 95 50
Ga 50 20 20
Ganda 150 75 75
Gikuyu 85 30 55
Igbo 1,365 765 605
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 450 230 225
Lingala 490 235 260
Luba-Kasai 65 30 35
Mòoré 10 0 10
Mwani 45 25 20
Ndebele 60 25 35
Rundi (Kirundi) 395 195 205
Shona 295 155 140
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 30 10 15
Swahili 2,760 1,375 1,385
Wojenaka 70 40 35
Wolof 320 185 135
Yoruba 5,305 2,660 2,635
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 1,550 765 785
Nilo-Saharan languages 530 260 260
Dinka 255 145 110
Nuer 30 10 10
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 245 105 140
African, n.o.s. 70 35 35
Sign languages 1,630 595 1,035
American Sign Language 1,510 525 980
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 140 80 60
Sino-Tibetan languages 21,560 10,325 11,240
Chinese languages 20,975 10,035 10,935
Hakka 70 25 40
Mandarin 15,175 7,340 7,840
Min Dong 15 0 15
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 425 195 230
Wu (Shanghainese) 80 45 35
Yue (Cantonese) 8,060 3,725 4,335
Chinese, n.o.s. 160 75 90
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 25 0 20
Tibeto-Burman languages 600 285 315
Burmese 135 75 60
Kuki-Chin languages 45 10 30
Karenic languages 415 195 210
S'gaw Karen 385 190 200
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 30 20 15
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 40 15 25
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10
Tai-Kadai languages 1,420 610 810
Lao 1,100 510 595
Thai 515 185 330
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0
Turkic languages 690 405 290
Azerbaijani 115 75 35
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 605 340 270
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 10 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 40 30 15
Uralic languages 1,130 500 630
Estonian 35 10 25
Finnish 155 70 85
Hungarian 940 425 515
Other languages, n.i.e. 235 110 125
Indigenous population
Total - Indigenous identity for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 740,335 365,505 374,835
Indigenous identity45 91,275 43,695 47,580
Single Indigenous responses46 88,935 42,600 46,335
First Nations (North American Indian) 40,345 18,905 21,440
Métis 48,140 23,465 24,670
Inuk (Inuit) 455 230 230
Multiple Indigenous responses47 1,600 740 860
Indigenous responses not included elsewhere48 740 355 390
Non-Indigenous identity 649,060 321,810 327,250
Total - Registered or Treaty Indian status for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 740,335 365,505 374,835
Registered or Treaty Indian49 36,730 17,110 19,615
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 703,600 348,390 355,215
Household characteristics
Total - Private households by tenure - 25% sample data50 301,735 ... ...
Owner 190,715 ... ...
Renter 111,020 ... ...
Dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band 0 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by condominium status - 25% sample data51 301,735 ... ...
Condominium 30,205 ... ...
Not condominium 271,535 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of bedrooms - 25% sample data52 301,735 ... ...
No bedrooms 4,000 ... ...
1 bedroom 50,955 ... ...
2 bedrooms 80,000 ... ...
3 bedrooms 101,530 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 65,255 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of rooms - 25% sample data53 301,735 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 106,500 ... ...
5 rooms 49,360 ... ...
6 rooms 44,325 ... ...
7 rooms 34,900 ... ...
8 or more rooms 66,645 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 5.7 ... ...
Total - Private households by number of persons per room - 25% sample data54 301,735 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 290,025 ... ...
More than one person per room 11,710 ... ...
Total - Private households by housing suitability - 25% sample data55 301,735 ... ...
Suitable 277,580 ... ...
Not suitable 24,155 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by period of construction - 25% sample data56 301,735 ... ...
1960 or before 94,105 ... ...
1961 to 1980 92,585 ... ...
1981 to 1990 36,725 ... ...
1991 to 2000 19,155 ... ...
2001 to 2005 9,850 ... ...
2006 to 2010 12,270 ... ...
2011 to 2015 15,680 ... ...
2016 to 202157 21,365 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by dwelling condition - 25% sample data58 301,735 ... ...
Only regular maintenance and minor repairs needed 282,120 ... ...
Major repairs needed 19,610 ... ...
Total - Private households by number of household maintainers - 25% sample data59 301,735 ... ...
One-maintainer household 154,930 ... ...
Two-maintainer household 131,230 ... ...
Three-or-more-maintainer household 15,580 ... ...
Total - Private households by age of primary household maintainers - 25% sample data60 301,735 ... ...
15 to 24 years 11,625 ... ...
25 to 34 years 46,370 ... ...
35 to 44 years 56,090 ... ...
45 to 54 years 52,210 ... ...
55 to 64 years 56,830 ... ...
65 to 74 years 45,055 ... ...
75 to 84 years 24,105 ... ...
85 years and over 9,455 ... ...
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratio - 25% sample data61 301,040 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of income on shelter costs 240,420 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs 60,620 ... ...
30% to less than 100% 53,405 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by housing indicators - 25% sample data62 301,740 ... ...
Total - Households 'spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' or 'not suitable' or 'major repairs needed' 94,615 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs only 52,580 ... ...
Not suitable only 18,655 ... ...
Major repairs needed only 13,845 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' 3,770 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'major repairs needed' 4,030 ... ...
'Not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 1,490 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 240 ... ...
Acceptable housing 207,120 ... ...
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero and shelter-cost-to-income ratio less than 100%, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data63 293,830 ... ...
In core need 34,460 ... ...
Not in core need 259,370 ... ...
Total - Owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 190,695 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgage64 63.9 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 10.9 ... ...
% in core housing need63 4.7 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 1,240 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 1,328 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)66 340,000 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)66 366,000 ... ...
Total - Tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 111,020 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housing67 15.8 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 36.0 ... ...
% in core housing need63 24.2 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 1,100 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 1,139 ... ...
Total - Households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band in non-farm private dwellings - 25% sample data 0 ... ...
% of households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band spending more than 30% on shelter costs61 ... ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 ... ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 ... ... ...
Indigenous ancestry
Total - Indigenous ancestry for the population in private households - 25% sample data68 740,335 365,500 374,830
Indigenous ancestry (only)69 42,535 20,070 22,465
Single Indigenous ancestry (only)70 41,145 19,430 21,715
First Nations (North American Indian) single ancestry 29,590 13,805 15,790
Métis single ancestry 11,320 5,500 5,815
Inuit single ancestry 230 120 110
Multiple Indigenous ancestries (only)71 1,390 640 750
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis ancestry only 1,345 605 735
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit ancestry only 15 10 10
Métis and Inuit ancestry only 25 15 10
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries72 51,030 24,775 26,250
Single Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries73 48,720 23,820 24,905
First Nations (North American Indian) and non-Indigenous ancestry only 18,760 9,140 9,620
Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 29,680 14,545 15,130
Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 280 135 145
Multiple Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries74 2,310 960 1,350
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 2,225 925 1,305
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 50 20 30
Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 35 20 15
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous ancestry only75 646,775 320,655 326,120
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample data76 740,335 365,500 374,830
Canadian citizens77 638,115 312,875 325,235
Canadian citizens aged under 18 133,355 68,175 65,180
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 504,755 244,705 260,055
Not Canadian citizens78 102,220 52,625 49,595
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample data79 740,335 365,500 374,830
Non-immigrants80 508,945 251,005 257,945
Immigrants81 201,285 97,605 103,680
Before 1980 29,160 13,530 15,625
1980 to 1990 17,335 8,665 8,665
1991 to 2000 17,070 7,825 9,245
2001 to 2010 48,345 23,580 24,760
2011 to 202182 89,380 44,005 45,380
2011 to 2015 43,450 21,170 22,280
2016 to 2021 45,930 22,830 23,100
Non-permanent residents83 30,100 16,890 13,205
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data84 201,285 97,605 103,680
Under 5 years 19,185 9,880 9,310
5 to 14 years 37,120 19,230 17,890
15 to 24 years 35,790 16,815 18,975
25 to 44 years 92,010 43,445 48,570
45 years and over 17,175 8,235 8,940
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data85 201,285 97,605 103,680
Americas 17,840 8,520 9,320
Brazil 1,555 775 780
Colombia 795 410 380
El Salvador 1,465 760 700
Guyana 1,110 475 630
Haiti 150 75 80
Jamaica 1,820 865 955
Mexico 955 470 480
Peru 205 95 110
Trinidad and Tobago 1,510 760 755
United States of America 3,900 1,745 2,155
Other places of birth in Americas 4,380 2,085 2,295
Europe 33,400 16,190 17,205
Bosnia and Herzegovina 825 440 380
Croatia 640 290 355
France 655 375 280
Germany 3,030 1,430 1,595
Greece 705 390 315
Hungary 470 210 260
Italy 2,270 1,110 1,160
Netherlands 1,045 545 495
Poland 3,480 1,560 1,920
Portugal 3,435 1,640 1,795
Romania 515 275 240
Russian Federation 1,955 840 1,110
Serbia86 360 170 185
Ukraine 3,915 1,860 2,050
United Kingdom87 6,490 3,185 3,305
Other places of birth in Europe 3,615 1,865 1,750
Africa 23,475 11,700 11,775
Algeria 340 145 200
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 1,325 690 635
Egypt 1,165 600 570
Eritrea 2,615 1,350 1,265
Ethiopia 2,445 1,125 1,315
Morocco 440 220 220
Nigeria 7,445 3,860 3,590
Somalia 785 320 465
South Africa, Republic of 670 335 330
Other places of birth in Africa 6,250 3,050 3,200
Asia 126,050 60,920 65,130
Afghanistan 795 365 425
Iran88 1,030 585 440
Iraq 1,220 600 620
Lebanon 285 160 125
Syria89 1,670 905 765
Turkey 245 140 110
China90 8,915 4,150 4,765
Hong Kong91 1,165 600 570
Korea, South92 2,655 1,305 1,350
Taiwan 265 100 170
Philippines 62,135 28,950 33,185
Viet Nam 4,340 2,005 2,330
Bangladesh 1,245 635 610
India 27,610 14,270 13,340
Pakistan 3,745 1,915 1,825
Sri Lanka 1,065 500 560
Other places of birth in Asia 7,680 3,735 3,945
Oceania and other places of birth93 520 270 245
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data94 45,930 22,835 23,095
Americas 3,505 1,810 1,695
Brazil 1,265 650 620
Colombia 275 140 135
Haiti 50 30 20
Jamaica 335 190 140
Mexico 215 130 90
United States of America 590 325 260
Venezuela95 30 10 20
Other places of birth in Americas 750 340 405
Europe 2,775 1,410 1,365
France 130 80 50
Germany 35 15 25
Ireland96 80 50 30
Italy 130 60 65
Russian Federation 425 190 230
Ukraine 920 435 485
United Kingdom87 245 150 95
Other places of birth in Europe 800 420 375
Africa 9,420 4,705 4,715
Algeria 250 85 160
Burundi 90 60 35
Cameroon 80 30 50
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 395 205 185
Côte d'Ivoire 75 20 50
Egypt 255 125 130
Eritrea 1,230 640 585
Ethiopia 540 215 325
Morocco 210 110 100
Nigeria 4,365 2,285 2,075
Somalia 300 135 165
South Africa, Republic of 130 75 55
Sudan97 340 155 185
Tunisia 95 70 30
Other places of birth in Africa 1,075 500 580
Asia 30,150 14,860 15,290
Afghanistan 135 55 75
Bangladesh 570 265 305
China90 3,350 1,560 1,790
Hong Kong91 185 85 100
India 11,030 5,650 5,380
Iran88 255 140 115
Iraq 645 305 340
Israel 470 230 235
Japan 75 25 55
Jordan 145 60 85
Korea, South92 750 385 370
Lebanon 140 85 55
Nepal 85 45 40
Pakistan 1,090 575 515
Philippines 7,950 3,740 4,215
Saudi Arabia 115 55 55
Sri Lanka 175 80 95
Syria89 1,380 750 625
Turkey 120 55 60
United Arab Emirates 155 80 75
Viet Nam 530 220 305
Other places of birth in Asia 795 395 395
Oceania and other93 80 45 35
Australia 65 30 35
Other places of birth98 15 15 0
Generation status
Total - Generation status for the population in private households - 25% sample data99 740,335 365,500 374,835
First generation100 236,680 117,205 119,470
Second generation101 132,060 65,725 66,335
Third generation or more102 371,600 182,570 189,025
Admission category and applicant type
Total - Admission category and applicant type for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data103 172,130 84,075 88,055
Economic immigrants104 113,870 57,345 56,525
Principal applicants105 46,220 26,025 20,195
Secondary applicants106 67,655 31,320 36,335
Immigrants sponsored by family107 35,900 15,375 20,525
Refugees108 21,855 11,160 10,700
Other immigrants109 500 195 305
Pre-admission experience
Total - Pre-admission experience for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data110 172,130 84,075 88,055
Asylum claim before admission111 1,900 1,060 840
Work permits only before admission112 9,455 4,565 4,890
Study permits only before admission113 3,085 1,585 1,500
Work and study permits before admission114 9,760 5,475 4,285
Other permits before admission115 685 340 345
No pre-admission experience116 147,240 71,045 76,200
Visible minority
Total - Visible minority for the population in private households - 25% sample data117 740,335 365,505 374,835
Total visible minority population118 253,860 127,530 126,325
South Asian 62,525 33,675 28,845
Chinese 22,785 11,135 11,655
Black 40,105 20,420 19,685
Filipino 83,360 40,055 43,300
Arab 7,035 3,675 3,365
Latin American 8,915 4,470 4,440
Southeast Asian 10,300 4,950 5,350
West Asian 3,280 1,715 1,565
Korean 3,825 1,855 1,970
Japanese 1,530 720 810
Visible minority, n.i.e.119 2,805 1,295 1,515
Multiple visible minorities 7,395 3,565 3,835
Not a visible minority120 486,475 237,970 248,505
Ethnic or cultural origin
Total - Ethnic or cultural origin for the population in private households - 25% sample data121 740,335 365,500 374,830
Canadian 52,025 26,595 25,435
English 108,445 53,090 55,350
Irish 78,485 37,315 41,170
Scottish 100,510 48,590 51,920
French, n.o.s.122 66,840 31,915 34,925
German 85,420 41,610 43,810
Chinese 26,335 12,815 13,525
Italian 17,025 8,445 8,580
Indian (India) 33,590 17,830 15,770
Ukrainian 90,925 43,750 47,175
Dutch 20,740 10,140 10,600
Polish 45,675 21,670 24,010
Québécois 765 370 395
British Isles, n.o.s.123 16,715 8,340 8,375
Filipino 80,150 38,445 41,710
French Canadian 7,570 3,460 4,110
Caucasian (White), n.o.s.124 8,280 4,235 4,040
First Nations (North American Indian), n.o.s.125 21,085 10,125 10,960
Métis 44,630 21,615 23,015
European, n.o.s.126 7,930 4,085 3,845
Russian 21,405 10,110 11,295
Norwegian 9,705 4,465 5,230
Welsh 9,620 4,645 4,975
Portuguese 10,315 5,245 5,070
American 4,325 2,065 2,260
Spanish 8,470 4,040 4,430
Swedish 11,655 5,395 6,260
Hungarian 6,265 3,195 3,070
Acadian 880 385 495
Pakistani 4,510 2,350 2,165
African, n.o.s.127 7,195 3,720 3,475
Jewish 10,270 5,060 5,210
Punjabi 12,640 6,905 5,735
Vietnamese 6,790 3,235 3,560
Arab, n.o.s.128 2,925 1,610 1,310
Greek 3,080 1,590 1,485
Jamaican 3,555 1,850 1,705
Asian, n.o.s.129 8,360 4,135 4,225
Cree, n.o.s.130 9,495 4,340 5,155
Korean 3,715 1,765 1,950
Romanian 3,415 1,640 1,780
Lebanese 1,115 590 525
Iranian 1,330 765 565
Christian, n.i.e.131 2,040 1,075 965
Danish 4,180 2,010 2,175
North American Indigenous, n.o.s.132 8,235 3,975 4,260
Sikh 8,390 4,500 3,890
Austrian 6,525 3,075 3,450
Belgian 9,380 4,585 4,800
Haitian 305 175 130
Hindu 3,470 1,885 1,590
Mexican 1,795 885 910
Mennonite 15,180 7,535 7,650
Swiss 2,545 1,190 1,355
Finnish 2,485 1,195 1,290
Sri Lankan 1,085 560 525
Croatian 2,330 1,160 1,165
Japanese 2,215 1,065 1,150
South Asian, n.o.s.133 1,545 825 725
Mi'kmaq, n.o.s.134 620 280 335
Northern European, n.o.s.135 2,305 1,050 1,255
Muslim 1,660 875 785
Egyptian 1,380 720 660
Latin, Central or South American, n.o.s.136 1,870 850 1,025
Tamil 325 190 135
Icelandic 16,015 7,825 8,195
Colombian 975 490 490
Moroccan 485 220 265
Czech 2,660 1,315 1,345
Syrian 1,265 650 615
Guyanese 1,280 625 655
Afghan 1,195 595 595
Black, n.o.s.137 1,885 990 900
Serbian 1,105 550 550
Ojibway 8,225 3,825 4,405
Newfoundlander 365 180 185
Hong Konger 990 500 485
Ontarian 305 135 165
Persian 495 255 240
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 2,080 1,005 1,070
Turkish 775 455 320
Inuit, n.o.s.138 645 325 315
Bangladeshi 1,830 1,115 720
Algerian 285 145 140
Brazilian 1,800 875 925
Nigerian 4,715 2,425 2,285
Armenian 305 145 160
Slovak 1,225 570 650
Eastern European, n.o.s.139 1,955 930 1,025
Somali 1,355 655 700
Taiwanese 385 130 255
Iraqi 680 315 370
Salvadorean 1,600 850 760
African Caribbean 700 285 420
East or Southeast Asian, n.o.s.140 1,770 900 870
West or Central Asian or Middle Eastern, n.o.s.141 595 320 275
Caribbean, n.o.s.142 1,075 475 600
Algonquin 245 135 110
West Indian, n.o.s.143 1,035 500 535
Lithuanian 855 425 430
South African 605 310 290
Australian 585 270 315
Palestinian 530 280 245
Chilean 1,355 675 675
Congolese 1,295 650 640
Nova Scotian 215 110 100
Ethiopian 2,480 1,180 1,300
Hispanic, n.o.s.144 905 510 390
Peruvian 290 145 140
Yoruba 4,320 2,260 2,060
Cambodian (Khmer) 755 360 390
Berber 235 115 120
Albanian 440 185 255
Maltese 255 90 165
Macedonian 240 125 115
Slovenian 775 370 405
Western European, n.o.s.145 465 205 260